THE PHILIPPINES - PowerPoint

Document Sample
THE PHILIPPINES - PowerPoint Powered By Docstoc
					The Land and the People
Early names
 Ma-I – Land of the Barbarians
 Chin-San – Mountain of Gold
 Liu-Sung – Land Adjacent to the Mainland
 Islas de Poniente – Western Islands
 Archipelago of Magellan
 Archipelago of Legazpi
 Archipelago of St. Lazarus – name given by Magellan
  in 1521
 Filipinas – given by Villalobos in 1543 in honor of King
  Philip II
 Pearl of the Orient – Juan Delgado; but this romantic
  name was glorified by Jose Rizal
 Maharlika – name given by former president
  Ferdinand Marcos
Geographical Location
                MOTTO: For God,
                 People, Nature and
                 Country
                Part of South East Asia
                115,707 sq. miles
                Luzon – largest island
                Mindanao – second
                 largest
                Samar – third largest
Regions in the Philippines
                          Cordillera Administrative
National Capital Region   Region
   Manila
   Quezon City            Abra – Bangued
   Pasay
   Pasig
                           Apayao – Kabugao


    Marikina
    Mandaluyong
                           Benguet – La Trinidad
   Malabon                Ifuga0 – Lagawe
   San Juan
   Taguig                 Kalinga - Tabuk
   Parañaque
   Las Piñas
   Muntinlupa
   Makati
   Caloocan
   Navotas
   Valenzuela
   Pateros
Region 1: Ilocos            Region 2: Cagayan Valley
 Ilocos Norte – Laoag       Batanes – Basco
 Ilocos Sur – Vigan         Cagayan – Tuguegarao
 La Union – San Fernando    Nueva Vizcaya – Bayombong
 Pangasinan - Lingayen      Isabela – Ilagan
                             Quirino - Cabarroguis
Region 3: Central Luzon        Region 4A:CALABARZON
 Aurora – Baler                Batangas – Batangas City
 Bataan – Balanga              Cavite – Trece Martires
 Bulacan – Bulacan             Laguna – Santa Cruz
 Nueva Ecija – Palayan City    Rizal – Antipolo City
 Pampanga – San Fernando       Quezon - Lucena
 Tarlac- Tarlac
 Zambales - Iba
Region 4B: MIMAROPA              Region 5: Bicol
 Occidental Mindoro –            Albay – Legazpi
    Mamburao                      Camarines Norte – Daet
   Oriental Mindoro – Calapan    Camarines Sur – Pili
   Marinduque – Boac             Catanduanes – Virac
   Romblon – Romblon             Sorsogon - Sorsogon
   Palawan – Puerto Princesa
Region 6: Western Visayas       Region 7: Central Visayas
 Aklan – Kalibo                 Bohol – Tagbilaran
 Antique – San Jose             Cebu – Cebu City
 Capiz – R0xas City             Negros Oriental –
 Guimaras – Jordan               Dumaguete
 Iloilo – Iloilo City           Siquijor- Siquijor
 Negros Occidental - Bacolod
                              Region 8: Zamboanga
Region 8: Eastern Visayas     Peninsula
 Biliran – Naval              Zamboanga del Norte –
 Eastern Samar – Borongan      Dipolog
 Leyte – Tacloban             Zamboanga del Sur –
 Northern Samar – Catarman
                                Pagadian
                               Zamboanga Sibugay - Ipil
 Samar – Catbalogan
 Southern Leyte - Maasin
Region 10: Northern
                               Region 11: Davao Region
Mindanao
 Bukidnon – Malaybalay         Compostela Valley –
 Camiguin – Mambajao            Nabunturan
 Lanao del Norte – Tubod       Davao del Norte – Tagum
 Misamis Occidental –          Davao del Sur – Digos
  Oroquieta                     Davao Oriental - Mati
 Misamis Oriental – Cagayan
  de Oro
Region 12: SOCCKSARGEN         Region 13: CARAGA
 South Cotabato – Koronadal    Agusan del Norte – Butuan
 Cotabat0 – Kidapawan          Agusan del Sur – Prosperidad
 Saranggani – Alabel           Dinagat Island- San Jose
 Sultan Kudarat - Isulan       Surigao del Norte – Surigao
                                 City
                                Surigao del Sur – Tandag
ARMM – Autonomous Region in
Muslim Mindanao
 Basilan – Isabela de Basilan
 Lanao del Sur – Marawi
 Maguindanao – Shariff Aguak
 Shariff Kabunsuan – Datu
  Odin Sinsuat
 Sulu – Jolo
 Tawi-Tawi – Panglima Sugala
Mountains
             Sierra Madre –
             considered as the longest
             continuous mountain in
             the Philippines
 Western Caraballo – mountain ranges which is divided
  into Northern and Central Cordillera.
 Caraballo de Baler – Baler, Aurora to Mayon Volcano in
  Albay and Bulusan Volcano in Sorsogon.
 Zambales Range – begins from Bolinao, Pangasinan
  and ends in Bataan.
 Tagaytay Range – crosses the province of Batangas
 Eastern Range – Surigao
 Central Eastern Mountain Range – Butuan and
  extends to Agusan del Sur.
 Central Western Mountain Range – Mt. Apo and
  extends to Cotabato and Zamboanga
Rivers
 Cagayan River – Longest
  River
 Agno River- Benguet,
  Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan
  and Tarlac
 Agusan River – Second
  longest river
 Pampanga River – third
  longest river
Plains
          Central Plain of Luzon –
           largest plain
          Cagayan Valley – second
           largest
          Cotabato valley – largest
           inland plains
Volcanoes
 Mayon Volcano – Albay
 Taal – Batangas
 Pinatubo – Zambales
 Bulusan – Sorsogon
 Hibok – Hibok –
  Camiguin
 Kanlaon – Negros
  Oriental
Natural Wonders and Scenic Spots
                  Ifugao Rice Terraces
                     Considered as one of the
                      8th wonder
 Famous for its almost
 perfect cone
 Mt. Apo – the
  Philippines’ highest peak
 2,958 ft. above sea level
 Philippine Deep –
  Philippines’ lowest point
 34,440 ft. below sea level
 Chocolate hills – Bohol
 Hundred Islands –
 Pangasinan-

 Main islands
   Governor
   Quezon
   Children
 Maria Cristina Falls
   Source of hydro electric
    power in Lanao del
    Norte
 Pagsanjan Falls –Laguna
    Magdapio falls
 Mt. Banahaw - Quezon
 Callao Caves - Cagayan
Land Bridge Theory
 States that the Philippines was part of mainland Asia
 but during the post glacial period the world ice melted
 causing the rise of water level submerging the lower
 regions which included the land bridges linking
 mainland China and the Philippines. What were not
 submerged became the Philippine Archipelago.
Mu or Lemuria
 Philippines and Indonesia were remnants of Pacific
 continent which sunk during prehistoric period

 Influenced by the legend of the Lost Continent of
 Atlantis popularized by early European writers.
Volcanic in Origin
 Dr. Brailey Willis and Dr. Fritjof Voss maintain that the
  Philippines is volcanic in origin

 Voss found out that the China’s earth doesn’t extend to
  the Philippines which disputed the land bridge theory
Migration Theory
 Dr. Henry Otley Beyer
 Roughly about 250,000 BC
  the Dawn Man, the first
  settlers of the Philippines,
  first appeared through the
  land bridges connecting
  mainland Asia and the
  Philippines. They reached the
  Philippines while hunting
  rhinoceros, wild boar and
  other prehistoric animals.
Prehistoric ancestors
Pygmies or Negritos
 First inhabitants
 Have primitive culture:
  nomadic, no form of
  government, no system of
  writing, no arts and science
                                    Indonesians
 Considered to be the “First
  Sea Immigrants
 Came in two waves
 Lived in organized villages,
  knew how to use copper tools
 Said to be the ancestors of the
  Ibanags, Kalingas, Apayaos,
  Ifugaos and Igorots
Malay
 Came in three groups:
    Head hunting Malays
        Ancestors of Bontoks
    Alphabet using Malays
        Ancestors of the Tagalogs,
         Ilocanos and Visayans
    Muslim Malays
        Ancestors of Filipino Muslims
East Asian River System Theory
 Dr. Peter Bellwood
 Based on archaeological and linguistic studies, the
 early settlers came from mainland Asia, and not South
 East Asia contrary to the Migration Theory.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:403
posted:8/30/2012
language:Unknown
pages:39