Unit Plan 5

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					                                             UNIT PLAN
                                       AP United States History
                    Unit 5: The Civil War and Reconstruction (1860 – 1877)


1. Civil War
Two societies at war: mobilization, resources, and internal dissent
Military strategies and foreign diplomacy
Emancipation and the role of African Americans in the war
Social, political, and economic effects of war in the North, South, and West

2. Reconstruction
Presidential and Radical Reconstruction
Southern state governments: aspirations, achievements, failures Role of African Americans in politics,
education, and the economy Compromise of 1877
Impact of Reconstruction

3. The Origins of the New South
Reconfiguration of southern agriculture: sharecropping and crop-lien system Expansion of manufacturing
and industrialization
The politics of segregation: Jim Crow and disfranchisement

Essential Questions

1. How did the Civil War begin?
2. Why was the Confederacy winning during the first two years of Civil War?
3. Why did the fortunes of the Union turn in 1863?
4. Why was the war so deadly?
5. Why did the North win the Civil War?
6. What were the competing Reconstruction goals of Congress and the President?
7. What were the goals of Radical Reconstruction?
8. How did Radical Reconstruction affect Whites and Blacks in the South?
9. Why did Reconstruction fail?
10. What is the New South?
APUSH (1): Secession Begins (1860 – 1861)

Homework Due Today
Textbook 434 – 441. Stop at “Dethroning King Cotton”
1. Why was Fort Sumter one of the most important federal forts in the South?
2. What dilemma was Lincoln faced with regarding Fort Sumter? How did he choose to deal with it?
3. How did the Confederate assault of Fort Sumter affect public opinion in the North?
4. How did Lincoln’s request for federal troops affect public opinion in the South?
5. What does the term Border State refer to? What were the four original Border States? What fifth one
was added later?
6. Why was it critical that Lincoln convince the Border States not to join the Confederacy?
7. What methods of “dubious legality” did Lincoln use to keep some of the Border States in the Union?
8. What were Lincoln’s official war-aims at the beginning of the fighting? Why did he have those aims?
9. What advantages did the South possess at the beginning of the war?
10. What advantages did the North possess?

AIM: How did the Civil War begin?

First Secession
Original Border States
Lincoln’s Aims
Fort Sumter
Second Secession
New Border States
Northern Advantages
Southern Advantages

APUSH 2 (5): Phase One - The North is Losing (1861 – 1862)

Homework Due Today
Textbook 441 – 450.
1. Why did Confederate leaders believe that Great Britain would intervene in the war on their behalf. Why
did the British government choose not to intervene?
2. What serious violation of the Monroe Doctrine occurred during the Civil War?
3. In what ways did Lincoln exercise extraordinary or even unconstitutional powers during the Civil War?
4. In what ways were both the Union and Confederate drafts unfair to the poor?
5. What were the New York Draft Riots?
6. In what ways did he Union and the Confederacy finance the war differently?
7. How did the Civil War affect the economies of the North and South differently?

AIM: Why was the Confederacy winning during the first two years of Civil War?

Anaconda Plan
A Brief Overview (1861-1865)
Habeas Corpus
First Bull Run
Peninsula Campaign
Why the War was so deadly.
APUSH 3 (5): The Tide Turns (1863)

Homework Due Today
Textbook 458 – 464.
1. What was the Emancipation Proclamation?
2. Why did Lincoln allow Black soldiers into the Union army?
3. What was the outcome of the Battle of Gettysburg?
4. What was significant about Grant’s victory at Vicksburg?

AIM: Why did the fortunes of the Union turn in 1863?

Frederick Douglass
Emancipation Proclamation (1862)
Act of Conscription (1863)
Black Troops
New York Draft Riots
The Battle of Gettysburg
The Gettysburg Address

APUSH 4 (5): Phase Two – Union Victory (1864 – 1865)

AIM: Why did the North win the Civil War?

Second Phase: North is winning
General Ulysses S. Grant
A War of Attrition
Election of 1864
Sherman’s Ride
Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

APUSH 5 (5): Presidential Reconstruction (1865 – 1867)

Homework Due Today

Read pages 477-485. Stop at “Congressional Reconstruction”.
1. What was the Freedmen’s Bureau? What was its purpose? Who headed it and what is named for that
man today?
2. What kind of person was President Andrew Johnson?
3. What was Lincoln’s Reconstruction Plan?
4. What was the Wade-Davis Bill?
5. Who were the Radical Republicans?
6. What was President Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan?
7. What were Black Codes?

AIM: What were the competing Reconstruction goals of Congress and the President?
40 Acres and a Mule?
Lincoln’s Plan
Wade-Davis Bill
Johnson’s Plan (Presidential Reconstruction)
Black Codes
APUSH 6 (5): Congress Struggles for Control

Homework Due Today

Textbook 485-491. Stop at “The Realities of Radical Reconstruction in the South”

1. Why were Republicans in Congress unhappy with Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan?
2. What were the Freedmen’s Bureau Bill and the Civil Rights Act of 1866?
3. What was the 14th Amendment?
4. Who were Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens?
5. What were the Reconstruction Acts (1867)? What did they do?
6. What was the 15th Amendment
7. Why were Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony opposed to the 14th Amendment?

AIM: What were the goals of Radical Reconstruction?

Radical Republicans
Freedmen’s Bureau
Civil Rights Act 1866
Military (Congressional) (Radical) Reconstruction (1867)
Tenure of Office Act
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson (1868)

APUSH 7 (5): President Ulysses S. Grant (1869 – 1877)

Homework Due Today
Textbook 491-499.

1. What were Carpetbaggers and Scalawags?
2. What was one valid criticism of the biracial Republican governments that existed in the South during
3. What were the Force Acts?
4. What was the Tenure of Office Act? How did President Johnson violate it?
5. Why wasn’t Johnson removed from office?
6. What was Seward’s Folly?
7. What were two reasons, one noble, and one not-so-noble, that the Radical Republicans wanted to
extend voting rights Blacks in the South?
8. What political party controlled the South in the 100 years following the end of Reconstruction?
9. Of the many different historical interpretations that have been written about Reconstruction, which
seems to be the one embraced by the New York State Board of Regents (your curriculum)?

AIM: How did Radical Reconstruction affect Whites and Blacks in the South?

13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
Ku Klux Klan
Enforcement Acts
APUSH 8 (5): Things Fall Apart

AIM: Why did Reconstruction fail?

Panic of 1873
Civil Rights Act of 1875
Compromise of 1877

APUSH 9 (5): The “New” South (Turning Back the Clock)

AIM: What is the “New South”?

Solid South
Jim Crow Laws
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Share Cropping
Tenant Farming
Crop-Lien System
Poll Tax
Literacy Test
Slaughterhouse Cases

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