PROJECT APPLICATION GUIDELINE - 6
Since this is a continuation phase and the programmes being carried out are more or less the
similar to that of the last phase and most of the programme direction and methodology
remain the same. However the recommendations of the Evaluations 2010 will be fully
adopted at the ODAF member’s level and also at the ODAF secretariat level. Those
recommendations pertaining to the member’s level are mentioned the action plans will be
Evaluation 2010: The recommendation made by the evaluation team 2010 encompasses all
members. Those have been studied by all the members and will be adopted at all the member
organizations. Some of the recommendations will be adopted by end of the current phase
itself. The ODAF in the next three year phase will periodically oversee the implementation of
these recommendations as well as maintain those points of appreciation.
Once in every six months, the ODAF collective makes a six month activity and financial
plan. When this plan is formulated, the progress of the previous will be assessed by the PME
and based on that the next six month plan will be formulated.
To have commonality of approach, the key focus areas of all members will concentrate upon
such as social audit, baseline, development of indicators, inter member knowledge exchange,
raising the organization level of OAAA and interlinking with other networks, mass
mobilization of people towards policy changes, adopting feasible alternative energy and
advocating for better health services and capacity building of PRI including other CBOs and
other non ODAF networks will be undertaken. As per the recommendations of evaluation
team to mainstream the Community Health, ODAF will emphasize on linking with ongoing
government programme to access better health care. The focus of community health will be
on women and children’s health. It will also be ensured by ODAF that the statutory
eligibilities of the member organizations are acquired from them to raise other resources
especially from in country resources. Recommendations related to Finance were shared with
the member NGOs and will be implemented at NGOs as well as at the forum levels.
ODAF has taken into account the critical evaluation recommendations in its programme
“……..It is important for ODAF to maintain these links and to clearly articulate these
links in their impact analysis so as to highlight the holistic perspective of its
“…..Finally the evaluation team very much feels that ODAF and its partner NGOs should
critically reflect upon its exiting baseline and understanding the limitations of it, make a
serious and well planned attempt to develop an appropriate baseline, which would allow
the organizations to evaluate the immediate and long-term impact of their activities in the
context of their specific programme objectives and in the context of macro socio-economic
and political reality (trend) of their respective regions (project areas)”
Action Plan for implementation of the Recommendations of the 2010 Evaluation.
For the coming phase of 2011-2014 ODAF members have already collected a base line data
and as suggested by the Evaluation team 2010, the base line will be made more indicative so
that the progress and the process are and linked with other programmes to get holistic picture
of the intervention.
A few reorientation programmes will be conducted for making the base line more focused.
The staff of the ODAF members will keep observational records of the improvements of the
child and his/her family not only on education but in other livelihood spheres. It is proposed
that in this phase a reorientation on the base line would be undertaken and methods for
linking it with other development programmes will be done. Expert consultancy will be
arranged to collect, interpret baseline and ways and means to determine the progress. This
may also be started by the end of the current phase.
ODAF since the beginning has been undertaking education in an integrated way with other
programmes by which, a poor family will be able to afford to send their children to school
and not keep them back for wage labour of household work. The SSL programme approach is
integrated with other livelihood issues. Special focus will be undertaken as per the
recommendation on base line monitoring. The staff will be engaged in this activity of
monitoring the base line and reporting on the progress from time to time. They will maintain
the proper records so that periodic reviews can be made on the progress of the family and the
The community empowerment programmes are designed to help create the conditions that
enable the poor and the excluded to shape their own development. During this phase the
evaluation recommendations will be taken into account and the issues will be addressed. The
process for incorporating the recommendations will already commence from November
With the basic objective remaining the same that of empowering the rural communities in
ODAF operational villages, the measures to be continued during the period 2011-2014
include Educational Assistance, Support to Gram Sabha/ Palli Sabha (on new initiatives),
Support to OAAA, Capacity Enhancement Measures, Media Resource Centers etc.
1.1.1 Educational Assistance:
Although the government of India has passed the Free and Compulsory Education its
implementation will take a long time to be effective. The Adivasis who are economically
poor should be first able to send their children to school especially the girl child. This Act in
the long run however will benefit the communities and campaigning for its proper
implementation should start now. The basic infrastructure and quality of education in the
village schools is pathetically poor and this can only be improved with well directed
campaigns at the local level. The PRIs and OAAA will be motivated to take up the issue of
education this is now a right.
The present generation of student’s support will have to be continued for the vulnerable
groups especially the Adivasi children both boys and girls.
Rationale: In the project operational areas, motivational and material support has to be
provided to children and schools so that children go and stay in school. The children are first
generation learners and they hail from families who live below the poverty line and education
will eventually help them to come out of poverty. Dropped out children undergo a bridge
course which helps them to reenroll in formal schools.
Key Elements of the Evaluation 2010 on future Education programmes of ODAF:
“ODAF may concentrate to further develop existing expertise of some of its partners in the
field of education and focus more on sharing the knowledge with other partners…..”.
“ …for example successful interventions like bridge courses should have been replicated
in other places, if the accompaniment strategy was adopted in programme aspects too….”
“…….But to resolve this problem, a policy change is required at state/central level and the
Forum as well as OAAA in ODAF could take this issue up for future policy advocacy and
Action Plan for implementation of the Recommendations of the 2010 Evaluation:
During 2010 – 2014, more sharing of the expertise will be done through exchange
programmes amongst members so that some of the methods like bridge course, running of
tuition centers, running of formal schools, innovative teaching methodology could be learnt
by other members and replicated in their own areas of operation. A sustained effort is
required in this phase, to address the issue of dropout children, keeping the children in school
and promoting enrolment of girl children and linking education with other development
The staff of the organizations will be directly engaged in not only implementing education
programmes but play a facilitating advocacy role so that various government schemes
become increasingly utilized by the people.
In the coming phase the provisions of the Free and Compulsory Education Act bill will be
imparted to the PRI members the women’s groups etc, by first having a workshop with
OAAA members and other CBOs which will help in spreading awareness about this Act in
many of the regions.
The individual ODAF members will conduct their awareness programme in their project
villages on education matters. There are other net works in Odisha who can also disseminate
the information about this Right to education and bring about a faster and better
implementation. The OAAA and other people’s networks will be engaged in several
orientation programmes to spread the message and make suitable representation to the
To provide educational and materials support to the students with specific focus on girl
children and to ensure compulsory education for all the children and to make learning
more interesting and children friendly
As observed in the evaluation, a consolidated impact of the education programmes will be
under taken in the new phase. Key indicators are made in the proposal. As mentioned more
exposure programmes will be organised between members so that there is an improved
process in implementing education programmes. As observed in the evaluation report the
community expectations are very high on the member organisations to provide for education.
However with the Right to Free and Compulsory education bill being passed the role of the
State has increased to provide for education up to 8th class, and ODAF will focus more on
community lobbying to bring this schemes to their villages at the earliest. As pointed in the
evaluation interlinking of programmes in the impact analysis would be done to give a clear
picture on the integrated approach. Vocational and skills training have been included in the
Educational, School Fees and study material assistance to students
Tutorial assistance to students to continue their studies
Support for Higher Education
Support to schools
Running schools for children
Bridge course for drop outs and never enrolled children in schools.
Exchange programmes for cross learning on education methods adopted by ODAF
Organizing educational meetings for parents/students and Village Education Committee
Capacity building of volunteers and teachers
Explore other innovative programmes
Educational and other support to students: 8 member NGOs will provide Educational
assistance and other support to 2793 students (basic materials like text books, pens, pencils,
geometry box, and school uniforms).
Tutorial Support: Tutorial support will be continued in the phase 2011 -2014 that to provide
additional coaching facility for the failed students, to help them to pass in the final
examination. Extra tuitions and coaching are to be continued for needy children to improve
their performance in their particular subject in which they are weak. Tutorial classes help
children to have a fixed after school study time.
Selected 119 students will be provided an opportunity by 2 member NGOs for higher
learning for which otherwise they would miss the jobs reserved for Adivasis.
Higher Education: As in the previous phase in order to promote higher education and ensure
more educated persons among the Adivasis, Dalits and backward communities, provisions
has been made for support in terms of books, fees and other related matters for the children
interested for higher study with special focus on girl children. 5 member NGOs will support
173 students for higher education.
NGO Run Schools/Literacy Centres: To ensure total enrolment and full attendance of all
school going children in the operational villages, 3 member NGOs will run 8 schools/
education centres / Balwadis etc to avail education to 649 students.
Bridge Course Camps/Centres: The Bridge Course program will be continued to support
out-of-school children (of primary school age) socially and academically to enter or re-enter
the formal school system. Through bridge course, drop-outs and never enrolled children will
be able to join formal schools. During 2011-2014, as recommended exposure visits will be
conducted for ODAF members’ staff to visit bridge course programmes and learn firsthand
on how it is implemented and then plan for their areas.
17 bridge course camps/ centres will be run / organized by 4 member NGOs to provide
education to 837 students.
Paid Teachers/Volunteers: 7 member NGOs will deploy 49 paid teachers or volunteers to
1.1.2 Support to Gram Sabha and Palli Sabha (PRI)
Rationale: Even after 14 years of enactment of the Panchayat Raj legislation, the
understanding level of the elected leaders about their role in the functioning of these local
governance bodies has not improved. There is growing need at the ODAF members’ village
level and at the OAAA level for further capacity building of elected representatives and also
identifying potential village leaders.
It has been observed in the villages that PRIs and members of OAAA particularly at lower
levels and more specifically women are new entrants who are probably participating in
electoral politics for the first time are poorly informed. Most of them would not have had
experience of participating in public life or party politics earlier. It is necessary that they be
trained to develop their potential as well as appreciate their position to enable them to
discharge their functions properly.
“…….Introduction of Social audit at village level would be a good strategy which would on
the one hand allow the peoples organizations to assess the impact of their ‘Own’
performance (Social objectives) and on the other hand it would allow the villagers to
enforce accountability and transparency in grassroots governance. Social audit is a process
(not a onetime event)…………. Therefore incorporating social audit at community level
will certainly strengthen PRI further, which is a principle aim of ODAF empowerment
“It seems that more efforts are needed to develop ‘Model Panchayat’ as envisaged in the
project proposal. “
Action Plan on the implementation of the recommendations.
To adopt these recommendation ODAF members will first build the capacities of their village
staff to conduct social audit as a process. The staff at the middle level and grassroot level will
be trained. Few members of ODAF had undergone training on social audit but more expert
consultancy is needed for conducting grass root social audit. The capacity building process
will be undertaken by the current phase end.
The villages do have schemes for social audit under the MREGA programme but it is more
focused on finances rather than on what real benefit and the impact those schemes have made
on the village infrastructure and livelihood.
It is important for the village level leaders in ODAF areas to understand the various schemes
and provisions that are available from the state and how to access it, then if they have really
been able to access those schemes they should have a mechanism to see if it has improved
their lives their village and how it has it impacted on them economically and socially. Social
audit becomes very relevant.
After the PRI members capacities have been built it is important to have a social audit which
will help the Gram Sabhas and Palli Sabhas to develop into a model Panchayat. For instance
if they are to avail the schemes under the emerging food security programme of the
government they have to realize that issue of BPL cards for all has to be addressed only then
all can avail subsidized food.
ODAF members will concentrate on this important recommendation by having consultations
with the people in the area on some of the key laws that give them rights. Once their
capacities are built at the local level the people must be motivated to get those rights. This
plan will be in conjunction with the advocacy programme too where other important
enactments are also dealt with for a larger group of people from different sectors and other
In the light of the above, the ODAF members continue the process of capacity building of
Panchayat functionaries at all the levels to build up their skill, upgrade their knowledge levels
and undertake social audit and change their attitude.
The PRI members the PO/WO will have more capacities on conflict resolution. Although this
process has started in this phase it has to be spread amongst leaders of the communities. The
ODAF members in their operational areas will choose vulnerable regions on these capacity
The following are the key areas where ODAF members will concentrate on PRIs
Strengthening Local Self-Governance (PRI) in tune with Forest Rights Act and SC/ST
(Prevention of Atrocity) Act: During discussion at meetings with consultants on the new
enactments being brought about recently, the ODAF members felt these provisions as per law
should be made effective at the grassroots level. Firstly people must understand the
provisions of the legislation and secondly they must carry out the learning in their own
villages and then through people’ networks spread to other villages.
In the current context some of the enactments that needs focused attention amongst ODAF
members and the OAAA and CBOs are mentioned.
Panchayat Raj System (Self-governance system): Although India claims to be the largest
democracy in the world and the 73rd Constitutional Amendment, remained a mere slogan
even after 15 years of state legislation in many of the Panchayats. The Amendment
decentralized the power and functioning to the grass-root through creating 3-tiers of
Panchayat Raj system (Self-governance system) and thereby providing opportunities for
women, Dalits, Adivasis and other minor communities to effectively participate in planning
and implementing their own developmental actions
Most of the powers, fund and function are controlled by state and bureaucrats. The sole
philosophy behind 73rd Amendment was that it will ensure “economic development & social
justice” but the reality at present is quite different.
While the ODAF, NGOs and Civic Right groups continue their fight for complete devolution
of power to these PRIs, in between the state Govt. extended 29 subjects of power from 11
schedules but these powers were only supervisory in nature.
Grass-root planning ‘putting people’s need first’ which was the main objective of the entire
devolution of power did not happen. Once the committees are formed, the process of
devolution of power and grass-root planning would automatically be accelerated and this will
benefit more the poor, marginalized, Dalits, Adivasis and all marginalized communities in all
We have taken account of the observations made in the ET that long- term hand holding is
required and in the next phase we will be concentrating our efforts in 17 Panchayats so that
over a period of time they can become as models for others to follow. We have had several
meetings with the PO to become independent and also to raise their own resources. We will
follow this up in the coming phase. As pointed in the evaluation we will this time concentrate
on 17 Panchayats to develop them as models.
Objective: To create an enabling environment for the elected representatives for asserting
their rights and maximize the welfare of the community through better participation in the
decentralized governance and maintaining peace.
Training and Meeting and Awareness Generation of PRI representatives
Promotion of Model GP: 17 GPs will be covered under this programme by 12 member
Trainings/Meetings for PRI Representatives: 11 member NGOs will organize 108
training/ meetings will be organized for 2243 participants. One member NGO will develop
only materials in ‘Saura’ (Adivasi language) for awareness generation. However, all the 12
NGOs will be engaged in strengthening the Model Panchayats.
1.1.3. Support to People’s Networks
Rationale: 38 CBOs were promoted by the member NGOs of ODAF. These CBOs were
formed to demand their rights relating to land, water and forest, language, culture, education
and health etc before the government and to be the partner in the developmental activities
undertaken by ODAF at various Adivasi areas. In all the ODAF operational villages POs and
WOs have been constituted which are federated at the area/block level, then at district/area
level and finally at the State level. People’s networks are a collective of community based
organization region-wise. To create mass movement peoples’ networks of different regions
have to join together on advocacy and policy change issues.
As per the evaluation recommendation, several motivational programmes and efforts will be
undertaken at the regional level for OAAA members to become more independent and take
up some issues on their own and also raise their own resources. Discussions have already
begun with them. Gender issues and more participation of women in OAAA will be taken up
in the next phase. We have planned inter fora and collegial visits which will include OAAA
members both men and women.
Objective: To ensure participation of the target communities through meetings at different
levels to chalk out strategies for addressing identified issues in the area.
Fellowships and support to travel for meetings
Fellowship: 8 member NGOs will provide fellowship to 19 Adivasi leaders.
Travel and other logistics: 8 member NGOs will support 32 Adivasi leaders.
Meetings: 12 member NGOs will organize or support 540 meetings covering 1247 leaders.
1.1.4. Capacity Enhancement Measures
Rationale: The NGO staff and the village level leaders need frequent capacity building
(training) on key issues like social audit, base line, indicators, monitoring and finance
management and on current issues such as forest rights, displacement issues and rural
employment guarantee schemes.
Evaluation Team Recommendations
“…..Finally trainings at community level should also focus on developing sense of
ownership and agency of the various PO, WO, SHG, Federations promoted by OAAA for
long term sustenance”
“Capacity Building Programme” within ODAF was initiated in July 2002 and it is an
ongoing process to capacitate the second line leaders of the member NGOs so as to cope up
with the changing contexts/dynamics in the area.
Action Plan for implementation of the Recommendations of the 2010 Evaluation.
The element of interlinking various community based organizations like Village people’s
organizations, women’s organizations and Self Help groups and helping them in working as
tangent with CBOs or the PRI will be taken up in this phase.
One method is during training and capacity building programmes, these different CBOs will
be invited to participate so that regular interface and mutual exchanges take place so that on
development issues they will have a cohesive approach. Potential leaders will also be
identified and involved in the capacity building process.
Capacity building programmes building for staff/ village leaders have been included in the
proposal and as pointed out by the evaluation 2010 they will be trained for more analytical
skills and current issues.
Objective: To capacitate NGO staff on Social Audit and Baseline, Indicators and monitoring
and to empower the rural youth through training, exposure and on Social Audit.
The trained NGO level staff will capacitate local community members and motivate
them. The trained PO/WO/SHGs and CBOs will undertake their own programmes.
CBP - NGO-Staff Level: 12 member NGOs will organize CBP for 162 staff. The staff will
undergo capacity building programme on Baseline, Impact oriented Project Planning,
developing indicators, monitoring and on finance management.
CBP - Community Leaders/Adivasi Youth to cover (Training/Exposure and Social
Audit): 12 member NGOs will organize CBP for 717 community leaders. Apart from
training on Social Audit, selected community leaders both women and men and Adivasi
Youth (women and men) will be trained on value based leadership, gender justice and
exposure programmes will be organized on sustainable development initiatives.
1.1.5. Resource Centres
Rationale: This is a facility in the village where people can come and get information,
current news etc. Newspapers and information posters are put up, for instance forms for
filling land rights “patta” are kept.
As per the recommendation of evaluation, the already established resource centres will be
reviewed and their utility will be accessed.
Objectives: To enhance the knowledge, attitude and practices of leaders from the community
and the staff and to promote the Adivasi culture.
Information Dissemination Centre
Support to Cultural Teams
Resource Centre: 6 old centres will be maintained by 3 NGOs and 11 new resource centres
will be established by 4 NGOs. These centres will help in spontaneous flow of information on
traditional knowledge, health, education, livelihood, NREGA, RTI, forest and land rights,
food security, right to education etc. to the grass-root-level.
Support to Cultural Team: 8 member NGOs will provide support to 14 cultural groups. The
support will include supply of music instruments, costumes and travel costs.
1.1.6. Programme Implementation Cost: 33 full time staff (female 14, male 19) will be
appointed by the member NGOs to carry out the empowerment programmes.
1.2 SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD PROGRAMME
The sustainable livelihood programmes will be continued in the phase 2011-2014 for old and
new target groups within the project areas. As before, in the next phase of intervention, it
envisaged to see tangible results and visibility in the area of minimum food and cash security
as well as in improvement in nutrition intake, management and conservation of natural
resources, efficient agricultural practices, forestry, diversification of livelihood options;
enablement in judicious use of available resources, restoration and integration of traditional
knowledge to different activities, production of food grains, tree diversity, alternative energy
and ecology etc.
It is proposed that the focus of community forestry plantation will be from the point of
incentives which the community can gain through future carbon sequestering. ODAF
proposes that in this phase a long term perspective will be built on how communities can gain
by following a low carbon livelihood and augmenting forest cover.
The baseline will be monitored so that there are visible and verifiable changes in the
livelihood of the target families.
Evaluation on SSL Key Points:
One, in the light of the deprivation and cost of conventional sources, is access to
energy. Rural communities, especially remote communities like the Adivasis of Orissa,
have little hope of being connected to the national grid; and in the light of climate
change, even this may not be unconditionally desirable.
The pioneering efforts of Seva Bharati, Gram Vikas, and IRDWSI, needs to be taken
up at a larger level. We need to look at it as an opportunity for non-farm employment,
even if it is community owned and community managed. Governance by the community
need not be equated with the actual management and maintenance.
There is a need to strategize this activity, as ODAF has been closely involved as a key
partner and contributor in INECC, with the rural energy studies done nearly 10 years
ago; and followed up with the pre-feasibility studies done just two years back.
Value Addition and Marketing is ripe for focused attention and scaling up.
There is also enough ground level experience with local and nearby markets, and even
national (and international) markets to take this to the next level.
Every programme needs accompaniment, first from expertise within ODAF, and then
linked with outside services.
SHGs, agriculture, forestry, and value addition – each of these has the potential to
drastically increase sustainability in the narrowest of senses – one’s own funds.
This issue was flagged in the previous evaluation too: “The sustainability of the
programme at village and area level depends on mechanisms still to be established to
guarantee the access to critical inputs (seed, tubers, and seedling), know-how, training,
marketing and processing to the majority of the villagers, avoiding social imbalances at
village level or between hamlets”.
ODAF now has the opportunity to take these interventions to the next level.
Taking into account the considerations expressed by the evaluation team, the SSL
programmes have been designed.
Natural Resource Management
Land, water and efficient agricultural management, forestry/plantations- focus on
marginal, small farmers and share-croppers.
This will include trainings on rural skill, income generating activities, different vocational
activities, Self-Help Group management and support for production/enterprise units.
Other Development Measures (community need based interventions)
Focus of Sustainable livelihood Programmes:
Food security for newer groups of families for better levels of nutrition and higher levels
Higher level of income,
Establishing new forest cover for future carbon incentives.
Establishment of sustainable systems for management and conservation;
Diversification of livelihood options with options for skill development and employment
Management of Self help group enterprises.
Conservation of bio-diversity and indigenous knowledge systems;
Preventing deforestation thereby mitigating pressures by climate change;
Market linkage and value addition for rural produces;
Community Based alternative development models etc
Economic empowerment through additional income and employment opportunities, for
the small and marginal farmers and socially marginalized groups.
Providing opportunities, for women by improving access to simple technology and
control over resources and earn supplementary income thereby improving her family and
Strengthening existing livelihoods, through organization, linkages, and access to other
resources, skills through training in processing and value-addition.
Improving credit worthiness, enable members access banks and other institutions.
Enhancing access to information, technology, credit, raw material, markets, and social
security and enhancing their collective strength and bargaining power.
Increasing indigenous tree cover in the region through community participation and seek
ways for viable alternative energy.
The following are the strategies pursued by ODAF since last phase to realize sustainable
agriculture and protect it from the impact of globalization and free trade.
Generating information and awareness; Participation of farmers in the development of
national policy and plans, such as climate policy, food security, access to water, mining
A decentralized production system and land right’s. Capacitating the Adivasis and rural
poor to assert land and natural resource access, ownership, control, and benefit-sharing,
with particular attention to resource rights for women;
The empowerment of poor farmers’ capacity building to manage the watershed –
including conservation and sustainable use of land, water, and biological resources, and by
strengthening local management systems and capacity, by supporting women’s key roles
in managing natural resources;
The promotion of sustainable agriculture; Access to environmentally and locally
appropriate technology – such as crop production technologies that conserve soil, water
and agro-biodiversity and that minimize the use of pesticides, or appropriate renewable
energy, by promoting indigenous knowledge and technologies.
The revitalization of indigenous knowledge; Reduce the environmental vulnerability: by
strengthening disaster preparedness and risk reduction-mitigation capacity, by
strengthening formal and informal coping strategies of vulnerable groups, and by
expanding access to insurance and other risk management;
1.2.1. Natural Resource Management:
Rationale: Under this activity, waste lands are brought under cultivation which benefits poor
families by providing them improved access to food, better irrigation facility and seeds and
cropping assistance is provided for small farmers, organic farming and efficient framing
practices are taught to marginal framers.
As in the previous phase in this continuation phase the objectives and strategies will remain
the same with some addition of the recommendations of the ET.
To facilitate the community to ensure food and income security through making the
agriculture sustainable and protect/ develop livelihood systems of Adivasis
simultaneously through creating and protecting forests.
Introduction of soil conservation and land-use techniques (bunding, land levelling,
Utilisation of existing unused sources of water and use of land near water sources (mainly
vegetable, but also other crops)
Taking up dry land agriculture technologies
Development of irrigation system and water resource development.
Multiple and inter cropping, crop rotation
Using indigenous seed varieties
Nurturing and protecting crops (fencing)
Plantation of fruit trees on common land
Use of homestead land for fruit tree plantation, vegetable and tuber cultivation
Activities: All the activities will be undertaken with community participation, particularly,
the supports will be linked with Self Help Groups.
Land development: 11 member NGOs will support 1184 families from 116 villages for the
development of 1216 acres of land. The work will include bund/ leveling/ stone clearing/
Irrigation Structures: 8 member NGOs will provide support to create 25 irrigation
structures (construction/ renovation/ maintenance of 5 ponds, 10 dug wells, 1 tube well, 4
check dams, 5 water harvesting structures (WHSs) and 3 canals) to irrigate 757 acres
covering 879 families of 28 villages.
Agricultural Assistance: 11 Member NGOs will provide assistance (seed, seedlings, seed
banks, implements, manure) to 2355 families belonging to 267 villages to carry out
Sustainable Agriculture and other related Training: 45 training programmes (sustainable
agriculture, System of Rice Intensification, Fish farming, Water management, Soil
conservation) will be organized by 9 member NGOs to orient 1155 farmers.
Farmers to Farmers Exposure Programme: 5 member NGOs will organize 9 exposure
programs for 66 farmers to exchange knowledge and skill on natural resource management
and sustainable agriculture.
Nurseries: 12 member NGOs will develop/ maintain 20 nurseries to raise fruit bearing,
income generating, soil conserving, eco-friendly plants for plantation in community and
individual lands. 453300 saplings will be raised. All these saplings will be distributed for
plantation in 3540 acres of land belonging to communities in 360 villages of ODAF area of
1.2.2. Income Generation
Landless and marginal farm families seek their livelihood from non-agricultural or diversified
sources of income i.e. daily labour, livestock rearing, collecting non-timber forest produces
etc. These families are more prone to migration, starvation deaths. Problems of child labour,
women trafficking occur among them. The Livelihood Assistance–Non Farm programmes
aims to create employment opportunities for the landless and marginal farm families
particularly women through various income generating activities.
Rationale: In this activity support is given in the form of seed capital, materials and skill
training to individuals and small units to start or to strengthen exiting small village
enterprises. The focus is on generating income and employment especially for women who
would otherwise will not be able to acquire a new skill or raise a small capital.
To facilitate the families belonging to landless labourers, marginal farmers and artisan-
categories to ensure food and income security through non-farm activities.
Diversification of livelihoods options
Skill development vocational training
Supports for enterprise development
Livestock Rearing (Vaccination, Health care, fodder provision etc)
Value addition to local products (NTFP etc)
Linking with Banks, Cooperatives for initial capital
Integration with Self-Help Groups and micro-credit activities
Self Help Group (SHG) Management Training - 5 member NGOs will organize 21
training programmes on micro credit management, record maintenance, leadership
development, production and quality control, supply and demand chain, marketing for 750
Support to SHG - 8 member NGOs will support (finance, vegetable vending, petty business,
NTFP collection, Stationery) 161 groups.
Trainings on IGP Activities/ Rural Skills/ Vocations - 7 member NGOs will organize 30
trainings (tailoring, leaf plate making, masonry, spices making, mushroom cultivation) on
various income generation activities for livelihood options by capacitating 670 people.
Promotion of Enterprises/ Production Units - 6 member NGOs will support 35 units (leaf
cup, leaf plate making, petty business, food processing (millet), broom making, turmeric and
arhar processing units, sheep rearing) to ensure income for 869 people.
Cattle Vaccination Camps - 19 camps will be organized by 5 member NGOs.
1.2.3. Market Access
Rationale: To get better prices for village/forest produce the community members and
women SHG members are trained and assisted in the form of small capital/equipments which
helps them in cleaning, grading , packaging of products like, turmeric, arhar, millets, spices
and make brooms, leaf cup and leaf plates etc.
Objective: To support and enable the people to get proper price of their own produces
through value addition.
Dissemination of market information
Promotion of people’s collectives for marketing - SHG, credit societies, producers’
Establish processing units of food, natural dye and handicraft.
Trainings: One member NGO will organize 6 training programs for 150 persons on
marketing strategies, information and capital formation.
Support to individuals for value addition: 2 member NGOs will support 27 individuals to
take up marketing of rural products after value addition.
Support to women’s group for value addition: 2 member NGOs will support 37 groups to
take up marketing of rural products after value addition.
1.2.4. Other Development Measures:
Rationale: Alternative energy measures such as solar lighting is introduced in households of
poor communities. Installation of mini hydro and feasibility study and demo unit of diesel
production from wild oil seeds will be undertaken.
Objective: To promote community based decentralized energy options.
Decentralized energy options
Bio-Diesel - feasibility study and small scale village level demonstration
Energy Source: 12 member NGOs will initiate decentralised energy options (solar, mini-
hydro, mini hydro maintenance, bio-diesel) in 27 villages covering 1098 families. This will
cover distribution of solar lights, small scale demonstration unit of bio-diesel and feasibility
study, maintenance of 3 existing mini-hydros and partial support to construct one new mini-
hydro. The village level bio-diesel plant is a local unit that will use locally available under
utilised oil seeds (Karanj, Kusum, Tulla, Niger) to catalyse sustainable agriculture and as
other livelihoods and for the use of local people. The Biodiesel study will be conducted in
Village Dokriguda covering 58 families and a demo plant will be established in this village.
1.2.5 Programme Implementation Cost: 42 staffs (female 8, male 34) will be appointed to
coordinate the SSL programmes.
1.3. COMMUNITY HEALTH (FOCUS ON WOMEN AND CHILDREN)
The public health scenario in Orissa continues to face significant challenges of poor
infrastructure, lack of human resources and acute government apathy. As a result, the poor
and the marginalized sections of our society are going through difficult phases of pain and
suffering. The situation although much better in the ODAF operational areas, because of
various factors some crucial elements needs to be carried on.
The latest Economic Survey highlighted some of the glaring deficits in the health sector
situation in the State including severe incidences of infant & maternal mortality and malaria
deaths in the state. Even common diseases like diarrhea and cholera take a toll of innocent
lives every year. Under the influence of neoliberal policies, there has been a major rise in the
number of private health facilities that are typically out of the reach of the masses. The new
found dependence on the Centrally Sponsored Schemes has also marred the State run
machinery in making provisions for the poor.
Rationale: Under this programme health care (treatment) is provided in those areas where
the state health delivery mechanism is not available or inadequate. Allopathic and native
medicines and traditional foods are prescribed. The main focus is on malnourishment and
immunization of children and women. Traditional native health care and healers are given
training to upgrade their skill. Advocating for better reachable health care services will be
under taken by the staff.
Evaluation Teams recommendations
“ODAF partners should reflect on their priorities……………………………. before
planning to take up CH as a separate programme in the next project phase”.
“…………………….the evaluation team feels that CH programme could be mainstreamed
in three remaining programme components of ODAF i.e. Empowerment (awareness,
sensitisation, capacity building trainings), SSL (addressing malnutrition, kitchen garden,
herbal garden, wat-san programme etc.) and Advocacy (for better implementation of
government health policies & programes e.g. NRHM)………………….
“………………Moreover, there are well designed government interventions (e.g. National
Rural Health Mission) for controlling malnourishment and promoting CH all over the
country. It is important to understand how ODAF relates to this programme or
ODAF comment: ODAF is working in the interior pockets in Odisha and the government
health facilities have not yet reached most of the operational areas. Gradually this service is
becoming to be a dearer privatized commodity, inaccessible at the peoples level. Since it is
one of the basic elements and a dire need in the ODAF operational areas, Community Health
should be considered as one of the priority area which needs to addressed as a separate
programme but as much as possible.
The Proposed Health Measures in the next phase.
Although health should be linked with other component as stated in the evaluation 2010 and
that concentrated advocacy work has to be done to bring health care to the villages, it is
proposed in this phase of 2011 -2014 that some of the health measures which has commenced
in the previous phase would be continued.
This is because after the baseline survey it was found that in most of the member organization
villages a regular and reliable state run organized health delivery system is not going to
happen in the near future.
Moreover since the members are working on different project components in these villages,
providing the man, women and children with health care will make the village community
more receptive to the other project components.
Still, keeping the evaluation point in focus, in the coming phase ODAF members will
undertake concentrated lobbying for better health care at the Panchayat level and motivate the
community to seek deliverance of state health schemes. As recommended, the programmes of
the National Rural Health Mission could be roped by the individual ODAF members so that
wider health services could be made available for the needy villages.
In the coming phase trained health staff in addition to health care will undertake lobbying
work with the PRI members and at the District level to get health programmes implemented
in the villages. Representations to the authorities will be made to provide for more Primary
Health Centers and the ICDS programme should be reachable to the remote Adivasi village.
Planned advocacy efforts like sending petitions to the officials and meeting the officials of
the health department will be under taken by the project health staff in a big way.
To make available the basic health care to the marginalised Adivasis and Dalits who are
living in remote and inaccessible areas. To make communities to avail adequate health
care services and sanitation facilities, to check the mortality rate of women and children,
to promote herbal medicines and indigenous health practitioners and most importantly to
promote health awareness activities relating to HIV/AIDS and malaria.
1. Health Awareness activities
2. Treatment of diseases in clinics and also through mobile health camps
3. Revitalization of local health traditions and Support to Indigenous Health Practitioners
4. Promotion of Herbal Medicines
5. Provision of Safe Drinking Water
6. Sanitation Programmes
7. Encourage of nutritious food.
8. Advocacy for bringing better health care to the villages by the State.
Linking with health missions of the government: As observed in the evaluation 2010,
ODAF members will strive to access and link with various government schemes like
Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS), National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and
National Malaria Eradication Programme (NMEP). NRHM aims to provide adequate and
qualitative preventive and curative health care to the people of the State, to ensure health care
services to all, particularly to disadvantaged groups like Scheduled Tribes, Scheduled Castes
and the backward classes, to provide affordable quality health care to the people of the State
not only through the Allopathic system of medicine but also through the Homeopathic and
Ayurvedic systems. Lately the Orissa government has made specific interventions including
the central government sponsored schemes like NRHM, NMEP etc.
ODAF, in the coming phase, will strive to see that these schemes reach the people and help in
facilitating the process, through the government officials. Few members who are to an extent
involved in the process will build the capacities of the other members to take up programmes
of NRHM, NMEP.
1.3.1 Community Health Measures (Focus on Women and Children)
The focus of ODAF’s community health program is still on preventive and curative health
care of the poor Adivasi, and Dalit and other minority communities living in the remote
project area. The programme aims at educating and serving individuals and groups to attain
increased health and well-being. Equipped with information about local resources, CHWs,
VNDs, TBAs trained by the project promote healthy living, educate people about how to
prevent disease and injury, and extend their services in the diagnosis and treatment of
common ailments. Supplementary nutrition, kitchen Gardens, safe drinking water, Herbal
medicines are some of the main focus areas of ODAF Partners. As recommended in the
evaluation report 2010 an advocacy focus will also be included in the current phase.
Children U/5 Care: To sustain the check infant and child mortality rate, more emphasis
would be given to immunize all the children under the age of five. The infant and child
mortality rates have been reduced in the operational areas of ODAF through many effective
activities in the previous and the current phases as well; still, there is need of further inputs to
keep up the progress until the people have assured health services. As mentioned the
members will strive for making the health care machinery to reach the people. Regular
monitoring and weighing of children under 5 years would be followed up. Mal-nourished
children in the project villages would be provided with nutritious food items.
12 member NGOs would cover 14602 children under this programme.
Mobile Health Camps (Pre and Post Natal Care):
Mobile Clinics will be organized in Remote villages. The doctor /Trained Nurse will make
people aware through treatment, advice, showing, chart poster, health seminar etc. The high
risk mother and children will be attended to by the Mobile units and referral service to PHCs
will be rendered to needy mothers. The Mobile unit will also arrange camps for women from
time to time for better coverage and will monitor the activities of Dai and community
12 member NGOs will organize 4695 mobile health camps under this programme.
Herbal Gardens: There is a need for conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants.
To encourage in-situ conservation and ex-situ cultivation of selected medicinal plants, the ex-
situ measures like Herbal gardens will be taken up for demonstration. The member
organizations of ODAF will strengthen the traditional medicine practices by promoting
Herbal Gardens and promote the application of herbal medicines in the treatment of the
health problems faced by the rural communities.
For promoting herbal medicines in more number of villages, 7 member NGOs will facilitate,
develop, maintain and use 41 herbal gardens for medicinal purposes.
Village Health Workers (VHW), Village Native Doctors (VNDs), Tribal Birth
Attendants (TBAs) Training/Meeting/Exposure: VHWs will counsel women on birth
preparedness, importance of safe delivery, breastfeeding and complementary feeding,
immunization, contraception and prevention of common infections including Reproductive
Tract Infection/Sexually Transmitted Infection (RTIs/STIs) and care of the young child. The
VHW will preliminarily detect the high-risk mother and children through home visit and
person-to-person communication method and they will conduct group discussion to identify
the rural health needs of the community. The VHW will help the village level Dai and people
to make them conscious about the importance of immunization, ORS, regular health check up
for pregnant mother and children up to 0-5 years of age. They will increase general health
consciousness amongst housewives, and youth.
TBAs (Dai) support women throughout pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period.
TBAs also provide advice and practical help in cleaning, cooking and caring for the
households of pregnant women and new mothers. The TBAs provide health education in
nutrition, and breastfeeding.
On a regular basis Training of VHWs and TBAs will be organized to equip themselves with
updated knowledge for safe delivery, identification of high risk pregnancies and mother and
Child Health, first aid, treatment of common and minor ailments, supplementary nutritious
food preparation and preparation of handmade oral re-hydration therapy etc.
VHWs and TBAs are oriented with the health kits so they can use it as part of their birth
delivery services. The basic health delivery kit is an inexpensive, simple kit designed to help
create a clean birthing environment, particularly for home births. The contents of the delivery
kit include pictorial instructions, a small bar of soap, a plastic delivery sheet, a cord-cutting
surface, cord ties, and a clean razor blade.
Capacity building training programmes would be organised to orient more number of village
healers on topics as disease identification and treatment, safe delivery, community health,
preservation and development of indigenous medicinal practices and others.
Under this programme, 7 member NGOs would orient 178 VHWs, 63 VNDs and 33 TBAs
and 300 mother/ adolescent girls.
1.3.2. Other Health Measures
Open defecating in the rural and especially in the Adivasi areas has been one sure way of
contracting a host of diseases especially by the children. In this phase members have
identified a region where only through the construction of latrines anything can be done
regarding health. Open defecating enables the bacteria E-coli to enter the human body
through water and by touch. Children from the very young age get used to open defecation
and their mind set adopts this practice. The diseases are mainly diarrhea, dehydration,
hepatitis, gynecological and urinary tract infections.
The problems faced by the women and adolescents girls are more compounded. Women do
not talk about toilets and sanitation openly. Houses, built by government, don’t have toilets
with running water close by. After health education there is common realization on the
dangers of open defecation.
Availability of Safe drinking water is a major problem in many of the Adivasi areas. Villages
need to be covered. It is proposed to continue during 2011-2014.
Rationale: Seeds and saplings of vegetable plants are given to households so that they can
cultivate vegetables and consume thus increasing their nutrient intake. Seeds will be saved
and subsequent cultivation will be undertaken by them. Reverse “Y” with two leach pits
toilets, designed to suit in villages will be constructed which will drastically reduce infections
and stress due to open defecation. Frequent education and demonstration programmes on
preventive health measures and on HIV/AIDS will be under taken engaging trained resource
Objective: To encourage the community to maintain hygiene and sanitation and to help the
Adivasi communities in growing kitchen gardens
Provision for Sanitation
Provision for Safe drinking water
Facilitation of Kitchen garden
Awareness on HIV/AIDS
Sanitation: 4 member NGOs will undertake sanitation programmes for 1570 families.
Safe Drinking Water (Dug well, Tube well, SPW, RWS): 7 member NGOs of ODAF will
support to construct/ maintain 77 drinking water sources (dug wells/ tube wells/Spring
Protection Wells (SPWs).
Kitchen Garden: With a purpose to make nutritious vegetables available to the village
people all through and to women and children particularly, 4 member NGOs will support
1336 families to develop and maintain kitchen gardens.
HIV/AIDS: 2 member NGOs will organize 57 awareness camps in 112 villages.
1.3.3. Programme Implementation Cost: 47 staffs including 24 female and 23 male will be
appointed to implement and monitor Community Health programmes.
1.4. ADVOCACY PROGRAMME
1.4.1. ADVOCACY INITIATIVES
ODAF is committed to be involved in advocacy issues at the Grass root, Regional, State
National and International Level through organizing programs and mass mobilization to get
the rights of deprived section of the society as like Adivasis, Dalits and Other vulnerable and
marginalized sections of the society. While the member NGOs address community centered
advocacy focusing on non-implementation of government programmes such as Forest Rights
Act and MGNREGA; at the forum level, ODAF will focus on Policies, Laws and Acts that
are detrimental to the development of the poor and environment. ODAF will join hands and
foster solidarity with people’s movements and non-ODAF civil society members in the
campaigns, rallies focusing on survival and dignity.
Rationale: In this programme members will collect information on issues that are affecting
communities so that proper representations can be done. Print news letters on advocacy issues
and news to circulate amongst community members who can read, so that people are well
informed. To generate mass people’s movements on justice issues interactive inter village
and inter region meetings of people’s organizations and OAAA will be organized by
facilitating their travel etc. Poor and vulnerable families will be supported on legal issues by
helping them to apply for their entitlements (land and property rights) and for cases engage
lawyers for advice and for representation.
As already mentioned in the chapter on empowerment the issues will be taken up here too
with wider participation of people from other areas, net works at the district, state, national
and international level.
The observations of the evaluation team do not contain specific recommendations but the
observations made by them in the report and during debriefing meetings have been taken into
Action Plan for implementation of the Recommendations of the 2010 Evaluation.
As recommended in the 2010 evaluation, ODAF will organize mass mobilization of people
through community based organisations within ODAF areas and beyond to campaign and
lobbying for both about changing specific decisions affecting people’s lives and changing the
way decision-making happens into a more inclusive and democratic process. The
programmes will be held in conjunction with the empowerment programmes.
The community-based organizations would able to have access to information on different of
issues that are affecting them through the media centers, workshops and orientation
programmes which will be conducted by the ODAF members.
ODAF member NGOs will continue to do the networking, lobbying, campaign and alliance
building in different regions for the purposeful events, to keep the unity for the cause of
downtrodden to fight united for specific issues like forest rights, Education Rights of
Children land rights, Women’s Right Mining Issues, water, HIV/AIDs etc.
Land Acquisition and Alienation of Natural Resources: Since the last decade or so land
acquisition has been a major issue in the public domain in Orissa. As capital investment for
industries, particularly in the mining & minerals sector is accelerating, more & more land,
both forest and agriculture, gets acquired. In this context, we need to remember that Orissa
remains as a predominantly rural & agrarian society, where around 85% of its total
population lives in rural areas. The share of agricultural sector in the total work force stands
around 68%, which is above the national average of 57.4%. Besides, around 23% of the state
population is tribal people, most of whose livelihood continues to depend on agriculture and
forest resources. The industrial sector accounts for only 10 % of the total work force. The
State has about 64.09 lakh hectares of cultivable area out of total geographical area of
155.711 lakh hectares, accounting for 41.16 %.
The question of land ownership and use is once again in the centre stage of public discourse
as we have come to be situated in an era of global market economy. Forests, rivers,
agricultural lands and common property resources are being acquired by industrial, mining,
infrastructure and other large real estate projects. The state government has been acquiring
land to meet the requirements of large development, mining and industrial projects. And it
does this under the doctrine of eminent domain, ignoring the doctrine of public trust.
Invariably the worst affected of this process are the poor and their natural resources. In many
such cases communities dependant on agriculture and other land–based resources lose their
only asset. Protests against such policies and actions are mounting. The most extreme form of
such protest is displayed by violent, anti-state movements that virtually rule over a huge
corridor of the forest and mineral belt of Orissa. They breed on a groundswell of
dissatisfaction and anger over a general neglect of the state towards livelihood needs of the
During the past several decades, Orissa has been witnessing many a struggles around the
issue of land entitlement or alienation. In the recent years, with the growth of mining and
industrial activities, pressure on land has been growing further. This has been triggering
unrests in many parts of Orissa. The government has been coming with many schemes related
to land, whereas the problems concerning land appear to be increasing year after year.
ODAF, in its operational and neighboring area, will try to support the communities in terms
of information sharing, lobby, advocacy and networking.
The Forest Rights Act, 2006: This Act has been a change point towards ensuring justice to
the Adivasis and other forest dwellers who for years were living within forest area without
having any legal record of their land. ODAF members, since the middle of the last phase,
have started to accompany the vulnerable sections to get their rights over land. However
more needs to be done.
The Act has clearly mentioned that Forest Rights committee will be formed at village, sub-
divisional and district levels where the local Adivasi, women would be part of the committee
to plan, suggest and recommend various matters related to record of land. But committees
have been formed without the representation from women, local Adivasis and in many places
people do not know about such committees and have they any role there.
In many places influential people have taken the benefits ignoring the real people for whom
the Act has been enacted.
Forest Rights Act also categorically mentions about the preservation of Bio-diversity and
traditional customary practices that has also been mentioned in the PESA (Provisions of
Panchayats Extended to Scheduled Areas) Act. But these provisions are not informed to
people. The Gram Sabha which is grass-root parliament of our democratic system has been
empowered to look after all these aspects as mentioned above within a Panchayats
jurisdiction is not sensitized and kept in dark.
The member NGOs would continue to lobby with the local and State Government on gaps in
Forest Rights and land rights.
Government Food security programme.
Right to free education.
Right to livelihood resources.
To stop domestic violence.
Accessible health care
Assignment of homestead and agricultural lands especially to landless,
Climate change issues
Objective: To enhance communities’ control over resources through Lobby and Advocacy.
Issue based documentation
Networking, Lobbying, Campaign and Alliance Building
Support to Affected Communities
Support to People’s Journalists
Issue Based Documentation & Publication:
The member NGOs during 2011-2014, would continue the documentation on rights over
natural resources, self-rule, women’s rights, right to free education, climate change, atrocities
on Adivasis, Dalits and Fisher folks. These materials would be the tools for activists and
community-based leaders for building up their struggles and issue-based campaign by forging
broad based alliances, lobbying with the local officials for ensuring implementation of the
rights of the people and for mobilization of the communities to become change agents.
49 documents will be prepared by 12 member NGOs on the issues that affects the
marginalized section of the society. These will be circulated among 809 villages.
Networking, Lobbying, Campaign and Alliance Building (Local, Regional, State,
National, and International):
12 member NGOs will organize 392 local, regional, state and national levels network
meetings, campaigns, lobbying and alliance building activities covering 10392 participants.
Support to Affected Communities (Fellowship and Legal Support): The social turmoil
which is being witnessed in the member NGOs’ areas has to be traced to the patterns of the
socioeconomic relations, the deep disorders in body politic and the structural violence but
into the societal system such as inequality, exploitation and lack of freedom and democratic
space. These root causes include land, human dignity, wages, employment, repression and
harassment in the absence of a redressal mechanism for grievances by the Public officials in
some of the areas of the member NGOs.
The challenge continues in this phase for member organizations of ODAF to constantly make
people vigilant in the above said situation towards the crime committed by state actors and
non-state actors (industrialists, higher caste communities) on the indigenous communities.
The major challenges for the member NGOs is to effectively deal with the victims of
communal violence’s, and false implication of persons in Police cases that would deprive
them of their immediate needs such as shelter and food. Legal support will be provided to the
communities to effectively use the laws and policies for protecting their rights and to assist
the persons those who have been falsely implicated and are languishing in jail for fighting for
the rights of the communities.
10 member NGOs will support 5074 families through legal support and other means like
travel, accommodation etc.
Support to People’s Journalists: 8 people’s journalists will be supported.
1.4.2. Programme Implementation Cost: Member NGOs will deploy 17 (1 female and 16
male) staffs for implementation of the Advocacy Programmes at the NGO level.
1.5. COORDINATION AND MONITORING
1.5.1. Personnel: All the Member NGOs will deploy 51 personnel (female 5, male 46) for
effective co-ordination and monitoring programs including the administrative personnel.
These staffs will be involved in supporting and facilitating various programs to be
implemented by the member NGOs. They will be involved in administrative, co-ordination,
and monitoring and accounting tasks of the member NGOs.
Totally 190 staff (female 52, male 138) will be deployed to carry out and coordinate all the
programmes of member NGOs.
2. CENTRAL PROGRAMMES
2.1 Forum Programmes
2.1.1 Capacity Enhancement Programmes
220.127.116.11 Capacity Building Programme: Capacity building programmes will be organized at
ODAF level on social audit, baseline, monitoring, impact indicators, own means, finance
management, climate change/CDM, People’s Journalists support and Auditors’ meet etc.
Each year three programmes will be organised covering 40 people for 2 days on the subjects
mentioned above and any other programme that will emerge important. External consultants
and experts will be invited as resource persons.
During the first year, ODAF plans to organize an interface meeting for one day with all the
member NGOs’ Auditors, Finance Managers, Accountants and Team Leaders. This meeting
will enable ODAF to share common issues relating to Audit Agreements signed between
ODAF, EED and the Auditor and agreements signed between ODAF and member NGOs.
This will also ensure to standardize financial reporting, monitoring and timely submission of
18.104.22.168 Workshops and Meetings: Workshops/ Meetings will be organized 2 times a year
for 40 people for 2 days each. ODAF will also participate in various local, regional, state,
national and international level conferences/ seminars relating to ODAF’s area of interest.
These workshops will be used as platforms for cross-learning, sharing of ideas and
experiences from within and amongst the members of the forum as well as sharing of
knowledge by experts. Forest Rights Act, MGNREGA, Land Acquisition Act, Food Security
and Sovereignty, Gender, Education, Tribal Healers, Adivasi Rights and on any other
subjects that may be of importance. ODAF will also relate to Eastern Region CFC meetings,
FCFC national meetings and participate in other CFC/FCN meetings and ViBGYOR.
22.214.171.124 Collegial Visitation: Exchange programme will be organized for 14 staff of ODAF
for 5 days once a year. ODAF will strengthen this process in consolidating different member
NGO’s experiences and through cross learning efforts, the capacity of the staff will be
addressed. We believe the convergence of the difference expertise and skills will further
strengthen the mission of ODAF. In 3 year period and in rotation, 42 staff would have
benefited from this programme.
126.96.36.199 Inter-fora Visit: ODAF recognises the value and importance to continue the inter-
fora visits. ODAF plans to organise every year one visit to other forums and networks for 14
people from ODAF for a period of 6 days. 42 staff from ODAF would visit different
2.1.2 Advocacy and Lobbying
The need for Advocacy in the present context has become very crucial and has gained
immense importance as the poor and the marginalized communities are under constant threat
especially for women because of rapid expansion of industries coupled with massive mining
operations, setting up SEZs, corporate and privatization of common resources like water,
forest under the aegis of globalization and neo-economic policies being pursued by the
government. The situation has raised to such an extent that everyday number of MoUs are
signed causing threat to the survival of people and the women are ones who face the
maximum oppression. ODAF with other like minded organizations will adopt various
strategies either to oppose or reformulate the policies of the government that goes against the
interest of the poor especially women and children.
The following are some of the Policies, Acts, amendments as well as enactments that will
have an influence on the people of the state particularly indigenous communities in future.
Sl Name of the Content Made by Date of
I Women and
1 Protection of Women Provisions for effective protection of Women and 13th
from Domestic rights of women guaranteed under Child September
Violence Act -2005 constitution who are victims of violence Development, GoI 2005
of any kind occurring within the family
or for matters connected therewith
2 Prohibition of Child Prohibition of solemnization of Ministry of Law, 10th January,
Marriage child marriages and for matters GoI 2007
Act -2006 connected therewith
3 Notification for the Ban on deployment of children under 14 Ministry of 10th October
ban of Child Labour - years of age under any hazardous Labour, GoI 2006
II NREGA & RTI
4 National Rural Ensuring livelihood security of Ministry of Rural 5th
Employment households in rural areas of the country Development September
Guarantee Act -2005 by providing at least 100 days of (GoI) 2005
guaranteed employment to each family
in a financial year.
5 Rules under NREGA Rules for implementing Ministry of Rural
various provisions of NREGA Development(GoI)
6 Guidelines –NREGA Facilitates the design and Ministry of Rural 2005
implementation of employment Development
guarantee schemes (GoI)
7 Orissa Rural Under section 4 of the NREGA state has Ministry of 16th
Employment framed the scheme to Panchayat Raj, December
Guarantee Scheme implement the NREGA Govt. of Orissa 2006
8 Right to Information Right to collect Ministry of Law 15th June
Act -2005 Information from government and Justice, 2005,
or any institution controlled GoI but
by the Govt. implemented
9 Orissa Information Rules framed by the State Information and 1st October
Rules under RTI Act Govt. under RTI Act-2005 Public Relation 2005
-2005. Department, GoI
10 Draft National Tribal Translation of constitutional safeguards Ministry of Tribal it is still in a
Policy -2006 into reality Affairs GoI drafting
11 The Scheduled Tribes Recognising the rights of the forest Ministry of Tribal 29th
and Other Traditional dwellers on the land Affairs December
Forest Dwellers GoI 2006
Forest Rights) Act-
12 Draft Rules under Rules and regulation under Forest Ministry of Tribal 19th June
Scheduled Tribes and Dwellers Rights Act -2006 Affairs 2007
Forest Dwellers GoI
Rights Act 2006
13 Orissa State Tribal 2009 – Draft
IV Resettlement &
14 National R & R Provisions of Resettlement & Ministry of Rural 31st October
policy -2006 Rehabilitation for the project affected Development 2007
people provides basic minimum Department
requirements and projects leading of Land Resources
involuntary displacement of people (GoI)
must address the resettlement and
rehabilitation issues comprehensively
15 Resettlement & Provisions for resettlement and Ministry of 12th May
Rehabilitation rehabilitation Revenue, 2006
Policy of Orissa - Govt. of Orissa
16 Amendments to R & Amendments made Ministry of 4th June
R Policy to the R & R Policy Revenue, 2007
Govt. of Orissa
17 The National It seeks to address the environmental Ministry of Approved by
Environmental concerns relating to their degradation by Environment union
Policy -2006 human action and Forestry (GoI) cabinet on
18 The National Policy Suggests for strengthening the GO-NGO Planning May-07
on Voluntary Sector - relationship, encourage, enable and Commission,
2006 empower an independent creative India
19 Special Economic Provisions for establishment, Ministry of 23rd June
Zone Act -2005 development and management of SEZs Commerce, GoI 2005
for promotion of exports
20 State Industrial Government's role in facilitating the Ministry of 2nd March
Policy -2007 industrial promotion and investment Industry, 2007
facilities in the state Govt. of Orissa
21 Orissa Draft The policy aims at integrating the Ministry of
Biotechnology Policy existing achievements in research and Science &
industry for maximizing the benefits to Technology
the state Govt of Orissa
22 State Bio Diesel The policy underlines importance Ministry of 2005
Policy -2007 of biodiesel in improving the Science &
economic condition of the state and also Technology
steps to be taken Govt of Orissa
23 Draft Orissa To ensure food and nutritional security Ministry of
Agriculture Policy - of people, policy aims at better irrigation Agriculture, Govt.
2007 and water management, soil health and of Orissa
24 Foreign Direct Ministry of Apr-06
Policy -2006 and Industry,(GoI)
25 State water policy – Information system, water resource Water resources, Apr-03
2003 planning, state water plan, water Govt. of Orissa
allocation priorities, water zoning
26 Orissa Pani Act, Law of Orissa Pani Panchayat, Law department, 8th July
Panchayat Act – 2002 farmers’ organization, objects and Govt. of Orissa 2002
functions of farmers’ organization,
resources, settlement of disputes.
27 National Water Information system, water resource Ministry of water Apr-02
Policy - 2002 planning, state water plan, water resources, Govt. of
allocation priorities, water zoning India
To highlight a few in detail:
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocity) Act, 1989: This act has
several clauses to protect the right, dignity, identity, cultural practices, customary laws and
socio-economical lives of the Adivasis and Dalits. When an assessment of this act was made
after 20 years, it was found that most of the people for whom this act has been made are not
aware of such act, police those are expected to use the act for the protection of Adivasis and
Dalits is not recording cases and rather harassing the complainants.
This act can be a powerful tool to protect the socio-cultural dignity and livelihood sources of
the Adivasis and Dalits and at the same time it can be used to address any kind of exploitation
made over these communities by administration, company, vested group etc. Educating and
sensitizing the Gram Sabha on this act would be of immense help in restoring the livelihood
sources and dignity of the Adivasis and Dalits for years to come.
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education
Act (RTE): This Act which was passed by the Indian parliament on 4 August 2009, describes
the modalities of the provision of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and
14 in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution as a fundamental right of every
child when the act came into force on 1 April 2010.
That accordingly Orissa Government has also framed Rules for implementation of the Act. It
requires all private schools to reserve 25% of seats to children from poor families (to be
reimbursed by the state as part of the public-private partnership plan). It also prohibits all
unrecognized schools from practice, and makes provisions for no donation or capitation fees
and no interview of the child or parent for admission.[The Act also provides that no child
shall be held back, expelled, or required to pass a board examination until the completion of
elementary education. There is also a provision for special training of school drop-outs to
bring them up to par with students of the same age. Therefore Civil Society like ODAF
members have greater role to play for ensuring the effective implementation of this
Climate Change Policy and Orissa State Climate Action Plan: On 30 June 2008, the
Prime Minister released India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change. India plans to
move forward in combating climate change. The Plan, while recognizing the immense threat
posed by climate change, starts by first and foremost marrying climate change to
development concerns in no uncertain terms.
The very first line states, “India is faced with the challenge of sustaining its rapid economic
growth while dealing with the global threat of climate change.” Thus the goal is development
and climate change is a major problem, not least because it could hurt development targets.
Accordingly Orissa Government in a bid to create a carbon- conscious and climate resilient
state, government has drafted a climate change action plan.
The Climate Change Action Plan of Odisha prepared at the aegis of the World Bank and
DFID does not consider the concern and interest of common people, neither reflect state’s
seriousness towards self-discipline, sobriety and adaptation, rather vociferously reiterates its
nexus with neo-liberal lobby which propounds reckless industrialization and unwarranted
Notwithstanding the fact that its citizens are either the victims of Climate Change or are the
vulnerable lot at coast and the hills, in spite of living a low-emission or net-absorption
livelihoods. With its focus on promoting investment-intensive mitigation measures as a tool
to encourage state’s ongoing unabated industrialization drive, it looks more as an “Investment
Plan for Industrialization and Mitigation’ offering almost nothing for state’s farmers, fishers,
forest-produce gatherers. Participation in COP meetings will enhance knowledge on climate
change commitments by Annex-1 countries and join hands with Climate Action Network,
Climate Justice Now and Climate Justice Action for lobbying at the international fora.
Domestic Violence Act 2005: The Central Government has passed a legislation in 2005
which is now getting implemented in the state of Orissa. This law was enacted for more
effective protection of the rights of women guaranteed under the Constitution who are
victims of violence of any kind occurring within the family and for matters connected
therewith or incidental thereto.
The Act is significant because for the first time the term ‘domestic violence’ has been
widened in meaning and scope from the culture specific restriction of ‘dowry deaths’ and
penal provisions to positive civil rights of protection and injunction. NGO’s have given
specific responsibility as service provider to women those who have become victims of
ODAF will join hands with other Civil Society and People’s movements in taking up issues
related to the above Policies, Acts and Amendments.
188.8.131.52 Networking and Alliance Building: To promote networks and continue issue based
alliances for a concerted and collective action at the state level. The focus would be to lobby
with the State Government on gaps in implementation of development schemes and on
assignment of homestead and agricultural lands especially to landless, and with the Forest
Department on people’s involvement in forest protection and usufruct rights. ODAF will
foster solidarity with the ongoing people’s movements and struggles. ODAF will network
with other issue based networks working for people’s rights and sustainable development. It
will associate with national level networks such as NAPM (National Alliance of People’s
Movement), FCN (Fair Climate Network), INECC (Indian Network on Ethics and Climate
Change), IGRMS (Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya), NSF (National Solidarity
Forum), NCSD (National Campaign for Survival and Dignity) etc. ODAF will relate to
networks working towards different policy issues that are detrimental to sustainable
development and climate change. ODAF will try to register at UNFCCC level to obtain
observer status to participate in Conference of Parties (COP) on climate change and bio-
184.108.40.206 Mass Mobilization, Rally/Campaigns/Support: With reference to our experiences
in the past and emerging trends and initiatives this particular programme is planned.
Therefore, at ODAF, a space is created for the member NGOs and CBO networks. Mass
mobilization at-least once in a year will be organized at the state level. Apart from this,
ODAF will join hands and participate in different rallies and campaigns that will be
organized by other issue based forums at regional, state and national levels. ODAF will
extend support to activists and on legal issues.
220.127.116.11 OAAA Related matters:
“…..Thus apart from existing regular support it may be important to provide additional
context specific inputs to respective OAAA members by ODAF/Partners”
“It is also very important to support representatives of non OAAA organizations at
community level as a strategy to strengthen solidarity between OAAA and other
“In future OAAA will have to consider developing its capacity further to deal with
changing socio-economic and political situation of Orissa and India. It is important for
OAAA to develop fresh strategies on how to face new issues”
OAAA was established in 2001. It is a peoples’ front of People’s organisations, Women’s
organizations and CBOs from the project areas of ODAF partner’s organisations. As a state
level network, OAAA is engaged in policy advocacy, lobby and campaign works on micro
level issues of Adivasi Communities in the state. OAAA is grounded in local committees of
villagers which are having a democratic and functional structure to deal with the emerging
critical issues at various levels. The strength of OAAA is generated from its strong micro
linkages with various likeminded networks and forum all over the state and nation such as
Orissa Suchana Adhikar Manch, Orissa Jungle Manch, NCSD, NAWO (National Alliance
of Women), Nayagarh Jungle Surakshya Mahasangha, Peaceful Society, Katha Rakhiba
Sarakar, OREGS (Orissa Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme), Focus Orissa, Common
Concern, Orissa Concerns, NSF-NPT, IGRMS etc.
OAAA’s activities were carried out at local level by its related organisations as well as by
other local resistance groups in the area of:
Development induced displacement,
Expansion of mining and violation of human rights,
Communal violence and peace building processes,
Lobby and advocacy for pro-poor tribal policy
Forest Rights Acts,
Demanding recognition of tribal language and culture at national level,
Climate change issues,
Implementation of social security programmes of the government and functioning of PRI,
Promoting sustainable model of development
With a purpose to ensure an effective inclusive process at micro level so to encourage
involvements of OAAA with the wider sections on the issues of life and livelihoods of
Adivasi communities, we proposed to give focus on the following interventions in
Geographically, OAAA area of operation is divided into 3 zones (South, Central and North).
In due course of involvement, the members in each zone have moved to join hands with other
network and movements to extend and strengthen their struggle at a wider level through
campaign and rallies and to lobby with the Panchayat representatives, government
functionaries, legislators and bureaucrats for ensuring their basic rights. With a purpose to
expedite the process, we propose to organise meetings thrice a year at zonal level and at the
state level. In each zone, one coordinator will be placed who will coordinate the entire zonal
level activities. Once in a year Central Level Training will be organised where 5 members
from each member organisations shall participate on state level issues namely Communalism,
Maoist problem, Climate Change, RTI, FRA, MGNREGA, PRI.
18.104.22.168 ‘Sandesh’ & Other Publications: Publication activities will be undertaken related to
different activities of ODAF, various issues, current affairs, notifications, policies, reports,
case studies etc. A quarterly bi-lingual newsletter ‘Sandesh’ will also be brought out. News
papers will be subscribed to.
22.214.171.124 Advocacy: Advocacy personnel’s cost will be booked under this head.
2.1.3. Programme and Finance Monitoring
126.96.36.199. Secretariat Staff Meetings: Apart from the weekly meetings of the Secretariat for
effective and efficient coordination, every month the secretariat meetings will be organised.
188.8.131.52 Accompaniment and Monitoring: In order to provide more systematic
accompaniment to provide conceptual clarity on various programmes, to capacitate field level
staff and communities to assess the progress, the plans and monitor the impact of the
programmes undertaken by the member NGOs, accompaniment will be provided to member
NGOs as required. Monitoring the financial administration of the funds as recommended by
the 2010 evaluation will be undertaken. Also, programmes will be organized for the
development of the staff at Secretariat. Resource person’s charges, resource materials and
central level logistics will be covered under this head.
184.108.40.206 Internal Impact Assessment: ODAF had undergone an External Evaluation in July-
August 2010. An internal impact assessment is foreseen before 2014 to assess and review the
progress of the work, evaluation recommendations and the implementation of finance
220.127.116.11 Finance Management: With reference to the finance evaluation, at ODAF level, a
finance management team is formed comprising Treasurer of ODAF, Finance Consultant of
ODAF, Finance Officers of GV and ODAF. This team will formulate a finance management
plan that will include periodic visits to the member NGOs, helping members in finalizing half
yearly audit and consolidation of financial reports. Very importantly, the finance
management systems ensuring proper maintenance of records and accounts, monitoring,
statutory compliances and facilitate common standards, uniform procedures and reporting
requirements. A finance manager will be deployed and the cost is included.
18.104.22.168 Finance Officer: Finance officer’s cost will be booked under this head.
22.214.171.124 PME: PME personnel’s cost will be booked under this head.
126.96.36.199 Consultancies: Consultancy services in relation to forum, finance and advocacy will
be covered and other consultancy services will be hired as and when required.
188.8.131.52 Programme Travel and Other Expenses: Relevant expenses will be booked under
this budget head.
Governance and Management
184.108.40.206 Management Committee Meetings: The Management Committee will be
220.127.116.11 General Body and Team Leaders Meetings: The General Body Meeting and
Team Leaders’ meeting will be organized.
18.104.22.168 Biannual Meetings: Bi-Annual Meetings will be organized twice a year
corresponding to the half yearly reporting periods, monitoring, action and finance plans.
22.214.171.124 Resource Mobilization Efforts: In the next 3 years time, ODAF will further its
efforts to mobilize resources from other like minded funding agencies. Under this
programme, meeting and travel expenses and any other documentation expenses will be
126.96.36.199 Public Relations: Public Relationships and to attend crucial meetings, and related
expenses, hospitality will be covered.
2.2 Coordination & Administration
2.2.1 Personnel Costs: To coordinate the programmes, one coordinator, one accountant,
one administrative assistant, one office assistant and one care taker will be deployed. See
Appendix – (A-5) for Secretariat Staff Details.
2.2.2 Office Related Expenses: Communication expenses, rentals, travel expenses and office
expenses, audit fees and other expenses will be booked under this head.
3. Reserve: To meet unforeseen expenses, a reserve is projected of the total budget.
Proposal Prepared by:
William Stanley Proposal Formulation Team
Executive Secretary, ODAF ODAF
31st December 2010, Bhubaneswar, Odisha