STATEMENT OF WORK


          SHIP SET

                     12 MAY 1988

                          SECTION C - DESCRIPTION/SPECIFICATIONS            12 MAY 1988

                                           TABLE OF CONTENTS

PARA      WBS level WBS Number             TITLE                                     PAGE

1.                                         SCOPE                                            1
1.1                                        Objective                                        1
1.2                                        Program Description                              1
1.2.1                                      Patient Transport Subsystem                      1
1.2.2                                      Medical Oxygen Subsystem                         1
1.2.3                                      Aeromedical Operations Subsystem                 1
1.3                                        Background                                       1

2.                                         LISTING OF APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS                  2
2.1                                        Standards                                        2
2.2                                        Specifications                                   2
2.3                                        Other Documents                                  2
3.        |X| | | |        1000            REQUIREMENTS FOR B-767 SHIP SETS                 2
3.1       | |X| | |        1100            Hardware Development                             2
3.1.1     | | |X| |        1110            Patient Transport Subsystem                      2
3.1.2     | | |X| |        1120            Medical Oxygen Subsystem                         2
3.1.3     | | |X| |        1130            Aeromedical Operations Subsystem                 2

3.2       | |X| | |        1200            Training Supplies                                2

3.3       |   |X| |   |    1300            Data                                             2
3.3.1     |   | |X|   |    1310            Data Management                                  2
3.3.2     |   | |X|   |    1320            Engineering Drawings & Associated Lists          3
3.3.3     |   | |X|   |    1330            Technical Publications                           3
3.4*      |   |X| |   |    1400            Logistics Management                             3
3.4.1*    |   | |X|   |    1410            Integrated Logistics Support (ILS)               3
3.4.2     |   | |X|   |    1420            Preoperational Support/Maintenance               3
3.4.3     |   | |X|   |    1430            Support Equipment                                3

3.5       |   |X| |   |    1500            Test and Evaluation                              4
3.5.1     |   | |X|   |    1510            Developmental Test & Evaluation (DT&E)           4
3.5.2     |   | |X|   |    1520            Operational Test & Evaluation (OT&E)             4
3.5.3     |   | |X|   |    1530            Upgrade of OT&E Prototype                        4

3.6       |   |X| | |      1600            Engineering                                      5
3.6.1     |   | |X| |      1610            Systems Safety                                   5
3.6.2     |   | |X| |      1620            Human Factors                                    5
3.6.3     |   | |X| |      1630            Logistics Engineering                            5   |   | | |X|      1631            Maintainability                                  5   |   | | |X|      1632            Reliability                                      5   |   | | |X|      1633            Government/Industry Data Change Program          5
3.6.4     |   | |X| |      1640            Packaging Handling and Transportability              5
3.6.5     |   | |X| |      1650            Production/Manufacturing Management              5
3.6.6     |   | |X| |      1660            Quality Assurance                                5
3.6.7     |   | |X| |      1670            FAA Supplemental Type Certification              5

•     Not provided
                           SECTION C - DESCRIPTION/SPECIFICATIONS                        12 MAY 1988

PARA      WBS level WBS Number                      TITLE                                           PAGE

3.7        |   |X| |   |    1700                    Program Management                                        6
3.7.1      |   | |X|   |    1710                    Post Award Conference                                     6
3.7.2      |   | |X|   |    1720                    Management Reviews                                        6
3.7.3      |   | |X|   |    1730                    Functional Qualification Review (FQR)                     7
3.7.4      |   | |X|   |    1740                    Contract Work Breakdown Structure (CWBS)                  7
3.7.5      |   | |X|   |    1750                    Cost Management                                           7
3.7.6      |   | |X|   |    1760                    Schedule Management                                       7

3.8        |   |X| |   |    1800                    Configuration Management                                  8
3.8.1      |   | |X|   |    1810                    Configuration Management Plan (CMP)                       8
3.8.2      |   | |X|   |    1820                    Configuration Identification                              8
3.8.3      |   | |X|   |    1830                    Configuration Control                                     8
3.8.4      |   | |X|   |    1840                    Functional Configuration Audit                            8
3.8.5      |   | |X|   |    1850                    Nomenclature                                              9

3.9        | |X| | |        1900                    Associate Contractor Agreements                           9

4.         |X| | |     |    2000                    REQUIREMENTS for MD-80 SHIP SETS                          9
4.1        | |X| |     |    2100                    Hardware Development                                      9
4.1.1      | | |X|     |    2110                    Patient Transport Subsystem                               9
4.1.2      | | |X|     |    2120                    Medical Oxygen Subsystem                                  9
4.1.3      | | |X|     |    2130                    Aeromedical Operations Subsystem                          9

4.2        | |X| | |        2200                    Training Supplies                                         10

4.3        |   |X| |   |    2300                    Data                                                      10
4.3.1      |   | |X|   |    2310                    Data Management                                           10
4.3.2      |   | |X|   |    2320                    Engineering Drawings and Associated Lists                 10
4.3.3      |   | |X|   |    2330                    Technical Publications                                    10

4.4        |   |X| |   |    2400                    Logistics Management                                      11
4.4.1      |   | |X|   |    2410                    Integrated Logistics Support (ILS)                        11
4.4.2      |   | |X|   |    2420                    Preoperational Support/Maintenance                        11
4.4.3      |   | |X|   |    2430                    Support Equipment                                         11

4.5        |   |X| |   |    2500                    Test and Evaluation                                       11
4.5.1      |   | |X|   |    2510                    Developmental Test & Evaluation (DT&E)                    11
4.5.2      |   | |X|   |    2520                    Operational Test & Evaluation (OT&E)                      12
4.5.3      |   | |X|   |    2530                    Upgrade of OT&E Prototype                                 12

4.6        |   |X| | |      2600                    Engineering                                               12
4.6.1      |   | |X| |      2610                    System Safety                                             12
4.6.2      |   | |X| |      2620                    Human Factors                                             13
4.6.3      |   | |X| |      2630                    Logistics Engineering                                     13    |   | | |X|      2631                    Maintainability                                           13    |   | | |X|      2632                    Reliability                                               13    |   | | |X|      2633                    Govt/Industry Data Exchange Program                       13
4.6.4      |   | |X| |      2640                    Packaging Handling and Transportability                            14

            Critique: WBS level and WBS number columns show a good outline, but what is the “value added?” If this
      extra information includes any mistakes, misinterpretations, or conflicts, they are the responsibility of the government.
Note paragraph 4 in the Table of Contents, requirements for MD80 shipsets. Are we trying to build one or two
shipsets? This SOW gives the contractor the leeway, and almost requires, a unique shipset for both configurations;
and also could result in double charging of some costs. What we really wanted was one shipset designed for the B-
767 and adaptors for the MD80. Rather than paragraph 4, an additional sub- paragraph (3.10 Adaptors for MD80)
may have clarified the requirements.
                            SECTION C - DESCRIPTION/SPECIFICATIONS


1.1. Objectives. This statement of work covers design, development, and test of the Civil Reserve Air
Fleet (CRAF) Aeromedical Evacuation Ship Set (AESS). The data to be delivered as a result of
performing the task prescribed by this statement of work are specified in the Contract Data
Requirements List (CDRL).

      Critique: The scope should focus on mission need and related constraints. Design, develop and
test are fine; however, we also wanted integration, manufacturing and assembly. CDRL information
goes in sect 3 requirements, not in the scope.

1.2 Program Description. The CRAF AESS program will enable B-767 and MD-80 aircraft to be used
in the role of aeromedical evacuation. The CRAF AESS must be able to endure long periods of storage
and be capable of easily and quickly transforming the commercial aircraft into an aeromedical
evacuation mode. The CRAF AESS will consist of three primary subsystems; patient transport
subsystem, medical oxygen subsystem, and the aeromedical operations subsystem. (MD-80" as used
in this Statement of Work refers only to the MD-81, MD-82, and MD-83 models of the MD-80 series of

1.2.1 Patient Transport Subsystem (PTS). The PTS will be the CRAF AESS subsystem providing
patient handling during flight operations. The PTS will include: litters, stanchions, straps for attaching
equipment, and seats for ambulatory patients and crew.

1.2.2 Medical Oxygen Subsystem (MOS). The MOS is the CRAF AESS subsystem providing oxygen
to those patients requiring it continuously as well as emergency oxygen for all passengers. The MOS
includes: liquid oxygen storage container(s), filling system, and distribution system.

1.2.3 Aeromedical Operations Subsystems (AOS). The AOS includes equipment necessary for
aeromedical operations during flight. The AOS includes: electrical distribution, lighting, storage for
medical equipment and supplies, food preparation and storage, lavatory facilities, and water supply

      Critique: Paragraphs 1.2.1, 1.2.2, and 1.2.3, are written like detail specifications and, in fact, may
limit contractor flexibility.

1.3 Background. The concept of operations for the B-767 and MD-80 aircraft are described in the
System Operational Capability (SOC), see Appendix B. In the event of conflict, the System
Specification, Appendix A to this SOW, takes precedence over the SOC.

      Critique: The System Operational Capability Document (or an Initial Capabilities Document;
Capabilities Development Document; or Capabilities Production Document) are warfighter requirements
and represent the government program manager’s contract with the user. It’s generally better to share
this information with the contractor informally, rather than reference it in the contract and risk
interpretation conflicts (which the government almost always loses).
                            SECTION C - DESCRIPTION/SPECIFICATIONS


The contractor shall comply with the following:

3.1 Hardware Development. (WBS 1100)
The contractor shall design, develop, fabricate and test the CRAF AESS to conform to all the
requirements of Appendix A, the system specification, HSD-FY86-003, and all future specifications
detailing the CRAF AESS performance/hardware. The contractor shall ensure all items listed in
Addendum I to Appendix A are compatible with CRAF AESS use. Producibility shall be a major
concern during the design, development, fabrication, and test effort.

     Critique: The statement “all future specifications…” is a tragic error. It’s not measurable,
predictable, and will allow the contractor to bid in enormous risk. The statement “producibility shall be a
major concern…” is not measurable, clear or well defined, and will allow the contractor to bid in
enormous risk. The statement is included only to pacify government senior management (fact).

3.1.1 Patient Transport Subsystem. (WBS 1110)
The contractor shall design, develop, fabricate, test and integrate a patient handling subsystem into the
CRAF AESS. The contractor shall design the equipment to be common to the B-767 and the MD-80
Series wherever possible.

     Critique: The statement “ …wherever possible” is not clear, measurable, or verifiable and is
basically meaningless.

3.1.2 Medical Oxygen Subsystem. (WBS 1120)
The contractor shall design, develop, fabricate, test and integrate a medical oxygen subsystem into the
CRAF AESS. The contractor shall design the equipment to be common to the B-767 and the MD-80
Series wherever possible.

     Critique: The statement “ …wherever possible” is not clear and is basically meaningless.

3.1.3 Aeromedical Operations Subsystem. (WBS 1130)
The contractor shall design, develop, fabricate, test and integrate an aeromedical operations
subsystem into the CRAF AESS. The contractor shall design the equipment to be common to the B-
767 and the MD-80 Series wherever possible.

     Critique: The statement “ …wherever possible” is not clear and is basically meaningless.

3.2 Training Supplies. (WBS 1200)
The contractor shall video tape the operational use and emergency procedures for the CRAF AESS
configured aircraft. The contractor may tape during operational test and evaluation (OT&E).

The following data item is applicable:

CDRL Seq No L003       DI-ILS-80090/T     Videotape Presentation
3.3 Data. (WBS 1300)

3.3.1 Data Management. (WBS 1310)
The contractor shall establish and maintain data management procedures to ensure the data
necessary to support the CRAF AESS program are available in the proper form at the proper time. The
contractor shall monitor and review all data required by this contract and shall recommend additions,
deletions, and alterations to the data requirements of this contract when such action may result in more
economical or better use of the data. The contractor shall minimize duplication of effort in the
development and preparation of applicable data items by cross referencing.

The following data items are applicable:

CDRL Seq No A004 DI-A-3027A/T Data Acquisition List/Internal Data
CDRL Seq No M003 DI-MISC-80167 Contract Data Status and Schedule Report

3.3.2 Engineering Drawings and Associated Lists. (WBS 1320)
The contractor shall document the design of the CRAF AESS in engineering drawings and associated
lists in accordance with (IAW) DOD-STD-100C and DOD-D-1000B as set forth below. The data shall
fully disclose information necessary to evaluate, test, manufacture and reprocure the system. The
contractor shall host six in-process reviews with the government to ensure the drawings meet the
required standards.

     Critique: Though six in-process reviews are measurable, they are not clear. The reviews need to
be defined in terms of agenda, entrance and exit criteria, level of effort (i.e., number and type of
contractor personnel/support) type (i.e., PDR, CRD, PCA/FCA.)

DOD-STD-100C                                Engineering Drawing Practices
22 Dec 78
Notice 4
4 May 83

DOD-D-1000B                                 Drawings, Engineering and Associated Lists
28 Oct 77
Amend 3
13 May 83

The following data items is applicable:

CDRL Seq No E007       DI-E-7031/T        Drawings, Engineering and Associated Lists

     Critique: The first question is do we need to buy the drawings, technical data packages (TDP?)
Buying and maintaining TDPs is very expensive. Unless the government is going to maintain, repair, or
support the system organically, we may not need the drawings and could realize a huge cost savings.
Of course, if the government intends to maintain, repair, or support, the TDP is a must.

3.4.2 Preoperational Support/Maintenance. (WBS 1420)
The contractor shall provide spares and repair parts, support equipment, and special test equipment
necessary throughout the development, developmental tests, and operational tests of CRAF AESS.
The contractor shall perform, document, and maintain records of all preoperational and preventative
maintenance of the test article(s), and all equipment stored within, including auxiliary, special and
support equipment until the Government formally accepts the test article after FQR. The contractor
shall document the preoperational and preventive maintenance actions. Preoperational maintenance
shall include the government equivalent of intermediate, organizational, and depot maintenance. The
contractor shall brief support and maintenance issues at design reviews.

    Critique: General comment: There are too many different, unique tasks included in one
paragraph, and also in one sentence. Each unique task should be separate. The statement “… until the
government formally accepts the test article after FQR,” is open- ended.
3.4.3 Support Equipment (SE). (WBS 1430)
The contractor shall design the CRAF AESS such that it can be maintained and installed by the airline
owning the B-767s with their existing support equipment and tools.

     Critique: This meaning of this statement is not clear. Are we tasking the contractor to survey all
767 owners to determine the baseline for existing support equipment? This baseline should be in the
system specification.

3.5 Test and Evaluation. (WBS 1500)

3.5.1 Development Test and Evaluation (DT&E). (WBS 1510)
The contractor shall be a member of the Test Plan Working Group (TPWG). The contractor shall
attend two TPWG meetings at Brooks AFB, Texas. The contractor shall plan for system and
configuration items testing. Based on the preliminary design and systems performance specifications,
including the Type B specification(s) the contractor shall establish detailed test criteria for DT&E, to
include qualification of the final full scale development system. The contractor shall conduct tests in
accordance with the approved test plans and procedures to demonstrate the CRAF AESS satisfies
specification requirements. The contractor shall provide test facilities, equipment and resources
necessary to support DT&E. The contractor shall document and correct all deficiencies identified
during DT&E. The contractor shall correct all deficiencies identified during independent safety-of-flight
testing conducted by USAFSAM.

The following data items are applicable:

CDRL Seq No T001 DI-T-3702A/T            Contractor Test Plans/Procedures
CDRL Seq No T002 DI-T-3718A/T            Test Reports - General

      Critique: Too many tasks are grouped together. The resources necessary (i.e., level of
effort/number and type of personnel) for the two Test Planning Working Group (TPWG) meetings
should be included. Actually, seven TPWG meetings were held. The statement “… document and
correct all deficiencies…” is open ended, ill defined, unlimited, and makes no distinction of who is at
fault. Also, contractor involvement at “independent testing” can be tricky and must be strictly monitored.

3.5.2 Operational Test and Evaluation (OT&E) - Contractor Support. (WBS 1520)
The contractor shall support a seven day Air Force sponsored OT&E. OT&E is expected to be an
exercise of the AESS configured CRAF aircraft from the United States to the Federal Republic of
Germany and back (total mission duration approximately 3 days). The contractor shall fabricate one
CRAF AESS system prototype for OT&E. The contractor shall perform a systems functional check out
to verify test articles are ready and safe for OT&E. The contractor shall correct all deficiencies
identified during routine inspections or routine maintenance prior to OT&E. The contractor shall supply
technical support of system operations, observe deficiencies, and recommend changes to correct
operational deficiencies identified during OT&E. The contractor shall document, report, and correct
design deficiencies identified during OT&E.

The following data item is applicable:

CDRL Seq No R001 DI-RELI-80253/T           Failed Item Analysis Report

      Critique: The “seven day” support is unnecessarily limiting, what if it takes eight days. The
statement “The contractor shall fabricate one CRAF AESS system prototype for OT&E” does not
belong here in this test paragraph. The last two sentences were all well meaning, but created
problems. They need to be clearer and delineate the specific tasks required. Also, rules and laws exist
that can limit contractor involvement in OT&E.
3.5.3 Upgrade of Operational Test and Evaluation (OT&E) Prototype. (WBS 1530)
The contractor shall upgrade the OT&E prototype after conclusion of testing to the final, intended
production configuration. This upgrade shall include correction of all deficiencies identified during
testing, and shall conform to the final Level III drawing package submitted during Phase I.

     Critique: “Upgrading the prototype” and “conforming to final level III drawing package” are
conflicting requirements. What they really wanted was the drawing package updated often with the
hardware fixes.

3.6 Engineering (WBS 1600)

The following data item is applicable:

CDRL Seq No A005 DI-A-3028B              Abstract of New Technology (ANT)

     Critique: Omitted the engineering requirements and tasks.

3.6.1 System Safety (WBS 1610)
The contractor shall establish and maintain a system safety program IAW the general requirements of
MIL-STD-882B as set forth below. The contractor shall document all identified hazards and determine
the Real Hazard Index (RHI) for each hazard. Prior to any testing, the contractor shall follow the safety
order of precedence to resolve catastrophic and critical, and guard against marginal hazards. The
contractor shall track and fully resolve catastrophic, critical and marginal hazards. The contractor shall
perform a Preliminary Hazard Analysis, a System Hazard Analysis, and an Operating & Support Hazard
Analysis (PHA, SHA, O&SHA). The SHA shall be accomplished using the fault hazard analysis
technique to evaluate the hazards. The contractor shall analyze all engineering change proposals and
requests for deviation/waiver for system safety impact. The contractor shall revise previously accepted
hazard analysis reports as necessary when changes make the reports inaccurate or incomplete.

MIL-STD-882B                      System Safety Requirements
30 Mar 84
                                  4.1              System Safety Program
                                  4.2              System Safety Program Objectives
                                  4.3              System Safety Design Requirements
                                  4.4              System Safety Precedence
                                  4.5              Risk Assessment
                                  100              System Safety Program
                                  105              Hazard Tracking and Risk Resolution
                                  106              Test and Evaluation Safety
                                  202              Preliminary Hazard Analysis
                                  204              System Hazard Analysis
                                  205              Operating and Support Hazard Analysis
                                  211              Safety Review of Engineering Change
                                                   Proposals and Requests for Deviations
                                                   and Waivers (

The following data item is applicable:

CDRL Seq No S001 DI-SAFT-80101/T System Safety Hazard Analysis Report
CDRL Seq No S002 DI-SAFT-80103/T Engineering Change Proposal System Safety Report
CDRL Seq No S003 DI-SAFT-80104/T Waiver or Deviation System Safety Report

     Critique: This many unique tasks that should be listed individually. Good job tailoring

3.7 Program Management. (WBS 1700)
The contractor shall establish a program management office with responsibilities for planning, directing,
and controlling the CRAF AESS full-scale development as well as planning for production.

3.7.1 Post Award Conference (PAC). (WBS 1710)
The contractor shall host a PAC to be chaired by the government no later than 30 days after contract
award. The purpose of this meeting is to ensure all parties concerned understand the scope of this
contract. The contractor shall take and distribute accurate minutes of the meeting.

The following data item is applicable:

CDRL Seq No A007 DI-A-7089/T Conference Minutes

     Critique: If you’re concerned about “accurate minutes,” take them yourself.

3.7.2 Management Reviews. (WBS 1720)
The contractor shall plan for and host formal technical reviews. The contractor shall conduct the
following formal technical reviews to the agreed upon schedule. Preliminary Design Review (PDR),
Critical Design Review (CDR), and Production Readiness Review(s) (PRR). The contractor shall
conduct the reviews IAW MIL-STD-1521B. The contractor shall present Producibility assessments and
issues at all design reviews. The contractor shall host a PRR(s) after OT&E IAW MIL-STD-1521B. The
contractor is encouraged to combine similar FAA certification meetings with the design reviews, if

MIL-STD-1521B                              Technical Reviews and Audits for Systems,
4 June 85                                  Equipment, and Computer Programs
Notice 1
19 Dec 85                                  All Paragraphs except 2
                                           Appendices D, E, and K

The following data items are applicable:

CDRL Seq No A006 DI-A-7088                 Conference Agenda
CDRL Seq No A007 DI-A-7089/T                     Conference Minutes

     Critique: “… agreed upon schedule” is not clear or referenced to any written schedule.
Furthermore, technical reviews should be event-based, i.e., conducted when the program has achieved
the entrance criteria to the review. Rather than referencing an entire standard, tailor or call out the
specific requirements. Also, good luck coordinating with the FAA.

3.7.4 Contract Work Breakdown Structure (CWBS). (WBS 1740)
The contractor shall develop and maintain a CWBS using the project summary work breakdown
structure (Appendix C of this SOW) as a baseline. The negotiated CWBS will provide a basis for
further evolutionary extension by the contractor to lower levels during the performance of the contract.
The contractor shall use the CWBS as the primary framework for contract planning, budgeting, cost,
and schedule status reporting. The contractor shall identify within the CWBS all subcontracted
elements or tasks. During the performance of the contract, the contractor cannot change the CWBS or
associated definition at levels three or above, or for any reporting elements, without the written
approval of the contracting officer. The contractor may make changes at lower levels as deemed
necessary without Government approval; however, the changes must be within the constraints set forth
in the definitions of the higher-level CWBS elements.

MIL-STD-881A                     Work Breakdown Structure for Defense Material
25 April 75                      Items
                                 All except section 2

The following data item is applicable

CDRL Seq No A003 DI-A-3023                 Contract Work Breakdown Structure

     Critique: Tailor the standard to the applicable appendix.

3.7.5 Cost Management. (WBS 1750)
The contractor shall use a cost management system of his own design for planning and controlling cost
and for measuring performance. The Air Force CRAF AESS program manager or his designated
representatives will visit the contractor's facility to gain an understanding of how the contractor is
generating cost schedule information to fulfill C/SSR contract requirements. During the visit the
contractor shall provide a description or review of his system in actual operation. After a mutual
understanding is gained, the contractor shall notify the Contracting Officer (CO) and the Air Force
Program Manager of changes to procedures used during the contract and explain the new method and
reason for the change. The contractor shall analyze, determine, and integrate life cycle cost (LCC)
considerations into the overall program management and system design responsibilities. The
contractor shall emphasize designing a system with an optimum balance between LCC and operational

The following data items are applicable:

CDRL Seq No F001 DI-F-6004B/T                    Contract Funds Status Report (CFSR)
CDRL Seq No F002 DI-F-6010A                      Cost/Schedule Status Report (C/SSR)

    Critique: “The contractor shall use a cost management system of his own design for planning and
controlling cost and for measuring performance” is a fine example of a performance – based
requirement. The statement “… shall emphasize designing” is not clear or measurable.

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