Greek Athenian Philosopher
He was known for the Socratic Method
- Form of inquiry and debate between
individuals with opposing viewpoints based
on asking and answering questions to
stimulate critical thinking & illuminate ideas
- His Pedagogy – in which a series of questions
are asked not only to draw individual
answers, but also to encourage fundamental
insight into the issue at hand.
Through his method of powerfully questioning
his students, he seeks to guide them to discover
the subject matter rather than simply telling
them what they need to know. The goals of
education are to know what you can; and, even
more importantly, to know what you do not
Meaning: The eagerness to learn and to not be
forced into knowledge.
What does this mean to you?
(1) interpreting the statements of others;
(2) testing or examining the knowledge or wisdom of
those evident to be wise;
(3) showing those who are not wise their ignorance;
(4 ) learning from those who are wise;
(5) examining oneself;
(6) exhorting others to philosophy;
(7) examining the lives of others;
(8) attaining moral knowledge.
Although in the end Socrates methods on life
and philosophy brought him to his ultimate
down fall in
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The Apprentice of Socrates
Knowledge is attainable
- no matter what situation you are always able to
Knowledge must also be certain & infallible there
must be no doubts.
The same education is provided to all citizens,
according to their ability.
- everyone is taught equally based on their
Knowledge is the responsibility of the State*
- The state is held accountable for each child.
He believed that the state should be responsible for
everything having to do with education.
What do you believe should be a responsibility of the
- train children in virtue
- pay for gyms instructor
He was a renowned write of beauty, clarity,
and depth who wrote about conversations
between more than one person challenging
the views of Philosophy.
Allegory of a Cave is one example of this
Where it discusses the application of
knowledge and how it can also not be
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Studied under Plato
One of the most important figures founded in
Known for The Theory of Gold Mean-
That virtue lies in a middle ground between
two extremes. Courage, for example is
bordered on the one side by cowardice and
on the other side by foolhardiness.
Aristotle's views on the physical sciences
profoundly shaped medieval scholarship, and
their influence extended well into the
Aristotelianism is a tradition of philosophy
that takes its defining inspiration from the
work of Aristotle. Many Islamic cultures use
He wrote that the highest good for people is
a virtuous life, fully governed by the faculty of
reason, with which all the other faculties are