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AFRICA-slavery berlin conference

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					COLONIALISM AND THE
SLAVE TRADE
          European Influence
• European explorers arrived in West Africa in
  the early 1400s.
• They were looking for a water route to Asia.
  (faster than going around Africa)
• Many traders were also attracted to the
  possibility of gold.
          European Influence
• In the mid 1500s, Europeans changed their
  focus from gold to….
• Slaves
• Europeans needed slaves for their colonies in
  the Americas.
         Slave Trade Revisited
• Europeans created trade routes between the
  Americas, Europe, and Africa.
• What was this known as?
• Triangular Trade.
         Slave Trade Revisited
• Europeans would sail to Africa and pick up
  captured Africans.
• Most of those sold into slavery were sold by
  rival African tribes.
• In exchange for slaves, Europeans often traded
  iron, guns, gold, and food.
         Slave Trade Revisited
• Europeans would then take the slaves to the
  Americas.
• The slaves would be sold to colonists to work
  the land.
• The money from the slaves could then be used
  to buy raw materials such as tobacco, sugar,
  cotton, and coffee.
• The boats are then loaded up and taken back
  to Europe.
            The Colonial Era
• By the mid 1800s, the slave trade was coming
  to an end. European Industry was developing.

• What do you need for factories?
                                Raw materials.
• And Europe was running out of raw materials...
             The Colonial Era
• So, European countries began to grab land in
  Africa to support their industries with new
  sources of raw materials.
• Do you see any problems that might occur
  here?
   The Berlin Conference (1884-1885)
• In 1884, European powers met in Berlin to divide
  up Africa.
• Who was not invited to the conference?
  The AFRICANS!!
What country
managed to
remain
independent?
         Long Reaching Effects
• How did the scramble for European colonies
  shape the borders and countries of modern
  Africa?
         Long Reaching Effects
• The Europeans did not care what groups they
  put together. (rival tribes=Conflict and War)
• A lot of land locked countries were created.
• Some trade and migration routes were cut off
  by these borders.
• Some countries were left with little access to
  water.
                   Aftermath
• The African nations began declaring their
  independence from their colonial overlords in
  the 1960s
• As the Europeans pulled out, they left behind
  countries in chaos – created power vacuums
  that have yet to stabilize
• There have been many civil wars and much
  political strife in Africa in the last half-century
            East Africa-Issues
• Ethnic hatreds between groups have led to
  genocide.
• Genocide: the intentional killing of a group of
  people.
• Why are people of different ethnic groups
  living in one country like this?
  The Berlin Conference.

				
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posted:8/26/2012
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