Anatomy and Physiology Course Guide

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					                                                                                                     Additional Resources
         Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                                                              Transparencies
                                                        Essential Labs: Human
                        Unit                                                                               Software
                                                     Anatomy and Physiology Lab    Time Frame
                 Textbook Chapter                                                                         Videotapes
                                                        Manual : Main Version
                     Objectives                                                                              Slides
                                                                                                             Labs
Unit 1:Organization of the Body                                                   Block: 7      Transparencies Index Figure1.1-
Chapter 1: The Human Body: An Orientation (                                       Single: 14    1.12
pp. 2-25)                                                                                       A.D.A.M. Interactive Anatomy
-An overview of Anatomy and Physiology (pp.3-4)                                                 C.D. ROM
The Science of Anatomy and Physiology(pp2-3)                                                    Videotapes:The Incredible
                                                                                                Human Machine(CBS, 60
-define and contrast anatomy and physiology and                                                 min.,C)
discuss how the human body is organized.                                                        See Study Guide-Elaine N.
                                                                                                Marieb
-Levels of Structural Organization(pp 4-7)
(pp.4)

-Identify the major levels of organization in
organisms, from the simplest to the most complex.    Exercise 2: Organ Systems
                                                     Overview (p.9)
-Identify the organ systems of human body and
major components of each system.



-Homeostasis (pp.10-13)
(pp.12-14)

-Define homeostasis and describe how negative and
positive feedback are involved in maintaining body
homeostasis.




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                                                                                                      Additional Resources
        Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                                                               Transparencies
                                                         Essential Labs: Human
                       Unit                                                                                 Software
                                                      Anatomy and Physiology Lab    Time Frame
                Textbook Chapter                                                                          Videotapes
                                                         Manual : Main Version
                    Objectives                                                                               Slides
                                                                                                              Labs
The Language of Anatomy (pp.14-23)                    Exercise 1: The Language of
A Frame of Reference for Anatomical                   Anatomy (p. 1)
Studies(pp.15-19)

-Use anatomical terms to describe body sections
body regions, relative positions and planes.

-Identify the major body cavities and their
subdivisions

Chapter 2: Chemistry Comes Alive – Basic                                                         Transparencies Index
Chemistry                                                                                        (Figure2.1-2.24)
                                                                                                 Student Study Guide
Composition of Matter: Atoms and                                                                 The Chemistry of Life CD-ROM,
Elements.(pp.27-28)                                                                              Basic Biochemistry of Life CD-
(pp.30-32)                                                                                       ROM
                                                                                                 Videotapes- Basic Chemistry for
                                                                                                 Biology Students
Atoms                                                                                            Lab-Protein Biochemistry-CBL
-Define chemical element and list the four elements                                              Biology
that form the bulk of body matter                                                                -Principles of Chemistry
-Define atoms. List the subatomic particles:                                                     See Study Guide-Elaine N.
describe their relative masses, charges, and                                                     Marieb
positions in the atom.

Elements

-Define atomic number, atomic mass, atomic
weight, isotope, and radioisotope.


                                                                                                                                   2
                                                                                               Additional Resources
       Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                                                         Transparencies
                                                        Essential Labs: Human
                      Unit                                                                           Software
                                                     Anatomy and Physiology Lab   Time Frame
               Textbook Chapter                                                                    Videotapes
                                                        Manual : Main Version
                   Objectives                                                                         Slides
                                                                                                       Labs
Chemical Bonds(pp.33-38)
(pp.32)

-Explain the role of electrons in chemical bonding
and in the relation to the octet rule.

-Differentiate between ionic and covalent bonds.

-Compare and contrast polar and nonpolar
compounds

Chemical Reactions (pp. 38-41)
(pp36-39)

-Explain how matter is combine to form molecules
and compounds. (Molecules and Mixtures)
-Identify three major types of chemical reactions
(Synthesis, decomposition, and displacement
exchange.
-Explain why chemical reactions in the body are
often irreversible.

-Describe the crucial role of enzymes in
metabolism.

Part 2: Biochemistry

Inorganic Compounds (pp.41-45)
-Distinguish between organic and inorganic
compounds.

                                                                                                                      3
                                                                                                           Additional Resources
        Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                                                                    Transparencies
                                                            Essential Labs: Human
                       Unit                                                                                      Software
                                                         Anatomy and Physiology Lab      Time Frame
                Textbook Chapter                                                                               Videotapes
                                                            Manual : Main Version
                    Objectives                                                                                    Slides
                                                                                                                   Labs
-Explain the importance of water and salts to body
homeostasis.
-Explain the importance of pH and the role of
buffers in body fluids.

Organic Chemistry (pp.45-60)
-Describe and compare the structures and functions
of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, and                                                Transparencies Index Figure 3.1-
high- energy compounds.                                                                               3.36
                                                                                                      Activities see pp. 24 in
Chapter 3: Cells: the Living Units                                                                    Instructor’s Resource Guide.
                                                                                                      Study Guide
-Define cell and list the three major regions of a                                                    Lab-How Big is that Cell?-
generalized cell and indicate the general function of                                                 Graphing Calculator Diffusion-
each region.                                                                                          CBL Biology
                                                                                                      See Study Guide-Elaine N.
The Plasma Membrane                                                                                   Marieb
-Describe the various transport mechanisms that          Exercise 5 A or B: The Cell –
enable it to perform those functions.                    Transport Mechanisms and                     Transparencies Index Figure 4.1-
                                                         Cell Permeability. (p. 39)                   4.12.
Chapter 4: The Tissue level of Organization                                                           Microscopic Anatomy CD-ROM
(pp.115-124)                                                                                          Videotapes-Cytology and
(pp.107-115)                                                                                          Histology or The Human Body:
-Describe the organelles of a typical cell, and          Exercise 4: The Cell-Anatomy                 Organ Systems Working
indicate the specific functions of each.                 and Division (p.24)                          Together.
-List the phases of the cell life cycle and describe                                                  Slides- Basic Human Histology
the key events of each phase.                                                                         Set (CBS,482200)
-Discuss cell pathology.                                                                              See Study Guide-Elaine N.
                                                                                                      Marieb


                                                                                                                                         4
                                                                              Additional Resources
Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                                               Transparencies
                                       Essential Labs: Human
               Unit                                                                 Software
                                    Anatomy and Physiology Lab   Time Frame
        Textbook Chapter                                                          Videotapes
                                       Manual : Main Version
            Objectives                                                               Slides
                                                                                      Labs




                                                                                                     5
                                                                              Additional Resources
Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                                               Transparencies
                                       Essential Labs: Human
               Unit                                                                 Software
                                    Anatomy and Physiology Lab   Time Frame
        Textbook Chapter                                                          Videotapes
                                       Manual : Main Version
            Objectives                                                               Slides
                                                                                      Labs




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          Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                  Essential Labs: Human         Time Frame         Additional Resources
                         Unit                               Anatomy and Physiology
                      Textbook                                 Lab Manual: Main
                      Objectives                                    Version
Unit 2: Covering Support and Movement of the Body                                        Block: 20      Transparencies Index
Chapter 5: Integumentary System (pp.149-165) (pp                                         Single: 40     Figure 5.2-5.9
144-158)                                                                                                Software-
The Skin (pp149-156) (pp.145, 150, -152)                                                                Skin, Bones, Muscles (PLP1s
                                                                                                        1681238HY,Mac, Windows)
-Name, classify, and describe the various types of                                                      Videotapes- The New Living Body:
epithelia: also indicate their chief function(s) and        Exercise 6: Classification                  Skin (VHS)
location(s).                                                of Tissues (p. 51)                          Skin Deep(VHS)
-Compare the structures and functions of various types                                                  Skin Cancer (VHS)
of connective tissue.                                                                                   Student Study Guide
                                                                                                        See Study Guide-Elaine N. Marieb
-Name the tissue types composing the epidermis and          Exercise 7: The
dermis. List the major layers of each and describe the      Integumentary System
functions of each layer.                                    (p. 69)

-Describe the factors that normally contribute to skin
color.

-Discuss the effects of ultraviolet radiation on the skin
and how changes in skin color may be used as clinical
signs of certain disease state.

Functions of the Integumentary System (pp.161-163)
(pp.145)
-Describe how the skin accomplishes at least five
different functions.

Appendages of the Skin (pp.156-161) (pp.152158)
-Compare and contrast eccrine and apocrine glands.

-Explain how the sweat glands of the ingumentary
system play a major role in regulating body temperature.

                                                                                                                                       7
-List the parts of the hair follicle and explain the
functional relationship of arrector pili muscles to the
hair follicle.

Nails- (pp. 161) (pp.158)
-Describe the anatomical structure of nails and how they
are formed.

Homeostatic Imbalance of the Skin (pp.163-165)
(pp.162)
-List the characteristics of three major types of skin
cancer.
 -Explain why serious burns are life threatening. –
Describe how to determine the extent of a burn and
differentiate first-, second-, and third- degree burns.

Skeletal System
Chapter 6: Bones and Skeletal Tissues (pp172-194)
Classification of Bones (pp174-176)                          Transparencies Index Figure 6.1-
                                                             6.12
-Classify bones according to their shape and internal        Software-Skeletal System CD-
organization, and give examples of each type.                ROM
Function of Bones (pp176)                                    Student Partner Interactive CD-
-Name the major regions of the skeleton and describe         ROM
the relative functions.                                      Videotapes- The Development of
Bone Structure (pp176-181) (pp.172)                          Bones (TF, 19 min.)
                                                             Slides- Specialized Connective
-Describe the gross anatomy of a typical long bone and       Tissue: Cartilage and Bone set
flat bone. Indicate the locations and functions of red and   (CBS,48-2174)
yellow marrow, articular cartilage, periosteum, and          Systems of the Human Body—The
endosteum.                                                   Skeletal System and Its Function
Bone Homeostasis: Remodeling and Repair (pp184-189)          Set (CBS, 48-2065C)
-Describe the steps of fracture repair.                      See Study Guide-Elaine N. Marieb
Homeostatic Imbalances of Bone (pp189-191, 194)

-Contrast the disorders of bone remodeling seen in
                                                                                            8
osteoporosis, osteomalacia, and Paget’s disease.
                                                           Exercise 9: Overview of
Chapter 7                                                  the Skeleton:
Overview of Skeletal System (pp.199-243)                   Classification and
(pp. 194-222)                                              structure of Bones and
-Name major parts of the axial and appendicular            Cartilages (p. 78)        Transparencies Index Figure 7.2-
skeletons and describe their relative functions.                                     7.34
                                                                                     Software-A.D.A.M. Interactive
                                                                                     Anatomy 3.0
                                                                                     -The Dynamic Human (FHS, AH-
                                                                                     719, Win, Mac, CD-ROM)
                                                                                     Study Partner CD-ROM
                                                                                     Videotapes- Skeleton: An
                                                                                     Introduction (IM,ZY1215, VHS)
                                                                                     Skeletal Atlas
                                                                                     Student Study Guide
                                                                                     See Study Guide-Elaine N.
                                                                                     Marieb.

Muscular System                                                                      Transparencies Index Figure 9.1-
Chapter 9: Overview of Muscle Tissues (pp.277-                                       9.25
278)(pp.271)                                                                         Software-Interactive Physiology:
-Describe the characteristics and functions of skeletal                              Muscular Module(BC,
muscle tissue.                                                                       Windows/Mac CD-ROM)
                                                                                     Software-A.D.A.M. Interactive
Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle (pp278-306) (pp271-273)                                   Anatomy 3.0
-Describe the gross structure of a skeletal muscle with                              Study Partner CD-ROM
respect to location and names of its connective                                      Videotapes- Muscle Power (FHS,
coverings and attachments.                                                           APJ-829,VHS)
                                                                                     -The New Living Body: Muscles
Contraction of Skeletal Muscle (pp 292-297) (pp.282-                                 (FHS, CQH5985)
293)                                                                                 See Study Guide-Elaine N.
-Describe the microscopic structure and functional roles                             Marieb.
of the myofibrils, sacroplasmic reticulum, and T tubules
of skeletal muscle contraction.
-Explain the key steps involved in the contraction of
skeletal muscles.
                                                                                                                        9
Smooth Muscle (pp.306-312) (pp.303-305)
-Define muscle twitch and describe the events occurring
during its three phases.

Homeostatic Imbalance (pp289, 306,312,313) (Yellow
box-pp.277, 281,283,289,298,300)
Discuss disorders of the muscular system.




                                                          Exercise 16: Muscle
                                                          Physiology (p. 154 or
                                                          163)




                                                                                  10
         Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                  Essential Labs: Human      Time Frame        Additional Resources
                         Unit                              Anatomy and Physiology
                      Textbook                            Lab Manual: Main Version
                      Objectives
Unit 3: Regulation and Integration of the Body.                                      Block: 18
                                                                                     Single: 36
Nervous System

Chapter 11: Fundamentals of the Nervous System and                                                  Transparencies Index Figure
Nervous Tissue. Chapter 12: Neural Tissue                                                           11.1-11.25
                                                                                                    Software-Interactive Physiology:
Overview of the Nervous System: Organization of the                                                 Nervous System I and II Modules
Nervous System (pp. 387-388) (pp. 361-365)                                                          (BC, Win/Mac, CD-ROM)
                                                                                                    -A.D.A.M. Interactive Anatomy
-List the two major anatomical divisions of the                                                     3.0
nervous system, and describe the characteristics of                                                 Study Partner CD-ROM
each division.                                                                                      Videotapes-the Human Body:
-Sketch and label the structure of typical neuron, and                                              Nervous System (WNSE,193
describe the functions of each component.                                                           W0439, VHS)
- Classify neurons on the basis of their structure and                                              The Human Nervous System:
function.                                                                                           The Spinal Cord and Spinal
Neuroglia                                                                                           Nerves (BC,VHS)
- List the types of supporting cells and cite their                                                 Slides - Nervous Tissue 1 (CBS,
functions.                                                                                          BA-48-2126)
-Explain the importance of the myelin sheath and
describe how it is formed in the central and peripheral
nervous systems.

Neurophysiology (pp. 396-419) (pp. 373-395)
-Explain how the resting potential is created and
maintained.
-Describe the events involved in the generation and
propagation of an action potential.
-Discuss the factors that affect the speed with which
action potentials are propagated.

                                                                                                                                       11
-Define synapse. Distingiush between electrical and
chemical synapses structurally and in their
mechanisms of information transmission.
Describe the major types of neurotransmitters and
postsynaptic membranes.
Basic Concepts of Neural Integration (pp. 419-421)
(pp.392-395)
-Describe common patterns of neuronal organization
and processing.
-Distinguish in a general sense between serial and
parallel processing.
Chapter 12: The Central Nervous System(pp. 429-461)
(pp.436-474)                                           Exercise 19: Gross               Transparencies Figure 12.2-
                                                       Anatomy of the Brain and         12.29
- Name the major regions of the adult brain and        Cranial Nerves (pp. 190-         Software
describe their functions.                              208)                             A.D.A.M. Interactive Anatomy
- Name the ventricles of the brain, and describe their                                  3.0
locations and connections between them.                                                 Study Partner CD-ROM
- Explain how the brain is protected and supported.                                     Videotapes- The Human
- Discuss the formation, circulation, and functions of                                  Nervous system: The Brain and
the cerebrospinal fluid.                                                                Cranial Nerves (BC,VHS)
                                                                                        The Human Nervous system: The
Chapter13: Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves (pp.407-                                       Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerve
{Chapter 12: the Spinal Cord(pp. 461- 467) }                                            (BC,VHS)
- Discuss the s\tructure and functions of the spinal                                    The Addicted Brain (FHS, APJ-
cord.                                                                                   1363, VHS)
- Describe the three meningeal layers that surround the     Exercise 21: Spinal Cord,
central nervous system.                                     Spinal nerves, and the
- List the major spinal cord tracts, and classify each as   Autonomic Nervous
a motor or sensory tract.                                   System (pp. 211-224)
Chapter 13: The Peripheral Nervous System and                                           Transparencies figure 13.1-13.17
Reflex Activity(pp. 491- 502)                                                           Software- A.D.A.M. Interactive
Spinal Nerves (pp.414                                                                   Anatomy 3.0
 Describe the formation of a spinal nerve, and                                          Study Partner CD-ROM
distingiush between spinal roots and rami.                  Exercise 22: Human Reflex   Interactive Physiology: Nervous
Describe the genral distribution of the ventral and         Physiology (pp. 225-238)    system Module I (BC, Win/Mac,
dorsal rami.                                                                            CD-ROM)
                                                                                                                           12
Define plexus. Name the major plexuses, their origin                                    Interactive Physiology: Nervous
sites, and the major nerves arising from each, and                                      system Module II (BC, Win/Mac,
describe the distribution and function of the peripheral                                CD-ROM)
nerves.                                                                                 Videotapes The Peripheral
-Distinguish between autonomic and somatic reflexes.                                    nervous System (IM,ZY1255,
                                                                                        VHS)
                                                                                        Spinal Injuries: recovery of
                                                                                        Function )FHS,APJ 5384, VHS)
                                                                                        Reflexes and Synaptic
                                                                                        Transmission (IMZY1168,VHS)



Endocrine System\
Chapter 17 The Endocrine System                             Exercise 27: Anatomy and
(pp. 609-615,617) (pp. 578)                                 Basic Function of the
 -Compare the endocrine and the nervous systems.            Endocrine Glands (pp.267-
-Comapre the cellular components of the endocrine           273)
syetem with thoseof otheer tissues and system
-Compare the major chemical classes of hormones.
-Explain the general mechanisms of hormonal action.
-Describe how endocrine organs are controlled.

Major Endocrine Organs(616-640) (pp.586-608)
-Describe the location, hormones, and functions of the
pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands,
adrenal glands, pineal gland, intestines, kidneys, heart,
thymus, pancreas, testes, and ovaries.
-Discuss the results of abnormal levels of hormone
production.

Homeostasis Imbalance of the Endocrine System (pp.
620—641)(616-617)
-Discuss the abnormalities of the endocrine system/.




                                                                                                                          13
         Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                     Essential Labs: Human      Time Frame        Additional Resources
                         Unit                                 Anatomy and Physiology
                      Textbook                               Lab Manual: Main Version
                     Objectives
Unit 4: Maintenance of the Body                                                         Block: 30
Circulatory System.                                                                     Single: 60

Chapter 18: Blood                                                                                      Transparencies Figure18.1-18.13
Overview: Composition and Functions of Blood (pp.                                                      Software-Interactive Physiology:
651-652) (pp. 624)                                                                                     Fluid,     Electrolyte,      and
                                                                                                       Acid/Base     Balance      (BC,
- Describe the important components and major                                                          Win/Mac, CD-ROM)
functions of blood.                                                                                    Videotapes- The Human Body:
 - Identify locations on the body used for blood                                                       Circulatory System(WNSE,193
collection, and list the basic physical characteristics of                                             W0433, VHS)
the blood samples drawn from these locations.                                                          - A.D.A.M. Interactive Anatomy
                                                                                                       3.0.
Formed Elements:                                                                                       Lab-Pulse Rate and Physical
Hemopoiesis (pp.652-666) (pp.627)                                                                      Fitness-CBL Biology
                                                                                                       Jump Start Your Heart-Graphing
- Describe the origin and production of the formed                                                     Calculator
elements in the blood.

Red Blood Cells (pp.653-654)
(pp. 628-630)

- List the characteristics and functions of red blood
cells.

Blood Typing: Transfusion and Blood Replacement
(pp. 673-675) (pp. 634-637)

- Explain the importance of blood typing on the basis
of ABO and Rh incompatibilities.
Homeostasis (pp.666-672) (pp. 645-648)

                                                                                                                                          14
          Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                 Essential Labs: Human    Time Frame        Additional Resources
                          Unit                             Anatomy and Physiology
                       Textbook                           Lab Manual: Main Version
                      Objectives
 -Outline the mechanisms that control blood loss after
an injury, and describe the reaction sequences
responsible for blood clotting.
                                                                                                  Transparencies Index 19.1-19.25
Chapter 19: The Cardiovascular System: The Heart                                                  Software      –      Interactive
An Overview of the cardiovascular System (p. (p.                                                  Physiology:      Cardiovascular
683) (p.655)                                                                                      System Module (BC, Win/Mac,
                                                                                                  CD-ROM)
- Describe the location and general features of the
heart.

Anatomy of the heart (p.683-693) (p. 656-664)             Exercise 30: Anatomy of
                                                          the Heart (pp. 295- 303)
-Describe the structure of the pericardium, and explain
its functions.

-Trace the flow of blood through the heart, identifying
the major blood vessels, chambers, and explain its
functions.
-Identify the heart wall.
-Describe the vascular supply to the heart.

Heart Physiology (pp. 696-709) (p.670-686)

Conduction Pathway (p. 696-699) (p.670)                                                           Lab
-Name the components of the conduction system of                                                  Jump Start Your Heart-Graphing
the heart, and trace the conduction pathway.                                                      Calculator

The Electrocardiogram (pp. 700-701) (p. 673)
-Draw a diagram of a normal electrocardiogram
tracing; name the individual waves and intervals, and
indicate what each represents. Name some
abnormalities that can be detected on an ECG tracing.
                                                                                                                                     15
        Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                   Essential Labs: Human    Time Frame   Additional Resources
                        Unit                               Anatomy and Physiology
                     Textbook                             Lab Manual: Main Version
                     Objectives
The Cardiac Cycle (pp.701-702) (p. 647-678)

-Explain the events of the cardiac cycle, including
atrial and ventricular systole and diastole, and relate
the heart sounds too specific events in this cycle.

Cardiac Output (pp.704-706) (pp. 681,685-686)

-Explain how adjustments on stroke volume and
cardiac output are coordinated at different levels of
activity.

Heart Rate (pp.706-707) (pp. 683-685)

-Explain how adjustments in stroke volume and
cardiac output are coordinated at different levels of
activity.

Heart – Homeostatic Imbalance

-Discuss abnormalities of the heart.
Blood Vessels (pp.718-772) (pp.692-706)

-Overview of blood Vessel structure and Function
(p.718) (692)

The Anatomy of Blood Vessels
-Distinguish among the types of blood vessels on the
basis of their structure and function.
-Define vasoconstriction and vasodilatation.
-Describe how and where fluid and dissolved material
enter and leave the cardiovascular system.

                                                                                                                         16
        Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                   Essential Labs: Human    Time Frame        Additional Resources
                        Unit                               Anatomy and Physiology
                     Textbook                             Lab Manual: Main Version
                     Objectives
Cardiovascular Physiology( pp.727-746) (pp.701-711)

-Define blood flow, blood pressure, and resistance,       Exercise 33:
and explain the relationships between these factors.      Cardiovascular Dynamics:
-List and explain the factors that influence blood        Computer Simulation (pp.
pressure, and describe how blood pressure is              325-336)
regulated.
-Explain how blood flow is regulated in the blood flow
is regulated in the body in general and its specific
organs.

Outline the factors involved in capillary dynamics, and
explain the significance of each.

Homeostatic Imbalance

Discuss the abnormalities of the circulatory system.

Chapter 21: The Lymphatic System

Overview of the Lymphatic System (p778) (p.752)
-Identify the major components of the lymphatic                                                   Transparencies Index Figure
system, and explain their functions.                                                              21.1-21.6
 -Describe the source of lymph and the mechanism(s)                                               Software: A..D.A.M. Interactive
of lymph and transport.                                                                           Anatomy 3.0 CD-ROM
                                                                                                  Videotape: The Living Body:
                                                                                                  Internal Defences (FHS, AJ
Formation of lymph (p781—782) (pp. 756-757)                                                       840,VHS)
(pp.781-786) (758-759)                                                                            The Human Body: Organ System
-Discuss the importance of lymphocytes, and describe                                              Working Together (WNSE,193
their distribution in the body.                                                                   W5569,VHS)
-Describe the structure of lymphoid tissues and
organs, and explain their functions.
                                                                                                                                    17
          Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                    Essential Labs: Human    Time Frame        Additional Resources
                         Unit                                 Anatomy and Physiology
                       Textbook                              Lab Manual: Main Version
                      Objectives
The Respiratory System
Chapter 23: Overview of the Respiratory System
(p.835) (p.798)

Functions of the Respiratory system(pp.835-847)
(pp.800-812)
-Identify the organs forming the respiratory
passageway(s) in descending order until the alveoli are
reached. Distinguish between conducting and
respiratory zone structures.                            Exercise 37: Anatomy of
-List and describe the makeup of the respiratory the Respiratory System
membrane, and relate its structure of the lungs and p   (pp. 373-380)
Pleural coverings.                                                                                   Transparencies Index Figure
                                                                                                     23.1-23.28
Anatomy of the Lung (pp.847-850) (pp.806-813)                                                        Software-            Interactive
-Describe the superficial anatomy of the lungs, the                                                  Physiology: Respiratory Module
structure of a pulmonary lobule, and the functional                                                  (BC, Win/Mac CD-ROM)
anatomy of the alveoli.                                                                              - A.D.A.M. Interactive Anatomy
                                                                                                     3.0.
Respiratory Physiology (pp. 850-867) (pp. 814-830)                                                   Control of Respiration –CBL
                                                                                                     Biology
-Describe the physical principles governing the
movement of air into the lungs and diffusion of gases
into and out of the blood.

-Describe how atmospheric and alveolar air differ in
composition, and explain these differences.

Control of respiration (pp.867-873) (pp. 830-836)

-Identify and discuss reflex respiration activity and the
brain centers involved in the control of respiration.
-Describe the factors that influence the respiration rate.
                                                                                                                                        18
         Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                     Essential Labs: Human     Time Frame        Additional Resources
                         Unit                                 Anatomy and Physiology
                      Textbook                               Lab Manual: Main Version
                     Objectives
Homeostatic Imbalances of the Respiratory System
(pp. 874- 877) (808-839)

-Compare the causes and consequences of chronic
bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, TB Mycobacterium
tuberculosis and lung cancer.

Digestive System
Chapter 24: The Digestive System                                                                      Transparencies Index Figure
                                                                                                      24.1-24.37
Overview of the Digestive System (pp. 888-894)                                                        Software-A.DAM      Interactive
(pp.846-851)                                                                                          Anatomy 3.0
                                                                                                      Study Partners CD-ROM
-Describe the overall function of the digestive system,                                               Videotapes- The Human Body:
and differentiate between organs of the alimentary                                                    Digestive System
canal and accessory digestive organs.                                                                 (WNSE,193W0435, VHS)
- List and define briefly the major processes occurring                                               Lab- Control of Stomach Acid-
during digestive system activity.                                                                     CBL Biology.
Anatomy of the Stomach (pp.903-915) (pp.861-868)             Exercise 39: Anatomy of                  Energy in Food-CBL Biology
-Describe the anatomy of the stomach, its histological       the Digestive System (pp.
features, and its role in digestion and absorption.          394-407)
Anatomy of the Small and Large Intestine (pp. 915-
932) (pp. 868-885)
-Describe      the     anatomical     and     histological
characteristics of the small intestine.
-Describe the structure, functions, and regulation of
their accessory digestive organs.                            Exercise 40B: Chemical
-Describe the structure of the large intestine, its          and Physical Processes of
movements, and its absorptive processes.                     Digestion:       Computer
Physiology of Chemical Digestion and Absorption              Simulation (pp. 415-426)
(pp. 932-938) (pp. 887-892)
Describe the process of absorption of digested
foodstuffs that occurs in the small intestine.
                                                                                                                                        19
         Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                    Essential Labs: Human    Time Frame        Additional Resources
                         Unit                                Anatomy and Physiology
                      Textbook                              Lab Manual: Main Version
                     Objectives
Homeostasis Imbalance of the digestive system
-Discuss the abnormalities of the digestive system.

Urinary System
                                                                                                    Transparencies Index
Chapter 26: Urinary System                                                                          Figure26.1-26.21
                                                                                                    Software: A.D.A.M. Interactive
An Overview of the Kidney (pp.1004) (pp.943)                                                        Anatomy3.0
-Identify the components of the urinary system, and                                                 Student Study PartnerCD-ROM
describe the vital functions performed by this system.                                              Interactive Physiology: Urinary
                                                                                                    Module (BC, Win/CD-ROM)
Kidney Anatomy (pp. 1004-1013) (pp. 943-946)                                                        Videotapes: The Living Body:
-Describe the structural features of the kidneys.                                                   Water (FHS,AJP826, VHS)
-Describe the structure of the nephron and the                                                      The Kidney (FHS,CYK7591,
processes involved in the formation of urine.                                                       VHS)
-Identify the major blood vessels associated with each                                              Slides: Urinary System set 1-4
kidney, and trace the path of blood flow through a                                                  (CBS, BA-48-2148,50,52,54)
kidney.

Kidney Physiology: Mechanisms of Urine Formation
(pp.1013-1029) (953-969)
-List and describe the factors that influence filtration
pressure and the rate of filtrate formation.
- Identify the parts of the nephron responsible for
filtration, reabsorption, and secretion, and describe the
mechanisms underlying each of these functional
processes.
- Explain the role of aldosterone and of atrial
natriuretic peptide in sodium and water balance.
- Describe the mechanism that maintains the
medullary osmotic gradient.
-Explain the formation of dilute versus concentrated
urine.
                                                                                                                                      20
         Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                 Essential Labs: Human    Time Frame   Additional Resources
                        Unit                              Anatomy and Physiology
                      Textbook                           Lab Manual: Main Version
                     Objectives
- Describe the normal physical and chemical
properties if urine.
- List several abnormal urine components, and name
the condition when each is present in detectable
amounts.

Urine Transport, Storage and Elimination (pp.1029-
1034) (pp. 972-976)
-Describe the structures and functions of the ureters,
urinary bladder, and urethra.
-Discuss the voluntary and involuntary regulation of
urination, and describe the micturition reflex.




                                                                                                                        21
         Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                  Essential Labs: Human      Time Frame        Additional Resources
                        Unit                               Anatomy and Physiology
                      Textbook                            Lab Manual: Main Version
                     Objectives
                                                                                     Block: 5       Transparencies Index Figure
Unit: 5 Continuity                                                                   Single: 10     28.1-28.26
                                                                                                    Software- A.D.A.M. Interactive
Reproductive System                                                                                 Anatomy 3.0
Chapter 28: An Overview to the Reproductive                                                         Interactive Biology: Meiosis
System(pp. 1071-1094) (pp.1017-1047)                                                                (CBS, BA-39-8811, Win/Mac,
-Summarize the function of the human reproductive                                                   CD-ROM)
system and its principal components.                                                                Videotapes –The Human Body:
Male Anatomy                                                                                        The      Reproductive   System
List and describe structure and function of the testes,                                             (WNSE 193 W0446, VHS)
and explain the importance of their location in the                                                 Meiosis: The Key to Genetic
scrotum.                                                                                            (CBS C9-49-1003A, VHS)
 -Describe the roles the male reproductive tract and                                                A Human Life Emerges (FHS,
accessory glands play in the functional maturation,                                                 CYK7465, VHS)
nourishment, storage, and transport of spermatozoa.                                                 Slides-    Male    Reproductive
-Describe the structure of the penis, and indicate its                                              System Set (BA-48-2160)
role in the reproductive process.                                                                   Female Reproductive System Set
Physiology of the Male reproductive System                                                          (BA-48-2162)
(pp.1076-1086) (p.1032)
-Define meiosis. Compare and contrast it to mitosis.
-Outline the events of spermatogenesis.

Female Anatomy(1086-1094)(pp.1034-1049)                 Exercise 44:
                                                        Physiology of
-Describe the location, structure, and function of each Reproduction:
of the female organs, ovaries, and external genitalia.  Gametogenesis and the
Reproductive system.                                    Female Cycles (pp. 447-
-Discuss the processes of meiosis and oogenesis in the 454)
ovaries.
Physiology of the Female Reproductive system
Identify the phases and events of the ovarian and
uterine cycles.

                                                                                                                                      22
         Guide for: Anatomy and Physiology                   Essential Labs: Human    Time Frame   Additional Resources
                        Unit                                Anatomy and Physiology
                      Textbook                             Lab Manual: Main Version
                     Objectives

Formation of an Embryo

-Describe the process of fertilization.
-List the three prenatal periods and describe the major
events associated with each.

Parturition (pp.1141-1143) (p.1084)
-Explain how labor is initiated, and describes the three
stages of labor.

Heredity (pp. 1150-1157) (pp.1090-1095)                 Exercise 46 Principles of
-Define allele.                                         Heredity (pp. 460-467)
-Differentiate clearly between genotype and
phenotype.
-Relate basic principles of genetics to the inheritance
of human traits.
-Discuss genetic disorders.




                                                                                                                          23
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY Curriculum Outline and textbook Utilization Guide Introduction




Rationale
 Anatomy and Physiology is the study of the structure and function of organisms. Students are asked to identify and apply
scientific tools and methodologies in the investigation of various animal systems. Students will compare and analyze the
environment of these animal systems, and explain how they maintain homeostasis under varying conditions. Students will
master the terminology most commonly used in the study of anatomy and physiology. At this level, students must become
familiar with core concepts to serve as a foundation for development of advanced analytical, problem-solving skills and
research.

This document aligns the BCPSS Anatomy and Physiology Curriculum Outline units and the adopted Anatomy and
Physiology textbooks: Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology and Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory
Manual. Additional resources can be found in curriculum outline located in the fourth column. Other resources for
Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology and Human Anatomy and Physiology are available to augment the textbook.
These include:

   Transparency package
   Interactive CD-ROM –Study Partner CD-ROM Version 2.0/A.D.A.M. Interactive Physiology CD-ROMs
   Atlas of the Human Skeleton
   Instructor’s Resource Guide
                                                                                                                       24
   Student Study Guide
   Student Human Anatomy and Physiology Coloring Book
   Test Bank
   Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory Manuals




User guide for the Curriculum Outline and Textbook Utilization Guide:

Guide for Human Anatomy and                         Essential Labs from Human Anatomy and                     Time Frame                          Additional
Physiology or Fundamentals of Anatomy               Physiology laboratory Manual                               (periods)                          Resources
and Physiology
This column lists the BCPSS Anatomy and             The listed labs in this column meet the Maryland     Total time is for entire   This column correlates the chapters in
Physiology Curriculum Outline Units with chapter    State essential laboratory Exercises. Additional     unit.                      Amatomy and Physioloy-Merieb and
numbers and titles along with page numbers in the   laboratory is found in last column that is labeled                              Human Anatomy and Physiology-
textbook Human Anatomy and Physiology/Italic        Additional Resources.                                Block indicates a four     Martini listed in column 1.
representing-Fundamentals of Anatomy and                                                                 (4) period teaching        This column contains references to
Physiology. Includes chapter objectives.                                                                 schedule.(Approx. 90       Biology_CBL Labs, Instrutor’s
                                                                                                         minutes)                   Resource Guide-Marieb,

                                                                                                         Single indicatesa seven
                                                                                                         (7) period teaching
                                                                                                         schedule. (Approx. 50
                                                                                                         minutes)



Anatomy and Physiology Planning Guide:
                                                                                                                                                                     25
School following the “single”schedule will teach the units in the following order: Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit3, Unit 4, Unit5. Schoolsfollowing the
“blocks” schedule will teach the units in the order belowduring the fall semester and as follows during the spring semester: Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit
3, Unit 4, Unit 5. Each quarterhas 9weeks and each semesterhas 18 weeks.


 Anatomy and Physiology Units                Number of Periods                    Number of Weeks                            Quarter
Unit 1: Organization of the Body     Block: 7                             Block: 1.5                           Block: 1
                                     Single: 14                           Single: 2                            Single: 1
Unit 2: Covering, Support,and        Block: 20                            Block: 2                             Block: 1
Movement of the Body                 Single: 40                           Single: 4                            Single: 1
Unit 3: Regulation and               Block: 18                            Block: 3.5                           Block: 1
Integration of the Body              Single: 36                           Single: 7                            Single: 2
Unit 4: Maintenance of the Body      Block: 30                            Block: 6                             Block: 2
                                     Single: 60                           Single: 10                           Single: 3 or 4
Unit 5: Continuity                   Block: 5                             Block: 1                             Block: 2
                                     Single: 10                           Single: 2                            Single: 4




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