Your Federal Quarterly Tax Payments are due April 15th Get Help Now >>

Organizing And Outlining Your Speech by K88Gve

VIEWS: 23 PAGES: 9

									Organizing And Outlining Your Speech
Goals
you will learn to:
            identify your main points for your speech,
            determine the appropriate number of main points for your speech,
            organize your main points according to five different patterns,
            apply tips for preparing your main points effectively,
            use four different kinds of connectives in your speech,
            create a preparation outline,
            prepare a speaking outline,
            prepare note cards to use as prompts during a speech.

Key Concepts for Review
The following key terms are essential to your understanding the concepts covered in this chapter:
Causal pattern (200) A pattern of organization that describes a cause-and-effect relationship between
ideas.
Chronological pattern (197) A pattern of organization that traces a sequence of events or ideas.
Connective (205) A word or phrase used to link ideas in a speech.
Coordination (209) ) The process of arranging points into various levels, with the points on a specific
level having the same weight or value.
Internal preview (205) A statement in the body of the speech that details what the speaker plans to
discuss next.
Internal summary (206) A statement in the body of a speech that summarizes a point a speaker has
already discussed.
Main points (195) The most important ideas you address in your speech.
Organization (195) The systematic arrangement of ideas into a coherent whole.
Preparation outline (207) ) The detailed outine a speaker builds when preparing a speech that includes
the title, specific purpose, thesis statement, introduction, main points and subpoints, connectives,
conclusion, and source citations of the speech.
Problem-solution pattern (200) A pattern of organization that identifies a specific problem and offers a
possible solution.
Signpost (206) A simple word or statement that lets an audience know where a speaker is in a speech or
that indicates the importance of an idea.
Spatial pattern (198) A pattern of organization in which ideas are arranged in terms of location or
direction.
Speaking outline (218) The condensed form of a preparation outline, used to help a speaker remember
his or her ideas when speaking.
Subordination (213) The process of ranking ideas in order to from the most to the least important.
Subpoint (209) A point in a speech that develops an aspect of a main point.
Sub-subpoint (209) A point in a speech that develops an aspect of a subpoint.
Topical pattern (201) A pattern of organization that allows the speaker to divide the topic into subtopics,
each of which addresses a different aspect of the whole topic.
Transition (205) A phrase that indicates a speaker is finished with one point and moving to a new one.
                                                          Name __________________________________

Activity 9.1 – Writing Thesis Statements
Purpose: To familiarize you with the basic process of organizing and developing your material.

Instructions: This exercise will walk you briefly through each step of the process using an applied
example: “Applying for admission to your college/university.”

Take a moment and think about the steps that you took to enroll at your college. (If necessary, use a
separate piece of paper to jot down the steps required to apply for admission.) Now complete the
following steps:

1.      Write a thesis statement that would clearly indicate your specific goal to your audience. (Hint:
        What is the purpose of this speech?)

_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
2.      List the main points, the steps, one must complete to enroll at your institution. (Remember to
        avoid creating more than five steps.)

_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
3.      Organize the main points in time order. (This will help you see your organizational pattern.)

_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
4.      What supporting information will be needed to properly explain the process of applying for
        admission? Consider the “substeps” that are necessary to complete the main steps.

_______________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
5.      What words will help you smoothly move from main point to main point? List several of them
        here.

_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
                                                          Name __________________________________

Activity 9.2 – Determining the Main Points
Purpose: To familiarize you with the specific of developing the main points of your speech.

Instructions: Using a topic you are considering for your speech, or a topic discussed in class, complete
the following steps: (You may also use the topic from Activity 9.1.)

1.      Write your thesis statement:

_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
2.      Underline the two to five specific ideas in your thesis statement. For each underlined item, write a
        sentence that summarizes what you want your audience to know about that item:

_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
3.      Review your main points. Are they clear? Do they use parallel structure? Are they meaningful?
        Rewrite any sentence that you feel does not meet these three criteria:

_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________

What is the best order for your main points: topical, chronological or causal?___________________

4.      Use the space provided to write your main points in the order that you feel will best assist your
        audience in understanding your thesis and aid you in reaching your speech goal.

_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
                                                         Name __________________________________

Activity 9.3 – An Alternative Organizing Technique
Purpose: To give you experience in organizing ideas using an alternative brainstorming technique.

Instructions: Tree diagramming, also known as hierarchical outlining, gives you an opportunity to
organize your ideas without the apparatus of traditional outlines (the Roman and Arabic numbering and
lettering systems which many people find confusing and intimidating).

Use this “blank” outline to practice tree diagramming; fill in the blanks to organize your speech ideas.
The large square on the left should state your thesis; the three medium-sized squares should list your main
points in the order in which you plan to discuss them; the six small boxes should be used to list
supporting details (facts, statistics, examples, stories, quotations, etc.) This exercise can also be done
using a blank piece of paper, turned sideways (“landscape”).
                                                       Name __________________________________

Activity 9.4 – Outlining the Speech Body
Purpose: To give you experience creating a full outline following recommendations in the chapter.
Instructions: Complete each section using one or more complete sentences. Use the material developed
in Activity 9.1 and 9.2 for this exercise.
Speech goal: _____________________________________________________________________________
 _______________________________________________________________________________________
Thesis statement: _________________________________________________________________________
 _______________________________________________________________________________________
         Transition to main point 1: ___________________________________________________________
         _________________________________________________________________________________
         Main point 1: ______________________________________________________________________
         _________________________________________________________________________________
             Supporting information: _________________________________________________________
             ______________________________________________________________________________
         Transition to main point 2: ___________________________________________________________
         _________________________________________________________________________________
         Main point 2: ______________________________________________________________________
         _________________________________________________________________________________
             Supporting information: _________________________________________________________
             ______________________________________________________________________________
         Transition to main point 3: ___________________________________________________________
         _________________________________________________________________________________
         Main point 3: ______________________________________________________________________
         _________________________________________________________________________________
             Supporting information: _________________________________________________________

             ______________________________________________________________________________
                                                          Name __________________________________

Activity 9.5 – Analyzing a Speech
Purpose: To outline the various components in a famous speech.

Instructions: Pick one speech from the American Rhetoric website, http://www.americanrhetoric.com.
Your task is to outline the components of the speech by identifying the attention getting strategy (and
what type it is), the thesis statement, the main points, the summary, and the kind of concluding attention-
getter. You will need to turn in the outline with your answers written on it.
                                                        Name __________________________________

Activity 9.6 – Citing Sources & Avoiding Plagiarism
Purpose: To reinforce understanding of what constitutes plagiarism and how to avoid it.
Instructions: Read the Duke University definition of plagiarism and respond to the questions below.
Duke University defines plagiarism to include:
         Copying from published sources without adequate documentation.
         Purchasing a pre-written paper (either by mail or electronically).
         Letting someone else write a paper for you.
         Paying someone else to write a paper for you.
         Submitting as your own someone else’s unpublished work, either with or without permission.
1.      How does your institution define plagiarism? How could you find out?
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
2.      When might a speaker be inclined to knowingly commit plagiarism?
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
3.      When might a speaker unknowingly commit plagiarism?
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
4.      What is the impact of plagiarism from the speaker’s perspective?
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
5.      What is the impact of plagiarism from the audience’s perspective?
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
6.      How can incidents of plagiarism in a speech be avoided?
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
      CHAT

Consider sharing your insights through a class discussion or online forum or chat.
Activity 9.8 – Creating a Preparation Outline
Purpose: To give you experience in creating a preparation outline.

Instructions: Below is a basic outline format for your first speech. In the space provided, fill in
your full sentence outline.

I.   Introduction

A. Attention Getting Device



B. Thesis Statement



C. Preview of Main Points



Transition


II. Body

A. Main Point One


1. Evidence



2. Evidence



3. Evidence



Transition
B. Main Point Two


1. Evidence



2. Evidence



3. Evidence



Transition


C. Main Point Three


1. Evidence



2. Evidence



3. Evidence



Transition


III. Conclusion

A. Summary of Main Points



B. Memorable Closing Statement

								
To top