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Current Affairs _Jan 2009 - June 2010_

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Current Affairs _Jan 2009 - June 2010_ Powered By Docstoc
					CURRENT AFFAIRS- MONTH WISE

CURRENT AFFAIRS- MONTH WISE
MAY 2010
For the very purpose of getting you ready for the challenge that is Current Affairs In India,
we are covering the 2010 current affairs including politics current affair, current affair news,
science current affairs, general knowledge current affair, current government affair and
international current affairs. Only studying India's current affairs or political current affairs is
not sufficient as you have to cover international events and current affairs along with the
Indian current affairs, as well as those in the field of science and sports.

International Current Affairs 2010

* G-15 summit was held at Tehran on 16-17 May.
* Bangladesh handed over Ranjan Daimary of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland to
India. The group was responsible for serial bombing in Assam in 2008.
* National League for Democracy (NLD) party of Myannmar’s democracy leader Aung San
Sui Kyi was abolished after deadline to re-register as a political party was over.
* EU-IMF provide a $ 1 trillion rescue package to the Greece to resolve its debt crises.
* Pakistan successfully test fired two short range ballistic missiles, Shaheen I( range 650 Km)
and Ghazani (range 290 Km) capable of carrying nuclear war heads and striking Indian cities.

National Current Affairs 2010

* Naxalites killed 47 people in a landmine blast between Dantewada and Sukma in
Chattisgarh.
* Test fire of nuclear capable Agni-II missile was successfully carried out from Wheeler
Island off the coast of Orissa on 17th May. Agni II has a range of 2000Km. It is 20m long
two stage solid propelled ballistic missile. It was developed by Advanced System
Laboratories alongwith DRDO & Bharat Dynamics Ltd.
* Supreme Court in a recent judgement upheld a rule that allows the adjustment of reserved
category candidate SC/ST/OBC against their quota seats even if they manage to qualify an
examination for govt services on merit.
* National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) is the monitoring authority
for the Right to Education Act which became effective from April 1, 2010.

Sports Current Affairs 2010

* England won 2010 ICC World Twenty20 Cricket tournament defeating Australia. The
tournament was held at South Africa. Kevin Pieterson of England has been declared as Player
of the Tournament.
* Australia won 2010 Women’s World Twenty20 Cricket tournament defeating New
Zealand.
* India and South Korea were declared joint winner of 2010 Sultan Azlan Shah Hockey Cup,
after suspension of the final match due to heavy rains.India’s Sardar Singh has been declared
as Best Player of the Tournament. Australia won the Bronze medal. The tournament was held
at Ipoh (Malaysia). India had won the tournament earlier in 1985, 1991, 1995 & 2009.
* China won Thomas Cup ( Men’s Badminton) defeating Indonesia.
* In the World Youth Boxing Championship, held at Baku, Azerbaijan, India won 1 Gold &
1 Silver. Gold medal was won by Vikas Krishan and Silver medal was won by Shiva Thapa.
* India won bronze medal in the 2nd Asian Paragliding Championship held at Nishiewa,
Japan.
* World Chess Champion Viswanathan Anand retained his title after defeating Veselin
Topalov of Bulgaria in the World Chess Championship 2010.

Awards Current Affairs 2010

* Vandana Shiva has been awarded Sydney Peace Prize 2010 for her work in the field of
social justice.

Persons in News 2010

* Gita Gopinath an Indian origin associate professor at Harvard Univ has been appointed a
full professor, the first Indian woman in the Institution’s history to ge given this appointment.
* Former Vice President of India, Bhairon Singh Shekhawat died.
* Rima Fakih was crowned Miss USA 2010. She became the first ever muslim American
Miss USA. She is of Lebanese muslim descent.
* Singer Christina Aguilera was named Ambassador against hunger by the United Nations
World Food Programme.
* Rushanara Ali became first person of Bangladesh origin to be elected to the British
Parliament.
* David Cameron elected Prime Minister of Britain. Nick Clegg became the Dy Prime
Minister. Britain gets first coalition govt since World War-II. It is between Conservative and
Liberal Democrats.
* Justice S H Kapadia sworn as new Chief Justice of India.
* Hari S Bhartia elected as President of Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) for 2010-11.
* Jessica Watson became the youngest person to sail unassisted around the world in a yatch.

Misc Issues

* International Mosaics Festival was held in Tunisia.
* Aman ki Asha- the name of the Indo Pak Business Meet held at New delhi.
* International Museum Day- 18 May.
* ’Yours Sincerely’ written by Natwar Singh.
* ’The Duel’ written by Tariq Ali.
* ’The Promise :President Obama, Year One’ written by Jonathan Alter.

April 2010
For the very purpose of getting you ready for the challenge that is Current Affairs In India,
we are covering the 2010 April current affairs including politics current affair, current affair
news, science current affairs, general knowledge current affair, current government affair and
international current affairs. Only studying India's current affairs or political current affairs is
not sufficient as you have to cover international events and current affairs along with the
Indian current affairs, as well as those in the field of science and sports.

International Current Affairs [April 2010]

* Belgium became the Europe’s first country to ban burqa.
* Pakistan’s National assembly passed a bill that takes away the President’s power to dissolve
parliament, dismiss a elected government and appoint the three services Chiefs. Pakistan’s
parliament passes 18th amendment which was later signed by Presient cutting President’s
powers.
* USA and Russia signed Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty(START) that allowed a
maximum of 1550 deployed overheads, about 30% lower than a limit set in 2002. The treaty
was signed in the Progue Castle.
* Emergency was imposed in Thailand.
* Nuclear Security Summit held at Washington.It was a 47 nation summit wherein P.M.
announced setting up of a global nuclear energy centre for conducting research &
development of design systems that are secure, proliferation resistant & sustainable.
* PM visit USA & Brazil, a two nation tour. He attended Nuclear Security Summit in USA &
India- Brazil-S.Africa(IBSA) and Brazil-Russia-India-China(BRIC) summit in Brasilia
(Brazil).
* 16th SAARC Summit held in Bhutan in 28-29 April. The summit was held in Bhutan for
the first time. It is the silver jubilee summit as SAARC has completed 25 years. The summit
central theme was ‘Climate Change’. The summit recommended to declare 2010-2020 as the
“Decade of Intra-regional Connectivity in SAARC”. The 17th SAARC summit will be held
in Maldives in 2011.

National Current Affairs [April 2010]

* Naxals killed about 75 CRPF personal at Chintalnar-Tarmetla village in Dantewada distt
,Chhattisgarh. Government appoint E.N. Rammohan, to probe the incident.
* Uninque Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) now known as Aadhaar. It’s Chairman
is Nandan Nilekani. It will assign 16 digit identification number to all residents in India.
* NTRO- National Technical Research Organisation. The organization came to limelight
after allegation of phone tapping of politicians.
* Indian navy commissioned India’s first indigenously built stealth warship ‘ INS Shivalik’.
The other stealth warship to be built are named as ‘INS Sahyadri’ and INS Satpura’.
* Right To Education Act is notified and will become a legally enforceable from 1 April
2010. Key features of RTE Act are : All children in 6-14 age group must get free and
compulsory eduction; No child shall be held back,expelled or required to pass a board
examination till Class VIII; There must be 25 % reservation for poor children even in private
& minority schools; There must be one teacher for every 30 students; A child rights
commission will look into violations of the RTE law.
* Govt start Census 2011. It is the 15th Census. It is in two phase. The first phase is called –
House listing & Housing Census and the second phase is called decadal headcount which will
be held in Feb 2011. The Registrar General of India is C Chandramouli.

Sports Current Affairs [April 2010]

* IPL3 season won by Chennai Super Kings defeating Mumbai Indians.
* Youth Olympics Games 2010 to be held in Singapore in Aug 2010.
* World Youth Championship was held at Baku, Azerbaijan.
* Lawn tennis legend Martina Navratilova diagnosed with Breast Cancer.
* ‘Jumbo’ chosen as 2011 World Cricket Cup Mascot.
* World Kabbadi Cup 2010- India defeated Pakistan to won World Cup Kabbadi 2010 held at
Ludhiana.
* Pankaj Advani won the Asian Billiards Championship defeating Singapore’s Peter Gilchrist
for the consecutive third time.
* Badminton Asia Championship, Delhi :
o Men’s singles – Lin Dan defeated Wang Zhenguing
o Women’s singles-Li Xiurei defeated Liu Xin.

Persons in News [April 2010]

* Shashi Tharoor (born 9 March 1956) is a member of the Indian Parliament from the
Thiruvananthapuram constituency in Kerala. A prolific author, columnist, journalist and
human rights advocate, he has previously served as the United Nations Under-Secretary
General for Communications and Public Information and the Indian Minister of State for
External Affairs.
* Lalit Modi (born 29 November, 1963 Delhi, India) is an Indian cricket administrator and
businessman. He is best known for his stint as the Chairman and Commissioner of the Indian
Premier League and the Chairman of the Champions League from 2008 to 2010. He is also
the Vice President of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) since 2005 and Vice
President of the Punjab Cricket Association.

Economics & Commerce [April 2010]

* India became the 7th largest shareholder in World Bank. India’s voting rights has gone up
to 2.91 %. The USA has highest voting rights of 15.85 % followed by Japan with 6.84 % and
Germany with 4 %.
* Govt proposed that concept of GGDP – Green Gross Domestic Product to be introduced in
the country by 2015. In 2012 India will host the Rio+20 conference on biological diversity.
* Government approved disinvestment of 20% of share in SAIL in this financial year.
* India’s total external debt as on December 2009 is 251 billion.
* India’s Gems & Jewellery export grow by 16% to $28.41 billion in 2009-2010.
* RBI announced the credit policy. The CRR has been raised from 5.75 % to 6 %. The Repo
rate has been raised from 5 % to 5.25 %. The reverse repo rate has been raised from 3.5 % to
3.75 %.

Awards Current Affairs 2010 [April 2010]

* 19Th Bihari Puraskar 2009 has been awarded to Hemant Shesh for his collection of poetry
‘Jagah Jaisi Jagah’.
* 2010 Commonwealth Writers Prize for the best first Book was awarded to Glenda Guest for
the novel ‘Siddon Rock’. Rana Dasgupta won Commonwealth Writers Prize for best Book
2010 for book ‘Solo’.
* Carl Zeiss wildlife conservation award was won by Joydip Kundu.
* Amitav Ghosh won the Dan David Prize alongwith Margaret Atwood for ‘Rendition of the
2oth century’.

Misc Issues [April 2010]

* ‘Decision Points’ memoir of former US President George W Bush.
* A variety of mango has been named after Sachin Tendulkar.
* Scientist create element 117 from calcium & Berkelium.
* International congress of Mathematicians will be hosted by India for the first time in
August 2010 at Hyderabad. The congress has been held once every four years since
1897except the breaks during two world wars.
* Government will opened four new campuses for the IIMC(Indian Institute of Mass
Communication) at Nagpur, Kochi, Jammu and Aizawl.
* Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park, Derjeeling become first zoo in the country to
install infrared night vision cameras in the enclosures housing endangered snow leopard.
* ‘Hindutva, Sex & Adventure’ written by Mark Tully.
* Gorumara National Park, Jalpaigudi has been declared the best among the 235 national
parks & sanctuaries in the country by the MOEF.
* ‘Gandhi-Naked Ambition’ written by Jad Adams.
* India ranks 5th in the World’s cybercrime ranking for 2009 after US, China, Brazil &
Germany.
* India lauched GSLV from Sriharikota on 15 April 2010. However the launch was failed in
the third stage. The launch was important as GSLV-D3 was the third developmental mission
of India’s GSLV during which ISRO’s indigenously developed cryogenic upper stage (CUS)
was to be flight tested. This is the 6th flight of GSLV, but the first one to test Indian made
cryogenic upper stage. GSLV-D3 was to launch the GSAT-4 satellite into an elliptical
Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit. The total flight of the vehicle was planned to be 1022
seconds.
* India likely to complete building its first strategic crude oil storage by Oct 2011. India is
building underground storage at Visakhapatnam in AP and Padur in Karnataka to store about
5.33 million tones of crude oil which is enough to meet nation’s oil requirement for 13-14
days. India will join nations like the US, Japan & China that have strategic reserves.

Persons in News [2010]

* Justice Gyan Sudha Mishra was sworn in as Judge of Supreme Court of India. She became
the 4th women judge to be elevated to the Supreme Court of India.
* Justice S H Kapadia will be next Chief Justice of India.
* Mukul Sangma shown in as Meghalaya Chief Minister.
* Poland’s President Lech Kaczynski died in a air crash at Moscow.
* Juan Antonia Samaranch, Former President of International Olympic Committee (IOC)
died.

March 2010
For the very purpose of getting you ready for the challenge that is Current Affairs In India,
we are covering the 2010 March current affairs including politics current affair, current affair
news, science current affairs, general knowledge current affair, current government affair and
international current affairs. Only studying India's current affairs or political current affairs is
not sufficient as you have to cover international events and current affairs along with the
Indian current affairs, as well as those in the field of science and sports.

International Current Affairs [March 2010]

* China will launch in 2011 unmammed space mode ‘ Tiangong I’ for its future space
laboratory.
* US internet giant Google close its business in China.
* India’s largest telecom service provider Bharti Airtel buy Zain’s Africa operations for an
enterprise value of $ 10.7 billion (Rs 49000 crore). Currently Bharti’s non-India operations
include Sri Lanka & Bangladesh.
* Russia abolished two of its eleven time Zones.

National Current Affairs [March 2010]

* Govt launched National Mission for Empowerment of Women aimed at inter-sectoral
convergence of all pro- women programmes.
* Constitution 108th Amendment Bill 2008 commonly known as women’s reservation bill
was passed by Rajya Sabha by 186 in favour 1 against 39 abstained (Current strength of
Rajya Sabha is 233). The bill seeks to reserve a third of the seats on the Lok Sabha and state
assemblies for 15 years on a rotational basis. It was first introduced in 1996. Sharad Joshi, an
independent MP is the only MP which cast vote against the bill. In the present Lok Sabha,
there are 59 women MPs out of 543 MPs. Total MLAs in 29 state assemblies in India are
4093.
* Yamunanagar (Haryana) and Vishakhapatnam (AP) are choosen for a pilot project on
saving household energy by replacing incandescent lamps with CFLs (Compact Fluorescent
Lamps).
* Earth Hour 2010 has been celebrated on 27 March organized by World Wide Fund for
Nature, India. Delhi, Mumbai and Bengaluru are official Earth Hour Cities among 15 Indian
cities.
* Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister of Russia visit India in March 2010.
* Supreme Court allowed religion based 4 % reservations in Govt jobs & educational
institutes in Andhra Pradesh. It extended the benefit to 14 OBC in muslims in the state. The
matter is further referred to Constitutional bench of Supreme Court.
* ’Bold Kurushetra’ a joint armour exercise between India and Singapore was held at
Jhansi(UP).
* Prohibition of unfair practices in technical, medical educational institutions & universities
Bill is passed by Govt. It provided for 3 year imprisonment and a fine of upto Rs 50 lakh for
higher education providers guilty of misleading students.
* Govt approved Foreign Educational Institution (Regulation of Entry & Operation) Bill
2010. It provides foreign universities to set up campuses in India.
* Govt amends Anti Hijacking Act 1982. It now provides for death sentence to the hijackers.
* Govt starts the scheme for creation of the National Population Register (NPR) of Indian
residents. The project will cover an estimated 1.2 billion people and total cost of the project
will be Rs. 3539.24 crore.
* India became 1st country in the world to have a ‘manoeuvrable’ supersonic cruise missile,
when it successfully test fired 290 km range Brahmos missile.
* Chinese Vice Premier Hui Liangyu visit India in March 2010.

Sports Current Affairs [March 2010]

* Tamil Nadu defeated West Bengal to won Vijay Harare Cricket Trophy.
* Australia won World Hockey Cup 2010 defeating Germany. India ranked at 8th place.
* India won six gold medal in the Commonwealth Boxing Championship held at Delhi.
* Two new IPL teams, Kochi was auctioned for Rs 1533 crore and Pune was auctioned for Rs
1702 crore. Kochi was auctioned to Rendezvous Adventure Sports Ltd. Pune was auctioned
to Sahara Adventure Sports Ltd.

Persons in News [March 2010]

* Rajan Bharti Mittal appointed President FICCI.
* Major Dimple Singla became first women army officer in the country who has been
sentenced to imprisonment for corruption.
* Bhubneshwar Kalita has been choosen as the Chef de Mission of the Indian contingent at
Commonwealth Games 2010.
* Cricketer Kapil Dev has been inducted into the ICC Hall of Fame.
* Former Supreme Court judge P V Reddy appointed as Chairman, Law Commission of
India.
* Lt Gen V K Singh appointed as new Army Chief.
* Sonia Gandhi appointed head of National Advisory Council. NAC advice the govt on
policy matters, monitor flagship programmes and prepare the ground for other pro-poor
legislatures.
* Lyricist Javed Akhtar, Mani Shankar Aiyar, Dr Ram Dayal Munda, Dr Balchandra
Mungekar and Kannada Actress B Jayashree are among other persons nominated to Rajya
Sabha.
* Austrian base jumper Felix Baumgartnar will became the first person to leaps from the edge
of space at a height of 37 km above earth’s surface. He become the first man to break the
speed of sound hitting a top speed of about 11000km/hr. He will jump on 11 April 2010.
* Katie Spotz became the youngest person to complete a solo journey across the Atlantic
Ocean.
* Girija Prasad Koirala, Nepal Ex Prime Minister died. He was 5th time Nepal PM.

Awards Current Affairs 2010 [March 2010]

* Oscar Awards 2010
o Best Director- Kathryn Bigelow for The Heart Locker. She became first women to win the
Oscar for best director.
o Best Film- The Heart Locker.
o Best Actor- Jeff Bridges for Crazy Heart.
o Best Actress- Sandra Bullock for The Blind Side.
o Best Supporting Actor –Christoph Waltz for Inglorious Basterds.
o Best Supporting Actress –Mo’Nique for Precious.
o Best foreign language film- The Secret in their Eyes, from Argentina.
* Amitabh Bachchhan honoured with lifetime achievement award at 34th Hong Kong
International Film Festival.
* Surjit Pater has been awarded with 19th Saraswati Samman 2009 for ‘Lafzan Di Dargah’.
* Moortidevi Award was given to the Law Minister M Veerappa Moily for his work Shri
Ramayan Mahanveshanam.
* Vyas Samman 2009 was awarded to Amar Kant for his work ‘Inhin Hathiyaron Se’.

Misc Issues [March 2010]

* Brahan Natyanjali 2010 festival was organized to celebrate 1000 years of Tanjavur temple
in Tamil Nadu which was built by Chola emperor Rajaraja Chola in 1010 AD.
* 192 year old Presidency College of Kolkatta (India’s oldest college) converted into
Presidency University. It became 18th state university in West Bengal.
* Railways started ‘Maharajas Express’ from Kolkatta to Delhi. It is a tourist train having
stoppage at Gaya, Varanasi, Bandhavgarh, Gwalior, Khajuraho and Agra.
* The book ‘Way to go’ written by Upamanyu Chatterjee.
* The book ‘Wide Angle’ written by cricketer Anil Kumble.
* The book ‘El Sari Rojo’ written by Javier Moro, is on the life of Sonia Gandhi.
* World TB Day celebrated on 24 March.
* Constitution 112th Amendment Bill 2009 seeks to amend following clauses of Article 243T
of the Constitution that provides for reservation of seats for SC & ST and also for women in
Urban Local bodies : a) In clause (2) for the word ‘one third’, the word ‘one half’ shall be
substituted, b) In clause (3) the word ‘one third’ , the word ‘one half shall be substituted.

February 2010
For the very purpose of getting you ready for the challenge that is Current Affairs In India,
we are covering the 2010 February current affairs including politics current affair, current
affair news, science current affairs, general knowledge current affair, current government
affair and international current affairs. Only studying India's current affairs or political
current affairs is not sufficient as you have to cover international events and current affairs
along with the Indian current affairs, as well as those in the field of science and sports.

International Current Affairs [February 2010]

* NATO forces carried out Marjah operation (dubbed Moshtarak) against Taliban forces in
Afghanistan.
* European Union summit was held in Brussels. EU & IMF decided to giving support to
Greece in its struggle to bring its ballooning budget deficit under control. EU President is
Herman Van Rompuy.
* Iran’s President Mahmood Ahmedinejad declared that Iran had produced first batch of 20
% enriched uranium and now Iran became a nuclear state.
* Iran launched ‘Kavoshger -3 rocket’ capable of carrying a satellite. It carried a mouse,
worms & two turtles.

National Current Affairs [February 2010]

* Kirit Parikh committee , set up to review petro pricing regime, submit its recommendation.
Its major recommendation are to deregulate the prices of petrol & diesel as per market prices,
reduce the subsidy on LPG.
* India signed a Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with the UK, which became the 8th
country to enter into such a pact, since the lifting of atomic trade embargo in 2008.
* Govt set up a panel under the Chairmanship of former Justice B N Srikrishna which would
consider the demand for splitting Andhra Pradesh.
* India and Denmark signed a social security pact which will relieve their workers from
double taxation and provide for cooperation in areas of labour market expansion and orderly
migration.
* Prime Minister Manmohan Singh visits Saudi Arabia in Feb 2010. He was the first Indian
PM in 28 years to visit the gulf country. Saudi Arabia is India’s largest supplier of crude oil (
23 %) followed by Iran ( 17 %) and Nigeria ( 11 %). India is offering upto 10 % equity to
Saudi petroleum firm Saudi Aramco in a refinery being built in Orissa. PM addressed the
Shoura council of Saudi Arabia.
* Constitution 111th Amendment – Proposes to incorporate a new Part ( Part IX B) in the
Constitution so as to provide for legal framework to regulate the functioning of cooperative
societies. A new Article ( Article 43 B) is also proposed to be inserted in Part IV of the
Constitution (Directive Principles of State Policy) for the States to promote voluntary
formation, autonomous functioning of cooperative societies.
* Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Bill 2009 commonly known as Nuclear Liability Bill
will be introduced by Govt in Parliament in Winter session 2010. The draft bill aims at
limiting the liability of a nuclear plant operator to Rs. 300 crore in the eventuality of an
accident. The bill provides for the penalty to be paid by the operator and not the supplier
companies which would mainly be American in this case. India has entered into civil nuclear
cooperation agreement with eight countries so far.

Sports Current Affairs [February 2010]

* 11th South Asian Games 2010 : Held at Dhaka, Bangladesh from 29 Jan to 8 Feb.
Originally scheduled to take place in 2009, but due to general elections in Bangladesh, the
games were held in 2010. This was the third time that the Dhaka hosted the Games, thus
becoming the first city to hold the games three times. 8 countries participated in the games in
23 different sports, including T20 cricket, which was introduced for the first time in SAG.
The 8 countries included are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal,
Pakistan & Sri Lanka. 1The logo of the games was ‘Kutumb’, a flying doel , which is the
national bird of Bangladesh. The mascot of the games featured a magpie robin, which was
holding the torch to begin the games. The final medal tally include : India - 1st place with 90
G 55 S 29 B Total 174, Pakistan- 2nd place with 19 G 25 S 36 B Total 80, Bangladesh- 3rd
place with 18 G 23 S 56 B Total 97.
* West Zone won Duleep Trophy ( 2009-10) defeating South Zone.
* India’s Gaganjeet Bhullar won the Asian Tour International Trophy 2010. It is his 2nd
consecutive title.
* Euro 2012 to be co-hosted by Poland and Ukraine.
* 2010 Winter Olympic Games were held at Vancouver, Canada. Mascot of the game was
MIGA (a sea bear), QUATCHI( a sasquatch) and SUMI (animal guardian spirit). The logo of
the games was Ilnaaq meaning Friend in Inuktut. There were 86 events in 7 sports. The
games were held from 12 Feb to 28 Feb. Final medal tally. Canada- 14 G 7 S 5 B, Germany-
10 G 13 S 7 B, USA- 9 G 15 S 13 B.
* IOC (International Olympic Committee ) has approved ICC (International Cricket Council)
bid to join the Olympic games 2020. The first time cricket was included in the Olympic
games was in Paris Olympic 1900.
* 11th World Hockey Cup 2010- To be held in Delhi, India. This is 2nd WHC which India is
hosting. India also hosted the WHC in 1982 at Mumbai. 12 countries participated in the
tournament. WHC is held in the years between two summer Olympics. First WHC was held
at Barcelona in 1971. Pakistan has won the cup four times, Netherland three times, Germany
two times, India & Australia once each. India won the WHC in 1975.
* Sachin Tendulkar became first player in the world to score a double century in ODI (One
day International). He scored 200 (Not out) against South Africa.
* Commonwealth Shooting Championship was held in New Delhi in Feb 2010. India stood at
first place with 35 Gold 25 Silver and 14 Bronze. England stood at 2nd place with 4 gold and
Wales stood at 3rd place.

Science and Technology Current Affairs [February 2010]

* USA Space agency NASA launched Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) to discover the
causes of extreme solar activity such as sun spots and solar winds & flares.
* ‘GANGES’- Global Advisory Network Group on environmental sciences. It was created by
Govt for environment research work.
* Agni-III ballistic missile with a range of 3500 Km was successfully launched from Wheeler
Island, Orissa.
* Ht Cotton – Herbicide Tolerant Cotton. The variety of Ht Cotton in MON 1445. The variety
can withstand herbicides (weed killers) for better productivity and is under trail.
* Cervical cancer is caused by HPV- Human Papilloma Virus.
* South Korea has world’s highest average connection speed at 14.6 Mbpd in Internet links.
Japan has 2nd highest average speed.
* Scientist deciphered the genetic blueprint of South Africa’s Archbishop Desmond Titu.

Persons in News [February 2010]

* Horst Kochler , Germany President visit India in Feb 2010.
* Abdullah Gul, Turkey President visit India in Feb 2010.
* Economist Kokkadan Nandanath Raj, who made a significant contribution in the
preparation of first Five Year Plan(1951-56) died.
* Sharad Chandra Sinha is appointed as Director General of National Investigation
Agency(NIA).
* Mahmoud Abbas, Palestinian President visit India in Feb 2010.
* Muhammad Shahrul Ikram Yaakob of Malaysia appointed Chairman, International Atomic
Energy Agency.
* Govt appointed R S Pandey as its mediator for talk with NSCN(IM) in Nagaland to carry
forward the peace process.
* Former Justice P V Reddy will be appointed as Chairman, Law Commission of India.
* Ram Baran Yadav, Nepal President visit India in Feb 2010. It was the first visit by Yadav
to any foreign country after taking over as Nepal’s President. Yadav is the first President of
Nepal since monarchy ended in 2008. India extended $ 250 million soft line of credit to
Nepal.
* Rajinder Singh became first non-white and also first Asian member of the right wing
British National Party, after it amended its constitution to allow black and Asian to be its
member.
* Amitabh Bachan became the brand ambassador of Gujarat state.
* Amnesty International, the global human right organization has appointed Salid Shetty as
its next Secy General from June 2010. He will be the first Indian to head the organization.
* Shah Rukh Khan & Kajol become the first Indian bollywood actors to ring the opening bell
of the world’s biggest stock exchange’ NASDAQ’.
* Rajiv Satav appointed President, Indian Youth Congress.
* Katrina Kaif awarded with 2009 Excellence in Performing Arts Award established by
ASSOCHAM.
* M H Hussain, famous painter accepted citizenship of Qatar.

Economics [February 2010]

* Planning Commission grant special category status to the Bundelkhand region comprising 9
distt of Uttar Pradesh and 15 distt of Madhya Pradesh for the irrigation projects. Under
special category status, state govt can seek 90 % grant assistance from the centre and 10 % as
loan.
* Govt revises base year for the calculation of National Income from 1999-2000 to 2004-
2005. The GDP for 2009-10 will be Rs. 55,74,449 crore and the fiscal deficit for the
corresponding period will be 6.4 %.
* Capital Control – Foreign capital inflows in the form of loans and equity that are allowed in
a restricted form are said to be controlled. The capital inflows include foreign borrowings by
Indian corporate and businesses, NRI deposits and portfolio flow from institutional investors
into the stock market. Loans to Govt and short term trade credit are also included. India had
control on both capital account transactions as well as on current account with the local
currency fixed by the Central Bank. In 1991, rupee was first made convertible on the current
account. In 1994, Govt allows foreign portfolio investments.
* Govt will replace Benchmark Prime Lending System (BPLR) with Base rate system from 1
April 2010 to make bank lending more transparent. It provided for minimum rate for all types
of loans for banks.

Misc Issues [February 2010]

* Milan 2010, a biennial meeting of navies of Asia Pacific countries held at Port Blair in Feb
2010. 12 countries of Asia Pacific Region participated in it. It is the 7th edition of Milan
exercises. It is a biennial exercise of Asia Pacific maritime navies, hosted by the Indian Navy.
First Milan exercise was held in 1995.
* ‘Vayu-Shakti’ name given to IAF exercise conducted at Pokhran range in the Thar desert in
Feb 2010. IAF is the 4th largest air force in the world after USA, Russia and China.
* ‘Bo’ language of Andaman become extinct. Its last speaker died.
* As per Indian Meteorological deptt, 2009 was the warmest year since 1990. The annual
mean temperature for 2009 was 25.55 degree celcius for the country s as a whole.
* Uttarakhand became first state in the country to ban the cultivation of Bt Brinjal ( Country’s
first Genetically Modified food crop). Bt Brijnal is a genetically modified crop which has a
special gene- Cry1AC, inserted to make it poisonous to pests. GM Crops resists pests and
give better yields as well as nutrition. Bt Brinjal is developed in India by Mahyco company.
GM foods are derived from organisms whose DNA has been modified through genetic
engineering.
* China ranked 1st in the wind power capacity in the world. India is at 5th place with 10925
MW capacity. The five top nations in the order of wind power capacity are China, US, Spain,
Germany & India.
* Eurozone is a economic and monetary union of 16 EU member states which have adopted
the euro currency as their sole legal tender. PIIGS countries include Portugal, Italy, Ireland,
Greece & Spain.
* 17 army jawans killed in a avalanche at High Altitude Warfare School (HAWS) at
Khilanmarg, J&K.
* West Bengal govt reserved 10 % of govt jobs in the state for poor muslims.
* China will celebrate 2010 as Year of Tiger.
* India has a road network of 33 lakh km and is second largest in the world. It included 200
km of expressway, 70548 km of national highways, 131899 km of state highways, 467763
km of major district roads and 26.5 lakh km of rural & other roads. The Golden Quadrilateral
joining four metro cities of Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai and Kolkatta, has a length of 5846 km.
* Taj Mahotsav organized by UP govt in Feb 2010 with the theme ‘Ek Utsav Prem Ka’.
* Vancouver city, Canada named as the World’s most livable city as per survey conducted by
Economics Intelligence Unit. Delhi is ranked at 113th place and Mumbai at 117th place.
* 16th Conference of Parties (COP) will be held in Dec 2010 at Mexico. The 15th COP was
held in Copenhagen in Dec 2009.
* Hyderabad International Airport has been named amongst the world’s five top airports.
Other four airports are Seol, Singapore, Hong Kong and Beijing.
* ’1000 faces for 1000 tigers’ campaign was launched in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The
campaign aims to help double the number of wild tigers in Malaysia by 2022.
* Sachin Tendulkar features in BMC’s ‘Save Water Campaign’.
* Indian Navy inducted Russian built MiG 29 K fighters planes.
* Basic Capabilities Index 2009- India received 68 points. The index was published by Social
Watch’s. The highest BCI points was given to Iran having 97 points and lowest points 44 was
given to Chad.
* K R Sridhar, an US based Indian scientist invented Bloom Box- which convert air and
virtually any other fuel source into clean electricity. The box uses solid oxide fuel cells and
can generate 100 KW of power.
* Present life expectancy of life at birth in India is 63.4 yrs. The highest expectancy of life is
in Australia of 81.4 yrs, 81 yrs for France and 79.3 yrs for England.
* World Cancer Day – 04 Feb
* International Condom Day – 14 Feb

January2010
For the very purpose of getting you ready for the challenge that is Current Affairs In India,
we are covering the 2010 january current affairs including politics current affair, current
affair news, science current affairs, general knowledge current affair, current government
affair and international current affairs. Only studying India's current affairs or political
current affairs is not sufficient as you have to cover international events and current affairs
along with the Indian current affairs, as well as those in the field of science and sports.

International Current Affairs [January 2010]

* Gilgit Baltistan region elected its first Chief Minister Mehdi Shah on the basis of Gilgit
Baltistan Empowerment & Self Governance Order 2009. The new appointed CM declare the
Gilgit Baltistan region as 5th province of Pakistan. The Indian Govt has, however, of the
view that the region was part of J & K, and thus objected to the remarks of CM.
* Venezuela devalued it currency ‘Bolivar’.
* A massive earthquake strike Haiti, the Carribbean nation. Capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince.
* Mahinda Rajapaksa won a second term as Sri Lanka’s President. He belongs to Sri Lanka
Freedom Party.

National Current Affairs [January 2010]

* Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina visit India in Jan 2010. She belongs to Awami
League Party. The two countries signed five agreements – on mutual legal assistance in
criminal matters, on transfer of sentenced persons and on combating international terrorism,
organized crime & illicit drug trafficking besides MOU on cooperation in the power sector
and on cultural exchanges. India give Bangladesh a $ 1 billion line of credit, the biggest it has
given to any country so far.
* South Korea President Lee Myung Bak visit India in Jan 2010. The two countries decided
to double the bilateral trade to $ 30 billion by 2014. Four facts were signed between two
countries – cooperation in peaceful use of outer space, IT, science & technology for the year
2010-12 and transfer of sentenced persons. South Korean President was also the chief guest
at 2010 Republic Day Parade.
* Gujarat Local Authorities Law (amendment) Bill 2009- The Bill makes it the duty of a
qualified voter to vote during elections to local bodies. Voting is compulsory, but the Bill
allows voters to cast their vote in favour of none of the candidates. Election officers will
declare those who fail to vote defaulter, and serve them a notice.
* India and China has decided to start joint military exercise from 2011.
* Najib Razak, Malaysia Prime Minister visit India in Jan 2010.
* Govt launched Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission. Key highlights of the mission are
:
o To create an enabling policy framework for the deployment of 20,000 MW of solar power
by 2020.
o To create favourable conditions for solar manufacturing capability for indigenous
production and market leadership.
o To promote programmes for off grid applications, reaching 1000 MW by 2017 and 2000
MW by 2022.
o To achieve 15 million sq. meters solar thermal collector area by 2017 and 20 million by
2022.
o To deploy 20 million solar lighting systems for rural areas by 2022.
* New Governors appointed : a) M K Narayanan – West Bengal, b)Shivraj Patil – Punjab, c)
Mohsina Kidwai – Jharkhand, d) Shekhar Dutt – Chhattisgarh, e) E S L Narasimhan –
Andhra Pradesh.
* Govt plans to create a National Gas Highway Development Authority. The present Gas
Pipeline Density in India is 3.29 Km per 1000 Sq.Km.
* Govt plans to set up a National Green Tribunal to control Carbon Emissions and pollution.
It will be responsible for implementing the low carbon roadmap to be set forth in the 12th
Five Year Plan.

Sports Current Affairs [January 2010]

* U-19 World Cup 2010 held in New Zealand from 15 – 30 Jan 2010. Javagal Srinath from
India appointed as one of the match referee for the tournament.
* Australia won the U-19 World Cup for the third time defeating Pakistan. India is placed at
6th rank. Australia won the cup for the third time.
* Rafael Nadal won the Capitala World Tennis Championsip, held at Abu Dhabi defeating
Robin Soderling.
* Magnus Carlsen becomes the youngest World No.1 chess player at the age of 19 years
breaking the Garry Kasparov’s record when he became the world’s top ranked chess player at
the age of 22 years in 1985. Magnus Carlsen is the 5th player after Kasparov, Kramnik,
Topalov and V.Anand (India) to cross the 2800 ELO rating. In the Jan 2010 FIDE ranking,
Carlsen stood at 1st place, Topalov at 2nd place and V Anand at 3rd place.
* Marin Cilic defeated Staniglas Wawrinka to won Men’s singles title of Aircel Chennai
Open.
* Pakistan’s cricketer Shahid Afridi was banned for two T20 internationals after he was
found guilty of ball tempering in a ODI against Australia.
* Corus Chess Grandmaster Tournament won by Magnus Carlsen. V.Anand of India ranked
at 4th place. Hopman Cup 2010- Spain defeated Great Britain.
* Australian Open 2010 : Women’s Single- Serena William defeated Justin Henin. It is
Serena’s 5th Australian Open title. It is also Serena’s 12th Grand Slam title equaling the
record of Billie Jean King.
* Men’s Single- Roger Federer(Swiss) defeated Andy Murray(Britain). It is Federer’s 4th
Australian Open title. It is Federer’s 16th Grand Slam title.
* Men’s Double- Mike Bryan & Bob Bryan defeated Daniel Nestor & Nenad Zimonjic.
* Women’s Double – Serena Williams & Venus Williams defeated Cara Black & L Huber.
* Mixed Double – Laender Paes (India) & Cara Black (Zimbabwe) defeated Ekterina
Makasova & Jaroslav Levinsky. It is Paes’s 11th Grand Slam title.

Science and Technology Current Affairs [January 2010]
* 97th Indian Science Congress held at Tiruvananthapuram in Jan 2010. The theme of this
year congress was ‘ Science & Technology of 21st Century- National Perspective’.
* The longest annular solar eclipse on the third millennium occur on 15 Jan 2010. The next
annular solar eclipse will be visible in year 3043. Annular eclipse is occurred when the sun is
visible like a ring of fire, with the moon darkening its centre. The last annular solar eclipse
visible from India was occurred in 1976. In July 2010 also, a total solar eclipse will be
occurred.
* There are three strains of wild Polio virus namely P1, P2 & P3. Type 2 wild Polio virus
(P2) was eliminated from the world in 1999.
* First public hearing on the introduction of Bt Brinjal (First Genetically Modified Food Crop
in India) was held in Kolkatta. Seven such public hearing are being organized by Centre for
Environment Education, for opinion of public in respect of introduction of Bt Brinjal. 2nd
hearing was held at Hyderabad.
* 50th anniversary of creation of LASER is being celebrated in 2010. Theodore Maiman
constructed the first LASER in May 1960. LASER stands for Light Amplification for
Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Charles H Townes was father of MASER.

Persons in News [January 2010]

* Billy Arjan Singh, wildlife conservationist and Padma Shri awardee died.
* P D Dinakaran, Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court faces impeachement motion. The
process was initiated in the Parliament. He is the first High Court Chief Justice against whom
impeachment motion have been initiated. Justice V Ramaswami is the only judge to have
faced impeachment proceedings in parliament.
* Justice V S Sirpurkar appointed to head a three member panel to look into allegation of
land grab and misconduct against Chief Justice P D Dinakaran in the wake of impeachment
motion initiated against him in Parliament.
* Fahmida Mirza is the first woman Speaker of Pakistan National Assembly.
* Ricky Ponting, Australian cricket team captain, has been named as ESPN Cricinfo Player of
the Decade for 2000.
* Jyoti Basu, former West Bengal Chief Minister, died.
* Mrinal Pande, appointed as Chairman, Prasar Bharti Board.
* Lee Myung Bak, South Korea President was the Chief Guest at 2010 Republic Day Parade.
* Shiv Shankar Menon is appointed as National Security Advisor.
* Vikram Srivastava appointed as Director General of CRPF(Central Reserve Police Force).
* Ranjit Kumar Bhatia appointed as Director General of ITBP (Indo Tibetan Border Police).

Books & their Authors [January 2010]

* ‘All that you can’t leave behind’ written by Soumya Bhattacharya.
* ‘We Must Have No Price’ written by Arun Sourie.
* ‘Train to India- Memories of another Bengal’ written by Maloy kumar Dhar.
* ‘Not by Reason alone : The Politics of Change’ written by N K Singh.
* ‘Five Point Someone’ written by Chetan Bhagat.
* ‘Nehru : The invention of India’ written by Shashi Tharoor.
* ‘The Museum of Innocence’ written by Orhan Panuk.
* ‘Thoughts on Linguistic States’ written by B R Ambedkar.
International Current Affairs 2010
Current Affairs [May 2010]

* G-15 summit was held at Tehran on 16-17 May.
* Bangladesh handed over Ranjan Daimary of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland to
India. The group was responsible for serial bombing in Assam in 2008.
* National League for Democracy (NLD) party of Myannmar’s democracy leader Aung San
Sui Kyi was abolished after deadline to re-register as a political party was over.
* EU-IMF provide a $ 1 trillion rescue package to the Greece to resolve its debt crises.
* Pakistan successfully test fired two short range ballistic missiles, Shaheen I( range 650 Km)
and Ghazani (range 290 Km) capable of carrying nuclear war heads and striking Indian cities.

Current Affairs [April 2010]

* Belgium became the Europe’s first country to ban burqa.
* Pakistan’s National assembly passed a bill that takes away the President’s power to dissolve
parliament, dismiss a elected government and appoint the three services Chiefs. Pakistan’s
parliament passes 18th amendment which was later signed by Presient cutting President’s
powers.
* USA and Russia signed Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty(START) that allowed a
maximum of 1550 deployed overheads, about 30% lower than a limit set in 2002. The treaty
was signed in the Progue Castle.
* Emergency was imposed in Thailand.
* Nuclear Security Summit held at Washington.It was a 47 nation summit wherein P.M.
announced setting up of a global nuclear energy centre for conducting research &
development of design systems that are secure, proliferation resistant & sustainable.
* PM visit USA & Brazil, a two nation tour. He attended Nuclear Security Summit in USA &
India- Brazil-S.Africa(IBSA) and Brazil-Russia-India-China(BRIC) summit in Brasilia
(Brazil).
* 16th SAARC Summit held in Bhutan in 28-29 April. The summit was held in Bhutan for
the first time. It is the silver jubilee summit as SAARC has completed 25 years. The summit
central theme was ‘Climate Change’. The summit recommended to declare 2010-2020 as the
“Decade of Intra-regional Connectivity in SAARC”. The 17th SAARC summit will be held
in Maldives in 2011.

Current Affairs [March 2010]

* China will launch in 2011 unmammed space mode ‘ Tiangong I’ for its future space
laboratory.
* US internet giant Google close its business in China.
* India’s largest telecom service provider Bharti Airtel buy Zain’s Africa operations for an
enterprise value of $ 10.7 billion (Rs 49000 crore). Currently Bharti’s non-India operations
include Sri Lanka & Bangladesh.
* Russia abolished two of its eleven time Zones.

Current Affairs [February 2010]

* NATO forces carried out Marjah operation (dubbed Moshtarak) against Taliban forces in
Afghanistan.
* European Union summit was held in Brussels. EU & IMF decided to giving support to
Greece in its struggle to bring its ballooning budget deficit under control. EU President is
Herman Van Rompuy.
* Iran’s President Mahmood Ahmedinejad declared that Iran had produced first batch of 20
% enriched uranium and now Iran became a nuclear state.
* Iran launched ‘Kavoshger -3 rocket’ capable of carrying a satellite. It carried a mouse,
worms & two turtles.

Current Affairs [January 2010]

* Gilgit Baltistan region elected its first Chief Minister Mehdi Shah on the basis of Gilgit
Baltistan Empowerment & Self Governance Order 2009. The new appointed CM declare the
Gilgit Baltistan region as 5th province of Pakistan. The Indian Govt has, however, of the
view that the region was part of J & K, and thus objected to the remarks of CM.
* Venezuela devalued it currency ‘Bolivar’.
* A massive earthquake strike Haiti, the Carribbean nation. Capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince.
* Mahinda Rajapaksa won a second term as Sri Lanka’s President. He belongs to Sri Lanka
Freedom Party.




Current National Issues

Current Affairs [May 2010]

* Naxalites killed 47 people in a landmine blast between Dantewada and Sukma in
Chattisgarh.
* Test fire of nuclear capable Agni-II missile was successfully carried out from Wheeler
Island off the coast of Orissa on 17th May. Agni II has a range of 2000Km. It is 20m long
two stage solid propelled ballistic missile. It was developed by Advanced System
Laboratories alongwith DRDO & Bharat Dynamics Ltd.
* Supreme Court in a recent judgement upheld a rule that allows the adjustment of reserved
category candidate SC/ST/OBC against their quota seats even if they manage to qualify an
examination for govt services on merit.
* National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) is the monitoring authority
for the Right to Education Act which became effective from April 1, 2010.

Current Affairs [April 2010]

* Naxals killed about 75 CRPF personal at Chintalnar-Tarmetla village in Dantewada distt
,Chhattisgarh. Government appoint E.N. Rammohan, to probe the incident.
* Uninque Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) now known as Aadhaar. It’s Chairman
is Nandan Nilekani. It will assign 16 digit identification number to all residents in India.
* NTRO- National Technical Research Organisation. The organization came to limelight
after allegation of phone tapping of politicians.
* Indian navy commissioned India’s first indigenously built stealth warship ‘ INS Shivalik’.
The other stealth warship to be built are named as ‘INS Sahyadri’ and INS Satpura’.
* Right To Education Act is notified and will become a legally enforceable from 1 April
2010. Key features of RTE Act are : All children in 6-14 age group must get free and
compulsory eduction; No child shall be held back,expelled or required to pass a board
examination till Class VIII; There must be 25 % reservation for poor children even in private
& minority schools; There must be one teacher for every 30 students; A child rights
commission will look into violations of the RTE law.
* Govt start Census 2011. It is the 15th Census. It is in two phase. The first phase is called –
House listing & Housing Census and the second phase is called decadal headcount which will
be held in Feb 2011. The Registrar General of India is C Chandramouli.

Current Affairs [March 2010]

* Govt launched National Mission for Empowerment of Women aimed at inter-sectoral
convergence of all pro- women programmes.
* Constitution 108th Amendment Bill 2008 commonly known as women’s reservation bill
was passed by Rajya Sabha by 186 in favour 1 against 39 abstained (Current strength of
Rajya Sabha is 233). The bill seeks to reserve a third of the seats on the Lok Sabha and state
assemblies for 15 years on a rotational basis. It was first introduced in 1996. Sharad Joshi, an
independent MP is the only MP which cast vote against the bill. In the present Lok Sabha,
there are 59 women MPs out of 543 MPs. Total MLAs in 29 state assemblies in India are
4093.
* Yamunanagar (Haryana) and Vishakhapatnam (AP) are choosen for a pilot project on
saving household energy by replacing incandescent lamps with CFLs (Compact Fluorescent
Lamps).
* Earth Hour 2010 has been celebrated on 27 March organized by World Wide Fund for
Nature, India. Delhi, Mumbai and Bengaluru are official Earth Hour Cities among 15 Indian
cities.
* Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister of Russia visit India in March 2010.
* Supreme Court allowed religion based 4 % reservations in Govt jobs & educational
institutes in Andhra Pradesh. It extended the benefit to 14 OBC in muslims in the state. The
matter is further referred to Constitutional bench of Supreme Court.
* ’Bold Kurushetra’ a joint armour exercise between India and Singapore was held at
Jhansi(UP).
* Prohibition of unfair practices in technical, medical educational institutions & universities
Bill is passed by Govt. It provided for 3 year imprisonment and a fine of upto Rs 50 lakh for
higher education providers guilty of misleading students.
* Govt approved Foreign Educational Institution (Regulation of Entry & Operation) Bill
2010. It provides foreign universities to set up campuses in India.
* Govt amends Anti Hijacking Act 1982. It now provides for death sentence to the hijackers.
* Govt starts the scheme for creation of the National Population Register (NPR) of Indian
residents. The project will cover an estimated 1.2 billion people and total cost of the project
will be Rs. 3539.24 crore.
* India became 1st country in the world to have a ‘manoeuvrable’ supersonic cruise missile,
when it successfully test fired 290 km range Brahmos missile.
* Chinese Vice Premier Hui Liangyu visit India in March 2010.

Current Affairs [February 2010]

* Kirit Parikh committee , set up to review petro pricing regime, submit its recommendation.
Its major recommendation are to deregulate the prices of petrol & diesel as per market prices,
reduce the subsidy on LPG.
* India signed a Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with the UK, which became the 8th
country to enter into such a pact, since the lifting of atomic trade embargo in 2008.
* Govt set up a panel under the Chairmanship of former Justice B N Srikrishna which would
consider the demand for splitting Andhra Pradesh.
* India and Denmark signed a social security pact which will relieve their workers from
double taxation and provide for cooperation in areas of labour market expansion and orderly
migration.
* Prime Minister Manmohan Singh visits Saudi Arabia in Feb 2010. He was the first Indian
PM in 28 years to visit the gulf country. Saudi Arabia is India’s largest supplier of crude oil (
23 %) followed by Iran ( 17 %) and Nigeria ( 11 %). India is offering upto 10 % equity to
Saudi petroleum firm Saudi Aramco in a refinery being built in Orissa. PM addressed the
Shoura council of Saudi Arabia.
* Constitution 111th Amendment – Proposes to incorporate a new Part ( Part IX B) in the
Constitution so as to provide for legal framework to regulate the functioning of cooperative
societies. A new Article ( Article 43 B) is also proposed to be inserted in Part IV of the
Constitution (Directive Principles of State Policy) for the States to promote voluntary
formation, autonomous functioning of cooperative societies.
* Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Bill 2009 commonly known as Nuclear Liability Bill
will be introduced by Govt in Parliament in Winter session 2010. The draft bill aims at
limiting the liability of a nuclear plant operator to Rs. 300 crore in the eventuality of an
accident. The bill provides for the penalty to be paid by the operator and not the supplier
companies which would mainly be American in this case. India has entered into civil nuclear
cooperation agreement with eight countries so far.

Current Affairs [January 2010]

* Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina visit India in Jan 2010. She belongs to Awami
League Party. The two countries signed five agreements – on mutual legal assistance in
criminal matters, on transfer of sentenced persons and on combating international terrorism,
organized crime & illicit drug trafficking besides MOU on cooperation in the power sector
and on cultural exchanges. India give Bangladesh a $ 1 billion line of credit, the biggest it has
given to any country so far.
* South Korea President Lee Myung Bak visit India in Jan 2010. The two countries decided
to double the bilateral trade to $ 30 billion by 2014. Four facts were signed between two
countries – cooperation in peaceful use of outer space, IT, science & technology for the year
2010-12 and transfer of sentenced persons. South Korean President was also the chief guest
at 2010 Republic Day Parade.
* Gujarat Local Authorities Law (amendment) Bill 2009- The Bill makes it the duty of a
qualified voter to vote during elections to local bodies. Voting is compulsory, but the Bill
allows voters to cast their vote in favour of none of the candidates. Election officers will
declare those who fail to vote defaulter, and serve them a notice.
* India and China has decided to start joint military exercise from 2011.
* Najib Razak, Malaysia Prime Minister visit India in Jan 2010.
* Govt launched Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission. Key highlights of the mission are
:
o To create an enabling policy framework for the deployment of 20,000 MW of solar power
by 2020.
o To create favourable conditions for solar manufacturing capability for indigenous
production and market leadership.
o To promote programmes for off grid applications, reaching 1000 MW by 2017 and 2000
MW by 2022.
o To achieve 15 million sq. meters solar thermal collector area by 2017 and 20 million by
2022.
o To deploy 20 million solar lighting systems for rural areas by 2022.
* New Governors appointed : a) M K Narayanan – West Bengal, b)Shivraj Patil – Punjab, c)
Mohsina Kidwai – Jharkhand, d) Shekhar Dutt – Chhattisgarh, e) E S L Narasimhan –
Andhra Pradesh.
* Govt plans to create a National Gas Highway Development Authority. The present Gas
Pipeline Density in India is 3.29 Km per 1000 Sq.Km.
* Govt plans to set up a National Green Tribunal to control Carbon Emissions and pollution.
It will be responsible for implementing the low carbon roadmap to be set forth in the 12th
Five Year Plan.




Sports Current Affairs 2010
Current Affairs [May 2010]

* England won 2010 ICC World Twenty20 Cricket tournament defeating Australia. The
tournament was held at South Africa. Kevin Pieterson of England has been declared as Player
of the Tournament.
* Australia won 2010 Women’s World Twenty20 Cricket tournament defeating New
Zealand.
* India and South Korea were declared joint winner of 2010 Sultan Azlan Shah Hockey Cup,
after suspension of the final match due to heavy rains.India’s Sardar Singh has been declared
as Best Player of the Tournament. Australia won the Bronze medal. The tournament was held
at Ipoh (Malaysia). India had won the tournament earlier in 1985, 1991, 1995 & 2009.
* China won Thomas Cup ( Men’s Badminton) defeating Indonesia.
* In the World Youth Boxing Championship, held at Baku, Azerbaijan, India won 1 Gold &
1 Silver. Gold medal was won by Vikas Krishan and Silver medal was won by Shiva Thapa.
* India won bronze medal in the 2nd Asian Paragliding Championship held at Nishiewa,
Japan.
* World Chess Champion Viswanathan Anand retained his title after defeating Veselin
Topalov of Bulgaria in the World Chess Championship 2010.

Current Affairs [April 2010]

* IPL3 season won by Chennai Super Kings defeating Mumbai Indians.
* Youth Olympics Games 2010 to be held in Singapore in Aug 2010.
* World Youth Championship was held at Baku, Azerbaijan.
* Lawn tennis legend Martina Navratilova diagnosed with Breast Cancer.
* ‘Jumbo’ chosen as 2011 World Cricket Cup Mascot.
* World Kabbadi Cup 2010- India defeated Pakistan to won World Cup Kabbadi 2010 held at
Ludhiana.
* Pankaj Advani won the Asian Billiards Championship defeating Singapore’s Peter Gilchrist
for the consecutive third time.
* Badminton Asia Championship, Delhi :
o Men’s singles – Lin Dan defeated Wang Zhenguing
o Women’s singles-Li Xiurei defeated Liu Xin.

Current Affairs [March 2010]
* Tamil Nadu defeated West Bengal to won Vijay Harare Cricket Trophy.
* Australia won World Hockey Cup 2010 defeating Germany. India ranked at 8th place.
* India won six gold medal in the Commonwealth Boxing Championship held at Delhi.
* Two new IPL teams, Kochi was auctioned for Rs 1533 crore and Pune was auctioned for Rs
1702 crore. Kochi was auctioned to Rendezvous Adventure Sports Ltd. Pune was auctioned
to Sahara Adventure Sports Ltd.

Current Affairs [February 2010]

* Sachin Tendulkar became first player in the world to score a double century in ODI (One
day International). He scored 200 (Not out) against South Africa.
* 11th South Asian Games 2010 : Held at Dhaka, Bangladesh from 29 Jan to 8 Feb.
Originally scheduled to take place in 2009, but due to general elections in Bangladesh, the
games were held in 2010. This was the third time that the Dhaka hosted the Games, thus
becoming the first city to hold the games three times. 8 countries participated in the games in
23 different sports, including T20 cricket, which was introduced for the first time in SAG.
The 8 countries included are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal,
Pakistan & Sri Lanka. 1The logo of the games was ‘Kutumb’, a flying doel , which is the
national bird of Bangladesh. The mascot of the games featured a magpie robin, which was
holding the torch to begin the games. The final medal tally include : India - 1st place with 90
G 55 S 29 B Total 174, Pakistan- 2nd place with 19 G 25 S 36 B Total 80, Bangladesh- 3rd
place with 18 G 23 S 56 B Total 97.
* West Zone won Duleep Trophy ( 2009-10) defeating South Zone.
* India’s Gaganjeet Bhullar won the Asian Tour International Trophy 2010. It is his 2nd
consecutive title.
* Euro 2012 to be co-hosted by Poland and Ukraine.
* 2010 Winter Olympic Games were held at Vancouver, Canada. Mascot of the game was
MIGA (a sea bear), QUATCHI( a sasquatch) and SUMI (animal guardian spirit). The logo of
the games was Ilnaaq meaning Friend in Inuktut. There were 86 events in 7 sports. The
games were held from 12 Feb to 28 Feb. Final medal tally. Canada- 14 G 7 S 5 B, Germany-
10 G 13 S 7 B, USA- 9 G 15 S 13 B.
* IOC (International Olympic Committee ) has approved ICC (International Cricket Council)
bid to join the Olympic games 2020. The first time cricket was included in the Olympic
games was in Paris Olympic 1900.
* 11th World Hockey Cup 2010- To be held in Delhi, India. This is 2nd WHC which India is
hosting. India also hosted the WHC in 1982 at Mumbai. 12 countries participated in the
tournament. WHC is held in the years between two summer Olympics. First WHC was held
at Barcelona in 1971. Pakistan has won the cup four times, Netherland three times, Germany
two times, India & Australia once each. India won the WHC in 1975.
* Commonwealth Shooting Championship was held in New Delhi in Feb 2010. India stood at
first place with 35 Gold 25 Silver and 14 Bronze. England stood at 2nd place with 4 gold and
Wales stood at 3rd place.

Current Affairs [January 2010]

* U-19 World Cup 2010 held in New Zealand from 15 – 30 Jan 2010. Javagal Srinath from
India appointed as one of the match referee for the tournament.
* Australia won the U-19 World Cup for the third time defeating Pakistan. India is placed at
6th rank. Australia won the cup for the third time.
* Rafael Nadal won the Capitala World Tennis Championsip, held at Abu Dhabi defeating
Robin Soderling.
* Magnus Carlsen becomes the youngest World No.1 chess player at the age of 19 years
breaking the Garry Kasparov’s record when he became the world’s top ranked chess player at
the age of 22 years in 1985. Magnus Carlsen is the 5th player after Kasparov, Kramnik,
Topalov and V.Anand (India) to cross the 2800 ELO rating. In the Jan 2010 FIDE ranking,
Carlsen stood at 1st place, Topalov at 2nd place and V Anand at 3rd place.
* Marin Cilic defeated Staniglas Wawrinka to won Men’s singles title of Aircel Chennai
Open.
* Pakistan’s cricketer Shahid Afridi was banned for two T20 internationals after he was
found guilty of ball tempering in a ODI against Australia.
* Corus Chess Grandmaster Tournament won by Magnus Carlsen. V.Anand of India ranked
at 4th place. Hopman Cup 2010- Spain defeated Great Britain.
* Australian Open 2010 : Women’s Single- Serena William defeated Justin Henin. It is
Serena’s 5th Australian Open title. It is also Serena’s 12th Grand Slam title equaling the
record of Billie Jean King.
* Men’s Single- Roger Federer(Swiss) defeated Andy Murray(Britain). It is Federer’s 4th
Australian Open title. It is Federer’s 16th Grand Slam title.
* Men’s Double- Mike Bryan & Bob Bryan defeated Daniel Nestor & Nenad Zimonjic.
* Women’s Double – Serena Williams & Venus Williams defeated Cara Black & L Huber.
* Mixed Double – Laender Paes (India) & Cara Black (Zimbabwe) defeated Ekterina
Makasova & Jaroslav Levinsky. It is Paes’s 11th Grand Slam title.




Science & Technology 2010
Current Affairs [February 2010]

* USA Space agency NASA launched Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) to discover the
causes of extreme solar activity such as sun spots and solar winds & flares.
* ‘GANGES’- Global Advisory Network Group on environmental sciences. It was created by
Govt for environment research work.
* Agni-III ballistic missile with a range of 3500 Km was successfully launched from Wheeler
Island, Orissa.
* Ht Cotton – Herbicide Tolerant Cotton. The variety of Ht Cotton in MON 1445. The variety
can withstand herbicides (weed killers) for better productivity and is under trail.
* Cervical cancer is caused by HPV- Human Papilloma Virus.
* South Korea has world’s highest average connection speed at 14.6 Mbpd in Internet links.
Japan has 2nd highest average speed.
* Scientist deciphered the genetic blueprint of South Africa’s Archbishop Desmond Titu.

Current Affairs [January 2010]

* 97th Indian Science Congress held at Tiruvananthapuram in Jan 2010. The theme of this
year congress was ‘ Science & Technology of 21st Century- National Perspective’.
* The longest annular solar eclipse on the third millennium occur on 15 Jan 2010. The next
annular solar eclipse will be visible in year 3043. Annular eclipse is occurred when the sun is
visible like a ring of fire, with the moon darkening its centre. The last annular solar eclipse
visible from India was occurred in 1976. In July 2010 also, a total solar eclipse will be
occurred.
* There are three strains of wild Polio virus namely P1, P2 & P3. Type 2 wild Polio virus
(P2) was eliminated from the world in 1999.
* First public hearing on the introduction of Bt Brinjal (First Genetically Modified Food Crop
in India) was held in Kolkatta. Seven such public hearing are being organized by Centre for
Environment Education, for opinion of public in respect of introduction of Bt Brinjal. 2nd
hearing was held at Hyderabad.
* 50th anniversary of creation of LASER is being celebrated in 2010. Theodore Maiman
constructed the first LASER in May 1960. LASER stands for Light Amplification for
Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Charles H Townes was father of MASER.




Heads of Important Offices in India


● Dr. Manmohan Singh: Chairman, Planning Commission.

● Ms. Meira Kumar: Speaker, Lok Sabha.

● Mohammad Hamid Ansari: Chairman, Rajya Sabha.
● Mr. K. Rahman Khan: Deputy Chairman, Rajya Sabha.
● Mr. Gopinath Munde: Deputy Speaker, Lok Sabha.
● Ms. Sushma Swaraj : Leader of Opposition (Lok Sabha).
● Mr. Arun Jaitley: Leader of Opposition (Rajya Sabha).
● Dr. Montek Singh Ahluwalia: Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission.
● Mr. Navin Chawla: Chief Election Commissioner
● Mr. V. S. Sampath : Election Commissioner.

● Mr. S. Y. Qiuaishi : Election Commissioner.
● Mr. Vinod Rai : Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
● Mr. K. M. Chandrasekhar: Cabinet Secretary.
● Mr. T. K. A. Nair : Principal Secretary to Prime Minister.
● Mr. Justice M. Narayana Rao: Chairman, National Commission for Backward Classes.
● Ms. Shanta Sinha: Chairperson, National Commission for Protection of Child Rights
● Dr. Buta Singh: Chairman, National Commission for Scheduled Castes
● Mr. Kunwar Singh: Chairman, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.
● Prof. D. P. Agrawal: Chairman, UPSC.
● Dr. M. S. Swaminathan : Chairman, National Commission on Farmers.
● Mr. Shiv Shankar Menon: National Security Adviser and Special Adviser to PM (Internal
Security).
● Mr. R.V. Raju : Director-General, National Investigation Agency (NIA).
● Mr. S. S. Khurana: Chairman, Railway Board.
● Mr. Vivek Kumar Agnihotri: Secretary-General, Rajya Sabha
● Mr. P. D. T. Achary : Secretary-General, Lok Sabha.
● Mr. Rajiv Mathur: Director, IB.
● Mr. Ashwani Kumar: Director, CBI.
● Mr. K. C. Verma: Director, Research and Analysis Wing.
● Mr. N .P. S. Aulakh: Director-General, NSG.
● Mr. Vikram Srivastava : Director-General, CRPF.
● Mr. Raman Srivastava : Director-General, Border Security Force (BSF).
● Mr. Niraj Ranjan Das : Director-General, Central Industrial Security Force (CISF).
● Mr. Ranjit Sinha: Director-General, Railway Protection Force.
● Mr. R.L. Bhatia: Director-General, Indo-Tibetan Border Police.
● Mr. Gopal Sharma: Director-General, Sashastra Seema Bal.
● Vice-Admiral R.F. Contractor: Director-General, Coast Guard.
● Lt. Gen. Avtar Singh: Director-General, Defence Intelligence Agency.
● Mr. Sukhadeo Thorat : Chairman, UGC.
● Mr. M. Natarajan : Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Secretary, Defence
Research & Development Organisation.
● Dr. R. Chidambaram : Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government.
● Mr. K. Radhakrishnan: Chairman, Space Commission and ISRO.
● Mr. Srikumar Banerjee : Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary, Dept. of
Atomic Energy.
● Mr. N. K. Raghupathy : Chairman, SSC.
● Mr. Justice (Retd.) B. N. Kirpal: Chairman, National Forest Commission.
● Dr. Amrita Patel: Chairperson, National Dairy Development Board (NDDB).
● Lt. Gen. M. C. Badhani : Director-General, Border Roads Organisation.
● Dr. Vishwa Mohan Katoch : Director-General, Indian Council of Medical Research.
● Mr. D. K. Sikri : Registrar-General of India and Census Commissioner.
● Mr. P. Venkatarami Reddy: Chairman, Law Commission.
● Mr. Duvvuri Subbarao : Governor, RBI.
● Mr. Justice G. N. Ray: Chairman, Press Council of India.
● Mr. Subroto Chattopadhyay : Chairman, Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC).
● Mr. N. B. Singh: Chairperson, Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT).
● Mr. A. K. Singh: Chairman, Central Board of Excise & Customs.
● Justice Arijit Pasayat : Chairperson, Competition Appellate Tribunal
● Mr. S. K. Garg : CMD, NHPC.
● Mr. R. S. Sharma: CMD, ONGC.
● Mr. U. D. Choubey : CMD, GAIL.
● Mr. S. Behuria : Chairman, IOC.
● Mr. N. M. Borah: CMD, Oil India Ltd.
● Mr. Vineet Joshi: Chairman, CBSE.
● Mr. C. B. Bhave: Chairman, Securities & Exchange Board of India.
● Mr. U. C. Sarangi: Chairman, NABARD.
● Mr. O. P. Bhat : Chairman, SBI.
● Mr. V. P. Shetty : Chairman, IDBI.
● Mr. S. Balasubramanian : Chairman, Company Law Board.
● Mr. Hardeep Singh Puri : India's Permanent Representative to UN.
● Mr. T. S. Vijayan : Chairman, LIC
● Mr. A. K. Bajaj : Chairman, Central Water Commission.
● Ms. Girija Vyas : Chairperson, National Commission for Women.
● Dr. Vijay L. Kelkar: Chairman, 13th Finance Commission.
● Prof. Suresh D. Tendulkar : Chairman, National Statistical Commission.
● Ms. Shafmila Tagore : Chairperson, Central Board of Film Certification.
● Ms. Anshu Vaish : Director-General, Archaeological Survey of India.
● Mr. Ranjan Mittal : President, FICCI.
● Mr. J. S. Sarma: Chairman, TRAI
● Mr. R. N. Das : Director, Enforcement Directorate.
● Mr. D. Swarup : Chairman, Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority.
● Mr. Pratyush Sinha: Central Vigilance Commissioner.
● Mr. S. Banerjee: Director, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.
● Mr. Wajahat Habibullah : Information Commissioner.
● Mr. Suresh Kalmadi : President, Indian Olympic Association.
● Prof. Krishan Kumar: Director, NCERT.
● Mr. Venu Srinivasan: President, CII.
● Mr. Sam Pitroda : Chairman, National Knowledge Commission.
● Ms. Mrinal Pande : Chairman, Prasar Bharti Board.
● Mr. Ratan Tata : Chairman, Investment Commission.
● Mr. Pramod Bhasin : Chairman, NASSCOM.
● Mr. Swati Piramal: President, ASSOCHAM.
● Mr. Om Puri : Chairman, National Film Development Corporation.
● Mr. Ravindra Kumar: Chairman, United News of India.
● Mr. N. Ravi : Chairman, PTI.
● Mr. Hormusji N. Cama: President, Indian Newspaper Society.
(As on 23-06-2010)

HEAD OF IMPORTANT OFFICES (WORLD)

Ban Ki-moon : Secretary-General, United Nations Organisation.
● Ms. Asha-Rose Migiro : First Deputy Secretary-General, UN.
● Robert Zoellick : President, World Bank.
● Dominic Strauss-Kahn: Managing Director, International Monetary Fund (IMF).
● Irina Bokova: Director-General-UNESCO.
● Dr. Margaret Chan: Director-General, WHO.
● Jacques Diouf: Director-General, Food and Agricultural Organisation.
● Juan Somavia : Director-General, International Labour Organisation.
● Ann M. Veneman: Executive Director, United Nations International Children's
Emergency Fund (UNICEF).
● Antonio Guterres : UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
● Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi : Secretary-General, United Nations Conference on Trade and
Development (UNCTAD).
● Angel Gurria : Secretary-General, Organisation of Economic Cooperation and
Development (OECD).
● Ms. Rosalyn Higgins: President, International Court of Justice.
● Haruhiko Kuroda: President, Asian Development Bank.
● Donald Kaberuka : President, African Development Bank.
● Jacques Rogge: President, International Olympic Committee.
● Kamalesh Sharma: Secretary-General, Commonwealth. .
● Muammar Qaddafi : Chairman, African Union.
● Pascal Lamy : Director-General, WTO.
● Ms. Navanethan Pillay : High Commissioner, UN High Commission for Human Rights.
● Jerzy Buzek : President, European Union
● David Morgan: President, International Cricket Council.
● Raul Castro: Secretary-General, Non-Aligned Movement.
● Jose Manuel Durao Barroso: President, European Commission.
● Kandeh K. Yumkella : Director-General, UNIDO.
● Abdul-Rahman bin Hamad Al-Attiyah: Secretary-General, Gulf Co-operation Council.
● Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu : Secretary-General, Organisation of Islamic Conference.
● Abdallah Salem el-Badri: Secretary-General, Organisation of Petroleum Exporting
Countries (OPEC).
● Jose Miguel Insulza Salinas: Secretary-General, Organisation of American States.
● Hifikepunye Pohamba : President, South-West African People's Organisation (SWAPO).
● Mr. Yukiya Amano : Director- General, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
● Jaap de Hoop Scheffer: Secretary-General, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).
● Dr. Abdul Waheed Khan: Director, Commonwealth of Learning.
● Hashim Abdul Halim : Chairman, Commonwealth Parliamentary Association.
● Ms. Thoraya Ahmed Obaid : Executive Director, UNFPA.
● Dr. Surin Pitsuwan : Secretary-General, ASEAN.
● Q. A. M. A. Rahim : Secretary-General, SAARC
● Lamine Diack : President, International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF).
● Michael Griffin : Chief of NASA (USA).
● Saleel Shetty: Secretary-General, Amnesty International.

WORLD PRESIDENTS AND PRIME MINISTERS

● Afghanistan: President - Hamid Karzai; Capital - Kabul.

● Algeria: President - Abdelaziz Bouteflika; Prime Minister - Ahmed Ouyahia; Capital-
Algiers.

● Argentina: President- Ms. Cristina Fernandez Kirchner; Capital- Buenos Aires.

● Australia: Governor-General- Ms. Quentin Bryce; PRIME MINISTER- Kevin Rudd;
Capital (Federal)- Canberra.

● Austria: President- Heinz Fischer; Chancellor-Werner Faymann, Capital- Vienna.

● Bahrain: King - Hamad ibn al-Khalifah; Prime Minister - Sheikh Khalifah Sulman al-
Khalifah; Capital- Manama.

● Bangladesh: President - Zillur Rahman; PRIME MINISTER - Ms. Sheikh Hasina; Capital-
Dhaka.

● Belarus: President- Alexander Lukashenko; Prime Minister - Sergei Sidorsky; Capital-
Minsk.

● Belgium: King - Albert II; Prime Minister-Herman Van Rompuy; Capital- Brussels.

● Bhutan: King - Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuk; Prime Minister-Jigmi Y. Thinley;
Capital – Thimphu

● Bolivia: President- Evo Morales; Capital – La Paz.

● Brazil: President- Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva; Capital - Brasilia.
● Bulgaria: President - Georgi Purvanov; Prime Minister - Boyko Borisov; Capital-
Sofia.

● Cambodia: King - Norodom Sihamoni; Prime Minister - Hun Sen; Capital – Phnom Penh.

● Canada: Governor-General Ms. Michaelle Jean; PRIME MINISTER - Stephen Harper;
Capital- Ottawa.

● Chile: President - Ms. Michelle Bachelet; Capital - Santiago.

● China: President- Hu Jintao; Prime Minister-Wen Jiabao; Capital- Beijing.

● Colombia: President- Alvaro Uribe Velez; Capital - Bogota.

● Croatia: President - Stjepan Mesic; Prime Minister -Dr. Ivo Sanader; Capital-Zagreb.

● Cuba: President- Raul Castro; Capital -Havana.

● Czech Republic: President- Vaclav Klaus; Prime Minister -Jan Fischer; Capital-Prague.

● Denmark: Queen - Margrethe II; Prime Minister- Lars Lokke Rasmussen; Capital -
Copenhagen.

● Egypt: President - Hosni Mubarak; Prime Minister - Ahmed Najief; Capital-Cairo.

● Finland: President - Ms. Tarja Halonen; Prime Minister - Matti Vanhanen; Capital-
Helsinki.

● France: President- Nicolas Sarkozy; Prime Minister - Francois Fillon; Capital- Paris.

● Germany: President - Horst Koehler; Chancellor - Ms. Angela Merkel; Capital-Berlin.

● Guyana: President - Bharrat Jagdeo; Prime Minister - Samuel Hinds; Capital-
Georgetown.

● Greece: President – Karolos Papoulias; Prime Minister – George Papandreou; Capital -
Athens.

● Hungary: President- Laszlo Solyom; PRIME MINISTER - Gordon Bajnai; Capital-
Budapest.

● Indonesia: President - Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono; Capital- Jakarta.

● Iran: President - Mahmoud Ahmadinejad; Capital- Teheran.

● Iraq: President -Jalai Talabani; Prime Minister - Nuri al-Maliki, Capital- Baghdad.

● Ireland: President- Ms. Mary McAleese; Prime Minister - Brian Cowen, Capital- Dublin.
● Israel: President - Shimon Peres; PRIME MINISTER - Benjamin Netanyahu; Capital-
Jerusalem.

● Italy: President - Georgio Napolitano; Prime Minister- Silvio Berlusconi; Capital- Rome.

● Japan: Emperor- Akihito; Prime Minister: Yukio Hatoyama; Capital- Tokyo.

● Jordan: King - Abdullah II; Prime Minister-Nader al-Dahabi; Capital- Amman.

● Kazakhstan: President - Nursultan A. Nazarbayev; Prime Minister – Karim Masimov;
Capital- Astana.

● Kenya: President - Mwai Kibaki; Prime Minister - Raila Odinga; Capital - Nairobi.

● Korea, North: President – Marshal Kim Jong II; Prime Minister – Hong Song Nam;
Capital- Pyongyang.

● Korea, South: President-, Lee Myung-Bak; Prime Minister - Chung Un-chan; Capital -
Seoul.

● Kuwait: Emir - Sheikh Sabah ai-Ahmad al-Sabah; Capital - Kuwait.

● Kyrgyzstan: President (Interim) – Kurmanbek Bakiyey; Prime Minister - Daniyar Usenov
Capital - Bishkek.

● Madagascar: President - Andy Rajoelina; Prime Minister - Eugene Mangalaza; Capital-
Antananarivo.

● Malaysia: King - T. S. S. Syed Putra Jamalullail; Prime Minister- Najib Tun Razak;
Capital-Kuala Lumpur.

● Maldives: President - Mohammed "Anni" Nasheed; Capital - Male.

● Mauritius: President - Anerood Jugnauth; Prime Minister - Navinchandra Ramgoolam;
Capital - Port Louis.

● Mongolia: President - Nambaryn Enkhbayar; Prime Minister - Sukhbaatar Batblod; Capital
- Ulan Bator.

● Montenegro: President - Filip Vujanovic; Prime Minister-Milo Dukanovic; Capital –
Podgorica

● Morocco: King - Mohammed VI; Prime Minister - Abbas El Fassi; Capital - Rabat.

● Myanmar (Burma) : Head of Govt. : Gen. Than Shwe; Capital - Nyapidaw.

● Nepal: President - Dr. Ram Baran Yadav; Prime Minister – Madhav Kumar Nepal; Capital
-Kathmandu.

● Netherlands: Queen - Beatrix; Capital-Amsterdam.
● New Zealand: Governor-General – Anand Satyanand; PrimeMinister - John Key; Capital-
Wellington.

● Nigeria: President - Umaru Yar'Adua; Capital - Abuja.

● Norway: King - Harald V; Prime Minister – Jens Stoltenberg; Capital - Oslo.

● Pakistan: President - Asif Ali Zardari; Prime Minister - Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani; Capital
-Islamabad. .

● Panama: President - Ricardo Martenelli; Capital - Panama City.

● Paraguay: President - Fernando Lugo; Capital – Asuncion

● Peru: President - Alan Garcia; Prime Minister -Javier Velasquez; Capital- Lima.

● Philippines: President - Ms. Gloria Macapagal- Arroyo; Capital - Manila.

● Poland: Prime Minister- Donald Tusk; Capital- Warsaw.

● Portugal: President - Amibal Cavaco Silva; Prime Minister - Jose Socrates; Capital-
Lisbon.

● Romania: President - Traian Basecue; Prime Minister - Emil Boc; Capital - Bucharest.

● Russia: President - Dmitry Medvedev; Prime Minister - Vladimir Putin; Capital - Moscow.

● Rwanda: President - Paul Kagame; Prime Minister - Bernard Makuza; Capital -Kigali.

● Saudi Arabia : King - Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al Saud; Capital- Riyadh.

● Serbia: President - Boris Tadic; Prime Minister - Mirko Cvetkovic; Capital - Belgrade.

● Singapore: President - S. R. Nathan; PRIME MINISTER - Lee Hsien Loong; Capital -
Singapore.

● Slovakia: President - Ivan Gasparovic; Prime Minister - Robert Fico; Capital-Bratislava.

● South Mrica : President- Jacob Zuma; Capital-Cape Town (Legislative) and Tshwane
(Formerly Pretoria) (Administrative).

● Spain: King - Juan Carlos I; Prime Minister-Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero; Capital -
Madrid.

● Sri Lanka: President - Mahinda Rajapaksa; Prime Minister - Ratnasiri Wickremanayake;
Capital- Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (Colombo).

● Sudan: President - Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir; Capital - Khartoum.
● Sweden: King - Carl XVI Gustaf; PRIME MINISTER – Fredrik Reinfeldt; Capital -
Stockholm.

● Switzerland: President - Hans-Rudolf Merz; Capital – Berne

● Syria: President - Bashar Al-Assad; Prime Minister - Muhammad Naji al-Otari; Capital-
Damascus.

● Taiwan: President - Ma Ying-jeou; Prime Minister -Wu Den-yih; Capital – Taipei.

● Turkey: President - Abdullah Gul; Prime Minister - Recep Tayyip Erdogan; Capital-
Ankara.

● Ukraine: President - Victor Yushchenko; Prime Minister- Yulia Tymoshenko; Capital-
Kiev.

● United Arab Emirates: Prime Minister- Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al-Maktoum;
Capital- Abu Dhabi.

● United Kingdom: Queen - Elizabeth II; Prime Minister - Gordon Brown; Capital -
London.

● United States of America: President – Barack Obama; Secretary of State -Ms. Hillary
Clinton; Capital- Washington, D.C.

● Uzbekistan: President - Islam A. Karimov; Prime Minister - Shavkat Mirziyayev; Capital-
Tashkent.

● Venezuela: President - Hugo Chavez Frias; Capital - Caracas.

● Vietnam: President - Nguyen Minh Triet; Prime Minister - Nguyen Tan Dung; Capital-
Hanoi.

● Zimbabwe: President - Robert G. Mugabe; PRIME MINISTER - Morgan Tsvangirai;
Capital- Harare.




CURRENT AFFAIRS NOTES 2009



International Affairs 2009

Fiji’s president Ratu Josefa Iloilo repealed the country’s constitution and appointed himself
head of the State and set a 2014 election deadline.
Switzerland expanded its border upto 150 meters into Italian territory because of melting
glaciers in the high Alps.

Venezuela’s Stefania Fernandez become Miss Universe 2009. This is the 2nd consecutive
year Miss Venezuela has won the title. Venezuela has so far won the title for the record six
times. Miss Ada de la Cruz (Dominican Republic) is 1st runner up. Miss Marigona Dragusha
is the 2nd runner up. Miss Universe 2009 contest was held in Bahamas.

Patent Cooperation Treaty(PCT) is an agreement that binds 141 countries in a pact that
facilitates the process of seeking protection for an invention in multiple countries. The PCT
which is administered by WIPO ( World Intellectual Property Organization) is particularly
valuable option for any company operating internationally. It is a procedural treaty first
launched in 1978. Recently PCT is in news because it is under modification/ reformation
which India is opposing.

Pakistan govt clears construction of the $ 8.5 billion Diamer-Bhasha power project of 4500
MW capacity on the Indus river in the Gilgit region in Pakistan occupied Kashmir. Under the
Indus water treaty signed with India, Pakistan is free to build dams anywhere on the Indus
river. The treaty gives India first right over the waters of the Ravi, Sutlej and Beas rivers and
Pakistan the same privileges over the Indus, Chenab and Jhelum rivers.

70th anniversary of the beginning of World War II ( 1 Sep 1939) celebrated on 1 Sep. OSCE
(Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe) parliamentary assembly recently
grouped Germany and Soviet Union, pronouncing them to be equally responsible for World
War II. Yukio Hatoyama is appointed as next Prime Minister of Japan. He is nicknamed ‘the
alien’. For the first time since last 54 years, LDP(Liberal democratic party) ousted from
forming Govt in Japan. Hatoyama belongs to Democratic Party.

USA Commission on International Religious Freedom placed India on its ‘watch list’ for
2009 because it found the Indian govt had failed to take effective measures to ensure the
rights of religious minorities.

The summit of Dushanbe Four was held in 2009. It includes Russia, Tajikistan, Pakistan and
Afghanistan. The official objective to the summit was to discuss supply of electricity from
Tajikistan to Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Nepal Vice President Parmananda Jha who took oath in Hindi last year, has been asked by
the Nepal Supreme Court to retake the oath in Nepali language or resign from the post.

Fiji was suspended from the Commonwealth after it failed to meet a deadline to make
progress towards establishing democracy. India’s Reena Kaushal Dharamshaktu will be part
of an eight member team that will ski to the South Pole to celebrate the 60th anniversary of
Commonwealth. The expedition is headed by Felicity Aston and to be flagged off in Nov
2009.

China intrudes Ladakh region on 31 July 2009.

Sri Lanka expels James Elder, Communication chief with UNICEF(United Nations
Children’s Fund).
Farah Pandith an Indian American, has been sworn in as the first US Special Representative
to muslim communities in USA.

As per report of UN World Food Programme (WFP), the number of hungry people will pass
one billion this year for the first time. In the Food Security Risk Index 2009, India ranked at
25th place. The US is least at risk followed by France, Canada. The index rank the nations on
the basis of risk of food shortage faced by the countries.

Communal violence erupted in China’s North West Xinjiang province capital ‘ Urumgi’ in
July 09.

START ( Strategic arms reduction treaty) between USA & Russia started on 31 July 1991
came to end on 5 Dec 2009. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) met at Yekaterinburg
on June 2009. The SCO comprises of Russia, China, Kazakhtan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and
Kyrgzstan. India, Pakistan, Mongolia and Iran have observer status. Afghanistan’s president
attended the summit as a special guest. Sri Lanka had been granted the status of dialogue
partner. Google was shut down in China.

The first ever summit of BRIC countries was held at Yekaterinburg in Russia in June 09.
BRIC countries include Brazil, Russia, India and China.

India signed a $ 400 million agreement with Ukraine to upgrade its fleet of transport aircraft
AN-32 aimed at extending its life and improving avionics.

Tipaimukh dam project issue between India and Bangladesh.

Intergovernmental Agreement on the Trans-Asian Network (TAR) entered into force on June
11, 2009 after China ratified the treaty. The other parties to the agreement are Combodia,
India, Mongolia, Korea, Russia, Tajikistan and Thailand.

Abu Dhabi, capital of UAE was elected as headquarter of the International Renewal Energy
Agency (IRENA), a grouping of 129 countries. Mini Pravasi Indian Day was held at Hague
(Netherland) in Sep 2009.

France President has recently remarked that ‘ the burqa is a sign of female subservience’.

Lord Swaraj Paul became the first India born Briton to be appointed a Privy Councillor in
Britain.

Milan has been named as the world’s top fashion city. Mumbai is placed at 16th place and
Delhi at 17th place.

Japan’s finance minister Shoichi Nakagawa resigned after he was accused to attending the G
7 summit in Rome in drinking condition.

China became world’s largest green house gas emitter in 2007. USA at 2nd position. Russia
at 3rd position. India at 4th position with one tone of Carbon Dioxide per person per year
emission.

Nuclear armed submarines from Britain and France collided in the Atlantic Ocean.
USA govt approved $ 787 billion economic stimulus package initiated by Barack Obama.

Venezuala’a President Hugo Chavez won a referendum vote that lets him stay in power as
long as he keeps winning elections.

From 1 April 2009 NATO membership was enlarged to 28 with the entrance of Albania and
Croatia. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) also called the North Atlantic Alliance
is a military alliance established by the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949.
16th SAARC Summit was held in Maldives in 2009.

EUMA ( End User Monitoring Agreement)- India has signed EUMA with USA which allows
US inspectors to verify the end use of US sourced high technology equipment to dual use.
EUMA is designed to facilitate high end dual use technology transfer to India.

World’s first commercial passenger flight powered by natural Gas operated between London
and Qatar in Oct 09. Shell company developed and produced the 50-50 blend of synthetic
Gas to Liquid (GTL) kerosene and conventional oil based kerosene fuel. Qatar will become
the world’s leading producer of GTL kerosene by 2012.

Turkey and Armenia signed a landmark accord to restore ties and open their shared border
after a century of hostility stemming from World War I.

‘Operation Rah E Nijat or Path to Salvation’- It is the name of operation conducted by
Pakistan army against strongholds of Tehreek-e- Taliban (also called Pakistan Taliban)
soldiers.

USA has declared national emergency in view of increasing number of death due to Swine
flu.

Bangladesh decided to advance its time an hour to GMT + 7. Every 15 degree means an hour.
France have 12 time zones, Russia have 11 times zones, USA has nine time zones. India has
one time zone based on its 82*30’ East near Allahabad.

India and Canada signed a civil nuclear cooperation deal . Canada became the 8th country
with which India has reached a civil nuclear agreement.

Commonwealth has admitted Rwanda, central African country, as its 54th member.

Nepal cabinet meet at Kala Patthar, situated at 17,192 ft above sea level in Nov 09 and the
base camp of Mount Everest. It adopted Mt Everest declaration which allow setting up of
Gauri Shankar Conservation Area near Mt Everest.

COP15, the official term for the Copenhagen meeting, the 15th conference of parties to
negotiate a new global climate treaty to replace or extend the 1997 Kyoto Protocol beyond
2012 in Dec 2009. Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark.

India and Russia sign civil nuclear agreement in Dec 2009.
National Affairs 2009

Union govt cleared a constitutional amendment to increase the reservation for woman in
Panchayat to 50 % from present 33 %. The Panchayati Raj Ministry amend Art 243 D of the
Constitution of India accordingly. The proposed amendment will increase reservations for
woman to 50 % in Zila Parishads, Panchayat Samitis and Gram Panchayats at District, Block
and Village level respectively. India has about 28.18 lakh elected representatives in
panchayats. Four states- Bihar, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh & Madhya Pradesh already
have 50 % reservation for woman in Panchayat. Kerala also announced 50 % reservation for
woman in Panchayat. Bihar was the first state to give 50 % reservations to woman in
Panchayat in 2005.

Govt clear setting up of National Mission Against Corruption Authority (NMAC). The aim of
the authority will be to ensure better coordination among the CBI and State/UT anti
corruption vigilance bureaus.

Govt has declared 272 districts out of 616 districts as drought stricken in 2009 due to rainfall
shortage.

Draft of National Food Security Act to be presented in parliament in winter session (Jan
2010). As per the proposed Act, every family living below the poverty line in rural and urban
areas will be entitled for 25 Kg of rice or wheat per month at Rs. 3 per Kg.

Govt plans to built 321 feet Shivaji statue in Mumbai. It is 16 feet taller that New York’s
Statue of Liberty and on completion, it became the tallest statue in the world.

Jaswant Singh book’ Jinnah-India partition Independence was banned in Gujarat state. The
ban however ,was lifted after the High court judgment. The book is a biography of Jinnah.
Jaswant Singh also earlier write ‘ A Call to Honour’.

State Assembly Election was held in Oct 2009 in three states namely Haryana (seats -90),
Maharashtra (seats -288) and Arunachal Pradesh (seats -60).

Govt has decided that NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) will now
provide employment for 200 days instead of 100 days. Parliament adopted the Constitution
109th amendment Bill 09 providing reservation of seats for SC & ST in the Lok Sabha and
legislative assemblies of the states for another 10 years.

Namibia president Hifikepunye Pohambe visit India in Sep 209.

Russia provides nuclear submarine’ Nerpa’ to India in 2009. It is Akula-2 submarine series.

Women’s will be exempted from paying any fees for UPSC/SSC etc examination.

SAF university to be set up in Delhi. It will be started from 2010-11 academic session. India
bear 79 % of its expenditure.

In the seven natural Wonders list, India’s only entry is that of Sunderban. It is a joint entry
from India and Bangladesh.
Vision-2015 For Consumer Satisfaction and Beyond – The paper is published by Oil &
Petroleum ministry in which it is proposed to provide CNG in 200 cities by 2015.

Mongolia president Tsakhiagiin Elbagdorj visited India in Sep 2009. India and Mongolia
signed a Civil Nuclear pact. India already has civil nuclear agreement with USA, Russia,
Kazakhstan and France.

Indian National Congress party will completes 125 years on Dec 2009. Congress was formed
on Dec 1885.

India’s first non-stop super fast passenger train ‘Duronto Train’ inaugurated from Sealdah
station to Delhi. Total of 14 such trains will be launched this year.

Yashpal Committee was set up to give recommendation on Higher education sector.

Under Kisan Abhiman Scheme. Kerala Govt has granted Rs 300 per month as pension to
farmers above 60 years of age.

Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank appointed as fifth Chief Minister of Uttrakhand.

Railway ministry has appointed Amit Mitra to prepare Vision -2020 document for the
railways.

B Sudershan Reddy appointed as chairman of panel to look into the impeachment proceeding
against Justice Soumitra Sen. India is funding Palaly project in Sri Lanka.

Areva, French Company and Nuclear power corporation of India Ltd sign an agreement to set
up two 1650 MW nuclear plants in Maharastra state. Govt launched ‘Rajiv Awas Yojna’
under which govt plans to formulate for slum dwellers and the urban poor in an effort to
promote a slum free India in next five years.

Ramalingam Chandrashekeram appointed as head of parliamentary special committee that
look into the matter of granting citizenship and other facilities for Sri Lankans in refugee
camps in Tamil Nadu.

Indian Railway proposed a South Asian Regional Train service linking Dhaka, New Delhi
and Lahore.

Justice Liberhan Commission which probed the sequence of events that led to the Babri
Masjid demolition in Ayodhya on Dec 1992, submitted its report. It has 399 sittings and 48
extensions.

Govt increases minimum support price (MSP) for sugarcane to Rs. 107.76 for 2009-10. The
MSP for the paddy crop for current year is Rs.950. Rajasthan will host the World Tiger
Summit in Ranthambore in 2010.

Appointment of new Governors – D N Dwivedi ( Gujarat), Margarat Alwa (Uttarakhand),
Jagannath Pahadia (Haryana). Tata’s first Nano car was given to Ashok Vichare of Mumbai.
Dilip Donde will try to circumnavigate the world solo ( on his own) in boat ‘Mhadei’ under
Project Sagar Parikrama from 19 Aug 2009. Rajasthan became the first state in the country to
sign a tripartite agreement with Central Govt promising accountability and adequate
utilization of funds in the two tiger reserve of Sariska at Alwar and Ranthambore at Sawai
Madho pur in Rajasthan.

Jawahar lal Nehru Urban renewal mission (JNNURM) a centrally govt funded urban renewal
mission is implemented in 63 cities out of a total of 5161 cities, towns and urban
agglomerations in India.

Right to Education Bill passed by the Parliament. Parliament made the right to education a
fundamental right through the 93rd Constitution amendment. The bill earmarks 25 % seats to
weaker sections in schools, seeks to do away with the practice of schools taking capitation
fees before admission, subjecting the child or parents to a screening procedure and giving
powers to child rights panels to look into grievances of parents against schools.

Govt approved renaming of state of Orissa as ‘Odisha’ and the Oriya language as ‘Odia’.

Assembly election was held in Jharkhand which is under President Rule since Jan 2009 in
Dec 09. Total number of seats are 81.

RIC ( Russia, India & China). It is a group of three nations. Second meeting of RIC is held at
Bangalore in Oct 09.

President Pratibha Patil visit Britain in Oct 09 to invite Queen Elizabeth to inaugurate 2010
Commonwealth Games to be held next year. This is the first state visit by an Indian President
to Britain after S Radakrishnan and R Venkataraman in 1963 & 1990 respectively.

Separation plan – India has notified its separation plan to International Atomic Energy
Ageny. India will place 14 reactors under ISSA ( India Specific Safeguards Agreement) of
the International nuclear watchdog by 2014. Under the plan, India has decided to
permanently shut down the CIRUS research reactor located inside BARC, countries strategic
laboratory in 2010.

Govt has announced five new sites for setting up of light water reactors. The plants will come
up at Jaitapur (Maharastra), Kudankulam (Tamil Nadu), Haripur (West Bengal), Chhayamithi
Virdi (Gujarat) and Kovvada (Andhra Pradesh).

Indian President Pratibha Patil visits Cyprus (Capital- Nicosia) in Nov 2009.

Govt started ‘Operation Green Hunt’ to tackle the Maoists in five Indian states.

Bhutan’s King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangehuck visit India on a 5 day visit in Dec 09. He
is the 5th king of Bhutan.

NATGRID- National Intelligence Grid to be established by May 2011. The grid will provide
real time access into 21 categories of databases such as credit card transaction, driving
license, telephone, internet, passport, PAN details, bank A/c details etc.
Impeachement motion has been initiated against Justice P D Dinakaran in the parliament on
charges of amassing disproportionate assets and land grab.

Sports Affairs 2009

Shooting champion of India, Samresh Jung is known as ‘Gold finger’.

Heinrich Haussler won Tour de France 2009 tournament.

Ranji Trophy celebrated Platinum Jubilee after completing 75 years in 2009. Ranji trophy
will also be started in Ireland.

38th Ranji Trophy was won by Mumbai defeating UP in Jan 2009.

Pullela Gopichand (Badminton champion) is the only person to have been awarded with
Arjuna award, Dronacharya award and Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award.

Binish K Shahji of India won silver medal in World School Athletics in Estonia held in June
2009.

Wimbledon 2009

      Men’s Single – Roger Federer defeated Andy Roddick. Federer break the record of Pete
       Sampras record of 14 grand slams.
      Women’s Single – Serena William defeated Venus William. She claimed third Wimbledon
       title.
      Women’s doubles –Serena and Venus William defeated Rennae Stubbs and Samantha Stosur.
      Mixed Doubles- Mark Knowles and Anna Lena Groenefeld defeated Laender Paes(India) and
       Cara Black.
      Men’s Doubles- Danial Nestor & Nened Jimonjic defeated Bob Bryan & Mike Bryan.

French Open 2009

      Men’s single – Roger Federer defeated Robin Soderling.
      Men’s double – Laender Paes and Lukas Dlouhy defeated Wesley Moodie and Dick Norman.
      Women’s single – Svetlana Kuzenletsova defeated Dinara Safina.

Australian Open 2009

      Mixed Double - Mahesh Bhupati and Sania Mirza defeated Nathalic Dechy and Andy Ram.
       Sania Mirza became the first Indian women to won a Grand slam title.
      Men’s singles- Rafael Nadal defeated Roger Federer. He became the first Spaniard to won the
       title.
      Women’s singles- Serena William defeated Dinara Safina.
      India’s Yuki Bhambri won Junior Australian Open Single title 2009 defeating A F
       Georgoudes.

US Open 2009

      Women’s singles – Kim Clijsters(Belgium) defeated Caroline Wozniacki.
      Men’s singles- Argentina’s Juan Martin del Potro defeated Roger Federer.
      Men’s Doubles- Laender Paes (India) and Lukas Dlouhy defeated Mahesh Bhupathi & Mark
       Knowles. This is Paes 10th Grand Slam title.
      Women’s Doubles – Venus Williams & Serena Williams defeated Cara Black & Ticzel
       Huber.
      Mixed double – Carly Gullickson and Travis Parrott defeated Cara Black & Laender
       Paes(India).

Science & Technology Affairs 2009

2009 is celebrated as International Year of Astronomy. 2009 is also celebrated as 400th
anniversary of the first recorded astronomical observations with the telescope used by the
Italian physicist. 2009 is also celebrated as : Natural Fibre Year by UN, International Gurilla
Year by conservationists & environmentalists, International Year of Reconciliation.

Longest total solar eclipse of 21st century occurred on 22nd July 2009. It lasted 6 min 44 sec
at Taregana in Bihar.

GM( Genetically Modified) crops are those in which the genetic material(DNA) is altered so
that there is some perceived advantage either to the producer or consumer. Bt Cotton
(Bacillius Thuringeinsis) is only commercially approved biotech crop in India. Govt plans to
introduce GM foods particularly Tomatoes, Brinjals and Cauliflower to held meet food
production target in three years time. Till date, India has only allowed the use of GM Cotton,
a non food crop. India is world’s second largest cotton producer. India’s own Bt cotton
variety : Bikaner Narma. Deep Space Network Facility is located at Byalalu, Karnataka.

Chandrayan II a lander rover mission of ISRO is scheduled to be launched in 2012. ISRO
plans to hoist a capsule with two Indians on board to the Moon by 2015. Subsquently, an
Indian will be launched to set foot on the Moon in 2020.

‘Aditya’ satellite will be sent by India to carry out studies on the Sun in 2012. SOHO stands
for Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. Probe Plus of NASA to study Sun System will be
launched in 2018.

India’s first nuclear powered ballistic missile submarine’Arihant’ was launced on 26 July
2009. It will be commissioned by 2011. It was built with the help of Russian consultants.
With the launch, India join elite club of five nations USA, Russia, China, Britain and France
having nuclear powered submarine capability.

Blue Brain project in Switzerland is under progress under which scientist attempt to ‘Reverse
engineer’ the mammalian brain. Novo-G, world’s fastest and most powerful supercomputer
became operational. Novo-G got the first part of its name from the Latin term to ‘make anew,
change, alter’ and the second word G from ‘Genesis’.

World Forestry Day celebrated on 21 March. Theme for 2009 was ‘Sustainable Forest
Management’. India currently has 23.39 % of forest area against 33 % required. India
presently has 37 Tiger reserves, 99 national parks and 515 wildlife sanctuaries.

Earth Hour 2009 is a global event every year which will see landmarks around the world to
go dark for an hour. Earth Day celebrated on 22 April.
Eight Millenium Development Goals (MDG) were set in Millenium Summit 2000. It has a
deadline of 2015. Kerala has already achieve the targets in 2008.

India launched a Israel developed spy satellite ‘RISAT 2’ providing all weather 24 hour
surveillance. Also launched experimental communication micro satellite’ ANUSAT’ built by
Chennai based Anna University.

International Space Development Conference was held at Orlando in May 2009.

Scientist have discovered 47 million year old primate fossil named ‘Ida’ (Scientific name-
Darwinius masillae) which forms a crucial missing link between our evolutionary branch of
life and rest of animal kingdom.

Per capita consumption of electricity is 630 Units in India in 2009.

NDRI Karnal cloned world’s 2nd cloned buffalo ‘Garima’. It also produced world’s 1st
cloned buffalo calf in Feb 2009 but it could not survive. El Nino- is a shift in ocean
temperatures and atmospheric conditions in the tropical pacific. It is a periodic warming of
the Pacific oceans that leads to extremes of weather.

La Nino- It follows an El Nino. It is also called the Little Girl. It is anti El-Nino or simply a
cold event. It is the cooling of water in the Pacific Ocean.

SOI ( Southern Oscillation Index) is a major indicator of El Nino, measures the pressure
difference between the Pacific islands of Tahiti and Darwin in Australia. A consistently
negative SOI indicates to a developing El Nino. An El Nino is formally declared when above
normal temp -0-5 degree celcius or higher are recorded over eastern Pacific surface for three
straight months.

Definition of poverty as per Planning Commission- Average per capita spending below Rs.
356 per month in rural areas and Rs. 539 per month in urban areas.

38th World Environment Day was celebrated on 5th June 2009. Theme for 2009 chosen by
UNDP is ‘Your Planet Needs You’. World Environment Day was established by UN General
Assembly in 1972 to mark the opening of the Stockholm Conference on the human
environment. 0.8 degree celcius rise in average temperature around the world since 1880.
India is the 5th largest emitter of Greenhouse Gases. 2 of the 12 biodiversity hotspots of the
world are in India i.e. Northeastern region and Western Ghats.

US Space Agency’s Themis Mission – to study the colourful display of high latitude skies.

Phoenix Mars Lander found Perchlorate substance on Mars surface.

Carbon Credits : It provide a way to reduce green house emissions on industrial scale by
capping total annual emissions and allowing the market to assign a monetary value to any
shortfall through trading. India has earned 4,64,45,282 carbon credits, second only to China
in the world. Per capita carbon dioxide emission for India is 1.02 metric tones, while USA
stood at first place with 20.01 metric tones. Super Earth : It is a large extrasolar terrestrial
planet, which is atleast twice the mass of earth but less than ten earth masses. European
researcher found three super earths recently.
Asia’s first and world’s second DNA bank is opened in Lucknow.

Pluto, the 9th planet of solar system, was demoted from planet status in 2006 is now called’
Plutoids’. Jason-2, a French- USA satellite was launched in 2009. It will monitor rising sea
levels and current movement. ‘Gegeneiphis Seshachari’ first viviparous ( those that do not lay
eggs) was discovered in western Ghat. It is the first viviparous creature to be found in Asia.

International Lunar Network, is a initiative that provide new insights into the Moon’s surface
and its interior composition- critical inputs for the future colonialist. India has signed for the
mission to put together a network of robotic science stations on the Moon. Canada, France,
Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, UK, USA and India have joined hands for six to eight stations
of the Lunar Network. USA places first two Lunar Network Landers on the lunar surface in
2013-14. India has also scheduled to launched Chardrayaan-II in collaboration with Russia in
2012-13.

LHC Project : Large Hadron Collidor Project is operated by European Organisation for
Nuclear Research (CERN) at Geneva on 10 Sep, 2008, at Franco- Swiss border. In actual
CERN stand for Conseil European pour la Recharche Nucleaire, in French language. CERN
was founded in 1954. Under this experiment, scientist recreate the conditions just after the
Big Bang to understand the creation and workings of the Universe. It is the most expansive
scientific experiment to date, it cost $ 3.8 billion or Rs.16,340 crore. . CERN has 20 nations
as member. India, Japan, Russia and US are the observer countries.

Hadron : A particle with mass made up of smaller units called quarks that are bound together.
Protons and Electrons are types of hadron. Higgs Boson : A theoretical particle which is
thought to give matter its mass, known as the ‘God Particle’. First proposed by Peter Higgs in
1964. The particle was named after an Indian physicists S.N.Bose. The LHC experiment
should confirm whether it exists or not. Nuclear Power Corporation (NPC) operates the 17
reactors in six states, to produce 4120 MW of electricity.

Brain Fingerprinting : It is an electronic test of a specific kind of brain wave that can identify
incriminating information despite an individual’s attempt to conceal the knowledge. It is a
type of signal in the brain kwown as P300 wave, so called because it is an involuntary
response to a recognized object or piece of information that happens within 300 milliseconds.

Carbon Footprint : It is a measure of the impact human activites have on the environment in
terms of the amount of greenhouse gases produced, measured in units of Carbon Dioxide.

Global Positioning System Aided Geo Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) : It is a satellite
based process developed jointly by the ISRO and the Airport Authority of India. Govt
recently approved the system that will help airlines to choose the best and most fuel saving
routes. GAGAN would be in place by 2011 and make flying much safer.

Govt set a ten year deadline for the blending of petrol and diesel with 20 % bio-fuel. Govt
approved the implementation of National Biofuel Policy that has set an indicative target of
blending 20 % ethanol in petrol and non-edible oil from plants like Jatropha in diesel by
2017. At present, 5% ethanol blending in petrol is mandatory across the country except J&K,
NE states. India is the world’s second largest producer of sugar after Brazil. Ethanol is
produced from molasses, a sugar by product.
10th planet discovered called ‘Xena’ or 2003 UB 313.

A new ozone hole discovered over Tibet.

Anoushah Ansari is the first woman space tourist in the world.

Namira Salim, first Pakistani women astronaut, sent in space by NASA in 2008.

Agni 5 missile is in design stage. It has a maximum range of 5000 Km as an ICBM ( Inter
Continental Ballistic Missile). Range of Agni I -700 Km, Agni-II- 2500 Km, Agni-III-
3500Km

Virgin Mothership ‘Eve’ is designed to reach an altitude of 50000 feet and release space Ship
Two, which will transport passengers to space.

S-500 – Russia is developing a fifth generation surface to air rocket which is cabable of
engaging ballistic hypersonic targets flying at a speed of 5 Km per second.

ISRO unveil ‘Bhuvan’, its version of Google Earth. It is a 3 D mapping tool.

Google unveiled a new version of its search engine called ‘ Caffeine’.

‘Weblog’ first coined by Jorn Barger in 1997. The contracted name ‘blog’ was coined in
1999 by Peter Merholz.

TERI launched campaign ‘Lighting a Billion Lives’ which is based on the use of solar laterns
specially designed and manufactured on a decentralized basis.

Govt approved National Solar Mission which aimed at Solar generation target of 20,000 MW
by 2020. At present solar generation capacity of India is 500 MW. National Solar Mission
envisages an investment of Rs.91,684 crore over the next 30 years. It proposes to add
20,000MW of power by 2020 and 1,00,000 MW by 2030. It aims to achieve parity with coal
based thermal power generation by 2030.

According to latest findings, Malaria was first transmitted to humans by Chimpanzees.

H1N1 a new influenza virus caused Swine flu. It is a genetic code consists of 8 segments.
The virus gets its name from a combination of two proteins – hemagglutinin and
neuraminidase. Swine flu was first detected in 1987. Just like humans, pigs get flu too, hence
the name Swine flu. A disease that spreads throughout the world is called Pandemic. Swine
flu is termed as pandemic disease.

Govt formulate a technology mission – War for Water ( Winning, Augmentation and
Renovation for Water). It solve problem of water scarcity. CDM (Clean Development
Mechanism) is a global mechanism where green projects can be registered to earn carbon
credits for trading in the international market. India has maximum number of CDM projects
in the world followed by China. One Carbon Credit is equal to a tone of carbon saved from
emission.
UN Convention on Climate Change, the global body for certifying clean projects was held at
Bonn, in Aug 2009.

UMPP (Ultra Mega Power Projects) are large sized coal based power projects having a
capacity of 4000 MW involving an estimated investment of about $ 4 billion. Four UMPP has
been awarded so far in India. These are Mundra UMPP, Gujarat, Sasan UMPP, Madhya
Pradesh, Krishnapatnam UMPP, Andhra Pradesh and Tilaiya UMPP at Jharkhand.

Antares DLR-H2 motor glider is the first manned aircraft to be powered exclusively with a
hydrogen fuel system.

IMD (Indian Meteorological Deparment) official definition of a drought year is when more
than 20 % of the country faces a deficit of atleast 25 % of normal rainfall.

Wind power generation in India as on March 2009 is 10243 MW.

SPASER- It is the world’s smallest laser which amplifies surface plasmons- tiny oscillations
in the density of free electrons on the surface of metals which in turn produce light waves.
LASER amplifies light using a mirrored cavity to intensify it.

IIST- Indian Institute of Space Science & Technology set up at Valiamala,
Thiruvanthapuram, Kerala is the only space university in the world offering courses at the
undergruate, graduate, doctoral and post doctoral level in space technology.

The Amino acid ‘Glycine’ a fundamental building block of proteins has been found for the
first time in a comet Wild 2 by the NASA spacecraft ‘Stardust’ sent in 2004. Comet Wild 2
was named after astronomer Paul Wild.

ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) launched first Swiss satellite built by students of
Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne to study the upper atmosphere.

‘Tobacco Atlas’ published by American Cancer Society and World Lung Foundation, ranks
India at No.3 in the top 20 female smoking population across the globe. First and second
place is held by USA and China.

Former DRDO (Defence Research & Development Organisation) scientist K Santhanam
claimed that 1998 Hydrogen bomb test at Pokhran (Rajasthan) has failed to deliver the
desired result.

ISRO looses contact with Chandrayan I on 29 Aug 2009. It was launched on 22 Oct 2008 and
was designed for a two year mission in space. India has terminated the 400 crore moon
mission Chandrayan I on 30 Aug 2009. NASA’s Moon Mineralogy Mapper placed abroad
Chandrayan I recorded presence of water molecules on Moon.

India’s first national medical research park is being set up in the Sricity SEZ on the Tamil
Nadu-AP border.

World’s first cloned wolf named ‘Snuwolf’ died in South Korea.
Ridge A in the Antarctic plateau is the world’s coldest, driest and calmest place discovered so
far. China proposed base in Antarctica is known as ‘Kunlun’ located at Dome A.

A new technique called array Comparative Genomic Hybridization(CGH) makes it possible
to ensure eggs have a normal number of chromosomes boosting the likelihood of a successful
pregnancy. Baby Oliver became the first baby in the world using this egg screening technique
in London.

China overtake USA in the internet user population. Internet users in 2009 : China - 298
million, USA – 227 million, Japan – 94 million ,India -81 million.

International Ozone Day is celebrated on 16 September every year. Theme of 2009 is
‘Universal Participation-Ozone protection unifies the world’. Ozone layer is a deep layer in
the stratosphere , encircling the earth that has large amounts of ozone in it. The ozone layer
protects all life on land on the surface of the ocean. Ozone molecules absorb the harmful
ultraviolet rays from the Sun. This protects us from radiation that can cause skin cancer and
other severe skin disorders.

Scientist discovered first rocky extrasolar planet named ‘Corot-7b’.

ISRO launch Oceansat-2 satellite on 23 September 2009, which would help identify fishing
zones and help in coastal studies. The 970 Kg spacecraft is launched by C 14 PSLV from
Sriharikota. Six other nano satellites from European countries were also launched alongwith
it.

‘Copernicium’ is included in the Periodic table as a new chemical element in July 09. It’s
name was done after the famous astronomer Nicolus Copernicus.

Google is testing a new service ‘ Fast Flip’ that allows users to view news articles from
dozens of major publishers and flip through them as quickly as they would the pages of a
magazine.

Planet Saturn’s 61st satellite discovered.

Scientist confirmed for the first time that Australia was once home to a dinosaur, after
discovery of ‘Australovenator Wintonensis alias Banjo’.

A new class of black hole was discovered by astronomers in 2009. A black hole is a ramnant
of the collapsed star with such a powerful gravitational field that it absorbs all the light that
passes near it and reflects nothing.

Mocrobiologists in Maharastra’s Lonar lake found magnetic bacteria therein formed due to
meteorite impact.

Present day Carbon dioxide levels in atmosphere have touched the highest mark in the past
2.1 million years.

World’s first zero waste city is under construction in Abu Dhabi called Masdar City. It is to
be completed by 2016 and will be world’s first carbon neutral, zero waste city completely
powered by renewable energy.
CMERI has developed a solar electric rickshaw called ‘ Soleckshaw’ which is pollution free.

Gyroscopes are used to maintain orientation and provide stability in boats, aircrafts and space
crafts.

Tsunami is a Japanese word meaning harbour wave. A massive tsunami was unleased by a
earthquake in the pacific islands of Samoa on 30 Sep,2009. The capital of Samoa is Apia.

Light combat aircraft ‘Tejas’ successfully completes its 1000th flight in Jan 09.

Indigenously built ‘Astra’ air to air missile was successfully tested at Chandipur Range,
Orissa in May 09.

China’s Chang’e-1 mission successfully landed on Moon surface in March 09. It is China’s
first moon probe.

‘Princess Elizabeth’ is the name of research station established by Belgium in Antartica in
Feb 09. It is the first research station which does not emit any pollutant i.e. it is pollution free
station.

China successfully conducted Artificial Snowfall.

LCROSS – Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite. NASA’s LCROSS crashed two
spacecrafts into a lunar crater on 9 Oct 2009, hoping to splash ice and find out possibility of
water on Moon.

IOTWS (Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning & Mitigation System)- It was tested in 18 Indian
ocean nations on 14 Oct 2009.

‘2 Pallas’is the name of one of the largest asteroid in the solar system.

James Dyson has developed a ‘Dyson Air Multiple Fan’, a desktop cooling device with no
blades.

Scientists have identified a gene ‘TMPRSS6’ which is responsible for causing anaemia.

Neutrinos are elementary particles key to understanding how the universe evolved. Govt
proposed to set up Rs.900 crore Neutrino observatory at Mudumalai Tiger Reserve at
Masinagudi in Tamil Nadu.

Epi -genome are the pattern of chemical switches in 200 types of human cell. A team led by
Joseph Ecker produce the first complete map of the human epi- genome.

NASA launched Ares 1-X rocket. It is first flight test of NASA’s next generation space craft
and launch vehicle system which will replace shuttle system.

There are 61 greenhouse gases that are together called Carbon Dioxide equivalent.

ICAR scientist discovered a new sub species of the ‘mite’ variety of insect and named it
‘Mangalaus’.
International Antartic Treaty Expedition 2009 was made from 15 to 30 Nov 2009. It started
from Ushuaia. The expedition was run by Robert Swan Obe ( only man to travel to both
North & South Poles). Drake passage is a thin body of water that connects the Atlantic and
Pacific Oceans.

Indian scientist at Institute for Genomics & Integrative Biology sequenced the entire genome
of human. The human genome contains 3.1 billions base pairs. India is the 8th country in the
world to sequence the human genome.

Astronomers discovered a planet GJ 1214 b in the constellation called ‘ Ophiuehus’. The
planet is almost entirely made of water. ‘Ardi’ which roamed African forests 4.4 million
years ago, has been named as the ‘Scientific breakthrough of 2009’.




Longest, Largest, Biggest, Smallest, Tallest and Highest

Longest, Largest, Biggest, Smallest, Tallest and Highest
Longest river (India)                   Ganges

Longest river (World)                   Nile

The longest tributary river of India    Yamuna

The longest river of the south          Godavari

Highest mountain peak                   Godwin Austin (k2)

Largest lake (Fresh water)              Wular lake (Kashmir)

Highest Dam                             Bhakra Dam (Punjab)

Largest Mosque                          Jama Masjid, Delhi

Longest Road                            Grand Trunk Road

State with longest coastline            Gujarat

Largest railway route                   From Jammu to Kanya Kumari

Longest tunnel                          Jawahar tunnel (Jammu & Kashmir)
Longest national highway        NH-7which runs from Varanasi to Kanyakumari

Longest Dam                     Hirakod Dam (Orissa)

Longest River Bride             Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna

Longest populated city          Mumbai (1.60 crore)

Largest Museum                  National Museum, Kolkata

Largest Delta                   Sunderban Delta, W. Bengal

Largest Dome                    Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur (Karnataka)

Largest Zoo                     Zoological Gardens, Alipur, Kolkata

Largest man-made Lake           Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)

Largest Desert                  Thar (Rajasthan)

Highest Tower                   Pitampura Tower, Delhi

Smallest State (Area)           Goa

Smallest State (Population)     Sikkim

Highest Waterfall               Gersoppa waterfall (Karnataka)

Longest Electric railway line   From Delhi to Kolkata via Patna

Densest populated State         West Bengal

Largest cave temple             Kailash temple, Ellora (Maharashtra)

Largest animal Fair             Sonepur (Bihar)

Highest Gateway                 Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri (Agra)

Biggest Hotel                   Oberal –Sharaton (Mumbai)

Largest State (Area)            Rajasthan
Largest State (Population)                Uttar Pradesh

Place of heaviest rainfall                Mausinram (Meghalaya)

Largest corridor                          Rameshwaram temple corridor (Tamil Nadu)

Largest cantilever span bride             Howrah Bridge (Kolkata)

Largest forest state                      M.P.

Highest straight gravity Dam              Bhakra Dam

Longest Railway Platform                  Kharagpur (W. Bengal)

Largest Stadium                           Salt lake (Yuva Bhaeti), Kolkata

Largest Port                              Mumbai

Highest Lake                              Devatal (Garhwal)

Largest Lake (Saline water)               Chika lake, Orissa

Highest Award                             Bharat Ratna

Highest Gallantry Award                   Paramveer Chakra

Largest Gurudwara                         Golden Temple, Amritsar

Deepest river valley                      Bhagirathi & Alaknanda

State with longest coastline of South India Andhra Pradesh

Longest river which forms estuary         Narmada

Largest Church                            Saint Cathedral (Goa)

Longest Beach                             Marina Beach, Chennai

Highest Battle field                      Siachin Glacier

Highest Airport                           Len (Laddakh)
Largest river island   Majuli (Brahmaputra river, Assam)

Largest Planetarium    Birla Planetarium (Kolkata)

                              Animal,          Giraffe
                               Tallest


                       Archipelago, Largest     Indonesia

                       Bird, Fastest            Swift

                       Bird, Largest            Ostrich

                       Bird, Smallest           Humming Bird

                       Bridge, Longest          Huey P. Long Bridge,
                       Railway                  Louisiana (U.S.A.)

                       Building, Tallest in the Burj, Dubai (UAE)
                       World

                       Canal, Longest           The Kalakumsky Canal
                       Irrigational

                       Canal, Longest           Suez Canal

                       Capital, Highest         La Paz (Boliva)

                       City, Biggest in Area    Mount Isa Australia

                       City, Largest in         Tokyo
                       Population

                       City, Costliest          Tokyo

                       City, Highest            Van Chuan (China)

                       Continent, Largest       Asia

                       Continent, Smallest      Australia
Country, Biggest         Russia
(Area)

Country, Largest         China
(Population)

Country, Largest         India
(Electorate)

Creature, Largest        Blue Whale

Delta, Largest           Sunderban
                         (Bangladesh & India)

Desert, Largest          Sahara (Africa)
(World)

Desert, Largest (Asia)   Gobi

Dam, Largest             Grand Coulee Dam
                         (U.S.A.)

Dam, Highest             Hoover Dam (U.S.A.)

Diamond, Largest         The Cullinan

Dome, Largest            Astrodome, in
                         Housten (U.S.A.)

Epic, Largest            Mahabharat

Irrigation Scheme,       Lloyd Barrage, Sukkur
Largest                  (Pakistan)

Island, Largest          Greenland

Sea, Largest             Mediterranean sea

Lake, Deepest            Baikal (Siberia)

Lake, Largest            Lake Mead (Boulder
(Artificial)           Dam)

Lake, Highest          Titicaca (Bolivia)

Lake, Largest (Fresh   Superior
water)

Lake, Largest (Salt    Caspian
water)

Library, Largest       United State Library
                       of Congress,
                       Washington D.C.

Mountain Peak,         Everest (Nepal)
Highest

Mountain Range,        Andes (S. America)
Longest

Museum, Largest        British Museum,
                       London

Ocean, Largest         Pacific

Palace, Biggest        Vatican (Italy)

Park, Largest          Yellow Stone National
                       Park (U.S.A.)

Peninsula, Largest     Arabia

Place, Coldest         Verkhoyank (Siberia)
(Habitated)

Place, Dryest          Iqique (In Atacama
                       Desert, Chile)

Place, Hottest         Azizia (Libya, Africa)

Place, Rainiest        Mausinram
                     (Meghalaya, India)

Planet, Biggest      Jupiter

Planet, Brightest    Venus

Planet, Smallest     Mercury

Plateau, Highest     Pamir (Tibet)

Platform, Longest    Kharagpur (India)

Railway, Longest     Trans-Siberian railway

Railway Station,     Grand Central
Longest              Terminal, Chicago
                     (U.S.A.)

River, Longest       Nile (Africa)

River, Largest       Amazon (S. America)

Sea-bird, Largest    Albatross

Star, Brightest      Sirius

Statue, Tallest      Statue of Motherland,
                     Volgagrad (Russia)

Telescope, Largest   New Mexico (U.S.A.)
Radio

Tramway, World’s     New York
first

Tunnel, Longest      Tanna (Japan)
(Railway)

Tunnel, Longest      Mont Blanc Tunnel
(Road)               between France and
                     Italy
                                          Volcano, Highest       Ojos del Salado
                                                                 (Andes, Ecuador)

                                          Volcano, Most Active   Maunaloa (Hawail-
                                                                 U.S.A.)

                                          Wall, Longest          Great wall of China

                                          Waterfall, Highest     Angel (Venezuela)

                                          Water, Lowest body     Dead Sea

                                          Zoo, Largest           Kruger National Park,
                                                                 South Africa




IMPORTANT INSTITUTIONS IN INDIA

IMPORTANT INSTITUTIONS IN INDIA

Education
● Commission of Scientific and Technical Words Terminology—New Delhi
● Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages—Hyderabad
● Institute of National Sanskrit—New Delhi
● National Sanskrit Vidyapeeth—Tirupati
● Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri National Sanskrit Vidyapeeth—New Delhi
● Rashtriya Bal Bhavan—New Delhi
● Institute of Central Indian Language—Mysore
● Indian Council of Higher Research—Shimla
● Indian Institute of Social Sciences and Research—New Delhi
● Council of Indian Philosophy Research—New Delhi and Lucknow
● Indian Institute of Science—Bengaluru
● Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management—Gwalior
● Central Hindi Institute—Agra

Environmental Institutes

● Arid Zone Research Institute—Jodhpur
● Central Pollution Control Board—Delhi
● Central Museum Authority—New Delhi
● Rehabilitation Institute of Social Forestry and Ecology—Allahabad
● G. B. Pant Himdoya Environment and Development Institute—Almora
● Himalayan Forest Research Centre—Shimla
● Indian Forest Research and Education Council—Dehradun
● Institute of Indian Forest Management—Bhopal
● Institute of Indian Plywood Industry and Research—Bengaluru
● Institute of Forest Genetic Tree Breeding—Coimbatore
● Forest Productive Centre—Ranchi
● Institute of Forest Research and Human Resource Development—Chindwara
● Institute of Rainforest—Jorhat
● Institute of Lumbering Science and Technology—Bengaluru
● Institute of National Science & Technology—Faridabad
● Indian Botanical Survey—Kolkata
● Indian Anthropology Survey—Kolkata
● Indian Forest Survey—Jorhat
● Tropical Institute—Jabalpur

Defence Institutes

● Air Force Academy—Hyderabad
● Air Force Technical College—Bengaluru
● College of Military Engineering—Pune
● Defence Management Institute—Sikandrabad
● Defence Services Staff College—Wellington
● Directorate General N.C.C.—New Delhi
● Electrical and Mechanical Engineering School—Baroda
● Hindustan Aeronatic Limited—Bengaluru
● Indian Air Force Training Centre—Chennai
● Indian Military Academy—Dehradun
● Institute of Armament Technology—Pune
● Military College of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering—Sikandrabad
● Directorate of National Cadet Core—New Delhi
● National Defence Academy—Kharagwasala
● Naval College of Engineering—Lonavala
● Officers Training Academy—Chennai

Art and Culture

● Institute of National Museum History for Art Conservation and Science Museum—New Delhi
● Allahabad Museum—Allahabad
● Asiatic Society—Kolkata
● Indian Anthropology Survey—Kolkata
● Indian National Archives—New Delhi
● Central Buddh Education Institute—Leh
● Central High Tibetean Educational Institute—Varanasi
● Central Secretariat Library (1981)—New Delhi
● Cultural Institute and Training Centre (1979)—New Delhi
● Delhi Public Library—New Delhi
● Gandhian Recollection and Philosophy Recollection—New Delhi
● Institute of Indian Diamond—Surat
● Indian Museum—Kolkata
● Indira Gandhi National Art Centre—New Delhi
● Indira Gandhi National Human Museum—Bhopal
● Jawahar Lal Nehru Manipur Dance Academy (1954)—Imphal
● Kala Chitra Foundation—Chennai
● Khudabaksh Oriental Public Library—Patna
● Lalit Kala Academy (1954)—New Delhi
● Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad Asian Studies Institute—Kolkata
● National Drama Vidyalaya (1959)—New Delhi
● National Science Museum Parishad—Kolkata
● National Modern Art Technique (1954)—Kolkata
● National Library (1948)—Kolkata
● National Museum—New Delhi
● National Research Laboratory for Conservation of Cultural Heritage—Lucknow
● National School of Drama—New Delhi
● Nav-Nalanda Mahabihar—Bihar
● Nehru Memorial Museum and Library—New Delhi
● Raja Rammohan Rai Library Foundation—Kolkata
● Ram Krishan Mission Sanskrit Institute (1938)—Kolkata
● Rampur Raja Library—Rampur
● Sahitya Academy (1954)—New Delhi
● Salarjanj Museum—Hyderabad
● Sangeet Natak Academy—New Delhi
● Victoria Memorial Hall—Kolkata

Food and Civil Supply

● Indian Standard Bureau—Delhi
● Indian Examination House—Kolkata

Health and Family Welfare

● Central Health Education Bureau—New Delhi
● National Medical Science Academy—New Delhi
● National Ayurvedic Institute—Jaipur
● National Siddh Institute—Chennai
● National Yunani Institute—Bengaluru
● Morarji Desai National Yog Institute—New Delhi
● National Natural Medical Institute—Pune
● National Homeopathic Institute—Kolkata
● National Ayurvedic Vidyapeeth—New Delhi
● Hindustan Organic Chemicals Ltd.—Rasoyni (Maharashtra)

Industries

● South India Textile Research Association—Coimbatore
● North India Cloth Research Institute—Ghaziabad
● Silk and Art Silk Mills Research Association—Mumbai
● Indian Jute Industry Research Association—Kolkata
● Wool Research Institute—Thane
● National Chemicals and Fertilizers Ltd.—Trombay
● Pesticide Technology Institute—Gurgaon
● Hindustan Antibiotic Ltd.—Pimpri, Pune
● Plastic Engineering and Technology Institute—(Sepate) Chennai
● Indian Bureau of Mines—Nagpur
● National Aluminium Co. Ltd.—Orissa
● Hindustan Zinc Ltd.—Udaipur

Law and Justice

● National Justice Academy—Bhopal
● Sardar Ballabh Bhai Patel National Police Academy—Hyderabad
● Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narain National Crime and Justice Institute—New Delhi

Labour

● Labour Bureau Institute—Chandigarh and Shimla
● V. V. Giri National Labour Institute—Noida (U. P.)
● Central Labour Board—Nagpur
● Director General of Mines Security—Dhanbad
● Central Education Media Institute—Chennai
● Institute of Central government Training and Research—Kolkata

Mass Communication

● Publication Deptt.—New Delhi
● Film Department—Mumbai
● National Film Archieves—Pune
● Indian Committee of Children Film—Mumbai
● Directorate of Publications and Visual Publicity—Delhi
● Directorate of Regional Publicity—New Delhi
● Testimony Board of Central Movie—Mumbai
● Institute of Indian Film and Television—Pune
● Satyajeet Ray Film and Television Institute— Kolkata
Institute of Science and Technology

● Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science—Kolkata
● Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology—Pune
● Indian Astro-physics Institute—Bengaluru
● Jawahar Lal Nehru Developed Scientific Research Centre—Bengaluru
● Indian Institute of Geomagnetism—Mumbai
● Indian Science Academy—Bengaluru
● Indian National Science Academy—New Delhi
● Indian Science Congress Association—Kolkata
● Indian National Engineering Academy—New Delhi
● Indian National Oceanic Information Service Centre—Hyderabad
● Indian Oceanic Technical Institute—Chennai
● National Antarctic and Ocean Research Centre—Goa
● National Biological Science Centre—Bengaluru
● National Institute of Reservation—New Delhi
● Centre of National Cell Science—Pune
● Centre of National Mental Research—Manesar
● National Plant-Genome Research Centre—New Delhi
● National Earthquake Science Data Centre—New Delhi
● Indian Science Academy—Allahabad
● Survey Training Institute—Hyderabad (with the help of U.N.D.P.)
● Bose Institute—Kolkata
● Agarkar Research Institute—Pune
● Sri Chitra Triunal Medical Science and Technical Institute—Tiruvananthapuram
● Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology—Dehradun
● N. N. Bose National Fundamental Science Centre—Kolkata
● Birbal Sahani Institute of Paleo-botany—Lucknow
● Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council—New Delhi
● Science Expansion (Vigyan Prasar)—New Delhi
● Liquid Crystal Research Institute—Bengaluru
● Aryabhatta Research Observatory—Nainital
● Director of Atomic Mineral Investigation and Research—Hyderabad
● Indian Uranium Corporation Ltd.—Jaduguda
● Heavy Water Board—Mumbai
● Nuclear Fuel Campus—Hyderabad
● Bhabha Atomic Research Centre—Mumbai
● Shri Ram Institute of Chemical Research—New Delhi
● Institute for Plasma Research (I. P. R.)—Ahmedabad
● Harish Chand Research Institute—Chennai
● Physics Institute—Bhubaneshwar
● Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre—Kolkata
● Deptt. of Atomic Energy—Mumbai
● Project Directorate, Integrated Coastal and Sea Coast Management—Chennai
● Sea-biotic Resources and Ecology Centre—Cochin
● Hindustan Zinc Limited—Udaipur
● D. N. A. Finger Print and Centre—Hyderabad
● Biotic Resources and Continuous Development Centre—Imphal
● Life Science Institute—Bhubaneshwar
● Physical Research Laboratory—Ahmedabad (Gujarat)
● S. V. National Technical Institute—Surat
● Saha Nuclear Physics Institute—Kolkata (W. Bengal)
● Cosmic Rays Research Institute—Gauribidanow
● Shri Ram Chennai Research Institute—New Delhi
● Tata Institute of Fundamental Research—Mumbai
● Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology—Kocchi
● Institute of Mathematical Science—Chennai
● Institute of Physics—Bhubaneshwar
● National Biology Centre—Bengaluru
● Uranium Corporation of India Ltd.—Jaduguda (Jharkhand)
● Vishveshraiya National Technical Institute—Nagpur

Transport

● Diesel Locomotive Works—Varanasi
● Chitranjan Locomotive Works—Chitranjan
● Rail Coach Factory—Kapurthala
● Integral Coach Factory—Perambur, Kapurthala
● Rail Wheel Factory—Bengaluru
● Marine Engineering and Research Institute—Kolkata
● Marine Engineering and Research Institute—Mumbai
● Lal Bahadur Shastri Coastal Research and Higher Study Institute—Mumbai
● Indian Inland Waterways Authority—Noida
● Maritime Training Institute Powai—Mumbai
● Hindustan Shipyard Limited—Visakhapatnam
● Central Inland Water Transport Corporation—Kolkata
● Civil Aviation Security Bureau—Delhi
● National Aviation Management and Research Institute—Delhi
● Fire Training Centre—New Delhi
● Fire Service Training School—Narainpur (Kolkata)
● Indira Gandhi National Flying Academy—Furshatganj (U. P.)
● Indian Tourism and Travel Management Institute—Gwalior
● National Water Sporting Institute—Goa

Water Resources

● Central Soil and Material Research Centre—New Delhi
● Central Water and Electric Research Centre—Kharagwasala (Pune)
● National Project Construction Corporation Ltd.—New Delhi
● National Hydrology Institute—Roorkee (Uttarakhand)

Welfare

● National Blind Institute—Dehradun
● National Orthopedic Disabled Institute—Kolkata
● Aliyawarjung National Hard of Hearing Institute—Mumbai
● National Mental Disabled Institute—Sikandrabad
● National Rehabilitation Training and Research Institute—Cuttack
● Physically Disabled Institute—New Delhi
● Multi-disabled Strengthen Institute—Chennai
● National Public Cooperation and Child Development Institute—New Delhi

Youth Work and Play

● Rajeev Gandhi National Youth Development Institute—Perambur
● Laxmibai National Physical Education Institute (1957)—Gwalior

Energy

● National Thermal Power Corporation—New Delhi
● Electric Finance Corporation Ltd.—New Delhi

Communication

● Telecommunication Engineering Centre—New Delhi
● National Telecommunication Finance and Management Academy—Hyderabad
● High Level Telecommunication Training Centre—Ghaziabad
● Advance Level Telecommunication Training Centre—Ghaziabad
● Bharat Ratna Bhim Rao Ambedkar Telecommunication Training Institute—Jabalpur



DIARY OF EVENTS 2009
INTERNATIONAL

JANUARY
JAN 1 – Cuba celebrates 50th anniversary of its revolution.

JAN 6 – Shekh Hasina sworn in as Prime Minister in Bangladesh.

JAN 9 – The Srilankan Army captures Elephant Pass, a crucial base of the LTTE at the gateway to
Jafna linking peninsula with Wanni.

JAN 11 – British drector Danny Boyle’s ‘Slumdog Millionaire’ based on Indian Diplomat Vikas
Swarup’s novel ‘Q and A’ emerges big winner at the 66th annual Golden Globe Awards in Beverly
Hills, Calofornia. Composer A.R. Rahman bags best composure honours, the first Indian to win the
award.

JAN 20 – Barack Hussain Obama is sworn in the 44th President of US, breaking the colour barrier. Joe
Biden takes oath as the 47th Vice-President.

JAN 21 – In a rare do-over, Barack Obama is sworn in for the second time as the US President.

Israel completes troops pull out from the Gaza strip after a three week offensive.

JAN 23 – Japan launches the Greenhouse Gas Observing Satellite, the world’s first satellite dedicated
to monitoring greenhouse gas emissions from Tanegashima, a small island.

The US authorities approves the first human trials using embryonic stem cells testing a pioneering
therapy for stroke patients.

FEBRUARY
FEB 1 – Johanna Sigurdardottir takes over as Iceland’s first women Prime Minister.

FEB 8 – Tabla maestro Zakir Hussain wins Grammy in the Contemporary World Music category for his
collaborative album ‘Global Drum Project’.

FEB 11 – Awami League loyalist Zillur Rahman is elected Bangladesh President.

FEB 14 – King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia appoints for the first time a woman Noura al-Fayez, Deputy
Minister for girl’s education

FEB 16 – The Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez wins referendum on scrapping term limits for
elected posts, paving the way for his seeking re-election in 2012 and beyond.

FEB 22 – Slumdog Millionaire, a small budget British film bags eight Oscars at 81st Academy Awards
Functions in Hollywood including Best Director (Danny Boyle), Original Music Score and Song(A.R.
Rahman, the first Indian to win two Oscars), Sound Mixing (Resul Pookutty of Kerela shares it with
Ian Tapp and Richard Pryke), Best Picture.

‘Smile Pinki’, the tale of a little girl with cleft lip, Pinki Sonkar, from Uttar Pradesh gets Oscar for Best
Documentary (Short).

FEB 25 – Fifty persons are killed as Bangladesh Rifles personnel launched an armed rebelliobn
seeking better pay and putting an end to the deputation of Army officers to command paramilitary
bodyguards. BDR chief Major General Shakil Ahmad is taken hostage

FEB 27 – Bangladesh security forces discover a mass grave of at least 42 massacred Army officers at
the Pilkhana Headquarter of the BDR, including Bangladesh Rifles chief Major General Shakil Ahmad.
MARCH
MAR 1 – Chang’e-1, China’s first lunar probe impacts moon ending its 16 month mission.

MAR 2 – The President of Guinea-Bissau Jao Bernardo Vieira is assassinated by renegade soldiers at
his place.

MAR 4 – The International Criminal Court, The Hague, issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese
President Omar Hassan al-Beshir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur. It is the first
by the court against a sitting head of State.

MAR 9 – Vinayagamoorthy Muralidharan (Karuna), former deputy leader of the LTTE, is sworn in Sri
Lanka’s Minister of National Integration in Colombo, shortly after joining ruling Sri Lanka Freedom
Party.

President Barack Obama lifts curbs on federal funding of human embryonic stem cell research.

MAR 12 – The former Nasdaq chairman Bernard Madoff is jailed after he pleads to an epic fraud that
robbed investors worldwide of billions of dollars.

An Iraqi Court hands down a three year jail term to journalist Muntazer Al- Zaidi for hurling shoes at
then US President George Bush during a globally televised press conference in Baghdad last
December.

MAR 16 – The Pakistan Government agrees to restore the deposed Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhary.

MAR 26 – Charles Simonyi becomes the first person to travel twice to space as a tourist.

Russian-French mathematician Mikhail Leonidovich Gromov is chosen for the Abel Prize for 2009.

MAR 29 – Ninety countries take part in ‘Earth Hour 2009’, a global event in which landmarks and
homes go dark to highlight the threat for climate change.

APRIL
APR 1 – Benzamin Netanyahu assumes office as Israeli Prime Minister

APR 2 – The G-20 Summit in London pledges $1.1 trillion to boost global economic growth. Leaders
agree on measures to reform the banking system.

APR 3 – Najib Tun Razak is sworn in as Malaysia’s sixth Prime Minister.

APR 4 – France returns to the NATO fold at the 60th anniversary summit of the Organisation at
Strausborg. Albania and Croatia become new members. Spanish Prime Minister Anders Fogh
Rasmussen is named is named the next Secretary General.
APR 6 – Over 100 people are feared dead and nearly 1200 injured after a powerful earthquake
strikes the historic central town of L’Aquila in the mountainous Abruzo region.

APR 13 – Sri Lanka de-recognizes Norway as the official facilitator of Peace talks.

APR 14 – North Korea pulls out of denuclearisation expels IAEA inspectors and US monitors from the
Yongbyon nuclear complex.

APR 24 – India and Poland sign agreements on cooperatin in health care and medicine and tourism,
in the presence of Presidents Pratibha Patil and Lech Kaczynski.

APR 30 – The six year British Occupation of Iraq ends.

MAY
MAY 1- The British government appoints Scottish Poet Carol Ann Duffy, the country’s first woman
Poet Laureate.

MAY 4 – Pushp Kumar Dahal “Prachanda” resigns as Nepal Prime Minister after the President Ram
Baran Yadav asks the Army Chief General Rookmangud Katawal to continue in office.

MAY 7 – Patxi Lopez assumes office as the first non-nationalist President of the Basque region(
Spain).

MAY 8 – The Pakistam Army launches full scale military action named Operation Rah-e-Rast in the
Swat valley to flush out militants.

MAY 9 – Jacob Zuma assumes office as the forth President of the post –aparthied South Africa.

MAY 18 – The LTTE Supremo Velupillai Prabhakaran is killed in an intense battle with Sri Lankan
Military at Mullivaikkal in Mullaithivu district bringing an end to the 33 month long Ealem War IV.

MAY 21 – Former British Gorkha soldiers won a major victory after the government accepts their
demand to settle in Britain.

Apa Sherpa of Nepal climbs Mt. Everest for the record 19th time.

MAY 23 – The former South Korean President Roh Moo-Hyun, who was at the center of a multi
million dollar corruption probe commits suicide by jumping of a hill .

Horst Koehler, the former head of IMF is re-elected German President.

MAY 25 – Cyclone Aila wreak havoc in Bangladesh.

MAY 27 – Canadian short story writer Alice Munro wins the £ 60,000 Man Booker International Prize.
JUNE
JUN 1 – All 228 passengers on board an Air France aircraft flying from Rio de Janeiro in Brazil to Paris
are killed as the plane crashes into the Atlantic ocean after being stuck by lightning.

JUN 3 – The Organisation of American States decides to lift a 47 year old ban on Cuba at the OAS
General Assembly meeting in Honduras.

JUN 11 – The WHO declares the swine flu pandemic, the first global flu epidemic in 41 years.

JUN 13 – Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad secures a landslide victory in presidential polls
trounching his nearest rival Mir Hosein Mousavi.

JUN 16 – The first-ever summit of Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC) at Yekaterinburg, Russia calls
for the creation of a “more diversified international monetary system” and a “more democratic and
just multipolar world order”.

JUN 19 – Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei endorses the presidential pole result and
awnts protesters to keep off the streets.

JUN 20 – 13 persons killed in crackdown on protesters in Iran.

JUN 25 – Pop King Michael Jackson (50) dies at Los Angeles. His entertainment career hit high water
marks with the release of “Thriller” in 1982.

JUN 28 – Honduran Army ousts leftists Presindent Manuel Zelaya and exiles him to Costa Rica in
Central Americas first military coup since the cold war, hours before a rogue referendum he had
called in defiance of the courts and congress.

JUN 30 – Atleast 152 people on board a Yemeni Airbus jet are killed after the aircraft crashes into the
Indian Ocean while trying to land in Comoros Islands.

US forces pull out of Iraqi cities.

JULY
JUL 2 – Japanese diplomat Yukiya Amano is elected the new chief of the IAEA.

JUL 6 – Atleast 184 people are killed and 1000 injured following two days of rioting in Urumqi, the
capital city of China’s Muslim majority Xingjiang autonomous region.

JUL 7 – Obama and Dmitry Medvedev sign a pact that sets a new limit of 1,675 warheads after the
first Russian American summit in 8 years in Moscow.

JUL 9 – The G8 and G5 Leaders call for an ambitious and balanced conclusion to the Doha
Development Round of trade talks through a joint declaration at the G8-G5 Summit at L’Aquila, Italy.
JUL 13 – Turkey signs an accord with Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and Austria to built the 3,300 km
Nabucco pipeline to supply gas to Europe.

JUL 15 – The 15th NAM Summit beging at Sharm- el-Sheikh, Egypt.

160 people killed as an Iranian Airliner en route to Armania catches fire mid air. 10 members of
Iran’s national Judo team among dead.

JUL 20 – NASA observes 40th anniversary of first human landing on moon.

Myanmar Leader Dang San Suu Kyi is conferred with the Mahatma Gandhi International Award for
Peace and Reconciliation at a function in Durban.

JUL 25 – Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is re-elected.

AUGUST
AUG 3 – Indian social activist Deep Joshi named among the winners of Ramon Magsaysay Awards for
2009.

AUG 5 – Pakistan’s most wanted man Beithullah Masood leader of the Tehreek-e-Taliban killed in
USA missile strike in South Waziristan tribal area.

AUG 6 – The new LTTE Chief Selvarasa Pathmanathan is arrested in Malaysia.

AUG 8 – Sonia Sotomayor is sworn in as the US Supreme Courts first Hispanic justice and third
female member in the courts 220 year history.

AUG 11 – Typhoon Morakot leaves 600 dead in Taiwan.

AUG 13 – India and ASEAN sign a FTA in Bangkok.

AUG 14 – President Asif Ali Zardari confers the Sitar-e-Imtiaz (Star of excellence), Pakistan’s third
highest award posthumously on Indian Parliamentarian Nirmala Deshpandey.

AUG 20 – The Scottish government frees Abdal Basset al-Megrahi, former Libyan agent, serving lifer
for his role in December 1998 Lockerabie air crash which killed 270 passengers, mostly American.

AUG 23 – Venezuela’s Stefania Fernandez(18) crowned Miss Universe in Bahamas.

AUG 24 – The publisher of the world’s largest circulated magazine Reader’s Digest files for
bankruptcy protection in US.

SEPTEMBER
SEP 1 – Fiji is suspended from the Commonwealth for failing to meet a deadline to make progress
towards establishing democracy.
SEP 3 – Iran to have First woman Cabinet Minister after Parliament gives approval for nomination of
Marzieh-Vahid Dastjerdi as Heath Minister .

SEP 12 – Lebanon, an Israeli flim bags the Golden Lion at 66th Venice Film Festival.

SEP 16 – Yukio Hatoyama is appointed as Japan’s new Prime Minister.

SEP 21 – The deposed Honduran President Manuel Zelaya returns home and seeks asylum in
Brazilian embassy in the capital Tegucigalpa’

The former US President Jimmy Carter is presented the Mahatma Gandhi Global Non Violence
Award in Virginia.

SEP 22 – Irina Bokova, Bulgaria’s former Foreign Minister becomes the first woman to head UNESCO.

SEP 24 – World Powers adopt a landmark resolution seeking to rid the planet of nuclear arms at an
unprecedented UN Security Council Summit chaired by Obama.

SEP 27 – The German Chancellor Angela Merkel wins a second four year term.

SEP 29 – 150 killed as a Tsunami triggered by an earthquake flattens villages in the South Pacific
Islands of Samoa and American Samoa.

SEP 30 – 1,100 killed as earthquake (7.6) hits Indonesia’s Sumatra Island.

Peru’s Supreme Court sentences former President Alberto Fujimori to six years in jail for wire
tapping opponents and paying bribes to law makers during his tenure from 1990 to 2000.

OCTOBER
OCT 1 – The people’s Republic of China stages the largest ever military display in its history as a part
of its 60th anniversary celebrations.

OCT 2 – Marking the International day of Non-Violence, the United Nations releases a stamp on
Mahatma Gandhi on the occasion of his 140th birth anniversary.

OCT 3 – Ireland votes ‘Yes’ in a crucial referendum on the contentious Lisbon Treaty designed to
streamline the European Union.

David Coleman Headley, a US citizen is held by the Chicago FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force at O’Hare
International Airport for plotting terror attacks in Denmark and India.

OCT 5 – Americans Elizabeth h. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak win the 2009 Nobel
Prize in Medicine for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres – a vital factor
in cell ageing. The trio had won the 2006 Lasker Prize for the same work.
The Greek Socialist leader George Papandreou trounces the governing Conservatives and is set to
form Government.

OCT 6 – Three Americans Charles K. Kao, Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith share the 2009 Nobel
Prize in Physics for developing fibres-optic cable and the sensor at the heart of digital cameras.

British Novelist Hilary Mantel’s Wolf Hall, a historical novel about the rise of King Henery VIII’s
adviser Thomas Cromwell wins the 2009 Man Booker Prize.

OCT 7 – India born American Venkataraman Ramakrishnan and fellow American Thomas Steitz along
with the Israeli Ada Yonath share the 2009 Nobel Chemistry prize for showing how the ribosomes,
which produces protein, functions at the atomic level usung X-ray crystallography.

OCT 8 – Herta Mueller, a member of Romania’s ethnic German minority wins the 2009 Nobel Prize
for literature.

OCT 9 – Barack Obama is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 2009.

OCT 11 – After an 18 hour stand-off, Pakistani Army commandos storm Army Headquarter in
Rawalpindi freeing 39 persons taken hostages by militants.

OCT 12 – Americans Elinor Ostrom and Oliver Williamson win the 2009 Economic Nobel for their
analyses of economic governance. Ostrom is the first woman to win the Economic Nobel.

OCT 13 – Alyn Ware of New Zealand, Congo’s Rene Ngongo, David Suzuki of Canada and Catharine
Hamlin are named the co-winners of the 2009 Right to Livelihood Award, the so called “Alternative
Nobel”

OCT 16 – Queen Elizabeth II formally opens the UK’s Supreme Court situated in London’s Parliament
Square. It was established on Oct. 1st.

OCT 17 – The Maldivian Cabinet signs a declaration appealing to global leaders to save their atoll
nation from being swamped by rising sea water after a under water meeting in Girifushi near the
capital Male.

OCT 24 – The Prime Minister Manmohan Singh proposes the setting up of an India Asean Round
Table at the 7th bilateral Summit on the sidelines of the 17th ASEAN Summit in the Thai resort of
Hua Hin.

OCT 27 – India and Nepal signs “a historic”new treaty to control illegal trade across the border.

OCT 28 – Massive bomb blast near the historic Kissa Khwani Bazaar in Peshawar in Pakistan.

OCT 29 – President Pratibha Patil receives the Queen’s Baton from Britain’s Queen at the
Buckingham Palace as India formally takes charge of the 2010 XIX Commnwealth Games New Delhi.

Egypt offers to allow India to set up an ‘India Zone’ along the Suez Canal Development Area.

China’s fastest Super Computer Tianhe (Milky Way) is unveiled.

NOVEMBER
NOV 6 – The un General Assembly endorses the 575 page report by South African jurist, Richard
Goldstone that focuses on alleged war crimes during this 22 day Gaza conflict early this year.

NOV 10 – Russia honours Mikhail Kalashnikov, father of the world’s most famous gun AK 47 with the
country’s highest award , Hero of Russia’

NOV 12 – Sri Lanka’s Chief of Defence Staff Sarath Fonseka resigns.

NOV 19 – The Supreme Court of Bangladesh upholds death sentence for the August 15, 1975
assassination of the nation’s founding father Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

Belgian Prime Minister Herman Von Rompuy is elected the first European Council President and
Britain’s Catherine Ashton is named the 27 member body’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs
and Security Policy.

NOV 20 – The Big Bang machine or the Large Hadron Collider, the world’s largest atom smasher,
starts operating again 14 months after a technical snag caused one tonne of helium to leak into the
27 km long that houses it.

NOV 24 – India “a rising and responsible global power”, says the US President Barack Obama after
the summit meeting with PM Manmohan Singh. Acknowledges India’s status as nuclear power.

NOV 25 – Indian PM and the US President announce the launch of the India-US Counterterrorism
Cooperation Iniative.

Dubai World, the fulcrum of the United Arab Emirates’ economy asks for a “standstill” agreement to
delay repayment by six months on most of its $59 billion of debt.

NOV 27 – The Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting opens in the Trinidad capital Post of
Spain.

NOV 28 – The National Reconciliation Order (NRO) under which Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari
and others got amnesty from corruption charges against them lapses.

NOV 29 – Jose Mujica, the former leftist Tupamaro guirrilla fighter is elected Uruguay President.

NOV 30 – Porfirio “pepe” Lebo is elected Honduras President.
DECEMBER
DEC 7 – India and Russia sign the civil nuclear cooperation pact 3.0 that is free from any curbs on
New Delhi and guarantees against restriction in the future. Two sides sign six pacts, including three
in the military sphere.

Bolivian President Evo Morales wins landslide victory in general elections seeking second term.

The UN Climate Change Conference 2009 of 194 nations opens at Copenhagen, Denmark.

DEC 8 – British billionaire Sir Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic unveils SpaceshipTwo, a commercial
spaceship.

DEC 12 – Gibralter’s Kaiane Aldorino is crowned Miss World 2009 at glittering ceremony in
Johannesburg.

DEC 14 – African nations walk out of the UN climate change talks against efforts by rich nations to
”kill Kyoto”.

DEC 15 – Boeing’s revolutionary lightweight passenger jet 787 Dreamliner made mostly of composite
materials take to the skies for the first time around Puget Sound and inland Washington state.

DEC 16 – Pakistan Supreme Court declares the National Reconciliation Order null and void and
orders reinitiation of proceedings against the accused acquitted under the controversial law.

DEC 24 – Rajiv Shah to be the USAID chief.

DEC 31 – Reena Kaushal is the first Indian woman to ski to the South Pole.

Mota Singh, Britain’s first Asian judge is knighted.




OBITUARY
APRIL 9 – Raja J. Chelliah :Economist

APRIL 9 – Shakti Samant : Noted Hindi Film Maker.

APRIL 21 : Iqbal Bano : India born Pakistani classic and ghazal singer.

MAY 2 - K. Balaji : Tamil actor and producer

MAY 3 - B. Rajam Iyer : Scholar and Misician
MAY 31 - Prakash Mehra :Hindi film producer and director

JUNE 8 - Habib Tanvir - Noted playwriter and Theatre director

JUNE 19 - Ustad Ali Akbar Khan : Siter Maestro

JULY 1 - Tyeb Mehta :Renowned Painter

JULY 8 - Syed Abdullah Bukhari : Former Shahi Imam of Jama Masjid.

JULY 11 – Ji Xianlin : Chinese Indologist

JULY 13 - Nilu Phule : Marathi stage and cinema actor.

JULY 16 – Damal Krishnaswami Pattamal : Indian classical music

JULY 21 - Gangubai Hangal : Hindustani classical music of Kirana Gharana

JULY 29 - Gayatri Devi : Queen Mother of Jaipur, Founder of Swatantra Party.

AUGUST 18 – Kim Dae Jung :Former South Korean President and Nobel Peace Prize winner in 2000.

SEPTEMBER 12 – Norman Borlaug : Agriculture scientist and central figure of green revolution.

Jack Kramer : American tennis great of 1940s.

Rajsingh Dungarpur : Former BCCI President and Chairman of selectors.

SEPTEMBER 14 – Patrick Swayze : US actor known for his roles in Dirty Dancing, Ghost

OCTOBER 10 – Stephen Gately :Boyzone singer.

OCTOBER 14 – Krishna Chandra Pal : member of India’s famed 1956 Olympic football team.

OCTOBER 30 – Claude Levi Strauss :Renowned French Anthropologist

NOVEMBER 5 – Prabhash Joshi : Eminent Hindi Journalist and founder editor of Jansatta.

NOVEMBER 10 – Robert Enke :German Goalkeeper, commits suicide.

DECEMBER 6 – Bina Rai : Bollywood Actress.

DECEMBER 10 – Dilip Chitre : Poet and Film Maker.

DECEMBER 13 - Paul Anthony Samuelson : Economist
T.S. Satyan : Renowned Photojournalist

DECEMBER 20 - Brittany Murphy : Hollywood actor

DECEMBER 30 – Vishnuvardhan : Kannada actor




SPORTS


FEBRUARY 1 – Mahesh Bhupati and Sania Mirja became the first Indian pair to win a Grand Slam
Mixed Double title when they clinched Australian Open.

MARCH 6 – Honda announces the sale of lts Formula One team to Ross Brawn. The new outfit is
called is Brawn GP.

MARCH 11 – Virender Sehwag scores India’s fastest ODI hundred against host New Zealand.

APRIL 7 – Chitra Mgimairaj finishes runner up in the WLBSA World ladies’ billiards championship at
Cambridge.

APRIL 10 – Gagan Narang wins the bronze medal in the Men’s 10 m air rifle event of the first ISSF
World Cup of the year in Chongwon, Korea.

APRIL 12 – India wins Sultan Azlan Shah Cup hockey tournament with a 3-1 victory over host
Malaysia in the final.

APRIL 23 – French swimmer Alain Bernard breaks the 100 m freestyle world record at the French
Championship at Montpellier, setting a new time of 46.94 seconds .

MAY 6 – Wang Ho and ZhangYining of China win the men’s and women’s singles title at the World
Table Tennis Championship at Yakohama.

MAY 24 – Grandmaster Surya Shekhar Ganguli wins the Asian Chess Championship at Phillipines.

MAY 25 – Deccan Chargers wins IPL season II at the Wanderers.

MAY 26 – Sayali Gokhale wins the women’s single title at the Spanish Open Badminton
Championship in Madrid beating Lianne Tan of Belgium.

MAY 29 – Barcelona beats Manchester United in the final to lift the Champion League Title at Rome.
JUNE 7 – Svetlana Kuznetsova defeats Dinara Safin to win French Open title.

JUNE 8 – Roger Federer wins his first French Open Title.

India’s Leander Paes and Lukas Dlouhy of the Czech Republic win the French Open Men’s double
title.

JUNE 14 – Boxer Suranjoy Singh wins Gold in Asian Championship in Zhuhai, China.

JUNE 15 – Goa beats Bengal to win 63rd Santosh Trophy in Chennai.

JUNE 21 – Pakistan wins Twenty20 World Cup beating Sri Lanka in final at Lords in London.

Saina Nehwal becomes the first Indian to win a Super Series Tournament with her triumph over
Chinese Lin Wang in the Indonesian Open at Jakarta.

Indian women’s hockey team wins the Champion Challenge for women in Kazan, Russia.

JULY 5 – Roger Federer wins record 15th Grand Slam title by winning at Wimbledon. Serena Williams
wins the women’s title and along with Venus claims the women’s double crown.

JULY 11 – Squash player Joshna Chinappa wins the third WISPA title of her career in Kuala Lumpur.

JULY 19 – GM Arun Prasad becomes the first Indian to claim the title in the 116 year history of the
Scottish Chess Championship in Edinburgh.

JULY 26 – Alberto Contador wraps up his second Tour de France title

GM Parimarjan Negi wins the Politiken Chess title at Copenhagen

JULY 29 – Union Government announces Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna awards to Sushil Kumar
(Wrestling), Vijender Singh (Boxing) and M.C. Mary Kom (Boxing).

AUGUST 16 – Usain Bolt breaks his world record in the 100 m event as he clocks 9.54s at the World
Championship in Berlin.

AUGUST 20 – Usain Bolt breaks the world record, clocking 19.19s in the 200m event in the World
Championship.

AUGUST 23 – Bekele becomes the first athlete to win the 5000m and 10000m crowns at the World
Championship.

England claims Ashes by defeating Australia.
AUGUST 28 – GM Parimarjan Negi clinches the prestigious Dato Arthur Tan Malaysian Open Chess
title in Kuala Lumpur.

AUGUST 30 – Kimi Raikkonen of Ferrari wins the Belgian Grand Prix and Force India picks up its first
points as Giancarlo Fisichella finishes second.

AUGUST 31 – India defeats Syria to win the Nehru Cup

SEPTEMBER 7 – Pankaj Advani wins his maiden World Professional Billiards title beating Mike Russel
in finals at Leeds.

SEPTEMBER 11 – Vijender Singh wins the 75 kg bronze at the World Boxing Championships in Milan,
India’s first ever medal at the event.

Leander Paes and Cara Black finish runner up in the US Open Mixed doubles losing to Carly
Gullickson and Travis Parrot in the final.

SEPTEMBER 12 – Churchill Brothers beats Mohun Bagan to win its maiden IFA Shield crown in
Kolkata

SEPTEMBER 13 – Kim Clijsters wins US Open women’s Single title.

Leander Paes and Lukas Dlouhy wins the Men’s Doubles of US Open.

SEPTEMBER 14 – Juan Martin Del Potro wins men’s Single Title of US Open.

Venus and Serena Williams win the women’s Doubles of US Open.

SEPTEMBER 20 – India enters the Davis Cup World Group after eleven years beating South Africa in
the play off at Johannesburg.

SEPTEMBER 22 Churchill Brothers bags the Durand Cup football title in New Delhi.

SEPTEMBER 30 – Pankaj Advani wins his third straight National Billiards Title at Agra.

OCTOBER 1 – Gautam Gambhir wins the ICC Test Cricketer of the Year Award

Mahendra Singh Dhoni wins the ICC ODI Cricketer of the Year award.

Mitchell Johnson is named the Cricketer of the year.

OCTOBER 2 – Rio de Janeiro wins the bid to host 2016 Olympics.

OCTOBER 4 – Pankaj Advani and Meenal Thakur win the Men’s and Women’s titles respectively in
the National Snooker Championship in Agra.
OCTOBER 5 – Rest of India lifts the Irani Cup Trophy in Nagpur.

OCTOBER 10 – Karnataka wins the National Aquatics Championship for the 18th consecutive year at
Thiruvananthpuram.

OCTOBER 11 – C.Muniyappa wins the Indian Open Golf Tournament at Gurgaon.

OCTOBER 18 – Jenson Button wins the Formula One World Championship in Sao Paulo (Brazil).

OCTOBER 23 – New South Wales Blues wins the inaugural Champions League Twenty20 cricket
tournament in Hyderabad.

OCTOBER 29 – Jeev Milkha Singh becomes the first Indian Golfer to tee off at the World Matchplay
Championship at Casares (Spain) and defeats world No. 5, Lee Westwood.

DECEMBER 2 – Argentina,s Lionnel Messi wins Golden Ball as well as the FIFA Player of the year
award.

DECEMBER 3 – Virender Sehwag scores second fastest double hundred ever in the third and final
test against Sri Lanka. It was Sehwag’s sixth double century, the most by an Indian.

DECEMBER – Spain retains Davis Cup defeating Czech Republic in the finals in Barcelona.

DECEMBER 6 – India’s V.Diju and Jwala Gutta loses in the finals of the BWF World Super Series
Badminton Tournament in Johor Bahru.

Indian cricket team reaches No. 1 status in ICC Test ranking.

DECEMBER 15 – Boris Gelfand of Israel wins the Chess World in Khanty Mansiysk, Russia.

DECEMBER 20 – Chetan Anand and Saina Nehwal win the Men’s and Women’s singles title in the
Jaypee Cup Syed Modi International Grand Prix Badminton tournament in Lucknow.

Saurav Goshal and Joshna Chinappa win the Men’s and Women’s Title in the Kingfisher 57th
National Squash Championship in Delhi.

Indian Wrestlers make a clean sweep of all the 7 gold medals in the Men’s Freestyle competition of
the Commonwealth wrestling in Jalandhar.

DECEMBER 26 – Ashutosh Singh and Ankita Raina of Gujrat lift the Men’s and Women’s titles of the
National Grass Court Tennis Championship in Kolkata.
DIARY OF EVENTS 2009
NATIONAL

JANUARY:
JAN 8 – Overseas Indian Citizenship cardholders can practice their professionin India

JAN 11 – The center forms a three member board comprising HDFC chairman Deepak Parekh, the
former Nasscom president Kiran Karnik and C. Achutan to take charge of Satyam.

Jan 15 – Radha Vinod Raju appointed as the first Director General of the National Investigation
Agency

Jan 21 – The Tamil Nadu government decides to launch the Chief Minister’s Insurance Scheme for
Life Saving Treatments which will benefit 1 crore families/

JAN 24 – India and Kazakhstan sign a major agreement for supply of uranium and a comprehensive
cooperation in civil nuclear energy program. An extradition treaty was also inked.

JAN 28 - Cabinet approves the Rs.14,600 crore Chennai Metro Rail Project.

FEBRUARY
FEB 4 – India signs its first commercial pact with the French nuclear giant Areva for reactors, fuel
supply.

FEB 5 – The UN Secretary-General Ban ki- Moon is presented the Sustainable Development
Leadership Award 2009 in New Delhi.

FEB 10 – Pt. Bhimsen Joshi, the noted Hindustani vocalist is presented with Bharat Ratna.

FEB 11 – Scientists of National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal (Haryana)announced the cloning of
world’s first buffalo

Sumn Sharma became the world’s first woman to fly the MIG –35 fighter jet.

FEB 22 – Tirupur become the 32nd district of Tamil Nadu.

FEB 26 – Supreme Court orders a probe by B. N. Srikrishna, the retired judga of the apex court into
the violent incidents on the Madras High Court.

MARCH
MAR 3 – The Howrah –New Delhi Rajdhani Express , the country’s first super fast train completes 40
years of service.

MAR 7 – Manipur Human Right activist Irom Chanu Sharmila on a continued fast for the past nine
years demanding complete withdrawal of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act 1958 is freed from
judicial custody.

MAR 21 – Mohanrao Bhagwat takes over as the chief of Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh.

MAR 24 – Sister Mary Prema is elected the Superior General of the Missionaries of Charity in place of
ailing Sister Nirmala.

MAR 27 – The Chameli Devi Jain Award for Outstanding Woman Mediaperson for 2008is conferred
on Nirupama Subramaniam, Islamabad correspondent of The Hindu and Vinita Deshmukh, editor of
Intelligent Pune.

APRIL
APR 13 – Tech Mahindra acquires Satyam Computer Serveces.

APR 20 – The PSLV – C12 puts in Orbit Radar Imaging Satellite (RISAT–2), a surveillance satellite
procured from Israel and Anusat, built by Anna University, Chennai after lift- off from Sriharikota.

APR 21 – Senior Election Commissioner Navin B. Chawla takes over as the 16th Chief Election
Commissioner. V. S. Sampath assumes office a the new Election Commissioner.

APR 29 – Four passengers died and 11 other injured after an unidentified person hijacks a suburban
train from near the Central Railway Station and drives it at high speed resulting in head on collision
with goods train at Vyasarpadi Jiva Railway Station.

India and Israel ink Rs.1200 crore deal to revive ammunition production in Nalanda, Bihar.
India and Kuwait sign three pacts for strengthening cooperation in science and technology,
education and culture.
47 Indian companies including SBI and Reliance industries make to the list of 2000 biggest
companies of world.
India regained Azlan Shah Hockey Tournament after a gap of 13 years defeating Malaysia in the
finals.

MAY
MAY 18 – Sensex gains 2110.79 points. For the first time in the history of the stock market, the
market remains closed for 2 hours because of steep climbing.

MAY 25 – Cyclone ‘Aila’ pounds West Bengal

MAY 28 – Rani Abbaka, the Coast Guards’ first inshore patrol vessel is launched atVisakhapatnam.

MAY 31 – Air Chief Marshal Pradeep Vasant Naiktakes charge as the 19th Chief of Indian Air Force.
JUNE
JUN 3 – Meira Kumar is lected as the first women Speaker of the Lok Sabha.

JUN 6 – Protests continued in the Kashmir against the rape and death of two women Nilofar Ahanger
and Asiya jan at Shopian on May 29 night.

Vice Admiral Nirmal Kumar Verma is named the nation’s Chief of Naval Staff.

Indian Scientists announced the birth of world’s second cloned buffalo named ‘Garima’ at the
National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal.

JUN 8 – Seven times Member of Parliamint Karia Minda is unanimously elected Deputy Speaker, Lok
Sabha.

JUN 16 –The Maharashtra Government rejects the indictment of the then Mumbai Police
Commissioner Hasan Gafoor by the Ram Pradhan Committee which probed the 26/11 attack.

JUN 18 – Central paramilitary forces and the State Armed Police launched offensive against Maoists
and the supporters of the Peoples Committee Against Police Atrocities in West Bengal’s Lalgarh area.

JUN 20- The Centre launched a round the clock anti- ragging helplinethat can be accessed at 1800-
180-5522

JUN 21 – Satyam Computer Services unveils its new brand identity ‘Mahindra Satyam’.

JUN 23 – Maoists ambush police party and then free Misir Besra, a top ranking leader in Bihar’s
Lakhisarai district.

JUN24 – Hans Raj Bharadwaj is appointed Karnataka Governor. Rameshwar Thakur to be Madhya
Pradesh Governor and Devanand Konwar is named Governor of Bihar.

JUN 25 – Nandan M. Nilkeni is to be Chairperson of the Unique Identification Authority

Gopal Subramaniam becomes the new Solicitor General of India



JULY
JUL 2 – In a landmark judgment, the Delhi High Court strikes down the provision of Section 377 of
the IPC, which criminalized consensual sexual acts of adults in private.

JUL 3 – Railway Minister Mamta Banerjee presents the first Railway budget of the new UPA Govt.,
highlights being Izzat Pass for unorganized sector,Duronto trains and low cost air-conditioned ‘Yuva ‘
trains.
JUL 9 – The toll in the hooch tragedy in Ahmedabad’s Rakhiyaal area goes up to 105.

JUL 18 – Margaret Alva is appointed Uttarakhand Governor and Jagannath Pahadia to be Haryana
Governor and Syed Sibtey Razi is shifted to Assam.

JUL 20 – India and the US finalise 3 agreements – a military end user pact, the Technology
Safeguards Agreement and Science and Technology Cooperation Agreement – with the visiting of US
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

The Supreme Court declines to stay the Delhi High Court judgment declaring the Section 377 of IPC
unconstitutional and decriminalizing unnatural sex between consenting adults.

JUL 22 – A longest total solar eclipse of the century lasting 6 minutes and 39 seconds sweeps across
the narrow swathe of Asia.

JUL 23 The Union Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Ajad inaugurates the ‘Kalaignar Insurance Scheme
for Life saying Treatments for One Crore Poor Families’ in Chennai.

Jul 25 – The President Pratibha Patil presents the Indira Gandhi International prize for Peace
Disarmament and development for 2007 to Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates at Rashtrapati Bhavan

The BSF for the first time inducts 178 women recruits for guarding international borders at the
Kharkhan camp, 150 kms from Chandigarh.

Jul 26 – The Prime Minister Manmohan Singh launches the nation’s first indigenous nuclear powered
submarine INS Arihant for sea trials.

JUL 30 – The Rajasthan Governor Shailendra Kumar approves the Bill which provides for 5%
reservation to Gujjars and three other communities , besides 14 % quota to the economically
backwards classes.




AUGUST
Aug 3 – Rida Shaikh becomes the first person to die of swine flu in India.

Aug 11 – The agrees to abolish the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council and work for a new set up of the
hill district.

AUG 19 – Jaswant Singh is expelled from the BJP for his book- ‘Jinnah:India, Partition Independence.

Eminent Sanskrit poet, author of ‘The Ramayana: A Linguistic Study’, Satya Vrat Shastri is presented
the 42nd Jnanpith Award by the Princess of Thailand Maha Chakri Sirindhorn at New Delhi.

AUG 24 – The Prime Minister Council on Climate Change gives “in principle” approval for the
National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency.

AUG 26 – Supreme Court judges agreed to make their assets public.

The Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act gets Presidential assent.

AUG 29 – The Indian Space Research Organisation loses radio contact with Chandrayaan- 1 and the
first moon mission ends in ten months instead of its stated life of two years.

SEPTEMBER
SEP 2 – The Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Yeduguri Sandinti Rajasekhara Reddy(60) is killed as the
helicopter in which he was traveling crashes into Pavurala Gutta, a steep hollock between Atmakur
and Rollapenta villages in Kurnool district.

SEP 7 – Class X Board exams in CBSE schools stand cancelled beginning 2011.

‘Kanchivaram’ wins Best Feature Film award Prakash Raj adjudged Best Actor as the 55th National
Films Awards 2007 announced. The Best Actress award goes to Kannada actorUmashree for her role
in ‘Gulabi Talkies’.

SEP 8 – The National Mission for Female Literacy christened Saakshar Bharat Mission is launched by
P.M.

SEP 20 – Top Maoist leader Kobad Gandhi is arrested.

SEP 23 – PSLV puts Oceansat-2 and six other foreign nano satellites into orbit.

SEP 26 – Chhatradhar Mahato, convener of the Maoist backed Police Santrash Birodhi
Janasadharaner Committee is arrested by police near Lalgarh in West Bengal.

SEP 30 – Veteran playback singer Manna Dey is selected for 2007 Dadasahab Phalke award.

More than 32 persons on board a boat killed after it capsizes in the Mullaiperiyar dam in Kerela’s
Iduki district.

The International Atomic Energy Agency Director General Mohammad ElBardei is honoured with the
indira Gandhi Prize for Peace and Disarmament and Development 2008.

OCTOBER
OCT 2 – The Union Cabinet renames the National Rural Employment Act after Mahatma Gandhi.

Heavy rains lash Karnataka and the pilgrim center town of Mantralayam lies submerged. The Krishna
and its tributaries in Andhra Pradesh reach levels not seen in 100 years and Kurnool lies in neck deep
water.
OCT 5 – Ganga Dolphin is declared the National Aquatic Animal at the first meeting of the National
Ganga River Basin Athaurity.

OCT 6 – Maoists behead the Jharkhand police inspector Francis Induwar.

OCT 12 – The Rajasthan High Court stays the new law providing 19% reservation for Gujjars and the
newly created economically backward class in the state.

OCT 22 – The Centre gives nod to a proposal to enhance the quota for woman in urban local bodies
from one-third to 50%.

OCT 24 – K. Radhakrishnanis appointed the ISRO chairman.

OCT 25 – Dorjee Khandu is sworn in as Arunachal Pradesh C.M. for second consecutive term.

OCT 29 – At least 4 persons killed and 150 injured in a massive fire at the Indian Oil Corporation’s
fuel depot in the Sitapura industrial area on the outskirts of Jaipur.

OCT 31 – P.S. Veeraraghavan takes over as Diretor, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre,.

NOVEMBER
NOV 11 – Cyclone Phyan kills 4 persons and causes massive damage to property in the coastal
districts of Maharashra.

NOV 12 – N. Ram, Editor-in-Chief The Hindu is chosen for the 2009 K.R.Narayanan Award.

NOV 19 – Bangladesh Prime Minister Shekh Hasina is chosen for the 2009 Indira Gandhi Prize for
Peace, Disarmament and Development.

NOV 23 – The Centre launches the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission.

NOV 24 – Mumbai gets its brand new anti-terror outfit, Force One with the passing out parade of the
first batch.

NOV 25 – President Pratibha Patil becomes the first woman Head if State to fly abroad a SU-30 MKI
fighter plane.

NOV 30 – Srikumar Banerjee takes over as Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and
Secretary, Department of Atomic Energy.

DECEMBER
DEC 1 – Najam Sethi, the former Editor-in-chief of the Friday Times and Daily Times , Pakistan is
awarded the “2009 Golden Pen of Freedom”of the World Association of Newspapers and News
Publishers (WAN-IFRA), during the 62nd World Newspaper Congress and 16th World Editors’ Forum
inaugral in Hyderabad.
DEC 3 – The Cabinet clears the National Green Tribunal Bill.

The Taiwanese film ‘I Can’t Live Without You’ (No Puedo Vivir Sin Ti) directed by Leon Dai bags the
prestigious Golden Peacock at the 40th IFFI

Celebrated singer Lata Mangeshkar is presented with the Frances’ highest civilian award Officer of
The Legion of Honour.

DEC 4 – Senior All Parties Hurriat Conference leader Fazal Haq Qureshi, critically injured in an
assassination attempt.

DEC 10 – The Lok Sabha passes the Essential Commodities (Amendment and Validation) Bill
2009(Suger cane pricing bill).

DEC 14 – The CBI rules out rape, murder of two women in Shopian on May 29, says it is case of
drowning in Rambiara, Nallah near Zawoora Bridge.

DEC 18 – L.K. Advani steps down as the leader of opposition in the Lok Sabha and becomes chairman
of the BJP’s Parliamentary Party. Sushma Swaraj takes his place. Arun Jaitely renominated Leader of
Opposition in Rajya Sabha.

The Rajya Sabha post-facto approves the SBI-State Bank of Saurashtra merger.

DEC 19 – The Gujrat Assembly passes the Gujrat Local Authorities Laws (Amendment), 2009 making
voting compulsory in elections to all the local bodies in the State.

DEC 21 – A.R. Rehman presented the CNN-IBN Indian of the Year Award by Prime Minister in New
Delhi. Life Time Achievement Award goes to sitar maestro Pt. Ravi Shankar.

DEC 22 – India and Bhutan sign four MoUs after a summit with the visiting monarch. New Delhi
agrees to fund nearly a quarter of Thimpu’s Tenth Plan outlay of Rs. 14,800 Crore.

DEC 26 – The Andhra Pradesh Governor N.D. Tewari resigns in the wake of TY expose.

DEC 28 – The Chhattisgarh Governor E.S.L. Narsimhan takes charge of Andhra Pradesh.

DEC 30 – Lokmanya Tilak award for The Hindu Editor-in-Chief N. Ram.
INDIA AND THE WORLD

India-Japan Relation

      Japan inks pact for Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project (DMIC).
      Rs. 3.6 lakh Crore
      New Delhi & Tokyo signed two Pacts, including Collaboration in developing & Promoting
       eco-cities around the project. (Smart communities).
      The Japan Bank of International Cooperation also signed a loan agreement totalling upto
       USD 75 million (Rs 330 Crore) with India ,Infrastructure Finance to prepare plan for overall
       DMIC region & developing plans for investment-in phase -1st.
      The DMIC Project Development Fund is envisaged to be set up with equal Contribution from
       India and Japan.
      The Centre has already approved a grant of Rs 330 Crore towards this.
      Japanese pm Yukio Hatoyama.
      This shows that both the Countries are committed to take forward the bilateral cooperation
       & further accelerate economic engagements.
      The DMIC is planned to promote integrated development of Industry and Infrastructure in a
       band of 150-200km on the either side of the Dedicated Railway Freight Corridor between
       Delhi & Mumbai, over a length of about 1,500km
      The Delhi-Mumbai Dedicated Railway Freight Corridor is also being post-founded by
       Japanese Govt.
      The agreement would help DMIC to establish eco-friendly township & Industrial Zones by
       adopting global best practises

SCHEME

Government Plans Schemes For Free Treatment Of Road- Accident Victims

      The Govt. is planning to introduce a scheme to fund the medical treatment of victims of road
       accidents for the first 48 hours through insurance Companies or budgetary Support.
      Free-treatment scheme will be rolled out,
      Flag off pilot projects, Mumbai-Pune Expressway is a good option.
      The Committee headed by- Former Transport- Secretary S.Sundar (2005)
      The Committee headed by Transport- Secretary Brahm Dutt (current)

NISER-NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR SCIENCE EDUCATIONAND RESEARCH
(NISER) -BHUBANESHWAR

      ESL Narasimhan takes charges as AP Governor
      India Continues to be world’s largest milk producer

Govt. introduces Maharastra states for top PSUS.
The Govt has approved bestowing the (Maharastra) Status enchanced autonomy to the PSUS
which have a three year track record of annual turnover of Rs 25,000 crore & net profit of Rs
5,000 Crore.
The govt. on Thursday transferred state-owned Hindustan Shipyard Ltd. From the Shipping
to the Defence Ministry to meet the Country’s Security Needs.

In India - ASEAN talks on services trade from 12th Jan 2010.

       India has lined up a series of meetings with the ASEAN members over the next seven months
        to reach a deal on opening up services trade, after opening up services trade, after opening
        up of merchandise trade.
       Two rounds of Negotiations have already taken place in this regard.
       India signed a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the Association of southeast Nations (Asean)
        in Aug; which will come into effect from 1st January, 2010 and is committed to begin
        breaking duty barriers on goods.
       Brunei, Combodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand &
        Vietnam are the 10 Members of the the Asean,
       India has an observer status in the bloc.
       All Complaints received by police stations should be treated as FIRS- The Home Ministry has
        decided to issue a circular to all states.




May 2010

                                     APPOINTED; ELECTED; Etc.

David Cameron: He has been elected as the Prime Minister of UK.
Kamla Persad-Bissessar: A 58-year-old woman of Indian origin, she has been elected as the first
woman Prime Minister of Trinidad & Tobago. Her party, People’s Partnership, won 29 of the 41
parliamentary seats to end the 43-yeaqr-old rule of the ruling party.
Justice Sarosh Homi Kapadia: He has been appointed as the 38th Chief Justice of India. He is an
expert in taxation and commercial laws.
Dr Ratan Kumar Sinha: He has been appointed as the new Director of Bhabha Atomic Research
Centre (BARC). He is closely associated with the design and development of India’s first Thorium-
based advanced Heavy Water reactor.

                                              RESIGNED
Horst Koehler: President of Germany. He resigned following criticism over his comments about
Germany’s military engagement in Afghanistan. He is the first President in Germany’s post-war
history to resign before completing his term.

                                    DISTINGUISHED VISITORS
Jacob Zuma: President of South Africa.

                                                 DIED
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat: Former Vice President of India. He was 86. A senior BJP leader, he had
also held the post of Chief Minister of Rajasthan.
Mac Mohan: Veteran character actor of Hindi film industry, he immortalised in the role of Gabbar
Singh’s sidekick “Sambha” in blockbuster “Sholay”. He was 71.

                                               MILESTONES
Nitin Nohria: India-born American, he has been named the 10th Dean of Harvard Business School.
He is the first person of Indian origin to achieve this honour.
Mamta Sodha: 30-year-old Dalit girl from Kaithal, Haryana, she has achieved the distinction of
climbing Mount Everest. She was part of the Mission Mount Everest 2010 expedition.
Jordan: A 13-year-old American boy from California, he has become youngest person to climb
Mount Everest. He achieved the feat on May 22, 2010.
Arjun Bajpayee: 16-year-old resident of Uttar Pradesh's Noida city, he has become the youngest
Indian to climb the Mount Everest. He broke the record of Krushnaa Patil,18, from Maharashtra who
became the youngest Indian to reach the highest peak in 2009.
Commander Dilip Donde: He has become the first Indian to sail solo around the world.
Shah Faesal: An MBBS degree holder from Srinagar, he has topped the Civil Services Exam 2009.
Gita Gopinath: She is the first Indian woman in the history of Harvard University to be appointed a
full time professor at the University. She is a professor in Economics Department of Harvard
University.

                                             EVENTS
MAY
1—The police in New York foil a major terror attack by defusing a crude car bomb in the heart of
city’s famous tourist hub of Times Square.
17—Maoists blow up a passenger bus in Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh, killing more than 36
people.
17—The Strategic Forces Command, with logistics support from DRDO, successfully launches the
Agni-II surface-to-surface, intermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM).
22—In one of the worst air tragedies in India, Air India flight from Dubai overshoots runway at
Mangalore airport and bursts into flames, killing 158 passengers and crew on board.
28—More than 80 people are killed as a goods train rams into already derailed Gyaneshwari Express
near Kharagpur, West Bengal. The Maoists are blamed for the derailment of the passenger train.




CURRENT EVENTS APRIL 2010

                                          April 2010

                                    APPOINTED; ELECTED; Etc.

Justice S.H. Kapadia: He has become the 38th Chief Justice of India.
D.M. Jayaratne: He has been appointed Prime Minister of Sri Lanka.
Mukul M. Sangma: He has been appointed as the Chief Minister of Meghalaya.
Gen V.K. Singh: He has taken over as the Chief of Army Staff, Indian Army.
Chirayu Amin: He has been appointed as the interim chairman of Indian Premier League (IPL) by the
Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).

                                              RESIGNED
D.D. Lapang: Chief Minister of Meghalaya.
Shashi Tharor: Minister of State for External Affairs in the Union Cabinet.

                                   DISTINGUISHED VISITORS
Admiral Dary Roughead: Chief of the US Navy.

                                                 DIED
Lech Kaczynski: President of Poland.
Prabha Rau: Governor of Rajasthan.
C. K. Prahalad: Globally known influential management thinker.

                                            MILESTONES
Manasvi Magmai: Delhi girl, she has been crowned Femina Miss India World. Nicole Faria from
Bangalore has won the Miss India Earth title and Neha Hinge has won Miss India International title.
Prasun Chatterjee: An Indian environmental engineering student whose research has contributed to
a new way of detecting toxic lead and copper in water, has won one of the highest US research
honours. Chatterjee, a research student at the University of Lehigh, Pennsylvania, received the 2010
C. Ellen Gonter Environmental Chemistry Award from the American Chemical Society's (ACS)
Environmental Chemistry Division.

                                               EVENTS
APRIL
1—The exercise to conduct the 15th Census of India begins.
6—Seventy three security personnel are killed in the deadliest Naxal strike in the restive Dantewada
district of Chhattisgarh.
6—Prime Minister Gordan Brown of UK announces General Elections on May 6; the Parliament is
dissolved.
7—Thailand’s embattled Prime Minister declares a state of emergency in Bangkok after protesters
storm Parliament in a dramatic escalation of their bid to topple the government.
10—Polish President Lech Kacznski and his wife are among 97 people killed in air crash in western
Russia.
14—More than 400 people die as a magnitude 7.1 earthquake hits China’s Qinghai province on the
Tibetan plateau.
15—After 18 years of research and testing, the Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) first
attempt to put a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) powered by an indigenous
cryogenic engine ends in failure.
19—The Supreme Court upholds the conviction and life sentence to Manu Sharma for the 1999
murder of model Jessica Lall.
CURRENT EVENTS MARCH 2010

March 2010

                                     APPOINTED; ELECTED Etc.

Sonia Gandhi: UPA chairperson and Congress President, she has been appointed as the head of
National Advisory Council (NAC), four years after quitting the post over an office-of-profit
controversy. She will hold the rank and status of a Cabinet Minister.
S. Ramadorai: He has been appointed as the Chairman of Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).

                                     DISTINGUISHED VISITORS
Vladmir Putin: Prime Minister of Russia.
Stephen Smith: Foreign Minister of Australia.
General Mohammad Abdul Mubeen: Army chief of Bangladesh.
Nelson Jobin: Defence Minister of Brazil.

                                                 DIED
Girija Prasad Koirala: Five-time Prime Minister of Nepal and architect of the landmark peace deal
with the Maoists that ended a decade-long insurgency in Nepal.
G.P. Birla: Noted industrialist and second most eldest member of the Birla clan. He was 86.

                                          MILESTONES
Capt Tejdeep Singh Rattan: A 31-year-old Dentist, he has become the first Sikh in over 25 years to
be allowed to complete US Army officer basic training without giving up his turban or shaving his full
beard.

                                               EVENTS
MARCH
7—Explosions rock Iraq as the country votes to elect a new government, leading to 36 people getting
killed.
29—Two female suicide bombers blow themselves up on two packed metro trains, near iconic Gorky
Park in Moscow, killing more than 40 people.




CURRENT EVENTS FEBRUARY 2010

February 2010
APPOINTED; ELECTED; Etc.


S.C. Sinha: Haryana cadre IPS officer, he has been appointed as the Director General of the
National Investigation Agency (NIA).
Salil Shetty: He has been appointed as the Secretary-General of Amnesty International. He is the
first Indian to be appointed to the job and will succeed Irene Khan in June 2010.

RESIGNED


Shyam Saran: Prime Minister’s special envoy on climate change.

DISTINGUISHED VISITORS


Abdullah Gul: President of Turkey.

Horst Koehler: President of Germany.

Salman Bashir: Foreign Secretary of Pakistan.

DIED


Fred Morrison: Inventor of the Frisbee, a flying-saucer shaped toy. He was 90.

Nanaji Deshmukh: One of the founder members of Bhartiya Jan Sangh, social worker and former
member of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sbha. He was 93.

Kakkadah Nandanath Raj: Leading economist of India who made a significant contribution in
preparation of India’s first five-year Plan (1951-56). He was 85.

Nirmal Pandey: Hindi films actor. He was 46. A graduate rom National School of Drama, he is best
known for his roles in “Bandit Queen”, “Iss raat kee subha nahin” and “Pyar Kiya to darna kya”.

Tahir Hussain: Well-known Hindi film-maker and father of film star Amir Khan. He is known for
producing hits like “Hum hain rahi pyar ke”, “Zakhmee”, “Anamika” and “Caravan”.



                                          MILESTONES


Sanjiv Mehta: He is the new owner of East India Company, the world’s first multinational whose
forces once ruled much of the globe, including India.

                                              EVENTS

FEBRUARY 2010
5—Twin blasts in Karachi claim 25 lives. Terrorists target a Shia religious procession and a hospital.

7—India successfully test-fires its indigenous, nuclear-capable Agni-III missile, with a range of over
3,000 km.

13—More than 11 people are killed in a high-intensity bomb explosion at the German bakery at
Koregaon Park, Pune. This is the first major terror strike in India after 26/11 strikes in Mumbai.
15—Maoists kill 24 jawans during s daring attack at a police camp at Simplipal in the West
Midnapore district of West Bengal.

18—Naxals gun down 11 persons in a village under Jamui district of Bihar.

21—Taliban behead a Sikh in Pakistan for refusing to pay ‘jazia’ (money to protect a non-Muslim
community).

24—Railways Budget is presented in the Lok Sabha by Union Railways Minister Mamata Banerjee.

24—Sachin Tendulkar becomes the first cricketer in the world to hit a double century in One-Day
format (in ODI against South Africa, played in Gwalior).

26—Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee presents his fifth Union Budget in the Lok Sabha.

26—Nine Indians are among 18 people killed in a series of attacks by militants in central Kabul,
Afghanistan.

27—Earthquake measuring 8.8 on Richter scale hits areas around Santiago, Chile, killing more than
500 people and destroying property worth billions of dollars.

27—Prime Minister Manmohan Singh becomes the first Prime Minister in 28 years to visit Saudi
Arabia.




CURRENT EVENTS 2010

January 2010
APPOINTED; ELECTED; Etc.


Mahinda Rajapaksa: He has been re-elected as the President of Sri Lanka,

E.S.L. Narasimhan: He has been appointed as the Governor of Andhra Pradesh.

Shivraj Patil: He has been appointed as the Governor of Punjab and Chief Administrator of Union
Territory of Chandigarh.

M.K. Narayanan: He has been appointed as the Governor of West Bengal.

Prabha Rau: She has been appointed as the Governor of Rajasthan.

Sekhar Dutt: He has been appointed as the Governor of Chattisgarh.

M.O.H. Farooq: He has been appointed as the Governor of Jharkhand.

K. Sankaranarayanan: He has been appointed as the Governor of Maharashtra.

Urmila Singh: She has been appointed as the Governor of Himachal Pradesh.
Gen Vijay Kumar Singh: He has been appointed as the Chief of Army Staff, Indian Army.

Shiv Shankar Menon: He has been appointed as the National Security Advisor.

S. Sundareshan: He has been appointed as the Petroleum Secretary in the Union government.

Vikram Srivastava: He has been appointed as the Director-General of Central Reserve Police Force
(CRPF).

Raman Srivastava: He has taken over as the Chief of Border Security Force (BSF).

Ranjeet Kumar Bhatia: He has taken over as the Chief of Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).

Mrinal Pandey: She has been appointed as the Chairperson of Prasar Bharti.




DISTINGUISHED VISITORS


Lee Myung-bak: President of South Korea. He was the Chief Guest on occasion of the Republic Day
2010.

Sheikh Hasina: Prime Minister of Bangladesh.

Uzi Arad: National Security Adviser of Israel.

Vice-Admiral Elizer Marom: Commander-in Chief of Israeli Navy.

Mohd Najib Tun Abdul Razak: Prime Minister of Malaysia.

DIED


Jyoti Basu: CPM patriarch and former Chief Minister of West Bengal. He was 95.

Billy Arjan Singh: Pioneering wildlife activist and author. He was 94.

Erich Segal: Author of the tear-jerking novel Love Story and screenwriter of the Oscar-winning film
version. He was 72.




                                          MILESTONES


Asma Parween: Her story features on the 2010 UN Population Fund calendar. A native of an
obscure village, Sakri Saraiya in Bihar’s Muzzafarpur district, this 19 year-old girl defied her
orthodox father to join an education-cum-vocational centre in her village. Today she is a history
honours student as also a karate trainer.
                                             EVENTS


JANUARY 2010
1—India-ASEAN Free Trade Agreement (FTA) comes into effect with Singapore, Malaysia and
Thailand implementing it with immediate effect.

1—A suicide bomber blows up a car packed with explosives killing 70 people during a volleyball
game in a village in north-west Pakistan.

4—Blazing fireworks and dazzling lights mark the opening of the world's tallest tower, Burj Khalifa
(formerly known as Burj Dubai).

14—The first holy bath of century’s and Uttarkhand’s first Maha Kumbh starts at Haridwar.

15—Century’s longest annular solar eclipse takes place.

18—Taliban attack heart of Kabul by targeting key government buildings.

13—More than three lakh people are killed as an earthquake with 7.0 magnitude hits Port-au-
Prince, capital of Haiti.

25—Ninety persons die in Ethiopian airlines crash into Mediterranean sea, shortly after take-off
from Beirut.

26—Sri Lanka goes to polls to elect new President.

27—Bangladesh hangs five ex-Army officers convicted for assassinating country’s founder Sheikh
Mujibur Rahman, almost three decades after he was killed in a military coup.




International Organizations and Agreements


International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol):

It functions as an administrative liaison between the law-enforcement agencies of the member
countries, providing communications and database assistance. It was formed in 1923 and is
headquartered at Lyon, France.
African Union (AU):

It was established in 2002 to accelerate the political and socio-economic integration of the
continent; to promote and defend African common positions on issues of interest to the continent
and its peoples; to achieve peace and security in Africa; and to promote democratic institutions,
good governance and human rights. Its secretariat is based in Adis Ababa and its current chairman is
Bingu Wa Mutharika.



Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN):

It was founded in 1998 and it is responsible for managing the assignment of domain names and IP
addresses. It is headquartered at Maria del Rey.



International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA):

Established in 1957 through IAEA treaty. It seeks to promote peaceful use of nuclear energy and
reports both to General Assembly and Security Council (both of U.N.). It is headquartered in Vienna
and its Director General is Yukio Amano.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD):

Established in 1948 as Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC). It is headquartered
in Paris. It defines itself as a forum of countries committed to democracy and the market economy,
providing a setting to compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good
practices, and co-ordinate domestic and international policies.




Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC):

It’s an intergovernmental body tasked with evaluating the risk of climate change caused by human
activity. It was established in 1988 and shared 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with Al Gore.




North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO):
It is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4
April 1949. It is headquartered in Brussels and constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its
member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party.




Commonwealth of Nations:

It is an intergovernmental organisation (of 54 independent countries all (but for Mozambique and
Rwanda) of which were formerly part of the British Empire) through which countries with diverse
social, political and economic backgrounds are regarded as equal in status. It is headquartered in
London and it’s Secretary General is Kamalesh Sharma.




Bank of the South (BancoSur):

It is a monetary fund and lending organization established on September 26, 2009 by Argentina,
Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Ecuador, Bolivia and Venezuela with an initial capital of 20 billion U.S.
dollars as an alternative to the World Bank and IMF.




Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC):

It’s a cartel of twelve countries (Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar,
Saudi Arabia, UAE and Venezuela) which fixes the price of oil on the international markets. It is
headquartered at Vienna, Austria.



International Monetary Fund (IMF):

It was established in the year 1944 to stabilize exchange rates and assist the reconstruction of the
world's international payment system. It’s headquartered at Washington D.C. and it’s Managing
Director is Dominique Strauss-Kahn.
Bank for International Settlements (BIS):

It is an international organization of central banks which fosters international monetary and financial
policy. It is headquartered in Basel, Switzerland and it was established in 1930.




European Central Bank (ECB):

The European Central Bank (ECB) is the institution of the European Union (EU) tasked with
administrating the monetary policy of the EU member states. It is thus one of the world's most
important central banks. The bank was established by the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1998, and is
headquartered in Frankfurt. The current President of the ECB is Jean-Claude Trichet.




GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development:

It is a regional organization of four post- Soviet states: Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova. Its
charter was signed on June 6 to June 7, 2001. It is headquartered at Kiev, Ukraine.



Asian Development Bank (ADB):

It is a regional development bank established in 1966 to promote economic and social development
in Asian and Pacific countries through loans and technical assistance. It is headquartered at Manila
and it’s President is Haruhiko Kuroda.




European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN):

It was established in the year 1954 for setting up the world’s largest particle physics laboratory. It’s
main function is to provide infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research. It is
headquartered at Geneva and it’s President is Rolf-Dieter Heuer.
Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG):

It is a multinational body concerned with reducing nuclear proliferation by controlling the export and
re-transfer of materials that may be applicable to nuclear weapon development.



International Agreements / Conventions –



Treaty of Lisbon:

It was signed by European Union member states in December, 2007. It amends the Treaty on
European Union (Maastricht; 1992) and the Treaty establishing the European Community ( Rome;
1957). Prominent changes include increased involvement of European Parliament in legislative
process.



WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FTC):

This treaty came into force in 2005 and provides a framework of national, regional and international
tobacco control measures, including the setting of broad limits on the production, sale, distribution,
advertisement, taxation, and government policies towards tobacco. It has been ratified by 168
countries.



Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court:

It is the treaty that established the International Criminal Court (ICC). It was adopted in 1998 and it
entered into force on 1 July 2002. Among other things, the statute establishes the court's functions,
jurisdiction and structure.



Ottawa Treaty (Mine Ban Treaty):

This treaty bans all anti-personnel landmines and a party to the treaty must destroy all the anti-
personnel mines in its possession within four years. Just a small number of mines is allowed to
remain for training (mine-clearance, -detection, etc.). Within ten years after signing the treaty, the
country should have cleared all of its mined areas. It was signed by 133 countries in 1997.



Kyoto Protocol:
Under this Protocol, 37 industrialized countries commit themselves to a reduction of four
greenhouse gases (GHG) (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, sulphur hexafluoride) and two
groups of gases (hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons) produced by them, and all member
countries give general commitments. It was adopted in 1997 and entered into force in 2005.



POP Air Pollution Protocol:

It is an agreement to provide for reduction in the emissions of persistent organic pollutants (POP) in
order to reduce their transboundary fluxes so as to protect human health and the environment from
adverse effects. It entered into force in 2003 and twenty-seven countries and European Union have
signed it.



WIPO Copyright Treaty:

It was adopted by member states of World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) in 1996. It
provides additional protections for copyright deemed necessary due to advances in information
technology.



General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS):

It is a treaty of the World Trade Organization (WTO) that entered into force in January 1995 as a
result of the Uruguay Round negotiations. The treaty was created to extend the multilateral trading
system to service sector, in the same way the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
provides such a system for merchandise trade.



The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification:

It is a convention to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national
action programs that incorporate long-term strategies supported by international cooperation and
partnership arrangements. It entered into force in 1996.



United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea:

It is the international agreement that resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the Law
of the Sea (UNCLOS III), which took place from 1973 through 1982. The Law of the Sea Convention
defines the rights and responsibilities of nations in their use of the world's oceans, establishing
guidelines for businesses, the environment, and the management of marine natural resources.



The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA):
It is an agreement signed by the governments of the United States, Canada, and Mexico creating a
trilateral trade bloc in North America. The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994. It
superseded the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement between the U.S. and Canada.



Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD):

It is an international legally binding treaty that was adopted in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. The
Convention has three main goals: conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its
components; and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.



Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT or NNPT):

It is a treaty to limit the spread (proliferation) of nuclear weapons. The treaty came into force on 5
March 1970 and currently there are 189 states party to the treaty. NPT is commonly described as
having three main "pillars": non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use.



Biological Weapons Convention:

This was the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning the production of an entire category of
weapons. It entered into force on March 26, 1975. This convention prohibits to developing,
production, stockpiling or otherwise acquiring or retaining microbial or other biological agents
except for peaceful purposes.



Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations:

It is an international treaty on diplomatic immunities and privileges of a diplomatic mission. It was
adopted in 1961.



Vienna Convention on Law of Treaties (VCLT):

It is a treaty concerning the customary international law on treaties between states. This convention
entered into force on 1980. The VCLT has been ratified by 110 states as of October 2009; those that
have not ratified it yet may still recognize it as binding upon them in as much as it is a restatement of
customary law.



Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES / Washington Convention):

It is an international agreement, drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1973 at a meeting of
members of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Its aim is to ensure that
international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival and it
accords varying degrees of protection to more than 33,000 species of animals and plants.

				
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