OKAGE Teacher Consultant, Lawton, Oklahoma
World Geography Academy – Session III
Wednesday, November 19, 2008
University of Oklahoma, Norman
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• Falkland Islands
Glenda Sullivan, OKAGE TC, Lawton, Oklahoma
• Students will attain knowledge of the Falkland Islands natural resources and cultural
characteristics. Students will also learn about the Falkland War of 1982, between the
Argentines and the British.
National Geography Standards from Geography for Life
Geographic Elements & Standards
• Places and regions – 4: the physical and human characteristics of places
• Human systems – 13: how the forces of cooperation and conflict
among people influence the division and control of Earth’s surface
• Environment and Society– 16: the changes that occur in the meaning, use, distribution, and
importance of resources
Oklahoma Priority Academic Student Skills:
Grade 6 World Studies
• 2.1 – Apply the concepts of scale, orientation, latitude and longitude, and physical regions.
• 3.2 – Compare and contrast common characteristics of culture, such as language, customs,
shelter, diet, traditional occupations, belief systems, and folk traditions.
Grade 7 World Geography
• 1.2 – Apply the concepts of scale, distance, direction, relative location, latitude and
• 2.2 – Identify examples of and reasons for conflict and cooperation among groups,
societies, countries, and regions.
• 4.1 – Compare and contrast common characteristics of world cultures (e.g., language,
ethnic heritage, religion, political philosophy, shared history, social systems, and economic
• 5.1 – Identify and describe the relationship between the distribution of major natural
resources (e.g., arable land, water, fossil fuels and iron ore) and developed and developing
• 6.1 – Evaluate and draw conclusions from different kinds of maps, graphs, charts,
diagrams, and other sources and representations (e.g., aerial and shuttle photographs,
satellite-produced images, the geographic information system (GIS), atlases, almanacs, and
• Location, place and region
• Students will learn the location, history, and cultural characteristics
of the Falkland Islands.
• Students will be able to describe the natural resources of the Falkland
Islands and Falkland fishing zone waters that enable this British
overseas territory to be economically independent from the United
• Students will have an understanding of the causes and results
of the War of 1982 between Argentina and the British.
• PowerPoint “Falkland Islands”
• Notes to accompany PowerPoint presentation for teacher
• “Geography and Math” exercise for each student
• Research materials such as the Internet and atlases
• Laminated world desk maps for students and world globes
• Paper and pencil
• 2 class periods
• Ownership of the Falklands has long been a hotly contested issue between Argentina and
Great Britain. Introduce facts concerning the British and Argentine history in the Falkland
Islands. (Cut these historical facts into individual strips and give each fact to a different
student. Allow the students to read the facts aloud in numerical order.) Show the first
PowerPoint slide of the South American map which includes the Falkland Islands while
students read the facts.
1. The Falkland Islands were first sighted by English navigator Captain John Davis in
2. The first recorded landing on the Falklands was by British Captain
John Strong in 1690.
3. The islands passed among the French, Spanish and British until Argentina claimed the
Falklands in 1820 and established the first settlement in 1826 at Port Howard. The
islands are on the Malvinas Plateau which is a submerged extension of the South
4. The British took possession from Argentina and occupied the islands from 1833. Great
Britain had a strong naval force and wanted a base in the South Atlantic located close to
Cape Horn because of ship traffic going around the Horn.
5. In 1842, Great Britain declared colonial administration in the Falklands although
Argentina continued to claim the Falklands.
6. The British foreign minister visited the Falklands a few months before the 1982
Argentine invasion. He stated that there would be no support from the United Kingdom
to these far off, isolated islands. This statement was made public to the world.
7. Prior to the Falklands conflict, there was civil unrest and a devastating economic crisis
in Argentina. Argentine President, General Galtieri, wanted to improve his popularity
by taking what Argentina had claimed as theirs for decades. Upon hearing the British
foreign minister’s announcement, Galtieri made plans to invade the Falklands.
8. Show the remaining “Falkland Islands” PowerPoint. Encourage students to interpret the
maps and speculate on what they see as they view the PowerPoint. (Notes to
accompany some of the PowerPoint slides are included at the end of this lesson.)
9. Close the PowerPoint presentation with the Falklands poem.
10. Ask students to complete the “Falkland Islands Geography and Math Exercise”.
(Students may work in pairs.)
(Answers to the exercise: 1.C 2.B 3.D 4.C 5.C)
11. Instruct students to use their knowledge of the Falklands to compose a short poem.
Students may want to “Google” the Falklands Islands to obtain additional information
to use in their composition.
• Falkland Islands Geography and Math Exercise
• Poem about Falkland Islands
• Depth of knowledge questions found at the end of this lesson and also
PowerPoint slides #41-46.
Extension and Enrichment:
• As a class, participate in the “Adopt a Penguin” Falkland conservation program.
• History, math and language arts
Falkland Islands Geography & Math Exercise
1. The 2007 Census shows the Falklands population to be 2,478 with 2,115 people
living in Stanley, the capital. What percent of the total Falklands population lives
A. 60% B. 70% C. 85% D. 95%
(Use the scale on a world desk map to answer questions 2-4.)
2. The Falkland Islands is an Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom. There are
two direct flights to London a week. Approximately how many miles is it from
Stanley, Falkland Islands, to London, United Kingdom?
A. 5000 B. 8000 C. 9000 D. 10,000
3. The Falklands receive many of their goods and supplies from Chile. There is one
direct flight weekly from Stanley, Falkland Islands, to Santiago, Chile.
Approximately how many miles is it from Stanley to Santiago?
A. 600 B. 800 C. 1000 D. 1500
4. The Falkland Islands were a strategic point in early times because of their close
location to Cape Horn and the sailing ships rounding the Horn. Approximately
how many miles is it from Stanley, Falkland Islands, to Cape Horn?
A. 100 B. 200 C. 500 D. 1000
(Use the scale on a world globe to find the answer to number 5.)
5. Selling fishing licenses to foreign trawlers operating within the Falkland exclusive
fishing zone has been the main contributor to the economy since 1987. Japan is
one of the countries issued a fishing license. Approximately how far is it to sail
from Stanley, Falkland Islands to Tokyo, Japan?
A. 7000 B. 9000 C. 11,000 D. 20,000
Notes to Accompany Some PowerPoint Slides
Slide 6—Jubilee Villas--The villas were built to commemorate Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee.
The villas are typical examples of British terraced town houses of that era, which gives a curious
contrast to the rest of Stanley’s architecture.
Slide 7--Christ Church Cathedral--The cathedral was started in 1890 with the tower being
completed in 1903.
Slide 8—Ross Road--In March, 1842, Ross’s expedition was sailing in the South Atlantic when
the lead ship, Erebus, came to a halt to avoid hitting an iceberg. The other ship, Terror, was
under full sail and slammed into the Erebus, heavily damaging the Erebus. Enough repairs were
made at Cape Horn to enable the expedition to limp into Port Stanley.
Slide 9—Historical Falklands Home, Department of Education--Children living on sheep farms
are taught by a traveling teacher and radio until they are 9 years old. Then they go to Stanley to
school and stay at hostels. Only those living on East Island are able to go home on the weekends.
Slide 10—Fishing Ships--Since 1987, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Spain and Portugal are a few of the
countries issued fishing licenses each year for trawlers operating within the Falklands exclusive
fishing zone one. The money from fishing licenses supports free education, health, and the
welfare system. The Falkland government has also built 500 miles of new gravel roads.
Although the Falkland Islands are a British overseas territory, they are economically independent
of the United Kingdom.
Slide 14--Magellanic Chick—Falkland Islands provides breeding sites for three species of
penguins: Gentoo, Southern Rockhopper and Magellanic.
Slide 19—Wind Turbines--In 1998, drilling for oil began around the Falklands. Three separate
oil spills killed and contaminated hundreds of penguins. As a result, the drillers left the Falklands
after five months. Oil exploration is due to begin again in the near future, although
environmental safeguards have not been improved.
Slide 21—Rivers of Rock--Glaciers thawed and slithered down mountains during the last Ice
Slide 22—Old Sailing Ship--There are 16 old sailing vessels in the harbor at Stanley. All but two
of the ships are below water. Before the Panama Canal was constructed, Stanley was an
important port for obtaining supplies and for ship repairs.
Slide 27—Mines--The mines left by the Argentines are plastic with tiny metal springs on the
detonators. No technology has been available to find plastic. There is now a company that thinks
they have new technology that will locate the tiny metal springs. They will work on the coastal
shore grass areas, not the sandy beaches, because through the years the sand has sifted over the
mines and buried them deeper.
Slide 29—Argentina Defense Positions--“Lady Elizabeth” is anchored in the harbor. She ran into
trouble rounding Cape Horn in 1879. She was sailing from Vancouver to London loaded with
lumber. She lost her lumber and made it into Stanley for repairs, but was declared unseaworthy.
She was used as a warehouse until 1936.
Slide 36—Remains of Guns & Helicopters--Patrick Watts was the head of Falkland Radio during
the 1982 Falkland War. After the Falkland War, Queen Elizabeth invited Mr. Watts to
Buckingham Palace and awarded him the MBE Decoration (Member of the Most Excellent Order
of the British Empire). Today he operates a tour service in Port Stanley. The Argentines parked
12 helicopters where they thought they would be safe. The British discovered them, bombed
them and destroyed 5 of the 12.
Sample test items for
Grade 7 World Geography
DOK Level 1
Correct Answer B
In 1987, the Fisheries Conservation Zone was introduced around the Falkland Islands. £240
million (approximately $378 million) was collected by the government from fishing licenses in
the first twenty years. What was the average amount collected per year in pounds (£)?
A. £5 million
B. £12 million
C. £20 million
D. £25 million
Grade 7 World Geography
DOK Level 2
Correct Answer C
What percent of the Falklands population are from Chile and the United Kingdom?
DOK Level 2
Correct Answer: C
What is the approximate latitude and longitude for the Falkland Islands?
A. 66ºS, 39ºW
B. 50ºS, 75ºE
C. 52ºS, 60ºW
D. 21ºN, 158ºW
DOK Level 3
Correct Answer A
Approximately how many degrees of latitude from the Antarctic Circle are the Falkland Islands?
A. 14.5⁰ N of the Antarctic Circle
B. 26º N of the Antarctic Circle
C. 5º S of the Antarctic Circle
D. 14.5º S of the Antarctic Circle
DOK Level 2
Correct Answer: D
Ships damaged while trying to sail around Cape Horn could limp into the Falklands because of
what geographic phenomenon?
A. Gulf Stream Current
B. Brazil Current
C. Prevailing easterly winds
D. Prevailing westerly winds
DOK Level 1
Correct Answer: B
What was the main reason for the 1982 Falklands War?
A. Chile wanted to regain control of the Falklands.
B. Argentina wanted to take possession of the Falklands.
C. United States decided to invade the Falklands.
D. United Kingdom decided to give up control of the Falklands.