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					                 Additional file 2: Data extraction results: Content and format of the reviewed questionnaires
Instrument            Study         Population      Number     Labelling of     Category      No of        Answer        Anchors        Scoring         Direction of     Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire         Quanti-
                                                    of         domains          (11 plus      items        options                                      the scale                        stration   type                  fica-
                                                    domains                     ‘other’)                                                                                                                                  tion1)
Questionnaire on      Alvarez-      Patients with   1          ADL              Activities    7            3-point       0=not at       Sum             Unidirectional   Unclear         Self-      Assessment of         No
Impact of COPD        Gutierrez     COPD                                        of daily                   scale         all, 2=a lot                                                    adminis-   the impact of
on Activities of      2007 [16]                                                 living (2)                                                                                               tered      COPD on the
Daily Living                                                                                                                                                                                        ability to perform
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ADLs (q)
The Pain Disabil-     Anagnostis    Patients with   1 (of 2)   Functional       Generic       9 (of 15)    Visual        Varies for     A value is      Unidirectional   At this time    Self-      Assessment of         No
ity Questionnaire     2004 [17]     chronic                    status com-      PA (1)                     analogue      each           scored for each                                  adminis-   the impact of pain
(PDQ)                               disabling                  ponent                                      scale         question:      line (every                                      tered      to perform every-
                                    muscu-                     (Psychoso-                                                0=having       1.5cm = 1                                                   day activities on
                                    loskeletal                 cial compo-                                               no prob-       increment), a                                               chronic disabling
                                    disorders                  nent)                                                     lems at all    sum is scored                                               musculoskeletal
                                    (CDMDs)                                                                              1=having       for the total                                               patient’s ability (s)
                                                                                                                         the most       score and the
                                                                                                                         severe         sub scores
                                                                                                                         problems
                                                                                                                         you can
                                                                                                                         imagine
Chronic Pain Self- Anderson         Chronic pain    1 (of 3)   Self-efficacy    PA relat-     9 (of 22)    10-point      10=very        Not reported    Unidirectional   Unclear         Self-      Assessment of        No
efficacy Scale     1995 [18]        patients                   for physical     ing to self                Likert type   uncertain,                                                      adminis-   the self-efficacy to
(CPSS)                                                         function         (5)                        scale         100=very                                                        tered      perform various
                                                               (Self-efficacy                                            certain                                                                    activities (physical
                                                               for pain                                                                                                                             function) among
                                                               manage-                                                                                                                              chronic pain
                                                               ment, self-                                                                                                                          patients (s)
                                                               efficacy for
                                                               coping with
                                                               symptoms)
The Activities        Arbuckle      Elderly         1          Work &           Work PA       22 (+ 23rd   5-point       1=less         Not reported    Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Self-      Assessment of         No
Checklist             1994 [19]                                leisure          (10)          category     Likert        than once                                       riod            adminis-   the frequency of
                                                               activities                     “other”)     scale         a year,                                                         tered      the performance
                                                                                                                         5=daily                                                                    of various work
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and leisure activi-
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ties in the elderly
                                                                                                                                                                                                    (q)
Instrumental          Avlund 1993   Elderly         2          IADL-            Activities    14           Not re-       Not re-        Observed        Unidirectional   Unclear         Inter-     Assessment of         No
Activities of Daily   [21]                                     tiredness,       of daily                   ported        ported         mean score,                                      viewer     reduced speed
Living (IADL)                                                  IADL re-         living (2)                                              true IADL score                                  adminis-   and tiredness




                                                                                                                     1
Instrument           Study         Population      Number     Labelling of       Category     No of        Answer        Anchors    Scoring           Direction of     Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                                   of         domains            (11 plus     items        options                                    the scale                        stration   type                   fica-
                                                   domains                       ‘other’)                                                                                                                                tion1)
                                                              duced speed        Activities                                         (unclear how                                       tered      (functional ability)
                                                                                 of daily                                           they are calcu-                                               in performing
                                                                                 living (2)                                         lated)                                                        IADLs in elderly
                                                                                                                                                                                                  who are not
                                                                                                                                                                                                  dependent on
                                                                                                                                                                                                  help (q)
Questionnaire of     Avlund 1996   Elderly         5          Mobility-T,        PA related 48             Categori-     1=yes,     Sum of items      N/A              Unclear         Unclear    Assessment of          No
Functional Ability   [20]                                     Lower limb-        mobility                  cal           2=no       coded 1 per                                                   the ability (includ-
                                                              T,                 (6)                                                scale                                                         ing tiredness and
                                                              Upper-limb-        PA related                                                                                                       dependency) of
                                                              T,                 mobility                                                                                                         elderly people in
                                                              Mobility H,        (6)                                                                                                              performing physi-
                                                              PADL-H             PA related                                                                                                       cal activities of
                                                                                 mobility                                                                                                         daily living (q)
                                                                                 (6)
                                                                                 PA related
                                                                                 mobility
                                                                                 (6)
                                                                                 Other (12)
Chronic Urticaria    Baiardini     Patients with   2 (of 6)   Impact on          Generic    9 (of 23)      5-point       1 = not at Linear trans-     Unidirectional   Unclear         Self-      Assessment of          No
Quality of Life      2005 [22]     Chronic                    life activities,   PA (1)                    Likert        all, 5 =   formations of                                      adminis-   the impact of
Questionnaire                      Urticaria                  Limits (Pruri-     PA limita-                scale         very much raw scores                                          tered      Urticaria on life
(CU-Q2oL)                                                     tus, Swell-        tion (11)                                          indicating the                                                activities and
                                                              ing, Sleep                                                            percent of                                                    limits caused by
                                                              problems,                                                             maximum                                                       Urticaria (s)
                                                              Looks, Plus                                                           possible score
                                                              additional                                                            were per-
                                                              items not                                                             formed. Thus
                                                              included in                                                           the minimum
                                                              final ques-                                                           possible score
                                                              tionnaire)                                                            is defined as 0
                                                                                                                                    and the maxi-
                                                                                                                                    mum possible
                                                                                                                                    score is de-
                                                                                                                                    fined as 100.
The Sickness         Bergner       Individuals   4 (of 12)    Home man-          House-       40 (of       Tick if the   N/A        Sum of individ-   N/A              Today           Inter-     Assessment of          No
Impact Profile       (1981) [23]   with a wide                agement,           hold PA      136)         statement                ual domains                                        viewer     various limitations
(SIP)                              range of type              Mobility,          (8)                       applies                                                                     adminis-   in body care,
                                   and severity               Ambulation,        PA related   Plus some                                                                                tered or   home manage-
                                   of illness                 Recreation &       mobility     items from                                                                               self-      ment and move-
                                                              pastimes           (6)          “body care                                                                               adminis-   ment experienced




                                                                                                                     2
Instrument          Study         Population       Number     Labelling of     Category      No of         Answer        Anchors      Scoring           Direction of     Recall period     Admini-    Questionnaire         Quanti-
                                                   of         domains          (11 plus      items         options                                      the scale                          stration   type                  fica-
                                                   domains                     ‘other’)                                                                                                                                     tion1)
                                                              (Body care &     PA related    & move-                                                                                       tered      by patients with a
                                                              movement,        mobility      ment                                                                                                     range of illnesses.
                                                              Sleep & rest,    (6)           domain”
                                                              Eating,          Leisure       which are
                                                              Work, Social     PA (7)        in the item
                                                              interaction,                   pool only
                                                              Alertness
                                                              behaviour,
                                                              Emotional
                                                              behaviour,
                                                              Communica-
                                                              tion)
Adapted Falls       Bula 2008     Elderly          1          Falls efficacy   PA relat-     12            11-point    0 = none,      Sum               Unidirectional   Unclear           Inter-     Assessment of        No
Efficacy Scale      [24]          receiving                                    ing to self                 Likert-type 10 = full                                                           viewer     self-efficacy for
(FES)                             postacute,                                   (5)                         scale                                                                           adminis-   performing vari-
                                  inpatient                                                                                                                                                tered      ous ADLs without
                                  rehabilitation                                                                                                                                                      falling in elderly
                                                                                                                                                                                                      rehabilitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                      patients (q)
Fibromyalgia        Burckhardt    Women with       1 (of 5)   Physical         Generic       10 (of 19)    4-point       0 = al-      Not reported      Unidirectional   During the past   Self-      Assessment of        No
Impact Question-    1991 [25]     fibromyalgia                function         PA (1)                      scale         ways able    (can be ob-                        week              adminis-   the ability to
naire (FIQ)                                                   (Anxiety,                                                  to do,       tained from                                          tered      perform various
                                                              Depression,                                                3 = never    author on                                                       activities (physical
                                                              Days of work                                               able to do   request) but                                                    function) in
                                                              missed,                                                                 presumably                                                      women with
                                                              other (not                                                              sum                                                             fibromyalgia (s)
                                                              specified))
Bath Ankylosing     Calin 1994    Patients with    1          Activities of    Activities    10            Visual        Easy -       10cm scale        Unidirectional   During the last   Self-      Assessment of        No
Spondylitis Func-   [26]          ankylosing                  daily living     of daily                    analogue      Impossi-     divided into 10                    week              adminis-   the level of ability
tional Index                      spondylitis                                  living (2)                  scale         ble          to give a score                                      tered      to perform activi-
                                                                                                                                      of 0-10. Mean                                                   ties of daily living
                                                                                                                                      calculated                                                      in patients with
                                                                                                                                      across scales.                                                  ankylosing
                                                                                                                                                                                                      spondylitis (q)
The Impact on       Cardol 1999   Patients with    3 (of 4)   Autonomy in      PA relat-   16 (23)         5-point       1 = Excel-   Sum of the        Unidirectional   Unclear           Self-      Assessment of        No
Participation and   [28]          various                     self-care,       ing to self                 Likert        lent,        item scores                                          adminis-   the possibility of
Autonomy (IPA)                    disabling                   Family role,     (5)                         scale         5 = Very                                                          tered      performing vari-
                                  conditions                  Mobility &       Social PA                                 poor                                                                         ous activities in
                                                              leisure          (9)                                                                                                                    the way they want
                                                              (Social          PA related                                                                                                             or when they want
                                                              relationship)    mobility                                                                                                               in patients with




                                                                                                                     3
Instrument           Study         Population      Number     Labelling of     Category      No of        Answer        Anchors        Scoring            Direction of        Recall period     Admini-    Questionnaire        Quanti-
                                                   of         domains          (11 plus      items        options                                         the scale                             stration   type                 fica-
                                                   domains                     ‘other’)                                                                                                                                         tion1)
                                                                               (6)                                                                                                                         various disabling
                                                                                                                                                                                                           conditions (s)
The Impact on        Cardol 2001   Patients with   4 (of 5)   Autonomy         PA relat-     25 (of 39)   5-point       1 = very       For each do-       Unidirectional      Unclear           Self-      Assessment of        No
Participation and    [27]          chronic                    indoors,         ing to self                Likert        good, 5 =      main the par-                                            adminis-   the likelihood of
Autonomy Ques-                     illness                    Family role,     (5)                        scale         very poor      ticipation score                                         tered      being able to
tionnaire (IPAQ)                                              Autonomy         Social PA                                               and problem-                                                        perform various
                                                              outdoors,        (9)                                                     experience                                                          activities in the
                                                              Paid work &      PA relat-                                               score are                                                           way they want or
                                                              education        ing to self                                             calculated by                                                       when they want in
                                                              (Social          (5)                                                     summing the                                                         patients with
                                                              relations)       Work PA                                                 item scores.                                                        various disabling
                                                                               (10)                                                                                                                        conditions (s)
The “Maugeri”        Carone 1999 Patients with     1 (of 3)   Daily activity   Generic       11 (of 28)   Categori-     True/false/ Positive re-          N/A                 No recall pe-     Not re-    Assessment of        No
Foundation”          [29]        chronic                      (Cognitive       PA (1)                     cal           N/A         sponse = 1                                riod              ported     the level of ability
Respiratory Fail-                respiratory                  function,                                                             Negative Re-                                                           to perform ADL in
ure item set                     failure (CRF)                Invalidity)                                                           sponse = 0                                                             patients with
(MRF-28), as                                                                                                                        Sum of the                                                             respiratory failure
subdivided by                                                                                                                       scores, ex-                                                            (s)
principal compo-                                                                                                                    pressed as a
nents analysis                                                                                                                      percentage of
                                                                                                                                    maximum
                                                                                                                                    score
Zutphen Physical     Caspersen     Elderly men     1          Physical         Generic       17           4 different   Categori-   Hours a day           3-point scales:     Various: daily,   Not re-    Assessment of        Yes
Activity Question-   1991 [30]                                activity         PA (1)                     types of      cal:        multiplied with       unidirectional      last week, last   ported     ability, frequency
naire                                                                                                     scale:        Variants    an intensity                              month,                       and time spent
                                                                                                          Categori-     of Yes/no, code. The              Likert: unidirec-   monthly, past                performing daily
                                                                                                          cal,          selecting   summary kcal          tional              10 years                     activities in the
                                                                                                          3-point       birds       score is in units                                                      elderly (q)
                                                                                                          scales, 5-                of kcal/kg of         Others: N/A
                                                                                                          point         3-point-    body mass/day
                                                                                                          Likert        scales:
                                                                                                          scales,       calm-firm,
                                                                                                          number of     calm-fast
                                                                                                          hours
                                                                                                          spent for     Likert: far
                                                                                                          an activity   more
                                                                                                                        active-far
                                                                                                                        less ac-
                                                                                                                        tive, much
                                                                                                                        faster-a lot
                                                                                                                        slower




                                                                                                                    4
Instrument           Study        Population   Number    Labelling of     Category    No of   Answer        Anchors     Scoring         Direction of     Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                               of        domains          (11 plus    items   options                                   the scale                        stration   type                   fica-
                                               domains                    ‘other’)                                                                                                                         tion1)


                                                                                                            number of
                                                                                                            hours:
                                                                                                            N/A
Hong Kong Chi-       Chou 2003    Elderly      6         Shopping,        Leisure    36       Categori-     0, 1 =      Sum (ranging    N/A              Unclear         Inter-     Unknown - ques-        Un-
nese Everyday        [31]                                Transporta-      PA (7)              cal           correct     from 0 to 36)                                    viewer     tionnaire unavail-     known
Competence                                               tion,            PA related                        answer                                                       adminis-   able.
Scale                                                    Symbols          mobility                                                                                       tered
                                                         used in daily    (6)
                                                         life,            Other (12)
                                                         Utilisation of   House-
                                                         common           hold PA
                                                         electric         (8)
                                                         appliances,      Other (12)
                                                         Visiting         Other (12)
                                                         doctors,
                                                         Money
                                                         management
The Adelaide         Clark 1995   Elderly      4         Domestic         House-      21      4-point    Different  Not reported        N/A              Typical 3       Inter-     Assessment of          No
Activities Profile   [33]                                chores,          hold PA             scale      labelling                                       month period    viewer     the frequency of
(AAP)                                                    Household        (8)                            per                                                             adminis-   which various life-
                                                         mainte-          House-                         question,                                                       tered      style activities are
                                                         nance,           hold PA                        pattern:                                                                   performed in a
                                                         Service to       (8)                            0 = Never,                                                                 typical three-
                                                         others,          Social PA                      3 = most                                                                   month period by
                                                         Social activi-   (9)                            frequently                                                                 the elderly (q)
                                                         ties             Social PA                      (specified
                                                                          (9)                            per ques-
                                                                                                         tion)
Steadiness Score     Clark 2005   Elderly      1         Steadiness       PA related 3        4-point    Lowest     Sum                 Unidirectional   At this time    Self-      Assessment of          No
                     [32]                                                 mobility            scale      number =                                                        adminis-   the level of
                                                                          (6)                            very                                                            tered      steadiness when
                                                                                                         steady,                                                                    performing three
                                                                                                         highest                                                                    basic activities of
                                                                                                         number =                                                                   daily living in the
                                                                                                         very                                                                       elderly (q)
                                                                                                         unsteady
The Customary        Dallosso     Elderly      4         Outdoor          House-      4       Outdoor,   Outdoor,   Not reported        N/A              Outdoor, indoor Inter-     Unknown - ques-        Uknown
Activity Question-   1988 [34]                           productive       hold PA             indoor and indoor,                                         leisure activi- viewer-    tionnaire unavail-
naire                                                    activities,      (8)                 leisure    leisure                                         ties: not re-   adminis-   able.
                                                         Indoor pro-      House-




                                                                                                        5
Instrument         Study        Population   Number    Labelling of   Category      No of   Answer        Anchors       Scoring            Direction of     Recall period     Admini-    Questionnaire         Quanti-
                                             of        domains        (11 plus      items   options                                        the scale                          stration   type                  fica-
                                             domains                  ‘other’)                                                                                                                                 tion1)
                                                       ductive        hold PA               activities:   activities:                                       ported            tered
                                                       activities,    (8)                   1) cate-      1) yes/no
                                                       Leisure        Leisure               gorical       2) N/A                                            Walking: yes-
                                                       activities,    PA (7)                2) If yes,                                                      terday, (if
                                                       Walking        PA related            frequency     Walking:                                          atypical an
                                                                      mobility              and dura-     N/A                                               earlier day, up
                                                                      (6)                   tion of the                                                     to a maximum
                                                                                            activity in                                                     of 6 days pre-
                                                                                            minutes                                                         viously. Using
                                                                                            per week                                                        a recall
                                                                                                                                                            method, the
                                                                                            walking:                                                        interviewer
                                                                                            duration                                                        went through
                                                                                            on a                                                            the day in
                                                                                            typical day                                                     blocks of time)
Exercise Self-     Davis 2007   COPD         1         Exercise       PA relat-     16      Numerical 0 =not at         Sum                Unidirectional   No recall pe-     Self-      Assessment of         No
Regulatory Effi-   [35]                                self-          ing to self           scale %     all confi-                                          riod              adminis-   the confidence in
cacy Scale (Ex-                                        regulatory     (5)                               dent                                                                  tered      continuing to
SRES)                                                  efficacy                                         100 =                                                                            exercise regularly
                                                                                                        highly                                                                           when faced with
                                                                                                        confident                                                                        various impedi-
                                                                                                                                                                                         ments in COPD
                                                                                                                                                                                         patients (q)
The YALE Physi- Dipietro        Elderly      12        Work,          Work PA    43         6 different   One part:     Activity check-    N/A              Various, mostly   Inter-     Assessment of         Yes
cal Activity Survey 1993 [36]                          Yard work,     (10)                  types of      N/A           list:                               during the past   viewer     total time spent
for Older Adults                                       Caretaking,    House-                scale: no.    Other         1) Total time:                      month             adminis-   doing various
(YPAS)                                                 Exercise,      hold PA               of hours      parts:        summing the                                           tered      physical activities
                                                       Recreational   (8)                   per week,     various       time for each                                                    and frequency
                                                       activities,    Social PA                                         activity, ex-                                                    and duration of
                                                       Vigorous       (9)                   5-point                     pressed in [h                                                    specific activities
                                                       activity,      Exercise              Likert                      per week]                                                        in the elderly (q)
                                                       Leisure        PA (4)                scales                      2) Energy
                                                       walking,       Leisure               with 1 or 2                 expenditure:
                                                       Moving,        PA (7)                N/A op-                     time * intensity
                                                       Standing,      Exercise              tions,                      code, then
                                                       Sitting,       PA (4)                                            summed
                                                       Flight,        Leisure               4-point                     3) Activity
                                                       Seasonal       PA (7)                scales                      dimensions:
                                                       adjustment     PA related            with 2 N/A                  frequency
                                                                      mobility              options,                    score*duration
                                                                      (6)                                               score*weightin




                                                                                                    6
Instrument        Study       Population    Number     Labelling of   Category   No of        Answer        Anchors       Scoring            Direction of     Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                            of         domains        (11 plus   items        options                                        the scale                        stration   type                   fica-
                                            domains                   ‘other’)                                                                                                                                  tion1)
                                                                      PA related              3-point                     g factor (for
                                                                      mobility                scales                      each of 5
                                                                      (6)                     with 3 N/A                  specific activi-
                                                                      PA related              options,                    ties)
                                                                      mobility                                            Activity dimen-
                                                                      (6)                     6-point                     sions:
                                                                      PA related              Likert                      Frequency
                                                                      mobility                scales                      score * dura-
                                                                      (6)                     with 2 N/A                  tion * weight
                                                                      Other (12)              options
Adapted Barthel   Dorevitch   Elderly       1          No labelling   Other (12) 13           3-point       0 = capa-     Weighting          Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Self-      Assessment of          No
Index             1992 [37]                                                                   scale         ble to        based on the                        riod            adminis-   the capacity to
                                                                                                            perform       experience and                                      tered      perform activities
                                                                                                            alone         clinical judge-                                                of daily living with
                                                                                                            1 = capa-     ment of the                                                    or without assis-
                                                                                                            ble to        original authors                                               tance in the eld-
                                                                                                            perform       A summary                                                      erly (q)
                                                                                                            with assis-   score can be
                                                                                                            tance         calculated
                                                                                                            2 = can't     (unsure, S.
                                                                                                            perform       793, upper left
                                                                                                            even with     edge)
                                                                                                            assistance
Chronic Heart    Dunderdale   Heart Failure 2 (of 4)   Activity       Generic    23 (of 40)   5-point       5-point:      Sum of domain      Unidirectional   Past two weeks Self-       Assessment of          No
Failure Assess-  2008 [38]    patients                 levels,        PA (1)                  Likert        0=Much                                                           adminis-    limitations and
ment Tool (CHAT)                                       Symptoms       Dyspnoea                scales        less than                                                        tered       symptoms when
                                                       (psychologi-   and                                   other                                                                        performing ADLs
                                                       cal aspects,   Symptom                 4-point       adults to                                                                    in heart failure
                                                       emotions)      related PA              scale         4=much                                                                       patients, in com-
                                                                      (3)                                   more than                                                                    parison to healthy
                                                                                                            other                                                                        adults of the
                                                                                                            adults,                                                                      same age (s)
                                                                                                            0=never
                                                                                                            to 4=very
                                                                                                            often

                                                                                                            4-point:
                                                                                                            0=not
                                                                                                            limited at
                                                                                                            all-
                                                                                                            3=always




                                                                                                        7
Instrument          Study        Population     Number    Labelling of   Category     No of   Answer        Anchors     Scoring           Direction of       Recall period     Admini-    Questionnaire         Quanti-
                                                of        domains        (11 plus     items   options                                     the scale                            stration   type                  fica-
                                                domains                  ‘other’)                                                                                                                               tion1)
                                                                                                          limited
University of       Eakin 1998   Chronic lung   1         Shortness of   Dyspnoea 24          6-point     0 = not at    Sum               Unidirectional     During the past   Self-      Assessment of         No
California San      [39]         disease                  breath         and                  Likert type all                                                week              adminis-   the level of short-
Diego Shortness                                                          Symptom              scale       5 = maxi-                                                            tered      ness of
of Breath Ques-                                                          related PA                       mal or                                                                          breath/dyspnoea
tionnaire (SOBQ)                                                         (3)                              unable to                                                                       while performing
                                                                                                          do be-                                                                          ADLs in chronic
                                                                                                          cause of                                                                        lung disease
                                                                                                          breath-                                                                         patients (q)
                                                                                                          lessness
Meaningful Activ-   Eakman       Elderly        5         A) MAPA        Other (12)   A) 28   A) 7-point- A) 1= not     Sum of all        A) 1=not at all,   A) last few       Self-      Assessment of         No
ity Participation   2007 [40]                             FRE-           Other (12)   B) 28   Likert type at all/ 7 =   scales, Count     2=every day        months            adminis-   the meaningful-
Assessment                                                QUENCY         Other (12)   C) 28   scale       everyday      of activities     B) unidirectio-    B) no recall      tered      ness and fre-
(MAPA)                                                    B) MAPA        Other (12)   D) 28   B) 5 point B) 1 = not     raised in A =     nal                period                       quency of various
                                                          MEANING        Other (12)   E) 8    Likert type at all        Diversity,        C) Bi directio-    C) no recall                 activities among
                                                          C) MAPA                             scale       meaning-      B/Diversity, C/   nal ?              period                       the elderly (q)
                                                          HEALTH                              C) 5 point ful, 5 =       Diversity, AxB    D) not applica-    D) no recall
                                                          D) MAPA                             Likert-type extremely     and AxC,          ble                period
                                                          REASONS                             scale       meaning-                        E) 1-7 unidirec-   E) no recall
                                                          E) MAPA                             D) Cate-    ful                             tional, 8 =        period
                                                          GLOBAL                              gorical 6   C) 1                            bidirectional
                                                                                              categories =Extremel
                                                                                              E) 7 point y un-
                                                                                              Likert      healthy/ 5
                                                                                              scale       = Ex-
                                                                                                          tremely
                                                                                                          Healthy
                                                                                                          D) 1 =
                                                                                                          Need or
                                                                                                          Have to
                                                                                                          do this, 2
                                                                                                          = for new
                                                                                                          experi-
                                                                                                          ences, 3 =
                                                                                                          connect
                                                                                                          with peo-
                                                                                                          ple, 4 =
                                                                                                          sense of
                                                                                                          accom-
                                                                                                          plishment,
                                                                                                          5 = other,




                                                                                                      8
Instrument            Study          Population     Number     Labelling of     Category      No of        Answer      Anchors         Scoring         Direction of     Recall period     Admini-    Questionnaire        Quanti-
                                                    of         domains          (11 plus      items        options                                     the scale                          stration   type                 fica-
                                                    domains                     ‘other’)                                                                                                                                  tion1)
                                                                                                                       6 = I don't
                                                                                                                       do this
                                                                                                                       E) 1= not
                                                                                                                       at all/ 7= a
                                                                                                                       great deal:
                                                                                                                       item 1-7,
                                                                                                                       1= a great
                                                                                                                       deal less;
                                                                                                                       7= a great
                                                                                                                       deal more:
                                                                                                                       item 8
Part A of the     Fillenbaum         Different      1 (of 5)   Self-care        PA relat-     22 (of 65)   Categori-   Various      Sum                Unidirectional   No recall pe-     Inter-     Assessment of        No
ORAS Multidi-     1981 [42]          populations               capacity         ing to self                cal,        (to many     “A final sum-                       riod              viewer-    the ability to
mensional Func-                      of older                  (Physical        (5)                        binary,     to list)     mary rating                                           adminis-   perform ADLs
tional Assessment                    adults as                 health                                      3-point                  was developed                                         tered      with or without
Questionnaire                        well as for               Social,                                     scale,                   for each di-                                                     any help and of
(OMFAQ)                              “specific                 Economic,                                   4-point                  mension, with                                                    the use of aids in
                                     individuals”              Mental                                      scale                    possible scores                                                  general in various
                                                               health)                                                              ranging from                                                     elderly popula-
                                                                                                                                    excellent func-                                                  tions (s)
                                                                                                                                    tioning to totally
                                                                                                                                    impaired”
The Five Item         Fillenbaum     Elderly        1          N/A              Other (12)    5            Categori-   1=without Guttman scale N/A                      No recall pe-     Self-      Assessment of       No
Instrumental          1985 [41]                                                                            cal         help                                             riod              adminis-   the ability to
Activities of Daily                                                                                                    2=with                                                             tered      perform IADL with
Living Scale                                                                                                           help                                                                          or without help in
                                                                                                                                                                                                     the elderly (q)
The magnitude         Finch 1995     Elderly        2          ADL,             Activities    13           2, 3 and    Varies by       Sum of the      Unidirectional   Unclear -         Not re-    Assessment of       No
estimation scale      [43]           people /                  IADL             of daily                   4-point     question        weighted items,                  Questionnaire     ported     the degree of
                                     patients at                                living (2)                 scales      e.g. needs      separately                       not available                dependence in
                                     long-term-                                 Activities                             complete        calculated for                                                performing ADL
                                     care                                       of daily                               assistance      the 2 domains                                                 and IADL in the
                                                                                living (2)                             – needs                                                                       elderly or patients
                                                                                                                       little assis-                                                                 at long-term-care
                                                                                                                       tance                                                                         (q)

Daily Activity        Follick 1984   Chronic pain   2 (of 6)   Position,        PA related 9 (of 13)       Diary       N/A             Mean score      N/A              3 times a day,    Self-      Assessment of        Yes
Diary for Chronic     [44]           patients                  Major activity   mobility                                                                                during the past   adminis-   the time spent in
Pain Patients                                                  (Medica-         (6)                                                                                     week              tered      daily activities and
                                                               tions, Pain      Generic                                                                                                              postures in
                                                               Relief Activi-   PA (1)                                                                                                               chronic pain




                                                                                                                   9
Instrument             Study       Population      Number    Labelling of    Category     No of        Answer       Anchors      Scoring            Direction of     Recall period     Admini-      Questionnaire        Quanti-
                                                   of        domains         (11 plus     items        options                                      the scale                          stration     type                 fica-
                                                   domains                   ‘other’)                                                                                                                                    tion1)
                                                             ties or De-                                                                                                                            patients via a
                                                             vices, Daily                                                                                                                           diary (s)
                                                             Pain Rating,
                                                             Daily Rating
                                                             of Mood and
                                                             Tension)
Household Activi-      Frederiks   Elderly         2         Household       House-       13           Categori-    Yes/no       Not applicable     Not applicable   No recall pe-     Self-      Assessment of          No
ties - Activities of   1990 [45]   people living             activities      hold PA                   cal                       (Guttman           (categorical)    riod/ unclear     adminis-   the ability to
Daily Living Scale                 at home                   Activities of   (8)                                                 scale)                              (presumably at    tered      undertake various
(HHA-ADL)                                                    daily living    Activities                                                                              that moment)                 household activi-
                                                                             of daily                                                                                                             ties and ADLs in
                                                                             living (2)                                                                                                           elderly people (q)
The Lifetime Total Friedenreich     Middle aged    3         Lifetime        Work PA      N/A (de-     Duration,    Duration     Total physical     Duration and      Over/during the Inter-      Assessment of          Yes
Physical Activity  1998 [46]       and elderly               occupational    (10)         pends on     frequency    and fre-     activity was       frequency: N/A lifetime or At     viewer-     lifetime patterns
Questionnaire                      women                     activities,     House-       no. of       and inten-   quency:      estimated as       Intensity: Unidi- least 8 hours a adminis-    of total physical
                                                             Lifetime        hold PA      activities   sity for     N/A          the sum of         rectional         week for four   tered       activity including
                                                             household       (8)          the re-      each         Intensity:   occupational,                        months of the   (needs      the duration,
                                                             activities,     Exercise     spondent     activity     1=sedenta    household and                        year over your interview- frequency and
                                                             Lifetime        PA (4)       does)                     ry           exercise/sports                      lifetime        ers trained intensity of occu-
                                                             exer-                                     Intensity is 2=light      activities in                                        in cogni-   pational, house-
                                                             cise/sports                               used for     3=modera     hours per                                            tive inter- hold and exer-
                                                             activities                                occupa-      te           week. It is also                                     viewing     cise//sports activi-
                                                                                                       tional       4=heavy      possible to                                          methods) ties (q)
                                                                                                       activities   activities   convert these
                                                                                                       only and                  data into en-
                                                                                                       is as-                    ergy expended
                                                                                                       sessed by                 by multiplying
                                                                                                       a 4-point-                the hours spent
                                                                                                       scale                     by the esti-
                                                                                                                                 mated meta-
                                                                                                                                 bolic cost of
                                                                                                                                 that activity.
                                                                                                                                 The resulting
                                                                                                                                 data would be
                                                                                                                                 donated as
                                                                                                                                 MET-
                                                                                                                                 hours/week
                                                                                                                                 (MET=ratio:
                                                                                                                                 associated
                                                                                                                                 metabolic rate
                                                                                                                                 for a specific




                                                                                                             10
Instrument            Study         Population      Number     Labelling of   Category     No of        Answer         Anchors         Scoring         Direction of     Recall period   Admini-        Questionnaire         Quanti-
                                                    of         domains        (11 plus     items        options                                        the scale                        stration       type                  fica-
                                                    domains                   ‘other’)                                                                                                                                       tion1)
                                                                                                                                       activity/the
                                                                                                                                       resting meta-
                                                                                                                                       bolic rate
Health Assess-        Fries 1982    Rheumatoid      1 (of 3)   Disability     PA limita-   20 (of 22)   4-point        0 = with-       Sum             Unidirectional   Over the past   Inter-         Assessment of         No
ment Question-        [47]          arthritis                  (Discomfort    tion (11)                 scale          out any                                          week            viewer         the ability to carry
naire                               patients                   & pain,                                                 difficulty, 3                                                    adminis-       out daily activities
                                                               Global                                                  = Unable                                                         tered, self-   in arthritis patients
                                                               health as-                                              to do                                                            adminis-       (s)
                                                               sessment)                                                                                                                tered or
                                                                                                                                                                                        telephone
                                                                                                                                                                                        adminis-
                                                                                                                                                                                        tered
Population sur-       Garrad 1971   Disabled        3 (of 4)   Mobility,      PA related 18 (of 19)     Inconsis-      Inconsis-       Not reported    N/A              No recall pe-   Inter-         Assessment of         No
veys of chronic       [48]          persons                    Self-care,     mobility                  tent:          tent                                             riod            viewer-        ability to perform
disease and                                                    Domestic       (6)                       1. com-                                                                         adminis-       different ADLs
disability (Section                                            duties (Oc-    PA relat-                 bined:                                                                          tered          and mobility
I)                                                             cupation)      ing to self               categori-                                                                                      activities in dis-
                                                                              (5)                       cal, fol-                                                                                      abled persons (s)
                                                                              House-                    lowed by
                                                                              hold PA                   x-point
                                                                              (8)                       scale

                                                                                                        2. cate-
                                                                                                        gorical
                                                                                                        only

                                                                                                        3. x-point
                                                                                                        scale only
London Chest          Garrod 2000   Patients with   4          Self-care     PA relat-     15           5-point        (0=Would Total score            Unidirectional   The last few    Self-          Assessment of         No
Activity of Daily     [49]          severe                     activities,   ing to self                Likert         n't do                                           days            adminis-       the level of
Living Scale                        COPD                       Domestic      (5)                        scale          anyway)                                                          tered          breathlessness
(LCADL)                                                        activities,   House-                                    1=I do not                                                                      during various
                                                               Physical      hold PA                                   get                                                                             domestic, self-
                                                               activities,   (8)                                       breathless                                                                      care, physical and
                                                               Leisure       Generic                                   5= Some-                                                                        leisure activities in
                                                               activities    PA (1)                                    one else                                                                        COPD patients
                                                                             Leisure                                   does this                                                                       (q)
                                                                             PA (7)                                    for me
The Chronic           Guyatt 1987   patients with   1 (of 4)   Feeling short Dyspnoea      5 (of 20)    7-point        1=extrem Mean scores            Unidirectional   Last 2 weeks    Inter-         Assessment of         No
Respiratory Dis-      [50]          chronic                    of breath     and           (patients    Likert type    ely short  for all four                                          viewer-        the level of short-




                                                                                                                  11
Instrument        Study         Population        Number     Labelling of   Category    No of        Answer        Anchors         Scoring         Direction of    Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                                  of         domains        (11 plus    items        options                                       the scale                       stration   type                   fica-
                                                  domains                   ‘other’)                                                                                                                                 tion1)
ease Question-                  airflow limita-              (fatigue,      Symptom elicits 5        scale         of breath    dimensions                                         adminis-   ness of breath
naire (CRQ)                     tions                        emotional      related PA activities                  7=not at                                                        tered      while doing the 5
                                                             function,      (3)        in which                    all short of                                                               most important
                                                             mastery =                 he experi-                  breath                                                                     activities in pa-
                                                             feeling of                ences                                                                                                  tients with chronic
                                                             control over              dyspnoea,                                                                                              airflow limitations
                                                             the disease               26 activi-                                                                                             (s)
                                                             and its                   ties are
                                                             effects)                  offered as
                                                                                       sugges-
                                                                                       tions to
                                                                                       aid recall)
The Geriatric     Guyatt 1993   Frail elderly     1 (of 3)   ADL (Symp-     Activities 8 (ADL        Categori-     If respon-      “Questionnaire Unidirectional   Past 2 weeks    Inter-     Assessment of          No
Quality of Life   [51]                                       toms, emo-     of daily   domain) +     cal           dents had       domain scores                                   viewer-    the graduation of
Questionnaire                                                tional func-   living (2) 1 (symp-                    needs of        were calculated                                 adminis-   needed help or
(GQLQ)                                                       tions)                    tom do-       7-point       help:           by adding up                                    tered      difficulty in per-
                                                                                       main) (of     Likert type   1=great         the importance                                             forming activities
                                                                                       25)           scale         deal of         ratings for each                                           in frail elderly (q)
                                                                                       additional                  help            item in a par-
                                                                                       info:                       7=almost        ticular domain
                                                                                       patients                    no help at      labelled by a
                                                                                       are asked                   all             subject as a
                                                                                       to chose 8                  if respond      problem to
                                                                                       ADLs / 8                    ants            produce a total
                                                                                       symp-                       reported,       score for each
                                                                                       toms,                       that they       domain for
                                                                                       each out                    didn't          each person.”
                                                                                       of a list                   need help,
                                                                                       containing                  but had
                                                                                       24 items                    difficulty
                                                                                                                   with the
                                                                                                                   activity,
                                                                                                                   the follow-
                                                                                                                   ing diffi-
                                                                                                                   culty
                                                                                                                   graduation
                                                                                                                   were
                                                                                                                   used:
                                                                                                                   1=a very
                                                                                                                   great deal
                                                                                                                   of difficulty




                                                                                                             12
Instrument           Study         Population      Number     Labelling of    Category     No of        Answer         Anchors      Scoring           Direction of     Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire        Quanti-
                                                   of         domains         (11 plus     items        options                                       the scale                        stration   type                 fica-
                                                   domains                    ‘other’)                                                                                                                                 tion1)
                                                                                                                       7=almost
                                                                                                                       no diffi-
                                                                                                                       culty
London Handicap      Harwood       Patients with   3 (of 6)   Getting         PA related 3 (of 6)       6-point        1 = not at   Weighted sum      Unidirectional   Over the last   Self-      Assessment of       No
Scale                1994 [52]     various                    around,         mobility                  Likert type    all,                                            week            adminis-   the impact of
                                   chronic                    Looking after   (6)                       scale          6 = com-                                                        tered      health on patients’
                                   conditions                 yourself,       PA relat-                                pletely                                                                    everyday lives (s)
                                                              Work &          ing to self
                                                              leisure         (5)
                                                              (Getting on     Work PA
                                                              with people,    (10)
                                                              Awareness
                                                              of your
                                                              surround-
                                                              ings, Afford-
                                                              ing things
                                                              you need)
Osteoporosis         Helmes        Patients with   1 (of 5)   Activities of   Activities   26 (of 59)   5-point        0 = abso- Sum                  Unidirectional   Not reported    Self-      Assessment of        No
Functional Dis-      1995 [53]     osteoporosis               daily living    of daily                  Likert         lutely                                                          adminis-   ability to perform
ability Question-                                             (General        living (2)                scale          unable to                                                       tered      day-to-day activi-
naire                                                         health &                                                 do,                                                                        ties in patients
                                                              extent of                                                4 = able to                                                                with osteoporosis
                                                              pain,                                                    do without                                                                 (s)
                                                              Depression,                                              effort
                                                              Social &
                                                              recreational
                                                              activities,
                                                              Program
                                                              benefits)
The Duke Activity    Hlatky 1989    Congestive     1          N/A             Other (12)   12           1) Cate-       1) Yes/no    Weighted items N/A                 No recall pe-   Self-      Assessment of        No
Status Index         [54]          heart failure                                                        gorical        2) If yes,   (MET)                              riod            adminis-   the ability to
(DASI)                             (CHF) or                                                             2) Cate-       easy/hard                                                       tered      perform and
                                   cardiovascu-                                                         gorical                                                                                   difficultly perform-
                                   lar disease                                                                                                                                                    ing various activi-
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ties (q)
Multiple Sclerosis   Hobart 2003   Patients with   1          Walking         PA related 12             5-point        1 = not at   Total score,      Unidirectional   Past two weeks Self-       Assessment of        No
Walking Scale        [55]          multiple                   ability         mobility                  Likert         all,         transformed to                                    adminis-    limitations in the
(MSWS-12)                          sclerosis                                  (6)                       scale          5 = ex-      a scale with a                                    tered       walking ability due
                                                                                                                       tremely      range from 0 to                                               to MS (q)
                                                                                                                                    100




                                                                                                                  13
Instrument         Study         Population    Number      Labelling of   Category     No of       Answer         Anchors   Scoring          Direction of     Recall period      Admini-      Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                               of          domains        (11 plus     items       options                                   the scale                           stration     type                   fica-
                                               domains                    ‘other’)                                                                                                                                   tion1)
Activities Index   Holbrook      Stroke pa-    3           Domestic       House-       15          4-point    1 = never     Not reported     Unidirectional   For day to day     Not re-      Assessment of          No
                   1983 [56]     tients                    chores,        hold PA                  scales     to 4 =                                          activities: over   ported,      the frequency of
                                                           Leisure/work   (8)                                 most                                            the past 3         presuma-     performance of
                                                           activities,    Leisure                             days,                                           month              bly inter-   domestic, lei-
                                                           Outdoor        PA (7)                              1 = never                                       For more sea-      viewer       sure/work and
                                                           activities     House-                              to 4 = at                                       sonal items:       adminis-     outdoor activities
                                                                          hold PA                             least                                           over the past 6    tered        in stroke patients
                                                                          (8)                                 weekly,                                         month                           (q)
                                                                                                              1 = none
                                                                                                              to 4 = all
                                                                                                              neces-
                                                                                                              sary,
                                                                                                              1 = none
                                                                                                              to 4 =
                                                                                                              over 1 a
                                                                                                              fortnight,
                                                                                                              1 = none
                                                                                                              to 4 =
                                                                                                              over 30
                                                                                                              h/week
The Living with    Hyland 1991   Individuals   2 (of 11)   Work & other   Work PA    12 (of 68)    3 point    Very true     Positive items: Bi-directional    No recall pe-      Self-        Assessment of          No
Asthma Ques-       [57]          with asthma               activities,    (10)                     scale with of me,        very true = 0,                    riod               adminis-     the subjective
tionnaire                                                  Mobility       PA related               N/A option Slightly      untrue = 2.                                          tered or     experience in
                                                           (Social /      mobility                            true of       Negative items:                                      inter-       specific physical
                                                           leisure,       (6)                                 me,           very true = 2,                                       viewer       activity domains
                                                           sport, holi-                                       Untrue of     untrue = 0. N/A                                      adminis-     (mobility, work &
                                                           days, sleep,                                       me + a        always = 0.                                          tered        other activities) in
                                                           colds, medi-                                       not appli-    Sum of the                                                        asthma patients
                                                           cation us-                                         cable         scores for all                                                    (s)
                                                           age, effects                                       option        68 questions
                                                           on others,                                                       divided by the
                                                           doctors,                                                         number of
                                                           dysphoric                                                        questions
                                                           states and                                                       which have
                                                           attitudes)                                                       either had a
                                                                                                                            very true,
                                                                                                                            slightly true or
                                                                                                                            untrue re-
                                                                                                                            sponse

Respiratory Ill-   Jacobs 2004   Adults with   1 (of 2)    Experienced    PA limita-   5 (of 10)   7-point        1=not     Mean score for   Unidirectional   During the past    Self-        Assessment of          No




                                                                                                             14
Instrument          Study        Population      Number     Labelling of     Category      No of         Answer        Anchors       Scoring           Direction of     Recall period    Admini-    Questionnaire        Quanti-
                                                 of         domains          (11 plus      items         options                                       the scale                         stration   type                 fica-
                                                 domains                     ‘other’)                                                                                                                                    tion1)
ness Question-      [58]         chronic                    physical &       tion (11)                   Likert type   troubled at   each subscale                      4 weeks          adminis-   the level of being
naire-monitoring                 respiratory                social limita-                               scale         all           and the whole                                       tered      troubled because
10 (RIQ-MON10)                   diseases in                tions (physi-                                              7=cannot      scale                                                          of breathing
                                 routine                    cal and                                                    do so, too                                                                   problems in per-
                                 primary care               emotional                                                  much                                                                         forming activities
                                                            complaints)                                                troubled                                                                     (s)
                                                                                                                       by the
                                                                                                                       disease
Functional Status   Jette 1978   Arthritis       3          Mobility,        PA related    88 (of        Difficulty:   0 = inde-     Sum               Unidirectional   No recall pe-    Inter-     Assessment of        No
Assessment          [59]                                    Self-care,       mobility      132)          4 point       pendent,                                         riod             viewer     the degree of
Instrument                                                  Work             (6)           (items        scale         1 = uses                                                          adminis-   dependence in
                                                                             PA relat-     rating        Degree of     mechani-                                                          tered or   the usual per-
                                                                             ing to self   Degree of     depend-       cal equip-                                                        self-      formance of ADL
                                                                             (5)           depend-       ence:         ment,                                                             adminis-   in adults with
                                                                             Work PA       ence (44)/    5-point-                                                                        tered      chronic respira-
                                                                             (10)          Difficulty    Likert-type 2 = uses                                                                       tory diseases (q)
                                                                                           (44) / pain   scale       human
                                                                                           (44))                     assis-
                                                                                                                     tance,
                                                                                                                     3 = uses
                                                                                                                     both,
                                                                                                                     4 = can
                                                                                                                     not per-
                                                                                                                     form
                                                                                                                     activity
                                                                                                                     1 = no
                                                                                                                     difficulty;
                                                                                                                     2 = mild
                                                                                                                     difficulty
                                                                                                                     3 = mod-
                                                                                                                     erate
                                                                                                                     difficulty
                                                                                                                     4 = severe
                                                                                                                     difficulty
The St. George's Jones 1992      People with     1 (of 3)   Activity         Generic       25 (of 50,    Categori-   categori-       “Calculated       Likert-type-     "These days" /   Self-      Assessment of        No
Respiratory Ques- [60]           chronic                    (symptoms,       PA (1)        76            cal         cal:            from the          Scale-           "usually"        adminis-   limitations due to
tionnaire (SGRQ)                 airflow limita-            impacts (on                    weighted                  true/false      summed            questions:                        tered      breathlessness in
                                 tions                      daily life)                    re-                       (for all PA     weights for the   Unidirectional                               performing physi-
                                                                                           sponses)                  domains)        positive re-      categorical:                                 cal activities in
                                                                                                                                     sponses”          N/A                                          people with
                                                                                                                                     (taken from                                                    chronic airflow




                                                                                                                15
Instrument          Study         Population       Number     Labelling of     Category      No of        Answer        Anchors       Scoring         Direction of     Recall period     Admini-        Questionnaire         Quanti-
                                                   of         domains          (11 plus      items        options                                     the scale                          stration       type                  fica-
                                                   domains                     ‘other’)                                                                                                                                       tion1)
                                                                                                                                      copy of ques-                                                     limitations (s)
                                                                                                                                      tionnaire).
The Quality of      Kaplan 1997   Wide variety 3 (of 5)       Self-care,       PA relat-     14 (of 71)   Categori-     Categori-     Total score     Unidirectional   Last three days   Self-          Assessment of         No
Well-Being Scale,   [61]          of population               Physical         ing to self                cal           cal (more     (Weighted                                          adminis-       the frequency of
Version 1.04                      (not further                Activity         (5)                                      than one      score for symp-                                    tered (but     limitations experi-
(QWB)                             specified)                  Usual Activ-     Generic                    Free          answer        tom complex,                                       a Quality      enced by patients
                                                              ity              PA (1)                     report of     possible):    added to each                                      of Life        during the last 3
                                                              (Acute and       Generic                    activities    a=No          of the other                                       Assessor       days (s)
                                                              chronic          PA (1)                                   days          [unweighted]                                       must be
                                                              symptoms,                                   11-point      b=Yesterd     scores)                                            available
                                                              Mobility)                                   scale         ay            The final score                                    at visits to
                                                                                                                        c=2 days      reflects well-                                     answer
                                                                                                                        ago           being from 0 to                                    questions
                                                                                                                        d=3 days      1.000                                              and re-
                                                                                                                        ago                                                              view
                                                                                                                                                                                         completed
                                                                                                                        Free                                                             forms)
                                                                                                                        report of
                                                                                                                        activities:
                                                                                                                        N/A

                                                                                                                        11-point
                                                                                                                        scale:
                                                                                                                        0=the
                                                                                                                        least
                                                                                                                        desirable
                                                                                                                        state of
                                                                                                                        health that
                                                                                                                        you could
                                                                                                                        imagine
                                                                                                                        100=perfe
                                                                                                                        ct health
Functional Inde-    Keith 1987    Patients at      3 (of 6)   Self-care,       PA relat-   12 (of 18)     7-point       1= total    Total score       Unidirectional   No recall pe-     Inter-         Assessment of         No
pendence Meas-      [62]          rehabilitation              Transfers,       ing to self                Likert type   assis-                                         riod              viewer         the amount of
ure (FIM)                         stage                       Locomotion       (5)                        scale         tance,                                                           adminis-       assistance
                                                              (Sphincter       PA related                               7 = com-                                                         tered          needed in per-
                                                              control,         mobility                                 plete                                                                           forming activities
                                                              Communica-       (6)                                      independ-                                                                       of daily life in
                                                              tion, Social &   PA related                               ence                                                                            rehabilitation
                                                              cognitive        mobility                                                                                                                 patients (s)
                                                              skills)          (6)




                                                                                                                 16
Instrument          Study         Population       Number      Labelling of     Category     No of    Answer         Anchors        Scoring            Direction of     Recall period    Admini-    Questionnaire         Quanti-
                                                   of          domains          (11 plus     items    options                                          the scale                         stration   type                  fica-
                                                   domains                      ‘other’)                                                                                                                                  tion1)
Hierarchical       Kempen         Non-             2           ADL,             Activities   18       3-point        1=perform      Guttman scale,     Unidirectional   Not reported     Inter-     Assessment of         No
Polychotomous      1990 [63]      institutional-               IADL             of daily              scale          the activity   Mokken scale                                         viewer-    the degree of
ADL-IADL Scale                    ised elders                                   living (2)                           independ-                                                           adminis-   independence in
(developed further                                                              Activities                           ently and                                                           tered      performing ADLs
to Groningen                                                                    of daily                             easily                                                                         and IADLs in the
Activity Restric-                                                               living (2)                           2=indepen                                                                      elderly (q)
tion Scale                                                                                                           dently but
(GARS) (Kempen                                                                                                       with some
et al., 1996)                                                                                                        difficulty
                                                                                                                     3=depend
                                                                                                                     ent on
                                                                                                                     others or
                                                                                                                     super-
                                                                                                                     vised for
                                                                                                                     the execu-
                                                                                                                     tion of a
                                                                                                                     certain
                                                                                                                     activity
COPD-Disability-    Kühl 2009     Patients with    1           COPD dis-        PA limita-   7        11-point       0=no           Total score        Unidirectional   No recall pe-    Self-      Assessment of         No
Index (CDI)         [64]          COPD                         ability index    tion (11)             Likert type    limitations    (sum)                               riod             adminis-   limitations in
                                                                                                      scale          10=fully                                                            tered      different areas of
                                                                                                                     limited                                                             inter-     life due to breath-
                                                                                                                                                                                         viewer-    ing problems in
                                                                                                                                                                                         adminis-   COPD patients
                                                                                                                                                                                         tered      (q)
The Pulmonary       Lareau 1994   Patients with    2 do-       Domains:         Dyspnoea X (of 164)   Dyspnoea       Dyspnoea       Dyspnoea           Unidirectional   At the present   Self-      Assessment of         No
Functional Status   [66]          COPD             mains, 6    dyspnoea         and                   compo-         compo-         component:                          time             adminis-   the impact of
and Dyspnoea                                       activity    intensity with   Symptom               nent:          nent:          sum of dysp-                                         tered      dyspnoea on
Questionnaire                                      subscales   activities and   related PA            11-point       0=none         noea score                                                      ability to perform
(PFSDQ)                                                        functional       (3)                   Likert type    10=very        divided by the                                                  daily activities in
                                                               ability          Generic               scale          severe         number of                                                       COPD patients
                                                                                PA (1)                functional     functional     rated activities                                                (q)
                                                               Subscales:                             ability        ability
                                                               self-care                              compo-         compo-         functional
                                                               mobility                               nent:          nent:          ability compo-
                                                               eating                                 7-point        1=as           nent:
                                                               home man-                              Likert type    active as      sum of func-
                                                               agement                                scale          I've ever      tional ability
                                                               social                                 categori-      been           score divided
                                                               recreational                           cal (3         7=have         by the number
                                                                                                      options        omitted        of rated activi-




                                                                                                                17
Instrument          Study         Population      Number    Labelling of   Category   No of   Answer        Anchors       Scoring        Direction of    Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire      Quanti-
                                                  of        domains        (11 plus   items   options                                    the scale                       stration   type               fica-
                                                  domains                  ‘other’)                                                                                                                    tion1)
                                                                                              [Question     entirely      ties
                                                                                              No. 2])       categori-
                                                                                                            cal:
                                                                                                            "experi-
                                                                                                            enced
                                                                                                            severe to
                                                                                                            very
                                                                                                            severe
                                                                                                            dyspnoea"
                                                                                                            daily /
                                                                                                            weekly or
                                                                                                            monthly
The modified        Lareau 1998   Patients with   3         Activity,      Generic    40      11-point      Activity,     Dyspnoea with Unidirectional   Unclear         Self-      Assessment of       No
version of the      [67]          pulmonary                 Dyspnoea,      PA (1)             Likert type   Dysp-         activity (DA)                                  adminis-   current activity
Pulmonary Func-                   impairment                Fatigue        Dyspnoea           scale         noea,         and change                                     tered      levels compared
tional Status and                                                          and                              Fatigue       experienced by                                            to past self in the
Dyspnoea Ques-                                                             Symptom                          domain:       the patient with                                          performance of
tionnaire                                                                  related PA                       0=as          activities (CA)                                           various daily
(PFSDQ-M)                                                                  (3)                              active as     are designed to                                           activities, and an
                                                                           Dyspnoea                         I've ever     be used as                                                assessment of the
                                                                           and                              been          separate sum-                                             intensity of dysp-
                                                                           Symptom                          10=omitte     mated scores,                                             noea and fatigue
                                                                           related PA                       d the         whereas the                                               with these activi-
                                                                           (3)                              activity      general dysp-                                             ties in patients
                                                                                                            entirely      noea (GA)                                                 with pulmonary
                                                                                                            Addition-     subscale is                                               impairment (q)
                                                                                                            ally for      designed to be
                                                                                                            Dyspnoea      descriptive and
                                                                                                            and Fa-       not a combined
                                                                                                            tigue         score.
                                                                                                            domain:
                                                                                                            0=no
                                                                                                            shortness
                                                                                                            of
                                                                                                            breath/tire
                                                                                                            dness
                                                                                                            10=Very
                                                                                                            severe
                                                                                                            shortness
                                                                                                            of
                                                                                                            breath/tire




                                                                                                     18
Instrument         Study         Population      Number     Labelling of     Category      No of       Answer        Anchors      Scoring            Direction of     Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                                 of         domains          (11 plus      items       options                                       the scale                        stration   type                   fica-
                                                 domains                     ‘other’)                                                                                                                                   tion1)
                                                                                                                     dness
University of      Lee 1998      Patients with   3          Breathless-      Dyspnoea 30               5-point-      1=Not at     Not reported       Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Self-      Assessment of          No
Cincinnati Dysp-   [68]          pulmonary                  ness during      and                       Likert type   all short-                                       riod            adminis-   the level of short-
noea Question-                   diseases                   physical         Symptom                   scale +       ness of                                                          tered &    ness of breath
naire (UCDQ)                                                activity,        related PA                option to     breath                                                           inter-     during physical
                                                            Breathless-      (3)                       mark “not     (SOB)                                                            viewer-    activities, speech
                                                            ness during      Dyspnoea                  interested”   3=Occasi                                                         adminis-   activities, and
                                                            speaking         and                                     onally                                                           tered      combinations of
                                                            activity,        Symptom                                 SOB                                                                         the 2 in patients
                                                            Breathless-      related PA                              5=Always                                                                    with pulmonary
                                                            ness when        (3)                                     SOB or                                                                      diseases (q)
                                                            speaking         Dyspnoea                                cannot do
                                                            during           and
                                                            physical         Symptom
                                                            activity         related PA
                                                                             (3)

The Functional     Leidy 1999    Patients with   6          Body care,       PA relat-     67          4-point    1, 2, 3=do      Mean of all        Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Self-      Assessment of          No
Performance        [69]          COPD                       Maintaining      ing to self               scale with with: no,       items (potential                    riod            adminis-   the degree of
Inventory (FPI)                                             the house-       (5)                       N/A option some,           range from 0 to                                     tered      difficulty in per-
                                                            hold,            House-                               much            3)                                                             forming day-to-
                                                            Physical         hold PA                              difficulty                                                                     day-activities in
                                                            exercise,        (8)                                  4=don't do                                                                     COPD patients
                                                            Recreation       Exercise                             because                                                                        (q)
                                                            activities for   PA (4)                               Health
                                                            personal         Leisure                              Reasons
                                                            pleasure,        PA (7)                               N/A=don't
                                                            Spiritual        Other (12)                           do be-
                                                            activities,      Social PA                            cause
                                                            Social inter-    (9)                                  choose
                                                            action -                                              not to
                                                            family &
                                                            friends
Work Limitations   Lerner 2001   Not clearly     1 (of 4)   Physical         Generic       6 (of 25)   5-point       1 = all of  Summated            Unidirectional   Past two weeks Self-       Assessment of          No
Questionnaire      [70]          described,                 demands          PA (1)                    Likert        the time,   average                                             adminis-    the level of ability
(WLQ)                            but pre-                   (Time man-                                 scale plus    5 = none                                                        tered       to perform work
                                 sumably                    agement,                                   N/A option    of the time                                                                 activities in pa-
                                 workers with               Mental-                                                  0 = does                                                                    tients with chronic
                                 chronic                    interpersonal                                            not apply                                                                   condition (s)
                                 health prob-               demands,                                                 to my job
                                 lems                       Output




                                                                                                              19
Instrument            Study          Population      Number      Labelling of     Category     No of      Answer        Anchors     Scoring           Direction of       Recall period      Admini-    Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                                     of          domains          (11 plus     items      options                                     the scale                             stration   type                   fica-
                                                     domains                      ‘other’)                                                                                                                                    tion1)
                                                                 demands)

The Asthma            Letrait 1996   Asthmatic       1 (of 4)    Physical         Generic      Unknown    Tick if       N/A         Presumably         N/A               Not reported       Self-      Unknown - ques-        Un-
Impact Record         [71]           patients                    activities       PA (1)                  statement                 sum (Negative                                           adminis-   tionnaire unavail-     known
(AIR) Index                                                      (physical                                applies                   items: score of                                         tered      able.
                                                                 symptoms,                                                          1 if ticked and
                                                                 psychologi-                                                        0 if not ticked,
                                                                 cal, social                                                        Positive items:
                                                                 dimensions)                                                        score of 0 if
                                                                                                                                    ticked and 1 if
                                                                                                                                    not ticked)
The Cardiovascu- Lewin 2002          Patients with   Domains:  Domains:           PA related 11 (of 37)   4-point       Various     Scores are         Uni-directional   Over the last 2    Self-      Assessment of        No
lar Limitations and [72]             angina and      1 (of 2)  Functional         mobility                scales,       (too many   weighted to                          weeks              adminis-   the level of ability
Symptoms Profile                     angiographi-              Limitations        (6)                     5&7           to list)    provide a total                                         tered      to perform activi-
(CLASP)                              cally estab-    Subscales (Symptoms)         Social PA               point                     for each sub-                                                      ties and the limita-
                                     lished CHD      within                       (9)                     Likert type               scale, catego-                                                     tion in performing
                                                     domain: 3 Subscales          House-                  scales                    rizing symp-                                                       activities in pa-
                                                     (of 5)    within func-       hold PA                                           toms as mild,                                                      tients with angina
                                                               tional limita-     (8)                                               moderate, or                                                       and angiographi-
                                                               tions do-                                                            severe and                                                         cally established
                                                               main:, mobil-                                                        limitations as                                                     CHD (s)
                                                               ity, social life                                                     normal (no
                                                               and leisure                                                          limitation), mild,
                                                               activities,                                                          moderate, or
                                                               activities                                                           severe.
                                                               within the
                                                               home (con-
                                                               cerns and
                                                               worries,
                                                               gender)
Activities of Daily   Linton 1990    Patients with   1         Activities of      Activities   10         11-point      Not re-     Not reported      Unidirectional     Unclear            Self-      Assessment of          No
Living Scale          [73]           chronic pain              daily living       of daily                Likert        ported                                                              adminis-   impairment in
(ADL-scale)                                                                       living (2)              scale                                                                             tered      performing activi-
                                                                                                                                                                                                       ties of daily living
                                                                                                                                                                                                       in chronic pain
                                                                                                                                                                                                       patients (q)
The Physical          Liu 2001 [74] Healthy          5           Occupation,      Work PA      55         Indication    Not rele-   Calculation of    Unidirectional     During the last    Self-      Assessment of          Yes
Activity Question-                  adults,                      General          (10)                    of inten-     vant        the total daily                      week               adminis-   participation in
naire                               adults with                  activity,        Generic                 sity:                     energy expen-                        If the last week   tered      common occupa-
                                    diseases,                    Care taking,     PA (1)                  Hour's                    diture (TEE).                        does not repre-               tional and leisure
                                    risk groups                  Exercise,        Social PA                                         Sum of: energy                                                     time activities and




                                                                                                                 20
Instrument          Study         Population      Number     Labelling of      Category     No of        Answer      Anchors    Scoring            Direction of     Recall period    Admini-    Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                                  of         domains           (11 plus     items        options                                   the scale                         stration   type                   fica-
                                                  domains                      ‘other’)                                                                                                                                tion1)
                                  such as the                Leisure           (9)                       spent for              intensity code                      sent a typical              the time spent for
                                  elderly                    activities        Exercise                  each time              (kcal/min) of                       week, a usual               those activities (q)
                                                                               PA (4)                    (_h)                   each activity *                     week as refer-
                                                                               Leisure                   Frequency              time interval                       ence is asked
                                                                               PA (7)                    per week               (min) and
                                                                                                         (_times)               frequency
The Quality of Life Maillé 1997   Patients with   3 (of 7)   Problems          PA limita-   21 (of 55)   7-point     1=Not at   Total score        Unidirectional   During the 12    Self-      Assessment of       No
Respiratory Ill-    [75]          mild to                    with general      tion (11)                 Likert type all        (Not exactly                        month prior to   adminis-   the degree of
ness Question-                    moderate                   activities,       House-                    scale       7=Extrem   reported)                           the investiga-   tered      being troubled
naire (QOL-RIQ)                   chronic non-               Daily domes-      hold PA                               ely                                            tion                        with general
                                  specific lung              tic activities,   (8)                                                                                                              activities, and the
                                  disease                    Social activi-    Social PA                                                                                                        degree of being
                                                             ties relation-    (9)                                                                                                              troubled with
                                                             ships &                                                                                                                            breathing prob-
                                                             sexuality                                                                                                                          lems with daily
                                                             (Breathing                                                                                                                         domestic activities
                                                             problems,                                                                                                                          and social activi-
                                                             Physical                                                                                                                           ties, relationships
                                                             problems                                                                                                                           and sexuality in
                                                             related to                                                                                                                         lung disease
                                                             chest prob-                                                                                                                        patients (s)
                                                             lems, emo-
                                                             tions related
                                                             to chest
                                                             problems,
                                                             Situations
                                                             that might
                                                             trigger or
                                                             enhance
                                                             breathing
                                                             problems)
The Leisure Time    Mannerkorpi   Patients with   1          Average           Generic      4            For the     3-point    The mean           Unidirectional   Over the past    Self-      Assessment of         No
Physical Activity   2005 [65]     rheumatoid                 activity level    PA (1)                    items       scale:     value of the                        month            adminis-   the amount of
Instrument                        diseases,                                                              light,      1=0.5-     first two steps,                                     tered      time (in catego-
(LTPAI)                           patients with                                                          moderate    1.5h       being 1 and 3                                                   ries) spent on 4
                                  long-lasting                                                           and se-     2=2-4h     hours, were                                                     different intensity
                                  pain                                                                   vere        3=>4h      used in the                                                     levels of activity in
                                                                                                         exercise               calculation of                                                  rheumatoid dis-
                                                                                                         the spent              the total score.                                                ease and long-
                                                                                                         time in                If no step was                                                  lasting pain pa-
                                                                                                         hours a                selected, the                                                   tients (q)




                                                                                                               21
Instrument            Study         Population      Number      Labelling of       Category    No of       Answer         Anchors     Scoring           Direction of     Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                                    of          domains            (11 plus    items       options                                      the scale                        stration   type                   fica-
                                                    domains                        ‘other’)                                                                                                                                tion1)
                                                                                                           week is                    number of
                                                                                                           asked,                     hours for the
                                                                                                           using a 3-                 category was
                                                                                                           point                      0. The hours of
                                                                                                           scale                      the intensity
                                                                                                                                      categories
                                                                                                                                      were added
                                                                                                                                      together to
                                                                                                                                      produce the
                                                                                                                                      Leisure Time
                                                                                                                                      Physical Activ-
                                                                                                                                      ity during a
                                                                                                                                      week.

The Physical     Mannerkorpi        Patients with   2           Work at            House-      7           No. of         No an-        The hours are   N/A              During the      Self-      Assessment of          Yes
Activity at Home 2005 [65]          rheumatoid                  home,              hold PA                 hours per      chors         added                            space of a      adminis-   the time spent for
or at Work In-                      diseases                    Workplace          (8)                     week                         together to                      week            tered      different intensity
strument (PAHWI)                    Patients with                                  Work PA                                              produce the                                                 levels of activities
                                    long-lasting                                   (10)                                                 total score for                                             in rheumatoid
                                    pain                                                                                                the                                                         disease and long-
                                                                                                                                        PHWAI, activity                                             lasting pain pa-
                                                                                                                                        at home and                                                 tients (q)
                                                                                                                                        activity at
                                                                                                                                        workplace.
The Immune            Mathias       Adults with     2 (of 10)   Activity,          Generic     6 (of 44)   5-point        Activity      All scores are  Unidirectional   In the past 4   Self-      Assessment of          No
Thrombocyto-          2007 [76]     immune                      Social activ-      PA (1)                  Likert         and 2         converted to a                   weeks           adminis-   the limitation in
penic Purpura                       thrombocy-                  ity (symp-         Social PA               scale          questions 0-100 scale.                                         tered      performing physi-
Patient Assess-                     topenic                     toms, fa-          (9)                                    of social     The scale                                                   cal activities due
ment Question-                      purpura                     tigue, bother,                                            activity:     score is the                                                to ITP in adults
naire (ITP-PAQ)                     (ITP)                       psychologi-                                               extremely mean of all                                                     with immune
                                                                cal, fear,                                                - not at all items in the                                                 thrombocytopenic
                                                                overall                                                   Other 2       scale. Scale                                                purpura (s)
                                                                quality of life,                                          questions Score ranges
                                                                menstrual                                                 of social     from 0 to 100,
                                                                symptoms,                                                 activity: all with higher
                                                                fertility and                                             the time - scores indicat-
                                                                work)                                                     never         ing better
                                                                                                                                        health status
Scale for the         Mathuranath   Elderly         5           Community          Social PA   11          1. Appli-      1. yes/no     Physical dis-   Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Inter-     Assessment of          No
Instrumental          2005 [77]     people                      activities,        (9)                     cability:                    ability index:                   riod            viewer-    the applicability,
Activities of Daily                                             Household          House-                  categori-      2. 0=able Sum of disabil-                                      adminis-   degree of disabil-




                                                                                                                     22
Instrument        Study          Population     Number      Labelling of     Category      No of        Answer         Anchors        Scoring            Direction of      Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                                of          domains          (11 plus      items        options                                          the scale                         stration   type                   fica-
                                                domains                      ‘other’)                                                                                                                                        tion1)
Living in the                                               activities,      hold PA                    cal          to com-          ity ratings due                                      tered      ity and underlying
Elderly (IADL-                                              Self-care        (8)                                     plete it         to physical                                                     impairment in
EDR)                                                        items,           PA relat-                  2. Degree compe-              impairment,                                                     performing in-
                                                            Cognitive        ing to self                of disabil- tently            divided by the                                                  strumental activi-
                                                            activities,      (5)                        ity: 3-point 2=unable         product of the                                                  ties of daily living
                                                            So-              Other (12)                 Likert-type to perform        maximum                                                         in the elderly (q)
                                                            cial/recreatio   Social PA                  scale                         possible "dis-
                                                            nal activities   (9)                                     3. Under-        ability" on an
                                                                                                        3. Under- lying               item and the
                                                                                                        lying        impair-          number oft
                                                                                                        impair-      ment:            items reported
                                                                                                        ment:        cogni-           applicable
                                                                                                        categori-    tive/physic
                                                                                                        cal          al/both          Cognitive
                                                                                                                                      disability index
                                                                                                                                      (same proce-
                                                                                                                                      dure)
The Multidimen-     Mayer 2005    Muscu-        X of X      Not reported                   X (of 111)   5-point-       1=Able         Weighted           Not reported      Not reported    Self-      Unknown - ques-        Un-
sional Task Ability [78]         loskeletal     Question-   Question-                      Question-    Likert type    5=Unable       scoring (not                                         adminis-   tionnaire unavail-     known
Profile (MTAP)                   disorders      naire not   naire not                      naire not    scale                         specified)                                           tered      able.
                                                available   available                      available
                                                (Computer   (Computer                      (Computer
                                                program)    program)                       program)
MOS 36-Item       McHorney       “General       4 (of 8)    Physical         Generic       19 (of 36)   Categori-      Categori-      ‘Likert method     3-point scale &   “During the     Self-      Assessment of          No
Short-Form        1994 [79]      Populations”               functioning,     PA (1)                     cal            cal:           of summated        5-point Likert    past for        adminis-   limitations in
Health Survey                    “Diverse                   Role physi-      PA limita-                                yes/no         ratings’           scales: unidi-    weeks”, “Dur-   tered or   performing activi-
(SF-36)                          Populations”               cal,             tion (11)                  3-point                                          rectional         ing a typical   inter-     ties (s)
                                                            Role emo-        Other (12)                 scale          3-point                                             day”            viewer
                                                            tional,          Social PA                                 scale:                            Categorical:      or no recall    adminis-
                                                            Social func-     (9)                        5-point        Yes lim-                          N/A               period          tered
                                                            tioning (Body                               Likert         ited a lot,
                                                            pain (BP),                                  scales         Yes lim-
                                                            general                                                    ited a
                                                            health per-                                                little, No
                                                            ceptions                                                   not limited
                                                            (GH), vitality                                             at all
                                                            (VT), mental
                                                            health (MH),                                               5-point
                                                            reported                                                   Likert
                                                            change                                                     scales:
                                                            (TRAN))                                                    not at all -




                                                                                                                  23
Instrument         Study           Population      Number     Labelling of     Category      No of    Answer         Anchors    Scoring          Direction of      Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire      Quanti-
                                                   of         domains          (11 plus      items    options                                    the scale                         stration   type               fica-
                                                   domains                     ‘other’)                                                                                                                          tion1)
                                                                                                                  extremely,
                                                                                                                  &
                                                                                                                  all of the
                                                                                                                  time –
                                                                                                                  none of
                                                                                                                  the time
The Dyspnoea       Migliore        Adults with     2          Dyspnoea &       Dyspnoea 30            7-point     Inconsis-     Sum of score     Unidirectional    No recall pe-   Self-      Assessment of       No
Management         2006 [80]       COPD and                   related          and                    Likert-type tent          divided by                         riod            adminis-   the level of short-
Questionnaire                      asthma                     anxiety with     Symptom                scale       ranging       number of                                          tered      ness of breath
(DMQ)                                                         activities       related PA                         from 0 to     items for each                                                while performing
                                                              (Appraisal of    (3)                                6, a higher   subscale                                                      activities and
                                                              dyspnoea         Dyspnoea                           score                                                                       appraisal of dysp-
                                                              coping skills)   and                                represents                                                                  nea coping skills
                                                                               Symptom                            a better                                                                    in COPD and
                                                                               related PA                         functional                                                                  asthma patients
                                                                               (3)                                status                                                                      (q)
The Centres for    Moriarty        “several        1 (of 3)   Activity         PA limita- 5 (of 14)   Two         Categori-     Summary          Categorical:      During the      Inter-     Assessment of       No
Disease Control    2003 [81]       populations”               Limitations      tion (11)              different   cal:          score: Sum of    N/A               previous 30     viewer-    the limitation in
and Prevention’s                                              Module                                  categori-   Yes/no &      unhealthy days   4-point-Likert-   days            adminis-   performing daily
Healthy Days       Atlanta                                    (Healthy                                cal scales option to      in the past 30   type scale:                       tered      life activities
Measures (the      Georgia                                    Days Core                                           chose one     days (1 un-      Unidirectional                               because of the
CDC HRQOL-14)      CDC 2000                                   Module,                                 4-point-    of several    healthy day is                                                impairment or
                   [http://www.c                              Healthy                                 scale       dis-          counted re-                                                   health problem (s)
                   dc.gov/hrqol/                              Days Symp-                                          eases/pro     gardless
                   ]                                          toms Mod-                               Plus N/A    blems         whether men-
                                                              ule)                                    options for               tal, physical
                                                                                                      each        4-point       health or both
                                                                                                      question    scale:        of them are
                                                                                                                  1=Days,       reported by
                                                                                                                  2=Weeks,      patient in a
                                                                                                                  3=Months,     day)
                                                                                                                  4=Years

                                                                                                                     N/A op-
                                                                                                                     tions:
                                                                                                                     Don’t
                                                                                                                     know/not
                                                                                                                     sure or
                                                                                                                     Refused
The Chronic        Morimoto        Patients with   4          Self-care        PA relat-     12       3-point        0=depend   Total score and Unidirectional     Not reported    Self-      Assessment of      No
Obstructive Pul-   [82]            COPD                       activity,        ing to self            scale          ent        sub scores on                                      adminis-   the ability to




                                                                                                                24
Instrument          Study         Population      Number     Labelling of    Category   No of    Answer         Anchors     Scoring          Direction of     Recall period     Admini-    Questionnaire        Quanti-
                                                  of         domains         (11 plus   items    options                                     the scale                          stration   type                 fica-
                                                  domains                    ‘other’)                                                                                                                           tion1)
monary Disease                                               Domestic        (5)                                1=partially domains                                             tered      perform life-
Activity Rating                                              activity,       House-                             dependent                                                                  related activities
Scale (CARS)                                                 Outdoor         hold PA                            2=complet                                                                  independently in
                                                             activity,       (8)                                ely inde-                                                                  COPD patients
                                                             Social inter-   PA related                         pendent                                                                    (q)
                                                             action activ-   mobility
                                                             ity             (6)
                                                                             Social PA
                                                                             (9)
The IOWA Self-      Morris 1989   Elderly         1 (of 6)   Activities of   Activities 20 (of   4-point        True,       Not reported     Not reported     Not reported      Self-      Unknown - ques-      Un-
Assessment          [83]          persons                    daily living    of daily   120)     scale          More                                                            adminis-   tionnaire unavail-   known
Inventory (ISAI                                              (Social         living (2)                         often true                                                      tered      able.
                                                             resources,                                         than not,
                                                             economic                                           More
                                                             resources,                                         often false
                                                             mental                                             than not,
                                                             health,                                            False
                                                             physical
                                                             health,
                                                             cognitive
                                                             status)
The Veterans        Myers 1994    Veterans        1          Physical        Generic    13       Mark if it     N/A         Guttman scale    N/A              No recall pe-     Self-      Assessment of        No
Specific Activity   [84]                                     activity        PA (1)              applies                                                      riod              adminis-   the degree of an
Questionnaire                                                                                                                                                                   tered      activity-intensity
(VSAQ)                                                                                                                                                                                     (in METs), that
                                                                                                                                                                                           causes the patient
                                                                                                                                                                                           to want to stop
                                                                                                                                                                                           the activity in
                                                                                                                                                                                           veterans (q)
The Chronic         Nijs 2003     Patients with   1          Activities &    Generic    26       4-point    satisfac-       2 approaches:    Unidirectional   During the past   Self-      Assessment of        No
Fatigue Syn-        [85]          chronic                    participation   PA (1)              scale plus tion sec-       Total score 1:                    7 days            adminis-   limitations and the
drome-Activities                  fatigue                                                        N/A option tion:           sum of the                                          tered      degree of impor-
and Participation                 syndrome                                                                  1=totally       single-item                                                    tance of these
Questionnaire                     (CFS)                                                                     no agree-       scores (satis-                                                 limitations in
(CFS-APQ)                                                                                                   ment,           faction-score                                                  performing normal
                                                                                                            4=totally       multiplied by                                                  daily activities due
                                                                                                            agree           the score on                                                   to CFS symptoms
                                                                                                                            the importance                                                 (q)
                                                                                                                impor-      verification)
                                                                                                                tance       divided by the
                                                                                                                verifica-   number of




                                                                                                           25
Instrument          Study          Population      Number     Labelling of   Category   No of        Answer         Anchors       Scoring            Direction of     Recall period   Admini-      Questionnaire       Quanti-
                                                   of         domains        (11 plus   items        options                                         the scale                        stration     type                fica-
                                                   domains                   ‘other’)                                                                                                                                  tion1)
                                                                                                                    tion:         completed
                                                                                                                    1=This        questions
                                                                                                                    activity is   Total score 2:
                                                                                                                    not at all    sum of satis-
                                                                                                                    important,    faction score
                                                                                                                    4=very        divided by
                                                                                                                    important     number of
                                                                                                                                  properly com-
                                                                                                                                  pleted question
                                                                                                                                  5 items meas-
                                                                                                                                  ure participa-
                                                                                                                                  tion 21 activity
Daily Living Activi- Nouri, 1987   Stroke pa-      4          Mobility,      PA related 22           4-point        0 = with      Guttmann           Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Self-        Assessment of        No
ties Questionnaire [86]            tients                     In the         mobility                scale          help, no      scaling                             riod            adminis-     the ability to
                                                              kitchen,       (6)                                    1 = on my                                                         tered (can   perform activities
                                                              Domestic       House-                                 own, on                                                           also be      of daily living with
                                                              tasks,         hold PA                                my own                                                            inter-       or without help in
                                                              Leisure        (8)                                    with diffi-                                                       viewer       stroke patients (q)
                                                              activities     House-                                 culty                                                             adminis-
                                                                             hold PA                                                                                                  tered)
                                                                             (8)
                                                                             Leisure
                                                                             PA (7)
The Duke-UNC        Parkerson,     Patients with   2 (of 4)   Physical       Generic    14 (of 63)   3-point        Physical      A separate       Unidirectional     Past week and   Self-        Assessment of       No
Health Profile      1981 [87]      various                    function,      PA (1)                  scales         function: 2   score is calcu-                     Today           adminis-     the frequency and
                                   chronic                    Social func-   Social PA                              = none, 0     lated for each                                      tered or     difficulty in per-
                                   conditions                 tion (Symp-    (9)                                    = 5-7 days    domain by                                           inter-       forming activities
                                                              tom status,                                           and 2 =       dividing the                                        viewer       in chronic patients
                                                              Emotional                                             none, 0 =     individual’s                                        adminis-     (s)
                                                              function)                                             a lot         score for that                                      tered
                                                                                                                    Social        domain by the
                                                                                                                    function:     maximum
                                                                                                                    5-7 days –    possible score
                                                                                                                    not at all    for that domain.
                                                                                                                                  This results in
                                                                                                                                  a proportion
                                                                                                                                  ranging from 0
                                                                                                                                  for the worst
                                                                                                                                  possible to 1
                                                                                                                                  for the best
                                                                                                                                  possible health




                                                                                                               26
Instrument          Study         Population      Number     Labelling of   Category   No of     Answer         Anchors      Scoring             Direction of     Recall period     Admini-    Questionnaire         Quanti-
                                                  of         domains        (11 plus   items     options                                         the scale                          stration   type                  fica-
                                                  domains                   ‘other’)                                                                                                                                 tion1)
                                                                                                                             status.
The harmonized      Pluijm 2005   older people    1          No labelling              4         Categori-      Not appli-   Total score &    Not applicable      Unclear           Inter-     Assessment of       No
four-item ADL       [88]                                                                         cal            cable (1 =   categorisation                                         viewer-    dependence in
measure                                                                                                         need help    from total score                                       adminis-   performing ADLs
                                                                                                                0 = not      >0=1                                                   tered      in older people (q)
                                                                                                                need help)
Specific Activity   Rankin 1996   Cardiac         1          Physical       Generic    13        Categori-      Yes/no       Recording the       N/A              No recall pe-     Self-      Assessment of         No
Questionnaire       [89]          patients                   activity       PA (1)               cal                         corresponding                        riod              adminis-   the ability to
(SAQ)                                                                                                                        MET value of                                           tered      perform activities
                                                                                                                             the most de-                                                      without symp-
                                                                                                                             manding activ-                                                    toms, by measur-
                                                                                                                             ity that the                                                      ing the degree of
                                                                                                                             subject per-                                                      an activity-
                                                                                                                             ceived he or                                                      intensity (in
                                                                                                                             she could                                                         METs), which
                                                                                                                             complete with-                                                    cardiac patients
                                                                                                                             out symptoms                                                      are able to com-
                                                                                                                                                                                               plete without
                                                                                                                                                                                               symptoms (q)
The Peripheral   Regen-           Patients with   2 (of 3)   Walking        PA related 10 (18)   4-point        0=did not    Summary             Unidirectional   During the past   Inter-     Assessment of         No
Arterial Disease steiner 1990     peripheral                 distance,      mobility             scale          do           score divided                        month             viewer     the degree of
(PAD) Walking    [90]             arterial                   Walking        (6)                                 3=no         by maximal                                             adminis-   difficulty in walk-
Impairment Ques-                  disease                    speed          PA related                          difficulty   possible sum-                                          tered      ing a defined
tionnaire                         (PAD)                      (Walking       mobility                                         mary score                                                        distance and
                                                             impairment)    (6)                                                                                                                speed in PAD
                                                                                                                             Summary                                                           patients (s)
                                                                                                                             score for
                                                                                                                             1) Walking
                                                                                                                             distance:
                                                                                                                             Degree of
                                                                                                                             difficulty multi-
                                                                                                                             plied with score
                                                                                                                             weight
                                                                                                                             (=distance in
                                                                                                                             feet)
                                                                                                                             2) Walking
                                                                                                                             speed:
                                                                                                                             Degree of
                                                                                                                             difficulty multi-
                                                                                                                             plied with score
                                                                                                                             weight (esti-




                                                                                                           27
Instrument          Study       Population      Number    Labelling of   Category   No of        Answer        Anchors         Scoring          Direction of     Recall period   Admini-      Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                                of        domains        (11 plus   items        options                                        the scale                        stration     type                   fica-
                                                domains                  ‘other’)                                                                                                                                    tion1)
                                                                                                                               mated walking-
                                                                                                                               speed in mph)
The FAST Func-      Rejeski,    Patients with   5         Basic ADLs,    Activities 23           6-point       1 = Usu-        Mean calcu-      Unidirectional   Unclear         Self-        Assessment of          No
tional Perform-     1995 [91]   knee os-                  Complex        of daily                Likert type   ally did        lated for each                                    adminis-     the ability to
ance Inventory                  teoarthritis              ADLs,          living (2)              scale         with no         domain                                            tered        perform activities
                                                          Ambulation     Activities                            difficulty, 5                                                                  of daily living with
                                                          & climbing,    of daily                              = unable                                                                       or without difficul-
                                                          Transfer,      living (2)                            to do, 6 =                                                                     ties in patients
                                                          Upper ex-      PA related                            Usually                                                                        with knee os-
                                                          tremity        mobility                              did not do                                                                     teoarthritis (q)
                                                                         (6)                                   for other
                                                                         PA related                            reason
                                                                         mobility
                                                                         (6)
                                                                         PA related
                                                                         mobility
                                                                         (6)
The Self-Efficacy Resnick       older adults    1         No labelling              9            11-point      0=not           Sum of score     Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Inter-       Assessment of        No
for Exercise Scale 2000 [92]                                                                     Likert type   confident       divided by                        riod            viewer-      self-efficacy for
(SEE)                                                                                            scale         10=very         number of                                         adminis-     ability to
                                                                                                               confident       responses                                         tered        walk/exercise for
                                                                                                                                                                                              20 minutes three
                                                                                                                                                                                              times per week in
                                                                                                                                                                                              various circum-
                                                                                                                                                                                              stances in older
                                                                                                                                                                                              adults (q)
The Physical        Rimmer      Persons with 3            Exercise,      Exercise   11 (of 31)   Categori-     Categori-       Not reported     Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Primarily    Assessment of        No
Activity and Dis-   2001 [93]   disabilities              Leisure time   PA (4)                  cal (2)       cal:                                              riod            designed     the performance
ability Survey                  and chronic               physical       Leisure                 3-point       yes/no                                                            as:          of physical activity
(PADS)                          health condi-             activity,      PA (7)                  scale         3-point                                                           inter-       and exercise and
                                tions                     Household      House-                  free space    scale:                                                            viewer-      the time in listed
                                                          activity       hold PA                 (to list      1=less                                                            adminis-     activities in
                                                                         (8)                     activities    than 6                                                            tered        chronic patients
                                                                                                 and the       hours a                                                           can be       (q)
                                                                                                 time spent    day                                                               used as a
                                                                                                 in these      2= 6 to 10                                                        question-
                                                                                                 listed        hours a                                                           naire that
                                                                                                 activities)   day                                                               is
                                                                                                               3=more                                                            self-
                                                                                                               than 10                                                           adminis-
                                                                                                               hours a                                                           tered




                                                                                                        28
Instrument         Study        Population      Number        Labelling of    Category     No of       Answer         Anchors   Scoring          Direction of     Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                                of            domains         (11 plus     items       options                                   the scale                        stration   type                   fica-
                                                domains                       ‘other’)                                                                                                                              tion1)
                                                                                                                      day
                                                                                                                      free space
                                                                                                                      (to list
                                                                                                                      activities
                                                                                                                      and the
                                                                                                                      time spent
                                                                                                                      in these
                                                                                                                      listed
                                                                                                                      activities,
                                                                                                                      time in
                                                                                                                      min/day
                                                                                                                      and
                                                                                                                      day/week)
Disability Ques-   Roland,      Back pain       1             Disability      PA limita-   24          Categori-      Patients    Sum            N/A              Today           Self-      Assessment of          No
tionnaire          1983 [94]    patients                                      tion (11)                cal            tick if                                                     adminis-   limitations with
                                                                                                                      statement                                                   tered      normal daily
                                                                                                                      applies                                                                activities due to
                                                                                                                                                                                             back pain (q)
The RAYS scale     Rotstein     Multiple        1 (of 3)      Physical        Generic      7 (of 50)   5-point     0=none       Total score      Unidirectional   Last 7 days     Self-      Assessment of          No
                   2000 [95]    sclerosis                     functioning     PA (1)                   Likert      1=mild                                                         adminis-   the level of prob-
                                patients                      (Psychologi-                             scale       2=modera                                                       tered      lems or difficulties
                                                              cal function-                                        te                                                                        in physical func-
                                                              ing, social                                          3=severe                                                                  tion caused by
                                                              functioning)                                         4=extrem                                                                  MS (s)
                                                                                                                   e
The Cancer         Schag 1990   Patients with   1 [3 sub-     Domain:         Generic      12 (of      5-point-    0= not at    Total number     Unidirectional   Past month      Self-      Assessment o the No
Rehabilitation     [96]         cancer          scales] (of   Physical        PA (1)       142)        Likert-type all (no      of endorsed                                       adminis-   severity of difficul-
Evaluation Sys-                                 5)            [with sub-                               scale       problem)     problems                                          tered      ties / problems in
tem (CARES)                                                   scales Am-                                           4=very       Total severity                                               performing activi-
                                                              bulation,                                            much         rating                                                       ties in cancer
                                                              Recreational                                         (severe      Average sever-                                               patients (s)
                                                              Activities,                                          problem)     ity rating
                                                              Activities of                                                     Global CIPS
                                                              daily living]                                                     score
                                                              (Psychoso-
                                                              cial, medical
                                                              interaction,
                                                              marital,
                                                              sexual)
Questionnaire of   Schultz-     Elderly         2             Mobility        PA related 33            Categori-      Yes/no    Not reported     N/A              No recall pe-   Inter-     Assessment of          No




                                                                                                                 29
Instrument           Study         Population    Number      Labelling of   Category     No of        Answer        Anchors      Scoring            Direction of     Recall period   Admini-      Questionnaire         Quanti-
                                                 of          domains        (11 plus     items        options                                       the scale                        stration     type                  fica-
                                                 domains                    ‘other’)                                                                                                                                    tion1)
Functional Ability   Larsen 1992                             function,       mobility                 cal                                                            riod            viewer-      the ability to
                     [97]                                    Lower limb      (6)                                                                                                     adminis-     perform physical
                                                             function        PA related                                                                                              tered        activities of daily
                                                                             mobility                                                                                                             living in the eld-
                                                                             (6)                                                                                                                  erly(q)
Modified Barthel     Shah 1989     Individuals   9 (of 11)   Personal        PA relat-   40 (of 50)   5-point-      1=Unable     Sum of             Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Inter-       Assessment of         No
Index                [98]          who require               hygiene,        ing to self              Likert type   to perform   weighted items                      riod            viewer       the degree of
                                   assistance of             Bathing self, (5)                        scale         task                                                             adminis-     dependence
                                   some nature               Feeding, On PA relat-                                  5=Fully                                                          tered, self- which represents
                                   to perform                and off the     ing to self                            independ-                                                        adminis-     the amount of
                                   tasks                     toilet, Stairs, (5)                                    ent                                                              tered,       assistance re-
                                                             Dressing,       PA relat-                                                                                               telephone quired in func-
                                                             Chair/bed       ing to self                                                                                             adminis-     tional independ-
                                                             transfers,      (5)                                                                                                     tered        ence in each item
                                                             Ambulation, PA related                                                                                                               (s)
                                                             wheelchair      mobility
                                                             management (6)
                                                             [=alternative PA related
                                                             to Ambula-      mobility
                                                             tion] (Bow-     (6)
                                                             els, Bladder) PA relat-
                                                                             ing to self
                                                                             (5)
                                                                             PA related
                                                                             mobility
                                                                             (6)
                                                                             PA related
                                                                             mobility
                                                                             (6)
                                                                             PA related
                                                                             mobility
                                                                             (6)
The 15-D Meas-       Sintonen,     Various       4 (of 15)   Mobility,       PA related 20 (of 75)    Categori-     Patients     A set of utility   N/A              Present         Self-        Assessment of         No
ure of HRQOL         1994, 2001    patient                   Breathing,      mobility                 cal           tick if      or preference                                       adminis-     the ability to
                     [99, 100]     groups                    Usual activi- (6)                                      statement    weights, elic-                                      tered (can   perform and
                                                             ties,           Dyspnoea                               applies      ited from the                                       also be      shortness of
                                                             Sexual          and                                                 general public                                      inter-       breath during
                                                             activity        Symptom                                             through a 3-                                        viewer-      activities (s)
                                                             (Vision,        related PA                                          stage valuation                                     adminis-
                                                             Hearing,        (3)                                                 procedure, is                                       tered
                                                             Sleeping,       Generic                                             used in an




                                                                                                             30
Instrument             Study       Population      Number    Labelling of   Category   No of   Answer       Anchors       Scoring           Direction of     Recall period   Admini-    Questionnaire        Quanti-
                                                   of        domains        (11 plus   items   options                                      the scale                        stration   type                 fica-
                                                   domains                  ‘other’)                                                                                                                         tion1)
                                                             Eating,       PA (1)                                         additive aggre-
                                                             Speech,       Social PA                                      gation formula
                                                             Elimination,  (9)                                            to generate the
                                                             Mental                                                       15D score
                                                             function,                                                    (single index
                                                             Discomfort &                                                 number) over
                                                             symptoms,                                                    all the dimen-
                                                             Depression,                                                  sions. The
                                                             Distress, and                                                maximum
                                                             Vitality)                                                    score is 1 (no
                                                                                                                          problems on
                                                                                                                          any dimension)
                                                                                                                          and the mini-
                                                                                                                          mum score is 0
                                                                                                                          (being dead).
 Activities of Daily   So 2008     Patients with   6         Physical       Exercise   26      10 point     1 = no        not reported      Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Self-      Assessment of        No
Living Inventory       [101]       COPD                      stamina,       PA (4)             Likert       difficulty    (Presumably                        riod            adminis-   difficulty in per-
(ADLI)                                                       Speech-        Other (12)         scale with   10 =          sum)                                               tered      forming activities
                                                             related,       PA related         anchors      extremely                                                                   of daily living in
                                                             Sudden         mobility           only         difficult +                                                                 COPD patients
                                                             change of      (6)                defined as   Unable to                                                                   (q)
                                                             posture,       PA related         well as      Perform
                                                             Arm & trunk    mobility           separate
                                                             movement,      (6)                Unable to
                                                             Coordinated    PA related         Perform
                                                             dexterity,     mobility
                                                             Prolonged      (6)
                                                             continued      Exercise
                                                             exercise       PA (4)
The LSA Physical       Stel 2004   Older people    1         Physical       Generic    7       Frequency N/A              Depending on      N/A              During the      Inter-     Assessment of       Yes
Activity Question-     [102]                                 activity       PA (1)             (number)                   research ques-                     previous 2      viewer     the frequency and
naire (LAPAQ)                                                                                  and dura-                  tion:                              weeks           adminis-   duration of vari-
                                                                                               tion (num-                 The total time                                     tered      ous physical
                                                                                               ber) of the                in                                                            activities in older
                                                                                               activities                 minutes per                                                   people (q)
                                                                                                                          day can be
                                                                                                                          calculated by
                                                                                                                          multiplying the
                                                                                                                          frequency
                                                                                                                          and duration of
                                                                                                                          the individual




                                                                                                     31
Instrument           Study          Population     Number    Labelling of   Category      No of   Answer        Anchors     Scoring             Direction of        Recall period   Admini-      Questionnaire         Quanti-
                                                   of        domains        (11 plus      items   options                                       the scale                           stration     type                  fica-
                                                   domains                  ‘other’)                                                                                                                                   tion1)
                                                                                                                            activities in the
                                                                                                                            previous
                                                                                                                            2 weeks, sum-
                                                                                                                            ming these
                                                                                                                            values across
                                                                                                                            activities, and
                                                                                                                            dividing by 14.
                                                                                                                            An intensity
                                                                                                                            weighting score
                                                                                                                            can be calcu-
                                                                                                                            lated by multi-
                                                                                                                            plying the total
                                                                                                                            time with the
                                                                                                                            MET score
                                                                                                                            of each activity,
                                                                                                                            and summing
                                                                                                                            these values
                                                                                                                            across activi-
                                                                                                                            ties
CHAMPS Physi-        Stewart,       Elderly        1         Not reported                 123     Categori-     Categori-   Sum               Categorical:          Past 4 weeks    Self-        Assessment of      No
cal Activity Ques-   2001 [103]                                                                   cal           cal:                          N/A                                   adminis-     the performance,
tionnaire                                                                                                       yes/no                                                              tered (can   duration and
                                                                                                  6-point                                       Likert: unidirec-                   also be      frequency of
                                                                                                  Likert type   Likert:                         tional                              inter-       various physical
                                                                                                  scale         less than                                                           viewer-      activity typically
                                                                                                                one hour                                                            adminis-     undertaken by the
                                                                                                                – 9 or                                                              tered        elderly (q)
                                                                                                                more
                                                                                                                hours
Falls Efficacy       Tinetti 1990   Elderly        1         Falls efficacy PA relat-     10      10-point      1 = ex-     Sum of scores       Unidirectional      No recall pe-   Inter-       Assessment of        No
Scale (FES)          [104]                                                  ing to self           Likert type   treme       on each of the                          riod            viewer       self-efficacy for
                                                                            (5)                   scale         confi-      10 activities.                                          adminis-     performing sev-
                                                                                                                dence, 10   Possible                                                tered        eral activities of
                                                                                                                = no        scores range                                                         daily living without
                                                                                                                confi-      from 10-100                                                          falling of elderly
                                                                                                                dence at                                                                         people (q)
                                                                                                                all
Rapid Assess-        Topolski et    Older adults   2         RAPA 1:        Exercise      9       Categori-     0 = no, 1   RAPA 1: Sum         Unidirectional      No recall pe-   Self-        Assessment of         No
ment of Physical     al., 2006      (50 years                Aerobic        PA (4)                cal           = yes       of first 7 items,                       riod            adminis-     the amount and
Activity (RAPA)      [116]          and older)               (level and     Exercise                                        categorisation                                          tered        intensity of physi-
                                                             intensity of   PA (4)                                          into one of five                                                     cal activity in an




                                                                                                         32
Instrument          Study        Population      Number     Labelling of     Category     No of        Answer       Anchors        Scoring            Direction of      Recall period     Admini-    Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                                 of         domains          (11 plus     items        options                                        the scale                           stration   type                   fica-
                                                 domains                     ‘other’)                                                                                                                                       tion1)
                                                            physical                                                               levels of PA                                                      ascending order
                                                            activity)                                                              (sedentary,                                                       in older adults. (q)
                                                            RAPA 2:                                                                under-active,
                                                            Strength &                                                             under-active
                                                            flexibility                                                            regular, active);
                                                                                                                                   RAPA 2: addi-
                                                                                                                                   tional items:
                                                                                                                                   strength train-
                                                                                                                                   ing (1) and
                                                                                                                                   flexibility (2), or
                                                                                                                                   both (3)
The Seattle Ob-     Tu 1997      Patients with   1 (of 4)   Physical         Generic      16 (of 29)   5-point-     Various        Responses to        Unidirectional   Items 5-16: no    Self-      Assessment of          No
structive Lung      [105]        COPD                       function         PA (1)                    Likert-type PA-             the questions                        recall period     adminis-   degree of dysp-
Disease Ques-                                               (emotional                                 scale        Anchors:       of a scale are                       items 17-20:      tered      noea and extent
tionnaire (SOLQ)                                            function,                                               1=extrem       summed into a                        during the past              of physical limita-
                                                            coping skills,                                          ely limited    raw score, and                       4 weeks                      tion due to lung
                                                            treatment                                               5=not at       then trans-                                                       diseases in per-
                                                            satisfaction)                                           all limited    formed to a                                                       forming activities
                                                                                                                    or             normalized                                                        in COPD patients
                                                                                                                    1=Not at       score ranging                                                     (s)
                                                                                                                    All            from 0 to 100.
                                                                                                                    5=Severel
                                                                                                                    y or
                                                                                                                    1=Not at
                                                                                                                    All, 5=I
                                                                                                                    couldn’t
                                                                                                                    do activi-
                                                                                                                    ties at All
The McMaster        Tugwell      Patients with   2          Baseline,        Other (12)   6            Free         Free           Multi-item       N/A                 No recall pe-     Inter-     Assessment of          No
Toronto Arthritis   1987 [106]   rheumatoid                 Follow-up        Other (12)                report (list report (list   index scores                         riod              viewer-    the impact of
(MACTAR) Pa-                     arthritis                                                             activities) activities):    were computed                                          adminis-   arthritis on the
tient Preference                                                                                                    N/A            for each patient                                       tered      ability to carry out
Disability Ques-                                                                                       Tick if it                  using the sum                                                     selected activities
tionnaire                                                                                              applies      Tick if it     of the item                                                       in arthritis (q)
                                                                                                                    applies        responses
                                                                                                       2 different
                                                                                                       categori-    Categori-
                                                                                                       cal scales cal 1: yes
                                                                                                                    / no

                                                                                                                    Categori-




                                                                                                              33
Instrument          Study        Population      Number     Labelling of    Category     No of       Answer        Anchors        Scoring          Direction of     Recall period      Admini-    Questionnaire          Quanti-
                                                 of         domains         (11 plus     items       options                                       the scale                           stration   type                   fica-
                                                 domains                    ‘other’)                                                                                                                                     tion1)
                                                                                                                   cal 2:
                                                                                                                   Improved /
                                                                                                                   become
                                                                                                                   worse
The Clinical        van der      Patients with   1 (of 3)   Functional      Generic      4 (of 10)   7-point       0=not          Sum of PA        Unidirectional   During the past    Self-      Assessment of        No
COPD Question-      Molen 2003   COPD                       state (symp-    PA (1)                   Likert type   limited at     score / number                    week               adminis-   limitations in
naire (CCQ)         [107]                                   toms, mental                             scale         all            of PA items                                          tered      performing activi-
                                                            state)                                                 6=totally                                                                      ties because of
                                                                                                                   limited / or                                                                   breathing prob-
                                                                                                                   unable to                                                                      lems in COPD
                                                                                                                   do                                                                             patients (s)
Questionnaire for   Verbunt      Patients with   1          Physical        PA limita-   20          First: 5-     5-point-       Total sum        Unidirectional   Last 2 weeks       Self-      Assessment of        No
Physical Activity   2008 [108]   chronic pain               activity        tion (11)                point-        Likert type    score                                                adminis-   the likelihood of
Decline in pain                                             decline                                  Likert type   scale:                                                              tered      performing vari-
(PAD)                                                                                                scale         0=Never,                                                                       ous daily activities
                                                                                                     After-        1=Seldom                                                                       depending on
                                                                                                     wards:        (1-2 x                                                                         pain in patients
                                                                                                     Categori-     times per                                                                      with chronic pain
                                                                                                     cal           week),                                                                         (q)
                                                                                                                   2=Occasi
                                                                                                                   onally (3-4
                                                                                                                   x times
                                                                                                                   per week),
                                                                                                                   3=Often
                                                                                                                   (5-6 x
                                                                                                                   times per
                                                                                                                   week)
                                                                                                                   4=Very
                                                                                                                   often
                                                                                                                   (Daily)
                                                                                                                   Categori-
                                                                                                                   cal:
                                                                                                                   yes/no
Physical activity   Voorrips     Elderly         3          Household       House-       12          House-        Several        Household        Unidirectional   No recall pe-      Inter-     Assessment of          No
questionnaire       1991 [109]                              activities,     hold PA                  hold          different      score: sum of                     riod + for sport   viewer     the frequency of
                                                            Sport activi-   (8)                      activities:   anchors        item scores                       and leisure        adminis-   habitual physical
                                                            ties,           Exercise                 4- and 5-                    divided by                        patients need      tered      activity in order to
                                                            Leisure time    PA (4)                   point                        number of                         recall hours per              classify elderly
                                                            activities      Leisure                  scales                       items                             week and year                 subjects into
                                                                            PA (7)                   sports &                     Sport and                                                       categories of
                                                                                                     leisure                      leisure time                                                    high, medium and




                                                                                                             34
Instrument           Study        Population      Number     Labelling of    Category    No of        Answer         Anchors       Scoring             Direction of     Recall period   Admini-     Questionnaire      Quanti-
                                                  of         domains         (11 plus    items        options                                          the scale                        stration    type               fica-
                                                  domains                    ‘other’)                                                                                                                                  tion1)
                                                                                                      time                         scores: calcula-                                                 low physical
                                                                                                      activities:                  tion of score                                                    activity in the
                                                                                                      declaring                    with use of                                                      elderly (q)
                                                                                                      type of                      intensity code
                                                                                                      activities,                  for each activity
                                                                                                      hours per                    Questionnaire
                                                                                                      week,                        score (house-
                                                                                                      period of                    hold + sport +
                                                                                                      the year                     leisure time
                                                                                                                                   activity score)

The Physical         Washburn     Elderly         1          Physical        Generic     12           First 6        Amount of     Total PASE          N/A              7-day period    Self- and   Assessment of      Yes
Activity Scale for   1993 [110]                              activities      PA (1)                   items:         hours per     score: by mul-                                       inter-      the amount of
the Elderly                                                                                           Amount of      day: N/A      tiplying the                                         viewer-     hours spent and
(PASE)                                                                                                hours per      Categori-     amount of time                                       adminis-    the amount of
                                                                                                      day spent      cal:          spent in each                                        tered       engagement in
                                                                                                      in a spe-      0=did not     activity (hours                                                  activities com-
                                                                                                      cific activ-   engage in     a day) by the                                                    monly engaged
                                                                                                      ity            that activ-   respective                                                       by older persons
                                                                                                      Following      ity           weights.
                                                                                                      6 items:       1=engage      Weights were
                                                                                                      Categori-      d in that     derived empiri-
                                                                                                      cal            activity      cally. Further:
                                                                                                                                   Summing over
                                                                                                                                   all activities
The Pulmonary        Weaver       Patients with   2 (of 3)   Daily activi-   Social PA   25 (of 35)   Various,       Various,      Mean weighted       Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Self-       Assessment of       No
Functional Status    1998 [111]   COPD                       ties/social     (9)                      4-5 and 6-     mostly 4-     item score for                       riod            adminis-    the level of diffi-
Scale (PFSS)                                                 functioning,    Social PA                point          point         each subscale.                                       tered       culty because of
                                                             Sexual          (9)                      scales,        scale:        Summing                                                          lung problems
                                                             functioning                              mostly: 4-     1=extrem subscale                                                              and the ability to
                                                             (Psychologi-                             point          e difficulty, scores for total                                                 perform daily
                                                             cal Function-                            scale +        4=no          score                                                            activities in COPD
                                                             ing)                                     option to      difficulty                                                                     patients (s)
                                                                                                      mark 1)
                                                                                                      “Cannot
                                                                                                      do this
                                                                                                      activity
                                                                                                      because
                                                                                                      of lung
                                                                                                      problem”
                                                                                                      or 2)




                                                                                                              35
Instrument          Study        Population     Number     Labelling of   Category    No of        Answer         Anchors       Scoring           Direction of     Recall period   Admini-      Questionnaire         Quanti-
                                                of         domains        (11 plus    items        options                                        the scale                        stration     type                  fica-
                                                domains                   ‘other’)                                                                                                                                    tion1)
                                                                                                   “Cannot
                                                                                                   do this
                                                                                                   because
                                                                                                   of other
                                                                                                   health
                                                                                                   problems”
The COPD Self-      Wigal 1991   Individuals    1 (of 5)   Physical    Exercise       5 (of 34)    5-point        A=Very        Not reported      Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Self-        Assessment of        No
Efficacy Scale      [112]        with COPD                 exertion    PA (4)                      Likert         confident                                        riod            adminis-     self-efficacy for
(CSES)                                                     (Negative                               scale          B=Pretty                                                         tered        avoiding breath-
                                                           Affect, In-                                            confident                                                                     ing difficulty while
                                                           tense Emo-                                             C=Somew                                                                       performing certain
                                                           tional                                                 hat confi-                                                                    activities in COPD
                                                           Arousal,                                               dent                                                                          patients (s)
                                                           Weather/Env                                            D=Not
                                                           ironment,                                              very
                                                           Behavioural                                            confident
                                                           Risk Fac-                                              E=Not at
                                                           tors)                                                  all confi-
                                                                                                                  dent
The Severe Res-     Windisch,    Patients       2 (of 7)   Physical       Generic     14 (of 49)   5-point        -2 = com-     Sum (higher       Bi-directional   Last week       Self-        Assessment of         No
piratory Insuffi-   2003 [113]   receiving                 functioning,   PA (1)                   Likert         pletely       scores = better                                    adminis-     the accuracy of
ciency Question-                 home me-                  Social func-   Social PA                scale          untrue, 2     HRQoL)                                             tered (can   statements de-
naire (SRIQ)                     chanical                  tioning        (9)                                     = always                                                         also be      scribing physical
                                 ventilation               (Respiratory                                           true                                                             inter-       and social situa-
                                 (HMV) who                 Complaints,                                                                                                             viewer-      tions in advanced
                                 suffer from               Attendant                                                                                                               adminis-     respiratory failure
                                 advanced                  Symptoms                                                                                                                tered        patients receiving
                                 respiratory               and Sleep,                                                                                                                           HMV (s)
                                 failure due to            Social Rela-
                                 various                   tionships,
                                 underlying                Anxiety and
                                 diseases                  Psychologi-
                                                           cal Wellbe-
                                                           ing.)
The Manchester       Yohannes    Older pa-      4          Mobility,      PA related 21            4-point        3 different   Total score       Unidirectional   No recall pe-   Self-        Assessment of         No
Respiratory Activi- 2000 [114]   tients with               Kitchen        mobility                 scale          anchors:      (sum)                              riod            adminis-     the ability to
ties of Daily Living             COPD                      activities,    (6)                                     first part:   1=”alone with                                      tered        perform physical
Questionnaire                                              Domestic       House-                                  0=Not at      difficulty”,                                                    activities of daily
(MRADL)                                                    tasks,         hold PA                                 all, 1=with   “alone easily”,                                                 life alone or with
                                                           Leisure        (8)                                     help          “a little more                                                  help in older
                                                           activities     House-                                  2=Alone       slowly”, “for ½                                                 COPD patients




                                                                                                             36
Instrument        Study        Population      Number     Labelling of    Category     No of        Answer         Anchors       Scoring             Direction of     Recall period     Admini-    Questionnaire     Quanti-
                                               of         domains         (11 plus     items        options                                          the scale                          stration   type              fica-
                                               domains                    ‘other’)                                                                                                                                   tion1)
                                                                          hold PA                                  with help,    hour”, “not at                                                    (q)
                                                                          (8)                                      3=Alone       all more slowly”
                                                                          Leisure                                  easily
                                                                          PA (7)                                   Second        0=”with help”,
                                                                                                                   Part:         “much more
                                                                                                                   0=Much        slowly”, “quite a
                                                                                                                   more          lot more
                                                                                                                   slowly,       slowly”, “most
                                                                                                                   1=Quite       of the night”,
                                                                                                                   lot more      “for 1-2 hours”
                                                                                                                   slowly,
                                                                                                                   2=A little
                                                                                                                   more
                                                                                                                   slowly,
                                                                                                                   3=Not at
                                                                                                                   all more
                                                                                                                   slowly
                                                                                                                   Third Part:
                                                                                                                   0=Most of
                                                                                                                   the night,
                                                                                                                   1=For 1-2
                                                                                                                   hours,
                                                                                                                   2=For up
                                                                                                                   to 1/2
                                                                                                                   hours,
                                                                                                                   3=Not at
                                                                                                                   all
The Activity of   Yoza 2009    Patients with   1          Activities of   Activities   15           5-point-       0=Maxima      Total score         Unidirectional   During the past   Self-      Assessment of      No
Daily Living      [115]        COPD                       daily living    of daily                  Likert type    lly severe                                         week              adminis-   the degree of
Dyspnoea scale                                                            living (2)                scale          4=Not at                                                             tered      breathlessness
(ADL-D scale)                                                                                                      all                                                                             while performing
                                                                                                                                                                                                   ADL in COPD
                                                                                                                                                                                                   patients (q)
The Quality of Life Zaragoza   Patients with   3 (of 7)   Physical        Generic      27 (of 50)   4-point        1=No, not     Domain score        Bidirectional    In the last       Self-      Assessment of      No
Questionnaire for 2009 [117]   chronic                    function,       PA (1)                    scale          at all        (total of points                     month             adminis-   symptoms and
Patients With                  respiratory                Sexual          Social PA                                4=Yes,        of each item in                                        tered or   their intensity on
Chronic Respira-               disease                    function,       (9)                                      definitely    the group) &                                           Inter-     various aspects of
tory Disease (CV-                                         Work func-      Work PA                                                total overall                                          viewer-    patients’ with
PERC)                                                     tion (Per-      (10)                                                   score (0-150;                                          adminis-   chronic respira-
                                                          ceived                                                                 total of points                                        trated     tory disease life
                                                          health and                                                             of all items)                                                     (s)




                                                                                                              37
Instrument         Study          Population      Number      Labelling of     Category     No of        Answer    Anchors   Scoring          Direction of   Recall period      Admini-    Questionnaire       Quanti-
                                                  of          domains          (11 plus     items        options                              the scale                         stration   type                fica-
                                                  domains                      ‘other’)                                                                                                                        tion1)
                                                              well being,
                                                              Psychologi-
                                                              cal/emotiona
                                                              l function,
                                                              Cognitive
                                                              function,
                                                              Social func-
                                                              tion)
Quality of Life    Zhou 2009    Chronic liver     Unknown     Unknown          Unknown      Unknown      Unknown   Unknown   Unknown          Unknown        Unknown            Unknown    Questionnaire       Un-
Instrument (QOL-   [118]        disease                                                                                                                                                    was available in    known
Instrument)                     patients with                                                                                                                                              Chinese only
                                minimal
                                hepatic
                                encephalo-
                                pathy
Scale of Older     Zisberg 2005 Older Adults      4 (of 5)    Basic routine    Generic      39 (of 42)   1) Number N/A       Five scores,      N/A           Yesterday, if      Inter-     Assessment of        Yes
Adults’ Routine    [119]                                      activities,      PA (1)                    of times            based on five                   yesterday was      viewer     the time perform-
(SOAR)                                                        Instrumental     Activities                (doing this         subscales, as                   a typical day.     adminis-   ing routine activi-
                                                              activities,      of daily                  activity)           well as a total                 Otherwise the      tered      ties with a diary of
                                                              Leisure          living (2)                per day             score on each.                  participants are              older adults (s)
                                                              activities,      Leisure                   and/or per          Scoring con-                    asked to
                                                              Social par-      PA (7)                    week                siders the                      choose another
                                                              ticipation,      Social PA                 2) Time of          following com-                  day that was
                                                              (Rest)           (9)                       day (doing          ponents:                        typical of the
                                                                                                         this activ-         endorsement                     last seven days
                                                                                                         ity) and            (=number of
                                                                                                         how long            relevant activi-
                                                                                                         the activity        ties / number of
                                                                                                         takes in            total activities)
                                                                                                         minutes             frequency,
                                                                                                                             duration, total
                                                                                                                             duration and
                                                                                                                             actual time of
                                                                                                                             activities,
                                                                                                                             additionally a
                                                                                                                             stability score
                                                                                                                             was calculated
                                                                                                                             (SD)
              1) Yes = Quantifications including METs etc, No = scale values




                                                                                                              38
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