EC_Ucraina

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					                                                                   Delegate: Ukraine
                                    Student: Clarissa Nazzaro, Liceo farnesina Rome




  POSITION PAPER FOR THE ENVIRONMENT COMMISSION (EC)

The issues which will be discussed at the Environment Commission are 4:

      Fisheries and aquaculture in our changing climate;
      Measures to prevent nuclear pollution as a result of natural disasters;
      Coping with the growing scarcity of water;
      Measures to reduce the impact of overpopulation on the environment.

1. FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN OUR CHANGING CLIMATE:

Rising ocean temperatures and ocean acidification are radically altering aquatic
ecosystems. Climate change is modifying fish distribution and the productivity of
marine and freshwater species. This has impacts on the sustainability of fisheries
and aquaculture, on the livelihoods of the communities that depend on fisheries,
and on the ability of the oceans to capture and store carbon.
Fisheries and aquaculture contribute significantly to food security and livelihoods:
over 500 million people in developing countries depend, directly or indirectly, on
fisheries and aquaculture for their livelihoods - aquaculture is the world’s fastest
growing food production system.

Fisheries and aquaculture have a key role on Ukraine’s economy.
The issues concerning aquaculture in Ukraine are regulated by international
bilateral and multilateral agreements/treaties, regional agreements, inter-
ministerial agreements and inter-departmental agreements.
Ukraine has the status of observer government to the World Trade Organization
(WTO), is a member country of Convention on International Trade in Endangered
Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and has ratified the Convention on
Biological Diversity (CDB) and the Biosafety Protocol. In 2003 Ukraine joined FAO
and is going to develop fruitful relations with this organization.

To solve the problem discussed in this commission, Ukraine strongly believes that all
member states should:
 Develop technologies for the reproduction of fish and improve tools for more
   efficient fishing;
 Study new methods to increase the efficiency of fish feed and develop
   prevention and treatment of fish diseases;
 Control and monitor the fishing operations on the environment, and collect
   fisheries statistics of all member states;
 Collaborate with national organizations such as FAO and NAFO;
 HAve marketing studies and establish international links and organize courses to
   train specialist fish technologists.
2. MEASURES TO PREVENT NUCLEAR POLLUTION AS A RESULT OF NATURAL DISASTERS:

Ukraine is one of Europe’s largest energy consumers; it consumes almost double
the energy of Germany. A great share of energy supply in Ukraine comes from
nuclear power, with the country receiving most of its nuclear fuel from Russia.
Ukraine is heavily dependent on its nuclear power. All of Ukraine's RBMK reactors
(the type involved in the Chernobyl disaster), were located at the Chernobyl
Nuclear Power Plant. All of the reactors there have been shutdown leaving only
VVER reactors operating in the country, which are much safer than RBMK units.
Three of these new-type reactors were built since 1991 in the independent Ukraine
(with the first one in 1995), whilst the other sixteen were inherited from the Soviet
Union. The Economic Bank for Reconstruction and Development estimates that
Ukraine has great renewable energy potential.
Depending on Nuclear power, although it was involved in the most tragic nuclear
accident( the Cernobyl disaster), Ukraine strongly believes that the solution to stop
nuclear pollution is not to eliminate the study of nuclear power, but is to make it
safer, using safer nuclear reactors( as the VVER ones, which are now used in all the
Ukranian nuclear power plants and have had a positive feedback on the
environment). For these reasons Ukraine invites all member states to use safer
reactors and to collaborate with organizations such as IAEA and other nuclear
energy-related.


3. COPING WITH THE GROWING SCARCITY OF WATER:
Ukraine made progress towards achieving Millennium Development Goals by
adopting a national programme on safe drinking water in March 2005.
It took steps to control air pollution and replace obsolete and inefficient
equipment in its factories. Like other ex-Soviet Republics, Ukraine remains one of
the least energy-efficient countries in the world. As the spread of the radioactive
cloud following the Chernobyl meltdown of 1986 made clear, the quality of the
Ukrainian environment has not only local but regional and global repercussions. Air
pollution, climate change and biodiversity are considered global goods that
deserve concerted international action. For this reason, Ukraine, like many other
countries, has benefited from grants made by the Global Environmental Facility
(GEF), a fund set up by international donors to protect the planet’s shared
resources.

For Ukraine the problem of water scarcity is very dear. Since this problem also
affected the poorest areas in Ukraine, such as Poltava Oblast and Yaremche, it
wants to be able to collaborate with the other states to solve this problem. Ukraine
has repeatedly organized events such as “VII International Water Forum AQUA
UCRAINA – (2009)”, “ Drinking Water of Ukraine(2005)” and “ Ecosan projects as:
MAMA-86 & WECF (2007-2010)” to inprove technologies for
irrigation,drainage,water resources and maintance, to increase sanitation in urban
and rural areas of Ukraine and to increase the treatment of the waste water made
by industries; and collaborating with major companies such as: “ ECOSAN, WWF
and GEF( global environmental Facility)”.
                                                                  Delegate: Ukraine
                                   Student: Clarissa Nazzaro, Liceo farnesina Rome

These events have not completely estinguished the scarcity of water’s problem,
but they helped the country to improve the access to safe drinking water and to
health services even in the poorest areas. Therefore we urge all member states to
support these important projects and to fund associations like the one we
mentioned before to solve the problem.

4. MEASURES TO REDUCE THE IMPACT OF OVERPOPULATION ON THE ENVIRONMENT.

 Even if Ukraine doesn’t have problems of overpopulation that could have a bad
impact on the environment ( infact it boasts a largely and homogenous
population of 46,710,816: the 33% resides in rural areas and the 66% lives in towns
and cities and with the “ Law on Protection of the Natural Environment” it protects
and conservates natural resources, giving the priority of environmental security
while realizing economics and other activities) it will collaborate with the other
member states to find a collective solution to those states which soffer of this
problem.

				
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posted:8/25/2012
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