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					   MSALT 2000

WAVE 9 CODEBOOK

     AS OF

    May, 2004
                                                2

                                GENERAL CODING RULES

1.    Use blue pencil for all coding work.

2.    Write all numbers on the non-stapled edge of the page.

3.    Put all codes next to the corresponding question on the page.

4.    Code Yes/No answers as: 1 = Yes, 2 = No.

5.    Code “0”, “00”, or “000” if a respondent appropriately skips a question. For example, if
      a respondent answers “no” and then subsequently skips a question which is contingent on
      a “yes” response.

6.    Code “9”, “99”, or “999” if a respondent does not answer a question s/he should have
      answered.

7.    Round ½ and .5 to the nearest even number (e.g., respondent wrote 6.5, code 6).

8.    Look for unusual or random patterns that might indicate lack of attention.

9.    For questions about age or number of years, average and then round to the nearest even
      number if two numbers are written.

10.   If a respondent circles more than one number on a scale: a). if the two numbers are in
      sequence, circle in blue the number closer to the middle of the scale and cross out the
      other answer; b). if the two numbers are at opposite ends of the scale then code “9” and
      cross out both responses made by the respondent.

11.   If a respondent half circles a number or writes in a number and it is hard to read, make
      sure to reinforce the response by writing over it in blue pencil or writing it over in the
      margin after crossing it out. If a number is illegible, cross it out and code “9” for missing
      data.

12.   If the respondent circles a number on an example scale found at the top of a series of
      scale questions, cross it out.

13.   If the respondent checked off responses instead of writing numbers on the lines of a
      series of scale questions, code “9” for missing data.

14.    If a respondent answers “4 to 6 months,” or another response that includes a length of
      time instead of a specific response, then take an average and code the average (for
      example, for 4-6 months, code 5 months).
                                            3

v32000 = participant ID (5 spaces)
v32040 = month received (01 - 12)
v32041 = date received (01-31)
v32042 = year received (00 - 01)
v32043 = are you a
      1 = female
      2 = male
      9 = missing data

*** NOTE: ALL OF THE ABOVE CODES SHOULD BE ON THE FRONT COVER OF THE
SURVEY. THE LABEL CONTAINS THE PARTICIPANT ID NUMBER. THE DATE
RECEIVED IS ALSO WRITTEN ON THE FRONT COVER.

*** PLEASE WRITE THE GENDER OF THE PARTICIPANT ON THE FRONT COVER.

                                     *** PAGE 2 ***

       A. TIME USE Think about the kinds of things you usually do each week. We would
      like to know how much time you spend on these activities in a typical week. (CHECK
      ONE LINE FOR EACH QUESTION):
About how many hours do you usually spend each week ...
      1 = none
      2 = 1 hour or less
      3 = 2-3 hours
      4 = 4-6 hours
      5 = 7-10 hours
      6 = 11-15 hours
      7 = 16-20 hours
      8 = 21 or more hours
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32044 = doing work/job-related activities at home?
v32045 = spending focused time with your spouse/ romantic partner/dates?
v32046 = spending focused time with your children? _____ (check here if you have no children)
v32047 = hanging out with close friends other than your spouse/romantic partner?
v32048 = doing indoor housework/chores at home?
v32049 = doing yard work and other outdoor chores at home?
v32050 = watching TV?
v32051 = doing things with your parent(s)?
v32052 = doing organized and/or competitive athletic or sports activities?
v32053 = exercising or doing other fitness activities?

                                        *** PAGE 3 ***

v32054 = using a computer at home (for example: internet, AOL)?
                                              4

v32055 = reading?
v32056 = doing other intellectual activities?
v32057 = type of other intellectual activities #1
v32058= type of other intellectual activities #2
      01 = reading for pleasure (reading, literature, newspapers, scientific magazines)
      02 = writing
      03 = journals, journal clubs
      04 = poetry
      05 = writing letters
      06 = book clubs
      07 = going to the library
      08 = helping children with schoolwork
      10 = school related (reading for school, school projects, studying, group study)
      11 = advanced school related (working on thesis, review for medical school boards, grad school
           work, CPA review course, writing journal articles)
      12 = work related (reading for work, doing production sheets at work, grading papers, planning
           lessons, EMS planning, after work sessions; sales, union rep, assist husband with work,
           training materials)
      13 = future work/occupation-related (building a business, working on resume, job searching,
           planning a second business)
      14 = planning future
      15 = volunteer work
      20 = home related (running home, planning meals, designing house projects)
      21 = home improvement (remodeling/building projects)
      22 = taking care of plants/animals
      23 = drawing plans for furniture
      30 = math-related/computer (learning software, study programming, computer)
      31 = math-related/accounting (working on finances, paying bills, mathematics, bookkeeping)
      32 = mechanical/engineering (electronics, work on car, motorcycle clubs, building a race car)
      33 = physics, studying physics/metaphysics, science groups
      40 = self improvement (concentration exercises, learning, lessons, learning about something,
              educational videos, using the dictionary)
      41 = workshops, attending lectures, organizational meetings/conferences, seminars
      42 = creative thoughts, thinking about inventions, creative activities
      43 = competitive intellectual (debates, debate theory)
      44 = conversation (intellectual talks, discussing ideas, roundtables, mediation)
      45 = teaching (tutoring, editing college papers)
      46 = religion-related (religious meeting, Bible study, reading the Bible)
      47 = political/social groups, politics
      48 = philosophy
      49 = psychology
      50 = games (crossword puzzles, puzzles, adult games, skill games, strategy games, adventure
              card games, chess, mind games, word search, jeopardy; cards, role-playing games)
      51 = sports, general (sports stats)
      52 = collections (coins, stamps, saltwater fish tank)
      60 = cultural (attending concerts, plays, art shows, museums, good movies, theater, foreign
                                                5

               films)
       61 = creative/art-related (painting, drawing, artwork, conceptual artwork, photography)
       62 = creative/music-related (music, playing music, writing music, composing, studying musical
           scores, symphony, opera)
       63 = crafts/design (misc.)
       64 = languages (studying foreign languages, e.g., Japanese)
       65 = travel
       70 = research, general (researching artists)
       71 = research on family history
       72 = investment research, stock market
       73 = paying the bills
       80 = CNN, PBS, etc.
       81 = listening to the radio (i.e., NPR)
       98 = misc./other (CARD);
               Helping friends out # 11145
               Training materials # 13504
               Daily activities
               Partylite consultant
               Community activities
               Collaborating to design lessons
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (respondent checked “none”)

v32059 = playing a musical instrument?
v32060 = working on other creative activities or hobbies?
      1 = none
      2 = 1 hour or less
      3 = 2-3 hours
      4 = 4-6 hours
      5 = 7-10 hours
      6 = 11-15 hours
      7 = 16-20 hours
      8 = 21 or more hours
      9 = missing data

v32061 = type of other creative activities or hobbies #1
v32062 = type of other creative activities or hobbies #2
      01 = visual arts (artwork, designing signs, sketching, drawing, drafting, painting, calligraphy,
           designing, airbrushing, stained glass)
      02 = photography
      03 = ceramics; pottery
      04 = artwork w/children, activities with children
      05 = culinary arts (cooking, decorate cakes)
      06 = bartending, mixing drinks
      07 = planning parties, entertainment management, organizing high school reunion
      10 = theater arts (acting, role playing games, stage management)
                                               6

     11 = amateur radio
     12 = set building, lighting, production
     13 = directing
     14 = writing screen plays
     15 = comedy (stand-up routines)
     16 = modeling
     20 = musical arts/active (forming a band, guitar, drums) CARD FOR INSTRUMENTS
     21 = reading music, singing, choir
     22 = musical arts/passive (listening to music)
     23 = collecting (collect coins, stamps, gems, cards, comics, greeting cards, dolls, music singles—
         CD, tape or vinyl)
     24 = writing music
     25 = scrapbooking
     30 = writing
     31 = keeping a journal
     32 = writing poetry
     33 = letter writing
     34 = magazines, books
     35 = publishing (desk-top publishing)

*** NOTE: IF A SPORT IS LISTED HERE, AND ISN’T LISTED UNDER “LEISURE ACTIVITIES”
USE A PROBLEM CARD.

     *40 = active neutral (horseback riding, bowling, swimming, martial arts, golf, walking, tennis,
         volleyball, biking)
     *41 = active female-type (dancing, yoga, ballet, aerobics, ice skating)
     *42 = active male-typed (fishing, 4-wheeling, flying, hockey, motorcycling, target shooting,
         racing, hunting, boating)
     *43 = outdoor activities (sailing, skiing, beach related, snowmobiles, scuba diving, jet skiing,
         hiking, camping)
     50 = sewing (quilting, knitting, cross stitch, needlework, needlepoint, crochet, embroidery, latch
     hook rugs)
     51 = crafts & hobbies, female-typed (crafts, floral design, beading, bridal design, jewelry
         making, dollhouse, photo album, home decorating, painting ceramic houses, rubber
         stamping, plastic canvas, interior design, candle making)
     52 = crafts & hobbies, male-typed (home beer brewing, building models, wood projects, model
         aircrafts building, building things, playing pool, aviation, chess, fraternity, radio controlled
         cars, trains, metal work, construction, fantasy football)
     53 = crafts & hobbies, neutral (refinishing furniture, antiques, coins)
     54 = mechanical (automobiles, tinkering, car restoration, work on motorcycle, work on bicycle,
         electronics, work on boats, work on mountain bike)
     55 = puzzles, games, crosswords, chess, cards
     60 = home-related (home remodeling, home renovations, decorating apartment)
     61 = taking care of plants, horticulture, gardening, landscaping
     62 = taking care of pets (fish care maintenance, playing with dog, salt water aquarium, collect
         fish, training my dogs)
                                             7

      63 = bird watching
      64 = shopping
      65 = cooking
      70 = computer (computer programming, website updating)
      71 = internet-related (homepage design, fantasy football)
      80 = travel
      81 = learning foreign language
      82 = going to movies
      90 = studying religion
      91 = geneology research (family history)
      92 = finances, bill paying
      93 = thinking; my own ideas; researching; inventing
      98 = misc.; other (CARD) making things, stringing tennis racquets
              body piercing
      99 = missing
      00 = valid skip (respondent checked "none")

v32063 = providing volunteer or community service?
      1 = none
      2 = 1 hour or less
      3 = 2-3 hours
      4 = 4-6 hours
      5 = 7-10 hours
      6 = 11-15 hours
      7 = 16-20 hours
      8 = 21 or more hours
      9 = missing data

v32064 = type of volunteer or community service
      01 = children, general, unspecified (work with kids, youth group, speaking with kids,
      babysitting)
      02 = children, school-related (children's school, school, Head Start)
      03 = children, sports (basketball for kids, coaching, MHSAA official)
      04 = children, special needs (handicapped kids)
      05 = children, mentor programs (mentor, Big Brother/Big Sister, boy/girl scouts)
      06 = 4-H
      07 = Toys for Tots
      08 = Adopt-A-Family
      09 = children, other, CARD (help kids stay off drugs)
      10 = environment/community-related, general (work with the city, Sparks-Flint Convention and
          Visitors Bureau,)
      11 = gas & nuclear organization
      12 = police, watch-tower society
      13 = firefighters
      14 = rescue mission
      15 = Greenpeace
                                      8

16 = seasonal (Christmas parade, Salvation Army)
17 = business-related (work for a local business, venture club)
18 = tax assistance
19 = leadership/service to a professional group
20 = health related, general
21 = hospital, hospital volunteer
22 = American Red Cross
23 = hospice, AIDS
24 = speech and language placement
25 = work with handicapped, physical therapy
26 = American diabetes
27 = developmentally disabled
28 = American Cancer Society
29 = mental health
30 = women, general
31 = women's shelter, domestic violence, safe house
32 = rape crisis
33 = gay/lesbian organizations
40 = homeless/elderly, general (shop for elderly person)
41 = meals on wheels, food distribution
42 = home-related (Habitat for Humanity, rebuilding homes, Pro Bono construction)
43 = soup kitchen/shelter
50 = Humane Society; work with pets
51 = animals in park
60 = religious, general
61 = Sunday school
62 = Church committee
63 = bible ministry, bible education, missionary work
70 = sports-related, general, non-children
71 = figure skating club/ice snow director
72 = athletic training
80 = military, general
81 = US Army
82 = Navy
85 = campaign (campaign volunteer for 67th district)
90 = school-related, general (educational committee)
91 = Panhellenic (fraternity, sorority)
92 = teaching, unspecified (tutoring, volunteer reading tutor)
93 = parent-teacher organizations
94 = fraternity/sorority alumni associations
95 = auctions/telethons (unspecified)
96 = gave money to charity (e.g., the United Way)
98 = other, various charities (CARD)
        Chicago Cares (foodbank, work with children, restoring parks)
        CFF committee member
        good fellow (RV organization)
                                                9

              Volunteer Impact
              donate food, ms walks, lighthouse walks
              Independent Order of Foresters
              Handbell Choir Director (ID#11768)
              various activities (#11387)
              amateur radio (#10612)
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (respondent checked "none")

v32065 = participating in clubs or organizations?
      1 = none
      2 = 1 hour or less
      3 = 2-3 hours
      4 = 4-6 hours
      5 = 7-10 hours
      6 = 11-15 hours
      7 = 16-20 hours
      8 = 21 or more hours
      9 = missing data

v32066 = type of clubs or organizations #1
v32067 = type of clubs or organizations #2
      01 = social clubs (work social club, social fraternity, cards, trivial pursuit at bookstore)
      02 = community clubs (Knights of Columbus, sisters of Ohio, VFW, civic clubs, rotary club,
           Moose club, fire department, American legion, Kiwanas)
      03 = sports clubs (bowling, t-ball, basketball, hockey coach, yacht club, coach summer softball,
            Detroit social club -sports, volunteer coach, figure skating club, soccer, archery, rowing,
           running)
      04 = religious clubs (church)
      05 = hunting & fishing (gun clubs, shooting, American fisheries society, bow and arrow)
      06 = outdoor clubs (Sierra club)
      07 = astronomy club
      08 = motorcycle club
      10 = theater clubs, cinewomen club, movie club
      11 = dance clubs, dance lessons
      12 = music, singing, non-religious (community chorale)
      13 = art clubs (painting, painting classes)
      14 = language clubs (German, Gaelic society)
      15 = amateur radio clubs
      16 = medieval clubs
      17 = ethnic clubs (Italian-American club)
      18 = book club
      19 = philosophical clubs (Rosicrucian Order [AMORC])
      20 = school clubs, non-academic (student association, clubs on campus, owen graduate
           association (dormitory association), residence life)
      21 = school clubs, academic, non-honors (or unspecified)
                                              10

       22 = school clubs, academic, honorary (Sigma Tau Delta (English fraternity))
       23 = Panhellenic clubs (fraternity, sorority, sorority alumni group)
       30 = health-related (student nurse association, sports medicine club, Juvenile diabetes, Crohn’s
           & Colitus Foundation, public health student & alumni association)
       31 = AA
       32 = food-related (cooking club)
       35 = culinary clubs (cooking club)
       40 = children (4-H, tutoring, work with handicapped kids, boy scouts, brownies)
       41 = women (anti-rape network, women's shelter, women's group, domestic abuse)
       42 = gay and lesbian activities
       43 = parenting club (PTO—Parent/Teacher Organization)
       44 = animal (dog training, pet related, Newfoundland k-9 club, pet shows)
       50 = work-related (union meetings, venture club)
       51 = engineering (Society for Women Engineers; American society of certified engineering)
       52 = business/marketing (Adcraft club (advertising), American Marketing Association; National
           Agriculture-Marketing Association, stock club)
       53 = legal (women’s law laws; Environmental law clubs, legal fraternity)
       54 = science clubs (society for American archeology; American Association for the
           Advancement of Science; American Institute of aeronautics & astronautics)
       55 = medical occupation-related (Michigan society of radiologic technologists; medical/dental
           societies; Michigan Speech & Hearing Association; Michigan Nurses’ Association)
       56 = police/fire occupations (International association of arson investigation)
       57 = education-related (student council advisor, Michigan Education Association)
       59 = political party affiliated (Young Democrats/Young Republicans)
       60 = political/environmental, general
       61 = Peta/Amnesty International
       62 = military (ROTC)
       63 = enlisted wives club (military spouses)
       70 = amateur media club
       98 = misc., other (CARD) HOSA, motorcycle club, seminars, BNI; SDA;
              P.R.O.U.D.
              ASIS
              NCOA
              Fraternal Order of the Eagles (F.O.E.)
              A.Y.F.
              in N.Y.
              Southgate Parks & Rec.
              Shelters #11211
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (respondent checked "none")

v32068 = doing other leisure activities?
      1 = none
      2 = 1 hour or less
      3 = 2-3 hours
      4 = 4-6 hours
                                             11

       5= 7-10 hours
       6 = 11-15 hours
       7 = 16-20 hours
       8 = 21 or more hours
       9 = missing data

v32069 = type of other leisure activities #1
v32070 = type of other leisure activities #2
            sports - active
      01 = horseback riding
      02 = roller skating; ice skating; rollerblading
      03 = fishing
      04 = biking; mountain biking
      05 = weight lifting; working out; gym
      06 = aerobics; exercise
      07 = running
      08 = skiing
      09 = water-skiing; jet-skiing; kayaking
      10 = martial arts; judo
      11 = boating, sailing; crew
      12 = walking; walks
      13 = skate boarding; snowshoeing
      14 = snowmobiling
      15 = snowboarding
      16 = catch (balls; frisbee); hackeysack
      17 = nature walks, hiking, camping,
      18 = rock climbing; repelling
      19 = hunting; shooting; target shooting; bow hunting; archery
            competitive sports
      20 = organized team sports; sport clubs
      21 = softball; baseball
      22 = T-ball
      23 = soccer
      24 = football
      25 = basketball
      26 = volleyball; wally ball
      27 = hockey; floor hockey; roller hockey
      28 = indoor sports
            individual competitive sports
      30 = tennis
      31 = swimming, diving
      32 = golf
      33 = bowling
      34 = racquetball; paddleball
      35 = gymnastics; tumbling; trampoline
      36 = competitive running; track and field
                                         12

37 = wrestling
38 = dancing, yoga; line dancing; clogging
39 = frisbee golf (FOLF)
      games/sports other
40 = pitching horseshoes
41 = ping pong
42 = pool/billiards; darts
43 = miniature golf; Bocci; lawn darts; badminton; croquet
44 = cards
45 = board games
46 = computer; video games, playing Sega, Nintendo, play station
47 = “games,” unspecified
48 = other games (gambling, bingo, pinball)
49 = trivia games
50 = sports passive (sporting events, watching sports)
51 = outdoor activities (going to park, sight-seeing, zoos, the beach, sunset, laying in the
   sun/ picnics)
52 = motorcycle riding, motor cross
53 = lawn work, gardening
54 = home-related (fixing the house)
55 = culinary related (cooking; baking)
56 = party-planning (wedding coordinator)
60 = hanging out with or helping friends (having fun; talking; driving with friends,
      visiting friends; talking on the phone, socializing, helping friends out)
61 = going out to clubs, going out to eat, going out, clubs; bars
62 = TV
63 = movies
64 = walking in mall, shopping, running errands
65 = interacting with opposite sex
66 = drinking (social drinking)
68 = coffee houses, bookstores
69 = parties
70 = playing with children, playing with nieces/nephews, visiting relatives; spend time
     with family
71 = playing with dogs, walking dogs, training dogs
72 = cat-related (walking cat)
73 = other pet-related (my animals, pets, horses, fish, aquarium)
80 = relaxation (resting/relaxing, reflection, hot tub, sauna, hanging out; the beach;
    meditation, “me-time”, lounging, tanning, laying in sun, bubble bath)
81 = listening to radio, listening to music; music; sing in the car
82 = playing in a band; playing an instrument, choir
82 = letter writing; writing
83 = racing (off road racing, Endro racing)
84 = cultural (concerts, theater, plays, museums)
85 = travel
86 = sleeping, napping
                                              13

       87 = driving
       88 = reading (books; newspapers; going to the library)
       89 = puzzles; crosswords
       90 = crafts (e.g., sewing; quilting, cross-stitch)
       91 = acting (role-playing games)
       92 = sex
       93 = flying
       94 = church
       98 = misc., other (CARD);
               Doing my nails
               Euchere tournament
               hobby
               misc/stuff
               various (ID# 10413)
               community activities (#11257)
               sports (#10270)
       99 = missing
       00 = Valid skip (respondent checked "none")

v32071 = In the last year, how many times did you and your spouse/partner/dates do
      enjoyable activities together? (CHECK ONE)
      1 = never
      2 = once or twice
      3 = 3 or 4 times last year
      4 = monthly (about 12 times last year)
      5 = weekly
      6 = more than once a week
      7 = daily
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (respondent wrote in "no partner;" "don't date," etc.)

                                          *** PAGE 4 ***

       POLITICAL INVOLVEMENT

v32072 = How would you describe your political beliefs? (CHECK ONE)
      1 = Very conservative
      2 = Conservative
      3 = Moderate
      4 = Liberal
      5 = Very liberal
      6 = Radical
      7 = None of the above (CARD); common-sense approach; neutral
      8 = Don't know
      9 = Missing data

v32073 = Do you identify with a specific political party?
                                              14

       1 = yes
       2 = no
       9 = missing data

v32074 = If yes, please indicate the party with which you identify most strongly (choose
      one):
      1 = Democrat
      2 = Republican
      3 = Reform
      4 = Libertarian
      5 = Green (Ralph Nader)
      6 = Socialist
      7 = Independent
      8 = other (“middle of the road”, checked two parties, “not sure,” “feminist,” “no”)
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32075 = How strongly do you identify with the party you just chose?
         Not very           Somewhat                 Very
         strongly            identified            strongly
         1        2       3      4      5       6      7
         9 = missing data

v32076 = Are you registered to vote?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32077 = Did you vote during the past election?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

       If no, not voting is fairly common, and people have many different reasons for not voting.

v32078 = First of the most important reason(s) for not voting in past elections?
v32079 = Second of most important reason(s) for not voting in past elections?
              Apathy
      01 = didn’t have interest / didn’t care/ just didn’t go
      02 = didn’t want to take the time
              Motivation
      03 = forgot
      04 = laziness
      05 = didn’t “get around to it”
              Disinterest/Rejecting
      06 = didn’t want to vote
                                              15

               Knowledge/Informed Voter
       08 = could not vote intelligently
       09 = only vote in the presidential election
       10 = too confusing
       11 = didn’t know when / where to vote
               Scheduling Issues
       12 = had to work
       13 = had family to take care of
       14 = wasn’t home
               Time Issues
       15 = no time
       16 = didn’t get absentee ballot
       17 = no transportation (no car)
               Not Eligible to Participate
       19 = not registered
       20 = wasn’t registered in time
       21 = past trouble with law, can’t vote
       22 = moved
       23 = young
       24 = Not a U.S. Citizen
               Cynical about Politics
       25 = no respect for candidates / hate politics
       26 = has faith in God, not human leadership
               Problem with Politics/Government
       28 = didn’t like choices of candidates
               Cynical about My Ability to Affect Political Process
       29 = my vote doesn’t count, it doesn’t matter what I think
       30 = don’t understand importance
       31 = in labor/ pregnant
       32 = lacks of confidence in any party
       33 = try to be neutral for religion in politics
       34 = not involved
       40 = to avoid jury duty

              Miscellaneous
       96 = no reason
       97 = don’t know/remember why
       98 = can’t remember to vote
       00 = valid skip
       99 = missing data

v32080 = In the last year have you been involved in a political cause or group (worked for a
      candidate, petition drive, boycott)?
      1 – yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
                                               16



v32081 = If yes (involved in political cause or group), please specify what you have done:
      01 = worked or volunteered for Democratic candidate or campaign (work for Democratic
      caucus)
      02 = worked or volunteered for Republican candidate or campaign (Volunteer for 43rd
      Ward Republican)
      03 = worked or volunteered for Green/Left candidate or campaign
      04 = worked or volunteered for Independent candidate or campaign
      05 = personal connections (helped friend who ran for council)
      06 = work-related political activities (teamster union)
      07 = boycotted a product/company (boycotted Detroit News/USA Today, banned
      products with Native American logos without Native American permission)
      08 = sent letters to congressional representative
      10 = participated in Left/Liberal civil rights activities (gay rights activities)
      11 = participated in Right/Conservative civil rights activities (National Rifle Association
      – 2nd amendment rights, Deputy Sheriff’s Association of Michigan – police officer rights)
      12 = participated in international human rights activities (Human Rights Campaign)
      13 = involved in faith-based group
      14 = involved in community/non-government organization (Planned Parenthood)
      15 = helped a politician, no party specified (pasted door-to-door literature)
      16 = ran for office (ran for school board)
      17 = helped pass a law (e.g. city human rights ordinance)
      18 = participated in right to life group
      19 = Napster
      00 = valid skip
      98 = other
      99 = missing data

                                       *** PAGE 5 ***

       COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT

v32082 = In the last year, have you participated in, or helped out, a charitable organization
      (gave your time or money)?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32083 = If yes, (helped charitable organization) type of donation/donated what #1
      1 = donated money
      2 = donated time
      3 = donated things (clothes, small items, food, blood)
      4 = donated blood
      5 = assumed a leadership role (served on a board)
      6 = helped an association through work or a job
      7 = fundraising (walk-a-thon, dance-a-thon, read-a-thon, phone-a-thon)
                                              17

       8 = miscellaneous (complete a problem CARD)
               ID# 10331 (newsletter for college sorority and created a book for former
               classmates for 10 year reunion)
       0 = valid skip
       9 = missing data

v32084 = If yes, (helped charitable organization) target of donation #1
      1 = health related (American Cancer Society, local wheelchair team sport, MADD)
      2 = animal/nature related (Humane Society, local nature centers, Humane Society, WWF,
      Humbug Marsh in Michigan)
      3 = low income related (Homeless shelter, veterans, needy, United Way, Habitat for
      Humanity, Angel Trees, Salvation Army, Paint the Town)
      4 = children related (Prevent Child Abuse, school programs, Toys for Tots, ASACP,
      Eagle Scout Project)
      5 = Religious organization ($ to church)
      6 = sexual orientation related (gay and lesbian groups)
      7 = public sector related (National Public Radio, Public Library)
      8 = miscellaneous (make a problem card)
               Newsletter for college sorority and created a book for former classmates for 10
              year reunion (# 10331)
              Goodfellas (#13494)
              Olympics (#13742)
      0 = valid skip
      9 = missing data
*** NOTE: IF THE PARTICIPANT DID ANY OF THE ABOVE AND DID NOT SPECIFY
THE ORGANIZATION, THEN THE NEXT VARIABLE WILL BE CODED AS “9”.

v32085 = If yes, (helped charitable organization) type of donation/donated what #2
      1 = donated money
      2 = donated time
      3 = donated things (clothes, small items)
      4 = donated blood
      5 = assumed a leadership role (served on a board)
      6 = helped an association through work or a job
      7 = fundraising (walk-a-thon, dance-a-thon, read-a-thon)
      8 = miscellaneous (complete a problem CARD)
      0 = valid skip
      9 = missing data

v32086 = If yes, (helped charitable organization) target of donation #2
      1 = health related (American Cancer Society, local wheelchair team sport, MADD)
      2 = animal/nature related (Humane Society, local nature centers, Humane Society, WWF)
      3 = low income related (Homeless shelter, veterans, needy, United Way, Habitat for
      Humanity, Angel Trees, Salvation Army)
      4 = children related (Prevent Child Abuse, school programs, Toys for Tots, ASACP,
      Eagle Scout Project, March of Dimes)
                                               18

       5 = Religious organization ($ to church)
       6 = sexual orientation related (gay and lesbian groups)
       7 = public sector related (National Public Radio, Public Library)
       8 = miscellaneous (make a problem card)
       0 = valid skip
       9 = missing data

*** NOTE: IF THE PARTICIPANT DID ANY OF THE ABOVE AND DID NOT SPECIFY
THE ORGANIZATION, THEN THE NEXT VARIABLE WILL BE CODED AS “9”.

v32087 = In the last year, have you participated in or helped an environmental cause or
      group (gave your time or money)?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32088 = If yes (help environmental cause or group), please specify what you have done:
      1 = donated money
      2 = donated time
      3 = donated things
      4 = Recycle
      5 = assumed a leadership role
      6 = helped an association through work or a job
      7 = fundraising (walk a thon, dance a thon, read a thon)
      8 = miscellaneous (create a problem card)
              Saving Red Woods (#13504)
      0 = valid skip
      9 = missing data

v32089 = If yes (help environmental cause or group), target/who received the benefits:
      1 = a national organization (Green Peace, World Wildlife Fund, National Parks)
      2 = a state organization (Colorado River Benefit)
      3 = city or town organization
      4 = laws/policies
      0 = valid skip
      9 = missing data

v32090 = Would you consider yourself to be politically active and/or active in your
      community?
      1 = yes
      2= no
      9 = missing data

v32091 = If yes, please tell us why you are active in your community or with politics.
              Personal Reasons
      01 = my opinion is important
                                              19

       02 = personal satisfaction/making a difference (maintaining a wonderful living
       environment, working with kids and teaching them)
       03 = gets friends/romantic partners (husband, networking, getting to know people,
       interacting with people with similar interests)
               Societal Reasons
       04 = to help people in need (fire department)
       05 = social justice
       06 = important to know what is going on
       07 = connectedness to the community (Sense of ownership for the community)
       00 = valid skip
       98 = other (CARD);
               voting, petition view of your candidates (#13079, 12114, 11176)
               “I call my representatives and senators” (#10239)
               Board of Directors- Condo Assn. (#10572)
               “We are working against vouchers (MEA)” (#12085)
               Neighborhood Clean-up duty (#12139)
               Mentor Children (#10761)
               Parades, color guard participant representing the U.S. Navy (#12545)
               Pain and suffering (#13300)
               Unions—NEA/DVEA; school representative (#13467)
               I am active with kids (#11714)
       99 = missing data

       BELIEFS ABOUT THE GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY
       Please use the scale below to indicate the extent to which you agree with each statement:
       Strongly                                                                              Strongly
       Disagree                                                                               Agree
       1              2              3              4              5              6              7

       9 = missing data

v32092 = They say that getting an education helps you get a good job, but it hasn’t worked
      that way for people in my family.
v32093 = No matter how well educated you are, it’s hard for people like us to get a good
      job.
      v32094 = America is basically a fair society where everyone has an equal chance to
get
      ahead.
v32095 = We would be better off if the national government stayed out of our lives.
v32096 = We have the ability to change the government if we don’t like what it is doing.
v32097 = The government will do whatever it wants to, no matter what people like us feel.
v32098 = The government doesn’t care about us ordinary people.
v32099 = It makes me angry when I think about the conditions some people have to live in.
v32100 = I get mad when I hear about people being treated unfairly.
v32101 = The government doesn’t really care what people like me and my family think.
v32102 = It is the responsibility of the community to take care of people who can’t take
                                             20

      care of themselves.
v32103 = Most people can be trusted.
v32104 = People mostly look out for themselves.
v32105 = Most people would take advantage of you if they got a chance.

                                            *** PAGE 6 ***

v32106 = How often did you attend religious services in the past year?
      1 = Never
      2 = 1-3 times
      3 = 4-8 times
      4 = About once a month
      5 = Once a week
      6 = More than once a week
      9 = missing data

*** NOTE: INDIVIDUALS WHO WRITE IN “WEDDINGS,” (i.e., THE ONLY RELIGIOUS
SERVICES THEY HAVE ATTENDED HAVE BEEN WEDDINGS) SHOULD BE GIVEN A CODE
OF 1 = “NEVER” FOR HOW OFTEN ATTENDED, AND THEN 00 = “VALID SKIP” FOR TYPE
OF RELIGION

v32107 = type of religion
      01 = Baptist
      02 = Catholic; Roman Catholic; RC
      03 = Christian, unspecified
      04 = Church of Christ
      05 = Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints
      06 = Episcopalian
      07 = Greek Orthodox
      08 = Jehova's Witness
      09 = Jewish
      10 = Lutheran
      11 = Methodist
      12 = Mormon
      13 = Nazarene
      14 = New Age
      15 = Orthodox Judaism
      16 = Pentecostal
      17 = Presbyterian
      18 = Protestant
      19 = Congregationalist
      20 = WICCA (witchcraft)
      21 = Reorganized
      22 = Eastern Orthodox
      23 = Assembly of God
      24 = Hindu
                                                21

       25 = Druid
       26 = Salvation Army
       27 = Church of G-d
       28 = Apostolic
       29 = Born again Christian
       30 = Protestant/Catholic
       31 = Lutheran/Methodist
       32 = Lutheran/Jewish
       33 = Lutheran/Non-denominational
       34 = Evangelical Christian
       35 = Seventh-Day Adventist
       36 = Unitarian
       37 = Lutheran/Catholic
       38 = Catholic/Baptist
       93 = agnostic
       94 = atheist
       95 = “none”
       96 = non-denominational
       97 = Don't know; not sure
       98 = other (CARD); no preference
              any
              have own beliefs
              various
              open
       99 = missing data
       00 = Valid skip (respondent checked "never")

v32108 = How important is religion in your life?
v32109 = How important is spirituality in your life?
      1 = not important
      2 = a little important
      3 = pretty important
      4 = very important
      9 = missing data

       VALUES
       Below, you will find a list of values. Please take a minute to read through the entire list.
       Once you have looked over the entire list, choose ONE value that you would consider to
       be MOST important to you and give it a 7. NEXT, choose ONE value that you are most
       OPPOSED to or that you would consider to be LEAST important to you, and give it a 1.
       Once you have rated the MOST and LEAST important values, continue using the
       following scale to rate the importance of the remaining values as GUIDING
       PRINCIPLES IN YOUR LIFE.

       Most Opposed                Not                  Somewhat                Of Most
       To My values              Important              Important              Importance
                                               22

              1          2          3          4          5             6      7

      9 = missing data

v32110 = adherence to Values section directions
      0 = section completed correctly
      1 = rank ordered top seven values, left the remainder blank
      2 = partial completion of section, did not rank values properly
      9 = missing data

v32111 = EQUALITY (equal opportunity for all)
v32112 = SOCIAL POWER (control over others, dominance)
v32113 = FREEDOM (freedom of action)
v32114 = AN EXCITING LIFE (stimulating experiences)
v32115 = WEALTH (material possessions, money)
v32116 = RESPECT FOR TRADITION (preservation of time-honored customs)
v32117 = SELF-DISCIPLINE (self-restraint, resistance to temptation)
v32118 = A VARIED LIFE (filled with challenge, novelty, and change)
v32119 = AUTHORITY (the right to lead or command)
v32120 = TRUE FRIENDSHIP (close, supportive friends)
v32121 = SOCIAL JUSTICE (correcting injustice, caring for the weak)
v32122 = INDEPENDENCE (self-reliance, self-sufficiency)
v32123 = LOYALTY (faithfulness to friends, one’s group)
v32124 = AMBITION (hard work, aspirations)
v32125 = BROADMINDEDNESS (tolerance of different ideas and beliefs)
v32126 = DARING (sense of adventure, risk-taking)
v32127 = HONORING PARENTS AND ELDERS (showing respect)
v32128 = OBEDIENCE (meeting obligations, duties)
v32129 = ENJOYING LIFE (enjoying, food, sex, leisure, etc.)
v32130 = DEVOUT (holding to religious faith and beliefs)
v32131 = SUCCESSFUL (achieving goals

                                        *** PAGE 7 ***

       Think about the last 6 months. About how often in those 6 months did you ...
       1 = never
       2 = once
       3 = 2-3 times
       4 = 4-6 times
       5 = 7-10 times
       6 = 11-20 times
       7 = 21 or more times
       9 = missing data

v32132 = ...do something you knew was dangerous just for the thrill of it?
v32133 = ...damage public or private property?
                                             23

v32134 = ...get into a physical fight?
v32135 = ...engage in unprotected sex?

****NOTE: IF RESPONDENTS WROTE IN “I’M MARRIED,” COMPLETE A PROBLEM CARD.

v32136 = ...drive when you were drunk or high on drugs?
v32137 = ...ride with a driver who had too much to drink?
v32138 = ...use marijuana?
v32139 = ...use non-prescribed stimulants (i.e. cocaine, crack, crystal meth, speed, uppers,
            ephedra)?
v32140 = ...use non-prescribed psychotropic substances (i.e. LSD, PCP, ecstasy, special K,
            mushrooms)?
v32141 = ...use non-prescribed opiates (Heroin, Morphine, Codeine, Vicadin)?
v32142 = ...use non-prescribed barbiturates (Valium, downers etc.)?
v32143 = ...do something else illegal you could have been arrested for?

                                      *** PAGE 8 ***

v32144 = ...use prescribed anti-depressants (Prozac, Zoloft etc.)?
v32145 = ...use prescribed stimulants (Ritalin, Aderol etc.)?
v32146 = ...use prescribed tranquilizers (Valium, barbiturates, etc.)?
     01 = never
     02 = once
     03 = 2-3 times
     04 = 4-6 times
     05 = 7-10 times
     06 = 11-20 times
     07 = once a week
     08 = 2-6 times a week
     09 = daily
     99 = missing

v32147 = ...drink alcohol?
v32148 = ...drink five or more drinks (5 glasses of beer/wine or 5 or more ounces of alcohol) at one
            sitting?
v32149 = get drunk?
      1 = never
      2 = once
      3 = 2-3 times
      4 = 4-6 times
      5 = 7-10 times
      6 = 11-20 times
      7 = 21 or more times
      9 = missing data
                                               24


           Never                                                              Always
             1           2            3           4          5         6        7
           9 = missing data
           0 = valid skip (If they indicated that they never drank alcohol)

v32150 = When you drank alcohol, how often were you at a party, bar, or nightclub with friends?
v32151 = When you drank alcohol, how often were you with a date or partner?
v32152 = When you drank alcohol, how often were you alone?

                                           *** PAGE 9 ***

      For the next two questions, one drink of alcohol is equal to one beer, one glass of wine, a
      mixed drink, or a shot of liquor.
v32153 = When you drink, how many drinks do you usually have?
      1= One drink
      2= Two drinks
      3 = 3 or 4 drinks
      4 = 5 or more drinks
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (check here if you never drink)

      Some people drink more on some days of the week than on other days of the week.
      Thinking of the last week, how many drinks of alcohol did you have on. . .
v32154 = how many drinks of alcohol did you have on Monday
      00 = no drinks
      01 – 89 = number of drinks
      90 = wrote a check mark
      91 = 5 or more
      99 = missing data
      If participant wrote “#+” (e.g., 5+), complete a problem card & label it as the number
      If the line is left blank, assume no drinks were consumed on this day

v32155 = how many drinks of alcohol did you have on Tuesday
      00 = no drinks
      01 – 89 = number of drinks
      90 = wrote a check mark
      91 = 5 or more
      99 = missing data
      If participant wrote “#+” (e.g., 5+), complete a problem card & label it as the number
      If the line is left blank, assume no drinks were consumed on this day

v32156 = how many drinks of alcohol did you have on Wednesday
      00 = no drinks
      01 – 89 = number of drinks
      90 = wrote a check mark
      91 = 5 or more
                                               25



       99 = missing data
       If participant wrote “#+” (e.g., 5+), complete a problem card & label it as the number
       If the line is left blank, assume no drinks were consumed on this day

v32157 = how many drinks of alcohol did you have on Thursday
      00 = no drinks
      01 – 89 = number of drinks
      90 = wrote a check mark
      91 = 5 or more
      99 = missing data
      If participant wrote “#+” (e.g., 5+), complete a problem card & label it as the number
      If the line is left blank, assume no drinks were consumed on this day

v32158 = how many drinks of alcohol did you have on Friday
      00 = no drinks
      01 – 89 = number of drinks
      90 = wrote a check mark
      91 = 5 or more
      99 = missing data
      If participant wrote “#+” (e.g., 5+), complete a problem card & label it as the number
      If the line is left blank, assume no drinks were consumed on this day

v32159 = how many drinks of alcohol did you have on Saturday
      00 = no drinks
      01 – 89 = number of drinks
      90 = wrote a check mark
      91 = 5 or more
      99 = missing data
      If participant wrote “#+” (e.g., 5+), complete a problem card & label it as the number
      If the line is left blank, assume no drinks were consumed on this day

v32160 = how many drinks of alcohol did you have on Sunday
      00 = no drinks
      01 – 89 = number of drinks
      90 = wrote a check mark
      91 = 5 or more
      99 = missing data
      If participant wrote “#+” (e.g., 5+), complete a problem card
      If the line is left blank, assume no drinks were consumed on this day

v32161 = Have you ever been arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol?
      1 = never
      2 = once
      3 = twice
      4 = 3 times
                                             26

       5 = 4 times
       6 = more than 4 times
       9 = missing data

v32162 = age at first (driving under the influence) offense
      01-29 = years
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (respondent checked "never")

*** NOTE: FOR ABOVE QUESTION, IF REPSONDENT HAS BEEN ARRESTED MORE
THAN ONCE, CODE THE AGE AT FIRST OFFENSE, AND BE SURE TO MAKE A CARD.

              ARRESTED FOR DUI MORE THAN ONCE (ID#; # of times, ages)
              e.g, #10932    three times    18, 20, 23
                  #11782     two times      24, 27
                  #10432     two times      16, 18
                  #11777     three times    24, 24, 26
                 #11896      three          24, 26, 29
                 #12083      three          23, 25, 27
                 #10108      two            25, 26
                 #11509      four           17, 20, 21, 25

v32163 = Have you ever been arrested for something other than driving under the
      influence?
      1 = never
      2 = once
      3 = twice
      4 = 3 times
      5 = 4 times
      6 = more than 4 times
      9 = missing data

v32164 = age at first arrest
      01-29 = years
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (respondent checked "never")

*** NOTE: FOR ABOVE QUESTION, IF RESPONDENT HAS BEEN ARRESTED MORE
THAN ONCE, CODE THE AGE AT FIRST OFFENSE, AND BE SURE TO MAKE A CARD.

              ARRESTED OTHER THAN DUI MORE THAN ONCE (ID#; #times; ages)
               #10981        3 times             16, 20, 25
              #10980         3                   21, 22, 23
              #10049         2                   19, 20
              #10254         2                   17, 20
              #10432         2                   16, 18
                                             27

              #11777               2                         19, 28
              #13018               3                         18, 27, 29
              #12489               2                         23, 27
              #12083               2                         18, 21

v32165 = Have you ever been on probation for an offense?
      1 = never
      2 = once
      3 = twice
      4 = 3 times
      5 = 4 times
      6 = more than 4 times
      9 = missing data

v32166 = age at first probation
      01-29 = years
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (respondent checked "never")

*** NOTE: FOR ABOVE QUESTION, IF RESPONDENT HAS BEEN ON PROBATION
MORE THAN ONCE, CODE THE AGE AT FIRST OFFENSE, AND BE SURE TO MAKE A
CARD.

              PROBATION MORE THAN ONCE (ID#, # of times, ages)
              #11139         3 times          20, 20, 26
              #10981         3 times          16, 20, 25
              #10432         2 times          16, 18
              #10370         3 times          20, 22, 23
              #10387         3 times          16, 17, 18
              #11777         3 times          19, 24, 26
              #13018         3 times          18, 27, 29

v32167 = Have you ever served time in jail for an offense?
      1 = never
      2 = once
      3 = twice
      4 = 3 times
      5 = 4 times
      6 = more than 4 times
      9 = missing data

v32168 = age at first jail term
      01-29 = years
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (respondent checked "never")
                                               28

*** NOTE: FOR ABOVE QUESTION, IF RESPONDENT HAS BEEN IN JAIL MORE THAN
ONCE, CODE THE AGE AT FIRST OFFENSE, AND BE SURE TO MAKE A CARD.

              SERVED TIME IN JAIL MORE THAN ONCE (ID#, # of times, ages)
              #10980           3 times              21, 22, 23
              #10370           3 times              20, 22, 23

v32169 = How often do you wear a seat belt?
v32170 = How often do you drive within the speed limit?
      1 = never
      2 = once in a while
      3 = about half the time
      4 = about 3/4 of the time
      5 = almost always
      6 = always
      9 = missing data

                                         *** PAGE 10 ***

       How often do you...
                     Never                                      Daily
                     1     2       3       4        5    6      7

                     9 = Missing data

v32171 = lose your appetite or eat a lot when you get upset
v32172 = feel sure of who you are (what kind of person you are)
v32173 = feel you are good at learning from your mistakes
v32174 = feel very anxious about what others think about you
v32175 = worry that you will not get a good job in the future
v32176 = feel like beating or injuring someone
v32177 = feel nervous when meeting new people
v32178 = feel unhappy, sad, or depressed
v32179 = feel satisfied with yourself the way you are
v32180 = feel shy
v32181 = feel lonely
v32182 = feel good about yourself
v32183 = feel you are part of a group of friends
v32184 = enjoy being with other people
v32185 = feel that difficulties are piling up so high you can't overcome them
v32186 = feel capable of coping with most of your problems
v32187 = have a hot temper
v32188 = feel you have a lot in common with the people around you
v32189 = feel self-conscious when you're around people

*** NOTE: DO NOT WRITE IN A CODE UNLESS CIRCLED NUMBERS ARE UNCLEAR, OR
DATA IS MISSING.
                                             29



                                        *** PAGE 11 ***

         How often do you...
                    Never                                     Daily
                    1     2       3      4        5    6      7

                    9 = Missing data

v32190 = avoid getting involved with others
v32191 = feel you are very good at bouncing back quickly from bad experiences
v32192 = feel tired out all of the time
v32193 = worry that you may not have enough money to pay for things
v32194 = feel very satisfied with your life the way it is
v32195 = feel discouraged about the future
v32196 = keep a cool head in emergencies
v32197 = act without stopping to think
v32198 = give in to your impulses
v32199 = see the humor in life even when things are not going well
v32200 = worry you might make a serious mistake
v32201 = have temper outbursts you can't control
v32202 = feel like breaking or smashing things
v32203 = have trouble fitting in with others
v32204 = feel nervous about performing in front of others or making a presentation
v32205 = think about death—either your own, someone else's, or death in general
v32206 = feel like you want to die
v32207 = think about committing suicide

*** NOTE: DO NOT CODE UNLESS CIRCLED NUMBERS ARE UNCLEAR, OR DATA IS
MISSING.

v32208 = Have you ever tried to commit suicide?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

                                        *** PAGE 12 ***

v32209 = While interviewing for a job, speaking up in a meeting, or making a presentation, does
      your heart beat faster?
      not at all                                 a lot
      faster                                      faster
      1          2     3      4      5       6       7

      9 = missing data

v32210 = Does the hand you write with shake when you are taking a test?
                                                30

       not at all                                    a lot
       faster                                         faster
       1          2        3     4       5      6        7

       9 = missing data

v32211 = When you are talking to your boss about your performance or having an employee
      evaluation, how nervous do you get?
      not at all                               a lot
      faster                                    faster
      1          2    3      4      5      6       7

       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip (not work outside)

       You have just answered questions about your more recent feelings. Now we would like
       you to think about the last five years. At any time during these five years…

v32212 = Have you had two weeks or more during which you felt sad, blue, or depressed,
or lost pleasure in things that you usually cared about or enjoyed?
        1 = yes
        2 = no
        3 = says no but still fills it out
        9 = missing data

       If so (felt sad, blue, depressed), at what age(s)?
v32213 = If included the age 23 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32214 = If included the age 24 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32215 = If included the age 25 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32216 = If included the age 26 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32217 = If included the age 27 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32218 = If included the age 28 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32219 = If included the age 29 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32220 = Sum the total number of ages provided (eg 10-28 would be coded as 18; 10, 12,14
would be coded as 03)
         99 = invalid skip TWO DIGIT
v32221 = Idiosyncratic responses

01 = entire life
02 = childhood (general)
03 = early childhood
04 = mid childhood
05 = late childhood
06 = teens (general)
07 = early teens
08 = mid teens
                                                 31

09 = late teens
10 = twenties (general)
11 = early twenties
12 = mid twenties
13 = late twenties
40 = teens – early 20’s
41 = since 7th grade
42 = 15-18
50 = 18,21
51= 17,21
52 = 22
53 = 30
60 = many times
61 = presently
62 = occasionally, last 5 years
63 = twin brother getting married
64 = on and off
65 = once a year
66 = all ages

Events
71 = birth
72 = miscarriage
73 = parents’ death
90 = had the blues
91 = my job/laid off
99 = missing
00 = valid skip

Note: if people put approximately or add an ish to the end of the age (e.g. 24ish) code it for the
age given
--code ½ ages as the age given 24 ½ code as 24
      if people provide ages that fall into the 23-29 age range then those ages are coded in the
above section and the leftover parts are coded in the idiosyncratic responses
        --code 18,21,23,26 as yes for 23, yes for 26 and add the idiosyncratic code of 18, 21

v32222 = During that time did the sadness and/or loss of interest usually last:
      1= all day long
      2 = most of the day
      3 = about half the day
      4 = less than half of the day
      9 = missing data

v32223 = During those two weeks, did you feel this way…
      1 = every day
      2 = almost every day
                                            32

      3 = less often
      9 = missing data

v32224 = Thinking about those same two weeks, did you feel more tired out or low on
energy than is usual for you?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32225 = During those two weeks, did you gain or lose weight without trying, or did you
stay the same?
       1 = gained
       2 = lost
       3 = stayed the same
       4 = I was intentionally gaining or losing weight
       9 = missing data

v32226 = About how much did you gain or lose? _____ pounds
      01 - 98 = pounds gained or lost
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (respondent checked “stayed the same”)

v32227 = Did you have more trouble falling asleep than you usually do during those two
weeks?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32228 = How often did that happen?
      1 = every night
      2 = nearly every night
      3 = less often
      9 = missing data

v32229 = During those two weeks, did you have a lot more trouble concentrating than
usual?
       1 = yes
       2 = no
       9 = missing data

v32230 = During that two-week period, did you feel down on yourself, no good, or
      worthless?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
                                                33

                                      *** PAGE 13 ***
v32231 = Have you had a period of a month or more in the last five years when most of the
     time you felt worried, tense, or anxious about everyday problems such as family,
     school, or work?
    1 = yes
    2 = no
    3 = says no but still fills out
    9 = missing data

       If so (felt worried, tense, or anxious), at what age(s)?
v32232 = If included the age 23 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32233 = If included the age 23 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32234 = If included the age 23 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32235 = If included the age 23 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32236 = If included the age 23 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32237 = If included the age 23 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32238 = If included the age 23 mark 1 for yes, 2 for no, 9 for invalid skip, 0 for valid skip
v32239 = Sum the total number of ages provided (eg 10-28 would be coded as 18; 10, 12,14
would be coded as 03)
         99 = invalid skip TWO DIGIT
v32240 = Idiosyncratic responses

01 = entire life
02 = childhood (general)
03 = early childhood
04 = mid childhood
05 = late childhood
06 = teens (general)
07 = early teens
08 = mid teens
09 = late teens
10 = twenties (general)
11 = early twenties
12 = mid twenties
13 = late twenties
14 = late teens and early twenties
40 = teens – early 20’s
50 = 18,21
51= 17,21
52 = 22
60 = many times
61 = presently
62 = occasionally
66 = all ages

Events
71 = birth
                                                 34

72 = miscarriage
73 = awaiting acceptance into law school
74 = military service (ie: Navy, going out to sea;)
75 = work
90 = had the blues
99 = missing
00 = valid skip

Note: if people put approximately or add an ish to the end of the age (e.g. 24ish) code it for the
age given
--code ½ ages as the age given 24 ½ code as 24
      if people provide ages that fall into the 23-29 age range then those ages are coded in the
above section and the leftover parts are coded in the idiosyncratic responses
--code 18,21,23,26 as yes for 23, yes for 26 and add the idiosyncratic code of 18, 21

v32241 = Has that period ended or is it still going on?
    1 = has ended
    2 = still going on
    9 = missing data

How long is/was the longest period in the last five years you have had of feeling worried,
tense, or anxious?

v32242 = How long is/was the period #1 (length of time)—THREE DIGIT
***Code the response in number of weeks (for example: if they say “two weeks,” you would
code a “002”)—THREE DIGIT code. Below is a table for how many weeks per month, so you
will be able to convert months to the number of weeks. If the respondent listed a period of time,
but also listed an idiosyncratic response, code for both responses (such as, “for 6 weeks, during a
semester in college,” you would code 006, then 22).
      001 = one week
      004 = four weeks (also one month)
      009 = 9 weeks (or two months)
      013 = 13 weeks (or three months)
      017 = 17 weeks (or four months)
      022 = 22 weeks (or five months)
      026 = 26 weeks (or six months)
      030 = 30 weeks (or seven months)
      035 = 35 weeks (or eight months)
      039 = 39 weeks (or nine months)
      043 = 43 weeks (or ten months)
      048 = 48 weeks (or eleven months)
      052 = 52 weeks (or one year)
      078 = 78 weeks (or 1 ½ years)
      104 = 104 weeks (or 2 years)
      130 = 130 weeks (or 2 ½ years)
      156 = 156 weeks (or 3 years)
                                            35

     182 = 182 weeks (or 3 ½ years)
     208 = 208 weeks (or 4 years)
     234 = 234 weeks (or 4 ½ years)
     260 = 260 weeks (or 5 years)
     998 = other (make a CARD)
     999 = Invalid skip/missing
     000 = valid skip

v32242A = How long is/was the period #2 (idiosyncratic responses)—TWO DIGIT
    Time Periods:
    01 = one day
    02 = daily through work week
    03 = weeks
    04 = months
    05 = years
    06 = couple of days/few days/2 days
    07 = 10 days
    12 = daily business
    13 = just on and off
    14 = on and off daily through the work week
    15 = on and off 6 months to a year
    16 = on and off over two years
    17 = PMS time (less than half a day every couple of months)
    18 = on and off for one year
    19 = on and off for 18 months
    20= constant
    Event-related:
    21 = bill time
    22 = semester of college
    23 = ongoing
    24 = sporadic
    25 = when going to field (ie: Navy officer to sea)
    26 = periodically
    98 = other (make a CARD)
    99 = Invalid skip/missing
    00 = valid skip

v32243 = During that period, was (or is) your worry stronger than in other people?
    1 = yes
    2 = no
    9 = missing data

v32244 = Did (do) you worry most days?
    1 = yes
    2 = no
    9 = missing data
                                                36



v32245 = Did/Do you usually worry about one particular thing, such as your job security or
    the failing health of a loved one, or more than one thing?
    1 = one thing
    2 = more than one thing
    9 = missing data

v32246 = Did (do) you find it hard to stop worrying?
    1 = yes
    2 = no
    9 = missing data

v32247 = Did/Do you ever have different worries on your mind at the same time?
    1 = yes
    2 = no
    9 = missing data

v32248 = How often was/is your worry so strong that you couldn’t/can’t put it out of your
    mind no matter how hard you tried/try?
    1 = often
    2 = sometimes
    3 = rarely
    4 = never
    9 = missing data

v32249 = How often did/do you find it difficult to control your worry?
    1 = often
    2 = sometimes
    3 = rarely
    4 = never
    9 = missing data

v32250 = What sort of things did/do you mainly worry about #1?
v32250A = What sort of things did/do you mainly worry about #2?
v32250B = What sort of things did/do you mainly worry about #3?
v32250C = What sort of things did/do you mainly worry about #4?

     Money Matters:
     01 = money/finances
     02 = bills/paying off bills
     03 = vehicle (selling car before new one arrives, fixing up car, having a car that doesn’t
     break down)
     04 = insurance
     05 = being in debt
     06 = financial obligations
     07 = money for future
                                           37

08 = being able to provide for family
Work/Work-Related:
10 = work/job
11 = unhappy with job
12 = job prospects (finding a new or better job, future job, having a good job)
13 = job transition (quitting job, changing careers)
14 = job security
15 = work deadlines
16 = boss/superior problems
17 = sacrificing job/career or family
18 = strike at work
19 = co-worker
Relationships
20 = relationships (unspecified)
21 = non-marital relationships (love life, personal life, finding a soul-mate, partner’s
feelings)
22 = marital relationships (my marriage, fiance and his feelings for me, future without
husband)
23 = family violence/ spousal abuse
24 = spouse’s mental health
25 = marital difficulties/divorce (husband in love with someone else, husband left for 2
weeks, relationship with deceased child’s father)
26 = custody matter
27 = friends
28 = sexuality (unspecified)
29 = being alone
Children:
30 = children/kids
31 = single-parenting and its responsibilities/stresses (being able to support kids by myself)
32 = death of a child (miscarriage)
33 = parenting issues (raising my children right)
34 = children starting school
35 = pregnancy/ having kids (wife’s pregnancy, not having a family yet)
36 = health of kids
37 = children’s future
Family:
38 = spouse/husband/wife/romantic partner
39 = family
40 = family relationships (family pressures, family fighting continuously)
41 = parents (mother, father, parents’ divorce)
42 = siblings (brother, sister)
45 = health of loved ones and family (general)
46 = health of parents (mother had cancer, father’s health, mother has MS, father’s suicide)
47 = health of grandparents
48 = health of siblings (well-being of brother)
49 = parents’ financial stability
                                        38

Health:
50 = health/personal health
51 = weight (loss, gain)
52 = dying
53 = addiction to drug or alcohol
Mental Health:
55 = mental illness
56 = depression
57 = mental stability
Institutions:
60 = school
61 = exams/grade
62 = graduate school work (law, medical)
65 = religion/religious issues
66 = education (should have gone to college, more education)
Specific Life Events:
70 = moving (to a new house)
71 = moving to a new state (and building a new life)
72 = housing (a place to stay, finding stable home for daughter and self, buying a new
home)
73 = being “outed” at school
74 = wedding/getting married
75 = legal concerns (proceeding in a court case, being sued)
Role Confusion:
80 = Identity (who I was/beliefs)
81 = pessimism about future self (loss of dreams, getting stuck in unhappiness)
82 = uncertain future (how life will turn out)
83 = decision-making (what I think about my decisions)
84 = other expectations and opinions (what people think about my decisions, what others
think of me)
85 = security
86 = religion
87 = time allocation/management for many different stuff
Miscellaneous:
90 = quality of life (if I was getting the most out of life, failure)
91 = managing responsibilities (finishing all tasks)
92 = global answer (everything, life)
93 = no reason
94 = looking
95 = chores
96 = past mistakes
97 = I don’t know
98 = other (make a CARD)
          weather
          faith
          goals
                                             39

              taking care of pets
              challenges
              success
              pet’s health
     99 = invalid skip/missing
     00 = valid skip

When you were (are) worried or anxious,

v32251 = Were you (are you) also restless?
    1 = yes
    2 = no
    9 = missing data

v32252 = Were you (are you) keyed up or on edge?
    1 = yes
    2 = no
    9 = missing data

v32253 = Were you (are you) easily tired?
    1 = yes
    2 = no
    9 = missing data

v32254 = Did you (do you) have difficulty keeping your mind on what you are doing?
    1 = yes
    2 = no
    9 = missing data

v32255 = Were you (are you) more irritable than usual?
    1 = yes
    2 = no
    9 = missing data

v32256 = Did you (do you) have tense, sore, or aching muscles?
    1 = yes
    2 = no
    9 = missing data

v32257 = Did you (do you) have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep?
    1 = yes
    2 = no
    9 = missing data

                                     *** PAGE 14 ***
                                              40

       B. HEALTH HISTORY

v32258 = Do you go for annual checkups at the doctor?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32259 = Do you go for annual checkups at the dentist?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32260 = How would you rate your overall health?
      1= poor
      2 = fair
      3 = good
      4 = very good
      5 = excellent
      9 = missing data

v32261 = Do you have any health conditions or disabilities that limit what you can do?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32262 = IF YES, What are these health conditions or disabilities?
      01 = allergies
      02 = migraines
      03 = asthma; breathing problems; respiratory problems
      04 = diabetes; hypoglycemia; blood sugar condition
      05 = high/ low blood pressure
      06 = arthritis
      07 = shoulder/arm/upper body injury (sprain; break; dislocation)
      08 = leg/knees/hips/feet/ lower body injury (sprain; break; dislocation)
      09 = back/ spine problem (sciatic nerve problem; scoliosis; herniated disc)
      10 = ulcer
      11 = hernia; enlarged spleen
      12 = gastrointestinal tract problem (Chrone's disease; Irritable Bowel Syndrome)
      13 = female-related condition (endometriosis; ovarian cysts)
      14 = heart disease; mitro valve prolapse
      15 = cancer; Hodgkins Lymphoma
      16 = lupus
      17 = immune system disorder (epstein-barr; chronic fatigue syndrome)
      18 = AIDS/HIV
      19 = nervous system disorder (Multiple Sclerosis; myasthenia gravis)
      20 = bone disease (multiple osteo-chrondromas)
      21 = vision problems (glasses)
                                             41

      22 = mental illness (depression)
      23 = mental illness (schizophrenia)
      24 = learning disability
      25 = bladder infection; incistral citisis of the bladder
      26 = thyroid (hypothyroid)
      27 = anemia
      28 = brain problems (brain operation)
      29 = vascular problems (Wegner’s granulomatosis - inflammation of blood vessels)
      30 = bi-polar disorder (schizo-affective, disorder)
      31 = weight problems (obesity)
      32 = panic attacks
      33 = bladder conditions (incistral cistys of bladder)
      34 = alcoholism
      35 = epilepsy
      36 = carpal tunnel syndrome; nerve damage in arm
      37 = dizzy, light-headed
      38 = hearing impairment
      39 = Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD)
      40 = muscle spasms
      41 = stroke
      42 = kidney problem
      97 = general, unspecified (i.e., “health conditions”; severe problems)
      98 = other (CARD)
              charot marie tooth disease (nerve in back that makes my toes curl up) mitro valve
              prolapse
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (has no health conditions/disabilities )

      MULTIPLE RESPONSES: Code the most serious/severe condition, then make a CARD
      listing all conditions
               e.g., #10074 asthma(03) and poor knees(08); asthma was coded

v32263 = How much do these health conditions or disabilities keep you from doing the
      activities most people routinely do?
      1 = not at all
      2 = a little
      3 = some
      4 = a lot
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (has no health conditions/ disabilities)

v32264 = Have you had any major illnesses in the last four years that required medical
      treatment?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32265 = IF YES, What major illnesses?
                                        42

01 = ear nose and throat conditions (sinus infection, tonsillitis; strep throat; severe
        laryngitus)
02 = diseases affecting lungs (pneumonia, bronchitis, adult respiratory disease; pleurisy)
03 = other respiratory conditions (asthma)
04 = migraines; severe headaches
05 = arthritis
06 = diabetes; blood conditions
07 = anemia
08 = allergies
09 = thyroid condition
10 = heart problems
11 = nervous system disorders (mysthenia gravis)
12 = immune system disorders (epstein-barr)
13 = Multiple Sclerosis
14 = AIDS/HIV
15 = blood clot
16 = blood pressure
17 = vascular problems (Wegner’s granulomatosis - inflammation of blood vessels)
18 = carpal tunnel syndrome
19 = MULTIPLE serious conditions (heart & lung trouble; mitral valve prolapse &
        bronchitis & pneumonia
20 = broken bones; sprains cuts (general; unspecified)
21 = upper body (hand/arm/shoulder/collar bone)
22 = lower body (leg/foot/hip)
23 = back problems
24 = knee problems (knee surgery)
29 = other broken bones; sprains; cuts (CARD)
30 = digestive problems (unspecified)
31 = ulcer
32 = hernia; enlarged spleen
33 = diseases of the gastrointestinal tract; Chrone's disease
34 = gall bladder problems
35 = kidney problems
36 = irritable bowel syndrome
37 = appendendicitis, appendectomy
38 = bladder infection; bladder surgery; uti
39 = other digestive problems (CARD); diarrhea
        stomach reflux
40 = female problems (general; unspecified)
41 = pregnancy related complications/diseases
42 = ovarian cysts
43 = endometriosis
44 = cryotomy (pre-cancerous cervical condition)
45 = lump in breast; breast tumor
46 = preclampsia
47 = miscarriage
                                       43

49 = other female-related problems (CARD)
50 = Tumors/Cancer (general; unspecified)
51 = Hodgkin's disease
52 = Lupus
53 = cysts
54 = bone tumor
55 = cervical cancer
56 = brain surgery (benign cyst)
57 = Thyroid cancer
58 = Lymphoma
59 = other (CARD)
60 = Emotional/psychological problems (general; unspecified)
61 = depression; manic depression
62 = schizophrenia
63 = eating disorder (anorexia nervosa; bulimia)
64 = alcohol/drug problems
65 = anxiety disease/panic attacks
66 = suicidal
67 = psychotic
69 = other mental/emotional illness (CARD)
70 = accidents; short-term illnesses (general; unspecified)
71 = poisoning (food poisoning; salmonella; blood poisoning; septic shock; sun
        poisoning)
72 = allergic reaction (bee sting; caffeine)
73 = dehydration
74 = short-term illness (chicken pox; scarlet fever; the flu; stomach flu)
75 = infections (internal bacterial infection)
76 = fainting spells; low blood pressure
77 = Lyme’s disease
78 = numbness
79 = other accidents/ short-term illness (CARD)
80 = skin conditions
81 = shingles
82 = hemorrhoids
85 = sexually transmitted diseases, unspecified (STDs)
86 = herpes
87 = low blood sugar
89 = injury caused by car/motorcycle accident (e.g., head injury)
90 = mononucleosis
91 = eye infection/disorder
92 = Epilepsy
93 = tendonitis
94 = meningitis
95 = pinched nerve
96 = stroke
97 = undiagnosed (i.e., “don’t know”)
                                               44

       98 = other major illness (CARD)
              quinzy
              abysis(could be abcess?)
              ulcerated colitis
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (has had no major illness)

       MULTIPLE RESPONSES: Code the most serious/severe illness, then make a CARD
       listing all illnesses
                e.g., #11506 depression (61) and ulcers (31);      depression coded

v32266 = Have you had any major accidents in the last four years that required you to go
      to the hospital emergency room?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32267 = IF YES, What was the major accident?
      01 = cuts; lacerations; stitches; open wounds (general; unspecified)
      02 = hand; finger
      03 = arm; shoulder; collar bone
      04 = leg; knee; foot
      05 = head; mouth; eye; face; lip
      06 = other (CARD)
      10 =broken /fractured bones (general; unspecified)
      11 = finger; hand; wrist
      12 = arm; shoulder; collar bone; clavicle
      13 = ankle; foot; toe
      14 = leg
      15 = nose
      16 = pelvis
      18 = x-ray; but nothing broken
      19 = other (CARD)
      20 = dislocated body part; sprain; injury (general unspecified)
      21 = finger; hand; wrist
      22 = arm/shoulder/ collar bone
      23 = ankle; foot; toe
      24 = leg
      25 = head (concussion)
      26 = back
      27 = knee problems (knee blowout)
      29 = other (CARD)
      30 = Chronic condition or illness (general unspecified)
      31 = blood sugar problem
      32 = allergic reaction; allergic reaction to bee/hornet sting
      33 = dehydration
                                               45

      34 = passed out; fainted
      35 = heat stroke
      36 = appendicitis; stomach problems; kidney stones; food poisoning
      37 = recurring nose bleeds
      38 = myasthenia gravis
      39 = other illness/chronic condition
      40 = General description of accident, but not of illness/injury
      41 = car accident/hit by car; motorcycle accident
      42 = fell down; tripped
      43 = beaten up; was in fight
      44 = shot; stabbed; someone tried ot kill me
      45 = raped
      46 = self-inflicted injury reported as accident (stabbed myself; shot self with nail gun;
      stuck ball point pen through hand; stabbed myself prying frozen hamburger)
      47 = bike/mountain bike accident
      48 = severe bleeding
      49 = other (CARD);
              3000 lb. tractor fell on my chest
      50 = suicide attempt; unspecified
      51 = pill overdose (tried to o.d. on pills)
      52 = panic attack
      60 = burns
      61 = something splashed in eye (liquid chlorine splashed in eyes)
      70 = sports-related injuries (soccer accident; hit with golf ball)
      71 = skiing injury
      72 = pregnancy / birth-related complication (e.g., severe bleeding)
      73 = job/work related injury
      80 = brain injury
      81 = stroke
      98 = other accident requiring emergency care (CARD)
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (has not gone to emergency room)

      MULTIPLE RESPONSES: Code the most serious/severe illness, then make a CARD
      listing all illnesses
               e.g., #10914 cut by glass (01) and sprained ankle (23) cut by glass coded

v32268 = Have you ever had major surgery?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32269 = IF YES (major surgery), For what?
      01=Cesarean Section
      02=Child Birth/episiotomy
      03=Ectopic Pregnancy
                                   46

04=Endometriosis
05=Cervical Cancer
06=Ovarian Cysts
07 = laparoscopy
08 = tubal legation
09 = breast cancer/lumpectomy
10=Gall Bladder
11=Appendix/appendectomy
12=Kidney
13=Hernia
14 = tonsils/tonsillectomy
15 = adenoids
16 = stomach
17 = oral/maxilofacial
18 = bowel/gastrointestinal
19 = heart
20=Knee
21=Shoulder
22=Ankle
23=Back
24 = exploratory
25 = foot
26 = hip
27 = hand/wrist
28 = leg
29 = Pelvis
30 = Rhinoplasty/Plastic surgery
31 = breast reduction
32 = liposuction
33 = lasik/eye
40 = tumor, unspecified
41 = thyroid/thyroidectomy
42 = head/brain
43 = ovary removal
44 = brain tumor/cyst
45 = bladder
46 = cyst, unspecified
47 = pancreas
98 = Other (CARD)
99 = missing data
00 = valid skip

MULTIPLE RESPONSES: Code the most serious/severe condition, then make a CARD
listing all conditions
                                               47

v32270 = Have you ever received treatment from a psychiatrist or psychologist for a
      psychological problem?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32271 = IF YES (psychiatrist or psychologist), When? (4-digit code for year BEGAN
      treatment, eg: 1997, 2000, etc.)
             *If more than one year listed, code first year and write a CARD*
      9999 = missing data
      0000 = valid skip (has never had psychiatric treatment)

       MULTIPLE RESPONSES:
       e.g., #12150 depression (15) and sexuality (98)     depression was coded

v32272 = IF YES (psychiatrist or psychologist), For what?
      01 = Depression
      02 = Anxiety
      03 = Depression and Anxiety
      04 = OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder)
      05 = Schizophrenia
      06 = Bipolar (aka Manic Depression)
      07 = Eating disorder (e.g., Bulimia, Anorexia, etc.)
      08 = Substance abuse/addiction
      09 = ADD/ADHD (Attention Deficit Disorder)
      10 = General personal (vague or unspecified)
      11 = Suicide attempt
      12 = sexual assault/Rape
      13 = Assault
      14 = Stress/Anger management
      15 = Grief counseling
      16 = Abortion
      17 = Victim support counseling
      18 = Sexual identity
      19 = Sexual, other (questions, issues, etc.)
      20 = Relationship
      21= Marital
      22 = Divorce
      23 = Family of origin (family counseling, stepfamily intergration, etc.)
      24 = Parental divorce
      30 = Head trauma
      98 = Other (CARD)
      99 = Missing data
      00 = Valid skip
                                            48

      MULTIPLE RESPONSES: Code the most serious/severe condition, then make a CARD
      listing all conditions

v32273 = Have you ever been in drug or alcohol treatment or rehab?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32274 = IF YES (drug or alcohol treatment or rehab), When? (4-digit year, start date)
             *If more than one year, code first and write a CARD*
      9999 = missing data
      0000 = valid skip (has never had psychiatric treatment)

v32275 = IF YES (drug or alcohol treatment or rehab), For what?
      01 = Alcohol
      02 = Marijuana
      03 = Cocaine
      04 = Drugs (unspecified)
      05 = Addiction (unspecified)
      06 = DUI
      07 = Court ordered/probation
      08 = Multiple substance
      98 = Other (CARD)
      99 = Missing data
      00 = Valid skip

      MULTIPLE RESPONSES: Code the most serious/severe condition, then make a CARD
      listing all conditions
                             *** PAGE 15 ***

v32276 = Have you ever smoked cigarettes on a regular basis?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32277 = If yes (ever smoked), how many packs a day at your highest level?
      1 = one-quarter of a pack a day
      2 = half a pack a day
      3 = one pack a day
      4 = one and one-half pack a day
      5 = two packs a day
      6 = three packs a day
      7 = more than three packs a day
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip
                                            49

v32278 = Do you smoke now?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32279 = If yes, how many packs a day (do you smoke now)?
      1 = one-quarter a pack
      2 = one-half a pack
      3 = three-quarters a pack
      4 = one pack
      5 = more than one pack a day
      6 = about a pack a week
      7 = about a pack a month
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32280 = Have you ever used chewing tobacco on a regular basis?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32281 = If yes, how many cans (of chewing tobacco) a day at your highest level (ever)?
      1 = less than one can
      2 = one or more cans
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32282 = Do you use chewing tobacco now?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32283 = If yes (chew now, how many cans (of chewing tobacco) a day?
      1 = less than one can
      2 = one or more cans
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32284 = Has your mother ever smoked on a regular basis?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32285 = Has your father ever smoked on a regular basis?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
                                               50

       9 = missing data

If you ever drink beverages containing alcohol . . .

v32286 = Have you ever felt you should cut down on your drinking?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (does not drink)

v32287 = If yes (cut down)—DURATION:
      01-29 = Number of ages/years listed (e.g., listed age 25, code = 01; listed ages 21-27,
      code = 07)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      96 = teens and twenties
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32287A = If yes (cut down)—WHAT AGE?
      01-29 = most recent age reported (e.g., listed 18-24, code = 24)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

       Example: If participant responds yes, ages 21-25, you would code: 1 (for yes), 05 (for
       the duration), and 25 (for the most recent age)

v32288 = Have people annoyed you by criticizing your drinking?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (does not drink)

v32289 = If yes (annoyed by criticism)—DURATION:
      01-29 = Number of ages/years listed (e.g., listed age 25, code = 01; listed ages 21-27,
      code = 07)
                                               51

       90 = many (no age listed)
       91 = various (no age listed)
       92 = all (no age listed)
       93 = college (no age listed)
       94 = adolescence (no age listed)
       95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
       99 = missing data (no age listed)
       00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32289A = If yes (annoyed by criticism)—WHAT AGE?
      01-29 = most recent age reported (e.g., listed 18-24, code = 24)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32290 = Have you ever felt guilty or bad about your drinking?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (does not drink)

v32291 = If yes (felt guilty)—DURATION:
      01-29 = Number of ages/years listed (e.g., listed age 25, code = 01; listed ages 21-27,
      code = 07)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32291A = If yes (felt guilty)—WHAT AGE?
      01-29 = most recent age reported (e.g., listed 18-24, code = 24)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
                                               52

       99 = missing data (no age listed)
       00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32292 = Have you ever had a drink first thing in the morning to “steady your nerves” or
      to get rid of a hangover?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (does not drink)

v32293 = If yes (had a drink first thing)—DURATION:
      01-29 = Number of ages/years listed (e.g., listed age 25, code = 01; listed ages 21-27,
      code = 07)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32293A = If yes (had a drink first thing)—WHAT AGE?
      01-29 = most recent age reported (e.g., listed 18-24, code = 24)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32294 = Have you ever attended a meeting of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (does not drink)

v32295 = If yes (attended AA)—DURATION:
      01-29 = Number of ages/years listed (e.g., listed age 25, code = 01; listed ages 21-27,
      code = 07)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
                                               53

       94 = adolescence (no age listed)
       95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
       99 = missing data (no age listed)
       00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32295A = If yes (attended AA)—WHAT AGE?
      01-29 = most recent age reported (e.g., listed 18-24, code = 24)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32296 = Have you ever lost friends or girlfriends/boyfriends because of your drinking?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (does not drink)

v32297 = If yes (lost friends, etc.)—DURATION:
      01-29 = Number of ages/years listed (e.g., listed age 25, code = 01; listed ages 21-27,
      code = 07)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32297A = If yes (lost friends, etc.)—WHAT AGE?
      01-29 = most recent age reported (e.g., listed 18-24, code = 24)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32298 = Have you ever gotten into trouble at work because of drinking?
                                               54

       1 = yes
       2 = no
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip (does not drink)

v32299 = If yes (gotten into trouble)—DURATION:
      01-29 = Number of ages/years listed (e.g., listed age 25, code = 01; listed ages 21-27,
      code = 07)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32299A = If yes (gotten into trouble)—WHAT AGE?
      01-29 = most recent age reported (e.g., listed 18-24, code = 24)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32300 = Have family members ever expressed concern or anger about your drinking?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (does not drink)

v32301 = If yes (family expressed concern)—DURATION:
      01-29 = Number of ages/years listed (e.g., listed age 25, code = 01; listed ages 21-27,
      code = 07)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)
                                               55

v32301A = If yes (family expressed concern)—WHAT AGE?
      01-29 = most recent age reported (e.g., listed 18-24, code = 24)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32302 = Have you ever been unable to remember events that took place after drinking?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (does not drink)

v32303 = If yes (unable to remember events)—DURATION:
      01-29 = Number of ages/years listed (e.g., listed age 25, code = 01; listed ages 21-27,
      code = 07)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32303A = If yes (unable to remember events)—WHAT AGE?
      01-29 = most recent age reported (e.g., listed 18-24, code = 24)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32304 = Have you ever been hospitalized because of drinking?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (does not drink)
                                               56

v32305 = If yes (hospitalized)—DURATION:
      01-29 = Number of ages/years listed (e.g., listed age 25, code = 01; listed ages 21-27,
      code = 07)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32305A = If yes (hospitalized)—WHAT AGE?
      01-29 = most recent age reported (e.g., listed 18-24, code = 24)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32306 = Have you ever engaged in sex after drinking and later regretted it?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (does not drink)

v32307 = If yes (engaged in sex)—DURATION:
      01-29 = Number of ages/years listed (e.g., listed age 25, code = 01; listed ages 21-27,
      code = 07)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
      93 = college (no age listed)
      94 = adolescence (no age listed)
      95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
      99 = missing data (no age listed)
      00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32307A = If yes (engaged in sex)—WHAT AGE?
      01-29 = most recent age reported (e.g., listed 18-24, code = 24)
      90 = many (no age listed)
      91 = various (no age listed)
      92 = all (no age listed)
                                               57

       93 = college (no age listed)
       94 = adolescence (no age listed)
       95 = early 20’s (no age listed)
       99 = missing data (no age listed)
       00 = valid skip (checked “no”)

v32308 = Has your mother ever gotten into trouble at work because of drinking?
      1=yes
      2=no
      0=valid skip (does not drink)
      9 = missing data

v32309 = Has your mother ever had difficulties in family relationships because of drinking?
      1=yes
      2=no
      0=valid skip (does not drink)
      9 = missing data

v32310 = Has your father ever gotten into trouble at work because of drinking?
      1=yes
      2=no
      0=valid skip (does not drink)
      9 = missing data

v32311 = Has your father ever had difficulties in family relationships because of drinking?
      1=yes
      2=no
      0=valid skip (does not drink)
      9 = missing data

                                            *** PAGE 16 ***
       LIFE EVENTS
       Place a check next to any of the following things that has happened to you in the past
       year.


      Work
v32312 = Have you changed jobs for a better one?
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32313 = Promoted or had significant success at work?
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data
                                                58

v32314 = Conditions at work improved, not including promotion or other personal
      successes?
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32315 = Took on a greatly increased workload?
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32316 = Has your spouse been laid off?
      laid off:
      0 = skip (eg: if they check it and write promoted, it’s 0 for laid off and 1 for promoted)
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32317 = Has your spouse been promoted?
      promoted:
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data
      Love and Marriage
v32318 = Started a love affair
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32319 = Engagement was broken
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32320 = Ended a relationship
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32321 = Left by partner
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32322 = Discovered partner’s sexual infidelity
                                            59

       0 = skip
       1 = yes
       9 = missing data


      Family
v32323 = Close relative died?
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32324 = Who (close relative who died)?
      1=Mom
      2=Dad
      3=Grandma
      4=Grandfather
      5=Aunt/Uncle
      6=Parent-in-law (CARD)
      7 = other in-law
      8=Other (CARD)

       MULTIPLE RESPONSES: Code the one who appears to be a closer relative, then make a
       CARD

v32325 = Distant relative died?
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32326 = Who (distant relative who died)?
      1=Grandparent
      2=Aunt/Uncle
      3=Great Grandparent
      4=Great Aunt/Uncle
      5=Cousin
      6 = ANY in-law
      8=Other (CARD)

       MULTIPLE RESPONSES: Code the one who appears to be a closer relative, then make a
       CARD

v32327 = Family member seriously ill?
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data
                                            60

v32328 = Who (family member seriously ill)?
      1=Mother
      2=Dad
      3=Grandmother
      4=Grandfather
      5=Aunt/Uncle
      6 = sibling
      7 = any in-law
      8=Other (CARD)

      MULTIPLE RESPONSES: Code the one who appears to be a closer relative, then make a
      CARD

v32329 = Friend died?
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32330 = Serious family argument, other than with spouse
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data


      Residence
v32331 = Have you moved?
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32332 = If so, is the quality of your new neighborhood compared to your last one
      1 = better
      2 = same
      3 = worse
      9 = missing data


      Crime and Legal Matters
v32333 = Have you been threatened with a knife or gun?
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32334 = Was anything of value taken?
      0 = skip
                                                61

       1 = yes
       2 = no
       9 = missing data

v32335 = Have you been robbed/burgled?
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32336 = Been involved in a lawsuit?
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data


      Social Activities
v32337 = Have you experienced a recent event involving a pet
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32338 = What happened (event involving pet)?
      1 = New pet
      2 = Pet died
      3 = Pet ill
      4 = Pet died, and got new pet
      5 = lost or gave away pet
      6 = lost pet to ex-spouse/partner (in divorce, etc.)
      7 = took care of someone else’s pet
      8=other (CARD)

v32339 = Have you won any community awards (PTA, community service)
      0 = skip
      1 = yes
      9 = missing data

v32340 = If so, what kind of community awards?
      0 = skip (hasn’t received any awards)
      9 = missing data
      BLANK if have received awards, input as TEXT

                                        *** PAGE 17 ***

       I. EDUCATION AND TRAINING HISTORY
                                               62

v32341 = What is the last year of school you have completed? (CHECK ONE)
      01 = 9th grade
      02 = 10th
      03 = 11th
      04 = 12th grade, no high school diploma
      05 = GED, no high school diploma
      06 = 12th grade graduate with Diploma
      07 = 1 year of post-high school Vocational training
      08 = 2 years of post-high school Vocational training
      09 = 2 years of post-high school Vocational training with Certificate
      10 = 1 year of College
      11 = 2 years of College
      12 = 2 year college graduate (Associates Degree)
      13 = 3 years of College
      14 = 4 years of College
      15 = 4 year college graduate (Bachelor’s degree)
      16 = 1 year of Graduate school
      17 = 2 years of Graduate school
      18 = 2 year Graduate school, degree completed (Master’s degree)
      19 = 3 years of Graduate school

       20 = more than four years of College
       21 = more than one Bachelor’s degree
       22 = extended Vocational training
       23 = some College, unspecified
       24 = < 2 years Vocational training with Certificate

       25 = more than 3 years of Graduate school (pursuing PhD, in medical school)
       26 = obtained a law degree
       27 = obtained a doctorate/PhD degree
       28 = obtained a medical/dental/veterinary degree
       98 = Other (CARD)
       99 = missing data

       Beginning with 1996, please list ALL of the post-high school training programs, schools,
       colleges, or universities you have attended or are currently attending.

v32342 = Number of schools attended (1 digit)
      1-6 = actual number of schools listed
      7 = more than 6 schools listed
      8 = other (CARD); school is listed, but participant has not started yet
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (have not attended any college)

       School # 1 (most recent school)
                                                 63

v32343 = Type of most recent school
      1 = four year college
      2 = two-year college
      3 = Vocational school
      4 = School abroad
      5 = Beauty school
      6 = Military School
      7 = Indeterminable (none of the above)
      8 = other (CARD)
              American Graduate School of Int’l Mgmt
              CISR Seminars
              Detroit College of Law
              GMI Engineering and Mgmt
              Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
              Thomas Cooley Law School
              Grand Rapids Education Center
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (have not attended any college)

v32344 = School control for most recent school
      1 = Independent
      2 = Independent-Religious
      3 = Proprietary
      4 = State (includes federal, state, commonwealth, territory, county, district, city, state,
          state-related, and local
      7 = Indeterminable (none of the above)
      8 = other (CARD)
              American Grad. School of Int’l Mgmt
              Detroit College of Law
              GMI Engineering and Mgmt
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not a four- or a two-year college; have not attended any college)

v32345 = Gender composition of most recent school
      1 = Predominately female (67% or more female)
      2 = About equally male and female (34%-67% both male and female)
      3 = Predominately male (67% or more male)
      7 = Indeterminable
      8 = other (CARD)
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (have not attended any college)

v32346 = Ranking for most recent school
      1 = Most diffuicult
      2 = Very difficult
      3 = Moderately difficult
                                                64

       4 = Minimally difficult
       5 = Noncompetitive
       7 = indeterminable
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip (have not attended any college)

*** NOTE: USE THE PETERSEN GUIDE TO 2- AND 4-YEAR COLLEGES (1990) FOR
THE ABOVE CODES.

v32347 = month started attending most recent school
      01-12 = month started
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (have not attended any college)
           ***If participant lists “Fall” or “Spring” code as Sept or Jan, respectively.

v32348 = year started attending most recent school
      1980-2000 = year started
      9999 = missing data
      0000 = valid skip (have not attended any college)

v32349 = month stopped attending most recent school
      01-12 = month stopped
      98 = still in school
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (have not attended any college)

v32350 = year stopped attending most recent school
      1980-2000 = year stopped
      9998 = still in school
      9999 = missing data
      0000 = valid skip (have not attended any college)

v32351 = duration attended most recent school (2 digit, in months)
      01-84 = actual duration, in months
      96 = still attending
      97 = more than 8 years
      98 = duration unclear (CARD)
              various times, summers
              didn’t list end month
              didn’t list start month
              listed only years 1997-1997; 1997-1998; 1998-1998; 1999-1999
              listed only ’96 on and off
              didn’t list start year
              didn’t list any dates
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip
                                               65



*** NOTE: BE SURE TO USE THE “AVERAGE/ROUND TO THE EVEN” RULE WHEN
FIGURING OUT DURATION.

v32352 = status at most recent school
      1 = part-time
      2 = full time
      3 = full time, then part time
      4 = part time and full time (unspecified order)
      5 = part time, then full time
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (have not attended any college)

v32353 = certificate or degree earned from most recent school (2 digit)
      10 = License, unspecified
      11 = License, beauty
      12 = License, real estate
      18 = License, other (CARD)
              insurance agent
              LVN
              A&P
      19 = Certificate, travel agent
      20 = Certificate, unspecified
      21 = Certificate, legal secretary, banking
      22 = Certificate, computer accounting; medical billing; Microsoft word;
            number skills
      23 = Certificate, firefighting; police academy, EMT
      24 = Certificate, hazardous materials
      25 = Certificate, dental assistant; eye assistant
      26 = Certificate, nurse's assistant (NA); medical assistant; counseling
      27 = Certificate; technical (engine overhaul; field welder; freight technician)
      28 = Certificate, other (CARD)
              dog training
              music, theater, dance
              military training
              A&P
              technical pragmatics
              computer aided drafting CAD
              course completion at German institution
              Hazwoper
              Tax
      29 = Teaching certificate
      30 = Associates degree, unspecified; general studies; AS
      31 = AA (Associates of Art)
      32 = ADN, LPN (nursing)
      33 = Associates of law enforcement; corrections
                                               66

       34 = ASA
       35 = AAS
       36 = ALA (legal assistant)
       38 = Associates, other (CARD)
               AAT (major=auto electronics)
               commerce
       40 = Bachelors; BS/BA
       41 = BBA (business and finance)
       42 = BM (music)
       43 = BFA (fine arts)
       44 = BAA
       45 = BFID (fashion and interior design)
       46 = BED (education)
       47 = BSN, RN (nursing)
       48 = Bachelors, other (CARD)
               BSE (engineering)
       50 = Masters degree; MS/MA
       51 = MBA
       52 = MFA
       53 = MPH (public health)
       54 = MSW (social work)
       55 = MSEd (teaching certificate)
       56 = MPA (public administration)
       57 = Masters in Law
       58 = Masters, other (CARD)
               MPT (physical therapy)
       60 = Advanced Degree, unspecified
       61 = PhD
       62 = MD
       63 = JD/Law Degree
       64 = DDS (dental)
       65 = DVM (veterinary)
       66 = D.C. (chiropractic)
       67 = D.O. (osteopathy)
       68 = Advanced degree, other (CARD)
       70 = Post- Baccalaureate degree
               legal assistant/business administration
       95 = non-degree
       96 = dropped out before degree
       97 = other (CARD)
       98 = still attending
       99 = Missing
       00 = valid skip (have not attended any college)

v32354 = first major at most recent school ( 2 digit)
v32355 = second major at most recent school ( 2 digit)
                                               67

       SEE APPENDIX A for major codes
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (have not attended college)

v32356 = grade point average at most recent school (3 digit)

*** NOTE: IF ACTUAL GPA IS GIVEN, CODE AS SUCH (i.e. 3.5 = 350)
      400 = A        367 = A-        333 = B+
      300 = B        267 = B-        233 = C+
      200 = C        167 = C-        133 = D+
      100 = D        067 = D-
      001 = F
      888 = other (CARD); school doesn’t give grades
             was placed on probation, nearly failed out
             GPA not applicable
             beauty school - GPA not applicable
             firefighter training - GPA not applicable
             military training - GPA not applicable
             medical school - GPA not applicable-pass
             pass/fail
             Residential builders licensing course
             CPA course
      999 = missing data
      000 = valid skip (have not attended any college)

*** NOTE: SEE ABOVE CODES FOR SCHOOLS 2 AND 3

      School # 2
v32357 = Type of second school
v32358 = School control for second school
v32359 = Gender compostition for second school
v32360 = Ranking for second school
v32361 = month started attending second school
v32362 = year started attending second school
v32363 = month stopped attending second school
v32364 = year stopped attending second school
v32365 = duration attended second school (2 digit, in months)
v32366 = status at second school
v32367 = certificate or degree earned from second school (2 digit)
v32368 = first major at second school (2 digit)
v32369 = second major at second school (2 digit)
v32370 = grade point average at second school (3 digit)

      School # 3
v32371 = Type of third school
v32372 = School control for third school
                                                68

v32373 = Gender composition for third school
v32374 = Ranking for third school
v32375 = month started attending third school
v32376 = year started attending third school
v32377 = month stopped attending third school
v32378 = year stopped attending third school
v32379 = duration attended third school (2 digit, in months)
v32380 = status at third school
v32381 = certificate or degree earned from third school (2 digit)
v32382 = major at third school ( 2 digit)
v32383 = second major at third school ( 2 digit)
v32384 = grade point average at third school (3 digit)

       How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements about your
       vocational training experiences or Associate’s Degree? (Please use the following scale
       for the next set of questions. WRITE A NUMBER ON THE LINE FOR EACH ITEM)

              Strongly                                      Strongly
              Disagree                                      Agree
              1      2       3       4      5       6       7
                     9 = missing data
                     0 = valid skip (never in vo-tech training)

v32385 = The training has provided me with the basic job-finding skills I need.
v32386 = The training has helped me get the job I wanted.
v32387 = The training has helped me succeed in my job.

*** NOTE: DO NOT CODE UNLESS CIRCLED NUMBERS ARE UNCLEAR, OR DATA IS
MISSING

                                        *** PAGE 18 ***

       If you’ve received a Bachelor’s degree since 1996, or have attended college since 1996
       but are not currently enrolled as an undergraduate student, go to question 4. (If you are
       currently enrolled in graduate training, go to question 4). (If you are currently enrolled in
       college, GO TO QUESTION 9 below). (If you have not attended college, GO TO
       QUESTION 23, PAGE 20).

       Please list ALL majors you considered while you were in college.

v32388 = first major considered
v32389 = second major considered
v32390 = third major considered
v32391 = fourth major considered
v32392 = fifth major considered
      SEE APPENDIX A for major codes
                                                 69

       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (did not go to college; are currently enrolled as undergrad;
            didn’t consider other majors)

v32393 = Did your future job plans affect the kinds of courses you took in college?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (have not attended college before)

v32394 = If yes (job plans affected courses you took), in what ways?
      1 = job guided interests (helped me narrow down, be more specific, helped me to work
           toward a goal)
      2 = changed course selection, general (took courses to get into graduate school, major
           requirements, electives, degree requirements)
      3 = to prepare for job (took courses to help prepare for job, developed specific skills
           needed for my job, did an internship, job acquisition)
      4 = advance and do better in job (to help advance in job, to help me in my job)
      5 = matched courses to the specific job desired (CARD)
      6 = general skills, interests, not necessarily job-related (took courses to improve abilities,
           learn more, courses to benefit me, courses interested me, helped me to find interests)
      8 = other (CARD)
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never went to college, job plans did not influence courses)

v32395 = Did you participate in a job internship as a way of getting college credit?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (did not attend college/are currently attending college)

v32396 = type of job internship
      10 = education related (general)
      11 = elementary classroom intern
      12 = pre-student teaching
      13 = student teaching
      14 = assistant to Athletic Director in a high school
      20 = media related (general)
      21 = television
      22 = newspaper (at USA Network; work for local newspaper)
      23 = advertising
      24 = radio internship
      25 = public relations
      30 = health-related (general) field placement for gerontology major;
      31 = health administration
      32 = veterinary assistant
                                                  70

       33 = medical assistant
       34 = pharmacy technician
       40 = general community related
       41 = child-care related advanced camp
       42 = volunteer related, volunteer at home for teenage girls
       50 = business related; Ford Motor credit city Cleveland
       51 = marketing
       52 = Walt Disney College
       53 = music and art
       54 = aeronatics
       55 = engineering
       56 = accounting
       57 = science
       58 = architecture
       60 = law related; legal assistant intern
       61 = police and sherriff department; correctional facility
       62 = Political (Embassy/election)
       70 = government or unspecified internship
       71 = co-op
       72 = externship
       73 = summer internship
       80 = research fellowship
       98 = other (CARD)
              computer lab
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (did not have job internship/did not attend college/are currently attending
            college)

v32397 = If you participated in a job internship during college, how useful do you think this
      internship has been?

       Not at all                                      Very
       useful                                          useful
       1       2      3       4       5       6        7

       1-7 scale
       9 = missing data;
       0 = valid skip (never participated in job internship/did not attend college/are currently
           attending college)

*** NOTE: DO NOT RE-WRITE NUMBERS UNLESS MISSING OR UNCLEAR

       How much do you agree or disagree with the following questions about your college
       education. (Please use the following scale for the next set of questions. WRITE A
       NUMBER ON THE LINE FOR EACH ITEM)
                                               71

       Strongly                                      Strongly
       Disagree                                      Agree
       1      2       3       4       5      6       7
              9 = missing data;
              0 = valid skip (did not attend college/are currently attending college)

*** NOTE: DO NOT RE-WRITE NUMBERS UNLESS MISSING OR UNCLEAR

v32398 = My college education provided me with the basic job-finding skills I need.
v32399 = My college education helped me get the job I wanted.
v32400 = My college education helped me succeed in my job.

       II. PRESENT EDUCATION AND TRAINING

       A. COLLEGE OR GRADUATE SCHOOL

v32401 = Are you currently taking any undergraduate or graduate college courses?
      1 = yes, undergraduate courses
      2 = no; not currently taking any courses
      3 = yes; graduate courses
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip ( never attended college)

v32402 = Have you decided on a college major?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not currently taking any undergraduate courses)

       What is your college major? _____________ (if double major, please list both)

v32403 = college major #1
v32404 = college major #2
      SEE APPENDIX A for major codes
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (not currently taking any undergraduate courses/have not decided on a
           major)

       Please list ALL majors you have considered.

v32405 = college major #1 considered
v32406 = college major # 2 considered
v32407 = college major # 3 considered
      SEE APPENDIX A for major codes
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (not currently taking any undergraduate courses;
                                              72

              didn’t consider other majors)

                                      *** PAGE 19 ***

v32408 = What is your current college GPA?
*** NOTE: IF ACTUAL GPA GIVEN, CODE AS LISTED (i.e. 3.5 = 350)
      400 = A        367 = A-        333 = B+
      300 = B        267 = B-        233 = C+
      200 = C        167 = C-        133 = D+
      100 = D        067 = D-
      001 = F
      888 = other (CARD); school doesn’t give grades
      999 = missing data
      000 = valid skip (not currently taking any undergraduate courses)

       How are you funding your college education? (Check all that apply)

v32409 = Scholarships/fellowships/grants
      1 = yes, checked
      2 = no, not checked
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not currently taking any courses)
v32410 = Money from spouse/partner
v32411 = Money from parents/other relatives
v32412 = Loans
v32413 = Employment related to your degree program
v32414 = Employment not related to your degree
v32415 = Savings

v32416 = Other funding for college education (Please specify):
      1 = yes, checked but unspecified
      2 = no, not checked
      3 = yes, trust funds
      4 = self
      5 = military assistance
      8 = yes, other (CARD)
              job pays 80% of tuition
              working my way through
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not taking any courses)

v32417 = Have your future job plans affected the kinds of courses you are taking in
      college?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
                                               73

       0 = valid skip (have not attended college before)

v32418 = If yes, (job plans affected the kinds of courses you are taking in college), in what
      ways?
      01 = selecting a major/minor/choosing a school with a certain major
      02 = courses required for major/graduation/pre-requisites
      03 = course selection/types of courses
      04 = taking all or many courses in one field/more focused
      05 = limit in electives/less variety/narrowed opportunities/no unnecessary courses
      06 = little opportunity to double major
      07 = taking classes I wouldn’t normally take
      08 = taking summer courses/more or harder classes/more work/more studying
      09 = taking double major
      11 = taking courses required for job
      12 = taking courses to prepare for job/help in job/specific skills to develop
      13 = taking courses to help get a job
      14 = taking courses to help after graduation (did not specify how)
      16 = to get into graduate school/medical school
      17 = courses for tests
      18 = courses for certification
      19 = taking courses that will transfer
      21 = to make connections
      22 = to get experience
      23 = to improve abilities/learn more/benefit me/interest me
      24 = to get general knowledge
      25 = well rounded/variety/options open
      96 = uncodeable – answer does not relate to question (CARD)
      97 = other
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip

       How much do you agree or disagree with the following questions about your educational
       experiences. (Please use the following scale for the next set of questions). WRITE A
       NUMBER ON THE LINE FOR EACH ITEM)

       Strongly                                     Strongly
       Disagree                                     Agree
       1      2       3       4       5      6      7
              9 = missing data;
              0 = valid skip (not taking any undergraduate courses)


v32419 = My education is providing me with the basic job-finding skills I need.
v32420 = My education will help me get the job I want.
v32421 = My education will help me succeed in my job.
                                              74

*** NOTE: DO NOT RECODE NUMBERS UNLESS MISSING OR UNCLEAR ***

v32422 = Have you participated in a job internship as a way of getting college credit?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not taking any classes)

v32423 = Type of job internship
      10 = education related (general)
      11 = elementary classroom intern
      12 = pre-student teaching
      13 = student teaching
      14 = assistant to Athletic Director in a high school
      20 = media related (general)
      21 = television
      22 = newspaper (at USA Network; work for local newspaper)
      23 = advertising
      24 = radio internship
      25 = public relations
      30 = health-related (general) field placement for gerontology major;
      31 = health administration
      32 = veterinary assistant
      33 = medical assistant
      34 = pharmacy technician
      40 = general community related
      41 = child-care related advanced camp
      42 = volunteer related, volunteer at home for teenage girls
      50 = business related; Ford Motor credit city Cleveland
      51 = marketing
      52 = Walt Disney College
      53 = music and art
      54 = aeronatics
      55 = engineering
      56 = accounting
      57 = science
      58 = architecture
      60 = law related; legal assistant intern
      61 = police and sherriff department; correctional facility
      62 = Political (Embassy/election)
      70 = government or unspecified internship
      71 = co-op
      72 = externship
      73 = summer internship
      80 = research fellowship
      98 = other (CARD)
                                                  75

              computer lab
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (did not have job internship/did not attend college/are currently attending
            college)

v32424 = If you participated in a job internship, how useful do you think this internship
      will be for the kind of job you want after you finish college?

       Not at all                                      Very
       useful                                          useful
       1       2      3       4       5       6        7

       1-7 scale
       9 = missing data;
       0 = valid skip (never participated in job internship/ are not currently attending college)

*** NOTE: DO NOT REWRITE NUMBERS UNLESS MISSING OR UNCLEAR ****

v32425 = What type of graduate program are you enrolled in?
      SEE APPENDIX A for major codes
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (not in grad program)

       When did you start this program?

v32426 = month started graduate program
      01-12 = actual month
      97 = don’t know; unsure
      98 = other (CARD)
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (not in grad program)

v32427 = year started graduate program
      1990-1999 = actual year
      9998 = uncodeable; other (CARD)
      9999 = missing data
      0000 = valid skip (not in grad program)

       When do you expect to finish this program?

v32428 = month expected to finish graduate program
      01-12 = actual month
      97 = don’t know; unsure
      98 = other (CARD)
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (not in grad program)
                                              76



v32429 = year expected to finish graduate program
      1996-1999 = actual year (1996-1999)
      2000-2010 = actual year (2000-2010)
      9997 = don’t know
      9998 = other (CARD)
      9999 = missing data
      0000 = valid skip (not in grad program)

       How are you funding your graduate training? (Check all that apply)

v32430 = Scholarships/fellowships/grants
      1 = yes, checked
      2 = no, not checked
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not in grad program)
v32431 = Money from spouse/partner
v32432 = Money from parents/other relatives
v32433 = Loans
v32434 = Employment related to your degree
v32435 = Employment not related to your degree
v32436 = Savings

v32437 = Other (Please specify):
      1 = yes, checked but unspecified
      2 = no, not checked
      3 = yes, trust funds
      4 = yes, my employer pays
      5 = military assistance
      8 = yes, other (CARD)
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not in grad program)

                                      *** PAGE 20 ***

       B. JOB TRAINING ACTIVITIES

v32438 = Are you involved in any vocational/technical training now?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (for those in grad school)

v32439 = If yes, type of vocational/technical training now
      01 = vocational; technical; industrial (general)
      02 = electronics
                                              77

       03 = mechanical; auto body; bus maintenance; aircraft maintenance; transportation-
          related
       04 = computer
       05 = construction
       06 = drafting; engineering; architecture
       07 = business; management
       08 = accounting; actuary; tax preparation
       09 = secretarial; typing; data entry; word processing; paralegal; clerk
       10 = marketing; sales
       11 = broadcasting; media; advertising; journalism
       12 = film production; video; photography
       13 = graphic arts
       14 = fashion; art design; interior decorating
       15 = dance; modeling
       16 = cosmetology; beauty school
       17 = health related (general)
       18 = nursing; lab technician; medical technician
       19 = dental/medical assistant
       20 = military
       21 = police academy
       22 = child care; adult foster care; counseling; teaching (??!!)
       23 = travel agent
       24 = food; cooking; bartending
       25 = animal related
       26 = training for the job; on the job (general)
       27 = training for job (specific)
       28 = seminars
       29 = college co-op
       30 = real estate
       31 = locksmith
       32 = fire academy
       33 = aeronautics
       34 = quality assurance
       35 = operator certificate
       36 = physical therapy
       37 = electrician
       97 = other (CARD) “osha-hazous”
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (not in vo-tech training/in graduate school)

*** NOTE: TAKEN FROM WAVE 7 PHONE INTERVIEW – SOME CATEGORIES DON’T
MAKE SENSE – ALSO NOT ENOUGH ROOM AT END

v32440 = Has this vocational/technical training been:
      1 = on the job training
      2 = training outside of work, not paid for by employer
                                               78

       3 = training outide of work, paid for by employer
       4 = both one and three
       5 = both one and two
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip (not currently in vo-tech training)

v32441 = How many hours per week do you spend in vocational/technical training per
          week?
      01-80 = actual number of hours
      88 = none
      97 = depends
      98 = other (CARD)
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (not in vo-tech training)

       How much do you agree or disagree with the following questions about your vocational
       training experiences. (Please use the following scale for the next set of questions.
       WRITE A NUMBER ON THE LINE FOR EACH ITEM)

       Strongly                                     Strongly
       Disagree                                     Agree
       1       2       3       4      5       6     7
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip (not in any vo-tech training)

v32442 = This vo/tech training is providing me with the basic job-finding skills I need.
v32443 = This vo/tech training will help me get the job I want.
v32444 = This vo/tech training will help me succeed in my job.

*** NOTE: DO NOT RECODE NUMBERS UNLESS MISSING DATA OR UNCLEAR
RESPONSES

       MILITARY SERVICE

v32445 = Have you ever served in any branch of the Armed Services?
      1 = yes, I am currently in the Armed Services
      2 = no
      3 = yes, I was in the Armed Services before, but am not currently
      9 = missing

v32446 = branch of the Armed Services
      01 = Army
      02 = Navy
      03 = Marines
      04 = Air Force
      05 = Coast Guard
                                             79

      07 = National Guardif v32000 = 10119 v32153 = 5.
      08 = Reserves (unspecified)
      98 = other (CARD)
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (never in the military)

      How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements about your military
      experiences?

      Strongly                                     Strongly
      Disagree                                     Agree
      1       2       3       4      5       6     7
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not in any vo-tech training)

v32447 = My military experience gave me the basic academic skills I need.
v32448 = My military experience has helped me get the job I wanted.
v32449 = My military experience has helped me succeed in my job.

*** NOTE: DO NOT CODE UNLESS CIRCLES NUMBERS ARE UNCLEAR, OR DATA IS
MISSING

                                     *** PAGE 21 ***

      EVERYONE CONTINUE HERE:

      Knowing what you know now, is there anything you would have done differently in
      terms of your past educational and training experiences?

v32450 = Would have done differently concerning school/job experiences #1
v32451 = Would have done differently concerning school/job experiences #2
      01 = would have gone to/finished school; more school
      02 = would have completed high school
      03 = would have gone to a community college
      04 = would have gotten an associates/2 year degree
      05 = would have chosen college over military
      06 = would have gone to college
      07 = would have gotten a college (4 year) degree/stayed in a college
      08 = would have gone to medical school; continued education
      10 = changed type of education (general; unspecified)
      11 = gone to a larger/smaller school
      12 = gone to a different school
      13 = gone to a better school
      14 = stayed at one school/gone to the same school
      15 = would have gone part time instead of full time
      16 = would have gone full time instead of part time
                                        80

17 = gone to 4 yr college
18 = not gone to college
20 = changed timing of school (in general)
21 = would not have started until later; when kids were grown; would have taken a year
      off between high school and college
22 = would have started sooner; would have gone to college right after high school
23 = would have waited to get married/have kids; gone to school before I had kids
24 = would have tried to finish within 4 years; finished sooner; not spent so much time in
      college
25 = would have taken more than 4 years to complete
26 = taken summer classes
27 = gotten out of high school sooner
28 = would not have taken time off
29 = would have taken time off/done slower
30 = change in attitude toward school (general)
31 = studies harder; taken school more seriously; paid more attention; applied myself
      more; focused more on school; put forth greater effort
32 = studied harder in high school; gotten better grades in high school
33 = studied harder so I could go to a better college; gone to college
34 = studied harder in college
35 = studied harder so that I could have gotten a fellowship/scholarship; kept the
        fellowship/ shcolarship
36 = gotten better grades; been a better student; learned how to study earlier; learned the
      basic fundamentals; learned how to retain information
37 = prepared better for college
38 = relaxed more about school
39 = not had job; not worked outside of school so much
40 = college related (i.e., coursework, majors); general; unspecified
41 = would have only taken courses need for degree/education; taken more classes
      related to my job
42 = matched my courses from 4 year college to curriculum from 2 year college
43 = would have taken computer courses; courses in public speaking; math
44 = would have taken different courses; more courses; more advanced courses; more
      varied courses; taken summer courses; doubled majored
45 = chosen curriculum better so as to finish faster
46 = thought about what I wanted to do to obtain goals; been more sure of what I wanted
      before I started college
47 = taken a different major; chosen a different major; chosen a more narrowed down
      major; chosen a major and stuck with it; not gone to dental school; gone to any
      other school
48 = chosen my major earlier
49 = had various experiences within in job field
50 = advisors (general)
51 = met with academic advisors more often
52 = gotten career counseling
53 = not let my advisor control me
                                        81

54 = spoken up about problems with professors
59 = out of debt (earlier)
60 = money related (general)
61 = applied for scholarships; grants; fellowships; financial aid
62 = used more self-control in spending habits so I didn’t have to have a job while I was
      in school
63 = saved money
64 = cut back loans/ without loans
65 = volunteering/ working in interested fields
66 = certifications
68 = would have studied a trade in school
69 = vocational training (general)
70 = occupational/job related (general)
71 = would have joined the military
72 = tried to get a internship; gotten internship earlier
73 = started job training right after high school
74 = looked around for a better job
75 = made more business contacts; networked more
76 = had a job while I was in school
77 = taken time off between school and work
78 = more career oriented summer jobs
79 = chosen different careers
80 = miscellaneous answer (general)
81 = had a co-op while going for bachelors
82 = lived on campus
83 = gone to school further from home
84 = not been engaged
85 = known what I know now
86 = not done drugs
87 = extracurricular activities
88 = taken advantage of more opportunities
89 = improved social skills/ opposite sex
90 = focusing more
91 = not joined military
92 = studied less
93 = lived at home
94 = studied abroad
95 = so many/much/lots of things/everything
96 = enjoyed life/relaxed more
97 = nothing
98 = other (CARD)
      would not have worked in family business
99 = missing data
00 = valid skip for response #2, if only one response was given

III. FUTURE EDUCATION AND TRAINING PLANS
                                              82



v32452 = Do you want to get any more education in the future?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32453 = Ideally, how much education would you like to get in the future?
      1 = General Education Development (GED)
      2 = High School Diploma
      3 = Vocational Training or Training Certificate
      4 = An associate arts degree from a community college
      5 = A bachelor's degree
      6 = A master's degree
      7 = An advanced degree ______________
      8 = Other (CARD) nothing; already has it
      9 = missing data

*** NOTE: EVEN THOUGH IT SAYS TO CHECK ALL THAT APPLY, MOST ONLY
CHECKED ONE. IF MORE THAN ONE RESPONSE IS CHECKED, TAKE THE HIGHEST
LEVEL CHECKED.

v32454 = level of advanced education in the future
      1 = RN
      2 = PhD
      3 = MD
      4 = JD
      5 = DDS
      6 = chiropactor
      7 = DVM
      8 = other (CARD)
          Certified financial planner
          D.O.
          Specialists/ fellowship/ Th.D/ post master’s
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (did not check advanced degree)

v32455 = field of education in the future
      SEE APPENDIX A for major/field codes
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (checked high school or GED)

v32456 = How likely do you think it is that you will get to earn the highest degree or
      certificate you would like to get?

       Not at all                                  Very
       likely                                      likely
                                              83

       1      2       3        4   5      6        7

       1-7 scale
       8 = “already have it”
       9 = missing data

*** NOTE: DO NOT REWRITE NUMBERS UNLESS MISSING OR UNCLEAR

v32457 = How much education do you expect you will actually get?
      1 = General Education Development (GED)
      2 = High School Diploma
      3 = Vocational Training or Training Certificate
      4 = An associate arts degree from a community college
      5 = A bachelor's degree
      6 = A master's degree
      7 = An advanced degree _______________
      8 = Other(CARD)
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (if answered “not at all likely” in #31)

*** NOTE: EVEN THOUGH IT SAYS TO CHECK ALL THAT APPLY, MOST ONLY
CHECKED ONE. IF MORE THAN ONE RESPONSE IS CHECKED, TAKE THE HIGHEST
LEVEL CHECKED.

v32458 = level of advanced education expect to actually get
      1 = RN
      2 = PhD
      3 = MD
      4 = JD
      5 = DDS
      6 = chiropactor
      7 = DVM
      8 = other (CARD)
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (did not check advanced degree)

v32459 = field of education expect to actually get
      SEE APPENDIX A for major/field codes
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (checked high school or GED)

v32460 = what do you need in order to get the full amount of education you would like #1
v32461 = what do you need in order to get the full amount of education you would like #2
      01 = personal characteristics(general)
      02 = motivation-related
             motivation
                                        84

        drive
        self-determination
        commitment
        focus
        initiative
        to work hard
        discipline
        practice
        ambition
03 = ability/skill
        good GMAT/MCAT/GRE/scores
        great GPA; good grades
        better study skills
        a brain
04 = attitude
        sanity
        patience
        right frame of mind
        empty ambition and the ability to overlook the meaninglessness of field
        conviction that degree will apply to job
05 = stress-related
        less stress
        fewer distractions
        less frustration
06 = self-esteem/faith
07 = energy
08 = physical/health-related
        a stabilized illness
        physical stability
09 = stubborness
10 = social support/family related (non-financial; general)
11 = support from family
    support from family/friends/employers
12 = better relationships with others
13 = children grown; children in daycare; babysitter; children in school; to not have kids;
    delay having kids
14 = someone to take care of my parents
15 = get spouse through school first
16 = rest/take time-off
20 = job-related (general)
21 = need to quit job
22 = need to cut back hours; work part time; less work
23 = need good, stable job; working beforehand; good job now/ well-paying job
24 = flexible working schedule
25 = more experience; work first-then begin doctoral; experience in field; apprenticeship
26 = made contacts
                                         85

30 = time-related (general)
31 = time for school
32 = time for family
40 = money related (general)
41 = financial stability
42 = be able to afford to work part time
43 = scholarship; fellowship; grants/ funds/ financial aid
44 = loans
45 = benefits from job
46 = too many bills/money to pay bills
47 = tuition reimbursement
50 = instrumental/practical (general)
51 = to stay in one place long enough
52 = better location; relocate; live closer to school; school closer to job; moved out of
      Michigan
53 = transportation-related (car)
60 = school-related (general)
61 = to be accepted at school
62 = more school; graduate school; more classes; night classes; more education
63 = good teachers
64 = specifics
        to be certified
        two more tests
        GRE
65 = study
66 = prep classes
67 = grades
68 = degree
69 = early credit hours
70 = decision-related
71 = specific goals about what I want to do/job of interest; area of interest; concrete goals
72 = direction
80 = luck and other stuff
81 = a miracle
82 = the luck of God
83 = a chance
84 = “just me”
85 = myself
88 = already have it
95 = everything/ a lot/ many things
96 = don't know ***NOTE: change all 96’s to 99***
97 = “nothing”
98 = other (CARD)
        a teaching position
        need to get out of debt
99 = missing data
                                               86

       00 = valid skip (if respondent only gives one reason)

v32462 = what might keep you from getting the full amount of education #1
v32463 = what might keep you from getting the full amount of education #2
      01 = money (general)
      02 = debts; general expenses; tuition/ bills
      03 = not enough pay/money
      04 = economy/finances
      05 = needed money for a specific purchase
      06 = unable to get loans
      07 = buying a home
      08 = spouse unemployed
      10 = relationships with others (general)
      11 = having a family/children
      12 = taking care of children; no day care
      13 = taking care of parents
      14 = lack of support from other people
      15 = marriage
      16 = family committments
      20 = school and education (general)
      21 = not getting accepted to school; other more qualified applicants/no interviews
      22 = not passing the entrance exam; poor test scores; not passing existing classes to
           graduate
      23 = not getting a degree; finishing school
      24 = discouraged by the amount of time it takes to get degree
      25 = poor teacher/administrators
      26 = gender discrimination
      27 = grades
      28 = politics; bureaucracy; not being a minority
      29 = poor study habits
      30 = time (general)
      31 = not enough time to devote to school
      32 = not enough time because of school
      33 = not enough time because of work
      34 = not enough time because of additional responsibilities
      40 = experience/job (general)
      41 = demands of current job/jobs/military
      42 = finding a good job/promotion
      43 = change in employment; side tracked into new career
      44 = change of position within employment; raise in current job so can’t keep going in
            school
      45 = lack of references
      46 = being laid off
      47 = knowing the right people
      50 = location (general)
      51 = afraid to relocate
                                                   87

       52 = constant transfers
       53 = getting a ride
       54 = moving
       55 = transportation
       60 = physical/mental health (general)
       61 = lack of motivation/direction/desire/ burnout; procrastination; frustration
       62 = boredom; patience
       63 = physical or mental disability
       64 = issues of self-esteem
       65 = death; major catastrophe
       66 = I decide not to
       67 = life changes
       68 = age (too old, too young)
       69 = myself
       88 = already have it
       96 = don’t know ***NOTE: change all 96’s to 99***
       97 = nothing
       98 = other (CARD)
               economy
               paying for a house and taking care of mother
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (if respondent only gave one reason)

v32464 = How likely do you think it is that you will get a bachelor’s degree from a four-
          year college or university?

       Not at all                                       Very
       likely                                           likely
       1       2      3       4        5       6        7

       1-7 scale
       8 = already have it (checked)
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip

*** NOTE: DO NOT RE-WRITE NUMBERS UNLESS MISSING OR UNCLEAR

                                           *** PAGE 22 ***

       IV. JOB INFORMATION

       JOB HISTORY

       Beginning with January 1, 1996, please list all of the jobs you’ve had in the past four
       years. If you have not worked since January 1996, check here _____ and GO TO
       QUESTION 40
                                                 88



v32464A = have not worked since January 1996
      1= checkmark
      2 = blank

GENERAL RULES FOR OCCUPATION CODING:


1. Use the most specific code you can find. Avoid using the n.e.c. codes
or the added codes unless you cannot find an alternative.


2. If more than one occupation is mentioned, code the one that is the most non-traditional.
If all occupations listed have the same traditionality, code the one that is the most specific.
If all occupations listed have the same specificity, code the one that is lowest numerically (higher
status).
If all occupations listed have the same status, code the first occupation
listed.
AND Make a problem card listing all jobs in response and their OCSM codes for entry into the
Codebook.


CREATED OCC. CODES AND THEIR ASSIGNED SEX TYPES
Make every effort to assign an OCSM code. If impossible, using standard codes or one of the
following, make problem cards for discussion and possible code assignment.

Sex Type        Code           Description of Code


3               900            Military personnel
1               990            Housewife / househusband
9               994            Consultant (if no clues for domain of consultancy)
9               995            Retired
9               997            “I don’t know” / “?” (Specificity=9)
9               998            Uncodeable (Specificity=9)
                                   write ID and response in codebook

*** NOTE: FOR EACH JOB LISTED, THE FOLLOWING VARIABLES SHOULD
                                              89

BE CODED (JOB ONE IS MOST RECENT; JOB 5 IS LEAST RECENT; DO NOT
CODE CURRENT JOB -- -SEE # 66, PG. 22 OF SURVEY TO VERIFY CURRENT JOB. IF
MORE THAN 5 JOBS ARE LISTED, CARD. - IF LESS THAN 5 JOBS ARE LISTED (BUT
AT LEAST ONE HAS BEEN LISTED) BE SURE TO CODE ZERO'S FOR ALL OTHER
JOBS.

      JOB #1:
v32001 = type of work (3 digits)
v32002 = sex typing (1 digit)
v32465 = hours per week worked
      01-97=number of hours
      98=98 or more hours
              168 per week
              always
      99=missing data
      00=no job listed

v32466 = year began working
      1990-2001=year
      9999=missing data
      0000=do not have job

v32467 = length of employment in months
      (coder must calculate this by looking at month/year began working and month/year ended
      working)
      01-97 = number of months
      98 = 98 or more months
      99= missing data
      00 = valid skip

v32468= $ earned per week when left job
      4 digit code, rounded to the nearest dollar
      (i.e.$825.00 = 0825)
      0001-9997 = earnings per week
      9998 = unspecified amount (e.g., tips, room & board, commission)
      9999 = missing data
      0000 = valid skip

v32469 = Why did you leave this job
      01= started school/went back to school/to prepare for college/school ended
      02= temporary job/seasonal position
      03= hours/too many/too few /time conflict with other activities
      04= management/boss
      05= pay
      06= individual relocated
      07= got a better position/new job/transferred
                                                90

       08= did not want career/to find a job in field of interest/job was boring/didn't like
            job
       09= maternity leave/got pregnant
       10= got married/partner did not want me to work
       11= no child care
       12= no benefits/loss of benefits
       13= got fired/laid off
       14= location/transportation difficulties
       15= no room for advancement/learned as much as possible
       16= medical reasons/illness/stress-related reasons
       17= job relocated
       18= employer went out of business
       19= on strike
       20= enlisted in military
       21= money not necessary/partner got a raise
       22= travel
       23= bad work environment
       24= graduated
       25= military discharge/honorable discharge
       26= chose to stay home and raise kids
       27= personal or family related
       28= lack of motivation &/or responsibility
       29= imprisonment
       30 = started own business/be self-employed
       31 = reevaluating my career choice
       40 = conflict with employer/boss/coworkers
       41 = gave a birth and stayed home
       42 = moved
       50 = contract ends
       90 = just quit
       97= don't know
       98= other (card)
               wasn’t needed anymore
               could not cash checks
               employee dispute
               needed job with insurance
               not practical for summer job
               follow friend’s work place
       99= missing data
       00= presently working at job (valid skip)

*** NOTE: SEE ABOVE CODES FOR JOBS 2, 3, 4, 5

      JOB #2:
v32003 = type of work (3 digits)
v32004= sex typing (1 digit)
                                             91

v32470 = hours per week worked (2 digits)
v32471 = year began working (4 digits)
v32472 = length of employment in months (2 digits)
v32473 = $ earned per week when left job (4 digits)
v32474 = why did you leave this job (2 digits)

      JOB #3:
v32005 = type of work (3 digits)
v32006 = sex typing (1 digit)
v32475 = hours per week worked (2 digits)
v32476 = year began working (4 digits)
v32477 = length of employment in months (2 digits)
v32478 = $ earned per week when left job (4 digits)
v32479 = why did you leave this job (2 digits)

      JOB #4:
v32007 = type of work (3 digits)
v32008 = sex typing (1 digit)
v32480 = hours per week worked (2 digits)
v32481 = year began working (4 digits)
v32482 = length of employment in months (2 digits)
v32483 = $ earned per week when left job (4 digits)
v32484 = why did you leave this job (2 digits)

      JOB #5:
v32009 = type of work (3 digits)
v32010 = sex typing (1digit)
v32485 = hours per week worked (2 digits)
v32486= year began working (4 digits)
v32487 = length of employment in months (2 digits)
v32488 = $ earned per week when left job (4 digits)
v32489 = why did you leave this job (2 digit)

      JOB #6:
v32011 = type of work (3 digits)
v32012 = sex typing (1digit)
v32490 = hours per week worked (2 digits)
v32491 = year began working (4 digits)
v32492 = length of employment in months (2 digits)
v32493 = $ earned per week when left job (4 digits)
v32494 = why did you leave this job (2 digit)

      JOB #7:
v32013 = type of work (3 digits)
v32014 = sex typing (1digit)
v32490A = hours per week worked (2 digits)
                                                92

v32491A = year began working (4 digits)
v32492A = length of employment in months (2 digits)
v32493A = $ earned per week when left job (4 digits)
v32494A = why did you leave this job (2 digit)


v32495= How many jobs have you had since 1996?
      00-95 = number of jobs
      99 = missing data (all skips to this question are coded 99)

v32496 = Since 1996, how many times have you been unemployed (and not a full-time
      student) for a month or more?
      0-7 = number of times unemployed
      8 = 8 or more times unemployed (CARD)
      9 = missing data

       For each time you were unemployed, please indicate the date you stopped and why you
stopped.

      TIME 1 stopped working
v32497 = month stopped working
      01-12 = month
      99 = missing
      00 = never unemployed

v32498 = year stopped working
      1996-2001 = year
      9999 = missing
      0000 = never unemployed

v32499 = first reason stopped working
v32500 = second reason stopped working
      01 = started school/went back to school/to prepare for college
      02 = temporary job/seasonal position
      03 = hours/too many/too few /time conflict with other activities
      04 = management/boss
      05 = pay
      06 = individual relocated
      07 = got a better position/new job
      08 = didn’t want career/find a job in field of interest/job was boring/didn't like job
      09 = maternity leave/got pregnant
      10 = got married/partner did not want me to work
      11 = no child care
      12 = no benefits/loss of benefits
      13 = got fired/laid off
      14 = location/transportation difficulties
                                           93

      15 = no room for advancement/learned as much as possible
      16 = medical reasons/illness/stress-related reasons
      17 = job relocated
      18 = employer went out of business
      19 = on strike
      20 = enlisted in military
      21 = money not necessary/partner got a raise
      22 = travel
      23 = bad work environment
      24 = graduated
      25 = military discharge/honorable discharge
      26 = chose to stay home and raise kids
      27 = personal or family related
      28 = lack of motivation &/or responsibility
      29 = imprisonment
      31 = reevaluating my career choice
      32 = had achieved the goal from that career/ done with that job
      33 = need rest
      41 = give a birth and stay at home
      42 = moved
      50 = wanted to be another state
      60 = soft/down/bad economy
      70 = injured at work
      80 = lack of work
      90 = wanted to stay home
      97 = don't know
      98 = other (CARD)
              lack of parts
              unemployment paid more than I could earn in Michigan with degree
      99 = missing data
      00 = presently working at job (valid skip)

*** NOTE: USE ABOVE CODES FOR TIME 2 AND TIME 3

      TIME 2 stopped working
v32501 = month stopped working (2 digits)
v32502 = year stopped working (4 digits)
v32503 = first reason stopped working (2 digits)
v32504 = second reason stopped working (2 digits)

      TIME 3 stopped working
v32505 = month stopped working (2 digits)
v32506 = year stopped working (4 digits)
v32507 = first reason stopped working (2 digits)
v32508 = second reason stopped working (2 digits)
                                               94

v32509 = Knowing what you know now, is there anything you would have done
      differently in terms of your past work experience?
      Education
      01 = gone to college
      02 = stayed in college/finished college/get my degree sooner
      03 = put more emphasis on college than work/got job that allowed time for school
      04 = worked less or not at all while in school
      05 = stayed in high school / graduated high school
      06 = gone to college earlier/right after high school
      Experience
      10 = more experience
      11 = worked in field of interest/study
      12 = done co-op/internship/volunteered in field of interest
      13 =got entry level job in field earlier / went through temp. services earlier
      14 = got real or better job sooner
      15 = got summer job during school/got better paying summer job
      16 = had more part-time jobs
      Job Situation
      20 = not stayed at job didn't like/left job sooner/quit
      21 = not taken particular job/would not have worked at fast food, retail, restaurant
      22 = stayed with only one job/not taken so many jobs
      23 = not have left job / not have left job so soon
      24 = started own business
      25 = waited for better job
      26 = taken different job / not passed-up job opportunity
      27 = been prepared to find another job (due to lay-offs)
      28 = do my job and not help others that don’t appreciate it
      29 = cut back on work hours (not worked so many hours, to spend more time with
      family, etc.)
      Career Choice
      30 = chose different career/field/changed careers sooner
      31 = been more career mined/planned a career/researched job in advance
      32 = looked for larger company/farm
      33 = would have chosen better position/department/location (in same job field)
      Financial
      40 = saved money
      42 = looked for better paying job
      43 = demanded higher wages
      Personal Characteristics
      50 = been more responsible / stood up for myself
      51 = worked more/worked harder
      52 = self-restraint (limited number of responsibilities taken on at once)

       96 = no, would not have done anything differently
       97 = don't know
       98 = other (card)
                                             95

             would accept verbal contracts
             would have told bosses where to get off before they told me where to get off
             filed a law suit against harassing employer
             would have gotten a full-time job at a better place of work
             would have taken more time for myself
             taken it less seriously
             should have left Michigan and gone down south to seek employment
             would not have worked at the weekend that I got hurt #10685
             not let my work control my life
      99 = missing data

                                    *** PAGE 23 ***

PRESENT WORK SITUATION

What is your present work situation? (CHECK ALL THAT APPLY)
       1 = checked
       2 = not checked

v32510 = Employed by others; part-time
v32511 = Employed by others; full-time
v32512= Self-employed owner of own business, service, or professional practice
v32513 = Not employed, because in school full-time
v32514 = Temporarily laid off
v32515 = Unemployed but looking for work
v32516 = Unemployed but NOT looking for work
v32517 = On long-term sick leave
v32518 = On maternity leave
v32519 = On parental leave
v32520 = Permanently disabled
v32521= Full-time homemaker
v32522 = In the military; part-time (e.g., Reserves)
v32523 = In the military; full-time
v32524 = Working, not for money (volunteer)

*** NOTE: IF ENTIRE SECTION IS BLANK – NONE ARE CHECKED – CODE 9’S FOR
THE WHOLE SEFCTION.

v32525 = Specify (present work situation): ______________
      1 = student teaching/volunteer teacher
      2 = internship/researching
      3 = volunteer firefighter
      4 = resident advisor
                                                  96

        5 = boy scouts / girl scouts
        6 = family leave / responsibility & caretaking for adult parents/relative
        7 = have job lined up
        8 = other (CARD)
                volunteer making books
                Reserves
                training for Olympics
                ID # 10248 law clerk at public defenders office
                ID # 11319 off for bar exam then will work for self
                ID # 11355 student
                ID # 11471 employed contingently-work when I need to
        9 = missing data
        0 = valid skip

v32526 = Other
v32526A = If other, please explain: ________ (present work situation)
      (From Wave 7 codebook)
      1 = workmen's compensation
      2 = in-between jobs because of relocation/moving
      3 = supplemental security income (disabled)
      4 = welfare
      5 = work/barter for tuition/services
      6 = found job/not started yet
      7 = author
      8 = other (CARD)
              finishing last 3 wks of full-time job to be home w/ baby
              substitute teaching
              teach trombone lessons
              professional bicycle racer
              help sister with children
              ID # 10743 – working temporarily while looking for a job
      9 = missing data
      0 = did not check 'other' for work situation

A. FOR THOSE WORKING FOR PAY...
Currently, what is your MAIN occupation or job? (Please be specific, for example, if you are
a secretary, also indicate the type of business; if you are in retail, indicate what you sell; if you
work in child care, indicate the age group of the children you are responsible for, etc.)

v32015 = Current main occupation or job (coded on occupation sheet)
v32016 = Sex type, first job (coded on occupation sheet)
v32527 = How many hours per week do you work at this job (present work)?
                                               97

       01-95 = number of hours per week
       97 = various
       98 = over 95 hours
       99 = missing data
       00 = do not have a job

v32528 = Do you think of this job as . . . (present work)
      1 = a long-term job
      2 = as a step in your career
      3 = a short-term job
      4 = a long-term job and step in your career
      5 = a step in your career and a short-term job
      6 = a long term job/a short term job
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

       Approximately how much do you earn in this job? (Fill in ONE amount only)
       $________per hour   $________per week        $__________per month
       $__________per year

*** NOTE: IN CODES; DO NOT WRITE DECIMALS, CODE ALL AMOUNTS THAT ARE
FILLED IN!

v32529 = amount per hour (present work)
      (four digit code, two decimal places; i.e.: 1200 = $12.00)
      0001-9997 = earnings per hour
      9998 = unspecified amount (e.g., tips, room & board, commission)
      9999 = missing data
      0000 = valid skip

v32530 = amount per week (present work)
      (four digit code, rounded to nearest dollar; i.e.: 0325 = $325.00)
      0001-9997 = earnings per week
      9998 = unspecified amount (e.g., tips, room & board, commission)
      9999 = missing data
      0000 = valid skip

v32531 = amount per month (present work)
      (four digit code, rounded to nearest dollar; i.e.: 0825 = $825.00)
      0001-9997 = earnings per month
      9998 = unspecified amount (e.g., tips, room & board, commission)
      9999 = missing data
      0000 = valid skip

v32532 = amount per year (present work)
      (six digit code, founded to nearest dollar; i.e.: 051000 = $51,000)
                                               98

       000001-999997 = earnings per year
       999998 = unspecified amount (e.g., tips, room & board, commission)
       999999 = missing data
       000000 = valid skip

*** NOTE: IF NO CURRENT JOB, CODE ZERO’S FOR THE WHOLE SECTION.

                                       *** PAGE 24 ***

Please use the following scale for the next set of questions about your current job. (WRITE A
NUMBER ON THE LINE FOR EACH ITEM)

v32533 = My job allows me to use my skills and abilities.
v32534 = My job matches what I like to do.
v32535 = I am overqualified for the work that I do in this job.
v32536 = A person with my experience or training should be in a better job.
v32537 = I wonder whether my education and experience could be put to better use in
              another job.
v32538 = I have a flexible work schedule in this job.
v32539 = In this work, I am my own boss.
v32540 = There is a lot of stress and tension in this job.
v32541 = This job gives me opportunities for advancement.
v32542 = This job gives me the amount of independence I like.
v32543 = I really enjoy the people I work with in this job.
v32544 = I am expected to do things that are not formally a part of my job (like running
      errands for another worker).
v32545 = I have to work too many hours on this job.
v32546 = My work is pretty repetitious.
v32547 = My boss is a fair and honest person.
v32548 = My boss actively supports me in my home and family roles.
v32549 = My job gives me a chance to learn a lot of new things.
v32550 = Most of my interests are centered around my job.
v32551 = I have too much work to do everything well.
v32552 = I am unclear about what I have to do on my job.
v32553 = I feel drained of my energy when I get off work.
v32554 = I have a lot of freedom to make important decisions about what I do at work and
               how I do it.
v32555 = I feel free to disagree with my supervisor.
                                               99

v32556 = I feel that my work is meaningful and important.
v32557 = I learn things that will be useful to me later in my life.
v32558 = My job has influenced my career choice.
v32559 = I admire my supervisor.
v32560 = This job provides good job security.
v32561 = I am concerned that I might lose this job.
v32562 = My boss helps me develop in my career.
v32563 = My boss is creative and flexible in helping me balance my work and family
       demands.
v32564 = People treat me disrespectfully at work.

                                       *** PAGE 25 ***

SEXUAL HARASSMENT

v32565 = At your current place of work, have you ever had a situation when your job
      benefits depended on submitting to unwelcome sexual advances or have you ever
      been penalized for refusing to participate in unwelcome sexual conduct?
      1= yes
      2 = no
      3 = not sure
      9 = missing data

v32566 = Who did this to you? (current place of work)
      1 = Direct supervisor
      2 = Co-worker
      3 = client/customer/patient
      4 = owner
      5 = student
      6 = manager (district)
      7 = checked both direct supervisor and co-worker
      8 = other (CARD)
              ID # 10667 sub-contractor
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32567 = Was the person a male or female? (current place of work)
      1 = male
      2 = female
      3 = checked both male and female
      9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip
                                            100

v32568 = In any other previous job or school setting, have you ever had a situation when
      your benefits/grades depended on submitting to unwelcome sexual advances or
      have you ever been penalized for refusing to participate in unwelcome sexual
      conduct?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      3 = not sure
      9 = missing data

v32569 = Who did this to you? (previous job or school)
      1 = Direct supervisor
      2 = Co-worker
      3 = client/customer/patient
      4 = owner
      5 = student
      6 = manager (district)
      7 = checked both direct supervisor and co-worker
      8 = other (CARD)
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32570 = Was the person a male or female? (previous job or school)
      1 = male
      2 = female
      3 = checked both male and female
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32571 = In your current place of work, have you experienced unwelcome sexual
       advances, requests for sexual favors or other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual
       nature that created an intimidating or hostile work environment or interfered with
       your ability to do your work?
   1 = yes
   2 = no
   3 = not sure
   9 = missing data

v32572 = Who did this to you? (current job, hostile environment)
      1 = Direct supervisor
      2 = Co-worker
      3 = client/customer/patient
      4 = owner
      5 = student
      6 = manager (district)
      7 = checked both direct supervisor and co-worker
      8 = other (CARD)
                                             101

               ID # 11133 Peer in different company
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip

v32573 = Was the person a male or female? (current job, hostile environment)
      1 = male
      2 = female
      3 = checked both male and female
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32574 = In any other previous job or school setting, have you experienced unwelcome
      sexual advances, requests for sexual favors or other verbal or physical conduct of a
      sexual nature that created an intimidating or hostile work environment or
      interfered with your ability to do your work?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      3 = not sure
      9 = missing data

v32575= Who did this to you? (previous job, hostile environment)
      1 = Direct supervisor
      2 = Co-worker
      3 = client/customer/patient
      4 = owner
      5 = student
      6 = manager (district)
      7 = checked both direct supervisor and co-worker
      8 = other (CARD)
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32576 = Was the person a male or female? (previous job, hostile environment)
      1 = male
      2 = female
      3 = checked both male and female
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32577 = Have you ever experienced any kind of behavior at school or work that you
      would consider sexual harassment but doesn’t fit any of the situations given above?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      3 = not sure
      9 = missing data
                                            102

v32578 = Have you ever experienced any kind of unwanted sexual overtures, requests for
      sexual favors or other sexual conduct that was annoying or offensive to you at
      school or work that you would not label sexual harassment?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      3 = not sure
      9 = missing data

v32579 = Have you ever reported or filed a formal complaint for sexual harassment?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32580 = Have you ever quit a job or changed jobs because you were sexually harassed?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

                                     *** PAGE 26 ***

Please use the following scale for the next set of statements (WRITE A NUMBER ON THE
LINE FOR EACH ITEM)

v32581 = My job has helped me to get more education/training.
v32582 = My job has gotten in the way of getting the education/training I would like to get.
v32583 = I plan to return to school full-time because I do not like what I am doing at my
      job (if not currently enrolled full-time).
v32584 = I do not plan to return to school full-time because I like what I do at my job (if
      not currently enrolled full-time).

v32585 = How satisfied are you with your current employment?
      1-7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (if not currently working)

v32586 = How effective do you think you are in your job?
      1-7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (if not currently working)

v32587 = Are you currently looking for a different job?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = does not have a job
                                           103



v32588 = If yes (looking for a different job), why?
      Financial Reasons/Status
      01 = want higher salary/opportunity for economic growth/more money
      02 = pay does not match experience
      03 = want promotion
      04 = lack of career advancement opportunities
      05 = need more hours/better hours
      06 = good compensation
      Stability
      10 = want job security
      11 = would have to relocate
      12 = want steady hours
      13 = need full-time job
      14 = might be laid off/company might go under
      15 = contract expiring
      Interest/Ability/Like
      20 = hate job
      21 = need change/new career
      22 = lack of challenge/interest
      23 = bored/job too repetitious
      24 = want to work for company with good reputation
      25 = always looking (general)
      26 = burned out/exhausted
      27 = unsatisfied
      Experience/Ability
      30 = overqualified
      31 = not utilizing skills
      32 = want a job more related to education
      33 = want to use my degree (e.g. teach)
      34 = to gain new skills
      Schooling/Education
      40 = graduating
      41 = want to get an education
      42 = want to further career
      Danger of Job/Atmosphere
      49 = hate working with group
      50 = poor working environment/unsafe
      51 = difficult place to work
      52 = co-worker is a problem
      53 = bureaucracy/policy
      54 = not given freedom/too rigid
      55 = disagree with manager's values
      56 = stressful situation/too demanding
      57 = location of workplace
      58 = want to work closer to home
                                              104

       59 = don’t like boss
       Specific to Job
       60 = Teach other age groups
       61 = want to get into another platoon
       62 = more responsibilities
       63 = was wrongfully terminated
       64 = don’t feel appreciated
       65 = job is temporary
       66 = getting out of military
       67 = start own business
       68 = office is closing
       Family Issues
       70 = Be near family/near partner
       71 = need more time with my son/daughter
       72 = moving
       80 = why not/always looking
       81 = want better job
       82 = it’s time
       90 = less travel
       97 = don't know
       98 = other (CARD)
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip; does not have a job or answered no.

v32589 = Do you have a second job?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = does not have a first job

v32017 = Type of work, second job (coded on occupation sheet)
v32018 = Sex type, second job (coded on occupation sheet)
v32590 = How many hours per week do you work at your second job?
      01-96 = number of hours
      97 = over 96 hours
      98 = it depends/various
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (does not have a second job)

v32591 = Do you think of this (second) job as . . .
      1 = a long-term job
      2 = as a step in your career
      3 = a short-term job
      4 = a long-term job and step in your career
      5 = a step in your career and a short-term job
      6 = hobby
                                                105

       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip

Approximately how much do you earn in your second job? (Fill in ONE amount only) IN
CODES: CODE ALL AMOUNTS FILLED IN!

$________per hour       $________per week        $__________per month       $__________per year

v32592 = amount per hour (second job)
      (four digit code, two decimal places; i.e.: 1200 = $12.00)
      0001-9998 = earnings per hour
      0000 = valid skip
      9999 = missing data

v32593 = amount per week (second job)
      (four digit code, rounded to nearest dollar; i.e.: 0325 = $325.00)
      0001-9998 = earnings per week
      0000 = valid skip
      9999 = missing data

v32594 = amount per month (second job)
      (four digit code, rounded to nearest dollar; i.e.: 0825 = $825.00)
      0001-9998 = earnings per month
      0000 = valid skip
      9999 = missing data

v32595 = amount per year (second job)
      (six digit code, founded to nearest dollar; i.e.: 051000 = $51,000)
      000001-999997 = earnings per year
      999998 or more = earnings per year
      000000 = valid skip
      999999 = missing data

                                        *** PAGE 27 ***

What kind of job would you like to have right now? (Please be specific, for example, if you
would like to be a secretary, also indicate the type of business you'd like to work in; if you would
like to work in retail, indicate what you would like to sell; if you'd like to work with children,
indicate the age group of the children you want to be responsible for, etc.)

v32019 = Type of job desired if unemployed (coded on occupation sheet)
v32020 = Specificity of job desired if unemployed (coded on occupation sheet)
v32021 = Sex type of job desired if unemployed (coded on occupation sheet)

How much do you think you could make at this job ? (FILL IN ONE AMOUNT
     ONLY)
                                               106

       $________per hour   $________per week            $__________per month
       $__________per year

v32596 = amount per hour (job you would like to have right now)
      (four digit code, two decimal places; i.e.: 1200 = $12.00)
      0001-9998 = earnings per hour
      0000 = valid skip
      9999 = missing data

v32597 = amount per week (job you would like to have right now)
      (four digit code, rounded to nearest dollar; i.e.: 0325 = $325.00)
      0001-9998 = earnings per week
      0000 = valid skip
      9999 = missing data

v32598 = amount per month (job you would like to have right now)
      (four digit code, rounded to nearest dollar; i.e.: 0825 = $825.00)
      0001-9998 = earnings per month
      0000 = valid skip
      9999 = missing data

v32599 = amount per year (job you would like to have right now)
      (six digit code, founded to nearest dollar; i.e.: 051000 = $51,000)
      000001-999997 = earnings per year
      999998 or more = earnings per year
      000000 = valid skip
      999999 = missing data

v32600 = What do you need in order to get the job you would like to have?
      Institutions
      01 = education
      02 = advanced degree (JD, MBA, Ph.D., MA)
      03 = finish school/do well in school
      04 = get certification (teaching, license)
      05 = get GED
      06 = get bachelor's degree/degree
      07 = get accepted into school
      Personal Characteristics
      10 = motivation/determination/ambition/goals/drive/perseverance
      11 = ability/creativity/talent/brains
      12 = good work ethic/hard work
      13 = confidence
      14 = discipline/focus/will power
      15 = patience
      16 = knowledge/pass employer's test
      17 = positive attitude
                                            107

      18 = health
      19 = good looks, personality
      Experience/Skills
      20 = Experience/Qualifications
      21 = training/student teaching/practice
      22 = internship
      23 = entry level job in the field
      24 = better skills/writing skills
      25 = do well in current job
      26 = job search behavior (send resume, good interview, search, make phone calls)
      Support From Various Resources (excluding financial support)
      30 = support from family/husband
      31 = support from significant other
      32 = support from friends
      33 = connections/networking
      34 = support from work/promotion/move up in rank
      35 = publisher/agent
      36 = dependable day care
      Financial Resources
      40 = money/capital/sell business
      41 = family financial support
      42 = win lottery
      Time
      50 = time to raise children
      51 = time management
      52 = availability
      Chance and Opportunity
      60 = luck/chance
      61 = job opening/available job/open position/opportunity
      62 = good job market/change in job market
      63 = office closing
      64 = getting offer from where I want to work
      80 = location related
      96 = nothing
      97 = don't know why
      98 = other (CARD)
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip

v32601 = What might keep you from getting job you would like to have
      Family
      01 = taking care of children/no baby-sitter/child care
      02 = taking care of parents
      03 = starting a family
      04 = divorce
      Personal
                                     108

10 = procrastination/lack of motivation/laziness/ambition
11 = disability/health reasons/stress
12 = lack of confidence/insecurities/fear of failure
13 = myself/problems with self/getting into trouble/hard to get along with
14 = not understanding how to get hired/brown-nosing/not knowing the right people
15 = change of mind/interests
16 = moving
19 = weight
Education
20 = not enough school
21 = not finishing school/not getting degree/no certificate
22 = not getting accepted
23 = no money for school
24 = poor GPA
25 = hate school/takes too long
Time
30 = not enough time
31 = conflict with other activities/school
Money
40 = no money
41 = capital/financial needs
42 = cost of living/slow economy
43 = financial responsibilities change
44 = not being able to get a loan
Current Job Related
50 = don't want to give up current job/promotion at current job
51 = cutbacks/department restructuring
52 = conflict with management or company
53 = person in desired position
54 = business fails
55 = making mistakes/wrong career jump
56 = changed fields
Future Job Related
60 = availability of jobs/job market/lack of opportunities
61 = problems with job itself/strict requirements
62 = discrimination
63 = low demand for workers in the field/job might not exist
64 = job references/no connections
65 = change of heart
66 = job is obscure
67 = job is competitive
Experience/Skills
70 = skills/poor performance/not qualified
71 = not enough experience
72 = not creative enough/ not talented enough
80 = transportation
                                             109



       96 = nothing
       97 = don't know why
       98 = other
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip

What kind of work do you feel most qualified to do?

v32022 = Type of job qualified if unemployed (coded on occupation sheet)
v32023 = Specificity of job qualified if unemployed (coded on occupation sheet)
v32024 = Sex type of job qualified if unemployed (coded on occupation sheet)

What have you been doing in the last four weeks to find a job? (CHECK ALL THAT APPLY)

*** NOTE: FOR THE FOLLOWING ITEMS, NOT FOR THE NUMBER OF TIMES
ITEMS
      1 = yes, checked
      2 = no, not checked
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (section appropriately skipped)

v32602 =____ Nothing
v32603 = Contacted state employment agency(s)
v32604 = Contacted private employment agency(s)
v32605 = Contacted military recruiter
v32606 = Contacted employer(s)directly
v32607 = Contacted friends or relatives
v32608 = Placed or answered ads
v32609 = Looked in the newspaper
v32610 = Used a school employment service
v32611 = Other
v32612 = Specify (other):______________________________________________
      1 = send/work on resumes
      2 = check with union
      3 = check with school districts
      4 = applied to program/going back to school
      5 = attend auditions
      6 = contact previous employer
      7 = volunteering
      8 = other (CARD) network , thumb area consortium
      ID # 11392 #10685 Internet – 10 times
      ID # 11393 Talked to neighbors – 2 times
      9 = missing data
                                              110

      0 = valid skip (did not do anything else to find a job, or category doesn't apply)
      PLEASE GO TO SECTION D, QUESTION 92

*** NOTE: FOR THE FOLLOWING ITEMS, CODE ONLY THE NUMBER OF TIMES
FOR EACH ITEM, NOT WHETHER ITEM HAS BEEN CHECKED: (IF "NOTHING" WAS
CHECKED ABOVE, EACH OF THE FOLLOWING ITEMS SHOULD BE CODED ZERO).
(CODES FROM WAVE 7 CODEBOOK)
      1 = once
      2 = twice
      3 = three to five times
      4 = six to ten times
      5 = more than ten times,
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip
v32603A = times? (Contacted state employment agency(s))
v32604A = times? (Contacted private employment agency(s) )
v32605A = times? ( Contacted military recruiter)
v32606A = times? (Contacted employer(s)directly)
v32607A = times? (Contacted friends or relatives)
v32608A = times? (Placed or answered ads)
v32609A = times? (Looked in the newspapers)
v32610A = times? (Used a school employment service )


                                      *** PAGE 28 ***

C. THOSE WHO ARE NOT PRESENTLY WORKING AND DO NOT WANT A JOB.
Tell us the reasons you are not looking for work right now. (CHECK ALL THAT APPLY)

*** NOTE: FOR THE FOLLOWING ITEMS
      1 = yes, checked
      2 = no, not checked
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32613 = Taking care of my children
v32614 = Pregnancy
v32615 = Own health problems, disability
v32616 = In school
v32617 = Can’t find a job
v32618 = Lost hope of finding a job
v32619 = Can’t make enough money, wouldn’t pay to work
v32620 = Don’t want or need to work
v32621 = Spouse or partner doesn’t want me to work
                                              111

v32622 = Lack the necessary schooling, training, skills
v32623 = Can’t find child care
v32624 = Can’t afford to pay for child care
v32625 = other

v32626 = Specify (other):___________________________________
      1 = moving soon
      2 = no transportation
      3 = studying for exam (bar)
      4 = special needs child/problem with child
      5 = don’t like/want to use child care service
      6 = traveling vacation / take time off
      7 = maternity leave
      8 = other (CARD)
              work for parents
              care for sick parent
              spend time with children until they go to school
              starting school
              training full-time for the Olympics
      9 = missing data (checked other, but did not specify)
      0 = valid skip (did not check 'other' reason)
              (Codes from Wave 7 codebook)

v32627 = Do you plan to return to work in the future?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32628 = If yes (plan to return to work), when? ______________________
      01-70 = number of months
      87 = after moving
      88 = in months
      89 = over 10 years
      94 = after overcoming illness/after being getting better
      95 = when I am ready
      90 = soon/ASAP
      91 = after children go to school/when I feel the children are old enough
      92 = after graduation
      93 = after surgery
      97 = don’t know when/ not sure / maybe
      98 = other
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip

What kind of job would you like to have when you return to work?
                                                 112

v32024 = type of job when return if not looking (coded on occupation sheet)
v32025 = specificity when return if not looking (coded on occupation sheet)
v32026 = sex type when return if not looking (coded on occupation sheet)

What kind of work do you feel most qualified to do?
v32027 = type of job qualified to do if not looking (coded on occupation sheet)
v32028 = sex type of qualified to do if not looking (coded on occupation sheet)
v32029 = specificity of qualified to do if not looking (coded on occupation sheet)

*** NOTE: IF NUMBER OF YEARS/MONTHS OR ANY TIME PERIOD IS THE
RESPONSE, LOOK UP WHEN WE RECEIVED THE SURVEY AND CALCULATE
ACCORDINGLY).

                                        *** PAGE 29 ***

D. JOB AND FINANCIAL QUESTIONS
Do you have any of the following? (PLEASE CHECK EACH ITEM BELOW). For each of the
following, if at least one is checked and the rest is left blank, assume rest of responses are "no"):
             1 = checked yes
             2 = checked no
             9 = missing data

v32629 = A savings account or savings bonds
v32630 = A bank credit card like a VISA or Mastercard in your name
v32631 = A department store charge card (e.g. Sears/Penneys) or other charge card in
          your name
v32632 = Your own car, van, or truck
v32633 = Health benefits or medical insurance
v32634 = House

v32635 = bought house what year?
      __ __ __ __ (FOUR DIGIT CODE)
      9999 = missing data
      0000 = valid skip

v32636 = Have you ever borrowed money from a bank?
        1 = yes
        2 = no
        9 = missing data

v32637 = Do you have a mortgage?
        1 = yes
        2 = no
        9 = missing data

v32638 = Do you have credit card debt?
                                             113

         1 = yes
         2 = no
         9 = missing data

v32639 = Do you have any student loans?
        1 = yes
        2 = no
        9 = missing data

From which of these sources have you received income over the last 12 months? (PLEASE
CHECK EACH ITEM BELOW). For each of the following, if at least one is checked and the
rest is left blank, assume rest of responses are "no"):
                 1 = checked yes
                 2 = checked no
                 9 = missing data

v32640 = Income from a full or part-time job
v32641 = Income from a partner or spouse
v32642 = Any public assistance, such as AFDC
v32643 = Social Security or Supplemental Security Income
v32644 = Unemployment compensation or Workmen's Compensation
v32645 = Child Support
v32646 = Money from parent
v32647 = Money from relative other than your parent
v32648 = A large loan from a friend
v32649 = Money from another source
v32650 = Specify, money from another source
          1 = loan from a school
          2 = free money from school (scholarships, financial aid)
          3 = Loan from bank (include credit cards, refinance house)
          4 = law suit/car accident / court case
          5 = gifts (wedding, graduation, family)
          6 = stocks/interest/investments/mutual funds/savings /bank accounts/ property
          7= G.I. Bill
          8 = Other (CARD) )previous responses include: gambling, political, selling a car,
              marines, monetary award from work, yard sales, government agency, pawn
              shops, bowling, inheritance, life insurance from deceased parent, gambling
              ID # 10605 = long term disability for pregnancy
              ID # 11186 & ID #11459 - second job
              ID # 11020 – mother in law
              ID # 10772 – second/third job
              ID # 10316 – odd jobs
              ID # 10370 – craft business
              ID # 10125 – breeding/selling puppies
              ID # 11392 – boyfriend’s mother
              ID # 12973 – Inheritance from Grandma
                                             114

          9 = missing data (said yes, but did not specify)
          0 = valid skip (does not get money from another source)
              (Codes from Wave 7 codebook)

From all the sources of income you have, please indicate your total household income by
checking one box below: (YOU CAN INCLUDE MONEY YOU RECEIVE FROM YOUR
PARENTS BUT DO NOT INCLUDE YOUR PARENTS' INCOME)

v32651 = Total household income
      01 = less than $5,000
      02 = between $5,000-9.999
      03 = between $10,000-19,999
      04 = between $20,000-29,999
      05 = between $30,000-39,999
      06 = between $40,000-49,999
      07 = between $50,000-59,000
      08 = between $60,000-69,000
      09 = between $70,000-$79,999
      10 = between $80,000-$89,999
      11 = between $90,000-$99,999
      12 = between $100,000-$109,999
      13 = between $110,000-$119,999
      14 = between $120,000-$129,999
      15 = between $130,000-$139,999
      16 = between $140,000-$149,999
      17 = More than $150,000
      99 = missing data

                                     *** PAGE 30 ***

v32652 = Over the past 12 months, how much difficulty have you had paying your bills?
      No difficulty                           A great deal
       at all                                 of difficulty
        1      2       3     4       5      6       7
      1-7 scale
      9 = missing data

v32653 = Compared to one year ago, would you say your standard of living today is
      Much lower          About                Much higher
      than 1 year        the same               than 1 year
      ago                                           ago
       1       2       3     4      5       6      7
      1-7 scale
      9 = missing data

v32654 = How upset or worried are you because you do not have enough money to pay for things?
                                             115

       Not at all                                     Very
        upset                                         upset
         1      2       3       4       5        6      7
       1-7 scale
       9 = missing data

In the last 12 months, have you made any of the following adjustments because of financial
need? (PLEASE CHECK EITHER YES OR NO FOR EACH ITEM BELOW)
                1 = checked yes
                2 = checked no
                9 = missing data

v32655 = Borrowed or used credit more than you used to
v32656 = Changed food shopping or eating habits to save money
v32657 = Reduced household utility use
v32658 = Cut back on social activities and entertainment expenses
v32659 = Postponed medical or dental care
v32660 = Fallen behind in paying bills
v32661 = Not registered for classes
v32662 = Anything else
v32663 = Specify (anything else)
      1 = haven't bought personal things (clothes, etc.)/delayed car maintenance
      2 = moved back with parents
      3= got second job/worked overtime/got better job/sold something
      4 = used less credit/saved money/ reduced debts/refinanced home
      5 = joined military
      6 = delayed having kids
      7 = declared bankruptcy
      8 = other (CARD); (previous response includes mental adjustments)
              spent more than could afford
              schooling for children
      9 = missing data (checked anything else and did not specify)
      0 = valid skip(did not check “anything else”)
              (Codes from Wave 7 codebook)

v32664 = Are there people you could turn to for financial help if you needed to?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

IF YES, who? (check all that apply)
      1 = yes, checked
      2 = no, not checked
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (answered no, cannot turn to anyone for question #100.)
                                              116

v32665 = mother
v32666 = sibling
v32667 = friend
v32668 = father
v32669 = grandparent
v32670 = spouse/romantic partner
v32671 = other
v32672 = Who? (other)
      01 = stepmother
      02 = stepfather
      03 = other relative (aunts, uncles, etc.)
      04 = godparents
      05 = partner's relatives/in-laws
      06 = military
      07 = boss/coworkers/partners employer
      08 = bank
      09 = church
      10 = government/welfare
      11 = high school teacher
      12 = work
      13 = uncle/cousin
      14 = roommate
      15 = ex-romantic partner
      98 = other (CARD)
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (did not check 'other')

RESPONSIBILITIES
As people get older they begin to take more responsibility for themselves. Using the following
scale, write a number on the line next to each item.

How much responsibility do you currently take for each of the following:

     Somebody else Somebody else                   I do this         I do this I am completely
     does this for me does this most              half of the       most of the responsible for
      all of the time    of the time                 time              time this all of the time
       1                      2                        3                 4                    5
        1-5 scale
        9 = missing data

v32673 = earning your own living
v32674 = paying rent
v32675 = paying your other bills
v32676 = making sure your household runs smoothly
                                             117

                                     *** PAGE 31 ***

How well do you think you can handle each of the following:
         Not at all                                                Extremely
           well                                                      well
             1         2        3          4          5       6        7
     1-7 scale
     9 = missing data

v32677 = organizing your time/schedule
v32678 = earning your own living
#11536 #12364 coded 0 since they are housewives
#13724 coded 0 since she has SSD
v32679 = using your credit cards
#10059 #13287 #12795 #12920 #13209 #13703 #13712 coded 0 since they don’t have credit
cards
v32680 = managing money
v32681 = making sure your household runs smoothly

v32682 = How often do you think of yourself as an adult?
           rarely                                                 all of the time
             1         2       3          4        5          6           7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data

v32683 = When do you feel most like an adult? #1
v32684 = When do you feel most like an adult? #2

Work Related
01 = at work
02 = going to work everyday/waking up every day to go to work
03 = pressures of job (when someone’s life is in your hands (OBGYN)
04 = when coworkers defer to me
05 = getting paid

Parenting Related
06 = taking care of my child
07 = disciplining my child/ step-child/boy friend’s kids
08 = setting an example for my child/role model
09 = doing things that my parents do
10 = being with children
11 = when my kids are watching me/ when kids call me dad or mom
12 = parenting child/mothering

Family Related
13 = taking care of my family
                                                118

14 = providing for my family / supporting
15 = planning future of family

Spousal Related/Partner Related
18= spending time with my spouse / fiance
19 = dating
20 = I’m married / engaged
21 = preparing marriage / wedding

Household Related
24 = buying house / looking at property that I bought / house buliding
25 = taking care of the household/running a household/doing things around the house
26 = providing for a household
27 = doing household chores/cleaning the household/ grocery shopping
28 = at home
29 = when going house after work

Financial Related
30 = earning money
31 = paying the bills
32 = long term financial planning/investing
33 = financial freedom/financial independence
34 = looking for a house, shopping
35 = financial things (mortgage, debt, loan…)

Decision Making Related
36 = making important decisions
37 = sticking up for myself in situations
38 = making future plans
39 = I am in control/ running own my life

Freedom/Independence
40 = Freedom/Independence (general)
41 = responsibility
42 = constraints of adult life
43 = obligation
44 = taking care of myself

Emotions
45 = Feeling alone/feeling like there is no one to turn to
46 = sticking up for myself in situations
47 = “it’s a feeling”/feeling like an adult
48 = feeling unhappy/depressed
49 = stressed
50 = maturity
                                                 119

Age Related
51 = when I see/interact/am with people younger than me
52 = teaching younger people something/coaching
53 = doing something that only adults can do (buy beer, vote)
54 = when I meet an old friend/ hanging out with friends
55 = looking old/ being with old people

Priority Related
56 = have a change in priorities
57 = have many priorities

General life experiences
60 = solution problem
61 = dealing with crisis
62 = during interactions with people
63 = many changes
64 = when do things I don’t want to, but fell I should
65 – I am an adult
66 = when (taking) caring others
67 = accountability for actions

Other:
70 = social events
71 = counseling people
72 = getting respect from others
73 = when getting goals
74 = managing time and money
75 = conducting a professional
80 = by myself
82 = never
89 = when life is going well/smooth in general
90 = All the time/daily
91 = don’t know
92 = buying beer
93 = taking care of pets
94 = dealing with salesman
95 = when someone’s life is in my hands
96 = day-to-day life
98 = others (CARD)
99 = missing
00 = valid skip

v32685 = Why do you feel like an adult in those situations? #1
v32686 = Why do you feel like an adult in those situations? #2

Responsibility (includes word responsibility)
                                               120

01 = Responsibility (general)
02 = Responsible for another life/child
03 = Financial Responsibility
04 = Adult Responsibility/Children don’t have these responsibilities
05 = Responsible/Accountable for actions
06 = Responsible for multiple roles
07 = Responsible for an animal
08 = Other people (besides own children) depend on me
09 = obligation

Independence/Self-sufficiency
12 = Independence (general)
13 = Self-sufficiency (general) / competent
14 = Do not need to get permission/I’m in control
15 = Do things on own/Do things the way I want /Manage my own life
16 = Supporting myself/earning own income
17 = running own life
18 = take care of self-emotionally
19 = taking care of myself

 Decision Making
20 = making decisions on my own
21 = accepting consequences for certain decisions
22 = making appropriate decisions
23 = making really important decisions

Age and Maturity
25 = age related—feeling older /can’t get carded anymore/I’m older
26 = acting mature / younger people are immature
27 = wiser/more knowledgeable / cleverer
28 = experience
29 = youngest at work/co-workers older than me

Parenting Related
30 = In charge of children/ having to take care of children/ parenting (comforting my children
like no one else) / I am parent
31 = when my child asks me questions/When my child needs my support/encourgement
32 = setting limits for my children/ discipline
33 = reminding my mom/parents

Family Related
34 = pregnant
35 = Raising a family / taking care of family
36 = family organization (planning, starting a family)
37 = spouse/intimacy with romantic partner
38 = doing household chores/grocery shopping
                                             121

39 = taking care of household/ maintaining household

Work Related
40 = Have to work
41 = Demanding work/No more children’s work
42 = Working/Coaching/Teaching with children
43 = having to hold a stead job
44 = professionalism, being productive, professional environment
45 = being judged on merit
46 = working with adults
47 = interacting with other adults
48 = in authority/ others need me
49 = accomplishing tasks successfully

Financial Related
50 = Investment related
51 = have to pay the bills
52 = home owner
53 = running the house
54 = managing money/living within means

Adult Role Related
55 = in adult role/in adult situation/behaving like one / they are adult responsibilities
56 = own adult material possessions (home)
57 = I’m treated like an adult/respected/ adults listen to me/respect from peers /
58 = married/spouse
59 = I am doing adults tasks that my parents used to do
60 = have adult personality characteristic other than knowledge and wisdom (ie. Cleverness,
honesty, considerate, kind)
61 = my life is adult / I am an adults
62 = I’ve never done these before/ what I was taught as a child
63 = different priority/ value
64 = that’s my job/ I have to/ I feel like I did my job
Personal
65 = B/c I feel like one/ a feeling that one has
66 = I have reached that point/I have to be an adult/I have to act like one
67 = You have to be a leader
68 = Need to appear confidant
69 = Changing the future with actions/making a difference/ doing something to change my future
70 = pride in yourself / respect yourself
71 = desire to be better
72 = commitment / lack of freedom
73 = society deems it
74 = when you begin to lose the belief that there are no limits / lose hope
75 = lifestyle/day-to-day actions
76 = impressions last a life time
                                              122

77 = punctual
78 = want to project a respectable image
79 = supporting/helping others

Negative
80 = stress
81 = b/c it sucks/life sucks
82 = what to be young forever


Other:
90 = All the time
91 = Don’t know
92 = That is what I am/just do
93 = how to dress
94 = obvious
98 = others (CARD)
99 = missing
00 = valid skip


v32687 = What makes a person an adult? #1
v32688 = What makes a person an adult? #2

Responsibility (includes word responsibility)
01 = Responsibility (general)
02 = Responsible for another life/child
03 = Financial Responsibility
04 = Adult Responsibility/Children don’t have these responsibilities
05 = Responsible/Accountable for actions
06 = Responsible for multiple roles
07 = Responsible for an animal
08 = Other people (besides own children) depend on me
09 = obligation

Independence/Self-sufficiency
12 = Independence (general)
13 = Self-sufficiency (general)
14 = Do not need to get permission/I’m in control
15 = Do things on own/Do things the way I want /Manage my own life
16 = Supporting myself/earning own income
17 = running own life
18 = take care of self-emotionally
19 = taking care of myself
                                                123

 Decision Making
20 = making decisions on my own
21 = accepting consequences for certain decisions
22 = making appropriate decisions
23 = making very important decisions
24 = handling problems or situations

Age and Maturity
25 = age related—feeling older /can’t get carded anymore, age (general)
26 = acting mature
27 = wiser/more knowledgeable/ wisdom
28 = experience / coping skills
29 = maturity

Parenting Related
30 = In charge of children/ having to take care of children/ parenting
31 = when my child asks me questions
32 = setting limits for my children/ discipline

Family Related
35 = Raising a family
36 = having/ starting family
37 = taking care of a family
38 = taking care of household

Work Related
40 = Have to work
41 = Demanding work/No more children’s work
42 = Working/Coaching/Teaching with children
43 = having to hold a stead job
44 = professionalism, being productive
45 = work hard
46 = success at work

Financial Related
50 = Investment related
51 = have to pay the bills
52 = living within means
53 = mortgage
54 = paying taxes

Adult Role Related
55 = in adult role/in adult situation/behaving like one
56 = own adult material possessions (home)
57 = I’m treated like an adult/respected/ adults listen to me
58 = married/spouse
                                                124

59 = I am doing adults tasks that my parents used to do
60 = have adult personality characteristic other than knowledge and wisdom (ie. Cleverness,
honesty, considerate, kind)
61 = when you respect others / courtesy in others
62 = behavior/attitude
63 = taking care of others
64 = honest (to yourself and to others)

Personal
65 = B/c I feel like one/ a feeling that one has
66 = I have reached that point/I have to be an adult/I have to act like one
67 = You have to be a leader
68 = Need to appear confidant / confidence
69 = Changing the future with actions/making a difference
70 = pride in yourself
71 = desire to be better
72 = commitment
73 = society deems it
74 = when you begin to lose the belief that there are no limits
75 = one’s self-image
76 = trust / patience
77 = value
78 = ambition/trying best
79 = challenge

Negative
80 = stress
81 = b/c it sucks/life sucks
82 = grown pains – lessons in life

Other:
90 = All the time
91 = Don’t know
92 = having a driver’s license
93 = turn to 18/ being over 18 yrs old
94 = managing time
95 = having common sense
96 = making future plan
97 = how to dress
98 = others (CARD)
       #12440 ability to offer emotional support
99 = missing
00 = valid skip

E. FUTURE EXPECTATIONS NOW WE WOULD LIKE TO ASK YOU SOME
QUESTIONS ABOUT WHAT YOU EXPECT IN THE FUTURE.
                                                 125



PLEASE USE THE SCALE BELOW TO RESPOND (WRITE A NUMBER ON THE LINE NEXT TO
EACH ITEM)

When you think about your future, how likely do you think each of the following will be in the
next 10 years:

        Very                                                               Very
       unlikely                                                            likely
           1         2           3           4          5          6          7
       1-7 scale
       9 = missing data

v32689 = you will be laid off from your job
v32690 = you will have a job that pays well
v32691 = you will get divorced
v32692 = you will have difficulty supporting your family financially
v32693 = life will turn out to be harder for you than it was for your parents
v32694 = life will turn out to be easier for you than it was for your parents
v32695 = you will be satisfied with what you have made of your life

                                           *** PAGE 32 ***

What job would you most like to have when you are 35?

v32031 = type of work desired at 35 (coded on occupation sheet)
v32032 = specificity of work desired at 35 (coded on occupation sheet)
v32033 = sex type of work desired at 35 (coded on occupation sheet)

Describe what you think you would do on this job. (coded in above variables on occupation sheet)

How much would you like to make at this job? (FILL IN ONE AMOUNT ONLY)
     (Code ALL amounts filled in!)
     $________per hour $________per week $_________per month $________per year

v32696 = amount per hour (desired job at 35)
      (four digit code, two decimal places; i.e.: 1200 = $12.00)
      0001-9998 = earnings per hour
      0000 = valid skip
      9999 = missing data

v32697 = amount per week (desired job at 35)
      (four digit code, rounded to nearest dollar; i.e.: 0325 = $325.00)
      0001-9998 = earnings per week
      0000 = valid skip
      9999 = missing data
                                               126



v32698 = amount per month (desired job at 35)
      (four digit code, rounded to nearest dollar; i.e.: 0825 = $825.00)
      0001-9998 = earnings per month
      0000 = valid skip
      9999 = missing data

v32699 = amount per year (desired job at 35)
      (six digit code, founded to nearest dollar; i.e.: 051000 = $51,000)
      000001-999997 = earnings per year
      999998 or more = earnings per year
      000000 = valid skip
      999999 = missing data

List three reasons why you want this job (Codes were created from Wave 7 - Book 1)

v32700 = First reason why you want this job at 35
v32701 = Second reason why you want this job at 35
v32702 = Third reason why you want this job at 35
           Job Factors
      01 = financial ; good money/pays well/get rich/earn a good living/ compensation/ extra money
      02 = work schedule: reasonable hours/make own hours/office hours/flexibility/9-5/flexible hours
           for family time/work out of home
      03 = benefits: maternity leave/health benefits / vacation/ retirement
      04 = superficial work atmosphere: dress nice/location
      05 = job security: stability/risk free (in economy) / believable
      06 = job opportunities are there, job openings available (NOW &/or FUTURE) (CARD)
           (Previous responses include: everything will be electronic, technology of today, to keep up
            with technology):
      07 = chance for advancement, move in right direction / promotion
      08 = status, prestige, respect, respectable occupation, recognition / reputation
      09 = good work environment-general (conditions, people)/
      10 = job is necessary/needed
      11 = easy job: little stress/easy/not physically exerting/seems easy
      12 = easy job to get: don't need much training, 2-year degree
      13 = challenging job: learn from it/challenging/variety/intellectually stimulating (CARD)
           (previous responses include: I want the experience for the future, helps when raising
           children)
           ID # 10761 – ability to develop and train
           ID # 10769 – challenging work assignment
           ID # 11423 – tests my skills
           ID #10538 – Keep up my skills
      14 = job is important/job is meaningful, enjoy what job produces/job is rewarding / enough to
      feel proud
      15 = it's a good job/good career/ the best in the field / lots potential
      16 = the job is exciting/fascinating/fun/interesting
                                       127

17 = travel opportunities (experience different cultures)
18 = like to work outdoors, like location, like weather
19 = job factors other (CARD) (previous responses include: working in relations will give the
      best and top people for each company to strive).
      ID # 11226 I will be delivering babies
      ID # 10149 Enjoy the fruits of my hard earned company from which I have built from the
ground up

     Intrinsic Motivation (Enjoyment)
20 = Enjoy job generally: it's fun/fulfilling/interesting/makes me
      happy/exciting/rewarding/spiritually rewarding/self-satisfaction/sense of
      accomplishment, it's my love in life; gives chance to explore personal
      interests(CARD) (previous responses include different from what I used to hear
      about as far as jobs are concerned, do something I believe in).
21 = I like math/computers/numbers/science (NOTE: make a CARD for science-other)
22 = I like medicine/nursing/health related
23 = I like business (previous responses include competition)
24 = I like art/being creative/writing/literature/music / photography/design
25 = I like skilled labor-male type (mechanic/cars/electrician/working with things)
26 = I like skilled labor-female typed (typing/hair dresser/design/modeling
27 = People: I like people/I like working with people/meet people/people like me
28 = Children: I like children/I like working with children, making crafts with kids
29 = I like teaching
30 = have good mgmt / organization skills
31 = I like law and related
32 = I like money related/accounting
33 = I like animals, sealife; like working with animals
34 = I like to entertain/perform
35 = I like working with teenagers
36 = I like working with the disabled
37 = I like field, like working in particular field
38 = I like to work (general)
39 = I like some other specific aspect (does not fit in category above. CARD) (previous
        response includes: I like to prove people wrong, like foreign language, I’ve
        always liked paperwork, like grammer, like to read, like problem solving, like
        planning trips)
        ID # 11325 I enjoy following the stock market
        ID # 11334 I like to see results
        ID # 11355 Preach G-d’s work
        ID # 11355 Administer G-d’s sacraments
        ID # 11355 Bring salvation to people
        ID # 11180 I like to be politically active
        ID # 10756 #11809 I like sports
        ID #10971 like problem solving
40 = personal satisfaction other (CARD) (previous responses include chicks, this is the
     field everyone should be in; my parents don't want me to; I want out of food service;
                                         128

     sounded good in college catalogue)
       ID # 11060 will show that my hard work and perseverance have paid off
       ID # 12113: makes me proud of myself

     Good at or Experience:
41 = Good at job generally, I have (general) skills/talents for job/good at it
      good at/talent for some specific aspect of what skills use on job:
42 = I am good at math/computers/electronics/numbers/science related etc.
43 = I am good at medicine/nursing/health related/counseling
44 = I am good at business/law/working with money / management
45 = I am good at art/being creative/writing/literature
46 = I am good at skilled labor-male type (mechanic/cars/electrician/working with things)
47 = I am good skilled labor-female typed (typing/hair dresser/design/modeling
48 = I am good with people/I work with people well
49 = I am good with children/ I work well with children
50 = I am good at communicating, using interpersonal skills
51 = Experience (general): I have experience/I have been doing it and know it's what I
     want/what I have trained for/applies to my degree/I know how to do
52 = Deals with my major/I have been taking classes in "something" since "some
     time"/it's what I've studied for / knowledge
53 = It's the only thing I know how to do/the only job I think I can do well
54 = I have personality for it, e. g., I'm a hard worker/I'm dedicated/I have
     patience/sympathetic / persisent/ outgoing/ positive
55 = Some experience I had or had happen to me makes me want to/
      something about myself makes me want to (e.g., I have a learning disability, I am
      partially deaf, I grew up in Germany)
56 = requires analytic skills
60 = Good at or experience other (CARD) (previous responses include I'm not afraid of
      people who are different, have seen many facilities around the world)

     Success:
61 = Success: I could be successful at it, I want to be successful at it

     Goal/Dream:
62 = Dream: it has always been my dream/always wanted to do this/goal I'd like to
     accomplish / desire
63 = Goal is not out of reach/I can attain it
64 = would like to make money doing something enjoyable

     Homemaker (New)/New Family
65 = want spouse to be home with kids/ spouse wants to be home
66 = Child Related - Raise children myself/no baby-sitter or daycare/Family > Job/Make
sure children raised right/ Want to/like to take care of children/not have to worry about
children while I’m at work
                                         129

68 = Family Related - Create a good environment in the family/ Want to/like to take care
of house/spouse/ want time for these/family is more important than anything/take care of
family
69 = Domestic Related: I like to cook/clean
70 = purse many subjects of interest to me/flexibility on subjects

     Autonomy:
71 = Independent/freedom (CARD) (previous responses include limitations, more
independence)
ID # 11386 & ID # 11011 Financial freedom
ID # 10935 Intellectual freedom
ID # 11042 More free time for self & family
ID # 10538 Use brain
72 = Responsibilities/make decisions
73 = Leader/Leadership role
74 = Own boss/own business/private practice/ no boss
75 = Control/Power/Get respect / authority

      Family
76 = Tradition in family/want to make it as tradition for family in future
77 = Take over family business
78 = My parents want me to
79 = Make enough money to support my family/afford things I want/pay bills/buy
      toys/survive/contribute financially to the family / financially stable to support
        family
80 = time with children and money for house

     Altruistic Goals/help others:
81 = I can make a difference/I can better the future (CARD) (previous responses include:
      I want to see changes for women athletics, I would be effective at creating change).
        ID # 10981 – leave a positive mark on society
        ID # 10914 – to provide positively to an organization
82 = Protect citizens: keep people safe/keep away criminals (CARD) (previous responses
      include: to reduce the amount of people who do not take probation and parole
      seriously; to enforce the law; it deals with law enforcement).
83 = Protect the environment (CARD) (previous responses include: I’m pro Animal
      rights)
84 = Serve society/community/public (CARD:) (previous responses include: patriotic, 1
      can go through life without hurting others)
        ID # 10392 - Globally important
        ID # 10916 – We must work to improve/support public education
        ID # 10916 – Protect teacher’s rights
        ID # 10761 – Selfless service to this country
85 = help people/help children/animals (CARD) (previous responses include: help
medical field, want to help)
        ID # 10782 help others
                                                130

               ID # 12121: help animals out of a bad situation
       86 = Teach others/educate/share knowledge (CARD) (previous responses include: to
             motivate children musically)
               ID # 11523 – Instruct tomorrow’s youth
       87 = Role model/set an example (CARD) (previous responses include: think more
             women should be in the field)
       88 = want to maintain current job /I enjoy my current job/ I have the job I want
       89 = want to make advances in research / research opportunity
       90 = love to learn/want to learn/learn new things/learn about self and problems / life
       long-run/ self-advancement
       91 = someone influenced me/ I was inspired by someone
       92 = Religion related: G-d’s work, bring people to know the Lord b/c that is the only way
       (ID # 11456), do the Lord’s work (ID #11456), help spiritually find myself (ID # 12121)
       93 = give it back to society
       94 = unsatisfied/unhappy in current job/tired of working with people/tired of dealing with
       people/don’t like to work/burned out(card)
       95 = nothing else as good
       96 = next best thing to being "something else"
       97 = I don't know
       98 = OTHER (CARD) (previous responses include: my size, my fiancée agrees, life is
               too short not to appreciate the family, single parent, take stress off my husband,
               being a Christian I feel it is the moral thing to do, God calls me to do so, I long to
               be in a marriage based on Jesus Christ's principles, taking courses, medication
               they use, maybe meet my future husband, I want to prove to my parents that yes I
               can be a veterinarian and have a serious relationship, government job, why not?,
               because someday I might need the same)
               #10479 there is a need for ambitious professors
               #11065 I want the experience of touring
               #11941 sense of belonging
               #11992 chemistry students pay attention more than the current students
       99 = Missing data
       00 = valid skip (already answered one reason)

v32703 = How likely is it you will have this job (when you are 35)?
       Very                                                         Very
      unlikely                                                      likely
          1         2           3           4         5        6       7
      1-7 scale
      9 = missing data

What do you need in order to get the job you would like to have (at 35)?

*** NOTE: IF ONLY ONE RESPONSE IS GIVEN, THE SECOND JOB SHOULD BE
CODED AS A VALID SKIP - 00.

v32704 = First thing you need in order to get the job you would like to have at 35
                                             131

v32705 = Second thing you need in order to get the job you would like to have at 35
      Institutions
      01 = education
      02 = advanced degree (MD, JD, MBA, Ph.D., MA)
      03 = finish school/do well in school
      04 = get certification (teaching, license) (e.g. police academy) / pass exam
      05 = get GED
      06 = get bachelor's degree/degree
      07 = get accepted into school
      08 = associates degree
      09 = complete current training (e.g., military, finish residency)
      Personal Characteristics
      10 = motivation/determination/ambition/goals/drive/perseverance/not to be laziness/
      dedication
      11 = ability/creativity/talent/brains
      12 = good work ethic/hard work / maintain obligation
      13 = confidence / leadership/ belief in self
      14 = discipline/focus/will power
      15 = patience
      16 = knowledge/pass employer's test / qualification
      17 = positive attitude/ Christ-like attitude
      18 = health
      19 = people skills
      Experience/ Skills
      20 = experience
      21 = training/student teaching/practice / practical education
      22 = internship/apprenticeship
      23 = entry level job in the field
      24 = better skills/writing skills / keep present skill going
      25 = do well in current job / keep it
      26 = job search behavior (send resume, good interview, search, make phone calls)
      27 = keep certificate up to date
      28 = publications/write grants
      29 = being creative
      Support From Various Resources (excluding financial support)
      30 = support from family/husband
      31 = support from significant other
      32 = support from friends
      33 = connections/networking/politics
      34 = support from work/promotion/move up in rank
      35 = publisher/agent
      36 = dependable day care
      37 = mentor / partner
      38 = getting married / remarried/ having husband
      39 = children / raising children
                                        132

Financial Resources
40 = money/capital/sell business/financial stability/security
41 = family financial support
42 = win lottery/jackpot
43 = money for more education
44 = create the organization
45 = property
46 = husband’s working for getting money/ husband’s better job
47 = fellowship
48 = getting out of debt
49 = sponsor

Time
50 = time to raise children
51 = time management
52 = availability
53 = have children
54 = wait a couple of years/ time flow (to raise children)
55 = more time

Chance and Opportunity
60 = luck/chance/prayer/right place at right time
61 = job opening/available job/open position/opportunity/interview
62 = good job market/change in job market
63 = job with growth and advancement
64 = finding job
65 = promotion
66 = compete others
67 = good contacts
68 = market advertise myself
69 = originate business

Misc.
70 = clothes
71 = transportation
72 = location / area/ move/ relocate
73 = house related (bigger house / more room / finish remodeling house)
74 = family, husband, kids
75 = toys, supplies, material, computer / home office
76 = insurance
77 = a shop and money
78 = get good test/ high scores
79 = good employee (for own business)
80 = quit/need out/sell business/quit current job / leave of absence
81 = decrease in hours
82 = meet the right man
                                               133

       83 = God’s power
       84 = determination
       85 = kids to be in school/day care
       86 = background
       87 = age/seniority
       88 = already have job want/already working in job want
       89 = keep present job/keep up good work
       90 = good plan
       91 = just do it/ just start action
       92 = reputation/ recognition
       93 = expansion of my business
       96 = nothing
       97 = don't know
       98 = other (CARD)
       ID # 10834 provide quality service and have reliable customers
       ID # 11347 more secure employees and a more stable customer base
       ID # 11353 growth in my business
       ID # 11503 customers who trust in me
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (listed only one response)

v32706 = First thing that might keep you from getting the job you would like to have at 35.
v32707 = Second thing that might keep you from getting the job you would like to have.
      Family
      01 = taking care of children/no baby-sitter/child care
      02 = taking care of parents
      03 = having children, family
      04 = divorce
      05 = husband’s job/family problems/parents
      06 = getting married/husband/ wife/ settling down or not doing these things
      07 = girlfriend/boyfriend/relationship
      08 = not having family/children / not getting married
      09 = family responsibility and commitment

       Personal
       10 = procrastination/lack of motivation/laziness / lack of focus/ lack of desire/ apathy/
       discipline
       11 = disability/health reasons/stress
       12 = lack of confidence/insecurities/fear of failure / shy/ doubt/ lack of courage/
       avoidance
       13 = myself/problems with self/getting into trouble/hard to get along with
       14 = not understanding how to get hired/brown-nosing/not knowing the right people
       15 = change of mind/interests / obscurity of interests
       16 = moving
       17 = mental health (e.g., depression)
       18 = ambition/taking initiative/commitment/desire
                                       134

19 = fear of change

Education
20 = not enough school / education
21 = not finishing school/not getting degree/having trouble with a course / not getting
certificate
22 = not getting accepted
23 = no money for school
24 = poor GPA
25 = hate school/takes too long
26 = only going to school part-time / going part-time vs. full time to school
27 = not passing some exam (i.e., boards, bar)
28 = no good school in area
29 = too narrow knowledge

Time
30 = not enough time
31 = conflict with other activities/school/too many demands

Money
40 = no money/financial instability
41 = capital/financial needs
42 = cost of living/slow economy/economy/economic troubles in the economy
43 = financial responsibilities change
44 = not being able to get a loan / not being able to get fellowship
45 = job offer for more money
46 = lack of financial discipline
47 = still in debt

Current Job Related
49 = current job (general)
50 = don't want to give up current job/promotion at current job
51 = cutbacks/department restructuring/getting fired / downsizing
52 = conflict with management or company / change in contracts
53 = person in desired position
54 = business fails / company takeover
55 = making mistakes/wrong career jump
56 = changed fields / changing jobs
57 = not given opportunity; not getting any responsibility
58 = stuck in current job / demands
59 = doing poorly in job tasks (e.g., experiments; not teaching well)

Future Job Related
60 = availability of jobs/job market/lack of opportunities/too many applicants
61 = problems with job itself/strict requirements / company changes (structure, policy)
62 = discrimination
                                       135

63 = low demand for workers in the field/job might not exist
64 = job references/no connections
65 = change of heart
66 = job is obscure
67 = job is competitive/competition
68 = politics
69 = finding better job/ offered better job

Experience/Skills
70 = skills/poor performance/not qualified
71 = not enough experience/training
72 = not creative enough/ not talented enough / not enough ability
73 = other people are better/others have more experience / others who more qualified
74 = if they don’t like my resume
75 = bad interview
76 = brown-nose people

Instrumental
80=relocation/geographical location related
81-transportation related
82 = not having what is needed, specific to job (e.g., not enough enrollment )
     #11853 - not having kids-wants to be a housewife
     #10090 not the “right type” for the show
     #10966 mother being infertile
     #12111: no customers
83 = moving
84 = lack of support
85 = stress
86 = not finding good employee/people (for own business)
87 = no getting sponsor
88 = already have desired position
89 = unexpected life change/ odds
90= luck/bad luck
91 = death
92 = illness / health-related/personal injury
93 = stupidity
94 = life and survival getting in the way of what I need to do
95 = doing a bad job
96 = nothing
97 = don't know why/not sure
98 = other
        # 11493 sin
        #12108: luck
        #10612 current economic conditions
        #11409 economy
99 = missing data
                                                 136

       00 = valid skip (already gave one reason)

If you think you may not get the job you want most, what type of job do you think you will
actually have when you are 35?

v32034 = type of work expected at 35 (coded on occupation sheet)
v32035 = specificity of work expected at 35 (coded on occupation sheet)

GOALS FOR YOUR LIFE AND YOUR FUTURE (PLEASE USE THE SCALE BELOW TO
RESPOND)

When you think about your life and your future, how important is it to you to:

       Not at all                                                       Very
       important                                                      important
           1          2          3           4          5        6        7
       1 –7 scale
       9 = missing

v32708 = Promote equality
v32709 = Improve race relations
v32710 = Help to stop prejudice
v32711 = Help people who are poor
v32712 = Help the less fortunate
v32713 = Provide service to your country
v32714 = Help your community (like doing volunteer work, be involved in your children’s
  school)
v32715 = Be actively involved in a faith-based community

                                       *** PAGE 33 ***

We would like to know to what extent you feel you have fulfilled your expectations for yourself.
Please use this scale:
                                                                         Greatly exceeded
        Not at all                                                        expectations
       1           2         3            4            5             6          7
        1 – 7 scale
        9 = missing data
        0 = valid skip

How much do you feel you have met your expectations regarding. . .

v32716 = your education?
v32717 = your job?
v32718 = your financial status?
v32719 = your relationship with your romantic partner?
                                              137

v32720 = yourself as a parent?
v32721 = yourself as a community member?
v32722 = yourself as a citizen?
v32723 = yourself as a spiritual person?

YOUR GENERATION
When talking about certain generations, people often refer to them with nicknames that
supposedly say something about the kinds of social issues they faced and the kinds of people that
generation produced. For example, there are the children of the Great Depression, and the 60’s
Generation.

Thinking about your generation as a whole, what kinds of qualities or other descriptions
do you think would BEST characterize the people of your generation? (List at least 3)

v32724 = qualities that best characterize your generation #1
v32725 = qualities that best characterize your generation #2
v32726 = qualities that best characterize your generation #3
      create
      codes
      from
      surveys

Thinking about your generation, what would you consider to be some of the most pressing issues
facing people of your generation?

v32727 = the most pressing issues facing people of your generation #1
v32728 = the most pressing issues facing people of your generation #2
v32729 = the most pressing issues facing people of your generation #3
      create
      codes
      from
      surveys

What worries you the most about your generation and the future of your generation?

v32730 = What worries you the most about your generation and its future #1
v32731 = What worries you the most about your generation and its future #2
v32732 = What worries you the most about your generation and its future #2
      create
      codes
      from
      surveys

What would you consider to be some of the most positive characteristics of your
generation as a whole?
                                               138

v32733 = the most positive characteristics of your generation as a whole #1
v32734 = the most positive characteristics of your generation as a whole #2
v32735 = the most positive characteristics of your generation as a whole #3
      create
      codes
      from
      surveys

                                *** PAGE 34 ***

FAMILY AND FRIENDS
The next set of questions asks about your relationship with your mother and father.

Please check to whom you will be referring for the questions that have to do with relationships
with parents. (Check one line for each parent)

v32736 = For “mother”
      1 = biological mother
      2 = stepmother
      3 = adoptive mother
      4 = other
      5 = no one, mother is deceased
      6 = mother is estranged
      7 = mother in law
      8 = please specify (other) CARD
      9 = missing data

v32737 = For “father”
      1 = biological father
      2 = stepfather
      3 = adoptive father
      4 = other
      5 = no one, father is deceased
      6 = father is estranged
      7 = father in law
      8 = please specify (other) CARD
      9 = missing data

v32738 = Did you live with your parents at any time in the past four years?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data

v32739 = If yes, how many months did you live with your parents?
      __ __ __ months (THREE DIGIT 000-980)         CONVERT YEARS TO
MONTHS
                                           139

       990 = always
       991 = until I got married
       992 = currently
       999 = missing data
       000 = valid skip

v32740 = Where do you live now?
      01 = parents’ home or apartment
      02 = other relative’s home; with in-laws
      03 = your own house
      04 = an apartment; flat
      05 = college fraternity or sorority
      06 = rented room
      07 = college dorm/residence hall
      08 = rented house
      09 = romantic partners home
      10 = job related residence (i.e., camp counselor; mission)
      11 = military/government housing; barracks; military ship
      12 = abroad, with a family in another country
      13 = cooperative
      14 = with boyfriend/girlfriend/fiance/fiancee (UNSPECIFIED)
      15 = boyfriend/girlfriend/fiance/fiancee’s HOUSE
      16 = boyfriend/girlfriend/fiance/fiancee’s APARTMENT
      17 = townhouse/condominium (UNSPECIFIED)
      18 = twinplex/duplex
      19 = mobile home/trailer (OWNED)
      20 = condo/townhouse (OWNED)
      21 = graduate student housing; medical school fraternity
      22 = townhouse/condo (RENTED)
      23 = mobile/trailer home (UNSPECIFIED)
      24 = mobile/trailer home (RENTED)
      30 = in a friend’s house
      31 = own house, but share with others
      32 = parents or relatives home without parents/relatives
      33 = parents in law’s house before my house set up
      98 = other, CARD
              nomadic
              lives w/ parents, but stays w/ boyfriend 90% of time
              parents’ home 4 days/wk and romantic partner’s weekends 3 days/wk
              parents’ home and boyfriend’s house
              watchtower building
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip
      * codes 10-12 taken from wave 7, book 1, codes 13- taken from wave 8
      **** NOTE codes 01-09 are similar to wave 7, but have different numbers assigned
                                             140

v32741 = How many times have you moved in the last THREE years?                times
      00 = never; none; not at all
      01-90 = number of times
      94 = always
      95 = travel with job (i.e., job-related moves)
      96 = a lot
      97 = don’t know
      98 = other (CARD)
      99 = missing data

v32742 = During the months when you were not living with your parents in the past year,
      how often have you been in touch with your parents through phone calls, letters,
      email, or visits? If your parents live apart, please answer this question about your
      mother, and answer the next one about your father. (Check one line)
             1 = Not applicable -- I lived with them (her) the whole time
             2 = Never
             3 = Once or twice
             4 = 3 or 4 times last year
             5 = Monthly (about 12 times last year)
             6 = Weekly
             7 = More than once a week
             9 = Missing data
             0 = valid skip (eg—mother deceased)

v32743 = If your father lives separately from your mother, how often have you been in
      touch with your father in the past year through phone calls, letters, email, or visits?
      (Check one line)
              1 = Not applicable -- I lived with him the whole time
              2 = Never
              3 = Once or twice
              4 = 3 or 4 times last year
              5 = Monthly (about 12 times last year)
              6 = Weekly
              7 = More than once a week
              9 = Missing data
              0 = valid skip (eg—father deceased, OR lives with mom)

                                      *** PAGE 35 ***

During the past month when you and your mother/father have spent time talking or doing things
together, how often did your mother/father: (Leave column blank if question does not apply in
your situation)
                       Never                                   Always
                                            141

                       1       2     3       4       5      6      7
                    1 = 7 scale
                    9 = missing data
                    0 = valid skip

v32744 = MOTHER - Listen carefully to your point of view
v32745 = MOTHER - Let you know s/he really cares about you
v32746 = MOTHER - Shout or yell at you because s/he was mad at you
v32747 = MOTHER - Respect your judgement
v32748 = MOTHER - Ignore you when you tried to talk to him/her
v32749 = MOTHER - Try to make you feel guilty
v32750 = MOTHER - Act loving and affectionate toward you
v32751 = MOTHER - Get into a fight or argument with you
v32752 = MOTHER - Act supportive and understanding toward you
v32753 = MOTHER - Ask you for your opinion about an important matter
v32754 = MOTHER - Do things you asked him/her to do

v32755 = FATHER - Listen carefully to your point of view
v32756 = FATHER - Let you know s/he really cares about you
v32757 = FATHER - Shout or yell at you because s/he was mad at you
v32758 = FATHER - Respect your judgement
v32759 = FATHER - Ignore you when you tried to talk to him/her
v32760 = FATHER - Try to make you feel guilty
v32761 = FATHER - Act loving and affectionate toward you
v32762 = FATHER - Get into a fight or argument with you
v32763 = FATHER - Act supportive and understanding toward you
v32764 = FATHER - Ask you for your opinion about an important matter
v32765 = FATHER - Do things you asked him/her to do

      In the past year, how much support did you get from your mother and father in each of
      these areas?
              A little                                    A lot
                 1       2     3      4       5      6      7
              1 – 7 scale
              9 = missing data
              0 = valid skip

v32766 – MOTHER - Makes you feel worthwhile, special, and unique.                             Formatted
v32767 – MOTHER - Assists you with major tasks (like moving) when you really need it.         Formatted
v32768 – MOTHER - Shares a reliable relationship with you that will last no matter what.
v32769 – MOTHER - Has helped you to become the kind of person you want to be.
v32770 – MOTHER - Provides significant financial assistance in times of need.
v32771 – MOTHER - Provides money for your education or training.
v32772 – MOTHER - Provides room and board while you obtain education or training.
v32773 – MOTHER - Helps you in times of stress with minor chores or work.
                                              142

v32774 – MOTHER - Makes you feel like you are good at many things.
v32775 – MOTHER - Makes you feel better when you are upset.
v32776 – MOTHER - Makes you feel admired and respected.
v32777 – MOTHER - Makes you feel proud of yourself.
v32778 – MOTHER - Listens to you when you are under stress.
v32779 – MOTHER - Will still be close to you even if you get into quarrels and fights.

v32780 = FATHER - Makes you feel worthwhile, special, and unique.                          Formatted
v32781 = FATHER - Assists you with major tasks (like moving) when you really need it.      Formatted
v32782 = FATHER - Shares a reliable relationship with you that will last no matter what.
v32783 = FATHER - Has helped you to become the kind of person you want to be.
v32784 = FATHER - Provides significant financial assistance in times of need.
v32785 = FATHER - Provides money for your education or training.
v32786 = FATHER - Provides room and board while you obtain education or training.
v32787 = FATHER - Helps you in times of stress with minor chores or work.
v32788 = FATHER - Makes you feel like you are good at many things.
v32789 = FATHER - Makes you feel better when you are upset.
v32790 = FATHER - Makes you feel admired and respected.
v32791 = FATHER - Makes you feel proud of yourself.
v32792 = FATHER - Listens to you when you are under stress.
v32793 = FATHER - Will still be close to you even if you get into quarrels and fights.

                              *** PAGE 36 ***

MOTHER INFLUENCE
v32794 = If you needed someone to talk to about a personal problem, how
         willing would your mother be to talk with you?

      Not at all                                                    Very
       willing                                                     willing
           1         2         3          4          5        6        7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32795 = How much does your mother take an interest in your activities?
v32796 = My mother and I talk about my future job plans.
v32797 = My mother and I talk about my future education plans.
v32798 = My mother and I talk about my future family plans.
v32799 = My mother and I talk about my personal problems.
v32800 = My mother and I talk about conflicts that might arise in the future between
            family and work responsibilities.

v32801 = How satisfied are you with how supportive your mother is?
     Not at all                                                   Very
      satisfied                                                 satisfied
                                             143

          1           2        3         4         5        6       7
              1 – 7 scale
              9 = missing data
              0 = valid skip

v32802 = How much would you say your mother has influenced you?
     Not at all                                             A great deal
          1           2        3      4         5       6        7
              1 – 7 scale
              9 = missing data
              0 = valid skip

v32803 = Right now, how close do you feel to your mother?
     Not at all                                                   Very
      close                                                       close
         1            2        3        4          5      6          7
              1 – 7 scale
              9 = missing data
              0 = valid skip

v32804 = Right now, how much do you admire your mother?
     Not at all                                          A great deal
         1            2        3      4        5       6      7
              1 – 7 scale
              9 = missing data
              0 = valid skip

v32805 = How much do you want to be like the kind of person your mother is when you are her
         age?
     Not at all                                               A great deal
          1          2     3           4          5        6       7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

                                    *** PAGE 37 ***

FATHER INFLUENCE
v32806 = If you needed someone to talk to about a personal problem,
        how willing would your father be to talk with you?
     Not at all                                                   Very
      willing                                                    willing
                                              144

           1          2         3         4          5        6         7
       1 = 7 scale
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip

v32807 = How much does your father take an interest in your activities?
     Not at all                                                A great deal
          1          2      3          4          5        6         7
      1 = 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32808 = My father and I talk about my future job plans.
       Never                                                        A lot
          1          2         3         4         5          6       7
      1 = 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32809 = My father and I talk about my future education plans.
v32810 = My father and I talk about my future family plans.
v32811 = My father and I talk about my personal problems.
v32812 = My father and I talk about conflicts that might arise in the
         future between family and work responsibilities.

v32813 = How satisfied are you with how supportive your father is?
     Not at all                                                    Very
      satisfied                                                  satisfied
           1         2         3         4         5        6         7
      1 = 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32814 = How much would you say your father has influenced you?
     Not at all                                              A great deal
          1          2     3          4          5       6        7
      1 = 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip
                                             145

v32815 = Right now, how close do you feel to your father?
     Not at all                                                   Very
       close                                                      close
          1          2        3          4          5       6        7
      1 = 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32816 = Right now, how much do you admire your father?
     Not at all                                           A great deal
          1          2      3         4         5       6      7
      1 = 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32817 = How much do you want to be like the kind of person your father is when you are his age?



                                    *** PAGE 38 ***

FAMILY ENVIRONMENT
FOR THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS, PLEASE THINK ABOUT YOUR PARENTS AND
YOUR SIBLIINGS, AND CIRCLE ONE NUMBER.

v32818 = Our family enjoys doing things together.
       never                                                      a lot
          1          2         3         4          5       6        7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32819 = Family members are supportive of each other during difficult times.
       never                                                      a lot
          1          2         3         4          5       6        7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32820 = Members of my family are very close and get along very well.
      strongly                                                   strongly
      disagree                                                     agree
          1         2          3         4          5       6        7
                                                146

       1 – 7 scale
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip

v32821 = How satisfied are you with the emotional support you get from your sibling(s)?
      not at all                                                                   very
      satisfied                                                        satisfied
           1           2           3        4           5        6          7
       1 – 7 scale
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip (no sibling)


Now, we would like to know how you think your parents feel about how you have done in each
of these areas. Please use this scale to answer the questions below for each of your parents.

Note: Please use “N/A” if a category does not apply to you. For example, if you are not a parent,
please use “N/A” for the last item.

How well do they think you have done in:

       Not at all                                               Very
       well                                                     well
       1            2         3        4         5          6    7
       1 – 7 scale
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip

v32822 = MOTHER - your education?
v32823 = MOTHER - your job?
v32824 = MOTHER - your financial status?
v32825 = MOTHER - your relationship with your mother?
v32826 = MOTHER - your relationship with your father?
v32827 = MOTHER - your relationship with your romantic partner?
v32828 = MOTHER - how responsible you are?
v32829 = MOTHER - the kind of person you have become?
v32830 = MOTHER - the progress you have made toward figuring out what you want to
                do as an adult?
v32831 = MOTHER - being a parent?

v32832 = FATHER - your education?
v32833 = FATHER - your job?
v32834 = FATHER - your financial status?
v32835 = FATHER - your relationship with your mother?
v32836 = FATHER - your relationship with your father?
v32837 = FATHER - your relationship with your romantic partner?
                                               147

v32838 = FATHER - how responsible you are?
v32839 = FATHER - the kind of person you have become?
v32840 = FATHER - the progress you have made toward figuring out what you want to do
                  as an adult?
v32841 = FATHER - being a parent?

                                       *** PAGE 39 ***

CLOSEST FRIEND
The next set of questions asks about your relationship with the friend you are most likely to turn
to for emotional support. Please select your closest friend who is not your romantic partner (we
ask about your romantic partner later).

v32842 = If you do not have a close friend like that, check here _____ and skip to page 41.
      1 = checked
      2 = not checked

v32843 = Is your closest friend a
      1 = woman
      2 = man
      3 = animal
      4 = both of male and female
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32844 = How long have you known this person?
      01-35 (years)
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip

       During the past month when you and your closest friend have spent time talking or doing
       things together, how often did your closest friend…
                Never                        Always
                  1       2     3       4       5       6   7
               1 – 7 scale
               9 = missing data
               0 = valid skip
v32845 = Listen carefully to your point of view
v32846 = Let you know s/he really cares about you
v32847 = Shout or yell at you because s/he was mad at you
v32848 = Ignore you when you tried to talk to him/her
v32849 = Try to make you feel guilty
v32850 = Act loving and affectionate toward you
v32851 = Get into a fight or argument with you
v32852 = Act supportive and understanding toward you
v32853 = Ask you for your opinion about an important matter
                                              148

v32854 = Do things you asked him/her to do

       In the past year, how much support did you get from your closest friend in each of these
       areas?
               A little                      A lot
                  1       2     3      4       5      6      7
               1 – 7 scale
               9 = missing data
               0 = valid skip

v32855 = Makes you feel worthwhile, special, and unique.
v32856 = Assists you with major tasks (like moving) when you really need it.
v32857 = Shares a reliable relationship with you that will last no matter what.
v32858 = Has helped you to become the kind of person you want to be.
v32859 = Provides significant financial assistance in times of need.
v32860 = Provides money for your education or training.
v32861 = Provides room and board while you obtain education or training.
v32862 = Helps you in times of stress with minor chores or work.
v32863 = Makes you feel like you are good at many things.
v32864 = Makes you feel better when you are upset.
v32865 = Makes you feel admired and respected.
v32866 = Makes you feel proud of yourself.
v32867 = Listens to you when you are under stress.
v32868 = Will still be close to you even if you get into quarrels and fights.

                                      *** PAGE 40 ***

       CLOSEST FRIEND INFLUENCE

v32869 = If you needed someone to talk to about a personal problem, how
          willing would your closest friend be to talk with you?
     Not at all                                                   Very
      willing                                                    willing
          1          2         3          4           5       6      7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32870 = My closest friend and I talk about my future job plans.
       Never                                                           A lot
          1          2         3          4         5        6           7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32871 = My closest friend and I talk about my future education plans.
                                            149

v32872 = My closest friend and I talk about my future family plans.
v32873 = My closest friend and I talk about my personal problems.
v32874 = My closest friend and I talk about conflicts that might arise in the future between family
      and work responsibilities.

v32875 = How satisfied are you with how supportive your closest friend is?
     Not at all                                                    Very
      satisfied                                                  satisfied
           1         2         3         4         5        6         7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32876 = How much would you say your closest friend has influenced you?
     Not at all                                               A great deal
          1          2     3          4           5        6       7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip




v32877 = Right now, how close do you feel to your closest friend?
     Not at all                                                     Very
       close                                                        close
          1          2        3          4          5         6        7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip


                                        *** PAGE 41 ***
                                            150

SEXUALITY
IN THIS SECTION, WE WOULD LIKE TO ASK YOU SOME PERSONAL QUESTIONS. WE
REALIZE THAT AT THIS TIME IN YOUR LIFE, SEX MAY BE AN IMPORTANT ISSUE FOR
YOU. BECAUSE OF THIS, WE WOULD LIKE TO KNOW WHAT ROLE SEX IS PLAYING IN
YOUR LIFE. YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THESE QUESTIONS TO BE SENSITIVE. IF THERE
ARE ANY QUESTIONS THAT YOU FEEL UNCOMFORTABLE ANSWERING, PLEASE FEEL
FREE TO SKIP THEM.

v32878 = How old were you the first time you had sex?
      01-97 years
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (never had sex)

v32879 = When you have sex, are your partners... (CHECK ONE)
      1 = all males
      2 = mostly males
      3 = males and females
      4 = mostly females
      5 = all females
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never had sex)

v32880 = In the last four weeks, how often did you have sex? (CHECK ONE)
      1 = every day
      2 = almost every day
      3 = once or twice a week
      4 = once or twice in the past four weeks
      5 = not at all
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never had sex)

In the last four weeks, what kind of birth control/safe sex method did you use (if any)?
v32881=         None (1=yes, checked; 2=not checked)
v32882 =        Pill (1=yes, checked; 2=not checked)
v32883 =        Condom or rubber (1=yes, checked; 2=not checked)
v32884 =        Withdrawal, pulling out (1=yes, checked;=not checked)
v32885 =        Foam, jelly or cream only (1=yes, checked;2=not checked)
v32886 =        Rhythm or safe period by calendar (1=yes, checked; 2=not checked)
v32887 =        Depro Provera, Norplant (1=yes, checked; 2=not checked)
v32888 =        Diaphragm with jelly or cream (1=yes, checked; 2=not checked)
v32889 =        IUD, coil, loop (1=yes, checked; 2=not checked)
v32890 =        Operation--female sterilization (1=yes, checked; 2=not checked)
v32891 =        Operation--male sterilization (1=yes, checked; 2=not checked)
v32892 =        Other?
        2= not checked
        3 = sterile for medical reasons, but not by choice (leupron)
                                               151

       4 = patch
       5 = currently pregnant, recently had a baby
       9 = checked yes for “Other,” but did not specify
       0 = did not check “Other”

Note: If the respondent indicates that they have had sex before and left the rest of p. 41 blank,
9's are coded for all the birth control methods and for “Other.”
If the respondent checks that they have never had sex, 0's are coded for birth control methods and
for “Other.”

v32893 = In the past four weeks, how many sexual partners have you had?
      1 = None
      2 = One person
      3 = Mainly one person but others as well
      4 = A number of persons
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never had sex)

v32894 = How satisfied are you with your sex life?
     Not at all                                  Very
     Satisfied                                   Satisfied
      1       2       3      4       5   6       7
      1-7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never had sex)

How often do you have sex for the following reasons?: (Check ONE for each item)

v32895 = How often does it happen because you are forced into it?
      1 = never
      2 = once in a while
      3 = about half the time
      4 = about 3/4 of the time
      5 = almost always
      6 = always
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never had sex)

v32896 = How often does it happen because you are pressured into it?
      1 = never
      2 = once in a while
      3 = about half the time
      4 = about 3/4 of the time
      5 = almost always
      6 = always
      9 = missing data
                                               152

       0 = valid skip (never had sex)

                                    *** PAGE 42 ***
ROMANTIC PARTNER
The next questions ask about your relationship with your romantic partner(s). If you are
married, living with someone, or in a committed relationship, please answer these
questions about that person. If you are not in a committed relationship, please answer the
questions about the person or people you are dating, or have dated in the past year.

v32897 = Check here if you have not dated in the past year, and skip to page 45.
      1 = checked
      2 = not checked

       During the past month how often did your partner (or dates)...
       Never                                   Always
       1       2       3     4       5    6      7
       1 – 7 scale
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip (if NOT dating)

v32898 = Listen carefully to your point of view
v32899 = Let you know s/he really cares about you
v32900 = Shout or yell at you because s/he was mad at you
v32901 = Ignore you when you tried to talk to him/her
v32902 = Try to make you feel guilty
v32903 = Act loving and affectionate toward you
v32904 = Get into a fight or argument with you
v32905 = Act supportive and understanding toward you
v32906 = Ask you for your opinion about an important matter
v32907 = Do things you asked him/her to do
v32908 = Tell you he/she loves you

In the past year, how much support did you get from your spouse/partner(s)/date(s) in each of
these areas?
        A little                       A lot
        1          2       3     4      5      6      7
        1 – 7 scale
        9 = missing data
        0 = valid skip (if NOT dating)

v32909 = Makes you feel worthwhile, special, and unique.
v32910 = Assists you with major tasks (like moving) when you really need it.
v32911 = Shares a reliable relationship with you that will last no matter what.
v32912 = Has helped you to become the kind of person you want to be.
v32913 = Provides significant financial assistance in times of need.
v32914 = Provides money for your education or training.
                                             153

v32915 = Provides room and board while you obtain education or training.
v32916 = Helps you in times of stress with minor chores or work.
v32917 = Makes you feel like you are good at many things.
v32918 = Makes you feel better when you are upset.
v32919 = Makes you feel admired and respected.
v32920 = Makes you feel proud of yourself.
v32921 = Listens to you when you are under stress.
v32922 = Will still be close to you even if you get into quarrels and fights.

                                     *** PAGE 43 ***

PARTNER INFLUENCE

v32923 = If you needed someone to talk to about a personal problem, how
      willing would your spouse/partner/dates be to talk with you?
     Not at all                                                    Very
      willing                                                    willing
          1           2           3       4         5       6        7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (no partner)

v32924 = My spouse/partner/dates and I talk about my future job plans.
       Never                                                      A lot
          1           2           3     4          5       6        7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (no partner)

v32925 = My spouse/partner/dates and I talk about my future education plans.
v32926 = My spouse/partner/dates and I talk about my future family plans.
v32927 = My spouse/partner/dates and I talk about my personal problems.
v32928 = My spouse/partner/dates and I talk about conflicts that might
       arise in the future between family and work responsibilities.
v32929 = How satisfied are you with how supportive your
spouse/partner/dates is/are?
      Not at all                                                     Very
      satisfied                                                    satisfied
           1           2           3       4        5        6          7
       1 – 7 scale
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip (no partner)

v32930 = How much would you say your spouse/partner/dates has/have influenced you?
     Not at all                                             A great deal
          1       2         3         4         5        6       7
                                              154

       1 – 7 scale
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip (no partner)

v32931 = Right now, how close do you feel to your spouse/partner/dates?
     Not at all                                                   Very
       close                                                      close
          1           2           3      4          5       6        7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (no partner)

                                       *** PAGE 44 ***

How many times in the past 12 months did your partner(s) or date(s)...
     1= never
     2 = once
     3 = twice
     4 = 3-5 times
     5 = 6-10 times
     6 = 11-20 times
     7 = more than 20 times
     9 = missing data
     0 = valid skip (if NOT dating)

v32932 = throw something at you?
v32933 = push, grab, hit, kick, or shove you or hit you with something?
v32934 = threaten you with a knife or gun?

How many times in the past 12 months did you do the following to your spouse, partner, or date(s)…
     1= never
     2 = once
     3 = twice
     4 = 3-5 times
     5 = 6-10 times
     6 = 11-20 times
     7 = more than 20 times
     9 = missing data
     0 = valid skip (if NOT dating)

v32935 = throw something at them?
v32936 = push, grab, hit, kick, or shove them or hit them with something?
v32937 = threaten them with a knife or gun?

                                          *** PAGE 45 ***
                                               155

The following questions ask about whether you have been a victim of violence. If you are
uncomfortable providing any of this information, please feel free to skip to the next page.

v32938 = Have you ever gotten beaten up or physically abused/attacked?
      1 = Yes
      2 = No
      9 = missing data

v32939= IF YES: How many times has this happened to you?
      1 = once
      2 = 2-3 times
      3 = 4 or more times
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never been beaten up)

Can you tell us about the most recent time you were beaten up

v32940 = How old were you the most recent time you were beaten up?
      01-97 = years old
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (never been beaten up, or only once)

v32941= Who did this the most recent time you were beaten up?
      1 = stranger
      2 = acquaintance
      3 = date/partner (ex spouse: 10571, 10785, 13065, 13703, 15852)
      4 = relative
      5 = "other 1 = "schoolmate/classmate"
      6 = "other 2 = "boss/work"
      7 = "other (make a card)”
              I was a bouncer at a bar (11083)
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never been beaten up, or only once)

v32942 = Was the person a male or female most recent time you were beaten up?
      1 = female
      2 = male
      3 = male and female
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never been beaten up)

v32943 = Have you ever been sexually assaulted?
      1 = Yes
      2 = No
      3 = maybe when drunk
      9 = missing data
                                              156



v32944 = IF YES: How many times has this happened to you?
      1 = once
      2 = 2-3 times
      3 = 4 or more times
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never been sexually assaulted)

Can you tell us about the most recent time you were sexually assaulted

v32945 = How old were you the most recent time you were sexually assaulted?
      01-97 = years old
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (never been sexually assaulted)

v32946 = Who did this to you the most recent time you were sexually assaulted?
      1 = stranger
      2 = acquaintance
      3 = date/partner (ex spouse: 10785)
      4 = relative
      5 = "other 1 = "schoolmate/classmate"
      6 = "other 2 = "boss/work"
      7 = "other (make a card)"
              Physical therapist (13494)
              Coach (10328)
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never been sexually assaulted)

v32947 = Was the person a male or female the most recent time you were sexually
      assaulted?
      1 = female
      2 = male
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never been sexually assaulted)

v32948 = Have you ever been raped?
      1 = Yes
      2 = No
      3 = maybe when drunk
      9 = missing data

v32949 = IF YES: How many times has this happened to you (been raped)?
      1 = once
      2 = 2-3 times
      3 = 4 or more times
      9 = missing data
                                               157

       0 = valid skip (never been raped)

Can you tell us about the most recent time you were raped

v32950 = How old were you the most recent time you were raped?
      01-97 = years old
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (never been raped)

v32951 = Who did this to you the most recent time you were raped?
      1 = stranger
      2 = acquaintance
      3 = date/partner
      4 = relative
      5 = "other 1 = "schoolmate/classmate"
      6 = "other 2 = "boss/work"
      7 = "other (make a card)"
              Guy at a party (11775)
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never been raped)

v32952 = Was the person a male or female the most recent time you were raped?
      1 = female
      2 = male
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (never been raped, or only once)

                                      *** PAGE 46 ***
ROMANTIC LIFE
**There are four coding steps for page 46:
First, determine status of relationship and fill in v00000.
Second, determine how long they have been together (if married v00000, cohabiting
v00000, in a relationship v00000 and fill out the length of time in months/ place "000" in
others).
Third fill out current marital status variable (ID# and responses will be entered in
codebook for ‘other’ responses.*.
Fourth, if respondent is divorced or separated fill out the appropriate 4-digit date variables
for v00000 and v00000 (at the bottom of page 46) *

I.
v32953 = Relationship Status (p.46: determine which type of relationship they are in by
which section of this page they filled out)
       1 = Married
       2 = Cohabiting/living together
       3 = Steady
       4 = Single (none of the above)
                                               158

       9 = missing data

II.
v32954 = How long have you BEEN MARRIED?
            __ __ __ months (three digits) CONVERT TO MONTHS

       001-997 = months
       998 = 997 months+
       999 = missing data
       000 = valid skip (not married)

v32955 = How long have you lived together?
            __ __ __ months (three digits) CONVERT TO MONTHS

       001-997 = months
       998 = 997 months+
       999 = missing data
       000 = valid skip (not cohabitating)

v32956 = How long have you been together?
            __ __ __ months (three digits) CONVERT TO MONTHS

       001-97 = months
       998 = 97 months+
       999 = missing data
       000 = valid skip (not in a steady romanitc relationship)

III.
v32957 = Current marital/partnership status?
      1 = single never married
      2 = Engaged to be married
      3 = Divorced
      4 = Separated
      5 = Other--Make a Card
              10480: just ended relationship
      6 = divorced and now engaged
      8 = Married
      9 = missing data

IV.
v32958 = two digit month and four digits for year of divorce (four digits) at bottom of
page. If no month specified, first two digits 00.

v32959 = two digit month and four digits for year of separation (four digits) at bottom of
page
                                                159



                          *** PAGE 47 ***
THIS PAGE IS FOR PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT MARRIED, LIVING TOGETHER, OR
INVOLVED IN A COMMITTED RELATIONSHIP.

v32960 = In the past four weeks, how often have you been going out or dating?
      1 = every day
      2 = almost every day
      3 = once or twice a week
      4 = once or twice in four weeks
      5 = not at all
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (if married, cohabitating, or in steady rel.)

v32961 = In the past four weeks, how many different people have you gone out with?
      1= None
      2 = One person
      3 = Mainly one person but others as well
      4 = A number of persons
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (if married, cohabitating, or in steady rel.)

v32962 = When you go out, are your dates... (CHECK ONE)
      1 = all males
      2 = mostly males
      3 = males and females
      4 = mostly females
      5 = all females
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (if married, cohabitating, or in steady rel.)




v32963 = How satisfied are you with your dating life? (CIRCLE ONE)
     Not at all                                       Very
     Satisfied                                     Satisfied
      1       2       3       4      5       6        7
      1-7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (if married, cohabitating, or in steady rel.)

v32964= Do you want to be in a committed relationship right now?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      3= unsure, don’t know
                                              160

       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip

v32965 = How important is it to you to be involved in a steady, committed
      relationship with one person?
     Not at all                                    Very
     Important                                   Important
      1       2       3       4      5       6        7
      1-7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (if married, cohabitating, or in steady rel.)

NOW SKIP TO PAGE 53, SECTION h (Marriage Plans)

                                   *** PAGE 48 ***

This section is for people who are either married, or living with someone, or currently
involved in a steady, romantic relationship with one person. If you are married or have
had a commitment ceremony with your partner, answer these questions.

v32966 = In what month and year was you wedding or commitment ceremony?
      __ __ /__ __ __ __ (SIX DIGIT CODE) example DEC 1994 = 121994

v32967 = How long did you date your spouse/partner before you were married?
       __ __ __ months (THREE DIGITS)       CONVERT YEARS TO MONTHS

v32968 = Did you live together before you got married?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32969 = If yes, for how long?
              __ __ (two digits) CONVERT TO MONTHS

       01 - 97 = months
       98 = 99+ months
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (not cohabitating)

v32970 = Is this your first marriage?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip
                                           161

v32971 = How good a spouse/partner do you think you are (how good at having an
      excellent marriage)?
             not at all                             extremely
               good                                   good
                 1      2   3      4      5      6      7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v32972 = How do you feel about being married to your partner?
                   Very                                     Very
                   Unhappy                                  Happy
                   1       2      3    4       5      6     7
                   1 – 7 scale
                   9 = Missing data
                   0 = valid skip

LIVING TOGETHER, BUT NOT MARRIED

v32973 = How long did you date your partner before you began living together?
      __ __ __ months (THREE DIGIT)       CONVERT YEARS TO MONTHS
      999 = missing data
      000 = valid skip

v32974 = How good a partner do you think you are (how good at having an excellent
          relationship)?
             not at all                             extremely
               good                                   good
                 1      2    3      4     5       6     7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip


v32975 = How important is it to you to be involved in a steady, committed relationship with one
         person?
            Not at all                                    Very
            Important                                   Important
                1       2     3       4      5      6       7
             1 – 7 scale
             9 = missing data
             0 = valid skip

v32976 = How do you feel about living with your partner?
                   Very                                        Very
                   Unhappy                                     Happy
                                                 162

                      1       2      3       4         5   6   7
                      1 – 7 scale
                      9 = Missing data
                      0 = valid skip

                         *** PAGE 49 ***
STEADY RELATIONSHIP, BUT NOT LIVING TOGETHER,

v32977 = How good a partner do you think you are (how good at having an excellent
          relationship)?
             not at all                             extremely
               good                                   good
                 1       2     3    4     5       6     7
              1 – 7 scale
              9 = missing data
              0 = valid skip

v32978 = How important is it to you to be involved in a steady, committed
      relationship with one person?
                Not at all                                      Very
               Important                                        Important
                    1       2      3      4      5       6      7
                    1 – 7 scale
                    9 = Missing data
                    0 = valid skip

v32979 = How do you feel about being involved in a steady, committed relationship
      with your partner?
                   Very                                       Very
                   Unhappy                                    Happy
                   1       2      3     4       5      6      7
                   1 – 7 scale
                   9 = Missing data
                   0 = valid skip

v32980 = How old is your partner?
      01-97 = years old
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (if don’t have a partner)

v32981 = Is your partner a
      1 = female
      2 = male
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (if don’t have a partner)
                                              163

v32982 = What is the highest grade in school your partner has completed?
      06 = 6th grade
      07 = 7th grade
      08 = 8th grade
      09 = 9th grade
      10 = 10th grade
      11 = 11th grade
      12 = 12th grade
      13 = 1 year of college
      14 = 2 years of college
      15 = 3 years of college
      16 = four years of college
      17 = four year College Graduate ......yes
      18 = currently in graduate school, some grad school
      19 = graduate school......MASTERS
      20 = graduate school......post Bachelors- Non Masters (such as teaching certificate)
      21 = graduate school .......(LAW SCHOOL)Juris Doctorate
      22 = graduate school ......Ph.D. or doctorate of whatever ...such as E.E.D, PsyD,
      23 = two year/associate's degree
      24 = vocational school/training (ex. business college grad., mechanic, etc.)
      25 = M.D.
      97 = other (card)
      98 = don't know
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip (if don’t have a partner)

v32983 = Was your partner employed full time for more than four months at any
      time in the last 12 months?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (if don’t have a partner)

what kind of job did your partner have in the past 12 months? Please be specific – include
job title or duties if possible
v32037 = type of work (3 digits)
v32038 = sex typing (1 digit)

Approximately how much does your partner earn per hour or week?

v32984 = per hour (partner earns) (four digits...example..$12.00 = 1200)
v32985 = per week (partner earns) (four digits ... example $325.00 = 0325)
v32986 = per month (partner earns) (four digits... example $825.00 = 0825)
v32987 = per year (partner earns) (six digits... example $51,000 = 051000)

v32988 = How likely is it that you and your partner will still be together five years
                                                 164

             from now?
                     Very                                          Very
                     Unlikely                                      Likely
                     1       2      3        4         5    6      7
                     1 – 7 scale
                     9 = Missing data
                     0 = valid skip

v32989 = If you are not yet married, how likely is it you will marry your partner?
                     Very                                        Very
                     Unlikely                                    Likely
                     1       2      3     4       5       6      7
                     1 – 7 scale
                     9 = Missing data
                     0 = valid skip

                                           *** PAGE 50 ***
How satisfied are you with these parts of your relationship?
              Not at all                                           Extremely
              Satisfied                                            Satisfied
                      1      2       3       4       5       6     7
                             1 – 7 scale
                             9 = Missing data
                             0 = valid skip

v32990 =   How we communicate
v32991 =   My partner's attitudes about having children
v32992 =   How the house is kept (answer if you are living together)
v32993 =   The amount of influence I have over the decisions we make
v32994 =   Our social life
v32995 =   How we express affection for each other
v32996 =   With your relationship in general
v32997 =   How would your partner rate his/her satisfaction with your relationship in
           general?

v32998 = How much do your parents approve of your partner/spouse?
       Not at                                                  Very
         all                                                   much
          1          2      3         4         5        6        7
      1 – 7 scale
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

Answer section e. ONLY if you are married or living together, otherwise skip to section f.

e. FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
                                            165



v32999 = Who brings in more money to the household—you, or your partner?
      1 = My partner brings in all the income
      2 = My partner brings in most of the income
      3 = We bring in the same amount of income
      4 = I bring in most of the income
      5 = I bring in all of the income
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not married or living together)

v33000 = In your household, who controls the decisions about how household income
         is spent?
      1 = You, all of the time
      2 = You, most of the time
      3 = Both you and your spouse/partner equally
      4 = Your spouse/partner most of the time
      5 = Your spouse/partner all the time
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not married or living together)

v33001 = Do you and your spouse/partner have a joint checking and/or savings
account?
      1 = Yes
      2 = No
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not married or living together)

v33002 = Do you have an individual checking and/or savings account?
      1 = Yes
      2 = No
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not married or living together)

v33003 = Does your partner have an individual checking and/or savings account?
      1 = Yes
      2 = No
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (not married or living together)

                                  *** PAGE 51 ***
f. TIME SPENT TOGETHER

v33004 = Do you typically do activities related to...
      Things that                  Things that both of                Things that your
      you are more                 you are interested                 partner is more
      interested in                in equally                         interested in
                                                  166

       1               2       3              4         .     5              6          7
                               1 – 7 scale
                               9 = Missing data
                               0 = valid skip

v33005 = On the average, how many evenings a week do both you and your partner
         spend together?
      0-7 = evenings per week
      9 = missing data

v33006 = During a typical week, how many days do you and your partner have
      dinner together?
      0-7 = days per week
      9 = missing data
   Participant is in long distance relationship or partner is in the military. Marked
   evenings spent together and time(s) that they spend dinner together when
   partner is there. 11456, 12694, 10390, 12164,

v33007 = Would you prefer to spend more or less time with your partner?
                   Much                   The                    Much
                   Less                   Same                   More
                   1        2       3         4      5     6     7
                          1 – 7 scale
                          9 = Missing data
                          0 = valid skip (if don’t have a partner)

For the following items
               1 = yes
               2 = no
               9 = missing data
               0 = valid skip if don’t have a partner

v33008 = Have you ever thought your relationship might be in trouble?
v33009 = Has the thought of separating crossed your mind?
v33010 = Have you discussed separating from your partner with a with a close
         friend?
v33011 = Have you or your partner ever seriously suggested the idea of ending your
        relationship?

v33012 = How likely is it you could find another good partner if you and your
        partner separated?
                    Very                                        Very
                    Unlikely                                    Likely
                    1        2      3      4      5     6       7
                    1 –7 scale
                                               167

                      9 = Missing data
                      0 = valid skip (if don’t have a partner)

v33013 = Even when there are problems in my relationship, it is better than being
         alone.
                   Strongly                                   Strongly
                   Disagree                                   Agree
                   1       2       3       4       5      6   7
                   1 – 7 scale
                   9 = Missing data
                   0 = valid skip (if don’t have a partner)

v33014 = How much do you and your partner get out of your relationship?
             My partner                  We get                I get
          gets much more                the same             much more
                    1       2       3        4     5       6    7
                    1 – 7 scale
                    9 = Missing data
                    0 = valid skip (if don’t have a partner)

v33015 = If your relationship with your partner failed, how easily could you find
         someone else you'd like to be with?
                 Not at all                                     Very
                  Easily                                        Easily
                     1       2       3       4      5       6   7
                     1 – 7 scale
                     9 = Missing data
                     0 = valid skip (if don’t have a partner)

                                           *** PAGE 52 ***

If you are MARRIED, answer these questions, otherwise skip to section g.

       For the following items
               1 = yes
               2 = no
               9 = missing data
               0 = valid skip if not married

v33016 = Have you and your partner talked about consulting a counselor or
             therapist about a possible divorce or separation?
v33017 = Have you and your partner talked about consulting an attorney about a
            possible divorce or separation?
v33018 = How likely is it you will ever get separated/divorced?
                    Very                                        Very
                    Unlikely                                    Likely
                                               168

                      1       2       3       4       5     6          7
                      1 – 7 scale
                      9 = Missing data
                      0 = valid skip (if not married)

v33019 = My partner wants us to have children..
        1 = never
        2 = some day but not very soon
        3 = soon
        4 = we already have children, but she/he wants more.
        5= We already have children, and she/he does not want more
        6 = He/she is unsure about whether he/she wants children.
        7 = We have not talked about having children/ I don't know.
        9 = missing data
        0 = valid skip (if don’t have a partner)

                                    *** PAGE 53 ***
h. MARRIAGE PLANS

v33020 = Thinking of the future, ..
        1 = I would like to marry fairly soon
        2 = I would like to marry sometime but not right now
        3 = I am unsure about whether I would like to ever marry
        4 = I would prefer to never get married
        8 = marriage not available (gay/lesbian)
        9 = missing data
        0 = valid skip (if married already, or don’t have a partner)

If you circled 3 or 4, why would you consider not getting married?

v33021 = Reason why you would consider not getting married #1
v33022 = Reason why you would consider not getting married #2
      01 = too independent, don't want to lose independence
      02 = career or job comes first/can't balance a career and marriage
      03 = marriage not important/don't see the point
      04 = issue related to past experience breaking -up, either their own or parents
      05 = afraid of divorce, don't want to go through divorce fear of breaking up/ issues
           dealing with divorce (fear of losing everything)
      06 = financial expense
      07 = don't want to lose IDENTITY
      08 = huge commitment/too big of a commitment
      09 = it is scary
      10 = don't know if I can find the right person
      11 = afraid of abuse
      12 = issues of other person not being faithful/or doing something awful
                                                169

       13 = same sex marriage not accepted
       14 = don't want children/don't want family
       15 = not willing to put others before own goals/values/ etc. (sacrifices)
       16 = too much responsibility/a lot of work
       17 = issues of control (losing control of life)
       18 = get married late in life/ single for a long time/not ready
       19 = not sure it is what I want, like life the way it is/don't want to change it
       20 = would feel trapped
       21 = issues dealing with ethnicity/race
       22 = never considered getting married, don't think that it's an option
       23 = pessimistic about marriage ("I think happily ever after is a fairy tale.")
       24 = other priorities too important to compromise
       25 = haven’t found right person (yet)
       26 = prohibitions on job
       27 = doesn’t believe in monogamy
       97 = other (CARD)
               religious crap (13579)
               stereotypical roles
               not staying w/ father of child
               I'm not comfortable with marriage
               My boyfriend thinks he can do more and
                  I don’t think it will last much longer
               don’t think two people should be together for life
       98 = don't know
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip (if already married, or don’t have a partner)

v33023 = How likely is it you will ever marry? (CIRCLE ONE)
                    Very                                            Very
                    Unlikely                                        Likely
                    1        2       3       4       5      6       7
                             9 = Missing data
                             0 = valid skip (if already married, or don’t have a partner)

v33024 = If you'd like to get married, at what age would you like to get married?
      01-95 = age
      96 = now/soon/yesterday
      97 = I don't want to
      98 = I don't know/ whenever/ anytime
      99 = missing
      00 = valid skip ( married already , very unlikely ever marry; or don’t have a
      partner)

v33025 = How likely is it you will not marry but will have a long-term committed
relationship or commitment ceremony?
                    Very                                        Very
                                              170

                     Unlikely                                      Likely
                     1      2       3       4       5      6       7
                            9 = Missing data
                            0 = valid skip (if already married, or not likely: 1, 2, or 3)

v33026 = If you would like to have a long-term committed relationship or
      commitment ceremony, when would you like to begin such a relationship?
      01-94 = age
      95 = I already have one
      96 = now/soon/yesterday
      97 = I don't want to
      98 = I don't know/ whenever/ anytime
      99 = missing
      00 = valid skip (married already,very unlikely long-term rel., don’t have a
              partner)

v33027 = How good a spouse/committed partner do you think you would be (how
good at having an excellent marriage/partnership)?
                    not at all                          extremely
                      good                                good
                        1       2     3     4      5   6 7
                     1 – 7 scale
                     9 = missing data
                     0 = valid skip

v33028 = How upset would you be if you never got married?
                     Not at all                                                 Very
                       Upset                                                    Upset
                           1       2       3      4       5       6             7
                   9 = Missing data
                   0 = valid skip (if already married, or don’t have a partner)

                                          *** PAGE 54 ***

v33029 = Thinking of the future,
      1 = I already have children.
      2 = I would like to have children fairly soon.
      3 = I would like to have children sometime but not right now.
      4 = I am unsure about whether I would like to ever have children.
      5 = I would prefer not to have children at all.
      6 = Respondent skips this question, but answers section C, for people who would
          like children.
      7 = Respondent skips this question, but skips to section B, for people who are
          unsure if they want children, or do not want them.
      8 = currently pregnant
      9 = missing data
                                                  171

       0 = valid skip


       Individuals who did not turn in Parent Surveys after reporting they had children:
       Indicated he never sees child/children: #11509
       Indicate child is newborn: #12506
       Failed to fill out Parent Survey, no particular reason: #10071


If you are unsure about whether or not you would like to have children or would prefer not to
have children, why would you consider not having children?

v33030 = First reason you would consider not having children
v33031 = Second reason you would consider not having children

             /
Relationship/Marriage First
01 = satisfied with/enjoy my marriage – my spouse and me
02 = marriage comes first -- children complicate marriages/relationships
03 = enjoy our (my spouse and my) lifestyle
04 = need to get married first

Career Reasons
10 = committed to a career
11 = career comes first/ career choice
12 = need to get career going/established first
13 = job is too stressful

For Kid’s Own Sake
20 = issues of child care – It’s not fair for children to be raised by someone, not parents
21 = today’s society is too violent and dangerous
22 = present social environment – general
23 = children should not go though parental divorce
24 = It would be unfair to a child to bring them into my life

Personal Life First
30 = because of the significant demands and changes it would place on my life
31 = loss of personal freedom
32 = don’t want responsibility/too much responsibility
33 = selfish with my personal time
34 = feeling of being tied down
35 = too selfish to have children – my spouse or/and me
36 = women are too responsible for it
37 = my life is more important

Financial Status
40 = Financial responsibility
                                                 172

41 = financial status – general
42 = not having enough money to provide for them
43 = costs of raising children

Time/Priority Issues
50 = lack of time
51 = issues dealing with time
52 = other priorities too important to compromise

Appearance/Health Issue
60 = worry about my physical appearance – scares me to get fat
61 = don’t want to be too old
64 = for my own health condition
65 = too physically ill to have children
66 = too mentally ill to have children
67 = pregnancy a particular risk due to pre-existing health condition (“pregnancy and childbirth
      could ignite my lupus”)
68 = pain, don’t like pain, scared too through pregnancy

Parenting Issue
70 = don’t think I would be good at raising children
71 = unsure if I would be a good parent
72 = don’t know if I could dedicate time and attention to children; too much commitment
73 = not ready to have children
74 = I am not a family type of person
75 = no patient

Interest/Desire to have children
80 = having children is something that I have no interest at all
81 = dislike children/never thrilled with children / don’t like a child itself
82 = no desire to have children/never wanted them
83 = don’t feel compelled to do so
84 = I believe I am a whole person w/o children
85 = don’t like a child itself
86 = never thought about it

Others
90 = I am still a child
91 = I/my partner have already a child and don’t want to have more
92 = overpopulation
93 = can’t find right man/no person worth having kids with
94 = gay family makes it difficult
97 = other
98 = don’t know
99 = missing data
00 = valid skip (only one reason mentioned; already have kids; would like to have kids)
                                              173




v33032 = How likely is it you will ever have children?
                    Very                                           Very
                    Unlikely                                       Likely
                    1        2       3       4      5      6       7
                             9 = Missing data
                             0 = valid skip (already have children)

v33033 = If you would like to have children, what age would you like to have your
      first child?
      01-95 = age
      96 = now/soon/yesterday
      97 = I don't want to have children ever ever ever....
      98 = I don't know/ whenever/ anytime
      99 = missing
      00 = valid skip (already have children; very unlikely ever have children)

v33034 = How upset would you be if you did not have children?
              Not at all                                        Very
               Upset                                            Upset
                   1      2       3       4      5      6       7
                          9 = Missing data
                          0 = valid skip (already have children)
                          8 = don’t know

v33035 = How much would having a child/children affect the amount of time you
       work outside the home?
            I would work               I would work                    I would work
            much less                  the same amt                    much more
            1            2             3           4         5     6       7
                   9 = Missing data
                   0 = valid skip (already have children)

v33036 = How would you feel about that change (if any) in your work hours?
                  Very                                          Very
                  Negative                                      Positive
                  1       2       3       4      5      6       7
                          9 = Missing data
                          0 = valid skip (already have children)

v33037 = How much would having a child affect your career or educational
      advancement?
            Slow it down               No                   Speed it
                a lot                Effect                 up a lot
                    1    2     3       4       5     6      7
                                               174

                              9 = Missing data
                              0 = valid skip (already have children)

v33038 = How would you feel about that effect (if any) on your career or educational
      advancement?
                  Very                                          Very
                  Negative                                      Positive
                  1       2       3       4      5      6       7
                          9 = Missing data
                          0 = valid skip (already have children)

                                           *** PAGE 55 ***

v33039 = In general, how good of a parent do you think you will be?
             Not a very                                          An excellent
             good parent                                         parent
                     1     2       3       4      5      6       7
                           9 = Missing data
                           0 = valid skip (already have children)

v33040 = Do you plan to take time off from work or school to raise your children?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      8 = not sure / Don't know
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip (already have children)

v33041 = If yes, how long do you plan to take off?
      00 = none at all / valid skip (already have children)
      01 = not planning to take time off
      02 = 1-2 weeks
      03 = 1month
      04 = 6 weeks
      05 = 2 months
      06 = a few months3 months
      07 = 4 months
      08 = 5 months
      09 = 6 months
      10 = 7 months
      11 = 8 months
      12 = 9 months
      13 = 10 months
      14 = 11 months
      15 = 1 year
      16 = 18 months
      17 = 2 years
                                              175

      18 = 3 years
      19 = 4 years
      20 = 5 years or until they reach kindergarten
      21 = 6 years or until they start to school
      22 = 7-9 years
      23 = 10-11 years
      24 = until they enter Junior High School (12 years old)
      25 = until they enter high school/are teenagers
      26 = through age 16
      27 = until they go to college

      40 = not much
      41 = for length of maternity/ paternity leave
      42 = time given off as vacation (ex. teachers have summer vacations)

      50 = when it is needed, "depends", as much as necessary
      511 = as long as possible
      2529 = until I (or my spouse/partner) feel comfortable
      532 = until child is grown
      543 = forever

      60 = will work at home
      616 = may work part- time afterwards
      6230 = cut back on work hours (not meaning part-time)

      705 = depends on spouse/partner
      71 = both need to contribute

      8031 = depends on finances
      81 = whoever can support the family will keep their job; the other will stay home with
      the kids

      94 = days here and there
      95 = several weeks
      96 = several years
      97 = other (card)
      98 = I don't know / not sure/ ?r / undecided
      99 = missing data
      00 =valid skip

v33042 = Would you expect your partner to take time off from work or school to
raise your children?
       1 = yes
       2 = no
       8 = not sure / Don't know
       9 = missing data
                                                176

       0 = valid skip (already have children)


v33043 = If yes, how long do you expect your partner to take off?
USE SYSTEM ABOVE

v33044 = Have you (or your partner) ever been pregnant?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v33045 = What did you do (or do you plan to do)?
      1 = kept (keep) the baby
      2 = put the baby up for adoption
      3 = gave the baby to a relative to raise
      4 = abortion
      5 = miscarriage
      6 = nothing yet
      7 = abortion as well as miscarriage
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v33046 = Have you and your partner ever tried to get pregnant?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v33047 = Have you ever had concerns about your fertility or your partner’s fertility?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v33048 = If yes, how long did you try to get pregnant?
      01 = just started trying
      02 = “a couple of months”
      03 = “a few months”
      04 – 80 = number of months
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip

v33048A = Non time specific responses (and non-method responses moved from methods
      questions)
      01 = I’m not fertile
                                               177

       02 = Partner not fertile (have tried unsuccessfully)
       03 = have not tried
       03 = have not tried due to partner’s known infertility
       04 = have not tried because there are known problems
       05 = have not tried but I wonder/worry about my fertility
       06 = have not tried, but am worried about partners fertility

       10 = infertility runs in the family
       11 = history of miscarriages (“currently pregnant hoping to carry to term (history of
             miscarriage)”)

       20 = I’m amazed that I haven’t gotten pregnant already
       30 = couples are same sex (gay/lesbian)

       90 = As long as it takes
       98 = I don’t know
       99 = invalid skip
       00 = valid skip

v33049 = Did you try any fertility methods (like medical options or alternative medicine)?
      1 = yes
      2 = no
      9 = missing data
      0 = valid skip

v33050 = IF YES, what did you try? First thing attempted
v33050A = Second thing attempted
v33050B = Third thing attempted

       01 = Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) type not specified (“See a specialist/doctor”)
       02 = IUI (intra uterine insemination) hormones not mentioned
       03 = IUI with hormone treatments for ovarian stimulation
       04 = FET (Frozen Embryo Transfer)
       05 = In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

       10 = surgery not specified who or what
       11 = non specific female surgery
       12 = laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis
       13 = non specific male surgery
       14 = vasectomy reversal

       20 = fertility medication not specified
       21 = hormones, not specified
       22 = Clomid (clomiphene citrate, Serophene)
       23 = Progesterone supplements (Provera, Prolution)
       24 = HMG (stimulates ovulation or sperm production) e.g. Pergonal Humegon
                                              178

       25 = FSH (Gonal-F, Folliston)

       30 = non-specfic ovulation monitoring (informal: e.g. ”rhythm method”)
       31 = ovulation monitoring (using ovulation predictor kit)
       32 = ovulation monitoring using (Basal Body Temperature)

       40 = insulin sensitizing agents (Glucophage, metformin)
       41 = Diabetes related medications for self
       42 = Diabetes medication for partner

       50 = general dietary methods (unspecified)
       51 = eliminate caffeine
       52 = herbal teas

       60 = General Diagnostic Methods
       61 = HSG (hysterosalpingogram)
       62 = semen analysis
       63 = MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
       64 = Sonogram (Ultrasound)

       70 = surrogate methods (unspecified)
       71 = sperm donor
       72 = egg donor
       73 = adoption
       74 = birth/surrogate mother

       80 = keep trying/anything
       81 = prayer
       82 = wait until out of school
       83 = find new partner
       84 = give up

       90 = don’t want to think about it
       91 = nothing
       98 = I don’t know
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip

v33051 = How long did you attempt to have children using this alternative?
      01 – 80 = number of months
      99 = missing data
      00 = valid skip

v33052 = If you continued to have problems with fertility, did you try another way to have
      children, or pursue other alternatives (like adoption)?
      1 = yes
                                               179

       2 = no
       9 = missing data
       0 = valid skip

v33053 = IF YES, what else did you try? First thing attempted

v33053A = Second thing attempted
      SEE CODES ABOVE.

v33054 = How long did you try to have children using this alternative?
01 – 80 = number of months
       99 = missing data
       00 = valid skip

v33055 = What did/will you do next? First thing attempted Given the participants responces the
above codes seem to work, but the 90’s were designed to specifically get at this area

v33055A = Second thing attempted
SEE CODES ABOVE




                                       APPENDIX A
                                      Major/Field Codes

01 = sports; recreation; gym

10 = math (logic; calculus; statistics)
11 = engineering
12 = accounting; actuary
13 = computer science; computer engineering; computer information systems
14 = electronics
15 = mechanical engineering
16 = electrical engineering
17 = civil engineering; industrial engineering; construction; safety engineering;
       geological engineering
18 = chemical engineering; biomedical engineering; nuclear engineering
19 = aerospace engineering; aeronautics
20 = science, unspecified
21 = chemistry
22 = pre-med; forensics; pathology; physicians assistant; dentistry; sports medicine;
       anatomy; cytotechnology
23 = nursing; medical technician; surgical technician; health care; dental hygiene; paramedic;
       phlebotomy
24 = physical therapy; respiratory therapy; recreational therapy; chiropractic; massage therapy
                                              180

25 = geology; environmental geology
26 = health; nutrition; health information; public health; dietetics; kinesiology;
        health policy studies
27 = biology; zoology; physiology; microbiology; biostats
28 = physics
29 = astronomy
30 = pharmacy
31 = organic chemistry
32 = biochemistry
33 = forestry; horticulture; agriculture
34 = earth science; oceanography; marine biology
35 = physical science
36 = natural science
37 = material science; material and logistical mgmt
38 = environmental science; fish and wildlife; land use; conservation; ecology
39 = veterinary
40 = humanities
41 = English; literature
42 = journalism; writing
43 = communications; speech
44 = history; art history
45 = languages; linguistics
46 = art; design; fashion; photography; interior design
47 = architecture; urban planning
48 = media; advertising; broadcasting; visual communications
49 = theater; music; film; dance; sound
50 = social sciences; James Madison
51 = economics
52 = sociology
53 = law; political science; government
54 = religion; divinity; dianetics; theology
55 = criminal justice; police; fire science
56 = psychology
57 = anthropology; archeology
58 = women’s studies
59 = philosophy
60 = family studies / human development & family studies (hdfs)
61 = geography
62 = library science
63 = public relations; public administration; conference planning; public speaking;
        urban planning
64 = international studies
70 = education; teaching
71 = primary; early childhood; child development
72 = secondary; specific course
73 = college level
                                              181

74 = physical education
75 = special education
76 = social work
77 = counseling; guidance; child care
78 = speech pathology; communication disorders; audiology; speech science
79 = occupational therapy
80 = vocational therapy; packaging
81 = mechanics; auto body
82 = secretarial; word-processing; clerical; medical billing
83 = cosmetology; beauty
84 = airline; flight attendant
85 = skilled laborer
86 = drafting; CARD
87 = food; cooking
88 = aviation; pilot
89 = military
90 = business; management; hospital management; human resources
91 = retail; hotel management; restaurant management; hospitality services
92 = marketing; fashion merchandising
93 = finance; international finance
94 = travel; tourism
95 = real estate; insurance
96 = liberal arts, general
97 = other (CARD)
        technology and policy
        operations research
        training
        dog training
        CISR seminars
        athletic training
        firefighting
        health administration
        technical science

98 = don’t know / undecided
99 = missing data
00 = valid skip; never went to post-secondary school; didn’t consider other majors
                                    182



CREATED OCC. CODES AND THEIR ASSIGNED SEX TYPES

Sex Type   Code     Description of Code

9          001      Professional
3          010      Upper level executives/C.E.O.’s. Use 019 for middle/lower level
                    management (supervisor) as well as restaurant manager. Check
                    specific listings under existing codes “019” and “243” before
                    using this code.
3          011      Business owner
3          038      Business related
3          060      Engineers who primarily manage. If they manage other
                    engineers code them as 060 regardless of any specialty given.
9          082      Health-related, unspecified
1          094      Nurse degree or specialty unspecified
2          109      High school humanities teacher
2          110      High school social science teacher
2          111      High school physical or biological science teacher
2          112      High school math teacher
2          159      Teacher, unspecified as to subject area. Also includes substitute
                    teachers.
9          200      Scientist, general
2          201      Math related, unspecified
9          230      Computer, general
9          286      Sales unspecified / sales worker / retail / department store
9          324      Clerk unspecified / office worker / office job
9          400      “Paraprofessional”
9          412      Criminal justice / protective service, general
9          480      Work with animals
3          502      General precision production craft and repair worker
3          550      General construction trades supervisors
9          700      Foreman, general
9          701      Blue collar worker
9          702      Steel worker, general
9          801      General transportation
3          802      Truck driver (unspecified as to size/kind of truck)
9          815      Unspecified airport / airlines
9          889      Factory worker
3          900      Military personnel
9          960      Low-paying job
9          961      Job I have now
9          962      Part-time / something flexible / to meet my family needs /
                    depends on family
9          970      Child’s choice*
9          971      Well paying*
                                         183

9         972           Satisfying / Be happy*
9         973           Career with a future*
9         974           Stability*
9         975           Can lead or have control over*
9         976           Help people / Human service / Work with people*
9         977           Work with children*
9         978           Anything
9         980           Auto industry unspecified (“works at Ford”)
9         981           Specified industry, but unspecified occupation (“Frito Lay”)
9         982           “Gov’t” / “federal” / “state” / “city” employee or worker
9         989           Work study n.e.c. / unspecified, co-op
1         990           Housewife / househusband
2         991           Student
1         992           Housewife and student
9         994           Consultant
9         995           Retired / disabled
9         996           My child does not know (Specificity=9)
9         997           “I don’t know” / “?” (Specificity=9)
9         998           Uncodeable (Specificity=9)
                            student employee in cafeteria
                            rural health grant
                            cannot read
                            professional internship
                            English professor’s asst

* Note:   All added codes with a “*” next to them are given a 1 for specificity.

				
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