What To Do If You Get Sick:
2009 H1N1 and Seasonal Flu
How do I know if I have the flu?
• You may have the either
• the Seasonal or H1N1 Influenza
if you have
some or all of the following symptoms:
Fever is almost always present and
may rise above 103 F (39.4 C)
in the first 12 hours of illness
(note: not everyone with flu will have a
• DRY COUGH
• SORE THROAT
• STUFFY OR RUNNY NOSE
• MUSCLE ACHES
• EXTREME FATIGUE
In addition to those symptoms,
some H1N1 cases include:
IF OTHERWISE HEALTHY,
YOU CAN TRY THESE
• Fever-reducer (avoid aspirin)
• Drink clear fluids
• Rest - Sleep
What should I do if I get sick?
1. Stay home and
2. Avoid contact with other people
• except to get medical care.
• Most people with 2009 H1N1 have had mild illness and
have not needed medical care or antiviral drugs,
• the same is true of seasonal flu.
People at High Risk
for Developing Flu-Related
1. Children younger than 5, but especially
children younger than 2 years old
2. Adults 65 years of age and older
3. Pregnant women
HIGH RISK FOR FLU COMPLICATIONS:
• Neurological and neurodevelopmental conditions
– including cerebral palsy, epilepsy, stroke, spinal cord injury, etc.
• Chronic lung disease
– including COPD and cystic fibrosis
• Heart Disease
– congenital heart disease, congestive heart failure and coronary artery disease
• Blood disorders
– such as sickle cell disease
• Endocrine disorders
– such as diabetes mellitus
• Kidney disorders
• Liver disorders
• Metabolic disorders
– such as inherited metabolic disorders and mitochondrial disorders
• Weakened immune system due to disease or medication
– such as people with HIV / AIDS or cancer, or those on chronic steroids
• People younger than 19 years of age who are receiving long-term aspirin
What are the
EMERGENCY WARNING SIGNS?
• In children:
– Fast breathing or trouble breathing
– Bluish skin color
– Not drinking enough fluids
– Not waking up or not interacting
– Being so irritable that the child does not want to be
– Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever
and worse cough
– Fever with a rash
What are the emergency warning
• In adults:
– Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
– Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
– Sudden dizziness
– Severe or persistent vomiting
How long should I stay home if
at least 24 hours after your fever is gone
– Without the use of fever-reducing
How long should I stay home if
• If clinical & work with
severely immunocompromised patients,
they should be considered for
temporary reassignment or exclusion from work for
7 days from symptom onset or
24 hours after the resolution of symptoms,
whichever is longer.
What should I do while I’m sick?
• Stay away from others
as much as possible,
to keep from making them sick.
Are there ways to prevent the
spread of illness?
To stay healthy-
Take everyday actions
It is easy
• When you cough or sneeze,
cover your nose and mouth with a tissue.
• Throw the tissue in the trash after use.
(you would be surprised…)
• Wash your hands often with soap & water,
– especially after you cough or sneeze.
• If soap and water are not available,
– use an alcohol-based hand rub.
• Avoid touching your :
• nose or
• Germs spread that way.
• Stay home if you get sick.
CDC recommends that you:
stay home from work or school and
limit contact with others
to keep from infecting them.