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Presentation for National Followup

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					 International Instruments for
Global Trade Union Campaigns
- Development of Framework Agreements -

    National Follow-up and Evaluation Seminar for
           Trade Unions in the Philippines
              5 - 7 September 2001: Manila
        Points for Discussions
Summary of international instruments available
 for trade unions in their fight for core labour
 standards for all;
Focus on “Framework Agreements” as the latest
 trend in global trade union campaigns;
Exercise 1: Practical utilization of instruments
Exercise 2: Comparison of major F.A.
            Challenge Today
Mission : From “Social Exclusion” to “Social
 Inclusion” - social justice with stability,
 sustainability and predictability

What’s Needed? : To reach people (workers),
 securing rights and protection for all

How? : By using all means available, taking
 integrated approach, not exclusive approach
    Fundamental Prepositions...

Now, there exist more global consensus on
 the needs for integrating social dimensions
 into the process of globalization

To achieve the objective, all the social
 players concerned, both international and
 national, must work together, co-ordinating
 their roles and functions
 Summary of International Instruments
                             International
  Framework                                     ILO Tripartite          ILCs
                                 UN Global      Declaration on
                                                                 CFA
  Agreements                                       MNCs
                                  Compact
                                                                 ILO Declaration
                                                      OECD         on F.P.R.W.
                      Social                        Guidelines
                     Labelling                      for MNCs
          Code of                        Regional
          Conducts                      Economic
Private                                 Agreement                         Public

                                                 National Labour
                                                Relation Committee
                                                                 Labour
                                                               Legislation
                                 National
   ILO Conventions: Supervisory
For Ratified Conventions
  – Article 22 : Reporting - Review by CEACR
  – Article 24 : Representation
                                            Global Report
  – Article 26 : Complaint
                                                  ILO
For Non-Ratified Conventions                  Declaration

  – Article 19 : Report      General Survey   Annual Review

For Freedom of Association matters
  – Special procedure by Committee of F.A.
ILO MNE Declaration  : Background
 Adopted in 1977 by GB (amended in 2000) as a
  voluntary instrument to:
   – Regulate conduct of MNEs
   – Define the terms of MNEs relations with host
     countries, esp. in labour-related and social issues
 Aims for:
   – Enhancing the positive social and labour effects of
     the operations of MNEs
ILO MNE Declaration  : Follow-up
 A Procedure adopted by GB in 1980
  (revised in 1986) as promotional tool to:
   – provide for the submission of requests for
     interpretation in cases of dispute on the
     meaning/application of its provisions
 Survey
   – The effect given to the principles of the
     Declaration is “monitored” through a periodic
     survey. (7th Survey for 96-99 reported in Mar.)
          OECD Guidelines  :
             Background
Adopted in 1976, and reviewed in 2000
Guidelines is:
  – Recommendations addressed by governments to
    MNEs
  – Voluntary principles and standards for responsible
    business conduct
Major components: NCPs, CIME, and TUAC
OECD Guidelines  : 2000 Review
Expanded Coverage
  – All core standards, environment performance,
    human rights, corruption and consumer interests
  – Global application, not just in OECD countries
Strengthened National Contact Point (NCPs)
  – handle enquiries, assist in solving problems, and
    report and meet annually on national experiences
  – promote Guidelines for effective implementation
New Actor : NGO
          Development of
    Private Voluntary Initiatives

Codes of Conduct (COC)
New Codes of Conduct (New COC)
Framework Agreements (FA)
Social Labelling (SL)

 Possibility of “Global Works Council”
      Code of Conduct…(old?)
Code of conduct for business
  – consumer rights, product safety or
    environmental protection
  – ethical behaviour codes for employees


Code of conduct for international business
  – ILO MNE Declaration          Note:
                                 These are not VPIs!
  – OECD Guidelines for MNEs
        New Code of Conduct

Purely private, voluntary initiative (PVI)
Response to the situation of poor labour
 standards created by the failure of national
 governments and of international community;
international application
Cross-cutting application to suppliers and
 subcontractors
 Why New Codes are important?
   New Codes are about “labour practice”

               Great potential and danger
Most companies adopt COC without involving
trade unions          So, they can be used as an excuse
                              for having no union


Truly applied, codes may establish ILSs as
binding international framework for responsible
corporate behaviour       So, union’s involvement is vital
 Some Questions to be Considered
Should national trade union organizations
 negotiate codes with MNEs?
        Framework Agreements

“An agreement negotiated between a
multinational company and an international
trade union organization (such as an ITS)
concerning the international activities (or
behaviour)of the company”

Main purpose of framework agreements is to establish an
ongoing relationship between the MNE and the ITS to set up
“principles” of labour relations
Subject matters and details of Framework
 Agreements vary
       Points for Observations

Substance
Participation
Social responsibility in production chain
Independent verification
Complaint and appeals
Incentives (sanctions)
What is “Framework Agreements”

				
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