tps ars propaganda

Document Sample
tps ars propaganda Powered By Docstoc
					1.Title / Content Area:   World history




2. Developed by:          Greg ross, steve doyle, tulani freeman, Kinsey murray, Tyson Bjorge

3. Grade Level:           10th grade

4. Essential Question:    How do governments use propaganda to manipulate people?

                          How do these posters reflect national priorities during times of war?




1
5. Contextual   We chose these WWII posters in order to provide multiple perspectives to students.
Paragraph       The purpose of this lesson is for students to examine how governments use
                propaganda to manipulate people. All of these posters are examples of how each
                individual country used different techniques to accomplish the same goal. This lesson
                meets the standard of being able to analyze and interpret historical materials from a
                variety of perspectives.




                                       Annotated Resource Set (ARS)
                                                            Phase I




2
    6. Resource Set

           USA                              USA                              Russia                            France                             Japan                            RUSSIA

       ##(Context)                       (Context)                 “in response to every                     (Context)                         (Context)                 “will you volunteer?”
                                                                   attack and every blow we
                                                                   are going to triple ours

                                                                   with all the power of our
                                                                   noble Red Army”




                                                                                                              QuickTime™ and a
                  QuickTime™ and a QuickTime™ and a                        QuickTime™ and a
                                                                             decompressor
                                                                   are needed to see this picture.
                                                                                                                 decompressor
                                                                                                     are needed to see this picture.
                                                                                                                                               QuickTime™ and a
                                                                                                                                                  decompressor
                                                                                                                                       are needed to see this picture.
                                                                                                                                                                                         QuickTime™and a
                       decompres or decompres or                                                                                                                                               decompres or
are ne ded to se this picture.     arene ded to se this picture.
                                                                                                                                                                         arene ded tose this picture.

3
http://prints.encore-e       http://upload.wikimed   http://allworldwars.co                http://www.loc.gov/pi    http://2bangkok.com/   http://dc84.iz.piccy.inf
ditions.com/0/500/wo          ia.org/wikipedia/com   m/image/011/Poster1                   ctures/item/90712764     wwiipropaganda.html    o/i4/84/dc/bab57b735
rld-war-poster-117-kar       mons/thumb/c/c4/Ant             05.jpg                                / OR                                    1c4d393a3d42b8d9ce
 l-koehler-and-victor-a      i-Japan2.png/250px-A                                                                                           6.jpeg?coral-no-serve
ncona-1942-this-is-the            nti-Japan2.png                                           http://www.archives.g
      -enemy.jpg                                                                           ov/exhibits/powers_of
                                                                                            _persuasion/this_is_n
                                                                                           azi_brutality/images_h
                                                                                           tml/images/french_wo
                                                                                                  rkers.jpg



 Mexico unido ante la                Italy                         Italy                          Russia                   British          Mexico unido ante la
agresion 1942, "Potrero                                                                                                                    agresion 1942, "Potrero
       del Llano"                                                                                                                                 del Llano"

    Propaganda poster                                     Boccasile’s 1944 postcard                                                            Propaganda poster
                                 “Here are the             depicted “pistol-packing”
                                                                                                 (Context)           Telegraph between
showing a stylized armed          liberators!”         Churchill and Roosevelt over a                                 churchill and FDR    showing a stylized armed
                                                     ruined city and dead children with
  soldier standing at the                                                                                                                    soldier standing at the
                                                       a pirate flag in the background.
ready; in the foreground                              The title of the card was “Su loro                                                   ready; in the foreground
                                                       ricade la colpa,” which can be
is the sinking Mexican oil                                                                                                                 is the sinking Mexican oil
                                                      translated as, “The fault falls on
tanker Potrero del Llano,                            them.” Germans and Italians both                                                      tanker Potrero del Llano,
                                                     referenced a quote from a prewar
  which was attacked by                                                                                                                      which was attacked by
                                                       Roosevelt speech in which he
 the German submarine                                    told the American people, “I                                                       the German submarine
                                                      assure you again and again and
  U-564, killing 14 crew                              again that no American boys will
                                                                                                                                             U-564, killing 14 crew
 members and leading to                                     be sacrificed on foreign                                                        members and leading to
                                                                  battlefields.”
    Mexico's entry into                                                                                                                        Mexico's entry into
       World War II.                                                                                                                              World War II.




4
                QuickTime™ and a                     QuickTime™ and a QuickTime™ and a                           QuickTime™ and a
                                                                                                                    decompressor                           QuickTime™and a QuickTime™ and a
                    decompr es or                          decompres or                   decompres or
                                                                                                         are needed to see this picture.
                                                                                                                                                               decompres or                  decompres or
are ne eded to se thispicture.                                                                                                             are ne ded to se this picture. are ne ded to se this picture.
                                    are ne ded to se this picture. are ne ded to se this picture.
http://www.loc.gov/                 http://www.crazywebsit             http://www.designhistory          http://englishrussia.com          http://www.loc.gov/exhi         http://www.imamuseum
                                    e.com/Free-Galleries-01/           lab.com/students/peters/?         /2007/02/14/russian-jap           bits/churchill/images/wc         .org/sites/default/files/
pictures/item/20086
                                    USA_Patriotic/pg-WWII_                      p=863                    an-war-propaganda-post                   0213_1s.jpg              mercurycache/4_column
       79868/
                                    Posters_Vintage/Vintage                                                        ers/                                                    /ima-collections/images/
                                    _WWII_Patriotic_Posters                                                                                                                D2/71/D2716038-006D-
                                       _Italian_1_jpg.htm                                                                                                                  43CB-9CA5-44652469CE
                                                                                                                                                                           A5/D2716038-006D-43C
                                                                                                                                                                           B-9CA5-44652469CEA5_
                                                                                                                                                                                      o.jpg

                                                                                                                                                                                       OR

                                                                                                                                                                           http://www.loc.gov/pict
                                                                                                                                                                           ures/item/2008679860/



Notes/Comments:




5
    Resource Set

USA: Stamp out the Axis                               Germany                                            RUSSIA            GERMANY: The text:
 Von Phul, Phil, artist   Liberators: 1944                                  The Farmer Too is                              "Long live Germany!”
                          German Propaganda                                 Contributing to the
                          Poster                                            War Effort



   Poster shows a fist         (Context)         During World War II,                              Propaganda poster        This poster shows an
holding a stamp with an                           Nazi propagandists                              depicting Hitler being         astonishing
American star ready to                        frequently depicted “the                              strangled by fabric         Christological
    stamp out a Nazi                             Jew” as a conspirator
                                                                                                      pulled tight by       comparison. An eagle
 swastika during World                               plotting world
                                                                                                   Russian, British, and      hovers against the
         War II.                                 domination by acting
                                                                                                     American hands.           seeming light of
                                                 behind the scenes in
                                                  nations at war with                                                          heaven over an
                                              Germany. This caricature                                                     idealized Hitler, similar
                                                represents the “Jewish                                                     to the story of a dove
                                               financier” manipulating                                                      descending on Christ
                                               the Allies, Great Britain,                                                  when he was baptised
                                                the United States, and                                                       by John the Baptist.
                                                   the Soviet Union.
                                              Hanisch, artist; ca. 1942.




6
                                                                                                                                           QuickTime™ and a
              QuickTime™ and a                     QuickTime™and a QuickTime™ and a                            QuickTime™ and a               decompressor                         QuickTime™ and a
                  decompres or                          decompres or decompres or                                  decompres or   are needed to see this picture.                      decompres or
arene ded tose this picture.                                                                                                                                        are ne ded to se this picture.
                                 are ne ded to se this picture. are ne ded to se this picture. are ne ded to se this picture.
http://www.loc.gov/pi            http://www.tommcma              http://www.ushmm.or             http://www.allposters.           http://www.printsand              http://rexcurry.net/so
ctures/item/20106486             hon.net/2010/09/liber           g/museum/press/kits/            com/-sp/The-Farmer-T             photos.com/prints_ph              cialism-posters/poster
          03/                    ators-1944-german-pr            download.php?conten             oo-is-Contributing-to-t             otos/4511.html                        s/dove.jpg
                                 opaganda-poster.html            t=propaganda&image              he-War-Effort-Posters
                                                                        =prop_10                 _i1877694_.htm?aid=                          OR
                                                                                                 1035188808&LinkType
                                                                                                                                  http://www.loc.gov/pi
                                                                                                 ID=1&PosterTypeID=1
                                                                                                                                  ctures/item/95504324
                                                                                                 &DestType=7&Referre
                                                                                                                                             /
                                                                                                 r=http%3A%2F%2Fww
                                                                                                 w.squidoo.com%2Fpro
                                                                                                     paganda-poster




7
     JAPAN: Their true      JAPAN: CAPITALISTS       JAPAN: RISE OF ASIA         ENGLAND: KEEP CALM           RUSSIA: MOTHERLAND              USA: WE CAN DO IT
    character is that of       DEMAND RED                                          AND CARRY ON                  IS CALLING YOU
     devils and beasts      ENDLESSLY! It’s your
                           blood doughboys! But
                           more and still more is
                            to be squeezed out.

  This poster depicts      Another leaflet to the   To them, their invasions     To keep up morale, the       Once the Russians              Besides the very real need
    caricatures of         Philippines depicted a   of Korea, Taiwan, China,     British Ministry of          entered the war, they          to convince citizens to
                                                    the Philippines, and the     Information                  produced a recruiting          sign up for military
Winston Churchill and      hand squeezing blood
                                                    island chains of the South   commissioned a series of     poster of their own that       service, governments also
  Franklin Roosevelt       out of soldiers almost   Pacific were an attempt to   posters to remind citizens   rivaled Uncle Sam’s call       had to convince the
feasting on the bones           like a tube of      relieve the region of        of their national            for soldiers in popularity     people who stayed behind
   of their victims.         toothpaste. Dead       outside influence and        character. The most          and                            of the importance of their
                           soldiers are shown at    create an Asian-led          iconic of these was “Keep    effectiveness. Instead of      war efforts. In the U.S.,
                             the right and the      “Co-Prosperity Sphere.”      Calm and Carry On.” A        using a steely eyed father     which found itself in need
                                                    To further this idea, and    simple message in bold       figure to recruit soldiers     of an incredible amount
                           word "Philippines" at
                                                    to convince the people of    type underneath a picture    to their patriotic duty, the   of skilled workers to
                                   the left.        their new colonies to        of the crown, it captured    Russians used a woman.         produce the materials it,
                                                    accept the reality of        the core of the British                                     the U.K., and Russia
                                                    Japanese rule, they          identity.                                                   needed to fight the Axis,
                                                    created the “Rise of Asia”                                                               many of the most
                                                    poster. Depicting a noble                                                                memorable propaganda
                                                    looking Japanese soldier                                                                 posters were aimed at the
                                                    throwing off the chains of                                                               civilian population.
                                                    European rule and
                                                    standing over defeated
                                                    caricatures of Britain and
                                                    the United States, it was
                                                    meant to signal that a new
                                                    order was rising to free
                                                    the long oppressed
                                                    peoples of Asia.




8
         QuickTime™ and a               QuickTim e™ and a
            decompressor                   decompressor                           QuickTime™ and a QuickTime™ and a QuickTime™ and a QuickTime™anda
are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture.
                                                                                      decompres or                      decompres or                  decompres or                decompres or
                                                                  are ne ded to se this picture. are ne ded to se this picture. are ne ded to se thispicture. are ne dedto se this picture.
 http://mail.google.co           http://mail.google.co            http://www.toptenz.n           http://www.toptenz.n            http://www.toptenz.n             http://www.toptenz.n
m/mail/?ui=2&ik=ffb8            m/mail/?ui=2&ik=ffb8              et/top-10-wwii-propag          et/wp-content/upload            et/wp-content/upload             et/wp-content/upload
abea57&view=att&th=             abea57&view=att&th=                  anda-posters.php            s/2011/12/Keep-calm-            s/2011/12/motherlan              s/2011/12/We_Can_D
134d85d490bd562d&a              134d85d490bd562d&a                                               and-carry-on.svg_-213           d-is-calling-you-206x3              o_It-540x700.jpg
ttid=0.1&disp=inline&z          ttid=0.2&disp=inline&z                                                  x300.png                          00.jpg
          w                               w




9
                                                                                         Phase II

                                                                          Foundations Annotations



                                                                              7. Curriculum Connections




                                                                               8. Curriculum Standards




History 4.3.1: Historical Interpretation – Analyzes and interprets historical materials from a variety of perspectives in world history.

Social Studies Skill 5.2.2 Analysis of resources – Evaluates the validity, reliability, and credibility of sources when researching an issue or event.




                                                                           9. Content & Thinking Objectives




10
                                                                      10. Inquiry Activities & Strategies




Anticipatory set: put a poster (rosie the rivetor) up on projector. Questions: 1. OBSERVE: What do you observe? Gather facts from image 2. HYPOTHESIZE: What could they mean?
3. WONDER: What questions do you still have?

INVESTIGATE: 8 groups (italy, mexico, Russia, England, germany, USA, japan, france) of 3-4 students. Each student receives worksheet handout. Students given posters (2-3) for
each country. Students fill out handout (15-20 min)




                                                                         11. Assessment Strategies




Students will be given the essential question (How do governments use propaganda to manipulate people?) at the end of class to answer on a “ticket out the door”.




11
                                           Other Resources



                                             12. Web Resources




Library of Congress



                                           13. Secondary Sources




Multiple sources via Google Images



                                     14. Print and Other Media Resources




12
                                                                           ARS Component Guide

Phase I Components

1.   Title / Content Area: Provide the title of the ARS. If the title doesn’t explicitly denote the sets theme, please also provide a content area (e.g. Environment, Government,
     Immigration, War/Military, Women’s History, etc.).

2.   Developed by: Provide your name and any other contributors to the ARS.

3.   Grade Level: Provide the grade level(s) for which the set is to be taught.

4.   Essential Question: Provide an essential question that encompasses the set theme and that could be used as a launching point for use in the classroom.

5.   Contextual Paragraph for Resource Set: Provide a short paragraph explaining the resource set and describing the context in which the set is to be used

6.   Resource Set: Provide titles, context, thumbnails and addresses for the specific resources. It isn’t necessary to provide a thumbnail for all resources (e.g. audio and video files).
     Important: Be sure to use a permanent URL for all resources (Refer to A2.6).




Phase II Components

7.   Curriculum Standards: Provide local, state or national standards that could be addressed through the use of the ARS and subsequent activities




8.   Curriculum Connections: Provide other curriculum areas to which this set of resources could be applied




9.   Content & Thinking Objectives: Provide objectives to be met through the use of the ARS and subsequent activities




10. Inquiry Activities & Strategies: Provide specific strategies and learning activities which the ARS will be used to support




11. Assessment Strategies: Provide assessment methods which will be used to demonstrate student learning after the use of the ARS and subsequent activities

13
Other Resources

12. Secondary Sources: Provide any secondary sources that could be used to supplement the ARS




13. Web Resources: Provide links to any additional web resources that could be used to supplement the ARS




14. Print and Other Media Resources: Provide other resources that could be used to supplement the ARS




14

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:10
posted:8/30/2012
language:English
pages:14