SMOKING FACTS II by HC120831021944

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 52

									DEPARTMENT OF PREVENTIVE ONCOLOGY
   DR.B.BOROOAH CANCER INSTITUTE
     DO YOU KNOW ?
IT HAS BEEN ESTIMATED THAT AN
AVERAGE OF 14 MINUTES OF LIFE IS
LOST FOR EACH CIGARETTE SMOKED
TOBACCO USERS LOOSE AN AVERAGE OF
20-25 YEARS OF NON-TOBACCO LIFE
EXPECTANCY

IN INDIA ONE PEOPLE DIE EVERY 40
SECONDS BECAUSE OF TOBACCO RELATED
PROBLEMS
DO YOU KNOW ?
ONE THIRD OF ALL CANCERS IN INDIA
ARE TOBACCO RELATED
90% OF ORAL CANCERS ARE DUE TO
TOBACCOP USE
50% OF ALL CANCERS IN MAN ARE DUE
TO TOBACCO USE
25% OF ALL CANCERS IN WOMAN ARE
DUE TO TOBACCO USE
90% OF LUNG CANCER DEATHS ARE
CAUSED DUE TO SMOKING
     TOBACCO IN INDIA

TOBACCO IS SMOKED – IN CIGARETTES,
BIDIS, CHUTTA AND HOOKAHS

TOBACCO IS CHEWED – IN PAANS WITH OR
WITHOUT LIME AND BETEL NUTS

TOBACCO IS USED – AS SNUFF,GHUTKAS
AND IN PAN MASALA
TOBACCO CONSUMPTION

                    CIGARETTE

  25%         20%

                    BIDI



                    CHEWING
        55%
                    TOBACCO,
                    PANMASALA
    TOBACCO CONTENT


               TAR         NICOTINE


CIGARETTE   18 – 28 mg   15.49-19.95 mg


  BIDI      45 – 50 mg      21.2 mg
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS AGED >15 YRS
 WHO CHEW TOBACCO AND SMOKE
STATE     MALE     MALE    FEMALE FEMALE
          SMOKER CHEWER SMOKER CHEWER
 INDIA     33.1%   28.3%    2.5%    12.4%
ASSAM      34.9%   48.2%    2.7%    24.9%
MANIPUR    39.2%   34.4%    12.2%   19.6%
MEGHA.     57.6%   16.7%    6.8%    27.6%
MIZORAM    67.1%   60.3%    22.1%   60.7%
NAGAL.     49.5%   45.3%    2.5%    16.5%
PUNJAB     15.8%   9.3%     0.3%    0.2%
         TOBACCO


TOXIC TO THE BODY
OBNOXIOUS
BAD FOR HEALTH
ADDICTIVE
CAUSES CANCER
CAUSES SEVERAL DISEASES
OPPRESSIVE TO MIND
    TOBACCO CAUSES
LEADS TO BAD BREATH, STAINING OF
TEETH AND POOR PERSONAL HYGIENE

CIGARETTE SMOKING INCREASES THE
CHANCE OF GASTRODUODENAL ULCER

CONSUMING GUTHKA RESULTS IN ORAL
SUBMUCOSAL FIBROSIS A DISEASE WHICH
RESTRICTS MOUTH OPENING
CORONARY ARTERY
    DISEASE
CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
SHORTNESS OF BREATH
LUNGS
    GANGRENE OF FOOT,
INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION
SUB-MUCOSAL FIBROSIS
STAINING OF TEETH
GUM ULCER   GINGIVITIS
IRRITATING COUGH, MOUTH
         ULCER
  ORAL CAVITY        LARYNX




FLOOR OF THE MOUTH   TONGUE
     TOBACCO & WOMEN
DAMAGING EFFECT ON REPRODUCTIVE
HEALTH

INCREASED RISK OF MISCARRIAGE

PRE TERM DELIVERY

STILLBIRTH

INFANT DEATH

LOW BIRTH WEIGHT BABY
MAKING THE NEXT GENERATION
         UNWELL!
 TOBACCO CONTAINS…..

4000 DIFFERENT CHEMICALS, MANY OF WHICH
ARE HARMFUL

TOBACCO    CONTAINS   NICOTINE,   CARBON
MONOXIDE,NAPTHALENE,ARSENIC,TAR,
CADMIUM, CYANIDE GAS, BENZAPYRINE, DDT,
BUTANE, PHENOL, ACETONE AND URETHANE

THE COMPONENTS OF SMOKE AFFECT      THE
HUMAN BODY AND CAUSE DISEASES
  NICOTINE CAUSES…..
FOLLOWING INHALATION, NICOTINE
IS ABSORBED INTO BLOODSTREAM
AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE BRAIN ARE
FELT 7 -8 SECONDS LATER

NICOTINE IN SMALL AMOUNTS
GENERALLY STIMULATES NERVE
IMPULSES AND IN LARGE AMOUNT
INHIBITS THEM
  NICOTINE CAUSES…..
INCREASE IN HEART RATE
INCREASE IN BLOOD PRESSURE
INCREASE IN HORMONE PRODUCTION
CONSTRICTION OF BLOOD VESSELS
CHANGES IN BLOOD COMPOSITION
CHANGES IN METABOLISM
CARBON MONOXIDE CAUSES….
 CARBON MONOXIDE (CO) COMBINES MORE
 READILY WITH HAEMOGLOBIN THAN
 OXYGEN (O2) DOES,CARRYING CO ROUND
 THE BODY INSTEAD OF OXYGEN

 CO AFFECT THE ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF
 THE HEART

 FATTY DEPOSITION IN THE ARTERIAL
 WALL AFFECTING THE CIRCULATION
      TAR CAUSES…..
TAR IS A BROWN STICKY SUBSTANCE
WHICH COATS THE LUNG LIKE SOOT IN A
CHIMNEY AND MAKING IT LESS ELASTIC.

IRRITIRANTS IN TAR ALSO DAMAGE THE
LUNG, CAUSING NARROWING OF
BRONCHIOLES, COUGHING, AN INCREASE
IN BRONCHIOLE MUCUS AND DAMAGE TO
SMALL HAIRS WHICH HELP PROTECT THE
LUNGS FROM DIRT AND INFECTION.
PASSIVE SMOKING
    PASSIVE SMOKING

ALSO KNOWN AS ENVIRONMENTAL
TOBACCO SMOKE (ETS)

INVOLUNTARY INHALATION OF TOBACCO
SMOKE BY A NON - SMOKER

ETS IS OF 2 TYPES –
   LEFT OUT SMOKE BY A BY A SMOKER
   OR MAIN STREAM SMOKE
   ORIGINAL SMOKE FROM BURNING
   CIGARETTE OR SIDE STREAM SMOKE
     PASSIVE SMOKING
SIDE STREAM SMOKE CONTAINS THREE
TIMES MORE NICOTINE AND TAR AND
FIFTY TIMES MORE CANCER CAUSING
SUBSTANCES THAN MAIN STREAM SMOKE

A PREGNANT WOMAN EXPOSED TO ETS
HAVE INCREASE CHANCE OF ABORTION,
FOETAL DAETH AND DELIVERY OF LOW
BIRTH WEIGHT BABY
QUITTING SMOKING
HOW CAN I QUIT TOBACCO USE
 IT IS NOT VERY SIMPLE BUT YOU CAN DO IT.
 SURPRISINGLY 85% TOBACCO USERS WISH TO
 GIVE IT A TRY

 ON CESSATION OF SMOKING, THE RELATIVE RISK
 OF DEVELOPING LUNG CANCER DECLINES
 STEEPLY SO THAT AFTER NEXT TEN YEARS THE
 RISK IS ALMOST AS LOW AS IN LIFE LONG NON-
 SMOKERS

 ON QUITTING SMOKING THE RISK OF DEATH FROM
 ISCHAEMIC HEART DISEASE ALSO DECLINES
     QUITTING SMOKING
NICOTINE PRODUCES DEPENDENCE

SUDDEN CESSATION OF SMOKING REDUCES
WITHDRAWL SYMPTOMS

A SMOKER WHO CUTS DOWN ON HIS CIGARETTE
SMOKING PRECIPITATES A CHRONIC STATE OF
WITHDRAWL

FOR THOSE WHO FIND DIFFICULTY IN QUITTING
SHOULD SWITCH OVER TO NICOTINE CHEWING
GUM FOR A WHILE
        BENEFITS OF QUITTING TOBACCO

                       20 minutes:
    Blood pressure and pulse rate drops to normal;
                         8 hours:
 Oxygen level increases to normal & carbon monoxide
                  level drops in blood.
                        24 hours:
          Chance for a heart attack goes down.
                        48 hours:
Ability to smell and taste improves; walking is becoming
                          easier.
                  2 weeks to 3 months:
  Blood circulation improves. No more cold hands and
     cold feet. Lung function increased up to 30%.
       BENEFITS OF QUITTING TOBACCO

                 1 month to 9 months:
  Coughing, sinus congestion and shortness of breath
              have decreased dramatically.
                         1 year:
     Risk of coronary heart disease is cut in half.
                         5 years:
Risk of stroke reduced to that of a nonsmoker. Risk of
  cancers of the mouth, throat and esophagus cut in
       half. Risk of lung cancer reduced in half.
                        10 years:
      Risk of dying from lung cancer is cut in half
                        15 years:
Risk for coronary heart disease and stroke is the same
              as for a lifelong nonsmoker.
TOBACCO CESSATION CLINIC

ROOM NO. 03
NEW OPD BUILDING
DR. B. BOROOAH CANCER INSTITUTE
GOPINATH NAGAR, GUWAHATI – 16
TEL: 0361 2472366 Ext 242
E mail: tccguwahati@rediffmail.com

								
To top