SOCRATES

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					469-399 B.C
 Greek Athenian Philosopher
He was known for the Socratic Method
- Form of inquiry and debate between
  individuals with opposing viewpoints based
  on asking and answering questions to
  stimulate critical thinking & illuminate ideas

-   His Pedagogy – in which a series of questions
    are asked not only to draw individual
    answers, but also to encourage fundamental
    insight into the issue at hand.
   Through his method of powerfully questioning
    his students, he seeks to guide them to discover
    the subject matter rather than simply telling
    them what they need to know. The goals of
    education are to know what you can; and, even
    more importantly, to know what you do not
    know.

   Meaning: The eagerness to learn and to not be
    forced into knowledge.

   What does this mean to you?
   (1) interpreting the statements of others;

    (2) testing or examining the knowledge or wisdom of
    those evident to be wise;

   (3) showing those who are not wise their ignorance;

   (4 ) learning from those who are wise;

   (5) examining oneself;

   (6) exhorting others to philosophy;

   (7) examining the lives of others;

   (8) attaining moral knowledge.
   Although in the end Socrates methods on life
    and philosophy brought him to his ultimate
    down fall in
    399 b.c




                                   [ 4: 25 ]
   The Apprentice of Socrates

   Knowledge is attainable
   - no matter what situation you are always able to
    obtain knowledge.

   Knowledge must also be certain & infallible there
    must be no doubts.

   The same education is provided to all citizens,
    according to their ability.
     - everyone is taught equally based on their
    learning ability.
   Knowledge is the responsibility of the State*
   - The state is held accountable for each child.

   He believed that the state should be responsible for
    everything having to do with education.

   What do you believe should be a responsibility of the
    state?

   -   superintendents
   -   train children in virtue
   -   pay for gyms instructor
   -   Officials
   He was a renowned write of beauty, clarity,
    and depth who wrote about conversations
    between more than one person challenging
    the views of Philosophy.
   Allegory of a Cave is one example of this
   Where it discusses the application of
    knowledge and how it can also not be
    enforced.

                                     [ 9:00 ]
   Studied under Plato
   One of the most important figures founded in
    Western Philosophy

   Known for The Theory of Gold Mean-
   That virtue lies in a middle ground between
    two extremes. Courage, for example is
    bordered on the one side by cowardice and
    on the other side by foolhardiness.
   Aristotle's views on the physical sciences
    profoundly shaped medieval scholarship, and
    their influence extended well into the
    Renaissance
   Aristotelianism is a tradition of philosophy
    that takes its defining inspiration from the
    work of Aristotle. Many Islamic cultures use
    today.
   He wrote that the highest good for people is
    a virtuous life, fully governed by the faculty of
    reason, with which all the other faculties are
    in harmony.

				
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posted:8/30/2012
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