Citizenship In The Community

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					                Citizenship in the Community
Scout’s Name: ____________________________________________                        Unit: ____________________________
Counselor’s Name: _________________________________________ Counselor’s Ph #: _____________________________
Meeting #1
1. Discuss with your counselor what citizenship in the community means _______________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
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and what it takes to be a good citizen in your community. ____________________________________________________
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Discuss the rights, _____________________________________________________________________________________
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duties, _______________________________________________________________________________________________
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and obligations of citizenship, ___________________________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________________________________________________
and explain how you can demonstrate good citizenship in your community, Scouting unit, place of worship, or school.
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
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Meeting #2
2. Do the following:
(a) On a map of your community, locate and point out the following:
(1) Chief government buildings such as your city hall, county courthouse, and public works/services facility
(2) Fire station, police station, and hospital nearest your home
(3) Historical or other interesting points
(b) Chart the organization of your local or state government. Show the top offices and tell whether they are elected or
appointed.
Citizenship in the Community p. 2            Merit Badge Workbook                Scout’s Name: ________________________


Decide Meeting #1. Be present at below selected date with this workbook and in uniform.
3. Do the following:
(a) Decide to attend one of these town council meetings on
                                                 Tuesday, February 2, 2010
                                                 Tuesday, February 16, 2010
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
(b) Choose one of the issues discussed at the meeting _______________________________________________________
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where a difference of opinions was expressed, _____________________________________________________________
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and explain why you agree with one opinion more than you do another one. _____________________________________
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Citizenship in the Community p. 3          Merit Badge Workbook              Scout’s Name: ________________________

On your own!
4. Choose an issue that is important to the citizens of your community, _________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
then do the following:
(a) Find out which branch of local government is responsible for this issue. _____________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
(b) Interview one person from the branch of government you identified in requirement 4a.
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Ask what is being done about this issue ___________________________________________________________________
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and how young people can help. __________________________________________________________________________
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(c) Share what you have learned. __________________________________________________________________________
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On your own!
5. Watch a movie, (troop owned “Follow Me Boys” or another movie after counselor approval) that shows how the
actions of one individual or group of individuals can have a positive effect on a community. What you learned from the
movie about what it means to be a valuable and concerned member of the community. ____________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Citizenship in the Community p. 4            Merit Badge Workbook               Scout’s Name: ________________________

On your own!
6. List some of the services (such as the library, recreation center, public transportation, and public safety) your
community provides that are funded by taxpayers.
Service                  Why are these services important to your community.
____________________ _________________________________________________________________________________
                         _________________________________________________________________________________
____________________ _________________________________________________________________________________
                         _________________________________________________________________________________
____________________ _________________________________________________________________________________
                         _________________________________________________________________________________
____________________ _________________________________________________________________________________
                         _________________________________________________________________________________
____________________ _________________________________________________________________________________
                         _________________________________________________________________________________
____________________ _________________________________________________________________________________
                         _________________________________________________________________________________
____________________ _________________________________________________________________________________
                         _________________________________________________________________________________
____________________ _________________________________________________________________________________
                         _________________________________________________________________________________
Decide on Meeting #1 and then …..On your own!
7. Do the following:
(a) Choose a charitable organization outside of Scouting that interests you and brings people in your community
together to work for the good of your community. ___________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
(b) Using a variety of resources (including newspapers, fliers and literature, the Internet, volunteers, and employees of
the organization), find out more about this organization. ______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
(c) With your counselor’s and your parent’s approval, contact the organization and find out what young people can do to
help. ________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Citizenship in the Community p. 5          Merit Badge Workbook              Scout’s Name: ________________________

While working on this merit badge, volunteer at least eight hours of your time for the organization. ______________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
After your volunteer experience is over, discuss what you have learned with your counselor. _______________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________


On your own!
8. Develop a 5-10 minutes presentation (such as a video, slide show, speech, digital presentation, or photo exhibit)
about important and unique aspects of a community you select________________________________________________
 Include information (on other paper attached to this worksheet) about the
a) history
b) cultures
c) ethnic groups of your community;
d) its best features
e) popular places where people gather;
f) the challenges it faces.


Stage your presentation in front of your troop on _________________________________________________________
Citizenship in the Community p. 6                     Merit Badge Workbook                     Scout’s Name: ________________________


Citizen: 1 : an inhabitant of a city or town; especially : one entitled to the rights and privileges of a
freeman
2 a : a member of a state b : a native or naturalized person who owes allegiance to a
government and is entitled to protection from it
3 : a civilian as distinguished from a specialized servant of the state.

Citizenship: 1 : the status of being a citizen
2 a : membership in a community (as a college) b : the quality of an individual's response to
membership in a community.



                                       DISCUSSION QUESTIONS For #1
1. Agree or disagree: I don't have any responsibility to my school, my community, my nation, or anything else. My only responsibilities are to
myself.

2. What is social responsibility? What does it have to do with being a good citizen?

3. Do you think you are a good citizen? Why, or why not?


                                        Are You a Good Citizen?
                                   (Take this self-evaluation and decide for yourself.)
                 True      False
                                      I take responsibility for what goes on in my community.

                                      I do my part for the common good.

                                      I participate in community service.

                                      I help take care of the environment.

                                      I obey the law.

                 I think I am/am not a responsible person because: ___________________
                                      Remember, citizenship is social responsibility in action!

4. Agree or disagree: Rosa Parks was guilty of poor citizenship when she refused to sit in the back of the bus because she violated the law.
Citizenship in the Community p. 7            Merit Badge Workbook              Scout’s Name: ________________________

                                        Rights of Citizens:
                                        The Bill of Rights
When the Constitution was ratified in 1787, many people were concerned that it did not protect certain freedoms.
They thought that the Constitution should be changed or amended to protect these freedoms. On December 15,
1791, ten amendments were added to the Constitution. The first eight amendments set out or enumerate the
substantive and procedural individual rights associated with that description. The 9th and 10th amendments are
general rules of interpretation of the relationship among the people, the State governments, and the Federal
Government. These amendments guarantee certain freedoms and rights, so they are known as the Bill of Rights.

Amendment I - "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise
thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to
petition the Government for a redress of grievances."

Amendment II - "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to
keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."

Amendment III - "No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor
in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law."

Amendment IV - "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against
unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause,
supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be
seized."

Amendment V - "No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a
presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when
in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put
in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived
of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just
compensation."

Amendment VI - "In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an
impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been
previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the
witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of
Counsel for his defence."

Amendment VII - "In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of
trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United
States, than according to the rules of the common law."

Amendment VIII - "Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual
punishments inflicted."

Amendment IX - "The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage
others retained by the people."

Amendment X - "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States,
are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."
Citizenship in the Community p. 8            Merit Badge Workbook               Scout’s Name: ________________________

                               Duties and Responsibilities
                                       of Citizens
The right to vote is a duty as well as a privilege. It is important for all citizens to vote in every election to make sure
that the democratic, representative system of government is maintained. Persons who do not vote lose their voice in
the government.

Before voting in an election, each citizen should be well informed about the issues and candidates. Resources such
as________________________________________________________________________________________can
help citizens keep current on issues facing the Congress and how members of Congress vote on these issues. The
political parties distribute brochures, pamphlets and newsletters about their candidates, the party platform, and the
party view on important issues. Citizens can read this information to learn about the differences among the parties.
Some candidates are independent and do not belong to a political party. These candidates distribute their own
information. Radio, television, newspapers, and magazines provide information, also. Each citizen needs to make
his/her own decision about who would be the best representatives by considering all sides of the issues.

State and local elections involve voting on issues or laws that are of concern to the citizens, such as businesses,
schools, neighborhoods, transportation, safety or health. In many states, the voters have a direct part in the
lawmaking process. For example, a law that has been passed in the state legislature may be sent back to the voters
to accept or reject. The voters decide directly if a new law should be put into effect. This is known as the power of
referendum. Another form of direct lawmaking by the voters in some states is the initiative. In this process, a group of
voters signs a petition asking for a specific law. If enough people have signed the petition, the qualified voters must
be given a chance to vote for or against the proposed law. The law will go into effect if more than half (a majority) of
the votes are in favor of the law. These two processes, referendum and initiative, show the authority of the people in
the U.S. system of government and the importance of being a well-informed citizen. To keep the laws responsive to
the needs of state and community, it is important to vote and be represented.

Rights and Obligations
Notice that a Citizen is one who is entitled to the rights and privileges of a freeman. In American
Society, this carries with it many benefits not normally experienced by Citizens of many other
Nations on this earth.
Citizenship in the United States means that the Government owes protection to the Citizen.
Along with the rights and privileges and protection afforded the Citizen is an obligation on the part
of the Citizen to owe allegiance to the government.
Some of us unfortunately forget the obligation of the Citizen and keep this a "one-way street"
where we just make demands on our Government. This defies History, the facts of Citizenship
and the Common Sense of our individual existence on this earth.
    Citizenship in the Community p. 9          Merit Badge Workbook              Scout’s Name: ________________________
    Christiansburg Town Council is the legislative body that is responsible for establishing policy, taxation, land use, and
    operating budgets for the Town. The Town was first incorporated in 1792. In 1956, the Town adopted a Council-
    Manager form of government. The Council is comprised of six voting Council members and a Mayor who votes only
    in the event of a tie. Each Council Member is elected to a four-year term, with three seats being open for election
    every two years. Likewise, the Mayor’s seat is filled every four years by general election. All members of council serve
    at large.

    Regular Town Council meetings are held on the 1st and 3rd Tuesday of each month beginning at 7:30 p.m. in Council
    Chambers of the Municipal Building located at 100 East Main Street. The public is welcome and encouraged to
    attend, with a Citizen Hearing time reserved at each meeting for citizens to bring any matter they desire before the
    entire Council.

    In the Council-Manager form of government, the Council appoints a Town Manager to act as administrative head of
    the Town. The Town Manager carries out policies established by Council, directs business procedures, and has hiring
    and termination authority over all Town employees except the Chief of Police, Town Clerk, and Town Treasurer, who
    are also appointed by the Council. The Town Manager is responsible for preparing, submitting, and administering an
    annual operating budget, advising Council on Town affairs, enforcing the Town Charter and laws of the Town; and
    directing and supervising all Town departments.
    The Council, in its legislative role, adopts all ordinances and resolutions and establishes the general policies of the
    Town. The Council also sets the real estate tax rate, approves and adopts the annual operating budget, and is
    responsible for the appointment of Planning Commission Members who are also appointed to four-year terms.

    The current members of Council are as follows:
           Mayor Richard G. Ballengee
           D. Michael Barber
           Ann H. Carter
           Henry Showalter
           Bradford J. "Brad" Stipes
           James W. "Jim" Vanhoozier
           H. Earnest "Ernie" Wade

				
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