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AGRICULTURE QUARANTINE

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AGRICULTURE QUARANTINE Powered By Docstoc
					AGRICULTURE
QUARANTINE
             INTRODUCTION

• In 1347 black death(bubonic plaque) struck ¼ of the 30
  million European population
• Quarantine derived from the Latin word “Quarantum”
  meaning forty(40)
• 1st quarantine work started in 1879 in Fiji
• 1900’s Agricultural Quarantine started in Fiji.
   WHAT IS AGRICULTURAL
       QUARANTINE
  Quarantine is guided by legislative measures and through
  the policing of these measures to;
• Exclude from a defined geographical area, country, state or
  region pests or diseases of plants and animals of economic
  importance from that particular geographical area.
• To keep free a country from the incursion of exotic pests
  and diseases.
    WHY HAVE AGRICULTURE
         QUARANTINE
• The continuous movement of MAN and cargo around the
  world threaten to carry unwanted pests and diseases
• No one can predict how a pest or disease will perform in a
  new environment
• Organisms regarded as harmless in one country maybe
  harmful in another country
• Facilitate trade yet ensuring border biosecurity
• High risks of pest and disease incursions relate to
  increased international trade.
• Conserve our biodiversity by preventing destructive
  invasive species from entering the country which will pose
  a threat to our endemic species of plants and animals.
   PLANT
     &
  ANIMAL
QUARANTINE
       PLANT QUARANTINE
           (Legislation)
• Plant Quarantine Act Cap 156 & Regulations
  - Part I Preliminary
  - Part II Powers of inspectors
  - Part III Domestic Quarantine Control
  - Part IV General
           IMPORT PERMITS
Most plants and plant products are not
   permitted unless with valid Fiji
   MAFF Quarantine Import Permit.
• These include:
- Fresh fruits & vegetables
- Fresh flowers & dried leis
- Seeds & plant cuttings
- Root crops
- Bulbs, corms, rhizomes & tubers
   & pulses
- Coconuts, mushrooms
- Rice & other grains
- Nuts & kernels
- Soil, sand and rocks
- Used machinery & equipment
Plant & plant products in ships stores
   is for ships use only.
      ANIMAL QUARANTINE
• Animal Importation Act Cap 159 and Regulations
• Most animal and animal products including live animals
  are not permitted unless with a valid MAFF Quarantine
  Import Permit.
• Animals are not to be taken off vessels at all times whilst
  in port.
• Animal and animal products in ship stores are not
  permitted ashore. For ships use only.

• Animal and animal products prohibited and restricted
  include;
• Birds
• Live fish
• Meat-of any kind
• Poultry
• Honey
• Noodles
• Dairy products
• Furs,
  feathers,bones,horns
• Organisms, biological
  specimens
• Insects,reptiles,embryos(
  live or dead)
• Dogs,cats,cattle,pigs,
   goats and other live
  animals.
  PREVENTION OF ALIEN SPECIES
 BEING LANDED (IMPORT PERMIT)
• Plant and Plant Products
  No plant or plant products (e.g. fruits and vegetables) is
  allowed entry unless a Import Permit is obtained through
  application from Quarantine
  Contents of an application should have relevant
  information of the commodity to be imported
- Import Permit is the importer’s authorization to import a
  specific commodity from a specific country. It should
  clearly outline the conditions/requirements stated by the
  importing country.
- This will prevent alien species accompanying the
  consignment.
                        Cont.
•   Certain criteria's have to be met for an Import
    Permit application to be approved;

     - Firstly, we screen & verify all applications and
    inform importers on our Import Permit
    Requirements/Standards & Conditions

     - Liaise directly with exporting countries on
    Import Risk Analysis & Pest List Database on
    imported commodities
                   Cont.

• Conduct Import Risk Analysis & Initiating
  the process of Pest Risk Analysis on Import
  Permit Applications & work in
  collaboration with Pathologists,
  Entomologists, Veterinarians, Forestry &
  Fisheries Dept, Environments
                      Cont.
    3 Processes of IRA

(1) Import Risk Initiation
- obtain pest list database using reputable crop
    protection compendium from exporting countries
- Analyse commodity type

(2) Pest Risk Assessment
 - Identify specific pests
 - Evaluation of probable pest pathway
                 Cont.

(3) Pest Risk Management
   - Critical quarantine pest considered
   - Management options decided
   - Import Requirements set out
   - Consultation with stakeholders
                    Cont.
- an assurance that in the exporting country the
commodities are not attacked by injuries insects
- that their importation from the specific areas,
under prescribed safeguards, can be authorized
without risk
- that prescribed treatments have been or will be
given
- that other quarantines do not prohibit the entry
                      Cont.
• If approved, endorsed on the Import Permit is the
  commodity, quantity and conditions of which the
  exporter has to fulfill. Requirements differ for
  different commodities and these Import Permit
  conditions and requirements (esp;treatments)
  MUST be endorsed on the phytosanitary
  certificate of the exporting country
• Failure to do so will result in further action
 FOOD WASTE OR GARBAGE
• Food wastes means mixed refuse wastes, derived wholly or
  in part from plants, fruits, vegetables, meats or other plant
  or animal matter; or other refuse of any kind that is
  associated with any fruits, vegetables, meat, or other plant
  or animal material.
• Garbage aboard a vessel in-port should be covered at all
  times. Garbage must not be scattered and must be held at
  the garbage area
• Garbage from vessels should not be landed unless
  approved by a quarantine inspector
• Garbage discharge and incineration should be supervised
  by a quarantine inspector
    QUARANTINE INSPECTION
    PROCEDURES AT WHARFS
• Ships manifest screening
              - hold for agriculture
              - risk profile
• Vessel inspection
              - Inspection of whole vessel
              - ships stores inspection
              - bond live animals
• Cargo Inspection
               - A container may be released if it does not
  contain restricted plant materials or other articles of
  agricultural concern after the following has been
  ascertained:

- The outside is free of soil or plant contamination and of
  plant pests
- The contents is certified to be free of prohibited packing
  material
- The cases, crates, pallets and dunnage inside the container
  are certified as free of bark, soil, plant material and plant
  pests.
- There are no materials of agricultural concern
               - The above is the same for imported
  machinery, vehicles and spare parts.
                FUMIGATION
• Treatment
               If a container or the contents of a container is
  found to contain prohibited or restricted materials, the
  following options for treatment is available to the inspector
  to eliminate the possible risk of a pest or disease outbreak;
- Fumigation (methyl bromide)
- Steam cleaning
- Water blasting
- Re-export
- Destruction (Incineration)
All treatments are done in the wharf vicinity to contain
  unwanted materials. Fumigations are done after working
  hours for safety reasons
       ROLE OF QUARANTINE IN
          MARKET ACCESS
•   Do not Look for Market!!
•   Do not Promote!!
•   Facilitate the need for this new market by conducting IRA/PRA

Definitions:

IRA : Import Risk Analysis

PRA : Pest Risk Analysis
         (Pest Risk Management & Pest Risk Assessment)

Pest Risk Management : The decision making process of
           reducing the risk of introduction of a quarantine pest
• Pest Risk Assessment : To determine
            whether a pest is a quarantine
            pest and evaluate its
            introduction     potential

• Quarantine Pest :- A pest of potential
           economic importance to the
           area endangered thereby or
           present but not widely distributed
          and being officially controlled

				
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