WESPAKse Tidal v1 1a June2012

Document Sample
WESPAKse Tidal v1 1a June2012 Powered By Docstoc
					CoverPg: Basic Description of Assessment                                              WESPAK-SE Tidal
Site Name:
Investigator Name:
Date of Field Assessment:
Nearest Town:
Latitude (decimal degrees):
Longitude (decimal degrees):
Approximate size of the Assessment Area (AA, in acres)
AA as percent of entire wetland (approx.)
Tidal phase during most of visit:
What percent (approx.) of the wetland were you able to visit?
What percent (approx.) of the AA were you able to visit?
Have you attended a training session for this protocol? If so, indicate approximate
month & year.
How many wetlands have you assessed previously using this protocol (approx.)?

Comments about the site or this assessment (attach extra page if desired):




      WESPUS beta v1. by Dr. Paul Adamus                                                    8/30/2012
    A                 B                                                                         C                                                             D                                                               E
Form OF - TIDAL                    Site Name:                                                                                                                       Investigator & Date:

Wetland Ecosystem Services Protocol for Southeast Alaska (WESPAK-SE). Version 1.1. This method is intended for use in assessing ecosystem services (functions & values) of all types of non-tidal wetlands in Southeast
Alaska. For most wetlands, completing a WESPAK-SE assessment requires 1-3 hours. Numbers from the Scores worksheet may be used to (a) estimate a wetland’s relative ecological condition, stress, and sensitivity, (b) compare
relative levels of ecosystem services among different wetland types, or (c) compare those in a single wetland before and after restoration, enhancement, or loss. This information should be used to inform restoration design and
performance standards, and to adjust or qualify mitigation ratios so they ensure functional replacement. For guidance and detailed descriptions of each WESPAK-SE model, see Chapter 3 of the accompanying Manual. For a listing of
functions to which each question pertains, see bracketed codes in column E. For a documented rationale for each indicator, open each worksheet below (one per function or value) and see column H. Codes for functions and values
are: SR= Sediment Retention, CS= Carbon Sequestration, OE= Organic Export, FA= Anadromous Fish, WBF= Feeding Waterbirds, SBM= Songbirds, Mammals, & Raptors, PH= Plant Habitat, PU= Public Use & Recognition, Subsis=
Subsistence, Sens= Sensitivity, Stress= Stressors.

Answering many of the following questions requires viewing aerial imagery and maps, covering an area up to within 2 miles of the AA. In the Data column, change the 0 (false) to a 1 (true) for the best choice, or for multiple choices
where allowed and so indicated. Do not write in any shaded parts of this data form. Questions whose cells in column D have a "W" MUST be answered only for the ENTIRE wetland.
#       Indicator                  Conditions                                                                                                                Data   Explanations, Definitions
D1      Distance to Nearest        From the center of the AA, the distance to the nearest population center, via the nearest maintained road, is:                   "Population center" means a settled area with more than 50 year-round residents. [SRv, FAv, WBFv, SBM, PH,
        Population Center                                                                                                                                           PU, Subsis, STR]

                                   <0.5 mile                                                                                                                  0
                                   0.5 - 2 miles                                                                                                              0
                                   2-5 miles                                                                                                                  0
                                   5-10 miles                                                                                                                 0
                                   >10 miles                                                                                                                  0
D2      Barriers to Wildlife       Draw a circle of radius of 0.5 mile from the center of the AA. Within that circle, do maintained roads (paved or dirt),    0     Presence of culverts or bridges along the roads is irrelevant. Do not consider other potential barriers to wildlife
        Movements                  marine waters, or steep slopes (>30%) completely encircle the AA, thus reducing the movements of some mammals into               movement (e.g., large rivers, fields). [SBM, STR]
                                   separate wetlands, streams, ponds, or lakes beyond that radius? (0= no, 1= yes)


D3      Distance to Nearest Road   The distance from the center of the AA to the nearest maintained road (dirt or paved) is:                                        [PH, STR]
                                   <100 ft                                                                                                                    0
                                   100-500 ft                                                                                                                 0
                                   500-1000 ft                                                                                                                0
                                   1000-2600 ft                                                                                                               0
                                   0.5- 1 mile                                                                                                                0
                                   >1 mile                                                                                                                    0




        WESPAK-SE Tidal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2
 F           G    H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O




WESPAK-SE Tidal                                   3
  A                B                                                                        C                                                                    D                                                            E
D5    Distance to Natural Cover    The minimum distance from the AA edge to the edge of the closest tract or corridor of natural (not necessarily native)            Natural cover includes wooded areas, peatlands, vegetated wetlands, and most other areas of perennial cover.
                                   land cover larger than 100 acres, is:                                                                                             It includes low-intensity timber harvest areas. It does not include water, glaciers, annual crops, residential
                                                                                                                                                                     areas, golf courses, recreational fields, fields mowed >1x per year, pavement, bare soil, rock, bare sand, or
                                   <100 ft, or the AA contains >100 acres of vegetation, or >100 acres of natural land cover is connected to the AA and is not   0
                                                                                                                                                                     gravel or dirt roads. Natural land cover is not the same as native vegetation. It can include areas with invasive
                                   separated from it by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or impervious surface that are wider than 150 ft.
                                                                                                                                                                     plants. [SBM, PH, STR]

                                   <100 ft, but separated entirely from the wetland by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or impervious surface that    0
                                   are wider than 150 ft.
                                   100-300 ft; and not separated from the wetland by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or impervious surface that      0
                                   are wider than 150 ft.
                                   100-300 ft, but separated entirely from the wetland by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or impervious surface      0
                                   that are wider than 150 ft.
                                   NONE of the above                                                                                                             0
D6    Natural Cover Extent         Within a 2-mile radius measured from the center of the AA, the percent of the land that has natural land cover (see               Natural cover includes wooded areas, peatlands, vegetated wetlands, and most other areas of perennial cover.
                                   definition on right) is:                                                                                                          It includes low-intensity timber harvest areas. It does not include water, glaciers, annual crops, residential areas,
                                                                                                                                                                     golf courses, recreational fields, fields mowed >1x per year, pavement, bare soil, rock, bare sand, or gravel or
                                   <5% of the land                                                                                                               0
                                                                                                                                                                     dirt roads. Natural land cover is not the same as native vegetation. It can include areas with invasive plants.
                                   5 to 20% of the land                                                                                                          0   [SBM, PH, STR]
                                   20 to 60% of the land                                                                                                         0
                                   60 to 90% of the land                                                                                                         0
                                   >90% of the land. SKIP to D8.                                                                                                 0
D7    Type of Cover Alteration     Within a 2-mile radius measured from the center of the AA, the area that is not "natural cover" or water is mostly:               [SBM, PH, STR]


                                   impervious surface, e.g., paved road, parking lot, building, exposed rock                                                     0
                                   bare pervious surface, e.g., recent clearcut, dirt or gravel road, plowed fields, landslide                                   0
                                   artificially landscaped areas, lawn, annual crops, orchards, or intensely grazed                                              0
                                   openlands with tall (>2 ft) grasses and forbs unmowed, or mowed <2x/year, not moss/ muskeg                                    0
                                   other                                                                                                                         0
D8    Size of Largest Nearby       The largest patch or corridor that is natural land cover and is within 0.5 mile of the AA edge, and not separated from            The patch or corridor may either be entirely or only partially within the 0.5 mile distance. Disqualify any patch or
      Tract or Corridor of Natural the AA by roads or channels that create gaps wider than 150 ft, occupies:                                                         corridor of natural land cover where it becomes separated from the AA by a linear gap of >150 ft, if the gap is
      Land Cover                                                                                                                                                     comprised of impervious surface, bare dirt, or lawn, or if the natural land corridor narrows to less than 150 ft.
                                   <1 acre                                                                                                                       0   [SBM, PH, STR]
                                   1-10 acres                                                                                                                    0   1 acre is about: 200 ft on a side (if square)
                                   10-100 acres                                                                                                                  0   10 acres is about: 660 ft on a side
                                                                                                                                                                     100 acres is about: 0.5 mile on a side
                                   100-1000 acres                                                                                                                0   1000 acres is about: 1 mile on a side
                                   >1000 acres                                                                                                                   0




      WESPAK-SE Tidal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4
 F           G    H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O




WESPAK-SE Tidal                                   5
  A              B                                                                          C                                                                  D                                                          E
D9    Ponded Water in Landscape Draw a circle of radius of 2 miles centered on the AA. Including water ponded in the AA itself or in a fringing water body,        Ponded water = any surface water that is not obviously part of a river, stream, or tidal system. Include
                                the amount of water that is ponded (standing) in lakes, ponds, or non-tidal wetlands during most of the year is:                   herbaceous (emergent) wetlands larger than 1 acre if they are inundated and water is ponded at least seasonally.
                                                                                                                                                                   Also include waters such as sloughs that are ponded most of the year but connected seasonally to rivers. [SR,
                                   <5% of the circle, located in 5 or fewer ponds or lakes                                                                     0   WBF]

                                   <5% of the circle, located in >5 ponds or lakes                                                                             0
                                   5 to 30%, located in 10 or fewer ponds or lakes                                                                             0
                                   5 to 30%, located in >10 ponds or lakes                                                                                     0
                                   >30%, located in 15 or fewer ponds or lakes                                                                                 0
                                   >30%, located in >15 ponds or lakes                                                                                         0
D10   Distance to Lake             The distance from the AA edge to the closest (but separate) lake (a non-tidal body of water that is ponded during most of       [SR, WBF]
                                   the year and is larger than 20 acres (or about 1000 ft on a side) during most of a normal year is:


                                   <1 mile                                                                                                                     0
                                   1-5 miles                                                                                                                   0
                                   >5 miles and on the mainland or the same island                                                                             0
                                   >5 miles and on a different island                                                                                          0
D11   ShoreZone Habitat Diversity Go to the ShoreZone web site and zoom to the AA, or enter its coordinates after clicking on the binoculars icon in the           A "water mile" means a fish would travel no more 1 mile between the AA and those habitats.
                                  lower left. The number of BC Classes (colors) mapped within 1 water mile of the AA, including the AA itself, is:


                                   1 or 2, or not mapped                                                                                                       0
                                   3 to 5                                                                                                                      0
                                   >5                                                                                                                          0
D12   Distance to Separate Tidal   As determined from ShoreZone, direct observation, or other sources, the distance by water from the AA edge to the               Tidal wetland= salt marsh, tidal freshwater marsh, or tidal swamp only. [SR, FA, WBF, SEN]
      Wetland                      closest tidal wetland that is distinct from this wetland (separated by >150 ft of subtidal water or upland) is:


                                   150-1000 ft                                                                                                                 0
                                   1000 ft - 1 mile                                                                                                            0
                                   1-5 miles                                                                                                                   0
                                   >5 miles                                                                                                                    0
D13   Distance to Eelgrass or Kelp From ShoreZone, direct observation, or other sources, the water distance from the AA edge to the closest patch of               [SR, FA, WBF]
                                   eelgrass or kelp that is mapped or is greater than 10 ft long or wide is:
                                   <150 ft                                                                                                                     0
                                   150-1000 ft                                                                                                                 0
                                   >1000 ft                                                                                                                    0
D14   Geography                    Enter 1 for ALL that are true. The AA is located:                                                                               [SR, CS, OE, FA, WBF, SBM]
                                   in the Stikine, Alsek, Taiya-Chilkat-Skagway, or Taku deltas or estuaries                                                   0
                                   in another mainland area or inner coast                                                                                     0
                                   on or close to the outer coast                                                                                              0




      WESPAK-SE Tidal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         6
 F           G    H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O




WESPAK-SE Tidal                                   7
  A              B                                                                         C                                                                 D                                                              E
D15   Geomorphic Setting      As viewed at a coarse (e.g., 1:24000) scale, the AA is (select one):                                                               "head of tide" is the farthest point upriver where no daily fluctuations in water levels due to tides are noticeable,
                              Associated with a major* river, and is closer to the upriver head-of-tide than to marine bays or ocean; if known, the water    0   even during river base-flow conditions. [SR, CS, OE, FA, WBF, SBM, PH]
                              salinity is <5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year
                              Associated with a major* river, and is closer to marine bays or ocean than to upriver head-of-tide; may be in a river delta;   0
                              if known, the water salinity is >5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year
                              In a sheltered fish-accessible lagoon, embayment, pocket beach, or tidal slough with a relatively narrow connection to         0
                              other marine waters and no direct river inputs
                              On a marine fjord, canal, or strait without direct river inputs to the AA                                                      0
                              Other setting                                                                                                                  0
D16   Input Tributary         The AA is intersected by a freshwater stream (tributary) that flows during most of the growing season and originates in the    0   [SR, OE, FA, WBF, SBM, Subsis]
                              upland directly adjoining this wetland. Or the AA is a fringe wetland along a river. Enter 1 if yes. If no, SKIP to D21.


D17   Fish Access or Use      That stream identified above (select ONE -- mark only the first applicable choice):                                                If uncertain, contact the ADFG. Proof of use is not required -- only access. [FA, Subsis]
                              a) is known to support anadromous fish (some Class I streams)                                                                  0
                              b) is probably accessible (at least seasonally, partially or entirely) to anadromous fish, but anadromous fish have not been   0
                              documented (some Class I streams)
                              c) is not accessible to anadromous fish, but other resident fish are known (or can be assumed) present (Class II)              0

                              d) is not accessible to anadromous fish and is known (or can be assumed) to have no resident fish                              0
                              e) unknown and undeterminable                                                                                                  0
D18   Input Stream Gradient   The gradient of the steepest input stream, averaged up to 300 ft from the AA, is:                                                  [OE]
                              <1%                                                                                                                            0
                              1-5%.                                                                                                                          0
                              5-30%                                                                                                                          0
                              >30%                                                                                                                           0
D19   Glacier Fed             The distance from the AA to the nearest upstream glacier which partially feeds the AA is currently:                                [SRv, FA]
                              No upstream glacier feeds the AA.                                                                                              0
                              0 - 150 ft (i.e., a glacier is essentially contiguous with the tidal marsh AA)                                                 0
                              150-1000 ft                                                                                                                    0
                              1000 ft - 1 mile                                                                                                               0
                              1-5 miles                                                                                                                      0
                              >5 miles, and densely cloudy or greenish water due to glacier is apparent at least seasonally                                  0
                              >5 miles, but no such water conditions are apparent, even seasonally, or conditions unknown                                    0
D20   Documented Toxicity     Data collected by public agencies, or by other entities according to agency-approved quality assurance procedures,                 [FA, STR]
                              indicate that metals, hydrocarbons, suspended sediment, and/or other substances have been at concentrations exceeding
                              approved criteria or standards, and/or at concentrations otherwise known to potentially be harmful to aquatic life or
                              humans, and this has occurred in multiple samples during the past 5 years. Enter "1" for ALL that apply. Includes but not
                              limited to most waters designated as 303(d) or with TMDL plans. These conditions are present:


                              within the AA                                                                                                                  0
                              in waters that flow or potentially flow into the AA and within 1 mile                                                          0
                              data from past 5 years indicate no potential toxicity within 1 mile                                                            0
                              insufficient data




      WESPAK-SE Tidal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               8
 F           G    H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O




WESPAK-SE Tidal                                   9
  A                B                                                                             C                                                              D                                                            E
D21   Distance to Stream or River If not intersected by a freshwater tributary stream, the distance by water from the AA to the nearest such stream or river        [FA]
                                  is:
                                   0 - 150 ft (i.e., an undiked stream or river intersects or adjoins the AA).                                                  0
                                   150-1000 ft                                                                                                                  0
                                   1000 ft - 1 mile                                                                                                             0
                                   1-5 miles                                                                                                                    0
                                   >5 miles                                                                                                                     0
D22   Biological Wave Exposure     At the ShoreZone web site, the Biological Wave Exposure of most of the AA is shown as:                                           [SR, CS, OE, WBF, SBM, SEN]
                                   protected or very protected                                                                                                  0
                                   semi-protected                                                                                                               0
                                   semi-exposed                                                                                                                 0
                                   exposed or very exposed                                                                                                      0
D23   Adjoining Mudflat            At daily low tide, the maximum width (perpendicular to shore) of unvegetated mudflat contiguous to, but outside of, the AA       [SR, WBF]
                                   is:
                                   none (no adjoining mud flat is apparent at low tide)                                                                         0
                                   <10 ft                                                                                                                       0
                                   10-100 ft                                                                                                                    0
                                   100-1000 ft                                                                                                                  0
                                   >1000 ft                                                                                                                     0
D24   Marsh Area Trend             Over the past 100 years (approximately) the size of this AA's tidal marsh is probably (select one):                              Determine this using historical aerial photography, old maps, soil maps, or permit files as available. [CS, SEN]
                                   expanding outward into formerly subtidal waters due to delta deposition from logging or landslides, or landward due to       0
                                   glacial recession/ uplift, earthquake, or other causes.
                                   shrinking due to natural processes (excessive sedimentation or uplift causing succession to non-tidal upland, or partial     0
                                   conversion to subtidal due to erosion, sea level rise, excessive retention of nourishing sediments by upriver dams, or
                                   tilting of the marsh plain following glacial rebound or earthquake). SKIP to D26 (Aspect).


                                   mostly unchanged. SKIP to D26 (Aspect).                                                                                      0
                                   (trend indeterminable). SKIP to D26 (Aspect).                                                                                0
D25   Tidal Wetland Age            The age (since last covered by a glacier) of the AA is:                                                                          Determine this using historical aerial photography, old maps, soil maps, or permit files as available. [CS, FA,
                                   < 3 years old                                                                                                                0   SBM, SEN]

                                   3-20 years ago                                                                                                               0
                                   20- 200 years ago                                                                                                            0
                                   >200 years ago                                                                                                               0
                                   unknown                                                                                                                      0
D26   Aspect                       Most of the contributing area slope that is uphill from the AA faces predominantly:
                                   Northward (N, NE)                                                                                                            0
                                   Southward (S, SW)                                                                                                            0
                                   other (E, SE, W, NW), or no detectable uphill slope (flat)                                                                   0




      WESPAK-SE Tidal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10
 F           G    H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O




WESPAK-SE Tidal                                   11
  A                B                                                                              C                                                              D                                                            E
D27   Upslope Soil Erodibility &   A stream channel or upland within 200 ft upslope from the AA has been classified by the Forest Service, USDA, or other            [STR]
      Debris Flow Potential        specialists as highly erodible, unstable, or a landslide hazard. Or, there is documentation of debris flows or severe
                                   erosion above the AA within the past 20 years.
                                   yes, and such conditions or classifications intersect the AA
                                   yes, but the conditions or classifications do not reach or intersect the AA
                                   no
                                   no information
D28   Unvegetated Surface in the The percentage of the contributing area that drains directly to the AA and is comprised of buildings, roads, parking lots,      W   [STR]
      Contributing Area          other pavement, recent (<5 years old) clearcuts, exposed bedrock, debris flows, and other mostly-bare (but unfrozen)
                                 surface is about :
                                   >25%                                                                                                                          0
                                   10 to 25%                                                                                                                     0
                                   <10%                                                                                                                          0
D29   Transport From Upslope       A relatively large proportion of the precipitation that falls on the slope adjoining the AA reaches this wetland quickly as   W   [STR]
                                   runoff (surface water), as indicated by the following:
                                   (a) input stream or channel is present,
                                   (b) input channels have been straightened,
                                   (c) upslope wetlands have been ditched extensively,
                                   (d) land cover is mostly non-forest,
                                   (e) slopes are steep, and/or
                                   (f) most soils in the contributing area are shallow and/or have high runoff coefficients.
                                   This statement is:
                                   Mostly true                                                                                                                   0
                                   Somewhat true                                                                                                                 0
                                   Mostly untrue                                                                                                                 0
D30   Large Estuarine Extent       In Manual, see Appendix C, Table C-2. If not listed, enter 0. Otherwise enter the score indicated (3, 2, or 1).               0   The score is based on the relative size of the estuary relative to others within its biogeographic province.
                                                                                                                                                                     [FA,WBF]
D31   Small Estuarine Extent       In Manual, see Appendix C, Table C3. If not listed, enter 0. Otherwise enter 1.                                               0   The score is based on the relative size of the estuary relative to others within its biogeographic province.
                                                                                                                                                                     [FAv,WBFv,PHv]

D32   Bear Watershed               Refer to map in the Manual (Appendix B, Fig. B-3). Suitability surrounding the AA is:                                         0   The rating is based on vegetation type, elevation, and the access of both bear species to the most productive
                                   3=Very High, 2= High, 1= Moderate, 0= all other.                                                                                  salmon waters within the biogeographic provinces of their occurrence. [FAv,SBM]
D33   Salmonid Watershed           Refer to map in the Manual (Appendix B, Fig. B-4).l. Suitability surrounding the AA is: 3=Very High, 2= High, 1=              0   The rating is based on number of salmonid species present in the watershed and habitat suitability (based on
                                   Moderate, 0= all other.                                                                                                           stream type and floodplain extent) relative to suitability in other waters of their biogeographic province.
                                                                                                                                                                     [FA,WBF,Subsis]

D34   Designated IBA               The AA is within or contains part of an IBA (Important Bird Area) as officially designated by the American Bird                   Mendenhall Wetlands (Juneau), Berners Bay (Juneau), Port Snettisham (Juneau), Blacksand Spit (Yakutat), Icy
                                   Conservancy or local affiliates. Enter 1= yes, 0= no. See list on right, and web site for maps:                                   Bay (Yakutat), Chilkat Bald Eagle Preserve (Haines), St. Lazaria Island (Sitka), Forrester Island (Prince of Wales-
                                   http://iba.audubon.org/iba/stateIndex.do?state=US-AK                                                                              Outer Ketchikan), Stikine River Delta (Wrangell-Petersburg). [WBFv,SBMv]


D35   Subsistence Focal Area       See maps in the Manual, Appendix B, Fig. B-6). The AA is located:                                                                 [FA, Subsis]
                                   in a designated Non-subsistence Use Area near Juneau or Ketchikan                                                             0
                                   within 2 miles of a fisheries subsistence area (shown as a point on the maps)                                                 0
                                   neither of the above                                                                                                          0




      WESPAK-SE Tidal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               12
 F           G    H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O




WESPAK-SE Tidal                                   13
  A                 B                                                                                 C                                                             D                                                         E
D36   Mitigation Investment         The AA is all or part of a mitigation site used explicitly to offset impacts elsewhere. Enter: yes= 1, no= 0, no information=   0   [PU]
                                    change to blank.
D37   Conservation Investment       The AA is part of or contiguous to a wetland on which public or private organizational funds were spent to preserve,            0   voluntary= WRP, CRP, land trust easements with partial public funding, etc. Locations of some sites are shown
                                    create, restore, enhance, the wetland (excluding mitigation wetlands). Enter: yes= 1, no= 0, no information= change to              online at: http://www.conservationregistry.org/ [PU]
                                    blank.
D38   Sustained Scientific Use      Plants, animals, or water in the AA have been monitored for >2 years, unrelated to any regulatory requirements, and data        0   [PU]
                                    are available to the public. Or the AA is part of an area that has been designated by an agency or institution as a
                                    benchmark, reference, or status-trends monitoring area.

D39   Non-breeding (Feeding)        Mark just the first choice below that is true. One or more of these species -- Pacific Loon, Yellow-billed Loon, Red-necked         These are waterbird species of conservation concern that do not breed in Southeast Alaska, but feed here
      Waterbird Species of          Grebe, Horned Grebe, Trumpeter Swan -- has been detected semi-annually within the past 5 years in the AA under                      regularly. [WBF, SEN]
      Conservation Concern          conditions similar to what now occur, by a qualified observer:


                                    in the AA                                                                                                                       0
                                    outside the AA but within 0.5 mile, in a generally similar wetland                                                              0
                                    outside the AA and 0.5 to 2 miles away, in a generally similar wetland                                                          0
                                    beyond 2 miles, or no recent observation of these species by a qualified observer under conditions similar to what now          0
                                    occur, or no data
D40   Songbird or Raptor Species One or more of these species -- Osprey, Peregrine Falcon, Queen Charlotte Goshawk, Olive-sided Flycatcher,                         0   These are wetland-associated songbird or raptor species of conservation concern that nest in Southeast Alaska.
      of Conservation Concern    Townsend's Warbler, Rusty Blackbird -- has been detected nesting semi-annually along the AA's upland edge (within                      [SBMv, SEN]
                                 300 ft) during the past 5 years under conditions similar to what now occur, by a qualified observer. Enter "1" if yes, "0" if
                                 no or unknown.
D41   Plant Species of              An uncommon or imperiled wetland indicator plant that is (a) listed in Table C-6 of the Manual, or (b) is a native species      0   [PHv, SEN]
      Conservation Concern          that is not listed as occurring in Southeast Alaska in the PlantList worksheet below, has been detected within the past 5
                                    years within the AA under conditions similar to what now occur, by a qualified observer. Enter "1" if yes, "0" if no or
                                    unknown.




      WESPAK-SE Tidal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              14
    A             B                                                          C                                                 D                                                  E
Field F form. TIDAL.            Site Name:                                                                                           Investigator & Date:

Wetland Ecosystem Services Protocol for Southeast Alaska (WESPAK-SE). Version 1.1. This method is intended for use in assessing ecosystem services (functions & values) of all types of non-tidal
wetlands in Southeast Alaska. For most wetlands, completing a WESPAK-SE assessment requires 1-3 hours. Numbers from the Scores worksheet may be used to (a) estimate a wetland’s relative
ecological condition, stress, and sensitivity, (b) compare relative levels of ecosystem services among different wetland types, or (c) compare those in a single wetland before and after restoration,
enhancement, or loss. This information should be used to inform restoration design and performance standards, and to adjust or qualify mitigation ratios so they ensure functional replacement. For
guidance and detailed descriptions of each WESPAK-SE model, see Chapter 3 of the accompanying Manual. For a listing of functions to which each question pertains, see bracketed codes in column E.
For a documented rationale for each indicator, open each worksheet below (one per function or value) and see column H. Codes for functions and values are: SR= Sediment Retention, CS= Carbon
Sequestration, OE= Organic Export, FA= Anadromous Fish, WBF= Feeding Waterbirds, SBM= Songbirds, Mammals, & Raptors, PH= Plant Habitat, PU= Public Use & Recognition, Subsis= Subsistence,
Sens= Sensitivity, Stress= Stressors.



Field F data form. DIRECTIONS: In the Data column, change the 0 (false) to a 1 (true) for the best choice, or for multiple choices where allowed and so indicated. Answer these questions primarily
based on your onsite observations and interpretations. Do not write in any shaded parts of this data form. Answering some questions accurately may require conferring with the landowner or other
knowledgable persons, and/or reviewing aerial imagery. Although accuracy will be greater if questions are answered for the entire wetland (not limiting only to the part potentially affected by a project),
most questions may be answered for just part of a wetland-- the assessment area (AA). HOWEVER, questions with a W in the gray box in column D must be answered for the ENTIRE wetland of which
the AA is a part.

#       Indicator               Conditions                                                                                    Data   Explanations, Definitions
F1      Tidal Regime            For each condition listed in the rows in the table below, estimate how much of the AA’s        0     [SR, CS, OE, FA, WBF, SBM, PH]
                                area (including its internal tidal channels) is likely to be accessible to small fish. Then
                                select one number from each row, and sum the four numbers and enter the sum in the
                                column to the right.




F2      Water at Daily Low      Tidal surface water remains on >1% of the marsh surface or in internal channels or pools       0
        Tide                    during an average daily low tide. If yes, enter 1. If no, enter 0 and SKIP to F5.

F3      Width of Vegetated     At daily low tide, the average width of vegetated area in the AA that separates adjoining             "Vegetated area" does not include underwater or floating-leaved plants, i.e., aquatic bed.
        Zone at Daily Low Tide uplands (if any) from most open subtidal water (if any) within or adjoining the AA is:                Note: For most sites larger than 10 acres and with persistent water, measure the width using
                                                                                                                                     aerial imagery rather than estimate in the field. [SR, CS, OE, FA, WBF]
                                >300 ft                                                                                        0
                                100-300 ft                                                                                     0
                                25-100 ft                                                                                      0
                                5-25 ft                                                                                        0
                                1-5 ft                                                                                         0



        WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
  A             B                                                            C                                              D                                                  E
F4    Aquatic Cover            Within the part of the AA and its internal channels that remain underwater during daily          [FA]
                               low tide, the extent of fish cover provided at that time by partly submerged vegetation,
                               inchannel pools, horizontally incised banks, and pieces of wood (thicker than 6 inches
                               and longer than 4 feet, or smaller pieces in dense accumulations) is:

                               Extensive                                                                                    0
                               Little or none                                                                               0
                               Intermediate                                                                                 0
F5    Dry Land at Daily High Some part of the tidal marsh surface remains free of surface water even during an              0   [SBM, PH, SEN]
      Tide                   average daily high tide, i.e., some "high marsh" is present. If yes, enter 1. If no, enter 0
                             and SKIP to F9.
F6    Width of Vegetated       At daily high tide, the average width of vegetated area in the AA that separates adjoining       "Vegetated area" does not include underwater or floating-leaved plants, i.e., aquatic bed.
      Zone at Daily High       uplands (if any) from most open subtidal water (if any) within or adjoining the AA is:           Note: For most sites larger than 10 acres and with persistent water, measure the width using
      Tide                                                                                                                      aerial imagery rather than estimate in the field. [SR, CS, FA, WBF, SBM, PH, SEN]
                               >300 ft                                                                                      0
                               100-300 ft                                                                                   0
                               25-100 ft                                                                                    0
                               5-25 ft                                                                                      0
                               1-5 ft                                                                                       0
F7    Woody Extent Within      Within the tidal AA, woody vegetation (living shrubs & trees) occupies:                           Note: For sites larger than 10 acres, this should be determined from aerial imagery rather
      the AA                                                                                                                    than estimated only in the field. [SR, CS, FA, WBF, SBM, PH]
                               >95% of the vegetated part of the AA                                                         0
                               50-95% of the vegetated AA                                                                   0
                               25-50% of the vegetated AA                                                                   0
                               5-25% of the vegetated AA                                                                    0
                               <5% of the vegetated AA                                                                      0
F8    Bare Ground &            Consider the parts of the AA that are not inundated by tides on most days. Viewed                Estimates of "plant litter" cover should include only the litter and woody debris that would be
      Accumulated Plant        from 6 inches above the soil surface, the condition in most of this area is:                     visible from a height of 6 inches above the soil surface. Emphasis should be on plant litter
      Litter                                                                                                                    that has remained from prior years ("thatch"), not recent. Erect plant stems should not be
                               little or no (<5%) bare ground or plant litter (thatch) is visible between erect stems or    0   counted as plant litter, even if dead. "Bare ground" that is present under a tree or shrub
                               under canopy. This can occur if ground surface is extensively blanketed by moss,                 canopy should be counted. It includes unvegetated soil, rock, sand, or mud between stems if
                               lichens, graminoids with great stem densities, or plants with ground-hugging foliage.            any. See photographs in the manual for examples. Wetlands that are dominated by annual
                                                                                                                                plant species tend to have more extensive areas that are bare or covered only by plant litter,
                                                                                                                                during minimum annual cover conditions. [CS, PH]
                               some (5-20%) bare ground or litter is visible. Herbaceous plants have moderate stem          0
                               densities and do not closely hug the ground.
                               much (20-50%) bare ground or plant litter is visible. Low stem density and/or tall plants    0
                               with little near-ground foliage. Often in forested wetlands.
                               mostly (>50%) bare ground or accumulated plant litter. Or, during early spring the entire    0
                               AA is constantly under water.



      WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
  A             B                                                         C                                                D                                               E
F9    Blind channel presence The tidal marsh AA contains one or more branching internal (blind) channels that do not       0   [OE, FA, WBF]
      & complexity           connect with non-tidal channels originating in adjoining uplands, i.e., connect only to
                             adjoining marine waters. If yes, enter 1. If no, enter 0 and SKIP to F11.

F10   Internal Channel        The largest number of visible channel junctions (forks where two channels join)              W   [OE, FA, WBF]
      Network Complexity      belonging to any single blind channel network within the AA's wetland is:
                              <3                                                                                           0
                              3-6                                                                                          0
                              7-14                                                                                         0
                              >14                                                                                          0
F11   Outflow Confinement     During spring tides, the AA is:                                                              W   [OE, FA]
                              Not accessible to fish due to blockage at the outlet or a short distance offsite.            0
                              Accessible to fish, but water exchange is partially impeded by a pipe, culvert, tidegate,    0
                              narrowly breached dike, berm, beaver dam, or other obstruction -- whether adjoining the
                              AA or located a short distance offsite.
                              Accessible to fish without any obstruction                                                   0
F12   Groundwater Seeps       Select one:                                                                                      [FA, PH]
                              Part of the AA contains strong evidence of fresh groundwater discharges at the marsh         0
                              surface: (a) Springs are observed, or (b) water is cooler in summer and warmer in winter
                              than in other local tidal wetlands, or (c) measurements from shallow wells indicate
                              groundwater is discharging to the wetland.
                              Part of the AA has less definitive evidence of discharging groundwater during summer.        0
                              Wetland is on organic, sandy, or gravelly soil AND is at the base of a natural slope of
                              >5% (as averaged over a distance of 1000 ft or until the first opposing break in elevation
                              occurs).
                              Neither of above is true, although some groundwater may discharge to or flow through         0
                              the wetland, or groundwater influx is unknown.
F13   Graminoid vs. Forb      When the areal cover of herbaceous vascular plants in the AA is at an annual maximum,            graminoids= grasses, sedges, rushes, reeds, burreed, cat-tail, and other grasslike plants.
      Cover                   those plants are:                                                                                Remember to focus only on plants not beneath a woody canopy, unless that canopy occupies
                              overwhelmingly graminoids (>80% of the veg cover is grasslike plants)                        0   >80% of the AA. If possible this should be assessed during mid-summer. [PH]
                              mostly graminoids (50-80% cover)                                                             0
                              mostly non-graminoids (e.g., forbs, ferns) (50-80%)                                          0
                              overwhelmingly (>80%) non-graminoids                                                         0




      WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
  A            B                                                         C                                                 D                                                  E
F14   Herbaceous Species      Of just the herbaceous (forb and graminoid) species:                                             Consider only the plants that are not beneath a woody canopy. [PH]
      Dominance
                              One or two species together comprise >50% of the areal cover of herbaceous plants at         0
                              any time during the year, and one or both are non-native species (see PlantList
                              worksheet).
                              One or two species together comprise >50% of the areal cover of herbaceous plants at         0
                              any time during the year, and both are native species.
                              There are several herbaceous species, including some non-natives, but no species             0
                              is dominant. That is, no two of the species together comprise >50% of the areal cover
                              of herbaceous plants.
                              There are several herbaceous species but no species is non-native or dominant. No            0
                              two of the native species together comprise >50% of the areal cover of herbaceous
                              plants.
F15   Soil Composition in the Based on at least three 12-inch pits spaced about equidistant across the AA (and                 See chart in Appendix D of the Manual. "Organic" includes muck, mucky peat, peat, and
      Soil Pit                including areas flooded and not flooded daily by tides, if both present), the composition        mucky mineral soils that comprise the "Oi" horizon. These soils are much less common in
                              of in the uppermost soil layer (but excluding the duff layer) is:                                floodplains. Duff layer= fallen leaves, woody material, live or dead roots, moss that has
                              Loamy: includes silt, silt loam, loam, sandy loam                                            0   undergone partial decomposition. [CS, PH]

                              Clayey: includes clay, clay loam, silty clay, silty clay loam, sandy clay, sandy clay loam   0

                              Organic (deep), from surface to 4 inch depth or greater                                      0
                              Organic (shallow), from surface to shallower than 4 inch depth                               0
                              Coarse: includes sand, loamy sand, gravel, cobble, stones, boulders, fluvents,               0
                              fluvaquents, riverwash
F16   Nearby Non-tidal        A pond, lake, or non-tidal wetland with >30% surface water in summer (and not part of        0   [SR, FA, WBF]
      Wetland                 the same wetland, pond, or lake as the AA) is within 1 mile of the AA. If not, enter 0
                              and SKIP TO F21. Otherwise enter "1" and continue.
F17   Distance to Any         Within this 1-mile radius, the minimum overland distance from the AA edge to the                 [SR, FA, WBF]
      Nontidal Pond or        closest non-tidal wetland, pond, or lake that is larger than 1 acre, is at least 30%
      Wetland                 covered by surface water, and is not part of the same wetland, pond, or lake as the
                              AA, is:
                              <300 ft                                                                                      0
                              300-1000 ft                                                                                  0
                              1000 ft - 1 mile                                                                             0




      WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
 A             B                                                          C                                                D                                                E
F18 Vegetation                On a direct overland route between the AA and the feature described in F16, there is             [SBM]
    Connectivity to Non-      (select ONE):
    tidal Wetland             mostly water, pavement, rock, glacier, or other unvegetated surfaces                         0
                              mostly natural vegetation, uninterrupted by water, pavement, rock, ice, or other             0
                              unvegetated feature
                              mostly natural vegetation, but interrupted by water, pavement, rock, ice, or other           0
                              unvegetated feature
                              mostly non-natural vegetation (lawn, landscaping, or invasive plants)                        0
F19   Water Connectivity to   The AA and the feature described in F16 above:                                                   To count, the "gap" in natural vegetation must be >150 ft wide and caused by open water
      Non-tidal Wetland       are connected by a channel or ditch that flows into the AA for at least 9 months annually    0   (e.g., a channel), rock, pavement, or other unvegetated surface. [FA]

                              are connected by a channel or ditch that flows into the AA less than 9 months annually       0
                              are not connected by any visible channel or ditch. SKIP to F21.                              0
F20   Water Flow Restriction Water exchange (not nececessarily fish access) via the connection described above is:             [FA]

                              unrestricted by an artificial feature such as a berm, culvert, or tidegate                   0
                              restricted by an artificial feature, at least during high water events                       0
                              unknown if any artificial water restriction is present                                       0
F21   Large Woody Debris      Large woody debris that rises at least 3 ft above the marsh terrace or is present in tidal       [SBM]
                              channels is:
                              many (>1 piece per 5 acres or per 10 channel widths)                                         0
                              none or few                                                                                  0
                              intermediate                                                                                 0
F22   Driftwood               On or near the tidal marsh edge with upland, the percent of the edge occupied by                 [SBM]
                              driftwood is:
                              none, or the AA lacks an upland edge                                                         0
                              1-25%                                                                                        0
                              25 - 50%                                                                                     0
                              50 - 75%                                                                                     0
                              >75%                                                                                         0




      WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
  A             B                                                     C                                                   D                                                 E
F23   Trees on Upland Edge Select all the types occupying >5% of the wooded part of the AA or which comprise                  Measurements are the d.b.h., which is the tree diameter at 4.5 ft above the ground. [FA, SBM]
                           >5% of its upland edge and are within one potential tree-height upslope (about 150 ft):

                              deciduous 1-4" diameter and >3 ft tall                                                      0
                              evergreen 1-4" diameter and >3 ft tall                                                      0
                              deciduous 4-9" diameter                                                                     0
                              evergreen 4-9" diameter                                                                     0
                              deciduous 9-21" diameter                                                                    0
                              evergreen 9-21" diameter                                                                    0
                              deciduous >21" diameter                                                                     0
                              evergreen >21" diameter                                                                     0
                              Lacks woody vegetation, or none of above occupy >5% of the wooded part of the AA or         0
                              5% of the length of the upland edge.
F24   N Fixers                The cover of nitrogen-fixing plants (e.g., alder, sweetgale, legumes) along the AA's            Do not include algae. [CS, SEN]
                              upland edge is:
                              <1% or none, or AA has no upland edge                                                       0
                              1-25%                                                                                       0
                              25-50%                                                                                      0
                              50-75%                                                                                      0
                              >75%                                                                                        0
F25   Upland Edge Shape       Most of the edge between the AA's wetland and upland is (select one):                       W   [SBM]
      Complexity              Linear: a significant proportion of the wetland's upland edge is straight, as in wetlands   0
                              bounded partly or wholly by dikes or roads
                              Convoluted: Wetland perimeter is many times longer than maximum width of the                0
                              wetland, with many alcoves and indentations ("fingers")
                              Intermediate: Wetland's perimeter either (a) is only mildly convoluted, or (b) mixed --     0
                              contains about lengths of linear and convoluted segments.
F26   Natural Cover in Buffer Within 100 ft upslope of the AA's wetland-upland edge, the percent of the upland that           Natural land cover includes wooded areas, peatlands, vegetated wetlands, and most other
                              contains natural (not necessarily native) land cover is:                                        areas of perennial cover. It also includes low-intensity timber harvest areas. It does not
                                                                                                                              include water, glaciers, annual crops, residential areas, golf courses, recreational fields,
                              >90%. SKIP to F28 (Buffer Slope).                                                           0
                                                                                                                              fields mowed >1x per year, pavement, bare soil, rock, bare sand, or gravel or dirt roads.
                              60 to 90%                                                                                   0   Natural land cover is not the same as native vegetation. It can include areas with invasive
                              30 to 60%                                                                                   0   plants. [FA, SBM, PH, SEN]

                              5 to 30%                                                                                    0
                              <5%                                                                                         0




      WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
  A             B                                                        C                                                D                                                   E
F27   Type of Cover in Buffer Within 100 ft upslope of the AA's wetland-upland edge, the upland cover that is NOT             [FA, SBM, PH]
                              natural or water is mostly:
                             impervious surface, e.g., paved road, parking lot, building, exposed rock                    0
                             bare pervious surface, e.g., dirt road, dike, dunes, recent clearcut, landslide              0
                             artificially landscaped areas, lawn, annual crops, orchards, or intensely grazed             0
                             openlands with tall (>2 ft) grasses and forbs unmowed, or mowed <2x/year                     0
                             other                                                                                        0
F28   Buffer Slope           Along the AA's wetland-upland edge and extending 100 ft uphill, the slope of the                 See diagram in the manual. If the described area contains a disturbance feature, estimate
                             land is mostly:                                                                                  instead the slope between the wetland-upland boundary and the most extensive such feature.
                             <1% (flat -- almost no noticeable slope)                                                     0   Disturbance feature = building, paved area, recently cleared area, dirt road, lawn,annually-
                                                                                                                              harvested row crops [OE, SEN]
                             2-5%                                                                                         0
                             5-30%                                                                                        0
                             >30%                                                                                         0
F29   Cliffs or Banks        In the AA or within its wetland or within 100 ft of the AA, there are elevated terrestrial   0   [SBM]
                             features such as cliffs, stream banks, excavated pits, or pumice walls (but not riprap)
                             that extend at least 6 ft nearly vertically, are unvegetated, and potentially contain
                             crevices or other substrate suitable for nesting or den areas.
F30   Core Area 1            The part of the AA almost never visited by humans during an average year probably                Judge this based on proximity to population centers, roads, trails, accessibility of the AA to the
                             comprises:                                                                                       public, wetland size, usual water depth, and physical evidence of human visitation. Exclude
                             >95% of the AA                                                                               0   visits that are not likely to continue and/or that are not an annual occurrence, e.g., by
                                                                                                                              construction or monitoring crews. See diagram in the Manual. [SR, WBF, PH, PU, STR]
                             50-95%                                                                                       0
                             5-50% and inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA                                      0
                             5-50% and no inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA                                   0
                             <5% and inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA                                        0
                             <5% and no inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA                                     0
F31   Core Area 2            The part of the AA visited by humans almost daily for several weeks during an                    Exclude visits that are not likely to continue and/or that are not an annual occurrence, e.g., by
                             average year probably comprises:                                                                 construction or monitoring crews. See diagram in the manual. [SR, WBF, PH, PU, STR]
                             >95% of the AA                                                                               0
                             50-95%                                                                                       0
                             5-50%                                                                                        0
                             <5%                                                                                          0




      WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
  A                B                                                         C                                               D                                                  E
F32   Visibility              The maximum percent of the wetland that is visible from the best vantage point on public           [SRv, WBFv, PU, STR]
                              roads, public parking lots, public buildings, or public maintained trails that intersect,
                              adjoin, or are within 300 ft of the AA (select one) is:
                              >50%                                                                                           0
                              25-50%                                                                                         0
                              <25%                                                                                           0
F33   Ownership               Most of the AA is (select one):                                                                    [PU, Subsis]
                              in public ownership                                                                            0
                              in private ownership                                                                           0
F34   Public Access           For most of the AA, permission for access is normally given or allowed:                            In all cases, this question assumes that permission for access may be limited to certain
                              to anyone, mostly unrestricted                                                                 0   activities. [PU, Subsis]

                              to anyone, but significant restrictions (e.g., limited dates, permit required)                 0
                              only on a case-by-case basis, but with few other restrictions                                  0
                              only on a case-by-case basis, with restrictions (e.g., limited dates, permit required)         0
                              seldom or never                                                                                0
                              (do not know)                                                                                  0
F35   Non-consumptive Uses Assuming access permission was granted, select all statements that are true of this AA                [PU]
      - Actual or Potential as it currently exists:
                              Walking is physically possible in >5% of the AA during most of year, e.g., free of deep        0
                              water and dense shrub thickets
                              All or part of the AA (or an area within sight of the AA and within 100 ft) would be           0
                              physically accessible to people in wheelchairs, e.g., paved and flat
                              Maintained roads, parking areas, or foot-trails are within 30 ft of the AA, or the AA can be   0
                              accessed most of the year by boat
                              Within or near the AA, there is an interpretive center, trails with interpretive signs or      0
                              brochures, and/or regular guided interpretive tours.
F36   Consumptive Uses        Recent evidence was found within the AA of the following potentially-sustainable                   Evidence of these consumptive uses may consist of direct observation, or presence of
      (Provisioning Services) consumptive uses. Select all that apply.                                                           physical evidence (e.g., recently cut stumps, fishing lures, shell cases), or might be obtained
                              subsistence-focused harvesting of native plants, their fruits, or mushrooms                    0   from communication with the land owner or manager. [Subsis]

                              waterfowl hunting or furbearer trapping                                                        0
                              fishing (including shellfish harvest)                                                          0
                              None of the above                                                                              0




      WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
     Site Name:                                                                                         Investigator:                                                          Date:

Field S data form. WESPAK-SE version 1 for TIDAL wetlands.
S1  Wetter Water Regime - Internal Causes
     In the last column, place an X next to any item that is likely to have caused a part of the AA to be inundated more extensively, more frequently, more deeply, and/or for longer duration
     than it would be without that item or activity. (The items you check are not used automatically in subsequent calculations. They are included simply so they may be considered when
     evaluating the factors in the table beneath them).

        an impounding dam, dike, levee, weir, berm, road fill, or tidegate -- within or downgradient from the AA, or raising of outlet culvert elevation.
        excavation within the AA, e.g., artificial pond, dead-end ditch
        excavation or reflooding of upland soils that adjoined the AA, thus expanding the area of the AA
        plugging of ditches or drain tile that otherwise would drain the AA (as part of intentional restoration, or due to lack of maintenance, sedimentation, etc.)
        vegetation removal within the AA
        compaction (e.g., ruts) and/or subsidence of the AA's substrate as a result of machinery, livestock, or off road vehicles
     If any items were checked above, then for each row of the table below, assign points (3, 2, or 1) in the last column that describe the combined maximum effect of those items in creating a
     wetter water regime that still persists in the AA. To estimate that, contrast it with the condition if checked items never occurred or were no longer present. The sum and final score will
     compute automatically.
                                                                                                              Severe (3 points)                 Medium (2 points)                       Mild (1 point)
     Spatial extent of resulting wetter condition                                                         >95% of AA or >95% of           5-95% of AA or 5-95% of its            <5% of AA and <5% of its
                                                                                                          its upland edge (if any)            upland edge (if any)                 upland edge (if any)


     When most of AA's wetter condition began                                                                      <3 yrs ago                      3-9 yrs ago                         10-100 yrs ago
      Score the following 2 rows only if the wetter conditions began within past 10 years, and only
     for the part of the AA that got wetter.
     Inundation now vs. previously                                                                          persistent vs. seldom            persistent vs. seasonal            slightly longer or more often


     Average water level increase                                                                                    >1 ft                             6-12"                             <6 inches
     * Score these 2 rows only for the part of the AA that got wetter, and only if the wetter conditions began within past 10 yrs                                                                        sum=
                                                                               0 if Sum= 0, (1 pt) if Sum= 1-4. (2 pt) if 5-6. (3 pt) if 7-8. (4 pt) if 9-10. (5 pt) if >10.                       final score=
S2   Wetter Water Regime - External Causes
     In the last column, place an X next to any item occurring in the contributing area (CA), including the contributing area of channels flowing into the AA, that is likely to have caused a part
     of the AA to be inundated more extensively, more frequently, more deeply, and/or for longer duration than it would be without that item or activity. The CA is the area that feeds runoff,
     groundwater, or channel flow to the upper edge of the tidal wetland.
        subsidies from stormwater, wastewater effluent, or septic system leakage
        pavement, ditches, or drain tile in the CA that incidentally increase the transport of water into the AA
        removal of timber in the CA or along the AA's tributaries
     If any items were checked above, then for each row of the table below, assign points (3, 2, or 1) in the last column that describe the combined maximum effect of those items in creating a
     wetter water regime in the AA. To estimate that, contrast it with the condition if checked items never occurred or were no longer present.


                                                                                                                Severe (3 pts)                   Medium (2 pts)                          Mild (1 pt)
     Spatial extent of resulting wetter condition                                                              >20% of the AA                   5-20% of the AA                        <5% of the AA

     When most of AA's wetter condition began                                                                      <3 yrs ago                      3-9 yrs ago                         10-100 yrs ago
      Score the following 2 rows only if the wetter conditions began within past 10 years, and only
     for the part of the AA that got wetter.
     Inundation now vs. previously                                                                          persistent vs. seldom            persistent vs. seasonal            slightly longer or more often


     Average water level increase                                                                                    >1 ft                             6-12"                             <6 inches
     * Score this row only for the part of the AA that got wetter, and only if the wetter conditions began within past 10 yrs                                                                            sum=
                                                                               0 if Sum= 0, (1 pt) if Sum= 1-4. (2 pt) if 5-6. (3 pt) if 7-8. (4 pt) if 9-10. (5 pt) if >10.                       final score=




                                                                             WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
S3   Drier Water Regime - Internal Causes
     In the last column, place an X next to any item located within or immediately adjacent to the AA, that is likely to have caused a part of the AA to be inundated less extensively, less
     deeply, less frequently, and/or for shorter duration that it would be without that item.
        ditches or drain tile in the AA or along its edge that accelerate outflow from the AA
        lowering or enlargement of a surface water exit point (e.g., culvert) or modification of a water level control structure, resulting in quicker drainage
        placement of fill material
     If any items were checked above, then for each row of the table below assign points (3, 2, or 1) in the last column that describe the combined maximum effect of those items in creating a
     drier water regime in the AA. To estimate that, contrast it with the condition if checked items never occurred or were no longer present.


                                                                                                                Severe (3 pts)                    Medium (2 pt)                         Mild (1 pt)
     Spatial extent of AA's resulting drier condition                                                     >95% of AA or >95% of           5-95% of AA or 5-95% of its          <5% of AA and <5% of its
                                                                                                          its upland edge (if any)            upland edge (if any)               upland edge (if any)


     When most of AA's drier condition began                                                                      <3 yrs ago                       3-9 yrs ago                       10-100 yrs ago
      Score the following 2 rows only if the drier conditions began within past 10 years, and only
     for the part of the AA that got drier.

     Inundation now vs. previously                                                                          seldom vs. persistent            seasonal vs. persistent           slightly shorter or less often


     Water level decrease                                                                                            >1 ft                             6-12"                            <6 inches
                                                                                                                                                                                                         sum=
                                                                               0 if Sum= 0, (1 pt) if Sum= 1-4. (2 pt) if 5-6. (3 pt) if 7-8. (4 pt) if 9-10. (5 pt) if >10.                       final score=
S4   Drier Water Regime - External Causes
     In the last column, place an X next to any item within the CA that is likely to have caused a part of the AA to be inundated less extensively, less deeply, less frequently, and/or for shorter
     duration that it would be without those.
        a dam, dike, levee, weir, berm, or tidegate that interferes with natural inflow to the AA
        relocation of natural tributaries whose water would otherwise reach the AA
        instream water withdrawals from tributaries whose water would otherwise reach the AA
        groundwater withdrawals that divert water that would otherwise reach the AA
     If any items were checked above, then for each row of the table below assign points (3, 2, or 1) in the last column that describe the combined maximum effect of those items in creating a
     drier water regime in the AA. To estimate that, contrast it with the condition if checked items never occurred or were no longer present.


                                                                                                                Severe (3 pts)                   Medium (2 pts)                         Mild (1 pt)
     Spatial extent of AA's resulting drier condition                                                          >20% of the AA                   5-20% of the AA                      <5% of the AA
     When most of AA;s drier condition began                                                                      <3 yrs ago                       3-9 yrs ago                       10-100 yrs ago
      Score the following 2 rows only if the drier conditions began within past 10 years, and only
     for the part of the AA that got drier.
     Inundation now vs. previously                                                                          seldom vs. persistent            seasonal vs. persistent           slightly shorter or less often


     Water level decrease                                                                                            >1 ft                             1-12"                             <1 inch
                                                                                                                                                                                                         sum=
                                                                               0 if Sum= 0, (1 pt) if Sum= 1-4. (2 pt) if 5-6. (3 pt) if 7-8. (4 pt) if 9-10. (5 pt) if >10.                       final score=




                                                                             WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
S5   Altered Timing of Water Inputs
     In the last column, place an X next to any item that is likely to have caused the timing of water inputs (but not necessarily their volume) to shift by hours, days, or weeks, becoming either
     more muted (smaller or less frequent peaks spread over longer times, more temporal homogeneity of flow or water levels) or more flashy (larger or more frequent spikes but over shorter
     times).

        flow regulation in tributaries or water level regulation in adjoining water body, or tidegate or other control structure at water entry points that regulates inflow to the AA

        increased pavement and other impervious surface in the CA
        straightening, ditching, dredging, and/or lining of tributary channels in the CA
     If any items were checked above, then for each row of the table below assign points (3, 2, or 1) in the last column that describe the combined maximum effect of those items on the timing
     of water inputs to the AA. To estimate that, contrast it with the condition if checked items never occurred or were no longer present.


                                                                                                                 Severe (3 pts)                    Medium (2 pts)                          Mild (1 pt)
     Spatial extent within the AA of timing shift                                                                 >95% of AA                        5-95% of AA                            <5% of AA
     When most of the timing shift began                                                                           <3 yrs ago                        3-9 yrs ago                        10-100 yrs ago
      Score the following 2 rows only if the altered inputs began within past 10 years, and only for
     the part of the AA that experiences those.
     Input timing now vs. previously                                                                             shift of weeks                     shift of days                   shift of hours or minutes
     Flashiness or muting                                                                                   became very flashy or                   intermediate                    became mildly flashy or
                                                                                                                 controlled                                                              controlled
                                                                                                                                                                                                           sum=
                                                                                0 if Sum= 0, (1 pt) if Sum= 1-4. (2 pt) if 5-6. (3 pt) if 7-8. (4 pt) if 9-10. (5 pt) if >10.                        final score=
S6   Accelerated Inputs of Nutrients or Contaminants
     In the last column, place an X next to any item -- occurring in either the AA or its CA -- that is likely to have accelerated the inputs of nutrients, contaminants, or salts to the AA


        stormwater or wastewater effluent (including failing septic systems), landfills
        livestock, dogs
        fertilizers applied to lawns, ag lands, or other areas in the CA
        pesticides applied to lawns, ag lands, roadsides, or other areas in the CA, but excluding spot applications for controlling non-natives in the AA
        artificial drainage of upslope lands
        reflooding of soils that had been dry for many years
        oil or chemical spills (not just chronic inputs) from nearby roads
        erosion of nutrient-rich or contaminated soils
        metals & chemical wastes from mining, oil/ gas extraction, other industrial sources (see: http://map.dec.state.ak.us/apps/ )
        other human-related disturbances within the CA
     If any items were checked above, then for each row of the table below assign points (3, 2, or 1) in the last column that describe the combined maximum effect of those items in generating
     loads of nutrients, contaminants, or salts reaching the AA. To estimate that, contrast it with the condition if checked items never occurred or were no longer present.


                                                                                                                 Severe (3 pts)                    Medium (2 pts)                          Mild (1 pt)

     Usual toxicity of most toxic contaminants                                                            industrial effluent or 303d* domestic effluent, cropland, or             mildly impacting (livestock,
                                                                                                                   for toxics               303d for nutrients                    pets, low density residential)


     Frequency & duration of input                                                                         frequent and year-round         frequent but mostly seasonal          infrequent & during high runoff
                                                                                                                                                                                         events mainly

     AA proximity to main sources (actual or potential)                                                              0-50 ft                50-300 ft or in groundwater           in other part of contributing
                                                                                                                                                                                              area

                                                                                                                                                                                                           sum=
                                                                                      0 if Sum= 0, (1 pt) if Sum= 1-3. (2 pt) if 4-5. (3 pt) if 6-7. (4 pt) if 8. (5 pt) if 9.                       final score=




                                                                              WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
S7   Excessive Sediment Loading from Contributing Area
     In the last column, place an X next to any item present in the CA that is likely to have elevated the load of waterborne or windborne sediment reaching the AA from its CA.


        erosion from clearcuts, dirt roads, plowed fields, fill, vegetation clearing, fires
        erosion from construction, in-channel machinery in the CA
        erosion from off-road vehicles in the CA
        erosion from livestock or foot traffic in the CA
        stormwater or wastewater effluent
        sediment from mining, oil/ gas extraction
        accelerated channel downcutting or headcutting of tributaries due to altered land use
        other human-related disturbances within the CA
     If any items were checked above, then for each row of the table below assign points (3, 2, or 1) in the last column that describe the combined maximum effect of those items in increasing
     the amount or transport of sediment into the AA. To estimate that, contrast it with the condition if checked items never occurred or were no longer present.

                                                                                                                   Severe (3 pts)                   Medium (2 pts)                          Mild (1 pt)
     Erosion in CA                                                                                           extensive evidence, high    potentially (based on high-       potentially (based on low-
                                                                                                                     intensity*       intensity* land use) or scattered intensity* land use) with little or
                                                                                                                                                   evidence                   no direct evidence

     Recentness of significant soil disturbance in the CA                                                        current & ongoing                 1-12 months ago                          >1 yr ago
     Duration of sediment inputs to the AA                                                                   frequent and year-round         frequent but mostly seasonal         infrequent & during high runoff
                                                                                                                                                                                          events mainly

     AA proximity to actual or potential sources                                                             0-50 ft, or farther but on                 50-300 ft                  in other part of contributing
                                                                                                              steep erodible slopes                                                            area


     * high-intensity= plowing, grading, excavation, erosion with or without veg removal; low-intensity= veg removal only with little or no apparent erosion or                                             sum=
     disturbance of soil or sediment
                                                                                  0 if Sum= 0, (1 pt) if Sum= 1-4. (2 pt) if 5-6. (3 pt) if 7-8. (4 pt) if 9-10. (5 pt) if >10.                      final score=
S8   Soil or Sediment Alteration Within the Assessment Area
     In the last column, place an X next to any item present in the AA that is likely to have compacted, eroded, or otherwise altered the AA's soil
        compaction from machinery, off-road vehicles, or mountain bikes, especially during wetter periods
        leveling or other grading not to the natural contour
        fill or riprap, excluding small amounts of upland soils containing organic amendments (compost, etc.) or small amounts of topsoil imported from another wetland


        excavation
        dredging in or adjacent to the AA
        boat traffic in or adjacent to the AA and sufficient to cause shore erosion or stir bottom sediments
        artificial water level or flow manipulations sufficient to cause erosion or stir bottom sediments
     If any items were checked above, then for each row of the table below assign points (3, 2, or 1) in the last column that describe the combined maximum effect of those items in altering the
     AA's soils. To estimate that, contrast it with the soil condition if checked items never occurred or were no longer present.
                                                                                                                   Severe (3 pts)                   Medium (2 pts)                          Mild (1 pt)
     Spatial extent of altered soil                                                                          >95% of AA or >95% of           5-95% of AA or 5-95% of its            <5% of AA and <5% of its
                                                                                                             its upland edge (if any)            upland edge (if any)                 upland edge (if any)


     Recentness of significant soil alteration in AA                                                             current & ongoing                 1-12 months ago                          >1 yr ago

     Duration                                                                                                long-lasting, minimal veg          long-lasting but mostly            short-term, revegetated, not
                                                                                                                     recovery                        revegetated                             intense
     Timing of soil alteration                                                                               frequent and year-round         frequent but mostly seasonal           infrequent & mainly during
                                                                                                                                                                                         scattered events
                                                                                                                                                                                                            sum=
                                                                                  0 if Sum= 0, (1 pt) if Sum= 1-4. (2 pt) if 5-6. (3 pt) if 7-8. (4 pt) if 9-10. (5 pt) if >10.                      final score=




                                                                                WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
S9   Vegetated Cover Removal Within the Assessment Area
     In the last column, place an X next to any item present in the AA that is likely to have caused less canopy or ground cover, or less vegetation biomass, or less wood generally. If only the
     species composition (not total cover or biomass) changed, do not check any of these items.
        clearing
        mowing
        herbicides, excepting spot applications for controlling non-native plants in the AA
        plowing, regrading
        removal of woody debris
        shading from large artificial structure, e.g., bridge, boardwalk, dock
        other human-related disturbances within the AA; e.g. boat destruction of vegetation
     If any items were checked above, then for each row of the table below assign points (3, 2, or 1) in the last column that describe the combined maximum effect of those items on the amount
     of vegetation cover in the AA.
                                                                                                               Severe (3 pts)                    Medium (2 pts)                       Mild (1 pt)

     Spatial extent of veg removal                                                                     >95% of AA or >95% of its         5-95% of AA or 5-95% of its           <5% of AA and <5% of its
                                                                                                             water edge                         water edge                        water edge if any

     Frequency of significant veg removal                                                                regularly during most of              a few times a year                   annual or less
                                                                                                                 the year

     Biomass recovery after each removal                                                                          > 20 yrs                           2-20 yrs                           <2 yrs
                                                                                                                                                                                                       sum=
                                                                                    0 if Sum= 0, (1 pt) if Sum= 1-3. (2 pt) if 4-5. (3 pt) if 6-7. (4 pt) if 8. (5 pt) if 9.                     final score=




                                                                             WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
      [STR]




Pts
0



0                                                 FALSE



0                                                 FALSE


0                                                 FALSE
0
0
      [STR]




Pts
0
0                                                 FALSE



0                                                 FALSE


0                                                 FALSE
0
0




              WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
    [CS, STR]




0



0                                                   FALSE




0                                                   FALSE


0                                                   FALSE
0
0
    [CS, STR]




0
0                                                   FALSE



0                                                   FALSE


0                                                   FALSE
0
0




                WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
    [STR]




0
0                                               FALSE



0                                               FALSE
0                                               FALSE


0
0
    [STR]




0                                               FALSE



0                                               FALSE


0                                               FALSE


0
0




            WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
    [STR]




0



0                                               FALSE
0                                               FALSE


0                                               FALSE



0


0
    [STR]




0



0                                               FALSE
0                                               FALSE


0                                               FALSE


0
0




            WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
    [STR]




0                                               FALSE


0                                               FALSE


0                                               FALSE
0
0




            WESPUS betaV1, by Dr. Paul Adamus
WESPAK-SE Scores for Wetland Functions and Values
Site Name:
Investigator Name:
Date of Field Assessment:
Latitude & Longitude (decimal degrees)

                                                                                                   Other TIDAL Wetlands
                                                                                    For Comparison: Function Scores

                                                   Function                         Regional
                                               (wetland's relative Relative Values Median (n=   Regional
           Functions and Their Values:           effectiveness)    of the Function     6)       Minimum
Sediment Retention & Stabilization (SR)                                                  6.92        4.94
Carbon Sequestration (CS)                                                                6.57        3.84
Organic Matter Export (OE)                                                               5.16        4.18
Anadromous Fish Habitat (FA)                                                             5.00        2.50
Waterbird Feeding Habitat (WBF)                                                          6.10        4.09
Songbird, Raptor, & Mammal Habitat (SBM)                                                 5.58        3.91
Native Plant Habitat (PH)                                                                4.04        2.27
                    Values Only:
Public Use (PU)
Subsistence & Provisioning Services (Subsis)
Wetland Sensitivity
Wetland Stressors
her TIDAL Wetlands of Southeast Alaska
unction Scores        For Comparison: Value Scores

                   Regional
     Regional      Median      Regional     Regional
     Maximum        (n=6)      Minimum      Maximum
          10.00         2.55         0.83         4.90
           8.44
           5.94
           5.53         5.00         5.00             5.00
           7.81         9.00         5.00            10.00
           6.70         1.00         1.00            10.00
           6.79         1.00         1.00             1.00

                        6.54         2.60             7.23
                        5.56         0.00             6.67
                        2.10         1.58             2.87
                        4.00         2.47             5.33
                                                       SR          CS      OE               FA           WBF
  #                    Indicator                   F        V      F       F          F          V   F         V
F1    Tidal Regime                                 0.00             1.00       0.00       0.00       0.00
F2    Water at Daily Low Tide                      0.00
F3    Width of Vegetated Zone at Daily Low Tide    0.00             0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00

F4    Aquatic Cover                                                                       0.00
F5    Dry Land at Daily High Tide
F6    Width of Vegetated Zone at Daily High Tide                    0.00                             0.00


F7    Woody Extent Within the AA                                    0.00                  0.00       0.00
F8    Bare Ground & Accumulated Plant Litter       0.00             0.00


F9    Blind channel presence & complexity                                      0.00       0.00       0.00

F10 Internal Channel Network Complexity                                        0.00
F11 Outflow Confinement                                                        0.00       0.00
F12 Groundwater Seeps                                                                     0.00
F13 Graminoid vs. Forb Cover
F14 Herbaceous Species Dominance
F15 Soil Composition in the Soil Pit                                0.00
F16 Nearby Non-tidal Wetland                                                              0.00       0.00
F17 Distance to Any Nontidal Pond or Wetland

F18 Vegetation Connectivity to Non-tidal Wetland

F19 Water Connectivity to Non-tidal Wetland

F20 Water Flow Restriction
F21 Large Woody Debris
F22 Driftwood
F23 Trees on Upland Edge                                                                  0.00
F24 N Fixers                                                        0.00
F25 Upland Edge Shape Complexity
F26 Natural Cover in Buffer                                 0.00                          0.00
F27 Type of Cover in Buffer                                                               0.00
F28 Buffer Slope                                            0.00
F29 Cliffs or Banks
F30 Core Area 1                                                                                      0.00
F31 Core Area 2                                                                                      0.00
F32 Visibility                                                                                                 0.00
F33 Ownership
F34 Public Access
F35 Non-consumptive Uses - Actual or Potential


F36 Consumptive Uses (Provisioning Services)

D1   Distance (by road) to Nearest Population                                         0.00          0.00
     Center
D2   Barriers to Wildlife Movements
D3   Distance to Nearest Road
D5   Distance to Natural Cover
D6   Natural Cover Extent
D7   Type of Cover Alteration
D8   Size of Largest Nearby Tract or Corridor of
     Natural Land Cover
D9   Ponded Water in Landscape                                                               0.00
D10 Distance to Lake                                                                         0.00
D11 ShoreZone Habitat Diversity                                                0.00          0.00
D12 Distance to Tidal Marsh                                                    0.00          0.00
D13 Distance to Eelgrass or Kelp                          0.00                 0.00          0.00
D14 Geography                                                    0.00   0.00   0.00          1.00
D15 Geomorphic Setting                                           0.00   0.00   0.00          0.00
D16 Input Tributary                                                     0.00   0.00          0.00
D17 Fish Access or Use
D18 Input Stream Gradient
D19 Glacier Fed
D20 Documented Toxicity
D21 Distance to Stream or River                           0.00                 0.00
D22 Fetch                                          0.00          0.00   0.00                 0.00
D23 Adjoining Mudflat                              0.00                                      0.00
D24 Marsh Area Trend                               0.00          0.00
D25 Tidal Wetland Age                                            0.00
D26 Aspect
D27 Upslope Soil Erodibility & Debris Flow
    Potential
D28 Unvegetated Surface in the Contributing               0.00
    Area
D29 Transport From Upslope                                0.00
D30 Large Estuarine Extent                                                     0.00          0.00
D31 Small Estuarine Extent                                                            0.00          0.00
D32 Bear Watershed                                             0.00
D33 Salmonid Watershed                                  0.00          0.00
D34 Designated IBA                                                           0.00
D35 Subsistence Focal Area                                     0.00
D36 Mitigation Investment
D37 Conservation Investment
D38 Sustained Scientific Use
D39 Non-breeding (Feeding) Waterbird Species                                 0.00
    of Conservation Concern
D40 Songbird or Raptor Species of Conservation
    Concern
D41 Plant Species of Conservation Concern


S1   Wetter Water Regime - Internal Causes


S2   Wetter Water Regime - External Causes

S3   Drier Water Regime - Internal Causes        1.00
S4   Drier Water Regime - External Causes        1.00


S5   Altered Timing of Water Inputs
S6   Accelerated Inputs of Nutrients,
     Contaminants, and/or Salts
S7   Excessive Sediment Loading from
     Contributing Area
S8   Soil or Sediment Alteration Within the
     Assessment Area
S9   Vegetated Cover Removal Within the
     Assessment Area
    SBM           PH       PU          Subsis   Sens        STR
F         V   F        V   V             V       V          V
0.00          0.00




0.00          0.00                                   0.00
0.00          0.00                                   0.00


0.00          0.00
              0.00




              0.00




              0.00




0.00
0.00
0.00
                                                     0.00
0.00
0.00          0.00                                   0.00
0.00          0.00
                                                     0.00
0.00
              0.00              0.00                            0.00
              0.00              0.00                            0.00
                                0.00                            0.00
                     0.00   0.00
                     0.00   0.00
                     0.00


                            0.00

0.00   0.00          0.00   0.00          0.00

0.00                                      0.00
       0.00                               0.00
0.00   0.00                               0.00
0.00   0.00                               0.00
0.00   0.00                               0.00
0.00   0.00                               0.00




                                   0.00


0.00
0.00   0.00
0.00                        0.00
                            0.00




                                          0.00


0.00                               0.00


                                   0.00
0.00   0.00                        0.00


                                          0.00


                                          0.00

                                          0.00


              0.00   0.00          0.00
0.00          0.00
                                   0.00
       0.00
                                   0.00
                            0.00
                            0.00
                            0.00
                                          0.00


       0.00                               0.00

                     0.00                 0.00


                                                 0.00


                                                 0.00

                                                 0.00
                                                 0.00


                                                 0.00
                                                 0.00


                                                 0.00


                                                 0.00

                                                 0.00
#    Indicator               Conditions

F1   Tidal Regime            For each condition listed in the rows in the table below, estimate how much of the AA’s area
                             (including its internal tidal channels) is likely to be accessible to small fish. Then select one
                             number from each row, and sum the four numbers and enter the sum in the column to the right.


F2   Water at Daily Low      Tidal surface water remains on >1% of the marsh surface or in internal channels or pools during
     Tide                    an average daily low tide. If yes, enter 1. If no, enter 0 and SKIP to F5.

F3   Width of Vegetated     At daily low tide, the average width of vegetated area in the AA that separates adjoining uplands
     Zone at Daily Low Tide (if any) from most open subtidal water (if any) within or adjoining the AA is:


                             >300 ft
                             100-300 ft
                             25-100 ft
                             5-25 ft
                             1-5 ft
F8   Bare Ground &           Consider the parts of the AA that are not inundated by tides on most days. Viewed from 6 inches
     Accumulated Plant       above the soil surface, the condition in most of this area is:
     Litter
                             little or no (<5%) bare ground or plant litter (thatch) is visible between erect stems or under
                             canopy. This can occur if ground surface is extensively blanketed by moss, lichens, graminoids
                             with great stem densities, or plants with ground-hugging foliage.


                             some (5-20%) bare ground or litter is visible. Herbaceous plants have moderate stem densities
                             and do not closely hug the ground.
                             much (20-50%) bare ground or plant litter is visible. Low stem density and/or tall plants with little
                             near-ground foliage. Often in forested wetlands.
                             mostly (>50%) bare ground or accumulated plant litter. Or, during early spring the entire AA is
                             constantly under water.
D22 Biological Wave          At the ShoreZone web site, the Biological Wave Exposure of most of the AA is shown as:
    Exposure
                             protected or very protected
                             semi-protected
                             semi-exposed
                             exposed or very exposed
D23 Adjoining Mudflat        At daily low tide, the maximum width (perpendicular to shore) of unvegetated mudflat contiguous
                             to, but outside of, the AA is:
                             none (no adjoining mud flat is apparent at low tide)
                             <10 ft
                             10-100 ft
                             100-1000 ft
                              >1000 ft
D24 Marsh Area Trend          Over the past 100 years (approximately) the size of this AA's tidal marsh is probably (select one):

                              expanding outward into formerly subtidal waters due to delta deposition from logging or
                              landslides, or landward due to glacial recession/ uplift, earthquake, or other causes.

                              shrinking due to natural processes (excessive sedimentation or uplift causing succession to non-
                              tidal upland, or partial conversion to subtidal due to erosion, sea level rise, excessive retention of
                              nourishing sediments by upriver dams, or tilting of the marsh plain following glacial rebound or
                              earthquake). SKIP to D26 (Aspect).


                              mostly unchanged. SKIP to D26 (Aspect).
                              (trend indeterminable). SKIP to D26 (Aspect).
    Value Indicators
F26 Natural Cover in Buffer Within 100 ft upslope of the AA's wetland-upland edge, the percent of the upland that contains
                            natural (not necessarily native) land cover is:
                              >90%. SKIP to F28 (Buffer Slope).
                              60 to 90%
                              30 to 60%
                              5 to 30%
                              <5%
F28 Buffer Slope              Along the AA's wetland-upland edge and extending 100 ft uphill, the slope of the land is mostly:


                              <1% (flat -- almost no noticeable slope)
                              2-5%
                              5-30%
                              >30%
D13 Distance to Eelgrass or From ShoreZone, direct observation, or other sources, the water distance from the AA edge to
    Kelp                    the closest patch of eelgrass or kelp that is mapped or is greater than 10 ft long or wide is:


                              <150 ft
                              150-1000 ft
                              >1000 ft
D18 Input Stream Gradient The gradient of the steepest input stream, averaged up to 300 ft from the AA, is:
                              <1%
                              1-5%.
                              5-30%
                              >30%
D19 Glacier Fed               The distance from the AA to the nearest upstream glacier which partially feeds the AA is
                              currently:
D19 Glacier Fed

                              No upstream glacier feeds the AA.
                              0 - 150 ft (i.e., a glacier is essentially contiguous with the tidal marsh AA)
                              150-1000 ft
                              1000 ft - 1 mile
                              1-5 miles
                              >5 miles, and densely cloudy or greenish water due to glacier is apparent at least seasonally

                              >5 miles, but no such water conditions are apparent, even seasonally, or conditions unknown

D21 Distance to Stream or If not intersected by a freshwater tributary stream, the distance by water from the AA to the
    River                 nearest such stream or river is:
                              0 - 150 ft (i.e., an undiked stream or river intersects or adjoins the AA).
                              150-1000 ft
                              1000 ft - 1 mile
                              1-5 miles
                              >5 miles
D28 Unvegetated Surface in The percentage of the contributing area that drains directly to the AA and is comprised of
    the Contributing Area buildings, roads, parking lots, other pavement, recent (<5 years old) clearcuts, exposed bedrock,
                           debris flows, and other mostly-bare (but unfrozen) surface is about :


                              >25%
                              10 to 25%
                              <10%
D29 Transport From            A relatively large proportion of the precipitation that falls on the slope adjoining the AA reaches
    Upslope                   this wetland quickly as runoff (surface water), as indicated by the following:
                              (a) input stream or channel is present,
                              (b) input channels have been straightened,
                              (c) upslope wetlands have been ditched extensively,
                              (d) land cover is mostly non-forest,
                              (e) slopes are steep, and/or
                              (f) most soils in the contributing area are shallow and/or have high runoff coefficients.
                              This statement is:



                              Mostly true
                              Somewhat true
                              Mostly untrue


                              Function Score for Sediment Retention & Stabilization

                              Values Score for Sediment Retention & Stabilization
Data   Wt   Data x Wt Score

 0             0




 0             0



                              0.00




 0     4       0
 0     3       0
 0     2       0
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                              0.00


 0     3       0




 0     2       0

 0     1       0

 0     0       0

                              0.00

 0     3       0
 0     2       0
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                              0.00

 0     0       0
 0     1       0
 0     3       0
 0     4       0
0   5   0
            0.00

0   2   0



0   0   0




0   1   0
0

            0.00


0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
0   3   0
0   4   0
            0.00


0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
0   3   0
            0.00



0   3   0
0   1   0
0   0   0


0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
0   4   0
0   0   0
0   6   0
0   5   0
0   4   0
0   3   0
0   2   0

0   1   0

            0.00


0   5   0
0   3   0
0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
            0.00




0   3   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
            0.00




0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0   0


        F   0.00


        V   0.00
Rationale

Higher scores indicate tidal marshes that are extensively flooded on nearly all high tides, i.e., low    HighMarsh1
marsh elevation. Such marshes accrete sediment most rapidly.



see above                                                                                                WaterLow1



Wider vegetated areas provide more area for sediment particles borne in runoff to be filtered and          Vwidth1
deposited. Knutson et al. (1981) found that emergent wetlands wider than 30 feet reduced wave
energy by 88% while those less than 6 feet wide were relatively ineffective in wave buffering. Many
studies have shown that sediment retention is greatest in the first 5-20 ft of a buffer, that is, the most
uphill portion, which is closest to potential inputs of runoff-borne sediment (Polyakov et al. 2005,
White et al. 2007). However, this depends on steepness of the terrain, erodibility and infiltration
capacity of the soil, ground cover, antecedent soil saturation, sediment particle size, and runoff
intensity. Wider buffers are required when runoff carries finer-sized particles (e.g., clay).




Dense vegetation offers frictional resistance to water flow, promoting sedimentation of suspended        Gcover1
particles, as well as reducing the resuspension of bottom sediments by waves and currents.




Wetlands constantly exposed to waves are more likely to be eroding than depositing suspended             Fetch1
sediment.




Wide tidal flats are a strong indicator of high sediment deposition rates (Jorgenson & Ely 2001).        Mudflat1
Natural outward expansion of a wetland can be the result of increased sedimentation rates.             AreaTrend1




Other factors being equal, wetlands in developed watersheds (with extensitve unvegetated area)         BuffCovPct1
tend to receive higher loads of sediment. Their sediment-trapping role could thus be considered to
be more essential and valuable for protecting marine life habitat in adjacent deeper waters.




Increased slope in a watershed or buffer strip allows for more erosion and transport of suspended      BuffSlope1
particles downslope, e.g., Trimble & Sartz (1957), Dillaha et al. (1988, 1989), Phillips (1989), and
Nieswand et al. (1990). Sediment export from sloping lands mostly begins at about 10% slope and
increases as slope becomes steeper (Zhang et al. 2010).




Eelgrass and kelp productivity is impaired when underwater light is reduced by suspended               Eelgrass1
sediments. Thus, wetlands that retain sediment help protect eelgrass and kelp important to marine
life, and thus may be considered to be more valuable.




Steeper input streams are likely to be transporting more suspended sediment to coastal wetlands.       TribGrade




Waters flowing from glaciers carry huge amounts of sediment, providing downstream wetlands with Glacier1
greater opportunity to perform this function.
Waters flowing from glaciers carry huge amounts of sediment, providing downstream wetlands with
greater opportunity to perform this function.




Presence of streams nearby increases the probability of significant amounts of upland sediment     TribDist1
being transported to a wetland.




Alteration of natural cover typically increases sediment loading to downslope wetlands, thus       CAcover1
increasing their role in retaining the sediment.




The need for (and value of) sediment retention that potentially could be provided by wetlands is   Transport1
greater when upland sediment loads are not being retained or rerouted by features closer to the
sediment source.




IF((AreaTrend=1),1,AVERAGE(AreaTrend,Vwidth,HighMarsh,Gcover, Complex,
BlindChan,Mudflat,Fetch))
MAX(Eelgrass,AVERAGE(AVERAGE(BuffCovPct,BuffSlope,CAcover,Glacier),AVERAGE(TidalRiver
,TribDist, TribGrad,Transport)))
#    Indicator                Conditions

F1   Tidal Regime             For each condition listed in the rows in the table below, estimate how much of the AA’s area
                              (including its internal tidal channels) is likely to be accessible to small fish. Then select one
                              number from each row, and sum the four numbers and enter the sum in the column to the right.


F3   Width of Vegetated     At daily low tide, the average width of vegetated area in the AA that separates adjoining uplands
     Zone at Daily Low Tide (if any) from most open subtidal water (if any) within or adjoining the AA is:

                              >300 ft
                              100-300 ft
                              25-100 ft
                              5-25 ft
                              1-5 ft
F6   Width of Vegetated      At daily high tide, the average width of vegetated area in the AA that separates adjoining uplands
     Zone at Daily High Tide (if any) from most open subtidal water (if any) within or adjoining the AA is:

                              >300 ft
                              100-300 ft
                              25-100 ft
                              5-25 ft
                              1-5 ft
F7   Woody Extent Within      Within the tidal AA, woody vegetation (living shrubs & trees) occupies:
     the AA
                              >95% of the vegetated part of the AA
                              50-95% of the vegetated AA
                              25-50% of the vegetated AA
                              5-25% of the vegetated AA
                              <5% of the vegetated AA
F8   Bare Ground &            Consider the parts of the AA that are not inundated by tides on most days. Viewed from 6 inches
     Accumulated Plant        above the soil surface, the condition in most of this area is:
     Litter                   little or no (<5%) bare ground or plant litter (thatch) is visible between erect stems or under
                              canopy. This can occur if ground surface is extensively blanketed by moss, lichens, graminoids
                              with great stem densities, or plants with ground-hugging foliage.

                              some (5-20%) bare ground or litter is visible. Herbaceous plants have moderate stem densities
                              and do not closely hug the ground.
                              much (20-50%) bare ground or plant litter is visible. Low stem density and/or tall plants with little
                              near-ground foliage. Often in forested wetlands.
                              mostly (>50%) bare ground or accumulated plant litter. Or, during early spring the entire AA is
                              constantly under water.
F15   Soil Composition in the Based on at least three 12-inch pits spaced about equidistant across the AA (and including areas
      Soil Pit                flooded and not flooded daily by tides, if both present), the composition of in the uppermost soil
                              layer (but excluding the duff layer) is:
                               Loamy: includes silt, silt loam, loam, sandy loam
                               Clayey: includes clay, clay loam, silty clay, silty clay loam, sandy clay, sandy clay loam


                               Organic (deep), from surface to 4 inch depth or greater
                               Organic (shallow), from surface to shallower than 4 inch depth
                               Coarse: includes sand, loamy sand, gravel, cobble, stones, boulders, fluvents, fluvaquents,
                               riverwash
F24   N Fixers                 The cover of nitrogen-fixing plants (e.g., alder, sweetgale, legumes) along the AA's upland edge
                               is:
                               <1% or none, or AA has no upland edge
                               1-25%
                               25-50%
                               50-75%
                               >75%
D14   Geography                Enter 1 for ALL that are true. The AA is located:
                               in the Stikine, Alsek, Taiya-Chilkat-Skagway, or Taku deltas or estuaries
                               in another mainland area or inner coast
                               on or close to the outer coast
D15   Geomorphic Setting       As viewed at a coarse (e.g., 1:24000) scale, the AA is (select one):
                               Associated with a major* river, and is closer to the upriver head-of-tide than to marine bays or
                               ocean; if known, the water salinity is <5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year

                               Associated with a major* river, and is closer to marine bays or ocean than to upriver head-of-tide;
                               may be in a river delta; if known, the water salinity is >5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year

                               In a sheltered fish-accessible lagoon, embayment, pocket beach, or tidal slough with a relatively
                               narrow connection to other marine waters and no direct river inputs

                               On a marine fjord, canal, or strait without direct river inputs to the AA
                               Other setting
D22   Biological Wave          At the ShoreZone web site, the Biological Wave Exposure of most of the AA is shown as:
      Exposure
                               protected or very protected
                               semi-protected
                               semi-exposed
                               exposed or very exposed
D24   Marsh Area Trend         Over the past 100 years (approximately) the size of this AA's tidal marsh is probably (select one):
D24   Marsh Area Trend

                             expanding outward into formerly subtidal waters due to delta deposition from logging or
                             landslides, or landward due to glacial recession/ uplift, earthquake, or other causes.

                             shrinking due to natural processes (excessive sedimentation or uplift causing succession to non-
                             tidal upland, or partial conversion to subtidal due to erosion, sea level rise, excessive retention of
                             nourishing sediments by upriver dams, or tilting of the marsh plain following glacial rebound or
                             earthquake). SKIP to D26 (Aspect).


                             mostly unchanged. SKIP to D26 (Aspect).
                             (trend indeterminable). SKIP to D26 (Aspect).
D25   Tidal Wetland Age      The age (since last covered by a glacier) of the AA is:
                             < 3 years old
                             3-20 years ago
                             20- 200 years ago
                             >200 years ago
                             unknown
S3    Drier Water Regime -
      Internal Causes
S4    Drier Water Regime -
      External Causes




                             Function Score for Sediment Retention & Stabilization
Data   Wt   Data x Wt   Score

 1




                            0.00



 0     4       0
 0     3       0
 0     2       0
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                            0.00



 0     4       0
 0     3       0
 0     2       0
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                            0.00

 0     4       0
 0     3       0
 0     2       0
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                            0.00

 0     3       0




 0     2       0

 0     1       0

 0     0       0
            0.00



0   2   0
0   1   0


0   5   0
0   4   0
0   0   0

            0.00


0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
0   3   0
0   4   0
            0.00
0   1   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
            0.00
0   0   0



0   2   0



0   4   0



0   3   0
0
            0.00

0   3   0
0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
            0.00
0   3        0



0   0        0




0   2        0
0            0
                       0.00
0   0        0
0   2        0
0   3        0
0   4        0
0
0                      1.00

0                      1.00



          Historical   0.29
        Accumulation


        Productivity   0.17
         Methane       0.00
         Limitation



             F         1.51
Rationale

Lower scores for this indicator on the data form, and a higher score in column D, indicate tidal   HighMarsh2
marshes with raised elevations. That may only be a result of glacial rebound, but it could also be
due to organic matter accretion. High marshes tend to be more productive than low marshes
(Kirwan & Murray 2008).
Wider bands of vegetation represent more biomass to be sequestered, and are more effective in VwidthLow2
trapping organic matter carried to the wetland by upland runoff or tidal currents.




see above                                                                                        VwidthHigh2




Although wooded wetlands tend to be less productive than herbaceous wetlands, the carbon they WoodyPct2
fix (as decay-resistant wood or deep roots) is kept out of the atmosphere for longer periods.
Plants that routinely shift much of their annual production belowground (as roots), rather than
aboveground (as leaves) potentially allow more carbon to be sequestered (Crow & Wieder 2005).
Belowground tissue is less subject to erosion and rapid decomposition, and living roots can
minimize methane emissions by oxidizing the soil (however, roots of some species may facilitate
movement of methane from deep soil to the surface).


Denser stands of vegetation, although sometimes less productive than more open stands,           Gcover2
typically sequester a larger proportion of their organic matter.
The presence of peat or muck implies the presence (at least historically) of a microclimate             SoilTex2
favorable to long-term retention of particulate carbon. Very coarse soils tend to be nutrient-poor
(Boss 1983) but may promote higher productivity because in tidal wetlands they tend to be more
adequately aerated.




To the extent that nitrate availability may limit productivity of tidal marsh plants, nitrogen fixing   Nfix2
plants on the marsh edge may help offset any deficits.




Tidal wetlands fed by rivers or farther from the outer coast are more likely to have fresh salinity,    Geog2
which supports higher emissions of methane (see next).




Several studies have reported methane emissions in freshwater tidal wetlands are greater,               RiverBay2
especially over the range of 0.5 to 5 ppt, as compared with more saline wetlands (e.g.,
Poffenbarger et al. 2011).




Net deposition of organic matter is more likely to occur in sheltered areas.                            Fetch2




Accreting tidal wetlands suggest that organic matter as well as sediment may be accumulating            AreaTrend2
faster than it is eroded.
Accreting tidal wetlands suggest that organic matter as well as sediment may be accumulating
faster than it is eroded.




The initial sparseness of vegetation in new wetlands suggests that overall carbon stores are less MarshAge2
than in some of the more mature wetlands with greater plant cover, diversity, and structural
complexity. Aboveground production and soil organic matter have been shown to be less in lands
newly restored to wetland conditions than in long-established wetlands (Fennessy et al. 2008).
However, many pioneering plants in new wetlands (especially on fertile soils) grow rapidly and
thus are fixing large amounts of carbon per plant per unit time.



Ditching or other drying of tidal marshes, by drawing down water levels and speeding           DrierIn2
decomposition, can oxidize accumulated organic matter.
see above                                                                                      DrierUp2



IF((AreaTrend=expanding), AVERAGE(AreaTrend,MarshAge))),
IF((AreaTrend=eroding1),0,
AVERAGE(AreaTrend,SoilTex,VwidthLow,RiverBay, WoodyPct, DrierIn,DrierUp)

AVERAGE(Geog, VwidthHigh, HighMarsh, Nfix, Gcover, Fetch)
AVERAGE(Geog, RiverBay)
#    Indicator                Conditions

F1   Tidal Regime             For each condition listed in the rows in the table below, estimate how much of the AA’s area (including its
                              internal tidal channels) is likely to be accessible to small fish. Then select one number from each row,
                              and sum the four numbers and enter the sum in the column to the right.

F3   Width of Vegetated     At daily low tide, the average width of vegetated area in the AA that separates adjoining uplands (if any)
     Zone at Daily Low Tide from most open subtidal water (if any) within or adjoining the AA is:
                              >300 ft
                              100-300 ft
                              25-100 ft
                              5-25 ft
                              1-5 ft
F9   Blind channel presence The tidal marsh AA contains one or more branching internal (blind) channels that do not connect with non-
     & complexity           tidal channels originating in adjoining uplands, i.e., connect only to adjoining marine waters. If yes, enter
                            1. If no, enter 0 and SKIP to F11.
F10 Internal Channel          The largest number of visible channel junctions (forks where two channels join) belonging to any single
    Network Complexity        blind channel network within the AA's wetland is:
                              <3
                              3-6
                              7-14
                              >14
F11 Outflow Confinement       During spring tides, the AA is:
                              Not accessible to fish due to blockage at the outlet or a short distance offsite.
                              Accessible to fish, but water exchange is partially impeded by a pipe, culvert, tidegate, narrowly breached
                              dike, berm, beaver dam, or other obstruction -- whether adjoining the AA or located a short distance
                              offsite.
                              Accessible to fish without any obstruction
D14 Geography                 Enter 1 for ALL that are true. The AA is located:
                              in the Stikine, Alsek, Taiya-Chilkat-Skagway, or Taku deltas or estuaries
                              in another mainland area or inner coast
                              on or close to the outer coast
D15 Geomorphic Setting        As viewed at a coarse (e.g., 1:24000) scale, the AA is (select one):
                              Associated with a major* river, and is closer to the upriver head-of-tide than to marine bays or ocean; if
                              known, the water salinity is <5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year
                              Associated with a major* river, and is closer to marine bays or ocean than to upriver head-of-tide; may be
                              in a river delta; if known, the water salinity is >5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year

                              In a sheltered fish-accessible lagoon, embayment, pocket beach, or tidal slough with a relatively narrow
                              connection to other marine waters and no direct river inputs
                              On a marine fjord, canal, or strait without direct river inputs to the AA
                             Other setting
D16 Input Tributary          The AA is intersected by a freshwater stream (tributary) that flows during most of the growing season and
                             originates in the upland directly adjoining this wetland. Or the AA is a fringe wetland along a river. Enter 1
                             if yes. If no, SKIP to D21.
D18 Input Stream Gradient The gradient of the steepest input stream, averaged up to 300 ft from the AA, is:
                             <1%
                             1-5%.
                             5-30%
                             >30%
D22 Biological Wave          At the ShoreZone web site, the Biological Wave Exposure of most of the AA is shown as:
    Exposure
                             protected or very protected
                             semi-protected
                             semi-exposed
                             exposed or very exposed




                              Function Score for Organic Matter Export=
Data   Wt   Data x Wt   Score

 0




                                0.00

 0     0       0
 0     1       0
 0     2       0
 0     3       0
 0     4       0
 0



                                0.00

 0     0       0
 0     1       0
 0     2       0
 0     3       0
                                0.00
 0     0
 0     1       0



 0     2       0
                                0.00
 0     2       0
 0     0       0
 0     1       0
                                0.00
 0     1       0

 0     2       0



 0     0       0

 0     2       0
0
0




0   0        0
0   1        0
0   2        0
0   4        0
                       0.00

0   0        0
0   1        0
0   2        0
0   3        0


          Historical   0.29
        Accumulation



        Productivity   0.17
         Exporting     0.00
        Opportunity



             F         1.13
Rationale

Higher scores indicate tidal marshes that are extensively flooded on nearly all high tides,   TidePctLow3
i.e., low marsh elevation. Such marshes may have the most potential to export carbon
produced within the marsh.

Whatever organic matter is produced by narrow tidal marshes is more likely to be exported VwidthLow3
(by waves, wind, currents) than if the marsh is wide.




Channels increase the edge length between vegetation and water, and thus provide a            BlindChan3
mode for transporting organic matter out of a wetland.


See above.                                                                                    ChanComplex3




Fish accessibility is used here as an indicator of physical openness of the tidal connection. Constric3
More open connections provide opportunity for greater export of organic matter.




Because of their size, these river systems have strong currents capable of carrying organic Geog3
matter from tidal marshes into deeper waters.




Water energy capable of exporting organic matter from wetlands is greatest where tidal        BayRiver3
wetlands are located in river floodplains or on exposed shorelines.
Input tributaries potentially increase the energy available in a tidal wetland for exporting the TribIn3
wetland's organic matter.


Steeper tributaries increase the energy available in a tidal wetland for exporting the          StreamGrad3
wetland's organic matter.




Water energy capable of exporting organic matter from wetlands is greatest where tidal          Fetch3
wetlands are located on shorelines with more wave exposure.




IF((D48=1), AVERAGE(AreaTrend,MarshAge))),
IF((D49=1),0,
AVERAGE(AreaTrend,SoilTex,VwidthLow,RiverBay, WoodyPct, DrierIn,DrierUp)


AVERAGE(Geog, VwidthHigh, HighMarsh, Nfix, Gcover, Fetch)
AVERAGE(TidePctLow, VwidthLow, BlindChan, ChanComplex, Constric,Geog, BayRiver,
TribIn, StreamGrad, Fetch)


AVERAGE(Exporting,AVERAGE(Accum,Produc)]
#     Indicator

F1    Tidal Regime




F3    Width of Vegetated
      Zone at Daily Low
      Tide




F4    Aquatic Cover




F7    Woody Extent Within
      the AA




F9    Blind channel
      presence &
      complexity
F10   Internal Channel
      Network Complexity




F11   Outflow Confinement
F12   Groundwater Seeps




F16   Nearby Non-tidal
      Wetland


F17   Distance to Any
      Nontidal Pond or
      Wetland




F19   Water Connectivity to
      Non-tidal Wetland




F20   Water Flow
      Restriction




F23   Trees on Upland
      Edge
F26   Natural Cover in
      Buffer




F27   Type of Cover in
      Buffer




D11   ShoreZone Habitat
      Diversity




D12   Distance to Separate
      Tidal Wetland




D13   Distance to Eelgrass
      or Kelp




D14   Geography




D15   Geomorphic Setting
D15   Geomorphic Setting




D16   Input Tributary




D17   Fish Access or Use




D20   Documented Toxicity




D21   Distance to Stream or
      River
D30    Large Estuarine
       Extent
D33    Salmonid Watershed



      Value Indicators

D1     Distance to Nearest
       Population Center




D19    Subsistence Focal
       Area




D31    Small Estuarine
       Extent
D32    Bear Watershed




                             Function Score for Anadromous Fish Habitat


                             Values Score for Anadromous Fish Habitat
Conditions                                                                                                         Data   Wt

For each condition listed in the rows in the table below, estimate how much of the AA’s area (including its         0
internal tidal channels) is likely to be accessible to small fish. Then select one number from each row, and
sum the four numbers and enter the sum in the column to the right.


At daily low tide, the average width of vegetated area in the AA that separates adjoining uplands (if any)
from most open subtidal water (if any) within or adjoining the AA is:
>300 ft                                                                                                             0     4
100-300 ft                                                                                                          0     3
25-100 ft                                                                                                           0     2
5-25 ft                                                                                                             0     1
1-5 ft                                                                                                              0     0
Within the part of the AA and its internal channels that remain underwater during daily low tide, the extent
of fish cover provided at that time by partly submerged vegetation, inchannel pools, horizontally incised
banks, and pieces of wood (thicker than 6 inches and longer than 4 feet, or smaller pieces in dense
accumulations) is:
Extensive                                                                                                           0     2
Little or none                                                                                                      0     0
Intermediate                                                                                                        0     1
Within the tidal AA, woody vegetation (living shrubs & trees) occupies:
>95% of the vegetated part of the AA                                                                                0     4
50-95% of the vegetated AA                                                                                          0     5
25-50% of the vegetated AA                                                                                          0     4
5-25% of the vegetated AA                                                                                           0     3
<5% of the vegetated AA                                                                                             0     0
The tidal marsh AA contains one or more branching internal (blind) channels that do not connect with non-           0
tidal channels originating in adjoining uplands, i.e., connect only to adjoining marine waters. If yes, enter 1.
If no, enter 0 and SKIP to F11.
The largest number of visible channel junctions (forks where two channels join) belonging to any single
blind channel network within the AA's wetland is:
<3                                                                                                                  0     0
3-6                                                                                                                 0     1
7-14                                                                                                                0     2
>14                                                                                                                 0     3
During spring tides, the AA is:
Not accessible to fish due to blockage at the outlet or a short distance offsite.                                   0     0
Accessible to fish, but water exchange is partially impeded by a pipe, culvert, tidegate, narrowly breached         0     2
dike, berm, beaver dam, or other obstruction -- whether adjoining the AA or located a short distance offsite.

Accessible to fish without any obstruction                                                                          0     3
Select one:
Part of the AA contains strong evidence of fresh groundwater discharges at the marsh surface: (a) Springs        0   2
are observed, or (b) water is cooler in summer and warmer in winter than in other local tidal wetlands, or (c)
measurements from shallow wells indicate groundwater is discharging to the wetland.


Part of the AA has less definitive evidence of discharging groundwater during summer. Wetland is on              0   1
organic, sandy, or gravelly soil AND is at the base of a natural slope of >5% (as averaged over a distance
of 1000 ft or until the first opposing break in elevation occurs).


Neither of above is true, although some groundwater may discharge to or flow through the wetland, or             0   0
groundwater influx is unknown.
A pond, lake, or non-tidal wetland with >30% surface water in summer (and not part of the same wetland,          0
pond, or lake as the AA) is within 1 mile of the AA. If not, enter 0 and SKIP TO F21. Otherwise enter "1"
and continue.

Within this 1-mile radius, the minimum overland distance from the AA edge to the closest non-tidal wetland,
pond, or lake that is larger than 1 acre, is at least 30% covered by surface water, and is not part of the
same wetland, pond, or lake as the AA, is:
<300 ft                                                                                                          0   2
300-1000 ft                                                                                                      0   1
1000 ft - 1 mile                                                                                                 0   0
The AA and the feature described in F16 above:
are connected by a channel or ditch that flows into the AA for at least 9 months annually                        0   2
are connected by a channel or ditch that flows into the AA less than 9 months annually                           0   1
are not connected by any visible channel or ditch. SKIP to F21.                                                  0   0
Water exchange (not nececessarily fish access) via the connection described above is:
unrestricted by an artificial feature such as a berm, culvert, or tidegate                                       0   1
restricted by an artificial feature, at least during high water events                                           0   0
unknown if any artificial water restriction is present                                                           0
Select all the types occupying >5% of the wooded part of the AA or which comprise >5% of its upland edge
and are within one potential tree-height upslope (about 150 ft):

deciduous 1-4" diameter and >3 ft tall                                                                           0   1
evergreen 1-4" diameter and >3 ft tall                                                                           0   0
deciduous 4-9" diameter                                                                                          0   3
evergreen 4-9" diameter                                                                                          0   2
deciduous 9-21" diameter                                                                                         0   5
evergreen 9-21" diameter                                                                                         0   4
deciduous >21" diameter                                                                                          0   7
evergreen >21" diameter                                                                                          0   6
Lacks woody vegetation, or none of above occupy >5% of the wooded part of the AA or 5% of the length of          0
the upland edge.
Within 100 ft upslope of the AA's wetland-upland edge, the percent of the upland that contains natural (not
necessarily native) land cover is:
>90%. SKIP to F28 (Buffer Slope).                                                                                 0   5
60 to 90%                                                                                                         0   4
30 to 60%                                                                                                         0   2
5 to 30%                                                                                                          0   1
<5%                                                                                                               0   0
Within 100 ft upslope of the AA's wetland-upland edge, the upland cover that is NOT natural or water is
mostly:
impervious surface, e.g., paved road, parking lot, building, exposed rock                                         0   0
bare pervious surface, e.g., dirt road, dike, dunes, recent clearcut, landslide                                   0   1
artificially landscaped areas, lawn, annual crops, orchards, or intensely grazed                                  0   2
openlands with tall (>2 ft) grasses and forbs unmowed, or mowed <2x/year                                          0   3
other                                                                                                             0
Go to the ShoreZone web site and zoom to the AA, or enter its coordinates after clicking on the binoculars
icon in the lower left. The number of BC Classes (colors) mapped within 1 water mile of the AA, including
the AA itself, is:
1 or 2, or not mapped                                                                                             0   0
3 to 5                                                                                                            0   1
>5                                                                                                                0   3
As determined from ShoreZone, direct observation, or other sources, the distance by water from the AA
edge to the closest tidal wetland that is distinct from this wetland (separated by >150 ft of subtidal water or
upland) is:
150-1000 ft                                                                                                       0   3
1000 ft - 1 mile                                                                                                  0   2
1-5 miles                                                                                                         0   1
>5 miles                                                                                                          0   0
From ShoreZone, direct observation, or other sources, the water distance from the AA edge to the closest
patch of eelgrass or kelp that is mapped or is greater than 10 ft long or wide is:

<150 ft                                                                                                           0   2
150-1000 ft                                                                                                       0   1
>1000 ft                                                                                                          0   0
Enter 1 for ALL that are true. The AA is located:
in the Stikine, Alsek, Taiya-Chilkat-Skagway, or Taku deltas or estuaries                                         0   2
in another mainland area or inner coast                                                                           0   1
on or close to the outer coast                                                                                    0   0
As viewed at a coarse (e.g., 1:24000) scale, the AA is (select one):
Associated with a major* river, and is closer to the upriver head-of-tide than to marine bays or ocean; if          0   2
known, the water salinity is <5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year
Associated with a major* river, and is closer to marine bays or ocean than to upriver head-of-tide; may be          0   2
in a river delta; if known, the water salinity is >5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year

In a sheltered fish-accessible lagoon, embayment, pocket beach, or tidal slough with a relatively narrow            0   1
connection to other marine waters and no direct river inputs
On a marine fjord, canal, or strait without direct river inputs to the AA                                           0   0
Other setting                                                                                                       0
The AA is intersected by a freshwater stream (tributary) that flows during most of the growing season and           0
originates in the upland directly adjoining this wetland. Or the AA is a fringe wetland along a river. Enter 1 if
yes. If no, SKIP to D21.



That stream identified above (select ONE -- mark only the first applicable choice):
a) is known to support anadromous fish (some Class I streams)                                                       0   4
b) is probably accessible (at least seasonally, partially or entirely) to anadromous fish, but anadromous fish      0   3
have not been documented (some Class I streams)
c) is not accessible to anadromous fish, but other resident fish are known (or can be assumed) present              0   1
(Class II)
d) is not accessible to anadromous fish and is known (or can be assumed) to have no resident fish                   0   0

e) unknown and undeterminable                                                                                       0
Data collected by public agencies, or by other entities according to agency-approved quality assurance
procedures, indicate that metals, hydrocarbons, suspended sediment, and/or other substances have been
at concentrations exceeding approved criteria or standards, and/or at concentrations otherwise known to
potentially be harmful to aquatic life or humans, and this has occurred in multiple samples during the past 5
years. Enter "1" for ALL that apply. Includes but not limited to most waters designated as 303(d) or with
TMDL plans. These conditions are present:


within the AA                                                                                                       0   0
in waters that flow or potentially flow into the AA and within 1 mile                                               0   0
data from past 5 years indicate no potential toxicity within 1 mile                                                 0   1
insufficient data                                                                                                   0
If not intersected by a freshwater tributary stream, the distance by water from the AA to the nearest such
stream or river is:
0 - 150 ft (i.e., an undiked stream or river intersects or adjoins the AA).                                         0   4
150-1000 ft                                                                                                         0   3
1000 ft - 1 mile                                                                                                    0   2
1-5 miles                                                                                                           0   1
>5 miles                                                                                                            0   0
           In Manual, see Appendix C, Table C-2. If not listed, enter 0. Otherwise enter the score indicated (3, 2, or   0
           1).
           Refer to map in the Manual (Appendix B, Fig. B-4).l. Suitability surrounding the AA is: 3=Very High, 2=       0
           High, 1= Moderate, 0= all other.


dicators

           From the center of the AA, the distance to the nearest population center, via the nearest maintained road,
           is:
           <0.5 mile                                                                                                     0   5
           0.5 - 2 miles                                                                                                 0   3
           2-5 miles                                                                                                     0   2
           5-10 miles                                                                                                    0   1
           >10 miles                                                                                                     0   0
           See maps in the Manual, Appendix B, Fig. B-6). The AA is located:
           in a designated Non-subsistence Use Area near Juneau or Ketchikan                                             0   0
           within 2 miles of a fisheries subsistence area (shown as a point on the maps)                                 0   1
           neither of the above                                                                                          0   2
           In Manual, see Appendix C, Table C3. If not listed, enter 0. Otherwise enter 1.                               0


           Refer to map in the Manual (Appendix B, Fig. B-3). Suitability surrounding the AA is:                         0
           3=Very High, 2= High, 1= Moderate, 0= all other.




           Function Score for Anadromous Fish Habitat


           Values Score for Anadromous Fish Habitat
Data x Wt   Score        Rationale

                         Higher scores indicate tidal marshes that are extensively flooded on nearly all high tides, i.e.,
                         low marsh elevation. Such marshes usually have more areas accessible to fish.



                    0.00 A vegetated area that is wide even at low tide implies more cover is available for fish during
                         high tide.
   0
   0
   0
   0
   0
                    0.00 Large wood and other features that provide cover reduce predation on young fish, as well as
                         reducing current velocity.



   0
   0
   0
                    0.00 Woody vegetation in tidal wetlands, especially if submerged in channels, provides
   0                     exceptional cover for overwintering coho and other species.

   0
   0
   0
   0
                         Complex channel networks within a marsh give fish more access to invertebrate foods that
                         fall from vegetation, as well as providing undercut banks in many cases that serve as cover.


                         See above.

   0
   0
   0
   0
                    0.00 For a tidal wetland to be used by fish, they obviously must be able to access it.
   0
   0



   0
    0.00 Groundwater seeps mediate severe fluctuations in temperature and salinity in tidal marshes,
0        and thus may benefit fish.




0




0


    0.00 Freshwater ponds and wettlands, if accessible to anadromous fish in tidal areas, provide
         additional habitat space and rich feeding and overwintering areas.


         Nomadic coho may enter the estuarine environment from natal or non-natal streams, rear
         there throughout the summer, and then emigrate to a non-natal stream for overwintering and
         smolting in the spring. This life history strategy promotes coho population resilience, and
         fresh ponds, lakes, or streams located near tidal wetlands support this if they are fish-
0
         accessible (Koski 2009).
0
0


0
0
0


0
0


    0.00 Larger-diameter trees, when they fall into the water, provide long-lasting cover for
         anadromous fish. Deciduous vegetation tends to be more nutrient-rich and provides many
         terrestrial insects that fall into the water and are fed upon by fish. Juvenile chum and coho
0
         are strongly associated with shoreline vegetation characteristic of mature coastal forests
0        such as mosses and western red cedar [Romanuk & Levings 2006]. In tidal forested
0        wetlands in Washington, woody debris created 2.7 pools per 100 m of channel (Diefenderfer
         & Montgomery 2009).
0
0
0
0
0
    0.00 Undisturbed shoreline vegetation tends to provide more terrestrial insects fed upon by fish,
         and helps remove contaminants before they reach tidal waters.
0
0
0
0
0
    0.00 Altered shorelines adjoining a tidal wetland provide less insect foods, and where they
         contribute significant runoff, they may be associated with more erratic salinity and
         temperature conditions.
0
0
0
0


    0.00 A wider variety of shoreline types within a small area implies that different food resources,
         which complement those found in tidal wetlands, may be available to fish.


0
0
0
    0.00 Presence of other tidal wetlands nearby increases the feeding opportunities for mobile
         organisms like fish (Simenstad et al. 2000).


0
0
0
0
    0.00 Eelgrass patches are extremely important to salmonids, sand lance, and other Alaskan fish
         (Johnson & Thedinga 2005, Johnson et al. 2008, 2010).

0
0
0
    0.00 These particular river basins provide the most extensive upriver spawning habitat. Thus tidal
0        wetlands located anywhere in the basin are likely to be used more than tidal wetlands at
         more isolated locations.
0
0
    0.00 Tidal wetlands that are on or near rivers provide a variety of salinity regimes and are more
         likely to be along the migratory paths of fish on their way to or from spawning areas.
         Sheltered embayments appear to be preferred under some conditions by foraging salmonids
         (Fresh 2006). Marine fjords, canals, and straits receive some use, especially where
         tributaries enter, but the amount of upstream spawning habitat accessible to anadromous
         fish tends to be less.
         Tidal wetlands that are on or near rivers provide a variety of salinity regimes and are more
0        likely to be along the migratory paths of fish on their way to or from spawning areas.
         Sheltered embayments appear to be preferred under some conditions by foraging salmonids
         (Fresh 2006). Marine fjords, canals, and straits receive some use, especially where
0        tributaries enter, but the amount of upstream spawning habitat accessible to anadromous
         fish tends to be less.

0


0


         Nomadic coho may enter the estuarine environment from natal or non-natal streams, rear
         there throughout the summer, and then emigrate to a non-natal stream for overwintering and
         smolting in the spring. This life history strategy promotes coho population resilience, and
         streams or rivers located near tidal wetlands support this (Koski 2009).


         Presence of sparwning streams nearby is likely to increase anadromous fish use of tidal
         wetlands near those streams.
0
0

0

0



         Polluted waters are potentially detrimental to fish and other aquatic life, depending on the
         contaminant and other factors.




0
0
0


    0.00 Presence of streams nearby is likely to increase anadromous fish use of tidal wetlands near
         those streams.
0
0
0
0
0
                    Tidal wetlands that are large for their biogeographic area potentially provide more habitat for
                    fish.
                    Tidal wetlands located in watersheds most suitable in their biogeographic area for fish are
                    also more likely to support those fish (Simenstad et al. 2000).




               0.00 Wetlands closer to population centers are more likely to be fished, thus making habitats that
                    support fish in those areas more valued.
     0
     0
     0
     0
     0
               0.00 Fish are a major subsistence food, so wetlands that support fish in important subsistence
     0              areas may be considered more valuable.

     0
     0
                    A wetland is assumed to be more valuable to anadromous fish if there are few other tidal
                    wetlands in its biogeographic region.
                    Fish are a major food for bears, so wetlands that support fish in important bear habitat areas
                    may be considered more valuable.


  Access       0.00 IF((Constric=0),0, ELSE: AVERAGE(TidePctLow,BlindChan,ChanComplex, Constric))


Productivity   0.00 AVERAGE(VwidthHigh, Groundw, TreeTypes, Trib, StreamDist, TmarshAge,ToxData)

 Structure     0.00 AVERAGE[ShoreZdiv,MAX(AqCov, WoodyPct)]
Landscape      0.00 SalmoShed X
                    (AVERAGE [Geog,RivBay, AVERAGE(DistTidalM, TmarshShed), DistEelg,
                    AVERAGE(NearLakeWet, PondDist, PondConnec, AnadAccess,PondPassage,BuffLCpct,
                    BuffLCtype) ]



    F          0.00 IF((Constric=0),0, ELSE:
                    AVERAGE[Access, AVERAGE(Produc,Struc), Lscape)]

    V          0.00 MAX(Subsis,AVERAGE(PopCtr,BearShed),EstuLimited)
TidePctLow4




VwidthHigh4




AqCov4




WoodyPct4




BlindChan4



ChanComplex4




Constric4
Groundw4




NearLakeWet4



PondDist4




PondConnec4




PondPassage4




TreeTypes4
BuffLCpct4




BuffLCtype4




ShoreZdiv4




DistTidalM4




DistEelg4




Geog4




RiverBay4
Trib4




ToxData4




StreamDist4
TmarshShed4




PopCtr4




Subsis4




WetlandsRare4


BearShed4
#     Indicator               Conditions

F1    Tidal Regime            For each condition listed in the rows in the table below, estimate how much of the AA’s area
                              (including its internal tidal channels) is likely to be accessible to small fish. Then select one number
                              from each row, and sum the four numbers and enter the sum in the column to the right.


F3    Width of Vegetated     At daily low tide, the average width of vegetated area in the AA that separates adjoining uplands (if
      Zone at Daily Low Tide any) from most open subtidal water (if any) within or adjoining the AA is:

                              >300 ft
                              100-300 ft
                              25-100 ft
                              5-25 ft
                              1-5 ft
F6    Width of Vegetated      At daily high tide, the average width of vegetated area in the AA that separates adjoining uplands (if
      Zone at Daily High Tide any) from most open subtidal water (if any) within or adjoining the AA is:

                              >300 ft
                              100-300 ft
                              25-100 ft
                              5-25 ft
                              1-5 ft
F7    Woody Extent Within     Within the tidal AA, woody vegetation (living shrubs & trees) occupies:
      the AA                  >95% of the vegetated part of the AA
                              50-95% of the vegetated AA
                              25-50% of the vegetated AA
                              5-25% of the vegetated AA
                              <5% of the vegetated AA
F9    Blind channel presence The tidal marsh AA contains one or more branching internal (blind) channels that do not connect with
      & complexity           non-tidal channels originating in adjoining uplands, i.e., connect only to adjoining marine waters. If
                             yes, enter 1. If no, enter 0 and SKIP to F11.

F10   Internal Channel        The largest number of visible channel junctions (forks where two channels join) belonging to any
      Network Complexity      single blind channel network within the AA's wetland is:
                              <3
                              3-6
                              7-14
                              >14
F16   Nearby Non-tidal        A pond, lake, or non-tidal wetland with >30% surface water in summer (and not part of the same
      Wetland                 wetland, pond, or lake as the AA) is within 1 mile of the AA. If not, enter 0 and SKIP TO F21.
                              Otherwise enter "1" and continue.
F17   Distance to Any     Within this 1-mile radius, the minimum overland distance from the AA edge to the closest non-tidal
      Nontidal Pond or    wetland, pond, or lake that is larger than 1 acre, is at least 30% covered by surface water, and is not
      Wetland             part of the same wetland, pond, or lake as the AA, is:

                          <300 ft
                          300-1000 ft
                          1000 ft - 1 mile
F30   Core Area 1         The part of the AA almost never visited by humans during an average year probably comprises:


                          >95% of the AA
                          50-95%
                          5-50% and inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA
                          5-50% and no inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA
                          <5% and inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA
                          <5% and no inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA
F31   Core Area 2         The part of the AA visited by humans almost daily for several weeks during an average year probably
                          comprises:
                          >95% of the AA
                          50-95%
                          5-50%
                          <5%
D9    Ponded Water in     Draw a circle of radius of 2 miles centered on the AA. Including water ponded in the AA itself or in a
      Landscape           fringing water body, the amount of water that is ponded (standing) in lakes, ponds, or non-tidal
                          wetlands during most of the year is:
                          <5% of the circle, located in 5 or fewer ponds or lakes
                          <5% of the circle, located in >5 ponds or lakes
                          5 to 30%, located in 10 or fewer ponds or lakes
                          5 to 30%, located in >10 ponds or lakes
                          >30%, located in 15 or fewer ponds or lakes
                          >30%, located in >15 ponds or lakes
D10   Distance to Lake    The distance from the AA edge to the closest (but separate) lake (a non-tidal body of water that is
                          ponded during most of the year and is larger than 20 acres (or about 1000 ft on a side) during most
                          of a normal year is:
                          <1 mile
                          1-5 miles
                          >5 miles and on the mainland or the same island
                          >5 miles and on a different island
D11   ShoreZone Habitat   Go to the ShoreZone web site and zoom to the AA, or enter its coordinates after clicking on the
      Diversity           binoculars icon in the lower left. The number of BC Classes (colors) mapped within 1 water mile of
                          the AA, including the AA itself, is:
D11   ShoreZone Habitat
      Diversity

                              1 or 2, or not mapped
                              3 to 5
                              >5
D12   Distance to Separate    As determined from ShoreZone, direct observation, or other sources, the distance by water from the
      Tidal Wetland           AA edge to the closest tidal wetland that is distinct from this wetland (separated by >150 ft of subtidal
                              water or upland) is:

                              150-1000 ft
                              1000 ft - 1 mile
                              1-5 miles
                              >5 miles
D13   Distance to Eelgrass or From ShoreZone, direct observation, or other sources, the water distance from the AA edge to the
      Kelp                    closest patch of eelgrass or kelp that is mapped or is greater than 10 ft long or wide is:


                              <150 ft
                              150-1000 ft
                              >1000 ft
D14   Geography               Enter 1 for ALL that are true. The AA is located:

                              in the Stikine, Alsek, Taiya-Chilkat-Skagway, or Taku deltas or estuaries
                              in another mainland area or inner coast
                              on or close to the outer coast
D15   Geomorphic Setting      As viewed at a coarse (e.g., 1:24000) scale, the AA is (select one):
                              Associated with a major* river, and is closer to the upriver head-of-tide than to marine bays or ocean;
                              if known, the water salinity is <5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year


                              Associated with a major* river, and is closer to marine bays or ocean than to upriver head-of-tide;
                              may be in a river delta; if known, the water salinity is >5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year

                              In a sheltered fish-accessible lagoon, embayment, pocket beach, or tidal slough with a relatively
                              narrow connection to other marine waters and no direct river inputs
                              On a marine fjord, canal, or strait without direct river inputs to the AA
                              Other setting
D16   Input Tributary         The AA is intersected by a freshwater stream (tributary) that flows during most of the growing season
                              and originates in the upland directly adjoining this wetland. Or the AA is a fringe wetland along a
                              river. Enter 1 if yes. If no, SKIP to D21.
D22   Biological Wave         At the ShoreZone web site, the Biological Wave Exposure of most of the AA is shown as:
      Exposure
                              protected or very protected
                              semi-protected
                              semi-exposed
                              exposed or very exposed
D23    Adjoining Mudflat       At daily low tide, the maximum width (perpendicular to shore) of unvegetated mudflat contiguous to,
                               but outside of, the AA is:
                               none (no adjoining mud flat is apparent at low tide)
                               <10 ft
                               10-100 ft
                               100-1000 ft
                               >1000 ft
D30    Large Estuarine Extent In Manual, see Appendix C, Table C-2. If not listed, enter 0. Otherwise enter the score indicated (3,
                              2, or 1).
D33    Salmonid Watershed      Refer to map in the Manual (Appendix B, Fig. B-4).l. Suitability surrounding the AA is: 3=Very High,
                               2= High, 1= Moderate, 0= all other.

      Value Indicators
F32    Visibility              The maximum percent of the wetland that is visible from the best vantage point on public roads,
                               public parking lots, public buildings, or public maintained trails that intersect, adjoin, or are within 300
                               ft of the AA (select one) is:
                               >50%
                               25-50%
                               <25%
D1     Distance to Nearest     From the center of the AA, the distance to the nearest population center, via the nearest maintained
       Population Center       road, is:
                               <0.5 mile
                               0.5 - 2 miles
                               2-5 miles
                               5-10 miles
                               >10 miles
D31    Small Estuarine Extent In Manual, see Appendix C, Table C3. If not listed, enter 0. Otherwise enter 1.


D34    Designated IBA          The AA is within or contains part of an IBA (Important Bird Area) as officially designated by the
                               American Bird Conservancy or local affiliates. Enter 1= yes, 0= no. See list on right, and web site for
                               maps: http://iba.audubon.org/iba/stateIndex.do?state=US-AK


D39    Non-breeding         Mark just the first choice below that is true. One or more of these species -- Pacific Loon, Yellow-
       (Feeding) Waterbird  billed Loon, Red-necked Grebe, Horned Grebe, Trumpeter Swan -- has been detected semi-annually
       Species of           within the past 5 years in the AA under conditions similar to what now occur, by a qualified observer:
       Conservation Concern
                               in the AA
                               outside the AA but within 0.5 mile, in a generally similar wetland
                               outside the AA and 0.5 to 2 miles away, in a generally similar wetland
Conservation Concern




                       beyond 2 miles, or no recent observation of these species by a qualified observer under conditions
                       similar to what now occur, or no data




                       Function Score for Waterbird Feeding Habitat

                       Values Score for Waterbird Feeding Habitat
Data   Wt   Data x Wt   Score

 0




                                0.00



 0     5       0
 0     3       0
 0     2       0
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                                0.00



 0     5       0
 0     3       0
 0     2       0
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                                0.00
 0     0       0
 0     0       0
 0     1       0
 0     2       0
 0     5       0
 0




 0     0       0
 0     1       0
 0     2       0
 0     3       0
 0
0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
            0.00


0   5   0
0   4   0
0   2   0
0   3   0
0   0   0
0   1   0
            0.00

0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
0   3   0
            0.00



0   0   0
0   1   0
0   3   0
0   4   0
0   6   0
0   7   0
            0.00



0   5   0
0   4   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
            0.00
0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
            0.00



0   4   0
0   3   0
0   2   0
0   0   0
            0.00



0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
            1.00

0   4   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
            0.00
0   0   0



0   1   0



0   2   0

0   1   0
0
0



            0.00


0   3   0
0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
            0.00


0   0   0
0   1   0
0   3   0
0   4   0
0   5   0
0


0




            0.00



0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
            0.00


0   5   0
0   3   0
0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
0


0




            0.00




0   5   0
0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0        0



          Water        0.00

        Productivity   0.00


          Refugia      0.00

          Lscape       0.20



            F          1.25


            V          1.00
Rationale

Longer periods of daily tidal inundation support higher numbers of marine inverebrates     TidePctLo5
(Powers et al. 2002) and provide more aquatic habitat for waterbirds that feed on them.



Wetlands that are wide at low tide are likely to provide more flooded vegetation that birds VwidthLo5
feed upon during high tide.




A wide high marsh provides more space for roosting shorebirds during high tides.           VwidthHi5




Coastal waterbirds tend to favor tidal marshes rather than tidal swamps with tree cover.   Woody5




Waterbird use of tidal wetlands often is focused primarily on aquatic vegetation within    BlindChan5
internal channels and other open-water areas (Stralberg et al. 2003).


See above.                                                                                 ChanComplex5




Many coastal shorebirds move temporarily to freshwater wetlands as tides rise and cover NontidalNear5
tidal wetlands. Availability of such wetlands nearby may increase use of the tidal
wetlands as well.
See above.                                                                            PondDist5




Waterbirds use tidal wetlands for longer periods when not frequently disturbed by     Core1_5
intruding humans.




See above.                                                                            Core2_5




Many coastal shorebirds move temporarily to freshwater wetlands as tides rise and cover Pondscape5
tidal wetlands. Availability of such wetlands nearby may increase use of the tidal
wetlands as well.




See above.                                                                            LakeDist5




A wider variety of shoreline types within a small area implies that different food    ShoreZdiv5
resources, which complement those found in tidal wetlands, may be available to
waterbirds.
A wider variety of shoreline types within a small area implies that different food
resources, which complement those found in tidal wetlands, may be available to
waterbirds.




Presence of other tidal wetlands nearby increases the feeding opportunities for mobile       MarshDis5
organisms like birds.




Eelgrass patches are extremely important to salmonids, sand lance, and other Alaskan         EelgDis5
fish fed upon by coastal waterbirds.




In Southeast Alaska, the numbers and diversity of waterbirds using tidal wetlands might      RiverBay5
be greater closer to mainland locations (at least at low elevations) than along the outer
coast (Johnson et al. 2008). Rivers in these particular large watersheds originate in
Canada and tend to draw larger or more diverse migrating flocks.


River deltas and sheltered bays tend to draw more wetland-dependent waterbirds in            Geog5
Southeast Alaska.




Freshwater tributaries that intersect tidal wetlands may increase the availability of fish   TribStream5
and invertebrate foods important to coastal waterbirds.


Sheltered areas provide better cover for waterbirds during coastal storms.                   Fetch5
Mudflats are extremely important as the preferred habitat of migratory shorebirds         Mudflat5
(e.g.,Andres & Browne 1998)




Tidal wetlands that are large for their biogeographic area potentially provide more habitat EstuScape5
for waterbirds.
Tidal wetlands located in watersheds most suitable in their biogeographic area for
salmonids are also more likely to support a variety of fish-feeding waterbirds.



Waterbird viewing opportunities, and thus direct recreational value to humans, is greatest Visib5
in wetlands where views are relatively unobstructed.




Waterbird viewing opportunities, and thus direct recreational value to humans, is greatest PopCtr5
where wetlands are located closer to population centers.




A wetland may be assumed to be more valuable to coastal waterbirds if there are few       TmarshShed5
other tidal wetlands in its biogeographic region.
                                                                                          IBA5




These are waterbird species of conservation concern that do not breed in Southeast        RareSp5
Alaska, but feed here regularly.
AVERAGE(TidePctLo, Woody, ChanComplex, Mudflat)

AVERAGE(VwidthLo, VwidthHi, Groundw, ShoreZdiv, EelgDis, StreamDis)


AVERAGE(LakeDist, PondDist, AVERAGE(Core1_, Core2_, Pondscape), Fetch)

AVERAGE(Geograph, RiverBay, MarshDis, EstuScape, Salmoscape)


(Lscape+AVERAGE(Water, Produc,Refugia,Lscape))/2

MAX (AVERAGE(Visib, PopCtr), EstuShed), IBA, RareSp,.1]
#     Indicator              Conditions

F1    Tidal Regime           For each condition listed in the rows in the table below, estimate how much of the AA’s area
                             (including its internal tidal channels) is likely to be accessible to small fish. Then select one number
                             from each row, and sum the four numbers and enter the sum in the column to the right.


F5    Dry Land at Daily High Some part of the tidal marsh surface remains free of surface water even during an average daily
      Tide                   high tide, i.e., some "high marsh" is present. If yes, enter 1. If no, enter 0 and SKIP to F9.

F6    Width of Vegetated     At daily high tide, the average width of vegetated area in the AA that separates adjoining uplands (if
      Zone at Daily High     any) from most open subtidal water (if any) within or adjoining the AA is:
      Tide
                             >300 ft
                             100-300 ft
                             25-100 ft
                             5-25 ft
                             1-5 ft
F7    Woody Extent Within    Within the tidal AA, woody vegetation (living shrubs & trees) occupies:
      the AA                 >95% of the vegetated part of the AA
                             50-95% of the vegetated AA
                             25-50% of the vegetated AA
                             5-25% of the vegetated AA
                             <5% of the vegetated AA
F21   Large Woody Debris     Large woody debris that rises at least 3 ft above the marsh terrace or is present in tidal channels is:

                             many (>1 piece per 5 acres or per 10 channel widths)
                             none or few
                             intermediate
F22   Driftwood              On or near the tidal marsh edge with upland, the percent of the edge occupied by driftwood is:

                             none, or the AA lacks an upland edge
                             1-25%
                             25 - 50%
                             50 - 75%
                             >75%
F23   Trees on Upland Edge Select all the types occupying >5% of the wooded part of the AA or which comprise >5% of its
                           upland edge and are within one potential tree-height upslope (about 150 ft):

                             deciduous 1-4" diameter and >3 ft tall
                             evergreen 1-4" diameter and >3 ft tall
                             deciduous 4-9" diameter
                              evergreen 4-9" diameter
                              deciduous 9-21" diameter
                              evergreen 9-21" diameter
                              deciduous >21" diameter
                              evergreen >21" diameter
                              Lacks woody vegetation, or none of above occupy >5% of the wooded part of the AA or 5% of the
                              length of the upland edge.
F25   Upland Edge Shape       Most of the edge between the AA's wetland and upland is (select one):
      Complexity
                              Linear: a significant proportion of the wetland's upland edge is straight, as in wetlands bounded
                              partly or wholly by dikes or roads
                              Convoluted: Wetland perimeter is many times longer than maximum width of the wetland, with
                              many alcoves and indentations ("fingers")
                              Intermediate: Wetland's perimeter either (a) is only mildly convoluted, or (b) mixed -- contains about
                              lengths of linear and convoluted segments.
F26   Natural Cover in Buffer Within 100 ft upslope of the AA's wetland-upland edge, the percent of the upland that contains
                              natural (not necessarily native) land cover is:
                              >90%. SKIP to F28 (Buffer Slope).
                              60 to 90%
                              30 to 60%
                              5 to 30%
                              <5%
F27   Type of Cover in Buffer Within 100 ft upslope of the AA's wetland-upland edge, the upland cover that is NOT natural or
                              water is mostly:
                              impervious surface, e.g., paved road, parking lot, building, exposed rock
                              bare pervious surface, e.g., dirt road, dike, dunes, recent clearcut, landslide
                              artificially landscaped areas, lawn, annual crops, orchards, or intensely grazed
                              openlands with tall (>2 ft) grasses and forbs unmowed, or mowed <2x/year
                              other
F29   Cliffs or Banks         In the AA or within its wetland or within 100 ft of the AA, there are elevated terrestrial features such
                              as cliffs, stream banks, excavated pits, or pumice walls (but not riprap) that extend at least 6 ft
                              nearly vertically, are unvegetated, and potentially contain crevices or other substrate suitable for
                              nesting or den areas.
D2    Barriers to Wildlife    Draw a circle of radius of 0.5 mile from the center of the AA. Within that circle, do maintained roads
      Movements               (paved or dirt), marine waters, or steep slopes (>30%) completely encircle the AA, thus reducing
                              the movements of some mammals into separate wetlands, streams, ponds, or lakes beyond that
                              radius? (0= no, 1= yes)
D1    Distance to Nearest     From the center of the AA, the distance to the nearest population center, via the nearest maintained
      Population Center       road, is:
                              <0.5 mile
                              0.5 - 2 miles
      Distance to Nearest
      Population Center




                              2-5 miles
                              5-10 miles
                              >10 miles
D5    Distance to Natural     The minimum distance from the AA edge to the edge of the closest tract or corridor of natural (not
      Cover                   necessarily native) land cover larger than 100 acres, is:
                              <100 ft, or the AA contains >100 acres of vegetation, or >100 acres of natural land cover is
                              connected to the AA and is not separated from it by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or
                              impervious surface that are wider than 150 ft.
                              <100 ft, but separated entirely from the wetland by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or
                              impervious surface that are wider than 150 ft.
                              100-300 ft; and not separated from the wetland by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or
                              impervious surface that are wider than 150 ft.
                              100-300 ft, but separated entirely from the wetland by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn,
                              or impervious surface that are wider than 150 ft.
                              NONE of the above
D6    Natural Cover Extent    Within a 2-mile radius measured from the center of the AA, the percent of the land that has natural
                              land cover (see definition on right) is:
                              <5% of the land
                              5 to 20% of the land
                              20 to 60% of the land
                              60 to 90% of the land
                              >90% of the land. SKIP to D8.
D7    Type of Cover           Within a 2-mile radius measured from the center of the AA, the area that is not "natural cover" or
      Alteration              water is mostly:
                              impervious surface, e.g., paved road, parking lot, building, exposed rock
                              bare pervious surface, e.g., recent clearcut, dirt or gravel road, plowed fields, landslide

                              artificially landscaped areas, lawn, annual crops, orchards, or intensely grazed
                              openlands with tall (>2 ft) grasses and forbs unmowed, or mowed <2x/year, not moss/ muskeg

                              other
D8    Size of Largest Nearby The largest patch or corridor that is natural land cover and is within 0.5 mile of the AA edge, and not
      Tract or Corridor of   separated from the AA by roads or channels that create gaps wider than 150 ft, occupies:
      Natural Land Cover
                              <1 acre
                              1-10 acres
                              10-100 acres
                              100-1000 acres
                              >1000 acres
D14   Geography               Enter 1 for ALL that are true. The AA is located:
        Geography
                               in the Stikine, Alsek, Taiya-Chilkat-Skagway, or Taku deltas or estuaries
                               in another mainland area or inner coast
                               on or close to the outer coast
D15     Geomorphic Setting     As viewed at a coarse (e.g., 1:24000) scale, the AA is (select one):
                               Associated with a major* river, and is closer to the upriver head-of-tide than to marine bays or
                               ocean; if known, the water salinity is <5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year


                               Associated with a major* river, and is closer to marine bays or ocean than to upriver head-of-tide;
                               may be in a river delta; if known, the water salinity is >5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year

                               In a sheltered fish-accessible lagoon, embayment, pocket beach, or tidal slough with a relatively
                               narrow connection to other marine waters and no direct river inputs


                               On a marine fjord, canal, or strait without direct river inputs to the AA
                               Other setting
D16     Input Tributary        The AA is intersected by a freshwater stream (tributary) that flows during most of the growing
                               season and originates in the upland directly adjoining this wetland. Or the AA is a fringe wetland
                               along a river. Enter 1 if yes. If no, SKIP to D21.


D22     Biological Wave        At the ShoreZone web site, the Biological Wave Exposure of most of the AA is shown as:
        Exposure
                               protected or very protected
                               semi-protected
                               semi-exposed
                               exposed or very exposed
D25     Tidal Wetland Age      The age (since last covered by a glacier) of the AA is:
                               < 3 years old
                               3-20 years ago
                               20- 200 years ago
                               >200 years ago
                               unknown
D32     Bear Watershed
      Value Indicators

D34     Designated IBA         The AA is within or contains part of an IBA (Important Bird Area) as officially designated by the
                               American Bird Conservancy or local affiliates. Enter 1= yes, 0= no. See list on right, and web site
                               for maps: http://iba.audubon.org/iba/stateIndex.do?state=US-AK
D40     Songbird or Raptor   One or more of these species -- Osprey, Peregrine Falcon, Queen Charlotte Goshawk, Olive-sided
        Species of           Flycatcher, Townsend's Warbler, Rusty Blackbird -- has been detected nesting semi-annually along
        Conservation Concern the AA's upland edge (within 300 ft) during the past 5 years under conditions similar to what now
                             occur, by a qualified observer. Enter "1" if yes, "0" if no or unknown.
Function Score for Songbird, Mammal, and Raptor Habitat

Values Score for Songbird, Mammal, and Raptor Habitat
Data   Wt   Data x Wt   Score

 0




 0



                           0.00



 0     5       0
 0     4       0
 0     3       0
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                           0.00
 0     1       0
 0     2       0
 0     4       0
 0     3       0
 0     0       0
                           0.00

 0     2       0
 0     0       0
 0     1       0
                           0.00

 0     0       0
 0     1       0
 0     2       0
 0     3       0
 0     4       0
                           0.00



 0     2       0
 0     0       0
 0     3       0
0   1   0
0   4   0
0   2   0
0   6   0
0   3   0
0


            0.00
0   0   0

0   2   0


0   1   0


            0.00

0   5   0
0   4   0
0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
            0.00

0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
0   2   0
0
0




0           1.00




            0.00

0   0   0
0   2   0
0   4   0
0   5   0
0   6   0
            0.00

0   4   0



0   3   0

0   2   0


0   1   0

0   0   0
            0.00

0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
0   4   0
0   6   0
            0.00

0   0   0
0   1   0

0   2   0
0   2   0

0
            0.00



0   0   0
0   1   0
0   3   0
0   4   0
0   5   0
            0.00
0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
            0.00
0   3   0



0   2   0



0   1   0



0   0   0
0
0




            0.00

0   3   0
0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
            0.00
0   0   0
0   2   0
0   3   0
0   4   0
0
0



0



0
 Structure     0.00


Productivity   0.00

Landscape      0.10




    F          0.00


    V          1.00
Rationale

Higher scores indicate tidal marshes that are extensively flooded on nearly all high tides, i.e., low TidePctHi6
marsh elevation. Such marshes are not used by nesting songbirds and have less area
accessible to small foraging mammals.


see above                                                                                            DryLand6



Wider areas of high marsh increase the availability of terrestrial invertebrates that are fed upon   VwidthHi6
by coastal shorebirds (Romanuk & Levings 2003).




Woody vegetation usually supports a wider diversity of songbirds, raptors, and mammals than          WoodyPct6
does herbaceous vegetation, partly because it provides more vertical structure and produces
downed wood snags that have other habitat benefits. Woody vegetation also helps shelter the
water in wetlands from high winds.




Such woody debris provides perches for raptors.                                                      LWD7




Many songbirds and mammals forage amid driftwood and the wrack that is associated with it.           Driftwd7




In Southeast Alaska, three of 16 common breeding bird species were found to be more           TreeType6
abundant in old growth than in each of a few young-growth treatments that were surveyed. One
uncommon species was detected almost exclusively in old growth during both the breeding and
wintering seasons. Four breeding bird species were more abundant in young-growth treatments
than in old growth Dellasala et al. 1996]. Tree cavities needed by many nesting songbirds and
mammals are found mostly in dead standing trees (snags) and larger-diameter trees, which are
more likely to have bole entries, conks, abundant mistletoe, and dead tops (Bakker & Hastings
2002.) Larger-diameter stands also tend to be older and provide more structure useful to a
variety of songbirds and mammals. Tall snags are especially useful to raptors as hunting
perches. A mixture of tree species, especially mixtures that include aspen, is necessary to
sustain populations of most boreal woodpecker species [Drever & Martin 2010].
abundant in old growth than in each of a few young-growth treatments that were surveyed. One
uncommon species was detected almost exclusively in old growth during both the breeding and
wintering seasons. Four breeding bird species were more abundant in young-growth treatments
than in old growth Dellasala et al. 1996]. Tree cavities needed by many nesting songbirds and
mammals are found mostly in dead standing trees (snags) and larger-diameter trees, which are
more likely to have bole entries, conks, abundant mistletoe, and dead tops (Bakker & Hastings
2002.) Larger-diameter stands also tend to be older and provide more structure useful to a
variety of songbirds and mammals. Tall snags are especially useful to raptors as hunting
perches. A mixture of tree species, especially mixtures that include aspen, is necessary to
sustain populations of most boreal woodpecker species [Drever & Martin 2010].




Wetlands with a large perimeter-to-area ratio (i.e., convoluted edges) or upland inclusions allow EdgeShape6
animals to move more conveniently between uplands and wetlands, using resources in each. In
particular, small mammals avoid wetter (usually more central) parts of wetlands in favor of drier
edges (Mazerolle et al. 2001).




Upland cover with perennial vegetation is very important to many songbirds and mammals that     BuffLC6
occur in wetlands or along a wetland's upland edge. Some landbirds in Southeast Alaska may
need buffers of over 1000 ft. (Kissling & Garton 2008). Wetlands that contain or are close to
natural land cover, and not separated from that by roads or wide channels that interfere with
movements across the landscape, are more likely to support forest-dwelling species.




Small mammals moving between wetlands are less likely to have their movements disrupted by BuffLCtype6
lands with residual cover than in lands with impervious surface, but both are capable of
hindering dispersal (Flaherty et al. 2008, 2010).




These features provide nesting habitat for kingfishers, otters, and some other animals          Cliffs6
associated with tidal wetlands.



Coastal mink in Alaska rely on intertidal organisms in spring and summer (BenDavid et al. 1997) Barrier6
and roads with frequent traffic can pose a barrier to their movements.



Large wetland-associated mammals and raptors tend to prefer areas with less frequent human      PopCtr6
disturbance, as usually occurs farther from population centers.
Large wetland-associated mammals and raptors tend to prefer areas with less frequent human
disturbance, as usually occurs farther from population centers.




Populations of small mammals and birds are probably more likely to persist in tidal wetlands        DistNatur6
where adjoining upland cover is relatively undisturbed and nearby, thus providing better food
and cover. Predation on songbirds by ravens and other edge species also may be less where
the landscape has not become highly fragmented.




see above                                                                                           NatPct6




see above                                                                                           LCaltType6




see above                                                                                           PatchSize6




In Southeast Alaska, the numbers and diversity of migrant birds might be greater closer to          Geog6
mainland locations (at least at low elevations) than along the outer coast (Johnson et al. 2008).
Rivers in these particular large watersheds originate in Canada and may draw larger or more
diverse migrating flocks.
In Southeast Alaska, the numbers and diversity of migrant birds might be greater closer to
mainland locations (at least at low elevations) than along the outer coast (Johnson et al. 2008).
Rivers in these particular large watersheds originate in Canada and may draw larger or more
diverse migrating flocks.


Birds and mammals are likely to be more abundant and diverse in sheltered riparian areas than BayRiver6
along exposed coastlines.




Freshwater tributaries potentially provide tidal wetlands with fish and invertebrates fed upon by TribFresh6
mammals and birds. Peak flows from tributaries also have the potential to periodically disturb the
marsh landscape, thus diversifying plants and consequently insects and birds.


Birds and mammals are likely to be more abundant and diverse in sheltered riparian areas than Fetch6
along exposed coastlines.




Vegetation structure tends to be more mature and complex after significant time has passed          MarshAge6
following glacial recession or uplift. That potentially supports more diverse communities of
wetland vertebrates.




Brown bear use tidal wetlands extensively.                                                          Bearshed6



                                                                                                    IBA6



These are wetland-associated songbird or raptor species of conservation concern that nest in        RareBird6
Southeast Alaska.
AVERAGE(TidePctHi, VwidthHi, MAX(Driftwd, LWD,WoodyPct), TreeType, EdgeShape,
MarshAge)

AVERAGE(Groundw, ByFreshWet, TribFresh, BayRiver, Fetch, Bearshed)

AVERAGE(BuffLC, BuffLCtype, DistNatur, NatPct, LCaltType, Cliffs, Barrier, PopCtr, PatchSize)




IF((Dryland=0),0, ELSE: AVERAGE(Structure,Productiv,Lscape))

MAX(IBA,RareBird)
#     Indicator                Conditions

F1    Tidal Regime             For each condition listed in the rows in the table below, estimate how much of the AA’s area
                               (including its internal tidal channels) is likely to be accessible to small fish. Then select one number
                               from each row, and sum the four numbers and enter the sum in the column to the right.


F5    Dry Land at Daily High Some part of the tidal marsh surface remains free of surface water even during an average daily high
      Tide                   tide, i.e., some "high marsh" is present. If yes, enter 1. If no, enter 0 and SKIP to F9.

F6    Width of Vegetated      At daily high tide, the average width of vegetated area in the AA that separates adjoining uplands (if
      Zone at Daily High Tide any) from most open subtidal water (if any) within or adjoining the AA is:


                               >300 ft
                               100-300 ft
                               25-100 ft
                               5-25 ft
                               1-5 ft
F7    Woody Extent Within      Within the tidal AA, woody vegetation (living shrubs & trees) occupies:
      the AA                   >95% of the vegetated part of the AA
                               50-95% of the vegetated AA
                               25-50% of the vegetated AA
                               5-25% of the vegetated AA
                               <5% of the vegetated AA
F8    Bare Ground &            Consider the parts of the AA that are not inundated by tides on most days. Viewed from 6 inches
      Accumulated Plant        above the soil surface, the condition in most of this area is:
      Litter                   little or no (<5%) bare ground or plant litter (thatch) is visible between erect stems or under canopy.
                               This can occur if ground surface is extensively blanketed by moss, lichens, graminoids with great
                               stem densities, or plants with ground-hugging foliage.
                               some (5-20%) bare ground or litter is visible. Herbaceous plants have moderate stem densities and
                               do not closely hug the ground.
                               much (20-50%) bare ground or plant litter is visible. Low stem density and/or tall plants with little
                               near-ground foliage. Often in forested wetlands.
                               mostly (>50%) bare ground or accumulated plant litter. Or, during early spring the entire AA is
                               constantly under water.
F12   Groundwater Seeps        Select one:
                               Part of the AA contains strong evidence of fresh groundwater discharges at the marsh surface: (a)
                               Springs are observed, or (b) water is cooler in summer and warmer in winter than in other local tidal
                               wetlands, or (c) measurements from shallow wells indicate groundwater is discharging to the
                               wetland.
F12   Groundwater Seeps




                               Part of the AA has less definitive evidence of discharging groundwater during summer. Wetland is
                               on organic, sandy, or gravelly soil AND is at the base of a natural slope of >5% (as averaged over a
                               distance of 1000 ft or until the first opposing break in elevation occurs).

                               Neither of above is true, although some groundwater may discharge to or flow through the wetland,
                               or groundwater influx is unknown.
F13   Graminoid vs. Forb       When the areal cover of herbaceous vascular plants in the AA is at an annual maximum, those plants
      Cover                    are:
                               overwhelmingly graminoids (>80% of the veg cover is grasslike plants)
                               mostly graminoids (50-80% cover)
                               mostly non-graminoids (e.g., forbs, ferns) (50-80%)
                               overwhelmingly (>80%) non-graminoids
F14   Herbaceous Species       Of just the herbaceous (forb and graminoid) species:
      Dominance                One or two species together comprise >50% of the areal cover of herbaceous plants at any time
                               during the year, and one or both are non-native species (see PlantList worksheet).

                               One or two species together comprise >50% of the areal cover of herbaceous plants at any time
                               during the year, and both are native species.
                               There are several herbaceous species, including some non-natives, but no species is dominant. That
                               is, no two of the species together comprise >50% of the areal cover of herbaceous plants.


                               There are several herbaceous species but no species is non-native or dominant. No two of the native
                               species together comprise >50% of the areal cover of herbaceous plants.


F15   Soil Composition in the Based on at least three 12-inch pits spaced about equidistant across the AA (and including areas
      Soil Pit                flooded and not flooded daily by tides, if both present), the composition of in the uppermost soil layer
                              (but excluding the duff layer) is:
                               Loamy: includes silt, silt loam, loam, sandy loam
                               Clayey: includes clay, clay loam, silty clay, silty clay loam, sandy clay, sandy clay loam

                               Organic (deep), from surface to 4 inch depth or greater
                               Organic (shallow), from surface to shallower than 4 inch depth
                               Coarse: includes sand, loamy sand, gravel, cobble, stones, boulders, fluvents, fluvaquents, riverwash


F26   Natural Cover in Buffer Within 100 ft upslope of the AA's wetland-upland edge, the percent of the upland that contains
                              natural (not necessarily native) land cover is:
                               >90%. SKIP to F28 (Buffer Slope).
                               60 to 90%
                               30 to 60%
                               5 to 30%
                               <5%
F27   Type of Cover in Buffer Within 100 ft upslope of the AA's wetland-upland edge, the upland cover that is NOT natural or water
                              is mostly:
                              impervious surface, e.g., paved road, parking lot, building, exposed rock
                              bare pervious surface, e.g., dirt road, dike, dunes, recent clearcut, landslide
                              artificially landscaped areas, lawn, annual crops, orchards, or intensely grazed
                              openlands with tall (>2 ft) grasses and forbs unmowed, or mowed <2x/year
                              other
F30   Core Area 1             The part of the AA almost never visited by humans during an average year probably comprises:


                              >95% of the AA
                              50-95%
                              5-50% and inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA
                              5-50% and no inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA
                              <5% and inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA
                              <5% and no inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA
F31   Core Area 2             The part of the AA visited by humans almost daily for several weeks during an average year probably
                              comprises:
                              >95% of the AA
                              50-95%
                              5-50%
                              <5%
D1    Distance to Nearest     From the center of the AA, the distance to the nearest population center, via the nearest maintained
      Population Center       road, is:
                              <0.5 mile
                              0.5 - 2 miles
                              2-5 miles
                              5-10 miles
                              >10 miles
D3    Distance to Nearest     The distance from the center of the AA to the nearest maintained road (dirt or paved) is:
      Road
                              <100 ft
                              100-500 ft
                              500-1000 ft
                              1000-2600 ft
                              0.5- 1 mile
                              >1 mile
D5    Distance to Natural     The minimum distance from the AA edge to the edge of the closest tract or corridor of natural (not
      Cover                   necessarily native) land cover larger than 100 acres, is:
D5    Distance to Natural
      Cover
                               <100 ft, or the AA contains >100 acres of vegetation, or >100 acres of natural land cover is
                               connected to the AA and is not separated from it by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or
                               impervious surface that are wider than 150 ft.
                               <100 ft, but separated entirely from the wetland by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or
                               impervious surface that are wider than 150 ft.
                               100-300 ft; and not separated from the wetland by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or
                               impervious surface that are wider than 150 ft.
                               100-300 ft, but separated entirely from the wetland by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or
                               impervious surface that are wider than 150 ft.
                               NONE of the above
D6    Natural Cover Extent     Within a 2-mile radius measured from the center of the AA, the percent of the land that has natural
                               land cover (see definition on right) is:
                               <5% of the land
                               5 to 20% of the land
                               20 to 60% of the land
                               60 to 90% of the land
                               >90% of the land. SKIP to D8.
D7    Type of Cover            Within a 2-mile radius measured from the center of the AA, the area that is not "natural cover" or
      Alteration               water is mostly:
                               impervious surface, e.g., paved road, parking lot, building, exposed rock
                               bare pervious surface, e.g., recent clearcut, dirt or gravel road, plowed fields, landslide


                               artificially landscaped areas, lawn, annual crops, orchards, or intensely grazed
                               openlands with tall (>2 ft) grasses and forbs unmowed, or mowed <2x/year, not moss/ muskeg


                               other
D8    Size of Largest Nearby The largest patch or corridor that is natural land cover and is within 0.5 mile of the AA edge, and not
      Tract or Corridor of   separated from the AA by roads or channels that create gaps wider than 150 ft, occupies:
      Natural Land Cover
                               <1 acre
                               1-10 acres
                               10-100 acres
                               100-1000 acres
                               >1000 acres
D15     Geomorphic Setting     As viewed at a coarse (e.g., 1:24000) scale, the AA is (select one):
                               Associated with a major* river, and is closer to the upriver head-of-tide than to marine bays or ocean;
                               if known, the water salinity is <5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year

                               Associated with a major* river, and is closer to marine bays or ocean than to upriver head-of-tide;
                               may be in a river delta; if known, the water salinity is >5 ppt at low tide nearly all the year
                                In a sheltered fish-accessible lagoon, embayment, pocket beach, or tidal slough with a relatively
                                narrow connection to other marine waters and no direct river inputs
                                On a marine fjord, canal, or strait without direct river inputs to the AA
                                Other setting
D25     Tidal Wetland Age       The age (since last covered by a glacier) of the AA is:
                                < 3 years old
                                3-20 years ago
                                20- 200 years ago
                                >200 years ago
                                unknown
D32     Bear Watershed


      Value Indicators

D31     Small Estuarine Extent In Manual, see Appendix C, Table C3. If not listed, enter 0. Otherwise enter 1.


D41     Plant Species of     An uncommon or imperiled wetland indicator plant that is (a) listed in Table C-6 of the Manual, or (b)
        Conservation Concern is a native species that is not listed as occurring in Southeast Alaska in the PlantList worksheet
                             below, has been detected within the past 5 years within the AA under conditions similar to what now
                             occur, by a qualified observer. Enter "1" if yes, "0" if no or unknown.




                                Function Score for Native Plant Habitat


                                Values Score for Native Plant Habitat
Data   Wt   Data x Wt   Score

 0                        0.00




 0



                          0.00



 0     5       0
 0     3       0
 0     2       0
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                          0.00
 0     0       0
 0     1       0
 0     1       0
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                          0.00

 0     0       0



 0     2       0

 0     3       0

 0     1       0


                          0.00
 0     2       0
    0   1   0




    0   0   0




    0   0   0
    0   2   0
    0   3   0
    0   1   0


0       0   0



0       1   0

0       2   0



0       3   0



                0.00



    0   3   0
    0   0   0

    0   1   0
    0   2   0
    0   4   0


                0.00


    0   5   0
    0   4   0
    0   2   0
    0   1   0
    0   0   0
            0.00


0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
0   2   0
0
            0.00


0   5   0
0   4   0
0   3   0
0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0   0
            0.00


0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
0   3   0
            0.00


0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
0   2   0
0   2   0
            0.00


0   0   0
0   1   0
0   4   0
0   5   0
0   6   0
0   7   0
            0.00
0   4   0



0   3   0

0   2   0


0   1   0

0   0   0
            0.00


0   0   0
0   1   0
0   2   0
0   4   0
0   6   0
            0.00


0   0   0
0   1   0


0   2   0
0   2   0


0
            0.00



0   0   0
0   3   0
0   5   0
0   6   0
0   7   0
            0.00
0   4   0



0   3   0
0   1       0


0   0       0
0
                    0.00
0   0       0
0   2       0
0   3       0
0   4       0
0   5       0
0




0


0




         Salinity   0.00
        Substrate   0.00
        Structure   0.00
        Invasive    0.00
        Potential
        Landscape   0.00



           F        0.00


           V        1.00
Rationale

Higher scores indicate tidal marshes that are extensively flooded on nearly all high tides, i.e., TidePctDry7
low marsh elevation. Such marshes usually have much lower diversity of vascular plants than
higher parts of the same marsh.


see above                                                                                       DryLand7



High marsh areas tend to have greater plant richness than low marsh areas, and richness is      VwidthHi7
somewhat related to wetland vegetated width (Rooney & Bayley 2011).




Woody plants add diversity and provide a microclimate that may support plants not found in      WoodyPct7
more open tidal wetlands.




Dense ground cover often is the result of a few dominant species, and plant richness in such Bare7
areas accordingly tends to be less. Many rare species occur where periodic disturbance has
thinned the ground cover somewhat.




Many marine plants and animals are iron-limited. Groundwater is often iron-rich and thus        Groundw7
may support more species and/or higher biological production (Klinger & Erickson 1997).
Many marine plants and animals are iron-limited. Groundwater is often iron-rich and thus
may support more species and/or higher biological production (Klinger & Erickson 1997).




Graminoids tend to dominate many tidal wetlands in Southeast Alaska, so when this is not the GramForb7
case, plant diversity generally is greater.




This is an indirect indicator of plant richness.                                                  HerbDomin7




Anaerobic conditions in tidal wetland sediments tend to diminish plant richness. Coarser-         SoilTex7
textured soils tend to be less prone to supporting those conditions.




Invasive plants that potentially reduce the diversity of tidal wetland plants are less prevalent in BuffNatPct7
areas of undisturbed vegetative cover.
see above                                                                                    BuffLUtyp7




Humans are a frequent vector for introduction of invasive plants that can diminish richness of Core1_7
native wetland plant communities.




see above                                                                                    Core2_7




see above                                                                                    PopCtr7




see above                                                                                    RoadDist7




see above                                                                                    Dist2Nat7
see above




see above                                                                                 NatPct7




see above                                                                                 LCaltTyp7




see above                                                                                 PatchSize7




Rivers transport plant propagules and provide nutrients to floodplain plant communites.   RiverBay7
Periodic disturbance associated with river floods can diversify plant communities.
With passage of time, deglaciated and uplifted tidal wetlands become more vegetated and       TmarshAge7
consequently their plant richness may increase.




Bears can transport plant seeds from distant locations and deposit them in tidal wetlands.    Bearshed7
However, this can include invasive as well as native species.


Tidal wetlands are particularly important for maintaining plant richness at a landscape scale in EstuScape7
biogeographic regions where they are least extensive.
Presence of rare species makes a tidal wetland more valued.                                   RarePlant7




AVERAGE(Groundw, RiverBay)
AVERAGE(TidePctDry, VwidthHi, SoilTex)
AVERAGE(WoodyPct, Bare, GramForb, TmarshAge,HerbDomin)
AVERAGE(RoadDist, PopCtr, Core1_, Core2_, PatchSize, BuffNatPct, BuffLUtyp)

AVERAGE(Dist2Nat, NatPct, LCaltTyp, Bearshed)


(2*Substrate + 2*Salinity + Struc + InvasPot + Lscape) / 7


MAX(RarePlant,EstuScape)
#     Indicator               Conditions

F30   Core Area 1             The part of the AA almost never visited by humans during an average year probably comprises:

                              >95% of the AA
                              50-95%
                              5-50% and inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA
                              5-50% and no inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA
                              <5% and inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA
                              <5% and no inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA
F31   Core Area 2             The part of the AA visited by humans almost daily for several weeks during an average year probably
                              comprises:
                              >95% of the AA
                              50-95%
                              5-50%
                              <5%
F32   Visibility              The maximum percent of the wetland that is visible from the best vantage point on public roads, public
                              parking lots, public buildings, or public maintained trails that intersect, adjoin, or are within 300 ft of the
                              AA (select one) is:

                              >50%
                              25-50%
                              <25%
F33   Ownership               Most of the AA is (select one):
                              in public ownership
                              in private ownership
F34   Public Access           For most of the AA, permission for access is normally given or allowed:
                              to anyone, mostly unrestricted
                              to anyone, but significant restrictions (e.g., limited dates, permit required)
                              only on a case-by-case basis, but with few other restrictions
                              only on a case-by-case basis, with restrictions (e.g., limited dates, permit required)
                              seldom or never
                              (do not know)
F35   Non-consumptive Uses - Assuming access permission was granted, select all statements that are true of this AA as it currently
      Actual or Potential    exists:
                              Walking is physically possible in >5% of the AA during most of year, e.g., free of deep water and
                              dense shrub thickets
                              All or part of the AA (or an area within sight of the AA and within 100 ft) would be physically accessible
                              to people in wheelchairs, e.g., paved and flat
      Actual or Potential




                              Maintained roads, parking areas, or foot-trails are within 30 ft of the AA, or the AA can be accessed
                              most of the year by boat
                              Within or near the AA, there is an interpretive center, trails with interpretive signs or brochures, and/or
                              regular guided interpretive tours.
D1    Distance to Nearest     From the center of the AA, the distance to the nearest population center, via the nearest maintained
      Population Center       road, is:
                              <0.5 mile
                              0.5 - 2 miles
                              2-5 miles
                              5-10 miles
                              >10 miles
D31   Small Estuarine Extent In Manual, see Appendix C, Table C3. If not listed, enter 0. Otherwise enter 1.


D36   Mitigation Investment   The AA is all or part of a mitigation site used explicitly to offset impacts elsewhere. Enter: yes= 1, no=
                              0, no information= change to blank.
D37   Conservation            The AA is part of or contiguous to a wetland on which public or private organizational funds were
      Investment              spent to preserve, create, restore, enhance, the wetland (excluding mitigation wetlands). Enter: yes=
                              1, no= 0, no information= change to blank.
D38   Sustained Scientific    Plants, animals, or water in the AA have been monitored for >2 years, unrelated to any regulatory
      Use                     requirements, and data are available to the public. Or the AA is part of an area that has been
                              designated by an agency or institution as a benchmark, reference, or status-trends monitoring area.




                              Values Score for Public Use
Data   Wt   Data x Wt   Score

                                0.00

 0     0       0
 0     1       0
 0     3       0
 0     2       0
 0     5       0
 0     4       0
                                0.00


 0     0       0
 0     1       0
 0     2       0
 0     3       0
                                0.00



 0     2       0
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                                0.00
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                                0.00
 0     4       0
 0     3       0
 0     2       0
 0     1       0
 0     0       0
 0
                                0.00

 0     1       0

 0     1       0
0   1         0


0   1         0

                         0.00


0   5         0
0   3         0
0   2         0
0   1         0
0   0         0
0                        0.00


0

0



0




         Ownership       0.00
        Convenience      0.00
         Investment      0.00
        RecrePotential   0.00
          OppRarity      0.00



             V           0.00
Rationale

This is a direct estimate of public use.                                                     Core1PU




This is a direct estimate of public use.                                                     Core2PU




Public enjoyment of wetlands is assumed to be greater when most of the wetland can be        VisibPU
seen without obstruction by dense shrubs or other features.




Public ownership generally implies greater public use.                                       OwnershpPU




More people are able to visit wetlands where there are few access restrictions.              AccessPU




The provision of trails, access for people with disabilities, and interpretive signs encourages RecPotenPU
greater public use of wetlands.
greater public use of wetlands.




If accessible, wetlands closer to population centers are likely to be visited by more people on PopCtrPU
foot.




Tidal wetlands in biogeographic regions with few other tidal wetlands may be more valued for EstuShedPU
public uses.
Mitigation wetlands represent an investment of funds in the public's interest, which should   MitigSite
not be wasted.
Prior public investment for these purposes requires greater protection.                       ConservSite



Collection of long term data from wetlands is in the public interest partly because it can lead SciUse
to more effective and fair regulations.




AVERAGE(Ownershp,Access)
AVERAGE(Visib,Core1,Core2,PopCtr)
MAX(MitigaSite,ConsInvest,SciUse)
RecreaPoten
EstuShed


AVERAGE[Ownership,Convenience,Investment,RecPotenPU, OppRarity) ]
#     Indicator

F33   Ownership




F34   Public Access




F36   Consumptive Uses
      (Provisioning Services)




D1    Distance to Nearest
      Population Center




D16   Input Tributary



D17   Fish Access or Use




D33   Salmonid Watershed

D35   Subsistence Focal Area
D35   Subsistence Focal Area




      Rejected Indicators


      Plant species
Conditions                                                                                                       Data   Wt   Data x Wt

Most of the AA is (select one):
in public ownership                                                                                               0     1       0
in private ownership                                                                                              0     0       0
For most of the AA, permission for access is normally given or allowed:
to anyone, mostly unrestricted                                                                                    0     4       0
to anyone, but significant restrictions (e.g., limited dates, permit required)                                    0     3       0
only on a case-by-case basis, but with few other restrictions                                                     0     2       0
only on a case-by-case basis, with restrictions (e.g., limited dates, permit required)                            0     1       0
seldom or never                                                                                                   0     0       0
(do not know)                                                                                                     0
Recent evidence was found within the AA of the following potentially-sustainable consumptive uses.
Select all that apply.
subsistence-focused harvesting of native plants, their fruits, or mushrooms                                       0             0
waterfowl hunting or furbearer trapping                                                                           0             0
fishing (including shellfish harvest)                                                                             0             0
None of the above                                                                                                 0             0
From the center of the AA, the distance to the nearest population center, via the nearest maintained road,
is:
<0.5 mile                                                                                                         0     5       0
0.5 - 2 miles                                                                                                     0     3       0
2-5 miles                                                                                                         0     2       0
5-10 miles                                                                                                        0     1       0
>10 miles                                                                                                         0     0       0
The AA is intersected by a freshwater stream (tributary) that flows during most of the growing season and         0
originates in the upland directly adjoining this wetland. Or the AA is a fringe wetland along a river. Enter 1
if yes. If no, SKIP to D21.
That stream identified above (select ONE -- mark only the first applicable choice):
a) is known to support anadromous fish (some Class I streams)                                                     0     4       0
b) is probably accessible (at least seasonally, partially or entirely) to anadromous fish, but anadromous         0     2       0
fish have not been documented (some Class I streams)
c) is not accessible to anadromous fish, but other resident fish are known (or can be assumed) present            0     1       0
(Class II)
d) is not accessible to anadromous fish and is known (or can be assumed) to have no resident fish                 0     0       0

e) unknown and undeterminable                                                                                     0
Refer to map in the Manual (Appendix B, Fig. B-4).l. Suitability surrounding the AA is: 3=Very High, 2=           0
High, 1= Moderate, 0= all other.
See maps in the Manual, Appendix B, Fig. B-6). The AA is located:
in a designated Non-subsistence Use Area near Juneau or Ketchikan                              0   0   0
within 2 miles of a fisheries subsistence area (shown as a point on the maps)                  0   3   0
neither of the above                                                                           0   1   0


Values Score for Subsistence
                                                                                                       V



Reason for Rejections


Although many wetland plants are extensively used for subsistence, a requirement for species
identification does not comport with the aims of this rapid assessment method.
Score        Rationale

        0.00 Because access tends to be better, subsistence activities may be greater on public than OwnershpPU
             on private (except tribal) lands.


        0.00 See above.                                                                                 AccessPU




        0.00 These are direct measures of resource use, though not necessarily for subsistence          ConsumpUse
             purposes.




        0.00 Human access to wild foods is greater when close to population centers. However, so is PopCtrPU
             access to store-bought alternatives, and Kruger (2005) reported no strong relationship
             between proximity or population size and the degree of subsistence dependency.




             Tributaries increase the potential for fish presence in a tidal wetland, and those fish may TributaryIn
             be important for subsistence.


        0.00 Anadromous fish are a major subsistence food. If fish cannot access a wetland, its value FishAccess
             for subsistence is more limited.




             Salmon are a major subsistence food. Watersheds that potentially support salmonids the Salmonshed20
             most thus are scored higher for subsistence.
        0.00 Although imperfect and incomplete, the ADFW maps and reports are presently the best        Subsist20
             available source of information on important geographic locations for subsistence.
    Although imperfect and incomplete, the ADFW maps and reports are presently the best
    available source of information on important geographic locations for subsistence.




0.00 IF((NoSubsist=1),0, ELSE:
     AVERAGE(ConsumpUse, Subsist, AVERAGE(PopCtr,Ownershp,Access),
     AVERAGE(Salmoshed,FishAccess,EstuShed)]
#     Indicator                     Conditions

F5    Dry Land at Daily High Tide   Some part of the tidal marsh surface remains free of surface water even during an average daily
                                    high tide, i.e., some "high marsh" is present. If yes, enter 1. If no, enter 0 and SKIP to F9.


F6    Width of Vegetated Zone at    At daily high tide, the average width of vegetated area in the AA that separates adjoining uplands
      Daily High Tide               (if any) from most open subtidal water (if any) within or adjoining the AA is:

                                    >300 ft
                                    100-300 ft
                                    25-100 ft
                                    5-25 ft
                                    1-5 ft
F24   N Fixers                      The cover of nitrogen-fixing plants (e.g., alder, sweetgale, legumes) along the AA's upland edge
                                    is:
                                    <1% or none, or AA has no upland edge
                                    1-25%
                                    25-50%
                                    50-75%
                                    >75%
F26   Natural Cover in Buffer       Within 100 ft upslope of the AA's wetland-upland edge, the percent of the upland that contains
                                    natural (not necessarily native) land cover is:
                                    >90%. SKIP to F28 (Buffer Slope).
                                    60 to 90%
                                    30 to 60%
                                    5 to 30%
                                    <5%
F28   Buffer Slope                  Along the AA's wetland-upland edge and extending 100 ft uphill, the slope of the land is mostly:


                                    <1% (flat -- almost no noticeable slope)
                                    2-5%
                                    5-30%
                                    >30%
D12   Distance to Separate Tidal    As determined from ShoreZone, direct observation, or other sources, the distance by water from
      Wetland                       the AA edge to the closest tidal wetland that is distinct from this wetland (separated by >150 ft of
                                    subtidal water or upland) is:
                                    150-1000 ft
                                    1000 ft - 1 mile
                                    1-5 miles
                                    >5 miles
D31   Small Estuarine Extent       In Manual, see Appendix C, Table C3. If not listed, enter 0. Otherwise enter 1.
D22   Biological Wave Exposure     At the ShoreZone web site, the Biological Wave Exposure of most of the AA is shown as:

                                   protected or very protected
                                   semi-protected
                                   semi-exposed
                                   exposed or very exposed
D24   Marsh Area Trend             Over the past 100 years (approximately) the size of this AA's tidal marsh is probably (select one):

                                   expanding outward into formerly subtidal waters due to delta deposition from logging or
                                   landslides, or landward due to glacial recession/ uplift, earthquake, or other causes.

                                   shrinking due to natural processes (excessive sedimentation or uplift causing succession to non-
                                   tidal upland, or partial conversion to subtidal due to erosion, sea level rise, excessive retention of
                                   nourishing sediments by upriver dams, or tilting of the marsh plain following glacial rebound or
                                   earthquake). SKIP to D26 (Aspect).


                                   mostly unchanged. SKIP to D26 (Aspect).
                                   (trend indeterminable). SKIP to D26 (Aspect).
D25   Tidal Wetland Age            The age (since last covered by a glacier) of the AA is:
                                   < 3 years old
                                   3-20 years ago
                                   20- 200 years ago
                                   >200 years ago
                                   unknown
D39   Non-breeding (Feeding)       Mark just the first choice below that is true. One or more of these species -- Pacific Loon, Yellow-
      Waterbird Species of         billed Loon, Red-necked Grebe, Horned Grebe, Trumpeter Swan -- has been detected semi-
      Conservation Concern         annually within the past 5 years in the AA under conditions similar to what now occur, by a
                                   qualified observer:
                                   in the AA
                                   outside the AA but within 0.5 mile, in a generally similar wetland
                                   outside the AA and 0.5 to 2 miles away, in a generally similar wetland
                                   beyond 2 miles, or no recent observation of these species by a qualified observer under
                                   conditions similar to what now occur, or no data
D40   Songbird or Raptor Species One or more of these species -- Osprey, Peregrine Falcon, Queen Charlotte Goshawk, Olive-
      of Conservation Concern    sided Flycatcher, Townsend's Warbler, Rusty Blackbird -- has been detected nesting semi-
                                 annually along the AA's upland edge (within 300 ft) during the past 5 years under conditions
                                 similar to what now occur, by a qualified observer. Enter "1" if yes, "0" if no or unknown.
D41   Plant Species of       An uncommon or imperiled wetland indicator plant that is (a) listed in Table C-6 of the Manual, or
      Conservation Concern   (b) is a native species that is not listed as occurring in Southeast Alaska in the PlantList
                             worksheet below, has been detected within the past 5 years within the AA under conditions
                             similar to what now occur, by a qualified observer. Enter "1" if yes, "0" if no or unknown.




                             Values Score for Sensitivity
Data   Wt   Data x Wt Score        Rationale

                                   Used as a classifier only.


 0
                              0.00 Narrow wetlands tend to be more susceptible to erosion from waves and currents. Their
                                   microclimate also is more precarious, trees are more subject to windthrow (Martin &
                                   Grotenfendt 2007, Bahuguna et al. 2010), and their wildlife may be more susceptible to
       0       0                   predation. In narrow strips or small patches of vegetation, the native plant communities are
 0                                 more vulnerable to invasion from non-native species from adjoining lands.
 0     1       0

 0     2       0

 0     4       0
 0     8       0
                              0.00 Because of its ability to fertilize soil, alder and other N-fixing plants can speed biological
                                   recovery following disturbance [Gomi et al. 2006]. Wetlands without alder may be slower to
                                   recover and thus more sensitive. However, the degree to which N availability may limit plant
 0     4       0
                                   growth in tidal wetlands is unknown.
 0     3       0

 0     2       0

 0     1       0
 0     0       0
                              0.00 Wetlands are likely to be more resilient (less sensitive, thus lower weighting factor) if large
                                   and/or surrounded by other natural landscapes, and/or if they are near other wetlands of the
                                   same type, because if an impact occurs to the wetland's vegetation, plant propagules from
 0     0       0
                                   the surrounding landscape may speed recovery. Presence of natural vegetation in the
 0     1       0                   surrounding landscape also may also help the wetland avoid the impact before it happens,
       2       0                   by mitigating hydrologic and water quality alterations.
 0
 0     3       0
 0     4       0
                              0.00 Wetlands adjoined by steep slopes are likely to be subject to more sediment and
                                   contaminant input, other factors being equal.

 0     0       0

 0     1       0

 0     2       0
 0     3       0
                              0.00 Recovery is likely to take longer if a tidal wetland is small and isolated from others.



 0     0       0

 0     1       0

 0     2       0
 0     4       0
0           0.00 see above
            0.00 Tidal wetlands highly exposed to wind and waves may take longer to recover from
0                disturbances.

0   0   0

0   1   0

0   2   0
0   3   0
            0.00 Tidal wetlands whose area has been shrinking may be more sensitive to additional
                 disturbances.
    0   0

0
    4   0




0
0   1   0
0
            0.00 Older tidal wetlands usually have better-developed plant communities which have greater
    3   0        resilience to additional disturbances.
0
0   2   0

0   1   0

0   0   0
0
            0.00 Individuals belonging to species that are on the margins of their geographic range at this
                 location tend to be more sensitive to some types of environmental disturbances.



0   5   0
0   2   0
0   1   0
0   0   0


0                see above
0           see above




    V   0.00 AVERAGE(VwidthHi, Fetch, Nfix, BuffNatPct, BuffSlope, MarshDist, EstuShed,
             MAX(RareWaterBird, RareWildlife, RarePlant), Mtrend, MarshAge)
DryAtHi18



VwidthHi18




Nfix18




BuffNatPct18




BuffSlope18




MarshDist18
EstuShed18
Fetch18




Mtrend18




MarshAge18




RareWaterBird




RareWildlife
RarePlant18
#     Indicator

F30   Core Area 1




F31   Core Area 2




F32   Visibility




D1    Distance to Nearest
      Population Center




D2    Barriers to Wildlife
      Movements



D3    Distance to Nearest
      Road
D5   Distance to Natural
     Cover




D6   Natural Cover Extent




D7   Type of Cover Alteration




D8   Size of Largest Nearby
     Tract or Corridor of
     Natural Land Cover
D20   Documented Toxicity




D27   Upslope Soil Erodibility
      & Debris Flow Potential




D28   Unvegetated Surface in
      the Contributing Area




D29   Transport From Upslope




S1    Wetter Water Regime -
      Internal Causes
S2    Wetter Water Regime -
      External Causes
S3   Drier Water Regime -
     Internal Causes
S4   Drier Water Regime -
     External Causes
S5   Altered Timing of Water
     Inputs
S6   Accelerated Inputs of
     Nutrients or
S7   Contaminants
     Excessive Sediment
     Loading from
S8   Contributing Area
     Soil or Sediment
     Alteration Within the
S9   Assessment Area
     Vegetated Cover
     Removal Within the
     Assessment Area
Conditions                                                                                                        Data   Wt

The part of the AA almost never visited by humans during an average year probably comprises:

>95% of the AA                                                                                                     0          0
50-95%                                                                                                             0          1
5-50% and inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA                                                            0          3
5-50% and no inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA                                                         0          2
<5% and inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA                                                              0          5
<5% and no inhabited building is within 300 ft of the AA                                                           0          4
The part of the AA visited by humans almost daily for several weeks during an average year probably
comprises:
>95% of the AA                                                                                                     0          3
50-95%                                                                                                             0          2
5-50%                                                                                                              0          1
<5%                                                                                                                0          0
The maximum percent of the wetland that is visible from the best vantage point on public roads, public
parking lots, public buildings, or public maintained trails that intersect, adjoin, or are within 300 ft of the
AA (select one) is:
>50%                                                                                                               0          2
25-50%                                                                                                             0          1
<25%                                                                                                               0          0
From the center of the AA, the distance to the nearest population center, via the nearest maintained
road, is:
<0.5 mile                                                                                                          0          5
0.5 - 2 miles                                                                                                      0          3
2-5 miles                                                                                                          0          2
5-10 miles                                                                                                         0          1
>10 miles                                                                                                          0          0
Draw a circle of radius of 0.5 mile from the center of the AA. Within that circle, do maintained roads             0
(paved or dirt), marine waters, or steep slopes (>30%) completely encircle the AA, thus reducing the
movements of some mammals into separate wetlands, streams, ponds, or lakes beyond that radius? (0=
no, 1= yes)

The distance from the center of the AA to the nearest maintained road (dirt or paved) is:
<100 ft                                                                                                            0          5
100-500 ft                                                                                                         0          4
500-1000 ft                                                                                                        0          3
1000-2600 ft                                                                                                       0          2
0.5- 1 mile                                                                                                        0          1
>1 mile                                                                                                       0   0
The minimum distance from the AA edge to the edge of the closest tract or corridor of natural (not
necessarily native) land cover larger than 100 acres, is:
<100 ft, or the AA contains >100 acres of vegetation, or >100 acres of natural land cover is connected to     0   3
the AA and is not separated from it by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or impervious surface
that are wider than 150 ft.
<100 ft, but separated entirely from the wetland by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or            0   4
impervious surface that are wider than 150 ft.
100-300 ft; and not separated from the wetland by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or              0   1
impervious surface that are wider than 150 ft.
100-300 ft, but separated entirely from the wetland by stretches of open water, bare ground, lawn, or         0   2
impervious surface that are wider than 150 ft.
NONE of the above                                                                                             0   0
Within a 2-mile radius measured from the center of the AA, the percent of the land that has natural land
cover (see definition on right) is:
<5% of the land                                                                                               0   4
5 to 20% of the land                                                                                          0   3
20 to 60% of the land                                                                                         0   2
60 to 90% of the land                                                                                         0   1
>90% of the land. SKIP to D8.                                                                                 0   0
Within a 2-mile radius measured from the center of the AA, the area that is not "natural cover" or water is
mostly:
impervious surface, e.g., paved road, parking lot, building, exposed rock                                     0   3
bare pervious surface, e.g., recent clearcut, dirt or gravel road, plowed fields, landslide                   0   2
artificially landscaped areas, lawn, annual crops, orchards, or intensely grazed                              0   1
openlands with tall (>2 ft) grasses and forbs unmowed, or mowed <2x/year, not moss/ muskeg                    0   0


other                                                                                                         0
The largest patch or corridor that is natural land cover and is within 0.5 mile of the AA edge, and not
separated from the AA by roads or channels that create gaps wider than 150 ft, occupies:

<1 acre                                                                                                       0   4
1-10 acres                                                                                                    0   3
10-100 acres                                                                                                  0   2
100-1000 acres                                                                                                0   1
>1000 acres                                                                                                   0   0
Data collected by public agencies, or by other entities according to agency-approved quality assurance
procedures, indicate that metals, hydrocarbons, suspended sediment, and/or other substances have
been at concentrations exceeding approved criteria or standards, and/or at concentrations otherwise
known to potentially be harmful to aquatic life or humans, and this has occurred in multiple samples
during the past 5 years. Enter "1" for ALL that apply. Includes but not limited to most waters designated
as 303(d) or with TMDL plans. These conditions are present:


within the AA                                                                                                   0   3
in waters that flow or potentially flow into the AA and within 1 mile                                           0   1
data from past 5 years indicate no potential toxicity within 1 mile                                             0   0
insufficient data                                                                                               0
A stream channel or upland within 200 ft upslope from the AA has been classified by the Forest Service,
USDA, or other specialists as highly erodible, unstable, or a landslide hazard. Or, there is
documentation of debris flows or severe erosion above the AA within the past 20 years.


yes, and such conditions or classifications intersect the AA                                                0       2
yes, but the conditions or classifications do not reach or intersect the AA                                 0       1
no                                                                                                          0       0
no information                                                                                              0
The percentage of the contributing area that drains directly to the AA and is comprised of buildings,
roads, parking lots, other pavement, recent (<5 years old) clearcuts, exposed bedrock, debris flows, and
other mostly-bare (but unfrozen) surface is about :
>25%                                                                                                        0       2
10 to 25%                                                                                                   0       1
<10%                                                                                                        0       0
A relatively large proportion of the precipitation that falls on the slope adjoining the AA reaches this
wetland quickly as runoff (surface water), as indicated by the following:
(a) input stream or channel is present,
(b) input channels have been straightened,
(c) upslope wetlands have been ditched extensively,
(d) land cover is mostly non-forest,
(e) slopes are steep, and/or
(f) most soils in the contributing area are shallow and/or have high runoff coefficients.
This statement is:
Mostly true                                                                                                 0       2
Somewhat true                                                                                               0       1
Mostly untrue                                                                                               0       0
                                                                                                            0


                                                                                                            0
                 0


                 0

                 0


                 0

                 0

                 0


                 0




Stressor Score
Data x Wt       Score          Rationale

                        0.00

            0
            0
            0
            0
            0
            0
                        0.00


            0
            0
            0
            0
                        0.00



            0
            0
            0
                        0.00


            0
            0
            0
            0
            0




                        0.00
            0
            0
            0
            0
            0
0
    0.00

0



0

0

0


0
    0.00

0
0
0
0
0
    0.00


0
0
0
0



    0.00



0
0
0
0
0
    0.00




0
0
0


    0.00




0
0
0


    0.00



0
0
0
    0.00




0
0
0
0.00 IF((Toxics Onsite=1),1, ELSE:
     AVERAGE[ToxDoc, AVERAGE(Core1alt, Core2alt, VisibAlt, PopCtrAlt, BarriersAlt,
     RoadsAlt),
     AVERAGE(NatDistAlt, NatPctAlt, NatTypeAlt, SizeAlt, ImpervAlt, TransptAlt),
     MAX(WetterIn, WetterCA, DrierIn, DrierCA, AltTiming, ToxicsIn, SedCA, SoilAltIn,
     VegClear, ErodAlt))]
Core1alt




Core2alt




VisibAlt




PopCtrAlt




BarriersAlt




RoadsAlt
NatDistAlt




NatPctAlt




NatTypeAlt




SizeAlt
ToxDoc




ErodAlt




ImpervAlt




TransptAlt




WetterIn


WetterCA
DrierIn


DrierCA

AltTiming


ToxicsIn

SedCA

SoilAltIn


VegClear
Attributes of Alaskan Vascular Plants. Species listed are mainly those for which a wetland indicator status has been assigned by federal agencies. Some
"Southeast" denotes those recorded in Southeastern Alaska (SE #recs is the number of records, according to Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria). W
"New" is the 2011 draft list that currently has no legal status; "Changed" indicates a difference in WIS designations or addition/ deletion from the 1988 WIS
complete. Invasive= non-native species, where found, that have the greatest actual or potential adverse effect on native plant richness. Rare= species (1
Program as S1, S2, S3 or G1, G2, or G3. Many other species are believed to be rare or very limited in their regional distribution (see SE #recs).



                                                       SE                            Changed
Scientific Name                         Southeast     #recs    WIS old WIS new        WIS?
Abies amabilis                              X            0     NOL     UPL              Y
Abies lasiocarpa                            X            9     UPL     UPL              N
Acer circinatum                                          0             FAC              Y
Acer glabrum                                 X          14     FACU FACU                N
Achillea millefolium                         X          10     FACU FACU                N
Achnatherum richardsonii                                 0             FACU             Y
Aconitum delphiniifolium                     X          19     FAC     FAC              N
Aconitum maximum                                         0             UPL              Y
Aconogonon alaskanum                                     0             FAC              Y
Acorus americanus                            X           3     OBL     OBL              N
Actaea rubra                                 X           6     FAC     FAC              N
Adiantum aleuticum                           X           4     FAC     FAC              N
Adoxa moschatellina                          X           0     FAC     FAC              N
Agoseris aurantiaca                          X           1     FAC     FAC              N
Agoseris glauca                              X           2     FAC     FAC              N
Agrostis aequivalvis                                     0     OBL     OBL              N
Agrostis alascana                                        0     OBL     OBL              N
Agrostis capillaris                          X           0     FACU FACU                N
Agrostis clavata                                         0             OBL              Y
Agrostis exarata                             X          13     FACW FACW                N
Agrostis gigantea                            X           0     FAC     FAC              N
Agrostis idahoensis                                      0             FACW             Y
Agrostis mertensii                           X           3     FACU FACU                N
Agrostis oregonensis                         X           0     NOL                      Y
Agrostis scabra                              X           6     FAC     FAC              N
Agrostis stolonifera                         X           2     FAC     FAC              N
Agrostis thurberiana
Agrostis vinealis                                        0              FAC               Y
Aira caryophyllea                            X           0     NOL      FAC               Y
Alisma plantago-aquatica                                 0              OBL               Y
Alisma triviale                                          0              OBL               Y
Alliaria petiolata                           X           1     NOL      FACU              Y
Allium schoenoprasum                         X           2     FAC      FAC               N
Allium vineale                                           0              UPL               Y
Alnus incana                                 X           1     FAC      FAC               N
Alnus rubra                                  X          19     FAC      FAC               N
Alnus viridis                                X          16     FAC      FAC               N
Alopecurus aequalis                          X           4     OBL      OBL               N
Alopecurus geniculatus                       X           4     OBL      OBL               N
Alopecurus magellanicus                                  0              FACW              Y
Alopecurus pratensis                         X           2     FACW     FACW              N
Amaranthus albus                             X           0     NI       FACU              Y
Amaranthus blitoides                                     0              UPL               Y
Amaranthus retroflexus                       X           0     UPL      UPL               N
Ambrosia chamissonis         X    0
Amelanchier alnifolia        X    4   UPL    UPL    N
Amerorchis rotundifolia      X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Andromeda polifolia          X    8   OBL    FACW   Y
Androsace chamaejasme        X    2   FACU   FACU   N
Androsace septentrionalis    X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Anemone narcissiflora        X   10          FACU   Y
Anemone parviflora           X    3   FACU   FACU   N
Anemone richardsonii         X    6   FAC    FAC    N
Angelica arguta                   0          FACW   Y
Angelica genuflexa           X   11   FACW   FACW   N
Angelica lucida              X    3   FACU   FACU   N
Antennaria alpina            X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Antennaria media             X    1   NI            Y
Antennaria pulcherrima       X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Antennaria umbrinella        X    0   NOL           Y
Anthemis cotula              X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Anthoxanthum arcticum             0          FACW   Y
Anthoxanthum monticola       X    0          UPL    Y
Anthoxanthum odoratum        X    3   UPL    UPL    N
Anticlea elegans                  0          FACU   Y
Aphragmus eschscholtzianus   X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Apocynum androsaemifolium    X    0   NI     UPL    Y
Aquilegia formosa            X   13   NI     FACU   Y
Arabidopsis lyrata           X    0          FACU   Y
Arabis drummondii            X    0   FACU          Y
Arabis eschscholtziana       X    0          UPL    Y
Arabis hirsuta               X    5   FACU   FACU   N
Arabis holboellii            X    1   UPL           Y
Arabis lyrata                X   14   FACU          Y
Arctagrostis latifolia       X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Arctanthemum arcticum        X    3          FACW   Y
Arctophila fulva             X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Arctostaphylos alpina             0          FACU   Y
Arctostaphylos rubra              0   FAC    FAC    N
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi      X    2   UPL    UPL    N
Argentina anserina           X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Argentina egedii             X    0   NOL    FACW   Y
Armeria maritima             X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Arnica amplexicaulis         X    2   FAC
Arnica chamissonis           X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Arnica lanceolata            X   10          FAC    Y
Arnica latifolia             X   15   FAC    FAC    N
Arnica lessingii             X    0
Arnica mollis                X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Arnica ovata                 X    1          FACW   Y
Arrhenatherum elatius        X    3   UPL    UPL    N
Artemisia arctica            X   11   NOL           Y
Artemisia biennis                 0          FAC    Y
Artemisia cana                    0          FACU   Y
Artemisia ludoviciana             0          FACU   Y
Artemisia norvegica          X    3          FACU   Y
Artemisia stelleriana             0          UPL    Y
Artemisia tilesii               X    5          FACU   Y
Artemisia vulgaris                   0          UPL    Y
Aruncus dioicus                 X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Asperugo procumbens                  0          UPL    Y
Asplenium trichomanes           X    6          FAC    Y
Asplenium trichomanes-ramosum   X    1   UPL           Y
Asplenium viride                     0
Aster modestus                  X    8   FAC           Y
Aster subspicatus               X   19   FAC           Y
Astragalus agrestis             X    0   NOL           Y
Astragalus alpinus              X   10   FAC    FAC    N
Astragalus americanus           X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Astragalus bodinii              X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Astragalus eucosmus             X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Astragalus nutzotinensis        X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Astragalus polaris                   0          FAC    Y
Astragalus robbinsii            X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Athyrium americanum                  0          FAC    Y
Athyrium filix-femina           X    9   FAC    FAC    N
Atriplex alaskensis                  0   FACW   FACW   N
Atriplex gmelinii               X   10   FACW   FACW   N
Atriplex hortensis                   0          FACW   Y
Atriplex patula                 X    6   FACW   FACW   N
Avena sativa                         0          UPL    Y
Azolla filiculoides                  0          OBL    Y
Barbarea orthoceras             X    6   FACW   FACW   N
Beckmannia syzigachne           X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Betula glandulosa               X    2   NOL    FAC    Y
Betula nana                     X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Betula neoalaskana              X    0          FACU   Y
Betula occidentalis                  0   FAC    FAC    N
Betula papyrifera               X    9   FACU   FACU   N
Bidens cernua                   X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Bidens frondosa                 X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Bidens tripartita                    0          FACW   Y
Bistorta plumosa                X    1          FACU   Y
Bistorta vivipara               X   10          FAC    Y
Blechnum spicant                X    7   FAC    FAC    N
Blysmopsis rufa                      0          OBL    Y
Boechera grahamii                    0          FACU   Y
Boechera holboellii                  0          UPL    Y
Boechera lemmonii               X    0          UPL    Y
Boechera stricta                     0          FACU   Y
Boschniakia rossica             X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Botrychium ascendens            X    3          FACU   Y
Botrychium boreale                   0          UPL    Y
Botrychium lanceolatum          X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Botrychium lunaria              X    3   FACW   FACW   N
Botrychium minganense           X    0
Botrychium multifidum           X    1   FAC           Y
Botrychium pinnatum             X    0   NI     UPL    Y
Botrychium simplex                   0          FACU   Y
Botrychium tunux                X    0
Botrychium virginianum          X    1   FACU          Y
Botrychium yaaxudakeit          X    0
Botrypus virginianus                 0          FACU   Y
Boykinia richardsonii                0          UPL    Y
Brasenia schreberi              X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Brassica juncea                 X    0          UPL    Y
Brassica rapa                   X    0          UPL    Y
Braya glabella                       0          FAC    Y
Braya humilis                   X    0   FAC           Y
Bromus briziformis                   0          FACU   Y
Bromus ciliatus                 X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Bromus hordeaceus               X    2   NI     FACU   Y
Bromus inermis                  X    3   NI     UPL    Y
Bromus richardsonii             X    0          FACU   Y
Bromus sitchensis               X    0
Bromus vulgaris                 X    0   NOL           Y
Cakile edentula                 X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Cakile maritima                 X    0
Calamagrostis canadensis        X   34   FAC    FAC    N
Calamagrostis deschampsioides   X    3   FACW   FACW   N
Calamagrostis lapponica         X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Calamagrostis nutkaensis        X    6   FAC    FAC    N
Calamagrostis stricta           X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Calla palustris                      0          OBL    Y
Callitriche hermaphroditica     X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Callitriche heterophylla        X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Callitriche palustris           X    4   OBL    OBL    N
Caltha leptosepala              X    5   OBL    OBL    N
Caltha natans                        0          OBL    Y
Caltha palustris                X   11   OBL    OBL    N
Calypso bulbosa                 X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Calystegia sepium               X    2          FAC    Y
Camelina sativa                 X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Campanula lasiocarpa            X    8   UPL    UPL    N
Campanula rotundifolia          X   12   UPL    UPL    N
Campanula scouleri              X    1   NI     UPL    Y
Campanula uniflora              X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Canadanthus modestus            X    0          FAC    Y
Capsella bursa-pastoris         X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Cardamine angulata              X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Cardamine bellidifolia          X    3   FAC    FAC    N
Cardamine breweri               X    0   NOL           Y
Cardamine digitata                   0          FAC    Y
Cardamine hirsuta                    0          FACU   Y
Cardamine microphylla                0          FACW   Y
Cardamine occidentalis          X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Cardamine oligosperma           X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Cardamine pensylvanica          X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Cardamine pratensis             X    2   OBL    OBL    N
Cardamine purpurea                   0          FACW   Y
Cardamine regeliana                  0          OBL    Y
Cardamine umbellata             X    7          FACW   Y
Carex adelostoma                     0          OBL    Y
Carex albonigra       X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Carex anthoxanthea    X   13   FACW   FACW   N
Carex aquatilis       X   17   OBL    OBL    N
Carex arcta           X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Carex arctiformis          0          OBL    Y
Carex atherodes       X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Carex athrostachya    X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Carex atratiformis    X    0   NOL    FACW   Y
Carex atrofusca            0          FACW   Y
Carex atrosquama      X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Carex aurea           X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Carex bebbii          X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Carex bicolor         X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Carex bigelowii       X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Carex bonanzensis          0          FACW   Y
Carex brunnescens     X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Carex buxbaumii       X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Carex canescens       X   13   OBL    FACW   Y
Carex capillaris      X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Carex capitata        X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Carex chordorrhiza    X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Carex circinata       X    6          UPL    Y
Carex concinna        X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Carex crawfordii      X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Carex deweyana             0          FACU   Y
Carex diandra         X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Carex disperma        X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Carex duriuscula           0          UPL    Y
Carex eburnea              0          FACU   Y
Carex echinata        X    2   OBL    OBL    N
Carex eleusinoides         0          FACW   Y
Carex exsiccata            0          OBL    Y
Carex flava           X    6   OBL    OBL    N
Carex foenea          X    0          FACU   Y
Carex fuliginosa      X    0          FAC    Y
Carex garberi         X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Carex glareosa        X    2          OBL    Y
Carex gmelinii        X   12   FAC    FAC    N
Carex gynocrates      X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Carex heleonastes          0          OBL    Y
Carex holostoma            0          OBL    Y
Carex hoodii          X    0   NOL    FACU   Y
Carex incurviformis        0          FAC    Y
Carex interior        X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Carex lachenalii      X    4          OBL    Y
Carex laeviculmis     X   12   FACW   FACW   N
Carex lapponica            0          OBL    Y
Carex lasiocarpa      X    0   NOL    OBL    Y
Carex laxa                 0          OBL    Y
Carex lenticularis    X   13   OBL    OBL    N
Carex leptalea        X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Carex limosa          X    5   OBL    OBL    N
Carex livida          X   10   OBL    OBL    N
Carex loliacea           X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Carex lyngbyei           X   33   OBL    OBL    N
Carex mackenziei         X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Carex macloviana         X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Carex macrocephala       X    3   FAC    FAC    N
Carex macrochaeta        X   36   FACW   FACW   N
Carex magellanica        X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Carex marina                  0          OBL    Y
Carex maritima           X    4   FAC    FAC    N
Carex media              X    0          FACW   Y
Carex membranacea        X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Carex mertensii          X   12   FACW   FACW   N
Carex microchaeta        X    0   NOL           Y
Carex microglochin       X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Carex micropoda          X   13          FACW   Y
Carex microptera              0          FAC    Y
Carex nardina            X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Carex nigricans          X    8   FACW   FACW   N
Carex obnupta            X    0   NOL           Y
Carex pachystachya       X   15   FAC    FAC    N
Carex parryana                0          FACW   Y
Carex pauciflora         X    5   OBL    OBL    N
Carex paysonis                0          FACU   Y
Carex petasata           X    0   NI     UPL    Y
Carex phaeocephala       X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Carex pluriflora         X   11   OBL    OBL    N
Carex praegracilis            0          FACW   Y
Carex praticola          X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Carex preslii            X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Carex pyrenaica          X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Carex ramenskii               0          OBL    Y
Carex rariflora               0          OBL    Y
Carex rostrata           X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Carex rotundata               0          OBL    Y
Carex rupestris          X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Carex sartwellii              0          OBL    Y
Carex saxatilis          X    9   FACW   FACW   N
Carex scirpoidea         X   10   FACU   FACU   N
Carex siccata                 0          FACU   Y
Carex spectabilis        X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Carex sprengelii              0          FAC    Y
Carex stipata            X    4   OBL    OBL    N
Carex stylosa            X    8   OBL    FACW   Y
Carex subspathacea            0          OBL    Y
Carex sychnocephala           0          FACW   Y
Carex tenuiflora         X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Carex ursina                  0          FACW   Y
Carex utriculata         X    9   OBL    OBL    N
Carex vaginata           X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Carex viridula           X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Carex williamsii              0          FAC    Y
Carex X physocarpoides        0          OBL    Y
Cassiope mertensiana     X   18   UPL    UPL    N
Cassiope tetragona           X    3   FACU   FACU   N
Castilleja caudata                0          FAC    Y
Castilleja chrymactis        X   26          FAC    Y
Castilleja hyetophila             0          OBL    Y
Castilleja miniata           X   24   FACU   FACU   N
Castilleja parviflora        X   14   FACW   FACW   N
Castilleja raupii            X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Castilleja tenuis            X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Castilleja unalaschcensis    X   33   FAC    FAC    N
Catabrosa aquatica                0          OBL    Y
Cerastium arvense            X    5   FAC    FAC    N
Cerastium beeringianum       X    9   FAC    FAC    N
Cerastium fischerianum       X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Cerastium fontanum           X    7   FACU   FACU   N
Cerastium glomeratum         X    1   UPL    UPL    N
Cerastium regelii                 0          FACW   Y
Ceratophyllum demersum            0          OBL    Y
Chamaecyparis nootkatensis   X    8   FAC           Y
Chamaedaphne calyculata           0          FACW   Y
Chamerion angustifolium      X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Chamerion latifolium         X    6          FAC    Y
Chenopodium album            X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Chenopodium glaucum               0          FAC    Y
Chenopodium leptophyllum     X    0   NOL    FACU   Y
Chenopodium rubrum                0          OBL    Y
Chrysosplenium tetrandrum    X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Chrysosplenium wrightii           0   FAC    FAC    N
Cicuta bulbifera                  0          OBL    Y
Cicuta douglasii             X    6   OBL    OBL    N
Cicuta maculata                   0          OBL    Y
Cicuta virosa                     0          OBL    Y
Cinna latifolia              X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Circaea alpina               X    7   FACW   FACW   N
Cirsium arvense              X    5   FAC    FAC    N
Cirsium edule                X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Cirsium foliosum             X    0   NOL    FACU   Y
Cirsium vulgare              X    2   UPL    UPL    N
Claytonia arctica                 0          FAC    Y
Claytonia eschscholtzii           0          FACU   Y
Claytonia perfoliata              0   FACW   FACW   N
Claytonia sarmentosa         X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Claytonia sibirica           X   19   FACW   FACW   N
Claytonia tuberosa           X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Cnidium cnidiifolium         X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Cochlearia groenlandica      X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Cochlearia officinalis       X   10   FACW   FACW   N
Cochlearia sessilifolia           0          FACW   Y
Coeloglossum viride          X    4   FACW   FACW   N
Collomia linearis            X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Comandra umbellata                0          FACU   Y
Comarum palustre             X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Conioselinum gmelinii        X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Conioselinum pacificum       X   12          FACW   Y
Conyza canadensis              X    0   NI     UPL    Y
Coptis aspleniifolia           X    7   FAC    FAC    N
Coptis trifolia                X   11   FAC    FAC    N
Corallorhiza maculata          X    0          UPL    Y
Corallorhiza trifida           X    1          FACW   Y
Corallorrhiza trifida          X    3   FACW   FACW   N
Corispermum americanum              0          FACU   Y
Cornus alba                         0          FAC    Y
Cornus canadensis              X    8   FACU   FACU   N
Cornus sericea                 X    0   FAC           Y
Cornus suecica                 X    8   FAC    FAC    N
Cornus unalaschkensis          X    0
Cornus X intermedia                 0          UPL    Y
Corydalis pauciflora           X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Cotula coronopifolia           X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Crassula aquatica              X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Crassula saginoides                 0          OBL    Y
Crataegus douglasii            X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Crataegus monogyna                  0          FACU   Y
Crataegus suksdorfii                0          UPL    Y
Crepis capillaris              X    1   NI     UPL    Y
Cryptogramma stelleri          X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Cyperus esculentus                  0          FACW   Y
Cypripedium guttatum
Cypripedium montanum           X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Cypripedium parviflorum        X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Cypripedium passerinum         X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Cystopteris fragilis           X   12   FACU   FACU   N
Cystopteris montana            X    4   FAC    FAC    N
Dactylis glomerata             X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Dactylorhiza aristata               0          FAC    Y
Danthonia compressa                 0          UPL    Y
Danthonia intermedia           X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Dasiphora fruticosa            X    0          FAC    Y
Delphinium glaucum             X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Dendrolycopodium dendroideum        0          FACU   Y
Deschampsia brevifolia              0          OBL    Y
Deschampsia caespitosa         X   11   FAC    FAC    N
Deschampsia cespitosa          X   12   OBL    OBL    N
Deschampsia danthonioides      X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Deschampsia elongata           X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Descurainia incana             X    0   NI     UPL    Y
Diapensia lapponica                 0          UPL    Y
Dicranum majus                 X    0
Digitalis purpurea             X    1   NI     FACU   Y
Diphasiastrum alpinum          X    5          FACU   Y
Diphasiastrum complanatum      X    0          FACU   Y
Dodecatheon frigidum           X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Dodecatheon jeffreyi           X    9   FACW   FACW   N
Dodecatheon pulchellum         X   15   FACW   FACW   N
Draba albertina                     0          FAC    Y
Draba aurea                    X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Draba breweri                  X    0          UPL    Y
Draba hyperborea             X    2          UPL    Y
Draba lonchocarpa            X    2          UPL    Y
Draba nivalis                X    0          UPL    Y
Draba praealta               X    0   NI     UPL    Y
Draba stenoloba              X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Dracocephalum parviflorum    X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Drosera anglica              X    6   OBL    OBL    N
Drosera rotundifolia         X    9   OBL    OBL    N
Drosera X obovata                 0          OBL    Y
Dryas drummondii             X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Dryas integrifolia           X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Dryas octopetala             X    2          UPL    Y
Drymocallis arguta                0          FACU   Y
Dryopteris expansa           X   15   FACU   FACU   N
Dulichium arundinaceum       X    1   NOL    OBL    Y
Dupontia fisheri                  0          FACW   Y
Elaeagnus commutata               0          FAC    Y
Eleocharis acicularis        X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Eleocharis kamtschatica      X    3   FACW   FACW   N
Eleocharis macrostachya      X    1   NOL           Y
Eleocharis mamillata         X    1          OBL    Y
Eleocharis nitida                 0          OBL    Y
Eleocharis palustris         X    4   OBL    OBL    N
Eleocharis quinqueflora      X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Eleocharis uniglumis         X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Elliottia pyroliflora        X    8          FAC    Y
Elliottia pyroliflorus            0   FAC           Y
Elodea canadensis                 0          OBL    Y
Elymus alaskanus             X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Elymus glaucus               X    8   FACU   FACU   N
Elymus hirsutus              X    0
Elymus lanceolatus                0          UPL    Y
Elymus macrourus                  0          FAC    Y
Elymus repens                X    1   UPL    FACU   Y
Elymus sibiricus                  0          FAC    Y
Elymus trachycaulus          X    2   FACU   FACU   N
Elymus violaceus                  0          UPL    Y
Elymus wiegandii                  0          FAC    Y
Empetrum nigrum              X   18   FAC    FAC    N
Epilobium anagallidifolium   X    8   FAC    FAC    N
Epilobium arcticum                0          FACW   Y
Epilobium ciliatum           X   13   FACU   FAC    Y
Epilobium clavatum                0          FAC    Y
Epilobium davuricum          X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Epilobium hornemannii        X   10   FACW   FACW   N
Epilobium lactiflorum        X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Epilobium latifolium         X   10   FAC           Y
Epilobium leptocarpum        X    3   FACW   FACW   N
Epilobium leptophyllum            0          FACW   Y
Epilobium luteum             X    7   FACW   FACW   N
Epilobium palustre           X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Epilobium X treleaseanum          0          OBL    Y
Equisetum arvense            X   12   FAC    FAC    N
Equisetum fluviatile         X    5   OBL    OBL    N
Equisetum hyemale            X    3   FACW   FACW   N
Equisetum palustre           X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Equisetum pratense           X    0   FAC    FACW   Y
Equisetum scirpoides         X    0   FACU          Y
Equisetum sylvaticum         X    1   FACU   FAC    Y
Equisetum telmateia          X    0   NOL           Y
Equisetum variegatum         X   14   FACW   FACW   N
Equisetum X litorale              0          OBL    Y
Equisetum X mackaii               0          FACW   Y
Eremogone capillaris              0          UPL    Y
Erigeron acris               X    1   NOL    FAC    Y
Erigeron glabellus                0          UPL    Y
Erigeron glacialis           X    0          FACW   Y
Erigeron humilis             X   16   FACW   FACW   N
Erigeron lonchophyllus       X    0   NOL    FACW   Y
Erigeron nivalis                  0          FACU   Y
Erigeron peregrinus          X   18   FACW   FACW   N
Eriophorum angustifolium     X    8   OBL    OBL    N
Eriophorum brachyantherum    X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Eriophorum callitrix         X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Eriophorum chamissonis       X    9   OBL    OBL    N
Eriophorum gracile           X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Eriophorum russeolum         X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Eriophorum scheuchzeri       X    5   OBL    OBL    N
Eriophorum vaginatum              0          FACW   Y
Eriophorum viridicarinatum   X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Erysimum cheiranthoides      X    3   UPL    UPL    N
Euphrasia disjuncta          X    0
Eurybia merita                    0          FACU   Y
Eurybia sibirica             X    0          FAC    Y
Eutrema edwardsii                 0          FAC    Y
Fallopia convolvulus         X    0          FACU   Y
Fallopia japonica            X    0          UPL    Y
Fallopia sachalinensis       X    1          UPL    Y
Fauria crista-galli          X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Festuca altaica              X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Festuca arundinacea               0          UPL    Y
Festuca lenensis                  0          UPL    Y
Festuca pratensis                 0          FACU   Y
Festuca rubra                X   24   FAC    FAC    N
Festuca subulata             X    2   FACU   FACU   N
Festuca viviparoidea         X    0
Fragaria virginiana          X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Fritillaria camschatcensis   X   15   FAC    FAC    N
Gaillardia pulchella              0          UPL    Y
Galium aparine               X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Galium boreale               X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Galium trifidum              X   12   FACU   FACW   Y
Galium triflorum             X    6   FACU   FAC    Y
Gaultheria shallon           X   12   FACU   FAC    Y
Gentiana algida                   0          FAC    Y
Gentiana douglasiana         X   26   FACW   FACW   N
Gentiana glauca            X    6   FAC    FAC    N
Gentiana platypetala       X    0
Gentiana prostrata         X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Gentianella amarella       X    7   FACW   FACW   N
Gentianella propinqua      X    2   FACU   FACU   N
Gentianella tenella        X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Gentianopsis detonsa            0          FACW   Y
Geocaulon lividum          X    2   FACU   FACU   N
Geranium erianthum         X    8   NOL           Y
Geranium richardsonii      X    0   NOL           Y
Geum aleppicum                  0          FACU   Y
Geum calthifolium          X   17   FACW   FACW   N
Geum macrophyllum          X   15   FAC    FAC    N
Geum pentapetalum               0          FACW   Y
Geum rossii                X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Glaux maritima             X   11   OBL    OBL    N
Glechoma hederacea         X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Glehnia littoralis         X    4   NI     UPL    Y
Glyceria borealis          X    2   OBL    OBL    N
Glyceria grandis           X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Glyceria leptostachya      X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Glyceria pulchella              0          OBL    Y
Glyceria striata           X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Gnaphalium uliginosum      X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Goodyera oblongifolia      X    3   UPL    UPL    N
Goodyera repens                 0   FAC    FAC    N
Grindelia hirsutula             0          FACU   Y
Grindelia integrifolia          0          FACW   Y
Gymnocarpium dryopteris    X    8   FACU   FACU   N
Hackelia micrantha              0          FACU   Y
Harrimanella stelleriana   X   16   FACW   FACW   N
Hedysarum alpinum          X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Helianthus annuus               0          FAC    Y
Heracleum maximum          X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Hesperis matronalis        X    1   NI     UPL    Y
Heuchera glabra            X    0
Hieracium gracile          X    4   NI            Y
Hieracium triste           X    8          UPL    Y
Hierochloe odorata         X    4   FAC           Y
Hippuris montana           X    6   OBL    OBL    N
Hippuris tetraphylla       X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Hippuris vulgaris          X    7   OBL    OBL    N
Holcus lanatus             X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Honckenya peploides        X   16   OBL    OBL    N
Hordeum brachyantherum     X    8   FACW   FACW   N
Hordeum jubatum            X    3   FAC    FACU   Y
Huperzia chinensis         X    0
Huperzia haleakalae        X    1   NI     FACU   Y
Hymenophyllum wrightii     X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Hypericum perforatum       X    0          FACU   Y
Hypochaeris radicata       X    0   NI     UPL    Y
Impatiens glandulifera     X    0   NOL           Y
Impatiens noli-tangere     X    9   FACW   FACW   N
Iris setosa                X    6   FAC    FAC    N
Isoetes echinospora        X    2   OBL    OBL    N
Isoetes flettii            X    1          OBL    Y
Isoetes maritima           X    1          OBL    Y
Isoetes occidentalis       X    3   NI     OBL    Y
Isoetes tenella                 0          OBL    Y
Isoetes X pseudotruncata        0          OBL    Y
Isoetes X truncata              0          OBL    Y
Isolepis cernua                 0          OBL    Y
Juncus albescens                0          FACW   Y
Juncus alpinoarticulatus   X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Juncus arcticus            X    8   OBL    OBL    N
Juncus articulatus         X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Juncus balticus                 0   OBL    OBL    N
Juncus biglumis            X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Juncus bufonius            X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Juncus castaneus           X    4   FACW   FACW   N
Juncus drummondii          X    5   FACW   FACW   N
Juncus effusus             X    8   OBL    OBL    N
Juncus ensifolius          X    6   FACW   FACW   N
Juncus falcatus            X    5   NOL    FACW   Y
Juncus filiformis          X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Juncus haenkei             X    0
Juncus mertensianus        X   13   OBL    OBL    N
Juncus nodosus             X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Juncus stygius             X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Juncus supiniformis        X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Juncus tenuis              X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Juncus triglumis           X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Juniperus communis         X   11   NI     UPL    Y
Juniperus horizontalis          0          UPL    Y
Kalmia microphylla         X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Kalmia polifolia           X   13   FACW   FACW   N
Kalmia procumbens          X    0
Kobresia myosuroides       X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Kobresia sibirica               0          FACW   Y
Kobresia simpliciuscula    X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Koenigia islandica         X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Kumlienia cooleyae              0          FAC    Y
Lactuca biennis            X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Lactuca tatarica                0          FAC    Y
Lapsana communis           X    3   NI     UPL    Y
Larix laricina                  0          FACW   Y
Lathyrus japonicus         X    3   FAC    FAC    N
Lathyrus palustris         X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Lathyrus pratensis              0          UPL    Y
Lathyrus venosus                0          FACU   Y
Ledum decumbens                 0          FACW   Y
Ledum groenlandicum        X    8   FACW   FAC    Y
Ledum palustre                  0   FACW   FACW   N
Lemna minor                     0   OBL    OBL    N
Lemna trisulca                  0          OBL    Y
Lemna turionifera               0          OBL    Y
Leontodon autumnalis           0          UPL    Y
Lepidium densiflorum      X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Lepidium perfoliatum           0          UPL    Y
Lepidium virginicum       X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Leptarrhena pyrolifolia   X    7   FACW   FACW   N
Leucanthemum vulgare      X    1   NI     UPL    Y
Leymus innovatus               0          UPL    Y
Leymus mollis             X    7   FAC    FAC    N
Ligusticum calderi        X    0
Ligusticum scoticum       X   16   FAC    FAC    N
Lilaeopsis occidentalis        0          OBL    Y
Limosella aquatica             0          OBL    Y
Linaria vulgaris          X    0
Linnaea borealis          X   10   FACU   FACU   N
Listera banksiana              0          FACU   Y
Listera borealis          X    0   NOL    FACU   Y
Listera caurina           X    7   FACU          Y
Listera convallarioides        0          FACU   Y
Listera cordata           X    8   FACU   FACU   N
Lloydia serotina          X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Lobaria amplissima
Lobelia dortmanna         X    0   NOL    OBL    Y
Loiseleuria procumbens    X   11          FACU   Y
Lolium perenne            X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Lomatium martindalei           0          UPL    Y
Lomatogonium rotatum      X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Lonicera involucrata      X    3   FACU   FACU   N
Lonicera tatarica              0          UPL    Y
Lotus corniculatus        X    1   NOL           Y
Luetkea pectinata         X   16   UPL    UPL    N
Lupinus arcticus          X    0          FACU   Y
Lupinus nootkatensis      X   11   FAC    FACU   Y
Lupinus polyphyllus       X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Luzula arctica            X    0   FAC           Y
Luzula arcuata            X    8   FACU   FACU   N
Luzula comosa             X    2   NOL    FAC    Y
Luzula confusa            X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Luzula groenlandica            0          FACW   Y
Luzula kjellmaniana            0          UPL    Y
Luzula multiflora         X   12   FACU   FACU   N
Luzula parviflora         X   22   FAC    FAC    N
Luzula rufescens          X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Luzula spicata            X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Luzula wahlenbergii       X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Lycopodiella inundata     X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Lycopodium alpinum        X   13   FACU          Y
Lycopodium annotinum      X   24   FAC           Y
Lycopodium clavatum       X   14   FACU   FACU   N
Lycopodium complanatum    X    1   FACU          Y
Lycopodium dendroideum    X    7   FACU          Y
Lycopodium lagopus        X    0          FACU   Y
Lycopus asper                  0          OBL    Y
Lycopus uniflorus         X    4   OBL    OBL    N
Lysichiton americanus       X    8   OBL    OBL    N
Lysimachia ciliata               0          FACW   Y
Lysimachia punctata              0          OBL    Y
Lysimachia thyrsiflora      X    4   OBL    OBL    N
Madia glomerata             X    2   UPL    UPL    N
Maianthemum dilatatum       X   17   FAC    FAC    N
Maianthemum racemosum       X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Maianthemum stellatum       X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Malaxis monophyllos         X    8          FACW   Y
Malaxis paludosa            X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Malus fusca                 X   18   FACW   FACW   N
Marrubium vulgare           X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Matricaria discoidea        X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Matteuccia struthiopteris        0          FACW   Y
Medicago lupulina           X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Medicago polymorpha         X    0   NI     FACU   Y
Medicago sativa             X    0   NI     UPL    Y
Melilotus officinalis       X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Mentha arvensis             X    4   FACW   FACW   N
Mentha spicata              X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Mentha X piperita                0          FACW   Y
Menyanthes trifoliata       X   10   OBL    OBL    N
Menziesia ferruginea        X   26   FACU   FACU   N
Mertensia maritima          X    9   FAC    FAC    N
Mertensia paniculata        X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Micranthes lyallii          X    0
Micranthes nelsoniana       X    0
Microseris borealis         X    6   OBL    OBL    N
Microsteris gracilis        X    0   NOL    UPL    Y
Mimulus guttatus            X   13   OBL    OBL    N
Mimulus lewisii             X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Mimulus tilingii                 0          OBL    Y
Minuartia arctica                0          UPL    Y
Minuartia obtusiloba        X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Minuartia rubella           X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Minuartia stricta                0          FAC    Y
Mitella nuda                X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Mitella pentandra           X   10   FACW   FACW   N
Mitella trifida             X    1   NI     FAC    Y
Moehringia lateriflora      X    6   FAC    FACU   Y
Moneses uniflora            X   14   FACU   FACU   N
Monolepis nuttalliana            0          FAC    Y
Monotropa uniflora          X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Montia bostockii            X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Montia chamissoi            X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Montia fontana              X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Montia parvifolia           X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Myosotis asiatica           X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Myosotis laxa               X    0   NOL           Y
Myosotis scorpioides        X    3   FAC    FAC    N
Myosotis sylvatica          X    0   NOL           Y
Myrica gale                 X   18   OBL    OBL    N
Myriophyllum farwellii           0          OBL    Y
Myriophyllum sibiricum          X   2   NI     OBL    Y
Myriophyllum spicatum               0   OBL    OBL    N
Myriophyllum verticillatum      X   0   OBL    OBL    N
Najas flexilis                      0          OBL    Y
Nasturtium microphyllum             0          OBL    Y
Nasturtium officinale               0          OBL    Y
Neotorularia humilis                0          FAC    Y
Nepeta cataria                  X   0   FAC    FAC    N
Nephrophyllidium crista-galli   X   8          OBL    Y
Nuphar lutea                        0   OBL    OBL    N
Nymphaea odorata                X   1   NOL    OBL    Y
Nymphaea tetragona              X   0   OBL    OBL    N
Oenanthe sarmentosa             X   6   OBL    OBL    N
Ophioglossum pusillum               0          FACW   Y
Oplopanax horridus              X   6   FAC    FACU   Y
Orobanche uniflora                  0          UPL    Y
Orthilia secunda                X   8   FACU   FACU   N
Osmorhiza berteroi              X   0   NI     FACU   Y
Osmorhiza purpurea              X   6   FACU   FACU   N
Oxyria digyna                   X   6   UPL    FACU   Y
Oxytropis campestris            X   0
Oxytropis deflexa               X   0   FACU   FACU   N
Oxytropis nigrescens            X   0          UPL    Y
Oxytropis splendens             X   0   UPL    UPL    N
Packera cymbalaria              X   1          UPL    Y
Packera indecora                X   3          FACU   Y
Packera pauciflora              X   1          FAC    Y
Packera paupercula              X   0          FAC    Y
Packera streptanthifolia        X   0          UPL    Y
Packera subnuda                 X   4          FAC    Y
Papaver lapponicum              X   0   UPL    UPL    N
Papaver macounii                X   0   FACU   FACU   N
Papaver walpolei                    0          FACU   Y
Parnassia fimbriata             X   9   FACW   FACW   N
Parnassia kotzebuei             X   6   FACW   FACW   N
Parnassia palustris             X   8   FACW   FACW   N
Pascopyrum smithii                  0          UPL    Y
Pedicularis capitata            X   1   FACU   FACU   N
Pedicularis chamissonis             0          OBL    Y
Pedicularis groenlandica            0                 N
Pedicularis labradorica         X   0   FACW   FACW   N
Pedicularis lanata              X   2   FAC    FAC    N
Pedicularis langsdorfii         X   0   FACW   FACW   N
Pedicularis lapponica               0          FAC    Y
Pedicularis macrodonta          X   0   NOL           Y
Pedicularis ornithorhyncha      X   0
Pedicularis parviflora          X   9   FAC    FACW   Y
Pedicularis sudetica            X   4   FACW   FACW   N
Pedicularis verticillata        X   7   FAC    FAC    N
Penstemon procerus              X   2   NI     UPL    Y
Penstemon serrulatus            X   0   FACW   FACW   N
Persicaria amphibia             X   0          OBL    Y
Persicaria hydropiper           X   0          FACW   Y
Persicaria hydropiperoides          0          OBL    Y
Persicaria lapathifolia             0          FAC    Y
Persicaria maculosa            X    0          FAC    Y
Persicaria pensylvanica             0          FACW   Y
Petasites frigidus             X    7   FACW   FACW   N
Phalaris arundinacea           X    6   OBL    OBL    N
Phalaris canariensis           X    1   UPL    UPL    N
Phegopteris connectilis        X    9   FACU   FACU   N
Phippsia algida                X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Phleum alpinum                 X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Phleum pratense                X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Phyllodoce aleutica            X   11   FACU   FACU   N
Phyllodoce empetriformis       X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Phyllodoce glanduliflora       X    4   UPL    UPL    N
Phyllospadix scouleri          X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Physocarpus capitatus          X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Picea glauca                   X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Picea mariana                       0          FACW   Y
Picea sitchensis               X   16   FACU   FACU   N
Picea X lutzii                      0          FACU   Y
Pinguicula macroceras               0          OBL    Y
Pinguicula villosa             X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Pinguicula vulgaris            X   12   OBL    OBL    N
Pinus contorta                 X   19   FACW   FAC    Y
Piperia unalascensis           X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Plagiobothrys figuratus        X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Plagiobothrys hispidulus       X    0
Plagiobothrys orientalis            0          FACW   Y
Plagiobothrys scouleri         X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Plantago eriopoda              X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Plantago lanceolata            X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Plantago macrocarpa            X   18   FACW   FACW   N
Plantago major                 X    5   FAC    FAC    N
Plantago maritima              X   17   FACW   FACW   N
Platanthera chorisiana         X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Platanthera convallariifolia        0          OBL    Y
Platanthera dilatata           X   13   FACW   FACW   N
Platanthera huronensis         X    1          OBL    Y
Platanthera hyperborea         X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Platanthera obtusata           X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Platanthera orbiculata         X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Platanthera stricta            X   16   FACW   FACW   N
Platanthera tipuloides              0          FACW   Y
Pleuropogon sabinei                 0          UPL    Y
Poa abbreviata                      0          FACU   Y
Poa alpina                     X   14   FACU   FACU   N
Poa annua                      X    5   FAC    FAC    N
Poa arctica                    X    3   FAC    FAC    N
Poa compressa                  X    7   FAC    FAC    N
Poa eminens                    X   12   FAC    FAC    N
Poa interior                        0          FAC    Y
Poa leptocoma                  X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Poa macrantha                  X    1          UPL    Y
Poa macrocalyx              X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Poa nemoralis               X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Poa palustris               X   22   FAC    FAC    N
Poa paucispicula            X    4          UPL    Y
Poa pratensis               X    9   FACU   FACU   N
Poa pseudoabbreviata        X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Poa secunda                 X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Poa stenantha               X    9   FAC    FAC    N
Poa trivialis               X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Podagrostis aequivalvis     X    4          OBL    Y
Podagrostis humilis         X    0          FACW   Y
Polemonium acutiflorum      X    4   FAC    FAC    N
Polygonum achoreum          X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Polygonum amphibium         X    2   OBL    OBL    N
Polygonum arenastrum        X    0   NI            Y
Polygonum aviculare         X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Polygonum convolvulus       X    3   FACU          Y
Polygonum fowleri           X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Polygonum lapathifolium     X    1   FAC           Y
Polygonum minimum           X    0   NI     FACU   Y
Polygonum persicaria        X    2   FAC           Y
Polygonum ramosissimum      X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Polygonum viviparum         X    7   FAC           Y
Polypogon monspeliensis     X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Polystichum braunii         X    0
Polystichum kruckebergii    X    0
Polystichum lonchitis       X   10   UPL    UPL    N
Polystichum munitum         X   12   NI     FACU   Y
Polystichum setigerum       X    0
Populus balsamifera         X    8   FACU   FACU   N
Populus tremuloides         X    2   FACU   FACU   N
Potamogeton alpinus         X    6   OBL    OBL    N
Potamogeton epihydrus       X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Potamogeton foliosus        X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Potamogeton friesii         X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Potamogeton gramineus       X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Potamogeton natans          X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Potamogeton obtusifolius         0          OBL    Y
Potamogeton perfoliatus     X    0   NOL           Y
Potamogeton praelongus      X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Potamogeton pusillus        X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Potamogeton richardsonii    X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Potamogeton robbinsii            0          OBL    Y
Potamogeton subsibiricus         0          OBL    Y
Potamogeton zosteriformis   X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Potentilla anserina         X    0
Potentilla arguta           X    2   FACU          Y
Potentilla diversifolia     X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Potentilla drummondii            0          UPL    Y
Potentilla gracilis         X    3   FAC    FAC    N
Potentilla nana             X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Potentilla norvegica        X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Potentilla pensylvanica     X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Potentilla rubricaulis     X    0          FACU   Y
Primula cuneifolia         X    6   OBL    OBL    N
Primula egaliksensis       X    7   FACW   FACW   N
Primula incana             X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Primula mistassinica            0          FACW   Y
Primula nutans                  0          FACW   Y
Primula tschuktschorum     X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Prunella vulgaris          X    6   FAC    FAC    N
Prunus padus               X    1          FACU   Y
Prunus virginiana               0          FAC    Y
Psathyrostachys juncea          0          UPL    Y
Pseudoroegneria spicata    X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Pteridium aquilinum        X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Puccinellia andersonii          0          OBL    Y
Puccinellia angustata           0          FACW   Y
Puccinellia arctica             0          FAC    Y
Puccinellia distans        X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Puccinellia hultenii            0          OBL    Y
Puccinellia kamtschatica        0   OBL    OBL    N
Puccinellia nutkaensis     X   10   OBL    OBL    N
Puccinellia nuttalliana    X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Puccinellia phryganodes    X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Puccinellia pumila         X    0   NOL    FACW   Y
Puccinellia tenella             0          OBL    Y
Puccinellia vaginata            0          FACW   Y
Puccinellia wrightii            0          OBL    Y
Pyrola asarifolia          X   10   FAC    FACU   Y
Pyrola chlorantha          X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Pyrola grandiflora         X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Pyrola minor               X    7   FAC    FAC    N
Ranunculus abortivus       X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Ranunculus acris           X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Ranunculus aquatilis       X    1   NOL    OBL    Y
Ranunculus cymbalaria      X    7   OBL    OBL    N
Ranunculus eschscholtzii   X    5   FACW   FACW   N
Ranunculus flammula        X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Ranunculus gelidus         X    0          FACW   Y
Ranunculus glacialis            0          FACW   Y
Ranunculus gmelinii        X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Ranunculus hyperboreus     X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Ranunculus kamchaticus          0          FACW   Y
Ranunculus lapponicus      X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Ranunculus macounii        X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Ranunculus nivalis         X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Ranunculus occidentalis    X   12   FACW   FACW   N
Ranunculus orthorhynchus   X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Ranunculus pacificus       X    0
Ranunculus pallasii        X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Ranunculus pedatifidus     X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Ranunculus pensylvanicus   X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Ranunculus pygmaeus        X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Ranunculus repens          X   12   FAC    FAC    N
Ranunculus sabinei              0          FACW   Y
Ranunculus sceleratus             0          OBL    Y
Ranunculus sulphureus             0          FACW   Y
Ranunculus trichophyllus     X    2   OBL    OBL    N
Ranunculus uncinatus         X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Raphanus sativus             X    0   UPL           Y
Rhinanthus minor             X    6   FAC    FACU   Y
Rhodiola integrifolia        X    9          FAC    Y
Rhododendron groenlandicum   X    0
Rhododendron lapponicum           0   FAC    FAC    N
Rhynchospora alba            X    8   OBL    OBL    N
Ribes bracteosum             X   17   FAC    FAC    N
Ribes glandulosum            X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Ribes hudsonianum            X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Ribes lacustre               X    7   FAC    FAC    N
Ribes laxiflorum             X   15   NOL           Y
Ribes oxyacanthoides         X    0          UPL    Y
Ribes triste                 X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Romanzoffia sitchensis       X   14   FACW   FACW   N
Rorippa barbareifolia             0          FAC    Y
Rorippa curvipes             X    0   NOL    OBL    Y
Rorippa curvisiliqua         X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Rorippa palustris            X    3   FAC    FAC    N
Rorippa sylvestris                0          FAC    Y
Rosa acicularis              X    3   FACU   FACU   N
Rosa gymnocarpa                   0          UPL    Y
Rosa nutkana                 X   12   FACU   FACU   N
Rosa rugosa                  X    5   NOL    UPL    Y
Rosa woodsii                 X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Rubus arcticus               X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Rubus chamaemorus            X    9   FACW   FACW   N
Rubus idaeus                 X    4   FAC    FACU   Y
Rubus leucodermis            X    0   NI     FAC    Y
Rubus parviflorus            X   19   FACU   FACU   N
Rubus pedatus                X   16   FAC    FAC    N
Rubus pubescens                   0          FACW   Y
Rubus spectabilis            X   20   FACU   FACU   N
Rudbeckia hirta                   0          FACU   Y
Rumex acetosa                     0          FAC    Y
Rumex acetosella             X    9   FAC    FAC    N
Rumex arcticus               X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Rumex crispus                X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Rumex fueginus                    0          FACW   Y
Rumex lapponicus                  0          UPL    Y
Rumex longifolius            X    1   FACU   FAC    Y
Rumex maritimus                   0          FACW   Y
Rumex obtusifolius           X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Rumex occidentalis           X    0          OBL    Y
Rumex pseudoxyria                 0          FAC    Y
Rumex salicifolius           X    2   FAC           Y
Rumex transitorius           X    5          FACW   Y
Ruppia cirrhosa              X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Ruppia maritima              X    1   NOL    OBL    Y
Sagina decumbens                  0          FACU   Y
Sagina maxima             X    9   FACW   FACW   N
Sagina nivalis            X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Sagina procumbens         X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Sagina saginoides         X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Sagittaria cuneata             0          OBL    Y
Salicornia depressa            0          OBL    Y
Salicornia virginica      X    5   NI            Y
Salix alaxensis           X   13   FAC    FAC    N
Salix arbusculoides       X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Salix arctica             X   14   FAC    FACU   Y
Salix arctophila               0          OBL    Y
Salix athabascensis            0          OBL    Y
Salix barclayi            X   24   FAC    FAC    N
Salix barrattiana         X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Salix bebbiana            X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Salix boothii             X    0   NOL    OBL    Y
Salix brachycarpa         X    0   FAC           Y
Salix candida             X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Salix chamissonis              0          FACW   Y
Salix commutata           X   10   FAC    FAC    N
Salix exigua              X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Salix farriae             X    0   NOL           Y
Salix fuscescens          X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Salix glauca              X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Salix hastata                  0          FAC    Y
Salix hookeriana          X    5   NI     FACW   Y
Salix interior            X    0          FACW   Y
Salix lasiandra           X    0          FACW   Y
Salix lucida              X    3   FACW   FACW   N
Salix myrtillifolia       X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Salix ovalifolia               0          FAC    Y
Salix phlebophylla             0          FACU   Y
Salix planifolia          X    3   FACW   FACW   N
Salix polaris             X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Salix prolixa             X    1          FACW   Y
Salix pseudomonticola          0          FAC    Y
Salix pulchra             X    0   NOL    FACW   Y
Salix reticulata          X    5   FAC    FAC    N
Salix richardsonii        X    0   NOL    FACW   Y
Salix rotundifolia        X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Salix scouleriana         X    6   FAC    FAC    N
Salix setchelliana        X    3   FAC    FAC    N
Salix sitchensis          X   23   FAC    FAC    N
Salix sphenophylla             0          FAC    Y
Salix stolonifera         X    0
Salix X sepulcralis            0          FACW   Y
Sambucus racemosa         X   13   FACU   FACU   N
Sanguisorba canadensis    X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Sanguisorba menziesii     X    9   FAC    FAC    N
Sanguisorba officinalis   X    3   FAC    FACW   Y
Saussurea americana       X    3   NI     FACW   Y
Saussurea angustifolia         0          FAC    Y
Saussurea nuda                 0          FAC    Y
Saxifraga adscendens             X    2   UPL    UPL    N
Saxifraga aizoides                    0          FACW   Y
Saxifraga bronchialis            X    8   FACU   FACU   N
Saxifraga caespitosa             X    4   NOL    FAC    Y
Saxifraga cernua                 X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Saxifraga ferruginea             X   14   FAC    FAC    N
Saxifraga foliolosa                   0          FACW   Y
Saxifraga hieraciifolia          X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Saxifraga hirculus                    0          OBL    Y
Saxifraga hyperborea             X    0   NI     FACU   Y
Saxifraga lyallii                X    9   FACW   FACW   N
Saxifraga mertensiana            X    7   FACW   FACW   N
Saxifraga nelsoniana             X    9   FAC    FAC    N
Saxifraga nudicaulis                  0          FACW   Y
Saxifraga occidentalis           X    1          UPL    Y
Saxifraga oppositifolia          X    6   FAC    FAC    N
Saxifraga razshivinii                 0          UPL    Y
Saxifraga rivularis              X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Saxifraga sibirica                    0          FACW   Y
Saxifraga tolmiei                X    3   NI     FACU   Y
Saxifraga tricuspidata           X    8   FACU   FACU   N
Sceptridium multifidum                0          FAC    Y
Sceptridium silaifolium               0          FAC    Y
Scheuchzeria palustris           X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Schizachne purpurascens          X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Schoenoplectus acutus                 0          OBL    Y
Schoenoplectus americanus             0          OBL    Y
Schoenoplectus maritimus              0          OBL    Y
Schoenoplectus subterminalis     X    0          OBL    Y
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani   X    0          OBL    Y
Scirpus microcarpus              X    8   OBL    OBL    N
Scirpus subterminalis            X    1   OBL    OBL    N
Scolochloa festucacea                 0          OBL    Y
Scutellaria galericulata         X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Scutellaria lateriflora               0          FACW   Y
Sedum integrifolium                   0   FAC           Y
Selaginella selaginoides         X    3   FACU   FACU   N
Senecio eremophilus                   0          UPL    Y
Senecio jacobaea                 X    0   NOL           Y
Senecio lugens                   X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Senecio pauciflorus                   0   FAC           Y
Senecio pseudoarnica             X    6   FACU   FACU   N
Senecio triangularis             X   12   FACW   FACW   N
Senecio vulgaris                 X    5   FACU   FACU   N
Shepherdia canadensis            X    2   UPL    FACU   Y
Sibbaldia procumbens             X    8   NI     FACU   Y
Sidalcea hendersonii             X    1   NOL    UPL    Y
Silene acaulis                   X   12   UPL    UPL    N
Silene menziesii                 X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Silene uralensis                 X    1   UPL    UPL    N
Sisymbrium altissimum            X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Sisyrinchium littorale           X   10   FACW   FACW   N
Sisyrinchium montanum                 0          FACW   Y
Sium suave                   X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Solanum nigrum               X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Solidago canadensis          X    2   FACU          Y
Solidago lepida              X   11          FACU   Y
Solidago multiradiata        X    9   FACU   FACU   N
Solidago simplex             X    0          UPL    Y
Sonchus arvensis             X    2   FACU   FACU   N
Sonchus asper                X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Sonchus oleraceus            X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Sorbus aucuparia             X    0
Sorbus scopulina             X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Sorbus sitchensis            X    9   FACU   FACU   N
Sparganium angustifolium     X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Sparganium emersum                0          OBL    Y
Sparganium hyperboreum       X    7   OBL    OBL    N
Sparganium natans            X    0          OBL    Y
Spergularia canadensis       X   12   FACW   FACW   N
Spergularia rubra            X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Spinulum annotinum                0          FACU   Y
Spiraea douglasii            X    5   NI     FACW   Y
Spiraea stevenii             X    1   FAC    FACU   Y
Spiranthes romanzoffiana     X    5   OBL    OBL    N
Stachys chamissonis               0          FACW   Y
Stachys mexicana             X    0          UPL    Y
Stachys palustris                 0          FACW   Y
Stachys pilosa               X    0          FACW   Y
Stellaria borealis           X   15   FAC    FACW   Y
Stellaria calycantha         X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Stellaria crassifolia        X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Stellaria crispa             X   11   FAC    FAC    N
Stellaria humifusa           X    8   OBL    OBL    N
Stellaria longifolia         X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Stellaria longipes           X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Stellaria media              X    3   UPL    UPL    N
Stellaria umbellata               0          FACW   Y
Streptopus amplexifolius     X    8   FAC    FACU   Y
Streptopus lanceolatus       X    0          FACU   Y
Streptopus roseus            X   12   FACU          Y
Streptopus streptopoides     X    8   FAC    FAC    N
Stuckenia filiformis         X    1          OBL    Y
Stuckenia pectinata          X    2          OBL    Y
Stuckenia vaginata           X    0          OBL    Y
Suaeda calceoliformis        X    2   FACW   FACW   N
Suaeda maritima              X    1          FAC    Y
Subularia aquatica           X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Swertia perennis             X    7   FACW   FACW   N
Symphoricarpos albus         X    2   FACU   FACU   N
Symphyotrichum boreale       X    0          OBL    Y
Symphyotrichum ciliatum           0          FACU   Y
Symphyotrichum falcatum           0          FACU   Y
Symphyotrichum foliaceum     X    0          UPL    Y
Symphyotrichum pygmaeum           0          UPL    Y
Symphyotrichum subspicatum   X    0          FAC    Y
Symphyotrichum yukonense          0          FACW   Y
Symphytum asperum            X    1          UPL    Y
Tanacetum bipinnatum         X    0
Tanacetum vulgare            X    3   NI     UPL    Y
Taraxacum ceratophorum       X    2          UPL    Y
Taraxacum officinale         X    3   FACU   FACU   N
Taxus brevifolia             X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Tellima grandiflora          X   11   NI     FACU   Y
Tephroseris atropurpurea          0          FAC    Y
Tephroseris frigida          X    0          FAC    Y
Tephroseris palustris        X    0          FACW   Y
Thalictrum alpinum           X    2   FAC    FAC    N
Thalictrum occidentale       X    3   NI     FACU   Y
Thalictrum sparsiflorum      X    5   FACU   FACU   N
Thelypteris quelpaertensis   X    0
Thlaspi arvense              X    2   UPL    UPL    N
Thuja plicata                X    4   FAC    FAC    N
Tiarella trifoliata          X   20   FAC    FAC    N
Tofieldia coccinea           X    3   FAC    FAC    N
Tofieldia glutinosa          X    4   FACW   FACW   N
Tofieldia pusilla            X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Tolmiea menziesii            X    4   FACW   FACW   N
Torreyochloa pallida         X    4   FACW   FACW   N
Transberingia bursifolia          0          FACU   Y
Triantha glutinosa           X    0          FACW   Y
Triantha occidentalis        X    0          UPL    Y
Trichophorum alpinum         X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Trichophorum caespitosum          0   OBL    OBL    N
Trichophorum pumilum              0          OBL    Y
Trientalis arctica           X    0
Trientalis borealis          X    0   NOL    FAC    Y
Trientalis europaea          X   10   FAC    FACU   Y
Trifolium cyathiferum             0          UPL    Y
Trifolium dubium             X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Trifolium hybridum           X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Trifolium microcephalum           0          UPL    Y
Trifolium pratense           X    4   FAC    FACU   Y
Trifolium repens             X    4   FACU   FACU   N
Trifolium variegatum              0          FAC    Y
Trifolium wormskioldii            0          FAC    Y
Triglochin maritima          X   15          OBL    Y
Triglochin maritimum              0   OBL    OBL    N
Triglochin palustre               0   OBL    OBL    N
Triglochin palustris         X    5          OBL    Y
Tripleurospermum maritimum        0          FAC    Y
Trisetum cernuum             X   12   FACU   FACU   N
Trisetum sibiricum                0          FAC    Y
Trisetum spicatum            X   24   FAC    FAC    N
Tsuga heterophylla           X   16   FAC    FAC    N
Tsuga mertensiana            X   10   FAC    FAC    N
Typha latifolia                   0          OBL    Y
Urtica dioica                X    5   FACU   FACU   N
Utricularia intermedia       X    3   OBL    OBL    N
Utricularia macrorhiza        X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Utricularia minor             X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Utricularia ochroleuca             0          OBL    Y
Utricularia stygia                 0          OBL    Y
Vaccaria hispanica            X    1   NI     FAC    Y
Vaccinium alaskaense          X   12          *      Y
Vaccinium caespitosum         X   17          FACW   Y
Vaccinium cespitosum          X    1   FACW   FACW   N
Vaccinium macrocarpon              0          OBL    Y
Vaccinium membranaceum        X    0   NOL    FACU   Y
Vaccinium ovalifolium         X   12   FAC    FAC    N
Vaccinium oxycoccos           X    2   OBL    OBL    N
Vaccinium parvifolium         X   14   FAC    FACU   Y
Vaccinium scoparium           X    0   NOL           Y
Vaccinium uliginosum          X   19   FAC    FAC    N
Vaccinium vitis-idaea         X    9   FAC    FAC    N
Vahlodea atropurpurea         X   11   FACW   FACW   N
Valeriana capitata            X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Valeriana scouleri                 0          FACW   Y
Valeriana sitchensis          X   10   FAC    FAC    N
Veratrum viride               X    8   FAC    FAC    N
Verbascum thapsus                  0          FACU   Y
Veronica americana            X   11   OBL    OBL    N
Veronica anagallis-aquatica   X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Veronica arvensis             X    1   FACU   FACU   N
Veronica chamaedrys           X    2   NI     UPL    Y
Veronica officinalis          X    0   NOL    FAC    Y
Veronica peregrina            X    0   FACW   FACW   N
Veronica scutellata           X    0   OBL    OBL    N
Veronica serpyllifolia        X    4   OBL    OBL    N
Veronica wormskjoldii         X    6   FAC    FAC    N
Viburnum edule                X   10   FACU   FACU   N
Vicia americana               X    0   FACU   FACU   N
Vicia nigricans               X    0   NI     UPL    Y
Vicia sativa                  X    0   UPL    UPL    N
Viola adunca                  X    4   FAC    FAC    N
Viola biflora                 X    4   FACW   FACW   N
Viola canadensis              X    0   NI     FAC    Y
Viola epipsila                X    4          FACW   Y
Viola glabella                X    8   FACW   FACW   N
Viola langsdorffii            X   10   NOL           Y
Viola langsdorfii             X    6   FACW   FACW   N
Viola macloskeyi              X    0   NI            Y
Viola nephrophylla            X    0   NOL           Y
Viola palustris               X    1   NI     FACW   Y
Viola renifolia               X    1   FAC    FAC    N
Vulpia myuros                      0          UPL    Y
Wilhelmsia physodes           X    0   FAC    FAC    N
Xanthocyparis nootkatensis         0          FAC    Y
Zannichellia palustris             0          OBL    Y
Zigadenus elegans             X    0   FACU          Y
Zostera marina                X    3   OBL    OBL    N
 a wetland indicator status has been assigned by federal agencies. Some species may be listed under both old and new nomenclature.
 er of records, according to Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria). WIS= Wetland Indicator Status. "Old" is the legally adopted 1988 list;
  difference in WIS designations or addition/ deletion from the 1988 WIS list. NonNtv= species not native to Southeast Alaska; this list is not
 al or potential adverse effect on native plant richness. Rare= species (1) or subspecies/varieties (2) designated by Alaska Natural Heritage
are or very limited in their regional distribution (see SE #recs).




               Common Name                                    NonNtv      Invasive     Rare Family                           Genus
               Pacific Silver Fir                                                       1   PINACEAE
               Subalpine Fir                                                                PINACEAE                         Abies
               Vine Maple                                                                   SAPINDACEAE
               Rocky Mountain Maple                                                         SAPINDACEAE                      Acer
               Common Yarrow                                                                ASTERACEAE                       Achillea
               Richardson's Rice Grass                          Yes                         POACEAE
               Larkspur-Leaf Monkshood                                                      RANUNCULACEAE                    Aconitum
               Kamchatka Monkshood                                                          RANUNCULACEAE
               Alaska Fleeceflower                                                          POLYGONACEAE
               Several-Vein Sweetflag                                                       ACORACEAE                        Acorus
               Red Baneberry                                                                RANUNCULACEAE                    Actaea
               Aleutian Maidenhair                                                          PTERIDACEAE                      Adiantum
               Muskroot                                                                     ADOXACEAE                        Adoxa
               Orange-Flower Goat-Chicory                                               1   ASTERACEAE                       Agoseris
               Pale Goat-Chicory                                                        1   ASTERACEAE                       Agoseris
                                                                                            POACEAE                          Agrostis
                                                                                            POACEAE                          Agrostis
               Colonial Bent                                    Yes                         POACEAE                          Agrostis
               Clubed Bent                                                              1   POACEAE
               Spiked Bent                                                                  POACEAE                          Agrostis
               Black Bent                                       Yes                         POACEAE                          Agrostis
               Idaho Bent                                                                   POACEAE
               Northern Bent                                                                POACEAE                          Agrostis
               Oregon Bentgrass                                                             POACEAE
               Rough Bent                                                                   POACEAE                          Agrostis
               Spreading Bent                                   Yes                         POACEAE                          Agrostis
                                                                                        1
               Brown Bent                                                                   POACEAE
               Common Silver-Hair Grass                         Yes                         POACEAE
               European Water-Plantain                          Yes                         ALISMATACEAE
               Northern Water-Plantain                                                      ALISMATACEAE
               Garlic-Mustard                                   Yes                         BRASSICACEAE
               Wild Chives                                                                  ALLIACEAE                        Allium
               Crow Garlic                                                                  ALLIACEAE
               Speckled Alder                                                               BETULACEAE                       Alnus
               Red Alder                                                                    BETULACEAE                       Alnus
               Sitka Alder                                                                  BETULACEAE                       Alnus
               Short-Awn Meadow-Foxtail                                                     POACEAE                          Alopecurus
               Marsh Meadow-Foxtail                             Yes                         POACEAE                          Alopecurus
               Alpine Meadow-Foxtail                                                        POACEAE
               Field Meadow-Foxtail                             Yes                         POACEAE                          Alopecurus
               Tumbleweed                                       Yes                         AMARANTHACEAE                    Amaranthus
               Mat Amaranth                                                                 AMARANTHACEAE
               Red-Root                                         Yes                         AMARANTHACEAE                    Amaranthus
Saskatoon Service-Berry                   ROSACEAE         Amelanchier
Round-Leaf Orchid                         ORCHIDACEAE      Amerorchis
Bog-Rosemary                              ERICACEAE        Andromeda
Sweet-Flower Rock-Jasmine                 PRIMULACEAE      Androsace
Pygmy-Flower Rock-Jasmine                 PRIMULACEAE      Androsace
Narcissus-Flower Thimbleweed              RANUNCULACEAE
Small-Flower Thimbleweed                  RANUNCULACEAE    Anemone
Yellow Thimbleweed                        RANUNCULACEAE    Anemone
Lyall's Angelica                          APIACEAE
Kneeling Angelica                         APIACEAE         Angelica
Seacoast Angelica                         APIACEAE         Angelica
Alpine Pussytoes                          ASTERACEAE       Antennaria
Dark Pussytoes                            ASTERACEAE       Antennaria
Showy Pussytoes                           ASTERACEAE       Antennaria
Umber Pussytoes                           ASTERACEAE
Stinking Chamomile              Yes       ASTERACEAE       Anthemis
Arctic Sweet Vernal Grass                 POACEAE
Alpine Sweet Vernal Grass                 POACEAE
Large Sweet Vernal Grass        Yes       POACEAE          Anthoxanthum
Mountain False Deathcamas                 MELANTHIACEAE
Aleutian-Cress                        1   BRASSICACEAE     Aphragmus
Spreading Dogbane                     1   APOCYNACEAE      Apocynum
Crimson Columbine                         RANUNCULACEAE    Aquilegia
Lyre-Leaf Thalecress                      BRASSICACEAE
Drummond rockcress                        BRASSICACEAE     Arabis
Pacific-Coast Eared Rockcress             BRASSICACEAE
Hairy Eared Rockcress                     BRASSICACEAE     Arabis
                                          BRASSICACEAE     Arabis
                                          BRASSICACEAE     Arabis
Broad-Leaf Arctic-Bent                    POACEAE          Arctagrostis
Arctic Daisy                              ASTERACEAE
Pendant Grass                             POACEAE          Arctophila
Black Bearberry                           ERICACEAE
Red Manzanita                             ERICACEAE        Arctostaphylos
Red Bearberry                             ERICACEAE        Arctostaphylos
Common Silverweed                         ROSACEAE         Argentina
Pacific Silverweed                        ROSACEAE         Argentina
Sea Thrift                                PLUMBAGINACEAE   Armeria
                                          ASTERACEAE       Arnica
Leafy Leopardbane                         ASTERACEAE       Arnica
Lance-Leaf Leopardbane                    ASTERACEAE
Daffodil Leopardbane                      ASTERACEAE       Arnica
                                          ASTERACEAE
Cordilleran Leopardbane               1   ASTERACEAE       Arnica
Sticky-Leaf Leopardbane                   ASTERACEAE
Tall Oat Grass                  Yes       POACEAE          Arrhenatherum
                                      2   ASTERACEAE       Artemisia
Biennial Wormwood               Yes       ASTERACEAE
Coaltown Sagebrush                        ASTERACEAE
White Sagebrush                 Yes       ASTERACEAE
Boreal Sagebrush                          ASTERACEAE
Oldwoman                              1   ASTERACEAE
Tilesius' Wormwood                    ASTERACEAE
Common Wormwood             Yes       ASTERACEAE
Bride's-Feathers                      ROSACEAE          Aruncus
German-Madwort              Yes       BORAGINACEAE
Maidenhair Spleenwort             1   ASPLENIACEAE
Green Spleenwort                  1   ASPLENIACEAE      Asplenium
                                      ASPLENIACEAE
                                      ASTERACEAE        Aster
                                      ASTERACEAE        Aster
Purple Milk Vetch                 1   FABACEAE
Alpine Milk-Vetch                     FABACEAE          Astragalus
American Milk-Vetch                   FABACEAE          Astragalus
Bodin's Milk-Vetch                    FABACEAE          Astragalus
Elegant Milk-Vetch                    FABACEAE          Astragalus
Nutzotin Milk-Vetch                   FABACEAE          Astragalus
Polar Milk-Vetch                      FABACEAE
Robbins' Milk-Vetch               1   FABACEAE          Astragalus
American Alpine Lady Fern             DRYOPTERIDACEAE
Subarctic Lady Fern                   DRYOPTERIDACEAE   Athyrium
Alaska Orache                         AMARANTHACEAE     Atriplex
Gmelin's Saltbush                     AMARANTHACEAE     Atriplex
Garden Orache               Yes       AMARANTHACEAE
Halberd-Leaf Orache         Yes       AMARANTHACEAE     Atriplex
Oat                         Yes       POACEAE
Large Mosquito Fern                   AZOLLACEAE
American Yellow-Rocket                BRASSICACEAE      Barbarea
American Slough Grass                 POACEAE           Beckmannia
Resin Birch                           BETULACEAE
Swamp Birch                           BETULACEAE        Betula
Alaska Paper Birch                    BETULACEAE
Water Birch                           BETULACEAE        Betula
Paper Birch                       2   BETULACEAE        Betula
Nodding Burr-Marigold                 ASTERACEAE        Bidens
Devil's-Pitchfork           Yes       ASTERACEAE        Bidens
Three-Lobe Beggarticks                ASTERACEAE
Meadow Bistort                        POLYGONACEAE
Serpent-Grass                         POLYGONACEAE
Deer Fern                             BLECHNACEAE       Blechnum
Red-Bulrush                       1   CYPERACEAE
                                      BRASSICACEAE
Holboell's Rockcress                  BRASSICACEAE
Soldier Rockcress                 1   BRASSICACEAE
Canadian Rockcress                    BRASSICACEAE
Northern Groundcone                   OROBANCHACEAE     Boschniakia
Triangle-Lobe Moonwort            1   OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
Northern Moonwort                     OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
Lance-Leaf Moonwort                   OPHIOGLOSSACEAE   Botrychium
Common Moonwort                       OPHIOGLOSSACEAE   Botrychium
                                      OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
Leathery Grapefern                    OPHIOGLOSSACEAE   Botrychium
Northeastern Moonwort                 OPHIOGLOSSACEAE   Botrychium
Least Moonwort                        OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
                                  1   OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
Rattlesnake Fern                         1   OPHIOGLOSSACEAE   Botrychium
                                         1   OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
Rattlesnake Fern                             OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
Richardson's Brookfoam                       SAXIFRAGACEAE
Watershield                              1   CABOMBACEAE       Brasenia
Chinese Mustard              Yes             BRASSICACEAE
Rape                         Yes             BRASSICACEAE
Smooth Northern-Rockcress                    BRASSICACEAE
Dwarf Northern Rockcress                                       Braya
Rattlesnake Brome            Yes             POACEAE
Fringed Brome                                POACEAE           Bromus
Soft Brome                   Yes             POACEAE           Bromus
Smooth Brome                 Yes             POACEAE           Bromus
Richardson's Brome                           POACEAE
                                             POACEAE
Columbia Brome               Yes             POACEAE
American Searocket                           BRASSICACEAE      Cakile
                                             BRASSICACEAE
Bluejoint                                    POACEAE           Calamagrostis
Circumpolar Reed Grass                       POACEAE           Calamagrostis
Lapland Reed Grass                           POACEAE           Calamagrostis
Nootka Reed Grass                            POACEAE           Calamagrostis
Slim-Stem Reed Grass                         POACEAE           Calamagrostis
Water-Dragon                                 ARACEAE
Autumn Water-Starwort                        PLANTAGINACEAE    Callitriche
Greater Water-Starwort                       PLANTAGINACEAE    Callitriche
Vernal Water-Starwort                        PLANTAGINACEAE    Callitriche
White Marsh-Marigold                         RANUNCULACEAE     Caltha
Floating Marsh-Marigold                      RANUNCULACEAE
Yellow Marsh-Marigold                        RANUNCULACEAE     Caltha
Fairy-Slipper Orchid                         ORCHIDACEAE       Calypso
Hedge False Bindweed         Yes             CONVOLVULACEAE
Gold-of-Pleasure             Yes             BRASSICACEAE      Camelina
Alaska Bellflower                            CAMPANULACEAE     Campanula
Bluebell-of-Scotland                         CAMPANULACEAE     Campanula
Pale Bellflower                              CAMPANULACEAE     Campanula
Arctic Bellflower                            CAMPANULACEAE     Campanula
Canada-Aster                                 ASTERACEAE
Shepherd's-Purse             Yes   Yes       BRASSICACEAE      Capsella
Seaside Bittercress                          BRASSICACEAE      Cardamine
Alpine Bittercress                       1   BRASSICACEAE      Cardamine
Brewer's Bittercress                         BRASSICACEAE
Richardson's Bittercress                     BRASSICACEAE
Hairy Bittercress                            BRASSICACEAE
Little-Leaf Bittercress                      BRASSICACEAE
Big Western Bittercress                      BRASSICACEAE      Cardamine
Little Western Bittercress                   BRASSICACEAE      Cardamine
Quaker Bittercress                           BRASSICACEAE      Cardamine
Cuckoo Flower                                BRASSICACEAE      Cardamine
Purple Bittercress                           BRASSICACEAE
Japanese Bittercress                         BRASSICACEAE
Umbell's Bittercress                         BRASSICACEAE
Circumpolar Sedge                        1   CYPERACEAE
Black-and-White-Scale Sedge       CYPERACEAE   Carex
Grassy-Slope Arctic Sedge         CYPERACEAE   Carex
Leafy Tussock Sedge               CYPERACEAE   Carex
Northern Cluster Sedge            CYPERACEAE   Carex
Polar Sedge                       CYPERACEAE
Wheat Sedge                   1   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Slender-Beak Sedge            1   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Scabrous Black Sedge          1   CYPERACEAE
Scorched Alpine Sedge             CYPERACEAE
Lesser Black-Scale Sedge          CYPERACEAE   Carex
Golden-Fruit Sedge                CYPERACEAE   Carex
Bebb's Sedge                  1   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Two-Color Sedge                   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Bigelow's Sedge                   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Yukon Sedge                       CYPERACEAE
Brownish Sedge                2   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Brown Bog Sedge                   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Hoary Sedge                       CYPERACEAE   Carex
Hair-Like Sedge                   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Capitate Sedge                    CYPERACEAE   Carex
Rope-Root Sedge                   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Coiled Sedge                      CYPERACEAE
Low Northern Sedge                CYPERACEAE   Carex
Crawford's Sedge              1   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Dewey's Sedge                 1   CYPERACEAE
Lesser Tussock Sedge              CYPERACEAE   Carex
Soft-Leaf Sedge                   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Spike-Rush Sedge                  CYPERACEAE
Bristle-Leaf Sedge            1   CYPERACEAE
Star Sedge                    2   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Goosegrass Sedge                  CYPERACEAE
Western Inflated Sedge            CYPERACEAE
Yellow-Green Sedge                CYPERACEAE   Carex
Bronze Sedge                      CYPERACEAE
Short-Leaf Sedge                  CYPERACEAE
Elk Sedge                         CYPERACEAE   Carex
Lesser Saltmarsh Sedge        2   CYPERACEAE
Gmelin's Sedge                    CYPERACEAE   Carex
Northern Bog Sedge                CYPERACEAE   Carex
Hudson Bay Sedge              1   CYPERACEAE
Arctic Marsh Sedge            1   CYPERACEAE
Hood's Sedge                  1   CYPERACEAE
Coastal-Sand Sedge                CYPERACEAE
Inland Sedge                  1   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Arctic Hare-Foot Sedge            CYPERACEAE
Smooth-Stem Sedge                 CYPERACEAE   Carex
Lapland Sedge                 1   CYPERACEAE
Woolly-Fruit Sedge                CYPERACEAE
Weak Sedge                    1   CYPERACEAE
Lakeshore Sedge                   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Bristly-Stalk Sedge           2   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Mud Sedge                         CYPERACEAE   Carex
Livid Sedge                       CYPERACEAE   Carex
Rye-Grass Sedge                   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Lyngbye's Sedge                   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Mackenzie's Sedge                 CYPERACEAE   Carex
Falkland Island Sedge             CYPERACEAE   Carex
Big-Head Sedge                    CYPERACEAE   Carex
Alaska Long-Awn Sedge             CYPERACEAE   Carex
Boreal-Bog Sedge                  CYPERACEAE   Carex
Sea Sedge                         CYPERACEAE
Seaside Sedge                     CYPERACEAE   Carex
Montana Sedge                     CYPERACEAE
Fragile-Seed Sedge                CYPERACEAE   Carex
Mertens' Sedge                    CYPERACEAE   Carex
Alpine-Tundra Sedge               CYPERACEAE
False Uncinia Sedge               CYPERACEAE   Carex
Pyrenean Sedge                    CYPERACEAE
Small-Wing Sedge                  CYPERACEAE
Nard Sedge                        CYPERACEAE   Carex
Black Alpine Sedge                CYPERACEAE   Carex
Slough sedge                      CYPERACEAE
Thick-Head Sedge                  CYPERACEAE   Carex
Parry's Sedge                 1   CYPERACEAE
Few-Flower Sedge                  CYPERACEAE   Carex
Payson's Sedge                    CYPERACEAE
Liddon Sedge                      CYPERACEAE   Carex
Mountain Hare Sedge           1   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Several-Flower Sedge              CYPERACEAE   Carex
Clustered Field Sedge         1   CYPERACEAE
Northern Meadow Sedge             CYPERACEAE   Carex
Presl's Sedge                 1   CYPERACEAE   Carex
                                  CYPERACEAE   Carex
Ramensk's Sedge                   CYPERACEAE
Loose-Flower Alpine Sedge         CYPERACEAE
Swollen Beaked Sedge              CYPERACEAE   Carex
Pumpkin-Fruit Sedge               CYPERACEAE
Curly Sedge                       CYPERACEAE   Carex
Sartwell's Sedge              1   CYPERACEAE
Russet Sedge                      CYPERACEAE   Carex
Canadian Single-Spike Sedge       CYPERACEAE   Carex
Dry-Spike Sedge                   CYPERACEAE
Northwestern Showy Sedge          CYPERACEAE   Carex
Long-Beak Sedge               1   CYPERACEAE
Stalk-Grain Sedge             1   CYPERACEAE   Carex
Long-Style Sedge                  CYPERACEAE   Carex
Hoppner's Sedge                   CYPERACEAE
Many-Head Sedge               1   CYPERACEAE
Sparse-Flower Sedge               CYPERACEAE   Carex
Bear Sedge                        CYPERACEAE
Northwest Territory Sedge         CYPERACEAE   Carex
Sheathed Sedge                    CYPERACEAE   Carex
Little Green Sedge                CYPERACEAE   Carex
Williams' Sedge                   CYPERACEAE
                                  CYPERACEAE
Western Moss-Heather              ERICACEAE    Cassiope
White Arctic Mountain-Heather                      ERICACEAE          Cassiope
Port Clarence Indian-Paintbrush                    OROBANCHACEAE
Panhandle Indian-Paintbrush                        OROBANCHACEAE
Coastal Red Indian-Paintbrush                  1   OROBANCHACEAE
Great Red Indian-Paintbrush                        OROBANCHACEAE      Castilleja
Small-Flower Indian-Paintbrush                 1   OROBANCHACEAE      Castilleja
Raup's Indian-Paintbrush                           OROBANCHACEAE      Castilleja
Hairy Indian-Paintbrush                            OROBANCHACEAE      Castilleja
Alaska Indian-Paintbrush                           OROBANCHACEAE      Castilleja
Water Whorl Grass                              1   POACEAE
Field Mouse-Ear Chickweed                          CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Cerastium
Bering Sea Mouse-Ear Chickweed                     CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Cerastium
Fischer's Mouse-Ear Chickweed                      CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Cerastium
Common (Big) Mouse-Ear Chickweed   Yes   Yes       CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Cerastium
Sticky Mouse-Ear Chickweed         Yes             CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Cerastium
Regel's Mouse-Ear Chickweed                        CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Coon's-Tail                                        CERATOPHYLLACEAE
Yellow Cedar                                                          Chamaecyparis
Leatherleaf                                        ERICACEAE
Narrow-Leaf Fireweed                               ONAGRACEAE         Chamerion
Broad-Leaf Fireweed                                ONAGRACEAE
Lamb's-Quarters                    Yes             AMARANTHACEAE      Chenopodium
Oak-Leaf Goosefoot                 Yes             AMARANTHACEAE
Narrow-Leaf Goosefoot              Yes             AMARANTHACEAE
Red Goosefoot                      Yes             AMARANTHACEAE
Northern Golden-Saxifrage                          SAXIFRAGACEAE      Chrysosplenium
Wright's Golden-Saxifrage                          SAXIFRAGACEAE      Chrysosplenium
Bulblet-Bearing Water-Hemlock                  1   APIACEAE
Western Water-Hemlock                              APIACEAE           Cicuta
Spotted Water-Hemlock                              APIACEAE
Mackenzie's Water-Hemlock                          APIACEAE
Slender Wood-Reed                                  POACEAE            Cinna
Small Enchanter's-Nightshade                       ONAGRACEAE         Circaea
Canadian Thistle                   Yes   Yes       ASTERACEAE         Cirsium
Edible Thistle                                 1   ASTERACEAE         Cirsium
Elk Thistle                                    1   ASTERACEAE
Bull Thistle                       Yes             ASTERACEAE         Cirsium
Arctic Springbeauty                            1   PORTULACACEAE
Grass-Leaf Springbeauty                            PORTULACACEAE
Miner's-Lettuce                                    PORTULACACEAE      Claytonia
Alaska Springbeauty                                PORTULACACEAE      Claytonia
Siberian Springbeauty                              PORTULACACEAE      Claytonia
Tuberous Springbeauty                              PORTULACACEAE      Claytonia
Jakutsk Snow-Parsley                               APIACEAE           Cnidium
Danish Scurvy-Grass                                BRASSICACEAE       Cochlearia
                                                   BRASSICACEAE       Cochlearia
Sessile-Leaf Scurvy-Grass                      1   BRASSICACEAE
Long-Bract Frog Orchid                             ORCHIDACEAE        Coeloglossum
Narrow-Leaf Mountain-Trumpet       Yes             POLEMONIACEAE      Collomia
Bastard-Toadflax                                   SANTALACEAE
Purple Marshlocks                                  ROSACEAE           Comarum
Pacific Hemlock-parsley                            APIACEAE           Conioselinum
Pacific Hemlock-parsley                            APIACEAE
Canadian Horseweed            Yes       ASTERACEAE        Conyza
Fern-Leaf Goldthread                    RANUNCULACEAE     Coptis
Three-Leaf Goldthread                   RANUNCULACEAE     Coptis
Summer Coralroot                        ORCHIDACEAE
Yellow Coralroot                        ORCHIDACEAE
                                        ORCHIDACEAE       Corallorrhiza
American Bugseed                        AMARANTHACEAE
Red Osier                               CORNACEAE
Canadian Bunchberry                     CORNACEAE         Cornus
Red-osier Dogwood                       CORNACEAE         Cornus
Dwarf Bog Bunchberry                    CORNACEAE         Cornus
                                        CORNACEAE
                                        CORNACEAE
Few-Flower Fumewort                     PAPAVERACEAE      Corydalis
Common Brassbuttons           Yes       ASTERACEAE        Cotula
Water Pygmyweed                     1   CRASSULACEAE      Crassula
Wrinkle-Seed Pygmyweed                  CRASSULACEAE
Black Hawthorn                      1   ROSACEAE          Crataegus
English Hawthorn                        ROSACEAE
Suksdorf's Hawthorn                     ROSACEAE
Smooth Hawk's-Beard           Yes       ASTERACEAE        Crepis
Fragile Rockbrake                   1   PTERIDACEAE       Cryptogramma
Chufa                                   CYPERACEAE

                                    1   ORCHIDACEAE       Cypripedium
Yellow Lady's-Slipper               1   ORCHIDACEAE       Cypripedium
Sparrow-Egg Lady's-Slipper              ORCHIDACEAE       Cypripedium
Brittle Bladder Fern                    DRYOPTERIDACEAE   Cystopteris
Mountain Bladder Fern                   DRYOPTERIDACEAE   Cystopteris
Orchard Grass                 Yes       POACEAE           Dactylis
Keyflower                           2   ORCHIDACEAE
Flattened Wild Oat Grass                POACEAE
Timber Wild Oat Grass                   POACEAE           Danthonia
Golden-Hardhack                         ROSACEAE
Tower Larkspur                          RANUNCULACEAE     Delphinium
Prickley Tree-Club-Moss                 LYCOPODIACEAE
Short-Leaf Hair Grass                   POACEAE
Tufted Hair Grass                       POACEAE           Deschampsia
Tufted Hairgrass                        POACEAE           Deschampsia
Annual Hair Grass             Yes       POACEAE           Deschampsia
Slender Hair Grass            Yes       POACEAE           Deschampsia
Mountain Tansy-Mustard                  BRASSICACEAE      Descurainia
Pincushion-Plant                        DIAPENSIACEAE

Purple Foxglove               Yes       PLANTAGINACEAE    Digitalis
Alpine Clubmoss                         LYCOPODIACEAE
Ground Cedar                            LYCOPODIACEAE
Western Arctic Shootingstar             PRIMULACEAE       Dodecatheon
Tall Mountain Shootingstar              PRIMULACEAE       Dodecatheon
Dark-Throat Shootingstar                PRIMULACEAE       Dodecatheon
Slender Whitlow-Grass                   BRASSICACEAE
Golden Whitlow-Grass                    BRASSICACEAE      Draba
Cushion Whitlow-Grass                   BRASSICACEAE
North Pacific Whitlow-Grass                   BRASSICACEAE
Lance-Pod Whitlow-Grass                   2   BRASSICACEAE
Yellow Arctic Whitlow-Grass                   BRASSICACEAE
Tall Whitlow-Grass                        1   BRASSICACEAE       Draba
Alaska Whitlow-Grass                          BRASSICACEAE       Draba
American Dragonhead                           LAMIACEAE          Dracocephalum
English Sundew                                DROSERACEAE        Drosera
Round-Leaf Sundew                             DROSERACEAE        Drosera
                                              DROSERACEAE
Yellow Mountain-Avens                         ROSACEAE           Dryas
White Mountain-Avens                          ROSACEAE           Dryas
Eight-Petal Mountain-Avens                    ROSACEAE
                                              ROSACEAE
Spreading Wood Fern                           DRYOPTERIDACEAE    Dryopteris
Three-Way Sedge                           1   CYPERACEAE
Fisher's Tundra Grass                         POACEAE
American Silver-Berry                         ELAEAGNACEAE
Needle Spike-Rush                             CYPERACEAE         Eleocharis
Kamchatka Spike-Rush                      1   CYPERACEAE         Eleocharis
Pale Spike-rush                               CYPERACEAE
Soft-Stem Spike-Rush                          CYPERACEAE
Quill Spike-Rush                          1   CYPERACEAE
Common Spike-Rush                             CYPERACEAE         Eleocharis
Few-Flower Spike-Rush                     1   CYPERACEAE         Eleocharis
One-scale Spikerush                           CYPERACEAE         Eleocharis
Copperbush                                    ERICACEAE
                                              ERICACEAE          Elliottia
Canadian Waterweed            Yes   Yes       HYDROCHARITACEAE
Alaska Wild Rye                               POACEAE            Elymus
Blue Wild Rye                                 POACEAE            Elymus
                                              POACEAE
Streamside Wild Rye                           POACEAE
Thick-Spike Wild Rye                          POACEAE
Creeping Wild Rye             Yes   Yes       POACEAE            Elymus
Siberian Wild Rye             Yes             POACEAE
Slender Wild Rye                              POACEAE            Elymus
Purple Wild Rye                               POACEAE
Wiegand's Wild Rye                            POACEAE
Black Crowberry                               ERICACEAE          Empetrum
Pimpernel Willowherb                          ONAGRACEAE         Epilobium
Arctic Willowherb                             ONAGRACEAE
Fringed Willowherb                            ONAGRACEAE         Epilobium
Talus Willowherb                              ONAGRACEAE
Dahurian Willowherb                           ONAGRACEAE         Epilobium
Hornemann's Willowherb                        ONAGRACEAE         Epilobium
White-Flower Willowherb                       ONAGRACEAE         Epilobium
                                              ONAGRACEAE         Epilobium
Slender-Fruit Willowherb                      ONAGRACEAE         Epilobium
Bog Willowherb                            1   ONAGRACEAE
Yellow Willowherb                             ONAGRACEAE         Epilobium
Marsh Willowherb                              ONAGRACEAE         Epilobium
                                              ONAGRACEAE
Field Horsetail                               EQUISETACEAE       Equisetum
Water Horsetail                               EQUISETACEAE      Equisetum
Tall Scouring-Rush                            EQUISETACEAE      Equisetum
Marsh Horsetail                               EQUISETACEAE      Equisetum
Meadow Horsetail                              EQUISETACEAE      Equisetum
Dwarf Scouring-Rush                           EQUISETACEAE      Equisetum
Woodland Horsetail                            EQUISETACEAE      Equisetum
Giant Horsetail                               EQUISETACEAE
Variegated Scouring-Rush                      EQUISETACEAE      Equisetum
                                              EQUISETACEAE
                                              EQUISETACEAE
Slender Mountain Sandwort                     CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Bitter Fleabane                           2   ASTERACEAE
Streamside Fleabane                           ASTERACEAE
Glacier Fleabane                          1   ASTERACEAE
Arctic Alpine Fleabane                        ASTERACEAE        Erigeron
Short-Ray Fleabane                            ASTERACEAE
Scotter's Fleabane                            ASTERACEAE
Subalpine Fleabane                            ASTERACEAE        Erigeron
Tall Cotton-Grass                             CYPERACEAE        Eriophorum
Closed-Sheath Cotton-Grass                    CYPERACEAE        Eriophorum
Arctic Cotton-Grass                           CYPERACEAE        Eriophorum
Chamisso's Cotton-Grass                       CYPERACEAE        Eriophorum
Slender Cotton-Grass                          CYPERACEAE        Eriophorum
Russet-Bristle Cotton-Grass                   CYPERACEAE        Eriophorum
White Cotton-Grass                            CYPERACEAE        Eriophorum
Tussock Cotton-Grass                          CYPERACEAE
Tassel Cotton-Grass                       1   CYPERACEAE        Eriophorum
Worm-Seed Wallflower                          BRASSICACEAE      Erysimum

Behring Wood-Aster                            ASTERACEAE
Siberian Wood-Aster                           ASTERACEAE
Edwards' Mock Wallflower                      BRASSICACEAE
Black-Bindweed                Yes             POLYGONACEAE
Japanese Black-Bindweed       Yes   Yes       POLYGONACEAE
Giant Black-Bindweed          Yes             POLYGONACEAE
                                                                Fauria
Rough Fescue                                  POACEAE           Festuca
                              Yes             POACEAE
Tundra Fescue                             1   POACEAE
Meadow Fescue                                 POACEAE
Red Fescue                                    POACEAE           Festuca
Bearded Fescue                                POACEAE           Festuca
                                              POACEAE
Virginia Strawberry                           ROSACEAE          Fragaria
Kamchatka Missionbells                        LILIACEAE         Fritillaria
Firewheel                     Yes             ASTERACEAE
Sticky-Willy                                  RUBIACEAE         Galium
Northern Bedstraw                             RUBIACEAE         Galium
Three-Petal Bedstraw                          RUBIACEAE         Galium
Fragrant Bedstraw                             RUBIACEAE         Galium
Salal                                         ERICACEAE         Gaultheria
Whitish Gentian                               GENTIANACEAE
Swamp Gentian                                 GENTIANACEAE      Gentiana
Pale Gentian                                GENTIANACEAE       Gentiana
                                            GENTIANACEAE
Pygmy Gentian                               GENTIANACEAE       Gentiana
Autumn Dwarf-Gentian                        GENTIANACEAE       Gentianella
Four-Part Dwarf-Gentian                 2   GENTIANACEAE       Gentianella
Dane's Dwarf-Gentian                        GENTIANACEAE       Gentianella
Windmill Fringed-Gentian                2   GENTIANACEAE
False Toadflax                              SANTALACEAE        Geocaulon
Woolly Crane's-Bill                         GERANIACEAE        Geranium
Richardson's Geranium             Yes       GERANIACEAE
Yellow Avens                            2   ROSACEAE
Caltha-Leaf Avens                           ROSACEAE           Geum
Large-Leaf Avens                            ROSACEAE           Geum
Aleutian Avens                          1   ROSACEAE
Ross' Avens                                 ROSACEAE           Geum
Sea-Milkwort                                MYRSINACEAE        Glaux
Groundivy                         Yes       LAMIACEAE          Glechoma
American Silvertop                      2   APIACEAE           Glehnia
Small Floating Manna Grass                  POACEAE            Glyceria
American Manna Grass                        POACEAE            Glyceria
Slender-Spike Manna Grass               1   POACEAE            Glyceria
Mackenzie Valley Manna Grass            1   POACEAE
Fowl Manna Grass                            POACEAE            Glyceria
Marsh Cudweed                     Yes       ASTERACEAE         Gnaphalium
Green-Leaf Rattlesnake-Plantain             ORCHIDACEAE        Goodyera
Dwarf Rattlesnake-Plantain                  ORCHIDACEAE        Goodyera
Hairy Gumweed                               ASTERACEAE
Puget Sound Gumweed                         ASTERACEAE
Northern Oak Fern                           DRYOPTERIDACEAE    Gymnocarpium
Blue Stickseed                    Yes       BORAGINACEAE
Alaska Bell-Heather                         ERICACEAE          Harrimanella
Alpine Sweet-Vetch                          FABACEAE           Hedysarum
Common Sunflower                  Yes       ASTERACEAE
American Cow-Parsnip                        APIACEAE           Heracleum
Mother-of-the-Evening             Yes       BRASSICACEAE       Hesperis

Slender Hawkweed                            ASTERACEAE         Hieracium
Woolly Hawkweed                             ASTERACEAE
                                                               Hierochloe
Mountain Mare's-Tail                        PLANTAGINACEAE     Hippuris
Four-Leaf Mare's-Tail                       PLANTAGINACEAE     Hippuris
Common Mare's-Tail                          PLANTAGINACEAE     Hippuris
Common Velvet Grass               Yes       POACEAE            Holcus
Seaside Sandplant                           CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Honckenya
Meadow Barley                               POACEAE            Hordeum
Fox-Tail Barley                   Yes       POACEAE            Hordeum
                                            LYCOPODIACEAE
Pacific Fir-Moss                            LYCOPODIACEAE      Huperzia
Wright's Filmy Fern                     1   HYMENOPHYLLACEAE   Hymenophyllum
Common St. John's-Wort            Yes       HYPERICACEAE
Hairy Cat's-Ear                   Yes       ASTERACEAE         Hypochaeris
Ornamental Jewelweed              Yes       BALSAMINACEAE
Western Touch-Me-Not                        BALSAMINACEAE      Impatiens
Beach-Head Iris                            IRIDACEAE       Iris
Spiny-spore Quillwort                      ISOETACEAE      Isoetes
Flett's Quillwort                          ISOETACEAE
Maritime Quillwort                         ISOETACEAE
Western Quillwort                      1   ISOETACEAE      Isoetes
Spiny-Spore Quillwort                      ISOETACEAE
                                           ISOETACEAE
                                           ISOETACEAE
Low Lateral-Bulrush                    1   CYPERACEAE
Northern White Rush                        JUNCACEAE
Northern Green Rush                        JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Arctic Rush                                JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Joint-Leaf Rush                        1   JUNCACEAE       Juncus
                                           JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Two-Flower Rush                            JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Toad Rush                                  JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Chestnut Rush                              JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Drummond's Rush                            JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Lamp Rush                                  JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Dagger-Leaf Rush                           JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Sickle-Leaf Rush                           JUNCACEAE
Thread Rush                                JUNCACEAE       Juncus
                                           JUNCACEAE
Mertens' Rush                              JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Knotted Rush                           1   JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Moor Rush                                  JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Hairy-Leaf Rush                            JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Lesser Poverty Rush                    1   JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Three-Flower Rush                          JUNCACEAE       Juncus
Common Juniper                             CUPRESSACEAE    Juniperus
Creeping Juniper                       1   CUPRESSACEAE
Alpine-Laurel                              ERICACEAE       Kalmia
                                           ERICACEAE       Kalmia
                                           ERICACEAE
Pacific Bog Sedge                          CYPERACEAE      Kobresia
Siberian Bog Sedge                         CYPERACEAE
Simple Bog Sedge                           CYPERACEAE      Kobresia
Island-Purslane                            POLYGONACEAE    Koenigia
Cooley's False Buttercup                   RANUNCULACEAE
Wild Blue Lettuce                      1   ASTERACEAE      Lactuca
Russian Blue Lettuce       Yes   Yes       ASTERACEAE
Common Nipplewort          Yes             ASTERACEAE      Lapsana
American Larch                             PINACEAE
Sea Vetchling                              FABACEAE        Lathyrus
Marsh Vetchling                            FABACEAE        Lathyrus
Meadow Vetchling           Yes             FABACEAE
Veiny Vetchling                        2   FABACEAE
Marsh Labrador-Tea                         ERICACEAE
Rusty Labrador-Tea                         ERICACEAE       Ledum
                                           ERICACEAE       Ledum
Common Duckweed                            ARACEAE         Lemna
Ivy-Leaf Duckweed                          ARACEAE
Turion Duckweed                            ARACEAE
August-Flower              Yes             ASTERACEAE
Miner's Pepperwort         Yes             BRASSICACEAE     Lepidium
Clasping Pepperwort                        BRASSICACEAE
Poorman's-Pepperwort       Yes             BRASSICACEAE     Lepidium
Pearleaf                                   SAXIFRAGACEAE    Leptarrhena
Ox-Eye Daisy               Yes   Yes       ASTERACEAE       Leucanthemum
Downy Lyme Grass                           POACEAE
American Lyme Grass                        POACEAE          Leymus
                                       1   APIACEAE
Scot's Lovage                              APIACEAE         Ligusticum
Western Grasswort                          APIACEAE
Awl-Leaf Mudwort                       1   PLANTAGINACEAE

American Twinflower                        LINNAEACEAE      Linnaea
Northwestern Twayblade                     ORCHIDACEAE
Northern Twayblade                         ORCHIDACEAE
Northwestern Twayblade                     ORCHIDACEAE      Listera
Broad-Lip Twayblade                    1   ORCHIDACEAE
Heart-Leaf Twayblade                       ORCHIDACEAE      Listera
Common Alp-Lily                            LILIACEAE        Lloydia

Water Lobelia                          1   CAMPANULACEAE
Alpine-Azalea                              ERICACEAE
Perennial Rye Grass        Yes             POACEAE          Lolium
Cascade Desert-Parsley                     APIACEAE
Marsh-Felwort                              GENTIANACEAE     Lomatogonium
Four-Line Honeysuckle                  1   CAPRIFOLIACEAE   Lonicera
Twinsisters                Yes             CAPRIFOLIACEAE
Bird's-foot Trefoil        Yes
Partridgefoot                              ROSACEAE         Luetkea
Arctic Lupine                              FABACEAE
Nootka Lupine                              FABACEAE         Lupinus
Blue-Pod Lupine            Yes             FABACEAE         Lupinus
Arctic Wood-Rush                           JUNCACEAE        Luzula
Curved Wood-Rush                           JUNCACEAE        Luzula
Pacific Wood-Rush                      1   JUNCACEAE
Northern Wood-Rush                         JUNCACEAE        Luzula
Greenland Wood-Rush                        JUNCACEAE
Tundra Wood-Rush                           JUNCACEAE
Common Wood-Rush                           JUNCACEAE        Luzula
Small-Flower Wood-Rush                     JUNCACEAE        Luzula
Rufous Wood-Rush                           JUNCACEAE        Luzula
Spiked Wood-Rush                           JUNCACEAE        Luzula
Wahlenberg's Wood-Rush                     JUNCACEAE        Luzula
Northern Bog Club-Moss                     LYCOPODIACEAE    Lycopodiella
                                           LYCOPODIACEAE    Lycopodium
Stiff Clubmoss                             LYCOPODIACEAE    Lycopodium
Running Ground-Pine                        LYCOPODIACEAE    Lycopodium
                                           LYCOPODIACEAE    Lycopodium
Tree Clubmoss                              LYCOPODIACEAE    Lycopodium
One-Cone Ground-Pine                       LYCOPODIACEAE
Rough Water-Horehound      Yes             LAMIACEAE
Northern Water-Horehound               1   LAMIACEAE        Lycopus
Yellow-Skunk-Cabbage                            ARACEAE           Lysichiton
Fringed Yellow-Loosestrife                      MYRSINACEAE
Large Yellow-Loosestrife                        MYRSINACEAE
Tufted Yellow-Loosestrife                       MYRSINACEAE       Lysimachia
Mountain Tarplant               Yes             ASTERACEAE        Madia
Two-Leaf False Solomon's-Seal                   RUSCACEAE         Maianthemum
Feathery False Solomon's-Seal               1   RUSCACEAE         Maianthemum
Starry False Solomon's-Seal                 1   RUSCACEAE         Maianthemum
White Adder's-Mouth Orchid                      ORCHIDACEAE
Bog Adder's-Mouth Orchid                    1   ORCHIDACEAE       Malaxis
Oregon Crabapple                                ROSACEAE          Malus
White Horehound                 Yes             LAMIACEAE         Marrubium
Pineapple-Weed                  Yes   Yes       ASTERACEAE        Matricaria
Ostrich Fern                                    DRYOPTERIDACEAE
Black Medick                    Yes             FABACEAE          Medicago
Toothed Medick                  Yes             FABACEAE          Medicago
Alfalfa                         Yes             FABACEAE          Medicago
Yellow Sweet-Clover             Yes             FABACEAE          Melilotus
American Wild Mint                              LAMIACEAE         Mentha
Spearmint                       Yes             LAMIACEAE         Mentha
                                Yes             LAMIACEAE
Buck-Bean                                       MENYANTHACEAE     Menyanthes
Fool's-Huckleberry                              ERICACEAE         Menziesia
Oysterleaf                                      BORAGINACEAE      Mertensia
Tall Bluebells                              2   BORAGINACEAE      Mertensia


Northern Silverpuffs                            ASTERACEAE        Microseris
Annual-Phlox                    Yes             POLEMONIACEAE
Seep Monkey-Flower                              PHRYMACEAE        Mimulus
Great Purple Monkey-Flower                  1   PHRYMACEAE        Mimulus
Subalpine Monkey-Flower                     1   PHRYMACEAE
Arctic Stitchwort                               CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Alpine Stitchwort                               CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Minuartia
Boreal Stitchwort                               CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Minuartia
Bog Stitchwort                                  CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Bare-Stem Bishop's-Cap                      1   SAXIFRAGACEAE     Mitella
Five-Stamen Bishop's-Cap                        SAXIFRAGACEAE     Mitella
Pacific Bishop's-Cap                        1   SAXIFRAGACEAE     Mitella
Blunt-Leaf Grove-Sandwort                       CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Moehringia
Single-Delight                                  ERICACEAE         Moneses
Nuttall's Poverty-Weed                          AMARANTHACEAE
One-Flower Indian-Pipe                      1   ERICACEAE         Monotropa
Bostock's Candy-Flower                      1   PORTULACACEAE     Montia
Chamisso's Candy-Flower                         PORTULACACEAE     Montia
Fountain Candy-Flower                           PORTULACACEAE     Montia
Little-Leaf Candy-Flower                        PORTULACACEAE     Montia
Asian Forget-Me-Not             Yes             BORAGINACEAE      Myosotis
Bay Forget-me-not                               BORAGINACEAE
True Forget-Me-Not              Yes             BORAGINACEAE      Myosotis
Woodland Forget-me-not          Yes             BORAGINACEAE
Sweetgale                                       MYRICACEAE        Myrica
Farwell's Water-Milfoil                     1   HALORAGACEAE
Siberian Water-Milfoil                    HALORAGACEAE       Myriophyllum
Eurasian Water-Milfoil          Yes       HALORAGACEAE       Myriophyllum
Whorled Water-Milfoil                 1   HALORAGACEAE       Myriophyllum
Wavy Waternymph                       1   HYDROCHARITACEAE
One-Row Watercress                        BRASSICACEAE
Watercress                      Yes       BRASSICACEAE
False Northern-Rockcress                  BRASSICACEAE
Catnip                          Yes       LAMIACEAE          Nepeta
Deer-Cabbage                              MENYANTHACEAE
Yellow Pond-Lily                          NYMPHAEACEAE       Nuphar
American White Water-Lily       Yes       NYMPHAEACEAE
Pygmy Water-Lily                          NYMPHAEACEAE       Nymphaea
Pacific Water-Dropwort                    APIACEAE           Oenanthe
Northern Adder's-Tongue               1   OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
Devil's-Club                              ARALIACEAE         Oplopanax
Naked Broom-Rape                      1   OROBANCHACEAE
Sidebells                                 ERICACEAE          Orthilia
Mountain Sweet-Cicely                     APIACEAE           Osmorhiza
Purple Sweet-Cicely                       APIACEAE           Osmorhiza
Mountain-Sorrel                           POLYGONACEAE       Oxyria
                                          FABACEAE
Pendant-Pod Locoweed                      FABACEAE           Oxytropis
Black Locoweed                            FABACEAE
Whorled Locoweed                          FABACEAE           Oxytropis
Dwarf Arctic Groundsel                    ASTERACEAE
Rayless Mountain Groundsel                ASTERACEAE
Rayless Alpine Groundsel                  ASTERACEAE
Balsam Groundsel                          ASTERACEAE
Rocky Mountain Groundsel                  ASTERACEAE
Buek's Groundsel                          ASTERACEAE
Lapland Poppy                             PAPAVERACEAE       Papaver
Macoun's Poppy                            PAPAVERACEAE       Papaver
Walpole's Poppy                       1   PAPAVERACEAE
Fringed Grass-of-Parnassus                PARNASSIACEAE      Parnassia
Kotzebue's Grass-of-Parnassus             PARNASSIACEAE      Parnassia
Marsh Grass-of-Parnassus                  PARNASSIACEAE      Parnassia
Western-Wheat Grass             Yes       POACEAE
Capitate Lousewort                        OROBANCHACEAE      Pedicularis
Chamisso's Lousewort                      OROBANCHACEAE
Bull Elephant's-Head                  1   OROBANCHACEAE
Labrador Lousewort                        OROBANCHACEAE      Pedicularis
Woolly Lousewort                          OROBANCHACEAE      Pedicularis
Langsdorf's Lousewort                     OROBANCHACEAE      Pedicularis
Lapland Lousewort                         OROBANCHACEAE
Muskeg Lousewort                      1   OROBANCHACEAE      Pedicularis
                                          OROBANCHACEAE
Small-Flower Lousewort                    OROBANCHACEAE      Pedicularis
Sudetic Lousewort                         OROBANCHACEAE      Pedicularis
Whorled Lousewort                         OROBANCHACEAE      Pedicularis
Pincushion Beardtongue                    PLANTAGINACEAE     Penstemon
Cascade Beardtongue                   1   PLANTAGINACEAE     Penstemon
Water Smartweed                           POLYGONACEAE
Mild Water-Pepper                         POLYGONACEAE
Swamp Smartweed                                  POLYGONACEAE
Dock-Leaf Smartweed              Yes             POLYGONACEAE
Lady's-Thumb                     Yes             POLYGONACEAE
Pinkweed                                         POLYGONACEAE
Arctic Sweet-Colt's-Foot                         ASTERACEAE         Petasites
Reed Canary Grass                Yes   Yes       POACEAE            Phalaris
Common Canary Grass              Yes             POACEAE            Phalaris
Narrow Beech Fern                                THELYPTERIDACEAE   Phegopteris
Ice Grass                                        POACEAE            Phippsia
Mountain Timothy                                 POACEAE            Phleum
Common Timothy                   Yes   Yes       POACEAE            Phleum
Aleutian Mountain-Heath                          ERICACEAE          Phyllodoce
Pink Mountain-Heath                          1   ERICACEAE          Phyllodoce
Yellow Mountain-Heath                            ERICACEAE          Phyllodoce
Scouler's Surf-Grass                             ZOSTERACEAE        Phyllospadix
Pacific Ninebark                             1   ROSACEAE           Physocarpus
White Spruce                                     PINACEAE           Picea
Black Spruce                                     PINACEAE
Sitka Spruce                                     PINACEAE           Picea
                                                 PINACEAE
California Butterwort                            LENTIBULARIACEAE
Hairy Butterwort                                 LENTIBULARIACEAE   Pinguicula
Common Butterwort                                LENTIBULARIACEAE   Pinguicula
Lodgepole (Shore) Pine                       2   PINACEAE           Pinus
Alaska Rein Orchid                           1   ORCHIDACEAE        Piperia
Fragrant Popcorn-Flower          Yes             BORAGINACEAE       Plagiobothrys
                                                 BORAGINACEAE
Oriental Popcorn-Flower                      1   BORAGINACEAE
Meadow Popcorn-Flower                            BORAGINACEAE       Plagiobothrys
Red-Woolly Plantain                              PLANTAGINACEAE     Plantago
English Plantain                 Yes             PLANTAGINACEAE     Plantago
Alaska Plantain                                  PLANTAGINACEAE     Plantago
Great Plantain                   Yes         2   PLANTAGINACEAE     Plantago
Goosetongue                                      PLANTAGINACEAE     Plantago
Choriso Bog Orchid                           1   ORCHIDACEAE        Platanthera
                                                 ORCHIDACEAE
Scentbottle                                      ORCHIDACEAE        Platanthera
Lake Huron Green Orchid                          ORCHIDACEAE
                                                 ORCHIDACEAE        Platanthera
Blunt-Leaf Orchid                                ORCHIDACEAE        Platanthera
Lesser Round-Leaf Orchid                     1   ORCHIDACEAE        Platanthera
Slender Bog Orchid                               ORCHIDACEAE        Platanthera
Aleutian Bog Orchid                          2   ORCHIDACEAE
Sabine's False Semaphore Grass               1   POACEAE
Northern Blue Grass                              POACEAE
Alpine Blue Grass                                POACEAE            Poa
Annual Blue Grass                Yes   Yes       POACEAE            Poa
Arctic Blue Grass                                POACEAE            Poa
Flat-Stem Blue Grass             Yes             POACEAE            Poa
Large-Flower Blue Grass                          POACEAE            Poa
                                                 POACEAE
Marsh Blue Grass                             1   POACEAE            Poa
Sand-Dune Blue Grass                         1   POACEAE
Large-Glume Blue Grass                 POACEAE            Poa
Forest Blue Grass                      POACEAE            Poa
Fowl Blue Grass                        POACEAE            Poa
Alaska Blue Grass                      POACEAE
Kentucky Blue Grass          Yes       POACEAE            Poa
Polar Blue Grass                       POACEAE            Poa
Curly Blue Grass                   2   POACEAE            Poa
Narrow-Flower Blue Grass               POACEAE            Poa
Rough-Stalk Blue Grass       Yes       POACEAE            Poa
Arctic False Bent                      POACEAE
Alpine False Bent                      POACEAE
Tall Jacob's-Ladder                    POLEMONIACEAE      Polemonium
Leathery Knotweed                      POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum
                                       POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum
Oval-leaf Knotweed                     POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum
Yard Knotweed                Yes       POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum
                                       POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum
Fowler's Knotweed                      POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum
Curlytop Knotweed                      POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum
Zigzag Knotweed                    1   POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum
                             Yes       POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum
Yellow-Flower Knotweed       Yes       POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum
                                       POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum
Annual Rabbit's-Foot Grass   Yes       POACEAE            Polypogon
                                       DRYOPTERIDACEAE
                                   1   DRYOPTERIDACEAE
Northern Holly Fern                    DRYOPTERIDACEAE    Polystichum
Pineland Sword Fern                    DRYOPTERIDACEAE    Polystichum
                                   1   DRYOPTERIDACEAE
Balsam Poplar                          SALICACEAE         Populus
Quaking Aspen                          SALICACEAE         Populus
Reddish Pondweed                       POTAMOGETONACEAE   Potamogeton
Ribbon-Leaf Pondweed                   POTAMOGETONACEAE   Potamogeton
Leafy Pondweed                         POTAMOGETONACEAE   Potamogeton
Flat-Stalk Pondweed                    POTAMOGETONACEAE   Potamogeton
Grassy Pondweed                        POTAMOGETONACEAE   Potamogeton
Floating Pondweed                      POTAMOGETONACEAE   Potamogeton
Blunt-Leaf Pondweed                1   POTAMOGETONACEAE
Clasping-leaf Pondweed                 POTAMOGETONACEAE
White-Stem Pondweed                    POTAMOGETONACEAE   Potamogeton
Small Pondweed                         POTAMOGETONACEAE   Potamogeton
Red-Head Pondweed                      POTAMOGETONACEAE   Potamogeton
Fern Pondweed                      1   POTAMOGETONACEAE
Yenisei River Pondweed             1   POTAMOGETONACEAE
Flat-Stem Pondweed                     POTAMOGETONACEAE   Potamogeton
                                       ROSACEAE
Tall Cinquefoil                        ROSACEAE           Potentilla
Mountain-Meadow Cinquefoil             ROSACEAE           Potentilla
Drummond's Cinquefoil              1   ROSACEAE
Graceful Cinquefoil                    ROSACEAE           Potentilla
Boreal Cinquefoil                      ROSACEAE           Potentilla
Norwegian Cinquefoil                   ROSACEAE           Potentilla
Pennsylvania Cinquefoil                ROSACEAE           Potentilla
Rocky Mountain Cinquefoil                   1   ROSACEAE
Pixie-Eyes                                  2   PRIMULACEAE        Primula
Greenland Primrose                              PRIMULACEAE        Primula
Silvery Primrose                                PRIMULACEAE        Primula
Lake Mistassini Primrose                        PRIMULACEAE
Sleepy Primrose                                 PRIMULACEAE
Chukchi Primrose                            1   PRIMULACEAE        Primula
Common Selfheal                                 LAMIACEAE          Prunella
European Bird Cherry            Yes             ROSACEAE
Choke Cherry                    Yes             ROSACEAE
Russian-Wild Rye                Yes             POACEAE
Bluebunch-Wheat Grass                           POACEAE            Pseudoroegneria
Northern Bracken Fern                           DENNSTAEDTIACEAE   Pteridium
Anderson's Alkali Grass                         POACEAE
Northern Alkali Grass                       1   POACEAE
Arctic Alkali Grass                         1   POACEAE
Spreading Alkali Grass          Yes             POACEAE            Puccinellia
Port Hobron Alkali Grass                        POACEAE
Alaska Alkali Grass                             POACEAE            Puccinellia
Nootka Alkali Grass                             POACEAE            Puccinellia
Nuttall's Alkali Grass                          POACEAE            Puccinellia
Creeping Alkali Grass                           POACEAE            Puccinellia
Dwarf Alkali Grass                              POACEAE
Tundra Alkali Grass                             POACEAE
Arctic Tussock Alkali Grass                 1   POACEAE
Wright's Alkali Grass                       1   POACEAE
Pink Wintergreen                                ERICACEAE          Pyrola
Green-Flower Wintergreen                        ERICACEAE          Pyrola
Arctic Wintergreen                              ERICACEAE          Pyrola
Snowline Wintergreen                            ERICACEAE          Pyrola
Kidney-Leaf Buttercup                           RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Tall Buttercup                  Yes             RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
White Water-Crowfoot                            RANUNCULACEAE
Alkali Buttercup                                RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Spruce-Fir Buttercup                            RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Greater Creeping Spearwort                      RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Arctic Buttercup                            2   RANUNCULACEAE
Glacier Buttercup                           2   RANUNCULACEAE
Lesser Yellow Water Buttercup                   RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Far-Northern Buttercup                          RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Kamchatka Buttercup                         1   RANUNCULACEAE
Lapland Buttercup                               RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Macoun's Buttercup                              RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Snow Buttercup                                  RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Western Buttercup                               RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Straight-Beak Buttercup                         RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
                                            1   RANUNCULACEAE
Pallas' Buttercup                               RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Northern Buttercup                              RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Pennsylvania Buttercup                          RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Dwarf Buttercup                                 RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Creeping Buttercup              Yes   Yes       RANUNCULACEAE      Ranunculus
Sardinian Buttercup                         1   RANUNCULACEAE
Cursed Buttercup                       RANUNCULACEAE
Sulphur Buttercup                      RANUNCULACEAE
Thread-Leaf Water-Crowfoot             RANUNCULACEAE     Ranunculus
Woodland Buttercup                     RANUNCULACEAE     Ranunculus
Garden Radish                Yes       BRASSICACEAE      Raphanus
Little Yellow-Rattle                   OROBANCHACEAE     Rhinanthus
Entire-Leaf Rosewort                   CRASSULACEAE
                                       ERICACEAE
Lapland Rhododendron                   ERICACEAE         Rhododendron
White Beak Sedge                       CYPERACEAE        Rhynchospora
California Black Currant               GROSSULARIACEAE   Ribes
Skunk Currant                          GROSSULARIACEAE   Ribes
Northern Black Currant                 GROSSULARIACEAE   Ribes
Bristly Black Gooseberry               GROSSULARIACEAE   Ribes
Trailing Black Currant                 GROSSULARIACEAE   Ribes
Canadian Gooseberry                    GROSSULARIACEAE
Swamp Red Currant                      GROSSULARIACEAE   Ribes
Sitka Mistmaiden                       BORAGINACEAE      Romanzoffia
Hoary Yellowcress                      BRASSICACEAE
Blunt-Leaf Yellowcress                 BRASSICACEAE
Curve-Pod Yellowcress              1   BRASSICACEAE      Rorippa
Bog Yellowcress                        BRASSICACEAE      Rorippa
Creeping Yellowcress         Yes       BRASSICACEAE
Prickly Rose                           ROSACEAE          Rosa
Bald-Hip Rose                          ROSACEAE
Nootka Rose                            ROSACEAE          Rosa
Rugosa Rose                  Yes       ROSACEAE
Woods' Rose                        2   ROSACEAE          Rosa
Northern Blackberry                    ROSACEAE          Rubus
Cloudberry                             ROSACEAE          Rubus
Common Red Raspberry         Yes       ROSACEAE          Rubus
White-Stem Raspberry                   ROSACEAE          Rubus
Western Thimble-Berry                  ROSACEAE          Rubus
Strawberry-Leaf Raspberry              ROSACEAE          Rubus
Dwarf Red Raspberry                    ROSACEAE
Salmon Raspberry                       ROSACEAE          Rubus
Black-Eyed-Susan             Yes       ASTERACEAE
Garden Sorrel                Yes       POLYGONACEAE
Common Sheep Sorrel          Yes       POLYGONACEAE      Rumex
Arctic Dock                            POLYGONACEAE      Rumex
Curly Dock                   Yes       POLYGONACEAE      Rumex
Tierra del Fuego Dock                  POLYGONACEAE
Lapland Sorrel                         POLYGONACEAE
Door-Yard Dock               Yes       POLYGONACEAE      Rumex
Golden Dock                  Yes       POLYGONACEAE
Bitter Dock                  Yes       POLYGONACEAE      Rumex
Western Dock                           POLYGONACEAE
                                       POLYGONACEAE
                                       POLYGONACEAE      Rumex
Pacific Willow Dock                    POLYGONACEAE
Spiral Ditch-Grass                     RUPPIACEAE        Ruppia
Beaked Ditch-Grass                     RUPPIACEAE
Trailing Pearlwort                     CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Sticky-Stem Pearlwort              CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Sagina
Snow Pearlwort                     CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Sagina
Bird-Eye Pearlwort       Yes       CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Sagina
Alpine Pearlwort                   CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Sagina
Arum-Leaf Arrowhead                ALISMATACEAE
Woody Saltwort                     AMARANTHACEAE
                                   AMARANTHACEAE     Salicornia
Felt-Leaf Willow                   SALICACEAE        Salix
Little-Tree Willow                 SALICACEAE        Salix
Arctic Willow                      SALICACEAE        Salix
Northern Willow                    SALICACEAE
Athabasca Willow               1   SALICACEAE
Barclay's Willow                   SALICACEAE        Salix
Barratt's Willow                   SALICACEAE        Salix
Gray Willow                        SALICACEAE        Salix
Booth's Willow                     SALICACEAE
Shortfruit Willow                  SALICACEAE        Salix
Sage Willow                    1   SALICACEAE        Salix
Chamisso's Willow                  SALICACEAE
Under-Green Willow                 SALICACEAE        Salix
                                   SALICACEAE        Salix
Farr's Willow                      SALICACEAE
Alaska Bog Willow                  SALICACEAE        Salix
Gray-Leaf Willow                   SALICACEAE        Salix
Halberd Willow                     SALICACEAE
Coastal Willow                 1   SALICACEAE        Salix
Sandbar Willow                     SALICACEAE
Pacific Willow                     SALICACEAE
                                   SALICACEAE        Salix
Blueberry Willow                   SALICACEAE        Salix
Arctic Seashore Willow             SALICACEAE
Skeleton-Leaf Willow               SALICACEAE
Tea-Leaf Willow                2   SALICACEAE        Salix
Polar Willow                       SALICACEAE        Salix
Mackenzie's Willow             1   SALICACEAE
False Mountain Willow              SALICACEAE
Diamond-Leaf Willow                SALICACEAE        Salix
Net-Vein Willow                1   SALICACEAE        Salix
Richardson's Willow                SALICACEAE
Round-Leaf Willow                  SALICACEAE        Salix
Scouler's Willow                   SALICACEAE        Salix
Setchell's Willow              1   SALICACEAE        Salix
Sitka Willow                       SALICACEAE        Salix
Wedge-Leaf Willow                  SALICACEAE
                                   SALICACEAE
                                   SALICACEAE
Red Elder                          ADOXACEAE         Sambucus
Canadian Burnet                    ROSACEAE          Sanguisorba
Small-Head Burnet                  ROSACEAE          Sanguisorba
Great Burnet                       ROSACEAE          Sanguisorba
American Saw-Wort              1   ASTERACEAE        Saussurea
Narrow-Leaf Saw-Wort               ASTERACEAE
Dwarf Saw-Wort                     ASTERACEAE
Wedge-Leaf Saxifrage               2   SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Yellow Mountain Saxifrage          1   SAXIFRAGACEAE
Yellow-Spot Saxifrage                  SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Tufted Alpine Saxifrage                SAXIFRAGACEAE
Nodding Saxifrage                      SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Russet-Hair Saxifrage                  SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Leafy-Stem Saxifrage                   SAXIFRAGACEAE
Stiff-Stem Saxifrage                   SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Yellow Marsh Saxifrage                 SAXIFRAGACEAE
Pygmy Saxifrage                        SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Red-Stem Saxifrage                     SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Woodland Saxifrage                     SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Heart-Leaf Saxifrage                   SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Naked-Stem Saxifrage               1   SAXIFRAGACEAE
Mountain Saxifrage                 1   SAXIFRAGACEAE
Purple Mountain Saxifrage              SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Razshivin's Saxifrage                  SAXIFRAGACEAE
Alpine-Brook Saxifrage             2   SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Siberian Saxifrage                     SAXIFRAGACEAE
Tolmie's Alpine Saxifrage              SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Prickly Saxifrage                      SAXIFRAGACEAE      Saxifraga
Leathery Grape Fern                    OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
Celery Grape Fern                      OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
Rannoch-Rush                           SCHEUCHZERIACEAE   Scheuchzeria
False Melic Grass                  1   POACEAE            Schizachne
Hard-Stem Club-Rush                    CYPERACEAE
Chairmaker's Club-Rush                 CYPERACEAE
Saltmarsh Club-Rush                    CYPERACEAE
Swaying Club-Rush                  1   CYPERACEAE
Soft-Stem Club-Rush                    CYPERACEAE
Red-Tinge Bulrush                      CYPERACEAE         Scirpus
                                       CYPERACEAE         Scirpus
Common River Grass                 1   POACEAE
Hooded Skullcap                        LAMIACEAE          Scutellaria
Mad Dog Skullcap                       LAMIACEAE
                                                          Sedum
Northern Spike-Moss                    SELAGINELLACEAE    Selaginella
Desert Ragwort               Yes       ASTERACEAE
Tansy Ragwort                Yes       ASTERACEAE
Small Black-Tip Ragwort                ASTERACEAE         Senecio
                                       ASTERACEAE         Senecio
Seaside Ragwort                        ASTERACEAE         Senecio
Arrow-Leaf Ragwort                     ASTERACEAE         Senecio
Old-Man-in-the-Spring        Yes       ASTERACEAE         Senecio
Russet Buffalo-Berry                   ELAEAGNACEAE       Shepherdia
Creeping-Glow-Wort                     ROSACEAE           Sibbaldia
Henderson's Checker-Mallow         1   MALVACEAE
Cushion-Pink                           CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Silene
White Catchfly                         CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Silene
Apetalous Catchfly                 2   CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Silene
Tall Hedge-Mustard           Yes       BRASSICACEAE       Sisymbrium
Alaska Blue-Eyed-Grass                 IRIDACEAE          Sisyrinchium
Strict Blue-Eyed-Grass             1   IRIDACEAE
Hemlock Water-Parsnip                                APIACEAE           Sium
European Black Nightshade            Yes             SOLANACEAE         Solanum
                                                     ASTERACEAE         Solidago
Western Canada Goldenrod                             ASTERACEAE
Rocky Mountain Goldenrod                             ASTERACEAE         Solidago
Mt. Albert Goldenrod                                 ASTERACEAE
Field Sow-Thistle                    Yes   Yes       ASTERACEAE         Sonchus
Spiny-Leaf Sow-Thistle               Yes             ASTERACEAE         Sonchus
Common Sow-Thistle                   Yes             ASTERACEAE         Sonchus
                                     Yes             ROSACEAE
Cascade Mountain-Ash                                 ROSACEAE           Sorbus
Sitka Mountain-Ash                                   ROSACEAE           Sorbus
Narrow-Leaf Burr-Reed                                SPARGANIACEAE      Sparganium
European Burr-Reed                                   SPARGANIACEAE
Northern Burr-Reed                                   SPARGANIACEAE      Sparganium
Arctic Burr-Reed                                     SPARGANIACEAE
Canadian Sandspurry                                  CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Spergularia
Ruby Sandspurry                      Yes             CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Spergularia
                                                     LYCOPODIACEAE
Douglas' Meadowsweet                             1   ROSACEAE           Spiraea
Steven's Meadowsweet                                 ROSACEAE           Spiraea
Hooded Ladies'-Tresses                               ORCHIDACEAE        Spiranthes
Coastal Hedge-Nettle                                 LAMIACEAE
Mexican Hedge-Nettle                                 LAMIACEAE
Woundwort                                            LAMIACEAE
Hairy Hedge-Nettle                                   LAMIACEAE
Boreal Starwort                                      CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Stellaria
Northern Bog Starwort                                CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Stellaria
Fleshy Starwort                                      CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Stellaria
Ruffled Starwort                                     CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Stellaria
Saltmarsh Starwort                                   CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Stellaria
Long-Leaf Starwort                                   CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Stellaria
Long-Stalk Starwort                                  CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Stellaria
Common Chickweed                     Yes             CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Stellaria
Umbrella Starwort                                1   CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Clasping Twistedstalk                                LILIACEAE          Streptopus
Lance-Leaf Twistedstalk                              LILIACEAE
                                                     LILIACEAE          Streptopus
Small Twistedstalk                                   LILIACEAE          Streptopus
Slender-Leaf False Pondweed                          POTAMOGETONACEAE
Sago False Pondweed                                  POTAMOGETONACEAE
Sheathed False Pondweed                              POTAMOGETONACEAE
Paiuteweed                                           AMARANTHACEAE      Suaeda
Herbaceous Seepweed                                  AMARANTHACEAE
American Water-Awlwort                               BRASSICACEAE       Subularia
Felwort                                              GENTIANACEAE       Swertia
Common Snowberry                                 2   CAPRIFOLIACEAE     Symphoricarpos
Boreal American-Aster                                ASTERACEAE
Alkali American-Aster                                ASTERACEAE
Rough White Prairie American-Aster               2   ASTERACEAE
Alpine Leafy-Head American-Aster                     ASTERACEAE
Pygmy American-Aster                             1   ASTERACEAE
Leafy-Bract American-Aster                           ASTERACEAE
Yukon American-Aster                     1   ASTERACEAE
Prickly Comfrey              Yes             BORAGINACEAE
                                         2   ASTERACEAE
Common Tansy                 Yes             ASTERACEAE         Tanacetum
Horned Dandelion                             ASTERACEAE
Common Dandelion             Yes             ASTERACEAE         Taraxacum
Pacific Yew                              1   TAXACEAE           Taxus
Fragrant Fringecup                           SAXIFRAGACEAE      Tellima
Dark-Purple Squaw-Weed                       ASTERACEAE
Arctic Squaw-Weed                            ASTERACEAE
Clustered Marsh Squaw-Weed                   ASTERACEAE
Alpine Meadow-Rue                            RANUNCULACEAE      Thalictrum
Western Meadow-Rue                       1   RANUNCULACEAE      Thalictrum
Few-Flower Meadow-Rue                        RANUNCULACEAE      Thalictrum

Field Pennycress             Yes             BRASSICACEAE       Thlaspi
Western Arborvitae                       1   CUPRESSACEAE       Thuja
Three-Leaf Foamflower                    2   SAXIFRAGACEAE      Tiarella
Purple Featherling                           TOFIELDIACEAE      Tofieldia
                                             TOFIELDIACEAE      Tofieldia
Scotch Featherling                           TOFIELDIACEAE      Tofieldia
Piggyback-Plant                              SAXIFRAGACEAE      Tolmiea
Pale False Manna Grass                       POACEAE            Torreyochloa
False Fissurewort                            BRASSICACEAE
Sticky False Asphodel                        MELANTHIACEAE
Western False Asphodel                       MELANTHIACEAE
Alpine Leafless-Bulrush                      CYPERACEAE         Trichophorum
Tufted Leafless-Bulrush                      CYPERACEAE         Trichophorum
Rolland's Leafless-Bulrush               2   CYPERACEAE
                                             MYRSINACEAE
Maystar                                      MYRSINACEAE
Arctic Starflower                            MYRSINACEAE        Trientalis
Bowl Clover                                  FABACEAE
Suckling Clover              Yes   Yes       FABACEAE           Trifolium
Alsike Clover                Yes   Yes       FABACEAE           Trifolium
Small-Head Clover            Yes             FABACEAE
Red Clover                   Yes             FABACEAE           Trifolium
White Clover                 Yes   Yes       FABACEAE           Trifolium
White-Tip Clover             Yes             FABACEAE
Cow Clover                               1   FABACEAE
Seaside Arrow-Grass                          JUNCAGINACEAE
                                             JUNCAGINACEAE      Triglochin
                                             JUNCAGINACEAE      Triglochin
Marsh Arrow-Grass                            JUNCAGINACEAE
False Mayweed                                ASTERACEAE
Tall False Oat                               POACEAE            Trisetum
Siberian False Oat                       2   POACEAE
Narrow False Oat                             POACEAE            Trisetum
Western Hemlock                              PINACEAE           Tsuga
Mountain Hemlock                             PINACEAE           Tsuga
Broad-Leaf Cat-Tail                          TYPHACEAE
Stinging Nettle                              URTICACEAE         Urtica
Flat-Leaf Bladderwort                        LENTIBULARIACEAE   Utricularia
Greater Bladderwort                     LENTIBULARIACEAE   Utricularia
Lesser Bladderwort                      LENTIBULARIACEAE   Utricularia
Dwarf Bladderwort                   1   LENTIBULARIACEAE
Arctic Bladderwort                      LENTIBULARIACEAE
Cowcockle                     Yes       CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Vaccaria
Alaska Blueberry                        ERICACEAE
Dwarf Blueberry                         ERICACEAE
Dwarf Blueberry                         ERICACEAE          Vaccinium
Large Cranberry                         ERICACEAE
Square-Twig Blueberry                   ERICACEAE
Oval-Leaf Blueberry                     ERICACEAE          Vaccinium
Small Cranberry                         ERICACEAE          Vaccinium
Red Blueberry                           ERICACEAE          Vaccinium
Grouse Whortleberry                     ERICACEAE
Alpine Blueberry                        ERICACEAE          Vaccinium
Northern Mountain-Cranberry             ERICACEAE          Vaccinium
Arctic-Hair Grass                       POACEAE            Vahlodea
Clustered Valerian                      VALERIANACEAE      Valeriana
Scouler's Valerian                      VALERIANACEAE
Sitka Valerian                          VALERIANACEAE      Valeriana
American False Hellebore                MELANTHIACEAE      Veratrum
Great Mullein                 Yes       SCROPHULARIACEAE
American-Brooklime                      PLANTAGINACEAE     Veronica
Blue Water Speedwell          Yes       PLANTAGINACEAE     Veronica
Corn Speedwell                Yes       PLANTAGINACEAE     Veronica
Germander Speedwell           Yes       PLANTAGINACEAE     Veronica
Common Gypsyweed                        PLANTAGINACEAE
Neckweed                      Yes       PLANTAGINACEAE     Veronica
Grass-Leaf Speedwell                    PLANTAGINACEAE     Veronica
Thyme-Leaf Speedwell          Yes       PLANTAGINACEAE     Veronica
American Alpine Speedwell               PLANTAGINACEAE     Veronica
Squashberry                             ADOXACEAE          Viburnum
American Purple Vetch               1   FABACEAE           Vicia
Black Vetch                             FABACEAE           Vicia
Garden Vetch                  Yes       FABACEAE           Vicia
Hook-Spur Violet                        VIOLACEAE          Viola
Arctic Yellow Violet                    VIOLACEAE          Viola
Canadian White Violet                   VIOLACEAE          Viola
Dwarf Marsh Violet                      VIOLACEAE
Pioneer Violet                          VIOLACEAE          Viola
Alaska Violet                           VIOLACEAE
Aleutian Violet                         VIOLACEAE          Viola
Small White Violet                      VIOLACEAE          Viola
Northern Bog Violet                     VIOLACEAE
Alpine-Marsh Violet                     VIOLACEAE          Viola
Kidney-Leaf White Violet                VIOLACEAE          Viola
Rat-Tail Six-Weeks Grass      Yes       POACEAE
Arctic-Flower                           CARYOPHYLLACEAE    Wilhelmsia
Alaska-Cedar                            CUPRESSACEAE
Horned-Pondweed                     1   POTAMOGETONACEAE
Mountain Death Camas                                       Zigadenus
Seawrack                                ZOSTERACEAE        Zostera
Species           Full SciName

lasiocarpa        Abies lasiocarpa (Hook.) Nutt.

glabrum           Acer glabrum Torr.
millefolium       Achillea millefolium L. var. borealis (Bong.) Farw.

delphiniifolium   Aconitum delphiniifolium DC.


americanus        Acorus americanus (Raf.) Raf.
rubra             Actaea rubra (Ait.) Willd.
aleuticum         Adiantum aleuticum (Rupr.) Paris
moschatellina     Adoxa moschatellina L.
aurantiaca        Agoseris aurantiaca (Hook.) Greene
glauca            Agoseris glauca (Pursh) Raf.
aequivalvis       Agrostis aequivalvis (Trin.) Trin.
alascana          Agrostis alascana HultΘn
capillaris        Agrostis capillaris L.

exarata           Agrostis exarata Trin.
gigantea          Agrostis gigantea Roth

mertensii         Agrostis mertensii Trin.

scabra            Agrostis scabra Willd.
stolonifera       Agrostis stolonifera L.




schoenoprasum     Allium schoenoprasum L.

incana            Alnus incana (L.) Moench
rubra             Alnus rubra Bong.
viridis           Alnus viridis ssp. crispa (Ait.) Turrill
aequalis          Alopecurus aequalis Sobol.
geniculatus       Alopecurus geniculatus L.

pratensis         Alopecurus pratensis L.
albus             Amaranthus albus L.

retroflexus       Amaranthus retroflexus L.
alnifolia          Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M.
rotundifolia       Amerorchis rotundifolia (Banks ex Pursh) H
polifolia          Andromeda polifolia L.
chamaejasme        Androsace chamaejasme Wulfen
septentrionalis    Androsace septentrionalis L.

parviflora         Anemone parviflora Michx.
richardsonii       Anemone richardsonii Hook.

genuflexa          Angelica genuflexa Nutt.
lucida             Angelica lucida L.
alpina             Antennaria alpina (L.) Gaertn.
media              Antennaria media Greene
pulcherrima        Antennaria pulcherrima (Hook.) Greene

cotula             Anthemis cotula L.


odoratum           Anthoxanthum odoratum L.

eschscholtzianus   Aphragmus eschscholtzianus Andrz. ex DC.
androsaemifolium   Apocynum androsaemifolium L.
formosa            Aquilegia formosa var. formosa Fisch. ex D

drummondii         Arabis drummondii Gray

hirsuta            Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop.
holboellii         Arabis holboellii Hornem.
lyrata             Arabis lyrata L.
latifolia          Arctagrostis latifolia (R. Br.) Griseb.

fulva              Arctophila fulva (Trin.) Rupr. ex Anderss.

rubra              Arctostaphylos rubra (Rehd. & Wilson) Fern
uva-ursi           Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng.
anserina           Argentina anserina (L.) Rydb.
egedii             Argentina egedii (Wormsk.) Rydb.
maritima           Armeria maritima (P. Mill.) Willd.
amplexicaulis      Arnica amplexicaulis Nutt.
chamissonis        Arnica chamissonis Less.

latifolia          Arnica latifolia Bong.

mollis             Arnica mollis Hook.

elatius            Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) J.& K. Presl
arctica            Artemisia arctica Less.
dioicus               Aruncus dioicus (Walt.) Fern.


trichomanes-ramosum   Asplenium trichomanes-ramosum L.

modestus              Aster modestus Lindl.
subspicatus           Aster subspicatus Nees

alpinus               Astragalus alpinus L.
americanus            Astragalus americanus (Hook.) M.E. Jones
bodinii               Astragalus bodinii Sheldon
eucosmus              Astragalus eucosmus B.L. Robins.
nutzotinensis         Astragalus nutzotinensis Rouss.

robbinsii             Astragalus robbinsii (Oakes) Gray

filix-femina          Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth
alaskensis            Atriplex alaskensis S. Wats.
gmelinii              Atriplex gmelinii C.A. Mey. ex Bong.

patula                Atriplex patula L.


orthoceras            Barbarea orthoceras Ledeb.
syzigachne            Beckmannia syzigachne (Steud.) Fern.

nana                  Betula nana L.

occidentalis          Betula occidentalis Hook.
papyrifera            Betula papyrifera Marsh.
cernua                Bidens cernua L.
frondosa              Bidens frondosa L.




spicant               Blechnum spicant (L.) Roth




rossica               Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schlecht.) Fe


lanceolatum           Botrychium lanceolatum (Gmel.) ┼ngstr.
lunaria               Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw.

multifidum            Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Trev.
pinnatum              Botrychium pinnatum St. John
virginianum       Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw.




schreberi         Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.




humilis           Braya humilis (C.A. Mey.) B.L. Robins.

ciliatus          Bromus ciliatus L.
hordeaceus        Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus L.
inermis           Bromus inermis Leyss.




edentula          Cakile edentula (Bigelow) Hook.

canadensis        Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv.
deschampsioides   Calamagrostis deschampsioides Trin.
lapponica         Calamagrostis lapponica (Wahlenb.) Hartman
nutkaensis        Calamagrostis nutkaensis (J. Presl) J. Pre
stricta           Calamagrostis stricta ssp. stricta var. st

hermaphroditica   Callitriche hermaphroditica L.
heterophylla      Callitriche heterophylla Pursh
palustris         Callitriche palustris L.
leptosepala       Caltha leptosepala DC.

palustris         Caltha palustris L.
bulbosa           Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes

sativa            Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz
lasiocarpa        Campanula lasiocarpa Cham.
rotundifolia      Campanula rotundifolia L.
scouleri          Campanula scouleri Hook. ex A. DC.
uniflora          Campanula uniflora L.

bursa-pastoris    Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.
angulata          Cardamine angulata Hook.
bellidifolia      Cardamine bellidifolia L.




occidentalis      Cardamine occidentalis (S. Wats. ex B.L. R
oligosperma       Cardamine oligosperma Nutt.
pensylvanica      Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
pratensis         Cardamine pratensis L.
albonigra      Carex albonigra Mackenzie
anthoxanthea   Carex anthoxanthea J.& K. Presl
aquatilis      Carex aquatilis Wahlenb.
arcta          Carex arcta Boott

atherodes      Carex atherodes Spreng.
athrostachya   Carex athrostachya Olney


atrosquama     Carex atrosquama Mackenzie
aurea          Carex aurea Nutt.
bebbii         Carex bebbii Olney ex Fern.
bicolor        Carex bicolor Bellardi ex All.
bigelowii      Carex bigelowii Torr. ex Schwein.

brunnescens    Carex brunnescens (Pers.) Poir.
buxbaumii      Carex buxbaumii Wahlenb.
canescens      Carex canescens L.
capillaris     Carex capillaris L.
capitata       Carex capitata L.
chordorrhiza   Carex chordorrhiza Ehrh. ex L. f.

concinna       Carex concinna R. Br.
crawfordii     Carex crawfordii Fern.

diandra        Carex diandra Schrank
disperma       Carex disperma Dewey


echinata       Carex echinata Murr.


flava          Carex flava L.


garberi        Carex garberi Fern.

gmelinii       Carex gmelinii Hook. & Arn.
gynocrates     Carex gynocrates Wormsk. ex Drej.




interior       Carex interior Bailey

laeviculmis    Carex laeviculmis Meinsh.




lenticularis   Carex lenticularis Michx.
leptalea       Carex leptalea Wahlenb.
limosa         Carex limosa L.
livida         Carex livida (Wahlenb.) Willd.
loliacea       Carex loliacea L.
lyngbyei       Carex lyngbyei Hornem.
mackenziei     Carex mackenziei Krecz.
macloviana     Carex macloviana d'Urv.
macrocephala   Carex macrocephala Willd. ex Spreng.
macrochaeta    Carex macrochaeta C.A. Mey.
magellanica    Carex magellanica Lam.

maritima       Carex maritima Gunn.

membranacea    Carex membranacea Hook.
mertensii      Carex mertensii Prescott ex Bong.

microglochin   Carex microglochin Wahlenb.


nardina        Carex nardina Fries
nigricans      Carex nigricans C.A. Mey.

pachystachya   Carex pachystachya Cham. ex Steud.

pauciflora     Carex pauciflora Lightf.

petasata       Carex petasata Dewey
phaeocephala   Carex phaeocephala Piper
pluriflora     Carex pluriflora HultΘn

praticola      Carex praticola Rydb.
preslii        Carex preslii Steud.
pyrenaica      Carex pyrenaica ssp. micropoda (C.A. Mey.)


rostrata       Carex rostrata Stokes

rupestris      Carex rupestris All.

saxatilis      Carex saxatilis L.
scirpoidea     Carex scirpoidea Michx.

spectabilis    Carex spectabilis Dewey

stipata        Carex stipata Muhl. ex Willd.
stylosa        Carex stylosa C.A. Mey.


tenuiflora     Carex tenuiflora Wahlenb.

utriculata     Carex utriculata Boott
vaginata       Carex vaginata Tausch
viridula       Carex viridula Michx.


mertensiana    Cassiope mertensiana (Bong.) D. Don
tetragona        Cassiope tetragona (L.) D. Don




miniata          Castilleja miniata Dougl. ex Hook.
parviflora       Castilleja parviflora Bong.
raupii           Castilleja raupii Pennell
tenuis           Castilleja tenuis (Heller) Chuang & Heckar
unalaschcensis   Castilleja unalaschcensis (Cham. & Schlech

arvense          Cerastium arvense L.
beeringianum     Cerastium beeringianum Cham. & Schlecht.
fischerianum     Cerastium fischerianum Ser.
fontanum         Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare (Hartman)
glomeratum       Cerastium glomeratum Thuill.


nootkatensis     Chamaecyparis nootkatensis (D. Don) Spach

angustifolium    Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub

album            Chenopodium album L.




tetrandrum       Chrysosplenium tetrandrum (Lund) Th. Fries
wrightii         Chrysosplenium wrightii Franch. & Savigny

douglasii        Cicuta douglasii (DC.) Coult. & Rose


latifolia        Cinna latifolia (Trev. ex Goepp.) Griseb.
alpina           Circaea alpina L.
arvense          Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
edule            Cirsium edule Nutt.

vulgare          Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.


perfoliata       Claytonia perfoliata Donn ex Willd.
sarmentosa       Claytonia sarmentosa C.A. Mey.
sibirica         Claytonia sibirica L.
tuberosa         Claytonia tuberosa Pallas ex J.A. Schultes
cnidiifolium     Cnidium cnidiifolium (Turcz.) Schischkin
groenlandica     Cochlearia groenlandica L.
officinalis      Cochlearia officinalis L.

viride           Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartman
linearis         Collomia linearis Nutt.

palustre         Comarum palustre L.
gmelinii         Conioselinum gmelinii (Cham. & Schlecht.)
canadensis      Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq.
aspleniifolia   Coptis aspleniifolia Salisb.
trifolia        Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.


trifida         Corallorrhiza trifida Chatelain


canadensis      Cornus canadensis L.
sericea         Cornus sericea ssp. sericea L.
suecica         Cornus suecica L.


pauciflora      Corydalis pauciflora (Steph.) Pers.
coronopifolia   Cotula coronopifolia L.
aquatica        Crassula aquatica (L.) Schoenl.

douglasii       Crataegus douglasii Lindl.


capillaris      Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr.
stelleri        Cryptogramma stelleri (Gmel.) Prantl


montanum        Cypripedium montanum Dougl. ex Lindl.
parviflorum     Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb.
passerinum      Cypripedium passerinum Richards.
fragilis        Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh.
montana         Cystopteris montana (Lam.) Bernh. ex Desv.
glomerata       Dactylis glomerata L.


intermedia      Danthonia intermedia Vasey

glaucum         Delphinium glaucum S. Wats.


caespitosa      Deschampsia caespitosa (L.) Beauv.
cespitosa       Deschampsia cespitosa ssp. brevifolia (R.
danthonioides   Deschampsia danthonioides (Trin.) Munro
elongata        Deschampsia elongata (Hook.) Munro
incana          Descurainia incana ssp. incana (Bernh. ex


purpurea        Digitalis purpurea L.


frigidum        Dodecatheon frigidum Cham. & Schlecht.
jeffreyi        Dodecatheon jeffreyi Van Houtte
pulchellum      Dodecatheon pulchellum (Raf.) Merr.

aurea           Draba aurea Vahl ex Hornem.
praealta           Draba praealta Greene
stenoloba          Draba stenoloba Ledeb.
parviflorum        Dracocephalum parviflorum Nutt.
anglica            Drosera anglica Huds.
rotundifolia       Drosera rotundifolia L.

drummondii         Dryas drummondii Richards. ex Hook.
integrifolia       Dryas integrifolia Vahl


expansa            Dryopteris expansa (K. Presl) Fraser-Jenkins & Jermy




acicularis         Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roemer & J.A. S
kamtschatica       Eleocharis kamtschatica (C.A. Mey.) Komaro




palustris          Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roemer & J.A. Sc
quinqueflora       Eleocharis quinqueflora (F.X. Hartmann) Sc
uniglumis          Eleocharis uniglumis (Link) J.A. Schultes

pyroliflorus       Elliottia pyroliflorus (Bong.) S.W. Brim &

alaskanus          Elymus alaskanus ssp. alaskanus (Scribn. &
glaucus            Elymus glaucus Buckl.




repens

trachycaulus       Elymus trachycaulus ssp. trachycaulus (Lin


nigrum             Empetrum nigrum L.
anagallidifolium   Epilobium anagallidifolium Lam.

ciliatum           Epilobium ciliatum Raf.

davuricum          Epilobium davuricum Fisch. ex Hornem.
hornemannii        Epilobium hornemannii Reichenb.
lactiflorum        Epilobium lactiflorum Hausskn.
latifolium         Epilobium latifolium L.
leptocarpum        Epilobium leptocarpum Hausskn.

luteum             Epilobium luteum Pursh
palustre           Epilobium palustre L.

arvense            Equisetum arvense L.
fluviatile        Equisetum fluviatile L.
hyemale           Equisetum hyemale L.
palustre          Equisetum palustre L.
pratense          Equisetum pratense Ehrh.
scirpoides        Equisetum scirpoides Michx.
sylvaticum        Equisetum sylvaticum L.

variegatum        Equisetum variegatum Schleich. ex F. Weber




humilis           Erigeron humilis Graham


peregrinus        Erigeron peregrinus (Banks ex Pursh) Green
angustifolium     Eriophorum angustifolium Honckeny
brachyantherum    Eriophorum brachyantherum Trautv. & C.A. M
callitrix         Eriophorum callitrix Cham. ex C.A. Mey.
chamissonis       Eriophorum chamissonis C.A. Mey.
gracile           Eriophorum gracile W.D.J. Koch
russeolum         Eriophorum russeolum Fries ex Hartman
scheuchzeri       Eriophorum scheuchzeri Hoppe

viridicarinatum   Eriophorum viridicarinatum (Engelm.) Fern.
cheiranthoides    Erysimum cheiranthoides L.




crista-galli      Fauria crista-galli (Menzies ex Hook.) Mak
altaica           Festuca altaica Trin.




rubra             Festuca rubra L.
subulata          Festuca subulata Trin.

virginiana        Fragaria virginiana Duchesne
camschatcensis    Fritillaria camschatcensis (L.) Ker-Gawl.

aparine           Galium aparine L.
boreale           Galium boreale L.
trifidum          Galium trifidum L.
triflorum         Galium triflorum Michx.
shallon           Gaultheria shallon Pursh

douglasiana       Gentiana douglasiana Bong.
glauca           Gentiana glauca Pallas

prostrata        Gentiana prostrata Haenke
amarella         Gentianella amarella (L.) Boerner
propinqua        Gentianella propinqua (Richards.) J. Gille
tenella          Gentianella tenella (Rottb.) Boerner

lividum          Geocaulon lividum (Richards.) Fern.
erianthum        Geranium erianthum DC.


calthifolium     Geum calthifolium Menzies ex Sm.
macrophyllum     Geum macrophyllum Willd.

rossii           Geum rossii (R. Br.) Ser.
maritima         Glaux maritima L.
hederacea        Glechoma hederacea L.
littoralis       Glehnia littoralis ssp. leiocarpa (Mathias
borealis         Glyceria borealis (Nash) Batchelder
grandis          Glyceria grandis S. Wats.
leptostachya     Glyceria leptostachya Buckl.

striata          Glyceria striata (Lam.) A.S. Hitchc.
uliginosum       Gnaphalium uliginosum L.
oblongifolia     Goodyera oblongifolia Raf.
repens           Goodyera repens (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.


dryopteris       Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newman

stelleriana      Harrimanella stelleriana (Pallas) Coville
alpinum          Hedysarum alpinum L.

maximum          Heracleum maximum Bartr.
matronalis       Hesperis matronalis L.

gracile          Hieracium gracile Hook.

odorata          Hierochloe odorata (L.) Beauv.
montana          Hippuris montana Ledeb.
tetraphylla      Hippuris tetraphylla L. f.
vulgaris         Hippuris vulgaris L.
lanatus          Holcus lanatus L.
peploides        Honckenya peploides (L.) Ehrh.
brachyantherum   Hordeum brachyantherum Nevski
jubatum          Hordeum jubatum L.

haleakalae       Huperzia haleakalae (Brack.) Holub
wrightii         Hymenophyllum wrightii Bosch

radicata         Hypochaeris radicata L.

noli-tangere     Impatiens noli-tangere L.
setosa              Iris setosa Pallas ex Link
echinospora         Isoetes echinospora Durieu


occidentalis        Isoetes occidentalis Henderson




alpinoarticulatus   Juncus alpinoarticulatus Chaix
arcticus            Juncus arcticus Willd.
articulatus         Juncus articulatus L.
balticus            Juncus balticus Willd.
biglumis            Juncus biglumis L.
bufonius            Juncus bufonius L.
castaneus           Juncus castaneus Sm.
drummondii          Juncus drummondii E. Mey.
effusus             Juncus effusus L.
ensifolius          Juncus ensifolius Wikstr.

filiformis          Juncus filiformis L.

mertensianus        Juncus mertensianus Bong.
nodosus             Juncus nodosus L.
stygius             Juncus stygius L.
supiniformis        Juncus supiniformis Engelm.
tenuis              Juncus tenuis Willd.
triglumis           Juncus triglumis L.
communis            Juniperus communis L.

microphylla         Kalmia microphylla (Hook.) Heller
polifolia           Kalmia polifolia Wangenh.

myosuroides         Kobresia myosuroides (Vill.) Fiori

simpliciuscula      Kobresia simpliciuscula (Wahlenb.) Mackenz
islandica           Koenigia islandica L.

biennis             Lactuca biennis (Moench) Fern.

communis            Lapsana communis L.

japonicus           Lathyrus japonicus Willd.
palustris           Lathyrus palustris L.




groenlandicum       Ledum groenlandicum Oeder
palustre            Ledum palustre L. ssp. decumbens (Ait.) HultΘn
minor               Lemna minor L.
densiflorum    Lepidium densiflorum Schrad.

virginicum     Lepidium virginicum L.
pyrolifolia    Leptarrhena pyrolifolia (D. Don) R. Br. ex
vulgare        Leucanthemum vulgare Lam.

mollis         Leymus mollis (Trin.) Pilger ssp. mollis

scoticum       Ligusticum scoticum L.




borealis       Linnaea borealis L.


caurina        Listera caurina Piper

cordata        Listera cordata (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
serotina       Lloydia serotina (L.) Reichenb.




perenne        Lolium perenne L.

rotatum        Lomatogonium rotatum (L.) Fries ex Fern.
involucrata    Lonicera involucrata Banks ex Spreng.


pectinata      Luetkea pectinata (Pursh) Kuntze

nootkatensis   Lupinus nootkatensis Donn ex Sims
polyphyllus    Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl.
arctica        Luzula arctica ssp. arctica Blytt
arcuata        Luzula arcuata (Wahlenb.) Sw.

confusa        Luzula confusa Lindeberg


multiflora     Luzula multiflora (Ehrh.) Lej.
parviflora     Luzula parviflora (Ehrh.) Desv.
rufescens      Luzula rufescens Fisch. ex E. Mey.
spicata        Luzula spicata (L.) DC.
wahlenbergii   Luzula wahlenbergii Rupr.
inundata       Lycopodiella inundata (L.) Holub
alpinum        Lycopodium alpinum L.
annotinum      Lycopodium annotinum L.
clavatum       Lycopodium clavatum L.
complanatum    Lycopodium complanatum L.
dendroideum    Lycopodium dendroideum Michx.


uniflorus      Lycopus uniflorus Michx.
americanus    Lysichiton americanus HultΘn & St. John


thyrsiflora   Lysimachia thyrsiflora L.
glomerata     Madia glomerata Hook.
dilatatum     Maianthemum dilatatum (Wood) A. Nels. & J.
racemosum     Maianthemum racemosum ssp. amplexicaule (N
stellatum     Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link

paludosa      Malaxis paludosa (L.) Sw.
fusca         Malus fusca (Raf.) Schneid.
vulgare       Marrubium vulgare L.
discoidea     Matricaria discoidea DC.

lupulina      Medicago lupulina L.
polymorpha    Medicago polymorpha L.
sativa        Medicago sativa L.
officinalis   Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.
arvensis      Mentha arvensis L.
spicata       Mentha spicata L.

trifoliata    Menyanthes trifoliata L.
ferruginea    Menziesia ferruginea Sm.
maritima      Mertensia maritima (L.) S.F. Gray
paniculata    Mertensia paniculata (Ait.) G. Don


borealis      Microseris borealis (Bong.) Schultz-Bip.

guttatus      Mimulus guttatus DC.
lewisii       Mimulus lewisii Pursh


obtusiloba    Minuartia obtusiloba (Rydb.) House
rubella       Minuartia rubella (Wahlenb.) Hiern

nuda          Mitella nuda L.
pentandra     Mitella pentandra Hook.
trifida       Mitella trifida Graham
lateriflora   Moehringia lateriflora (L.) Fenzl
uniflora      Moneses uniflora ssp. uniflora (L.) Gray

uniflora      Monotropa uniflora L.
bostockii     Montia bostockii (Porsild) Welsh
chamissoi     Montia chamissoi (Ledeb. ex Spreng.) Green
fontana       Montia fontana L.
parvifolia    Montia parvifolia (Moc. ex DC.) Greene
asiatica      Myosotis asiatica (Vesterg.) Schischkin &

scorpioides   Myosotis scorpioides L.

gale          Myrica gale L.
sibiricum       Myriophyllum sibiricum Komarov
spicatum        Myriophyllum spicatum L.
verticillatum   Myriophyllum verticillatum L.




cataria         Nepeta cataria L.

lutea           Nuphar lutea (L.) Sm.

tetragona       Nymphaea tetragona Georgi
sarmentosa      Oenanthe sarmentosa K. Presl ex DC.

horridus        Oplopanax horridus Miq.

secunda         Orthilia secunda (L.) House
berteroi        Osmorhiza berteroi DC.
purpurea        Osmorhiza purpurea (Coult. & Rose) Suksdor
digyna          Oxyria digyna (L.) Hill

deflexa         Oxytropis deflexa (Pallas) DC.

splendens       Oxytropis splendens Dougl. ex Hook.




lapponicum      Papaver lapponicum (Tolm.) Nordh.
macounii        Papaver macounii Greene

fimbriata       Parnassia fimbriata Koenig
kotzebuei       Parnassia kotzebuei Cham. ex Spreng.
palustris       Parnassia palustris L.

capitata        Pedicularis capitata M.F. Adams


labradorica     Pedicularis labradorica Wirsing
lanata          Pedicularis lanata Cham. & Schlecht.
langsdorfii     Pedicularis langsdorfii Fisch. ex Stev.

macrodonta      Pedicularis macrodonta Richards.

parviflora      Pedicularis parviflora ssp. pennellii (Hul
sudetica        Pedicularis sudetica Willd.
verticillata    Pedicularis verticillata L.
procerus        Penstemon procerus Dougl. ex Graham
serrulatus      Penstemon serrulatus Menzies ex Sm.
frigidus        Petasites frigidus var. palmatus (Ait.) Cr
arundinacea     Phalaris arundinacea L.
canariensis     Phalaris canariensis L.
connectilis     Phegopteris connectilis (Michx.) Watt
algida          Phippsia algida (Phipps) R. Br.
alpinum         Phleum alpinum L.
pratense        Phleum pratense L.
aleutica        Phyllodoce aleutica (Spreng.) Heller
empetriformis   Phyllodoce empetriformis (Sm.) D. Don
glanduliflora   Phyllodoce glanduliflora (Hook.) Coville
scouleri        Phyllospadix scouleri Hook.
capitatus       Physocarpus capitatus (Pursh) Kuntze
glauca          Picea glauca (Moench) Voss

sitchensis      Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.


villosa         Pinguicula villosa L.
vulgaris        Pinguicula vulgaris L.
contorta        Pinus contorta var. contorta Dougl. ex Lou
unalascensis    Piperia unalascensis (Spreng.) Rydb.
figuratus       Plagiobothrys figuratus ssp. figuratus (Pi


scouleri        Plagiobothrys scouleri (Hook. & Arn.) I.M.
eriopoda        Plantago eriopoda Torr.
lanceolata      Plantago lanceolata L.
macrocarpa      Plantago macrocarpa Cham. & Schlecht.
major           Plantago major L.
maritima        Plantago maritima L.
chorisiana      Platanthera chorisiana (Cham.) Reichenb.

dilatata        Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex Beck

hyperborea      Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl.
obtusata        Platanthera obtusata (Banks ex Pursh) Lind
orbiculata      Platanthera orbiculata (Pursh) Lindl.
stricta         Platanthera stricta Lindl.




alpina          Poa alpina L.
annua           Poa annua L.
arctica         Poa arctica R. Br.
compressa       Poa compressa L.
eminens         Poa eminens J. Presl

leptocoma       Poa leptocoma Trin.
macrocalyx         Poa macrocalyx Trautv. & C.A. Mey.
nemoralis          Poa nemoralis L.
palustris          Poa palustris L.

pratensis          Poa pratensis L.
pseudoabbreviata   Poa pseudoabbreviata Rosh.
secunda            Poa secunda J. Presl
stenantha          Poa stenantha Trin.
trivialis          Poa trivialis L.


acutiflorum        Polemonium acutiflorum Willd. ex Roemer & J.A. Schultes
achoreum           Polygonum achoreum Blake
amphibium          Polygonum amphibium L.
arenastrum         Polygonum arenastrum Jord. ex Boreau
aviculare          Polygonum aviculare L.
convolvulus        Polygonum convolvulus L.
fowleri            Polygonum fowleri B.L. Robins.
lapathifolium      Polygonum lapathifolium L.
minimum            Polygonum minimum S. Wats.
persicaria         Polygonum persicaria L.
ramosissimum       Polygonum ramosissimum Michx.
viviparum          Polygonum viviparum L.
monspeliensis      Polypogon monspeliensis (L.) Desf.


lonchitis          Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth
munitum            Polystichum munitum (Kaulfuss) K. Presl

balsamifera        Populus balsamifera L.
tremuloides        Populus tremuloides Michx.
alpinus            Potamogeton alpinus Balbis
epihydrus          Potamogeton epihydrus Raf.
foliosus           Potamogeton foliosus Raf.
friesii            Potamogeton friesii Rupr.
gramineus          Potamogeton gramineus L.
natans             Potamogeton natans L.


praelongus         Potamogeton praelongus Wulfen
pusillus           Potamogeton pusillus L.
richardsonii       Potamogeton richardsonii (Benn.) Rydb.


zosteriformis      Potamogeton zosteriformis Fern.

arguta             Potentilla arguta Pursh
diversifolia       Potentilla diversifolia Lehm.

gracilis           Potentilla gracilis Dougl. ex Hook.
nana               Potentilla nana Willd. ex Schlecht.
norvegica          Potentilla norvegica L.
pensylvanica       Potentilla pensylvanica var. virgulata (A.
cuneifolia       Primula cuneifolia Ledeb.
egaliksensis     Primula egaliksensis Wormsk. ex Hornem.
incana           Primula incana M.E. Jones


tschuktschorum   Primula tschuktschorum Kjellm.
vulgaris         Prunella vulgaris L.




spicata          Pseudoroegneria spicata ssp. spicata (Purs
aquilinum        Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn




distans          Puccinellia distans (Jacq.) Parl.

kamtschatica     Puccinellia kamtschatica Holmb.
nutkaensis       Puccinellia nutkaensis (J. Presl) Fern. & Weatherby
nuttalliana      Puccinellia nuttalliana (J.A. Schultes) A.
phryganodes      Puccinellia phryganodes (Trin.) Scribn. & Merr.




asarifolia       Pyrola asarifolia Michx.
chlorantha       Pyrola chlorantha Sw.
grandiflora      Pyrola grandiflora Radius
minor            Pyrola minor L.
abortivus        Ranunculus abortivus L.
acris            Ranunculus acris L.

cymbalaria       Ranunculus cymbalaria Pursh
eschscholtzii    Ranunculus eschscholtzii Schlecht.
flammula         Ranunculus flammula L.


gmelinii         Ranunculus gmelinii DC.
hyperboreus      Ranunculus hyperboreus Rottb.

lapponicus       Ranunculus lapponicus L.
macounii         Ranunculus macounii Britt.
nivalis          Ranunculus nivalis L.
occidentalis     Ranunculus occidentalis Nutt.
orthorhynchus    Ranunculus orthorhynchus Hook.

pallasii         Ranunculus pallasii Schlecht.
pedatifidus      Ranunculus pedatifidus Sm.
pensylvanicus    Ranunculus pensylvanicus L. f.
pygmaeus         Ranunculus pygmaeus Wahlenb.
repens           Ranunculus repens L.
trichophyllus   Ranunculus trichophyllus Chaix
uncinatus       Ranunculus uncinatus D. Don ex G. Don
sativus         Raphanus sativus L.
minor           Rhinanthus minor ssp. groenlandicus (Osten


lapponicum      Rhododendron lapponicum (L.) Wahlenb.
alba            Rhynchospora alba (L.) Vahl
bracteosum      Ribes bracteosum Dougl. ex Hook.
glandulosum     Ribes glandulosum Grauer
hudsonianum     Ribes hudsonianum Richards.
lacustre        Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir.
laxiflorum      Ribes laxiflorum Pursh

triste          Ribes triste Pallas
sitchensis      Romanzoffia sitchensis Bong.


curvisiliqua    Rorippa curvisiliqua (Hook.) Bess. ex Brit
palustris       Rorippa palustris (L.) Bess.

acicularis      Rosa acicularis Lindl.

nutkana         Rosa nutkana K. Presl

woodsii         Rosa woodsii Lindl.
arcticus        Rubus arcticus L.
chamaemorus     Rubus chamaemorus L.
idaeus          Rubus idaeus L.
leucodermis     Rubus leucodermis Dougl. ex Torr. & Gray
parviflorus     Rubus parviflorus Nutt.
pedatus         Rubus pedatus Sm.

spectabilis     Rubus spectabilis Pursh


acetosella      Rumex acetosella L.
arcticus        Rumex arcticus Trautv.
crispus         Rumex crispus L.


longifolius     Rumex longifolius DC.

obtusifolius    Rumex obtusifolius L.


salicifolius    Rumex salicifolius Weinm.

cirrhosa        Ruppia cirrhosa (Petag.) Grande
maxima          Sagina maxima Gray
nivalis         Sagina nivalis (Lindbl.) Fries
procumbens      Sagina procumbens L.
saginoides      Sagina saginoides (L.) Karst.


virginica       Salicornia virginica L.
alaxensis       Salix alaxensis (Anderss.) Coville
arbusculoides   Salix arbusculoides Anderss.
arctica         Salix arctica Pallas


barclayi        Salix barclayi Anderss.
barrattiana     Salix barrattiana Hook.
bebbiana        Salix bebbiana Sarg.

brachycarpa     Salix brachycarpa Nutt.
candida         Salix candida Fluegge ex Willd.

commutata       Salix commutata Bebb
exigua          Salix exigua Nutt.

fuscescens      Salix fuscescens Anderss.
glauca          Salix glauca L.

hookeriana      Salix hookeriana Barratt ex Hook.


lucida          Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra (Benth.) E. Mu
myrtillifolia   Salix myrtillifolia Anderss.


planifolia      Salix planifolia Pursh
polaris         Salix polaris Wahlenb.


pulchra         Salix pulchra Cham.
reticulata      Salix reticulata L.

rotundifolia    Salix rotundifolia Trautv.
scouleriana     Salix scouleriana Barratt ex Hook.
setchelliana    Salix setchelliana Ball
sitchensis      Salix sitchensis Sanson ex Bong.




racemosa        Sambucus racemosa L.
canadensis      Sanguisorba canadensis L.
menziesii       Sanguisorba menziesii Rydb.
officinalis     Sanguisorba officinalis L.
americana       Saussurea americana D.C. Eat.
adscendens      Saxifraga adscendens L.

bronchialis     Saxifraga bronchialis L.

cernua          Saxifraga cernua L.
ferruginea      Saxifraga ferruginea Graham

hieraciifolia   Saxifraga hieraciifolia Waldst. & Kit.

hyperborea      Saxifraga hyperborea R. Br.
lyallii         Saxifraga lyallii Engl.
mertensiana     Saxifraga mertensiana Bong.
nelsoniana      Saxifraga nelsoniana ssp. nelsoniana D. Do


oppositifolia   Saxifraga oppositifolia L.

rivularis       Saxifraga rivularis L.

tolmiei         Saxifraga tolmiei Torr. & Gray
tricuspidata    Saxifraga tricuspidata Rottb.


palustris       Scheuchzeria palustris L.
purpurascens    Schizachne purpurascens (Torr.) Swallen




microcarpus     Scirpus microcarpus J.& K. Presl
subterminalis   Scirpus subterminalis Torr.

galericulata    Scutellaria galericulata L.

integrifolium   Sedum integrifolium ssp. integrifolium (Ra
selaginoides    Selaginella selaginoides (L.) Link


lugens          Senecio lugens Richards.
pauciflorus     Senecio pauciflorus Pursh
pseudoarnica    Senecio pseudoarnica Less.
triangularis    Senecio triangularis Hook.
vulgaris        Senecio vulgaris L.
canadensis      Shepherdia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
procumbens      Sibbaldia procumbens L.

acaulis         Silene acaulis (L.) Jacq.
menziesii       Silene menziesii Hook.
uralensis       Silene uralensis (Rupr.) Bocquet
altissimum      Sisymbrium altissimum L.
littorale       Sisyrinchium littorale Greene
suave            Sium suave Walt.
nigrum           Solanum nigrum L.
canadensis       Solidago canadensis L.

multiradiata     Solidago multiradiata Ait.

arvensis         Sonchus arvensis L.
asper            Sonchus asper (L.) Hill
oleraceus        Sonchus oleraceus L.

scopulina        Sorbus scopulina Greene
sitchensis       Sorbus sitchensis M. Roemer
angustifolium    Sparganium angustifolium Michx.

hyperboreum      Sparganium hyperboreum Laestad. ex Beurlin

canadensis       Spergularia canadensis (Pers.) G. Don
rubra            Spergularia rubra (L.) J.& K. Presl

douglasii        Spiraea douglasii Hook.
stevenii         Spiraea stevenii (Schneid.) Rydb.
romanzoffiana    Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham.




borealis         Stellaria borealis ssp. sitchana (Steud.)
calycantha       Stellaria calycantha (Ledeb.) Bong.
crassifolia      Stellaria crassifolia Ehrh.
crispa           Stellaria crispa Cham. & Schlecht.
humifusa         Stellaria humifusa Rottb.
longifolia       Stellaria longifolia Muhl. ex Willd.
longipes         Stellaria longipes Goldie
media            Stellaria media (L.) Vill.

amplexifolius    Streptopus amplexifolius (L.) DC.

roseus           Streptopus roseus Michx.
streptopoides    Streptopus streptopoides (Ledeb.) Frye & R




calceoliformis   Suaeda calceoliformis (Hook.) Moq.

aquatica         Subularia aquatica L.
perennis         Swertia perennis L.
albus            Symphoricarpos albus (L.) Blake
vulgare        Tanacetum vulgare L.

officinale     Taraxacum officinale G.H. Weber ex Wiggers
brevifolia     Taxus brevifolia Nutt.
grandiflora    Tellima grandiflora (Pursh) Dougl. ex Lind




alpinum        Thalictrum alpinum L.
occidentale    Thalictrum occidentale Gray
sparsiflorum   Thalictrum sparsiflorum Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A. Mey.

arvense        Thlaspi arvense L.
plicata        Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don
trifoliata     Tiarella trifoliata L.
coccinea       Tofieldia coccinea Richards.
glutinosa      Tofieldia glutinosa (Michx.) Pers.
pusilla        Tofieldia pusilla (Michx.) Pers.
menziesii      Tolmiea menziesii (Pursh) Torr. & Gray
pallida        Torreyochloa pallida var. pauciflora (J. P




alpinum        Trichophorum alpinum (L.) Pers.
caespitosum    Trichophorum caespitosum (L.) Hartman




europaea       Trientalis europaea L.

dubium         Trifolium dubium Sibthorp
hybridum       Trifolium hybridum L.

pratense       Trifolium pratense L.
repens         Trifolium repens L.




maritimum      Triglochin maritimum L.
palustre       Triglochin palustre L.


cernuum        Trisetum cernuum Trin.

spicatum       Trisetum spicatum (L.) Richter
heterophylla   Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg.
mertensiana    Tsuga mertensiana (Bong.) Carr.

dioica         Urtica dioica L. ssp. gracilis (Ait.) Seland.
intermedia     Utricularia intermedia Hayne
macrorhiza           Utricularia macrorhiza Le Conte
minor                Utricularia minor L.


hispanica            Vaccaria hispanica (P. Mill.) Rauschert


cespitosum           Vaccinium cespitosum Michx.


ovalifolium          Vaccinium ovalifolium Sm.
oxycoccos            Vaccinium oxycoccos L.
parvifolium          Vaccinium parvifolium Sm.

uliginosum           Vaccinium uliginosum L.
vitis-idaea          Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.
atropurpurea         Vahlodea atropurpurea (Wahlenb.) Fries ex Hartman
capitata             Valeriana capitata Pallas ex Link

sitchensis           Valeriana sitchensis Bong.
viride               Veratrum viride Ait.

americana            Veronica americana Schwein. ex Benth.
anagallis-aquatica   Veronica anagallis-aquatica L.
arvensis             Veronica arvensis L.
chamaedrys           Veronica chamaedrys L.

peregrina            Veronica peregrina L.
scutellata           Veronica scutellata L.
serpyllifolia        Veronica serpyllifolia L.
wormskjoldii         Veronica wormskjoldii Roemer & J.A. Schult
edule                Viburnum edule (Michx.) Raf.
americana            Vicia americana Muhl. ex Willd.
nigricans            Vicia nigricans ssp. gigantea (Hook.) Lass
sativa               Vicia sativa L.
adunca               Viola adunca Sm.
biflora              Viola biflora L.
canadensis           Viola canadensis L.

glabella             Viola glabella Nutt.

langsdorfii          Viola langsdorfii Fisch. ex Gingins
macloskeyi           Viola macloskeyi Lloyd

palustris            Viola palustris L.
renifolia            Viola renifolia Gray

physodes             Wilhelmsia physodes (Fisch. ex Ser.) McNei


elegans              Zigadenus elegans Pursh
marina               Zostera marina L.
Wetland-associated Wildlife of Southeast Alaska. This includes regularly-occurring birds, amphibians, and mammals that tend to be present disproport
associated waters during at least one season during the year in at least one part of Southeast Alaska. "Breeds" denotes species that have bred in the regio
species that occur extensively or exclusively in or above open water (lakes, streams, bays, etc.). "Tidal" denotes species associated disproportionately
tidal" with mainly freshwater wetlands. "Decid." denotes a disproportionate association with deciduous woody vegetation (alder, willow, etc.), not necessari
Abundance" is from Heinl (2010); codes are: C= common, F= fairly common, U= uncommon, R= rare, V= very rare, x= present. Blank indicates few or no r
wetlands on a casual basis, or information was insufficient to infer their degree of association with wetlands specifically.



                                                                          Breeds                        Habitat
Seq Species                                                                            Water      Non-tidal     Tidal        Decid.
   1   Red-throated Loon                                                     1           1            1             1
   2   Pacific Loon                                                                      1                          1
   3   Common Loon                                                           1           1            1             1
   4   Yellow-billed Loon                                                                1                          1
   5   Horned Grebe                                                                      1                          1
   6   Red-necked Grebe                                                      1           1            1             1
   7   Western Grebe                                                                     1                          1
   8   Double-crested Cormorant                                              1           1            1             1
   9   American Bittern                                                      1                        1
  10   Great Blue Heron                                                      1                        1             1
  11   Greater White-fronted Goose                                                       1                          1
  12   Snow Goose                                                                        1                          1
  13   Canada Goose                                                          1           1            1             1
  14   Brant (Black)                                                                     1                          1
  15   Trumpeter Swan                                                        1           1            1             1
  16   Tundra Swan                                                                       1            1             1
  17   Gadwall                                                               1           1            1             1
  18   Eurasian Wigeon                                                                   1            1             1
  19   American Wigeon                                                       1           1            1             1
  20   Mallard                                                               1           1            1             1
  21   Blue-winged Teal                                                      1           1            1
  22   Cinnamon Teal                                                                     1            1
  23   Northern Shoveler                                                     1           1            1             1
  24   Northern Pintail                                                      1           1            1             1
  25   Green-winged Teal                                                     1           1            1             1
  26   Canvasback                                                                        1            1             1
  27   Redhead                                                               1           1            1             1
  28   Ring-necked Duck                                                      1           1            1             1
  29   Greater Scaup                                                         1           1            1             1
  30   Lesser Scaup                                                          1           1            1             1
  31   Harlequin Duck                                                        1           1            1             1
  32   Bufflehead                                                                        1            1             1
  33   Common Goldeneye                                                      1           1            1             1
  34   Barrow's Goldeneye                                                    1           1            1             1
  35   Hooded Merganser                                                      1           1            1             1
  36   Common Merganser                                                      1           1            1             1
  37   Red-breasted Merganser                                                1           1            1             1
  38   Osprey                                                                1           1            1             1
  39   Bald Eagle                                                            1                        1             1
  40   Northern Harrier                                                      1                        1             1
41   Peregrine Falcon         1       1   1
42   Ruffed Grouse            1       1       1
43   Sora                     1       1
44   American Coot                    1   1
45   Sandhill Crane           1       1
46   Black-bellied Plover                 1
47   American Golden-Plover           1   1
48   Semipalmated Plover      1           1
49   Killdeer                 1       1   1
50   Greater Yellowlegs       1       1   1
51   Lesser Yellowlegs        1       1   1
52   Solitary Sandpiper       1       1   1
53   Spotted Sandpiper        1       1   1
54   Upland Sandpiper                     1
55   Whimbrel                             1
56   Hudsonian Godwit                     1
57   Marbled Godwit                       1
58   Red Knot                             1
59   Sanderling                           1
60   Semipalmated Sandpiper               1
61   Western Sandpiper                1   1
62   Least Sandpiper          1       1   1
63   Baird's Sandpiper                1   1
64   Pectoral Sandpiper               1   1
65   Dunlin                           1   1
66   Short-billed Dowitcher   1           1
67   Long-billed Dowitcher                1
68   Common Snipe             1       1   1
69   Bonaparte's Gull         1   1   1   1
70   Mew Gull                 1   1   1   1
71   Ring-billed Gull             1   1   1
72   California Gull              1       1
73   Herring Gull             1   1   1   1
74   Thayer's Gull                1       1
75   Glaucous-winged Gull     1   1   1   1
76   Glaucous Gull                1   1   1
77   Black-legged Kittiwake   1   1       1
78   Caspian Tern                 1       1
79   Arctic Tern              1   1   1   1
80   Aleutian Tern            1   1   1   1
81   Western Screech-Owl      1       1       1
82   Short-eared Owl          1       1   1
83   Vaux's Swift             1   1   1
84   Rufous Hummingbird       1       1
85   Belted Kingfisher        1   1   1   1
86   Red-breasted Sapsucker   1       1       1
87   Olive-sided Flycatcher   1       1
88   Alder Flycatcher         1       1       1
89   Warbling Vireo           1       1       1
90   Red-eyed Vireo           1       1       1
 91   Tree Swallow                              1    1     1
 92   Violet-green Swallow                      1    1     1
 93   Northern Rough-winged Swallow             1    1     1
 94   Bank Swallow                              1    1     1
 95   Cliff Swallow                             1    1     1
 96   Barn Swallow                              1    1     1
 97   American Dipper                           1    1     1
 98   American Pipit                            1          1    1
 99   Cedar Waxwing                             1          1         1
100   Orange-crowned Warbler                    1          1         1
101   Yellow Warbler                            1          1         1
102   Townsend's Warbler                        1          1         1
103   American Redstart                         1          1         1
104   Northern Waterthrush                      1    1     1         1
105   MacGillivray's Warbler                    1          1
106   Wilson's Warbler                          1          1
107   Savannah Sparrow                          1          1    1
108   Song Sparrow                              1          1    1
109   Lincoln's Sparrow                         1          1
110   Red-winged Blackbird                      1          1
111   Rusty Blackbird                           1          1
112   Northwestern Salamander                   1          1
113   Long-toed Salamander                      1          1
114   Roughskin Newt                            1          1
115   Western Toad                              1          1
116   Pacific Chorus (Tree) Frog                1          1
117   Wood Frog                                 1          1
118   Columbia Spotted Frog                     1          1
119   Red-legged Frog                           1          1
120   Silver-haired Bat                         1    1     1
121   Keen's Myotis                             1    1     1
122   California Myotis                         1    1     1
123   Long-legged Myotis                        1    1     1
124   Big Brown Bat                             1    1     1
125   Little Brown Bat                          1    1     1
126   Northern Water Shrew                      1    1     1
127   Masked Shrew                              1          1
128   Meadow Vole                               1          1    1
129   Northern Vole                             1          1
130   Northern Bog Lemming                      1          1
131   Muskrat                                   1    1     1         1
132   American Beaver                           1    1     1         1
133   Mink                                      1          1    1
134   River Otter                               1    1     1    1
135   Moose                                     1          1         1
136   Sitka Black-tailed Deer                   1          1     1   1
137   Brown Bear                                1          1     1
                                      TOTAL:   105   68   115   84   16
s that tend to be present disproportionately in or over wetlands or
  species that have bred in the region at least once. "Water" denotes
 es associated disproportionately with tidal waters, and "Non-
  (alder, willow, etc.), not necessarily in wetlands. "Relative
 resent. Blank indicates few or no records. Many other species use




                               Relative Abundance
                  Spring      Summer       Fall            Winter
                     U            U            U             R
                     C            R            F             F
                     F            U            F             U
                     U            R            U             U
                     F            V            F             F
                     F            R            F             U
                     U                         U             U
                     U            R            U             U
                     R            R            R
                     F            F            F             U
                     F            V            U
                     F                         F
                     C            F            C             F
                     U            V            R             V
                     U            R            U             R
                     U                         U             R
                     U            R            U             R
                     R            V            V             V
                     C            U            C             U
                     C            C            C             C
                     U            U            U
                     R            V
                     F            U            F             R
                     C            U            C             U
                     C            U            C             U
                     R                         R             V
                     R                         R             V
                     U            R            U             V
                     C            U            C             F
                     F            R            F             R
                     F            F            F             F
                     C            V            C             C
                     F            R            F             F
                     C            U            C             C
                     U            R            U             U
                     C            F            C             F
                     F            U            F             F
                     R            R            R
                     C            C            C             C
                     U            V            U             V
R   R   R   V
R   R   R   R
R   R   R
R       R   R
U   R   U   V
F   R   F
U   R   U
F   F   F
U   U   U   V
C   F   C
F   R   F
R   R   R
F   F   F
V   V   R
U   R   U
R   V   V
R       V
R       V
U   V   U   V
R   R   R
C   U   C
C   U   C
U   R   U
F   R   F
C       U   U
F   R   F
U   R   U
F   F   F   R
C   F   C   V
C   C   C   C
R   R   R   V
R   R   U
C   F   C   F
F   R   F   U
C   C   C   C
R   V   R   R
F   U   F   R
R   R   R
F   F   F
R   R
R   R   R   R
U   V   F   R
U   U   U
C   C   U
F   F   F   F
F   F   F   R
R   R   R
R   U   U
U   U   U
R   R   R
F   F   F
F   U   U
R   R   V
U   U   U
R   R   R
F   F   F
F   F   F   F
C   F   C
R   R   R
C   C   C
C   C   C
C   C   C
U   U   U
U   U   U
U   U   U
F   F   F
C   C   C   V
F   F   F   U
C   C   C   R
U   U   U
U   R   U   R
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x
x   x   x
x   x   x   ?
x   x   x   ?
x   x   x   ?
x   x   x   ?
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
x   x   x   x
0   0   0   0
Tidal Wetland Scores                           Haines Forested Tidal Haines Tidal Flat    Starrigavan     Mendenhall
Functions and Their Values:                       F           V       F          V        F        V      F
Sediment Retention & Stabilization (SR)             4.94         1.88   5.39       0.83   8.23     3.23    8.33
Carbon Sequestration (CS)                           6.50                4.12              8.44             6.65
Organic Matter Export (OE)                          5.56                4.44              5.76             6.15
Anadromous Fish Habitat (FA)                        5.36         5.00   4.78       5.00   2.50     5.00    4.81
Waterbird Feeding Habitat (WBF)                     4.39         5.00   5.20     10.00    5.60     7.00    6.35
Songbird, Raptor, & Mammal Habitat (SBM)            6.24         1.00   5.25       1.00   6.39     1.00    4.60
Native Plant Habitat (PH)                           4.71         1.00   3.34       1.00   4.13     1.00    2.51
Values Only:
Public Use (PU)                                                 3.52               6.54           7.94
Subsistence & Provisioning Services (Subsis)                    7.50               7.50           7.00
Wetland Sensitivity                                             2.17               2.04           2.27
Wetland Stressors                                               2.59               3.33           1.81
Mendenhall               Functions                       Values
       V      Median       Min       Max      Median      Min       Max
       4.90       6.81        4.94     8.33       2.55       0.83     4.90
                  6.57        4.12     8.44
                  5.66        4.44     6.15
       5.00       4.80        2.50     5.36       5.00       5.00     5.00
      10.00       5.40        4.39     6.35       8.50       5.00    10.00
      10.00       5.74        4.60     6.39       1.00       1.00    10.00
       1.00       3.73        2.51     4.71       1.00       1.00     1.00

       8.33                                       7.24       3.52     8.33
       0.00                                       7.25       0.00     7.50
       2.87                                       2.22       2.04     2.87
       4.08                                       2.96       1.81     4.08

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:4
posted:8/30/2012
language:English
pages:246