Tradition and Change in East Asia by kWX6LQE

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									Tradition and Change in East
            Asia
   Ming and Qing Dynasties and
   their interaction with Europe
           The rise of the Ming
• Mongols in decline with
  the death of Kublai Khan,
  finally overthrown in
  1368.
• Massive peasant
  rebellion led by Hongwu
• Hongwu a peasant who
  turned Buddhist Monk to
  survive, brought about a
  powerful centralized
  state.
       Return to Confucianism
• Six ministries atop an
  elaborate
  bureaucracy
  administered by Civil
  Service Exam.
• Empire divided into
  provinces, districts,
  and counties.
• Villages largely
  autonomous.
Great Wall
           Ming fortifications
• While the wall had
  begun during the Qin
  age, the wall was
  largely completed
  during the Ming.
• The most frequently
  visited parts are Ming
  contributions.
          Ming Restoration
• Abandonment of all that was Mongol,
  names, dress, writings, and politics. A
  complete restoration of everything
  Chinese was instituted.
• Significant rebirth of Confucianism.
       The Politics of Hongwu
• Common/orphan
  origins
• Rose in military ranks
• Government marked
  by: suspicion, scorn
  for pretentious
  manners of the
  scholar class, and a
  deep respect for the
  past.
Hongwu’s China

								
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