The Diomedes Definition of Satire by ewghwehws


									            Jonathan Swift
• “satire is a glass wherein beholders
  generally discover everybody's face but
  their own, which is the chief reason [...]
  that so very few are offended with it”
            Genre vs Mode
• Genre: a type or category of art/text
  defined by structural (or formal) and
  thematic criteria (e.g., epic, novel, essay,
  short story)
• Mode: a broader category which is
  thematically specific but non-specific as to
  literary form of representation.
             Northrop Frye
• Satire is a tone or attitude in which “two
  things are essential”
• “One is wit or humour, the other, an object
  of attack.”
• If the attack or denunciation is weak, satire
  veers closer to comedy, if too strong it
  becomes aligned with tragedy.
          Comedy vs Satire
- Comedy involves a milder attack on its
  subjects; it is less invested in serious
  criticism and more prone to eliciting
  laughter for laughter’s sake.

- Satire involves an attack upon targets that
  are considered immoral or destructive.
    Quintillian (1st Century AD)
• “satura … tota nostra est” (“satire… is
  totally ours”

• He refers to a specific form of verse
  written by the Roman satirists, Lucilius,
  Horace, Persius, and Juvenal
 Diomedes’ Etymology of Satire
Either satire is derived from…

1) satyroi or satyri because it is a poem that is as
  unruly as the Greek Satyr plays

2) the Latin singular of satus, meaning full, which
  relates to lanx satura, a platter full with a variety
  of fruits to be offered to the gods

3) the legal satury (one bill encompassing multiple
Diomedes’ Definition of Satire
“…a verse composition amongst the
 Romans. At present certainly it is
 defamatory and composed to carp at
 human vices in the manner of the Old
 (Greek) Comedy: this type of satire was
 written by Lucilius, Horace, and Persius…”

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