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					   Fish!
Common Types
Animal Science Level 1
Animals around us: Fish
 Fish: What are they? Video
         Questions
Complete after watching the
 video
          Objectives
Define  Fish
Identify common fish sold in
 the animal science industry
Analyze common
 characteristics of fish
             Warm Up
Is this a
 fish?
    Essential Question
What are common
characteristics shared by
most fish?
                    What is a fish?
Define:
    Any of numerous cold-
     blooded aquatic vertebrates
     of the subclass Pisces,
     characteristically having fins,
     gills, and a streamlined body
     and including specifically:
                 What is a fish?
Define:
    Any of the class
     Osteichthyes, having a
     bony skeleton.
          Types of Fish
Freshwater:
    fish that spend some or all
     of their lives in freshwater,
     such as rivers and lakes,
     with a salinity of less than
     0.05%
        Types of Fish
Salt water:
  Fish living in water

   containing from 3.0 to
   3.5% total salts.
  Ocean type fish
          Freshwater
Types: Livebearers,
 Guppies, Gouramis, Betta,
 Oscar, Cichlids, Goldfish
 (MUCH MORE!)
Diet: Omnivores
          Freshwater

Behavior:
  Certain fish occupy different
   levels in the tank
  Territorial
Types of Freshwater Fish: Get Paper
Next  are photos of the fish
 discussed. Make a graphic
 organizer that compares their
 features and care. You will
 have an identification quiz later.
Types of Freshwater Fish: Get
            Paper
Types of Freshwater Fish: Get
            Paper
Fresh Water Fish Types and
          Care
Each  group has an article on a
 type of fish and care
Read your article and answer
 the following questions:
Fresh Water Fish Types and Care
1. What type of fish?
2. Size, Experience Level,
 Lifespan
3. 3 things a beginner fish
 owner should know about your
 type of fish.
Students will be taking notes
 on your presentations.
          Salt Water

Types: Damsels/Clownfish,
 Gobies, Tangs/Angels
Diet: Omnivores
Behavior: Territorial (most
 types)
     Types of Saltwater Fish
Below  are photos of the fish
 discussed. Make a graphic
 organizer that compares their
 features and care. You will
 have an identification quiz
Types of Saltwater Fish
Types of Saltwater Fish
Coral Reef
           Vocabulary

Territorial:
Fish:
Freshwater:
Salt   water:
Fish ID Quiz
Fish ID Quiz
       Fish!
       Care
Animal Science Level 1
Fish Video
            Objectives

Explore,  Analyze, and
 Understand the basics of
 fish care
             Warm Up
What happened here? How
 might we fix this?
Nitrogen Cycle: Critical to Fish Care

 Define:    the establishment of
   beneficial bacteria in the
   aquarium and in the filter
   media that will help in the
   conversion of ammonia to
   nitrite and then the conversion
   of nitrite to nitrates.
Nitrogen Cycle: Critical to Fish Care

 Process  can take from 2
   weeks to 2 months or longer
   to complete
Nitrogen Cycle
             Activities
Fish  Care:
  Articles are located at stations

   throughout the room.
  You have questions to answer

   for each packet
  You will have 20 minutes @

   each station. There are 5
   stations.
    Fish!
   Anatomy
Animal Science Level 1
             Warm Up
Is this a Fish?
       Essential Question
How  are fish bodies suited
for swimming?
External
Anatomy
Internal Anatomy
       Anatomy Explained
Brain: seat of the mental
 faculties of a fish.
Esophagus: part of the
 digestive tract connecting the
 mouth to the stomach.
Dorsal aorta: vessel in the
 back that carries blood from
 the heart to the organs.
        Anatomy Explained
Stomach: part of the digestive
 tract between the esophagus
 and the intestine.
Air bladder: pocket in which
 urine collects.
Spinal cord: part of the
 nervous system that connects
 the brain to all other parts of a
 fish
         Anatomy Explained
Kidney:  blood-purifying organ.
Urinary orifice: opening for
 eliminating urine.
Genital Orifice: opening related
 to the genital organs.
Anus: end of the digestive tract.
Gonad: hormone-secreting
 sexual gland of a fish.
        Anatomy Explained
Intestine:  last part of the
 digestive tract.
Pyloric cecum: cul-de-sac
 related to the intestine.
Gall bladder: small sac
 containing the bile.
Liver: bile-producing digestive
 gland.
Heart: blood-pumping organ.
          Anatomy Explained
Gills:   respiratory organ of a
 fish.
Tooth: hard organ of a fish
 used to shred food.
Eye: sight organ of a fish.
Olfactory bulb: bulging part of
 the smell organ of smell of a
 fish
Science of the Sea
             Activity

Comparing  Fish, Reptile and
 Bird Anatomy worksheet
     Fish!
   Diseases
Animal Science Level 1
           Warm Up

What   happened to this fish?
       Essential Question

Why would fish disease be
hard to spot?
    Common Fish Diseases

Clamped    Fins
 The fish clamps its fins close
 against the its body
Shimmy
 Looks like the fish is swimming
 fast but staying in the same
 place.
   Common Fish Diseases

Ich  Spots
 Ich looks like tiny white
 spots on the body and fins
 of the fish.
   Common Fish Diseases
Red  or White Sores
Many things can cause sores
on fish such as fights with
other fish, scraping on sharp
rocks, and small wounds that
get infected and grow bigger.
         Common Fish Diseases
 Crashed on the Bottom
  When fish crash on the bottom and do
  not swim, it is usually a sign that they
  are exhausted. There are many
  reasons a fish can become
  exhausted, but quite often they have
  been sick, and probably showed
  symptoms such as gasping, shimmy,
  or clamped fins, before they became
  tired and crashed on the bottom.
            Diseases
Glancing
 is a fish behavior where a fish
 rubs itself on the bottom of the
 aquarium, or on the gravel, or
 on a rock or ornament. The
 fish rubs or glances because it
 is itchy.
              Diseases
Loss   of Appetite
 If your fish is not eating or takes
 food in its mouth and then
 immediately spits it out, your fish
 is showing one of the Signs of
 Stress and Disease.
             Diseases
Pop-eye
  in itself is not a disease but is
 more a symptom of an underlying
 infection.
Red Sores, Pop eye
      Gasping at the Surface
Gasping at the Surface
 A fish that is gasping at the
 surface of the water is usually
 suffering from a lack of oxygen,
 that could be due to a lack of
 oxygen in the water or the fish's
 inability to absorb the oxygen
 from the water.
Clam and Ich
            Pamphlet
Students  will create a
 pamphlet on how to keep
 your fish happy and healthy
 
Must be colored
Things to do, NOT diseases
Killer Algae
               Video Reviews
 Care for Fish:
    http://www.5min.com/Video/How-to-Care-for-Fish-in-

     Aquariums-241278327
 Fish Care
    General Tips: http://www.5min.com/Video/How-to-

     Maintain-an-Aquarium---General-Tips-142096974
    Adding to your Tank :

     http://www.5min.com/Video/How-to-Maintain-an-
     Aquarium---Adding-Fish-142097022
 Fish Diseases: http://www.5min.com/Video/How-to-
  Maintain-an-Aquarium---Fish-Diseases-142097047

				
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posted:8/28/2012
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