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SMAP III national project AMIS Algeria

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SMAP III national project AMIS Algeria Powered By Docstoc
					        THIRD REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (SMAP III)




AMIS                              Algerian coast Management through Integration and
                                                    Sustainability

 Beneficiary
      CIRSA –Interdepartment
      Centre for Environmental Science
      Research, UNIVERSITY OF
      BOLOGNA, RAVENNA, ITALY
 Partners
      APPL - Agence Urbaine chargée
      de la Protection et de la
      Promotion du littoral et des
      zones touristiques de la Wilaya
      d’Alger, ALGER, ALGERIA                               East coast: industrial character but high tourism
      IMET - Italian Ministry for                           potential (absence of touristic structures and
      Environment and Territory, ROMA,                      presence of important biotypes); surface and
      ITALY                                                 marine water pollution, coastal erosion, rapid
                                                            urbanization, and agriculture exploitation.
Total eligible      Amount           Amount from
 cost of the         from               IMET
                                                            Algiers’ Bay: heavily urbanized and
   action          European                                 industrialized, affected by untreated wastewaters
                  Commission                                that bring to marine sediments pollution; lack of
                                                            urban and industrial development planning.
985 684.00       785 590. 16          200 093.84
                                                            West coast: tourism character; lack of land use
                                                            planning and uncontrolled exploitation of sand
PROJECT DURATION : 2 YEARS                                  from beaches (coastal erosion).
       THIRD REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (SMAP III)




Overall objective of the action

Contribute to (1) protection of natural environment, (2) a sounder use of resources,
and (3) a more sustainable development of coastal zones in the Mediterranean
through the development of an ICZM plan for the Wilaya d’Alger based on a larger
and more diversified palette of economic and social opportunities, taking more fully
into account the interests of all stakeholders concerned, and not exceeding the
carrying capacity of the environment.


Specific objectives of the action

Support national efforts to promote sustainable use of coastal resources in Algeria
by:      - Improving planning and coastal zone management in the Wilaya d’Alger;
         - Transferring ICZM principle in concrete plan of action (i.e. ICZM plan);
         - Providing technical assistance to local relevant institutions to update and improve
         Algerian national legislative frameworks on coastal zone management;
Mainstream the application of the ICZM approach into local and regional development
policy in Algeria and its potential benefits on socio-economic and touristic activities.

Enhance community capacities to restore environmental natural resources along
coastlines through implementation of ICZM demonstration activity or project design
in pilot site (integrated water management plan for optimization of water resources allocation,
pollution decrease and sand beaches protection and/or rehabilitation).
Increase and add values to the development of environmentally concerned socio-
economic and touristic activities, through the evaluation of certificatory institution and
procedure availability for ISO 14001 certification of tourist resorts and
socio-economic activity.
        THIRD REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (SMAP III)




MAIN ICZM ISSUES for the Wilaya d’Alger

 Integrated Water Management (water resources use and reuse, e.g. use of Lac de Reghaia water for
irrigation);
 Enhancement of environmental monitoring (i.e. additional techniques such as biomonitoring application
for water quality assessment, topographical surveys) and know-how transfer and capacity building of
ICZM support tools and models (e.g. decision support systems and IWM numerical models);
 Environmental management for tourism (e.g. environmental management of tourism development in
the area of Ain Chorb);
 Protection of coastal natural resources (sand dunes and beaches, wetlands, threatened marine
species,…)
 Integrated WebGIS development as a support tool for littoral and marine data collection, elaboration and
dissemination, and for decision making process
 Coastal erosion prevention and beaches rehabilitation.
 Enhancement of local, regional and national institution involvement in ICZM process (e.g. more
interdisciplinarity and less competence overlap)
 Plan of action to monitor and progressively reduce surface and marine water pollution as well as
sediment pollution
 Plan of action for urban planning environmentally integrated

MAIN NATIONAL ICZM ISSUES (World Bank – MATE, 2005)

 Integrated water management;                               Integrated management of solid wastes;
 Integrated management of costal and littoral               Decision making process management;
habitats;                                                    Inter-sectorial integration;
 Urbanization and land use management;                      Planning instruments;
 The effectiveness of financing concerning the              Integrated management of
coastal zones;                                              environmental data.
          THIRD REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (SMAP III)




  Relationship with other previous initiatives-projects in the area

 • Programme d’aménagement côtier de la zone algéroise (PAC; Wilayas de Alger, Boumerdes,
   Tipaza, Blida), that integrates 6 horizontal issues (urbanisation control, Integrated Water management, Soundness, Solide
   Wastes, Protection of natural and cultural sensitive areas) and 2 verticals issues (ICZM, Sustainability) and founds on a GIS.
   Co-financing PAM-Algérie. September 2002 - January 2006.
 • Evaluation des dommages environnementaux en zone côtière (COED; Algérie, Maroc,
   Tunisie, Egypte). For Algeria, the pilot area comprehends 7 municipality from the El Harrach river and the Reghaia river.
   Financing: Banque Mondiale/ METAP-SYKE-MATE), 2005-2006.
 • Elaboration d’un plan de gestion pour le lac de Reghaia. (LIFE Project                            third countries / DGF. June 2005
   – March 2006.
 • Le cadastre du littoral. Financement du MATE (Ministère de l’Environnement), 2004 - 2006.
 • CAMP-project for Algeria (ICZM methodologies): it considers the output of the activities carried out by CP-RAC
   of UNEP-MAP in the Mediterranean Countries.
 • ALGSATRS carried out by ERS/RAC of UNEP MAP (data collection). It relates to MED POL Phase III for
   water quality data, for application of aerial and satellite images for costal erosion, chlorophyll assessment, etc.
 • MED POL Phase III Monitoring Activities.                       For water quality data collection; specifically concerning
   biomonitoring: a biomarker approach is being carried out as a pilot activity by Oran’ university laboratories and ISMAL (Institut
   des Sciences de la Mer et de l’Aménagement du Littoral) in the Wilaya d’Oran; AMIS will corroborate the ongoing MED POL
   activities with further stations and data in the Wilaya d’Alger.


The area is mentioned in numerous reports because of its ecological values and anthropogenic
stress:
Le rapport National PAS BIO;
Le plan d’action national pour la mise en place d’aires marines et côtières protégées;
Le rapport national de la CDB;
La stratégie nationale pour la conservation de la biodiversité;
Le Bilan et Diagnostic National (PAS MED/MED POL).
            THIRD REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (SMAP III)




    Approach to address the problems


                                                       Management instruments




      Planning management                                                                                  Funding
           instruments

                                                          ICZM Process
                Monitoring system                                                                   ICZM process and
                  management                                                                   sustainability evaluation and
                                                        Participation, Meeting,                    control instruments
                                                       Formation, information,
                                                     dissemination, sensitization



                                                                                                      Emergency intervention and
   Evaluation instruments               juridical- institutional             Decision making           crisis digestion instrument
                                                 level                           process




                                                             Central Power


                                                            Regional Power
ICZM dynamic process for Algeria (From
Stratégie opérationnelle GISC en Algérie/                      LocalPower
Grimes/ Banque Mondiale, 2005)
   THIRD REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (SMAP III)




1. Needs assessment for development and implementation of ICZM plan

   Data collection
                 Geology, geomorphology, microrilief
                 Hydrology, hydrogeology, water quality
                 Biology,ecology
                 Climatology
                 Beaches status
                 Land use and planning
                 Economy, civil infrastructures, demography
                 Policy and legislative framework


2. WebGIS realization (data collection, GIS implementation and their
capacity building)

   2a. Survey activities – investigation
                 Biomonitoring - Biomarker
                 Water quality data
                 Topo-bathymetry(beaches and dunes)

    2b. WebGIS design and implementation

    Training courses
                 Topo-bathymetry instruments use and methodologies (5 days)
                 Biomarker analysis (5 days)
                 WebGIS (10 days)
   THIRD REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (SMAP III)




3. ICZM plan for the Wilaya d’Alger and capacity building on its process
and tools

   ICZM plan process
   - Subdivision of the coast into homogeneous sub-zones and, for each sub-zones:
   evolution study, morpho-dynamic study of emerged and submerged beaches,
   environmental study of actual and future condition of backshore areas;
   - Design and analysis of different evolutive scenarios for an ICZM of the Wilaya d’Alger;
   - Environmental Impact Assessment for the selected scenarios;
   - Definition of a monitoring plan.

   Decisional Support System based on a GIS (DSS-GIS based)
   Training courses                         ICZM process (5 days)


4. Realization, design and capacity building of demonstration activities
in pilot sites

   Sand Dune fixation pilot project (Réghaïa Municipality - East coast)
   Beach Drainage system (BDs) feasibility study (Zeralda Municipality West
      coast)
   Beach nourishement feasibility study (West coast)
   Integrated Water Management plan for the Lac de Réghaïa (East coast)
   Training courses                         BDs, and IWM numerical model (10 days)
                                            Sand dune fixation (5 days)
   THIRD REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (SMAP III)




5. Awareness raising, ICZM preparedness and mainstreaming, and
project dissemination

   Introductory workshop (at least 40 participants)
        to present the project, its objectives, scope and expected results as well as briefly
        introduce ICZM concept, main tools and methodologies used.

   Final workshop (at least 80 participants)
        to present lessons learned, results of demonstration activities, ICZM plan developed
        for the Wilaya d’Alger.
   Project website
        containing general information about the project, updated results of demonstration
        activities and project deliverables.
   Dissemination materials
        brochures containing specific information about the project, its objectives, scope and
        expected results as well as providing an overview of ICZM concept with a focus on
        socio-economic benefits of its application.
   Presentation of results
        in Algerian and other Meda countries, Italian and European events.
   Press release
  THIRD REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (SMAP III)




MILESTONES

   Years 1
         Project Web Site
         Beach Drainage System feasibility study
         Beach nourishment feasibility study
         Feasibility study for environmental certification (e.g. ISO 14001) of
        tourism resorts

   Years 2
         Integrated Coastal Zone Management plan for the Wilaya d’Alger
         Plan of action proposal for surface and marine water and sediment
        pollution reduction
         WEB-GIS validated and accessible to relevant stakeholders
         Integrated Water Management plan for the Lac de Réghaïa
        Sand dune pilot site protected
    THIRD REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (SMAP III)




        CIRSA
        Interdepartment Centre for Environmental Science Research, UNIVERSITY
        OF BOLOGNA, RAVENNA, ITALY
        Permanent staff: 46 (professors, researchers, technicians)
        Non-permanent staff: 80 (PhD, Post-Doc, Research fellows)


Background

   Develops, administers and coordinates scientific research programs concerning environmental issues
  and organizes courses and meetings promoting dissemination of environmental knowledge.
   Main sectorial activities are:
  - Environmental management (e.g. monitoring, data analysis, development of state indicators);
  - Natural resources and waste management (fisheries, waste reuse, rehabilitation of polluted sites);
  - Modeling, vulnerability and Environmental Impact Assessment (methodology for vulnerability and
  sustainability environmental assessment, methodology for EIA, …).



Experience of similar actions, in relation to role in the implementation of
the proposed action

   Competitive strengthening of the eastern area of Emilia-Romagna region (Ravenna and Ferrara
  provinces, Italy) – Objective 2 Measure 2.1” Action 4 “Po Delta Park environmental actions” - GIZC.
   Research contract for analysis and forecast on short-medium term of Ravenna shoreline (Italy) -
  GIZC
   Environmental Management System (EMAS II) of the Protected Marine Area named “Secche di Tor
  Paterno” (Italy) – Environmental certification
   WETLANDS II –Integrated Menagement of Wetlands (follow up )- INTERREG III B CADSES. Action
  Mo.3 (WP3) “Experimental bio-monitoring plan on marker species (bivalve) in a pilot site of the Emilia-
  Romagna Po Delta Park” - Biomomitoring
       THIRD REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (SMAP III)




          IMET
          Italian Ministery of Environment and Territory, ROME, ITALY
          Permanent staff: 56
          Non-permanent staff: 72


BACKGROUND

It operates in the following fields: Nature protection (nature conservation and sea protection), life
quality (wastes, surface water protection), Environmental research and development, EIA, Pollution
prevention and control, Soil and Territory safeguard.
It is composed by numerous operative units for the expletation of its functions.



Experience of similar actions, in relation to role in the implementation of
the proposed action

 Establishment of the MEDREC centre in Tunis (in the framework of the Medrec project- Type II
Initiative) with a specific focus on disseminating the information to different sectors, and developing
regional competence on renewable energy.
 Adricosm Project: Type II Partnership of UN initiative on sustainable development for
Oceans/coasts/fisheries. This project represents a pilot action to develop a coastal and open waters
monitoring system for the Adriatic Sea.
UNEP-MAP Programme (in the years 2004-2005 IMET has chaired both the Bureau of the Barcelona
Convention and the Mediterranean Commission for Sustainable Development),
Water Programme for Africa-WPA of UNESCO (Type II Partnership financed by IMET);
bilateral cooperation with Algeria that foresees also a project on coastal zone.
       THIRD REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME (SMAP III)




          APPL
          Agence urbaine chargée de la promotion du développment et de la
          protection du littoral et des zones touristique de la Wilaya d’Alger, ALGER,
          ALGERIA.
          Permanent staff: 48

BACKGROUND AND ACTIVITIES

It is an EPIC (Entreprise Publique à caractère Industriel et Commercial), for the protection of the
Wilaya d’Alger littoral; active since 1998. Main activities:

 Assignment to each littoral communes of engineers trained in the safeguarding of the environment;
 Cartography realization concerning the littoral zones use from 2000;
 Census of all rejection (waste) discharged to the sea and of all industrial rejection of Wilaya d’Alger;
 Census and regular follow-up, with database realization, of all companies generating (or likely to
generate) pollution;
 Analysis and regular follow-up of the evolution of sea water and sediments quality (biannual
survey on 17 points distributed from Mazafran river to Lac de Reghaia (collaboration with the National
Institute)
 Since 1998: control and regular follow-up, with database realization, of bathing water (collaboration
with the Pasteur Institute) ;
 Regular follow-up of the respect of littoral regulations and laws;
 Assistance to the littoral municipalities for the management during summers;
 Dissemination activities and sensitization concerning littoral protection;
 Since 2006: realization of three inspection networks for the control of invasive and/or toxic plants,
Posidonia and coast evolution.

				
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