1920s - 1949 1963 Tension over Stalin’s support for the A meeting between Party leaders of both Chinese Nationalists and the USSR’s China and the USSR fails to improve interests in the Chinese province of relations. Manchuria. China claims that its border with the USSR is the result of ‘unequal treaties’. 1950 Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual 1964 summer Assistance signed. Some Chinese Khrushchev and Mao resort to bitter resentment at unequal terms of the Treaty. personal attacks. 1954 October 1964 14 October Khrushchev’s first visit to Beijing. Khrushchev is dismissed as Soviet leader. Khrushchev refuses to lessen Soviet ties in Mongolia or allow China to expand its 1964 16 October control in North Korea. China explodes its first nuclear bomb in a test at Lop Nor. 1956 Khrushchev gives a speech criticising 1964 winter Stalin at the Twentieth Congress of the Zhou Enlai, the Chinese Prime Minister, Soviet Communist Party. The policy of De- visits a series of countries in the Stalinisation beings. Mao criticises developing world to present China as the Khrushchev as a revisionist. leader of world revolution. 1958 1965 Khrushchev criticises Mao’s policy of the The USSR develops its policy of trying to Great Leap Forward as being impractical. isolate China in international affairs by Mao accuses the USSR of being too strengthening its ties with Mongolia, North cautious and detached during the crisis Korea and North Vietnam. over Quemoy. 1968 1959 June Mao’s attacks on the Soviet Union’s USSR cancels Sino-Soviet Agreement on leadership as revisionists increase during atomic cooperation. the Cultural Revolution. 1959 September 1969 Khrushchev visits the USA. Mao Heavy fighting at Damansky Island on the condemns the Soviet Union’s Ussuri River in March when Chinese rapprochement with the USA. troops attack Soviet border guards. 1960 1970 The USSR pulls out all economic aid and Relations between China and the USSR advisers from China. improve slightly with the visit of Kosygin, the Soviet Prime Minister, to China. 1961 China gives economic support to Albania 1971 after it splits with the USSR. Henry Kissinger, the US Secretary of China also encourages Romania to State, visits China and paves the way for a become more independent of Soviet visit by US President Richard Nixon. interference. Chinese relations with the USSR deteriorate.
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