Traveling around the
Table of Contents
Section Page Number
The study of the seven continents is an important part of learning
for early childhood students. Our activities focus on first grade
standards, but could be designed to meet the needs of other grade levels.
This resource unit offers activities for a week and a half of studying the
seven continents that meets standards from all areas of the curriculum.
The activities presented here could easily be distributed throughout the
year and be enhanced by additional activities that relate to all areas of
Through this unit, the students will be given the opportunity to not
only understand the earth in which they live, but the opportunity to
explore and learn about the cultures, beliefs, demographics, and
communities that live within each continent. In our diverse society,
understanding different backgrounds is extremely important in
developing recognition and appreciation for children and people who are
different from us. This is a wonderful unit to expand on the diversity of
our classrooms and our communities, as well as address the Ohio
Content Standards that are presented to us.
1. Seven Continents
On the first day the students will be introduced to the seven continents. The students will be
provided with a travel journal that will be filled out throughout the unit. The teacher will discuss
the seven continents and show a map of where all the continents are located.
2. North America
On the second day the students will begin their tour in North America. They will travel to Alaska
to explore. The teacher will show the students where North America is on the map, as well as
Alaska. The teacher will discuss the flag, the language, culture, and what is native to Alaska. The
students will then fill out their travel journal from what they learned about North America.
3. South America
The students will jump on a boat and sail to South America on the third day. The teacher will
have a discussion of how South America and North America are different. The teacher will also
discuss the climate, flag, culture, food, and important countries in South America. The students
will get a chance to look through books about South America to enhance their knowledge. The
students will take what they learned and fill out the page on South America in their travel
On the fourth day the students will jump on an airplane and travel south to Antarctica. The
students will look at the map and find Antarctica. The teacher will discuss the climate, native
animals, the flag, and location of Antarctica. The students will take out their travel journal and
record their trip to Antarctica.
On the fifth day the students will get back on the plane and travel to Africa. The teacher will
discuss the long distance between Antarctica and Africa. The students will look at a map of
Africa and pick a country to look at. The students will look at what is native in this country and
look at the culture. The teacher will point out that each country in Africa has different cultures.
The teacher will read some books on Africa. The students come up with three facts about Africa
to write in their travel journal.
On the sixth day the students will then jump back on the plane and fly to Ireland. The students
will tour the country of Ireland which is on the continent of Europe. The teacher will discuss the
geography, climate, culture, flag, and important holidays in Ireland. The students will celebrate
the important holiday of Ireland and experience part of Ireland’s culture. The students will write
what they learned in their travel journal.
On the seventh day the students will jump on a train and go cross country to China where they
will learn about the continent of Asia while visiting China. The teacher will discuss important
facts about China such as the flag, culture, and climate. The students will learn about the Chinese
New Year and the importance of it. They will get a chance to eat with chopsticks and experience
some of the cultural aspects of China. As a class they will come up with three important facts
about China to write in their travel journal.
On the eighth day the students will take a cruise ship to Australia. When the students get off the
boat they will look at the native animals on Australia. The class will discuss the differences and
similarities of these native animals to animals in North America. The students will explore
through books about Australia. They will find facts about the culture, climate, geography, the
flag, and language. They will record what they found about Australia in their travel journal.
Antarctica South Pole
Asia North Pole
North America Geography
South America Country
o Locate the seven continents on the map.
o Describe the climate of each continent.
o List some native animals in each continent.
o Locate the flag of each continent.
o Tell what the native language is of each continent.
o Know how to say hello in each continent.
o Define what the equator is.
o Know where the equator is located.
o Use non-fiction books to find facts about each continent.
o Identify one major country or state in each continent.
o Identify animals native to each continent.
o Describe the culture of each country within the continent that is being
o Locate the North and South Pole.
o Students will understand the world is made up of regions that are very
different from each other in terms of climate, geography, animal life, and
o Compare and contrast the continents as they appear on a map and a
Day One: Seven Continents
We will begin with an introduction of the seven continents. The teacher will show a map of the world. She will
point out the location of the seven continents. She will also point out the countries with in the country the
students will be concentrating on during their travel. The teacher will introduce the equator and show where it is
The students will use maps to locate the continents and a country within each continent. The students will be
able to tell what country lies north, south, west, and east. The will be able to identify the equator and tell what
continents lie above and below the equator.
Students will have maps on their desks to follow along with the teacher. They will point out the continent on
their map when the teacher says a continent. The students will create their own world. The students will get
balloons to blow up. They should tie a knot in it. Tell the students that the knot is the South Pole. Have students
draw a small X at the top of the balloon with a marker. Tell the students the X is the North Pole. Trace a line
around the middle of the balloon to represent the equator. Together the class will place the cut-out continents on
their balloons to trace. The teacher will model first. When students are finished they should have a three-
dimensional model of the world.
Day Two: North America
The teacher will discuss important facts about North America. The students will take out their maps and locate
North America. The teacher will point out Alaska on the map. The students will concentrate on Alaska. The
students will look through non-fiction books to look at the climate, geography, and animal life in Alaska.
Students will be able to describe the climate, geography, and animal life in Alaska. Students will be able to
locate Alaska on the map of North America.
Through non-fiction books, students will look for native animals in Alaska. As a class students will list all the
animals they found that live in Alaska. The children pick their favorite Alaskan animal and use crayons or
markers to draw a picture of it. Students will also write in their travel journal the language spoken, how they say
hello and three facts they’ve learned about Alaska.
Day Three: South America
Introduction: The teacher will introduce South America by pointing it out on the map. The teacher will then
talk about the similarities and differences of South and North America. She will choose one country to
concentrate on. She will show the students the flag and talk about the culture and climate.
Outcomes: Students will understand how South America and North America have many differences in climate,
language, culture, and food. Students will learn about one countries climate and culture.
Development: The students watch the video, South America: Continent of Diversity. After the video the
students will list important aspects of South American culture. Students will write their facts in their travel
Day Four: Antarctica
Introduction: The teacher will have the students take out their maps and locate Antarctica. The teacher will
read the story, Antarctica by Helen Cowcher. Students will have a class discussion about this book which will
lead into talking about the climate and animal life of Antarctica.
Students understand that Antarctica is very cold and it is located in at the South Pole. Students learn about the
native animals in Antarctica.
Development: Students will go to the computer lab to research native animals in Antarctica. Thy will choose
one animal and write a brief description of the animal. Students will take out their travel journal and write
important cultural aspects of Antarctica.
Day Five: Africa
Introduction: Students will be placed in different book centers to learn about Africa. The students will explore
the books and look at the pictures to get an understanding of Africa and African culture. The teacher will read
Africa by Allan Fowler. The students will look at a picture of the Flag of Kenya.
Outcomes: Students learn about the culture, language, and climate of Africa.
Development: Students will make storyteller hats, as part of African culture. In Kenya, it’s traditional to eat
with your hands. Let the students imagine they are in Kenya and let them eat with their hands. Students will
write three facts about the African culture in their travel journal.
Day Six: Europe
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Introduction: The teacher will show Europe on the globe. The teacher will talk about the many different
countries that make up the continent of Europe. The teacher will talk about Ireland as the main concentration for
the lesson. She will show pictures of the culture, climate, and geography. The students will participate in St.
Patrick’s Day festivities.
Outcome: Students learn about the important holiday in Ireland. Students participate in St. Patrick’s Day
festivities and learn about the culture through the activities.
Development: Students will participate in St. Patrick’s Day activities such as making Irish Floats (lime sherbet
and clear soda or ginger ale) and clover leaf rolls. Students will learn about the history and culture through
celebrating this important holiday of Ireland. While the students are eating their treats, the teacher will read
some folklore stories and discuss the meaning of each. The students will write the important facts and culture
of Ireland in their travel journal.
Day Seven: Asia
Introduction: The students will pull out their maps and try to locate Asia on the map. The teacher will read the
students China by Justine and Ron Fontes. The teacher will discuss that China is a country on the continent of
Asia. After the book, the class will compile a list of interesting facts they’ve learned from the book. The teacher
will also discuss the Chinese New Year and the importance to the Chinese culture.
Outcomes: Students learn the importance of the Chinese New Year to Chinese culture. Students learn the
climate, language, and geography of China.
Development: In small groups, (depending on number of atlases available) students will search for China using
an atlas. Students will celebrate the Chinese New Year by making Chinese Paper Lanterns, and eating noodles
with chop sticks. Students will also make Chinese counting books. Students will be introduced to the Chinese
language through counting. Students will write the facts they’ve learned throughout the day in their travel
Day Eight: Australia
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Introduction: The teacher will read Australia by Allan Fowler. The class will try to locate Australia on the map.
The teacher will point out that Australia is the only island continent. The teacher will also discuss the culture,
language, animals, and the Australian flag with the students.
Outcomes: Students will learn the culture, geography, native animals, and language of Australia.
Development: Students will begin their study of Australia by singing Kookaburra. The students will then be
introduced to a cookie popular to Australian culture. They will make Anzacs, the popular cookie. After making
the cookie and learning about the important cultural aspects of Australia, the students will write important facts
that they’ve learned in their travel journal.
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Unit Test: Seven Continents
Which is the smallest of the seven continents?
Which continents do not cross the equator?
A. North America, South America, and Asia
B. North America, Europe, Australia, and Antarctica
C. Australia, Asia, Europe, and Antarctica.
What is the coldest continent?
What is the largest continent?
C. North America
Which continent is the island continent?
A. South America
List the seven continents and one thing about the climate, geography, culture or native animal you
learned from that continent. You may use your travel journal to help you.
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8. From the drawing below, fill in the names of the seven continents:
Africa Antarctica Asia Australia Europe
North America South America Equator South Pole
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Pick one continent and write two sentences about what you learned about that continent? You may
look through your travel journal to help you.
Choose any native animal from a continent that we discussed about in our travel journal. Write two
sentences about that animal. Draw a picture of the animal. You may look through your travel journal
to gather ideas.
Picture of Animal:
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Alaska, By Rebecca Stefoff, from the publisher: "Provides comprehensive information on the
geography, history, wildlife, governmental structure, economy, cultural diversity, peoples, religion, and
landmarks of Alaska.”
Alaska Facts and Symbols, By Muriel L. Dubois, This book presents information about the state of
Alaska, its nickname, motto, and emblems.
Antarctica, By A. R. Schaefer, from the publisher: "Describes the continent of Antarctica, including
climate, landforms, plants, animals, claims, people, as well as Antarctica and the world"
Antarctica, By April Pulley Sayre, This book describes unique characteristics of the Antarctic continent
including its landscapes, geology, weather and climate, coastlines, air and soil as well as its plants and
Australia, By Ann Heinrichs, This book describes the geography, people, government, culture, history,
religion, economy, and wildlife of Australia.
Europe, By David Petersen, This book is a brief overview of the geography, wildlife, history, and people
G'day, Australia, By April Pulley Sayre, This book introduces the continent of Australia, looking at its
geography, plant and animal life, weather, and settlement by humans.
Hello, Europe, By April Pulley Sayre, This book is an introduction to the continent of Europe, focusing
on its geography.
Hooray for Antarctica, By April Pulley Sayre, This book introduces the continent of Antarctica, looking
at its geography, plant and animal life, weather, and settlement by humans.
Kenya, By Bridget Tanguay, This book describes the people and places of Kenya.
Kenya, By Sean McCollum. This book is an overview of Kenya emphasizing its cultural aspects.
Student References Continued
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North America, By Dana Meachen Rau, This book introduces the geography, topography, and climate of
the continent of North America.
South America, By David Petersen, This book introduces the geography, history, climate, and culture of
South America, Surprise, By April Pulley Sayre, This book introduces the continent of South America,
looking at its geography, plant and animal life, weather, and settlement by humans.
The Kingfisher Geography Encyclopedia, By Clive Gifford, This book provides statistics, text, and
color maps that reveal the physical geography, peoples, politics, governments, languages, religions, and
currencies of each nation of the world.
Welcome to Kenya, By Roseline NgCheong-Lum, This book is an introduction to the geography,
history, government, economy, people and lifestyles of the east African nation of Kenya.
Welcome to North America!, By April Pulley Sayre, This book introduces the continent of North
America, looking at its geography, plant and animal life, weather, and settlement by humans.
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Outline Maps on the Net: http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/ . This website provides teachers with
maps of all seven continents and various countries. They may be printed and used for the classroom.
Beginning Geography Introducing basic concepts and encouraging connections between school and the
world we live in, this set of geography activity books covers three areas. Volume 1, How to Use a Map,
discusses symbols, the directions, and using maps and globes; volume 2, Land Forms and Bodies of
Water explains terms such as "peninsula," "valley," and "island"; and volume 3, Continents and Oceans,
introduces the seven continents and four oceans. Also included in each book is a 17" x 22" two-sided
color poster. The poster in Continents and Oceans, for example, has a world map on one side and a
smaller map with animals from around the world on the other. (Order from www.socialstudies.com)
The Continents: Seven two-sided posters feature full-color maps of the continents on one side (one
continent on each poster) and reproducible activities—such as locating neighboring countries or naming
capitals—on the reverse plus a desk copy of the continent map.
(Order from www.socialstudies.com)
Seven Continents of the World Bulletin Board Set: The six-page resource guide has teaching ideas,
activities, a continent-matching worksheet, and world map.
(Order from www.socialstudies.com)
Fascinating Facts about Geography: Take Five Minutes: Quick, self-contained lessons present
information on 140 countries and offer ways to stimulate discussion about the geography of those
countries. Each one-page lesson begins with several "teaser" sentences. The book also includes outline
maps of the world and of each of the seven continents.
(Order from www.socialstudies.com)
Geography of the Continents: World Geography Series: Each volume (or unit in the big book) contains
reproducible worksheets—short answer, graphing, compositions, distance calculations, map labeling,
word searches—based on the five themes of geography. Additional features include a fact game (played
like Jeopardy or rummy), ideas for setting up a geography center in the classroom, and suggestions for
creating a bound portfolio. (Order from www.socialstudies.com)
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Wee Sing: Around the World: CD and Song book
Offers over 40 international songs each featured in native languages with English translations. It includes a song
book with lyrics.
South America: Continent of Diversity: VHS videocassette 1995
This movie looks at South America from the wild, tropical jungles to some of the most cosmopolitan cities in
the world. The Andes, the Amazon, and the Atacama Desert are among the wonders examined.
Know Your Continents Geography Centers: Classroom Manipulatives
This resource features 8 self-contained learning centers-with manipulatives and reproducibles-that cover
geography of the world, continents and countries, regional differences and similarities, basic map skills, and
Quick Flip Facts for the Seven Continents: Classroom Manipulatives
This is a reference book with interesting facts about the seven continents.
Africa: Continent of Contrasts: DVD, 2004
This DVD takes you on a trip through the continent of Africa and sample the diversity of its cultures, histories,
Where In the World Is Carmen Sandiego?: Computer Software, the Learning Company, 2007
This is a learning game about the world. The question is where did Carmen go? That's the mystery. And the
clues rely on your knowledge of world geography.
Interactive around the World Map: Scientific Toys, Hand held game
This interactive game features fun facts about 19 different countries of the world and over 1,000 quiz questions
to test your worldly knowledge.
World Geography: Where in the World: Classroom Game
Try to solve clues and riddles about each country. Study 30 countries, using maps, charts, graphs, puzzles, and
hands-on activities. A skills test, glossary of geographical terms, and an answer key are included.
Brain Quest around the World: Classroom Game, University Games
This game provides an introduction to geography and regional cultures. This game has over 600 questions about
The Amazing Panda Adventure, VHS
Children's action-adventure about a young boy who, while on a visit to China to see his father, tries to save a
baby panda from poachers.
Media References Continued
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Australia: Land Beyond Time VHS
Australia- Land beyond Time takes viewers on a breathtaking journey back in time to witness the birth and
evolution of a mysterious land that harbors remnants of Earth s earliest life and many of it s strangest creatures
that exist nowhere else on the planet.
National Parks: National Parks Of Alaska, VHS
From the towering and majestic Mt. McKinley in Denali Park to the abundant marine wildlife and magnificent
glaciers of Kenai Fjords National Park, explore with us some of Alaska's incredible natural wonders.
Kratt’s Creatures Where? Episode#149, PBS television show
This show follows the travels of two zoologist brothers. This episode deals with animal habitats and why
animals exist in certain countries and continents.
"Astounding Australia," Episode 4 from Season 1 of Really Wild Animals
Kids will tour Australia in search of the incredible creatures that inhabit the land "down under" - from wallabies
and frilled lizards to dingoes and emus.
"Amazing Africa," Episode 2 from Season 1 of Really Wild Animals
Kids will come face to face with Africa's most wanted -- zebras, crocodiles, elephants on a wild tour of Africa.
"Cold, Cold South," Episode 14 from Season 1 of Really Wild Animals
Kids will travel to cold, cold Antarctica to meet some "cool" creatures - playful penguins, slippery seals and
VTech Fly & Learn Globe, by VTech, Classroom Game
Moving electronic talking globe teaches geography, places, world wonders, people, languages and music.
Explore the Earth by eToys, Classroom Game
Explore the Earth teaches your child about the vastly different cultures of 10 countries around the world. Learn
how to say "hello" in each country's language, and use six plastic discs to learn about subjects like clothing,
animals and monuments.
National Geographic Our World, Updated Edition: A Child's First Picture Atlas, by National Geographic
This big, boldly illustrated atlas invites young adventurers to explore the world's places, people, and animals.
Lively text, pictures, and interactive activities make it easy and fun for kids to learn about and understand their
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