Figure skating – the symbol of Russia by yurtgc548

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									  Figure skating –
the symbol of Russia
•   Figure skating
•   Skating categories
•   How it begun in Russia
•   Figure Skating Federation of Russia
•   Russian Figure Skating Championships
•   Some of the legendary figure skaters
              The nature of figure skating
•   Figure skating is a sport in which ice skaters, singly or in pairs, perform
    freestyle movements of jumps, spins, lifts, and footwork in a graceful manner.
    Its name derives from the patterns (or figures) skaters make on the ice, an
    element that was a major part of the sport until recently. The next step in the
    development of ice skating came in 1742, when the first ice skating
    association was formed in Edinburgh.

•   The founder of modern figure skating as it is known today was Jackson
    Haines, an American. He won the first Championships of America held in
    Troy, New York in 1864. Haines also invented the sit spin and developed a
    shorter, curved blade for figure skating that allowed for easier turns.
                          Skating categories
•   Freestyle - combines intricate footwork, spirals (sustained one-foot glides on a single edge),
    spins, and jumps. Footwork includes step maneuvers that are performed the length of the ice
    or in a circle and done in sequences demonstrating agility, dexterity, and speed.

•   Pairs skating - Pairs skating consists of a man and a woman performing jumps and spins in
    unison as well as such partnered elements as lifts, throw jumps, and death spirals. The
    elements are executed side by side and must be performed in symmetry at the same rate of
    speed.

•   Ice dance - Ice dance is similar to pairs in that two people skate together, but, unlike pairs,
    ice dancers do not do jumps or spins and do only certain kinds of lifts.

•   Synchronized team skating - also known as precision skating, is the newest and fastest-
    growing skating sport. It consists of a team of 8 or more skaters who perform various
    movements, which are in unison with at least part of the team.
                       Figure skating in Russia
•   In 1908, Nikolai Panin-Kolomensky won a gold metal at the Olympics in London. After the
    1917 revolution this sport was considered aristocratic and expensive primarily because of
    the need to construct rinks with artificial ice.

•   But in the 1950s, the Soviet Union had developed into world power in sport, and figure
    skating was promoted. Numerous children's figure skating clubs opened and ice skating
    rinks were built. As a result, in 1964, 56 years after Panin-Kolmenkin's victory, Soviet
    figure skaters Lyudmila Belousova and Oleg Protopopov won the pairs title at the
    Olympics in Innsbruck.

•   Soviet sportsmen began to set individual skating records later than they did in pairs
    skating. Sergei Volkov's victory at the 1975 championship was the first Soviet victory. Two
    years later, Vladimir Kovalev became a champion. In the 1990s and in the early 21st
    century, they dominated international events and won gold medals at three Olympics in a
    row - Alexei Urmanov in 1994, Ilya Kulik in 1998 and Alexei Yagudin in 2002.

•   Russian figure skaters have won 72 gold medals in the world championships over the past
    40 years! Russian figure skaters won three out of four gold medals at the world
    championship in Dortmund. Tatiana Tarasova is the first coach in the history of figure
    skating, whose sportsmen have won gold medals in all four events of the sport.
                     Figure Skating
                   Federation of Russia

•   Figure Skating Federation of Russia is the national sport governing body for
    figure skating in Russia. It is recognized as such by Russian Olympic
    Committee and by the International Skating Union (ISU). FFKK was
    founded in 1992 as the successor of the Figure Skating Federation of the
    USSR

•   The goals of this governing body are: taking a plan of competitions by the
    calendar, developing a curriculum for figure skating in Russia, forming a
    national team, making contracts with sportsmen and coaches, international
    relations with other skating organizations, assistance regional federations,
    organizing Cup of Russia and other important events and etc.
    Russian Figure Skating Championships

•   The Russian Figure Skating
    Championships are held annually to
    determine the national champions of
    Russia. Skaters compete at the senior
    level in the disciplines of men's singles,
    ladies singles, pair skating, and ice
    dancing.
•   The first Russian national competition
    was held on March 5, 1878 in St.
    Petersburg, Russian Empire.
•   From 1897 on, official Russian national
    championships in figure skating were
    held. The first national champion was
    Alexandr Nikitich Panshin, who won the
    Russian nationals from 1897 to 1900.
•   Between 1924 and 1990 Russian
    national championships were not held.
    During this time, Russian skaters
    competed at the Soviet Union Figure
    Skating Championships.
Irina Rodnina
       •   Born in Moscow, Sept.12 1949.
       •   The only pair skater to win 10 successive
           World Championships (1969–78) and three
           successive Olympic gold medals.
           She competed with two different partners,
           Alexei Ulanov and Alexander Zaitsev
           She also won 11 European pairs
           championships.
           Rodnina coached numerous elite Soviet
           skaters and taught at the University of
           Moscow.
       •   In 1988 she was inducted into the
           International Women's Sports Hall of Fame.
       •   In 1989 she was inducted into the World
           Figure Skating Hall of Fame.
       •   She also received the International Skating
           Union's highest honor, the Jacques Favart
           Award.
Irina Rodnina & Aleksandr Zaitsev
                 •   Aleksandr Zaitsev became Irina’s new
                     partner on the ice and in April, 1975,
                     they became partners off the ice as
                     well with their marriage. Remarkably,
                     Irina and Aleksandr won every
                     competition they entered including two
                     Olympics and six World
                     Championships. At the 1973 world
                     championships Rodnina and Zaitsev
                     lost their music while skating. Known
                     for intense concentration, they finished
                     the routine in silence, earning a
                     standing ovation and a gold medal
                     upon completion.
                 •   At the 1974 European Championships,
                     they posted a record number of 11
                     perfect 6.0 scores.
                 •   Results: 15 gold
                                0 silver
                                0 bronze
                                15 total medals
Irina Slutskaya

        •   Born February 9, 1979
        •   She is a two-time World Champion, seven-
            time European Champion, two-time Olympic
            medalist, and four-time Grand Prix Final
            Champion.

        •   Records and achievements:
        •   Invented the double Biellmann spin with foot
            change
        •   First Russian woman to win European title
            (1996)
        •   First woman to land triple lutz, triple loop
            combination in competition (2000 Grand Prix
            Final)
        •   First woman to land a triple salchow, triple
            loop, double toe-loop combination (2001
            World Championships)
        •   First Russian woman skater to win a silver
            medal at the Olympics (2002 Salt Lake City)
        •   Four-time Russian Nationals champion
        •   Four-time Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final
            Champion
        •   Two-time World Champion (2002, 2005)
        •   First woman ever to win seven European
            titles (2006)
Evgeni Plushenko
        •   born November 3, 1982
        •   He is one of the few male skaters to perform the
            Biellmann spin. He was the first skater in the
            world to perform a quadruple toe loop-triple toe
            loop-double loop jump (4-3-2) combination. He
            is the first skater to have landed a quadruple toe
            loop-triple toe loop-triple loop (4-3-3)
            combination in competition, at the Cup of
            Russia 2002 .
        •   Plushenko is also the first skater to land a triple
            toe loop-triple toe loop-triple loop-double loop
            (3-3-3-2) combination, which was at the 2005
            "Ard Gala".
        •   At the European Championships, he landed a
            six jump combination (3-3-2-2-2-2) in his
            exhibition program. It is estimated that he has
            landed a total of about 100 quads in
            competition. Plushenko is also one of few figure
            skaters to have landed quadruple loops and
            quadruple lutzes in practice, but has never
            completed either of them in competition.
        •   At the age of 16, Plushenko was the youngest
            male skater to ever receive a perfect score of
            6.0.
Tatiana Navka & Roman Kostomarov
              •   Tatiana Navka - born April 13, 1975 in
                  Dnipropetrovsk. Navka originally skated for the Soviet
                  Union with Samuel Gezalian. Following the fall of the
                  Soviet Union, Navka and Gezalian began skating for
                  Belarus. When that partnership fell through, Navka
                  partnered with Nikolai Morozov, with whom she
                  competed at the 1998 Winter Olympics, also for
                  Belarus. Navka left Morozov in 1998. Then she
                  partnered with Roman Kostomarov and began
                  competing for Russia.
              •   Roman Kostomarov- born February 8, 1977 in
                  Moscow. Roman won the 1996 World Juniors
                  Championships with former partner Ekaterina
                  Davydova.
              •   Important Results for Russia
                     Event                     Year              Place
                     Winter Olympics           2005-2006         1st.
                     World Championships       2003-2004         1st
                                               2004-2005         1st
                     European Championships    2002-2203         3rd
                                               2003-2004         1st
                                               2004-2005         1st
                                               2005-2006         1st
                     Grand Prix Final          2002-2203         2nd
                                               2003-2004         1st
                                               2004-2005         1st
                                               2005-2006         1st
Alexei Yagudin
       •    Born 18 March 1980 in St. Petersburg
            He began competing internationally in 1994, and
            won the World Junior Figure Skating
            Championships in 1996.

           Alexei is :
       •    the 2002 Olympic champion
       •    a four-time (1998, 1999, 2000 & 2002) World
            Champion
       •    a two-time (1998 & 1999) World Professional
            Figure Skating Champion,
       •    a three-time (1998,1999 & 2002) European
            Champion
       •    a two-time (1998–1999, 2001–2002) Grand Prix
            Final champion
       •    the 1996 World junior champion.

           And more:
       •    1996: - 2nd place at the Centennial on Ice
       •    1998: 1st place at the World Professional Figure
            Skating Championships ; 1st place at the World
            Team Challenge
       •    2002: 1st place at Hallmark Skater's Challenge;
            5th place at the International Challenge; 1st place
            at the Canadian Open; 1st place at Top Jump;
            1st place at Campbell's International Classic
       •    2005 - 2nd place at the World Team Challenge
Elena Berezhnaya & Anton Sikharulidze
                 •   Elena Berezhnaya - born October 11, 1977 in
                     Nevinnomyssk
                 •   Anton Sikharulidze - born October 25, 1976 in St.
                     Petersburg
                 •   The are the 1998 Olympic silver medalists and 2002
                     Olympic co-champions. Their 2002 gold medal was
                     shared with Canadian pair Jamie Salé and David
                     Pelletier after the controversy regarding the judging of
                     the long program of that competition.
                 •   Results for Russia:
                       Event                    Year        Place
                       Winter Olympics          1997-1998   2nd
                                                2001-2002   1st
                       World Championships      1997-1998   1st

                                                1998-1999   1st
                                                2000-2001   2nd
                       European Championships   1996-1997   3rd
                                                1997-1998   1st
                                                2000-2001   1st
                       Grand Prix Final         1997-1998   1st
                                                1998-1999   2nd
                                                1999-2000   3rd
                                                2000-2001   2nd
                                                2001-2002   2nd

								
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