Coming to America
“Immigration is painful to all men”
Why do people leave their
Poverty, Famine, “land of opportunity”
Pilgrims, Freedom to Worship
Declaration of Independence
Waves of Immigrants
OLD NEW MODERN
Old immigrants/modern times
Relocate to Midwest Farmland
Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Ohio
Hold onto culture and language for several
Wealth? Some wealth, buy
farm, not dirt poor.
Appearance? Light skin, light hair,
Treatment in America Generally Accepted.
Religion Mainly Protestant
Italy, Hungary, Spain,
Ships (2 Weeks)
Steerage (bottom of
ship) poor ventilation,
food, air quality,
toilets, no privacy.
Cost = $50.00
Travel / Entry Points
70 % New York City
Ellis Island, NY.
Station) Located near
Statue of Liberty.
Who is “fit” to live in
Relocate to major industrial cities.
New York, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland,
Become ghetto dwellers.
Live in small cramped urban apartments.
Make money and send for relatives.
Wealth Poor to Very Poor
Appearance Darker Skin, Darker Hair,
Not accepted, Flood job
Treatment in America market, appearance,
Catholic, Greek Orthodox
Additional Facts on Immigration
Million come to U.S.A. Between 1860-
Some want to limit Immigration 1890
(close of Western Frontier) “No more
Fearof Increased competition leads to
new legislation/nativist attitudes
Entry: San Francisco,
Reasons: Build R.R.
Settle: Mostly Urban,
but found in Rural
Legal Actions Taken Against
Chinese Exclusion Act 1882
(Cuts off all immigration from China)
Immigration Act 1917 (Ended
immigration from most Asian-Pacific
Emergency Quota Act (3% of each
nationality living in America)
Nativist Reaction to Immigration
(1960 – Present)
Mexico, South America,
What is Janek’s
What immigration issues does
Janek deal with??