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Faculty Research Grants_ 2003-04


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									                            Faculty Research Grants, 2003-04

Political Science
British Columbia First Nations Treaty Referendum Study. Todd A. Donovan,
Department of Political Science, Western Washington University. Donovan seeks to
examine the Treaty Negotiations Referendum conducted by the BC Government in May
2003. Specifically, he will explore how ballot wording and question order affected
support; the nature and effect off the First Nations boycott of the referendum; and the
effects of the referendum since 2002. Donovan will examine election results and
interview legislators, attorneys and people involved with the campaign.

The Impact of 'Third Party' Advertising in Canadian Elections. Donald Munroe
Eagles, Department of Political Science, University at Buffalo - The State University of
New York. Eagles will examine Canada’s regulatory regime governing the role of money
in elections and seek to identify the impact of constituency-based third party interventions
in Canadian federal election campaigns. He will assemble an ecological data set based
on information from the 2000 census and the most recent elections on the 308 new
federal electoral districts and collect information on the local interventions of all third
parties in the next federal election campaign. Eagles will monitor media coverage and
advertising by third parties during the next election campaign and interview officials in
every group active in the campaign.

The Impact of Election Finance Laws: Preliminary Results from the Canadian
Provinces. Keith E. Hamm, Department of Political Science, Rice University. Hamm is
pursuing the study of election finance issues in the Canadian provinces. He is a co-
investigator on a U.S. National Science Foundation funded study examining the impact of
changes in campaign finance laws at the U.S. state level. This multi-year project focuses
on how the laws regulating campaign finance affect the pool of candidates who run for
office, the contesting legislative seats, the costs of elections, the strategies that interest
groups adopt, and the role of political parties. Hamm wants to gather initial data on
similar topics in Alberta, BC, Manitoba, and PEI and to make a preliminary assessment of
the impact of the laws.

Popular Music, Political Culture and Socialization. David J. Jackson, Department of
Political Science, Bowling Green State University. Jackson will conduct research among
English-speaking Canadian youths to determine the impact of music preference and
engagement level on both their cultural identity and their specific socio-political beliefs.
He seeks to conduct an opinion survey of students enrolled in first-year courses at
Canadian universities across the country to investigate the link between pop music and
the socio-political beliefs of young Canadians. He will explore whether Canadians who
listen to more music produced by U.S. artists are less anti-American than other young
Canadians; whether Canadians who listen to more music produced by Canadians have a
more positive image of Canada than other young Canadians.

Democratizing Canadian Foreign Policy. James M. McCormick, Department of
Political Science, Iowa State University. McCormick will conduct research on the recent
efforts of the Canadian Government to “democratize” its foreign policy process and to
begin work on a book-length manuscript on this topic. He will visit Vancouver, Edmonton,
Ottawa, Quebec City, and Halifax to discuss the impact of the governmental actions to
involve Canadian citizens more deeply in the foreign policy process. He will explore how
much public involvement exists in the shaping of Canadian foreign policy.

Media Analysis of the Ideology of Canadian Supreme Court Nominees. Cynthia L.
Ostberg, Department of Political Science, University of the Pacific. This project is a
continuation of a larger research agenda that seeks to systematically analyze the impact
that ideological values have had on Canadian Supreme Court justices. Ostberg proposes
to analyze newspaper assessments of the perceived ideology of Supreme Court
nominees at the time of their appointment, and of recent cased decided by the Court.
Specifically, she is interested in the extent of ideological commentary that appears in
newspaper descriptions of judicial nominees at the time of their announced appointment
to the Court. In addition, Ostberg will examine the connection between perceived
ideological values of justices and their policy choices in different legal areas.

The Politics of Same-Sex Rights in Canada: An Examination and Analysis of
Recent Provincial, Judicial, and Parliamentary Developments. LeRoy Marvin
Overby, Department of Political Science, University of Missouri. Overby seeks to gather
and analyze public opinion, campaign, turnout, and voice choice data on the October
provincial elections in Ontario to determine what effect, if any, gay rights issues have on
those outcomes in light of the provincial Court of Appeals ruling in June 2003 that a ban
on same-sex marriage violates the terms of the Canadian Charter of Rights and
Freedoms. He will also examine recent history of judicial-parliamentary interaction on
same-sex issues as well as provincial-federal dynamics in this area.

The Judicial Struggle With Democracy. Mark E. Rush, Department of Political
Science, Washington and Lee University. Rush will collaborate with Christopher
Manfredi of McGill University on a manuscript entitled The Judicial Struggle with
Democracy: Canadian and American Approaches to Law and Politics. The book will
compare and contrast the jurisprudence of the American and Canadian Supreme Courts.
The Canadian focus will begin with the patriation of the Canadian constitution and the
establishment of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

An Empirical Analysis of Decision Making in the Supreme Courts and Courts of
Appeals of Canada and the United States: A Principal Agent Perspective. Donald
R. Songer, Department of Political Science, University of South Carolina. Songer
proposes to research decision making in the appellate courts of Canada and their role in
policy making within the judicial hierarchy. He will conduct an empirical examination of
the relationship between the Supreme Court of Canada and the lower courts in shaping
the overall contribution of courts to policy outcomes in Canada. With support from the
U.S. National Science Foundation, Songer has interviewed six of the current members of
the Supreme Court of Canada and a number of judges of the U.S. courts of appeals. He
will code decisions of the courts of appeals in Canada that parallel his U.S. appeals court
data; complete interviews with the justices of the Supreme Court of Canada; and
interview a sample of judges of the courts of appeals from several Canadian provinces.

The Politics of Tobacco Control in the Western Provinces and Territories of
Canada. Donley T. Studlar, Department of Political Science, West Virginia University.
This research will examine why the Western Canadian provinces and territories have
belatedly become so active in the fight against tobacco consumption. Studlar will enquire
if it is due to the stimulus of the national strategy, the availability of funds from the federal
government to aid tobacco control efforts; and the presence of particular officials, either
elected or bureaucratic, in the provincial or territorial governments; pressure from
regionally-based advocacy groups. He will also explore lessons drawn from the
experiences of other provinces; and why particular policy instruments, including but not
limited to taxation, were chosen to combat tobacco usage.

Assessing the Impact of the Mandatory Country of Origin Labelling in the North
American Meat Market. Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Department of Agricultural Economics,
Iowa State University. Fabiosa intends to examine the cost, price, trade, and welfare
impacts of Mandatory Country of Origin Labelling (MCOOL). He will develop an
integrated partial equilibrium North American Meat model to explore the implications of
the MCOOL. He argues that major domestic policy reforms such as the termination of
the grain transportation subsidy in Canada, and the removal of trade barriers in NAFTA,
the North American market is becoming a single integrated market. These reforms have
fuelled significant efficiency gains through specialization.

The Long-Term Effects of Income Support: A Study of New Brunswick and Maine,
1940-2001. Peter J. Kuhn, Department of Economics, University of California, Santa
Barbara. Kunh proposes to examine long-term effects of income support policies,
focusing on the effects of unemployment insurance, specifically comparing its effects in
New Brunswick and Maine from 1940 to 2001. He choose NB and ME because of their
much greater similarity than of Canada and the U.S. as a whole; the fact that the
unemployment insurance plays such an important role in both these highly seasonal
economies; and the fact that the UI system has evolved so very differently in the two
jurisdictions over the last 60 years.

Creating Labor Laws For the Twenty-First Century: The Legacies Of the Sims +
Dunlop Commissions Compared. John A. Logan, Institute for Labor and Employment,
University of California - Los Angeles. Logan examine the reappraisals of federal labor
law undertaken in the mid-1990s by the federal governments of Canada and the U.S.- the
Sims Task Force in Canada and the Dunlop Commission in the U.S. Logan will explore
why the Sims Task Force was generally welcomed by labor and employer
representatives and why the Dunlop Commission failed to achieve consensus on any
major aspect of reform. He will also examine to what extent, after almost 10 years, the
attitudes of the major actors (employers, unions, and government) have changed in their
evaluation both the reports and what are now the greatest priorities for labor law reform.

Economic Implications of Tightening Security at the Canadian American Border.
Marie-Christine Therrien, Maine Business School, University of Maine. Therrien will
explore the relationship between changes in border security policies and firms’ indicators
of economic activity (costs/time of production, profitability, ability to compete with similar
producers, etc.). Specifically, the project will research economic implications of
tightening security on the Canadian-American border for a selected group of firms;
analyze efficiency of new policies implemented during the past 2 years; and develop
recommendations on making border regulations more efficient in terms of minimizing
costs to businesses while conforming with current security goals of both countries. The
study will include a survey of 50 firms engaged in Canada-U.S. trade in the New England
area from various economic sectors.

Learning From British Columbia's Community Forestry Pilot Projects. James P.
McCarthy, Department of Geography, The Pennsylvania State University. McCarthy
seeks to explore community forestry pilot projects in British Columbia as potential models
for “far less successful community forestry projects in the U.S.” Focus is on efforts to
give communities authority to govern nearby forests, which has become a major trend in
forest management globally. He will conduct interviews regarding community forestry at
the national scale with representatives of national-level environmental organizations
involved in community forestry (including the Sierra Club of Canada) and government
representatives. He will also spend 6 weeks in BC interviewing BC Ministry of Forests
officials, consulting with academics, and visiting three representative pilot projects.
Buyer-Seller Relations in the Paper Industry: A Comparative Study of Canada and
the United States. Dorothy Paun, College of Forest Resources, University of
Washington. Paun proposes to explore relations between newsprint manufacturers (i.e.,
sellers) and newspaper publishers (i.e., buyers) in Canada and the U.S. She will
examine how pricing behavior and business contracts influence buyer-seller satisfaction
and firm performance, premised on a theoretical model of contracting and relational
behavior. The objectives are to examine the nature and use of contracts in the Canadian
and U.S. newsprint manufacturing industry; the role of uncertainty in the newsprint
contracting environment; newsprint manufacturer and newspaper publisher perceptions
of pricing response behavior and influence over price; and influence of uncertainty,
contracts, and price on buyer-seller relationship satisfaction and firm performance.

Evaluating Local Partnerships for Sustainable Forestry in Canada and the United
States: Methods for Building Understanding and Developing Trust. Bruce A.
Shindler, Department of Forest Resources, Oregon State University. Shindler plans to
work with Canadian scientists to evaluate the effectiveness of agency-citizen
partnerships and the communication strategies used to engage local public in our two
countries. Research will be at the community level where forestry personnel have begun
to work cooperatively with citizen groups to gain acceptance for agency programs and
build joint responsibility for sustainable forest management. The project will identify
partnership arrangements and public outreach programs that hold promises as relatively
new innovative techniques. It will establish cooperative relationships with agency
personnel and local partners to allow for evaluation of planning and communication
activities. It will design and implement measures to assess program effectiveness and
outcomes in each setting. And it will highlight the differences and similarities in U.S. and
Canadian management approaches and how they influence outcomes for reaching
agreement on sustainable practices.

Impact of Trade Actions On Softwood Lumber Companies in Canada and the
United States: An Event Study of Stock-Market Returns. Daowei Zhang, School of
Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University. This study examines the effect of
trade actions and threats of trade actions on returns of publicly-traded U.S. and Canadian
forest products company stocks. While this study does not cover the economic welfare of
consumers in either country, it provides a more direct measure of the economic impacts
of major producers in both countries. The results can be used, according to Zhang, to
explain the motivation of trade actions taken by U.S. companies and the responses of
Canadian companies to the trade actions.

The Impact of Eliminating 'Holy Crow' On Prairie Agriculture. Michael J. Broadway,
Department of Geography, Northern Michigan University. This study will provide a
detailed analysis of structural change in prairie farming at the agricultural district level
within Canadian provinces. Broadway will interview provincial agricultural officials,
journalists, representatives of the National Farmers Union and academics for their
assessment of how eliminating the Crows Nest Pass Agreement and Rates has altered
prairie agriculture. The study seeks to determine the extent of any differences between
the three Prairie provinces in terms of changes in crop cultivation and livestock

Immigration, Settlement, and Transnationalism: Russians and Ukrainians in the
Canadian-U.S. Borderland. Susan W. Hardwick, Department of Geography, University
of Oregon. Hardwick proposes to examine immigrant and refugee resettlement in BC to
test two related strands of theory-transnationalism and social network theory. She will
focus on comparative settlement patterns and transnational networks and relationships of
post-Soviet-era Russians and Ukrainians in a region extending from the Vancouver
metropolitan area south across the Canadian-U.S. border to Seattle. She will explore
whether today’s political boundaries actually may instead be emerging as permeable
landscapes rich in transnational connections; immigrant networks; and ongoing social,
cultural, and economic interaction.

Understanding Canadian Security and Border Management in a Shifting Global
Context. Alison Mountz, Department of Geography, The Maxwell School, Syracuse
University. Mountz will explore the implementation of recent changes in immigration
policies at the national and regional level in Canada and their impact on border
management and security cooperation between Canada and the U.S. Specifically, she
seeks to understand the ability of federal governments to implement policy that effectively
controls human smuggling. The project will examine this issue from the perspective of
those who draft and negotiate policy in Ottawa to those who implement the policy
regionally, where border management practices must adapt to shifting policies. It
investigates the question “what is the relationship between Canada’s immigration and
refugee policies, the UN Protocols and the regulation of human smuggling movements
across Canadian borders?”

Late 19th Century Urban Policy and Industrial Capitalism in Central Canada's
Cities. Heather N. Nicol, Department of Geosciences, University of West Georgia.
Nicol’s research explores the development of industrial subsidy policies as a significant,
although short-lived, step contributing to the development of municipal government’s
support for all kinds of policies dealing with public interest, infrastructure development
and eventually, even social welfare. She seeks to examine municipal government history
in terms of its relationship to the broader contours of urban-economic development and
socio-political change that swept through North America and Western Europe in the late
19 century.

Agglomeration Economies and Productivity Differences Across Canadian Cities.
David L. Rigby, Department of Geography, University of California Los Angeles. The
research proposes to map the variation in productivity levels and productivity growth
rates across Canadian cities and to model the underlying determinants of that variation.
Specifically, the model estimation includes the existence, the nature and the size of
agglomeration economies, gains in efficiencies that are related to the spatial clustering of
economic activity, most particularly the impacts of buyer-supplier networks, labor pooling
and knowledge spillovers. This will help inform political decision-making on urban
competitiveness and local economic development.

A Comparative Study of the Alaskan Native Land Claim Agreement and the
Canadian Western Arctic Inuvialuit Final Agreement. James C. Saku, Department of
Geography, Frostburg State University. Saku seeks to examine the factors affecting the
socio-economic and cultural dynamics of Native people living in the Western Arctic of
Canada and Alaska. He will compare the historical evolution of the Alaskan Native Land
Claim Agreement and the Inuvialuit Land Claim Agreement. He proposes to create
community development indices that will provide a comparative analysis of community
development status. The central questions addressed are what impact, if any, have
modern land claim agreements had on Native’s economic development (specifically have
such claims led to the economic improvement of the Inuvialuit of the Western Arctic of
Canada and Alaska Natives) and what are the social and cultural ramifications of the
Public Policy
Autism and Public Policy in the Auton Era. Dana L. Baker, Harry S. Truman School of
Public Affairs, University of Missouri - Columbia. Baker will investigate the observable
effects of the Auton v. Attorney General of British Columbia, et al, on the disability arena
in Western Canada. The Auton case focused on the question of access to intensive
therapy (specifically applied behavior analysis or ABA) as a (medical) right under the
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Baker argues that this case is especially
interesting in the North American context both because of its inherent implications for the
construction of rights and because of the compelling difference of portrayal of the therapy
from the U.S. (Where students have a rights based access to special education and ABA
is consistently defined as an educational right). Baker will interview issue stakeholders,
including parents, administrators, advocates, school district representatives and
practitioners in the medical community.

Cycling Policies and Trends In Canadian Cities: Lessons For the United States?
John R. Pucher, Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University.
Pucher seeks to document Canadian cycling trends and policies over the past decade;
consider European cycling policies that might improve conditions in Canada; and draw
lessons from Canadian policies for the U.S. He will analyze different approaches that
Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal have taken toward promoting safe and convenient
cycling, including investments in separate rights of way, bike parking, education and
training, and law enforcement.

Canadian Contributions to Emerging Global Values and Policies on Early
Childhood Development and Education. Kofi Marfo, Center for Research on
Children's Development and Learning, University of South Florida, Tampa. Marfo seeks
to analyze the broader social policy environments of Canada the U.S. to identify socio-
cultural values and specific policy traditions and initiatives pertinent to early childhood
development, care, and education. He will also identify areas in which Canadian socio-
political values and advances in policy development offer useful lessons and/or models
for the U.S. And he will identify, through historical analysis of scientific advances in child
development research and shifts in socio-cultural values, threat to comprehensive social
policy formation within both the Canadian and U.S. contexts. The core question is how
well Canada and the U.S. are positioning themselves to take advantage of the renewed
scientific and societal enthusiasm about the foundational importance of the early
childhood years to formulate more comprehensive child and family policies.

Metropolitan Greenway Networks: Learning from Canadian Experiences. Donna L.
Erickson, School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan.
Erickson seeks to develop analytical case studies of Canadian and U.S. greenway
networks (connected open space networks or greenways that connect key landscapes
with each other and with people). She will focus on the objectives for which connected
open space networks are defined and developed, the collaboration of public and private
partners, and the purposes that these landscapes subsequently serve. Case studies
include Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, and Seattle. This builds on previous
research Erickson has conducted on greenways in Canada.
Taking Measure of Each Other: Students, Women and Popular Diplomacy in
Canada and the United States, 1940-1971. Andrew C. Holman, Department of History,
Bridgewater State College. Holman seeks to provide an assessment of the ways in
which ordinary Canadians and Americans regarded, defined, and prescribed behaviour
for one another during a tense period of international affairs. He will examine popular
views of foreign policy - Americans of Canada and Canadians of the U.S. - by assessing
the deliberations and activities of two unique lay organizations that were born during the
early yeas of World War II and collapsed at the height of the Vietnam War -- the
Canadian-American Conference, a biennial symposium that brought together students
and faculty from Macalaster College in MN and United College in Winnipeg as well as the
Canadian American Women’s Committee, composed of delegates from a variety of
women’s organizations in Canada and the U.S.

Winnipeg and an Oppositional Consciousness. James D. Mochoruk, Department of
History, University of North Dakota. Mochoruk’s research is concerned with the ways in
which various components of a broadly defined left worked themselves into the social
fabric of the Winnipeg community. He seeks to understand how bonds of ethnicity, class,
and gender helped to forge and maintain an oppositional consciousness in Winnipeg.

Shaping the National Memory of the First World War in Canada and Newfoundland,
1914-1939. Mark D. Sheftall, Department of History, University of North Carolina at
Chapel Hill. Sheftall’s research compares the ways in which Britons, Canadians, and
Australians during World War I and the inter-war years rendered and remembered, within
their respective cultures, the experience of the Great War. He wants to widen his
investigation to explore memories of the First World War in Newfoundland. The central
question of his research is why the national memories of the war in the dominions (with
the focus on what was achieved in the war) and in Great Britain (with its focus on what
was lost) diverged between 1919 and 1939 to the extent they did.

Urban Studies
An Assessment of Citizen Attitudes in the City of Ottawa: Civic Culture and the
Effects of Amalgamation. Laura A. Reese, Department of Urban Planning, Wayne
State University. Reese’s research assesses the consolidation or “amalgamation” of
twelve units of local government creating the new city of Ottawa. She will conduct a
survey of Ottawa residents to assess citizen opinions and evaluations of the outcomes of
amalgamation of the city of Ottawa and to explore the central attributes of the civic
culture of the city in the minds of its citizens. Reese will explore the benefits of local
government consolidation as well as the negative outcomes. Specifically, she will look at
the perceived quality and quantity of basic local services; changes in representation of
citizen and group interests occurred as a result of the consolidation; the perceived costs
of governance and service provision; and what lessons the Ottawa amalgamation
experience provides for U.S. cities.

Urban Inuit Artists. Nelson H. Graburn, Department of Anthropology, University of
California, Berkeley. This research will examine the continuities and discontinuities in the
recent fluorescence of urban Inuit art, compared with the better know Inuit art produced in
the Canadian Arctic and exported “South.” Grayburn will focus on long-term Inuit
resident artists in southern Canada, outstanding Inuit artists who have left the North for
artists training or development and have taken up residence in the South; and younger
artists, brought up in the South, of Inuit or mixed parentage, who have had art school
training, and who socially gravitate to Inuit-supportive institutions in the cities, and who
express their identity through their arts.

Ambivalent Identities: Canadian Nationality and the Anxiety of Englishness in
English Canadian Emigrant Writing. Carter F. Hanson, Department of English,
Valparaiso University. Hanson will explore how English genteel emigrants to Canada,
“who were often convinced of their social and cultural superiority”, adapted
psychologically to settler life and to what degree they adopted or rejected a sense of
Canadian identity and nationality. He will use as resources novels and adventure stories
about emigrating to Canada as well as emigrant handbooks or settler guides written by
emigrants about their experiences in Canada.

The Vernacular Architecture and Cultural Landscapes of Rural Finnish Canadians
in the Prairie Provinces and Ontario. Arnold R. Alanen, Department of Landscape
Architecture, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Alanen will survey the built environment
of selected Finnish settlements in Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Ontario. He plans to
locate and utilize appropriate archival and contemporary resources in Canada and in
Minnesota to establish the historical and current settlement contexts for the
communities. He proposed to conduct reconnaissance surveys to locate representative
examples of building types and landscape features and document these
photographically. He will determine the degree to which Finnish settlement in Canada
demonstrated the simultaneous maintenance of tradition and adaptation to Canadian
architectural and landscape practices.

                           Faculty Enrichment Grants, 2003-04

Political Science
Public Management Reforms in Canada and the United States. Brendan F. Burke,
Department of Political Science, Bridgewater State College. This course will offer
students theoretical and practical background on major administrative reforms and an
understanding of the factors that lead to their successful implementation at the provincial
and local level. It will focus on three major public management reforms: performance or
outcome orientation in service delivery; contracting out or outsourcing of governmental
services; and citizen participation in governmental decision making. Each reform will be
viewed through American and Canadian success stories. The course will examine the
intergovernmental structure of subnational government in Canada and the U.S.

Introduction to Canadian Government and Politics. Richard C. Elling, Department of
Political Science, Wayne State University. Elling will develop an undergraduate
introductory course in Canadian government and politics and modify an existing
advanced undergraduate/graduate course in federalism and intergovernmental relations.
The first course will examine the political process in Canada, its historical roots,
evolution, and contemporary issues. It will explore topics such as separatism in Quebec,
health care for Canadians, the challenges of an increasingly multi-cultural Canadian
society, and the dynamics of Canadian-U.S. relations. The advanced course will
compare and contrast federalism in Canada and the U.S., focusing on the evolution of
the federal bargain, fiscal federalism, the cooperative and conflictual relationships
between states/provinces and the federal government, and different approaches to
municipal governance.

Canadian-American Relations. Douglas C. Nord, Department of Political Science,
Wright State University, OH. Nord will develop a new course on Canada-U.S. relations
as part of an undergraduate international studies major and a new graduate program in
international relations and comparative politics. Sections include economic issues
(bilateral trade, NAFTA, investment), environmental and resource issues (water quality,
air pollution, energy, forest resources), cultural policies and values (media, advertising
national identities), security and border issues (migration, anti-terrorism measures,
defense cooperation), as well as overall political and foreign policy relations.

Public Policy
Managing the Nonprofit Sector in North America. David J. Eaton, LBJ School of
Public Affairs, University of Austin Texas. Eaton will increase the Canadian content of an
introductory survey course for graduate students on management and operation of
nonprofit organzations. The course will include a focus on North American philanthropy,
volunteerism, community engagement and community service. The course will also be
available simultaneously via compressed video to students at Canadian and Mexican
universities that are part of a North American Mobility consortium on nonprofit studies
(University of Victoria, University of Carleton, Benemérita Universadad Autónoma de
Puebla, Colegio Mexiquense, and the Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas).

Geographies of Difference: Social Identities and Space in Continental and Global
Perspective. Kim V.L. England, Department of Geography, University of Washington.
England will create a new course that explores the differences and similarities in the
urban social geographies of Canada and the U.S. The course will examine shared
cultural similarities and parallel histories as well as different social values and national
philosophies. She will employ Statistics Canada and US Census data to develop a data
set related to issues discussed in class and develop an accompanying class website.
She also hopes to develop a student exchange with the University of British Columbia,
Simon Fraser University, or the University of Victoria.

Geography of Canada and the United States. Soren C. Larsen, Department of
Geology and Geography, Georgia Southern University. Larson plans to redevelop a
course currently entitled historical geography of North America and increase the
Canadian content by integrating contemporary regional issues with historical themes. He
will establish links between Georgia Southern students and Canadian institutions through
research projects and electronic correspondence. In addition to exploring Canada’s
physical environment, infrastructure, development, trade, federalism, and indigenous
peoples, the course will employ a case study of British Columbia, examining natural
resources management, urbanization and settlement, U.S.-Canada relations, aboriginal
cultures, and rural development. Students will be required to conduct a research project
by working directly with one of the following institutions: the University of Northern British
Columbia, College of New Caledonia, Ministry of Forests (Vanderhoof District Office),
Cheslatta T’en Band, Carrier Sekani Tribal Council, Lh’kacho Band, or the Southside
Economic Development Association (Southbank).
NAFTA: Perspectives from Canada and Mexico. P. Roberto Garcia and Alan Rugman,
Kelley School of Business, Indiana University. Garcia and Rugman will develop an
annual course on key issues related to NAFTA and its member countries that will focus
on perspectives from Canada and Mexico. The course will examine the economic
rationale for integration, foreign direct investment effects (including FDI rules and
environmental and labor agreements), sectoral focus (finance, energy, agriculture, and
automotive), post 9-11 effects and security issues, and the future of NAFTA. The course
will include modules delivered by guest speakers from the University of Toronto and the
Monterrey Institute of Technology in Mexico.

Empirical and Theoretical Dimensions of International Trade. Alan D. MacPherson,
Department of Geography, Director, Canada-United States Trade Center, University at
Buffalo, SUNY. MacPherson seeks to increase the Canadian content in a graduate
course in international trade and an undergraduate course on international business and
world trade. The former examines cross-border investment patterns, trade flows,
strategic alliances, trade disputes, and business travel. The latter explores
environmentally-based trade barriers and related Canada-U.S. commercial disputes (e.g.
softwood lumber). Both courses will be updated and revised to highlight the importance
of Canada-U.S. commercial relations, especially the changing commodity structure of
bilateral trade, foreign direct investment flows, intra-industry and intra-corporate trade,
bilateral trade barriers (tariff and non-tariff), dispute resolution procedures, trade policy
and inter-firm strategic alliances. Canadian sector focus will include commercial
geographic information systems (GIS) industry, biotechnology, commercial aerospace,
and forest products.

[Trans]National Identities, New Media/tions and the Place of the Public. P. David
Marshall, Department of Communication Studies, Northeastern University. Marshall will
develop and teach this course in cooperation with York University’s Multisectoral
Interactive Collaborative Educational Initiative. It will have a Canadian-U.S. comparative
focus on cultural policy and values and will explore relationships between
communications technologies and national identities. Objectives of Canadian cultural
policy will be addressed and Canada’s commitment to multiculturalism will be critically
examined. Students will have access to digitalized Canadian cultural materials, digital
archives of selected Canadian cultural industries, Canadian course materials and
learning modules, and direct exchanges with Canadian students enrolled in the same
course at York University.

Canada-United States Comparative Environmental Policy. Jeffrey C. Stier,
Department of Forest Ecology and Management, University of Wisconsin - Madison.
Stier will create a new course that will provide a comparative analysis of policies and
approaches toward management of environmental issues and natural resources in
Canada and the U.S. and how differences in those policies affect bilateral relations. It will
examine the underlying differences and similarities in social, economic, and political
institutions and the relationship between respective federal and sub-federal levels of
government. Possible case studies to be included are agricultural livestock operations,
forestry, fisheries, endangered species and biodiversity protection, acid rain, climate
change, water quality, and/or pollution control.

Cultural Policy
Bilingualism and Bi-Culturalism in Canada and the United States. Anne M-J Violin-
Wigent, Department of French, Classics, and Italian, Michigan State University. This
course will explore language laws or lack thereof in Canada and the U.S. and their
consequences at the state/provincial and federal level as well as the individual level. It
will focus on public attitudes toward bilingualism in both countries and examine Canada’s
policies toward language, nationality, and minority rights. The course will feature
numerous documentaries that illustrate the political and personal implications of an
individual’s language choice.

              Graduate Student Fellowship Recommendations, 2003-04

Who is Québécois? The Articulation of Nationalist and Multicultural Interests In
Emerging Language Ideologies. Sonia N. Das, Department of Anthropology, University
of Michigan. Das will investigate language policy in Québec and its relationship to
nationalism, nation building, and the management of (non-French) minorities within the
French-speaking Québec community. She will focus on the linguistic situation of Tamil-
speaking immigrants to Québec, with an emphasis on their participation in the PELO, an
extracurricular language program that offers instruction in “heritage languages” to
students in Montreal public schools. Tamil is one of 12 languages offered through the
PELO. Das hypothesizes that this identification with the Tamil ethnic group re-enforces a
distinction between French-speaking Tamils and ethnic Québécois. She will analyze
linguistic practices and their attitudes toward the Tamil PELO and test hypotheses about
language ideology formation in post 1977-Montreal. Das will live in the Tamil section of
Côte-des-Neiges and conduct part of her research at the elementary school École des

Visualizing Aboriginal Stories: First Nations Media Production in Vancouver.
Kristin L. Dowell, Department of Anthropology, New York University. Dowell’s research
will focus on aboriginal media makers working in a range of genres from television
production to documentary narrative film to experiential video. She will examine the
institutions, organizations, artist-run centers, and community activities that support
aboriginal media productions. She will explore whether aboriginal media production
affect the development of an urban intertribal aboriginal community in Vancouver, how
aboriginal media production relates to traditional forms of aboriginal art and how these
forms of cultural expression impact aboriginal efforts for self-representation and self-
determination. Dowell will conduct research in the National Film Board archives and
interview aboriginal media makers in Montreal. She will also interview media makers on
reserves in British Columbia near Vancouver. She will interview filmmakers among the
Kwakwaka’wakw community in Alert Bay, BC, and Okanagan Nation in Penticton, BC,
who are documenting area cultural practices. And she will conduct archival research at
the Royal British Columbia Museum in Victoria.

Locating Place in a Global World: Politics, Sovereignty, and Cultural Revitalization
- Asubpeeschoseewagong (Grassy Narrows), Ontario. Anna J. Willow, Department
of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin - Madison. Willow will explore the intersections
of place, environmental change, and indigenous identities in the context of indigenous
environmental activism in Asubpeeschoseewagong (Grassy Narrows) First Nation in
Ontario. She will investigate how and why the concept of place as well as specific places
in the landscape remain so import in a global and dynamic cultural world. She will
examine how places and people’s complex connections to them often serve as driving
forces and as rhetorical and political devices in the context of indigenous movements,
including current debates surrounding logging at Grassy Narrows. She notes that
indigenous environmental activism at Grassy Narrows (such as the roving blockades to
stop logging trucks and equipment in traditional land use areas in 2002) is about
protecting the forest but is also a statement of sovereignty and cultural revitalization
aimed at creating a better life for future generations. Willow will conduct participant
observation for 18 months among the citizens of Grassy Narrows First Nation and
surrounding communities. She will conduct archival research at the band offices and
surveys of activists as well as people involved with regional logging.

Cultural Policy
Transnational Communities Through Global Tourism: Experiencing Celtic Culture
in Music on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Kathleen Elizabeth Lavengood,
Department of Folklore and Ethnomusicology, Indiana University, Bloomington.
Lavengood’s research project on musical tourism in Cape Breton will focus on tourism as
a mode of experience, the transnationalization of culture, and the political economy of
cultural tourism. She will examine the role of tourists, business people, performers, other
cultural specialists, and a range of institutions that comprise the complex process of
cultural production in Cape Breton. Lavengood will examine how music performance
works as a symbolic communication between locals and foreigners in ways capable of
transcending language and cultural barriers in the context of global tourism. She will live
in Cape Breton for a year, where she will conduct research, volunteer with local music
associations, interview musicians and tourists, and study local music traditions. She will
employ qualitative research methods, relying on participant-observation, interviewing,
and videotaping as primary techniques.

Political Science
Reconceptualizing Sovereignty Through Indigenous Autonomy: A Case Study of
the Inuit Circumpolar Conference and US Role in Arctic Development and Policy.
Jessica M. Shadian, Department of Political Science and International Relations,
University of Delaware. Shadian will examine the authority and influence of the Inuit as a
polity, socio-culturally and politically, at both the Arctic regional level and in the realm of
global politics. She will trace the evolution of Inuit identity construction by examining the
effects of colonization on Inuit identity and then describe the processes by which the Inuit
have redefined themselves and their role in recent decades within the context of the
larger global system. The study also aims to address the issues that underrepresented
peoples face and how an indigenous population has contended with their particular
concerns for autonomy and self-determination. Shadian will examine how, through the
Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC), the Inuit people have become a powerful forces not
only domestically in Canada and Denmark but also in the Arctic, shaping its definition and
development policies. She plans to work at the Groupe d’etudes inuit et circumpolaires
(GETIC) at Université Laval, where she will be part of the Circumpolar Arctic Social
Network (CASS). She will also conduct research at the ICC Canadian office in Ottawa as
well as conduct research and interviews at the ICC office in Nunavut.

Northwest Coast Jewellery: A Cultural and Commercial History. Kathryn B. Bunn-
Marcuse, Division of Art History, University of Washington. Bunn-Marcuse will study
Northwest Coast silver and gold jewelry, which became a significant part of the
commercial Native art market, starting in the late-19th century. She will focus on
particular Northern artists whose work in precious metal is relative unknown; the use and
manufacture of bracelets for potlatch payments among the Kwakwaka’wakw; and the
current state of the market for Northwest Coast jewelry. She will examine the art form’s
commercial and cultural aspects in detail. She plans to conduct research in the Kitanmax
School of Northwest Indian Art in Hazelton, the provincial archives in Victoria, the
Museum of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia, the Royal Ontario
Museum in Toronto, and Canadian Museum of Civilization in Ottawa.

Living In-Between: Race, Migration, Identity, and State Formation in the U.S.-
Canadian Borderlands. Kornel S. Chang, Department of History, University of
Chicago. Chang will examine the emergence of territorial and social borders dividing
Americans and Canadians in the Northwest during the first two decades of the 20
century and its affect on the complex relationships among different native and immigrant
groups living “in-between” the American Pacific Northwest and the Canadian West.
Chang intends to chart these relationships and processes as they unfolded in a dynamic
interplay and how the borderlands were ultimately transformed from relatively amorphous
and socially fluid spaces into rigidly defined national societies with strict notions of
hierarchy and power. He will follow the economic development of the region, internal and
foreign migration, immigration bureaucracies, class structure, labor conflict, and race
relations with a broader North American framework. Chang will conduct his research in
numerous archives in British Columbia and the National Archives in Ottawa.

Fishing the Borderlands: Law and Protest in the North Atlantic Fisheries, 1871-
1910. Brian J. Payne, Department of History, University of Maine at Orono. Payne
seeks to identify the ways in which national authorities tried to impose themselves on an
international resource economy. The study will examine diplomatic and legal records to
uncover how authority in the North Atlantic was negotiated between competing
international factions, and between those who orchestrated law enforcement and those
who had legal authority imposed upon them. Payne will focus on both national and class
differences between the many competing interpretations or rights and regulatory authority
in the North Atlantic. Payne proposes to work in the provincial archives in Halifax as well
as Saint Mary’s University and the Gorsebrook Institute in Halifax and the National
Archives in Ottawa.

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