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					  German Universities Go Global
                Ulrich Grothus
Director, Regional Office for the US & Canada
                  New York
What Is DAAD?


     German national agency for international academic
      cooperation and exchange
     Independent association of universities
     € 300m / $ 435 million budget
     > 50,000 people supported each year
Three Topics for Today


    I.   Recent developments in German higher ed
    II. What‘s in it for you?
        Future patterns of transatlantic mobility
    III. Money makes the world go round:
         New trends in DAAD funding programs
Some Basic Facts on German Higher Ed


    360 Institutions of higher learning, of which:
     - 99 research universities
     - 158 universities of applied science (Fachhochschulen)
     - 50 colleges of fine arts and music
    2 million students (37% of age group)
    200,000 first degrees per year
    Strong role of extra-university research institutes (Max Planck,
     Helmholtz, Fraunhofer etc.)
What Is Different?


     97% of students in public institutions
     Binary system of research universities / Fachhochschulen
     Similar quality and employment prospects
     No general education at university level
     Vocational training not part of higher ed
     Most students earn degree at Master’s level
     Nominal, if any, tuition (€ 1,000 per year)
     Little private giving
     Smaller resources per student (~ $ 12,000
What Is Similar?


     High drop out rates (~ 30%)
     Long actual duration of studies (~ 6 years)
     Public institutions run by states (Länder)
     Most research funded by federal government
     Comparable per capita research expenditure and research
      output
A Need for Reform


     Mass university and excellence
     Limited public budgets
     Globalization and Europeanization:
      More compatible degree structures (and academic careers)
     Keep Germany attractive as a destination for international
      students and scholars: a benchmark for domestic quality
The Reform Agenda


   1. Reshape programs and degrees
   2. Foster excellence in research and learning
   3. Modernize governance
   4. Internationalize institutions and market German higher
      education worldwide:
      2001-2003: > 100 m € special public funding
1. Reshape Programs and Degrees:
   The Bologna Process

    More compatible three-tier degree structure
    Gradual transition: now about 50% of first year students in new
     programs
    Most Bachelor‘s programs: 3 years, some 3.5 or 4 years
    Master‘s programs: 1 to 2 years
    International degree programs taught in English:
     now more than 500 at all levels
2. Foster Excellence in Research: The Excellence Initiative



                Jointly funded by federal and state governments (75/25%)
                           1.9 bn € over 5 years; 380 m € p.a.




                Institutional strategies to promote
                     top-level university research
                         (9 universities, 13 m € p.a. each)


   Graduate Schools                                Clusters of Excellence
    39 Research Training Schools                   37 Excellence Centres
    approx. 1 m € p.a. each                        approx. 6.5 m € p.a. each
2. Foster Excellence in Learning


     Universities now select their own students
     Program rankings, i.a. CHE (Center for HE Dev’t)
     English version published on DAAD website
An Example for a CHE Ranking
3. Modernize Governance


    Stronger role of university heads
    Introduction of Boards of Regents/Trustees
    Performance-oriented funding
4. Internationalize Higher Ecucation:
   The Fourth Destination for International Students

          600000

          500000
                                                      Germany
          400000                                      USA
                                                      UK
          300000
                                                      France
          200000                                      Australia
                                                      Canada
          100000

               0
                   95


                         97


                               99


                                     01


                                           03


                                                 05
               19


                        19


                              19


                                    20


                                          20


                                                20
High Participation Rates in Study Abroad
(Advanced students with at least 1 semester abroad; in %)


          16
          14
          12
          10                                           All disciplines
           8                                           Sciences
           6                                           Engineering

           4
           2
           0
               1991 1994 1997 2000 2003 2006

         Source: Sozialerhebungen Deutsches Studentenwerk
4. Internationalization and Marketing (cont.)


     International visiting faculty
     Promote institutional links and partnerships
     Launching offshore campuses


     ... and spread the word:

       ► Education fairs,
       ► Media
       ► Alumni networks
       ► DAAD Young Ambassadors
       ► Liaison offices of individual universities
The DAAD network : 60 Offices & Info Centers




                          Regional Offices (14)   Information Centres (IC) (46)
What Is in It for You?
Trends in Transatlantic Mobility

          11000
                                          Germans in
          10000                           the US
           9000
           8000
           7000                           Americans in
           6000                           Germany (IIE)
           5000
           4000
                                          Americans
           3000                           enrolled
           2000                           (German
                                          statistics)
                00

                       01

                              02

                                     03

                                     04

                                     05

                                     06
              20

                     20

                            20

                                   20

                                   20

                                   20

                                   20
Current Patterns of Student Mobility


       10,000 German students at North American universities, half
        of them graduate students
       most undergrads take regular classes and get credit at home
       most grad students earn PhD, MBA, LLM degrees

       6,500 North American students in Germany
       many in short, American faculty-led programs
       few graduate students
       few earn German degrees (ca. 175)
Likely Changes Post-Bologna



      Patterns more similar – and more symmetric?
      More need for structured study abroad programs in both
       directions
      More transatlantic degree programs?
       EU-US Atlantis program
      Shorter study abroad programs for German undergrads?
      Less individual mobility for independent studies
A Surge in Graduate Mobility?


       Germany (and and other European countries) more attractive
        for international graduate students (Master’s and PhD)
       Large increase in demand of German/European students for
        international Master’s programs
New Trends in DAAD Funding Programs for North America


     DAAD supports 2,400 Germans and 1,200 North Americans
     Traditional emphasis on German (and American) studies and
      graduate students


    And what is new?
     Reaching out to undergraduates
     Strengthen exchanges in science and engineering
     Develop new short-term programs for Americans
Undergraduate Scholarships



 Funding for study abroad, internships, or
  senior thesis research
 Open to students in all fields
 Previous knowledge of German not required,
  but advantageous
 4-10 months during the German
  academic year
 Around 60 awarded annually
RISE: Research Internships in Science and Engineering


     American undergraduates work with German doctoral students
      in their labs for the summer (6-10 weeks)
     No language requirement
     Web-based matching process
     Scholarships for students accepted by hosts
The First Four Years of RISE
Results: IIE Survey in 2006


    Overall satisfaction: 97% (interns) / 86% (hosts)
    92% consider working or studying in Germany again
    60% had never been to Germany before, 57% had never
     learned German
    30% enroll in German language class after return
    “Ability to engage in practical, hands-on research” and “Desire
     to work/travel abroad” equally important motivations (60% each)
Moving Forward: Language and Companies


    Adding a language component, starting in 2008:
     Two-week intensive language course for students with no or
     little German
    RISE professional (since 2007)
     Internships for graduates and undergraduate DAAD alumni in
     companies
“Put Germany on your Resume”



 17 new short-term programs taught in English at German universities
 Developed especially with the needs of US students in mind
 Business, engineering, biology, music composition, architecture, video
  art and more…


 All receive DAAD support and our “Quality Seal”
A New Program for Journalism Students


     internXchange
     6 weeks of classes/excursions
     5 weeks internship at media
     In and around Berlin
     Advanced intermediate German required
     DAAD pays for tuition, scholarship and travel
     Deadline: February 15
Further Information


     www.daad.org (North American website)
     www.daad.de (International website)
     www.university-rankings.de (Program rankings in English)
     www.higher-education-compass.de (Degree programs, includes
      English-taught programs)
     DAAD New York weekly newsletter
      (subscribe at www.daad.org)

				
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posted:8/26/2012
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