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					Surveillance and         Federal Aviation
                         Administration
Broadcast Services
ADS-B Status Briefing:
ASAS TN2




By: Vincent Capezzuto
Date: April 14, 2008
Agenda
      • Dual Track Strategy
      • Requirements
      • Acquisition Status
            – Activity Description
      • Rulemaking Status
            – NPRM
      • Air-to-Air Applications
      • Discussion Points


Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation   2
                                      Administration
     Dual Track Strategy
Ground Infrastructure
2/2006 – 11/2006     11/2006 – 8/2007       2/2008 – 1/2009            4/2008 – 3/2010           10/2009 – 4/2010              9/2010
                                                   Deploy
                                                   Ground
                                                                          Test Ground
                                                                         Infrastructure /               Initial                Critical
  Acquisition           Acquisition            Infrastructure
                                                                            Voluntary                 Operating               Services
   Planning             Execution                Essential
                                                Services ISD                 Avionics                 Capability                ISD
                                                                            Equipage

                                                 11/2008                                                                                    2010 – 2013
                                                                                                                                            Ground
                                                Pre-NPRM                                             Separation                         Infrastructure
                                                Separation                                                                               Deployment
                                                                                                     Standards
                                                Standards                                             Approval                            Avionics
                                                 Modeling                                                                                 Equipage


Avionics Equipage                                      1/2007 – 8/2007                                          4/2010                     2010 – 2020


                                                                                                                             Avionics
    RPR                      RPR                                             RPR
                                                  NPRM                                                Final Rule             Equipage
   Phase I                  Phase 2                                         Phase 3
                                                                                                                              Begins


          4/2006 – 9/2006                        10/2007               3/2008 – 2/2009                 4/2010                  5/2010

    = Completed              = In Process   RPR = Rulemaking Project Record; NPRM = Notice of Proposed Rulemaking; ISD = In-Service Decision


     Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                                  Federal Aviation                         3
                                                                                                          Administration
FY08 Accomplishments / Plans
                                                 Planned Date of Completion /
Milestone
                                                 Status
                                       FY2008
Release of NPRM                                  October 2007 / Complete
Integrated Baseline Review                       October 2007 / Complete
Preliminary Design Review                        November 2007 / Complete
Critical Design Review                           February 2008 / Complete
Close of NPRM Comment Period                     March 2008 / Complete
Factory Acceptance Test for Broadcast Services   April 2008 / Ongoing
Key site equipment delivery, installation and    May 2008 / Equipment Delivery
checkout                                         and Installation Ongoing
Service Acceptance Test for Broadcast Services   May 2008
Initial Operating Capability of Broadcast
                                                 August 2008
Services


Surveillance and Broadcast Services                         Federal Aviation     4
                                                            Administration
Total Requirements: Critical, Essential, IRD, Test
Case
                               717 Total VRTM Requirements

         800
                                                                                                   717
         700



         600



         500



         400
                      305

         300                          239

         200
                                                                      103
                                                        51
         100
                                                                                      19

          0
                Essential        Critical      Service Delivery   CD - IRD   T - 2100 G (Test    Total
               Specification   Specification     Point - IRD                       Case)


Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                  Federal Aviation    5
                                                                                     Administration
Acquisition Status: Ground Infrastructure -
System Architecture
                         1090 ES A/V                                                   UAT A/V
                                                                                                  ADS-R/TIS-B Messages
       ADS-B Messages             ADS-R/TIS-B Messages                ADS-B Messages
                                                                                                  FIS-B Messages

     Radio Station            •••                           Radio Station Layout Provides RF          Radio Station
                                                         Coverage Over a Set of Service Volumes
                          Radio Station Segment


                                            Network Segment (MPLS VPN)

                                                                                                       WSI FIS-B
      NOC/P                  NOC/B              Control Station            Control Station            Data Source
     Oakton, VA           Middletown, NJ    Data Center/Boston, MA                  Ashburn, GA
                                                                       Data Center/Atlanta, VA        Andover, MA
                                                 Control Station           Control Station             WSI FIS-B
                                            Data Center/Phoenix, AZ    Data Center/Seattle, WA           Backup
 Control Segment                                                                                       Atlanta, GA


                                              Network Segment (MPLS VPN)
                                                ADS-B Reports
       ADS-B Reports
                                         Service Status Reports                     Radar and MLAT Data
Service Status Reports
                                       TIS-B and FIS-B Reports
             FAA ATC Automation                          FAA Service Monitor                  FAA TIS-B Data Sources

                                                               Legend:    Radio   Network Control       FAA    Weather




Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                    Federal Aviation                6
                                                                                       Administration
Acquisition Status: Implementation
Activities
• Began process for transmit authorization for eleven SV 168
  (Miami) Radio Stations
      – Planned for April 30 through Special Temporary Authorization (STA)
      – Permanent FTA processing underway in parallel
• Supported installation of SDP equipment rack at ZMA, ZJX,
  and MIA TRACON
      – En Route Communications Gateway (ECG) connection for radar data
        for TIS-B is awaiting completion of ECG System Support Modification
• Coordinating with ITT for site surveys of SDPs
      – 6 oil platforms surveyed for surveillance and AWOS (an estimated 17
        total platforms will be surveyed before April 30)
      – SDF, ZID, PHL, ZHU, ZNY, ZDC, & PCT targeted for summer 08
      – NCPs and installation plans are in planning stages




Surveillance and Broadcast Services                      Federal Aviation     7
                                                         Administration
 ITT Radio Station Infrastructure (Ground Site)
                               Propane tank

   Backup generator                                   2 GPS antennas




Enclosure
                                              Environmental control


 Surveillance and Broadcast Services                Federal Aviation   8
                                                    Administration
Acquisition Status: Implementation Issues
 •    Issues
       –   Several sites held up in National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) process
       –   FTA approvals expected end of April for initial sites & May for others
 •    Key Site SAT
       –   On schedule – no margin in schedule
       –   SAT start – May 15, 2008 and SAT complete – May 30, 2008
       –   Only 91 days after SAT completion until IOC (no slack)
 •    Required Work Around
       –   Two sites on portable towers (COWs) until July due to NEPA
       –   COWs are in precisely the same locations as the permanent towers
       –   Transition two sites from COWs to permanent tower between SAT and IOC
       –   Must ensure transition does not interfere with Field Fam efforts




                                                                     COW (Cell On Wheels)




Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                       Federal Aviation   9
                                                                          Administration
Acquisition Status: Scheduled On-Air Dates

                                                       ZJX




                             Lakeland Linder
                             Regional Airport
                                                               Sebastian Municipal
                                                                     Airport




                                                                     Boca Raton Airport
                                Dade-Collier Airport


                                                             ZMA / MIA


                                                                       Florida Keys
                                                                      Marathon Airport




Surveillance and Broadcast Services                             Federal Aviation          10
                                                                Administration
NPRM Status

• The NPRM comment period closed on
  March 3, 2008

• The FAA has categorized the comments that
  were received
      – Number of Submittals (excluding FAA / DOT) = 172
            • Excludes duplicates, Department of Transportation and
              requests for extension
      – Number of Comments = 1,372 (101 positive, 1,271
        non-positive)
      – Number of Issues = 85

Surveillance and Broadcast Services                   Federal Aviation   11
                                                      Administration
NPRM: Comments By Affiliation
                                 Type of Affiliation               Number
                   Air Carrier (Domestic)                            7
                   Aircraft Manufacturer - Transport Category        4
                   Aviation Law Student                              6
                   Department of Defense                             1
                   Individual Aircraft Owner                         13
                   Individual Pilot - cert. type unknown             3
                   Individual Pilot - Private/Recreational/Sport     25
                   Other Government Org.                             2
                   Aircraft Manufacturer - General Aviation          1
                   Association                                       22
                   Avionics Manufacturer                             9
                   Foreign Air Carrier                               1
                   Individual Pilot - ATP                            4
                   Individual Pilot - Commercial Cert.               6
                   Other Fed. Government Agency                      1
                   Other Individual                                  67


Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                       Federal Aviation   12
                                                                          Administration
NPRM Summary: Top Issues
 Issue                                                        Number of Comments
 ADS-B Benefits                                                         137
 Use of two datalink types                                               93
 Disproportionality of costs / benefits on general aviation              75
 Cost of implementation – Aircraft Owners / Operators                    79
 Equipment Requirements – Position Accuracy and Integrity                71
 Limitation of rule to mandate ADS-B Out                                 42
 Equipment Requirements                                                  50
 Implementation Timetable                                                45
 System failures / backup                                                44
 Broadcast message elements                                              41



Surveillance and Broadcast Services                            Federal Aviation    13
                                                               Administration
   ARC Formation of Working Groups
                                                                                                   SME
                                                                                   FAA                          Estimated Number
          Working Group                 Team Lead       ARC Member Support                       Industry
                                                                                  Support                         of Comments
                                                                                                 Support
A: Link Implementation Strategy       George Ligler   Randy Kenagy (AOPA)                                             131
- ADS-R, Strategies, Link             (PMEI)          Jeff Mittelman (MITRE)

B: Programmatic Issues                TBD             Jim Byrum (Cessna)        Gary Paull                            340
- Taking advantage of existing                        Perry Clausen             (MCR)
equipment domestically and                            (Southwest Airlines)
internationally, Cost/Benefits,                       Randy Kenagy (AOPA)
ARC recommendations                                   Sarah Dalton (Alaska
                                                      Airlines)
                                                      John Hansman (MIT)
                                                      Bob Hilb (UPS)
C: Performance Requirements           Jens Hennig     Ken Dunlap (IATA)                                               213
- WAAS, Antenna Diversity, DO-        (GAMA)          Randy Kenagy (AOPA)
260, Power                                            Bob Hilb (UPS)
                                                      Jeff Mittelman (MITRE)
D: Avionics Transition                Rick Heinrich   Jim Byrum (Cessna)                                              122
-Retaining transponder and ELT        (Rockwell       Randy Kenagy (AOPA)
equipment, Retrofit and forward       Collins)        Jeff Mittelman (MITRE)
fit implementation, relationship to                   Jens Hennig (GAMA)
positioning for navigation

Notes: This will be further defined in the next few days. Only non-positive comments were assigned to working groups.




    Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                      Federal Aviation                14
                                                                                             Administration
 Significant Comment Summary
                Significant Comments
Insufficient    ATC surveillance should be offered in expanded airspace i.e., to lower altitudes (AOPA)
Benefits to
                ATC surveillance should support closer separation than radar (ATA)
Operators
                FAA should provide financial incentives (ATA, Boeing, Airbus, AOPA)
                FAA should define ADS-B In applications that provide direct benefits to operators (ATA, Boeing, Airbus)
Disagree with   FAA should require lower performance requirements, and accelerate implementation. Requirements
Required        should be based on Australia/Canada/European non-radar airspace application, which would
Performance     accommodate many current aircraft (ATA, Boeing, Airbus)
and Schedule
                FAA should defer any rule supporting ADS-B In applications until requirements for additional
                applications are more mature (ATA, Boeing, Airbus)
                FAA should require ADS-B In, particularly for surface safety applications, and accelerate
                implementation (ALPA, NTSB)
                FAA should specify requirements based on airspace, rather than one-size-fits-all. i.e., reduced
                requirements in non-radar airspace, airborne vs surface. (AOPA, ATA, Boeing, Airbus)
Equipment       Dual-link architecture limits a complete traffic picture to within coverage of ground systems, raising
Strategy        safety, international compatibility concerns and some question whether the architecture can be
                extended to NextGen applications. Support single-link, 1090 (Boeing, ATA, Airbus)
                FAA needs to reconsider the transponder requirement and back-up surveillance strategy. Support
                single-link for general aviation: On UAT, would affect TCAS and radar (AOPA)
                Reconsider WAAS as only the currently-available service supporting the rule: improve GPS
                constellation so that it is adequate (ATA)
Source: Bruce DeCleene Summary Memo, March 25, 2008

 Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                       Federal Aviation               15
                                                                                           Administration
Significant Comment Summary
              Significant Comments
National      DoD requires that certain traffic cannot broadcast ADS-B (e.g., VIP traffic): need to define provisions for
Security      accommodation (DoD)
              Need to coordinate security vulnerability issues of civil traffic with DoD and DHS (DoD)
Regulatory    Place aircraft-related requirements in airworthiness rules to streamline adoption (ATA)
Strategy
              Add a forward-fit requirement to promote early equipage (GAMA)

Regulatory    Costs are underestimated (ATA, Boeing)
Evaluation




Source: Bruce DeCleene Summary Memo, March 25, 2008

 Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                     Federal Aviation                   16
                                                                                         Administration
Draft ARC / RPR Phase III Timeline
Task:                                                                      Date:
Comment period ends                                                        March 3, 2008
ARC meetings (bi-weekly)                                                   Biweekly from March 11, 2008
ARC recommendations drafted                                                August 12, 2008 (was May 6, 2008)
Public meeting(s) held (notice published in Federal Register at least 30   Early September 2008 (was May
days prior)                                                                2008)

ARC recommendations finalized and submitted to FAA                         September 26, 2008 (was June 13,
                                                                           2008)
Rulemaking team finalizes Phase III RPR                                    November 7, 2008 (was July 29,
                                                                           2008)
Phase III RPR Director & Associates level approvals                        December 8, 2008 (was August 26,
                                                                           2008)
Phase III RPR submitted to ARM                                             As appropriate for next scheduled
                                                                           Rulemaking Council meeting (was
                                                                           September 2, 2008)
Rulemaking Management Council approval                                     As appropriate for next scheduled
                                                                           Rulemaking Council meeting (was
                                                                           September 30, 2008)


Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                             Federal Aviation               17
                                                                                Administration
FY08 Conference Mark
• Conference Mark provides for a total of
  $110,000,000
• Specific Conference Language:
      – The conference agreement provides $85,650,000 for ADS-B,
        instead of $90,650,000 as proposed by the House and
        $97,354,000 as proposed by the Senate. The conferees direct
        FAA to examine the frequency congestion issues associated
        with the ADS-B signal, and accelerate the effort to determine
        how existing aircraft separation standards can be safely
        reduced.
      – The conference agreement provides $9,350,000 for the ADS-B
        program specifically to expedite air to air capabilities.
• The FAA received the funding in January 2008

Surveillance and Broadcast Services                 Federal Aviation    18
                                                    Administration
Airborne Separation Assistance System
(ASAS) and ASAS Applications
• ASAS: “An aircraft system based on airborne
  surveillance that provides assistance to the flight crew
  supporting the separation of their aircraft from other
  aircraft.”
• ASAS application: “A set of operational procedures for
  controllers and flight crews that makes use of an
  Airborne Separation Assistance System to meet a
  defined operational goal.”


Reference: ICAO ASAS Circular


Surveillance and Broadcast Services          Federal Aviation   19
                                             Administration
ASAS Applications Categories
• Airborne Traffic Situational Awareness (Category I)
• Airborne Spacing (Category II)
• Airborne Separation (Category III)
• Airborne Self-Separation (Category IV)




   Reference: The ‘Principles of Operation for the Use of ASAS (PO-
   ASAS)’ - June 2001 - Action Plan 1 of the FAA/EUROCONTROL R&D
   Committee)


Surveillance and Broadcast Services                 Federal Aviation   20
                                                    Administration
Steering Group Process




Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation   21
                                      Administration
      Process for Selecting Applications                                                                         Identify NAS needs
                            Portfolio of
                            applications                                                                             (Problems)
                           from existing
                              sources                                                                           Decompose into sub-
                                                                                                                    problems

PHASE 1
                                                                   Is                                           Map sub-problems to
Application                                                  application a                                      required capabilities
Characterization                                              subset of /              Refer to
                                                             traceable to
                                                                                        AIWP
                                                              an existing
                                                                AIWP
                                                                                 Yes                           Identify applications to
                                                             application?                                        support capabilities

                                                                     No
                                                                   Is
                                                             application
                                                             description
                      Develop/Refine       No                sufficient to
                        application                            enable
                        description                           business
                                                                case
                                                              analysis?
                                                                      Yes

                                                                                              Eliminate applications
                                                         Conduct business
                                                                                                 below minimum
                                                          case analysis
                                                                                                    threshold

 PHASE 2
 Application                                          Rank application based
 Prioritization                                       on business case results



                                                               Steering
                                                              Committee
                                                Yes            requires           No         Timeline of
                                                               mods to                       Applications
                                                              prioritized
                                                                 list?
       Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                         Federal Aviation                       22
                                                                                                   Administration
Acceleration of Future Air-to-Air
Applications
•   En Route 3nm Separation
•   In-Trail Procedures
•   ATSA Conflict Detection on the Surface
•   Flight Deck Merging and Spacing
•   ASAS Forum




Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation   23
                                      Administration
  1. En Route 3nm Separation
ADS-B accuracy and update rate should allow a reduction in en route
 separation from 5 nm to 3 nm
Initial Application: reduce delays that occur because                 En route Airspace
   of the transition area between sectors that have                   5 nm Separation
   different separation standards. Currently, terminal
   sectors have 3 nm separation and en route
   sectors use 5 nm separation. Aircraft cannot
   instantaneously change separation at the border
   between terminal and en route. Reducing the                Transition Area
   separation standard en route will remove any               effective separation
   transition area and allow full use of 3 nm                 < 5 nm but >3 nm
   separation in terminal airspace thereby reducing
   delay.

Mature Application: ADS-B separation en route
  operating with other NextGen programs (e.g.            Terminal
                                                         Airspace
  Datacom) will allow an increase in en route sector
                                                         3 nm
  capacity. This increase in capacity should prevent     Separation
  future en route delays caused by overloaded
  sector capacity.

   Surveillance and Broadcast Services                        Federal Aviation        24
                                                              Administration
2. ADS-B In-Trail Procedures
Following Climb Example
•   ADS-B In-Trail Procedures are airborne ADS-B enabled climbs and descents
    through otherwise blocked flight levels

                                                                                                     FL360



                                                                                                     FL350



                                                                                                     FL340
                                              Standard Separation

                                                blue = ADS-B transceiver and onboard decision support system
                                                                           red = ADS-B out minimum required
•   ADS-B In-Trail Procedures
      – Controller separates aircraft using information derived from cockpit sources and relayed
        by the flight crew to the controller
      – Receipt of ADS-B data from surrounding aircraft; use of a cockpit display and software
        provides data to qualify the aircraft for the maneuver
            • No airborne monitoring during climb required
            • Controller retains responsibility for separation and approves or disapproves the request based
              on the controller’s awareness of the full traffic picture


    Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                           Federal Aviation             25
                                                                                  Administration
3. ATSA Conflict Detection on the Surface




Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation   26
                                      Administration
4. Flight Deck Merging and Spacing (FDMS)




Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation   27
                                      Administration
5. Airborne Separation Assistance System
(ASAS) Forum
• What is ASAS?
      – ASAS is a new technique which, via airborne and/or ground
        surveillance, presents a flight crew with a traffic picture
      – The flight crew may then use the information in a defined way to
        achieve some operational benefit. This use is defined as an ASAS
        application and may range from enhanced see and avoid to an aircraft
        managing its own separation.
• Objective of the ASAS Forum
      – To accelerate the implementation of ASAS applications in the United
        States focused on increased airspace capacity and safety
• Approach
      – Series of workshops on key ASAS issues and Research and
        Development leading to standards and certification
      – Knowledge Sharing
      – Stimulate academic / industry base / international community for
        mining creativity



Surveillance and Broadcast Services                        Federal Aviation    28
                                                           Administration
Cost Estimate for Accelerating Future Air-
to-Air Applications

Tasks                                     FY08        FY09          FY10           Total ($K)

Program Office Management                 $73.9      $384.4         $96.4           $554.7

Funding and Financial Management          $36.9      $192.2         $48.2           $277.4

Program Control                           $36.9      $192.2         $48.2           $277.4

Program Office Information Management     $17.8      $54.3          $38.4           $110.5

En Route 3NM Separation                  $846.0     $3,089.3       $2,830.1        $6,765.4

In Trail Procedures                      $1,453.4   $4,834.7       $3,024.6        $9,312.7

ATSA Conflict Detection on the Surface   $446.5     $1,390.0        $439.5         $2,276.0

FDMS                                     $317.9      $773.3         $390.6         $1,481.9

ASAS Forum                               $130.9      $133.8         $136.7          $401.4
Total                                    $3,360.3   $11,044.3      $7,052.8        $21,457.4


        = Task Overhead



Surveillance and Broadcast Services                             Federal Aviation                29
                                                                Administration
Summary of Air-to-Air Applications
                                      FY08 – FY10     Benefits:
Rank        Application:              Costs ($K):
1           En Route 3nm                $6,765.4      •Delay reduction in transition between en route and terminal
            Separation                                airspace (NAS-wide)
                                                      •$185M-$234M (2007 $) annually
                                                      •Benefit assumes full equipage
2           FDMS                        $1,481.9      •Expanding ability to perform CDAs during higher levels of traffic at
                                                      top 100 airports
                                                      •$205M-$351M (2007 $) from 2014-2020
                                                      •Benefit assumes ADS-B In equipage curve used in August 2007
                                                      JRC
3           In-Trail Procedures          $9,312.7     •Reduction in fuel usage on US flights to/from Australia and New
            (Southern Pacific           (Incentive    Zealand
            Routes Only)              Package is an   •$5.1M (if reference aircraft must be 260A) to $18.2M (if reference
                                        additional    aircraft needs only existing ADS-B out) from 2010-2020 (2007 $)
                                          $6,746)     •Benefit assumes United Airlines equips relevant aircraft in 2010,
                                                      but international aircraft do not equip with 260A until 2019
4           ATSA Conflict Detection     $2,276.0      •Greater safety on the surface from conflict detection at top 200
            on the Surface                            airports
                                                      •$25M (2007 $) from 2011-2020
                                                      •Benefit assumes ADS-B In equipage curve used in August 2007
                                                      JRC
N/A         ASAS Forum                    $401.4      •Coordinates Industry consensus on application requirements and
                                                      identifies sponsors for accelerating early benefits


    Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                  Federal Aviation                 30
                                                                                         Administration
Senate Discussion
• Given $9.3M, how should the FAA move
  forward?
      – Option 1: In-Trail Procedures ($9.3M)*
      – Option 2: En Route 3nm Separation + ATSA Conflict
        Detection on the Surface ($9.0M)*
      – Option 3: En Route 3nm Separation + FDMS +
        ASAS Forum ($8.6M)*
      – Option 4: En Route 3nm Separation + In-Trail
        Procedures + ATSA Conflict Detection on the
        Surface + FDMS + ASAS Forum ($21.5M, including
        task overhead)


      *Note: These figures does not include task overhead


Surveillance and Broadcast Services                         Federal Aviation   31
                                                            Administration
 Next Steps
Milestone                                                             Planned Date of Completion / Status
                                                   FY2009
In Service Decision for Broadcast Services                              November 2008
Gulf of Mexico Comm. and Weather Service Acceptance Test (SAT)          March 2009
Louisville Service Acceptance Test (SAT)                                April 2009
Gulf of Mexico Service Acceptance Test (SAT)                            June 2009
Philadelphia Service Acceptance Test (SAT)                              August 2009
Gulf of Mexico Comm. and Weather Initial Operating Capability (IOC)     September 2009
                                                   FY2010
Juneau Service Acceptance Test (SAT)                                    October 2009
Louisville IOC of Surveillance Services                                 October 2009
Final Rule Published                                                    November 2009
Gulf of Mexico IOC of Surveillance Services                             December 2009
Philadelphia IOC of Surveillance Services                               February 2010
Juneau IOC of Surveillance Services                                     April 2010
Surveillance Services ISD for ADS-B                                     September 2010




 Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                              Federal Aviation          32
                                                                                  Administration
Thank You



           Achieving results through coordinated
                international collaboration




Surveillance and Broadcast Services    Federal Aviation   33
                                       Administration
Backup




Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation   34
                                      Administration
Requirements: Essential FAT Status
                               Requirements E-FAT Status (03/27/08)

                                                                                                       386
    400



    350



    300                                                                   252

    250



    200



    150                                        110

    100


                        24
     50



      0
              Total Verified       In Process (Expected   Remaining (Mid-End of April) Total Requirements to Verify
                                    Completion 4/4/08)


Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                          Federal Aviation         35
                                                                                             Administration
Acquisition Status: Essential Services Factory
Acceptance Test (E-FAT)
• Verifies compliance of Essential Services
  equipment with Essential Services Specification

• Completion of development activities delayed start
  of E-FAT by one month

• Test Readiness Review Completed on 3/13/08

• E-FAT formal test began on 3/19/08

• E-FAT activities scheduled for 4 weeks
      – Efforts to finalize procedures and complete development
        activities likely to extend E-FAT another 2 – 4 weeks


Surveillance and Broadcast Services                  Federal Aviation   36
                                                     Administration
 Work Breakdown Structure: 3NM Separation




Version 1                                                    As of 2/15/08

    Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation           37
                                          Administration
 Work Breakdown Structure: In-Trail
 Procedures




Version 1                                                    As of 2/15/08

    Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation           38
                                          Administration
 Work Breakdown Structure: Air Traffic
 Surface Alerting




Version 1                                                    As of 2/15/08

    Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation           39
                                          Administration
 Work Breakdown Structure: Flight Deck
 Merging and Spacing




Version 1                                                    As of 2/15/08

    Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation           40
                                          Administration
 Work Breakdown Structure: ASAS Forum




Version 1                                                    As of 2/15/08

    Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation           41
                                          Administration
Detailed Air-to-Air Costs
WBS      Tasks                                                                             FY08        FY09      FY10      Total ($K)
1.1       Program Office Management                                                        $73.9      $384.4     $96.4       $554.7
1.2       Funding and Financial Management                                                 $36.9      $192.2     $48.2       $277.4
1.5       Program Control                                                                  $36.9      $192.2     $48.2       $277.4
1.7       Program Office Information Management                                            $17.8       $54.3     $38.4       $110.5
          3NM Seperation                                                                  $846.0     $3,089.3   $2,830.1    $6,765.4
 3.2       SE Analysis and Tools                                                          $140.3                             $140.3
3.5.6      ERAM Automation                                                                $500.0     $2,000.0   $2,000.0    $4,500.0
 3.6       Separation Standards                                                                       $430.0     $390.6      $820.6
 3.8       System Test and Evaluation                                                       $46.8      $95.6      $48.8      $191.1
 3.9       Operational Testing                                                              $46.8      $47.8      $97.7      $192.2
3.10       Safety Risk Management (SRM)                                                     $93.5     $191.1     $293.0      $577.6
 4.2       CONOPS                                                                           $18.7       $0.0       $0.0       $18.7
 4.3       CHI ATC User Interface (Update VISSPEC for 3NM application)                       $0.0      $95.6       $0.0       $95.6
 4.6       Airspace Requirements (redesign airspace to support 3NM)                          $0.0      $95.6       $0.0       $95.6
 4.7       Controller Procedures (develop controller procedures to support 3NM)              $0.0      $38.2       $0.0       $38.2
 4.9       Controller Training Requirements (develop controller training to support 3NM      $0.0      $95.6       $0.0       $95.6
          In Trail Procedures                                                             $1,453.4   $4,834.7   $3,024.6    $9,312.7
  1.4      Agreements                                                                       $41.1      $42.0      $43.0      $126.2
  2.3      Avionics Standards                                                               $25.0      $75.0
  2.4      International Standards                                                         $212.8     $212.8                $425.5
  3.2      SE Analysis and Tools                                                           $374.0                           $374.0
  3.5      Automation (ATOP)                                                               $500.0    $2,000.0   $2,000.0   $4,500.0
  3.6      Separation Standards                                                                       $773.3     $390.6    $1,164.0
  3.8      System Test and Evaluation                                                      $46.8       $95.6      $48.8     $191.1
  3.9      Operational Testing                                                             $46.8       $47.8      $97.7     $192.2
 3.10      Safety Risk Management (SRM)                                                    $93.5      $191.1     $293.0     $577.6
  4.3      CHI ATC User Interface                                                          $93.5        $0.0       $0.0      $93.5
  4.7      Controller Procedures                                                           $20.0      $330.0      $20.0     $370.0
  4.9      Controller Training Requirements                                                 $0.0      $525.0      $47.0     $572.0
4.5.11     ADS-B ITP development and implementation                                         $0.0      $542.1      $84.5     $626.6


Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                                  Federal Aviation              42
                                                                                                     Administration
  Detailed Air-to-Air Costs (Cont.)
         Air Traffic Surface Alerting                                                   $446.5       $1,390.0    $439.5     $2,276.0
  2.3      Avionics Standards                                                           $212.8                               $212.8
  3.2      SE Analysis and Tools                                                                      $100.0
 3.8.6     Philadelphia Key Site Tests (SIT & SAT)                                       $46.8         $95.6      $48.8      $191.1
 3.9.7     Philadelphia Key Site OT (STARS)                                              $46.8         $47.8      $97.7      $192.2
 3.10      Safety Risk Management (SRM)                                                  $46.8         $95.6      $97.7      $240.0
4.5.10     ATSA Surface with Alerting                                                    $93.5       $1,051.1    $195.3     $1,339.9
             Use of Class 2 EFB for indications                                          $93.5          $0.0       $0.0       $93.5
             Certification 4 stages - ACSS on UPS A/C                                     $0.0        $955.6       $0.0      $955.6
             Ops Approval 5 stages / IOC at SDF and PHI                                   $0.0         $95.6     $195.3      $290.9
         FDMS                                                                           $317.9        $773.3     $390.6     $1,481.9
 3.2       SE Analysis and Tools                                                         $46.8                                $46.8
 3.6       Separation Standards                                                                         $247.8     $48.8     $296.6
3.8.6      Philadelphia Key Site Tests (SIT & SAT)                                        $46.8          $47.8     $48.8     $143.4
3.9.7      Philadelphia Key Site OT (STARS)                                               $46.8          $47.8     $48.8     $143.4
3.10       Safety Risk Management (SRM)                                                   $46.8          $47.8     $48.8     $143.4
4.5.7      Merging and Spacing                                                             $0.0           $0.0      $0.0       $0.0
                                                                                           $0.0           $0.0
             ACSS algorithm update, cert, ops approval update on UPS A/C (note: assumes a GST is available)         $0.0       $0.0
 4.6       Airspace Requirements                                                          $93.5         $191.1     $97.7     $382.3
 4.7       Controller Procedures                                                          $37.4          $95.6      $0.0     $133.0
 4.9       Controller Training Requirements                                                $0.0          $95.6     $97.7     $193.2
         ASAS Forum                                                                     $130.9       $133.8       $136.7     $401.4
 1.7       Program Office Information Management                                         $37.4        $38.2        $39.1     $114.7
4.5.12     ASAS forum                                                                    $93.5        $95.6        $97.7     $286.7
Total                                                                                  $3,360.3     $11,044.3    $7,052.8   $21,457.4



  Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                             Federal Aviation              43
                                                                                                  Administration
Air Transport Equipage
                                                                                                        Air Transport
                                                                                                       ADS-B Equipage

     100%


      90%


      80%


      70%


      60%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                ADS-B Out
      50%                                                                                                                                                                                                       ADS-B In EFB Display


      40%


      30%


      20%


      10%


       0%
            2007
                   2008
                          2009
                                 2010
                                        2011
                                               2012
                                                      2013
                                                             2014
                                                                    2015
                                                                           2016
                                                                                  2017
                                                                                         2018
                                                                                                2019
                                                                                                       2020
                                                                                                              2021
                                                                                                                     2022
                                                                                                                            2023
                                                                                                                                   2024
                                                                                                                                          2025
                                                                                                                                                 2026
                                                                                                                                                        2027
                                                                                                                                                               2028
                                                                                                                                                                      2029
                                                                                                                                                                             2030
                                                                                                                                                                                    2031
                                                                                                                                                                                           2032
                                                                                                                                                                                                  2033
                                                                                                                                                                                                         2034
                                                                                                                                                                                                                2035
                                                                                                       Year End




Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                                                                                                                                 Federal Aviation                   44
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Administration
GA and Air Taxi ADS-B Equipage
                                                                                         General Aviation and Air Taxi
                                                                                              ADS-B Equipage

     100%


      90%


      80%


      70%


      60%

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ADS-B Out
      50%                                                                                                                                                                                                              ADS-B In


      40%


      30%


      20%


      10%


       0%
            2007
                   2008
                          2009
                                 2010
                                        2011
                                               2012
                                                      2013
                                                             2014
                                                                    2015
                                                                           2016
                                                                                  2017
                                                                                         2018
                                                                                                2019
                                                                                                       2020
                                                                                                              2021
                                                                                                                     2022
                                                                                                                            2023
                                                                                                                                   2024
                                                                                                                                          2025
                                                                                                                                                 2026
                                                                                                                                                        2027
                                                                                                                                                               2028
                                                                                                                                                                      2029
                                                                                                                                                                             2030
                                                                                                                                                                                    2031
                                                                                                                                                                                           2032
                                                                                                                                                                                                  2033
                                                                                                                                                                                                         2034
                                                                                                                                                                                                                2035
                                                                                                       Year End




Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                                                                                                                                               Federal Aviation                 45
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Administration
ITT Radio Station Infrastructure (Antennas)



   UAT
   Antenna                                   Two 1090
                                             (directional)




 Two 1090
 (directional)

                                           UAT
                                           Antenna
          1030 Receive
          Antenna

Surveillance and Broadcast Services   Federal Aviation       46
                                      Administration
ITT Radio Station Infrastructure (Antennas)

 UAT omni
dBs 5100A                       1030 (9dBi)
                                GD 101V @ 50
                                deg. HPBW

          1090
          Pair


                                               •Nominal Installation : 3 ft pole dia. & 6 ft. arms
                                               •1030 at 45o to mounts between UAT & 1090 pair
                                               •1090s are in pairs mounted at 90o aimed at 4 sectors
                                               •UAT is ~91o &10’ from nearest 1090 boresight
                                               •UAT is ~58o & 6.5’ from 1030 boresight
                                               •1030 is ~128o & 6.5’ behind 1090 boresight
                                               •1090 is ~50o minimum off the 1030 boresight

     UAT omni
                                1090 Pair of
                                dBs 5100A-D




Surveillance and Broadcast Services                                    Federal Aviation           47
                                                                       Administration

				
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