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					                         Training

• Continuous training
   – fairly constant intensity of exercise during workout

• Interval training
   – bout of intense exercise with partial recovery rest
     periods
                   Interval Training
• sets
   – series of alternating works and rests
• rest intervals
   – partial, but not complete, recovery
• work:rest ratio
   – aerobic conditioning
        • 1:1 or 1:2
        • rest intervals are equal to, or slightly longer in
          duration than the works
   – anaerobic conditioning
        • 1:5 or 1:6
        • longer recovery time between high intensity works
• examples of interval training
   – acceleration sprint
       • maximum sprint distance
       • repeat 1:6
   – speed play
       • IT, but not as low of speed during recovery times
   – inertial drills
       • jumping
       • accelerating and decelerating
       • side-to-side
       • repeat 1:6
                 Long Slow Distance

• Low intensity aerobics
   – walking, trotting, slow canter
• benefits:
   – improve cardiovascular and metabolic efficiency
   – enhance horse‘s ability to regulate body temperature
• length: 3-12 months
• goal: 45-60 minutes of walk/trot/canter
   – (2-3 minutes of cantering)
                Aerobic Conditioning
• increase horse’s maximal oxygen consumption
• energy derived from aerobic processes
   – increase ability to generate ATP oxidatively
• ENDURANCE EXERCISE:
   – continuous training
       • increase duration with same intensity
       • speed @ 4-8 m/s (8-15 mph)
       • HR < 160
   – aerobic IT
       • push above anaerobic threshold (HR > 160)
          – increase anaerobic threshold
          – decrease LA production
              Anaerobic Conditioning
• LSD followed by high-intensity, strength training
   – speed play
   – acceleration sprints
   – inertial drills
• benefits:
   – increase in muscle mass
       • increase amount of anaerobic power
   – increase tolerance of waste products of glycolysis
• Strength training:
   – initially improve neuromuscular coordination
   – further improvements from increases in strength
   – hills:
       • steep up hills
       • gradual down hills
   – carrying or pulling more weight
   – jumping higher fences, step jumping
   – deep sand, snow, water
• brief, but intense work-outs
• alternate days
   – maintain 1 day per week
                     Overtraining

• Aerobic
   – increase HR for exercise load
   – loss of speed
   – decreased performance
• Strength training
   – muscle soreness
   – pull and strains

				
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