Shenzhen and Guangzhou by HC120830183716

VIEWS: 63 PAGES: 45

									               ECO 212 – Regional Development in China




     Shenzhen and Guangzhou
  Which one has more potential to become
    the regional leader of South China?


March 11th 2008                                Presenters:
Lingnan University                                    Diana Hasegan
Hong Kong                                             Cherrie Au
                                                      Rene Wong
                 OUTLINE

1. Location (maps)
2. General Facts
        Hong Kong – Shenzhen Cooperation
        Guangzhou – Building an Ecological City
3. GDP Comparison
4. Industry and Special zones
5. Finance
6. Foreign and Domestic Trade
7. Infrastructure
8. Employment and Wages
9. Conclusions
1. LOCATION and MAPS
          2. GENERAL FACTS

  HONG KONG – SHENZHEN COOPERATION

GUANGZHOU – BUILDING AN ECOLOGICAL CITY
            SHENZHEN

 the China's first special economic zone
 83 of world's Fortune 500 enterprises have invested
  in Shenzhen.
 To build Shenzhen into a “world class metropolis”
 In 2011, the 26th Universiade will be held there
THE HONG KONG – SHENZHEN COOPERATION

 Neighbouring cities
 70% overseas investment come from Hong Kong
 Concept of "Learning from Hong Kong and Serving Hong
  Kong“
 E.g. Shenzhen River
  cleanup and
  Shenzhen-Hong Kong
  Western Corridor
                GUANGZHOU

 one of the earliest cities opened to the outside world
 160 Fortune 500 companies have launched investment
  projects
 China's third largest host city of conventions and exhibitions
        BUILDING AN ECOLOGICAL CITY


General Plan: the idea of "mountain, city, farmland and sea“

Plan to be completed by 2020 in 3 stages
       phase I – completed by 2005
       phase II – completed by 2010
       phase III – completed by 2020
3. GDP COMPARISON
                                           Gross Domestic Product Comparison

                        6000.0




                                                                                                                       .2
                                                                                                                   54
                                                                                                                  51
                                                                                                        .6
                        5000.0




                                                                                                    50
                                                                                                   44




                                                                                                                            .9
                                                                                                                       50
GDP (100million YUAN)




                                                                                         .6
                                                                                     58




                                                                                                                   49
                                                                                    37
                        4000.0




                                                                                                             .1
                                                                          .0




                                                                                                        82
                                                                      04




                                                                                                    42
                                                                     32
                                                           .7
                                                       41




                                                                                              .7
                                                                                                                                 Guangzhou
                                                 .7

                                                      28




                                                                                         85
                        3000.0
                                             92




                                                                                     35
                                                                                                                                 Shenzhen
                                            24




                                                                               .5
                                                                          69
                                                                      29
                                                                .5


                        2000.0
                                                           82
                                      .2
                                  59




                                                       24
                                 12




                        1000.0


                           0.0
                                  1995       2000      2001           2002           2003           2004           2005
        INDUSTRY
SHENZHEN’s High Tech Industry

GUANGZHOU’s Human Resources

FUTURE DEVELOPMENT through
   special zones and parks
                   INDUSTRY

 Guangzhou                                          Shenzhen

 a number of special              25,000 manufacturing
  development zones                 enterprises producing:
 Emphasis on environmental         computer parts, tv-sets,
  protection and sustainable        furniture, watches, clothes,
  development                       jewelry, printing and gifts
 Foreign investment               High-tech industry
  increasing rapidly               Shenzhen Stock Exchange
 34 foreign countries invested    83 of world’s Fortune 500
  in 2002 and 65 transnational      companies
  corporations
         SHENZHEN’s HIGH TECH


 about 3,000 computer enterprises
 In 2004, the output value of high-tech products was 326.652
  billion yuan, and the output value of high-tech products with
  individual intellectual property rights was 185,309 billion
  yuan (56.7% of the total amount of all the high-tech products)
 the number one exporter of software in China, and the
  output of domestic brand mobile phones accounts for about
  30% in China.
 China High-Tech Fair has been held annually
        GUANGZHOU’s HUMAN RESOURCES

 Total number of human resources: 1,021,400 persons.
 The development of Guangzhou University City.
 37 general schools of higher learning
 more than 200 secondary vocational and technical schools
 192 independent scientific research and development
  institutions.
 Guangzhou possesses lower
 wage costs: 12-20 RMB per hour
    FURTHER DEVELOPMENT - SHENZHEN

 Shenzhen Export Processing Zone
    part of the Grand Industrial Area
    focus on foreign trade
 Municipal Grand Industrial Area
    174.4 km2
    focuses on hi-tech industries
 Shenzhen High-tec Industrial Park 深圳高新區
    state-level high-tech parks
    11.5 km2.
    produced 18% of the whole industrial output of Shenzhen
 Guangming High-tech Park
 Shenzhen Futian, Shatoujiao and Yantian Port Bonded Areas
    special economics policies
    functions of warehousing, logistics, production, processing, international trade and
     commodity exhibition.
    FURTHER DEVELOPMENT - GUANGZHOU

 Guangzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone
 Guangzhou Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone
 Guangzhou Bonded Zone
 Guangzhou Export Processing Zone
 Development of industrial parks.
 Nansha Development Zone
   - 536 km2
 - Guangzhou Development Zone
   - The industrial output made up 19.04% of that of the city (in
  2003)
 - Zengzheng Xintang Industrial Processing Zone
 - Guangzhou Pearl Industrial Park
                 FINANCE

 Shenzhen Stock Exchange is one of the two stock
  exchange markets in China.
 536 companies listed in 2004
 Total sum of capital stock = 200,447 billion stocks

                                    Total market value of the
                                     listed companies was
                                     1,104.123 billion yuan
                                    All the domestic financial
                                     institutions + Over 50
                                     foreign-invested financial
                                     institutions
FOREIGN TRADE
       Total Value Import and Export
       Commodities through Customs
 Guangzhou                               Shenzhen

 2007: 734.94million US    2007: 2875.33million US
 Increased by 15.2%        Increased by 21.1%from
  from 2006 to 2007          2006 to 2007
                            Total value of Foreign Export and Import

                 3 500.00
                 3 000.00
100million USD




                 2 500.00
                 2 000.00                                              Guangzhou
                 1 500.00                                              Shenzhen
                 1 000.00
                  500.00
                     0.00
                            2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2007
                                            Year
                          Export
 Guangzhou                                       Shenzhen
 Total Value of Export is 37    Total Value of Export is 168
  billion USD 2007                billion USD in 2007
 17% growth                     23.8% growth
 Mainly Export to Asia          Hong Kong is the Biggest
  followed by North American      market about 45 billion US
  & Europe                       USA also one of the biggest
 The biggest market to Hong      market about 25 billion US
  Kong about 7.6 billion Us.
  USA also one of the biggest
  market about 6.3 billion US
Guangzhou
                                Total Value of export

                2000
100millionUSD




                1500
                                                        Shenzhen
                1000
                                                        Guangzhou
                500
                  0
                       2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2007
                                     year
             DOMESTIC TRADE

Guangzhou                                 Shenzhen

 2007: The total retail    2007: The total retail
  sales of consumer          sales of consumer
  good is 259billion         good is 191 billion

 18.9% growth              15.6% growth
                                 Shenzhen   Guangzhou


Food                             104.2      101.7


Tobacco, Liquor and Articles     101.6      101.3


Clothing                         101        100


Household Facilities, Articles   101.6      103
and Maintenance Services

Health Care and Personal         100.9      102
Articles

Transportation and               100        101.2
Communication

Recreation ,Education ,Culture   99.7       101.3
Articles and Service




Residence                        104.3      105.6
                              Price Indices

        104.0
        102.0
        100.0                                         Guangzhou
Index




         98.0                                         Shenzhen
         96.0
         94.0
                2002   2003   2004      2005   2006
                               Year
  INFRASTRUCTURE

Highways and Railways

Airports and Seaports
                 HIGHWAYS

 Guangzhou                                     Shenzhen
 Plans for a highway network:    Already has advanced
  4 rings roads, 9 link lines      roads, expressways and
  and 13 radial lines              railways
 Urban road density:             Density of road network
  1.23km/km2                       0.75km/km2
 Connection with all the         90 min drive to airports in
  villages                         Shenzhen, Hong Kong,
                                   Guangzhou, Macao,
                                   Zhuanhai
                    RAILWAYS

 Guangzhou                                             Shenzhen
 Grand Railway Station                  Stage I of Shenzhen
    Started in December 29th 2004        metro completed in 2004
    RMB 13 million                      In 2008 it will be
    Estimated annual capacity:           connected to Hong
     80.14 million person times           Kong’s Metro Network
 Metro Line and Light Rail
    17 lines with total length 717km
    Fast development
                  AIRPORTS

 Guangzhou                                         Shenzhen
                                 Shenzhen International Airport
 Baiyun airport is one of
                                  is the forth biggest airport in
  three main airport in China
                                  China
 23million passengers/ time
                                 15 million pessagers/ time
 750 thousand tons cargo
  handled                        550 thousand tons cargo
                                  handel
                 SEAPORTS

 Guangzhou                                        Shenzhen
 The Fifth costal Seaport in     168 routes
  China                           0.6 million standard trunk
 1.8million standard trunk in    The growth rate is about 14%
  2006
 The Growth Rate more than
  40%
         Growth Rate of Seaport Cargo in Guangzhou and Shenzhen

    60
    40                                                Growth %
%




                                                      Shenzhen
    20
                                                      Growth %
    0                                                 Guangzhou
       01
       02
       03
       04
       05
       06
    20
    20
    20
    20
    20
    20



                         Year
                   Cargo Handled in Guangzhou and Shenzhen

        2000
        1500                                          Cargo handled Shenzhen
10000




        1000
                                                      Cargo handled
         500
                                                      Guanyzhou
          0
               2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
                            Year
   EMPLOYMENT


Employment structure
      Wages
                EMPLOYMENT and UNEMPLOYMENT
                        Number of Employed Persons(10000 Persons)

                600
10000 persons




                550
                                                                      Guangzhou
                500
                                                                      Shenzhen
                450
                400
                      2001    2002     2003    2004     2005
                                       Year

Guangzhou                                                           Shenzhen
 Unemployment rate 2.3%                        Unemployment rate 2.06%
Guangzhou employment Structure




                                 Primary
                                 Secondary
                                 Tertiary
Shenzhen employment structure




                                Primary
                                Secondary
                                Tertiary
                WAGES

 Guangzhou                              Shenzhen

 Per Capita Disposable    Per Capita Disposable
  Income 22469 Yuan         Income 24870.21 Yuan

 Annual growth rate       Annual growth rate
  13.2%                     10.2%。
         CONCLUSION


Shenzhen is clearly more developed at the moment
  mainly because of the Hong Kong Cooperation and
  Shenzhen Stock Exchange.

But Guangzhou has a high potential to take the lead
  in South China Region because its higher human
  resources and concern for environmental and
  sustainable development.
QUESTIONS or COMMENTS


         ?
               THANK YOU!



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