What has caused the world to flatten?
Globalization 1 (1492-1800)
Globalization 2 (1800-2000)
Globalization 3 (2000 to Present)
Ten Forces Contributing to Flattening
of the World
The Berlin Wall Fell – 11/9/89
Netscape Went Public – 8/9/95
Work Flow Software – late 1900s
Outsourcing – Y2K
The Triple Convergence
Globe model with China at the center
America and Free Trade and The
Workers Who Are Special
Workers Who Are Specialized
Workers Who Are Anchored
Workers Who Are Really Adaptable
The Quiet Crisis and The Message
Dirty Little Secrets
Emerging Third World Countries
San Jose City College and the
How flat are we?
How flat should we be?
What should we be doing to address this
*As a College
World Flattening Forces
Global transformation from a manufacturing economy
concentrated in a few countries, to a knowledge
economy which, empowered by information technology
and the internet.
Knowledge travels even more effortlessly than money.
• Upward mobility, available to everyone through easily
acquired formal education
Ignorance is NOT a Bliss
The NASULGC report noted that while foreign language study rose
slightly in the 1990s, “the percentage of four-year institutions that
have language-degree requirements” has dropped by nearly 30
points since the mid-1960s.
America used to make up for the shortages of talents by importing them, but
in a flat world, where people can now stay home and compete with us, and
in a post-9/11 world, where we are insanely keeping out many of the first-
round intellectual draft choices in the world for exaggerated security
reasons, we can no longer cover the gap. That's a key reason companies
are looking abroad.
American high-school education is
''obsolete,'' Bill Gates
Here is the dirty little secret that no C.E.O. wants to tell
you: they are not just outsourcing to save on salary.
They are doing it because they can often get better-
skilled and more productive people than their American
China graduates twice as many students with bachelor's
degrees as the U.S.
America is falling behind
National Association of State Universities
Internationalization is not the latest academic
fad, nor is it a simple add-on to existing practice.
It is deemed essential for schools’ survival in the
Shifting political realities and the ever-present
threat of terrorism call for increased
understanding of and sensitivity to cultural
Higher education should become less of an elite enterprise; a much
larger fraction of the world population will need higher education.
Furthermore, “mass” higher education with lower standards of
quality will not work.
Everybody will not need or achieve a graduate education, but many
more people must be educated to a higher standard than previously
Achieving this goal will require both more effective education of
disadvantaged groups and social policies to enable them to pay the
costs of higher learning.
People are likely to obtain higher education throughout
life, both as an economic necessity and as “consumer
good.” Many young are likely to make the transition from
adolescence to adulthood in “brick and mortar” colleges
and universities, but this will not be the end of their
The “means of production” in higher education
and the providers of higher education will
continue to become more diverse. More and
more we are likely to employ technology to
reduce costs and increase effectiveness, new
providers will spring up to serve emerging
markets, and established providers will diversify
Many nations have surpassed the U.S. in educational attainment for
young people under the age of 35.
To maintain their standard of living, the
people of the United States must be
among the best educated workers in the
As educators, we must have faith in and respect for our
We must motivate our students to pursue higher
We must encourage social responsibility.
We must teach respect for our world, our planet
The World is Flat: Implications for Higher Education
Planners and Leaders1
Paul E. Lingenfelter President, State Higher Education
Executive Officers- May 29, 2006
The Yes Men
A must see documentary on the
dysfunctional and dangerous World Trade