WARDEN and DEPUTY WARDEN TRAINING by T08G2Yz

VIEWS: 63 PAGES: 73

									  WARDEN and DEPUTY WARDEN
          TRAINING




   LAW OVERVIEW and
WARDEN / DEPUTY WARDEN
    RESPONSIBILITIES
           TRAINING OBJECTIVES

• Review Roles and Responsibilities of
  Wardens and Deputy Wardens
• Review the process for issuing permits
  and handling illegal fires
• Review fire safety, weather and
  equipment

• This training is set up in Question/Answer
  form and requires group interaction
               FIRE STATISTICS
        TEN YEAR AVERAGE 2002 – 2011
           IN THE PAST TEN YEARS….
           WHICH COUNTY HAD THE MOST FIRES?

                HILLSBOROUGH – 790 FIRES



      WHICH COUNTY BURNED THE MOST ACREAGE?

        HILLSBOROUGH & ROCKINGHAM – 275 ACRES



WHICH COUNTY HAD THE MOST ACREAGE BURNED IN ONE YEAR?

               COOS – 104 ACRES IN 2006
               GRAFTON – 78 ACRES IN 2004
             HILLSBOROUGH – 75 ACRES IN 2006
          FIRE STATISTICS
   TEN YEAR AVERAGE 2002 – 2011
      IN THE PAST TEN YEARS….
WHAT WAS THE NUMBER 1 CAUSE OF FIRES?

 •DEBRIS BURNING – 176 FIRES PER YEAR
 •MISCELLANEOUS – 134 / YR.
 •CAMPFIRES – 29 / YR.
 •SMOKING – 28 / YR.
 •CHILDREN – 17 / YR.
 •ARSON – 11 / YR.
 •LIGHTNING – 7 / YR.
 •EQUIPMENT – 6 / YR.
 •RAILROADS – 2 / YR.
      FOREST FIRE WARDEN
The Warden’s job has four main duties
          NAME TWO...

   FIRE PREVENTION
 FIRE PREPAREDNESS
  FIRE SUPPRESSION
FIRE REPORTS & BILLS
  FOREST FIRE DEPUTY WARDEN
The Deputy Warden’s job has four main
               duties
           NAME TWO...
   FIRE PREVENTION
 FIRE PREPAREDNESS
  FIRE SUPPRESSION
       RECORDS
           WHAT WOULD YOU DO?


                  Driving down the
                    road and this
                 catches your eye…



• The picture shows a fire, this is a snapshot in time that does
  not show the entire situation.
• Are there any problems?                                           SUGGESTED
• What laws or rules are in violation?                              ANSWERS…
                                                                   ON NEXT SLIDE
• From what you can see, What would you do?
                WHAT DID YOU DO?




                         SUGGESTED ANSWER
•   Stop and investigate
•   If individual is around, ask for permit
•   Have Fire Department Respond to extinguish fire
•   Advise Forest Ranger of situation
            YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES
                         PREVENTION
                          NAME TWO
                       PREVENTION ITEMS
                        THE WARDEN IS
                       RESPONSIBLE FOR.

• Requiring & Issuing Fire Permits
• Enforcing Forest Fire Laws
• Following up on all known violations
• Educating the public – posting law posters, direct contact etc…
• Informing the Forest Ranger of active timber sales, slash
violations and potential fire situations
WHY WE NEED TO KNOW ABOUT TIMBER HARVESTS

    FOREST RANGERS INSPECT
    TIMBER HARVEST
    OPERATIONS FOR:
•   Proper filing of intent to cut
    form
•   Posting of certificate or;
    Posting of copy of intent
    signed by assessing officials
•   Verification of volumes on
    report of wood cut
•   Basal Area
•   Wetlands
•   Slash
•   Contract & Deceptive
    Forestry
•   Trespass
            RSA 227-J:10
  CARE OF SLASH AND MILL RESIDUE
SLASH DEFINED:
  Branches, bark, tops,
  chunks, tops, cull
  logs, uprooted
  stumps, and broken
  and uprooted brush
  and trees left on the
  ground after logging
  or other cutting
  operations.
           RSA 227-J:10
 CARE OF SLASH AND MILL RESIDUE

Forest Rangers
inspect timber
harvest operations
to ensure
compliance with
the slash law.
Specific
requirements are
displayed on this
diagram.
      WE ALSO NEED HELP WITH THE
        FIREWOOD QUARANTINE

• Effective July 2011
• Anyone transporting firewood into
  New Hampshire needs a Compliance Agreement
• Firewood dealers need to contact Forests & Lands for a
  compliance agreement
• Homeowners can get one online
• Quarantine is to stop the spread of invasive insects
• Let us know about out of state firewood dealers in your
  area
                                                              WHAT
                                                              WOULD
                 Backyard fire with                            YOU
                 Category III Permit                           DO?
                   to burn brush



• The picture shows a fire, this is a snapshot in time that does
  not show the entire situation.
• Are there any problems?
• What laws or rules are in violation?
                                                                   ?SUGGESTED
                                                                    ANSWERS…
                                                                   ON NEXT SLIDE
• From what you can see, What would you do?
                                                              WHAT
                                                             DID YOU
                                                               DO?



•
•
•
•
  Stop and investigate
                             SUGGESTED ANSWER

  If individual is around, ask for permit
  Have Fire Department Respond to extinguish fire
  If the violation is small and the individual is cooperative, you may issue a
  Written Warning (if you are authorized by your Warden).
                                                                    ?
• Advise Forest Ranger of situation
         YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES
                   PREVENTION
                     NAME TWO
                PREVENTION ITEMS THE
                  DEPUTY WARDEN IS
                  RESPONSIBLE FOR.
• Check on all burning noticed. If a
required permit has not been obtained,
order the fire extinguished and inform the
Warden
• Assist the Warden with educating the
public
• Inform the Warden of potential fire
situations
              YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES
                   FIRE PREPAREDNESS
                        WHICH ONE OF THE
                       FOLLOWING IS NOT A
                      REQUIREMENT UNDER
                     YOUR JOB DESCRIPTION?
• Attend Warden Association Meetings,
  • Attend forest fire training
but you are encouraged to.
  • Preplanning forest fire hazards
  Association Meetings are a great place for Wardens
  • Know the fire hazards in your town, as well as to share
and Deputies from different towns in the area sources
  of water, roads and trails Forest Rangers attend the
   information and ideas.
       meetings to give updates on fire
  • Attend Warden Association Meetings activity and
       opportunities statewide, such as grants and
  • Obtaining training. It is important for Wardens and
  upcoming suppression tools and equipment and
  maintaining them to attend these meetings.
            Deputies
           YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES
                  FIRE SUPPRESSION
              WHO IS IN COMMAND OF
              THE FIRE SCENE IF THE
             WARDEN IS NOT PRESENT?
• When arriving as the first official on scene, a Deputy Warden
will assume command.
• The Warden will assume command from the Deputy Warden
when they arrive on scene.
• The Warden and Fire Chief should work in unified command.
• The Forest Ranger will join unified command when on scene.
• It is best to establish command protocols before an incident
occurs.
           WHAT WOULD YOU DO?
                   Friday, late
                    morning.
                    Toned by
                 Dispatch for a
                     smoke
                  investigation
                 and you find…
• The picture shows a fire, this is a snapshot in time that does
  not show the entire situation.
• Are there any problems?                                           SUGGESTED
• What laws or rules are in violation?                              ANSWERS…
                                                                   ON NEXT SLIDE
• From what you can see, What would you do?
                WHAT DID YOU DO?




                         SUGGESTED ANSWER
•   Stop and investigate
•   If individual is around, ask for permit
•   Have Fire Department Respond to extinguish fire
•   Advise Forest Ranger of situation
    FOREST FIRE DEPUTY WARDEN
             What Records are
              Deputy Warden’s
              responsible for?
• Names of personnel assigned to them
• Time of assigned personnel
• Any Fire Information they have – area
of origin, suppression actions,
witnesses, responsible party, etc…
                         FIRE REPORTING
  The Warden shall prepare a full and accurate
    fire report and send it to the district Forest
       Ranger within     ?      hours of a fire.




                         48 Hours
The BLUE portion of the Fire Bill meets this requirement, if a Fire Bill is not going
        to be submitted, the Warden needs to call or email the Ranger
                                  REPORTING
                         FIRE reporting them nationally is very important to us.
 Maintaining accurate records and
We provide this information to towns working on Community Wildfire Protection Plan’s
                       and use it when awarding VFA Grants.

 What is the minimum information the Warden needs to provide
         their Ranger with for EVERY fire in their town?


  •   Date of Fire
  •   Location
  •   Size
  •   Cause (name of person responsible)
  •   Type (Wildfire or Non-permit/illegal fire)
          When you are not filling out a Fire Bill –
   You can call or EMAIL the information to your Ranger –
                 It is important that we get it.
           WHAT WOULD YOU DO?

                   You drive this
                  road every day
                 to work, Monday
                 morning you see
                      this…

• The picture shows a fire, this is a snapshot in time that does
  not show the entire situation.
• Are there any problems?                                           SUGGESTED
• What laws or rules are in violation?                              ANSWERS…
                                                                   ON NEXT SLIDE
• From what you can see, What would you do?
               WHAT DID YOU DO?




                    SUGGESTED ANSWER
• Check with Warden, Deputies and Fire Department to see if
  anyone knows about the incident
• Find out who the landowner is, Warden and/or Fire Chief
  should obtain preliminary information
• Notify Forest Ranger of situation
           FIRE REPORTING
How many days after a fire do you have
         to submit the bill?




          60 days
              TRUE or FALSE
    You can suspend a Fire Permit and order
    a fire to be extinguished if you determine
      the smoke to be causing a nuisance.

The definition of “nuisance smoke” was
through DES. They have removed this
  definition from their rules; therefore,
  smoke from a fire can no longer be
          defined as a nuisance.

              FALSE
                   TRUE or FALSE
  When mutual aid departments respond to your town
    for a fire, their firefighters go on your Fire Bill.
 The process for Fire Bills is the same for
   every fire, every time, for every town.
                  ALWAYS:
1. Fill out Fire Bill for YOUR firefighters
2. YOUR town pays YOUR firefighters
3. Send Fire Bill to your Forest Ranger
4. If it was a fire with mutual aid, the
   Ranger will organize all of the bills for
   delivery to the town which had the fire.
         PUBLIC AND PRIVATE CAMPGROUNDS
             Before receiving a seasonal permit,
           campgrounds must meet four additional
              requirements for site preparation.
    Name two of the four additional requirements.

•   Be on an area cleaned to mineral soil at least 8 feet
    across

•    Have at least 6 inches of sand or gravel under the fire
    for any fire built on the ground

•   Have no limbs or other burnable material to a height of
    10 feet above the fire area

•    Have a ring of fire resistive material constructed so it
    cannot be moved from the mineral soil area.
        WHAT WOULD YOU DO?
      Saturday, early evening. PD
    responds to a noise complaint,
   they call you because there is a
  fire as well. When you arrive you
       find that the owner has a
  category I permit. PD asks if you
        can suspend the permit.

• The picture shows a fire, this is a snapshot in time that does
  not show the entire situation.
• Are there any problems?                                           SUGGESTED
• What laws or rules are in violation?                              ANSWERS…
                                                                   ON NEXT SLIDE
• From what you can see, What would you do?
              WHAT DID YOU DO?




                      SUGGESTED ANSWER
• Look over area for any violations
• If there are any violations, illegal material etc… suspend the
  permit
• If there are no violations, you cannot suspend the permit
                  ISSUING AGENTS
Where do Issuing Agents get their authority to
            write fire permits?
        STATUTE: RSA 227-G:4,IX
    directs the Commissioner of DRED to
   create rules regarding the issuance of
                burning permits.
            RULE: RES 5601.03
 (a) Except as provided in this section, no
   person other than a forest fire warden
            shall issue fire permits.
 (b)The director shall authorize others to
  issue fire permits after recommendation
           by the forest fire warden.
The A.G.’s Office has determined that this covers the
           appointment of Issuing Agents.
          CATEGORY IV PERMITS
   Res 5601.05
The Forest Ranger
   & Warden must
 sign the Category
Who has the authority to
      IV Permit.
   issue a Category IV
If the Warden is not
         Permit?
available, a person
authorized to issue        Steven Sherman   Maynard Farr
 permits, may sign                          Monroe

    along with the
    Forest Ranger.
            CATEGORY IV PERMITS
  Category IV Permits are
   commonly issued to:
     • Transfer Stations
 • Land Clearing Companies
   Who are Category IV
           allowed because:
   This is commonly issued
Permits
 • Individualsto? usually not
               are
    working after 5:00pm
           Why?
  • Equipment is on site to
        control a fire
 • Other means of disposal
      would be difficult
                CATEGORY IV PERMITS
Res 5601.05 Category IV Permits are not different than any other
       permit, the only material allowed to be burned is:
 Clean, untreated wood or brush less than 5 inches in diameter
         and meets applicable air resource regulations.

     Clean, untreated wood or brush, no greater than 5 inches in diameter
 What materials can be
burned with a Category IV
   (“Commercial”) burn
        permit?
                                                              WHAT
                                                              WOULD
         Neighbor Complaint.                                   YOU
          A contractor has
          made this pile and
                                                               DO?
        the neighbor thinks it



                                                                   ?
         may be burned soon

• The picture shows a fire, this is a snapshot in time that does
  not show the entire situation.
• Are there any problems?                                           SUGGESTED
• What laws or rules are in violation?                              ANSWERS…
                                                                   ON NEXT SLIDE
• From what you can see, What would you do?
                                                              WHAT
                                                             DID YOU
                                                               DO?



                      SUGGESTED ANSWER
• There is no violation of the permit law at this point, so you
  are limited in what you can do
• Use as an educational opportunity and talk with the
  contractor about the permit laws
                                                                  ?
• Keep an eye on the pile
        FIRE PERMIT
What is wrong with this Fire Permit?

                         Res 5601.04
                      Category I fires can
                      be burned anytime
                            of day
                           DOCUMENTED
                            VIOLATIONS

                  How many DOCUMENTED violations
                   must a person have before you can
                          deny them a permit?

                                    3rd Offense,
          2nd Offense,              3 years after
          2 years later             2nd Offense
1st Offense
                                               Permits
                                             DENIED for 2
                                                Years

                          7 Years


  3 within a 7 year period
                    FIRE PERMIT for before issuing this
What additional information would you ask
                          permit?
                       Res 5601.01 & RSA 227-L:17
                The Permittee is not the Landowner and must
                have Written Permission from the Landowner
      1300 Hours, Saturday.
                                                              WHAT
         Individual has a                                     WOULD
      Category III permit. It                                  YOU
       has been raining all                                    DO?
      morning, but the sun is
        now coming out.


• The picture shows a fire, this is a snapshot in time that does
  not show the entire situation.
• Are there any problems?
• What laws or rules are in violation?
                                                                   ?SUGGESTED
                                                                    ANSWERS…
                                                                   ON NEXT SLIDE
• From what you can see, What would you do?
                                                                WHAT
                                                               DID YOU
                                                                 DO?




                                                                      ?
                         SUGGESTED ANSWER
• Stop and investigate
• If individual is around, ask for permit
• Since this fire is in the middle of the day and it is no longer raining,
  it will need to be extinguished; if the individual is able to do so,
  have them put the fire out, otherwise have the Fire Department
  Respond to extinguish fire
• You can issue a Written Warning to document the violation
• Advise Forest Ranger of the fire
         FIRE PERMITS
  How far must snow be extending
     from the base of a fire to be
  considered “adequate snow cover”

       100’
                     100
100’          100’   Feet
       100’
        FIRE PERMIT
What is wrong with this Fire Permit?
                           Res 5601.04 (a)(5)
                Category III fires should not be issued
               for long periods of time because it is not
                 possible to predict favorable weather
                  conditions to prevent the spread or
                           escape of the fire
                                                              WHAT
                                                              WOULD
              Monday morning,                                  YOU
              no one on site…                                  DO?



• The picture shows a fire, this is a snapshot in time that does
  not show the entire situation.
• Are there any problems?
• What laws or rules are in violation?
                                                                   ?SUGGESTED
                                                                    ANSWERS…
                                                                   ON NEXT SLIDE
• From what you can see, What would you do?
                                                            WHAT
                                                           DID YOU
                                                             DO?




•

•
•
    well for this)
                        SUGGESTED ANSWER
    Stop and investigate, take photographs (cell phones work

    If individual returns, ask for permit
    Have Fire Department Respond to extinguish fire
                                                               ?
•   Advise Forest Ranger of situation
              FIRE BEHAVIOR
What factor influences fire spread more than any other?



            A. Fire Behavior
                    WIND
            B. Wind
            C. Topography
            D. Relative Humidity
       Why are Category II and III fires only
        allowed to be burned between
             5:00 pm and 9:00 am?




                                                                   RELATIVE HUMIDITY
              TEMPERATURE




                            A.M.    AFTERNOON              P.M.

      As the day progresses from morning to afternoon the environment changes and
                              makes fire control more difficult.
The temperature increases in the afternoon and the surface fuels on the ground are pre-
                                        heated.
  The relative humidity decreases in the afternoon and small fuels such as grasses,
                               leaves and twigs dry out.
 Winds pick up allowing sparks and embers to travel away from the fire, making control
                                     more difficult.
                 L.C.E.S
LCES is the minimum level of hazard control
  that must be in place before making the
           decision to engage a fire.
L   LOOKOUTS
C   What does “C” stand for?
    COMMUNICATIONS
E   ESCAPE ROUTES
S   SAFETY ZONES
            WHAT WOULD YOU DO?



         You notice this pile
         Sunday afternoon…


• The picture shows a fire, this is a snapshot in time that does
  not show the entire situation.
• Are there any problems?
                                                                    SUGGESTED
• What laws or rules are in violation?                              ANSWERS…
• From what you can see, What would you do?                        ON NEXT SLIDE
                 WHAT DID YOU DO?




                         SUGGESTED ANSWER
•   Stop and investigate, take pictures
•   If individual is around, ask for permit
•   Have Fire Department Respond to extinguish fire
•   Advise Forest Ranger of situation so enforcement action can
    be taken
           OFFICIAL WARNING
Who has                           All Patrolmen,
    the                             Wardens &
               RSA 227-G:7, II
 authority                            any DW
 to issue                         authorized by
  Official                         the Warden.
Warnings?                         To document
  Why do                            violations.
you need                          After you turn
 to fill out                       them in they
  Official                       are entered into
Warnings?                         the statewide
                                    database.
               OFFICIAL WARNING


  What box
 would you
 check if an
  individual
               X
did not have
  a permit?
Updated OFFICIAL WARNING
              OFFICIAL WARNING
 What box
 would you
check if an
 individual
   had a
 Category I    X
permit, but
was burning
  a brush
   pile?
                                                              WHAT
       Landowner calls for a
                                                              WOULD
        Seasonal Category I                                    YOU
      Permit, you meet him to                                  DO?
        look over the site…



• The picture shows a fire, this is a snapshot in time that does
  not show the entire situation.
• Are there any problems?
• What laws or rules are in violation?
                                                                   ?SUGGESTED
                                                                    ANSWERS…
                                                                   ON NEXT SLIDE
• From what you can see, What would you do?
                                                                WHAT
                                                               DID YOU
                                                                 DO?



•
•

•
•
                         SUGGESTED ANSWER
    Inspect the area for compliance with the rules for Cat. I Fires
    Is the pit under 2 feet in diameter and enclosed with fire
    resistive material?
    Is the pit 25 feet from a structure?
    If the permit is denied, you must advise the individual as to
                                                                      ?
    why the permit has been denied.
    GENERAL KNOWLEDGE - PUMPS
Which is the correct fuel mixture for Mark III Pumps?


                                           16:1
                                          20:1
                                         20:1
                                           24:1
                                           50:1
       http://gacc.nifc.gov/rmcc/logistics/cache/policies/mark3.htm
        GENERAL KNOWLEDGE - MAPS
Which shows the closest profile of the mountains on this map?




12                               2



a   a                    b      a                     b    b
Wildfire Fighting Near High-Voltage Electric
             Transmission Lines



  100
 FEET


 FIRE FIGHTING OPERATIONS ? FEET BEYOND THE
OUTER MOST WIRE OF AN ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION LINE
           REQUIRE NO UNUSUAL TACTICS
      Wildfire Fighting Near High-Voltage Electric
                   Transmission Lines
  Smoke, ash and incidental
    mist from fire fighting
 operations can contaminate
       the insulators on
transmission structures. This
 contamination may cause a
  short circuit to occur at the
    structure, creating an
      electrical hazard.
Maintain a minimum radial
  distance of      ?    feet
 between firefighters (and
vehicles) and transmission
 structures to protect fire        35
  fighting personnel from
    this electrical hazard.       FEET
      Wildfire Fighting Near High-Voltage Electric
                   Transmission Lines
     SOMETIMES,
 If you do, you must:
• Abandon any DIRECT
       ATTACK
• Maintain the 100 foot
    distance between
 firefighters and heavy
smoke passing through
       electric lines     ?
 • Maintain the 35 foot
   distance between
    firefighters and
transmission structures

CAN in doubt, back off and change FIRE WHEN IT ISALWAYS
When YOU CONTINUE TO FIGHT THE tactics.          UNDER
               THE FOR FIREFIGHTER SAFETY
          PROVIDE TRANSMISSION LINES?
                                                              WHAT
                                                              WOULD
                 1630 Hours,                                   YOU
                  Saturday.
              Individual has no
                                                               DO?
                    permit



• The picture shows a fire, this is a snapshot in time that does
  not show the entire situation.
• Are there any problems?
• What laws or rules are in violation?
                                                                   ?SUGGESTED
                                                                    ANSWERS…
                                                                   ON NEXT SLIDE
• From what you can see, What would you do?
                                                               WHAT
                                                              DID YOU
                                                                DO?

                          SUGGESTED ANSWER




                                                                    ?
•   Advise the individual of the permit requirements and how they
    may obtain one
•   If you are authorized to issue permits and you are satisfied that
    the area is safe, you may issue a permit
•   If you are authorized, Issue a Written Warning to document the
    violation
•   If it is almost 5:00 p.m. when you are done and you have issued
    a permit, you may consider letting the individual continue to
    burn the pile, otherwise the pile will need to be extinguished
      Name 3 things found in the
“Warden’s Corner” section of our website.
                WARDEN’S CORNER
•   Daily Fire Danger
•   Current Events – Grant opportunities, new equipment etc…
•   Fire Training – PowerPoint presentations
•   Appointment forms, Injury Report Forms etc…
•   Handouts for the public
•   Law Posters
•   Rate sheets and information for fire bills
•   Smokey Bear sign – Building Instructions
•   Information on equipment maintenance
•   Links to weather sites
•   Much more…
www.nhdfl.org
www.nhdfl.org
www.nhdfl.org
www.nhdfl.org
www.nhdfl.org
www.nhdfl.org
www.nhdfl.org
          a Tough
     It’s THE ENDJob…




      www.nhdfl.org
But somebody has to do it.
       271-2214

								
To top