Diets high in saturated fat and cholesterol increase the risk of heart disease

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Diets high in saturated fat and cholesterol increase the risk of heart disease Powered By Docstoc
• Good nutrition supplies the body with the
  calories and nutrients needed for
  maximum energy and wellness. Food
  choices are influenced by a number of
• To function properly, the human body
  needs the nutrients found in food. These
  nutrients are classified into 6 groups –
  carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins,
  minerals, and water.
• The Dietary Guidelines for
  Americans and the Food Guide
  Pyramid are tools that can help
  individuals develop healthy
  eating habits.
• Information on food labels can
  help people make wise food
  choices. To keep food safe and
  reduce the risk of foodborne
  illness, follow these four steps:
  clean, separate, cook, and chill.
Carbohydrates, Fats & Proteins

• Food provides 6 classes of nutrients: carbohydrates, fats,
  proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water.
• Carbohydrates, including sugars and starches, are the
  body’s main energy source.
• Essential amino acids are needed by the body to make
  proteins that provide structure and regulation and in some
  cases, energy.
• Fat is a concentrated source of energy that is needed in the
• Fiber is important for healthy digestion.
• Diets high in saturated fat and cholesterol increase the risk
  of heart disease.
              Vitamins, Minerals & Water
• Vitamins and minerals are found in all foods in
  varying amounts. A well-planned diet can meet all
  your vitamin and mineral needs.
• Too little calcium in the diet early in life increases
  the risk of osteoporosis later in life.
• The body is about 60% water. To maintain health
  and to prevent the dangerous effects of
  dehydration, one must replace lost water.
• Increasing your intake of low-fat dairy products
  and calcium-fortified foods can help meet calcium
Meeting Your Nutritional Needs
   • The RDAs are nutrient intakes that are
     sufficient to meet the needs of almost all
     healthy people.
   • The Nutrition Facts section of a food label
     provides information on how much energy
     and nutrients a serving of a food gives.
   • The Dietary Guidelines for Americans is a
     set of recommendations on diet and lifestyle
     that are designed to promote health, to
     support active lives, and to reduce chronic
     disease risk in the general population.
    Choosing A Healthful Diet
• Healthy snacks, such as fresh fruit, low-fat yogurt, or
  low-salt pretzels, provide a good source of essential
  nutrients without excessive Calories and fat.
• As children grow, their total nutrient and energy
  requirements increase, with total needs being
  greatest in the teenage years.
• Athletes need a well-balanced diet that is higher in
  energy and fluids than the diet of a less active
• Simple dietary changes, such as switching to low-fat
  dairy products and eating fresh fruits and vegetables
  in place of sweet or salty snacks, can reduce the
  amount of fat, sugar, and salt in your diet.

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