Chapter 1 Section 1
Civics – study of the rights and duties of citizens
Started in Greece 2500 years ago
Most citizens are from a country
Government – ruling authority for a community
Make the rules, created and maintained by citizens
Functions of government
1. Keep order and security (Police, courts, military)
2. Provide public services and create organized systems
Schools, parks, hospitals
3. Guide the community
Public policy (AKA Goals)
Budget and spending (How money will be collected and used)
Creating relations with neighboring communities
Two types of government
Dictatorship – government controlled by one person or a small group of people.
Democracy – government ruled by citizens
Majority Rule- decisions are made based on what MOST of the
Types of Democracy-
Direct Democracy – citizens vote on all issues and matters
Representative Democracy – citizens vote for representatives who vote on issues
and matters (USA)
Chapter 1 Section 2
How Can I become a US citizen?
Naturalization – legal process of becoming a citizen.
1. By Birth (Born in US soil)
2. Naturalization Process
The Naturalization process
1. Sign a statement of intent for citizenship
2. Live in US for 5 years
3. Take a citizenship class
4. File an application for Citizenship
5. Citizenship interview and test
6. Attending a ceremony and pledging an oath of allegiance
Alien – noncitizens
(Immigrants – people who move permanently to another country)
Illegal Aliens – aliens who entered the country illegally
o They can be deported (sent back to their original country)
Legal Aliens – aliens who entered the country legally
o They DON’T have the same rights as citizens (ex. They can’t vote)
Ways to Lose Citizenship
Taken away by federal government
Voluntarily give it up.
o Extremely hard to get it back.
Chapter 1 Section 3
Diversity of Americans
“E Pluribus Unum” – Out of many ONE.
Europeans were the first settlers of America
o English, French, Irish, Scots, Swedes, Germans
o Italians, Greeks, Poles, Russians
Africans came by force
US has many ethnicities, religions, races, etc.
The US Population is growing
Through reproduction and immigration
The US population is changing
Through migration (mass movement) to find new jobs
Americans are living longer and getting older
Causes of Unity in the US
1. Declaration of Independence, US Constitution, and Bill of Rights
2. Single Language
Patriotism – love for our country
Terrorism – use of violence to achieve a political goal.
Challenges our patriotism