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  • pg 1

 Ansel Adams
David Hockney
                 Ansel Adams
• Started off as a musician;
  photography was just a
  hobby at first.
• In 1932 Adams jointed a
  group of West Coast
  photographers, known as
  f-64, who formed in
  reaction to Pictorialism.
• It was seen as artistic
  photography so current
  styles of art were
  reflected .
• Impressionism was in
  vogue so many of these
  photographs resemble
  paintings in this style.
• The photos were often
  shot in soft focus.
           Strait Photography
• Adams and the group
  made sharp focus
  photographs, usually from
  nature, with very small
  aperture openings (f-64).
• The group was devoted
  to making strait
  photography acceptable
  as an art form.
           The Field Camera
• To achieve the results
  he wanted Adams
  used a field camera.
• This type of camera
  uses a very large
• A larger negative
  allows more detail to
  be recorded.
The Zone System
        • Adams is credited with
          establishing the Zone
          Procedure for predicting
          & controlling the
          translation of subject
          tones into print values.
          Each zone represents a
          value (i.e. dark grey,) and
          the difference between
          each zone is one f- stop.
        Rose & Driftwood 1932
• This is a close-up "macro"
• The piece of wave-worn
  driftwood creates a
  rhythmic setting for to the
  soft shapes of the rose
• Adams was yet to develop
  the zone system so he
• The photograph is taken
  six times; each is a slightly
  different exposure in
  order to get at least one of
  them just right.
            Yosemite Falls 1940

• photo displays a
  combination of visual
  sensitivity and technical
• the print contains
  dramatic effects of light,
  rich texture, & brilliant
• He achieves sharpness &
  brilliance through careful
  selection of composition,
  light conditions, & focus.
• The subject comes from Yosemite National Park.
• The balanced composition is unified through the
  repetition of interlocking V-shapes.
• There is a staggering amount of detail in the texture of the rocks as
  well as the foliage.
• The shortened ground plain exaggerates the height of the sublime
Mt. Williamson, Manzanar, California, 1943
• Manzanar Relocation Center was the site where ten thousand
  Japanese Americans were detained after Pearl Harbour.
• Adams came to photograph images that express the perseverance
  of the inhabitants.
• He wanted a record of their ability to overcome the hardship of the
  harsh/beautiful surroundings.
• Strove to improve moral during time of crisis by showing something
  timeless and life enhancing.
• He believed the Japanese-Americans, a nature-loving people, must
  have been inspired and strengthened by the setting.
•   Shows subject in a divine light (God’s rays) and backlit clouds.
•   Shows timeless qualities of nature.
•   The triangular/pyramid shapes of mountains are mirrored by those of three
    boulders in the foreground
•   The front boulder is focal point and the viewer’s eye is led to mountains by
    the perspective of boulders.
                David Hockney
• Considered single
  viewpoint photos too
  instant, still, and
• He believed that
  traditional fixed
  perspective photo took
  away the viewers body.
• He decided to shoot a
  series of details (multiple
  views of a subject), and
  then reassemble/overlap
  the photos .
• a collage of photo's
  that show multiple
  points of view of a
  subject. These
  photographic images
  incorporate the 4th
  dimension into the
  photo process,
  resulting in a fuller
  document of the
  visual experience.
         The 4th Dimension
• The 4th dimension
  involves movement
  through time & space.
• Picasso first
  incorporated this
  aspect of perception
  in Cubism.
Walking Through the Zen Garden at Ryoanji   1983
• As a viewer one must journey through dozens of visual
  frames that result in a single reconstituted image.
• Often parts of the subject will be shown more than once.

  “What really excited me was when I pieced together the
  Zen Garden in Kyoto. I began to realize that one of the
  areas I was really examining was perspective, that this
  was what you could alter in photography… To do it in
  photography was, in a sense, quite an achievement
  because photography is the picture-making process
  totally dominated by perspective.”
• The subject is a Zen Buddhist garden.
• Hockney photographs it as he walks along the edge.
• As he does he photographs his eccentric mix-matched
•   The recombined individual photos contain a reversal in perspective.
•   The resulting image shows the feeling of looking while moving – the
    visual experience in motion.
“People complain that when they see a
portrait by Picasso where… somebody
has three eyes, they say: But people don’t
have three eyes! It’s much simpler than
that. It’s not that the person had three
eyes; it’s that one of the eyes was seen
Pearblossom Hwy.   1986
• This represents the fullest development of the
• It contains a seeming single point perspective as
  well as countless perspectives.
• The viewer is able to focus in on all of the details that
  would be of visual interest at the site.
• Roadside debris, cacti, road signs, etc. are all
  photographed separately.
• To make the work the artist moved closer then
  further, crouched, and climbed a step ladder.
• He spent hours at the sight so the passage of
  time is documented.
• The work becomes a fully synthesized
  experience of reality.
• Hockney wanted to convey the idea in modern
  physics that the viewer affects what he is
  observing, that our ideas about reality must take
  our own consciousness into account.

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