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					Regional Bureau - West Africa
                                                                        Regional Bureau - West Africa

                          Regional Bureau for West Africa

The West Africa Regional Bureau (ODD) covers 19 countries: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cameroon;
Cape Verde; Central African Republic; Chad; Côte d’Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau;
Mali; Mauritania; Niger; São Tomé and Principe; Senegal and Sierra Leone. Made up of least devel-
oped countries (LDCs) and/or low-income food-deficit countries (LIFDCs), this area represents a
wide range of WFP activities including important development programmes in the Sahel. The re-
gion suffers from environmental degradation and recurrent drought, making this one of the most
structurally food-deficit and food-insecure areas in the world.

Due to scarce resources, the most pressing challenge for WFP in West Africa is to maintain
adequate levels of development activities and to progressively shift, as conditions allow, from EMOP/
PRROs to developmental interventions.

The West Africa Bureau aims to formulate and put in place a regional strategy for supporting the
social sector and basic education, especially for girls, within the framework of the New Partnership
for African Development (NEPAD) and the UNDAFs in the relevant countries.

Following a contingency planning study undertaken in the region in mid-2002, the Bureau will un-
dertake country-specific exercises and formulate contingency plans at a sub-regional and country
level starting with the Western Sahel countries which have suffered from late rains in 2002. Along
the same lines, the ODD vulnerability assessment mapping (VAM)-led project to promote harmo-
nisation and strengthening of the vulnerability assessment methodologies in the Sahel was launched
late summer and will continue during 2003 in close co-ordination with FAO, regional bodies, CILSS
(Permanent Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel), AGRHYMET (Centre Régional
de Formation et d’Application en Agrométéorologie et Hydrologie Operationelle) and USAID-FEWS
(Famine Early Warning Systems).

In light of the initial findings of the recent needs assessment missions, WFP is planning a regional
co-ordinated response to current levels of food insecurity, particularly in the Western Sahel, which
is expected to reach its peak during 2003 lean season, i.e. July to September. In this respect, a
series of poor to average agricultural harvests are affect further compounded by the deterioration
and weakening of coping mechanisms, particularly for pastoralists in Mauritania. The current con-
straint in marketing groundnuts, which is the economic mainstay in central Senegal, is also in-
creasing levels of food insecurity in the region.

In mid-November 2002 a regional EMOP is expected to be launched, which would consist of vari-
ous intervention tailored to the actual situation in the affected countries: general distribution in
areas most in need such as Mauritania; vulnerable group feeding in Cape Verde; and reinforce-
ment of on-going development activities either food-for-work or school feeding in Senegal and the
Gambia. Based on initial estimate, and assuming the rainy season will continue to mid-October
2002, some 1 to 1.5 million persons would be assisted over a 10-month period, from January to
October 2003, mainly in Mauritania and Cape Verde. Overall, some 50,000 to 60,000 tonnes of
food would be required. However, if the rain stops before mid-October and especially in the case of
lower than predicted yields in the larger Central Sahel countries, food requirements could easily
double to 100,000 to 120,000 tonnes. The regional operation will supercede on the existing EMOP
in Mauritania and because the needs are so tentative, they are not included in the current Bluebook
edition.

To address the problem of the sexual exploitation of refugee children and women, WFP offices in
Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, are implementing a series of corrective measures. Accordingly,
a joint UN Code of Conduct (which stipulates the termination of employment in case of sexual
exploitation and abuse) has been adopted, accompanied by training and sensitisation sessions for
all staff. Post distribution monitoring has been strengthened through the appointment of new fe-

                                                                                                   189
 male field monitors and the re-deployment of existing staff. The need for further action by WFP
 and all partners will be reviewed once the report by the UN Office of Internal Oversight Service is
 finalised.




190
                                                                        Regional Bureau - West Africa

                                                Benin

I.    Objectives of WFP assistance:

Benin is a least developed and low-income food-deficit country, with a very high population growth
rate and limited natural resources. It currently ranks 158th of the 173 countries on UNDP’s Human
Development Index for 2002. Benin’s national agricultural production per capita is increasing, albeit
at a slow pace, but food is not always accessible to the poorest and most vulnerable populations,
especially children, youth and women. Poverty, unemployment, illiteracy and exploitation are ram-
pant and macro-economic improvements have little or no impact on the majority of the population.
Even within relatively better off areas, social ills, inequalities and mistreatment of the weakest
require a robust response by civil society, national and international aid donors. In Benin, WFP
aims at improving the food security, health, safety and living conditions of the poorest and most
vulnerable persons, with strong emphasis on school children, infants and minors in distressed
situations. Special attention will be paid to girls’ education and their protection.

WFP provides assistance through school feeding (canteens and dry rations for girls and their
mothers) and through support to institutions helping orphans, abandoned or handicapped children
and youth in difficult situations, especially girls.



                                 2003 Projected Net Requirements

           Project type              Cereals         Oil    Pulses      Other      Total
           Country Programme            3,132       304        454        454      4,344
           Total tonnage               3,132        304        454        454      4,344



II.   WFP assisted projects and operations

CP Benin 10094.0 Activity 1 - “Development of Primary Education and Support to Girls
Education”
Duration: Three years (through November 2003).
Total project commitment: 12,287 tonnes.

This activity aims at supporting government and local communities’ efforts to develop primary
education in the poorest and most food-insecure areas of Benin, with an emphasis on girls’ educa-
tion.

The activity includes two components:
• Provision of food aid to school canteens in the country’s most food insecure districts, to board-
   ing schools in rural areas and to three urban boarding schools for poor girls from rural areas
   selected for secondary education. Meals are prepared for 57,600 school children.
• Provision of take-home (dry) rations to the mothers of 4,500 girls who would not otherwise stay
   in primary school for the duration of the full cycle.

This activity is jointly implemented with the government and the international NGO, World Educa-
tion. Other development partners provide occasional support for school construction, rehabilita-
tion, provision of safe water and sanitation and school supplies.



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                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   26,600     31,000      57,600

                                                                         Girls      Boys        Total
      Number of children given school meals                              31,000      26,600      57,600
      Number of school children given take-home rations                    4,500          0       4,500


 CP Benin 10094.0 Activity 2 - “Assistance to Vulnerable Groups and Nutritional Rehabilita-
 tion”
 Duration: Three years (through November 2003).
 Total project commitment: 4,212 tonnes.

 Benin and neighbouring countries are facing a growing problem relating to the mistreatment, ex-
 ploitation and abandonment of children and adolescents, particularly girls. Since few government
 institutions are in a position to manage this on-going social crisis and help victims, private charities
 and churches do their best to provide shelter and care to these minors. However, without external
 institutional support for children’s food, education and health care, these organisations cannot
 support large numbers of children for the required length of time.

 Activity 2 aims at providing basic food rations to 7,000 children and youth through WFP-selected
 institutions. WFP food aid ensures that these institutions can expand their support to as many
 children as possible, thereby freeing up the institutions’ own limited resources to provide for schooling,
 clothing, medical treatment and other needs.

                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   3,650       3,350       7,000

      Number of expectant and nursing women and children               Women Children           Total
      given WFP food under MCH programmes                                   0    7,000            7,000




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                                                                              Regional Bureau - West Africa

                                          Burkina Faso

I.    Objectives of WFP assistance:

Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in the world, and is classified as both a least devel-
oped and a low-income food-deficit country. The UNDP Human Development Report 2002 index
ranked Burkina Faso 169th out of 173 countries. The country is highly food-insecure with more than
45 percent of the population living below the poverty line and subject to recurrent drought, which
often results in cereal shortages.

The main objective of WFP’s assistance is to encourage human growth and development by re-
ducing vulnerability to food insecurity, mitigating the effects of drought, improving the health and
nutritional status of vulnerable groups, and improving the living conditions of the poor rural populations
through literacy and environmental protection activities. WFP targets primarily women and chil-
dren in rural areas, with priority given to the development of human resources through activities
such as supplementary feeding for vulnerable groups and adult literacy training.

In Burkina Faso, WFP is working towards strengthened partnerships, particularly with other UN
agencies. The Country Programme, which covers the period 2000-2004, targets 25 out of 45
provinces in the north, central plateau and eastern regions of the country - the poorest and most
food-insecure areas.

                                   2003 Projected Net Requirements

                  Project type               Cereals         Oil     Pulses        Total
                  Country Programme            8,910         400      1,414       10,724
                  Total tonnage                8,910        400       1,414      10,724


II.     WFP-assisted projects and operations

CP Burkina Faso 10000.0 Activity 1 - “Rural Development”
Duration: 1 year and 6 months (through December 2004).
Total project commitment: 7,513 tonnes.

In order to cope better with the effects of drought and other climatic disturbances and in line with
Government strategies to combat poverty and food insecurity, WFP aims at strengthening food
security by increasing agricultural production and household income and improving the manage-
ment of natural resources.

The specific objectives are:
• To protect, rehabilitate and improve degraded lands;
• To increase the availability of water resources;
• To strengthen village food security by establishing cereal banks with an initial stock of 10 tonnes
   each.

WFP will undertake the following major food-for-work activities:
• Soil conservation and restoration;
• Preservation and management of water resources, including gully rehabilitation and land rec-
  lamation as well as construction of small water reservoirs;
• Supply of sorghum/millet to establish cereal banks.

On average 28,000 beneficiaries are targeted to receive WFP assistance annually.
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                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   16,800     11,200      28,000

                                                                       Women         Men        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                16,800       11,200      28,000




 CP Burkina Faso 10000.0 Activity 2 – “Support to Basic Education – Literacy and School
 Feeding”
 Duration: 3 years and 9 months (through December 2004).
 Total project commitment: 14,189 tonnes.

 The literacy rate in Burkina Faso is 23.9 percent, one of the lowest in the world (UNDP Human
 Development Report 2000). Roughly three out of four persons in the country are illiterate (85
 percent of women and 70 percent of men). WFP’s support under this activity contributes towards
 improving basic education levels and reducing gender disparities.

 Major food-for-training (FFT) activities are literacy and complementary basic training. School feed-
 ing has been incorporated as a component in this activity and provides food assistance to pupils in
 rural schools in ten provinces. The overall objective of this initiative is to increase enrolment, at-
 tendance and retention rates, particularly amongst girls. Some 185,000 beneficiaries receive meals
 during literacy classes. Women with their infants and caretakers are encouraged to attend. Food
 is provided to all participants attending the literacy class as well as to infants, caretakers and
 cooks.

                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female      Male        Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  176,434    110,066     286,500

                                                                         Girls      Boys        Total
      Number of children given school meals                              12,942      18,558      31,500

                                                                       Women         Men        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities            163,492      91,508     255,000




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                                                                             Regional Bureau - West Africa
CP Burkina Faso 10000.0 Activity 3 – “Support to Primary Health Care”
Duration: 3 years and 9 months (through December 2004).
Total project commitment: 13,992 tonnes.

Under this activity, WFP provides supplementary food rations to expectant women and nursing
mothers with the aim of:
• Encouraging regular attendance at health centres;
• Improving the nutritional status of vulnerable groups with increased food availability at house-
   hold food levels; and
• Contributing to efforts to promote health and nutrition education for women attending the health
   centres.

Follow-up services are provided in health centres that provide medical treatment to children and
health and nutrition education to women. The WFP has incorporated a new component “Food
Assistance to HIV/AIDS Patients and their Families” under Activity 3 aiming to:
• Promote prevention and sensitisation activities related to HIV/AIDS;
• Improve the nutritional status of HIV/AIDS patients and their families.

Under this component, 12,250 beneficiaries are targeted, mostly women of child-bearing age, or-
phaned and at-risk children, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis-affected persons including their house-
holds. This component of Activity 3 requires an estimated 2,900 tonnes or just above 20 percent of
the total needs for Activity 3.

                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  47,034      28,768      75,802

    Number of expectant and nursing women and children               Women Children           Total
    given WFP food under MCH programmes                               16,328 47,224            63,552

    Number of participants in WFP-supported HIV/AIDS                 Female        Male       Total
    programmes                                                         5,880        6,370      12,250




                                                                                                        195
                                            Cameroon

 I.    Objectives of WFP assistance:

 Cameroon is classified as a low-income food-deficit country. People living in the north and far-
 northern provinces are frequently affected by food insecurity and are amongst the poorest in the
 country. In addition to assistance in cases of drought, a five-year Country Programme (2003-2007),
 which is being presented for approval by the Executive Board in October 2003, will address low
 school attendance rates and gender inequalities in education in the three northern provinces and
 food security, particularly among women who constitute 70 percent of subsistence farmers. In
 support of government policy promoting basic education for all and sustainable food security through-
 out the country, WFP’s intervention will focus on two main activities: school feeding and improved
 rural infrastructure through food-for-work (FFW), in line with priority areas 2 and 3 of WFP’s ena-
 bling development policy.

                                  2003 Projected Net Requirements

             Project type              Cereals         Oil   Pulses       Other      Total
             Country Programme           4,527        166        221         55      4,969
             Total tonnage               4,527       166        221          55      4,969



 II. WFP assisted projects and operations

 CP Cameroon 10214.0 Activity 1 - “Food Assistance to Primary Schools in Extreme-North,
 North and Adamaoua provinces” (currently under preparation)
 Duration: Five years (through December 2007).
 Total project commitment: Estimated 18,752 tonnes.

 School feeding aims at providing food aid to primary schools in the poorest and remote communi-
 ties in the targeted three Northern provinces. WFP will provide one meal a day during lunch break
 to each school child and supply 50 kg of cereals (maize) to every girl of grades 5, 6 and 7 at the end
 of each term as a take-home ration.


 WFP’s assistance aims to:
 • Increase the number of children attending primary schools in poor areas affected by food inse-
   curity;
 • Increase food intake; and
 • Encourage parents to send their children, in particular girls, to school, to improve attendance
   and reduce drop-outs.

 Each year, the total average number of beneficiaries will be 67,000 children for school feeding and
 11,000 girls for take home rations.




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                                                                             Regional Bureau - West Africa

                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  33,500      33,500      67,000

                                                                       Girls      Boys        Total
    Number of school children given take-home rations                  11,000            0     11,000


CP Cameroon 10214.0 Activity 2 - “Food Security and Rural Development in Extreme-North
and North provinces” (currently under preparation)
Duration: Five years (through December 2007).
Total project commitment: Estimated 6,096 tonnes.

The activity includes two components:
• Building and managing cereal-banks and increasing food stocks in food-insecure areas; and
• Promoting participation of poor rural communities in rural infrastructure work, aiming at open-
   ing up remote areas and improving food productivity.

The activities will focus on women’s participation and decision-making at all levels of implementa-
tion. Women will improve their knowledge, and contribute to reducing food insecurity and malnutri-
tion in the communities concerned. The beneficiaries for this activity are approximately 122,000
people a year.

                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  85,881      36,807     122,688

                                                                     Women         Men        Total
    Number of participants in food-for-work activities                 1,881         807        2,688




                                                                                                        197
                                               Cape Verde

 I.     Objectives of WFP assistance

 Cape Verde, a small archipelago on the Atlantic Ocean located about 500 km west of the Senega-
 lese coast, is a least developed country and a low-income food deficit country. It suffers from
 recurrent drought and both limited and irregular rainfall. In a good year, the country may produce 10
 percent of its domestic food requirements. More than 30 percent of the population lives in poverty,
 of which 14 percent in absolute poverty. Also the majority of the primary school students arrive at
 school without having eaten breakfast. Although the Government of Cape Verde has made impres-
 sive strides in expanding the coverage of basic education, more than 95 percent of the sectoral
 budget is devoted to teachers’ salaries and staff training. In response to drought in 2002, a regional
 EMOP is currently being formulated.



                                      2003 Projected Net Requirements

              Project type                Cereals          Oil     Pulses       Other       Total
              Development Project              700          60        360         310       1,430
              Total tonnage                   700          60         360         310      1,430



 II.    WFP-assisted projects and operations

 DEV Cape Verde 6263.0 - “Assistance to Primary School and Kindergarten Canteens”
 Duration: Four years (through August 2004)
 Total project commitment: 10,832 tonnes.

 The WFP aims to support Government policy to modernise and consolidate the education system.
 In 1991 six years of basic education became universally available. The maintenance and improve-
 ment of the benefits originating from these reforms are central to WFP’s goals.

 The specific objectives are to:
    • Contribute to the reduction of short-term hunger for primary and pre-primary school chil-
       dren coming from poor families; and
    • Contribute to maintaining the achievements of the previous project, specifically the high
       attendance rate, the low percentage of drop-outs and repeaters and the balance in the
       enrolment of girls and boys.

 The beneficiaries for this activity amount to 89,000 primary school children and 13,500 pre-schoolers
 in 410 schools and 263 kindergartens.


                                          Expected Outputs in 2003

       The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                       Female    Male     Total
       Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  50,078    52,422 102,500

                                                                       Girls      Boys     Total
       Number of children given school meals                               50,078    52,422 102,500


198
                                                                       Regional Bureau - West Africa

                                 Central African Republic

I.    Objectives of WFP assistance

The Central African Republic (CAR) is landlocked and sparsely populated. Classified as a least
developed and a low-income food-deficit country, it ranked 165th out of 173 countries in the UNDP
Human Development Index for 2002. Socio-political upheaval has resulted in the internal displace-
ment of an estimated 45,000 persons and forced an additional 25,000 refugees from CAR across
the border into the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Recent insecurity has exacerbated the
prevailing climate of instability, causing an increase in the incidence of poverty. Approximately 60
percent of CAR’s population live below the poverty line. Nutritional deficiencies are widespread
throughout the country, affecting children of all ages. WFP assistance aims at improving the living
conditions of the most needy - infants, children, and expectant and nursing women. Given the
particular situation of the country following the events in 2001 and poor overall economic perform-
ance, WFP has launched a PRRO to provide relief and recovery activities paving the way for
sustainable development activities.



                                 2003 Projected Net Requirements

           Project type              Cereals        Oil    Pulses      Other       Total
           Development Project         1,320        360        219      1,056     2,955
           Single Country PRRO         4,066        347        798       687      5,898
           Total tonnage               5,386       707      1,017      1,743      8,853



II.   WFP-assisted projects and operations

DEV Central African Republic 05837.0 - “Improving the Nutrition Status of the Most Vulner-
able Communities”
Duration: Four years (through March 2004).
Total project commitment: 9,082 tonnes.


Less than 30 percent of the population in Central African Republic have access to primary health
care services and only 12 percent have access to clean water. In the education sector, the net
primary enrolment rate is estimated at 45 percent (boys 50 percent and girls 40 percent). WFP will
focus on the education of youths and adults, together with health and nutrition for women, young
mothers, infants and newborn babies.

WFP assistance under this project, which supports both health and education sectors in line with
the government’s plan for poverty alleviation, has the following specific objectives:
• Improving the nutritional status of under and malnourished children by providing rations at nutri-
    tion centres;
• Improving the nutritional status of expectant and nursing women;
• Increasing school attendance, particularly for the girls; and
• Reducing the number of drop-outs among pre-school and primary school students.




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                                         Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                       Female        Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  33,600      41,100      74,700

      Number of expectant and nursing women and children               Women Children           Total
      given WFP food under MCH programmes                                2,500 22,200            24,700

                                                                         Girls      Boys        Total
      Number of children given school meals                              15,200      22,800      38,000
      Number of school children given take-home rations                    6,000          0       6,000



 PRRO Central African Republic 10189.0 - “Assistance to Populations Affected by Con-
 flicts”
 Duration: 1 year and 3 months (through December 2003).
 Total project commitment: 8,816 tonnes.

 Repeated armed conflict and economic failure have resulted in both the internal displacement of
 some 80,000 persons and an increase in poverty, food insecurity and vulnerability. Through the
 PRRO, WFP aims to provide relief and recovery assistance to 170,250 beneficiaries, including
 15,000 IDPs, 15,000 returnees, 8,750 beneficiaries under a food-for-work scheme, and 2,250 peo-
 ple under a food-for-training scheme.

 The specific objectives of WFP assistance are as follows:
 • Improve the nutrition situation of the most vulnerable;
 • Improve household food security of IDPs and resettled IDPs still dependent on food aid; and
 • Facilitate asset creation and preservation for poor women through food-for-training and in-
    come generating activities.


                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                       Female        Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  89,625      80,625     170,250
      Number of IDP beneficiaries                                         9,000       6,000      15,000
      Number of returnee beneficiaries                                    9,000       6,000      15,000
      Number of beneficiaries of free relief food assistance             39,425      33,425      72,850

      Number of expectant and nursing women and children               Women Children           Total
      given WFP food under MCH programmes                                3,300 18,500            21,800

      Number of participants in WFP-supported HIV/AIDS                 Female        Male       Total
      programmes                                                         5,000        5,000      10,000

                                                                       Women         Men        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities             1,800         450        2,250

                                                                       Women         Men        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                 5,000        3,750       8,750


200
                                                                              Regional Bureau - West Africa

                                                   Chad

I.     Objectives of WFP assistance

Chad is classified as a least developed and low-income food-deficit country. The UNDP Human
Development Report for 2002 ranked Chad 166th out of 173 countries. About 80 percent of Chad’s
population depend on agro-pastoral activities for their livelihood. This land-locked country is highly
vulnerable to cereal shortages and food crises due to recurrent drought and natural disasters,
which is further compounded by the lack of road infrastructure. Under normal conditions, cereal
production covers only 75 percent of national food requirements. In this context, WFP’s five-year
Country Programme (2001-2005) provides support in the following sectors: education, rural devel-
opment, health and nutrition, and disaster prevention and mitigation.

WFP’s target beneficiaries are primary school children, malnourished children and their mothers,
pregnant women, poor farming communities and victims of poor harvests.

                                    2003 Projected Net Requirements

             Project type                Cereals          Oil    Pulses       Other        Total
             Country Programme             6,424         293         141        727       7,585
             Total tonnage                 6,424        293         141         727       7,585



II.    WFP-assisted projects and operations

CP Chad 10018.0 Activity 1– “Assistance to Primary Schools and Education”
Duration: Five years (through December 2005).
Total project commitment: 20,009 tonnes.

The overall objective of this project is to support basic education by feeding primary school-chil-
dren in chronic food deficit areas with a view to promoting regular attendance and reducing dropout
rates. Major emphasis is placed on support for girl students. To help achieve parity with boys’
attendance, all schools in the Sahelian zone have been targeted. In 2002, the school feeding activ-
ity was expanded to 350 new schools with an additional 60,000 school-children. A total of 124,000
children in 850 primary schools have received a daily lunch. The schools, all in food-deficit areas
with low school attendance rates, were located within the geographically targeted zone and in
certain enclaves in adjacent prefectures. In addition, some 16,000 young female students have
benefited from take-home family rations as an incentive for their continued attendance. In 2003, the
total number of beneficiaries will be 127,000 children in 850 schools.


                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                       Female         Male         Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  44,000       83,000       127,000

                                                                           Girls      Boys         Total
      Number of children given school meals                                44,000      83,000      127,000
      Number of school children given take-home rations                    18,000           0       18,000



                                                                                                             201
 CP Chad 10018.0 Activity 2 – “Food Security Promotion and Natural Resources Manage-
 ment in the Sahelian Zone”
 Duration: Five years (through December 2005)
 Total project commitment: 8,806 tonnes

 The specific objective is to improve food security of populations at risk in rural areas through the
 sustainable use of natural resources in food-for-work (FFW) activities. This approach will tackle
 the negative effects of climatic changes such as rainfall shortage, drought and soil degradation, by
 channelling assistance to farming communities that use participatory planning approaches to de-
 cide on activities to be undertaken. Planned activities are soil and water conservation structures,
 gully control works, water-wells for domestic use, earth-dams in small watersheds and opening up
 of access routes to markets. In 2003, project beneficiaries will be some 2,000 subsistence farm-
 ers and cattle breeders (totalling 10,000 persons including their family members) organised in
 associations in targeted farming communities in rural parts of the Sahelian zone. Women will
 constitute 50 percent of the work force. WFP’s food aid, in collaboration with NGOs operating in the
 same areas, will be used to create assets and to serve as a cushioning mechanism during lean
 periods when food stocks are low.


                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   5,200       4,800      10,000

                                                                       Women         Men        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                 5,200        4,800      10,000


 CP Chad 10018.0 Activity 3 – “Assistance to Nutritional Rehabilitation and Education of
 Vulnerable Groups”
 Duration: Five years (through December 2005).
 Total projects commitment: 3,474 tonnes.

 This project combats the effects of severe malnutrition, which is prevalent among vulnerable groups
 in the Kanem and Batha prefectures in the Sahelian zone of the country. WFP’s objectives are to
 contribute to nutritional rehabilitation of children under five years of age who are suffering from
 malnutrition and have been admitted to nutritional therapeutic and supplementary nutritional cen-
 tres. The project also encourages expectant and nursing women to visit the health and social
 centres on a regular basis. Participants are given training in infants/young children feeding and
 sanitation through practical demonstrations. In 2003, WFP will assist 19,600 severely and moder-
 ately malnourished children aged 6-36 months, their mothers, and expectant and nursing women.




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                                                                             Regional Bureau - West Africa


                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  13,969       9,408      23,377

    Number of expectant and nursing women and children               Women Children           Total
    given WFP food under MCH programmes                                   0  19,600            19,600

                                                                       Girls      Boys        Total
    Number of school children given take-home rations                    9,209     8,501       17,710

                                                                     Women         Men        Total
    Number of participants in food-for-work activities                  112              0       112



CP Chad 10018.0 Activity 4 – “Reserve Fund for Disaster Mitigation and Prevention”
Duration: Five years (through December 2005).
Total project commitment: 2,871 tonnes.

Chad is regularly subject to recurrent drought and uneven rainfall distribution, which result in accel-
erated desertification, flood damage to productive assets and natural resource degradation. Spe-
cific objectives of this activity are to assist food-insecure populations affected by natural disasters
through general rations distribution and contribute to the preservation of assets and the promotion
of disaster preparedness through training and food-for-work activities with a demonstration effect.
For 2003, WFP’s beneficiaries will be an estimated 25,000 women and children, handicapped
people and farming communities whose livelihoods are affected by natural disasters.

                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  13,000      12,000      25,000
    Number of beneficiaries of free relief food assistance              5,200       4,800      10,000

                                                                     Women         Men        Total
    Number of participants in food-for-training activities             1,040         960        2,000

                                                                     Women         Men        Total
    Number of participants in food-for-work activities                 6,760        6,240      13,000




                                                                                                        203
                                          Côte d’Ivoire

 I.    Objectives of WFP assistance

 Côte d’Ivoire is classified as a low-income food-deficit country. It is endowed with a strong agricul-
 tural base, particularly in export crops such as coffee and cocoa, but it is estimated that up to 40
 percent of the population afford the recommended 2,150 calories per person on a daily basis.

 The focus of WFP’s development interventions is to support the education sector. Despite the
 government’s policy promoting the “Education for All” there is a poor literacy rate, low attendance
 levels and poor enrolment numbers for girls. The northern regions highlight the country’s gender
 disparities with particularly lower literacy rates for women and girls. WFP support to the national
 school feeding programme is recognised by the government as an important instrument to stimu-
 late enrolment and maintain children in primary school.

 WFP’s objectives are to transfer responsibility for the management of the national school feeding
 programme to the government and the school communities through a progressive phasing out
 plan, while continuing to support enrolment, and particularly girls’ enrolment, in the northern re-
 gions. WFP assistance to Liberian refugees has re-started its emergency assistance to the new
 refugees under the regional West African Coastal PRRO, initially under the umbrella of the Liberia
 operation.

 The outbreak of fighting between government forces and mutineers in Abidjan on the 19th of Sep-
 tember 2002 has led to widespread disruptions in food distribution. Furthermore, large numbers of
 people have been displaced as a result of the conflict. Currently some 3,300 people are without
 accommodation. The situation continues to escalate with the imminent possibility of renewed clashes.
 This presents a real challenge to the WFP as breaks in the pipe-line are imminent. An IRA EMOP
 was approved on the 11th of October 2002 to cover the initial requirements of displaced people.
 Additional assistance may be needed should the insecurity persist.


                                  2003 Projected Net Requirements

                  Project type              Cereals         Oil     Other       Total
                  Development Project          3,206       219        822       4,247
                  Total tonnage               3,206        219        822      4,247



 II.   WFP-assisted projects and operations

 DEV Côte d’Ivoire 03358.2 – “Support to Community-Based School Feeding Programme”
 Duration: Four years (through September 2003)
 Total project commitment: 6,339 tonnes. (Budget revision for additional 828 tonnes submitted to
 EB3/2002.)

 The project aims to increase enrolment and attendance in primary schools, with priority given to
 girls, to 254,133 children. Food aid is targeted to schools located in the poorest areas of the North-
 ern provinces as an incentive for poor families to send their children to school. The children will
 benefit from a programme of free lunches in order to enhance project impact and thereby reduce
 disparities in enrolment. This phase of the project also seeks to involve members of the commu-
 nities, parents and women’s groups in the improvement of the school infrastructures, effectively
 securing their involvement in the overall management of the school canteens.

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                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female       Male        Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                 106,735     147,398     254,133

                                                                      Girls       Boys        Total
    Number of children given school meals                             106,735     147,398     254,133




DEV Côte d’Ivoire 10230.0 – “Support to the Integrated Programme for Sustainable School
Feeding” (currently under preparation)
Duration: Four years (through September 2007).
Total project commitment: Estimated 20,000 tonnes.

The government has developed a strategy, the “Integrated Programme for Sustainable School
Feeding”, to substitute for WFP assistance and to ensure the sustainability of the school feeding
programme. Parents and local communities will be encouraged to progressively take over the
management of community-based school feeding programmes, as school canteens become in-
struments for local development. Organising community school committees is strengthening the
relationship between the community and the school and women’s farmer associations, which are
responsible for providing the canteens with local agricultural produce. This integrated programme
is co-financed by UNDP as a key component of the UNDAF, and will be assisted by the World Bank
and African Development Bank as a component of the poverty reduction strategy. Components
include AIDS/HIV sensitisation, assistance to food production, school health and nutrition, income
generating activities, literacy classes, environment (latrines/fuel efficient stoves) and reinforce-
ment of local development capacities.


                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female       Male        Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                 137,896     206,840     344,736

                                                                      Girls       Boys        Total
    Number of children given school meals                             137,896     206,840     344,736




PRRO West African Coastal 10064.1 – “Targeted Food Assistance for Relief and Recovery
of Refugees, Internally Displaced Persons and Returning Refugees in Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea,
Liberia and Sierra Leone.” (currently under preparation)
Duration: One year (through December 2003)

Please refer to the section on ‘West African Coastal Region’ for details.




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                                          The Gambia

 I.    Objectives of WFP assistance

 The Gambia is classified among the least developed and low-income food-deficit countries in the
 world. The 2002 UNDP Human Development Report ranked the Gambia 160th out of 173 countries.
 Agriculture, the primary economic activity, has declined throughout the 1990s. As a result, domes-
 tic food production cannot keep pace with population growth and only meets 50 percent of national
 food requirements. Education levels are also low. A government survey indicated that only 37
 percent of men and 22 percent of women are literate, well below the average (61 percent) for sub-
 Saharan countries. Malnutrition remains a problem in rural Gambia (21 percent National House-
 hold Poverty Survey 1998). It is generally higher during the rainy season when food stocks are at
 their lowest while calorie requirements are at their highest - peak season for agricultural labour.

 The 1998 National Household Poverty Survey estimated that 70 percent of households in rural
 areas are below the poverty line. In the Gambia as a whole, the poor constitute 55 percent of
 households and 69 percent of the population.

 WFP’s support in the Gambia is therefore intended to support government policies/goals of pro-
 moting education for all, enhancing human resource development, assisting agriculture and rural
 development, increasing food security, and alleviating poverty.



                                  2003 Projected Net Requirements

            Project type              Cereals        Oil    Pulses      Other       Total
            Development Project         1,119        188         32       404      1,743
            Total tonnage               1,119       188         32        404      1,743



 II.   WFP-assisted projects and operations

 DEV Gambia 05932.1 – “Community-based School Feeding”
 Duration: Five years (through June 2004)
 Total project commitment: 12,529 tonnes.

 The project supports government objectives to enhance access to, and ensure qualitative and
 quantitative improvement of basic education especially for girls. The specific objectives are to
 provide food aid as an incentive to:
 • Increase primary school enrolment and attendance;
 • Improve children’s concentration and participation in the learning process by relieving short-
    term hunger and enhancing their learning capacity; and
 • Improve the nutritional status of primary school students and children attending day-care cen-
    tres.

 WFP goal is that by the end of this project, overall enrolment would increase to about 95 percent
 and 61 percent for girls; with gender equity in access to basic education; the health, nutrition and
 growth status of children attending day-care centres would improve while increasing the productiv-
 ity of women and the education of girls by relieving them of child-care duties. Parents of benefici-
 ary children will benefit indirectly through savings on family food and income during the period
 when children receive meals at school.


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                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  41,792      43,562      85,354

                                                                     Women         Men        Total
    Number of participants in food-for-training activities               40              44        84

                                                                     Women         Men        Total
    Number of participants in food-for-work activities                20,896       14,521      35,417



DEV Gambia 02729.3 – “Community-Based Rural Development”
Duration: Three years (through June 2003).
Total project commitment: 2,784 tonnes.

The project intends to enhance the productive capacity of rural smallholder farmers, mostly women,
to improve the institutions servicing the rural sector and build assets at a local level.

The specific objectives are:
• Increase household food security of subsistence farmers;
• Improve the quality of basic education of rural children;
• Increase access to water; and
• Increase access to markets and productive assets of poor subsistence farmers.

WFP aims that by the end of the project:
• 300 classrooms, 75 units of kitchens, 75 x 4-pit latrines, 27 stores, 78 large diameter concrete
  lined water wells are constructed and 114 classrooms rehabilitated;
• 30 hectares of degraded upland conserved through construction of 150 km of contour bands
  and 75 km of gullies in upland rice fields rehabilitated;
• 150 km of new dikes constructed and 9 km rehabilitated;
• 21 km of existing secondary canals in swamp rice fields rehabilitated; and
• 75 km of new causeways, 15 km small wooden food bridges and 30 km of access roads
  constructed and 1,500 hectares of new and existing swamp rice fields developed/upgraded.

                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  72,008      81,804     153,812

                                                                       Girls      Boys        Total
    Number of children given school meals                              72,008      81,804     153,812




                                                                                                        207
                                                 Ghana

 I.    Objectives of WFP Assistance

 Ghana is a low-income food-deficit country with an annual per capita GNP of US$390, and a food
 self-sufficiency rate of about 70 percent. Some 32 percent of the population live below the national
 poverty line. People living in northern savannah and forest zones are the most susceptible to pov-
 erty and food insecurity. They rank high on the socio-economic indicators of illiteracy and malnutri-
 tion and have a record low school enrolment and income rate. Due to unfavourable climatic and
 ecological conditions, the northern savannah is more vulnerable to food insecurity than the rest of
 the country.

 There is a high incidence of malnutrition, particularly among children under five years of age and
 pregnant women. In this context, WFP pursues the following objectives:
 • Improved health status among the targeted, vulnerable mothers and children, through improved
    health and nutrition practices;
 • Increased gender equity in terms of access to and completion of basic education, through
    increased enrolment and attendance of girls; and
 • Improved rehabilitation/creation and maintenance of assets that provide secure and sustain-
    able livelihoods, through rehabilitation/conservation of the natural resource base.


                                   2003 Projected Net Requirements

             Project type              Cereals         Oil    Pulses      Other       Total
             Country Programme           6,413        922        607         290      8,232
             Total tonnage               6,413        922        607        290      8,232


 II.   WFP-assisted Projects and Operations

 CP Ghana 10100.0 Activity 1 – “Supplementary Feeding and Health & Nutrition Education”
 Duration: Five years (through December 2005).
 Total project commitment: 16,150 tonnes.

 Though some general improvements have been recorded in the health sector generally, this has
 not significantly improved the nutritional status of women and children, particularly in the three
 northern regions. The 1998 Demographic Health Survey estimated that the incidence of stunting,
 underweight and wasting were 26 percent, 31 percent and 12 percent respectively. It indicated that
 children in the three northern regions were more likely to be stunted (35-40 percent) than children
 in the rest of the country and rural women and women between the ages of 15 and 24 fell below the
 18.5 benchmark body-mass index (BMI).

 The objectives of WFP assistance include improving the nutritional status of vulnerable groups
 and increasing the capability of women/poor households (133 communities) to feed and care for
 their children properly, with higher recovery rates of severely malnourished children. In addition, the
 activity increases awareness of issues relating to HIV/AIDS in targeted communities.




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                                                                             Regional Bureau - West Africa

                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  26,400      12,000      38,400

    Number of expectant and nursing women and children               Women Children           Total
    given WFP food under MCH programmes                               14,400 24,000            38,400




CP Ghana 10100.0 Activity 2 – “Assistance for the Education of Girls in Ghana’s Northern
Savannah Areas”
Duration: Five years (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 13,334 tonnes.

Basic education (primary and junior secondary schools) in Ghana continues to face challenges of
access, quality and gender imbalances. Though the gender gap in primary schools showed signs
of slight improvement, the problem still persists especially in the northern savannah zone, where
only 67 percent of boys and 62 percent of girls are enrolled in primary school.

The project provides food assistance to girls in primary and junior secondary schools in 15 districts
where the gross enrolment ratio for girls is well below the national average. WFP provides take-
home rations to girls’ families as an incentive to increase enrolment, improve attendance and
reduce the drop-out rates among girls. The activity also aims at reducing the disparity between
boys and girls enrolled in school. To qualify for the monthly take-home ration, girls must attend at
least 85 percent of their school days. The activity also increases the awareness on issues relating
to HIV/AIDS in targeted communities.

                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  32,200             0    32,200

                                                                       Girls      Boys        Total
    Number of school children given take-home rations                  32,200             0    32,200



CP Ghana 10100.0 Activity 3 – “Savannah Resource Management Programme”
Duration: Four years (through December 2005).
Total project commitment: 5,552 tonnes.

The livelihoods of the vulnerable in the northern savannah zone depend to a large extent on wood-
land resources, the foundation for agricultural production as well as the source of fuel-wood for
domestic use. However, the capacity of the woodlands to support rural livelihoods has been greatly
reduced by traditional farming and hunting activities as well as the extraction of fuel-wood which
have degraded the environmental base on which they depend and hence, increased the inhabit-
ants’ vulnerability to food insecurity.

WFP’s assistance aims are to:
• Increase the number of household/community-owned assets that sustain/rehabilitate the natu-
                                                                                                        209
      ral resource base and increase the food production;
 •    Establish appropriate institutional mechanisms through which communities and district au-
      thorities can manage and maintain the assets created; and
 •    Sensitise communities in the areas of environmental conservation and HIV/AIDS. Given that
      the activity will target an area that is prone to disasters, the project’s outputs will contribute
      towards reducing the severity of such disasters.

                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   73,485     73,485     146,970

                                                                       Women         Men        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                14,697       14,697      29,394




 CP Ghana 10100.0 Activity 4 – “Supplementary Activity Food Security and HIV/AIDS”
 Duration: Four years (through December 2005).
 Total project commitment: 12,272 tonnes.

 The effects of HIV/AIDS on development cannot be over-emphasised. Its impact on life expect-
 ancy, number of orphans, on families and their food security has been recorded. Currently, the
 prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS in the country is estimated at 3-4 percent and according to the 1998
 sentinel surveillance report, it is estimated that 200 persons are becoming infected daily. Some 90
 percent of people living with AIDS are aged between 15 and 49 years and there is a 70 percent
 higher infection rate among females than among males. The overall objectives of this activity are to
 improve household food security for chronically ill persons, orphans and other household mem-
 bers, raise HIV/AIDS awareness and strengthen the coping mechanisms of HIV/AIDS affected
 households.

                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   1,500       1,500       3,000

      Number of participants in WFP-supported HIV/AIDS                 Female        Male       Total
      programmes                                                         1,500        1,500       3,000




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                                                                                 Regional Bureau - West Africa

                                                 Guinea

I.     Objectives of WFP assistance

Guinea is classified as a least developed and low-income food-deficit country. The UNDP Human
Development Report for 2002 ranked Guinea 159 out of 173 countries. Guinea’s economic difficul-
ties are compounded by the political turmoil in neighbouring Liberia and past unrest in Sierra Leone.
Under the Country Programme, WFP supports school feeding in primary schools and rural devel-
opment in the most food insecure rural areas in Middle and Upper Guinea. In these areas, the
school feeding projects target communities where literacy and school attendance rates are the
lowest (particular focus on women and girls). Under the regional West African Coastal PRRO
10064.1, WFP provides relief and supports self-reliance of 75,000 Liberian refugees, 25,000 Sierra
Leonean refugees and 38,000 internally displaced persons through general distributions, selective
feeding, food-for-work and income generating activities.



                                     2003 Projected Net Requirements

                   Project type                Cereals          Oil     Pulses        Total
                   Country Programme              2,764        574         344        3,682
                   Total tonnage                 2,764         574         344       3,682



II.    WFP-assisted projects and operations

CP Guinea 10039.0 Activity 1- “School Feeding”
Duration: Three years (through 2004).
Total project commitment: 7,316 tonnes.

The Government attaches high priority to increasing primary school attendance and has embarked
on improving the overall quality of education through the Programme of Adjustment of the Educa-
tional Sector (PASE). In this context, WFP assistance was carried out through a dietary supple-
ment to 38,000 school children in 2002. The specific objectives of this activity are to improve
school enrolment and attendance rates, especially for girls, and sensitise communities to key
concepts in food security and hygiene. Girls in 4th, 5th, and 6th grades are provided with a take-
home ration acting as an incentive to retain them at school. Implementation started in March 2002
and covered the third and last term of the school year. The project is closely monitored through
three WFP sub-offices. Local communities’ response has been very positive and actual results
are in line with project plans.


                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                       Female        Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  21,560      58,000      79,560

      Number of children given school meals                               20,000      38,000     58,000
      Number of school children given take-home rations                   20,000           0     20,000




                                                                                                          211
 CP Guinea 10039.0 Activity 2 - “Community-Based Rural Development in Middle and Up-
 per Guinea”
 Duration: Three years (through 2004).
 Total project commitment: 6,313 tonnes.

 Under this activity, WFP food assistance supports the government’s rural development efforts to
 improve living conditions and food security of rural populations in the country’s poorest areas in
 Middle and Upper Guinea. This is achieved by supporting rural development schemes initiated and
 implemented by the communities themselves. Specific activities fall under three main areas: de-
 velopment of small rural infrastructure, improved management of natural resources (land, water
 and forestry) and promotion of income-generating activities by village communities, with a special
 emphasis on the participation of women and assets building. The activities are also implemented
 to provide a viable response to chronic small-scale natural disasters (floods and droughts) in the
 Kankan and Dinguiraye regions.

                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   41,075     36,425      77,500

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                  8,215       7,285      15,500




 PRRO West African Coastal 10064.1 – “Targeted Food Assistance for Relief and Recovery
 of Refugees, Internally Displaced Persons and Returning Refugees in Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea,
 Liberia and Sierra Leone.” (currently under preparation)
 Duration: One year (through December 2003)

 Please refer to the section on ‘West African Coastal Region’ for details.




212
                                                                           Regional Bureau - West Africa

                                       Guinea-Bissau

I.    Objectives of WFP assistance

The eleven-month long internal conflict in Guinea-Bissau that broke out in June 1998 caused the
destruction of infrastructure, the collapse of administrative structures and the disintegration of the
social fabric. Poverty, unemployment and social and economic problems aggravated by the crisis
are causing nutritional problems among the most vulnerable population. Cereal production has
decreased due to a lack of seeds and fertilisers, and the destruction or deterioration of rice pad-
dies, dikes and irrigation systems. The quality of roads, already poor before the crisis, has wors-
ened, disrupting food markets. Educational indicators, very low even before the crisis (rate of school
enrolment 45 percent, drop out rate up to 66 percent, illiteracy rate among men 59 percent and
among women 85 percent) worsened dramatically during the crisis. Poverty prevents families
from sending children to school and furthermore the educational infrastructure has deteriorated
and is insufficient. In these circumstances, WFP’s overall goal is to contribute to post-conflict
rehabilitation through assistance to poverty reduction programmes in Guinea-Bissau.


                                 2003 Projected Net Requirements

                 Project type              Cereals         Oil     Other        Total
                 Single Country PRRO          2,498       865       1,437       4,800
                 Total tonnage               2,498        865      1,437       4,800


II.   WFP-assisted projects and operations

PRRO Guinea Bissau 10148.0 – “Food Aid for Rehabilitation in Guinea-Bissau”
Duration: 1 year and 3 months (through June 2003).
Total project commitment: 8,485 tonnes.

This operation is intended to lay the foundation for sustainable long-term development. The overall
goal of the operation is to contribute to post-conflict rehabilitation of Guinea-Bissau and poverty
alleviation.

The project’s specific objectives are to:
• Improve food security in rural areas;
• Improve school enrolment (particularly for girls) and reduce drop-out rates;
• Improve the nutritional status of malnourished children and mothers; and
• Raise awareness about balanced nutritional practices and HIV/AIDS epidemics and means to
   fight against its proliferation.

Beneficiaries were targeted for WFP assistance based on Vulnerability Assessment Mapping
amongst other indicators. This project includes the following components: rural rehabilitation,
education programmes such as school feeding and literacy, mother and child health, and nutrition
programmes. Special attention is given to women’s participation.

To enhance counterpart capacity and ensure partnership, WFP also plans to implement a global
capacity building strategy.




                                                                                                    213
                                         Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                      Female   Male    Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                 213,875 170,237 384,112

      Number of expectant and nursing women and children              Women Children Total
      given WFP food under MCH programmes                                4,800  2,000    6,800

      Number of participants in WFP-supported HIV/AIDS                Female   Male     Total
      programmes                                                           125      187       312

                                                                      Girls      Boys      Total
      Number of children given school meals                               36,600    46,200    82,800
      Number of school children given take-home rations                   36,600         0    36,600

                                                                      Women Men       Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities            10,000  1,000    11,000

                                                                      Women Men       Total
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                 1,400  2,100     3,500




214
                                                                               Regional Bureau - West Africa

                                                   Liberia

I.     Objectives of WFP Assistance

Liberia’s seven-year civil war has necessitated WFP provision of emergency food aid for the most
affected refugees and internally displaced persons. The broad goals of WFP assistance are to
promote opportunities for the transition from emergency to recovery, rebuilding civil society and
ensuring long-term development.

Within this framework, WFP’s overall objectives in Liberia include:
• Meeting the basic humanitarian needs of refugees and internally displaced persons;
• Resettling returning refugees in their places of origin;
• Promoting self-reliance, especially of women, through support to productive activities; and
• Rehabilitating or reconstructing devastated social infrastructure.

Peace prospects remain fragile. Persistent rebel activity in parts of the “Farm Belt” region (Lofa,
Bong, Bomi, Cape Mount) has severely disrupted agricultural activities in these areas of the coun-
try. Food insecurity is therefore likely to remain an acute problem in all counties except Grand
Gedeh where returnee populations have resumed farming on a pre-war scale.

Beneficiaries of food assistance include Sierra Leonean refugees in Liberia, internally displaced
persons, returning Liberian refugees, school children and other vulnerable groups who benefit
from curative and other institutional feeding interventions. The majority of the above mentioned
beneficiaries are assisted under the West African Coastal Regional PRRO 10064.1.


                                     2003 Projected Net Requirements

             Project type                Cereals          Oil     Pulses       Other       Total
             Development Project            2,660        266         432          14       3,372
             Total tonnage                 2,660         266         432          14       3,372


II.    WFP-assisted projects and operations

DEV Liberia 06239.0 – “Assistance to Community-Based School Feeding Programme”
Duration: Three years (through September 2003).
Total project commitment: 10,534 tonnes.

The project’s overall objective is to contribute to government and community efforts to rehabilitate
the school system, attract children back to the classroom and resume schools activities through-
out the country. Beneficiaries are public primary school children.


                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                       Female          Male     Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  70,000        70,000   140,000

                                                                       Female          Male     Total
      Number of children given school meals                              70,000        70,000   140,000


                                                                                                          215
 PRRO West African Coastal 10064.1 – “Targeted Food Assistance for Relief and Recovery
 of Refugees, Internally Displaced Persons and Returning Refugees in Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea,
 Liberia and Sierra Leone.” (Currently under preparation)
 Duration: One year (through December 2003)
 Please refer to the section on ‘West African Coastal Region’ for details.




216
                                                                      Regional Bureau - West Africa

                                               Mali

I.    Objectives of WFP assistance

Mali is classified as a least developed and low-income food-deficit country. In 2002, Mali ranked
164th out of 173 countries according to the UNDP Human Development Index. Almost 50 percent of
children in Mali suffer from chronic malnutrition. The national attendance rates for the primary
school cycle are extremely low: 36 percent for girls and 44 percent for boys in 1999. Over 50
percent of child deaths are caused by malnutrition. Some areas, including the regions of Kidal,
Gao, and Timbuktu, have a structural food-deficit in basic cereals. Moreover, in addition to being
landlocked, the country is highly susceptible to natural disasters (drought, locusts, and floods).

In this context, the objectives of WFP’s Country Programme (2003-2007), which is being pre-
sented for approval by the Executive Board in October 2002, in Mali include:
• Targeting food aid to four northern regions facing chronic food deficits;
• Supporting education of children through school feeding activities;
• Contributing to disseminate supplementary food, to raise the nutritional status of the popula-
    tion, particularly of babies and expectant and nursing mothers;
• Improving disaster-preparedness; and
• Supporting rural development through food-for-work and food-for-training.

By June 30th 2003, WFP will conclude its protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO) in north-
ern Mali in support of returnees and internally displaced persons.



                                 2003 Projected Net Requirements

           Project type             Cereals         Oil    Pulses      Other      Total
           Country Programme          10,465      1,132       568        600    12,765
           Single Country PRRO         1,211                                      1,211
           Total tonnage             11,676      1,132        568       600     13,976



II.         WFP-assisted projects and operations

CP Mali 10205.0 Activity 1 – “Assistance to School Canteens and Girls’ Education” (cur-
rently under preparation)
Duration: Five years (through December 2007).
Total project commitment: Estimated 29,485 tonnes.

Specific objectives for this activity are:
• Increase the basic education enrolment rate;
• Contribute to regular and stable school attendance; and
• Contribute to a steady increase of school enrolment and attendance for girls.

In addition to providing school canteen rations for an average of 89,480 targeted pupils, WFP also
supplies a small additional incentive ration to girls attending more than 80 percent of classes per
month (approximately 35,000 girls per year). About 1,260 female cooks are involved in the daily
preparation of school meals on a food-for-work basis.




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                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   40,959     48,521      89,480

                                                                         Girls      Boys        Total
      Number of children given school meals                              39,699      48,521      88,220
      Number of school children given take-home rations                  31,759           0      31,759

                                                                       Women         Men        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                 1,260             0      1,260




 CP Mali 10205.0 Activity 2 – “Health and Nutrition” (currently under preparation)
 Duration: Five years (through December 2007).
 Total project commitment: Estimated 3,000 tonnes.

 In this sector WFP assistance will contribute towards distributing supplementary weaning food,
 subsequently raising the nutritional status of the population, particularly of children and of expect-
 ant and nursing women, encouraging their access to primary health care services. WFP will use
 supplementary food made from local products (MISOLA/UCODAL).

 Moreover, WFP’s support to IEC (Information Education and Communication) training in the area
 of health and nutrition will raise attendance at the health centres in the targeted communities.

 It is estimated that in the five year programme, 33,000 expectant and nursing women and children
 between six and five years of age will receive 3000 tonnes of supplementary food. Food assistance
 will complement technical inputs and financial resources of other partners including World Bank,
 UNICEF, HKI, WHO and others.


                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   13,000     10,000      23,000




 CP Mali 10205.0 Activity 3 – “Asset Creation” (currently under preparation)
 Duration: Five years (through December 2007).
 Total project commitment: Estimated 20,381 tonnes.

 In order to improve food security in vulnerable communities, WFP’s Food-for-work activities sup-
 port agriculture, construction of rural infrastructure, improvement of sanitation and vocational train-
 ing. By supporting land protection activities, WFP also contributes to the prevention of erosion and
 to building disaster mitigation capabilities. Food assistance will complement technical inputs and
 financial resources of other partners including IFAD, Programme Mali-Nord and others. This activ-
 ity will involve an average of 139,000 participants each year who will get a family ration (5 persons),
 thus targeting an average of 695,000 beneficiaries per year.
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                                                                             Regional Bureau - West Africa


                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female       Male        Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                 340,550     354,450     695,000

                                                                     Women         Men        Total
    Number of participants in food-for-training activities            10,217        7,089      17,306

                                                                     Women         Men        Total
    Number of participants in food-for-work activities                34,055       35,445      69,500




CP Mali 10205.0 Activity 4 – “Food Security and Disaster Preparedness” (currently under
preparation)
Duration: Five years (through December 2007).
Total project commitment: Estimated 10,956 tonnes.

The “Programme de Restructuration du Marché Céréalier” (PRMC) is playing a key role in the food
security system in Mali by promoting the liberalisation of markets, providing incentives for increased
production, and through the establishment of an efficient national early warning, contingency plan-
ning and cyclical food crisis management system. WFP is assuming the role of donor co-ordinator
and secretariat of the PRMC. WFP’s food stock in-kind contributions will be entirely transferred to
the PRMC Common Counterpart Fund for the partial reconstitution of the National Security Stock
(target level 35,000 tonnes of cereals).


                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  37,000      37,000      74,000
    Number of beneficiaries of free relief food assistance             37,000      37,000      74,000




PRRO Mali Regional 05804.1 – “Malian Refugees, Returnees and Conflict Affected Per-
sons”
Duration: Three years (through June 2003).
Total project commitment: 9,356 tonnes.

WFP plans to continue providing relief support to vulnerable groups, in particular returnees, inter-
nally displaced persons (IDPs) and other affected population groups in northern Mali (Kidal, Gao,
and Timbuktu). Wherever possible, WFP will implement food-for-work and food-for-training activi-
ties building on current development projects. Targeted relief support is only provided under excep-
tional circumstances. The PRRO is due to end mid-2003.




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                                         Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                      Female    Male      Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                 113,934 109,466 233,400
      Number of returnee beneficiaries                                    1,000     1,000     2,000
      Number of beneficiaries of free relief food assistance              1,000     1,000     2,000

                                                                      Women Men       Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities             3,418  3,284     6,702

                                                                      Women Men       Total
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                19,369 18,609    37,978




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                                                                         Regional Bureau - West Africa

                                          Mauritania

I.    Objectives of WFP assistance

With a population of 2.6 million inhabitants, of whom 57 percent live below the national poverty line,
Mauritania is classified as a least developed and low-income food-deficit country. The 2002 UNDP
Human Development Report ranked Mauritania 152 out of 173 countries. The country is vulnerable
to drought and particularly affected by desertification, which is progressively reducing the potential
land for cultivation and thus food production too. In this context the main objectives of WFP’s
assistance are to:
• Improve living conditions of rural populations through activities such as upgrading water sup-
    plies, agricultural development, environmental protection and skills training;
• Promote children’s education by stressing the importance of school enrolment for girls; and
• Reduce malnutrition among children and promote nutrition education among women.

Beneficiaries will include:
• Farmers and rural communities who will benefit from assets created by the WFP projects;
• Boys and girls receiving basic education in schools; and
• Children suffering from malnutrition, together with expectant women and or nursing mothers
   suffering from malnutrition.

The existing EMOP 10147.0 will be incorporated into the new regional operation in the Western
Sahel, which is currently under preparation.

                                 2003 Projected Net Requirements

            Project type              Cereals         Oil   Pulses       Other      Total
            Country Programme           6,215        443        805      1,009      8,472
            Total tonnage               6,215       443        805       1,009      8,472


II.   WFP assisted projects and operations

CP Mauritania 10209.0 Activity 1 - “Assistance to Basic Education” (currently under prepa-
ration)
Duration: Six years (through December 2008).
Total project commitment: Estimated 31,422 tonnes.

The activity aims to support the national programme for the development of universal education by
2005, enabling poor households to invest in human capital through education and training. WFP
will channel support to primary education through school canteens in the seven regions identified
by the Vulnerability Assessments Mapping (VAM) survey as the most vulnerable and as having the
lowest school enrolment rates.

The activity’s specific objectives are to:
• Improve the gender balance among children attending school;
• Reduce educational attrition (drop-out levels, absenteeism, repeated years);
• Increase learning and concentration capacities by reducing short-term hunger.
• Ensure better daily diets for pupils.

The meals, served in school canteens, will provide an incentive for school enrolment and attend-
ance. The beneficiaries are the girls and boys attending primary schools in the targeted regions.
During the project 17,000 beneficiaries will be enrolled at the beginning of each school year (Octo-
ber). The number of beneficiaries planned for 2003, will be 112,000 pupils, 50 percent of whom will
                                                                                                    221
 be girls.

 Cooked meals (a beverage, breakfast and lunch) will be served 20 days a month and 180 days a
 year. Others activities will be ensured by WFP and the Government, focusing on: training of part-
 ners (targeted communities, teachers), monitoring and evaluation, management of activities and
 food supplies.

                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   56,100     56,100     112,200

                                                                         Girls      Boys        Total
      Number of children given school meals                              56,100      56,100     112,200




 CP Mauritania 10209.0 Activity 2 - “Food Assistance to Vulnerable Groups of Malnutrition”
 (currently under preparation)
 Duration: Six years (through December 2008).
 Total project commitment: Estimated 8,149 tonnes.

 The rate of malnutrition in Mauritania is just over 13 percent. WFP assistance aims to support
 government policy to reduce the incidence of malnutrition. The activity focuses on malnourished
 children and pregnant and nursing women.

 The activity’s specific objectives are to:
 • Reduce the rate of malnutrition of affected children and reduce the risk of becoming malnour-
    ished;
 • Improve a participatory approach focused on health and nutrition education; and
 • Prevent calorie deficiency in expectant and nursing women.

 The beneficiaries are selected based on a procedure adopted by the Ministry of Health, WFP and
 UNICEF. The total number of beneficiaries is 98,400 (60,000 malnourished children, 36,000 ex-
 pectant and nursing mothers and 2,400 helpers and cooks). Some 16,400 beneficiaries will be
 assisted in 2003 and 2004: 10,000 infants (5 000 boys and 5 000 girls) within 200 community
 feeding centres; 6 000 pregnant and nursing women and 400 nutritional assistants.

 International and national NGOs are responsible to distribute the food rations: wet rations to chil-
 dren and dry rations to expectant and nursing mothers, through the community feeding centres
 and for recuperation and nutritional training. Social mobilisation will focus on new methods of food
 preparation based on general principles of hygiene. The foreseen food commitment is 1,358 tonnes
 for 2003.
                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   11,400      5,000      16,400
      Number of beneficiaries of free relief food assistance              11,400      5,000      16,400

      Number of expectant and nursing women and children               Women Children           Total
      given WFP food under MCH programmes                                6,000 10,000            16,000

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                                                                             Regional Bureau - West Africa




CP Mauritania 10209.0 Activity 3 – “Rural Development and Food Security” (currently un-
der preparation)
Duration: Six years (through December 2008).
Total project commitment: Estimated 22,009 tonnes.

This CP is aimed at combating food insecurity. This will be achieved by helping poor families to
gain and preserve assets, and by mitigating the potential effects of natural disasters.

The activity’s specific objectives are to:
• Increase and diversify agricultural production by the construction and rehabilitation of existing
   structures for retaining and storing water;
• Strengthen basic infrastructures through the construction of rural dirt roads, wells, fixation of
   dunes, reforestation, regeneration of vegetal cover and exploitation of natural resources;
• Provide functional literacy training; and
• Teach techniques for both preserving vegetables and protecting the environment.

Food-for-work and food-for-training components will be used to attain the above goals. Expected
outcomes include an increase in cultivated areas, diversification and sustained increases in agri-
cultural production and the slowing of rural out-migration.

The beneficiaries will benefit from increased access to food, improved community facilities and
new employment opportunities.


                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  10,500      19,500      30,000

                                                                     Women         Men        Total
    Number of participants in food-for-training activities             1,333             0      1,333

                                                                     Women         Men        Total
    Number of participants in food-for-work activities                10,500       19,500      30,000




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                                                Niger

 I.    Objectives of WFP assistance

 Niger is classified as both a least developed and a low-income food-deficit country. The country
 ranked second from last according to UNDP’s Human Development Index for 2002. Niger has a
 population of approximately 11 million people, of which 61 percent live on less than a one US $
 daily. One in of four children dies before they reach the age of five. Poor school attendance, espe-
 cially among girls, contributes to Niger’s mere 15 percent literacy rate. The country is plagued by
 chronic food insecurity particularly so during lean seasons before harvests.

 In this context, the current WFP Country Programme in Niger has three main objectives:
 • Increase agricultural production, while protecting ecological assets (through multi-purpose ru-
     ral development);
 • Increase enrolment and attendance in primary schools, especially among girls (through school
     lunches); and
 • Increase health care coverage of women and children (through supplementary feeding of vul-
     nerable groups).

 Following the agreement of all UN Agencies in Niger, the various programming cycles will be har-
 monised starting from January 2004. As a result, the ongoing WFP CP requires a one-year exten-
 sion, from 1 January to 31 December 2003.


                                  2003 Projected Net Requirements

            Project type              Cereals         Oil    Pulses      Other      Total
            Country Programme           4,825        148        934        210      6,117
            Total tonnage               4,825        148        934        210      6,117



 II.   WFP-assisted projects and operations

 CP Niger 10015.0 Activity 1 - “Rural Development”
 Duration: Five years (through December 2003).
 Total project commitment: 31,421 tonnes.

 Niger is subject to food shortages during the lean season, when many small farmers do not have
 cereal stocks and when food prices rise. The situation is compounded by natural disasters. Project
 objectives include fighting desertification, diversifying agricultural production, and improving food
 production and water management systems. WFP rural development basic activities are mainly
 located in the regions of Zinder, Tillabéry and Tahoua. WFP-supported activities will improve and
 expand agro-pastoral areas through land recovery and water management. Programme results
 will include reduced erosion, increased water availability for cropping, improved technical know-
 how in agricultural and fodder production, and increased fuel wood supply. The activity will also
 reduce the populations’ vulnerability to drought and flooding. In other areas, WFP will support UNDP
 activities to establish cereal banks, and, along with IFAD, empower village-based organisations to
 undertake community projects in a participatory approach. In addition, WFP provides assistance
 to other partners and supports activities outside its CP geographical scope when appropriate (for
 instance in a GTZ-implemented project in the Tahoua region).




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                                                                             Regional Bureau - West Africa
                                       Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                      Female       Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  226,950     196,690    423,640

                                                                      Women        Men         Total
    Number of participants in food-for-work activities                 17,000       3,000       20,000



CP Niger 10015.0 Activity 2 - “Food Assistance to Primary Schools in Vulnerable Areas”
Duration: Two years (through June 2003).
Total project commitment: 8,534 tonnes

Although Niger allocates a significant 18 percent of its operating budget to education, the sheer
magnitude of the country’s growing education needs exceeds existing resources and capacities.
Furthermore, children’s learning difficulties are exacerbated by short-term hunger resulting in poor
school performance. Pupils therefore often drop out before completing primary school. The aim of
WFP’s school feeding assistance is to improve child access to basic education in remote food
insecure areas. The strategy is to increase basic enrolment rates and improve school attendance,
encouraging girl’s attendance by providing a quarterly take-home ration to the mothers of girls who
attended 80 percent of the classes per month. WFP food aid is expected to reduce educational
gaps between urban and rural areas and between boys and girls.

                                       Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  22,285      28,878      51,163

                                                                       Girls      Boys        Total
    Number of children given school meals                                9,422     16,015      25,437
    Number of school children given take-home rations                    3,675          0       3,675


CP Niger 10015.0 Activity 3 - “Aid for Women and Children Vulnerable to Malnutrition”
Duration: Five years (through December 2003).
Total project commitment: 8,512 tonnes.

This project targets women and children who are particularly vulnerable to malnutrition. Main ob-
jectives include increasing regular attendance at pre and post - natal clinics, and improving the
monitoring of the nutritional status of children below five years of age. The project focuses on 13 of
the poorest districts, within 4 of the 8 regions of the country. Through 116 health centres, WFP will
provide food aid to 15,000 nursing/expectant women and 10,000 children each year.

                      Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                      Female       Male        Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   44,540     44,540       89,080

    Number of expectant and nursing women and children                Women Children           Total
    given WFP food under MCH programmes                                15,000 14,080            29,080

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                                   São Tomé and Principe

 I.    Objectives of WFP assistance

 São Tomé and Principe is classified as a least developed and low-income food-deficit country. It
 ranked 119 out of 173 in the UNDP Human Development Index classification for 2002 and is a
 heavily indebted country. Available data on the population’s nutritional status suggest that nutri-
 tional levels have been deteriorating. According to UNDP Human Development report for 2002, the
 incidence of low birth-weight is 7 percent, while 26 percent of children under the age of 5 are
 suffering from moderate and severe stunting and 16 percent from moderate and severe wasting.

 In May 2000 WFP resumed its assistance to the social sector through primary school feeding and
 mother and child health care activities. WFP focuses its development activities on:
 • Enabling young children and expectant and nursing mothers to meet their special nutritional
     and nutrition-related health needs; and
 • Enabling poor households to invest in human capital through education and training.


                                   2003 Projected Net Requirements

             Project type              Cereals         Oil    Pulses      Other       Total
             Development Project         1,145          65       158          17      1,385
             Total tonnage               1,145         65        158         17      1,385



 II.   WFP-assisted projects and operations

 DEV São Tomé and Principe 06095.0 - “Support to Basic Education and the Health Care
 System for Vulnerable Groups”
 Duration: Four years (through April 2004).
 Total project commitment: 4,937 tonnes.

 The project’s specific objectives are to:
 • Maintain enrolment and attendance rates at primary schools and increase attendance at the
    pre-primary level;
 • Alleviate short-term hunger among children in kindergartens and primary schools;
 • Contribute to improving the nutritional status of expectant and nursing women at risk and chil-
    dren aged up to 5 years; and
 • Contribute to improving the knowledge and sound practice in nutrition and health of women
    beneficiaries.

 In 2003, approximately 33,450 children in WFP assisted primary schools and kindergartens will
 receive a midday meal for 180 days. Some 2,700 malnourished children will receive daily rations
 for 60 days. Their weight and growth will be regularly monitored. In addition, a total of 1,500 expect-
 ant and nursing women will receive daily rations for a period of 90 days.




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                                                                         Regional Bureau - West Africa


                                   Expected Outputs in 2003

The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                Female    Male      Total
Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  17,784    18,000    35,784

Number of expectant and nursing women and children              Women Children Total
given WFP food under MCH programmes                                1,500  2,700    4,200

                                                                Girls      Boys      Total
Number of children given school meals                               15,550    17,900    33,450

                                                                Women Men                Total
Number of participants in food-for-work activities                  250              0           250




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                                             Senegal

 I.    Objectives of WFP assistance

 Senegal is a Sahelian low-income food deficit country, classified as both a least developed and a
 heavily indebted poor country. The UNDP Human Development Report for 2002 ranked Senegal
 154 out of 173 countries. About 30 percent of the country’s households are affected by poverty, and
 women make up two thirds of the poor. Since the 1990’s, the food situation has been worsening
 with an average daily intake of 2,100 Kcal and a steady fall in the frequency and quality of meals.

 The WFP Country Programme (2002-2006) aims to support the government’s poverty reduction
 strategy in the most vulnerable areas through three basic activities: assistance to the Nutrition
 Enhancement Programme; basic education, training and literacy; and crisis prevention. A supple-
 mentary activity is planned to extend the training and literacy activity. In addition, WFP assists the
 populations most affected by the on-going civil conflict in the Low Casamance area. Since July
 2002, a PRRO has commenced to help the affected people, reinforcing the impact of the previous
 EMOP.


                                   2003 Projected Net Requirements

             Project type              Cereals         Oil   Pulses       Other      Total
             Country Programme           6,528        784      1,331      1,358     10,001
             Single Country PRRO         2,400        350        800          5      3,555
             Total tonnage               8,928      1,134      2,131      1,363    13,556



 II.   WFP-assisted projects and operations

 CP Senegal 10088.0 Activity 1 - “Assistance to the Nutrition Enhancement Programme
 (NEP)”.
 Duration: 4 years and 5 months (through December 2006).
 Total project commitment: 7,978 tonnes.

 The WFP collaborates with NEP in the poorest urban neighbourhoods to achieve the following
 objectives:
 • Promote the growth of children aged 0-36 months;
 • Reduce micro-nutrient deficiencies among women and children aged 6-36 months;
 • Eliminate immediate hunger and promote the physical and mental development of children
     aged 3-6 years; and
 • Promote the local production and marketing of supplementary feeding products by the com-
     munities themselves.

 Under the supplementary food activity, 345,000 beneficiaries will participate including 138,000 chil-
 dren aged 6-36 months and 192,000 expectant and nursing mothers over a 3-year period. Some
 15,000 children aged 3-6 years attending day-care centres will also benefit from the activity. In
 addition, 900 women will be trained in manufacturing supplementary food.




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                                                                             Regional Bureau - West Africa


                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                    Women Men       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                 50,000 30,000    80,000

    Number of expectant and nursing women and children               Women Children           Total
    given WFP food under MCH programmes                               40,000 40,000            80,000

    Number of children given school meals                              Girls      Boys        Total
                                                                         2,000     2,000        4,000



CP Senegal 10088.0 Activity 2 - “Assistance to the Education Sector”.
Duration: Five years (through December 2006).
Total project commitment: 26,530 tonnes.

In the formal education sector, the activity aims at ensuring that students receive regular food, and
at increasing the rate of school enrolment, attendance and continuation, particularly among girls in
food-insecure areas. A yearly average of 105,400 students will benefit from this component through
school feeding activities over 5 years. In the non-formal sector 8,000 adults, mainly women and
young people in the poorest urban areas will benefit from literacy and vocational training sessions,
providing them with proper qualifications leading to a job or income-generating activities.


                     Expected Outputs in 2003

    The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                     Female        Male       Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  54,701      61,024     115,725

                                                                       Girls      Boys        Total
    Number of children given school meals                              47,755      57,630     105,385

                                                                     Women         Men        Total
    Number of participants in food-for-training activities             5,116        2,934       8,050

                                                                     Women         Men        Total
    Number of participants in food-for-work activities                 1,830         460        2,290



CP Senegal 10088.0 Activity 3 - “Crisis Mitigation”.
Duration: Five years (through December 2006).
Total project commitment: 5,200 tonnes.

The specific objective Activity 3 is to bring about sustainable growth in food supply, agricultural
production and income. This will be achieved through:
• The development of agriculture (lowland irrigation schemes, small dams, deepening of ponds,
   anti-salt banks, etc.) and multipurpose gardening;
• The development and protection of natural resources (wooded plots, windbreaks, hedges, dune
   fixation, etc.); and
• The boosting of agricultural technical capacities and resource management capacities.


                                                                                                        229
 Members of targeted farmers’ organisations and their families, will benefit from WFP’s assistance
 through food-for-work interventions.

                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   6,618       2,206       8,824

                                                                       Women         Men        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities              469          156         625

                                                                       Women         Men        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                 6,149        2,050       8,199




 CP Senegal 10088.0 Activity 4 - “Extension of Training and Literacy”.
 Duration: Four years (through December 2006).
 Total project commitment: 17,550 tonnes.

 If additional resources are available, WFP intends to extend its training and literacy intervention to
 support Government objectives to reduce the illiteracy rate by 5 percent a year and boost their
 capacity to combat urban poverty and unemployment. About 42,700 beneficiaries a year amongst
 the urban poor and unemployed would benefit through food-for-training sessions.

                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                        Female       Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                   24,000     18,665      42,665

                                                                       Women         Men        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities            24,000       18,665      42,665




 PRRO Senegal 10188.0 - “Assistance to the Populations most Affected by the Conflict in
 the Region of Ziguinchor”.
 Duration: 1 year and 6 months (through December 2003).
 Total project commitment: 5,039 tonnes.

 WFP’s intervention in this area, which is continuously subjected to civil turmoil, will contribute to a
 multi-party process of socio-economic rehabilitation while reinforcing the peace process. There
 are four components of the operation:
 • Rehabilitation of agricultural infrastructure through community-initiated labour intensive works;
 • Training sessions, in particular for women;
 • Food distributions to the most vulnerable not benefiting from any kind of external assistance;
     and
 • Support to the resettlement of returnees and IDPs.




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                                                                         Regional Bureau - West Africa


                 Expected Outputs in 2003

The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                 Female        Male       Total
Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                  30,890      18,420      49,310
Number of IDP beneficiaries                                         1,533       1,532       3,065
Number of returnee beneficiaries                                    1,083       1,083       2,166
Number of beneficiaries of free relief food assistance              1,758         879       2,637

                                                                 Women         Men        Total
Number of participants in food-for-training activities            11,266        5,634      16,900

                                                                 Women         Men        Total
Number of participants in food-for-work activities                16,667       10,000      26,667




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                                         Sierra Leone

 I.    Objectives of WFP assistance

 Improvements in the security situation have enabled thousands of displaced people, from within
 Sierra Leone and neighbouring Guinea and Liberia to return home and begin to rebuild their lives
 and communities. The identification of food needs has increased as a result of the rise the number
 of safely accessible areas. The civil war in Sierra Leone was officially declared over in January
 2002. A total of 75,500 ex-combatants were disarmed. However, continued instability in Liberia
 also affected the sustained need for food aid in Sierra Leone. The escalation of fighting in Liberia
 has caused over 20,000 Liberian refugees and some 15,000 Sierra Leonean to spontaneously
 return to Sierra Leone, through the Kailahun and Pujehun districts.

 While addressing emergency food needs of vulnerable groups, WFP continues to intensify sus-
 tainable development programmes to ease suffering, and help restore/improve coping mecha-
 nisms. These programmes are combined with emergency school feeding, infrastructure improve-
 ments and support to increasing agricultural production in stable and secure areas. Through the
 emergency school-feeding programme, WFP promotes increased enrolment and regular attend-
 ance in schools, especially among girls. Agricultural activities are supported by the provision of
 seed rice and tool inputs in addition to food aid. This food aid serves to nourish farmers during the
 lean season, as well as functioning as seed protection. Special emphasis is given to women’s
 farming associations in rural areas.

 II.   WFP-assisted projects and operations

 PRRO West African Coastal 10064.1 – “Targeted Food Assistance for Relief and Recovery
 of Refugees, Internally Displaced Persons and Returning Refugees in Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea,
 Liberia and Sierra Leone.” (currently under preparation)
 Duration: One year (through December 2003)

 Please refer to the section on ‘West African Coastal Region’ for details.




232
                                                                          Regional Bureau - West Africa

                               West Africa Coastal Region
                     (includes Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone)

PRRO West African Coastal 10064.1 – “Targeted Food Assistance for Relief and Recovery
of Refugees, Internally Displaced Persons and Returning Refugees in Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea,
Liberia and Sierra Leone.” (currently under preparation)
Duration: One year (through December 2003)
Total project commitment: Estimated 98,791

The political and security situation in the West Africa Coastal region has been in a state of deep
crisis for many years. Liberia is once again at the epicentre of a conflict that could spread through-
out the region. With no sustainable political solution forthcoming in Liberia, the humanitarian situ-
ation there is expected to remain critical through 2003 and the prospects for recovery in neighbour-
ing Guinea and Sierra Leone are likely to suffer as a result. Moreover some political instability is
now affecting Côte d’Ivoire. In 2003, WFP plans to continue its assistance to the West Africa
Coastal region, which is once again being dominated by emergency food requirements, and Côte
d’Ivoire will be re-integrated in the regional operation in response to the large new influx of refugees
seeking asylum there since the beginning of 2002.


                                  2003 Projected Net Requirements

            Project type              Cereals          Oil    Pulses      Other       Total
            Regional PRRO               73886        6013      10785       8117      98,801
            Total tonnage              73,886       6,013     10,785      8,117     98,801

The situation in the region throughout 2002 has been characterised by the following elements:
• The intensification of conflict in Liberia, creating a new population of internally displaced per-
   sons (126,000 as of August 2002) and a significant stream of new Liberian refugees into Sierra
   Leone, Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire ;
• The return of IDPs in Guinea to their home areas, reducing the total number of people still dis-
   placed in Guinea to 82,000, or just 25 percent of the number estimated by the Government in
   early 2001; and
• The completion of disarmament and restoration of civil authority in Sierra Leone, paving the way
   for the return and resettlement of 154,360 internally displaced persons and 38,000 returning
   refugees from Liberia and Guinea.

These population displacements compounded by insecurity have been the major factor generating
food insecurity in the region for more than a decade, thereby adding considerable strain on the
limited coping mechanisms of these populations.

The objectives of the operation are to meet the immediate nutritional needs of people who are cut
off from any source of food, and to develop coping mechanisms of the previous caseloads of
refugees. The WFP will provide food aid to promote self-reliance for the target communities. Food
aid will also serve the specific nutritional needs of women and children and ensure a basic ration
when coping mechanisms are not sufficient to cover basic food needs. By the end of 2003, inter-
nally displaced persons, returnees and refugees should have reached self-reliance.

The specific objectives of the PRRO are to:
• Provide basic food requirements in order to improve immediate household food security of
   refugees and IDPs through emergency food distribution;
• Improve the nutritional status of groups identified as severely or moderately at risk, through
   curative interventions (therapeutic, supplementary and MCH feeding), institutional feeding of
   vulnerable groups and through emergency school-feeding programme for refugee and IDP

                                                                                                      233
      schools; and
 •    Promote and support the recovery process through reconstruction and rehabilitation schemes
      based on well-targeted food-for-work and food-for-training activities.

 WFP Guinea will encourage the full participation of both men and women at all levels of its interven-
 tions (from participatory needs assessment to evaluation) to ensure that the rights of women are
 respected and protected in order to further advance their empowerment. Activities to promote self-
 reliance will guarantee that men and women will equally benefit from the assets
 created.


                       Expected Outputs in 2003

      The following outputs are expected, if the WFP projects/activities are fully resourced in 2003:

                                                                       Female       Male        Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2003                 549,222     390,206     939,428
      Number of refugee beneficiaries                                   118,048      70,832     188,880
      Number of IDP beneficiaries                                        84,033      48,718     132,751
      Number of returnee beneficiaries                                   19,500      10,500      30,000
      Number of beneficiaries of free relief food assistance            196,200     108,800     305,000

      Number of expectant and nursing women and children               Women Children           Total
      given WFP food under MCH programmes                               17,399 29,531            46,930

                                                                        Girls       Boys        Total
      Number of children given school meals                             128,180     124,820     253,000

                                                                       Women         Men        Total
      Number of participants in Food-for-Training activities            12,000       30,000      18,000

                                                                       Women         Men        Total
      Number of participants in Food-for-Work activities                147,540      91,660     239,200




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