Art Aesthetics _ Criticism

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					Art Criticism &
 How to discuss art.
•Explain the purpose of art

•Use 4 steps of Criticism

•Explain the aesthetic theories of art

•Know what to look for when judging art
•Design Qualities
•Expressive Qualities
•Literal Qualities
Criteria: Standard of judgment
                            You may not always
                            agree with someone's
                            opinion. This happens
                            when you judge
                            something using
                            different criteria.
Art criticism creates a system for studying
a work of art
                      This system is the
                      philosophy of the
                      nature and beauty of
                      art. It is called
4 steps of art criticism
                                 •   Description

                                 •   Analysis

                                 •   Interpretation

                                 •   Judgment

Paul Klee. Ad Parnassum. 1932.
Oil on canvas. (39 x 49 in.).
             step 1: description
    What do I see?...
•   List the literal objects you see in
    the painting (skull, pitcher,
    bottle, flower, bowling pin, etc.)
    Do not make any assumptions
    about what you see

•   Consider the significant art
    elements that are present in the      Brook Welsh. Still life. 2009. Oil on
    artwork and describe them.            canvas.

    •Line      •Form       •Texture
    •Shape     •Space      •Color

         step 1: description
Gathering Facts...
•   What is the name of the artist?

•   What is the medium?

•   What is the name of the

•   When was it created?
                                      Brook Welsh. Still life. 2009. Oil on

•   Name some other major

    events in history that occurred
    at the same time as the
          step 2: analysis
•   How are the principles of art used to organize the art
     • Rhythm    • Pattern    • Proportion     • Variety
     • Movement • Balance     • Emphasis       • Unity

          Brook Welsh. Still life. 2009. Oil on
          step 3: interpretation
•   What do you think the artist is
    trying to say to you? Now you
    can make assumptions, or a best

•   Why do you think the artist
    created this artwork?

•   What do you think it means?

•   What feelings do you have when
                                       Brook Welsh. Still life. 2009. Oil on
    looking at this artwork?

•   Do you think there are things in
    the artwork that represent other
    things - symbols?
              step 4: judgment
•   Do you like the artwork?

•   Do you think it is an important

•   Would you display it at home?

•   Justify your opinion! Explain
                                      Brook Welsh. Still life. 2009. Oil on
    your opinion using observations   canvas.
    from the previous three steps.
      Aesthetic Theories and Qualities
      of Art
    Which of the following Qualities did the artist give to the artwork?

•    Imitationalism (Literal Quality): focuses
     on a realistic representation.

•    Formalism (Design Quality): Places
     emphasis on the arrangement of the
     elements of art using the principles of

•    Emotionalism (Expressive Qualities):
     Requires that an artwork must evoke a
     response of feelings, moods, or
     emotions in the viewer.
       Now you try it...
Write a DESCRIPTION for the following slide.
Pablo Picasso. Guernica. 1889. Oil on canvas. (11 x 23 ft.).
                       Guernica History
• Spanish Dictator, Francisco Franco granted Adolf Hitler
permission to practice his new war strategy of bombing cities
on a small Basque village in Northern Spain.
•On April 27, 1937 - market day - Hitler’s air force bombed
Guernica for three hours killing over 1600 people.
•Picasso began making sketches for the mural one week
after the bombing and completed the canvas on June 6,
•Analysis:   Which principles of design did Picasso
       • Balance        •Visual Movement
       • Unity          • Variety
       • Emphasis       • Proportion
•Interpretation:   What was Picasso trying to say?
  • What is the bull a symbol of?
  • Why does the texture on the horse look like
  • Why does all this happen in a room?
  • Why are there two “lights”?
  • Why does the warrior have a flower and a broken
•Judgment: Do you like it, or not - and why?

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