The Warren Court

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					The Warren Court
Jill St. Laurent
              Carley Denis
Earl Warren

• 14th Chief Justice
•Very Liberal vs Conservative
•Appointed by Eisenhower
•Racial Equality
Brown vs Board of Education
• Linda Brown
  ▫ Student in a segregated school
  ▫ Walked five miles each day
  ▫ Oliver Brown, her father, had NAACP help
• Thurgood Marshal was the head of NAACP
• He challenged the segregation
  ▫ It went against the 14th amendment
• Justice Earl Warren said, “In the eyes of the law,
  justice was colorblind.”
• This meant integration for America
• Huge event in the civil rights movement
Mapp vs Ohio
• Dolree Mapp
• Suspected of hiding a fugitive
• Police
 ▫ No warrant
 ▫ Fake warrant
    She grabbed it and they fought her to get it back
    Attroney wasn’t allowed to enter her house
• Arrested for having pornographic material
• “Exclusionary Rule”
Gideon vs Wainwright
• Gideon was convicted for breaking and entering
• Not granted a lawyer
 ▫ Said only for people in capital cases who can no
   afford and lawyer
• Forced to defend himself
 ▫ Five years in jail
• Hand wrote a note to Supreme Court
 ▫ The supreme court unanimously decided “All
   citizens must be provided a lawyer if they can not
   afford one. This is regardless of crime type.”
Escobedo vs Illinois
• Danny Escobedo arrested in connection with a
• Repeatedly requested for his lawyer but was
  denied to even leave the interrogation room
 ▫ His lawyer even went down there and was denied
• “Escobedo Rule”
 ▫ “Holds that individuals have the right to an
   attorney when an investigation is no long a
   general inquiry…but has begun to focus on a
   particular suspect…”
Miranda vs Arizona
• Ernest Miranda arrested for kidnapping and
  rape of four young girls
• Interrogated for two hours and confessed
• Acquitted
• Led to “Miranda Rights”
 ▫ “Your have the right to remain silent, anything you
   say can, and will be used against you in a court of
   law. You have the right to an attorney. If you
   cannot afford one, one will be appointed for you.”
Engle vs Vitale
•   Prayer be said in public schools voluntarily
•   New Hyde Park Long Island parent sued school
•   Court ruled against the school district
•   Led to “Separation of church and state”
•   Prayer in schools was to be considered
Abbington vs Schempp
• Pennsylvania law required that at least ten Bible
  verses be read each morning in public schools.
• The Schempps, a family from Abington, sued
• The court found the school district wrong again
 ▫ Just like Engle vs Vitale
 ▫ Prayer in schools was to be considered
Tinker vs Des Moines
• Students and parents protesting Vietnam War
• Wore black arm bands
• Tinker children got suspended when they wore
  the bands to school
• Mr. and Mrs. Tinker sued
• Led to freedom of “Symbolic speech”
 ▫ Rights to freedom of speech and expression
Katz vs United States
• Katz arrested for illegal gambling
• FBI had recording device on Phone booth Katz
  habitually used.
• Court ruled in favor of Katz
• Search and Seizure (wiretaps)
 ▫ 4th amendment allowed for the protection of a
   person and not just a person’s property against
   illegal searches whatever a citizen “seeks to
   preserve as private”, even in an area accessible to
   the public
American Heritage. 2nd ed. Vol. 24. American Heritage Company, 1973.

Christine Composition. Earl Warren Justice For All. New York: Oxford Unity
  P, 2001.

Discover Enterprise. Civil Rights Movement. Carlisle: Discover Enterprise,
    Instructional Products
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Identify and analyze major events and people that characterize each of the
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