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Symbols - Download Now PDF

VIEWS: 28 PAGES: 45

  • pg 1
									Symbols
* (asterisk) wildcard, shell pattern-matching
   searches, 257, 471
= (equal sign) string expression operators, 724
\\ escape sequence, 605
! (exclamation point) logical comparison operators,
   214, 728
[ ] operator, arrays, adding value to, 602
? (question mark) wildcard, shell pattern-matching
   searches, 257
# run-parts lines (/etc/crontab file), 252
#! (she-bang), 565, 714-715
!= string expression operators, 724
\x wildcard, shell pattern-matching searches, 257
$# built-in variable (shell scripts), 720
$* built-in variable (shell scripts), 720
$0 built-in variable (shell scripts), 720
$? built-in variable (shell scripts), 720
/bin directory commands, 84
/etc directory commands, 84-85
/etc/at.allow file, 251
/etc/at.deny file, 251
/etc/crontab file, 252
/etc/exports file, 416-417
/etc/fstab file, 230
      file systems, mounting automatically, 777-779
      options, 416
      options of, 777
/etc/group file, 210
/etc/group files, 210
/etc/host.conf files, DNS client configuration, 513
/etc/host.conf network configuration file, 307
/etc/hosts files, DNS client configuration, 514-515
/etc/hosts network configuration file, 305
/etc/inittab file
      default runlevel, determining, 237
      runlevels, determining, 238
/etc/modprobe.conf file, 793
/etc/nsswitch.conf network configuration file, 306,
   513-514
/etc/passwd files, 205, 221-222
/etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd, Apache web servers,
   starting with, 361-362
/etc/rc.d/rc.sysinit files, 236
/etc/resolv.conf network configuration file, 306,
   515
/etc/samba/smb.conf file, Samba, configuring,
   425-428
/etc/services network configuration file, 306
/etc/skel files, 213
/etc/squid/squid.conf configuration file, 503
/etc/sudoers file, 227-228
/etc/sysconfig/network network configuration
   file, 307
/etc/vsftpd.banned emails configuration file, 453
/etc/vsftpd.chroot list configuration file, 453
860      /etc/vsftpd.user list configuration file



/etc/vsftpd.user list configuration file, 453           command-line tools, 231
/etc/xen configuration files, 350                       database accounts, managing, 390
/etc/xinetd.conf, configuration files, 245              default shell, changing, 214
/home directory commands, 86                            disk quotas, 229-231
/proc directory commands, 86-87                         etc/passwd files, 205
/proc file system, 261                                  file ownership, 206
/sbin directory commands, 84                            home directories, creating, 213
/tmp directory commands, 88                             managing, 212-214
/usr directory, 58, 88                                  passwords
/usr/bin subdirectory, 58                                    managing, 220-225
/usr/include subdirectory, 58                                updating, 213
/usr/lib subdirectory, 58                               permissions
/usr/lib/modules subdirectory, 58                            assigning, 216
/usr/lib/X11 subdirectory, 58                                directory permissions, 217-219
/usr/src/kernels/linux-2.6/configs directory, 799            managing, 215-220
/usr/src/kernels/yourkernelversion directory, 789            suid (set user ID) permissions, 219-220
/usr/src/linux/init/main.c file, 259                    regular users, 206
/var directory commands, 88                             root accounts, 78-79
/var/log/vsftpd.log configuration file, 453                  creating, 29-30
/var/log/xferlog files, fields, list of, 475-476             working as, 102-105
/var/spool/cron directory, 253                          standard users, 207
00-INDEX file, 789                                      super-user accounts, 78, 206
3D acceleration, 56                                     system administration privileges, granting,
3D graphics cards, 194-195                                 225-229
64-bit Fedora, 818-819                                  system users, 207
                                                        users
                                                             adding, 207-208, 213
                                                             deleting, 213
A                                                            locking out of, 214
-a logical comparison operators, 728                         stereotypes, 209
a2p command, 577                                             UIDs (user IDs), 209
a2ps command, 183                                   ACLs (Access Control Lists), 503-507,
AbiWord (Gnome Office), 142-143                      544-545, 759
abiword command, 148                                actions (PHP loops), 613
Abort command (emacs text editor), 96               activities, users, monitoring, 214-215
ac command, 214, 231                                ad blocking via caching nameservers, 523-524
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP), 833                Add a New Printer dialog box, 185
accept command, 183, 191, 443                       Add New Device Type dialog box, 299-300
access control                                      Add or Remove Packages dialog box, 336
    Apache web servers, 372-377                     add-on postfixes, 469
    wu-ftpd servers, configuring, 456-459           add-on prefixes, 468
access control directives (ftpaccess                adding
  configuration file)                                   groups, 211
    blocking host’s server access, 457                  users, 213
    defining user classes, 457                               to groups, 211
    limiting anonymous user access, 456                      user accounts, 207-208
    limiting number of invalid password             Additional device driver support subsection
      entries, 459                                   (kernel), 806
    limiting permissions based on individual        address-based virtual hosting, Apache web
      ID, 458                                        server, 383
    restricting number of users in classes, 458     adduser command, 207-208, 213
    restricting permissions based on Group IDs,     administration
      458                                               DBAs (database administrators), 389-390
access control lists. See ACLs                          disk quotas, 229-231
access points, wireless networks, 659                   FTP servers, commands, 471-476
accounts (user), 205-207                                groups, 209-212
    activities, monitoring, 214-215                     LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol),
    attributes, changing, 214                              558-559
                                                               Application.Run( ) method           861



     passwords, managing, 220-225                     anon mkdir write enable setting (vstfpd server
     permissions, 215-220                              anonymous access control), 452
     user accounts, 205-207                           anon other write enable setting (vstfpd server
        /etc/passwd files, 205                         anonymous access control), 452
        activity monitoring, 214-215                  anon upload enable setting (vstfpd server
        adding users, 207-208, 213                     anonymous access control), 452
        attribute changes, 214                        anon world readable only setting (vstfpd server
        command-line tools, 231                        anonymous access control), 453
        default shell changes, 214                    anonymous access, controlling vsftpd servers,
        deleting, 213                                  452-453
        file ownership, 206                           anonymous enable setting (vstfpd server
        home directories, 213                          anonymous access control), 452
        locking, 214                                  anonymous FTP servers, 445-446, 455
        managing, 212-214                             Apache Project, 386
        password updates, 213                         Apache Server Unleashed, 387
        regular users, 206                            Apache Software Foundation, 354
        root users, 206                               Apache web servers, 353
        standard users, 207                              access control, 372-377
        stereotypes, 209                                 authentication, 372-376
        super-users, 206                                 AuthGroupFile directive, 376
        system administration privileges, 225-229        AuthName directive, 376
        system users, 207                                AuthUserFile directive, 376
        UIDs (user IDs), 209, 225-227                    configuration directives, 360
        usage statistics, 215                            configure script, running, 358
administration privileges, regular users, granting       development of, 353-354
  to, 225-229                                            directives, AuthType directive, 376
administrative tools, system services, controlling       downloading, 354
  at boot, 242-245                                       dynamic modules, 360
Adobe Photoshop, GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation            experimental versions, 356
  Program), compared, 153                                from RPM, 356-357
“Advanced Bash-Scripting Guide,” 736, 851                graphic interface, configuring, 364-366
Advanced Perl Programming, 578                           .htaccess file, 371
Advanced PHP Programming, 627                            httpd.conf file, 367-370
afio backup application, 286                             installing, 355-359
AFPL Ghostscript, 185                                    intranet websites, 384
AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port), 833                     logging, 384-386
AIGLX, 56-57                                             modules, 377-382
alias command, 466-467                                   MPMs (multiprocessing modules), 370
aliases                                                  online documentation, 354
     email forwarding, Sendmail, 488                     optimizing, 675-676
     shell scripts, 712                                  peak performance, configuring for, 366
All switch (Options directive), 371                      popularity of, 353
all-in-one (print/fax/scan) devices,                     references, 386
  troubleshooting, 442                                   runtime configuration directives, 367
allow directive, Apache web servers, 373-374             runtime server configuration settings, 367-372
AllowOverrides directive (Apache web server), 372        security reports, 355
Almesberger, Werner, 259                                 servers, configuring, 366
ALSA (Advanced Linux Sound Architecture) sound           source code, building, 357-359
  card drivers, 169                                      starting, 359-364
Amanda backup application, 284-285                       static modules, 360
Amateur radio support subsection (kernel), 805           virtual host properties, configuring, 365-366
Amazon.com, Linux, use of, 814                           virtual hosting, 382-384
amdump command, 295                                   apachectl command, 386
Ameritrade, Linux, use of, 814                        append( ) method, Python, 586
Amiga partitions (file system), 760                   Application.Run( ) method, 649
Anaconda, Fedora, installing, 19
Annotated C++ Reference Manual, The, 639



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862      applications



applications, 46                                  ATRpms, 176
    games, 47                                     ATrpms yum repository, 755
          ,
    GIMP 152-154                                  attacks, 655-657
    Internet workstation, 46                          disaster recovery plans, creating, 664-665
    multimedia, 47                                    external attacks, 655
    office suite, 46                                  internal attacks, 655-656
    productivity applications, 129-148                viruses, 662
        commands for, 148                             vulnerabilities, assessing, 657-658
        CrossOver Office, 147                     attributes
        Gnome Office, 142-145                         files, inodes, 759
        Hnacom Office, 146                            users, changing, 214
        KOffice, 144-147                          audio, volume, adjusting, 169-170
        Microsoft Windows derived applications,   Audio Format FAQ, 171, 177
            147-148                               AuthConfig switch (AllowOverrides directive), 372
        OpenOffice.org, 129-141                   authenticated FTP servers, 445-446
        websites, 148                             authentication, Apache web servers, 372-376
        Wine, 147                                 authoritative nameservers, 517
        WordPerfect Office 2000, 146              AuthType directive, Apache web server, 376
    Rhythmbox, 149-152                            AutoCaption options (Writer), 135
    SANE (Scanner Easy Now Easy), 153-155         autoconfig utility (C/C++ programming language),
    Timidity, 171                                   633, 638
    updating, 47-49                               autofs command, 418
Applications menu, 43                             autohacking, 656
apropos subject command (Linux), 82               automating tasks, shell scripts, 718-720
ar command, 638                                   automating tasks, 233
archives, files, restoring, 281-282               autoresponders, 497
arithmetic operators, Perl programming            avi file format, 174
  language, 569                                   Axis Linux-based cameras website, 157
ark command, 295
ark tool, backups, creating, 283-284
ARPANet, 111
array data type (PHP), 601                        B
array functions, PHP, 618-620
                                                  background processing, 258
array( ) pseudo-function, 602
                                                  backreferencing, 625-626
arrays
                                                  backslashes, shell scripts, 723
    cursors, 602
                                                  backticks, shell scripts, 723
    elements, 602
                                                  backups
    Perl, 566-567
                                                     best practices, 274
        ,
    PHP 602-603
                                                     configuration files, 272
array_keys( ) array function, 619
                                                     consultants, 273
array_unique( ) array function, 618
                                                     data loss, causes, 272-273
arsort( ) array function, 619
                                                     files, copying, 286-289
Art of UNIX Programming, The, 683, 710
                                                     frequency of, determining, 273
articles, newsgroups, 124
                                                     full backups, 276-277
as command, 638
                                                     hardware, 277-279
ash shell, 254
                                                     inheriting, 275
ash.static shell, 254
                                                     kernel, 799
asort( ) array function, 619
                                                     mirroring data, 277
assigning permissions, 97-98, 216
                                                     needs, assessing, 273-274
asterisks, password files, 221
                                                     principles of, 274
at command, tasks, scheduling, 249-251
                                                     references, 295-296
ATA/IDE/MFM/RLL support subsection
                                                     resources, assessing, 273-274
  (kernel), 805
                                                     software, 280-286
ATI All-in-Wonder VE display card, 173
                                                     strategies, choosing, 271-277
ATI video drivers
                                                     system rescues, 289-295
    installing, 194-195
                                                     Unix levels, 275
    Linux drivers, 202
                                                  badblocks command, 673
atomicity, databases, 399
                                                  Bagwell, Chris, 171
                                                                                 businesses          863



Ball, Jimmy, 259                                          installing, 25
Balling, Derek, 681                                       LILO, 235
balsa command, 499                                        passwords, 29, 659
bangs, 214, 565, 714                                  boot loading process, starting, 234-235
Banyan Vines, 297                                     boot process, 233
Base (OpenOffice.org), 131                                init scripts, 241-242
bash command, comparison of expressions,                  kernel, loading, 235-236
  724-729                                                 runlevels
bash shell, 254                                               changing, 246
basic directories, Linux, 81                                  troubleshooting, 247-248
Basic Fonts options (Writer), 135                         system services
Basic Input Output System. See BIOS                           controlling, 242-245
batch command, tasks, scheduling, 249-251                     runlevels, 236
batch passwords, changing, 225                                running, 245-246
Battle for Wesnoth, installing, 199-200                       starting and stopping manually, 248
Beagle, Mono libraries, searching, 647-650            boot times, changing, 32
Beekmans, Gerard, 851                                 boot.iso boot images, 15
beep codes, 234                                       Bootable Business Cards, 845
Behlendorf, Brian, 354                                booting
Benchmarks, optimization, 669                             dual boots, 17, 26
Berkeley Internet Name Domain. See BIND                   into default runlevel, 237-240
Berners-Lee, Tim, 111                                     into nondefault runlevels, 240-241
biff command, 499                                         systems
bin directory, commands, 84                                   boot floppy disks, 292
binary patching, 346                                          GRUB (Grand Unified Boot Loader) disk,
BIND (Berkeley Internet Name Domain), 511                       292-293
    configuration tool, 541-542                               Recovery Facility (installation disc),
    domains, providing DNS for, 524-534                         293-295
    logging, 532-533                                          rescue disc, 291
    real domains, providing DNS for, 535-538          BootMagic boot loader, 235
    resolver configuration, 533-534                   Bootp, 300
    website, 549                                      bootup services, running at, 234-246
BIOS (Basic Input Output System), 233                 Borland, Linux, use of, 814
    boot loading process, starting, 234-235           break statements
    disk drives, tuning, 670                              shell scripts, 734
    hard drive detection, 779                             switch/case blocks (PHP), 611-612
    hardware problem detection, 234                   bridges, networks, 662
    passwords, 29                                     Brooktree Bt*** video chipset, 172
“BIOS Optimization Guide,” 259                        browsing Internet, 111-113
Bitwizard.nl, 846                                     brute-forcing logins, 339
blade servers, 345                                    BSD partitions (file system), 760
Block devices subsection (kernel), 804                BSD-style parameters, 701
blocks, file systems, 758-762                         Bsdftp-ssl servers, 447
Bluecurve, 54                                         bsh shell, 254
Bluetooth support subsection (kernel), 805            BugTraq, 665
bmp (bitmapped graphics) file format, 155             building source code, Apache web servers,
BOFHs, 209                                              357-359
bonnie benchmarking tool, 681                         built-in functions, PHP, 615-626
boolean data type (PHP), 601                          built-in variables (shell scripts), 715, 720-721
boot code, 234                                        bunzip2 command, 83
boot floppy disks, system boots, performing, 292      Burian, Michael, 851
boot loaders, 233-235                                 burning DVDs, 161-168
    BootMagic, 235                                    Bus options subsection (kernel), 804
    choosing, 25-26                                   business considerations, Fedora, 822-825
    configuring, 26-27                                businesses
    errors, troubleshooting, 808-809                      Fedora, business-related features, 816-818
    GRUB boot loader, 39, 235                             Linux, use of, 814



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864      BusyBox



BusyBox, 294                                   characters, special characters, shell scripts,
bzDisk directive, 800                            721-723
bzImage directive, 800                         chattr command, 673, 759
bzip2 command, 83                              chfn command, 231
                                               chgrp command, 211, 216, 219, 231
                                               chkconfig command, 249
                                                   Apache web servers, controlling, 363-364
C                                                  grep command, 242
                                                   system services, configuring, 242-244
C How to Program and C++ How to Program, 639
                                               chmod command, 218, 231, 430, 685, 689, 712
C programming language, development of,
                                               chown command, 215, 219, 231, 400
  629-630
                                               chpasswd command, 225, 231
C#
                                               Christiansen, Tom, 577-578
    programs, Mono, 644-645
                                               chroot command, 294, 543
    website, 652
                                               Chroot-BIND-HOWTO, 550
C# Programming Language, The, 652
                                               chsh command, 214, 231, 258
C/C++ programming language
                                               CIDR (classless interdomain routing), 508
    development of, 630
                                               Class A networks, 312
    gnn (GNU C compiler), 635-636
                                               Class B networks, 312
    graphical development tools, 636-638
                                               Class C networks, 312
    project management tools, 630-635
                                               Class D networks, 312
    references, 639
                                               Class E networks, 312
caching nameservers, configuring, 522-524
                                               classes
Calc (OpenOffice.org), 130, 136
                                                   networks, 312
    data, summarizing, 139-141
                                                   Python scripting language, 592-595
    formatting, 138-139
                                               classless interdomain routing (CIDR), 508
    starting, 137-138
                                               Clearlooks, 54
    summarizing data with, 140
                                               CLI (command-line interpreter), 684
cancel command, 183, 191, 443
                                               client IP addresses, Squid proxy servers,
capitalize( ) method, Python, 584
                                                 specifying, 508
capturing screen images, 157
                                               client software, DHCP client software, installing,
caricatures (users), 209
                                                 315-316
case statements, shell scripts, 733-734
                                               clients
case-sensitive functions, 616
                                                   configuring, LDAP (Lightweight Directory
cat command, 685-687
                                                     Access Protocol), 557-558
cat filename command, 82
                                                   database clients, 389, 408-413
cd command, 685-689
                                                   DNS, configuring for, 512-516
CD Player, 150
                                                   email clients, 114-119
CD-ROM file systems, 767
                                                   Ethereal client, 270
CD-ROM installation, Fedora, 14-15
                                                   front end, compared, 410
CD-ROM/DVD drives, installation via, 838
                                                   Glade client, 637-638
CD-RW drives, 278
                                                   gs client, 179
cdbackup backup application, 286
                                                   IRC (Internet Relay Chat) clients, 122, 226
CDCopyWorld.com, 177
                                                   KDevelop client, 636-637
cdrecord command, 165-166
                                                   NFS clients, configuring, 418
CDs
                                                   remote clients, handling, 57
    burning, 161-168
                                                   switchback client (X Windows System), 72-73
    erasing, 166
                                                   system-config-keyboard client, 85
    overburning, 166
                                                   system-config-printer client, 179
Cedega
                                                   terminal clients, X Windows System, 58
    gaming, 193
                                                   xosview client, discontinuation of, 267
    Windows games, playing, 201-202
                                               CMSes (Content Management System), 597
certification courses (Linux), 850
                                               CN (common name), LDAP, 552, 555
cervisia command, 638
                                               Coda network file system, 761
change command, 231
                                               code, debugging, symbolic debugging, 635
Changes options (Writer), 135
                                               code blocks, Python scripting language, 596
Character devices subsection (kernel), 806
                                               Code maturity level options subsection
                                                 (kernel), 804
                                                                              configuration       865



codecs, 174                                               dynamically linked commands, 84
Codeweavers.com, 178                                      GNU commands, 82
column level privileges (MySQL), 402                      job-control commands, 255
Command & Conquer 3: Tiberium Wars, 201                   locations, printing, 704
command-line, 77-80                                       productivity applications, 148
    /bin directory commands, 84                           SSH servers, 337-341
    /etc directory commands, 84-85                        statically linked commands, 84
    /home directory commands, 86                      comments
    /proc directory commands, 86-87                           ,
                                                          PHP 604
    /sbin directory commands, 84                          shell scripts, 712
    /tmp directory commands, 88                       commercial support, Linux and Red Hat, 850
    /usr directory commands, 88                       common log format (Apache web server), 385
    /var directory commands, 88                       common name (CN), LDAP, 552, 555
    accessing, 45                                     Common Unix Printing System. See CUPS
    CD/DVDs, burning, 164-168                         CommuniGate Pro, 498
    CLI (command-line interpreter), 684               comparison of expressions, 724
    compressed files, managing, 83-84                     file comparison operators, 727-728
    file system, navigating, 80-82                        logical comparison operators, 728-729
    files, managing, 82-83                                number comparisons, 725-727
    processes, controlling, 262                           shell scripts, 724-729
    references, 710                                       string comparisons, 724-725
    rpm command, 739                                  comparison operators, Perl programming
    shell command line, 255-256                         language, 568
command-line clients (MySQL), 411-412                 compatibility, hardware, checking, 830-831
command-line clients (PostgreSQL), 413                Compatibility options (Writer), 135
command-line errors, Perl programming language,       compiled languages, 630
  troubleshooting, 565                                compiling kernel, 798-808
command-line interpreter. See CLI                     Compiz window manager, 56
command-line network interface configuration          compound operators, Perl programming
  tools, networks, 300-304                              language, 569
command-line scripting languages, Python, 581         compressed files, managing, command line, 83-84
    conditionals, 588-590                             compressed fonts, X Windows System,
    dictionaries, 587                                   support for, 57
    functions, 590-591                                Computer Associates, Linux, use of, 814
    interfaces, 580                                   computer attacks, 655-657
    Linux, 579-580                                        disaster recovery plans, creating, 664-665
    lists, 585-587                                        external computer attacks, 655
    looping, 588-590                                      internal computer attacks, 655-656
    modules, 596                                          viruses, 662
    numbers, 581-582                                      vulnerabilities, assessing, 657-658
    OOP (object-oriented programming), 591-596        Computer icon, 41, 44-45
    operator overloading, 585                         Computing Research Laboratory (CRL), 332
    references, 597                                   CONCAT( ) function, 396
    strings, 581-584                                  Concise Guide to DNS and BIND, The, 549
    typecasting, 582                                  conditional statements
    Vaults of Parnassus, 596                              Perl programming language, 570-571
    website, 597                                              ,
                                                          PHP 608-611
command-line tools, Mono, 642-644                     conditionals, Python scripting language, 588-590
commands. See also names of specific commands         conditions (PHP loops), 613
    /bin directory, 84                                Config HOWTO Software Configuration
    /etc directory, 84-85                               document, 232
    /home directory, 86                               configuration
    /proc directory, 86-87                                anonymous FTP servers, 455
    /sbin directory, 84                                   Apache web servers
    /tmp directory, 88                                         for peak performance, 366
    /usr directory, 88                                         graphic interfaces, 364-366
    /var directory, 88



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866     configuration



       runtime server configuration settings,         wireless networks, 49-51
         367-372                                      wu-ftpd servers, 455-467
       server, 366                                    X Windows System, 64-67, 74-75
       virtual host properties, 365-366               Xen virtualization system, runtime
  boot loaders, 26-27                                    configuration, 349-350
  caching nameservers, 522-524                        xinetd daemons for wu-ftpd servers, 450-452
                 ,
  clients, LDAP 557-558                               yum tool, 750-751
         ,
  DHCP network hosts, 316-318                     configuration directives, Apache web servers, 360
  dial-up Internet access, 324-331                configuration files
  disk quotas, manually configuring, 230-231          /etc directory, 84-85
  display managers, 68-70                             /etc/xen, 350
  .DNS clients, 512-516                               /etc/xinetd.conf, 245
  dual-boot configuration, 840                        backing up, 272
  Evolution email client, 114-117                     network configuration files, 305-307
  Fedora, network configuration, 27                   ppp.linkup file, 486
  Fetchmail, 491-494                                  resolver configuration files, 513
  firewalls, 34, 663-664                          configuration tools, networks, 297-298
  firstboot, 34-38                                    command-line network interface configuration
  FTP servers, file-conversion actions, 468-470          tools, 300-304
  GNOME, 55                                           graphical configuration tools, 298-300
  kernel, 801-806                                     network configuration files, 305-307
  local printers, 185-191                         configure script, Apache web server, running, 358
  loopback interfaces, manually, 308-309          connected user information, FTP servers,
  monitors, 64                                      displaying, 472
  MySQL, 400-403                                  connections
  network interfaces, 300-302                         FTP servers, allowing/denying, 470-471
  network-attached printers, 435-436                  Internet, 818
  NFS (Network File System) clients, 418              Internet connections, networks, 320-323
  NFS (Network File System) servers, 416-418          PPPoE, configuring manually, 323-324
  NICs, 310                                       console
  OpenOffice.org, 131-133                             printing, controlling, 440-442
  Postfix, 490                                        X Windows System, starting, 71-72
  PostgreSQL, 403-408                             console-based monitoring, 261-263
  PPPoE connections, 323-324                      console-based text editors, Linux, 93
  print services, 181-182                         Console.WriteLine( ) method, 645
  resolver, 533-534                               consoles, virtual consoles, 79
  routing tables, 303-304                         constants
  Samba                                                    ,
                                                      PHP 603-604
       with /etc/samba/smb.conf file, 425-428         string constants, Perl, 570
       with SWAT, 421-425                         constructors, Python scripting language, 593
       with system-config-samba, 420-421          consultants, backups, 273
  Sendmail, 484-485                               consumer-related features, Fedora, 818
       email forwarding, 488                      Content Management Systems (CMSes), 597
       email rejection, 488-489                   control structures. See looping constructs
       mail relaying, 487                         controller cards, 830
       masquerading, 485                          controllerless modems, problems, preparing
       message delivery intervals, 486              for, 832
       sendmail.cf file, 487                      controlling printing, console, 440-442
       smart hosts, 485-486                       convert command, 155
  servers, LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access     convert utility, 156
     Protocol), 552-556                           converting graphics, 155
  sound cards, 169                                Cooper, Mendel, 736
  Squid proxy servers, 502-503, 509-510           Cooper, Michael, 851
  SSH servers, 336-337                            Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), 708
  system services, 242-244                        copying files, 286
  Telnet servers, 336                                 between machines, 338-339
  Tripwire security tool, 660-661                     cp command, 288, 689-690
  vsftpd servers, 452-455
                                                                           define( ) function         867



    mc (Midnight Commander) tool, 288-289                  smbd daemons, starting, 429-430
    tar tool, 286-287                                      xinetd daemons, 245-246, 450-452
Core shells, 254                                       Dag Wieers yum repository, 755
CoyoteLinux.com, 846                                   data directory, PostgreSQL, initializing, 404-405
cp command, 295, 685, 712                              data integrity, ensuring, 390
    configuration files, backing up, 272               data lookups, databases, 398-399
    files, copying, 288, 689-690                       data loss, causes, 272-273
cp file1 file2 command, 82                             data protection, databases, 399
CPAN (Comprehensive Perl Archive Network),             data retrieval, SQL (structured query language),
  576-577                                               395-397
cpio command, 295                                      data structures, Perl programming language,
CPUs (central processing units), 830, 833-834           566-568
crackers, hackers, compared, 656                       data types, PHP, 600-601
cramfs modules (file system), 758                      database clients, maintaining, 389
CREATE DATABASE command, 401                           database servers, maintaining, 389
CREATE statement (SQL), 393-394                        database accounts, managing, 390
createdb command, 413                                  database administrators. See DBAs
createrepo command, 754-755                            database clients, installing, 389
createuser command, 413                                database level privileges (MySQL), 402
CRL (Computing Research Laboratory), 332               database servers, installing, 389
cron daemon                                            database users, PostgreSQL, 406-407
    crontab files, reading, 253                        databases, 390
    jobs, running repeatedly, 251-254                      atomicity, 399
    scheduling tasks, 249                                  data integrity, ensuring, 390
crontab files, 253                                         data lookups, 398-399
CrossOver Office, 147-148                                  data protection, 399
Cryptographic options subsection (kernel), 806             database clients, 408-413
csh shell, 255                                             flat file databases, 390-391
CUPS (Common Unix Printing System), 179-181,               local-GUI-client access, database clients, 410
  437-440                                                  MySQL, 397-403
    local printers, configuring, 185-191                   PostgreSQL, 397-408
    PostScript Printer Description (.ppd) files, 179       procedural languages, 400
    print services, 181-185                                queries, subqueries, 399
    printers, managing, 433                                records, 395
    printer entries, creating, 437                         relational databases, 390-393
    printer queues, creating, 438                          security, 390
    schedulers, 180                                        SQL (structured query language), 393-397
    website, 440, 444                                      SSH access, database clients, 409-410
current directory, files, listing, 698-699                 triggers, 400
Cursor down command (emacs text editor), 96                Web access, database clients, 410-411
Cursor left command (emacs text editor), 96            date command, 264
Cursor movement command (vi text editor), 94           date shell command, 708-709
Cursor right command (emacs text editor), 96           Dawson, Terry, 851
Cursor up command (emacs text editor), 96              DBAs (database administrators), 389-390
cursors, arrays, 602                                   dc command, 552
CustomLog directive (Apache web server), 386           dd command, 295, 782
cvs command, 638                                       de Icaza, Miguel, 54
                                                       Debian Project, 828
                                                       debugging, symbolic debugging, 635
                                                       debugging tools, C/C++ programming language,
D                                                       634-635
                                                       declarations (PHP loops), 613
-d file comparison operators, 727
                                                       DECNET, 297
daemons
                                                       default port, Squid proxy servers, 504
    cron daemon, 251-254
                                                       default runlevels, booting into, 237-240
    mail daemons, 497
                                                       default shell, users, changing, 214
    named domains, 549
                                                       define( ) function, 604



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868      defining strings, PHP



defining strings, PHP, 606                         Digital Hermit.com, 810
definitions, runlevels, 236-237                    digital images, managing, 818
Deitel, Harvey M., 639                             Digital Subscriber Line (DSL), 320
Deitel, Paul J., 639                               directives
delegation, DNS, troubleshooting, 538-539              Apache web servers
Delete character command (emacs text editor), 96            allow directive, 373-374
Delete character command (vi text editor), 94               AuthType directive, 376
Delete line command (emacs text editor), 96                 configuration directives, 360
Delete line command (vi text editor), 94                    deny directive, 373-374
deleting                                                    runtime configuration directives, 367
    groups, 211                                        bzDisk, 800
    users, 104, 213                                    bzImage, 800
delivery intervals, Sendmail, configuring, 486         httpd.conf file, 368-370
Dell Computer                                          MPMs (multiprocessing modules), 370
    Linux, use of, 814                                 zImage, 800
    Linux information pages, 845                   directories
deny directive, Apache web servers, 373-374            /bin directory, commands, 84
dependency checking, 631                               /etc directory, commands, 84-85
deployment, Fedora, planning, 822-827                  /home directory, commands, 86
depmod command, modules, managing, 792                 /proc directory, commands, 86-87
description field (ftpconversions file), 470           /sbin directory, commands, 84
designer command, 638                                  /tmp directory, commands, 88
desktop (Fedora), 41-43                                /usr directory, commands, 88
Desktop Effects tool, 56                               /var directory, commands, 88
desktop environments                                   changing, cd command, 687-689
    AIGLX, 56-57                                       creating, mkdir command, 700
    GNOME, 53-55                                       deleting, rm command, 701-702
    KDE, 73-74                                         files, listing, 698-699
    XFce, 74-75                                              ,
                                                       LDAP populating, 554-556
desktops, graphical desktops, 88                       Linux, basic directories, 81
destructors, Python scripting language, 593            user directories, protecting, 86
device drivers, 790                                directory permissions, 98-100, 217-219
device labels, 778                                 DirectoryIndex directive (httpd.conf file), 370
Device section (xorg.conf file), 59, 62-63         dirlist enable setting (vsftpd server default
devices.txt document, 789                            settings), 455
df command, 785                                    dirmessage enable setting (vsftpd server default
dhclient command, 331                                settings), 455
DHCP (Dynamic Host Control Protocol), 298-299,     disable command, 183, 191, 443
  314-315, 319, 512                                disaster recovery plans, 664-665
    client software, installing, 315-316           disk drives
    DNS client configuration, 516                      SCSI disk drives, 791
    Dynamic DNS, 315                                   tuning, 670
    IP masquerading, 319                           disk file systems, 760-761
    network hosts, configuring, 316-318                CD-ROM file systems, 767
    ports, 320                                         DOS file systems, 766-767
    references, 332                                    ext3 file system, 762-765
DHCP Handbook, The, 319, 333                           reiser file system, 766
dhcpd.conf file, 317                               disk quotas, 229-231, 267
Dia (OpenOffice.org), 131                          disk usage statistics, printing, du command,
dial-up Internet access, configuring, 324-331        690-691
dictionaries                                       display banners, 463
    OpenOffice.org, 133                            display managers, 57, 68-70
    Python scripting language, 587                 Display Settings main screen (system-config-
dig (Domain Information Groper) tool,                display client), 64-65
  nameservers, querying, 519                       displaying
dig command, 549                                       connected user information, FTP servers, 472
digital cameras, 157-161                               free/used memory, 266-267
                                                                            dump command            869



    network status, 304                                do…while loops, Perl programming language, 574
    Portable Document Format (PDF)                     documentation
      documents, 184                                       finding, 851
    PostScript documents, 184                              reading, 105-107
Displaying the Contents of the env Hash listing        DocumentRoot directive (httpd.conf file), 369
  (25.2), 567                                          dom0, Xen virtualization system, 347
distinguished names (DNs), LDAP, 552-554               domain 0, 347
distributed processing, X Windows System, 57           domain components, 552
distribution, Linux, text editors, 93-95               Domain Name System. See DNS
Divx file format, 174                                  domains
DNS (Domain Name System), 298, 511-512                     DNS (domain name system), 511
    ACLs (access control lists), defining, 544-545             ACLs (access control lists), 544-545
    authentication, 526                                        BIND, 511
    BIND, 511, 524-538                                         configuring clients for, 512-516
    caching nameservers, configuring, 522-524                  DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC),
    clients, configuring for, 512-516                            547-548
    configuring, 513                                           nameservers, 517
    dig tool, 519                                              providing for, 524-534
    DNSSEC (DNS Security Extensions), 547-548                  providing for real domains, 535-538
    domain names, 516-517                                      query control, 545-546
    domains. See domains                                       registering, 538
    dotted quad IP addresses, 511                              security management, 542-549
    Dynamic DNS, DHCP 315 ,                                    split DNS, 548-549
    forward lookups, 518                                       third-party DNS services, 524
    forward zones, 535-537                                     troubleshooting, 538-542
    FQDN (fully qualified domain name), 516                    zone transfers, 546
    host tool, 520                                         domain 0, 347
    informational websites, 543, 549                       FQDN (fully qualified domain name), 516
    installing, 525                                        named domains, 549
    local caches, 518                                      unprivileged domains, 347
    logging, 533                                       domU, Xen virtualization system, 347
    name resolution, 518                               Doom 3, installing, 195-196
    named nameserver daemon, running, 534              DOS file systems, 766-767
    nameservers, querying, 519-521                         creating, 772, 774
    nsloopup command, 520-521                              low-level formatting, 772
    potential problem host alerts, 546-547             dots per inch (dpi), 154
    queries, controlling, 545-546                      dotted quad IP addresses, 511
    real domains, providing for, 535-538               double quotes, shell scripts, 722
    related commands, 549                              download enable setting (vsftpd server default
    resolvers, 517                                       settings), 455
    reverse lookups, 518                               dpi (dots per inch), 154
    reverse zones, 537-538                             Drake, Joshua, 851
    RR (resource records), 516                         Draw (OpenOffice.org), 131
    security, managing, 542-549                        Dries’s yum repository, 755
    split DNS, 548-549                                 drive geometry, 768
    structure of, 516                                  drivers
    third-party DNS services, 524                          3D graphics cards, 194
    tools, 518                                             graphics drivers, importance of, 56
    troubleshooting, 538-542                               printers, attaining, 187, 191
    upgrading, 525                                         proprietary video cards, installing, 194-195
    whois command, 521-522                             dropdb command, 413
    whois servers, querying, 521-522                   dropuser command, 413
    zone file, 532                                     DSL (Digital Subscriber Line), 320
    zone transfers, controlling, 546                   du command, 685, 690-691, 785
DNs (distinguished names), LDAP, 552-554               dual boots, 17, 26
DNS HOWTO for BIND, 550                                dual-boot configurations, 840
DNSSEC (DNS Security Extensions), 547-548              Duff, Hoyt, 259
do…until loops, Perl programming language, 574         dump command, 285, 785


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870      dumpe2fs command



dumpe2fs command, 785                                   sending, 479-480
DVD drives, installation via, 838                       Sendmail, 484-489
DVD players, 176                                              ,
                                                        SMTP 479, 483
dvd+rw-tools package, 167                           email clients, 114-119
DVD+RW/-RW drives, 278-279                          email mailing lists, 856-857
DVD-ROM installation (Fedora), 13-15                enable command, 183, 191, 443
DVDs                                                encoder applications, 174
   burning, 161-168                                 encscript command, 183
   formats, 166                                     endless loops, 730-731
   packet writing, 167-168                          Enterprise Linux, 813-814, 817
   preformatted DVDs, 167                           entry components (LDAP), 555
   rewritability, limits of, 168                    env command, 91
   session writing, 167                             environment variables, Linux, 90-93
Dynamic DNS, DHCP, 315                              environment variables (shell scripts), 715
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. See DHCP       epiphany command, 477
dynamic ISP address assignments, 321                -eq number comparison operators, 725
dynamic modules, Apache web servers, 360            erasing CDs, 166
dynamically linked commands, 84                     error checking, Mono, 646
                                                    errors, kernel compilation, 807-808
                                                    escape sequences, PHP, 605-606
                                                    escputil driver, 183
E                                                   Ethereal client, 270
                                                    Ethereal graphical network scanner, 267, 331, 666
e2fsadm command, 785
                                                    ethernet cards, 310
e2fsck command, 673
                                                    ethernet devices, Fedora installation, 27
e2image command, 785
                                                    Evolution email client (Gnome Office), 114-117,
Echo, 54
                                                      128, 143, 499, 557-558
echo command, 256
                                                    Evolution PIM (Personal Information
edit files command, 84
                                                      Management), 47
editing
                                                    Exchange Server (MS), 497-498
     crontab file, 253
                                                    ExecCGI switch (Options directive), 372
     FTP server files, 453
                                                    execution operators (PHP), 610
     httpd.conf file, Apache web servers, 368-370
                                                    EXIF, 178
     system jobs, 252
                                                    Exim, 482
edquota command, 230-231
                                                    exit command, 89
Ekiga Internet videoconferencing application, 47,
                                                    exit statements, shell scripts, 735
  127-128
                                                    experimental versions, Apache web servers, 356
Elder Scrolls IV, 201
                                                    export command, 92
elements, arrays, 602
                                                    exportfs command, 417
elevation of privileges, 206
                                                    exporting OpenOffice.org to Microsoft formats, 130
elinks command, 386
                                                    exports file, 416
Elks.Sourceforge.net, 845
                                                    expressions, 256
Ellis, Margaret A., 639
                                                        regular expressions, 381, 574-575
emacs text editor (Linux), 93-96, 685
                                                        shell scripts, comparison of expressions,
email, 479
                                                           724-729
     autoresponders, 497
                                                    ext2 disk file system, 761, 763
     choosing, 495
                                                    ext3 disk file system, 761-763
     commands for, 499
                                                        defragmentation, 763
     Hotmail, 489
                                                        development of, 762-763
     mail daemons, 497
                                                        ext2 transitions, 763
     MDAs (Mail Delivery Agents), 483, 495-497
                                                        file integrity, verifying, 764-765
     MS Exchange Server. alternatives to, 497-498
                                                        file/directory sizes, 763
     MTAs (mail transfer agents), 479-484
                                                        initrd files, 784-785
     MUAs (Mail User Agents), 483-484
                                                        journaling options, 764
     Postfix, 489-490
                                                        modules, 758
     receiving, 479-480
                                                        performance, 763
     references, 499
                                                        structure of, 763
     retrieving, Fetchmail, 490-494
                                                                                  file systems          871



extended partitions, 769                                        starting, 17-21
external commands (ftpconversion file), 469                     time zone setting, 28
extract( ) array function, 619                              Internet resources, 847-848
extraversion level section (kernel), 795                        IRC (Internet Relay Chat), 857
                                                                mailing lists, 856-857
                                                                newsgroups, 854-856
                                                                search engines, 848-849
F                                                               websites, 848-854
-f file comparison operators, 727                           licensing, 2
F-Spot program, digital cameras, 159-161                    logging in, 38-39
F-Spot project, 177                                         minimum system requirements, 818
FAT (File Allocation Table) disk file system, 761,          multi-core machines, running on, 819
   767, 772                                                 navigating, 43-46
fat modules (file system), 758                              origins of, 1
fax/print/scan devices, troubleshooting, 442                PPC platforms, 819
fclose( ) file function, 621-622                            scheduled upgrades, 815
fdisk command, 772, 785                                     shutting down, 38-39
     functions of, 770                                      user considerations, 826-827
     Microsoft version versus Linux version, 768       Fedora Announcements mailing list, 848
     partition tables, editing, 769-771                Fedora Core, 813
Fedora                                                 Fedora installation
     64-bit Fedora, 818-819                            Fedora Modem Configuration Wizard, 327-331
     boot times, changing, 32                          Fedora Project, 852, 856
     business considerations, 822-825                  Fetchmail, 483, 499
     business-related features, 816-818                     configuring, 491-494
     consumer-related features, 818                         email, retrieving, 490-494
     desktop, 41-43                                         installing, 491
     development of, 815-816                                user accounts, 494
     documentation, reading, 105-107                   fetchmailconf command, 499
     installing, 16-17, 821-822                        FetchYahoo, 497
         Anaconda, 19                                  fields
         boot loaders, 25-27                                /var/log/xferlog, 475
         boot screen, 17                                    ftpwho command, 472
         CD-ROM installation, 14-15                    file access permissions, changing, chmod
         DVD-ROM installation, 13-15                      command, 689
         finishing, 32-33                              file comparison operators (comparison of
         firstboot configuration, 34-38                   expression), 727-728
         hard drive storage, 829-830                   file comparisons (comparison of expression), 728
         hardware compatibility, 830-831               file formats, graphics formats, 155-157
         hardware inventory, 834, 837                  file functions, PHP, 620-622
         hardware problems, 831-834                    file handles, 621
         hardware requirements, 828-829                file integrity, ext3 file system, verifying, 764-765
         install-process preparation, 837-839          file permissions, 213, 556
         kickstart installation method, 842-845        File Roller, 280-283
         media checks, 18                              file sharing, 415
         monitor settings, 17                               NFS (Network File System), 415-418
         multiple Ethernet devices, 27                      references, 443
         network configuration, 27                          Samba, 419-430
         network installation, 15-16                   File system subsection (kernel), 806
         partition strategies, 10-14                   file systems, 757
         partitioning, 839-842                              /proc file system, 261
         partitions, 22-25                                  blocks, 758
         planning, 9-14, 822-827                            CD-ROM file systems, 767
         root password creation, 29-30                      Coda file systems, 761
         root user account creation, 29-30                  creating, 767-774
         software installation, 30-33                       disk file systems, 760-761
         software selection, 30-33                          disks as storage device, 768



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872       file systems



     DOS file systems, 766-767                           /usr/src/linux/init/main.c, 259
     ext2 file system, 761                               00-INDEX files, 789
     ext3 file system, 761-765                           archived files, restoring, 281-282
     FAT file systems, 761                               attributes, inodes, 759
     hard drives, formatting and installing, 779         compressed files, managing, 83-84
     initrd image file, examining, 784-785               configuration files
     inodes, 759                                              /etc directory, 84-85
     Intermezzo file systems, 761                             /etc/xen, 350
     JFS (Journal File System), 766                           backing up, 272
     journaling file systems, 761                        copying, 286-288
     loopback file systems, 781                               cp tool, 288, 689-690
     LVM (Logical Volume Management), 781                     mc (Midnight Commander) tool, 288-289
     metadata, 757                                            tar tool, 286-287
     modules, 758, 760                                   crontab file, editing, 253
     mounting, 760, 775-779                              current directory, listing, 698-699
     navigating, command line, 80-82                     deleting, rm command, 701-702
     network file systems, 760-761                       dhcpd.conf, 317
     NFS, 761                                            exports, 416
     optimizing, 672-673                                 finding
     partition tables, creating, 769-771, 779                 find command, 691-693
     on partitioned disks, 772-774                            from indexes, 698
     partitions, 760                                     FTP server files, editing, 453
          file transferals, 780-781                      header files, 630
          mounting, 780-781                              immutable files, 759
          mounting as read-only, 784                     include file, 630
     physical structure, 758-762                         initrd image file, examining, 784-785
     redundant file system descriptors, 759              INSTALL files, 357
     references, 786                                     links, creating, 696-697
     reiserfs (Reiser File System), 766                  managing with shell, 82-83
     reiserfs file system, 761                           meminfo file, 86
     relocating, 779-781                                 metadata, 757
     SMB file systems, 761                               moving, mv command, 701
     synchronizing, 672                                  NFS (Network File System), 239
     test file systems, creating, 782-784                ownership, users, 206
     unmounting, 777                                     partitions, transferring to, 780-781
     viewing, 762                                        password file, 221-222
     virtual file systems, 86                            permissions, 759
     XFS, 766                                                ,
                                                         PHP including, 614-615
File Transfer Protocol. See FTP                          ppp.linkup file, 486
file-conversion actions, FTP servers, configuring,       printing
   468-470                                                    cat command, 686-687
FileInfo switch (AllowOverrides directive), 372               last lines of, 702
files                                                    README files, 357
     /etc/at.allow, 251                                  resolver configuration files, 513
     /etc/at.deny, 251                                   sendmail.cf file, 484, 487
     /etc/crontab file, 252                              temporary files, storing, 88
     /etc/exports file, 416                              variable data files, accessing, 88
     /etc/fstab, 777-779                                 wtempfiles, timewarps, 214
     /etc/fstab file, 230, 416                       Files section (xorg.conf file), 59-60
     /etc/group files, 210                           filesize( ) file function, 622
     /etc/inittab, 237                               file_get_contents( ) file function, 620-621
     /etc/modprobe.conf, 793                         file_put_contents( ) file function, 620
     /etc/passwd files, 205                          find command, 101, 220, 258, 281, 685, 691-693
     /etc/rc.d/rc.sysinit, 236                       find2perl command, 577
     /etc/samba/smb.conf file, 425-428               finding files, find command, 691-693
     /etc/skel, 213                                  fine tuning
     /etc/sudoers file, 227-228                          benchmarks, 669
     /etc/xinetd.conf configuration files, 245           file systems, 672-673
                                                         references, 681
                                                                                       games          873



finger information field (password file), 221                  choosing, 445-446
FIPS.EXE command, 839                                          connected user information, 472
Firefox web browser, 46, 112-113, 119-120, 128,                editing files, 453
   386, 502                                                    file-conversion actions, 468-470
firewalls, configuring, 34, 663-664                            NcFTPd servers, 446-447
FireWire (IEEE-1394) hard drives, 278                          packages, 446
fistboot, configuring, 34-38                                   vsftpd servers, 446, 451-455
fixed IP address assignments, 299                              wu-ftpd servers, 455-467
Flash plug-in (Macromedia), 175                            users, 448-450
flat file databases, 390-391                               vsftpd servers, default settings, 455
flexbackup backup application, 286                         xinetd daemons, configuring for wu-ftpd
float data type (PHP), 601                                   servers, 450-452
floppy-based Linux distributions, 852                 ftp command, 337, 477
FollowSymLinks switch (Options directive), 372        ftp.kernel.org, 796
fonts, X Windows System support, 57-58                ftpaccess file, 456-467
fopen( ) file function, 621-622                       ftpaccess Wu-FTPd server configuration files, 455
for loops, 527, 613                                   ftpconversions Wu-FTPd server configuration
for statements, shell scripts, 729-730                  files, 455
foreach loops, 572-573, 613-614                       ftpcopy command, 477
formats                                               ftpcount command, 471
    DVDs, 166                                         ftpcp command, 477
    file formats, graphics formats, 155-157           ftphosts Configuration File for Allowing or Denying
    video, 174                                          Users listing (20.3), 471
formatting                                            ftphosts file, FTP server connections, allowing/
    hard drives, 779                                    denying, 470-471
    spreadsheets, Calc (OpenOffice.org), 138-139      ftphosts Wu-FTPd server configuration files, 455
    Writer (OpenOffice.org), 135-136                  ftprestart command, 471, 475
Formatting options (Writer), 134                      ftpshut command, 471, 474-475
forms (HTML), handling, PHP, 626                      ftpusers file, ftpaccess configuration file, 457
forward zones (DNS), 535-537                          ftpwho -V Command Output listing (20.4), 473
forwarding email, Sendmail, 488                       ftpwho command, 471-472
FQDN (fully qualified domain name), 516               full backups, 276-277, 281
Frampton, Steve, 851                                  fully qualified domain names (FQDNs), 516
fread( ) file function, 621                           function time, tracking, 635
free command, 86, 266-267                             functions, 630, 735
free memory, displaying, 266-267                           CONCAT( ), 396
FreeBSD, 78                                                define( ), 604
FreeNX, website, 343                                           ,
                                                           PHP 615-626
Freesco.org, 846                                           Python scripting language, 590-591
FreeType bytecode interpreter patents, 270                 shell scripts, 735-736
Freidl, Jeffrey E.F., 256                             Fusion MPT device support subsection (kernel),
FreshMeat yum repository, 755                           805
front end, clients, compared, 410                     FVWM2 website, 76
fsck command, 784-785                                 fwrite( ) file function, 622
fstab file, 84
    file systems, mounting automatically, 777-779
    options, 416
FTP (File Transfer Protocol), 445                     G
    commands list, 477
                                                      GAIM. See Pidgin
    example of, 470
                                                      games, 47
    installing, 447-449, 838
                                                         Battle for Wesnoth, installing, 199-200
    references, 477
                                                         Command & Conquer 3: Tiberium Wars, 201
    servers
                                                         Doom 3, 193-196
         administration commands, 471-476
                                                         Elder Scrolls IV, 201
         allowing/denying connections, 470-471
                                                         GNOME games, 193
         anonymous servers, 445-446, 455
                                                         KDE games, 193
         authenticated servers, 445-446
                                                         KDEedu, 200-201
         Bsdftp-ssl servers, 447
                                                         Maelstrom, 193-194

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874       games



    Planet Penguin Racer, 193                        gnome-lokkit command, 331, 666
    Quake 4, 193, 197-199                            gnome-nettool tool, 267
    Unreal Tournament 2004, 193, 197-198             gnome-panel-screenshot mechanism, 157
    Windows games, playing, 201-202                  gnome-system-monitor tool, 268
    Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory, installing, 199    GnomeBaker, CD/DVDs, burning, 162-164
    X Windows System games, 193                      GNU commands, 82
gaming, 193-194                                      GNU Ghostscript, 185
    3D graphics cards, 194                           GNU tools, 788
    Cedega, 193, 201-202                             Gnumeric (Gnome Office), 142, 145
    games, installing, 195-200                       gnumeric command, 148
    KDEedu package, 200-201                          Go to end of line command (emacs text editor), 96
    proprietary video drivers, installing, 194-195   Go to start of line command (emacs text
    Wine code, 193                                     editor), 96
gcc (GNU C compiler), 629, 635-638, 685, 809         gocr optical character recognition client, 154
gdb command (C/C++ programming language),            Google search engine, using, 849
  635, 638                                           Gotmail, 496
GDM (GNOME Display Manager), 341                     gParted, 11-14
gdm display manager, configuring, 68-69              gpasswd command, 211
gdmsetup client, 69                                  GPG keys, 755
gdmsetup command, 75                                 gphoto2 client, 818
gecos field (password file), 221                     gprof (profile) command (C/C++ programming
gedit text editor (Linux), 93                          language), 635
General options (Writer), 134                        gprof command, 638
General setup subsection (kernel), 804               GPS (global positioning servers), 313
GetCodecs application, 174                           grabbers, 174
gftp command, 477                                    Gracenote CDDB Music Recognition Service, 163
Ghostscript, 185, 191                                granting
Ghostscript interpreter, 179, 444                        MySQL privileges, 402-403
Ghostscript printer drivers, 183                         privileges, PostgreSQL, 407-408
GIDs (group IDs), 209, 211                               system administration privileges to regular
gif (Graphics Interchange Format) files, 155               users, 225-229
GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program),               Grap view (System Monitor), 269
  142-143, 152-154, 177                              graphic interfaces, Apache web servers,
gimp command, 148                                      configuring, 364-366
GIMP Tool Kit (GTK), 142                             graphical configuration tools, networks, 298-300
GKrellM, 267-268                                     graphical database clients, 413
Glade client, 637-638                                graphical desktops, 88
glade-3 command, 638                                 graphical development tools, C/C++ programming
Global Learning Services (Red Hat), 850                tools, 636-638
global level privileges (MySQL), 402                 graphical login managers, X Windows System,
global options, Fetchmail, configuring, 492            support for, 57
global positioning servers (GPS), 313                graphical logins, 88
[global] section (/etc/samba/smb.conf file),         graphical process management tools, 267-270
  425-427                                            graphical process tools, 270
GNOME (Gnu Network Object Model Environment),        graphical user interfaces. See GUIs
  53, 814                                            graphics
    configuring, 55                                      F-Spot photo-management application, 160
    development of, 54-55                                formats, 155-157
    File Roller, 282-283                                 image captures, xwd Unix screenshot tool, 710
    games, 193                                           import command (ImageMagick), 709
    Glade client, 637-638                                manipulating
    handheld digital cameras, using, 158-159                 conversions, 155
    mailing list, 856                                        digital cameras, 157-161
    metacity window manager, 55                                   ,
                                                             GIMP 152-154
    website, 75                                              scanners, 153-155
    X Window System, 53                                      screen image capturing, 157
GNOME Display Manager (GDM), 341                     graphics cards, installing, 194-195
Gnome Office, 142-145, 148                           graphics drivers, importance of, 56
                                                                                header files        875



Graphics support subsection (kernel), 806             gunzip command, 83
Green, Andy, 335                                      gzip package, 83, 295, 796
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), 28, 708
greeting command, FTP version information,
  hiding, 460
grep command, 242, 256, 685, 693-694                  H
grep string file(s) command, 82                       hackers, crackers, compared, 656
Grid options (Writer), 134                            hacking, autohacking, 656
grolbp driver, 183                                    Hammel, Michael J., 177
Group directive (httpd.conf file), 368-369            Hancom Office, 146-148
groupadd command, 211                                 handheld digital cameras, 157-159
groupdel command, 211                                 hard disks, fine tuning, 669-674
groupmod command, 211                                 hard drive partitions, installation via, 838
groups                                                hard drive storage, planning for, 829-830
    adding, 211                                       hard drives
    deleting, 211                                        components of, 768
    devices, ownership changes, 211                      formatting, 779
    disk quotas, 229-231                                 installing, 779
    GIDs (group IDs), 209-211                            master/slave jumpers, 779
    managing, 210-212                                    partitioning, 22-25
    passwords                                         hard links, 696
        creating, 211                                 hardware
        managing, 220-225                                backups, 277-279
    permissions, 210-211                                 BIOS, problem detection, 234
        assigning, 216                                   compatibility, checking, 830-831
        directory permissions, 217-219                   controller cards, 830
        managing, 215-220                                controllerless modems, problems, 832
        sgid (set group ID) permissions, 219-220         CPUs (central processing units), 830, 833-834
    UPGs (User Private Groups), 210                      hard disks, performance tuning, 669-674
    users, adding to, 211                                input devices, 830
groups command, 231                                      inventories, preparing, 834, 837
growisofs command, 167-168                               legacy hardware, using, 828-829
grpck command, 211                                       memory, problems, 833-834
GRUB (Grand Unified Boot Loader) disk                    modems, 830
    nondefault runlevels, booting into, 240-241          motherboard-based hardware, problems, 833
    passwords, 240                                       motherboards, 831
    system boots, performing, 292-293                    multimedia, 171-174
GRUB boot loader, 39, 235                                network cards, 830
    configuring, 26-27                                   personal video recorders, 175-176
    installing, 25                                       pointing devices, 831
GRUB Manual, 259                                         printers, 831
“Grub, Glorious Grub,” 259                               problems, preparing for, 831-834
gs client, 179                                           RAM, 831
gs command, 184                                          sound cards, 831
gThumb, 159                                              storage devices, 831
GTK (GIMP Tool Kit), 142                                 symmetric multiprocessing, problems,
Gtk#, GUIs, creating, 650-651                              833-834
guest operating systems, setting up, Xen                 USB devices, problems, 832
  virtualization system, 348-349                         video cards, 831
GUI Network Configuration tool, 515                   hardware compatibility database (Red Hat), 845
GUIs (graphical user interfaces), 683                 hardware requirements, 828-829
    adoption of, 53                                   Hardware tab (system-config-display client), 65-66
    AIGLX, 56-57                                      hashes, Perl, 566-567
    Apache web servers, configuring, 364-366          HDLC (high-level data link control), 325
    creating, Gtk#, 650-651                           hdparm command, optimization, 671-672
    GNOME, 53-55                                      hdx=ide-scsi command, 670
    KDE, 73-74                                        header files, 630
    XFce, 74-75


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876       headerless files



headerless files, 170
headless servers, 235                                 I
Hejlsberg, Anders, 652                                I20 device support subsection (kernel), 805
Help command (emacs text editor), 96                  IBM
Heuser, Werner, 854                                        Linux website, 845, 850
Hewlett-Packard, Linux, use of, 814                        Linux, use of, 814
hfs modules (file system), 758                        Icecast, 152, 177
hidden processes, viewing, 269                        IceWM, 76
HIDs (human interface devices), 806                   icons
High Performance MySQL, 681                                Computer, 41, 44-45
high-level data link control (HDLC), 325                   Home, 41, 44-46
high-level formatting (file systems), 772                  shortcut icons, 42
HMAC-MD5 algorithm, 526                                    Trash, 41
home directories                                           web browser icon, 41
    commands, 86                                      IDE disks, bootloaders, 768
    users, creating, 213                              ide.txt document, 789
Home icon, 41, 44-46                                  idebus=xx command, 670
HOME lines (/etc/crontab file), 252                   Identify command (ImageMagick), 156
[homes] section (/etc/samba/smb.conf file),           Identity screen (Evolution), 115
  425-428                                             idex=ata66 command, 670
home-related features, Fedora, 818                    idex=autotune command, 670
home-user backup strategies, 275                      idex=dma command, 670
Horvath, David B., 639                                IEEE1394 (firewire) support subsection
host command, 520, 549                                   (kernel), 805
hosting                                               IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force), 179
    Linux file system, separate partitions, 841-842   if statements, shell scripts, 733
    virtual hosting, Apache web server, 382-384       if/else conditional statements, Perl programming
hostname command, 431                                    language, 571
Hotmail, 489                                          if/elsif/else listing (25.3), 571
Hotwayd, 496                                          ifconfig command, 92, 300-302, 310, 331, 431
How Multiple Conditional Statements Lead to Ugly      Iftp command, 477
  Code listing (27.3), 611                            IIS (Internet Information Services), 354
HOWTO documents, 851                                  ImageMagick
    chroot-BIND, 544                                       convert utility, 156
    Config HOWTO Software Configuration, 232               Identify command, 156
    disk quotas, 231                                       import command, 709
    DVDs, 166                                              website, 178
    LILO configuration, 809                           images
    LVM, 781                                               formats, 155-157
    Network Boot and Exotic Root, 659                      manipulating
    Path HOWTO, 232                                           conversions, 155
    Shadow-Password, 232                                      digital cameras, 157-161
    User-Authentication, 232                                        ,
                                                              GIMP 152-154
    VideoLAN, 176                                             scanners, 153-155
htaccess configuration files (Apache web server),             screen image capturing, 157
  runtime server configuration settings, 371-372      IMAP on Linux: A Practical Guide, 499
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), 111, 626            immutable files, 759
htpasswd command, 375                                 import command (ImageMagick), 709
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), 16, 111           importing OpenOffice.org to Microsoft formats,
httpd command, 386                                       130
httpd.conf file, Apache web servers, 367-370          Impress (OpenOffice.org), 131
human interface devices (HIDs), 806                   in-line kernels, 791
hwclock command, 28                                   include file, 630
hwclock shell command, 709                            include keyword (PHP), 614
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), 111                 Includes switch (Options directive), 371
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), 111               incremental backups with full backups,
hyphenation dictionaries, OpenOffice.org, 133            276-277, 281
                                                                        Internet Relay Chat          877



indexes, files, finding, 698                              FTP software, 447-449
Indexes switch (Options directive), 371                   games, 195-200
individual files, machines, copying between, 338          hard drives, 779
inheritance, 593-596                                      OpenOffice.org, 131-133
init process, 235                                         operating systems, challenges, 821
init scripts, 241-242                                     Postfix, 490
initial RAM disk images, creating, 806-807                proprietary video cards, 194-195
initializing data directory, PostgreSQL, 404-405          Samba, 419
initrd image file, examining, 784-785                     Squid proxy servers, 502
initrd.txt document, 789                                  Xen virtualization system, 347-348
inittab file (/etc directory), 84                     installed RPM package listings, 849-850
inodes, file attributes, 759                          Instant Messaging (IM), Pidgin, 121-122
input, typed input, 5                                 integer data type (PHP), 601
Input device support subsection (kernel), 806         integers, Python scripting language, 581
input devices, 830                                    Intel-based Linux distributions, 853
input redirection, 255                                interfaces
InputDevice section (xorg.conf configuration              AIGLX, 56-57
  file), 61                                               Apache web servers, configuring, 364-366
InputDevice section (xorg.conf file), 59, 61              GNOME, 53-55
INSERT statement (SQL), 395                               GUIs, 683
insmod command, modules, managing, 792                        adoption of, 53
INSTALL files, 357                                            creating, 650-651
installation                                              KDE, 73-74
     Apache web servers, 355-359                          localhost interfaces, 307-309
     boot loaders, 25                                     network interfaces, configuring, 300-302
     database clients, 389                                Python, getting, 580
     database servers, 389                                XFce, 74-75
     DHCP client software, 315-316                    InterMezzo network file system, 761
     Fedora, 16-17, 821-822                           Internet
         Anaconda, 19                                     browsing, 111-113
         boot loaders, 25-27                              connecting to, 818
         boot screen, 17                                  development of, 111
         CD-ROM installation, 14-15                       email clients, 114-119
         DVD-ROM installation, 13-15                      installation via, 838
         finishing, 32-33                                 Instant Messaging, Pidgin, 121-122
         firstboot configuration, 34-38                   IRC (Internet Relay Chat), 122-124
         hard drive strorage, 829-830                     Pan newsreader, 125-126
         hardware compatibility, 830-831                  RSS readers, 119-120
         hardware inventory, 834, 837                     Usenet Newsgroups, 124-125
         hardware problems, 831-834                       videoconferencing, Ekiga, 127-128
         hardware requirements, 828-829               Internet Connection Wizard, 320-331
         install-process preparation, 837-839         Internet connections
         kickstart installation method, 842-845           dial-up Internet access, configuring, 324-331
         media checks, 18                                 networks, 320-321
         monitor settings, 17                                 common configuration, 321-322
         multiple ethernet devices, 27                        DSL access configuration, 322-323
         network configuration, 27                            PPPoE, 323-324
         network installation, 15-16                      troubleshooting, 331
         partition strategies, 10-14                  Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), 179
         partitioning, 839-842                        Internet Explorer (MS), Squid proxy server,
         partitions, 22-25                              configuration for, 502
         planning, 9-14, 822-827                      Internet Information Services (IIS), 354
         root password creation, 29-30                Internet Printing Protocol (IPP), 179, 191
         root user account creation, 29-30            Internet Printing Protocol standards website, 444
         software installation, 30-33                 Internet Protocol. See IP (Internet Protocol)
         software selection, 30-33                    Internet Relay Chat. See IRC (Internet Relay Chat)
         starting, 17-21
         time zone setting, 28


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878       Internet resources



Internet resources, 847-848                           joe text editor (Linux), 93
     IRC (Internet Relay Chat), 857                   Journal File System (JSF), 766
     mailing lists, 856-857                           journal mode, ext3 disk file system, 764, 774
     newsgroups, 854-856                              journaling file systems, 761, 766
     search engines, 848-849                          journaling options, ext3 file system, 764
     websites, 848-854                                Joy, Bill, 94
Internet service providers (ISPs), 511                jpg (Joint Photographic Experts Group) file
Internet workstation, 46                                format, 155
interpreting shell scripts through specific shells,   JSP (JavaServer Pages), 410
  714-715
intranet websites, Apache web servers, 384
intranets, 353
inventories, hardware, preparing, 834, 837            K
IP (Internet Protocol) addresses, 511                 kate text editor (Linux), 93
     dynamic assignments, 321                         kcontrol command, 74
     fixed IP address assignments, 299                kdat tool, backups, creating, 283-284
     leases, 314                                      KDE (K Desktop Environment), 73-74
     limits, 313-314                                     ark tool, 283-284
     static IP address assignments, 299                  games, 193
IP masquerading, 319                                     kdat tool, 283-284
IPP (Internet Printing Protocol), 179, 191               Konqueror web browser, 113
IRC (Internet Relay Chat) clients, 122-124               mailing list, 856
     resources, 857                                      processes, monitoring, 270
     root users, using as, 226                           website, 75
IRCd servers, 124                                     KDEedu, 200-201
IrDA (infrared) support subsection (kernel), 805      KDevelop client, 636-637
isalnum( ) method, Python, 584                        kdevelop command, 638
ISC (Internet Software Consortium), 524               kdf tool, 270
isdigit( ) method, Python, 584                        kdm display manager, configuring, 69-70
ISDN subsystem subsection (kernel), 805               kedit text editor (Linux), 93
islower( ) method, Python, 584                        kernel (Linux), 787-788
iso9660 file system, 767                                 /usr/src/kernels/yourkernelversion
ISPs (Internet service providers), 511                     directory, 789
isset( ) function, 622-623                               backing up, 799
istitle( ) method, Python, 584                           compiling, 798-808
isupper( ) method, Pyhton, 584                           configuring, 801-806
iTunes, 149                                              GNU tools, 788
iwconfig command, 310, 331                               gzip package, 796
iwlist command, 310                                      initial RAM disk images, creating, 806-807
iwpriv command, 311                                      interacting with, /proc directory, 86-87
iwspy command, 311                                       introduction of, 788
                                                         loading, 235-236
                                                         Makefiles, 788
J                                                        managing, 809
                                                         optimizing, 674-675
Jabber, 122                                              patching, 797-798
Jackson, John R., 296                                    recompiling, 794
JavaServer Pages (JSP), 410                              retaining current version, 800
JetDirect, 415                                           source tree, 788-790
JFS (Journal File System), 761, 766                      sources, obtaining, 796-797
jfs modules (file system), 758                           speeding up, 800
job-control commands, 255                                subsections, 804-806
jobs                                                     troubleshooting, 807-809
    print jobs, managing, 441-442                        versions, 795-796
    running repeatedly, cron daemon, 251-254          kernel hackers, 790
    system jobs, editing, 252                         Kernel hacking subsection (kernel), 806
                                                      Linus Linux kernel, introduction of          879



kernel modules                                        LANs (local area networks), printing, enabling,
     file system, 758                                    431-434
     file systems, 758                                laptops, Linux resources, 853-854
     Livina repository, 194-195                       large-enterprise backup strategies, 275
kernel oops, 808-809                                  last command, 214
Kernel Traffic.org, 809                               lastb command, 214
kernel-parameters.txt document, 789                   LBA (Logical Block Addressing), 779
kernel-xen package, 347                               LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol),
Kernel.org, 809                                          551-552
kernels, 787, 791                                          assigning passwords to, 553
     C programming language, 630                           client configuration, 557-558
     device drivers, 790                                   CN (common name), 552, 555
     disk drives, tuning, 670                              directories, populating, 554-556
     in-line kernels, 791                                  DNs (distinguished names), 552-554
     modular kernels, 791-794                              entry components, 555
     monolithic kernels, 791                               LDIF, 554
     numbering schema, 816                                 managing, 558-559
     patched kernels, 794                                            ,
                                                           OpenLDAP 551, 556
     RAM disk images, 807                                  references, 559
     recompiling, 794                                      server configuration, 552-556
     selecting, 791                                   LDAP Directories Explained, 559
key buffer usage, MySQL, measuring, 677-678           LDAP System Administration, 559
key-based logins, 339-340                             ldapadd command, 556
keyboards, 830                                        ldapsearch command, 556
keys                                                  LDIF (LDAP Data Interchange Format), 554
     array elements, 602                              LDP Author Guide”, 851
     Python dictionaries, 587                         LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable
keys function (Perl), 567                                (Linux), 91
keys( ) method, Python, 587                           -le number comparison operators, 726
kibitz command, 258                                   Learning Perl, 578
kickstart installation method, 842-845                Learning Python, 597
kill command, 263-264                                 leases (IP addresses), 314
kill-SIGHUP command, 507                              legacy hardware, using, 828-829
Kirch, OLaf, 851                                      legacy printers, troubleshooting, 442-443
KMail, 118-119                                        Lemay, Laura, 578
kmail command, 499                                    less command, 685, 694-696, 793
Kochan, Stephen G., 639                               less filename command, 82
KOffice, 144-148                                      LessTif project, 76
Komarinski, Mark F., 851                              levels, backups, Unix, 275
Konqueror web browser (KDE), 113, 386, 477, 502       lftp command, 477
korn command, 499                                     Liberty, Jesse, 639, 652
Korn, David G., 736                                   libraries
Korn, Jeffery, 736                                         Mono, 647-651
koshell command, 148                                       shared libraries, 84
ksh shell, 255                                        Library routines subsection (kernel), 806
kspread command, 148                                  licensing, Fedora, 2
ksysguard tool, 270                                   Liferea, 119-120
KWord (KOffice), 145                                  Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. See LDAP
                                                      LILO boot loader, 235, 259
                                                      LILO User’s Guide, 259
                                                      Limit switch (AllowOverrides directive), 372
L                                                     linkers, 630
                                                      links
lame delegation, 539
                                                           creating, ln command, 696-697
lame servers, 539
                                                           hard links, 696
LANG environment variable (Linux), 90
                                                           symbolic links, 696
Langfeldt, Nicolai, 549
                                                      Linus Linux kernel, introduction of, 788



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880      Linux



Linux                                               Linux Kernel Archives website, 809
    businesses, use of, 814                         “Linux Kernel Module Programming Guide,” 851
    certification courses, 850                      “Linux Kernel Rebuild Guide, The,” 810
    commercial support, 850                         “Linux Network Administrator’s Guide, The,” 851
    compilation dates, viewing, 816                 Linux Professional Institute, 850
    directories, basic directories, 81              Linux Standard Base website, 259
    environment variables, 90-93                    Linux System Administrator’s Security Guide
    Internet resources, 847-848                        website, 232
        IRC (Internet Relay Chat), 857              Linux TV Project, 176
        mailing lists, 856-857                      Linux USB project website, 845
        newsgroups, 854, 856                        Linux Users Groups (LUGs), joining, 851
        search engines, 848-849                     Linux.org, 846
        websites, 848-854                           LinuxGames.com, 202
    kernel, 787-788                                 Listen directive (httpd.conf file), 368
        /usr/src/kernels/yourkernelversion          listing processes, ps command, 701
          directory, 789                            listings
        backing up, 799                                  20.1 (Shadow Password File ftp User
        C programming language, 630                        Entry), 449
        compiling, 798-807                               20.2 (xinetd Configuration File for wu-ftpd),
        configuring, 801-806                               451
        GNU tools, 788                                   20.3 (ftphosts Configuration File for Allowing
        gzip package, 796                                  or Denying Users), 471
        initial RAM disk image creation, 806-807         20.4 (ftpwho -V Command Output), 473
        introduction of, 788                             20.5 (Sample /var/log/xferlog File with
        Makefiles, 788                                     Inbound and Outbound Logging), 476
        managing, 809                                    25.1 (Simple Perl Program), 564
        numbering schema, 816                            25.2 (Displaying the Contents of the env
        patching, 797-798                                  Hash), 567
        recompiling, 794                                 25.3 (if/elsif/else), 571
        retaining current version, 800                   25.4 (Using Backticks to Access the
        source tree, 788-790                               Shell), 575
        sources, 796-797                                 27.1 (Testing Types in PHP), 601
        speeding up, 800                                 27.2 (Manipulating Arrays), 603
        subsections, 804-806                             27.3 (How Multiple Conditional Statements
        troubleshooting, 807-809                           Lead to Ugly Code), 611
        versions, 795-796                                27.4 (Using a switch/case Block), 611
    logging into, 88-90                                  27.5 (Setting and Unsetting Variables), 623
    logging out from remote computers, 89-90             installed package listings, 849-850
    MS-DOS, compared, 78                            lists, Python scripting language, 585-587
    permissions, 96-101                             Live CDs, 9, 17
    popularity of, 814                              Livna repository, 194-195
    Python scripting language, 579-580              Livna yum repository, 755
    Red Hat Linux, 1, distribution of, 813          ln command, 358, 685, 696-697
    root accounts, working as, 102-105              Loadable module support subsection (kernel), 804
    text editors, 93-94                             loading
        console-based text editors, 93                   kernel, 235-236
        emacs text editor, 95-96                         modules, 794
        vi text editor, 94-95                       local printers, 180
    UNIX, compared, 814                                  configuring, 185-191
“Linux Administration Made Easy” Linux guide, 851        print queues, creating, 185-189
“Linux Consultants Guide”, 851                           print settings, editing, 189-191
Linux Documentation Project, 295, 851               local repositories, creating with yum tool, 753-755
Linux file system, hosting, separate partitions,    local-GUI-client access, database clients, 410
  841-842                                           localhost interfaces, 308-309
Linux FireWire project website, 845                 locate command, 685, 698
“Linux from Scratch” Linux guide, 851               locate file (Linux), 82
Linux Gazette.com, 259                              locking user accounts, 214
                                                     manually restoring, partition tables           881



LogFormat statements (Apache web server), 385         MACHINE environment variable (Linux), 91
logging                                               Macintosh partitions (file system), 760
     Apache web servers, 384-386                      Macromedia Flash plug-in, 175
     BIND, 532-533                                    Maelstrom, 193-194
logging out, Linux, 89-90                             magic cookies, 461-462, 474-475
logical comparison operators (comparison of           mail command, 499
   expression), 728-729                               mail daemons, 497
logical comparisons (comparison of expression),       mail relaying, Sendmail, configuring, 487
   728                                                mail server options, Fetchmail, configuring,
Logical Disk Manager partitions (file system), 760     492-493
Logical Volume Management (LVM), 22, 781              Mail User Agents (MUAs), 483-484
logins                                                maildir (Qmail), 482
     brute-forcing, 339                               mailing lists, 856-857
     Fedora, 38-39                                    MailScanner, 496
     graphical logins, 88                             MAILTO lines (/etc/crontab file), 252
     Linux, 89-90                                     Main( ) method, 644
     SSH (secure shell) remote logins, 320, 339       maintenance mode (Runlevel 1), 237
logname command, 231                                  major version section (kernel), 795
logout command, 89                                    make bzImage command, 800
logwatch command, configuring, 719                    make clean command, kernel, compiling, 800
lokkit command, 331, 663, 666                         make command, 638, 685, 797, 809
long integers, Python scripting language, 581         make command (C/C++ programming language),
loopback file systems, 781-783                         630-632
loopback interfaces, 307-309                          make config utility, kernel, configuring, 801
loops                                                 make install command, 801
     endless loops, 730-731                           make menu config utility, kernel, configuring, 802
     Perl programming language, 572-574, 588-590      make modules command, kerenl compilation, 800
        ,
     PHP 612-614                                      make modules_install command, 801
Lord of the Rings, The, 152                           make utility, 790
losetup command, loopback file systems,               make xconfig utility, kernel, configuring, 802-806
   creating, 782                                      makefiles, 631-632
LostCircuits.com, 259                                 makefiles
low-level formatting (DOS), 772                          Linux kernel, 788
lp command, 183, 191, 440, 443                           Targets, creating, 631-632
lpadmin command, 183                                  man command, 106, 566, 685, 700
lpc command, 183, 191, 440-441, 443                   man pages, 106-107
lpd.perms man page, 432                                  graphics manipulation, 156
lpf command, 183                                         shells, 255
lpq command, 191, 440-443                             managing
lpr command, 441                                         compressed files, command line, 83-84
lprm command, 183, 191, 440-443                          files with shell, 82-83
LPRng Print services restrictions, 432                   groups, 210-212
lpstat command, 183, 191, 440, 443                       LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol),
ls command, 97, 215, 217, 685, 698-699                      558-559
lsmod command, modules, managing, 792                    passwords, 220-225
lspci command, 172                                       permissions, 215-220
lsraid command, 785                                      print services, 183-185
-lt number comparison operators, 726                     users, 212-215
LUGs (Linux Users Groups), joining, 851               “Managing Initscripts with Red Hat’s chkconfig,”
lusers, 209                                            259
LVM (Logical Volume Management), 781                  Manipulating Arrays listing (27.2), 603
                                                      manual pages, reading, man command, 700
                                                      manually configuring
                                                         disk quotas, 230-231
M                                                        loopback interfaces, 308-309
                                                      manually restoring, partition tables, 290-291
.m3u file format, 152
Mac OS X, 78



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882      manually starting



manually starting                                 Microsoft formats, OpenOffice.org, importing/
   Apache web servers, 360-361                     exporting to, 130
   system services, 248                           Microsoft Office, OpenOffice.org, compatibility, 129
manually stopping, system services, 248           Microsoft Windows, productivity applications,
MAPI (Microsoft’s Messaging Application Program    147-148
 Interface), 498                                  Microsoft’s Messaging Application Program
Marvel TV-tuner/video display cards, 172           Interface (MAPI), 498
Masquerading, Sendmail, configuring, 485          Migration Center (Red Hat), 823, 845
Master Boot Record. See MBR                       MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)
master nameservers, 517                            protocol, 124
mastering DVDs, 166                               mini-CD Linux distributions, 852
Mastering Regular Expressions, 256                minimum hardware requirements, 828-829
Math (OpenOffice.org), 131                        minimum system requirements, 818
math operators, Perl, 569                         Minix.org, 810
Matrox Marvel TV-tuner/video display cards, 172   minor version section (kernel), 795
Matrox Rainbow Runner G-Series TV-tuner/video     mirroring data, 277
 display cards, 172                               miscellaneous fonts, X Windows System, 58
max clients setting (vsftpd server default        mkbootdisk command, 809
 settings), 455                                   mkdir command, 217, 685, 700
max per ip setting (vsftpd server default         mkdosfs command, DOS file system, creating,
 settings), 455                                    774-775
mbox format, 482                                  mke2fs command, 772-773
MBR (Master Boot Record), 235, 290, 768           mkfs command, 785
mc (Midnight Commander) tool, files, copying,     mkfs.ext2 command, 772
 288-289                                          mkfs.ext3 command, 773-774
mc command, 258                                   mkfs.msdos command, 772
MDAs (mail delivery agents), 483                  mkfs.vfat command, 772
   choosing, 495-497                              mkinitrd command, 809
   FetchYahoo, 497                                mkisofs command, 164-165, 785
   Gotmail, 496                                   mkreiserfs command, 774, 785
   Hotwayd, 496                                   mkswap command, 785
   MailScanner, 496                               Mode toggle command (vi text editor), 94
   Procmail, 495                                  modems, 830-832
   Spamassassin, 495-496                          moderated newsgroups, 124
   Squirrelmail, 496                              modinfo command, modules, managing, 792
measuring key buffer usage, MySQL, 677-678        modprobe command, modules, managing, 792
media, backups, 277-278                           modprobe.conf file (/etc directory), 84
   CD-RW drives, 278                              modular kernels, 791-794
   DVD+RW/-RW drives, 278-279                     Module section (xorg.conf file), 59-61
   FireWire (IEEE-1394) hard drives, 278          modules
   network storage, 279                              Apache web servers, 377-382
   software, 280-286                                      dynamic modules, 360
   tape drives, 279                                       MPMs (multiprocessing modules), 370
meminfo file, 86                                          static modules, 360
memory                                               file systems, 758, 760
   free/used memory, displaying, 266-267             kernel, Livina repository, 194-195
   problems, preparing for, 833-834                  loading, 794
Memory Technology Devices (MTDs) subsection          managing, 792-794
 (kernel), 804                                       PAM (Pluggable Authentication Modules),
menu options, 43-44                                     222-224
message delivery intervals, Sendmail,                Perl programming language, 576-577
 configuring, 486                                    Python scripting language, 596
metacity, download page, 76                          removing, 793
metacity window manager, GNOME, 55                mod_access module (Apache web server), 378
metadata, 757                                     mod_alias module (Apache web server), 378
mformat command, 785                              mod_asis module (Apache web server), 378
Microsoft Exchange Server, alternatives to,       mod_auth module (Apache web server), 379
 497-498                                          mod_auth_anon module (Apache web server), 379
                                                                               multimedia       883



mod_auth_dbm module (Apache web server), 379         motherboards, 831
mod_auth_digest module (Apache web                   mound command, command-line options, 776
 server), 379                                        mount command, 418, 760, 785
mod_autoindex module (Apache web server), 379           components of, 776
mod_cgi module (Apache web server), 379                 file systems, mounting, 775-776
mod_dir module (Apache web server), 380                 Samba shares, mounting, 430
mod_env module (Apache web server), 380              mounting
mod_expires module (Apache web server), 380             file systems, 760, 775-779
mod_headers module (Apache web server), 380             partitions, 780-781, 784
mod_include module (Apache web server), 380             shares, Samba, 430
mod_info module (Apache web server), 380             Mourani, Gerhard, 851
mod_log_config module (Apache web server), 380       mouse devices, 62
mod_mime module (Apache web server), 381             mouseconfig command, 74
mod_negotiation module (Apache web                   mov file format, 174
 server), 381                                        Mozilla Firefox, 112-113, 119-120, 128
mod_proxy module (Apache web server), 381            Mozilla Thunderbird email client, 117-118
mod_rewrite module (Apache web server), 381          MP3 files, 170-171
mod_setenvif module (Apache web server), 381         MP3 support, 47
mod_spelling module (Apache web server), 381         mpage command, 183
mod_ssl module (Apache web server), 382              MPEG files, 170, 174
mod_status module (Apache web server), 382           MPlayer video player, 177
mod_unique_id module (Apache web server), 382        MPMs (multiprocessing modules), Apache web
mod_userdir module (Apache web server), 382           servers, 370
mod_vhost_alias module (Apache web                   mpm_common multiprocessing module (Apache
 server), 382                                         web server), 370
Monitor section (xorg.conf file), 59, 62             MS-DOS, 78
monitoring user activity, 214-215                    msdos modules (file system), 758
monitoring tools                                     MTAs (mail transfer agents), 479-480
   console-based monitoring, 261-263                    choosing, 482-484
   disk quotas, 267                                     Exim, 482
   free/used memory, displaying, 266                    Fetchmail, 490-494
   graphical process management tools, 267-270          Hotmail, 489
   graphical process/system management                  Postfix, 481, 489-490
      tools, 269                                        Procmail, 483
   kill command, 263-264                                Qmail, 481-482
   priority scheduling, 264-266                         Sendmail, 480-481
   system management tools, 267-270                          building, 487
monitors                                                     configuring, 484-485
   configuring, 64                                           email forwarding, 488
   settings, Fedora installation, 17                         email rejection, 488-489
Mono, 641                                                    mail relaying, 487
   advantages of, 641-642                                    message delivery intervals, 486
   C# programs, 644-645                                      smart hosts, 485-486
   command-line tools, 642-644                          Spamassassin, 483
   error checking, 646                               MUAs (Mail User Agents), 483-484
   GUIs, creating, 650-651                           multi-core machines, Fedora, running on, 819
   libraries, 647-651                                Multi-device support subsection (kernel), 805
   MonoDevelop, 643-644, 651                         multi-session CDs, creating, 166
   parameters, printing out, 645                     multidimensional arrays (PHP), 602
   references, 651                                   multimedia, 47, 149
   variables, creating, 645-646                         CDs, burning, 161-168
   website, 651                                         DVDs, burning, 161-168
MonoDevelop, 643-644, 651                               gaming
monolithic kernels, 791                                      KDEedu package, 200-201
Monty Python’s Flying Circus, 597                            video driver installation, 194-195
motherboard-based hardware, problems,                        Windows games, 201-202
 preparing for, 833                                     games, installing, 195-200



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884       multimedia



   graphics manipulation                         name-based virtual hosting, Apache web server,
       digital cameras, 157-161                    383-384
             ,
       GIMP 152-154                              named.conf file, 527-529
       graphics conversion, 155                  nameservers
       graphics formats, 155-157                     authoritative nameservers, 517
       scanners, 153-155                             caching nameservers, configuring, 522-524
       screen image capturing, 157                   DNS, 517-518
   intellectual property rights, 152                 master nameservers, 517
   music, 149-152, 168-171                           querying, 519-521
   sound, 168-171                                    serial numbers, maintaining, 540
   sound cards, 169-170                              slave nameservers, 517
   storage capacity, 166                         nano command, 258
   TV cards, 171-174                             nano text editor (Linux), 93
   TV/video, 171                                 NAS (Network Attached Storage), 279
   video, viewing, 171-176                       NAT (network address translation), 313, 319
   video cards, 171-174                          National Security Agency (NSA), 35
   video formats, 174                            Nautilus, 162, 477
Multimedia devices subsection (kernel), 806      nautilus command, 477
multiple files, machines, copying between, 339   navigating
multiple workspaces, 72                              Fedora, 43-46
multiprocessing modules (MPMs), Apache web           file systems, command line, 80-82
 servers, 370                                    ncftp command, 477
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME)     NcFTPd servers, 446-447
 protocol, 124                                   ncurses-based command-line configuration
MultiViews switch (Options directive), 372         tools, 244
music, listening to, 149-152                     -ne number comparison operators, 726
mutt command, 499                                Nessus, vulnerability assessments, performing,
mv command, 685, 701                               657-658
mv file dir command, 82                          .NET Framework, 641-642
mv file1 file2 command, 82                       .NET Framework Essentials, 652
myenv shell script, 712-714                      NetBoot, 235
MySQL                                            netconfig command, 332
   configuring, 400-403                          NETGEAR, 435-436
   data lookups, 398-399                         netmasks, 313
   data protection, 399                          netstat command, 304
   database clients, 408-412                     NetWare, 297
   databases, creating, 401-402                  network address translation (NAT), 313, 319
   key buffer usage, measuring, 677-678          Network Attached Storage (NAS), 279
   measuring key buffer usage, 678               network cards, 830
   PostgreSQL, compared, 397-400                 network interface cards. See NICs
   privileges, 402-403                           network configuration, Fedora, 27
   query caches, 678-680                         network configuration files, 305-307
   query optimization, 680                       Network File System. See NFS
   read buffers, 680                             network file systems, 760-761
   root users, passwords, 401                    network hosts, configuring, DHCP (Dynamic Host
   table caches, 680                               Configuration Protocol), 316-318
   tuning, 676-680                               network installation, Fedora, 15-16
   website, 414                                  network interfaces, configuring, 300-302
mysql command, 413                               Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP), 125
mysqladmin command, 402, 413                     network newsgroups, 124-126
mysqldump command, 414                           network sniffing, 662
MythTV, 176                                      network status, displaying, 304
                                                 network storage, 279
                                                 network subnet/host address network
                                                   parameters, 314
N                                                networking
-n string expression operators, 724                         ,
                                                     TCP/IP 309-310
name resolution, DNS, 511, 518                       wireless networking, 310-314
                                                 Networking support subsection (kernel), 805
                                                                                    OpenLDAP               885



NetworkManager, wireless networks, configuring,       NSA (National Security Agency), 35
  50-51                                               nslookup command, nameservers, querying,
networks                                                520-521
    backups, 659                                      nsupdate command, 549
    classes, 312                                      ntfs modules (file system), 758
    configuration files, 305                          ntsysv command, 242-244, 249
    configuration tools, 297-307                      number comparisons (comparison of expression),
          ,
    DHCP 314-320                                        725, 727
    dial-up access, 326, 331                          numbering schema, kernels, 816
    file sharing, Samba, 419-430                      numbers, Python scripting language, 581-582
    firewalls, configuring, 663-664                   numeric comparison operators, Perl programming
    ifconfig, 301                                       language, 568
    Internet connections, 320-331                     NVDIA video drivers
    localhost interfaces, 308-309                         installing, 194-195
    NAT (network address translation), 313                Linux driver support forum, 202
    NFS (Network File System), 415-418                    Linux drivers, 202
    passwords, 659-660
    physical security, 659-660
    printers, configuring, 435-436
    printing, 431                                     O
         CUPS, 437-440
                                                      -o logical comparison operators, 728
         enabling, 431-434
                                                      object data type (PHP), 601
         session message block printing, 434-435
                                                      object variables, Python scripting language,
    security, 660-665
                                                        592-593
    wireless networks
                                                      OCR (optical character recognition), 154
         access points, 659
                                                      OCS (Oracle Collaboration Suite), 498
         configuring, 49-51
                                                      Office (Microsoft), OpenOffice.org, compatibility,
         securing, 658-659
                                                        129
“New Korn Shell, The,” 736
                                                      office suite, 46
news.gmane.org, 125
                                                      OfficeJet Linux driver project (HP) website, 442
newsgroups (Usenet), 124-126, 854-856
                                                      Ogg audio format, 149
newsreaders, Pan newsreader, 125-126
                                                      Ogg-Vorbis files, 170
newusers command, 225, 231
                                                      Old CD-ROM drivers subsection (kernel), 805
next statements, Perl programming language, 573
                                                      oocalc command, 148
NFS (Network File System), 239, 415-416, 761
                                                      ooimpress command, 148
    client configuration, 418
                                                      OOP (object-oriented programming), Python
    installation via, 838
                                                        scripting language, 591-592
    server configuration, 416-418
                                                          class inheritance, 593-595
    uses of, 415
                                                          classes, 592-593
nfs modules (file system), 758
                                                          constructors, 593
nice command, 264
                                                          destructors, 593
NICs (network cards), 297
                                                          modules, 596
    configuring, 310
                                                          multiple inheritance, 595-596
    promiscuous mode, 661
                                                          object variables, 592-593
nmap command, 435, 657-658, 667
                                                          references, 597
NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol), 125
                                                          Vaults of Parnassus, 596
noatun viewer, 175
                                                          website, 597
noload mode, ext3 disk file system, 774
                                                      oowriter command, 148
non-rectangular windows, X Windows System,
                                                      Open Xchange message server, 498
  support for, 57
                                                      open-source development model, Red Hat, 814
nondefault runlevels, booting into, 240-241
                                                      OpenBSD, 78
None switch (Options directive), 371
                                                      OpenDocument, standardization, 141
normal integers, Python scripting language, 581
                                                      OpenLDAP, 551
Northrup, Charles J., 736
                                                          file permissions, 556
Novell website, 76
                                                          website, 559
NS records, 531




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886      OpenOffice.org



OpenOffice.org, 130                                 Oracle, Linux, use of, 814
   Base, 131                                        Oracle Collaboration Suite (OCS), 498
   Calc, 130, 136                                   ordered mode, ext3 disk file system, 764, 774
        data summarization, 139-141                 organizational units (OUs), 554
        formatting, 138-139                         Orwant, Jon, 578
        starting, 137-138                           OSS (Open Sound System) sound card drivers, 169
   configuring, 131-133                             OUs (organizational unit), 554
   development of, 131                              Outlook, 498
   Dia, 131                                         output, paging through, less command, 694-696
   Draw, 131                                        output redirection, 255
   hyphenation dictionaries, 133                    overburning CDs, 166
   Impress, 131                                     ownership, files, users, 206
   installing, 131-133
   Math, 131
   Microsoft formats, importing/exporting to, 130
   Microsoft Office, compatibility, 129             P
   Planner, 131
                                                    packages, 46
   spelling dictionaries, 133
                                                       dvd+rw-tools, 167
   website, 132
                                                       FTP servers, 446
   Writer, 130, 133-136
                                                       games, 47
OpenPVR, 176
                                                       Internet workstation, 46
OpenSound.com, 177
                                                       inventory management, yum tool, 748
OpenSSH servers, 446
                                                       multimedia, 47
   configuring, 336-337
                                                       office suite, 46
   ftp command, 337
                                                       removing, yum command, 747
   rcp command, 337
                                                       RPM (Red hat Package Manager), 738
   scp command, 338
                                                    packet browsing, 662
   sftp command, 339
                                                    packet writing, DVDs, 167-168
   ssh-keygen command, 339-341
                                                    PAM (Pluggable Authentication Modules),
   website, 343, 477
                                                     222-224, 232
OpenSSH-related tools, 659
                                                    Pan newsreaders, 125-126
operands, 607
                                                    panels (desktop), 41
operating systems
                                                    Parallel port support subsection (kernel), 804
   guest operating systems, setting up, 348-349
                                                    parameters
   installing, challenges, 821
                                                       BSD-style parameters, 701
operator overloading, Python scripting
                                                       Mono, printing out, 645
 language, 585
                                                       positional parameters, shell script variables,
operators
                                                          716-718
   Perl programming language, 568-570
                                                    paravirtualization, virtualization, compared, 346
       ,
   PHP 607-610
                                                    parted command, 771, 785
   Python scripting language, 581
                                                    partition tables
optical character recognition (OCR), 154
                                                       creating, 769-771, 779
optimization, 669
                                                       manually restoring, 290-291
   Apache web server, 675-676
                                                    partitioned disks, file systems, creating on,
   benchmarks, 669
                                                     772-774
   file systems, 672-673
                                                    partitioning installations, 839-842
   hard disks, 669-674
                                                    partitioning hard drives, 22-25
   kernel, 674-675
                                                    PartitionMagic utility, 39
   MySQL, 676-680
                                                    partitions, 10
   references, 681
                                                       extended partitions, 769
optimizing, Linux kernel, 674
                                                       file systems, 760
options
                                                       files, transferring to, 780-781
   rpm command, 739-744
                                                       Linux file system, hosting, 841-842
   Writer (OpenOffice.org), 134
                                                       mounting, 780-781, 784
Options directive (Apache web server), 371-372
                                                       strategies, 10-14
options field (ftpconversions file), 469
                                                    passive command, 454
Options switch (AllowOverrides directive), 372
                                                    passwd command, 213, 231
                                                                                           PHP          887



passwd file (/etc directory), 85                         documentation, 566
passwd files, 205                                        hashes, 567
password files, 221-222                                  if/else, 571
password policies, 221                                   loops, 572-574
passwords                                                operators, 568-570
                     ,
   assigning, LDAP 553                                   references, 578
   batch passwords, changing, 225                        regular expressions, 574-575
   BIOS, 29                                              scalars, 566
   boot loaders, 29                                      shell, 575-577
   bootloaders, 659                                      simple Perl program example, 564-566
   creating for groups, 211                              string constants, 570
   FTP users, 448                                        system logging, 564
   GRUB, 240                                             variables, 566-568
   managing, 220-225                                     versions, 564
   MySQL root users, setting, 401                     Perl Journal, The, 578
   networks, 659-660                                  Perl language home page, 577
   password files, 221-222                            Perl Mongers website, 578
   policies, 221                                      perldoc command, 566
   root passwords, 29-30                              perlfunc document, accessing, 566
   shadow passwords, 222-223                          permission control directives, wu-ftpd servers,
   system password policies, 221                       configuring, 464-466
   users, updating, 213                               permissions
patch command, 638, 798                                  assigning, 216
patched kernels, 794                                     directory permissions, 217-219
patching Linux kernel, 797-798                           file access permissions, changing, 689
PATH environment variable (Linux), 91                    file permissions, 213, 556
Path HOWTO document, 232                                 files, 759
PATH lines (/etc/crontab file), 252                      FTP users, assigning, 448
pattern-matching support, shells, 256-257                group permissions, 210-211
PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) Express          Linux, 96-101
 cards, 833                                              managing, 215-220
pci=biosirq command, 670                                 sgid (set group ID) permissions, 219-220
pcx (IBM Paintbrush) files, 155                          suid (set user ID) permissions, 219-220
PDAs, Linux resources, 853-854                        personal video recorders, 175-176
PDFs, standardization, 141                            pgaccess command, 414
pdksh command, comparison of expressions,             pg_ctl command, 414
 724-729                                              Phoenix, Tom, 578
pdksh shell, 255                                      Photoshop, GIMP, compared, 153
peak performance, Apache web servers,                 PHP
 configuring for, 366                                    arrays, 602-603
performance tuning, 669                                  comments, 604
   Apache web server, 675-676                            conditional statements, 608-611
   hard disks, 669-674                                   constants, 603-604
   kernel, 674-675                                       data types, 600-601
   MySQL, 676-680                                        development of, 599
periodic basis, full backups, 276                        entering/exiting, 600
Peripheral and System Inventory Checklist,               escape sequences, 605-606
 835, 837                                                files, including other, 614-615
Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI), 833             functions, 615, 622-626
Perl (Practical Extraction and Report Language),              array functions, 618-620
 563                                                          file functions, 620-622
   arrays, 567                                                string functions, 615-618
   benefits of, 563-564                                  HTML forms, handling, 626
   command-line errors, troubleshooting, 565             installation packages, location of, 599
   command-line tools, 577                               loops, 612-614
   conditional statements, 570-571                       manual page URL, 625
   data structures, 566-568                              operators, 607-610



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888       PHP



    references, 627                                        MySQL, compared, 397-400
    setting and unsetting, 623                             privileges, 407-408
    strings, defining, 606                                 website, 414
    switching, 611-612                                 posting messages, newsgroups, 124
    types of, 601                                      PostScript documents, displaying, 184
    variables, 600-602                                 PostScript Printer Description (.ppd) files, 179
        setting/unsetting, 623                         Power management options subsection
        substitutions, 606                               (kernel), 804
PHP and MySQL Web Development, 627                     PowerPC-based Linux distributions, 853
PHP in a Nutshell, 627                                 PPC platforms, Fedora, 819
phpLDAPadmin administration tool, 559                  ppd (PostScript Printer Description) files, 179
physical security, networks, 659-660                   PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol), 297, 320
physical structure, file systems, 758-762              ppp.linkup configuration file, 486
Picasa, 149                                            PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet),
Pidgin, 47                                               323-324
Pidgin Instant Messenger, 121-122                      pr command, 183
PIDs (process IDs), 235, 262                           Practical Networking, 333
pipes, 255, 257-258                                    Pre-execution Environment (PXE) protocol, 39
Pirut, Apache web servers, installing through,         pre-installed media, installation via, 838
  48-49, 355, 751-752                                  prefork multiprocessing module (Apache web
Places menu, 43                                          server), 370
Planet Penguin Racer, 193                              preformatted DVDs, 167
Planner (OpenOffice.org), 131                          preg_match( ) PCRE function, 624
planner command, 148                                   preg_match_all( ) PCRE function, 624-625
planning, Fedora deployment, 822-827                   preg_replace( ) PCRE function, 625
playing streaming audio, 152                           prelogin banners, 460
Plug-and-play configuration subsection                 preprocessors, 630
  (kernel), 804                                        Preston, W. Curtis, 280
Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM), 222-224        print jobs, 180, 441-442
pmake command, 638                                     Print options (Writer), 135
png (Portable Network Graphics) file format, 155       print queues, 180, 185-189
Point to Point Protocol. See PPP                       print services, 181-185
pointing devices, 831                                  print settings, editing, 189-191
poisoning, 543                                         print sharing, 433
policies, passwords, 221                               print/fax/scan devices, troubleshooting, 442
Pomerantz, Ori, 851                                    printcap file (/etc directory), 85
pop( ) method, Python, 586                             printenv command, 91
populating, directories, LDAP (Lightweight Directory   Printer Name dialog, 185
  Access Protocol), 554-556                            Printer Options dialog, 189
Portable Document Format (PDF) documents,              printer queues, creating, 438
  displaying, 184                                      printer sharing, 415
ports, DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration                printers, 831
  Protocol), 320                                           drivers, attaining, 187, 191
positional arguments, 715                                  local printers, 180
positional parameters, 716-718                                 configuring, 185-191
Posix Access Control Lists, 759                                print queues, 185-189
Postfix, 481, 489-490, 499                                     print settings, 189-191
Postfix, 500                                               network-attached printers, configuring,
PostgreSQL                                                   435-436
    configuring, 403-408                                   remote printers, 180
    data directory, initializing, 404-405                  sharing, 433
    data lookups, 398-399                                  troubleshooting, 442-443
    data protection, 399                               [printers] section (/etc/samba/smb.conf file),
    database clients, 408-413                            425, 428
    database users, 406-407                            printing, 425, 431
    databases, creating, 405-406                           command locations, 704
                                                           commands, 191, 440, 443
                                                                                    protocols        889



    console print control, 440-442                     productivity packages, 46-47
    CUPS, 179-181, 437-440                             productivity suites, websites, 148
    disk usage statistics, du command, 690-691         Profiling support subsection (kernel), 806
    enabling on LANs, 434                              Programming C#, 652
    files, cat command, 686-687                        Programming in ANSI C, 639
    LPRng Print services restrictions,                 programming languages
       configuring, 432                                     C programming language, development of,
    Mono parameters, 645                                      629-630
    network printers, 431                                   C++ programming language, development
    network printing, 431-435                                 of, 630
    network-attached printer configurations/                C/C++ programming language
       printing, 436                                              graphical development tools, 636-638
    print jobs, 180, 441-442                                      project management tools, 630-635
    print queues, 180                                       Perl, 563
    references, 443                                               benefits of, 563-564
    resource usage statistics, 703-704                            command-line errors, 565
priority scheduling, processes, 264-266                           command-line tools, 577
privileges                                                        conditional statements, 570-571
    elevation of privileges, 206                                  CPAN, 576-577
    granting, super-users, 206                                    data structures, 566-568
    PostgreSQL, 407-408                                           documentation, 566
    root privileges, granting occasionally, 227-229               loops, 572-574
    system administration privileges, granting,                   modules, 576-577
       225-229                                                    operators, 568-570
proc directory, commands, 86-87                                   references, 578
procedural languages, 400                                         regular expressions, 574-575
process IDs (PIDs), 235, 262                                      shell access, 575-576
Process Listing view (System Monitor), 268-269                    simple Perl program example, 564-566
processes                                                         string constants, 570
    controlling                                                   variables, 566-568
         command-line, 262                                        versions, 564
         kill command, 263-264                                   ,
                                                            PHP 599
         priority scheduling, 264-266                  Programming Perl, 578
         ps command, 262                               [programs] section (/etc/samba/smb.conf
    graphical process management tools, 267-270          file), 426
    hidden processes, viewing, 269                     project management tools, C/C++ programming
    init, 235                                            language, 630
    KDE processes, monitoring, 270                          autoconfig, 633
    listing, ps command, 701                                debugging tools, 634-635
    PIDs (process IDs), 262                                 make command, 630-632
    querying, 263                                           Subversion system, 633-634
    stopping, kill command, 263                        promiscuous mode (NIC), 661
Processor type and features subsection                 proprietary video drivers, installing, 194-195
  (kernel), 804                                        protocols
Procmail, 483, 495                                          Bootp, 300
productivity applications, 129, 141-142                             ,
                                                            DHCP 299, 314-320, 512
    commands for, 148                                           ,
                                                            FTP 445
    CrossOVer Office, 147                                          ,
                                                            HTTP 111
    Gnome Office, 142-145                                    ,
                                                            IP 511
    Hancom Office, 146                                         ,
                                                            IPP 179
    KOffice, 144-147                                        IRC, 122-124
    Microsoft Windows derived applications,                 Jabber, 122
       147-148                                                     ,
                                                            LDAP 551-552
    OpenOffice.org, 129-141                                       client configuration, 557-558
    websites, 148                                                 directory population, 554-556
    Wine, 147                                                     managing, 558-559
    WordPerfect Office 2000, 146                                            ,
                                                                  OpenLDAP 551



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890      protocols



        references, 559                             query caches (MySQL), 678-680
        server configuration, 552-556               querying
   MIME protocol, 124                                  nameservers, 519-521
   NFS, 415-418                                        processes, 263
          ,
   NNTP 125                                            whois servers, 521-522
       ,
   PPP 297, 320                                     queues, printers, creating, 438
   PPPoE, 323-324                                   Quit command (emacs text editor), 96
   PXE protocol, 39                                 Quit command (vi text editor), 95
   SMB protocol, 419                                Quit without saving command (vi text editor), 95
          ,
   SMTP 320, 479, 483                               quotacheck command, 230
            ,
   TCP/IP networking with, 309-310                  quotaoff command, 230
        ,
   VoIP 128                                         quotaon command, 230-231
   X protocol, 57                                   quotas (disk), 229-231
proxy servers, 501
   advantages of, 501
   references, 510
   Squid proxy servers, 502-510                     R
ps command, 262, 685, 701
                                                    -r file comparison operators, 727
PS101 print server adapters (NETGEAR), 435-436
                                                    RAID arrays, 277
psmandup command, 183
                                                    Rainbow Runner G-Series TV-tuner/video display
psql command, 414
                                                       cards, 172
PTR records, 531
                                                    RAM, 831
pup, 47-48
                                                    RAM disk images, creating, 806-807
PVRs (personal video recorders), 175-176
                                                    raw files, 170
pwd command, 80
                                                    Raymond, Eric, 683, 710
PWD environment variable (Linux), 90
                                                    rc.sysinit script, 236
PXE (Pre-execution Environment) protocol, 39, 235
                                                    rcp command, SSH servers, 337-338
Python, 581
                                                    RDBMSs (relational database management
   conditionals, 588-590
                                                       systems), 391-393
   dictionaries, 587
                                                    read-only mounts, file system partitions, 784
   functions, 590-591
                                                    reading
   interfaces, getting, 580
                                                         crontab files, cron daemon, 253
   Linux, 579-580
                                                         documentation, 105-107
   lists, 585-587
                                                         manual pages, man command, 700
   looping, 588-590
                                                    README files, 357
   modules, 596
                                                    reboot command, 39
   numbers, 581-582
                                                    rebooting systems, 105
        ,
   OOP 591-596
                                                    receiving email, 479-480
   operator overloading, 585
                                                    Receiving Mail screen (Evolution), 116
   references, 597
                                                    recompiling kernels, 794
   strings, 581-584
                                                    records
   typecasting, 582
                                                         databases, 395
   Vaults of Parnassus, 596
                                                         SOA (Start of Authority) records, 530
   website, 597
                                                         TXT records, 532
Python Standard Library, 596
                                                    Recovery Facility (installation disc), system boots,
                                                       performing, 293-295
                                                    Red Hat Linux, 1
Q                                                        commercial support, 850
                                                         distribution of, 813
-qe number comparison operators, 725                     Enterprise Linux, 813, 817
Qmail, 481-482, 499                                      Fedora, scheduled upgrades, 815
-qt number comparison operators, 726                     Global Learning Services, 850
qt (QuickTime) video format, 174                         hardware compatibility database, 845
Quake 4, 193, 198-199                                    Migration Center, 823, 845
queries                                                  open-source development model, 814
    databases, subqueries, 399                           website, 850, 852
    DNS, controlling, 545-546                       Red hat Package Manager. See RPM
                                         rsync command, yum local repositories, creating               891



Red Hat website, 852                                   responsibilities, DBAs (database administrators),
redo statements, Perl programming language, 574          389-390
redundant file system descriptors, 759                 restoring
registering domains, 538                                   archived files, 281-282
registrars, 538                                            MBR (Master Boot Record), 290
regular expressions, 381, 574-575                          partition tables, manually, 290-291
regular users, 206                                     retrieving email, Fetchmail, 490-494
    root privileges, granting occasionally, 227-229    reverse lookups, DNS, troubleshooting, 539
    system administration privileges, granting to,     reverse zones (DNS), 537-538
      225-229                                          revoking
reiserfs (Reiser file system) disk file system,            MySQL privileges, 402-403
  766, 772                                                 privileges, PostgreSQL, 407-408
reiserfs file system, 761                              rewritability, DVD+RW, limits of, 168
reiserfs modules (file system), 758                    RFCs (Request for Comments), 332
reiserfsck command, 785                                Rhythmbox, music, listening to, 149-152
reject command, 183                                    ripping audio tracks, 161
rejecting email, Sendmail, 488-489                     RivaTV-tuner/video display cards, 172
relational database management systems. See            rm -rf /* command, 207
  RDBMSs                                               rm command, 82, 685, 701-702
relational databases, 390-393                          rm file command, 82
relay (mail), Sendmail, configuring, 487               rm shell command, 701
relocating, file systems, 779-781                      rmdir dir command, 82
remote access, 335                                     rmmod command, modules, managing, 792
    references, 343                                    rndc command, 549
    Remote X, 341                                      rndc.conf file, 526-527
    SSH servers, 336-341                               root accounts, 78-79
    Telnet servers, configuring, 336                       remote server security, 341
    VNC (Virtual Network Computing), 342-343               working as, 102-105
    XDMCP (X Display Manager Control Protocol),        root passwords, creating, 29-30
      341-342                                          root privileges, granting occasionally, sudo
remote clients, handing, X Window System, 57             command, 227-229
remote computers, Linux, logging into/out, 89-90       root user accounts, creating, 29-30
remote printers, 180                                   root users, 206
remote printing, 431                                       email, reading, 488
Remote X, 341                                              IRC (Internet Relay Chat) clients, using as, 226
removable storage media, 278-279                       root users (MySQL), passwords, setting for, 401
renice command, 264-265                                route command, 303-304, 332
repeatedly running, jobs, cron daemon, 251-254         routing tables, configuring, 303-304
repquota command, 230                                  RPM (Red hat Package Manager), 738, 814
Request for Comments (RFCs), 332                           Apache web servers, installing through,
requirements, hardware, 828-829                               355-357
rescue disc, 290-291                                       command-line, 739
rescues. See system rescues                                creation of, 741
resize_reiserfs command, 785                               files, extracting from, 743-744
resolver, configuring, 533-534                             options, 739-740
resolver configuration files, 513                          software management, 737-739
resolvers, 511, 517                                    rpm –I command, 795
resource data type (PHP), 601                          rpm –U command, 795
resource usage statistics, printing, 703-704           rpm command, 737-743
resources                                              rpm files, 176
    backups, assessing, 273-274                        RPM packages, installed package listings, 849-850
    Internet resources, 847-848                        rpmbuild command, 741
        IRC (Internet Relay Chat), 857                 RRs (resource records), DNS, 516
        mailing lists, 856-857                         rsh shell, 255
        newsgroups, 854, 856                           RSS readers, 119-120
        search engines, 848-849                        rsync command, yum local repositories,
        websites, 848-854                                creating, 753



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892      Run a shell command command



Run a shell command command (vi text                Samba Unleashed, 333, 419
  editor), 95                                       Sample /var/log/xferlog File with Inbound and
Run( ) method, 649                                    Outbound Logging listing (20.5), 476
run-parts command, 252                              Sams Teach Yourself C++ for Linux in 21 Days, 639
Runlevel 0, 237                                     Sams Teach Yourself Perl in 21 Days, The, 578
Runlevel 1, 237                                     Sams Teach Yourself Shell Programming
Runlevel 2, 237                                       in 24 Hours, 711
Runlevel 3, 237                                     SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy), 178
Runlevel 4, 237                                     SAP, Linux, use of, 814
Runlevel 5, 237                                     sash shell, 255
Runlevel 6, 237                                     Save As command (emacs text editor), 96
runlevels, 68, 234-236                              Save file command (emacs text editor), 96
    changing, telinit command, 246                  Save file command (vi text editor), 95
    default runlevel, booting into, 237-240         sawfish window manager, 76
    definitions, 236-237                            sbin directory, commands, 84
    nondefault runlevels, booting into, 240-241     scalars, Perl, 566
    Runlevel 0, 237                                 scan/fax/print devices, troubleshooting, 442
    Runlevel 1, 237                                 scanners, 153-155
    Runlevel 2, 237                                 scans, dpi (dots per inch), 154
    Runlevel 3, 237                                 schedulers, cupsd, 180
    Runlevel 4, 237                                 scheduling tasks, 249
    Runlevel 5, 237                                     at command, 249-251
    Runlevel 6, 237                                     batch command, 249-251
    system services, 236                                cron daemon, 251-254
    System V method, 236                            Schwartz, Randal L., 578
    troubleshooting, 247-248                        scp command, 295
running                                             screen image captures, xwd Unix screenshot
    jobs, repeatedly, 251-254                         tool, 710
    shell scripts, 712-714                          screen images, capturing, 157
    system jobs, 252                                Screen section (xorg.conf file), 59, 63-64
    system services, xinetd, running, 245-246       screen shell command, 706-708
Running Qmail, 500                                  script kiddies, 656
runtime configuration, Xen virtualization system,   script languages, rc.sysinit script language, 236
  349-350                                           scripting init scripts, 242
runtime configuration directives, Apache web        scripting languages, Python, 581
  servers, 367                                          conditionals, 588-590
runtime errors, kernel, troubleshooting, 808-809        dictionaries, 587
runtime server configuration settings, Apache web       functions, 590-591
  servers, 367-372                                      interfaces, 580
                                                        Linux, 579-580
                                                        lists, 585-587
                                                        looping, 588-590
S                                                       modules, 596
-s file comparison operators, 727                       numbers, 581-582
Salzman, Peter J., 851                                  OOP (object-oriented programming), 591-596
Samba, 297, 415, 419                                    operator overloading, 585
     complexity of, 419                                 references, 597
     configuring                                        strings, 581-584
         with /etc/samba/smb.conf file, 425-428         typecasting, 582
         with SWAT, 421-425                             Vaults of Parnassus, 596
         with system-config-samba, 420-421              website, 597
     installing, 419                                scripts
     shares, mounting, 430                              init scripts, 241-242
     smbd daemon, starting, 429-430                     shell scripts, writing, 258
     smbstatus command, 429                         SCSI device support subsection (kernel), 805
     SWAT (Samba Web Administration Tool), 419      SCSI disk drives, 791
     testing with testparm command, 428             Search backward command (emacs text
     website, 444                                     editor), 96
                                                                                     servers        893



search engines, search tips, 848-849                  ServerLayout section (xorg.conf file), 59-60
Search forward command (emacs text editor), 96        ServerName directive (httpd.conf file), 369
search tips, Web search tips, 848-849                 ServerRoot directive (httpd.conf file), 368
searching, Mono libraries, Beagle, 647-650            servers
secure shell (SSH) remote logins, 320                    anonymous FTP servers, configuring, 455
“Securing and Optimizing Linux,” 851                     Apache web servers, 353
security                                                     access control, 372-377
    access control lists (ACLs), 545                         authentication, 372-376
    Apache web servers, 372-377                              building source code, 357-359
    commands, 666                                            configuration directives, 360
    computer attacks, 655-657                                configuring, 366
    databases, 390                                           development of, 353-354
    disaster recovery plans, creating, 664-665               downloading, 354
    DNS, 542-549                                             dynamic modules, 360
    firewalls, configuring, 663-664                          experimental versions, 356
    networks, 659-662                                        graphic interface configuration, 364-366
    passwords                                                installing, 355-359
        managing, 224                                        intranet websites, 384
        networks, 659-660                                    logging, 384-386
        physical security, 659-660                           modules, 377-382
    references, 667                                          MPMs (multiprocessing modules), 370
    SELinux, 666                                             online documentation, 354
    spoofing, 543                                            optimizing, 675-676
    Tripwire security tool, 660-661                          popularity of, 353
    UNIX security considerations, 544                        runtime server configuration settings,
    updates, 665                                                367-372
    user-based security, 78-79                               security reports, 355
    viruses, 662                                             starting, 359-364
    vulnerabilities, assessing, 657-658                      static modules, 360
    wireless networks, securing, 658-659                     virtual hosting, 382-384
Security Focus website, 667                              blade servers, 345
Security HOWTO document, 232                             caching nameservers, configuring, 522-524
Security options subsection (kernel), 806                                  ,
                                                         configuring, LDAP 552-556
security reports, Apache web servers, 355                database servers, installing, 389
SELECT statement (SQL), 395                              DHCP servers, configuring, 316-318
SELinux, 35, 666                                         FTP servers
SendAsync( ) method, 649                                     administration commands, 471-476
Sender Policy Framework website, 550                         Bsdftp-ssl servers, 447
sending email, 479-480                                       choosing, 445-446
Sendmail, 480-481, 484-485                                   connected user information, 472
    configuring, 484-485                                     file-conversion actions, 468-470
    email, rejecting, 488-489                                NcFTPd servers, 446-447
    email access rules, 488                                  packages, 446
    email forwarding with aliases, 488                   GPS (global positioning server), 313
    mail relaying, 487                                   headless servers, 235
    message delivery intervals, setting, 486             IRC servers, establishing, 124
    sendmail.cf files, building, 487                     Microsoft Exchange Server, alternatives to,
    smart hosts, 485-486                                   497-498
    syntax of, 484-485                                   nameservers, 517-521
    website, 499                                         NFS servers, configuring, 416-418
Sendmail, 500                                            proxy servers, 501-510
sendmail command, 499                                    SSH servers, 336-341
Sendmail Installation and Operation Guide, 487           Telnet servers, configuring, 336
sendmail.cf file, 484, 487                               vsftpd servers, 446
sequences, slices of, 583                                    anonymous access control, 452-453
serial numbers, nameservers, maintaining, 540                configuring, 452-455
ServerAdmin directive (httpd.conf file), 369                 starting, 451-452
                                                         whois servers, querying, 521-522


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894       servers



     wu-ftpd servers                                         copying, 689-690
          configuring, 455-467                               deleting, 701-702
          xinetd daemon configuration, 450-452               finding, 691-693
service command, 243, 362                                    listing, 698-699
Service Configuration tool, system services,                 locating from an index, 698
  controlling at boot, 244-245                               managing, 82-83
services                                                     moving, 701
     booting, init script, 241-242                           printing, 686-687
     configuring, 242-244                                    printing last lines, 702
     controlling at boot, 242-245                        links, creating, 696-697
     runlevels, 236                                      manual pages, reading, 700
          booting into default, 240-241                  output, paging through, 694-696
          booting into the default, 237-240              Perl programming language, access to,
          changing, 246                                     575-576
          definitions, 236-237                           processes, listing, 701
     running at bootup, 234-246                          reasons for using, 684-685
     starting manually, 248                              resource usage statistics, printing, 703-704
     stopping manually, 248                              strings, searching for, 693-694
Session Message Block (SMB) protocol, 419             shell command line, 255-256
session message block printing, 434-435               SHELL environment variable (Linux), 90
session writing DVDs, 167                             SHELL lines (/etc/crontab file), 252
set group ID (sgid) permissions, Linux, 100-101       shell scripts
set user ID (suid) permissions, Linux, 100-101           aliases, 712
Setting and Unsetting Variables listing (27.5), 623      comments, 712
setup command, 183, 244, 249, 332                        comparison of expressions, 724-729
sftp command, 339, 477                                   functions, 735-736
SGI partitions (file system), 760                        interpreting through specific shells, 714-715
sgid (set group ID) permissions, 100-101, 219-220        myenv shell script, 712
sh shell, 255                                            reasons for using, 711
Shadow Password File ftp User Entry                      references, 736
  listing (20.1), 449                                    running, 712-714
shadow passwords, 222-223, 448-449                       special characters, 721-723
Shadow-Password HOWTO document, 232                      special statements, 729-735
shaped windows, X Windows System, support                task automation, 718-720
  for, 57                                                testing, 719
shar command, 258                                        text wrapping, 712
shar file command, 83                                    variables, 715-721
shared data, working with, /usr directory, 88            writing, 258
shared libraries, 84                                  shells
shares, mounting, Samba, 430                             ash, 254
sharing                                                  ash.static, 254
     files, 415-428                                      background processing, 258
     printers, 415, 433                                  bash, 254
SharpDevelop, 651                                        bsh, 254
sharps, 714                                              csh, 255
she-bangs, 565                                           default shells, changing, 214
shebang lines, 714                                       Fedora Core shells list, 254
shell                                                    ksh, 255
     basic commands list, 685-686                        man pages, 255
     command locations, printing, 704                    pattern-matching support, 256-257
     commands, combining, 704-706                        pdksh, 255
     directories                                         piping data, 257-258
          changing, 687-689                              rsh, 255
          creating, 700                                  sash, 255
     disk usage statistics, printing, 690-691            sh, 255
     file access permissions, changing, 689              shell command line, 255-256
     files                                               shell scripts, interpreting, 714-715
                                                                      Squid proxy servers          895



    syntax, 91                                            multimedia, 47
    tcsh, 255                                             office suite, 46
    zsh, 255                                              removing (yum tool), 747
shells file (/etc directory), 85                          updating, 47-49
shift statements, shell scripts, 732                  Solaris, 78
shortcut icons, 42                                    sort( ) method, Python, 586
shortcuts, 246                                        sound, volume, adjusting, 169-170
shred command, 697                                    sound cards, 169-170, 831
shuffle( ) array function, 619                            ALSA drivers, 169
shutdown command, 104-105, 467                            configuring, 169
shutdown files, magic cookies, list of, 467               OSS drivers, 169
shutting down, systems, 104-105                       sound conversion utilities, 177
shutting down Fedora, 38-39                           sound formats, 170-171
simple backup strategies, 276                         Sound Juicer, 151
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), 479, 483        Sound subsection (kernel), 806
Simple Perl Program listing (25.1), 564               source code
single quotes, shell scripts, 722-723                     Apache web servers, building, 357-359
single-user mode (Runlevel 1), 237                        checking, 634
Skolnick, Cliff, 354                                  source tree (Linux kernel), 788-790
slappasswd tool, 553                                  sourceforge window manager, 76
slaptest command, 553                                 Sourceforge.net, 270
Slashdot.org, 675, 810                                sources, obtaining Linux kernel, 796-797
slave nameservers, 517                                sox command, 171
small-enterprise backup strategies, 275               space requirements (X Windows System), 58
small-office backup strategies, 275                   Spamassassin, 483, 495-496
smart hosts, Sendmail, 485-486                        special characters (shell scripts), 721-723
SMB (Server Message Block) network file               special operators (PHP), 610
  system, 761                                         special statements (shell scripts), 729
SMB (Session Message Block) protocol, 419                 break statements, 734
smbclient, 477                                            case statements, 733-734
smbclient command, 183, 429, 477                          exit statements, 735
smbd daemons, starting, 429-430                           for statements, 729-730
smbfs modules (file system), 758                          if statements, 733
smbmount command, 430                                     shift statements, 732
smbprint command, 183                                     until statements, 732
smbspool command, 183                                     while statements, 730-731
smbstatus command, 429                                spelling dictionaries, OpenOffice.org, 133
SMPs (symmetric multiprocessors), 816                 SPF (Sender Policy Framework), TXT records, 532
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol), 320,            splint command (C/C++ programming language),
  479, 483                                              634, 638
sniffing (network), 662                               split DNS, 548-549
SOA (Start of Authority) records, 530-531             split( ) method, Python, 587
SOA field, zone file, 530                             SpreadFirefox.com, 128
software                                              spreadsheets, formatting (Calc), 138-141
    backups, 280-286                                  SQL (structured query language), 393
    DHCP client software, installing, 315-316             data, retrieving, 395-397
    Fedora, installing, 30-33                             database clients, 408-413
    FTP software, installing, 447-448                     MySQL, 397-403
    games, 47                                             PostgreSQL, 397-400, 403-408
    Internet workstation, 46                              statements, 393-395
    inventory management (yum tool), 748                  subqueries, 399
    kernels, 787, 791-794                                 tables, 393-395
    managing                                          Squid proxy servers
        pirut command, 751-752                            ACLs (access control lists), 503-507
        rpm command, 737-744                              client IP addresses, specifying, 508
        yum tool, 744-755                                 configurations, 509-510
        yumex command, 752-753                            configuring, 502-503



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896       Squid proxy servers



    default port, 504                                    full backups on periodic basis, 276
    installing, 502                                      full backups with incremental backups,
    references, 510                                        276-277
Squid: A User’s Guide, 510                               home-user backup strategies, 275
Squid: The Definitive Guide, 510                         large-enterprise backup strategies, 275
Squirrelmail, 496                                        mirroring data, 277
Srinivasan, Sriram, 578                                  simple backup strategies, 276
SSH (secure shell) remote logins, 320                    small-enterprise backup strategies, 275
SSH access, database clients, 409-410                    small-office backup strategies, 275
ssh command, 332, 666, 685                           streaming audio, playing, 152
SSH servers                                          Strict RFC1179 Compliance option (remote UNIX
    configuring, 336-337                               printers), 434
    rcp command, 337-338                             strin comparison operators (Perl programming
    scp command, 338                                   language), 568
    sftp command, 339                                string comparisons (comparison of expression),
    ssh-keygen command, 339-341                        724-725
    SSH1, disabling, 337                             string constants (Perl programming language), 570
    stp command, 337                                 string data type (PHP), 601
    Telnet servers, compared, 335                    string functions (PHP), 615-618
    website, 343                                     strings
ssh-keygen command (SSH servers), 339-341                    ,
                                                         PHP defining, 606
SSH: The Secure Shell, 343                               Python scripting language, 581-584
Stallman, Richard, 95, 788                               searching for, grep command, 693-694
standard users, 207                                  strip postfixes, 468
standardization, 141                                 strip prefixes, 468
StarOffice, 131                                      strlen( ) string function, 615
Start tutorial command (emacs text editor), 96       Stroustrup, Bjarne, 639
starting                                             strpos( ) string function, 617-618
    Apache web servers, 359-364                      styles, Writer (OpenOffice.org), 135-136
    Calc (OpenOffice.org), 137-138                   su command, 225-227, 231
    system services, manually, 248                   sublevel number section (kernel), 795
    X Windows System, 67-73                          submount command, 785
startx command, 71-72, 75, 711                       subnet/hardware address parameters, 314
stat command, 785                                    subnet/hostname network parameters, 314
statements, 5, 572                                   subqueries (databases), 399
    conditional statements                           subsections (kernel), 804-806
        Perl, 570-571                                substituions, PHP variables, 606
            ,
        PHP 608-610                                  substr( ) string function, 616-617
    shell scripts, 729-734                           Subversion system (C/C++ programming
    SQL statements, 393-395                            language), 633-634
static IP address assignments, 299                   sudo command, 227-229, 231
static modules (Apache web servers), 360             suid (set user ID) permissions, 100-101, 219-220
statically linked commands, 84                       suites (productivity), 129, 141-142
statistics, user usage, 215                              commands for, 148
status command, 441                                      CrossOver Office, 147
stereotypes (users), 209                                 Gnome Office, 142-145
stopping                                                 Hancom Office, 146
    Apache web servers, 361-364                          KOffice, 144-147
    system services, manually, 248                       Microsoft Windows derived applications,
storage, hard drive storage, planning for, 829-830         147-148
storage capacity, multimedia, 166                        OpenOffice.org, 130
storage devices, 831                                          Base, 131
storing temporary files, 88                                   Calc, 130, 136-141
str replace( ) string function, 616                           configuring, 131-133
strategies, backups                                           development of, 131
    choosing, 271-277                                         Dia, 131
    evaluating, 274-277                                       Draw, 131
                                                           system-config-users command                 897



        hyphenation dictionaries, 133                 system logging directives (ftpaccess configuration
        Impress, 131                                    file), 463-464
        installing, 131-133                           system management tools, 267-270
        Math, 131                                     System menu, 43
        Microsoft format importation, 130             System Monitor, 268-269
        Microsoft Office compatibility, 129           system requirements
        Planner, 131                                       Fedora, 818
        spelling dictionaries, 133                         Xen virtualization system, 347
        website, 132                                  system rescues, 289
        Writer, 130, 133-136                               boot floppy disk, system boots, 292
    websites, 148                                          GRUB disk, system boots, 292-293
    Wine, 147                                              MBR, 290
    WordPerfect Office 2000, 146                           partition tables, manually restoring, 290-291
summarizing data, Calc (OpenOffice.org), 139-141           Recovery Facility (installation disc), system
SunOS/Solaris partitions (file system), 760                  boots, 293-295
super-user accounts, 78, 102-105                           rescue disc, 290-291
super-users, 206                                      system services
superblocks, 759                                           booting, init script, 241-242
SuperRescue CD, 294                                        bootup, running at, 234-246
svg (Scalable Vector Graphics) file format, 155            configuring, 242-244
svn command, 638                                           controlling at boot, 242-245
swapoff command, 786                                       definitions, 236-237
swapon command, 785                                        runlevels, 236
SWAT (Samba Web Administration Tool), 419-425                  booting into nondefault, 240-241
switchback client (X Windows System), starting,                booting into the default, 237-240
  72-73                                                        changing, 246
switches                                                   running, xinetd daemon, 245-246
    AllowOverrrides directive, 372                         starting manually, 248
    Options directive, 371                                 stopping manually, 248
switches list, gcc (GNU C compiler), 635              system users, 207
switching PHP, 611-612                                System V method, 236
Sylpheed, 118                                         system-config-bind command, 541-542, 549
symbolic debugging, 635                               system-config-display client, X Windows System,
symbolic links, 236, 696                                configuring, 64-67
symlinks, 696                                         system-config-httpd configuration tool, 386
symmetric multiprocessing, problems, preparing        system-config-keyboard client, 85
  for, 833-834                                        system-config-mouse command, 74
symmetric multiprocessors (SMPs), 816                 system-config-network command, 332, 512
SYN Stealth scans (Nmap), 658                         system-config-network networking screen, 299
sync command, 672, 786                                system-config-nfs command, 332
synchronization, file systems, 672                    system-config-nfs graphical client, NFS server
syntax, shells, 91                                      configuration, 417
sysadmin, 206                                         system-config-printer client, 179
sysctl command, 674, 809                              system-config-printer command, 432, 443
sysrq.txt document, 789                               system-config-printer tool, 185-191
system, booting                                       system-config-printer-gui graphical interface, print
    boot floppy disks, 292                              services, configuring, 181-182
    GRUB disk, 292-293                                system-config-printer-tui command, 181-182, 443
    Recovery Facility (installation disc), 293-295    system-config-samba command, configuring
    rescue disc, 291                                    Samba, 420-421
system administration privileges, regular users,      system-config-securitylevel, 666
  granting to, 225-229                                system-config-securitylevel command, 332, 663
system administrator, 206                             system-config-securitylevel configuration client,
System and Peripheral Inventory Checklist, 835,         firewall configuration, 663
  837                                                 system-config-securitylevel tool, 544
System Commander, 39                                  system-config-services command, 242, 249, 477
system jobs, editing, 252                             system-config-users command, 231, 258
system logging, 719


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898      system-control-display command



system-control-display command, 74                test file systems, creating, 782-784
system-monitoring tools, 261                      testing
   console-based monitoring, 261-263                   Samba, with testparm command, 428
   disk quotas, 267                                    shell scripts, 719
   free/used memory, displaying, 266-267          Testing Types in PHP listing (27.1), 601
   graphical process management tools, 267-270    testparm command, testing Samba, 428
   KDE, 270                                       text editors (Linux), 93-96
   kill command, 263-264                          Text search command (vi text editor), 95
   priority scheduling, 264-266                   text wrapping (shell scripts), 712
   system management tools, 267-270               text-based console logins (Linux), 89
systems                                           thinkjettopbm command, 183
   rebooting, 105                                 third-party DNS services, 524
   shutting down, 104-105                         threads (newsgroups), 125
   user activity, monitoring, 214-215             Thunderbird email client, 117-118
                                                       configuring, 558
                                                       website, 128
                                                  tif (Tagged Image File) format, 155
T                                                 TightVNC website, 343
                                                  tilde character (~), 42
Tab Window Manager (twm), 72
                                                  time, Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), 708
table level privileges (MySQL), 402
                                                  time command, 264
Table options (Writer), 135
                                                  time zones, setting, 28
tables
                                                  timewarps, wtemp files, 214
    routing tables, configuring, 303-304
                                                  Timidity application, 171
    SQL tables, 393-395
                                                  title( ) method, Python, 584
tail command, 685, 702
                                                  TiVo, 176
tape archives, 83
                                                  TiVo2, 176
tape drives, 279
                                                  tmp directory, commands, 88
tar command, 83, 279
                                                  tools
tar tool, 285, 295
                                                       command line, 77-88
    backups, creating, 280-282
                                                       Desktop Effects, 56
    files, copying, 286-287
                                                       group management tools, 211-212
tarballs, 83
                                                       Mono, 642-644
targets, makefiles, creating, 631-632
                                                       user management tools, 212-214
tasks
                                                       yum (Yellowdog Updater, Modified), 737
    automating, 233, 718-720
                                                  Tools screen (Evolution), 117
    scheduling, 249-254
                                                  top command, 265, 686, 703-704
Taylor, David, 168
                                                  Torvalds, Linus, 788
TCP/IP (Transport Control Protocol/Internet
                                                  touch command, 215
  Protocol), networking with, 309-310
                                                  tracking function time, 635
TCP/IP addressing, wireless networking, 312-314
                                                  transactions, 399
TCP/IP Network Administration, 333
                                                  TransGaming Technologies, 201-202
tcpdump command, 661
                                                  Transport Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.
tcsh shell, 255
                                                     See TCP/IP
Teach Yourself TCP/IP Network Administration
                                                  Trash icon, 41
  in 21 Days, 333
                                                  triggers, databases, 400
Telephony support subsection (kernel), 805
                                                  trim( ) string function, 615-616
Teletext FAQ, 177
                                                  Tripwire security tool, 660-661, 667
telinit command, 246, 249
                                                  Trojan horses, 660
Telnet servers, 335-336
                                                  troubleshooting
temporarily changing UIDs (user IDs), 225-227
                                                       DNS, 538-542
temporary files, storing, 88
                                                       Internet connections, 331
TERM environment variable (Linux), 91
                                                       kernel, 807-809
terminal clients (X Windows System), 58
                                                       Perl command-line errors, 565
terminal multiplexers, 706
                                                       printers, 442-443
Terminator, The, 111
                                                       runlevels, 247-248
ternary operators (PHP), 610
                                                  tune2fs command, 672-673, 786
test command, 724
                                                                                       users       899



Tuxmobil-Mobile Unix website, 854                     USB (Universal Serial Bus) devices, problems,
TV cards, 171-174                                      preparing for, 832
twm (Tab Window Manager), 72                          USB drives, 278
typecasting, Python scripting language, 582           USB printers, troubleshooting, 442-443
typed input, 5                                        USB scanners, 154
types field (ftpconversions file), 469                USB support subsection (kernel), 806
                                                      used memory, displaying, 266-267
                                                      Usenet Newsgroups, 124-126, 854, 856
                                                      user accounts, 205-207
U                                                        /etc/passwd files, 205
UDF (Universal Disk Format) file system, 767             command-line tools, 231
udf modules (file system), 758                           disk quotas, 229-231
UIDs (user IDs), 209, 225-227                            Fetchmail, configuring, 493-494
umask command, 215                                       file ownership, 206
umount command, 418, 786                                 file permissions, 219
umsdos modules (file system), 758                        locking, 214
uname –r command, 795                                    regular users, 206
uname command, Linux compilation data,                   root user accounts, creating, 29-30
  viewing, 816                                           root users, 206
Undo command (emacs text editor), 96                     standard users, 207
uniform resource locators (URLs), 421                    super-users, 206
Unix                                                     system administration privileges, granting,
    backups, levels, 275                                    225-229
    Linux, compared, 814                                 system users, 207
Unix Backup and Recovery, 280, 296                       users, 207-209
UNIX CD Bookshelf, 710                                user considerations (Fedora), 826-827
Unix-to-Unix Copy (UUCP) utilities, 220               User directive (httpd.conf file), 368-369
UnixWare slices (file system), 760                    user directories, protecting, 86
unless conditional statements (Perl programming       USER environment variable (Linux), 90
  language), 571-572                                  user groups, LUGs (Linux Users Groups),
unmount command, file systems, unmounting, 777         joining, 851
unmounting file systems, 777                          user information
unprivileged domains, 347                                FTP servers, displaying, 472
Unreal Tournament, 56                                    wu-ftpd servers, configuring, 459-463
Unreal Tournament 2004, 193, 197-198                  user information directives (ftpaccess
Unreal Tournament 4, 202                               configuration file)
unset( ) function, 623                                   displaying administrator email address, 462
unshar command, 83                                       displaying files, 460-462
until loops (Perl programming language), 573             displaying prelogin banners, 459-460
until statements                                         last modification date notifications, 463
    Perl programming language, 573-574                user jobs, running, 252
    shell scripts, 732                                user variables (shell scripts), 715
update( ) method, Python, 587                         User-Authentication HOWTO document, 232
updates                                               user-based security, 78-79
    mouse devices (X Windows System), 62              useradd –G command, 211, 213
    security, 665                                     useradd command, 103, 207-208, 213, 231
updating                                              userdel command, 104, 213
    passwords, 213                                    UserDir directive (httpd.conf file), 369
    software, 47-49                                   userinfo command, 231
upgrades                                              usermod –G command, 211
    DNS, 525                                          usermod command, 211, 214, 231
    Fedora, 815                                       usermount command, 786
UPGs (User Private Groups), 210                       usernames, 209
upper( ) method, Python, 584                          userpasswd command, 231
uptime command, 266                                   users
URLs (uniform resource locators), 421                    accounts
usage statistics, users, 215                                  adding to, 207-208
                                                              locking out of, 214


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900       users



    adding, 213                                               ,
                                                          PHP 600-602
    attributes, changing, 214                                  setting/unsetting, 623
    creating, 103-104                                          substitutions, 606
    database users, 406-407                               Python scripting language, object variables,
    databases, managing, 390                                 592-593
    default shell, changing, 214                          shell scripts, 715-721
    deleting, 104, 213                                var_dump( ) function, 625
    disk quotas, 229-231                              Vaults of Parnassus (Python scripting
    FTP users, 448-450                                  language), 596
    groups, adding to, 211                            versions
    home directories, creating, 213                       Linux kernel, 795-796
    managing, 212-215                                     Perl programming language, 564
    passwords                                         vfat modules (file system), 758
        managing, 220-225                             vi command, 258, 577
        updating, 213                                 vi text editor, 94-95
    permissions, 215-220                              Vidal, Seth, 746
    regular users, 206                                video, viewing, 171-176
    root privileges, granting occasionally, 227-229   video cards, 171-174, 194-195, 831
    root users, 206, 226                              video formats, 174
    standard users, 207                               video players, 176
    super-users, 206                                  video recorders, 175-176
    system administration privileges, granting to,    videoconferencing (Internet), Ekiga, 127-128
      225-229                                         VideoLAN HOWTO, 176
    system users, 207                                 VideoLAN project, 177
    types of, 79                                      View options (Writer), 134
    UIDs, changing temporarily, 225-227               viewing
    UPGs (User Private Groups), 210                       file systems, 762
    usage statistics, 215                                 hidden processes, 269
Using a switch/case Block listing (27.4), 611             Linux compilation dates, 816
Using Backticks to Access the Shell                       video, 171-176
 listing (25.4), 575                                  vim command, 686
Using Samba, 444                                      vim text editor (Linux), 93
usr directory, commands, 88                           vimtutor command, 95
UTC (Coordinated Universal Time), 28, 708             virt-manager command, 350
UTF-8 language encoding, 152                          virtual consoles, 79
uudecode file.uu command, 83                          virtual CPUs, 350
uuencode file command, 83                             virtual desktops, 72
                                                      virtual file systems, 86
                                                      virtual host properties, configuring Apache web
                                                        servers, 365-366
V                                                     virtual hosting, Apache web servers, 382-384
                                                      virtual machines (VMs), 346
values
                                                      Virtual Network Computing (VNC), 341-343
    array elements, 602
                                                      Virtual Network Computing remote desktop
    Python dictionaries, 587
                                                        software, 270
    shell script variables, 715-716
                                                      virtualization, 345-346
values function (Perl), 567
                                                      virtualization systems, Xen, 345, 347
van Rossum, Guido, 579, 597
                                                          commands, 350
vanilla Linux kernel, introduction of, 788
                                                          dom0, 347
var directory commands, 88
                                                          domU, 347
var dump( ) function, 623-624
                                                          guest operating systems, 348-349
variable data files, accessing, 88
                                                          installing, 347-348
variables, 5
                                                          runtime configuration, 349-350
    environment variables (Linux), 90-93
                                                          system requirements, 347
    Mono, creating, 645-646
                                                      virus scanners, 662
    Perl programming language, 566-568
                                                      viruses, 662
                                                                    Writer (OpenOffice.org)          901



VMs (virtual machines), 346                            WebCal website, 148
vmstat (virtual memory statistics) tool, 266           webcam command, 477
VMware, 346                                            websites
VNC (Virtual Network Computing), 341-343                   FTP references, 477
vnc package, 347                                           OpenOffice.org, 132
VNC Viewer (Xen virtualization system), 349                productivity applications, 148
vncviewer command, 350                                     Python scripting language, 597
vncviewer tool, 267                                        Red Hat Linux, 852
VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol), 128                   remote access references, 343
volume, adjusting, 169-170                                 resources, 848-854
volumes                                                welcome.msg files, 462
    logical volume management, 22                      Wessels, Duane, 510
    LVM (Logical Volume Management), 781               whatis command (Linux), 82
vsftpd command, 477                                    WHERE statement (SQL), 395
vsftpd servers, 446                                    whereis command (Linux), 82
    anonymous access, controlling, 452-453             which command, 686, 704
    configuring, 452-455                               while loops, 612
    starting, 451-452                                  while loops (Perl), 573
vulnerabilities assessments (security), 657-658        while statements (shell scripts), 730-731
                                                       whois command, 521-522
                                                       Window Maker website, 76
                                                       window managers, 58, 76
W                                                      window selector, 44
w command, 214                                         Windows games, playing, 201-202
-w file comparison operators, 727                      Windows Logical Disk Manager partitions (file
Wall, Larry, 578, 638                                   system), 760
war driving, 659                                       Wine code, gaming, 193
WarGames, 111                                          Wine productivity application, 147
watch command, 266                                     WinModems, 832
wav files, 170                                         Wireless Networking section, 42
weakly typed languages, 566                            wireless networks, 310
Web access, database clients, 410-411                      access points, 659
web browser icon, 41                                       configuring, 49-51
Web Caching, 510                                           iwconfig command, 310
web servers, Apache, 353                                   iwlist command, 310
    access control, 372-377                                iwpriv command, 311
    authentication, 372-376                                iwspy command, 311
    building source code, 357-359                          passwords, 659-660
    configuration directives, 360                          physical security, 659-660
    development of, 353-354                                references, 332
    downloading, 354                                       securing, 658-659
    dynamic modules, 360                                   support for, 310-312
    experimental versions, 356                             TCP/IP addressing, 312-314
    graphic interface configuration, 364-366           wish command, 715
    installing, 355-359                                wodim command, 15
    intranet websites, 384                             Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory, installing, 199
    logging, 384-386                                   WordPerfect Office 2000, 146
    modules, 377-382                                   worker multiprocessing module (Apache web
    MPMs (multiprocessing modules), 370                 server), 370
                                                       Workspace Switcher, 43
    online documentation, 354
                                                       writeback mode (ext3 disk file system), 764, 774
    optimizing, 675-676
                                                       WriteLine( ) method, 645
    popularity of, 353
                                                       Writer (OpenOffice.org), 130, 133
    runtime server configuration settings, 367-372
                                                           formatting, 135-136
    security reports, 355
                                                           options, 134
    starting, 359-364
                                                           starting, 134-135
    static modules, 360
                                                           styles, 135-136
    virtual hosting, 382-384



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902      writing



writing                                           XDMCP (X Display Manager Control Protocol),
    init scripts, 242                               341-342
    shell scripts, 258                            xen package, 347
wtemp files, timewarps, 214                       Xen virtualization system, 345, 347
wu-ftpd servers                                        benefits of, 345-346
    access control, configuring, 456-459               commands, 350
    configuring, 455-467                               dom0, 347
    permission control, configuring, 464-466           domU, 347
    system logging, configuring, 463-464               guest operating systems, setting up, 348-349
    user information, configuring, 459-463             installing, 347-348
    xinetd daemons, configuring for, 450-452           paravirtualization, compared, 346
WWW (World Wide Web), introduction of, 111             runtime configuration, 349-350
                                                       system requirements, 347
                                                       VNC Viewer, 349
                                                       website, 350
X                                                 xend command, 350
                                                  xenguest-install.py command, 350
X Display Manager Control Protocol (XDMCP),
                                                  xenguest-install.py script, 348
  341-342
                                                  Xensource.com, 350
-x file comparison operators, 727
                                                  Xfce desktop, 675
X protocol, 57
                                                  XFce desktop environment, 74-75
X server (X Windows System), 58
                                                  XFree86 Project, Inc., 75
X Windows System, 54
                                                  XFS, 766
     AIGLX, 56-57
                                                  XFS file system, 761
     benefits of, 57
                                                  Ximian Evolution website, 128
     compressed fonts, support for, 57
                                                  Xine DVD/video player, 177
     configuring, 64
                                                  Xinerama, 67
         commands, 74-75
                                                  xinetd Configuration File for wu-ftpd
         system-config-display client, 64-67
                                                    listing (20.2), 451
         xorg.conf file, 67
                                                  xinetd daemon
     development of, 53
                                                       system services, running, 245-246
     distributed processing, 57
                                                       wu-ftpd servers, configuring for, 450-452
     games, 193
                                                  .xinitrc file, 71
     GNOME, 53-55
                                                  xm command, 349-350
     graphical login managers, support for, 57
                                                  xm console yourvm command, 349
     hardware graphics systems, support for, 57
                                                  xm destroy yourvm command, 349
     miscellaneous fonts, 58
                                                  xm mem-set command, 349
     mouse devices, updates, 62
                                                  xm restore yourvm.state command, 349
     remote clients, handling, 57
                                                  xm shutdown yourvm command, 349
     resources for, 854
                                                  Xmms audio player, 177
     shaped windows, support for, 57
                                                  Xmms music player, 151
     space requirements, 58
                                                  Xorg command, 74
     starting, 67-73
                                                  xorg.conf file
     terminal clients, 58
                                                       Device section, 62-63
     window managers, 58
                                                       elements, 59
     X protocol, 57
                                                       Files section, 60
     X Server, 58
                                                       InputDevice section, 61
     X.Org 7.2, 58
                                                       Module section, 60-61
     xorg.conf file, 59-64
                                                       Monitor section, 62
X-Chat IRC client, 122-123
                                                       Screen section, 63-64
X.Org 7.2, 58
                                                       ServerLayout section, 59-60
X.Org foundation, 53
                                                       X Windows System, configuring, 67
X.Org website, 75
                                                  xosview client, discontinuation of, 267
X11, 53
                                                  xsane, 154
X11R7, 53
                                                  xsri command, 75
xargs command, 686
                                                  xwd Unix screenshot tool, 710
xbiff command, 499
                                                  xxx wildcard, shell pattern-matching searches, 257
xdm display manager, configuring, 70
                                                                                 zsh shell   903




Y
yum (Yellowdog Updater, Modified) command, 849
   development of, 746
   mailing list, 746
   partial updates, 745
   references, 755
   software installation, 745
   software updates, 745-746
   software, inventory management, 749
   verifying availability, 745
yum (Yellowdog Updater, Modified) tool, 737,
  744-746
   configuring, 750-751
   development of, 746
   home page, 755
   local repository, creating, 753-755
   maintaining, 747-748
   packages
       inventory management, 748
       removing, 747
   running noninteractively, 746
yum update command, 848
yumex tool (software management), 752-753



Z
-z string expression operators, 724
Zawodny, Jeremy, 681
zImage directive, 800
zone files, 529-531, 540
zone transfers (DNS), controlling, 546
ZoneEdit, 524
Zope Content Management System (CMS), 597
zsh shell, 255




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