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Faculty Research Grants, 2003-04 Political Science British Columbia First Nations Treaty Referendum Study. Todd A. Donovan, Department of Political Science, Western Washington University. Donovan seeks to examine the Treaty Negotiations Referendum conducted by the BC Government in May 2003. Specifically, he will explore how ballot wording and question order affected support; the nature and effect off the First Nations boycott of the referendum; and the effects of the referendum since 2002. Donovan will examine election results and interview legislators, attorneys and people involved with the campaign. The Impact of 'Third Party' Advertising in Canadian Elections. Donald Munroe Eagles, Department of Political Science, University at Buffalo - The State University of New York. Eagles will examine Canada’s regulatory regime governing the role of money in elections and seek to identify the impact of constituency-based third party interventions in Canadian federal election campaigns. He will assemble an ecological data set based on information from the 2000 census and the most recent elections on the 308 new federal electoral districts and collect information on the local interventions of all third parties in the next federal election campaign. Eagles will monitor media coverage and advertising by third parties during the next election campaign and interview officials in every group active in the campaign. The Impact of Election Finance Laws: Preliminary Results from the Canadian Provinces. Keith E. Hamm, Department of Political Science, Rice University. Hamm is pursuing the study of election finance issues in the Canadian provinces. He is a co- investigator on a U.S. National Science Foundation funded study examining the impact of changes in campaign finance laws at the U.S. state level. This multi-year project focuses on how the laws regulating campaign finance affect the pool of candidates who run for office, the contesting legislative seats, the costs of elections, the strategies that interest groups adopt, and the role of political parties. Hamm wants to gather initial data on similar topics in Alberta, BC, Manitoba, and PEI and to make a preliminary assessment of the impact of the laws. Popular Music, Political Culture and Socialization. David J. Jackson, Department of Political Science, Bowling Green State University. Jackson will conduct research among English-speaking Canadian youths to determine the impact of music preference and engagement level on both their cultural identity and their specific socio-political beliefs. He seeks to conduct an opinion survey of students enrolled in first-year courses at Canadian universities across the country to investigate the link between pop music and the socio-political beliefs of young Canadians. He will explore whether Canadians who listen to more music produced by U.S. artists are less anti-American than other young Canadians; whether Canadians who listen to more music produced by Canadians have a more positive image of Canada than other young Canadians. Democratizing Canadian Foreign Policy. James M. McCormick, Department of Political Science, Iowa State University. McCormick will conduct research on the recent efforts of the Canadian Government to “democratize” its foreign policy process and to begin work on a book-length manuscript on this topic. He will visit Vancouver, Edmonton, Ottawa, Quebec City, and Halifax to discuss the impact of the governmental actions to involve Canadian citizens more deeply in the foreign policy process. He will explore how much public involvement exists in the shaping of Canadian foreign policy. Media Analysis of the Ideology of Canadian Supreme Court Nominees. Cynthia L. Ostberg, Department of Political Science, University of the Pacific. This project is a continuation of a larger research agenda that seeks to systematically analyze the impact that ideological values have had on Canadian Supreme Court justices. Ostberg proposes to analyze newspaper assessments of the perceived ideology of Supreme Court nominees at the time of their appointment, and of recent cased decided by the Court. Specifically, she is interested in the extent of ideological commentary that appears in newspaper descriptions of judicial nominees at the time of their announced appointment to the Court. In addition, Ostberg will examine the connection between perceived ideological values of justices and their policy choices in different legal areas. The Politics of Same-Sex Rights in Canada: An Examination and Analysis of Recent Provincial, Judicial, and Parliamentary Developments. LeRoy Marvin Overby, Department of Political Science, University of Missouri. Overby seeks to gather and analyze public opinion, campaign, turnout, and voice choice data on the October provincial elections in Ontario to determine what effect, if any, gay rights issues have on those outcomes in light of the provincial Court of Appeals ruling in June 2003 that a ban on same-sex marriage violates the terms of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. He will also examine recent history of judicial-parliamentary interaction on same-sex issues as well as provincial-federal dynamics in this area. The Judicial Struggle With Democracy. Mark E. Rush, Department of Political Science, Washington and Lee University. Rush will collaborate with Christopher Manfredi of McGill University on a manuscript entitled The Judicial Struggle with Democracy: Canadian and American Approaches to Law and Politics. The book will compare and contrast the jurisprudence of the American and Canadian Supreme Courts. The Canadian focus will begin with the patriation of the Canadian constitution and the establishment of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. An Empirical Analysis of Decision Making in the Supreme Courts and Courts of Appeals of Canada and the United States: A Principal Agent Perspective. Donald R. Songer, Department of Political Science, University of South Carolina. Songer proposes to research decision making in the appellate courts of Canada and their role in policy making within the judicial hierarchy. He will conduct an empirical examination of the relationship between the Supreme Court of Canada and the lower courts in shaping the overall contribution of courts to policy outcomes in Canada. With support from the U.S. National Science Foundation, Songer has interviewed six of the current members of the Supreme Court of Canada and a number of judges of the U.S. courts of appeals. He will code decisions of the courts of appeals in Canada that parallel his U.S. appeals court data; complete interviews with the justices of the Supreme Court of Canada; and interview a sample of judges of the courts of appeals from several Canadian provinces. The Politics of Tobacco Control in the Western Provinces and Territories of Canada. Donley T. Studlar, Department of Political Science, West Virginia University. This research will examine why the Western Canadian provinces and territories have belatedly become so active in the fight against tobacco consumption. Studlar will enquire if it is due to the stimulus of the national strategy, the availability of funds from the federal government to aid tobacco control efforts; and the presence of particular officials, either elected or bureaucratic, in the provincial or territorial governments; pressure from regionally-based advocacy groups. He will also explore lessons drawn from the experiences of other provinces; and why particular policy instruments, including but not limited to taxation, were chosen to combat tobacco usage. Economics Assessing the Impact of the Mandatory Country of Origin Labelling in the North American Meat Market. Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Department of Agricultural Economics, Iowa State University. Fabiosa intends to examine the cost, price, trade, and welfare impacts of Mandatory Country of Origin Labelling (MCOOL). He will develop an integrated partial equilibrium North American Meat model to explore the implications of the MCOOL. He argues that major domestic policy reforms such as the termination of the grain transportation subsidy in Canada, and the removal of trade barriers in NAFTA, the North American market is becoming a single integrated market. These reforms have fuelled significant efficiency gains through specialization. The Long-Term Effects of Income Support: A Study of New Brunswick and Maine, 1940-2001. Peter J. Kuhn, Department of Economics, University of California, Santa Barbara. Kunh proposes to examine long-term effects of income support policies, focusing on the effects of unemployment insurance, specifically comparing its effects in New Brunswick and Maine from 1940 to 2001. He choose NB and ME because of their much greater similarity than of Canada and the U.S. as a whole; the fact that the unemployment insurance plays such an important role in both these highly seasonal economies; and the fact that the UI system has evolved so very differently in the two jurisdictions over the last 60 years. Creating Labor Laws For the Twenty-First Century: The Legacies Of the Sims + Dunlop Commissions Compared. John A. Logan, Institute for Labor and Employment, University of California - Los Angeles. Logan examine the reappraisals of federal labor law undertaken in the mid-1990s by the federal governments of Canada and the U.S.- the Sims Task Force in Canada and the Dunlop Commission in the U.S. Logan will explore why the Sims Task Force was generally welcomed by labor and employer representatives and why the Dunlop Commission failed to achieve consensus on any major aspect of reform. He will also examine to what extent, after almost 10 years, the attitudes of the major actors (employers, unions, and government) have changed in their evaluation both the reports and what are now the greatest priorities for labor law reform. Economic Implications of Tightening Security at the Canadian American Border. Marie-Christine Therrien, Maine Business School, University of Maine. Therrien will explore the relationship between changes in border security policies and firms’ indicators of economic activity (costs/time of production, profitability, ability to compete with similar producers, etc.). Specifically, the project will research economic implications of tightening security on the Canadian-American border for a selected group of firms; analyze efficiency of new policies implemented during the past 2 years; and develop recommendations on making border regulations more efficient in terms of minimizing costs to businesses while conforming with current security goals of both countries. The study will include a survey of 50 firms engaged in Canada-U.S. trade in the New England area from various economic sectors. Forestry Learning From British Columbia's Community Forestry Pilot Projects. James P. McCarthy, Department of Geography, The Pennsylvania State University. McCarthy seeks to explore community forestry pilot projects in British Columbia as potential models for “far less successful community forestry projects in the U.S.” Focus is on efforts to give communities authority to govern nearby forests, which has become a major trend in forest management globally. He will conduct interviews regarding community forestry at the national scale with representatives of national-level environmental organizations involved in community forestry (including the Sierra Club of Canada) and government representatives. He will also spend 6 weeks in BC interviewing BC Ministry of Forests officials, consulting with academics, and visiting three representative pilot projects. Buyer-Seller Relations in the Paper Industry: A Comparative Study of Canada and the United States. Dorothy Paun, College of Forest Resources, University of Washington. Paun proposes to explore relations between newsprint manufacturers (i.e., sellers) and newspaper publishers (i.e., buyers) in Canada and the U.S. She will examine how pricing behavior and business contracts influence buyer-seller satisfaction and firm performance, premised on a theoretical model of contracting and relational behavior. The objectives are to examine the nature and use of contracts in the Canadian and U.S. newsprint manufacturing industry; the role of uncertainty in the newsprint contracting environment; newsprint manufacturer and newspaper publisher perceptions of pricing response behavior and influence over price; and influence of uncertainty, contracts, and price on buyer-seller relationship satisfaction and firm performance. Evaluating Local Partnerships for Sustainable Forestry in Canada and the United States: Methods for Building Understanding and Developing Trust. Bruce A. Shindler, Department of Forest Resources, Oregon State University. Shindler plans to work with Canadian scientists to evaluate the effectiveness of agency-citizen partnerships and the communication strategies used to engage local public in our two countries. Research will be at the community level where forestry personnel have begun to work cooperatively with citizen groups to gain acceptance for agency programs and build joint responsibility for sustainable forest management. The project will identify partnership arrangements and public outreach programs that hold promises as relatively new innovative techniques. It will establish cooperative relationships with agency personnel and local partners to allow for evaluation of planning and communication activities. It will design and implement measures to assess program effectiveness and outcomes in each setting. And it will highlight the differences and similarities in U.S. and Canadian management approaches and how they influence outcomes for reaching agreement on sustainable practices. Impact of Trade Actions On Softwood Lumber Companies in Canada and the United States: An Event Study of Stock-Market Returns. Daowei Zhang, School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University. This study examines the effect of trade actions and threats of trade actions on returns of publicly-traded U.S. and Canadian forest products company stocks. While this study does not cover the economic welfare of consumers in either country, it provides a more direct measure of the economic impacts of major producers in both countries. The results can be used, according to Zhang, to explain the motivation of trade actions taken by U.S. companies and the responses of Canadian companies to the trade actions. Geography The Impact of Eliminating 'Holy Crow' On Prairie Agriculture. Michael J. Broadway, Department of Geography, Northern Michigan University. This study will provide a detailed analysis of structural change in prairie farming at the agricultural district level within Canadian provinces. Broadway will interview provincial agricultural officials, journalists, representatives of the National Farmers Union and academics for their assessment of how eliminating the Crows Nest Pass Agreement and Rates has altered prairie agriculture. The study seeks to determine the extent of any differences between the three Prairie provinces in terms of changes in crop cultivation and livestock production. Immigration, Settlement, and Transnationalism: Russians and Ukrainians in the Canadian-U.S. Borderland. Susan W. Hardwick, Department of Geography, University of Oregon. Hardwick proposes to examine immigrant and refugee resettlement in BC to test two related strands of theory-transnationalism and social network theory. She will focus on comparative settlement patterns and transnational networks and relationships of post-Soviet-era Russians and Ukrainians in a region extending from the Vancouver metropolitan area south across the Canadian-U.S. border to Seattle. She will explore whether today’s political boundaries actually may instead be emerging as permeable landscapes rich in transnational connections; immigrant networks; and ongoing social, cultural, and economic interaction. Understanding Canadian Security and Border Management in a Shifting Global Context. Alison Mountz, Department of Geography, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University. Mountz will explore the implementation of recent changes in immigration policies at the national and regional level in Canada and their impact on border management and security cooperation between Canada and the U.S. Specifically, she seeks to understand the ability of federal governments to implement policy that effectively controls human smuggling. The project will examine this issue from the perspective of those who draft and negotiate policy in Ottawa to those who implement the policy regionally, where border management practices must adapt to shifting policies. It investigates the question “what is the relationship between Canada’s immigration and refugee policies, the UN Protocols and the regulation of human smuggling movements across Canadian borders?” Late 19th Century Urban Policy and Industrial Capitalism in Central Canada's Cities. Heather N. Nicol, Department of Geosciences, University of West Georgia. Nicol’s research explores the development of industrial subsidy policies as a significant, although short-lived, step contributing to the development of municipal government’s support for all kinds of policies dealing with public interest, infrastructure development and eventually, even social welfare. She seeks to examine municipal government history in terms of its relationship to the broader contours of urban-economic development and socio-political change that swept through North America and Western Europe in the late th 19 century. Agglomeration Economies and Productivity Differences Across Canadian Cities. David L. Rigby, Department of Geography, University of California Los Angeles. The research proposes to map the variation in productivity levels and productivity growth rates across Canadian cities and to model the underlying determinants of that variation. Specifically, the model estimation includes the existence, the nature and the size of agglomeration economies, gains in efficiencies that are related to the spatial clustering of economic activity, most particularly the impacts of buyer-supplier networks, labor pooling and knowledge spillovers. This will help inform political decision-making on urban competitiveness and local economic development. A Comparative Study of the Alaskan Native Land Claim Agreement and the Canadian Western Arctic Inuvialuit Final Agreement. James C. Saku, Department of Geography, Frostburg State University. Saku seeks to examine the factors affecting the socio-economic and cultural dynamics of Native people living in the Western Arctic of Canada and Alaska. He will compare the historical evolution of the Alaskan Native Land Claim Agreement and the Inuvialuit Land Claim Agreement. He proposes to create community development indices that will provide a comparative analysis of community development status. The central questions addressed are what impact, if any, have modern land claim agreements had on Native’s economic development (specifically have such claims led to the economic improvement of the Inuvialuit of the Western Arctic of Canada and Alaska Natives) and what are the social and cultural ramifications of the agreements. Public Policy Autism and Public Policy in the Auton Era. Dana L. Baker, Harry S. Truman School of Public Affairs, University of Missouri - Columbia. Baker will investigate the observable effects of the Auton v. Attorney General of British Columbia, et al, on the disability arena in Western Canada. The Auton case focused on the question of access to intensive therapy (specifically applied behavior analysis or ABA) as a (medical) right under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Baker argues that this case is especially interesting in the North American context both because of its inherent implications for the construction of rights and because of the compelling difference of portrayal of the therapy from the U.S. (Where students have a rights based access to special education and ABA is consistently defined as an educational right). Baker will interview issue stakeholders, including parents, administrators, advocates, school district representatives and practitioners in the medical community. Cycling Policies and Trends In Canadian Cities: Lessons For the United States? John R. Pucher, Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University. Pucher seeks to document Canadian cycling trends and policies over the past decade; consider European cycling policies that might improve conditions in Canada; and draw lessons from Canadian policies for the U.S. He will analyze different approaches that Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal have taken toward promoting safe and convenient cycling, including investments in separate rights of way, bike parking, education and training, and law enforcement. Canadian Contributions to Emerging Global Values and Policies on Early Childhood Development and Education. Kofi Marfo, Center for Research on Children's Development and Learning, University of South Florida, Tampa. Marfo seeks to analyze the broader social policy environments of Canada the U.S. to identify socio- cultural values and specific policy traditions and initiatives pertinent to early childhood development, care, and education. He will also identify areas in which Canadian socio- political values and advances in policy development offer useful lessons and/or models for the U.S. And he will identify, through historical analysis of scientific advances in child development research and shifts in socio-cultural values, threat to comprehensive social policy formation within both the Canadian and U.S. contexts. The core question is how well Canada and the U.S. are positioning themselves to take advantage of the renewed scientific and societal enthusiasm about the foundational importance of the early childhood years to formulate more comprehensive child and family policies. Environment Metropolitan Greenway Networks: Learning from Canadian Experiences. Donna L. Erickson, School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan. Erickson seeks to develop analytical case studies of Canadian and U.S. greenway networks (connected open space networks or greenways that connect key landscapes with each other and with people). She will focus on the objectives for which connected open space networks are defined and developed, the collaboration of public and private partners, and the purposes that these landscapes subsequently serve. Case studies include Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, and Seattle. This builds on previous research Erickson has conducted on greenways in Canada. History Taking Measure of Each Other: Students, Women and Popular Diplomacy in Canada and the United States, 1940-1971. Andrew C. Holman, Department of History, Bridgewater State College. Holman seeks to provide an assessment of the ways in which ordinary Canadians and Americans regarded, defined, and prescribed behaviour for one another during a tense period of international affairs. He will examine popular views of foreign policy - Americans of Canada and Canadians of the U.S. - by assessing the deliberations and activities of two unique lay organizations that were born during the early yeas of World War II and collapsed at the height of the Vietnam War -- the Canadian-American Conference, a biennial symposium that brought together students and faculty from Macalaster College in MN and United College in Winnipeg as well as the Canadian American Women’s Committee, composed of delegates from a variety of women’s organizations in Canada and the U.S. Winnipeg and an Oppositional Consciousness. James D. Mochoruk, Department of History, University of North Dakota. Mochoruk’s research is concerned with the ways in which various components of a broadly defined left worked themselves into the social fabric of the Winnipeg community. He seeks to understand how bonds of ethnicity, class, and gender helped to forge and maintain an oppositional consciousness in Winnipeg. Shaping the National Memory of the First World War in Canada and Newfoundland, 1914-1939. Mark D. Sheftall, Department of History, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Sheftall’s research compares the ways in which Britons, Canadians, and Australians during World War I and the inter-war years rendered and remembered, within their respective cultures, the experience of the Great War. He wants to widen his investigation to explore memories of the First World War in Newfoundland. The central question of his research is why the national memories of the war in the dominions (with the focus on what was achieved in the war) and in Great Britain (with its focus on what was lost) diverged between 1919 and 1939 to the extent they did. Urban Studies An Assessment of Citizen Attitudes in the City of Ottawa: Civic Culture and the Effects of Amalgamation. Laura A. Reese, Department of Urban Planning, Wayne State University. Reese’s research assesses the consolidation or “amalgamation” of twelve units of local government creating the new city of Ottawa. She will conduct a survey of Ottawa residents to assess citizen opinions and evaluations of the outcomes of amalgamation of the city of Ottawa and to explore the central attributes of the civic culture of the city in the minds of its citizens. Reese will explore the benefits of local government consolidation as well as the negative outcomes. Specifically, she will look at the perceived quality and quantity of basic local services; changes in representation of citizen and group interests occurred as a result of the consolidation; the perceived costs of governance and service provision; and what lessons the Ottawa amalgamation experience provides for U.S. cities. Anthropology Urban Inuit Artists. Nelson H. Graburn, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley. This research will examine the continuities and discontinuities in the recent fluorescence of urban Inuit art, compared with the better know Inuit art produced in the Canadian Arctic and exported “South.” Grayburn will focus on long-term Inuit resident artists in southern Canada, outstanding Inuit artists who have left the North for artists training or development and have taken up residence in the South; and younger artists, brought up in the South, of Inuit or mixed parentage, who have had art school training, and who socially gravitate to Inuit-supportive institutions in the cities, and who express their identity through their arts. Literature Ambivalent Identities: Canadian Nationality and the Anxiety of Englishness in English Canadian Emigrant Writing. Carter F. Hanson, Department of English, Valparaiso University. Hanson will explore how English genteel emigrants to Canada, “who were often convinced of their social and cultural superiority”, adapted psychologically to settler life and to what degree they adopted or rejected a sense of Canadian identity and nationality. He will use as resources novels and adventure stories about emigrating to Canada as well as emigrant handbooks or settler guides written by emigrants about their experiences in Canada. Architecture The Vernacular Architecture and Cultural Landscapes of Rural Finnish Canadians in the Prairie Provinces and Ontario. Arnold R. Alanen, Department of Landscape Architecture, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Alanen will survey the built environment of selected Finnish settlements in Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Ontario. He plans to locate and utilize appropriate archival and contemporary resources in Canada and in Minnesota to establish the historical and current settlement contexts for the communities. He proposed to conduct reconnaissance surveys to locate representative examples of building types and landscape features and document these photographically. He will determine the degree to which Finnish settlement in Canada demonstrated the simultaneous maintenance of tradition and adaptation to Canadian architectural and landscape practices. Faculty Enrichment Grants, 2003-04 Political Science Public Management Reforms in Canada and the United States. Brendan F. Burke, Department of Political Science, Bridgewater State College. This course will offer students theoretical and practical background on major administrative reforms and an understanding of the factors that lead to their successful implementation at the provincial and local level. It will focus on three major public management reforms: performance or outcome orientation in service delivery; contracting out or outsourcing of governmental services; and citizen participation in governmental decision making. Each reform will be viewed through American and Canadian success stories. The course will examine the intergovernmental structure of subnational government in Canada and the U.S. Introduction to Canadian Government and Politics. Richard C. Elling, Department of Political Science, Wayne State University. Elling will develop an undergraduate introductory course in Canadian government and politics and modify an existing advanced undergraduate/graduate course in federalism and intergovernmental relations. The first course will examine the political process in Canada, its historical roots, evolution, and contemporary issues. It will explore topics such as separatism in Quebec, health care for Canadians, the challenges of an increasingly multi-cultural Canadian society, and the dynamics of Canadian-U.S. relations. The advanced course will compare and contrast federalism in Canada and the U.S., focusing on the evolution of the federal bargain, fiscal federalism, the cooperative and conflictual relationships between states/provinces and the federal government, and different approaches to municipal governance. Canadian-American Relations. Douglas C. Nord, Department of Political Science, Wright State University, OH. Nord will develop a new course on Canada-U.S. relations as part of an undergraduate international studies major and a new graduate program in international relations and comparative politics. Sections include economic issues (bilateral trade, NAFTA, investment), environmental and resource issues (water quality, air pollution, energy, forest resources), cultural policies and values (media, advertising national identities), security and border issues (migration, anti-terrorism measures, defense cooperation), as well as overall political and foreign policy relations. Public Policy Managing the Nonprofit Sector in North America. David J. Eaton, LBJ School of Public Affairs, University of Austin Texas. Eaton will increase the Canadian content of an introductory survey course for graduate students on management and operation of nonprofit organzations. The course will include a focus on North American philanthropy, volunteerism, community engagement and community service. The course will also be available simultaneously via compressed video to students at Canadian and Mexican universities that are part of a North American Mobility consortium on nonprofit studies (University of Victoria, University of Carleton, Benemérita Universadad Autónoma de Puebla, Colegio Mexiquense, and the Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas). Geography Geographies of Difference: Social Identities and Space in Continental and Global Perspective. Kim V.L. England, Department of Geography, University of Washington. England will create a new course that explores the differences and similarities in the urban social geographies of Canada and the U.S. The course will examine shared cultural similarities and parallel histories as well as different social values and national philosophies. She will employ Statistics Canada and US Census data to develop a data set related to issues discussed in class and develop an accompanying class website. She also hopes to develop a student exchange with the University of British Columbia, Simon Fraser University, or the University of Victoria. Geography of Canada and the United States. Soren C. Larsen, Department of Geology and Geography, Georgia Southern University. Larson plans to redevelop a course currently entitled historical geography of North America and increase the Canadian content by integrating contemporary regional issues with historical themes. He will establish links between Georgia Southern students and Canadian institutions through research projects and electronic correspondence. In addition to exploring Canada’s physical environment, infrastructure, development, trade, federalism, and indigenous peoples, the course will employ a case study of British Columbia, examining natural resources management, urbanization and settlement, U.S.-Canada relations, aboriginal cultures, and rural development. Students will be required to conduct a research project by working directly with one of the following institutions: the University of Northern British Columbia, College of New Caledonia, Ministry of Forests (Vanderhoof District Office), Cheslatta T’en Band, Carrier Sekani Tribal Council, Lh’kacho Band, or the Southside Economic Development Association (Southbank). Economics NAFTA: Perspectives from Canada and Mexico. P. Roberto Garcia and Alan Rugman, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University. Garcia and Rugman will develop an annual course on key issues related to NAFTA and its member countries that will focus on perspectives from Canada and Mexico. The course will examine the economic rationale for integration, foreign direct investment effects (including FDI rules and environmental and labor agreements), sectoral focus (finance, energy, agriculture, and automotive), post 9-11 effects and security issues, and the future of NAFTA. The course will include modules delivered by guest speakers from the University of Toronto and the Monterrey Institute of Technology in Mexico. Empirical and Theoretical Dimensions of International Trade. Alan D. MacPherson, Department of Geography, Director, Canada-United States Trade Center, University at Buffalo, SUNY. MacPherson seeks to increase the Canadian content in a graduate course in international trade and an undergraduate course on international business and world trade. The former examines cross-border investment patterns, trade flows, strategic alliances, trade disputes, and business travel. The latter explores environmentally-based trade barriers and related Canada-U.S. commercial disputes (e.g. softwood lumber). Both courses will be updated and revised to highlight the importance of Canada-U.S. commercial relations, especially the changing commodity structure of bilateral trade, foreign direct investment flows, intra-industry and intra-corporate trade, bilateral trade barriers (tariff and non-tariff), dispute resolution procedures, trade policy and inter-firm strategic alliances. Canadian sector focus will include commercial geographic information systems (GIS) industry, biotechnology, commercial aerospace, and forest products. Communications [Trans]National Identities, New Media/tions and the Place of the Public. P. David Marshall, Department of Communication Studies, Northeastern University. Marshall will develop and teach this course in cooperation with York University’s Multisectoral Interactive Collaborative Educational Initiative. It will have a Canadian-U.S. comparative focus on cultural policy and values and will explore relationships between communications technologies and national identities. Objectives of Canadian cultural policy will be addressed and Canada’s commitment to multiculturalism will be critically examined. Students will have access to digitalized Canadian cultural materials, digital archives of selected Canadian cultural industries, Canadian course materials and learning modules, and direct exchanges with Canadian students enrolled in the same course at York University. Environment Canada-United States Comparative Environmental Policy. Jeffrey C. Stier, Department of Forest Ecology and Management, University of Wisconsin - Madison. Stier will create a new course that will provide a comparative analysis of policies and approaches toward management of environmental issues and natural resources in Canada and the U.S. and how differences in those policies affect bilateral relations. It will examine the underlying differences and similarities in social, economic, and political institutions and the relationship between respective federal and sub-federal levels of government. Possible case studies to be included are agricultural livestock operations, forestry, fisheries, endangered species and biodiversity protection, acid rain, climate change, water quality, and/or pollution control. Cultural Policy Bilingualism and Bi-Culturalism in Canada and the United States. Anne M-J Violin- Wigent, Department of French, Classics, and Italian, Michigan State University. This course will explore language laws or lack thereof in Canada and the U.S. and their consequences at the state/provincial and federal level as well as the individual level. It will focus on public attitudes toward bilingualism in both countries and examine Canada’s policies toward language, nationality, and minority rights. The course will feature numerous documentaries that illustrate the political and personal implications of an individual’s language choice. Graduate Student Fellowship Recommendations, 2003-04 Anthropology Who is Québécois? The Articulation of Nationalist and Multicultural Interests In Emerging Language Ideologies. Sonia N. Das, Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan. Das will investigate language policy in Québec and its relationship to nationalism, nation building, and the management of (non-French) minorities within the French-speaking Québec community. She will focus on the linguistic situation of Tamil- speaking immigrants to Québec, with an emphasis on their participation in the PELO, an extracurricular language program that offers instruction in “heritage languages” to students in Montreal public schools. Tamil is one of 12 languages offered through the PELO. Das hypothesizes that this identification with the Tamil ethnic group re-enforces a distinction between French-speaking Tamils and ethnic Québécois. She will analyze linguistic practices and their attitudes toward the Tamil PELO and test hypotheses about language ideology formation in post 1977-Montreal. Das will live in the Tamil section of Côte-des-Neiges and conduct part of her research at the elementary school École des Nations. Visualizing Aboriginal Stories: First Nations Media Production in Vancouver. Kristin L. Dowell, Department of Anthropology, New York University. Dowell’s research will focus on aboriginal media makers working in a range of genres from television production to documentary narrative film to experiential video. She will examine the institutions, organizations, artist-run centers, and community activities that support aboriginal media productions. She will explore whether aboriginal media production affect the development of an urban intertribal aboriginal community in Vancouver, how aboriginal media production relates to traditional forms of aboriginal art and how these forms of cultural expression impact aboriginal efforts for self-representation and self- determination. Dowell will conduct research in the National Film Board archives and interview aboriginal media makers in Montreal. She will also interview media makers on reserves in British Columbia near Vancouver. She will interview filmmakers among the Kwakwaka’wakw community in Alert Bay, BC, and Okanagan Nation in Penticton, BC, who are documenting area cultural practices. And she will conduct archival research at the Royal British Columbia Museum in Victoria. Locating Place in a Global World: Politics, Sovereignty, and Cultural Revitalization - Asubpeeschoseewagong (Grassy Narrows), Ontario. Anna J. Willow, Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin - Madison. Willow will explore the intersections of place, environmental change, and indigenous identities in the context of indigenous environmental activism in Asubpeeschoseewagong (Grassy Narrows) First Nation in Ontario. She will investigate how and why the concept of place as well as specific places in the landscape remain so import in a global and dynamic cultural world. She will examine how places and people’s complex connections to them often serve as driving forces and as rhetorical and political devices in the context of indigenous movements, including current debates surrounding logging at Grassy Narrows. She notes that indigenous environmental activism at Grassy Narrows (such as the roving blockades to stop logging trucks and equipment in traditional land use areas in 2002) is about protecting the forest but is also a statement of sovereignty and cultural revitalization aimed at creating a better life for future generations. Willow will conduct participant observation for 18 months among the citizens of Grassy Narrows First Nation and surrounding communities. She will conduct archival research at the band offices and surveys of activists as well as people involved with regional logging. Cultural Policy Transnational Communities Through Global Tourism: Experiencing Celtic Culture in Music on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Kathleen Elizabeth Lavengood, Department of Folklore and Ethnomusicology, Indiana University, Bloomington. Lavengood’s research project on musical tourism in Cape Breton will focus on tourism as a mode of experience, the transnationalization of culture, and the political economy of cultural tourism. She will examine the role of tourists, business people, performers, other cultural specialists, and a range of institutions that comprise the complex process of cultural production in Cape Breton. Lavengood will examine how music performance works as a symbolic communication between locals and foreigners in ways capable of transcending language and cultural barriers in the context of global tourism. She will live in Cape Breton for a year, where she will conduct research, volunteer with local music associations, interview musicians and tourists, and study local music traditions. She will employ qualitative research methods, relying on participant-observation, interviewing, and videotaping as primary techniques. Political Science Reconceptualizing Sovereignty Through Indigenous Autonomy: A Case Study of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference and US Role in Arctic Development and Policy. Jessica M. Shadian, Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Delaware. Shadian will examine the authority and influence of the Inuit as a polity, socio-culturally and politically, at both the Arctic regional level and in the realm of global politics. She will trace the evolution of Inuit identity construction by examining the effects of colonization on Inuit identity and then describe the processes by which the Inuit have redefined themselves and their role in recent decades within the context of the larger global system. The study also aims to address the issues that underrepresented peoples face and how an indigenous population has contended with their particular concerns for autonomy and self-determination. Shadian will examine how, through the Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC), the Inuit people have become a powerful forces not only domestically in Canada and Denmark but also in the Arctic, shaping its definition and development policies. She plans to work at the Groupe d’etudes inuit et circumpolaires (GETIC) at Université Laval, where she will be part of the Circumpolar Arctic Social Network (CASS). She will also conduct research at the ICC Canadian office in Ottawa as well as conduct research and interviews at the ICC office in Nunavut. History Northwest Coast Jewellery: A Cultural and Commercial History. Kathryn B. Bunn- Marcuse, Division of Art History, University of Washington. Bunn-Marcuse will study Northwest Coast silver and gold jewelry, which became a significant part of the commercial Native art market, starting in the late-19th century. She will focus on particular Northern artists whose work in precious metal is relative unknown; the use and manufacture of bracelets for potlatch payments among the Kwakwaka’wakw; and the current state of the market for Northwest Coast jewelry. She will examine the art form’s commercial and cultural aspects in detail. She plans to conduct research in the Kitanmax School of Northwest Indian Art in Hazelton, the provincial archives in Victoria, the Museum of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia, the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto, and Canadian Museum of Civilization in Ottawa. Living In-Between: Race, Migration, Identity, and State Formation in the U.S.- Canadian Borderlands. Kornel S. Chang, Department of History, University of Chicago. Chang will examine the emergence of territorial and social borders dividing th Americans and Canadians in the Northwest during the first two decades of the 20 century and its affect on the complex relationships among different native and immigrant groups living “in-between” the American Pacific Northwest and the Canadian West. Chang intends to chart these relationships and processes as they unfolded in a dynamic interplay and how the borderlands were ultimately transformed from relatively amorphous and socially fluid spaces into rigidly defined national societies with strict notions of hierarchy and power. He will follow the economic development of the region, internal and foreign migration, immigration bureaucracies, class structure, labor conflict, and race relations with a broader North American framework. Chang will conduct his research in numerous archives in British Columbia and the National Archives in Ottawa. Fishing the Borderlands: Law and Protest in the North Atlantic Fisheries, 1871- 1910. Brian J. Payne, Department of History, University of Maine at Orono. Payne seeks to identify the ways in which national authorities tried to impose themselves on an international resource economy. The study will examine diplomatic and legal records to uncover how authority in the North Atlantic was negotiated between competing international factions, and between those who orchestrated law enforcement and those who had legal authority imposed upon them. Payne will focus on both national and class differences between the many competing interpretations or rights and regulatory authority in the North Atlantic. Payne proposes to work in the provincial archives in Halifax as well as Saint Mary’s University and the Gorsebrook Institute in Halifax and the National Archives in Ottawa.
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