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Methodology

VIEWS: 30 PAGES: 8

									                                                                            MP /16.11.2006




Methodology meeting in Kalmar 28-30 NOV
► Aims
- to work out a detailed methodology for the Walk & Talk activities planned to take place
during the first half of 2007 in St.Petersburg.
- to decide on dates and practical arrangements for these activities.
- however, the main goal is not implementing ECODIV-activities as such: the Walk &
Talk method is primarily intended for long-term application and further development
within the future Master programme in Environmental Sciences.
- to design a course in Environmental Psychology for the new Master, but also to
integrate environmental psychology approaches in the W&T concept.

► There is a need to define “Walk & Talk” as a concept and distinguish it from other
concepts and instruments: courses, student projects, case studies…
A course in the Master programme is well defined by its title, position in the overall
scheme and the standard-format extended course description (min. 2 pages), which
ideally will be prepared for each course by ECODIV module teams.
Student projects are also included in the overall Master scheme (Sustainable coastal
zones, Sustainable cities or Sustainable forestry, see Annex 1): they are characterised by
independent work, applied and society-oriented themes. It is conceivable that, depending
on the given assignment, a student project can be close to “Case Studies” or close to
“W&T methodology” or on the other hand it might not have close connections to these
concepts at all. So far there are no descriptions of the student projects in the new Master.
Case studies are increasingly popular in education and research projects as a kind of
reality check or detail investigation of events (time axis) and components (space axis). By
limiting the area or subject a greater focus can be achieved and it is assumed that the
results or conclusions can be more or less generalized.
Walk & Talk is a different concept, centred on dialogue and interaction, not having
precise geographic limits or easily measured output.

From the proposal:
Walk&Talk is an instrument for two things: (1) testing the relevance of course concepts
in real life as a part of the methodology in this project, secondly (2) W&T’s are possible
permanent course elements in future courses.
In Walk&Talks student /teacher groups visit central organisations in the region with the
aim of gathering information on environmental problems and management.
To the short definition in the original proposal (above) could be added:
   -   not only information gathering and discussion. An element of debate could be
       useful?
   -   the findings of Environmental Psychology should be applied. In the existing
       Biodiversity programme (A.Brodsky) a course in Conflictology exists.
   -   the meetings (and excursions) should be analyzed afterwards as group work?
   -   the approach should be critical, as scientific education presupposes, but teachers
       should also raise the questions of professional roles, economical responsibility,
       other restraints?

According to these definitions case studies and W&T:s are elements of courses, not
complete courses on their own. This is the Coordinator’s viewpoint formed according to
the logic of the original proposal text.

BUT, it is to be noted that this can be changed. The Kalmar is called together exactly for
that purpose: it has a mandate to suggest other definitions and methods, which then are
accepted or modified by the Departments and Faculty who will be responsible for the
new M.Sc.

In Kalmar we will approach W&T methods primarily from an aquatic ecology viewpoint,
because the first W&T will involve module A: aquatic ecology. It will take place in JAN-
FEB 2007? and we need students from the relevant departments as test organisms.

Later, a second more terrestrial W&T will be arranged, involving Module B and the
Module C student project also has affinity to W&T methodology.

To sum up:
In the course list (annex 2) many courses could incorporate W&T elements or Case
studies. For instance current course: MOD A/ B1. Water pollution and monitoring of
aquatic ecosystems – 8 ECTS (coordinators – A. Falamin & N. Poljakova)
     Case study: Neva Estuary
     W&T: Sewage treatment plant, or Morzachita agency (dam protection)



► Agenda
NB. At this moment participation to the Meeting is unclear, so the programme may still
change.

28 NOV
Rolf Arnemo will plan a programme of visits and discussions, exemplifying the
connections between environmental higher education and real-world environmental tasks
and problems. A “Swedish” W&T model will be presented.
Some background material can be found in the course description from last spring (4
SPbSU students attended an intensive course planned by Rolf; Marianne Lindström and
Leif Nilsson):

http://www.helsinki.fi/bioscience/tempus/index.htm
> news > A Journey from Inland to the Open Sea


29 NOV
Excursions and discussions continue, now with BFN representatives present. Time for a
formal meeting should be reserved. I propose that Alexei Zavarsin (has to leave the same
evening) chairs a meeting, which elaborates and documents a short methodology guide-
lines, generally, but also specifically for W&T test-runs in St.P 2007. Marianne
Lindström and Irina Shmeleva should sketch a course in Environmental Psychology.


30 NOV
Case studies, possibly (Rolf elaborates on the programme). In the other half of the day an
intensive meeting making decisions on the most important points mentioned in the
introduction. The protocol of 29 NOV (A.Zavarsin) is a starting point for the final
meeting, to compensate for us all not being at the same table and at the same time. ON 30
NOV we need to finalize an action plan for the Ecodiv W&T´s and also produce some
recommendations for W&T application in the Master programme.
                                                                                                              ANNEX 1




                                                                              Basic general courses – 15 ECTS credits
                M’s science program                                           1. Nature protection and biodiversity – 6

              “Biodiversity and Nature                                        2. Population biology – 4
                                                                              3. Regional Biota and Ecosystems - 5
                     protection”
                                                                              Basic special courses – 36 ECTS credits
                                                                              1. Basic level courses - 21
                                                                              2. Applied level courses - 15
                      Modules and blocks
                                                                              Free choice inter-module courses – totally 6 ECTS or more
                                                                              (course lists in Module A and Module B independently)

                                                          Module C            Basic supporting courses – 15 ECTS credits
PRACTICE                                                                      1. Information and communication technology in study process
                           Free choice common courses
                                                                                (individual plan of study preparing) – 3
                                        9
                                                                              2. Integrated environmental management – 3
                           Basic supporting сourses                           3. Computer technologies in ecology and nature management
                                     15
                                                                                 (GIS in environmental studies including) – 3
APPLIED                                             Sustainable
SCIENCE            SCZM                                                       4. Environmental psychology – 3
                                                     forestry
                     9
                                                         9
                                                                              5. Ecological engineering – 3
                               Sustainable cities
                                       9                                      Supervised project – 9 ECTS credits
       Free choice                                          Free choice
  inter-module courses                                 inter-module courses
                                                                              Module A :       Sustainable coastal zone management
            6                                                    6            Module B :       Sustainable forestry
                                Basic general
                                  courses
                                                                              Module C :      Sustainable cities
           Basic special             15                 Basic special
             courses                                      courses             Free choice common courses - totally 9 ECTS credits
                36                                           36                                                                  or more
BASIC                                                                         1. Ecological modeling
SCIENCE                                                                       2. Urban ecology
                                                                              3. Oil pollution
             Module A                                   Module B              4. Other courses,
                                                                                             each of them is estimated in 3 ECTS credits
   AQUATIC ECOLOGY                                   TERRESTRIAL ECOLOGY
                                                                              Thesis work – 30 ECTS credits
                                                                                   ANNEX 2

           Structure (preliminary) of Master science program

Core courses (Module A+B)
    Basic general courses (obligatory) – 15 ECTS credits (9-6)
1. Nature protection and biodiversity – 6 ECTS (coordinator – A. Brodsky)
Implementation: A. Brodsky, B. Gannibal, V. Krivohatsky, E. Mikheeva, V. Panov, R. Sagitov.
Content: Introduction to Biodiversity (glossary, literature, etc.); Structure and levels of BD: high
level taxonomy, ecosystem’s structure and typology; BD and society: economy and BD, society
interaction (ethics, aesthetics, public participation, etc.); Threats to BD: habitat destruction,
climate change, environmental pollution, biological invasions; BD conservation: general approach
(methodology); expertise (monitoring, bioindication), international legislation, conventions, Red
Data Lists, Nature Protected Areas, etc.

2. Regional biology and ecology (возможно название лучше, но в таком
виде курс воспринимается как аналог ВВЕ, а можно еще так –
Regional communities' ecology) – 9 ECTS (coordinators – I. Iljinsky, A.
Smorkacheva, S. Mylnikov)

Implementation: I. Iljinsky, A. Smorkacheva, S. Mylnikov, P. Strelkov, teachers of BSS faculty.
Content: Population genetics; Ecology of populations; Habitat fragmentation and
metapopulations, Biota of North-West Russia; Ecosystems (biotopes) of North-West Russia,
etc.(в итоге создается крупный курс, привлекательный для студентов других вузов)


Module A: Aquatic ecology
    I. Obligatory courses – 36 ECTS credits
A. Basic level – 21 ECTS credits (9-6-3-3)
1. Aquatic communities’ ecology – 9 ECTS (coordinator – N. Maksimovich)
Implementation: N. Maksimovich, E. Movchan, T. Ivanova, I. Stogov, D. Lajus, A. Falamin, K.
Kvitko, teachers of BSS faculty.
Content: Pelagic and benthic communities of lotic and lentic ecosystems; Role of procariota and
protista in aquatic communities; Mammals, birds and amphibians in aquatic communities.

2. Principles of functioning of aquatic ecosystems – 6 ECTS (coordinators –
N. Maximovich, K. Kvitko)

Implementation: N. Maximovich, K. Kvitko, I. Stogov, E.Movchan, A. Falamin.
Content: Biogeochemical cycles of elements in aquatic ecosystems; Trophodynamics of aquatic
ecosystems; Eutrofication and anthropogenic influence; Biomanipulation.


3. Aquatic Ecophysiology - 3 ECTS (coordinator – P. Strelkov)
Implementation: P. Strelkov.
Content: General theory of adaptation; Specific adaptations (temperature, salinity, etc.); Non-
specific adaptations and stress-sensitivity.
4. Biogeography of aquatic ecosystems - 3 ECTS (coordinators - I. Stogov
& N. Maksimovich)

Implementation: I. Stogov, N. Maksimovich.
Content:

B. Applied level – 15 ECTS credits

1. Water pollution and monitoring of aquatic ecosystems – 8 ECTS
(coordinators – A. Falamin & N. Poljakova)
Implementation: A. Falamin, N. Poljakova, A. Filippov, invited expert ?
Content: HELCOM agreements for the Baltic catchments area, with special interest for St.
Petersburg region; Nutrient pollution in aquatic ecosystems; Toxic pollution in aquatic
ecosystems; Heavy metals in aquatic ecosystems; Ecological monitoring of aquatic ecosystems.

2. Bioremediation – 4 ECTS (coordinator – K. Kvitko)
Implementation: K. Kvitko, I. Stogov, A. Falamin.
Content: Global catabolic pathways of microorganisms; Biodegradation of organic xenobiotics;
Self-purification of aquatic ecosystems (role of microorganisms and macroorganisms in
bioremediation).


3. Aquatic ecotoxicology – 3 ECTS (coordinators - A. Falamin & D.
Safronova)
Implementation: A. Falamin, D. Safronova.
Content: Hydrobiont reactions to xenobiotics (biotesting); Modern methods (TRIAD approach).



   II. Optional courses – totally 6 ECTS credits or more (coordinator – N.
      Maksimovich)

1. Aquatic biological resources (fishery, aquaculture) – 3 ECTS (N.
Maksimovich)
2. Purification techniques and quality control of drinking water – 3 ECTS (A.
  Falamin, K. Kvitko, D. Safronova).
3. Waste water treatment – 3 ECTS (A. Falamin, K. Kvitko, D. Safronova).
4. Ecological problems of the Baltic Sea – 3 ECTS (D. Lajus).
5. Other courses, each of them are estimated in 3 ECTS.


   III. Supervised project on Sustainable coastal zone management – 9
        ECTS credits

1. Russian and WFD legislation on water and coastal zone management
  (HELCOM, WFD and Natura 2000) – 3 ECTS (coordinator – R. Mikhailenko)
2. Project work in one of the following topics – 6 ECTS (coordinator – E.
  Chernova):
1. Principles and methods for sustainable development of Saint-Petersburg coastal zone.
2. Investigation of type and level of anthropogenic impact to coastal zones.
3. Levels and zones estimation of flooded areas at the Saint-Petersburg coastal zone.
4. Analysis of methods for estimation of coastal zone water parameters.
5. Using GIS technologies for coastal zone state estimation.
6. Ways of coastal zone protection from natural catastrophes.
Module B: Terrestrial ecology

   I. Obligatory courses – 36 ECTS credits
A. Basic level – 21 ECTS credits (9-6-3-3)
1. Forest ecology (возможно, Introduction to Forest ecology или
Fundamentals of Forest ecology) – 9 ECTS (coordinator - O. Sumina)
Implementation: O. Sumina, D. Mirin.
Content:
2. Cultural biotopes and agroecology – 6 ECTS (coordinators - A. Rusakov
& A. Popov)
Implementation: A. Rusakov, A. Popov.
Content:
3. Plant ecophysiology – 3 ECTS (coordinator - V. Emelianov)
Implementation: V. Emelianov
Content:
4. Forest biogeochemistry – 3 ECTS (coordinator - N. Osmolovskaya)
Implementation: N. Osmolovskaya,
Content:

B. Applied level – 15 ECTS credits (нужны еще прикладные курсы)
1. Forest land management – 3 ECTS (coordinator - V. Neshataev)
2. Forest monitoring – 3 ECTS (coordinator - E. Koptseva)
3. Non-industrial forest resources – 3 ECTS (coordinator - O. Vershinina)

   II. Optional courses – totally 6 ECTS credits or more (coordinator – O.
       Sumina)

1. Forest fragmentation – 3 ECTS (D. Mirin)
2. Forest geography of the Northern Eurasia – 3 ECTS (O. Sumina & V.
    Neshataev)
3. Bioconservation of waste – 3 ECTS (A. Popov)
4. Humic substances: properties, composition and application – 3 ECTS (A.
    Popov)
5. Other courses, each of them is estimated in 3 ECTS

    III. Supervised project on Sustainable forestry – 9 ECTS credits

1. Sustainable forestry and biodiversity – 3 ECTS (coordinator – V.
    Tarbaeva)
2. Project work in one of the following topics (coordinator – E. Luginina):
1. Методы проведения ОВОС при планировании рубок главного пользования.
2. Разработка порядка предоставления участков лесного фонда для культурно-
   оздоровительных, туристических и спортивных целей.
3. Составление проекта организации участка лесного фонда для культурно-
   оздоровительных, туристических и спортивных целей.
4. Разработка (совершенствование) рекомендаций по проведению рубок главного
   пользования с сохранением экологических свойств леса.
5. Анализ природоохранного законодательства в области охраны лесов и устойчивого
   лесопользования.
6. Внедрение альтернативных путей лесной сертификации в российскую систему
   управления лесами.



Module C: Applied ecology

   I. Obligatory courses – 15 ECTS credits (coordinators – V. Kurilenko &
   V. Movchan)

1. Information and communication technology in study process (individual
    plan of study preparing) – 3 ECTS (D. Slavinsky ?)
2. Integrated environmental management. – 3 ECTS (FGG)
3. Computer technologies in ecology and nature management (GIS in
    environmental studies including) – 3 ECTS (FGG)
4. Environmental psychology – 3 ECTS (I. Shmeleva)
5. Ecological engineering – 3 ECTS (FG)

   II. Optional courses – totally 9 ECTS credits or more (coordinators – A.
   Brodsky & I. Arestova)

1. Urban ecology
2. Oil pollution
3. Ecological modeling
4. Ecological basis for cultural monument protection
5. Other courses, each of them is estimated in 3 ECTS credits
(cюда могут быть вынесены «Field invention courses” – as practical
application of Regional Biology and Ecology Course)

   III. Supervised project on Sustainable cities – 9 ECTS credits

1. UBC and other organizations for sustainable development – 3 ECTS
(coordinator – I. Shmeleva)
2. Project work in one of the following topics (coordinator – FGG):

								
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