Homework 1. China booklets due February 10th, Tues. 2. Haiku- 5,7,5 syllables plus colored picture due on Thursday Homework 3. Skits- this Thursday - know your lines. At least 2 lines -reading your haiku on stage -mandatory costumes that slip n over your clothes -Changing in the bathroom will not be allowed. Bring Markers Homework 4. Samurai Graphic Organizer with colored pictures due on Friday. The Japanese Culture Ch. 8 Section 2 HSS 7.5.1 & 7.5.2 The first Japanese people The Ancient Ainu Homework: copy this in your planner 1. China Booklets- late 2. Samurai Graphic Organizer-late 3. Haiku-due Friday, Feb. 20th Extra Credit for the early birds who turned them in already. 2 colored pictures; syllables 5,7,5 4. 5 Paragraph Essay due: February 27th, Friday. Please take out…. 1. Your spiral notebook 2. Your student planner 1. What was the emperor in charge of? The emperor was in charge of the entire land. He was in charge of everything. 2. What was the daimyo in charge of? The daimyo was the land owner who was in charge of the land, the peasants, the people and the samurai. 3. Who did the daimyo hire to protect and defend the land? The samurai 4. Who was the shogun in charge of? He was a powerful military leader in charge of the people, peasants, samurai and the daimyo. He was second in charge underneath the emperor. 5. The bushido was… a. A trained warrior who fought to protect the land b. A powerful military leader c. The way the samurai meditated d. A code of rules which defined how a samurai should behave 5. The bushido was… d) a code of rules which defined how a samurai should behave Paragraph 1: Introduction 1. Korea and China played an important role in influencing the Japanese culture. 2. The very first people to settle in Japan were a group of people called the Ainu. Paragraph 1: Introduction 3. Some historians believe they came from Siberia which is located in eastern Russia. 4. Most of the Ainu people moved to Hokkaido which is one of the four main Japanese islands. Paragraph 1: Introduction 5. Eventually, the ancient traditional Japanese people adopted a new culture, language and customs and the Ainu culture almost disappeared. Paragraph 2:Early Japanese Society 1.The first Japanese people lived in farming villages that were ruled by extended families that became powerful clans. 2.The people in the village obeyed and respected the clan leaders who were also known as powerful chiefs. Paragraph 2:Early Japanese Society 3.They were religious people who honored their dead ancestors. 4. They believe in nature spirits called kami and they believed that the sun, moon, trees, waterfalls, and animals could protect them from harm. Paragraph 2:Early Japanese Society 5.The early Japanese people built beautiful shrines with special gates called torii that surrounded the shrines. 6.The torii gate became an important symbol in the Japanese religion because it marked the entrance to sacred shrines where religious ceremonies took place. Paragraph 3: Japanese Culture 1. Around the mid 500’s the Japanese culture was influenced by the people living in Korea and China. 2.The emperor of Japan sent scholars to these countries to learn about their cultures. Paragraph 3: Culture 3. Around 790-1190, Heian, Japan became a great center of culture and learning. 4. Art, fashion and literature became important to Japanese nobles. Paragraph 3:Culture 5. The Japanese government adopted the Chinese language to be their country’s official language. Paragraph 4: JapaneseLiterature 1. Japanese authors, writers and artist wrote beautiful poems and stories in Chinese. Paintings even had Chinese characters drawn on them. 2. Poetry and literature was very popular in Japan. . Paragraph 4: Japanese Literature 3. Poetry such as haiku was not only appreciated by artist, but samurai warriors also memorized various poems to help them discipline their minds so they could improve their concentration. • Haiku is one of the most important forms of traditional Japanese poetry. • Tells about a moment, sensation, impression or drama of a specific fact of nature. • which are generally applied as syllables •Haiku is a very short three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables 5, 7, 5 Syllables As the wind does blow Across the trees, I see the Buds blooming in May Paragraph 4: Japanese Literature 4. One of the first and oldest novels written around 1,000 was written by Lady Murasaki Shikibu called “The Tale of Genji”. Paragraph 4: Literature 5. The story is about a about a prince named Genji who is searching for love. 6. The novel gives its readers an idea what ancient Japan was really like during this time period. Paragraph 4: Literature 7. Another popular book is “The Pillow Book” written by Sei Shonagon who collected the thoughts, poetry and journal entries of Japan’s empress from 991-1000. Paragraph 5: Religion 1. Confucianism was one of the first religions to influence the ancient Japanese culture. 2. Japanese scholars were sent to China to learn more about Paragraph 5: Religion 3. this ancient philosophy that taught that families should respect their elderly and respect the man or the father who was the considered to be the head of the household. Paragraph 5: Religion 4. When they returned, they introduced Confucianism to the Japanese culture. Paragraph 5: Religion 5. Eventually, Confucianism was replaced by Buddhism. 6. Prince Shotoku was a Buddhist himself. He had a strong influence over the Japanese culture and imposed his personal religious beliefs onto the Japanese people. Paragraph 5: Religion 7. Buddhism helped shape the art, architecture and the culture of Japan. 8. Shotoku had beautiful Buddhist temples built throughout Japan. Japan's first permanent capital was established in the year 710 at Heijo, the city now known as Nara. Paragraph 6: Zen Buddhism 1. During the 1100’s, the Japanese began practicing a different form of Buddhism called Zen Buddhism. 2. This form of the religion taught that self-discipline led to wisdom. Paragraph 6: Zen Buddhism 3. Samurai warriors began practicing Zen Buddhism because it helped them meditate, relax their minds and it improved their concentration. 4. Disciplined Samurai warriors also used Haiku to help them improve their concentration and memory. Paragraph 6: Religion 5. Most of these temples still exist and their meticulously manicured landscape continue to influence the Japanese culture today. Paragraph 5: Conclusion The Japanese culture was heavily influenced by China and Korea. Japanese scholars taught their people about the language, culture and religion of the ancient Chinese and Korean people.
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