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					                                 Investigation
Background
In this project we will build a robot out of Lego to see weather it can help us or be
our friend by performing a specific function.

How can 'Robotics' improve society?

One day Robots are going to be our best friends? How is this going to be possible in
the future? Robots have no feelings.... how can they be our best friends? How can a
robot be programmed to fight in a war be a friend? What characteristics are
important in a friend?


Robot is a machine that can commit different series of actions and is a part of
artificial intelligence. It is different from humans in various ways, although has
some similarities like sensing. Furthermore it is capable of carrying out
complicated and very hard tasks that a human can't solve.
Problem
How will the robots be our best friends in the future without having particular
attributes of a human (being a machine). Can a robot programmed to fight in a war
help us in saving our lives in unfamiliar situations. Can it fulfill the characteristics of
a real friend?

The robots are machines and programmed to operate in a particular manner. Their
actions and limitations are preprogrammed and are devoid of emotions and feelings.
They will do what their soft ware tells them to do. Since it has no feelings, no
emotions, therefore its loyalty is questionable. There is every possibility that the
enemies, through counter technology, can find a way to control it and use it to our
disadvantage. This means that we need to have enhanced technology or mechanism
that gives robot feelings so that it can know which side is it towards. How can we
make it aware of the human nature in the upcoming generation? In several
occasions it can affect the human respect even though in the intention of helping it.
In addition it will require excessive knowledge to accomplish the goal of fulfilling
the characteristics of a real friend inside a robot.

Relevance/Specific Statement
The relevance relates to several factors in our environment, which include
disadvantages and advantages.

      Me: Robotics can affect me in various ways. Negatively and positively. A
       robot can help me in some daily life situations that I might be lazy or not
       capable for, like getting the equipment I need from a further distance or even
    washing the car. The primal advantage of a robot in relation to me is that it
    can perform certain actions with no hesitation and make my life way easier.
    In addition it can balance out my time management, letting me work on other
    important aspects of my life like education and I won’t have to worry about
    my insignificant tasks. On the other hand, there are disadvantages involved.
    Robots certainly can help me, but that affects my physical health and forces
    me to be on the slackly side. Furthermore, there’s a possibility that I come
    unaware of the tasks I’ve left for the robot, which can make me complacent
    and not monitor them daily. After all it’s a machine and has limitations and
    cannot act like a human by taking inputs and settling from the environment.
    In conclusion I’d say robots might be my best friends in future because of the
    stress relief.

   Others: Just like robots affect me, it can affect others around me (family and
    friends). Robots can generally make life easier for them and make them more
    relaxed, as the robot is taking care of the insignificant stuff. As I said earlier
    about me, there it balances out their time management and lets them work
    on other important factors of life that are affected by the minor tasks. It can
    also affect the emotional factor; if my family knows im not under pressure
    they are way more relieved. Disadvantages to others include: less physicality
    activity leading on to cause of extended laziness. Less dependability, being
    dependent on another machine, which is not 100% reliable. Another minor
    disadvantage is that the elder might not set a good example to their younger
    generations, which can affect their future. To end of I’d say that others
    around me can have a link to robots and on mostly positive sides.

   Society: Robots have a great link to society, being beneficial and affecting in a
    negative way. First of all the general commercial system is more efficient as
    they have automatic machines dealing with the time consuming tasks.
    Secondly, the help of robots can result in to reduced manpower. Which can
    lead to utilizing manpower for other tasks. Another advantage is that the
    public is more relaxed and that can bring a positive affect how generally the
    citizens react and treat each other. Nevertheless, there are some
    disadvantages in the relation to the use of robots. The use of robots makes
    the society more lazy, more dependant, highly expensive and unemployment.
    Being lazier can lead the society to being unaware of certain tasks. Sooner or
    later the excessive use of robotics will make the society dependant on the
    robots, this can be extremely dangerous as machines are never reliable. In
    addition the cost of robotics is highly expensive, which means they require
    more funds. The introduction of robotics can lead to producing more robots
    and it’s mechanism, which requires a lot of funds. That can lead to an
    economic crisis. In future robots will be used with great extend, that factor
    job of a human. Overall robotics have a major link to the society and can be
    beneficial and a bad influence for the society, specially the younger
    generation.
Previous Solutions/History

There are several problems that have been solved by robotics in the past, one of the
many are Parking problems. Parking in some places can be a very frustrating
experience, especially in humongous shopping malls. You have to roam around the
whole place looking for a car park. Many big complexes and advanced buildings use
new robotics and automation to effectively control the flow of travel into and out of
the parking spaces. The sensors pick up the empty spaces in the parking areas and
are relayed or indicated to a new vehicle entering into a parking place, so this way
the new car can directly go to the parking place instead of roaming around looking
for a car park. The tools used in this approach are the cameras, computers,
mechanics and sensors. There are many sensors that sense different things related
to the vehicle, like heat. There are cameras that picture the vehicle and forward it to
complicated computerization. There are computers that wrap everything together
and let us know for the parking space. Similarly there are other machines that are
used to make life easier for us. E.g.: robots doing really hard physical and constant
work in factories with full accuracy. There are robots used in the common company
of coke to perform the job precisely and quickly and are programmed by teach box.
Analysis >>must watch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h31mcihNBO4

These solutions and instructions will help me in my project because they give me a
general idea of how to set out my product step by step and make it high class. In
addition it gives me a brief description of certain robot accuracy and the kinds of
equipment/tools used in order to get it together. This information is pretty reliable
is it’s a real life situation with visual evidence (pictures and few videos) that show
how the robots actually work on that particular job. Furthermore, it opens my mind
to search for more ideas for my design, which can lead to mixing a couple of ideas
and tools for better finish.


Design Brief
I will design and create a robot that will perform different actions to pick up many
objects for people who are packing their large amount of house valuables to shift
into another house. This robot is useful because there are a lot of heavy objects that
require more than one person to carry and takes a lot of time. A robot with the
appropriate functions can carry them in no time, helping them in various ways.

Design Specification

    To solve this problem the robot needs to have all the necessary equipment
     and features required for carrying around heavy equipment and also multi
     small objects. The robot needs to be very strong on the exterior and interior
       so it does the task right. The features need to be appropriate and exact for
       this particular hob. It should be assured that nothing extra is added and
       everything important is included.

    To solve the problem, this robot needs several features that are suitable for
     various jobs. The features include: advanced mechanism, different types of
     sensors (heat, sonar, touch, etc.) so they can sense what kind of object it is.
     The robot needs punctual thinking; fast decisions and has to act the right
     way. These points require processors actuators, engine and different motors.
     In addition solenoids and proper gear is another necessary factor, as robots
     don’t exactly know what kind of object there is. The robot also requires good
     hands that can hold heavy objects and strong legs.

    Each of these features is important for this particular job because without
     these a robot can’t overcome the impossible and hard tasks and work
     accurately and precisely. The proper senses makes the robot act like a human
     and take care of itself on tough or unfamiliar situations. Sensors are also a
     huge factor for a robot to solve this task that require accurate sensing of
     different temperatures or objects. Force sensors, light sensors and color
     sensors are also included as the required features. To monitor the robot
     properly the engine and different quality motors are required. Solenoids and
     proper gear are necessary as well because the robot need fast magnetic
     reflexes for some jobs and the exact required gear for the job.

    All of these design specifications are testable because all this material is
     available in this advanced world now. There are multiple ways to test the
     features and other factors of a robot. You can create different situations or
     simply test it right on the particular job. It is also possible to search different
     and specific senses and features by themselves. Like touch etc.


Testing

The method is pretty straightforward, however involves some complications. First
of all you need to check the body of the robot and check if it has the appropriate
interior and exterior for the job by giving it a task to pick heavy material. To check
and test the features of the robot, you need to give it tasks that are appropriate for
what you test. For sensors, processors, actuators, engine and motors you can simply
see if the robot can carry heavy material and do it punctually while sensing the
environment around it. Also you need to check if the robot is programming and
being monitored properly. To check it’s reflexes you can set it a cunning or an
unfamiliar task and see if that function works or not. Similarly you can check if it’s
gear is appropriate by analyzing it through multiple tasks.

Items List(myself)
    Giving a task for it’s body
    Checking touch sensor
    Picking heavy material
    Checking the gear by analyzing
    Force sensor
Items List(others)

Most of the tasks are hard for me they include:

      Heat sensor activity
      Checking light sensor
      Color sensor
      Correct processing and actuators
      Engine and motors work fine




Bibliography
http://library.thinkquest.org/C0126120/industrial.htm
                                        Works Cited

"Artificial Intelligence." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 19 Apr. 2011.

       <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence>.

"MIT/ILP Calendar Event - New Tools for Teaching and Research in Robotics and

       Vision, 04/6/2011." MIT-Industry-Home. 19 Apr. 2011. Web. 19 Apr. 2011.

       <http://ilp.mit.edu/event.jsp?id=1322>.

News, 3. "Parking Problems Solved by Robots - Story - Technology - 3 News." 3 News -

       New Zealand's Latest News, Sport, Entertainment, Politics, Business... Web. 19

       Apr. 2011. <http://www.3news.co.nz/Parking-problems-solved-by-

       robots/tabid/412/articleID/143855/Default.aspx>.

"Using Robots to Solve End-of-Line Issues in the Food Industry." Industrial Robotics &

       Automation Solutions - FANUC Robotics America. Web. 19 Apr. 2011.

       <http://www.fanucrobotics.com/reflib/articleFRNA104/ar01s01s03.aspx>.
Web.

Web. 19 Apr. 2011.

Web. 19 Apr. 2011.

"YouTube - Robotics Industrial Robots Factory Automation KUKA Imagefilm."
YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 19 Apr. 2011.
<http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h31mcihNBO4>.

				
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