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					                                         Federal Aviation
Office of Commercial Space               Administration
Transportation
FAA/AST



NASA Insurance Task
Report



Pam Underwood
Technical Advisor
Kennedy Space Center Operations Office

May 10. 2012
     Overview

     • MOU signed September 2011
     • FAA to assess the availability and affordability of commercial
       insurance for commercial crew program missions
     • Initial scenarios and questions developed by NASA and the FAA
       (December 2011)
     • COMSTAC Risk Management Working Group Mtg (Feb 2012)
     • Independent industry survey conducted in parallel (Tauri Group)
           • Commercial Launch Providers
           • Space Insurance Industry (underwriters & brokers)
     • Final draft delivered to NASA 30 April 2012



NASA Insurance Task Briefing to COMSTAC BLWG             Federal Aviation
May 10, 2012                                             Administration     1
     Report Scenarios
                                                                                                            Crew or Space Flight
                                                             Description                    FAA License         Participant


                      Scenario A:              FAA-licensed missions carrying NASA
               NASA Astronauts as Space        astronauts as space flight participants          YES
                                                                                                           NASA Space Flight Participant
                  Flight Participants          including ISS international partners


                                               FAA-licensed missions carrying NASA
                      Scenario B:
                                               astronauts as crew including ISS                 YES
               NASA Astronauts as Crew                                                                             NASA Crew
                                               international partners


                      Scenario C:              FAA-licensed missions without space flight
               Test or Vehicle Certification   participants or crews, for the purposes of       YES        No Space Flight Participant or
                          Flight               NASA test flight or vehicle certification                              Crew


                                               Non-FAA-licensed missions carrying
                      Scenario D:
                                               NASA astronauts including ISS                    NO
                    NASA Astronauts                                                                              NASA Astronaut
                                               international partners

                      Scenario E:
                                               FAA-licensed missions carrying non-
               Non-Government as Space                                                          YES        Non-government Space Flight
                                               government space flight participants
                  Flight Participants                                                                              Participant




NASA Insurance Task Briefing to COMSTAC BLWG                                                              Federal Aviation
May 10, 2012                                                                                              Administration                    2
     Final Draft Findings

 • Designation of “SFP” or “crew” for NASA astronauts not important to
   insurance or commercial launch providers
 • More relevant to the determination of policy terms and premiums:
       • Level of training
       • Mission responsibility (ie: part of flight safety system)
 • Potential impact of SFP and crew on MPL
    • Vehicle trajectory changes that may increase public risk (ie: aborts)
    • Additional scrutiny on systems and testing for “human rating” could
      result in higher vehicle reliability
    • General consensus that SFP and crew part of the FSS will “reduce
      risk”
 • Most important factor in determining insurance availability and pricing is
   vehicles safety or reliability record or “flight proven” history



NASA Insurance Task Briefing to COMSTAC BLWG                     Federal Aviation
May 10, 2012                                                     Administration     3
     Final Draft Areas for Possible Future Work

          • SFP and crew not considered third party, but government
            personnel “involved” in the licensed activity are third party for
            the purposes of MPL

          • SFP and crew cross waiver of claims against the US Gov’t and
            any impact to workman’s comp coverage for NASA astronauts

          • Commercial launch providers and insurers recommendation to
            extend the CSLA liability regime to include on-orbit activities

          • Potential benefit to industry from a limit or cap on space flight
            participant liability and/or reciprocal waiver of claims between
            the SFP or crew and commercial launch providers



NASA Insurance Task Briefing to COMSTAC BLWG                Federal Aviation
May 10, 2012                                                Administration      4
     Summary

     • Final draft insurance task report intended to be a survey of the
       commercial insurance industry and their stakeholders

     • Provided a report of current thinking and impressions of the
       industry on matters relevant to availability and affordability of
       insurance for human spaceflight missions

     • Intended to be an informational resource to the FAA and NASA on
       future commercial human spaceflight missions




NASA Insurance Task Briefing to COMSTAC BLWG               Federal Aviation
May 10, 2012                                               Administration     5

				
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