Plenary VE rbol SULEIMENOV

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					         Bolashak:
Innovative Education for the
           Future



        Prague, Czech Republic, 2006
    Analysing the past

• Fourteen years of independence as the first life
  cycle for the country.
• GDP for 2005 - US$ 41 bln.
• Annual average GDP growth for the period of 1999
  - 2005 is 10,2%.
• Annual average growth of industry for the same
  period is 10,6 %.
• Annual average growth of investments in capital is
  19,3%.
Strategic planning system
• In 1997 - Kazakhstan 2030
  Development Strategy.
• In 2000 - Strategic plan up to year
  2010, the main task of which was:
   – doubling the GDP in 2010 (from
      2000).
   – this task will be done already in
      2008.
• In 2006 – Kazakhstan’s Strategy to be
  in the list of top 50 competitive
  countries
Strategy for Industrial and Innovational
Development
 Annual investment is planned to be US$ 1,5 bln. (including
  annual state investment of US$ 460 mln.).
 Aggregate capital of development institutes for 2006 is
  forecasted to US$ 1,3 bl.:
   – Development bank,
   – Investment fund,
   – Innovation fund,
   – Export insurance corporation,
   – Marketing reasearch center,
   – Technology transfer and engineering center.
Identifying priorities
 • Development of heavy industry.
 • Investment into strategic infrastructure.
 • Development of non raw material production
   sector (finished good production).
 • Development of technology based service
   sector.
 • Development of petro-chemical industry.
 • Development of new and information
   technologies.
  One of the main priorities is EDUCATION
In order to maintain Kazakhstan economic leadership, we
must ensure a continuous supply of highly trained and
educated specialists and numerically literate population.
And ensure that that population work for the development
of Kazakhstan.
In the course of transition to market economy and
international relations development Kazakhstan faces an
exigency in specialists with [advanced western] education.
Therefore, there is a need to send talented young people for
study in the leading educational institutions abroad.

                    President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
                    Nazarbayev N.A., November 1993
      «Bolashak» Scholarship Initiative

Established in 1993 by the President of the Republic of
Kazakhstan with the purpose of educating the best students in
elite universities overseas. For the first time citizens of
Kazakhstan are granted the opportunity to receive education
fully funded by the government in the world’s top-level
outstanding institutions of higher education.
                             Goals
• Training of highly educated specialists in priority fields;

• Intellectual elite development and new generation of
  technocrats, capable of bringing the country to a completely
  new level of development.

• Put global expertise and innovation to work for Kazakhstan,
  including introducing new areas of expertise
The scholarship is awarded for purpose of

• Receiving higher education
• Receiving Bachelor’s degrees (as of 2005)
   - successful high school graduates or university students of Kazakh and
   foreign higher educational institutions
• Receiving Master’s degrees
   -successful Kazakh and foreign higher educational institution graduates
• Receiving PhD Degrees
   -young talented scientists
• Residency training and Master and PhD studies in medical specialties
General Requirements for Candidates - 2006
• Citizen of Kazakhstan, aged 18 – 35 years old

• Appropriate level of education completed

• National University Test of at least 90 (out of 120) points

• GPA of no less than 4.5 (out of 5.0)

• Excellent competence in language of study (determined by
  standardized testing and interview)

• Psychological preparation for study abroad

• Commitment to development of Kazakhstan, patriotism
Total Number of Bolashak Fellows - 2556
 2000
                                                           1756
 1750

 1500
 1250
 1000

  750

  500
  250
     191      81        86   86             59        87
         19        50             58   56        28
   0
   1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Coverage

•   University Tuition (in Czech Republic ~3500 – 5000€)
•   Housing (~230€ per month)
•   Living stipend (~360 € per month)
•   Textbook allowance (~170 € per semester)
•   Registration fees
•   Visa fees
•   Medical insurance
•   Travel to and from place of study every year (during holidays)
Which specialists are in demand?

•   Engineers and health care professionals
•   Professional civil servants and administration specialists
•   New generation of scientists
•   Innovation economy clusters managers
•   Specialists in the new high-tech industrial and agricultural sectors
                                   Information
                             and Telecommunications
                                   Technology



    Public Administration                                    Biotechnology




                              Priority Fields of Study

Cluster Initiative                                               Petroleum Industry




                     Aerospace
                        and                        Engineering
                     Aeronautics
Where do Fellows go?

• USA: 2062 candidates—639 Fellows accepted
   – 17 PhDs, 211 Masters, 411 Bachelors
• UK: 1678 candidates—518 Fellows accepted
   – 4 PhDs, 115 Masters, 399 Bachelors
• Russia: 1236 candidates—240 Fellows accepted
   – 42 PhDs, 31 Masters, 167 Bachelors
• China, Germany, Canada, France also popular
• This year Bolashak has expanded dramatically to include much of
  the Asia/Pacific region, most of Europe, and even one candidate to
  Costa Rica
Successful Alumni Include:

            The Head of Protocol of the Administration of the President

                 Associate Chairman of the Agency for the Civil Service


                      The Vice-Minister of Education and Science


                          Advisors to the Prime Minister


                                 Director of Kazakhstan Foreign
                                Investors’ Council Association


                                 Professors and researchers


                                KazMunai Gas and the Center for
                                International Programs
Contract between student and Bolashak
Education Contract

Student agrees to study in approved field of study, in approved university
In specified period of time

Mortgage Contract

Piece of property pledged on behalf of student
        Period of education plus 5 years, during which student must
work in Kazakhstan
Value of property must be proportional to proposed education plan
                       Scientific potential
     Dynamics of applications submitted to the Science Fund’s grants in 2004-2005

№     Priority                                                  2004      2005
1.    Oil, chemistry and new materials                            84      117
2.    Metallurgy and mining                                       45       71
3.    Biotechnology                                               26       76
4.    New technologies                                            52      107
5.    Information technologies and space research                 35       61
6.    Material development                                        10       19
7.    Scientific provision of socio-economic and cultural         12       75
         development of the society
      Total                                                      264      526
                          Research personnel
                                      Quantity of specialists engaged in:
                      All research / financed by the Ministry of Education and Science

Type     of                     2003                                     2004
research                                                            With
                                               Doctors                                  Doctors
                      With high                                     high
              Total                    PhDs       of      Total                 PhDs       of
                      education                                   educatio
                                               science                                  science
                                                                     n
State         5856/     3628/          598/     183/     2943/     1813/        297/     102/
programs      1312       904           138       54       998       811         177       70
Fundament     5815/     4769/          1658/    884/     5881/     4948/        1708/    899/
al research   5815      4769           1658     884      5881      4948         1708     899
Field         1614/     1245/          444/     256/     2543/     1861/        616/     316/
research       113       112            34       9        335       315          98       39

Innovation     65/       61/            26/      22/        -        -            -        -
research       65        61             26       22

TOTAL         13350    9703/       2726/       1345/     11367/    8622/        2621/   1317/
                 /     5846        1856         969       7214     6074         1983    1008
               7305
           Financing of the fundamental and applied research
                   7000000


                   6000000


                   5000000
     000's tenge




                   4000000

                                                                        MoES
                                                                       МОН
                   3000000                                             другие министерства
                                                                        Other ministries

                   2000000


                   1000000


                         0
                             2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005
                                              years


Resume: Increase of research financing from the year 2000 for more that six times
SWOT ANALYSIS OF KAZAKHSTAN’S R&D:
• A small domestic market area and population
• Fragmented research activities:
  Resources allocated to a large number of small units
• A small number of foreign students and researchers

• The inflow of FDI is relativly low
 SOME BASIC CONCLUSIONS
 Innovation policy is an essential part of government’s strategies to attain
macroeconomic stability, economic renewal and full employment

 New structures and competencies are needed in the government to facilitate
effective innovation policy

 Evaluation is an intrinsic element of innovation policy

 Innovation policy is to an increasing extent based on public/private partnership

 Scientific excellence and social and economic relevance are not conflicting but
complementary goals

 Innovation/science/technological policy should cover the whole system from
knowledge generation through diffusion to knowledge utilization

 New policies need to be complemented by structural reforms in the system
CONCLUSINS II
 Translating skills needed in Kazakhstan into university fields of study can be difficult,
requires extensive knowledge of education systems in different nations

 Likewise need to be to date with admission requirements, needed documents, in
different nations and universities.

 Evaluation of students far from home is difficult

 Every student has special, personal circumstances which need to be dealt with

 Thus Bolashak requires educated researchers and large staff to handle numbers of
students. Need to be a learning, self-evaluating organization

Also need a careful combination of flexibility to accomodate variety of universities
and education systems, and rigidity to ensure Kazakhstan benefits

 Bolashak working to integrate its expertise and connections with other education
projects
        THANK YOU!
     YERBOL SULEIMENOV, PHD
        E-mail: nauka@inti.kz

NATIONAL CENTER FOR SCIENTIFIC AND
   TECHNICAL INFORMATION OF THE
      REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

           PRAGUE, 2006

				
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