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Irish Immigration

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					     The Irish came in massive waves; shipload after shipload
poured onto American docks, and there was nothing anyone
could do to stop them. They came physically with close to
nothing, being too poor to carry much with them on the
passage. Ships were packed to the brim with immigrants to
make sure the trip was a profitable one. They did not ride in
comfort and there was no room for luggage or excess
belongings. Most were starving, sick and close to death, and
their conditions only worsened in the long weeks of travel at
sea cramped in the tight quarters.
      Once they got to America, their conditions didn’t improve.
They were treated like a disease and pest; being kicked out of
restaurants and told they couldn’t buy houses in certain
neighborhoods. But Irish spirit could not be broken, and they
maintained their cheery, good natured reputation. Irish were
often clustered together in trashy neighborhoods, tending to
stick to their own people where they were welcomed, so the red
hair, freckles, and accents lived on for generations.
“Being a woman is like being Irish. Everyone says you're important and

            nice, but you take second place all the same.”




            “The Irish ignore anything they can't drink or punch.”
      Suddenly, in the mid-1840s, Irish immigration changed
drastically. The potato blight which destroyed the staple of the
Irish diet produced a monstrous famine that killed thousands
and forced migration upon many thousands more. The number
of peasants that were driven from their cottages and forced to
immigrate, mostly to North America were enormous. Unlike the
earlier migration, these people had no skills, no previous
experience in adapting to a new country. They also had no
money, few clothes, and no education.
      Despite a fierce loyalty to the Catholic Church, most had
had little formal religious training. In Ireland, Catholicism had
only been legalized a few years earlier. Conditions for many
Irish immigrants that moved to U.S. cities in the 1840s and
1850s were not much better than those they had left behind in
Ireland. They often crammed into shacks that had been pieced
together out of discarded boards and other debris. Sanitation
was haphazard at best. There were no streets but only paths
which turned into ditches after a heavy rain.
 So, what did the
   Irish do for
America? I mean,
   besides St.
Patrick’s Day and
 Corned Beef….
  Presidents with Irish Heritage or
             Descent




                        Andrew Jackson
George Washington
James Madison
                  James Polk




                               Andrew Johnson




 James Buchanan
                         Gerald
                          Ford
Richard
 Nixon




                                  Ronald
                                  Reagan




          Jimmy Carter
Ulysses S.         Chester Arthur
 Grand




                                    Benjamin Harrison
Grover Cleveland
                         Teddy
 William
                        Roosevelt
McKinley




                                     John F.
                                    Kennedy




       Woodrow Wilson
  George H. Bush




George W. Bush     Bill Clinton
People with Irish heritage
         have been
running our country since
 the beginning of America.
     But how has Irish
  immigration affected the
   less political part of our
             lives?
     Such as… music
                 Collin Farrell

                                  David Gallagher

Richard Harris
                Scarlett Kegan




Anne Hathaway                    Mandy Moore
Vanessa Hudgens




                                Ashton Kutcher


                  Ben Affleck
    Ok, there’s Irish
people in office, acting
   and making music.
  Now, are they really
 as superstitious as the
  stereotype says they
          are?
      It was bad luck to put shoes on a table or chair, place a bed
facing the door, bring lilac into the house, cut your fingernails on
Sunday, give a knife as a gift, or wear green - except for a bit of
Shamrock or ribbon on St. Patrick's Day. Many people today still
throw spilled salt over their shoulder or worry about seven years
bad luck if you break a mirror. It was said that you can tame a
young wild horse by whispering the Creed into his left ear on
Wednesday and into his right ear on Friday. The procedure was
repeated until the animal was calmed.
      If a bird flew into the house, it was a portent of death. A purse
made from a weasel would never be empty. It was unlucky to knit
at night until you were certain the sheep were asleep. It was
fortunate to hear a cuckoo call but only if it was on your right side.
If a child was born before noon, he or she would not be able to see
spirits or the good people, but if born at night, the child would
have the gift. By the way, it's considered very risky to refer to the
good people as fairies, wee folk or little people.
The Irish have helped develop the American
      culture and way of life for decades.
    Irish influence is evident in numerous
   aspects of life; from the leaders of our
   country to the art of music, dance, and
                     literature.
            All that is left to say….
    May the road rise up to meet you
  May the wind be always at your back
May the sun shine warmly upon your face
 May the rains fall softly on your fields
        And until we meet again,
May God hold you in the palm of His hand

             -An Irish Blessing-
Websites-
 - www.ctiahs.com
 - http://library.thinkquest.org/20619/Irish.html
 - http://www.assumption.edu/ahc/irish/overview.html
 - http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/courses/ed311/kafai/Team%204/immigration
 - http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/famine/america.htm

Books-
 - Irish Immigrants in America by Elizabeth Raum
 - Journey of Hope by Kerby Miller
 - Green Sprigs of Emerald Isle by Neil Hogan
            Credits-
This has been an Abolitionist Fair
           Production
      _______________

         Tri-fold Project
            Micah Allen-Doucot
             Daniel Fitzpatrick


           PowerPoint
                Emily Nail


             Interview
               Patricia Hart

				
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