Coming to America “Immigration is painful to all men” Why do people leave their homeland? Economic Poverty, Famine, “land of opportunity” Religious Pilgrims, Freedom to Worship Political Declaration of Independence Forced Slavery Waves of Immigrants OLD NEW MODERN WEALTH APPEARANCE TREATMENT RELIGION Old immigrants/modern times OLD Immigration Old Immigrants: (1840-1890) Northern/Western Europe Germany, Ireland, England, Sweden, Norway, Holland Old Immigrants Relocate to Midwest Farmland Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Ohio Remain Isolated Hold onto culture and language for several generations. Old Immigrants Wealth? Some wealth, buy farm, not dirt poor. Appearance? Light skin, light hair, white. Treatment in America Generally Accepted. Religion Mainly Protestant New Immigration New Immigrants (1890-1930) 18 Million Southern/Eastern Europe Italy, Hungary, Spain, Russia, Poland, Greece Travel Ships (2 Weeks) Steerage (bottom of ship) poor ventilation, food, air quality, toilets, no privacy. Cost = $50.00 Travel / Entry Points 70 % New York City Baltimore, Boston, Philadelphia Ellis Island, NY. (Welcome/Process Station) Located near Statue of Liberty. Who is “fit” to live in America? New Immigrants Relocate to major industrial cities. New York, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, Boston Become ghetto dwellers. Live in small cramped urban apartments. Make money and send for relatives. New Immigrants Wealth Poor to Very Poor Appearance Darker Skin, Darker Hair, (White) Not accepted, Flood job Treatment in America market, appearance, religion. Religion Catholic, Greek Orthodox Additional Facts on Immigration Million come to U.S.A. Between 1860- 25 1930 Some want to limit Immigration 1890 (close of Western Frontier) “No more West” Fearof Increased competition leads to new legislation/nativist attitudes Chinese Immigration Entry: San Francisco, Seattle Reasons: Build R.R. Economic Settle: Mostly Urban, but found in Rural areas Legal Actions Taken Against Immigrants Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 (Cuts off all immigration from China) Immigration Act 1917 (Ended immigration from most Asian-Pacific regions) Emergency Quota Act (3% of each nationality living in America) Nativist Reaction to Immigration Nativism=Hostility from native-born Americans. -Racism -Taking Jobs -Won’t become “Real Americans” Recent/Current Immigration Modern Immigration (1960 – Present) Mexico, South America, Asia Multiculturalism Bilingualism Illegal Immigration What is Janek’s Experience???? What immigration issues does Janek deal with??
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