2006 Bright Start Survey

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2006 Bright Start Survey Powered By Docstoc
					                 2006-07 Bright Start
                 Parenting Education
                 Program Survey


            Melanie Bronfin, JD
Institute of Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health
         Tulane University School of Medicine
                    February 28, 2007
       Introduction

 BrightStart Strategic Plan
    Includes goals and strategies for improvement in
     parenting education in Louisiana
 Results of the Parenting Education / Family Support
  Workgroup
    Identified need for more information on what
     currently is offered throughout the state
    Recommended a Parenting Education Program
     Survey
   Introduction: Goal of
   Parenting Education Program Survey
 Determine what is currently being offered in
  Louisiana in parenting education

      Nature and extent of the programs
      Funding
      Families being served
      Affiliation with model programs
      Whether programs are accredited, credentialed or
       certified
      Background and training of educators
      Other aspects of the programs
        Methods

 Survey was limited to programs that are:
     State funded and/or state administered programs
     For parents and caregivers of children ages 0-5
     In the form of
        Classes

        Groupmeetings
        Home visitation
Methods

 Survey characteristics:
     Distributed through the Children’s Cabinet
      and the Children’s Trust Fund
     Completed by programs online
     Conducted December 2006 through
      January 2007
 Parenting Education Program
 Survey Results



29 programs completed the   survey
What Parishes Are
Being Served by the
Programs?
      Parenting Education Program
      Survey Results
 3 programs are statewide
    1. Parents Preparing for Success Program (PPSP)
       Provided by LSU Ag and Southern Ag for the Department of
         Social Services/Office of Family Support
       For pregnant women and parents of children under age one
         who receive public assistance.
    2. Nurturing the Families of Louisiana ™
       Department of Social Services/Office of Community Services
       To prevent repeat maltreatment among families involved with
         OCS
    3.Project PROMPT
       Families Helping Families for parents of children with
         disabilities
      Parenting Education Program
      Survey Results
 3 programs are statewide
    1. Parents Preparing for Success Program (PPSP)
       Provided by LSU Ag and Southern Ag for the Department of
         Social Services/Office of Family Support
       For pregnant women and parents of children under age one
         who receive public assistance.
    2. Nurturing the Families of Louisiana ™
       Department of Social Services/Office of Community Services
       To prevent repeat maltreatment among families involved with
         OCS
    3.Project PROMPT
       Families Helping Families for parents of children with
         disabilities
   Number of Parishes Served by
   the Programs
 The majority of programs (12) provide
  services to only 1 parish.
 Others provide:
      2 programs in 2 parishes
      3 programs in 4 parishes
      2 programs in 5 parishes
      3 programs in 6 parishes
      3 programs in greater than 10
        parishes (11,15, 18 parishes)
      3 programs statewide
Programs per Parish

 27 parishes had 6 programs
 23 parishes had 5 programs
 7 parishes had 7 programs
 4 parishes had 4 programs
 2 parishes had 8 programs
 1 parish (EBR) had 10 programs
Programs per Parish
                      Legend
                       4 programs
                       5 programs
                       6 programs
                       7 programs
                       8 programs
                       10 programs
What Are the Sources of
Funding for the
Programs?
State Departments Funding
Parenting Education Programs

Programs Spanned 4 State Departments:

 Department of Social Services
     Children’s Trust Fund (6 programs)
     Office of Community Services (1 program)
     Office of Family Support (2 programs)
State Departments’ Funding of
Parenting Education Programs

 Department of Health and Hospitals
     3 programs


 Department of Education
     2 programs


 Office of Youth Development
     2 programs
Amount of Funding

 $900,000 or above   3 programs
 $770,000            1 program
 $700,000            1 program
 $598,000            1 program
 $360,000            1 program
 $300,000            1 program
 $125,000            1 program
Amount of Funding

 $90,000           1 program
 $50,000           1 program
 $45,500           1 program
 $40,000           1 program
 $15,000           1 program
 $10,000           3 programs
 Below $10,000     7 programs
Sources of Funding for
Programs

69% received State Funds
38% received Federal Funds
21% received Foundation
 Funds
14% received Local funds
1 program Charged Fees
Which Families Are
Being Served and How
Many Are Being
Served?
Who is Eligible to Participate?
 65.5% of the programs serve teen
  mothers
 62% serve teen fathers, adult fathers,
  single parents
 59% serve all mothers
 59% serve parents/caregivers of children
  with special health care needs
 24% serve parent offenders in
  correctional facilities
  Language(s) Spoken in
  Programs

 English—100%
 Spanish—4 programs
    2 additional programs had written materials
     available in Spanish
 Vietnamese--none
Numbers Served

 Two programs     1500 participants
 One program      950
 Two programs     730-760
 Two programs     500-550
 Three programs   400-450
 Three programs   100-150
 Two programs     70-80
 Ten programs     50 and under
      Barriers to Attendance

80%          74.2%
70%
60%
                           45.2%
50%                                        Child Care
40%                                        Transportation
       29%           29%           25.8%
30%                                        Hours offered
                                           Work demands
20%
                                           Other
10%
0%
What Topics and Ages
Are Being Addressed by
the Programs?
       Topics Addressed by
       Programs
                             Parent/Child
 100
                             Relationships
  95
                             Child
  90                         Development
  85                         Communication
  80
% 75                         Child Behavior
  70                         Management
  65                         Nutrition
  60
  55                         Health
  50
                             Safety
   Topics Addressed by
   Programs
                  Special Needs
  60
  50              Adult Beh.
                  Managemt
  40              Time/Money
                  Managemt
% 30
                  School Readiness
  20
  10              Fathering

   0              Child Literacy

                  Sexuality
Ages Targeted by Programs

 86% targeted 0-11 month olds
 83% targeted 1 year olds
 80% targeted 2 year olds
 83% targeted 3 year olds
 72% targeted 4 year olds
 69% targeted 5 year olds


 59% targeted pregnant women
What is the Nature and
Intensity of the Contact
By the Program with the
Participants?
Nature of Contact of Programs


 83% Group meetings
 76% Classes
 38% Home visits
Intensity of Programs

 Data from 14 programs showed program
  intensity
     8 programs showed 20 or fewer
      hours/contacts
     3 programs showed between 20-30 hours
     3 programs showed between 40-45 hours
 Data from 6 other programs suggested
  intensity of greater than 40 hours
          Intensity of Programs
Program         Hour/week           # Weeks   Total Hours
Best Start—            2                6          12
Parenting 101   (also indicated 4
                contacts/month)
Common Sense           2                7          14
Parenting
Active                 2                8          16
Parenting Now
Parents                3                6          18
Preparing for
Success
  Intensity of Programs
Program       Hours/   #          Total Hours
              week     Weeks
Best Start        2     8-12          16-24

Teaching          2      10            20
Appropriate            (Two and
Parenting                half
                        months)
Skills
Parenting         2      12            24
Made
Possible
Best Dads         2      13            26
         Intensity of Programs

Program         Hours/week   # Weeks        Total Hours

Nurturing the       2.5          16              40
Families of
LA™
Teen Parent         1            40              40
Education                     (10 months)
and Support
Institutional       1            43              43
Parenting
           Intensity of Programs

Program        Hours/week   # Weeks       Total Hours

Family             2           44             88?
Literacy                    (11 months)

Bowdin             2           52            104?
                            (12 months)
Nurturing          6         40 weeks        240?
Parenting                   (10 months)
   Intensity of Programs
Program           Hour/        # Months             Total
                  month                             Hours
Parenting              6               1              6
Skills
Project               1               12              12
Share
Parents as            3           Until child
                               reaches 5 years
Teacher
Program
Even Start         Min. of 8     Each month
Family Literacy                family is enrolled
  Intensity of Programs
Program Contact/ Contact/ # Months/ Total
        Week     Month    Weeks     Contacts


Family             2 to 3   Until child
Road                        reaches 2
Healthy                       years
Start
Peers in             1
Parenting

HIPPY       One             30 weeks      30
Do the Programs Use a
Specific Model or Are
Affiliated with a National
Organization?
          Use of Model Programs

Model Program        Affiliation w/National    Program Providing
                     Organization/Program      Model
Nurturing the        Nurturing Parenting    Nurturing the Families of
Families of          Programs (R) by Family Louisiana (TM)
Louisiana (TM) (1)   Development Resources
                     Inc.
Nurturing Families   1 Program-The Families    (1)Nurturing Parenting
Program (2)          Nurturing Centers, Inc.   (2)Teaching Appropriate
                                               Parenting Skills (TAPS)

Nurturing Father’s                             Best Dads
Program (1)
Use of Model Programs
MODEL PROGRAM              Affiliation w/National   Program
                           Organization/Program     Providing
                                                    Model
Home Instruction for       HIPPY USA                HIPPY
Parents of Preschool
Youngsters (HIPPY) (1)
Parents as Teachers        Parents as Teachers      Parents as
Program (1)                National Center          Teachers
                                                    Program
Healthy Families           Healthy Start Assoc.,    Healthy Start
America                    Healthy Families Am.,    ABC’s
(1)                        National Rural Health
                           Assoc., Nat. AHEC Org.
Based on Nat. Assoc. for   Project SHARE
the Educ. Of Young
Children (1)
Use of Model Programs
Model Program      Affiliation with   Program Providing Model
                   National
                   Organization /
                   Program
Active Parenting   Active Parenting   (1) Active Parenting Now
Now                Publishing         (2) Common Sense Parenting
(2)                                        for Toddlers and
                                           Preschoolers
Partners for a     Florida State      Family Road Healthy Start
Healthy Baby (1)   University
Right From Birth                      (1) Healthy Start ABC’s
(2)                                   (2) Northeast LA Positive
                                           Parenting Project
Effective Black                       (1) Healthy Start ABC’s
Parenting                             (2) Northeast LA Positive
(2)                                   Parenting Project
             Use of Model Programs

Model Program                    Affiliation w/Nat.     Program Providing
                                 Organization/          Model
                                 Program
Systematic Training for                                 Northeast LA Positive
Effective Parenting (STEP) (1)                          Parenting Project
Smart Discipline (1)
Active Parenting (1)
Nursing Child Assessment                                Best Start
Satellite Training (1)
Family Strengthening Model       Clemson, Kansas State Parents Preparing for
(1)                              and LSU               Success Program
National Extension Parent
Education Model (1)
              Use of Model Programs

Model Program                               Affiliation    Program Providing
                                            w/Nat.         Model
                                            Organization
                                            /Program
Baby Think It Over (1)                                     Parenting Made
Safe Sitter (1)                                            Possible

Learning Triangle, Parenting Counts         PBS Ready to Ready to Lead in
Emotion Coaching, Success for Families      Lead in      Literacy
Curriculum, Creative Curriculum (1)         Literacy
Bowdin method (1)                           Even Start     Bowdin

Developed own format. First in US to                       Institutional Parenting
target adolescent parents in correctional
facilities. Sited by Dept. of Justice.
Do the Programs
Measure Outcomes?
 Outcome Measurement

 79% Evaluation Form Completed by
  Participants
 62% Direct Observation
 51% Pre/Post Test Designed for the
  Program
Outcome Measurement

 35% Evaluation Completed by Staff
 31% General Pre/Post Test
 7% Did not measure outcomes
 One program—annual independent
  evaluation
Are the Programs
Accredited,
Credentialed or
Certified?
          Accredited, Credentialed, Certified Programs


Program                   Accredited,       By Whom
                          Credentialed or
                          Certified
Nurturing Parenting       Credentialed      Recognized by SAMHSA,
Programs (R) as a whole                     CSAP, Nat. Registry of Effective
                                            Programs & Practices
Teaching Appropriate                        Recognized by SAMHSA,
Parenting Skills                            CSAP, OJJDP

Nurturing Parenting       Credentialed      Dr. Stephen Bavolek


Parents As Teachers       Certified         Parents as Teachers National
                                            Center
            Accredited, Credentialed, Certified Programs

Program                      Accredited,       By Whom
                             Credentialed or
                             Certified

Ready to Lead in Literacy    Credentialed      Public Broadcasting System
                             Certified



Healthy Start ABC’s          Accredited        Healthy Start Association, Healthy
                             Credentialed      Families America, National Rural
                                               Health Association, National AHEC
                                               Organization
Family Resources for Early   Accredited        DSS
Education
             Requirements for Accredited,
             Credentialed or Certified Programs
Program           Requirements
Parents As        A Parents as Teachers: Born to Learn Program must
Teachers          complete the following steps for certification: 1. Submit a
                  Preliminary Program Plan 2. Register for Training 3. Attend
                  the Born to Learn Institute 4. Submit a Final Program Plan
                  5. Submit an Annual Report to recertify each year.
Family            All trainers must have a CDA , AD, BA or BS with five are
Resources for     more years working with children .
Early Education
Ready to Lead     The national PBS teaching model is used, meets the national
in Literacy       state child care standards (Headstart standards),
                  incorporates the Creative Curriculum, and outcomes are
                  measured.
Requirements for Accredited,
Credentialed or Certified Programs


Program         Requirements

Nurturing       Training by Prevent Child Abuse LA
Parenting       and/or Dr. Bavolek

Parents         Approved by a panel of University
Preparing for   Specialists in the area of family
Success         development
Program
What Are the
Background and
Training of the
Parenting Educators?
       Parenting Educator
       Level of Education

 198 Parenting Educators for 29 programs
     No Educator had below a GED/High School Degree
     40 Educators had Master’s Degrees
     2 Educators had Doctorate’s Degrees
Parenting Educators’ Credentials

 Of the 198 Educators
     2 American Association of Marriage and
                      Family Therapists
     3 Licensed Marriage and Family
      Therapists
     3 Certified Family Life Educators
     8 Certified in Family and Consumer
      Sciences
     4 Child Development Associates
Parenting Educators’
Credentials (continued)
 Of the 198 total Educators
   9 RN’s
   12 Licensed Professional Counselors
   15 Teacher Certification
   38 Social Work Certification
   Other
       Curriculum Trained Parent Educator
       Certified Parent Educators
       Masters of Education in Community Counseling
       3 Reading Specialists
       1 HIV/STD Counselor; 1 Sickle-Cell Counselor
Specific Training for Parenting
Educators
 17 of the 29 (59%) programs required specific
  training PRIOR to teaching in the program:
      One program:       58 hours
      Three programs:    40 hours
      One program:       30 hours
      Three programs:    20-25 hours
      Three programs:    16 hours
      Two Programs:      9-10 hours
      Two programs:      8 hours
      Two programs:      6 hours
Specific Training for Parenting
Educators
 16 of the 29 (55%) programs required
  specific ANNUAL training
     One program      50 hours
     Two programs     30-32 hours
     Three programs   16-20 hours
     Three programs   15 hours
     One program      18 hours
     Two programs     10-12 hours
     Two programs     6-8 hours
Specific Training for Parenting
Educators
 Specific Annual Training
     One program: 5-6 hours/week for 9 months
     One program:
        Year 1    20 hours
        Year 2    15 hours
        Year 3+   10 hours
    Program Specific Educator
    Certification
Program            Educator Certification Required
High Risk Infant   CPR
Program


Parenting Made     Safe Sitter Certification
Possible


Teaching           2 day training with emphasis on the
Appropriate        Nurturing Concept of Parenting
Parenting Skills
        Program Specific Educator Certification


Program      Educator Certification Required
Parents as   -Attend 5 day Born to Learn Institute
Teachers     -Maintain annual certification by:
Program      Deliver min. PAT services of five families/year with
             5 visits each
             Maintain records that contribute to the Annual
             Program Report
             Earn professional development hours relating to
             child development and parenting issues specifically
             related to early childhood: Year 1:20 hours/ Year 2:
             15 hours /Year 3+ 10 hours
What Professional
Organizations Do the
Parenting Educators
Belong to?
Professional Organizations of
the Parenting Educators
 National Association for the Education of Young
    Children
   Family and Consumer Science educator-
    national teen pregnancy and parenting
    organization
   Black Alliance for Educational Options
   Louisiana Parent Congress
   Parent as Teachers Louisiana State Office
   Active Parenting
Professional Organizations of
the Parenting Educators
 CYFAR Children, Youth, Families at Risk
 Families in the Balance
 Knapsack Healthy Marriage Initiative
 Prevent Child Abuse
 LAFCS and NEA
 National Black Child Development
  Institute
 National Reading Association
Are These Programs
Voluntary or
Mandatory?
Voluntary/Mandatory

 13 programs are voluntary
 7 programs are mandatory
 9 programs are both voluntary
 and mandatory
Mandatory Programs

 Programs are mandated by:
     Office of Community Service/Courts
       (8 programs)
     Office of Family Support (2 programs)
     Requirement in order to receive child care
      and adult education benefits (2 programs)
     Part of hospital discharge process
       (1 program)
     Probation Office (1 program)
     Families in Need of Services (1 program)
Voluntary Programs

 Sources of Referrals
     Community Based Organizations
      (17 programs)
     Schools (16 programs)
     Self-Referral (15 programs)
     Office of Community Services (13
      programs)
Voluntary Programs

 Sources of Referrals:
     Court (8 programs)
     Office of Family Support (7 programs)
     Pediatrician (6 programs)
     Child care centers (2 programs)
     Obstetrician, Office of Youth Development,
      Attorneys, Hospitals, Christian Community
      Action (1 program each)
       Conclusions

 Transportation is a major barrier to parents’
  attending the programs.

 More programs may be needed that target
  pregnant women (the prenatal period).

 A large number of the programs may have too
  few contact hours/intensity to impact high risk
  families.
        Conclusions
 There are a number of nationally recognized model
  programs being used in Louisiana, including Nurturing
  Parenting Programs ®, HIPPY, and Parents as
  Teachers.

 There are also a number of other curriculums being
  used, including Active Parenting NOW, Right from Birth,
  STEP, Effective Black Parenting and others.

 There may be issues of fidelity to the
  models/curriculums.
        Conclusions

 Few programs reported that they were accredited,
  credentialed or certified in any way. Of those that
  reported they were, few of these had to fulfill specific
  requirements for that distinction.

 A large number of programs (41%) reported no specific
  training requirements for their parenting educators prior
  to teaching, and a large number (45%) reported no
  specific annual training for their educators.
      Conclusions

 Only four programs reported any sort of
  certification for their parenting educators.

 There is no statewide organization to support
  parenting educators.
      Conclusions

 All parishes are served by parenting
  education programs for parents of young
  children, but beyond the three statewide
  programs, the coverage seems inconsistent
  throughout the state.

 State funding for these programs spans four
  different state departments, but there is no
  coordinating body for parenting education.

				
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