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					     Working Together in Partnership
     Towards Greater Transit Security
Amalgamated Transit Union Canadian Council
    Conference on Violence and Security
             March 10, 2006 Toronto




                                      1
National Security Context
           • National Security Policy -
             April, 2004
           • Post-9/11, focus on highest
             risk
                o Aviation security $2.2
                  billion
                o Marine security $930
                  million
           • Post Madrid & London
             attacks; major focus on rail
             and public transit security
            2
                 Transportation Security:
          A Fundamental Pillar of National Security
                                           •   Transportation system has been an
                                               element in many terrorist attacks
                                                 As a target – Air India and the
                                                  Lockerbie bombings, the Achille
                                                  Lauro cruise ship hijacking, the sarin
                                                  attack on the Tokyo subway, the
                                                  Madrid train bombings, the London
                                                  subway and bus bombings
                                                 As a conduit -- Ahmed Ressam
                                                 As a weapon -- September 11

•   No specific threat information, but Canada has been named by Al-Qaeda
•   An attack on Canada’s transportation system, or on the U.S. through our
    transportation system, would not only cause a tragic loss of human lives,
    but would also have significant economic and trade impacts
                                       3
             Transit Background
• Increasing concerns about commuter rail and urban transit
  between Madrid (2004) and London (2005) attacks; however
  these were not the first such attacks.
• 2004 to present: Moscow, French rail system, Madrid, London

 300                                  • Most experts suggest 10-15% of
                                        terrorist attacks target
 250
                            Bus         transportation.
 200                        Rail
                                      • Approximately 85 percent of all
                            Subways
 150                                    significant terrorist acts
                            Other
                                        conducted against transportation
 100                        Air
                                        targets were directed at surface
                            Marine
 50                                     targets (e.g. rail, subway, buses,
                                        bridges, trucks) over the past
  0
                                        five years.


                               4
Passenger Rail and Urban Transit in
              Canada
• Canadian urban transit        • Passenger rail and urban
  systems:                        transit systems include:
   – 1.5 billion passenger         – Commuter rail
     trips per year
   – 4 million passenger           – Light Rail Transit
     trips per day                 – Subways
• Canadian airports -- 78.7        – Municipal bus systems
  million passenger trips per
  year                             – Intercity passenger rail
• Systems & cities depend on          and bus
  moving passengers quickly,
  conveniently and
  inexpensively

                                5
                    Many Partners
• Public & Users
• Operators & Transportation Workes
• Key Associations such as Railway Association of Canada, and
  Canadian Urban Transportation Association
• Railway companies; provide federally regulated tracks for most
  intercity and commuter rail systems; majors (CN,CP) have own
  police
• Municipal/provincial governments – provide operating funding,
  legislative and other authorities; provincial emergency preparedness
  responsibility / authority, policing, and first responders
• Public Safety Portfolio – responsible for national emergency
  management, law enforcement and national security
• Transport Canada – lead for national transportation security;
  regulatory authority for rail security under Railway Safety Act

                                   6
         International Consensus
• International meeting of Ministers of
  Transportation in Japan (January 2006)
  concensus on future security directions:
  – Sharing of best practices
  – Promoting international cooperation on specialized R&D
  – Encouraging cooperation among government authorities, operators,
    and all relevant stakeholders
  – Considering creation of international working group to facilitate
    sharing of best practices and enhance global cooperation
• G8 leaders outlined a counter-terrorist strategy
  in July 2005

                                  7
              United States Actions
• Rail and urban transit security is one of Department of
  Homeland Security’s top three priorities in 2006
• Key accomplishments:
   – 2006 $2.5B in general grants and $160M targeted to rail, inter-city
     and transit security
   – Inter-agency anti-terrorism training program
   – Surface Transportation Security Inspector Program
   – Vulnerability assessments of rail and transit networks in high-
     density urban areas
   – New explosives detection canine teams


                                   8
          Other Country’s Approaches
Australia
• Australian Government and all state and territory governments established
  National Transport Security Strategy and signed Intergovernmental
  Agreement to guide land transport security priorities in 2005:
France
• New police force dedicated to rail security established January 2006
United Kingdom
• Department of Transport regulates counter-terrorist security on national rail
  network, London Underground and Channel Tunnel, and for security of
  dangerous goods in transit (mainly under Railway Act)
• Network Rail and Train Operating Companies responsible for delivery of
  security; strong partnership between London Underground and British
  Transport Police



                                        9
Lessons Learned from U.K. Attack
• Clear focus on Business
  Resumption

• Clear roles and
  responsibilities established

• Importance of employee
  training to work in concert
  with emergency response

• Early communication with
  personnel and the public

• Video surveillance critical
  for investigation

                                 10
            Rail and Urban Transit
             Security in Canada
Legislation
  • Transport Canada authorities under Railway Safety Act
  • Covers federally regulated railways (VIA, CN, CP etc.) or
    provincial railways operating on tracks under federal
    authority
  • No federal security regulations promulgated to date
  • Urban transit generally under provincial / municipal
    jurisdiction (e.g. STM, SkyTrain, TTC, etc.)
MOU signed between TC and Railway Association of
Canada on Railway Security

                               11
          TC Rail & Transit Security
Post-Madrid - 2004
•   TC expanded its security information-sharing network with major rail and transit
    operators
•   Rail Security Policy Review expanded to include major Urban Transit
•   Discussion paper and consultations with industry and associations anticipated Spring
    2006
•   Threat and Risk assessment (TRA) completed
•   Information network activated immediately after London bombings

Post-London – 2005
•   Threat and Risk Assessment re-validated
•   November 2005, the government announced a $110M Immediate Action Plan to
    accelerate security enhancements, awaiting new government direction


                                           12
     Rail and Transit Security Policy
                 Review
• Comprehensive review of security in rail and urban
  transit sector
• Scope: passenger and freight facilities and activities
  conducted on or related to “railways” or other guided
  systems, such as subways
• Key stakeholder discussions planned for spring 2006,
  including labour, industry, shippers and other
  interested parties
• Key recommendations will be incorporated in
  Transportation Security Action Plan
                            13
       Transport Canada has also launched a
          Transportation Security Review
• Why now?

• Answer: The terrorist threat will remain part of our reality, with the
  transportation system one of its main targets

• We need to step back, take stock of past achievements, and look into the
  future, and make the right security choices based on a risk management
  approach

• We must continue to improve the security of our transportation system and its
  users

• Our transportation system is at the core of Canada’s trade and economy. We
  must strike the right balance between the need for enhanced security,
  Canadian values and the efficient movement of people and goods
                                      14
               Building Strong Partnerships
• Today’s threats require countries to adopt new approaches and develop new
  partnerships with a broad range of actors to enhance transportation security
• Transport Canada is involving hundreds of individuals from both the public
  and private sectors                                We have produced
                                                    Updated threat assessment
                                                    Risk management framework
               We have engaged                      Risk assessment across modes
                                                    Review of intelligence-sharing
 International experts                             Future trends in transportation
 Academics                                         Technology overview
 Other federal departments and agencies
                                                    International benchmarking
 Transport Canada groups
                                                    Security overview reports for key sectors
 Provinces
 Industry and labour                                  • Aviation, Marine, Rail
    •Extensive involvement in working teams            • Inter-modal
    •Upcoming workshop (Spring 2006)                   • Public transit & inter-city bus



                                              15
   Public Transit & Inter-city Bus Working
                   Group
• Draft Security Overview Paper on Public
  Transit & Inter-city Bus: Completed

 • Overview of issue/sector
 • Analysis & take stock of
 current situation
 • Identify Vulnerabilities
 & Threats
 • Propose Actions &
 Strategies



                              16
      Some Suggested Rail & Transit Priorities
• Regular transit Emergency Planning exercises
• Promote recovery plans
• Increase local inter-agency communications
• Increase information sharing
• Develop federal-provincial/territorial protocols
• Promote research into new technology
• Develop Security Management Systems and Best Practices
• New risk assessment tools

                                 17
     Broader Transportation Security Themes

Over-arching issues are emerging from various
 working groups and studies such as:
• Increase information sharing
• Address key security risks
• Adopt a stronger risk management approach
• Build strong security partnerships
• Promote innovation and technology
• Improve emergency planning and response

                                 18
                    The Way Ahead:
Canada’s first ever Transportation Security Action Plan
•Spring 2006: Workshop with stakeholders
•Fall 2006: Finalise action plan
     • Assessment of threats & risks
     • Clear definition of future national transportation security priorities across all
       modes, focusing on areas of highest risk
     • Clear definition of the roles and responsibilities of various partners
     • Action plan for the next 5 to 7 years, highlighting key priorities and concrete
       actions
     • Directions on how Canada will address key security risks and important priorities



•Winter/Spring 2007: Public release


                                                19

				
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